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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928645

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the levels of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, and E in children with obesity and their influencing factors.@*METHODS@#A total of 273 children with obesity who attended the Department of Clinical Nutrition, Xi'an Children's Hospital, from January 2019 to April 2021 were enrolled as the obesity group. A total of 226 children with normal body weight who underwent physical examination during the same period were enrolled as the control group. Anthropometric parameters and body composition were measured for both groups, and the serum concentrations of vitamins A, D, and E were also measured.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the obesity group had significantly higher serum levels of vitamin A [(1.32±0.21) μmol/L vs (1.16±0.21) μmol/L, P<0.001] and vitamin E [(9.3±1.4) mg/L vs (8.3±1.2) mg/L, P<0.001] and a significant reduction in the level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [(49±22) nmol/L vs (62±24) nmol/L, P<0.001]. In the obesity group, the prevalence rates of marginal vitamin A deficiency, vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency, and vitamin E insufficiency were 5.5% (15/273), 56.8% (155/273), and 4.0% (11/273), respectively. After adjustment for body mass index Z-score and waist-to-height ratio, serum vitamin A level was positively correlated with age (P<0.001), while vitamins E and 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels were negatively correlated with age in children with obesity (P<0.001). After adjustment for age, the serum levels of vitamin A, vitamin E and 25-hydroxyvitamin D were not correlated with degree of obesity, percentage of body fat, and duration of obesity in children with obesity, while the serum levels of vitamins A and E were positively correlated with waist-to-height ratio (P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#There are higher serum levels of vitamins A and E in children with obesity, especially in those with abdominal obesity, while serum vitamin D nutritional status is poor and worsens with age. Therefore, vitamin D nutritional status should be taken seriously for children with obesity, and vitamin D supplementation should be performed when necessary.


Subject(s)
Calcifediol , Child , Humans , Pediatric Obesity , Vitamin A , Vitamin D , Vitamin E , Vitamins
2.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 26(2): 123-129, jul.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1150019

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Establecer la prevalencia del déficit de vitamina D en hombres y mujeres con deseo sexual hipoactivo. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de corte transversal en el período 2011- 2017 en Armenia, Colombia en una muestra de 107 participantes. Se incluyeron hombres y mujeres con diagnóstico en la consulta externa, de una clínica privada de carácter universitario de referencia, de deseo sexual hipoactivo (DSH). Se les realizó cuantificación de 25-hidroxivitamina D [25(OH)D] (calcidiol) y se consideró que en la historia clínica tuvieran diligenciados los cuestionarios: Decreased Sexual Desire Screener (DSDS) o Prueba del Deseo Sexual Inhibido (PDSI), en las mujeres , y el cuestionario Sexual desire inventory (SDI) en los hombres. Muestreo no probabilístico por conveniencia. Se aplicó estadística descriptiva. Los resultados se exponen de manera agrupada para el total de la población. Resultados: La prevalencia del déficit de vitamina D fue del 63.55 % (34.57 % en hombres y 28.97 % en mujeres). Los niveles de vitamina D fueron inferiores en los hombres respecto a las mujeres, (34.57 vs. 41.36; p<0.001), con mayor porcentaje de deficiencia (21.49 vs. 14.95 % p<0.007) y de insuficiencia (16.82 vs. 10.28 %, p<0.001). Conclusiones: Es considerablemente alta la prevalencia (63.55 %) del déficit de vitamina D, en hombres y mujeres con deseo sexual hipoactivo. Se hace necesaria la cuantificación de sus niveles a fin de establecer la suplencia como parte del tratamiento.


Abstract Objective: To establish the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in men and women with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted between 2011 and 2017, in Armenia, Colombia to a group of 107 participants (men and women) that were diagnosed with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in the outpatient department of a private University Referral Clinic. The participants underwent quantification of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25 (OH) D] (calcidiol) and it was confirmed if the medical records of the participants had completed some specific questionnaires. The Decreased Sexual Desire Screener (DSDS) or Test of Inhibited Sexual Desire (ISD) was required for women and the Sexual desire inventory (SDI) was required for men. Non-probability sampling for convenience was implemented, descriptive statistics were applied, and the results are presented in a general way for the total population Results: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency was 63.55% in total, 34.57% in men and 28.97% in women. Vitamin D levels were lower in men than in women (34.57 vs. 41.36, p <0.001), with a higher percentage of deficiency (21.49 vs. 14.95% p <0.007) and of insufficiency (16.82 vs. 10.28%, p <0.001). Conclusion: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is considerably high in men and women with hypoactive sexual desire. It is necessary to quantify their vitamin D levels in order to establish the substitution as part of the treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Vitamin D Deficiency , Sexual Dysfunctions, Psychological , Outpatients , Referral and Consultation , Therapeutics , Vitamin D , Calcifediol , Equipment and Supplies
3.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(10): 1431-1436, Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136143

