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Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(4): e10346, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153535


The main movements of artistic swimming demand various physical capacities such as flexibility, strength, power, and muscular endurance. The use of ergogenic resources to potentialize performance in this sport, however, is underexplored and deserves investigation. In the present study, we tested whether caffeine ingestion would improve the execution of movements that are essential in a typical figure competition or routines in artistic swimming (i.e., amplitude in the Ariana, height in the Boost and Barracuda, and time maintained in the Stationary Scull techniques). Sixteen experienced female athlete artistic swimmers (17.4±3.2 years of age, 5.6±2.8 years of artistic swimming practice) performed several movements of artistic swimming after having ingested a capsule containing caffeine (5 mg/kg body mass) or cellulose (placebo). Compared to the placebo, caffeine improved latero-lateral amplitude during the Ariana (P=0.035), the height of the Boost and Barracuda (P=0.028 and 0.009), and maintained duration in Stationary Sculling (P=0.012). Bayes factor analysis, however, indicated substantial evidence of a positive effect of caffeine only on the Barracuda and Stationary Scull techniques. These findings indicated that caffeine improved performance during specific artistic swimming movements. Coaches and athletes should consider caffeine ingestion in their supplementation plans.

Humans , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Caffeine/pharmacology , Athletic Performance , Swimming , Bayes Theorem , Eating
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(3): 381-388, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951832


Abstract Introduction: Caffeine can be considered the most consumed drug by adults worldwide, and can be found in several foods, such as chocolate, coffee, tea, soda and others. Overall, caffeine in moderate doses, results in increased physical and intellectual productivity, increases the capacity of concentration and reduces the time of reaction to sensory stimuli. On the other hand, high doses can cause noticeable signs of mental confusion and error induction in intellectual tasks, anxiety, restlessness, muscle tremors, tachycardia, labyrinthine changes, and tinnitus. Objective: Considering that the vestibular evoked myogenic potential is a clinical test that evaluates the muscular response of high intensity auditory stimulation, the present systematic review aimed to analyze the effects of caffeine on vestibular evoked myogenic potential. Methods: This study consisted of the search of the following databases: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO and Additionally, the gray literature was also searched. The search strategy included terms related to intervention (caffeine or coffee consumption) and the primary outcome (vestibular evoked myogenic potential). Results: Based on the 253 potentially relevant articles identified through the database search, only two full-text publications were retrieved for further evaluation, which were maintained for qualitative analysis. Conclusion: Analyzing the articles found, caffeine has no effect on vestibular evoked myogenic potential in normal individuals.

Resumo Introdução: A cafeína pode ser considerada a droga mais consumida por adultos em nível mundial, podendo ser encontrada em inúmeros alimentos, como no chocolate, café, chá, refrigerante e outros. Em geral, a cafeína em doses moderadas, produz ótimos rendimentos físico e intelectual, aumenta a capacidade de concentração e diminui o tempo de reação aos estímulos sensoriais. Por outro lado, doses elevadas podem causar sinais perceptíveis de confusão mental e indução de erros em tarefas intelectuais, ansiedade, nervosismo, tremores musculares, taquicardia, alterações labirínticas e zumbido. Objetivo: Considerando que o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular é um teste clínico que avalia a resposta muscular decorrente de estimulação auditiva de alta intensidade, a presente revisão sistemática objetivou analisar o efeito da cafeína sobre o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular. Método: A formulação deste trabalho consistiu na busca dos estudos nas seguintes bases de dados: MEDLINE, CENTRAL, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, LILACS, SciELO e Adicionalmente, a literatura cinzenta também foi pesquisada. A estratégia de busca incluiu termos relacionados à intervenção (consumo de cafeína ou café) e ao desfecho primário (potencial evocado miogênico vestibular). Resultados: A partir de 253 registros potencialmente relevantes identificados através da busca nas bases de dados, apenas duas publicações em texto completo foram recuperadas para avaliação mais aprofundada, sendo estas mantidas para a análise qualitativa. Conclusão: Diante dos artigos encontrados a cafeína não tem efeito sobre o potencial evocado miogênico vestibular em sujeitos normais.

Humans , Caffeine/pharmacology , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/drug effects , Central Nervous System Stimulants/pharmacology , Caffeine/administration & dosage
Clin. biomed. res ; 37(4): 316-322, 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-876660


