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1.
Audiol., Commun. res ; 29: e2722, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533842

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo investigar os impactos comunicativos, sociais e emocionais gerados pela adoção de medidas protetivas contra a COVID-19 e associá-los ao grau da perda auditiva e ao tempo de uso dos aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual. Métodos estudo transversal e quantitativo, com 72 indivíduos, divididos em adultos e idosos, com perda auditiva bilateral, de grau até moderadamente severo, protetizados antes da pandemia em um programa público de saúde auditiva e que mantiveram uso efetivo dos dispositivos. Os sujeitos foram convidados a participar do estudo enquanto aguardavam consulta. Os prontuários foram acessados, a fim de coletar informações sobre o perfil audiológico e adaptação/uso dos aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual. Em sala silenciosa, foi aplicado, oralmente, protocolo contendo questões objetivas e os dados foram tabulados e submetidos aos testes estatísticos Igualdade de Duas Proporções e Qui-Quadrado. Resultados nos dois grupos, um número significativo de usuários teve a comunicação impactada pelo uso de máscaras e pelo distanciamento físico, predominando, entre os adultos, a dificuldade com as tecnologias digitais (celulares/computadores), enquanto nas videochamadas, os prejuízos comunicativos foram mais experenciados pelos idosos. Os empecilhos comunicativos e sociais existiram, independentemente do perfil audiológico e do tempo de uso dos dispositivos. Quando questionados se deixaram de se comunicar e se as medidas afetaram a sua vida social, as respostas ficaram divididas entre "sim/às vezes" e "não". Quanto ao impacto emocional das medidas protetivas, constatou-se maior repercussão entre os adultos. Conclusão as medidas protetivas afetaram a comunicação dos usuários de aparelhos de amplificação sonora individual, porém, não desencorajaram as trocas comunicativas e as interações sociais de, aproximadamente, metade da amostra, sendo o impacto emocional mais evidente nos adultos. Tais dificuldades não estiveram relacionadas ao perfil audiológico e uso diário dos dispositivos.


ABSTRACT Purpose to investigate the communicative, social, and emotional impacts generated by adopting protective measures against COVID-19 and associate them with the degree of hearing loss and the time of use of hearing aids. Methods cross-sectional quantitative study, with 72 individuals, divided into adults and older adults, with bilateral hearing loss up to moderately severe degree, users of hearing aids fitted before the pandemic in a public hearing health program who had maintained effective use of the devices. The participants were invited to participate in the study while waiting for an appointment and signed the consent form. After that, medical records were accessed to collect information about audiological profiles and the fitting/use of hearing aids. Afterward, a protocol with objective questions was orally applied in a silent room. Data were tabulated and subjected to Equality of Two Proportions and Chi-Square statistical tests. Results in both groups, a significant number of users had communication impacted by the use of masks and by social distancing, with difficulty with digital technologies (cell phones/computers) predominating among adults, while older adults more commonly experienced communicative impairments during video calls. The communicative impediment existed regardless of the audiological profile and device use time. When asked if they stopped communicating and if the measures affected their social life, the sample was divided between "yes/sometimes" and "no". As for the emotional impact of protective measures, there was a greater impact among adults. Conclusion protective measures affected the communication of hearing aids users but did not discourage communicative exchanges and social interactions for approximately half of the sample, with the emotional impact being more evident in adults. Such difficulties were not related to the audiological profile and daily use of the devices.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Social Change , Social Environment , Communication , Personal Protective Equipment , Digital Technology , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/prevention & control , Hearing Aids , Brazil/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sickness Impact Profile , Persons With Hearing Impairments , Hearing Loss
2.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 16: e13058, jan.-dez. 2024. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1538026

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar os fatores associados ao uso e a adesão aos equipamentos de proteção individual pelos profissionais pós-graduandos vinculados a programas de residência em saúde. Método: transversal com 227 residentes. Avaliadas variáveis relacionadas à adesão e uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual por meio de instrumento validado "E.P.I. covid-19 Brasil-versão adaptada para residentes". Realizou-se análise bivariada, teste qui-quadrado/exato de Fisher e cálculo da razão de prevalência. Pesquisa foi aprovada pelo Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa com Seres Humanos. Resultados: realizaram atividades de capacitação sobre EPIs (59,9%).Associação entre uso de máscara cirúrgica(p≤0,01) e idade; área de concentração do programa e uso de gorro (p≤0,01) e máscara cirúrgica (p=0,04); realização de atividades de capacitação e uso de máscara cirúrgica (p=0,02) e N95 (p≤0,01). A adesão variou de 0% a 67%. Conclusão: fatores associados ao uso adequado, idade, área de concentração do programa e realização de atividades de capacitação. Houve fragilidades na adesão. Sugere-se o fortalecimento do tema biossegurança na residência.


Objective: to analyze the factors associated with the use and adherence to personal protective equipment by graduate professionals linked to residency programs in health. Method: cross-sectional study with 227 residents. E.P.I.covid-19 Brasil-adapted version for residents". Bivariate analysis, Fisher chi-square/exact test and calculation of the prevalence ratio were performed. Research was approved by the Ethics Committee for Research with Human Beings. Results: they carried out training activities on PPE (59.9%). Association between use of surgical mask (p≤0.01) and age; program concentration area and use of cap (p≤0.01) and surgical mask (p=0.04); performance of training activities and use of surgical mask (p=0.02) and N95 (p≤0.01). Adherence to PPE ranged from 0% to 67%. Conclusion: factors associated with the proper use of personal protective equipment were age, area of program concentration, and performance of training activities. There were weaknesses in adherence. It is suggested to strengthen the theme of biosafety in the residence.


Objetivos:analizar los factores asociados al uso y la adherencia a los equipos de protección personal (EPP) por parte de profesionales graduados vinculados a programas de residencia en salud. Método: estudio transversal con 227 residentes. Se utilizó la versión adaptada para residentes del «Cuestionario sobre EPI en la atención primaria de salud (EPS-APS) en el contexto de la COVID-19 en Brasil. Se realizaron análisis bivariados, prueba chi-cuadrado de Fisher/prueba exacta y cálculo de la razón de prevalencia. La investigación fue aprobada por el Comité de Ética para la Investigación con Seres Humanos. Resultados: se realizaron actividades de capacitación sobre EPI (59,9%). Se observó asociación entre el uso de mascarilla quirúrgica (p≤0,01) y la edad; área de concentración del programa y uso de cofia (p≤0,01) y mascarilla quirúrgica (p=0,04); realización de actividades de capacitación y uso de mascarilla quirúrgica (p=0,02) y N95 (p≤0,01). La adherencia a los EPI osciló entre el 0% y el 67%. Conclusión: los factores asociados al uso correcto de los EPI fueron la edad, el área de concentración del programa y la realización de actividades de capacitación. Se observaron debilidades en la adherencia. Se sugiere fortalecer el tema de la bioseguridad en la residencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Personal Protective Equipment/statistics & numerical data , COVID-19/prevention & control , Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data , Internship, Nonmedical/statistics & numerical data , Containment of Biohazards/statistics & numerical data
3.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE002811, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1527579