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: To evaluate seasonal variation of 25(OH)vitamin D [25(OH)D3] levels, and factors associated with it, in healthy adult men, who exercised outdoors for 50 min., at least twice a week, from 10AM to 4PM, in a Brazilian semitropical region. METHODS: Blood samples were collected at the end of each season for 25(OH)D3, measured by liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry. Ultraviolet irradiation was estimated by radiometer, calculating the daily photobiological response to vitamin D synthesis in human skin (D-VitD). The prevalence of 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL changed with the seasons (p=0.000): 8.7% (n=6/69), 1.5% (n=1/66), 0 (n=0/64), and 21.7% (n=13/60), respectively, at the end of winter, spring, summer, and autumn. The prevalence, adjusted for multiple comparisons, was higher in winter than summer (p=0.026), and in autumn than spring (p=0.001) and summer (p=0.000). There were no associations of 25(OH) D3 levels with BMI (p=0.207), body fat (p=0.064), and phototype (p=0.485), in univariate analysis. It was associated with D-VitD in the 30 days before blood sampling (p=0.000), after adjustment to body fat. The prevalence of 25(OH)D3 <30ng/mL varied seasonally (p=0.000): 69.6% (n=48/69), 68.2% (n=45/66), 43.8% (n=28/64), and 88.4% (n=53/60), respectively, in winter, spring, summer, and autumn. CONCLUSIONS: In a Brazilian subtropical region, a seasonal variation in 25(OH)D3 was observed in healthy adult males, although they spent at least 50 min outdoors twice a week, wearing shorts and T-shirts. 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL was 21.7% in autumn; D-vitD 30 days prior to blood sampling was the only factor independently associated with 25(OH)D3 levels.


RESUMO OBJETIVOS: Avaliar a sazonalidade da 25(OH)vitamina D3 [25(OH)D3] e fatores associados em homens adultos saudáveis, que se exercitavam ao ar livre pelo menos 50 min duas vezes por semana, das 10 às 16h, em uma região subtropical. MÉTODOS: Sangue foi colhido no fim das estações para medir 25(OH)D3, por cromatografia líquida em tandem com espectroscopia de massas. A radiação ultravioleta foi estimada por radiômetro, calculando diariamente a resposta fotobiológica para sintetizar vitamina D na pele humana (D-VitD). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL foi sazonal (p=0.000): 8.7% (n=6/69), 1.5% (n=1/66), 0% (n= 0/64), e 21.7% (n=13/60), respectivamente, no final do inverno, primavera, verão e outono. A prevalência, ajustada para comparações múltiplas, foi maior no inverno do que no verão (p=0.026) e no outono do que na primavera (p=0.001) e verão (p=0.000). A 25(OH)D3 não se associou com o índice de massa corporal (p=0.207), gordura corporal (p=0.064) ou fototipo (p=0.485), na análise univariada. Associou-se à D-VitD nos 30 dias antes da coleta de sangue (p=0.000), ajustada para gordura corporal. Houve sazonalidade na prevalência de 25(OH)D3 <30ng/mL (p=0.000): 69.6% (n=48/69), 68.2% (n=45/66), 43.8% (n=28/64), e 88.4% (n=53/60), respectivamente, no inverno, primavera, verão e outono. CONCLUSÕES: Em uma região subtropical, houve sazonalidade na 25(OH)D3 em homens adultos, saudáveis, embora se exercitassem ao ar livre pelo menos 50 minutos duas vezes por semana, usando shorts e camiseta. 25(OH)D3 <20ng/mL foi 21.7% no outono e a D-vitD 30 dias antes da coleta do sangue foi o único fator associado de modo independente à 25(OH)D3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency/epidemiology , Seasons , Vitamins , Brazil/epidemiology , Calcifediol , Dietary Supplements
4.
Actual. osteol ; 16(2): [116]-[131], mayo.-ago. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129745

ABSTRACT

"Los coronavirus pertenecen a una gran familia de virus (Coronaviridae) que infectan aves y varios mamíferos. El coronavirus actualmente denominado SARS-CoV-2, fue descubierto en diciembre de 2019 en Wuhan, provincia de Hubei, China, y es el agente causal de la epidemia de neumonía atípica actual" (COVID-19; Coronavirus Disease 2019). Los casos más graves presentan un síndrome de dificultad respiratoria aguda que puede conducir a la muerte. La vitamina D (VD), además del efecto bien conocido y positivo sobre la salud ósea y la homeostasis del calcio, tiene efecto pleiotrópico en varios órganos, con distribución casi universal del receptor de VD y de las enzimas de metabolización de 25 hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) en las células del organismo. Estas acciones extraesqueléticas dependen de la síntesis en dichas células del metabolito activo 1,25 dihidroxivitamina D por regulación paracrina y autocrina, dependiente de niveles circulantes óptimos de 25OHD. Por sus acciones inmunomoduladora, antiinflamatoria, antimicrobiana, reguladora del sistema renina-angiotensina-aldosterona, favorecedora de la indemnidad del epitelio respiratorio y la homeostasis redox celular, la VD podría tener efecto protector en la infección por COVID-19. Entre los grupos de riesgo para COVID-19 figuran los adultos mayores, obesos, diabéticos, hipertensos, con afecciones cardiovasculares, patologías con mayor incidencia en individuos con hipovitaminosis VD. La suplementación con VD, para alcanzar niveles óptimos de 25OHD de 40-60 ng/ml, podría reducir la incidencia, severidad y riesgo de muerte en la actual pandemia por COVID-19, como medida complementaria mientras se desarrollan la vacuna y otras medicaciones específicas. (AU)