Introduction: Caffeinated drinks are used for improve performance. Animal models represent investigational strategy that circumvents most of the drawbacks of research in humans, including motivational factors and the placebo effect. No animal model that could test whether different forms of administering caffeine affect exercise propensity was found in the literature. Methods: An animal model of grouped voluntary exercise was tested. Two-month-old male C57/bl mice were housed in a cage fitted with one running wheel and a monitoring system. Six animals per cage were introduced individually. To assess the sensitivity of the model, the effect of different caffeinated drinks was observed in mice exercising ad libitum. During 2 days, the mice received: 1) pure anhydrous caffeine 0.125 mg/mL (PC), 2) cola drink (CC), and 3) caffeine-taurine-glucuronolactone drink (CTG), intercalating wash-out periods of 2 days, receiving pure water. Results: The distance run during the periods of water ingestion was significantly lower than during the periods of stimulant drinks ingestion: PC (5.6 ± 1.3 km; p = 0.02), of CC ingestion (7.6 ± 0.6 km; p = 0.001), and of CTG ingestion (8.3 ± 1.6 km; p = 0.009). The performances when ingesting the three caffeinated drinks do not follow a dose-response curve. Conclusions: The model described here was able to measure the effect of caffeine intake on voluntary exercise of mice. The sensitivity of the model to the effect of caffeine needs to be further validated. The action of each component of the drinks on exercise performance needs to be clarified in future research. The present model is adequate for such investigation (AU)

Animals , Male , Mice , Caffeine/pharmacology , Motor Activity/drug effects , Carbonated Beverages , Central Nervous System Stimulants/pharmacology , Energy Drinks , Models, Animal , Motivation/physiology , Motor Activity/physiology , Running/physiology , Volition
Acta cir. bras ; 31(2): 133-137, Feb. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-775559


PURPOSE: To investigate the role of adenosine A2A receptors on 6-OHDA-induced motor disorder in rat. METHODS: In order to induce experimental model of Parkinson's disease, 6-hydoxydopamine (8 μg/rat) was injected unilaterally into the SNc. After three weeks as a recovery period, 6-OHDA-induced bradykinesia and balance disturbances were assessed by using beam traversal test 10, 30 and 60 minutes after intraperitoneal injections of the drugs (caffeine, SCH58261). RESULTS: The results showed that 6-OHDA (8 μg/rat, Intra-SNc) induced motor disorders of Parkinson's disease and increased elapsed time in the beam test (p<0.001). Injection of caffeine (30 mg/kg, i.p.) and SCH58261 (2 mg/kg, i.p.) attenuated elapsed time on beam (p<0.01 and p<0.001). We showed that acute administration of caffeine and SCH 58261 can improve the 6-OHDA-induced bradykinesia and motor disturbance. CONCLUSION: Adenosine A2AR antagonists improve 6-OHDA-motor deficit and this effect seems to be mediated by the inhibition of A2A presynaptic receptors in substantia nigra pars compacta.

Animals , Male , Parkinson Disease, Secondary/chemically induced , Caffeine/pharmacology , Oxidopamine/adverse effects , Purinergic P1 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Adenosine A2 Receptor Antagonists/pharmacology , Time and Motion Studies , Rats, Wistar , Hypokinesia/chemically induced , Disease Models, Animal , Motor Disorders/chemically induced , Motor Activity/drug effects
Braz. dent. j ; 26(2): 175-180, Mar-Apr/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-741214


Studies have suggested that caffeine acts on bone promoting an increase of calcium excretion, inhibition of osteoblast proliferation and delay in tissue repair process, raising the risk of fractures, osteoporosis, periodontal disease and affecting the success of bone reconstructive procedures. The aim of this study was to analyze histomorphometrically the process of alveolar bone healing after tooth extraction in rats subjected to daily intake of boiled coffee or intraperitoneal administration of caffeine. Forty-five male rats were divided according to the treatment in Control group (C); Coffee group (CO) - treated with coffee since birth; and Caffeine (CAF) - intraperitoneal injection of aqueous solution of caffeine 1.5% (0.2 mL/100g body weight) for 30 days. When weighing between 250-300 g they were anesthetized, subjected to extraction of the maxillary right incisor, and euthanized 7, 21 and 42 days after surgery for histological assessments of bone volume and the quality of formed bone in the dental socket. The qualitative results demonstrated larger amounts of blood clot and immature bone in animals under treatment of pure caffeine compared to coffee and control. Histometric analysis revealed that coffee treatment led to a 40% drop in bone formation, and caffeine a 60% drop in comparison to control animals (ANOVA p≤0.01). It was concluded that both the daily ingestion of coffee and the intraperitoneal administration of caffeine in rats delayed the alveolar bone reparative process after tooth extraction, and this effect was more aggressive when pure caffeine was used.

Estudos têm sugerido que a cafeína age sobre o osso promovendo um aumento da excreção de cálcio, inibição da proliferação dos osteoblastos e retardo no processo de reparação tecidual, aumentando o risco de fraturas, osteoporose, doença periodontal, bem como afetando o sucesso de procedimentos de reconstrução óssea. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar histomorfometricamente o processo de reparação óssea alveolar após extração dentária em ratos submetidos à ingestão diária de café fervido ou a administração intraperitoneal de cafeína. 45 ratos machos foram divididos de acordo com o tratamento, em controle (C); café (CO), tratados com café desde o nascimento; e cafeína (CAF), injeção intraperitoneal de solução aquosa de cafeína de 1,5 % (0,2 mL/100 g de peso corporal) durante 30 dias. Quando pesavam entre 250-300 g os animais foram anestesiados, submetidos à extração do incisivo superior direito, e sacrificados em 7, 21 e 42 dias após a cirurgia para análises histológicas quanto ao volume e à qualidade do osso formado no alvéolo dental. Os resultados qualitativos demonstraram grandes quantidades de coágulo sanguíneo e osso imaturo nos animais tratados com cafeína pura, em relação aos grupos café e controle. A avaliação histométrica mostrou que o tratamento com o café levou a uma queda na formação óssea de 40%, e com a cafeína de 60% em comparação ao grupo controle (ANOVA p≤0,01). Concluiu-se que tanto a ingestão diária de café quanto a administração intraperitoneal de cafeína em ratos retardou o processo de reparação do osso alveolar após extração dentária, e este efeito é mais agressivo quando do uso da cafeína pura.