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Validar um inquérito de conhecimento, atitude e prática sobre medidas preventivas da COVID-19 para os funcionários do sistema penitenciário, fundamentado na teoria ambientalista. Métodos Estudo metodológico desenvolvido em quatro etapas: estabelecimento da estrutura conceitual, elaboração do instrumento, validação do conteúdo por juízes e avaliação da aparência pelo público-alvo. O conteúdo de cada item foi validado quanto a objetividade, clareza e relevância. A aparência do inquérito foi avaliada quanto ao objetivo, a organização, ao estilo da escrita e a motivação. Utilizou-se o coeficiente de validação de conteúdo para avaliar a concordância entre os juízes e entre o público-alvo. Os dados foram analisados por meio de distribuições brutas, percentuais, medidas de posição e de dispersão. O índice alfa de Cronbach foi utilizado para analisar a consistência das avaliações dos juízes e do público-alvo. Resultados Quanto ao conteúdo e a aparência, os requisitos avaliados obtiveram concordância superior a 0,9. Na avaliação da consistência, obteve-se índice alfa de Cronbach > 0,9 e > 0,7, quanto ao conteúdo e à aparência, respectivamente, indicando que juízes e público-alvo tenderam a fazer avaliações similares. Conclusão O inquérito apresentou validade de conteúdo e aparência para a coleta de dados referentes a conhecimento, atitude e prática sobre prevenção da COVID-19, para os funcionários do sistema penitenciário, indicando que poderá contribuir para o planejamento e a avaliação de ações de educação em saúde.


Resumen Objetivo Validar un estudio de conocimiento, actitud y práctica sobre medidas preventivas de COVID-19 para los empleados del sistema penitenciario, fundamentado en la teoría ambientalista. Métodos Estudio metodológico llevado a cabo en cuatro etapas: establecimiento de la estructura conceptual, elaboración del instrumento, validación del contenido por jueces y evaluación de la apariencia por el público destinatario. Se validó el contenido de cada ítem respecto a la objetividad, claridad y relevancia. Se evaluó la apariencia del estudio respecto al objetivo, la organización, el estilo de escritura y la motivación. Se utilizó el coeficiente de validez de contenido para evaluar la concordancia entre los jueces y entre el público destinatario. Los datos se analizaron mediante distribuciones brutas, porcentajes, medidas de posición y de dispersión. Se utilizó el índice alfa de Cronbach para analizar la consistencia de las evaluaciones de los jueces y del público destinatario. Resultados Respecto al contenido y a la apariencia, los requisitos evaluados obtuvieron concordancia superior a 0,9. En la evaluación de la consistencia, se obtuvo un índice alfa de Cronbach > 0,9 respecto al contenido y > 0,7 respecto a la apariencia, lo que indica la tendencia de los jueces y del público destinatario a realizar evaluaciones similares. Conclusión El estudio presentó validez de contenido y apariencia para la recopilación de datos referentes a conocimiento, actitud y práctica sobre prevención de COVID-19 para empleados del sistema penitenciario, lo que indica que podrá contribuir a la planificación y evaluación de acciones de educación para la salud.


Abstract Objective To validate a knowledge, attitude and practice survey on preventive measures against COVID-19 for penitentiary system staff based on environmental theory. Methods This is a methodological study developed in four stages: conceptual structure establishment; instrument elaboration; content validity by judges; and appearance assessment by the target audience. The content of each item was validated for objectivity, clarity and relevance. Survey appearance was assessed regarding objective, organization, writing style and motivation. Content validity coefficient was used to assess agreement among judges and the target audience. Data were analyzed using gross distributions, percentages, position and dispersion measures. Cronbach's alpha index was used to analyze the consistency of judges' and target audience's assessments. Results Regarding content and appearance, the assessed requirements achieved agreement greater than 0.9. In consistency assessment, a Cronbach's alpha index > 0.9 and > 0.7 was obtained for content and appearance, respectively, indicating that judges and target audiences tended to make similar assessments. Conclusion The survey presented content and appearance validity for collecting data regarding knowledge, attitude and practice regarding COVID-19 prevention for penitentiary system staff, indicating that it could contribute to health education action planning and assessment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Education , Validation Studies as Topic , COVID-19/etiology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Correctional Facilities Personnel/education , Health Strategies
4.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529142

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the usefulness, reliability, quality, and content of Portuguese-language YouTube videos on COVID-19. Material and Methods: Three keywords selected on Google Trends were searched on YouTube, and the 60 first videos listed with each term were analyzed. Two calibrated researchers evaluated the reliability (DISCERN Modified Scale), the quality (Global Quality Score - GQS), and the usefulness of videos for the users (COVID-19 Specific Score - CSS). The number of views, likes, and engagement were also analyzed. The data were evaluated by the Mann-Whitney test and Spearman correlation (α=5%). Results: 59 videos were included. The average scores of quality, reliability, and usefulness were 3.0 (±1.1), 3.2 (± 0.8), and 1.5 (± 0.9), respectively. Two-thirds of the videos (64.4%) had low/moderate quality, and the majority (76.2%) were about signs and symptoms. The numbers of views (p=0.005), likes (p=0.006), and engagement (p=0.014) were significantly higher in moderate/good quality videos. The number of comments (p=0.007), duration of videos (p=0.004), and the DISCERN score (p<0.001) were significantly higher in videos made by health professionals. The general quality of the videos was positively correlated to the CSS scores, number of views, likes, and engagement (p<0.05). Conclusion: Most videos had moderate quality and reliability and low usefulness for the users.