Coronaviruses belong to a large family of viruses (Coronaviridae) that infect birds and various mammals. The novel coronavirus currently known as SARS-CoV-2 was discovered in December 2019 in Wuhan, Hubei province, China and is the causal agent of the current atypical pneumonia epidemic (COVID-19: Coronavirus Disease 2019); The most severe cases present with acute respiratory distress syndrome that can lead to death. Vitamin D (VD) has a pleiotropic effect on several organs, in addition to its wellknown and positive effect on bone health and calcium homeostasis, with an almost universal distribution of the VD receptor and the metabolites of 25hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in all cells of the body. These extra-skeletal actions depend on the synthesis of the active metabolite 1,25dihydroxyvitamin D in the cells depending on the optimal circulating levels of 25OHD and though paracrine and autocrine regulation. Due to its immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, and regulatory actions on the renin angiotensin aldosterone system, which favors the compensation of the respiratory epithelium and cellular redox homeostasis, the VD could have a protective effect on COVID-19 infection. Among the risk groups for COVID-19 are obese, diabetic, and hypertensive patients, subjects with cardiovascular conditions, and elderly people. All these pathologies show a higher incidence in individuals with VD hypovitaminosis. VD supplementation, to achieve optimal 25OHD levels of 40-60 ng/ml, could reduce the incidence, severity, and risk of death in the current COVID-19 pandemic, as a complementary measure while the vaccine and other specific therapies are being developed. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Vitamin D/immunology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/immunology , Vitamin D/administration & dosage , Vitamin D/biosynthesis , Vitamin D/physiology , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Vitamin D Deficiency/complications , Calcifediol/biosynthesis , Coronavirus Infections/immunology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
5.
Intestinal Research ; : 210-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764138

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The exact relationship between vitamin D deficiency and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) remains unclear. We evaluated the effect of vitamin D3 administration on inflammatory responses and disease severity in patients with IBD. METHODS: We investigated the serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D], C-reactive protein (CRP) levels and the partial Mayo score (PMS) in patients with IBD. Vitamin D3 was administered in patients with either vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency and CRP, serum vitamin D levels and PMS were re-examined at 6 months of administration. RESULTS: In 88 patients with Crohn's disease (CD), a negative correlation was found between serum vitamin D and CRP. In 178 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC), serum vitamin D showed no association with CRP or PMS. Serum vitamin D increased from 11.08±3.63 to 22.69±6.11 ng/mL in 29 patients with CD and from 11.45±4.10 to 24.20±6.61 ng/mL in 41 patients with UC who received vitamin D3 treatment (P<0.001 and P<0.001, respectively). In patients with CD, median ΔCRP was –0.24 in the normalized vitamin D group and –0.11 in the non-normalized group (P=0.308). In patients with UC, median ΔCRP was −0.01 in the normalized vitamin D group and 0.06 in the non-normalized group (P=0.359). CONCLUSIONS: Although a negative correlation was found between serum vitamin D and CRP levels in patients with CD, administration of vitamin D did not improve the CRP level in patients with CD. In patients with UC, serum vitamin D level was unrelated to CRP or PMS.


Subject(s)
C-Reactive Protein , Calcifediol , Cholecalciferol , Colitis, Ulcerative , Crohn Disease , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762594

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: It is well known that obesity is related to vitamin D deficiency (VDD). We investigated the response to vitamin D replacement in normal-weight and overweight children. METHODS: This was a prospective study including 62 Korean children with VDD. VDD was defined as a serum 25-hydroxycholecalciferol (25(OH)D) concentration <20 ng/mL. Overweight was defined as a body mass index (BMI)≥the 85th percentile (n=21), and normal weight as a BMI between the 5th and 84th percentiles (n=41). All participants received vitamin D3 supplementation (2,000 IU/day) for 8 weeks. The serum levels of 25(OH)D, PTH and biochemical parameters were measured before and after treatment. RESULTS: The mean age was 10.0±1.4 years in normal-weight children and 10.0±2.1 years in overweight children (P=0.93). After 8 weeks of treatment, 61.9% of normal-weight children and 47.6% of overweight children achieved vitamin D sufficiency (P =0.30). The mean serum 25(OH)D levels after vitamin D replacement were 33.8±7.6 ng/mL and 30.3±6.6 ng/mL in normal-weight and overweight children, respectively (P =0.10). The mean calcium/creatinine ratios after treatment were 0.09±0.07 and 0.08±0.06 in the normal-weight and overweight groups, respectively, and no hypercalciuria was found. In multiple regression analysis, the response to vitamin D replacement was influenced by the BMI (β=-1.0, P=0.03) and sex (β=-4.0, P=0.04). CONCLUSIONS: Eight weeks of vitamin D replacement (2,000 IU/day) is sufficient to overcome vitamin D deficiency in normal-weight and overweight children without any complications.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Calcifediol , Child , Cholecalciferol , Humans , Hypercalciuria , Obesity , Overweight , Prospective Studies , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(4): 453-459, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951853