Animals , Rats , Alveolar Process/drug effects , Caffeine/pharmacology , Coffee/chemistry , Osteogenesis/drug effects , Wound Healing/drug effects , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Rats, Wistar , Tooth Extraction , Tooth Socket/drug effects
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 80(3): 226-230, May-June/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-712978


INTRODUCTION: Caffeine is the most common psychoactive drug in use around the world and is found at different concentrations in a variety of common food items. Clinically, a strong association between caffeine consumption and diseases of the vestibular system has been established. Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (cVEMP) is an electrophysiological test that is used to assess the sacculocollic pathway by measuring changes in the vestialibulocollic reflex. AIM: The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of an acute dose of caffeine on the vestibulocollic reflex by using cVEMP. METHOD: A prospective experimental study was performed in which healthy volunteers were submitted to the test before and after the intake of 420 mg of caffeine. The following parameters were compared: p13 and n23 latencies and p13-n23 amplitude. RESULT: No statistically significant difference was found in the test results before and after caffeine use. CONCLUSION: The vestibulocollic reflex is not altered by caffeine intake. .

INTRODUÇÃO: A cafeína é a droga psicoativa mais consumida no mundo e está contida, em diferentes concentrações, em diversos alimentos consumidos no dia a dia. Clinicamente, nota-se um envolvimento importante do seu consumo com as doenças do sistema vestibular. O VEMP cervical é um exame eletrofisiológico que avalia a via sáculo-cólica, determinando alterações no reflexo vestíbulo-cólico. OBJETIVO: O objetivo deste trabalho é avaliar a interferência do uso agudo de cafeína no reflexo vestíbulo-cólico através do cVEMP. MÉTODO: Foi realizado um estudo experimental prospectivo, no qual voluntários saudáveis se submeteram ao exame antes e depois do uso de 420 mg de cafeína, sendo comparados os seguintes parâmetros: latência de p13 e de n23 e interamplitude p13-n23. RESULTADO: Após a comparação dos dados não houve diferença estatisticamente significante entre os exames antes e após o uso da droga. CONCLUSÃO: Não foi observada influência da cafeína no reflexo vestíbulo-cólico. .

Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Caffeine/pharmacology , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/drug effects , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electromyography , Prospective Studies , Reflex, Acoustic , Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials/physiology
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 60(1): 23-28, Jan-Feb/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-710316


Objective to analyze the morphological structure of cardiac, blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) of rats subjected to physical training with supplementation of caffeine. Methods 60 rats were divided into 4 groups: control (CO), control with caffeine (CAF), trained control (TRE) and trained with caffeine (TCAF). All trained groups underwent 4 weeks of swimming, and all caffeine groups were supplemented by voluntary ingestion of caffeine diluted in drinking water. Results there were no changes to BP and HR between groups. Regarding HRV, there was a decrease in LFnorm (low frequency) and LF/HF ratio (low and high frequency) in TCAF and CAF compared to group (p<0.02 and p<0.03, respectively). An increase occurred in CAF compared to the CO in the component LFnorm (p<0.05). The results also showed an increase in the relative weight of heart in the TRE (p<0.04) and TCAF (p<0.03) compared to CO. Conclusion caffeine did not modify the hemodynamic responses. However, physical training resulted in a decrease in sympathetic response and an increase in relative heart weight. .

Objetivo analisar a histologia cardíaca, a pressão arterial (PA), a frequência cardíaca (FC) e a variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) de ratos submetidos a treinamento físico e suplementação de cafeína. Métodos sessenta ratos foram divididos em grupos controle (CO), controle suplementado com cafeína (CAF), treinados controle (TRE) e treinados suplementados com cafeína (TCAF). Os grupos de treinamento realizaram natação por quatro semanas, e os grupos de cafeína foram suplementados por ingestão voluntária de cafeína diluída em água. Resultados não houve modificações para PA e FC entre os grupos. Em relação à VFC, houve diminuição nos componentes LFnorm (baixa frequência) e LF/HF (razão baixa e alta frequência) em TCAF em relação a CAF (p<0,02 e p<0,03, respectivamente). Houve também aumento em CAF em relação a CO no componente LFnorm (p<0,05). Os resultados também mostraram aumento no peso relativo do coração em TRE (p<0,04) e TCAF (p<0,03) em relação a CO. Conclusão a cafeína não modificou as respostas hemodinâmicas. Entretanto, a natação diminuiu a resposta simpática e aumentou o peso relativo do coração. .

