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Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-95196


Rhodanese is one of the enzymes concerned in the detoxification of cyanide. Cassava intake and consequent cyanide toxicity are incriminated in the pathogenesis of goitre and calcific pancreatitis of tropics. So we studied the activity of rhodanese in these patients. 14 controls, 13 patients with pancreatitis and 12 with goitre were studied. The median (and range) of rhodanese in these groups were 82 (50-144), 110 (64-180) and 71 (22-160) units respectively. The serum rhodanese was significantly higher (P less than 0.05) in patients with pancreatitis when compared to the other groups. There was no significant difference between the serum rhodanese in patients with goitre and the controls. The presence of adequate amounts of rhodanese indicates that goitre and chronic pancreatitis are not produced by impaired cyanide detoxification.

Adult , Calcinosis/enzymology , Chronic Disease , Cyanides/poisoning , Developing Countries , Goiter/enzymology , Humans , India , Manihot/poisoning , Pancreatitis/enzymology , Sulfurtransferases/blood , Thiosulfate Sulfurtransferase/blood
Indian J Pediatr ; 1989 Mar-Apr; 56(2): 267-72
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-84318


The clinical, biochemical and radiological features of spontaneously occurring hypoparathyroidism in 13 patients (mean age 9 years, range 4 months to 20 years) are highlighted. Nine patients presented with a history of generalised seizures and 2 were in acute hypocalcemic crisis at the time of admission. Ocular involvement (corneal opacities, cataract) was present in 3 patients and vitiligo in 1 patient. The serum calcium level was low (mean 5.46 mg/dl, range 5.0-7.2) and serum phosphorus level was high (mean 8.49 mg/dl, range 6-14 mg/dl) in all the patients. Six patients had elevated serum alkaline phosphatase (greater than 20 KAU). Radiological examination revealed osteopenia in 3 patients. Nine patients underwent a head CT scan; 5 had evidence of basal ganglia calcification. The findings of elevated serum alkaline phosphatase and osteopenia are at variance with existing literature and may possibly reflect pre-existing vitamin D deficiency.

Adolescent , Adult , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Basal Ganglia Diseases/enzymology , Bone Diseases, Metabolic/enzymology , Calcinosis/enzymology , Child , Female , Humans , Hypoparathyroidism/enzymology , India , Infant , Male , Seizures/enzymology