Subject(s)
Health Communication , Data Accuracy , Internet-Based Intervention , COVID-19/prevention & control , Video Recording , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dentists , Social Networking , Observational Study
5.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 24: e220108, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1529144

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To study the frequency of self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs during the COVID-19 pandemic in a group of Iranian dental students. Material and Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among dental undergraduates from September 2021 to November 2021 after receiving ethical clearance from the Kerman Medical University Ethical Committee. A valid and reliable questionnaire, consisting of demographic data and questions about self-medication and knowledge about out-of-counter drugs, was sent to participants via E-mail. Data was analyzed by SPSS 26 software by using a t-test. The P-value was considered at a 0.05% significant level. Results: A total of 88 students participated in the study with a mean age of 21.39±3.71 years. Prevalence of self-medication was found in 53.4%. The most common cause for self-medication was headache. Acetaminophen was the most commonly used medicine for self-medication. Females had more self-medication than males, but there was no significant differences. There was no significant differences between entering year to university and self-medication. Younger students had significantly more self-medication (p=0.007). Knowledge about out-of-counter drugs was moderate. Conclusion: Moderate self-medication as noticed. The out-of-counter drugs were the most used. Although out-of-counter drugs seem relatively safe, their improper use can cause serious side effects. Dental students need to be educated regarding appropriate safe medication and out-of-counter drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Self Medication , Students, Dental , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Nonprescription Drugs , Chi-Square Distribution , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control , Iran
6.
Acta Paul. Enferm. (Online) ; 37: eAPE002381, 2024. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1527575

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo Analisar a prevalência e os fatores associados à hospitalização de idosos com COVID-19 no estado do Paraná, PR, Brasil. Métodos Estudo transversal vinculado à coorte "Acompanhamento Longitudinal de adultos e idosos que receberam alta da internação hospitalar por COVID-19", realizado por meio de informações contidas nas fichas de notificação compulsória do Sistema de Informação de Agravos de Notificação. As análises foram realizadas através de frequências relativas e absolutas, com aplicação do teste de qui-quadrado adotado no modelo de regressão logística. A população do estudo englobou pessoas residentes no Estado do Paraná com idade de 60 anos ou mais, hospitalizadas por COVID-19 no período de março de 2020 a setembro de 2021. Resultados Foi identificada maior prevalência de hospitalização entre idosos com escolaridade igual ou maior a oito anos. Indivíduos não vacinados contra COVID-19 apresentaram maior chance de internação. O sexo masculino apresentou mais chance de admissão em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva em comparação com o sexo feminino. Doenças cardiovasculares, pneumopatia e obesidade aumentaram a prevalência da forma grave da doença. Conclusão Fatores tais como escolaridade e não adesão à vacinação contra COVID-19 podem aumentar o risco de hospitalização pela doença. Pessoas idosas do sexo masculino apresentam maior chance de hospitalização na UTI se comparadas às do sexo feminino; além disso, a não utilização de antivirais pode contribuir para o agravamento do estado de saúde.


Resumen Objetivo Analizar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a la hospitalización de personas mayores por COVID-19 en el estado de Paraná. Métodos Estudio transversal vinculado a la cohorte "Seguimiento longitudinal de adultos y personas mayores que recibieron alta de internación hospitalaria por COVID-19", realizado mediante información contenida en las fichas de notificación obligatoria del Sistema de Información de Agravios de Notificación. Los análisis fueron realizados a través de frecuencias relativas y absolutas, con aplicación de la prueba ji cuadrado adoptada en el modelo de regresión logística. La población del estudio incluyó personas residentes del estado de Paraná, de 60 años o más, hospitalizadas por COVID-19 en el período de marzo de 2020 a septiembre de 2021. Resultados Se identificó mayor prevalencia de hospitalización en personas mayores con escolaridad igual o mayor a ocho años. Individuos no vacunados contra COVID-19 presentaron mayor probabilidad de internación. El sexo masculino presentó más probabilidad de admisión en Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos en comparación con el sexo femenino. Enfermedades cardiovasculares, neumopatía y obesidad aumentaron la prevalencia de la forma grave de la enfermedad. Conclusión Factores tales como escolaridad y no adhesión a la vacunación contra COVID-19 pueden aumentar el riesgo de hospitalización por la enfermedad. Personas mayores de sexo masculino presentaron mayor probabilidad de hospitalización en la UCI al compararlas con las de sexo femenino. Además, la no utilización de antivirales puede contribuir al agravamiento del estado de salud.


Abstract Objective To analyze the prevalence and factors associated with hospitalization of elderly people with COVID-19 in the State of Paraná, PR, Brazil. Methods A cross-sectional study linked to the cohort "Longitudinal Monitoring of adults and elderly people who were discharged from hospital admission due to COVID-19", was carried out using information contained in the compulsory notification forms of the Notifiable Diseases Information System. Analyzes were carried out using relative and absolute frequencies, applying the chi-square test adopted in the logistic regression model. The study population included people aged 60 years or over and residing in the State of Paraná, who were hospitalized for COVID-19 from March 2020 to September 2021. Results A higher hospitalization prevalence was identified among elderly people with eight years of education or more. Individuals not vaccinated against COVID-19 had a greater chance of hospitalization. Males had a greater chance of admission to the Intensive Care Unit compared to females. Cardiovascular diseases, lung disease, and obesity have increased the prevalence of the severe form of the disease. Conclusion Factors such as education and non-adherence to vaccination against COVID-19 can increase the risk of hospitalization due to the disease. Elderly people of the male sex have a greater chance of hospitalization in the ICU compared to the female sex. Furthermore, not using antivirals can contribute to worsening health status.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , COVID-19 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies
7.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 91(2): 94-99, jul.-dic. 2023. tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1551555

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes. Ante la evidencia que establece una transmisión aérea del SARS-CoV-2, es primordial buscar nuevas formas para reducir la transmisión. El monitoreo a través de medidores de dióxido de carbono (CO 2 ) permite determinar la calidad de aire en espacios cerrados. Objetivo: Evaluar niveles de CO 2 y uso de medidas de seguridad para reducir la transmisión de COVID-19 en aulas universitarias, Tegucigalpa, Honduras, abril-mayo 2022. Métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo transversal sobre aulas y estudiantes universitarios. Los datos se obtuvieron por observación, medición y documentación. La muestra fue a conveniencia. Se midieron las concentraciones de CO2 en 5 aulas usando un medidor infrarrojo marca ARANET4. Se registraron las medidas de bioseguridad utilizadas. Se realizó análisis univariado por medio de frecuencia y medidas de tendencia central; se calculó coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y valores de p. Se obtuvo consentimiento informado de los participantes. Resultados: De los 86 participantes, 91.9% (79) aplicaba medidas de bioseguridad. Los niveles máximos de CO 2 encontrados en 5 aulas se encontraron en el nivel recomendado para espacios de clases (clasificación Calidad del Aire Interior IDA, Subdirección de Salud Pública, Madrid, España). Discusión: Los niveles de CO 2 en las aulas se elevaron con la presencia de estudiantes. Sin embargo, los niveles alcanzados no sugieren un riesgo. Honduras no cuenta con normas de calidad del aire para la protección a la salud de los impactos de los contaminantes atmosféricos. Es necesario realizar estudios con mayor tamaño muestral en cuanto a sitios y participantes...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/prevention & control , Carbon Dioxide/analysis , Air Pollution, Indoor/analysis
8.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1687-1697, dic. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528806