Animals , Male , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Caffeine/pharmacology , Central Nervous System Stimulants/pharmacology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Heart/drug effects , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Heart/anatomy & histology , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Organ Size/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Swimming/physiology
CoDAS ; 25(3): 250-255, 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-680037


PURPOSE: To explore the effect of caffeine on voice, as evidenced by acoustic and aerodynamic measures, based on the fact that caffeine is considered to be a systemic dehydrating agent. METHODS: The participants in this investigation were 58 females ranging in age from 18 to 35 years, who self-reported normal vocal production. The participants abstained from caffeine ingestion for 24 hours and from ingesting foods and liquids for 12 hours prior to the test. They were randomly assigned to one of two groups, control and experimental, and were individually tested. After the preliminary phase, participants in the experimental group ingested a 100 mg caffeine tablet; participants in the control group ingested placebo, and followed the same protocol as the experimental group. All participants were retested 30 minutes after ingesting caffeine or placebo. RESULTS: Differences were not identified in any of the acoustic or aerodynamic measures across both groups. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that a conservative (100 mg) dosage of caffeine may not have an impact on vocal acoustics and aerodynamics.

OBJETIVO: Explorar o efeito da cafeína na voz, evidenciado por medidas acústicas e aerodinâmicas, visto que a cafeína é considerada um agente desidratador. MÉTODOS: As participantes desta investigação foram 58 mulheres entre 18 e 35 anos de idade, que reportaram produção de voz normal. As participantes se abstiveram da ingestão de cafeína por 24 horas e de alimentos sólidos e líquidos por 12 horas antes do teste. Elas foram incluídas aleatoriamente em grupos controle e experimental e individualmente testadas. Após a fase preliminar, as integrantes do grupo experimental ingeriram um tablete de 100 mg de cafeína; o grupo controle ingeriu placebo e seguiu protocolo idêntico ao do grupo experimental. Todas as participantes foram retestadas 30 minutos após a administração de cafeína ou placebo. RESULTADOS: Não houve identificação de diferenças nas medidas em questão. CONCLUSÃO: Esses resultados sugerem que uma dose moderada (100 mg) de cafeína pode não ter impacto na acústica e aerodinâmica vocais.

Adolescent , Adult , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Caffeine/pharmacology , Phonation/drug effects , Vocal Cords/drug effects , Voice/drug effects , Acoustics , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Dehydration/chemically induced
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 62(3): 394-401, maio-jun. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-626515


JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A cafeína é uma substância amplamente consumida com efeitos em diversos sistemas e que apresenta farmacocinética e farmacodinâmica características, causando interações com diversos medicamentos. O objetivo deste estudo é fazer uma revisão sobre os efeitos da cafeína. CONTEÚDO: Nesta revisão, são abordados a farmacologia da cafeína, os mecanismos de ação, as indicações, as contraindicações, as doses, as interações e os efeitos adversos. CONCLUSÕES: Faltam estudos controlados, randomizados e duplos-cegos para avaliar a eficácia analgésica da cafeína nas diversas síndromes dolorosas. Em pacientes com dor crônica, é necessário ter cautela em relação ao desenvolvimento de tolerância, abstinência e interação medicamentosa no uso crônico de cafeína.

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Caffeine is a widely used substance with effects on several systems, presenting characteristic of pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic which cause interactions with several drugs. This study's objective is to review the effects caused by caffeine. CONTENT: This review assesses the caffeine pharmacology, its action mechanisms, indications, contraindications, doses, interactions and adverse effects. CONCLUSIONS: There are insufficient double-blind randomized controlled studies that assess the analgesic effect of caffeine on several painful syndromes. Patients presenting chronic pain need caution when it comes to tolerance development, abstinence and drug interaction from chronic caffeine use.

JUSTIFICATIVA Y OBJETIVOS: La cafeína es una sustancia extensamente consumida que posee efectos en diversos sistemas y que presenta una farmacocinética y una farmacodinámica características, causando interacciones con diversos medicamentos. El objetivo de este estudio es hacer una revisión sobre los efectos de la cafeína. CONTENIDO: En esta revisión, abordamos la farmacología de la cafeína, los mecanismos de acción, las indicaciones, las contraindicaciones, las dosis, las interacciones y los efectos adversos. CONCLUSIONES: Faltan estudios controlados, randomizados y doble ciegos para evaluar la eficacia analgésica de la cafeína en los diversos síndromes dolorosos. En los pacientes con dolor crónico, se hace necesario un cuidado especial con relación al desarrollo de la tolerancia, abstinencia y de la interacción medicamentosa en el uso crónico de la cafeína.