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of dizziness in the general population. It is a condition with potential impact of reduced levels of vitamin D on its recurrent attacks. Objectives The aim of this study was to measure the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH D3) in patients with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo and determine whether there is a difference in the serum levels of vitamin D3 between patients with and without recurrence, as well as between the different clinical forms of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Methods The study included 40 patients who came to the regular medical examination, diagnosed with posterior canal-benign paroxysmal positional vertigo based on the positive Dix-Hallpike's test. All patients underwent Epley manoeuvre after the diagnosis. Patients were classified according to current guidelines for levels of vitamin D3 in the serum in three groups: the deficiency, insufficiency and adequate level. Results The average serum level of 25-OH D3 among respondents was 20.78 ng/mL, indicating a lack or insufficiency of the aforementioned 25-OH D3. According to the levels of 25-OH D3, most patients suffer from deficiency (47.5%). 7 (17.5%) respondents had adequate blood level of 25-OH D3, and 14 (35%) respondents suffer from insufficiency. A significant difference was not found in the serum level of 25-OH D3 between patients with and without benign paroxysmal positional vertigo recurrence. There was a significant difference in the serum levels of 25-OH D3 in comparison to the clinical form of the disease. Lower 25-OH D3 values were found in patients with canalithiasis compared to those with cupulolithiasis. Conclusions There were no significant differences in the vitamin D3 serum level in patients with and without recurrence. The study showed a low level of serum vitamin D3 in most patients, indicating the need for supplemental therapy.


Resumo Introdução Vertigem posicional paroxística benigna é a causa mais comum de tonturas na população em geral. É uma condição no qual níveis reduzidos de vitamina D podem ter um potencial impacto para o desenvolvimento de crises recorrentes. Objetivos O objetivo desse estudo foi medir os níveis séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D3 (25-OH D3) em pacientes com vertigem posicional paroxística benigna e determinar se há diferença nos níveis séricos de vitamina D3 entre pacientes com e sem recorrência, bem como entre as diferentes formas clínicas de vertigem posicional paroxística benigna. Método O estudo incluiu 40 pacientes submetidos a exame médico regular, diagnosticados com vertigem posicional paroxística benigna de canal posterior baseado no resultado positivo do teste de Dix-Hallpike. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos à manobra de Epley após o diagnóstico. Os pacientes foram classificados de acordo com as diretrizes atuais para os níveis de vitamina D3 sérica em três grupos: deficiência, insuficiência e nível adequado. Resultados O nível sérico médio de 25-OH D3 entre os indivíduos avaliados foi de 20,78 ng/mL, indicando falta ou insuficiência desta vitamina. De acordo com os níveis de 25-OH D3, a maioria dos pacientes apresentou deficiência (47,5%). Sete indivíduos (17,5%) entrevistados tinham nível sanguíneo adequado de 25-OH D3 e 14 (35%) apresentavam insuficiência. Não foi encontrada diferença significativa no nível sérico de 25-OH D3 entre pacientes com e sem recidiva de vertigem posicional paroxística benigna. Houve uma diferença significativa nos níveis séricos de 25-OH D3 de acordo com a forma clínica da doença. Baixos níveis de 25-OH D3 foram mais encontrados em pacientes com canalitíase em comparação com aqueles com cupulolitíase. Conclusões Não houve diferenças significativas no nível sérico de vitamina D3 em pacientes com e sem recorrência. O estudo mostrou um baixo nível de vitamina D3 sérica na maioria dos pacientes, indicando a necessidade de terapia suplementar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Calcifediol/blood , Cholecalciferol/blood , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/blood , Recurrence , Reference Values , Vitamin D Deficiency/blood , Calcium/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo/pathology
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776695

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of dynamic change in serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] level with the disease severity and related laboratory markers in infants/toddlers with severe pneumonia.@*METHODS@#A total of 132 infants/toddlers with severe pneumonia who were hospitalized between March 2017 and March 2018 were enrolled as the severe pneumonia group. According to the disease severity on admission and after one week of treatment, they were further divided into non-critical group (41 children on admission and 78 after one week of treatment), critical group (59 children on admission and 35 after one week of treatment), and extremely critical group (32 children on admission and 19 after one week of treatment). A total of 142 infants/toddlers who underwent physical examination during the same period of time were enrolled as the healthy control group. The serum levels of 25(OH)D, procalcitonin (PCT), and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were measured on admission and after one week of treatment for the severe pneumonia group, and the serum level of 25(OH)D was measured on admission for the healthy control group. According to the 25(OH)D level after one week of treatment, the children with severe pneumonia were divided into increased vitamin D (VD) group with 81 children and reduced VD group with 51 children, and a comparative analysis and a correlation analysis were performed.@*RESULTS@#The severe pneumonia group had a significantly lower mean 25(OH)D level than the healthy control group (P<0.05), and all the three subgroups of different severities had significantly lower 25(OH)D level than the healthy control group (P<0.05). On admission and after one week of treatment, the non-critical group had a significantly higher 25(OH)D level than the critical and extremely critical groups (P<0.01), and the critical group had a significantly higher 25(OH)D level than the extremely critical group (P<0.05). The extremely critical and critical groups had significantly higher serum levels of PCT and NT-proBNP than the non-critical group on admission and after one week of treatment (P<0.05). After one week of treatment, compared with the reduced VD group, the increased VD group had a significantly less serious condition. At discharge, the increased VD group had a significantly better outcome compared with the reduced VD group (P<0.01). In the children with severe pneumonia, the change value of serum 25(OH)D level after treatment was negatively correlated with the change values of PCT and NT-proBNP (r=-0.597 and -0.404 respectively; P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The change in VD level is correlated with the severity of severe pneumonia in infants/toddlers and can be used as an index for disease monitoring. VD supplementation may help with disease recovery.