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: In response to the threat posed by new variants of SARS-CoV-2 and the urgent need for effective treatments in the absence of vaccines, the aim of this study was to develop a rapid and cost-effective hyperimmune serum (HS) derived from sheep and assess its efficacy. The utilization of a halal-certified, easily maintained in certain geographic regions, easy-to-handle animal such as sheep could provide a viable alternative to the expensive option of horses. Sheep were immunized with a whole inactivated SARS-CoV- 2 antigen to produce HS, which was evaluated for neutralizing potency using the PRNT50 assay. K18-hACE2 transgenic mice (n=35) were divided into three groups: control, SARS-CoV-2 exposure through inhalation, and SARS-CoV-2 exposed mice treated with HS. HS efficacy was assessed through serum proinflammatory cytokine levels, qRT-PCR analysis, histopathological examination of lungs and hearts, and transmission electron microscopy. Purified HS exhibited significant neutralizing activity (1/24,576). The SARS-CoV-2+HS group showed lower levels of TNF-α, IL-10, and IL-6 (P<0.01) and relatively lower levels of MCP-1 compared to the SARS-CoV-2 group. HS prevented death, reduced viral RNA levels in the lungs and hearts, protected against severe interstitial pneumonia, preserved lung tissue integrity, and prevented myocyte damage, while the SARS-CoV-2 group exhibited viral presence in the lungs. This study successfully developed a sheep-derived HS against the entire SARS-CoV-2 virus, resulting in a significant reduction in infection severity, inflammation, and systemic cytokine production. The findings hold promise for treating severe COVID-19 cases, including emerging viral variants, and immunocompromised patients.


En respuesta a la amenaza que suponen las nuevas variantes del SARS-CoV-2 y la urgente necesidad de tratamientos eficaces en ausencia de vacunas, el objetivo de este estudio fue desarrollar un suero hiperinmune (HS) rápido y rentable derivado de ovejas. y evaluar su eficacia. La utilización de un animal con certificación halal, de fácil mantenimiento en determinadas regiones geográficas y de fácil manejo, como las ovejas, podría proporcionar una alternativa viable a la costosa opción de los caballos. Las ovejas fueron inmunizadas con un antígeno de SARS-CoV-2 completamente inactivado para producir HS, cuya potencia neutralizante se evaluó mediante el ensayo PRNT50. Los ratones transgénicos K18-hACE2 (n = 35) se dividieron en tres grupos: control, exposición al SARS-CoV-2 mediante inhalación y ratones expuestos al SARS-CoV-2 tratados con HS. La eficacia de HS se evaluó mediante niveles de citoquinas proinflamatorias en suero, análisis qRT-PCR, examen histopatológico de pulmones y corazones y microscopía electrónica de transmisión. El HS purificado exhibió una actividad neutralizante significativa (1/24,576). El grupo SARS-CoV-2+HS mostró niveles más bajos de TNF-α, IL-10 e IL-6 (P<0,01) y niveles relativamente más bajos de MCP-1 en comparación con el grupo SARS-CoV-2. HS evitó la muerte, redujo los niveles de ARN viral en los pulmones y el corazón, protegió contra la neumonía intersticial grave, preservó la integridad del tejido pulmonar y evitó el daño de los miocitos, mientras que el grupo SARS-CoV-2 exhibió presencia viral en los pulmones. Este estudio desarrolló con éxito un HS derivado de ovejas contra todo el virus SARS-CoV-2, lo que resultó en una reducción significativa de la gravedad de la infección, la inflamación y la producción sistémica de citocinas. Los hallazgos son prometedores para el tratamiento de casos graves de COVID- 19, incluidas las variantes virales emergentes y los pacientes inmunocomprometidos.


Subject(s)
Animals , COVID-19/drug therapy , Immune Sera/administration & dosage , Respiratory System/drug effects , Respiratory System/ultrastructure , Sheep , Vaccines, Inactivated , Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome/prevention & control , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Flow Cytometry , SARS-CoV-2/drug effects , COVID-19/immunology , COVID-19/prevention & control , Heart/drug effects , Horses , Immunotherapy/methods , Multiple Organ Failure/prevention & control , Myocardium/ultrastructure
9.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3761, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431840

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar la prevalencia de lesiones cutáneas y factores asociados con el uso de respiradores N95 en profesionales de la salud de Brasil. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 11.368 profesionales de la salud en el que se empleó un método de muestreo dirigido por encuestados adaptado para entornos en línea. Se ejecutaron análisis univariados y multivariados para investigar la asociación entre la variable "lesiones cutáneas por utilizar respiradores N95" y sexo, categoría profesional, lugar de trabajo, capacitación, diagnóstico de COVID-19 y disponibilidad de suficiente provisión de Equipo de Protección Personal de buena calidad. Resultados: la prevalencia de lesiones cutáneas fue del 61,8%. Las mujeres fueron 1,203 veces (IC 95%: 1,154-1,255) más propensas a desarrollar lesiones que los hombres. La probabilidad de lesiones cutáneas en psicólogos (RP=0,805; IC 95%: 0,678-0,956) y dentistas (RP=0,884; IC 95%: 0,788-0,992) fue menor en comparación con la encontrada en los profesionales de Enfermería. Los profesionales con diagnóstico positivo de COVID-19 y que trabajan en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos son más propensos a sufrir lesiones cutáneas (RP=1,074; IC 95%: 1,042-1,107); (RP=1,203; IC 95%: 1,168-1,241), respectivamente, Conclusión: la prevalencia de lesiones cutáneas causadas por utilizar respiradores N95 fue del 61,8% y estuvo asociada al sexo femenino, a la categoría profesional, al lugar de trabajo, a la capacitación, a diagnóstico de COVID-19 y a la disponibilidad de suficiente provisión de Equipo de Protección Personal de buena calidad.


Objective: to investigate the prevalence of skin lesions and factors associated with the use of N95 respirators among health professionals in Brazil. Method: cross-sectional study conducted with 11,368 health professionals using a respondent-driven sampling method adapted for online environments. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to investigate the association between the "skin lesions with the use of N95 respirators" variable and gender, professional category, workplace, training, COVID-19 diagnosis, and availability of sufficient and high-quality Personal Protective Equipment. Results: the prevalence of skin lesions was 61.8%. Women were 1.203 times (95% CI: 1.154-1.255) more likely to develop a lesion than men. The chances of skin lesions in psychologists (PR=0.805; 95% CI: 0.678-0.956) and dentists (PR=0.884; 95% CI: 0.788-0.992), were lower when compared to Nursing professionals. Professionals with a positive COVID-19 diagnosis and working in the Intensive Care Unit have an increased chance of presenting skin lesions (PR=1.074; 95% CI: 1.042-1.107); (PR=1.203; 95% CI: 1.168-1.241), respectively. Conclusion: the prevalence of skin lesions caused by the use of N95 respirators was 61.8% and was associated with female gender, professional category, workplace, training, COVID-19 diagnosis, and availability of sufficient and highquality Personal Protective Equipment.