Humans , Caffeine/therapeutic use , Pain/drug therapy , Caffeine/pharmacology
São Paulo; s.n; 2012. 98 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-666609


O café, rico em substâncias bioativas, está entre os maiores contribuintes para a ingestão de antioxidantes em vários países. O tipo de torra dos grãos influencia em sua atividade antioxidante. Estudos indicam que o consumo moderado de café filtrado está envolvido na redução do risco de doenças crônicas não-transmissíveis, geralmente associadas entre si e que se constituem em graves problemas de saúde pública. Entretanto, a literatura não apresenta consenso sobre a ação benéfica do café na redução do risco destas doenças. Objetivos: Comparar a atividade antioxidante de dois graus de torras de café (torra média-clara e média) e seus efeitos sobre biomarcadores de risco cardiovascular em indivíduos saudáveis. Métodos: A caracterização de antioxidantes nas bebidas foi realizada pelas análises de compostos fenólicos totais, perfil de ácidos fenólicos, cafeína, melanoidinas e capacidade antioxidante total - TAC (sequestro do radical DPPH e capacidade de absorbância do radical oxigênio - ORAC). Após 1 semana de washout, vinte voluntários saudáveis (20 a 65 anos) ingeriram café filtrado preparado com torra média-clara ou torra média por 4 semanas e com o outro tipo de torra por mais 4 semanas em um ensaio clínico randomizado do tipo crossover, o qual durou 9 semanas. Lipídeos plasmáticos, lipoproteína (a), homocisteína total, biomarcadores glicêmicos e pressão arterial de 24 horas foram medidos antes do período de intervenção a após a ingestão de cada torra. A atividade Antioxidant Status e ORAC) e da atividade das enzimas antioxidantes (superóxido dismutase - SOD, glutationa peroxidase - GPx e catalase - CAT). A capacidade de inibição da peroxidação lipídica foi avaliada no plasma pelas determinações de lipoproteínas de baixa densidade (LDL) oxidadas e 8-isoprostano. Biomarcadores inflamatórios relacionados à disfunção endotelial foram medidos no plasma por imunoensaios. Resultados: Vinte voluntários saudáveis (49,5 + 8,9 anos) foram avaliados. A torra média-clara...

Humans , Antioxidants , Biomarkers, Pharmacological , Coffee , Caffeine/pharmacology , Endothelium , Inflammation , Membrane Lipids
Medical Principles and Practice. 2011; 20 (1): 66-70
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-111000


The present study was undertaken to evaluate the antinociceptive effects of an ayurvedic polyherbal formulation in rats and mice employing the tail immersion test and acetic acid-induced writhing test, respectively. With the tail immersion method, rats received two different doses [270 and 405 mg/kg BW, p.o.] of a formulation, pethidine [5.4 mg/kg BW, p.o.] as a reference standard and the combination of the higher dose of the formulation with naloxone [2 mg/kg, i.p.], an opioid receptor antagonist, and caffeine [16 mg/kg, i.p.], used as an adenosine receptor antagonist. In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, mice received two different doses [390 and 585 mg/kg, BW, p.o.] of formulation, diclofenac sodium [15 mg/kg, BW, p.o.] as a reference standard and the combination of the higher dose of the polyherbal formulation with ondansetron [0.5 mg/kg, i.p.], a serotonin receptor antagonist. The polyherbal formulation [405 mg/kg] exhibited a significant [p < 0.01] antinociceptive effect using the tail immersion method. In the acetic acid-induced writhing test, the formulation showed significant [p < 0.01] dose-dependent activity. The antinociceptive effect of the polyherbal formulation apparently involved an opiate-like mechanism, since its antinociceptive action was attenuated by naloxone pretreatment. In addition, antinociceptive activity was attenuated by caffeine and reversed by ondansetron pretreatment. Our data suggest that the polyherbal formulation possessed centrally and peripherally mediated antinociceptive properties. The activity could be mediated through opioid, adenosine, and serotonin receptors and via inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase- and/or lipoxygenase-dependent pathways

Animals, Laboratory , Receptors, Opioid/drug effects , Analgesics, Opioid/pharmacology , Adenosine , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3/drug effects , Serotonin 5-HT3 Receptor Antagonists , Diclofenac , Meperidine/pharmacology , Plant Extracts , Naloxone/pharmacology , Narcotic Antagonists , Caffeine/pharmacology , Ondansetron , Serotonin Antagonists , Pain Measurement , Medicine, Ayurvedic , Rats, Wistar
Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences. 2011; 24 (3): 251-254
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-129849


Long term intake of coffee is known to produce anxiety and suppression of appetite. 5- hydroxytryptamine [5-HT] acting via 5-HT-2C receptors elicits anorexia and anxiety. The present study is design to monitor metachloro phenyl piperazine [m-CPP] at a dose of 3mg/ml/kg, induces hypophagia and hypolocomotion in rats taking a solution of caffeine [a component of coffee and tea] or theophylline [a component of tea] as a sole source of water. We found that hypophagic and hypolocomotive effects of m-CPP were attenuated in theophylline but not in caffeine treated animals suggesting that long term intake of theophylline may, attenuate anorexiogenic and anxiogenic effects of 5-HT. A possible role of 5-HT-2C receptors in the modulation of anxiety and appetite in people drinking coffee or tea discussed