Subject(s)
Calcifediol , Child, Preschool , Humans , Infant , Pneumonia , Procalcitonin , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
9.
Journal of Bone Metabolism ; : 161-164, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716570

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is still unclear the ideal vitamin D dosage once the deficiency and insufficiency is treated. Once deficiency was corrected we prospectively treated patients with 2,000 IU of vitamin D3 to check whether this dosage is enough to keep them above the 30 ng/mL of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D). METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five Saudi Arabian men and women treatment naïve for the vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency were part of this study. History and clinical examination were done to rule out any metabolic bone disease. Weight and height was taken to calculate the body mass index (BMI). Patients who were vitamin D deficient (≥30 ng/mL), a standard treatment of 50,000 IU of vitamin D3 weekly for 3 months, a blood test for the vitamin D levels at the end of 3 months, maintenance dose of 2,000 IU of vitamin D3 for 3 months and a third blood sample after 3 months. RESULTS: The data for 128 patients was available for analysis. The average age was 44.95±12.97 years with the mean BMI of 29.60±2.59 kg/m2. The baseline 25(OH)D level was 13.16±3.30 ng/mL. The increase in the level of 25(OH)D on 50,000 IU weekly was significant from 13.16±3.3 ng/mL to 36.97±4.67 ng/mL (P < 0.001) and then 2,000 IU daily for next 3 months, the level of 25(OH)D dropped top 20.38±5.42 ng/mL (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicates that the maintenance dose of 2,000 IU of vitamin D is not enough for patients to keep the 25(OH)D levels above 30 ng/mL.


Subject(s)
Body Mass Index , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Calcifediol , Cholecalciferol , Dietary Supplements , Female , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Male , Prospective Studies , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689636

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the predictive value of cord blood 25(OH)D [25(OH)D] for infantile atopic dermatitis (AD), and to provide a reference for primary prevention of early infantile AD.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The neonates born from July to September, 2015 were enrolled. The cord blood samples were collected at birth to measure the level of 25(OH)D. Outpatient follow-up was conducted for all the infants at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after birth. A survey was performed to investigate the incidence of AD.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>A total of 67 neonates completed a 6-month follow-up. The incidence of AD was 34% (23/67), and 91% (21/23) of these cases occurred in the first month after birth. The 23 AD children had a significantly lower cord 25(OH)D level than those without AD (P<0.05). The children with a cord 25(OH)D level <30 nmol/L showed a significantly higher incidence of AD than those with a cord 25(OH)D level ≥30 nmol/L (P<0.05). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed that the area under the ROC curve of cord 25(OH)D in predicting AD was 0.648 (standard error: 0.075; 95%CI: 0.502-0.795). Its sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value were 52.2%, 79.5%, 57.1%, and 76.1%, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that low cord 25(OH)D level, preference for seafood during pregnancy, atopic family history, and mixed feeding were risk factors for infantile AD (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Cord 25(OH)D level is inversely associated with the risk of infantile AD, but it has a low diagnostic value for this disease.</p>


Subject(s)
Calcifediol , Blood , Dermatitis, Atopic , Blood , Epidemiology , Female , Fetal Blood , Chemistry , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Logistic Models , Male , Predictive Value of Tests , ROC Curve , Risk Factors
11.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 1127-1145, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739287

ABSTRACT

Several theories have been proposed to explain the etiology of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) until present. However, limited data are available regarding the impact of vitamin D insufficiency or deficiency on scoliosis. Previous studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency and insufficiency are prevalent in adolescents, including AIS patients. A series of studies conducted in Hong Kong have shown that as many as 30% of these patients have osteopenia. The 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 level has been found to positively correlate with bone mineral density (BMD) in healthy adolescents and negatively with Cobb angle in AIS patients; therefore, vitamin D deficiency is believed to play a role in AIS pathogenesis. This study attempts to review the relevant literature on AIS etiology to examine the association of vitamin D and various current theories. Our review suggested that vitamin D deficiency is associated with several current etiological theories of AIS. We postulate that vitamin D deficiency and/or insufficiency affects AIS development by its effect on the regulation of fibrosis, postural control, and BMD. Subclinical deficiency of vitamin K2, a fat-soluble vitamin, is also prevalent in adolescents; therefore, it is possible that the high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is related to decreased fat intake. Further studies are required to elucidate the possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis and clinical management of AIS.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Bone Density , Bone Diseases, Metabolic , Calcifediol , Fibrosis , Hong Kong , Humans , Prevalence , Scoliosis , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamin K , Vitamin K 2 , Vitamins
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351358