Objetivo: investigar a prevalência de lesões de pele e fatores associados ao uso de respiradores N95 entre profissionais de saúde no Brasil. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 11.368 profissionais de saúde por meio de um método de amostragem dirigido por respondentes adaptado para ambientes online. Análises univariadas e multivariadas foram realizadas para investigar a associação entre a variável "lesão de pele com uso de respirador N95" e sexo, categoria profissional, local de trabalho, treinamento, diagnóstico de COVID-19 e disponibilidade suficiente de equipamentos de proteção individual de qualidade. Resultados: a prevalência de lesões cutâneas foi de 61,8%. As mulheres foram 1,203 vezes (IC 95%: 1.154-1.255) mais propensas a desenvolver uma lesão do que os homens. As chances de lesão de pele em psicólogos (RP=0,805; IC 95%: 0,678-0,956) e dentistas (RP=0,884; IC 95%: 0,788-0,992) foram menores quando comparados aos profissionais de Enfermagem. Profissionais com diagnóstico positivo para COVID-19 e que trabalham em Unidade de Cuidados Intensivos têm maior chance de apresentar lesões de pele (RP=1,074; IC 95%: 1,042-1,107); (RP=1,203; IC 95%: 1,168- 1,241), respectivamente. Conclusão: a prevalência de lesões de pele causadas pelo uso do respirador N95 foi de 61,8% e esteve associada ao sexo feminino, categoria profissional, local de trabalho, treinamento, diagnóstico de COVID-19 e disponibilidade suficiente de equipamentos de proteção individual de qualidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Care Team , Respiratory Protective Devices/adverse effects , Skin Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , N95 Respirators/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , COVID-19/epidemiology
10.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3932, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441987

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar el efecto de una intervención a distancia sobre los síntomas de ansiedad y el consumo de alcohol en usuarios del servicio de Atención Primaria de Salud. Método: estudio cuasiexperimental, realizado con 1270 participantes que respondieron al Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test y al State-Trait Anxiety Inventory 6. De estos, 1033 encuestados obtuvieron puntajes de síntomas de ansiedad moderada/grave (STAI-6 > 3) y consumo de alcohol de riesgo moderado/grave (AUDIT-C>3), y recibieron las intervenciones mediante llamada telefónica con un seguimiento de siete y 180 días. Para analizar los datos se utilizó un modelo de regresión de efectos mixtos. Resultados: el efecto de la intervención realizada fue positivo para reducir los síntomas de ansiedad entre T0 y T1 (µ=1,6 p<0,001) y para reducir el patrón de consumo de alcohol entre t1 y t3 (µ=1,57 p< 0,001). Conclusión: los resultados del seguimiento sugieren que la intervención tuvo un efecto positivo en la reducción de la ansiedad y el patrón de consumo de alcohol que tiende a mantenerse en el tiempo. Existe evidencia de que la intervención propuesta puede ser una alternativa para la atención preventiva en salud mental, en situaciones donde se comprometa la accesibilidad del usuario o del profesional.


Objective: to investigate the effect of a remote intervention on anxiety symptoms and alcohol use in users of the Primary Health Care service. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted with 1,270 participants who answered the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-6. Of these, 1,033 interviewees scored for moderate/severe anxiety symptoms (STAI-6 > 3) and moderate/severe risk alcohol use (AUDIT-C > 3), and received the interventions via telephone calls with follow-up periods lasting seven and 180 days. For data analysis, a mixed-effects regression model was used. Results: the effect of the intervention performed was positive in reducing anxiety symptoms between T0 and T1 (µ=1.6, p<0.001) and in reducing the alcohol use pattern between T1 and T3 (µ=1.57, p<0.001) Conclusion: the follow-up results suggest a positive effect of the intervention in reducing anxiety and the alcohol use pattern, which tends to be maintained over time. There is diverse evidence that the intervention proposed can be an alternative for preventive care in mental health, in situations where accessibility of the user or the professional is compromised.


Objetivo: investigar o efeito de uma intervenção remota nos sintomas de ansiedade e no uso de álcool em usuários do serviço de Atenção Primária à Saúde. Método: estudo quase experimental, realizado com 1270 participantes que responderam o Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test e a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory 6. Desses, 1033 entrevistados pontuaram para sintomas de ansiedade moderada/severa (STAI-6>3) e uso de risco de álcool moderado/severo (AUDIT-C>3), e receberam as intervenções via chamada telefônica com follow-up de sete e 180 dias. Para análise dos dados utilizou-se um modelo de regressão de efeitos mistos. Resultados: o efeito da intervenção realizada foi positivo na redução dos sintomas de ansiedade entre T0 e T1 (µ=1,6 p<0.001) e na redução do padrão de uso de álcool entre t1 e t3 (µ=1,57 p<0.001). Conclusão: os resultados do follow-up sugerem efeito positivo da intervenção na redução da ansiedade e no padrão de uso de álcool, o qual tende a se manter ao longo do tempo. Há evidências de que a intervenção proposta pode ser uma alternativa para o cuidado preventivo em saúde mental, em situações nas quais a acessibilidade do usuário ou do profissional encontram-se comprometidas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anxiety/psychology , Anxiety/therapy , Primary Health Care , Alcohol Drinking/prevention & control , Telenursing , COVID-19/prevention & control
11.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 88(5): 308-323, oct. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1530019

ABSTRACT

La creación de una vacuna para enfrentar la pandemia de COVID-19 conllevó un vacío de información sobre las posibles alteraciones del ciclo menstrual. El objetivo fue verificar las posibles alteraciones que se pudiesen haber generado en el ciclo menstrual de las mujeres posterior a la inoculación de la vacuna contra la COVID-19. Se realizó una revisión sistemática en las bases bibliografías Medline, Medline Complete, LILACS, CINAHL y ScIELO, utilizando los descriptores “Women”, “Woman”, “Fertile period”, “Vaccination”, “Mass vaccination”, “Immunization”, “COVID-19 vaccines”, “SARS-CoV-2 infection”, “COVID-19”, “Menstrual cycle”, “Menstruation”, “Endometrial cycle”, “Dysmenorrhea” y “Menstruation disturbances”. Mediante la utilización del protocolo PRISMA, de los 319 artículos localizados, 17 fueron incluidos en el análisis. La mayoría de los estudios incluyeron, principalmente, las vacunas Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca y Johnson&Johnson/Janssen con una a tres dosis administradas. El porcentaje de ciclos menstruales alterados fue del 8,0% al 77,8%, y la alteración con mayor frecuencia referida fue la duración del ciclo menstrual, que fue desde 0,3 hasta 12 días de retraso de la menstruación. Todos los estudios refieren cambios en el ciclo menstrual con diversas prevalencias, con y sin significación estadística; sin embargo, también concluyen que estas alteraciones son reversibles y en un corto periodo de tiempo.


