Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 239
Filter
1.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1127-1134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921021

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) on distal, middle and proximal colonic mucosal injury and expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) positive nerve fibers of distal colonic mucosa in ulcerative colitis (UC) mice at different time points.@*METHODS@#A total of 51 C57BL/6N mice were randomized into a 7-day control group (@*RESULTS@#Mucosal injury can be observed in mice after modeling, displaying epithelial layer disappearance, abnormal crypt structure or crypt disappearance. Compared with the 7-day control group, colon length was shortened (@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion at "Zusanli" (ST 36) can reduce the expressions of positive nerve fibers of colonic mucosa and CGRP positive nerve fibers of distal colonic mucosa, thus, improve the colonic mucosal injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/genetics , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Intestinal Mucosa , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Moxibustion , Nerve Fibers
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880067

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical value of expression level of interleukin-2 receptor (IL-2R) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) in the fever patients with hematological malignancies.@*METHODS@#A total of 121 inpatients in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University from April 2018 to October 2019 were enrolled in this study. The patients were separated into infection group (61 cases) and non-infection group (60 cases). In the meantime, 40 healthy people without fever or infection in the hospital for physical examination were set as matched group. C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and cytokines were detected in all the patients with fever after admission and infection control. While, blood samples were taken from healthy people during physical examination.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of IL-2R in infection group were higher than those in the control group (P<0.001), and the level of serum IL-2R in infection group was also higher than that in the non-infection group (P<0.05). Based on Spearman analysis, in patients with malignant hematologic disease, serum IL-2R level was positively correlated with CRP (r=0.557, P<0.001) and IL-8 (r=0.479, P<0.001), and IL-8 level was positively correlated with CRP (r=0.318, P<0.001). Compared with the non-infection group, the area under the curve (AUC) for the level of CRP, PCT, and IL-2R of the infection group was 0.714 (95%CI: 0.623-0.806), 0.765 (95%CI: 0.680-0.851), and 0.761 (95%CI: 0.686-0.836), the sensitivity was 0.705, 0.852, and 0.705, and the specificity was 0.717, 0.70, and 0.60, respectively. While, AUC of CRP+PCT, CRP+IL-2R, PCT+IL-2R, and CRP+PCT+IL-2R was 0.789 (95%CI: 0.712-0.866), 0.702 (95%CI: 0.623-0.782), 0.757 (95%CI: 0.677-0.838), and 0.789 (95%CI: 0.712-0.866), the sensitivity was 0.738, 0.934, 0.705, and 0.738, and the specificity was 0.840, 0.470, 0.810, and 0.840, respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#CRP, PCT, IL-2R, and IL-8 are useful parameters for diagnosis of the infectious fever in patients with hematological malignancies, which provides the basis of initial diagnosis and rational use of antibioties for clinician.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Interleukin-8 , Protein Precursors , Receptors, Interleukin-2 , Sepsis
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the analgesic effect of manipulation loading on chronic low back pain (CLBP) model rats and the expression of inflammatory factors in psoas major muscle tissue, and to explore the improvement of manipulation on local inflammatory microenvironment.@*METHODS@#Thirty two SPF male SD rats weighing 340-360g were randomly divided into blank group, sham operation group, chronic low back pain model group and treatment group, with 8 rats in each group. In the model group, L@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in PWT and PWL between the blank group and the sham operation group after modeling (@*CONCLUSION@#Local massage loading has analgesic effect on CLBP rats, at the same time, it can inhibit the content of CGRP and NGF in psoas muscle tissue of CLBP rats, and improve the local inflammatory microenvironment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Low Back Pain/therapy , Male , Nerve Growth Factor/genetics , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
4.
Clinics ; 75: e1448, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055884

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the serum levels of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the prognosis of pediatric patients with severe pneumonia. METHODS: Children diagnosed with severe pneumonia (n=76) were stratified into the survival (n=58) and non-survival groups (n=18) according to their 28-day survival status and into the non-risk (n=51), risk (n=17) and high-risk (n=8) categories based on the pediatric critical illness score (PCIS). Demographic data and laboratory results were collected. Serum CGRP levels were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was generated to determine the cutoff score for high CGRP levels. RESULTS: Serum CGRP levels were significantly higher in the survival group than in the non-survival group and were significantly higher in the non-risk group than in the risk and high-risk groups. The ROC curve for the prognostic potential of CGRP yielded a significant area under the curve (AUC) value with considerable sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that CGRP downregulation might be a diagnostic marker that predicts the prognosis and survival of children with severe pneumonia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pneumonia/blood , Protein Precursors/blood , Vasodilator Agents/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/genetics , Pneumonia/mortality , Prognosis , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/blood , Survival Analysis , ROC Curve , Critical Illness
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 399-406, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827048

ABSTRACT

Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) is a neuropeptide coded by the calcitonin gene and divided into α and β subtypes. CGRP is widely distributed throughout the human body and highly expressed in the peripheral and central nervous system. Studies have shown that CGRP plays a role in a variety of physiological and pathophysiological activities, such as the formation and transmission of nociceptive signal, as well as the regulation of cardiovascular function. Recently, more and more researches have shown that CGRP is involved in the regulation of synaptic plasticity, cognitive function and learning memory in the central nervous system. This paper reviews the role of CGRP in regulation of synaptic plasticity and process of emotional memory, hoping to provide a new molecular target and theoretical basis for clinical treatment of neurological diseases.