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To examine the changes in 25-hydroxyvitamin D[25-(OH)D] level in children with Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) and its clinical significance.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 92 HSP children were included in this study, and were divided into HSP nephritis (HSPN) group (31 cases) and HSP group (61 cases) based on the presence or absence of HSPN. Alternatively, the patients were divided into purpura alone group (22 cases), purpura with joint symptoms group (joint symptom group, 24 cases), purpura with gastrointestinal symptoms group (gastrointestinal symptom group, 20 cases), and purpura with joint and gastrointestinal symptoms (mixed group, 26 cases) based on their clinical symptoms. In addition, 42 healthy children were selected as healthy control group. The level of 25-(OH)Din each group was measured using enzyme-linked immunoassay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The 25-(OH)Dlevel in the HSP and HSPN groups was significantly lower than that in the healthy control group (P<0.05), and the 25-(OH)Dlevel in the HSPN group was significantly lower than that in the HSP group (P<0.05). Although there was no significant difference in the 25-(OH)Dlevel between the joint symptom, gastrointestinal symptom, and mixed groups (P=0.22), the 25-(OH)Dlevel in the three groups was all significantly lower than that in the purpura alone group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The level of 25-(OH)Dis reduced in children with HSP, particularly those with HSPN or with joint and gastrointestinal symptoms. Therefore, the reduction in 25-(OH)Dlevel may serve as a predictor of whether HSP is associated with other impairments.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Calcifediol , Blood , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Male , IgA Vasculitis , Blood
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To review cases of adult patients who develop Hungry Bone Syndrome (HBS) after parathyroidectomy for Primary Hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) in a tertiary care center in the Philippines and describe the clinical features, pre-operative preventive measures done and risk factors for HBS.METHODS:Design: Retrospective Case Note ReviewSetting: Tertiary Private HospitalParticipants: Chart review of adult Filipino patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHPT at Makati Medical Center from January 2011 to December 2016 was conducted and evaluated according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Medical information obtained included clinical parameters, biochemical results, operation performed, pathology, length of hospital stay and complications if with any.RESULTS: From among 20 adult Filipino patients (mean age 55 years; 13, 65% female) who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHPT, HBS was found in 7 (35%). Most common pre-operative symptoms of hypercalcemia were musculoskeletal complaints. To prevent HBS, all were hydrated prior to surgery while some were given bisphosphonates and diuretics. The most common parathyroid gland imaging used for pre-procedure localization was Tc 99m Sestamibi scan with single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and 19 (95%) had parathyroid adenoma on post-operative histopathologic report. Among biochemical and clinical factors that may be risk factors for HBS, those with HBS had significantly lower pre-operative 25-hydroxyvitamin D, higher BUN, phosphate and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) than those without HBS. Of these, only ALP showed significant association with HBS (OR = 107.17, p = CONCLUSION: Knowledge on post-parathyroidectomy HBS for PHPT may aid clinicians on preoperative prevention and post-operative monitoring. Thirty-five percent (7) of our patients presented with HBS post-parathyroidectomy for PHPT from 2011 to 2016. An abnormal ALP level pre-operatively may be a risk factor in developing HBS post-parathyroidectomy for PHPT


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Adult , Hyperparathyroidism, Primary , Parathyroidectomy , Parathyroid Neoplasms , Alkaline Phosphatase , Parathyroid Glands , Hypercalcemia , Diphosphonates , Diuretics , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Calcifediol , Vitamin D
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107077

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There are growing concerns about the role of vitamin D deficiency in cardiovascular diseases. Therefore, we investigated the correlation between serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25[OH]D) and arterial stiffness among Korean adults. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical charts of 302 people (115 women and 187 men) who visited a tertiary hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. Serum 25(OH)D was measured using the radioimmunoassay technique, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was measured using an automatic wave analyzer. We obtained the doctor's report on the medical history of the participants, their alcohol consumption and smoking habits, and their exercise status. Metabolic syndrome was diagnosed based on guidelines from the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-Adult Treatment Panel (ATP III) and the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). Results of basic blood tests and physical assessment were also collected. RESULTS: In the Pearson correlation analysis, serum 25(OH)D and baPWV showed a statistically significant inverse relationship (r=-0.279, P<0.001). Using multiple regression analysis, and after adjusting for possible confounders, serum 25(OH)D concentration was found to be significantly associated with baPWV (β=-0.121, P=0.011). CONCLUSIONS: We observed an association between serum 25(OH)D concentration and arterial stiffness. Further studies involving larger sample sizes will be needed to confirm this associations.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alcohol Drinking , Calcifediol , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cholesterol , Education , Female , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Pulse Wave Analysis , Radioimmunoassay , Retrospective Studies , Sample Size , Smoke , Smoking , Tertiary Care Centers , Vascular Stiffness , Vitamin D Deficiency
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-115132