The creation of a vaccine to face the COVID-19 pandemic, led to an information gap on possible alterations of the menstrual cycle. The objective was to verify the possible alterations that could have been generated in the menstrual cycle of women, after the inoculation of the vaccine against COVID-19. A systematic review was carried out in the Medline, Medline Complete, LILACS, CINAHL and ScIELO bibliographic databases, using the descriptors “Women”, “Woman”, “Fertile period”, “Vaccination”, “Mass vaccination”, “Immunization”, “COVID-19 vaccines”, “SARS-CoV-2 infection”, “COVID-19”, “Menstrual cycle”, “Menstruation”, “Endometrial cycle”, “Dysmenorrhea” and “Menstruation disturbances”. Using the PRISMA protocol, of the 319 articles located, 17 were included in the analysis. Most of the studies mainly included the Pfizer, Moderna, AstraZeneca and Johnson&Johnson/Janssen vaccines with one to three doses administered. The percentage of altered menstrual cycles ranged from 8.0% to 77.8%, and the most frequently reported alteration was the length of the menstrual cycle, which occurred from 0.3 to 12 days late in menstruation. All the studies refer to changes in the menstrual cycle with different prevalences, with and without statistical significance; however, the same studies also conclude that these alterations are reversible and in a short period of time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , COVID-19 Vaccines/adverse effects , COVID-19/prevention & control , Menstruation , Menstrual Cycle
13.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 281-287, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514385

ABSTRACT

La odontología frente al virus SARS-CoV-2 ha sido calificada como la práctica que conlleva más riesgo comparado a otras profesiones en el ámbito de la salud, sobre todo porque el campo de trabajo es la cavidad oral, exponiéndose a diferentes agentes patógenos que podrían poner en riesgo la vida de los odontólogos, y ante el COVID-19 se expone esta preocupante realidad, por lo que a nivel internacional y local se han restructurado los protocolos de atención odontológica. El objetivo del presente estudio fue para concientizar la necesidad de prevenir la morbimortalidad por las infecciones cruzadas, mediante un espacio seguro, con la aplicación estricta de la bioseguridad para todos los que participan en la consulta estomatológica. La presente revisión ha encontrado coincidencias de criterios, así como, recomendaciones universales en la prevención de las infecciones cruzadas y manejo de la seguridad ante el riesgo de contagio.


Dentistry against the SARS-CoV-2 virus has been classified as the practice that carries more risk compared to other professions in the field of health, especially since the field of work is the oral cavity, exposing itself to different pathogens that could putting the lives of dentists at risk, and in the face of COVID-19 this worrying reality is exposed, so at the international and local level dental care protocols have been restructured. The objective of this study is to raise awareness of the need to prevent morbidity and mortality due to cross infections, through a safe space, with the strict application of biosafety for all those who participate in the stomatological consultation. The present review has found coincidences of criteria, as well as universal recommendations in the prevention of cross infections and management of safety in the face of the risk of contagion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Containment of Biohazards , Oral Medicine , Security Measures , Dental Health Services , COVID-19/prevention & control
14.
Salud mil ; 42(2): e402, 20230929. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1531709

ABSTRACT

A partir de la declaración de la Organización Mundial de la Salud del comienzo de la pandemia COVID-19 causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2 en marzo de 2020, los profesionales de la salud se vieron expuestos a esta enfermedad altamente contagiosa y potencialmente mortal que generó múltiples desafíos a toda la comunidad científica. Provocando cambios de paradigmas en la atención de los pacientes y en el uso de las barreras de protección personal. A nivel mundial se crearon múltiples protocolos para la atención odontológica a medida que se iba desarrollando e investigando el comportamiento del virus. Esta revisión bibliográfica resume las indicaciones y recomendaciones basadas en las evidencias disponibles para disminuir las posibilidades de contaminación ante la exposición a este virus, incluyendo medidas a utilizar desde el ingreso del paciente, los métodos de protección personal, la descontaminación y esterilización del material, así como también la desinfección del área de trabajo. Aunque se ha hecho un gran esfuerzo por mejorar los procesos de bioseguridad a nivel científico tecnológico, hay evidencias de que el factor humano sigue siendo el eslabón más débil de esta cadena.


Since the declaration by the World Health Organization of the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus in March 2020, health professionals were exposed to this highly contagious and potentially fatal disease that generated multiple challenges to the entire scientific community. It caused paradigm shifts in patient care and in the use of personal protective barriers. Multiple protocols for dental care were created worldwide as the behavior of the virus was developed and investigated. This bibliographic review summarizes the indications and recommendations based on the available evidence to reduce the possibilities of contamination when exposed to this virus, including measures to be used from patient admission, personal protection methods, decontamination and sterilization of material, as well as disinfection of the work area. Although a great effort has been made to improve biosafety processes at the scientific and technological level, there is evidence that the human factor continues to be the weakest link in this chain.


Desde a declaração pela Organização Mundial da Saúde do início da pandemia de COVID-19 causada pelo vírus SARS-CoV-2 em março de 2020, os profissionais de saúde foram expostos a essa doença altamente contagiosa e potencialmente fatal, que criou vários desafios para toda a comunidade científica. Ela causou mudanças de paradigma no atendimento ao paciente e no uso de barreiras de proteção individual. Em todo o mundo, vários protocolos para atendimento odontológico foram criados à medida que o comportamento do vírus foi desenvolvido e pesquisado. Esta revisão da literatura resume as indicações e recomendações baseadas em evidências para reduzir a probabilidade de contaminação por exposição a esse vírus, incluindo medidas a serem usadas desde a admissão do paciente, métodos de proteção individual, descontaminação e esterilização de equipamentos, bem como desinfecção da área de trabalho. Embora muitos esforços tenham sido feitos para melhorar os processos de biossegurança em nível científico e tecnológico, há evidências de que o fator humano continua sendo o elo mais fraco dessa cadeia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sterilization/instrumentation , Disinfection/instrumentation , Dental Equipment , Dental Offices , COVID-19/prevention & control
15.
RFO UPF ; 27(1)08 ago. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1511048