Animals, Laboratory , Motor Activity/drug effects , Caffeine/pharmacology , Piperazines/pharmacology , Theophylline/pharmacology , Serotonin Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Piperazines/antagonists & inhibitors , Drug Interactions
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 16(5): 324-328, set.-out. 2010. graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-562967


A redução da pressão arterial (PA) promovida pelo exercício físico é evidente segundo a literatura atual. Mecanismos neuro-humorais explicam essa resposta hipotensora, em que a diminuição da atividade simpática apresenta-se como um dos principais mecanismos. Porém, a ingestão de alimentos ricos em cafeína (CA) pode suprimir esta atenuação simpática. O objetivo desse estudo foi elucidar o impacto da ingestão de CA na resposta pressórica ao exercício em pessoas hipertensas. Sete hipertensos (52,3 ± 3,3 anos), sendo cinco mulheres, realizaram duas sessões de caminhada com 40 minutos de duração, em dois dias de treinamento, tendo previamente ingerido CA (4mg/kg de peso corporal) ou placebo (PL). A PA e a frequência cardíaca foram verificadas anteriormente a ingestão, após 15, 30, 45, 60 minutos da ingestão em estado de repouso e com 10, 20 e 30 minutos após o exercício. Os dados foram tratados por meio de estatística descritiva, e pelo teste não paramétrico de Wilcoxon (p < 0,05). A média da PA aumentou de 124,9/80,9mmHg antes da ingestão de CA para 129,4/84,3mmHg 60 minutos após, ainda no repouso (p < 0,05). Trinta minutos após o exercício observou-se resposta hipotensora no procedimento PL (queda da PA de 122,6/79,4mmHg para 115,7/78,6mmHg), enquanto que no procedimento com CA, a PA mostrou-se significativamente mais alta em relação aos valores de repouso (aumento de 124,9/80,9mmHg para 136,9/90,9mmHg, p < 0,05). Conclui-se que a ingestão de CA não só suprime a resposta hipotensora do exercício, como provoca uma hipertensão pós-exercício.

Blood pressure reduction (BP) promoted by physical exercise is evident according to the current literature. Neurohumoral mechanisms explain this hypotensive response, in which decrease of the sympathetic activity appears as one of its main mechanisms. However, the ingestion of caffeine-rich food (CA) can suppress this sympathetic attenuation. The objective of this study was to elucidate the impact of CA ingestion in BP after exercise, in hypertensive individuals. Seven hypertensive subjects (52.3 +/-3.3 years), being 5 women, accomplished two walk sessions with 40 minutes of duration, in two days of training, having previously ingested CA (4 mg/kg of body weight) or placebo (PL). BP and heart rate were verified previously to the ingestion, after 15, 30, 45, 60 minutes of the ingestion, at rest and with 10, 20 and 30 minutes after exercise. Data were treated through descriptive statistics and by the non-parametric Wilcoxon test (p<0.05). BP mean increased from 124.9/80.9 mmHg before ingestion to 129.4/84.3 mmHg 60 minutes later (p< 0.05). In the recovery period, after 30 minutes of exercise, hypotensive answer was observed in the PL procedure (decrease of 122.6/79.4 mmHg to 115.7/78.6 mmHg), while in the procedure with CA, BP was significantly higher than at rest (increase of 124.9/80.9 mmHg to 136.9/90.9 mmHg, p<0.05). It was concluded that CA not only suppresses the hypotensive response to exercise, but also provokes post-exercise hypertension.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Caffeine/pharmacology , Exercise , Hypertension , Walking
Motriz rev. educ. fís. (Impr.) ; 16(3): 714-722, jul.-set. 2010. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-563296


O objetivo do presente estudo foi investigar os efeitos ergogênicos da ingestão de cafeína, sobre o desempenho motor de atletas de judô feminino. Participaram do estudo 13 atletas do sexo feminino (17,6 ± 1,6 anos, 58,3 ± 11,4 kg, 162 ± 4,1 cm, 22,5 ± 4 kg/m2), vinculadas à Federação Paranaense de Judô, por pelo menos dois anos. O desempenho motor foi avaliado mediante a utilização do Special Judô Fitness Test (SJFT), a partir do qual foi analisado o número de arremessos em cada bloco, número total de arremessos, frequência cardíaca (FC) final e de recuperação e o índice no SJFT. Os sujeitos foram testados em duas condições, após ingestão de cafeína (6 ou placebo (dextrose) 60 minutos antes dos testes, em um delineamento duplo-cego, cruzado. O número de arremessos em cada bloco não diferiu entre as condições cafeína (CAF) e placebo (PL) (Bloco A: 4,53 ± 0,51 CAF e 4,46 ± 0,51 PL; Bloco B: 8,3 ± 0,63 CAF e 8,23 ± 0,72 PL; Bloco C: 7,23 ± 0,59 CAF e 7,46 ± 0,77 PL), bem como o número total de arremessos (20,07 ± 1,18 CAF e 20,15 ± 1,67 PL), FC (Final: 190,3 ± 9,63 bpm CAF e 190,69 ± 9,19 bpm PL; Recuperação: 162,07 ± 13,78 bpm CAF e 164,3 ± 9,64 bpm PL) e índice no SJFT (17,59 ± 1,4 CAF e 17,75 ± 1,98 PL). A ingestão de cafeína não melhorou o desempenho durante atividade de alta intensidade e curta duração em lutadores de judô.