ABSTRACT

This study examined the characteristics of biochemical parameters, bone diseases, and vascular calcification in Korean patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) not yet on dialysis. Serum levels of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25D), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25D); lumbar spine, total hip, and femur neck bone mineral densities; and brachial-to-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) representing vascular calcification were measured at baseline for 2,238 CKD patients in the KoreaN Cohort Study for Outcomes in Patients With CKD (KNOW-CKD). Increases in serum FGF23 and iPTH preceded changes in serum calcium and phosphate, similar to Western populations. However, the 25D and 1,25D levels decreased earlier than serum FGF23 or iPTH increased, with a decreased estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in Korean CKD patients. Vitamin D deficiency occurred in 76.7% of patients with CKD stage 1. Bone mineral densities were lowest in CKD stage 5 (lumbar spine, −0.64 ± 1.67; total hip, −0.49 ± 1.21; femur neck, −1.02 ± 1.25). Osteoporosis was more prevalent in patients with higher CKD stages. The mean baPWV, abdominal aortic calcification (AAC), and coronary calcium score also increased, with declined eGFR. In conclusion, a decline in serum vitamin D levels was observed in early CKD stages before significant increases of FGF23 and iPTH in the Korean CKD population compared with that in Western populations. Increased bone disease and vascular calcification occurred in early-stage CKD.


Subject(s)
Bone Density , Bone Diseases , Calcifediol , Calcitriol , Calcium , Cohort Studies , Dialysis , Femur Neck , Fibroblast Growth Factors , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hip , Humans , Kidney , Osteoporosis , Parathyroid Hormone , Pulse Wave Analysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Spine , Vascular Calcification , Vitamin D , Vitamin D Deficiency
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194747

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: One of the important risk factors of falling is decreased muscle mass and muscle strength. Recently, there has been an increasing concern on the role of vitamin D in muscle strength and physical activity. Aim of our study is to examine the relationships between vitamin D status and muscle mass and muscle strength in middle-aged healthy adults. METHODS: Subjects were 40 healthy volunteers aged 42.0 ± 10.6 years old. Evaluation was made for serum vitamin D₃ metabolites including 25-hydroxyvitamin D₃ [25(OH)D₃] and 24,25-dihydroxyvitamin D₃ [24,25(OH)₂D₃] concentrations, lower limb muscle strength, and dietary intake by food frequency questionnaire. Body composition was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and appendicular skeletal mass index (ASMI) was calculated as skeletal muscle mass/squared height. RESULTS: 70% of the subjects had vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency (serum total 25(OH)D < 20 ng/mL), and female subjects had significantly lower serum total 25(OH)D level compared with males. Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency group had significantly higher body fat, lower SMI and muscle strength, probably reflecting higher percentage of female subjects. Serum vitamin D₃ metabolites levels were significantly correlated with whole and site-specific ASMI, and lower limb muscle strength, except for the correlation between serum 24,25(OH)₂D₃ concentration and lower limb muscle strength. In addition, serum 25(OH)D₃ level was a positive significant predictor for both ASMI and lower limb muscle strength, while serum 24,25(OH)₂D₃ level was not their significant predictor. CONCLUSIONS: Serum 25(OH)D₃ level was significantly correlated with both skeletal muscle mass and lower limb muscle strength.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Accidental Falls , Adipose Tissue , Adult , Asians , Body Composition , Calcifediol , Female , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Lower Extremity , Male , Motor Activity , Muscle Strength , Muscle, Skeletal , Risk Factors , Vitamin D , Vitamins
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 363-369, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-17728

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Studies on the micronutrient status of Asian patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are scarce. We evaluated the prevalence of micronutrient deficiency and verified the risk factors for micronutrient deficiency in Korean patients with IBD. METHODS: We measured the serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D], zinc, and selenium to analyze the clinical risk factors for micronutrient levels below the reference values. In addition, we compared the 25-(OH)D levels of patients with IBD to those of age- and sex-matched healthy controls. RESULTS: Among the 83 patients, 74 (89.2%) had suboptimal serum 25-(OH)D levels. The mean plasma 25-(OH)D level in patients with IBD was significantly reduced compared to that of the healthy controls (12.3±6.2 ng/mL vs 20.0±6.7 ng/mL; p<0.001). The proportions of patients with lower serum zinc and selenium levels were 39.0% and 30.9%, respectively. Female sex (p=0.012) and Crohn’s disease (p=0.012) were associated with vitamin D deficiency. Patients younger than 40 years were at increased risk for zinc deficiency (p=0.045). Female sex (p=0.015) and low serum albumin level (<3.3 g/dL) (p=0.047) were risk factors for selenium deficiency. CONCLUSIONS: Many Korean patients with IBD have vitamin D, zinc, and selenium deficiencies, suggesting the necessity for monitoring levels of these micronutrients.