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever a experiência do uso de redes sociais como instrumentos em ações de educação em saúde, promoção e prevenção durante a pandemia de COVID-19. Metodologia: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo realizado no projeto de extensão "Sustentabilidade do PET-SAÚDE Interprofissionalidade" dando continuidade às ações interventivas do curso de Odontologia da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, campus Governador Valadares-MG, que realizou ações de promoção de saúde em atenção primária entre abril de 2020 e junho de 2021. O projeto teve a participação de 4 discentes e 2 docentes do curso de Odontologia da UFJF/GV com parceria da Secretaria Municipal de Saúde de Governador Valadares-MG. As ações foram desenvolvidas pelos discentes, os quais dividiram o processo em nove etapas. As atividades foram veiculadas pelas redes sociais sob o título "Vida Saudável e Autocuidado: PET-Saúde Interprofissionalidade UFJF/GV". Resultados: Foram realizadas 37 postagens com abordagem de 33 assuntos, alguns temas foram divididos entre partes 1 e 2, para melhor enfoque das comunicações. Obtivemos na rede social Instagram um total de 175 seguidores que acompanhavam as publicações feitas semanalmente. Os materiais produzidos também foram postados em formato de vídeo no Youtube e compartilhados no Facebook, visando aumentar a interação com os seguidores, somando 642 visualizações. As postagens atingiram o total de 1510 curtidas nas páginas do projeto. Conclusão: As redes sociais demostraram ser inovadoras na disseminação de informação para a população, alcançando a troca de saberes, no processo ensino-aprendizagem em tempos de pandemia, possibilitando o desenvolvimento de competências necessárias para a formação profissional.(AU)


Objective: To describe the experience of using social networks as instruments in health education, promotion and prevention actions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methodology: This is a descriptive study carried out in the extension project "Sustainability of PET-SAÚDE Interprofissionalidade", continuing the interventional actions of the Dentistry course at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Governador Valadares-MG campus, which carried out actions to promote health in primary care between April 2020 and June 2021. The project had the participation of 4 students and 2 professors from the UFJF/GV Dentistry course in partnership with the Municipal Health Department of Governador Valadares-MG. The actions were developed by the students, who divided the process into nine stages. The activities were broadcast on social networks under the title "Healthy Life and Self-Care: PET-Saúde Interprofissionalidade UFJF/GV". Results: 37 posts were made covering 33 subjects, some themes were divided into parts 1 and 2, for a better focus on communications. We obtained a total of 175 followers on the Instagram social network that followed the publications made weekly. The materials produced were also posted in video format on Youtube and shared on Facebook, aiming to increase interaction with followers, totaling 642 views. Posts reached a total of 1510 likes on the project pages. Conclusion: Social networks proved to be innovative in disseminating information to the population, achieving the exchange of knowledge in the teaching-learning process in times of pandemic, enabling the development of skills necessary for professional training. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Health Education/methods , Community-Institutional Relations , Online Social Networking , Teleworking/trends , COVID-19/prevention & control , Health Promotion/methods , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Health Communication/methods , Social Networking
16.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 84-98, 08 ago. 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509386

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: avaliar os processos de coleta, lavagem e esterilização de instrumentais odontológicos, evidenciando se houveram mudanças no processo em função da pandemia de COVID-19, em consultórios odontológicos tanto particulares como públicos, na cidade de Pelotas-RS, visando auxiliar no incremento da segurança e eficácia da esterilização na prática odontológica, após uma crise sanitária global e propor um Procedimento Operacional Padrão (POP). Métodos: os dados foram obtidos em um único momento através de respostas dadas pela aplicação de um questionário para o profissional responsável pelo processo de esterilização de cada local. Os dados foram compilados pelo software Microsoft Excel, foi realizada a análise descritiva e os mesmos foram expressos na forma de porcentagem. Resultados: em 100% dos locais o processo de lavagem e esterilização ocorria na mesma sala de atendimento, destes em quatro locais a operação de transporte era realizada com o auxílio de uma caixa plástica higienizável e seis locais contavam com um processo de pré-lavagem. Todos os locais faziam uso de autoclave para o processo de esterilização, 100% realizavam o monitoramento químico do processo, porém apenas quatro realizavam o monitoramento biológico. Conclusão: houve poucas mudanças nos processos de lavagem e esterilização nos locais pesquisados em razão do surgimento da pandemia de COVID -19. Nenhum local examinado possuía o POP descrito do processo de lavagem e esterilização de instrumentais odontológicos e observou-se um baixo uso dos indicadores biológicos, os quais são considerados o padrão ouro da biossegurança.(AU)


Objectives: to evaluate the processes of collection, washing, and sterilization of dental instruments, highlighting any changes in the process due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in both private and public dental clinics in the city of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, with the aim of enhancing the safety and effectiveness of sterilization in dental practice after a global health crisis, and to propose a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP). Methods: data were collected at a single time point through questionnaire responses provided by the professional responsible for the sterilization process at each location. The data were compiled using Microsoft Excel software, and descriptive analysis was conducted. The results were expressed in the form of percentages. Results: in 100% of the locations, the washing and sterilization process took place in the same treatment room. Out of these, transportation was conducted using a hygienizable plastic box in four locations, and six locations had a pre-washing process. All locations used an autoclave for the sterilization process, and 100% performed chemical monitoring of the process, but only four locations conducted biological monitoring. Conclusion: there were few changes in the washing and sterilization processes at the surveyed locations due to the emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic. None of the examined locations had a described SOP for the washing and sterilization process of dental instruments, and there was a low utilization of biological indicators, which are considered the gold standard for biosafety.(AU)


Subject(s)
Sterilization/methods , Dental Clinics/standards , Dental Instruments/microbiology , Dental Materials , COVID-19/prevention & control , Time Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Biological Monitoring
17.
Educ. med. super ; 37(2)jun. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1528530

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La satisfacción de los estudiantes con respecto a la educación que reciben es un elemento clave en la valoración de la calidad de la educación. La enfermedad causada por el nuevo coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 representó una emergencia sanitaria que generó preocupación a nivel mundial por su impacto en la salud, la economía y la educación. Objetivo: Evaluar la satisfacción de los estudiantes con los cursos a distancia del primer ciclo de la maestría Investigación en Aterosclerosis durante la COVID-19. Métodos: Se hizo un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal. Se utilizó una encuesta, que estuvo disponible, al finalizar cada curso, en el Aula Virtual de Salud. Los datos de la encuesta se obtuvieron del AVS, se introdujeron en una base de datos en Excel, y se procesaron con el paquete estadístico SPSS versión 20.0 para Windows. Resultados: Para todos los cursos los horarios que predominaron fueron en horario extralaboral y los fines de semana y durante la jornada laboral, en horario extralaboral y los fines de semana. Como vías de conexión más utilizadas estuvieron Infomed y los datos móviles. El curso mejor orientado resultó La aterosclerosis, un problema epidemiológico. La evaluación de los aspectos relacionados con el profesor, los contenidos, el material bibliográfico, la comunicación y el aseguramiento tecnológico fue satisfactoria. La computadora y el celular representaron los dispositivos tecnológicos más empleados. Las respuestas en relación con la satisfacción con los cursos se encontraron entre satisfecho y muy satisfecho. Conclusiones: La mayor parte de los aspectos evaluados recibieron calificaciones satisfactorias. Como aspecto positivo se destaca el empleo del aula virtual; como negativos, la dificultad con los dispositivos tecnológicos y la conectividad; y como interesantes, la adquisición y el perfeccionamiento de habilidades con los cursos a distancia y mejorar la calidad de la conectividad(AU)