The objective of this study was to investigate the ergogenic effects of caffeine on motor performance of judo female athletes. Thirteen female athletes (17.6 ± 1.6 years, 58.3 ± 11.4 kg, 162 ± 4.1 cm, 22.5 ± 4 kg/m2), registered in the State Federation of Judo for at least two years, participated in this study. The motor performance was assessed using the Special Judo Fitness Test (SJFT), from which was considered the number of throws in each block, the total number of throws, recovery and final heart rate (HR) and final score in SJFT. The subjects were tested in two different conditions, after ingestion of gelatin capsules of caffeine (6 or placebo (dextrose) 60 minutes before testing in a randomized double-blind, crossover study. The number of throws in each block did not differs between the caffeine (CAF) and placebo (PL) conditions (Block A: 4.53 ± 0.51 CAF and 4.46 ± 0.51 PL; Block B: 8.3 ± 0.63 CAF and 8.23 ± 0.72 PL; Block C: 7.23 ± 0.59 CAF and 7.46 ± 0.77 PL), as well as the total number of throws (20.07 ± 1.18 CAF and 20.15 ± 1.67 PL), HR (Final: 190.3 ± 9.63 bpm CAF and 190.69 ± 9.19 bpm PL; Recovery 162.07 ± 13.78 bpm CAF and 164.3 ± 9.64 bpm PL) and final score in SJFT (17.59 ± 1.4 CAF and 17.75 ± 1.98 PL). Ingestion of caffeine did not improve performance during high intensity and short duration exercise in judo fighters.

Humans , Female , Athletic Performance , Caffeine/administration & dosage , Caffeine , Caffeine/pharmacology , Martial Arts
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-135536


Background & objectives: Athletes in Malaysia need to perform in a hot and humid climate. Chronic supplementation of caffeine on endurance performance have been studied extensively in different populations. However, concurrent research on the effects of acute supplementation of caffeine on cardiorespiratory responses during endurance exercise in the Malaysian context especially in a hot and humid environment is unavailable. Methods: Nine heat adapted recreational Malaysian male runners (aged: 25.4 + 6.9 yr) who were nonusers of caffeine (23.7 + 12.6 mg per day) were recruited in this placebo - controlled double - blind randomized study. Caffeine (5 mg per kg of body weight) or placebo was ingested in the form of a capsule one hour prior to the running exercise trial at 70 per cent of VO2max on a motorised treadmill in a heat-controlled laboratory (31oC, 70% relative humidity). Subjects drank 3 ml of cool water per kg of body weight every 20 min during the running trials to avoid the adverse effects of dehydration. Heart rate, core body temperature and rate of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded at intervals of 10 min, while oxygen consumption was measured at intervals of 20 min. Results: Running time to exhaustion was significantly (P<0.05) higher in the caffeine trial compared to the placebo trial. Heart rate, core body temperature, oxygen uptake and RPE did not show any significant variation between the trials but it increased significantly during exercise from their respective resting values in both trials (P< 0.001). Interpretation & conclusion: Our study showed that ingestion of 5 mg of caffeine per kg of body weight improved the endurance running performance but did not impose any significant effect on other individual cardiorespiratory parameters of heat-acclimated recreational runners in hot and humid conditions.

Adult , Body Composition , Body Mass Index , Body Temperature , Caffeine/pharmacology , Diuresis/drug effects , Double-Blind Method , Exercise/physiology , Heart Rate/drug effects , Humans , Malaysia , Male , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Oxygen Consumption/drug effects , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Performance-Enhancing Substances/pharmacology
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221275


This study was conducted to evaluate the microtubule distribution following control of nuclear remodeling by treatment of bovine somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) embryos with caffeine or roscovitine. Bovine somatic cells were fused to enucleated oocytes treated with either 5 mM caffeine or 150 micrometer roscovitine to control the type of nuclear remodeling. The proportion of embryos that underwent premature chromosome condensation (PCC) was increased by caffeine treatment but was reduced by roscovitine treatment (p < 0.05). The microtubule organization was examined by immunostaining beta- and gamma-tubulins at 15 min, 3 h, and 20 h of fusion using laser scanning confocal microscopy. The gamma-tubulin foci inherited from the donor centrosome were observed in most of the SCNT embryos at 15 min of fusion (91.3%) and most of them did not disappear until 3 h after fusion, regardless of treatment (82.9-87.2%). A significantly high proportion of embryos showing an abnormal chromosome or microtubule distribution was observed in the roscovitine-treated group (40.0%, p < 0.05) compared to the caffeine-treated group (22.1%). In conclusion, PCC is a favorable condition for the normal organization of microtubules, and inhibition of PCC can cause abnormal mitotic division of bovine SCNT embryos by causing microtubule dysfunction.