Subject(s)
Asians , Calcifediol , Female , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Micronutrients , Plasma , Prevalence , Reference Values , Risk Factors , Selenium , Serum Albumin , Vitamin D Deficiency , Vitamin D , Vitamins , Zinc
18.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 400-406, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-86522

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD) and low vitamin D levels has been studied. Emerging evidence has implicated vitamin D as a critical regulator of immunity, playing a role in both the innate and cell-mediated immune systems. However, the effect of vitamin D on house dust mite (HDM) sensitization in patients with AD has not been established. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the association between vitamin D levels and HDM sensitization according to AD severity. METHODS: In total, 80 patients (43 men and 37 women) with AD were included. We classified AD severity using Rajka and Langeland scores. Laboratory tests included serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3, total immunoglobulin E (IgE), and specific IgE antibody titer against Dermatophagoides farinae and D. pteronyssinus. RESULTS: There were no differences in vitamin D levels between the mild or moderate AD and severe AD groups. In the severe AD group, high HDM sensitization group had lower serum vitamin D levels compared to low HDM sensitization group with statistical significance. In addition, a significant negative correlation was found between vitamin D levels and HDM sensitization in the severe AD group. CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that low vitamin D levels may link to high HDM sensitization in patients with the severe AD. Further elucidation of the role of vitamin D in HDM sensitization may hold profound implications for the prevention and treatment of AD.


Subject(s)
Calcifediol , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Dust , Humans , Immune System , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Male , Plasma , Pyroglyphidae , Vitamin D
19.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 60(5): 465-471, Oct. 2016. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-798179

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Primary hyperparathyroidism (PHP) is a common endocrine disease, and its most effective treatment is surgery. Postoperative hypocalcemia is a morbidity of parathyroid surgeries, and it may extend hospitalization durations. The purpose of this study is to determine the predictive factors related to the development of hypocalcemia and hungry bone syndrome (HBS) in patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHP. Materials and methods Laboratory data comprising parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium, phosphate, 25-OHD, albumin, magnesium, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) of the patients were recorded preoperatively, on the 1st and 4th days postoperatively, and in the 6th postoperative month, and their neck ultrasound (US) and bone densitometry data were also recorded. Results Hypocalcemia was seen in 63 patients (38.4%) on the 1st day after parathyroidectomy. Ten patients (6.1%) had permanent hypocalcemia in the 6th month after surgery. Out of the patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHP, 22 (13.4%) had HBS. The incidence of postoperative hypocalcemia was higher in patients who underwent parathyroidectomy for PHP, who had parathyroid hyperplasia, and who had osteoporosis. Preoperative PTH, ALP, and BUN values were higher in those patients who developed HBS. Furthermore, HBS was more common in patients who had osteoporosis, who had parathyroid hyperplasia, and who underwent thyroidectomy simultaneously with parathyroidectomy. Conclusions As a result, patients who have the risk factors for development of hypocalcemia and HBS should be monitored more attentively during the perioperative period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Parathyroidectomy/adverse effects , Hyperparathyroidism/surgery , Hyperparathyroidism/complications , Hypocalcemia/etiology , Parathyroid Hormone/blood , Phosphates/blood , Postoperative Period , Reference Values , Time Factors , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Calcifediol/blood , Calcium/blood , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Assessment/methods , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Magnesium/blood
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279870

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the changes in the serum level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25-(OH)D3] and its significance in children with Kawasaki disease (KD).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical data of 242 KD children were collected. According to the presence or absence of coronary artery lesion (CAL), these children were classified into CAL group (63 children) and non-CAL (NCAL) group (179 children). According to the efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG), these children were classified into IVIG-sensitive group (219 children) and no-IVIG-response group (23 children). A total of 40 healthy children (control group) and 40 children with acute upper respiratory tract infection (AURI group) were enrolled as controls. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was applied to measure the serum level of 25-(OH)D3.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before IVIG treatment, the AURI, NCAL, and CAL groups had significantly lower serum levels of 25-(OH)D3 than the control group (P<0.05); the CAL group had a significantly lower serum level of 25-(OH)D3 than the AURI and NCAL groups (P<0.05); the AURI, IVIG-sensitive, and no-IVIG-response groups had significantly lower serum levels of 25-(OH)D3 than the control group (P<0.05); the no-IVIG-response group had a significantly lower serum level of 25-(OH)D3 than the AURI and IVIG-sensitive groups (P<0.05). After IVIG treatment, the CAL group had a significantly lower serum level of 25-(OH)D3 than the NCAL and control groups (P<0.05); the no-IVIG-response group had a significantly lower serum level of 25-(OH)D3 than the IVIG-sensitive and control groups (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>KD children may experience a reduction in the serum level of 25-(OH)D3. With a greater reduction in the serum level of 25-(OH)D3, the possibility of CAL and KD with no response to treatment increases.</p>


Subject(s)
Calcifediol , Blood , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunoglobulins, Intravenous , Therapeutic Uses , Infant , Male , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Blood , Drug Therapy
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