Introduction: Student satisfaction with the education that they receive is a key element for education quality assessment. The disease caused by the new SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus represented a health emergency that generated worldwide concern due to its impact on health, economy and education. Objective: To assess student satisfaction with the distance courses of the first cycle of a master's degree in atherosclerosis research during COVID-19. Methods: A descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out. A survey was used, available in the virtual health classroom at the end of each course. The survey's data were obtained from the virtual health classroom, entered into an Excel database, and processed with the statistical package SPSS (version 20.0) for Windows. Results: For all the courses, the predominant schedules were during out-of-work hours and on weekends and during the working day, during out-of-work hours and on weekends. The most frequently used means of connection were Infomed and mobile data. The best oriented course was Atherosclerosis, an epidemiological problem. The assessment of aspects related to the professor, the contents, the bibliographic material, communication and technological assurance were satisfactory. The computer and the cell phone were the most frequently used technological devices. The responses regarding satisfaction with the courses ranged between satisfied and very satisfied. Conclusions: Most of the assessed aspects received satisfactory ratings. As a positive aspect, the use of the virtual classroom stands out; as a negative one, the difficulty with technological devices and connectivity; and as interesting ones, the acquisition and improvement of skills with distance courses, as well as improving the quality of connectivity(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Distance/methods , Training Courses , Atherosclerosis , Research/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , COVID-19/prevention & control
18.
Educ. med. super ; 37(2)jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1528526

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La pandemia de COVID-19 ha ocasionado que las universidades deban transitar de un plan de estudios presencial a la educación a distancia de emergencia. Para la Escuela de Enfermería de la Universidad de Chile, se adiciona la imposibilidad de asistir a centros de salud con estudiantes, por la crisis sanitaria que golpea a nivel nacional; mas, junto con los desafíos, se presentan oportunidades de innovación, creatividad y colaboración. Objetivo: Exponer la experiencia de la implementación de un plan de estudio de enfermería a distancia durante la pandemia COVID-19 sobre la base del modelo de Kern. Métodos: Se analizó la implementación de un plan de educación online desde el modelo de Kern, que planteaba una propuesta centrada en el estudiantado, con el fin de elaborar un marco curricular orientado a resolver las demandas formativas. Se consideraron los intereses, las necesidades, los recursos y la articulación de aprendizajes, a partir de los actores que intervienen en el proceso educativo. Resultados: Las problemáticas y los desafíos se presentaron de manera transversal para estudiantes y docentes, y en todos los niveles organizacionales. Estas se relacionaron principalmente con brechas sociales, imposibilidad de realizar actividades presenciales y factores emocionales. La flexibilidad, la adaptación, el trabajo colaborativo y el manejo de la incertidumbre fueron habilidades primordiales en este proceso. Conclusiones: La virtualización en la educación ha sido una alternativa de emergencia que ha permitido enfrentar los desafíos de la pandemia de COVID-19. Reflexionar sobre la experiencia de manera crítica ha posibilitado identificar aquellas prácticas educativas efectivas e innovadoras, así como las oportunidades(AU)


Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has caused universities to undergo a transition from a face-to-face curriculum to emergency distance education. For the Nursing school of the University of Chile, the impossibility of attending health centers with students is added, due to the health crisis affecting the country; however, along with the challenges, opportunities emerge for innovation, creativity and collaboration. Objective: To present the experience concerning the implementation of a distance learning Nursing curriculum during the COVID-19 pandemic based on the Kern model. Methods: The implementation of an online education plan was analyzed following the Kern's model, which proposed a student-centered proposal, in order to elaborate a curricular framework oriented to solve the training demands. Interests, needs, resources and learning articulation were considered, with an initial focus on the actors involved in the educational process. Results: The problem situations and challenges appeared in a cross-sectional manner for students and teachers, as well as at all organizational levels. These are mainly related to social gaps, the impossibility of carrying out face-to-face activities, and emotional factors. Flexibility, adaptation, collaborative work and uncertainty management were paramount skills in this process. Conclusions: Virtualization in education has been an emergency alternative that has permitted to face the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. Reflecting on the experience in a critical manner has allowed to identify effective and innovative educational practices, as well as opportunities(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Distance/methods , Education, Nursing/methods , COVID-19/prevention & control
19.
In. Roitman, Adriel Jonas. Ética en investigación: Nuevos desafíos, ¿viejos dilemas?. Ciudad de Buenos Aires, Gobierno de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. Ministerio de Salud. Dirección General de Docencia, Investigación y Desarrollo Profesional, jun. 2023. p.9-14.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, InstitutionalDB, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1437589

ABSTRACT

Presentación de "Estudio Exploratorio de los Marcos de Gobernanza para la Revisión y Supervisión Ética de la Investigación de COVID-19 en América Latina", trabajo descriptivo para identificar si los países de América Latina adoptaron políticas para acelerar la evaluación ética de las investigaciones, a la vez de que aseguraban los estándares éticos para su realización, durante la pandemia.


Subject(s)
Ethics Committees, Research/trends , Ethics Committees, Research/ethics , Ethics, Research , COVID-19/prevention & control , Practice Guideline , Latin America
20.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202757, jun. 2023. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436138

ABSTRACT

Los niños cursan mayormente la infección por el virus SARS-CoV-2 en forma leve. Sin embargo, de forma muy infrecuente algunos pueden desarrollar una patología con marcada gravedad denominada síndrome inflamatorio multisistémico en niños relacionado temporalmente con COVID-19 (SIM-C). Dado su reciente surgimiento, aún hay aspectos de su fisiopatología que se desconocen. La posibilidad de recidiva en caso de reinfección o ante la vacunación contra SARS-CoV-2 son nuevos interrogantes a los que nos enfrentamos. Reportamos una serie de casos de 4 pacientes adolescentes que cursaron SIM-C y meses después han sido vacunados contra SARS-CoV-2 con plataformas ARN mensajero (ARNm) sin presentar recurrencia de la enfermedad ni efectos adversos cardiológicos


In most cases, children with SARS-CoV-2 have a mild infection. However, very rarely, some children may develop a severe disease called multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children temporally associated with COVID-19 (MIS-C). Given its recent emergence, some aspects of its pathophysiology are still unknown. The possibility of recurrence in case of reinfection or SARS-CoV-2 vaccination are new questions we are facing. Here we report a case series of 4 adolescent patients who developed MIS-C and, months later, received the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine with messenger RNA (mRNA) platforms without disease recurrence or cardiac adverse events.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , COVID-19 Vaccines/administration & dosage , COVID-19/complications , COVID-19/prevention & control , Vaccination , SARS-CoV-2 , mRNA Vaccines/administration & dosage
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