Animals , Caffeine/pharmacology , Cattle/embryology , Cell Nucleus/drug effects , Female , Fertilization in Vitro/veterinary , Male , Microscopy, Confocal/veterinary , Microtubules/drug effects , Nuclear Transfer Techniques/veterinary , Oocytes/physiology , Pregnancy , Purines/pharmacology
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 15(6): 450-454, nov.-dez. 2009. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-533667


O consumo de cafeína tem demonstrado promover efeitos ergogênicos sobre a performance de atletas de esportes coletivos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi comparar o efeito de uma bebida esportiva cafeinada (BEC) frente a uma bebida carboidratada comercial (BCC) sobre a performance durante a execução de testes físico-motores de habilidades específicas do futebol. Os atletas foram submetidos a dois testes, salto vertical (Sargent Jump) e teste de agilidade (Illinois Agility Test), que foram executados antes e após as partidas durante as quais foram consumidas BEC (7 por cento de carboidratos (CHO), concentração de cafeína correspondente a 250mg.l-1) ou BCC (sem cafeína, 7 por cento de CHO). Os resultados demonstraram que BEC aumentou significantemente (p < 0,01) a altura atingida no salto em relação ao momento anterior ao seu consumo e em comparação com a BCC (p = 0,02). BCC não promoveu aumento na potência de membros inferiores. Tanto BEC (p = 0,62) quanto BCC (p = 0,93), não aumentaram a agilidade no teste realizado após a partida em comparação com o realizado anteriormente. Ambas as bebidas não foram capazes de melhorar o desempenho na execução do teste de agilidade após a partida (p = 0,95). O consumo de BEC proporcionou um efeito ergogênico para jogadores de futebol, aumentando a potência de membros inferiores relacionada com a força explosiva. Contudo, quanto à agilidade não foi possível identificar vantagens no desempenho.

Consumption of caffeine has been shown to promote ergogenic effects on the performance of team sports' athletes. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of the consumption of a caffeinated sports drink (CSD) and an advertised carbohydrate drink (ACD) on soccer players' performance in tests to evaluate physical-motor soccer game skills. The athletes were submitted to two tests, vertical jump (Sargent Jump) and Illinois Agility Test, which were performed before and after the games during which CSD (7 percent of carbohydrate (CHO), caffeine concentration equivalent to 250 mg.l-1) or ACD (no caffeine, 7 percent of CHO) were ingested. The results indicated that CSD significantly increased (p<0.01) the height reached in the jump compared to before its consumption and to after ACD consumption (p=0.02). ACD did not increase power of lower limbs (PLL). Neither CSD (p =0.62) nor ACD (p = 0.93) increased test skills evaluated after the game in comparison to before the game. Neither drinks improved performance in the test skills after the game (p = 0.95). The consumption of CSD led to soccer player ergogenic effect by increasing the PLL explosive strength. However, in terms of skill, it was not possible to identify advantages in performance.

Humans , Male , Athletic Performance , Caffeine/pharmacology , Athletes , Soccer
Cir. & cir ; 76(3): 241-246, mayo-jun. 2008. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-567102


BACKGROUND: Combinations of analgesic drugs have been used as an option for treating pain because some types of pain are difficult to relieve with conventional analgesics. This group of drugs has been combined with analgesics or drugs without analgesic effect and is called adjuvant. One such drug is caffeine. METHODS: We undertook the present study to analyze if caffeine is able to potentiate the antinociceptive effect of metamizole in the formalin model. RESULTS: Metamizole produced a dose-dependent antinociceptive effect with ED(50) = 329.61 mg/kg in the formalin model. Caffeine at the following doses (3.16, 10.0, 17.8 and 31.6 mg/kg) also showed antinociceptive effect. When a subeffective dose of metamizole (100 mg/kg) was combined with caffeine (3.16, 10.0, 17.8 or 31.6 mg/kg), higher antinociceptive effects were produced than the corresponding effects produced by metamizole alone. One combination presented potentiation effect; the other combination showed antinociceptive effect that was not different from the effects of metamizole alone. Two combinations showed an effect lower than the corresponding effect produced by metamizole alone. CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant caffeine is able to change the effect of metamizole in the inflammatory pain model, in which caffeine also presents an antinociceptive effect.

Animals , Male , Rats , Analgesics/pharmacology , Caffeine/pharmacology , Dipyrone/pharmacology , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Drug Synergism , Rats, Wistar