Subject(s)
Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Central Nervous System , Humans , Memory , Neuronal Plasticity
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826363

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of ()infection on autonomic nervous function and calcitonin gene-related peptide in patients with functional dyspepsia(FD). Thirty-one patients with FD matching Rome Ⅳ criteria were included and divided into -positive group and -negative group.All patients were evaluated by Symptom Index of Dyspepsia(SID),Nepean Dyspepsia Index(NDI),and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale(HADS).Their heart rate variability(HRV)and calcitonin gene-related peptide(CGRP)level were also measured. There were no significant differences in SID(=-0.858, =0.858),NDI(=-1.464, =0.143),and Hospital Depression Scale score(=0.699, =0.485).However,the Hospital Anxiety Scale score was significantly higher in -positive group than the -negative group(=-2.470, =0.014).The level of CGRP in -positive group[(0.999±0.274)ng/ml]was significantly higher than that in the -negative group[(0.812±0.172)ng/ml;=2.238, =0.033].HRV data showed no significant difference between these two groups at very low frequency(=-1.210, =0.236),low frequency(LF)(=0.419, =0.678),high frequency(HF)(=0.612, =0.546),LF/HF(=-0.882, =0.399),and total power(=-0.963, =0.344). In FD patients,patients with -positive FD patients have higher depression and CGRP levels than those without infection,although their dyspepsia symptoms and HRV show no notable changes.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Dyspepsia , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans
8.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(9): 1188-1192, Sept. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041067

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE We aimed to explore the effects of neuropeptides ghrelin, obestatin, and vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) on seizures and plasma concentrations of neuroinflammation biomarkers including calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), substance-P (SP), and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β) in pentylenetetrazol-induced seizures in rats. METHODS Ghrelin (80 µg/kg), obestatin (1 µg/kg), VIP (25 ng/kg) or saline were administered to rats intraperitoneally 30 min before pentylenetetrazole (PTZ, 50 mg/kg) injections. Stages of epileptic seizures were evaluated by Racine's scale, and plasma CGRP, SP, and IL-1β concentrations were measured using ELISA. RESULTS Both obestatin and VIP shortened onset-time of generalized tonic-clonic seizure, respectively, moreover VIP also shortened the onset-time of first myoclonic-jerk induced by PTZ. While PTZ increased plasma CGRP, SP and IL-1β concentrations, ghrelin reduced the increases evoked by PTZ. While VIP further increased PTZ-evoked CGRP levels, it diminished IL-1β concentrations. However, obestatin did not change CGRP, SP, and IL-1β concentrations. CONCLUSION Our results suggest that ghrelin acts as an anticonvulsant, obestatin acts as a proconvulsant, and VIP has dual action on epilepsy. Receptors of those neuropeptides may be promising targets for epilepsy treatment.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Nosso objetivo foi explorar os efeitos dos neuropeptídeos grelina, obestatina e peptídeo intestinal vasoativo (VIP) nas convulsões e concentrações plasmáticas de biomarcadores neuroinflamatórios, incluindo peptídeo relacionado ao gene da calcitonina (CGRP), substância-P (SP) e interleucina-1 beta (IL-1β) em convulsões induzidas por pentilenotetrazol em ratos. MÉTODOS Grelina (80 µg/kg), obestatina (1 µg/kg), VIP (25 ng/kg) ou solução salina foram administrados a ratos intraperitonealmente 30 minutos antes de injeções de pentilenotetrazol (PTZ, 50 mg/kg). Os estágios das crises epilépticas foram avaliados pela escala de Racine e as concentrações plasmáticas de CGRP, SP e IL-1β foram medidas usando Elisa. RESULTADOS Tanto a obestatina quanto o VIP encurtaram o tempo de início da crise tônico-clônica generalizada, respectivamente. Além disso, o VIP também encurtou o tempo de início do primeiro impulso mioclônico induzido por PTZ. Enquanto o PTZ aumentou as concentrações plasmáticas de CGRP, SP e IL-1β, a grelina reduziu os aumentos evocados por PTZ. Enquanto o VIP aumenta ainda mais os níveis de CGRP evocados por PTZ, diminui as concentrações de IL-1β. No entanto, a obestatina não alterou as concentrações de CGRP, SP e IL-1β. CONCLUSÃO Nossos resultados sugerem que a grelina tem anticonvulsivante, a obestatina tem proconvulsivante e o VIP tem ação dupla na epilepsia. Receptores desses neuropeptídeos podem ser alvos promissores para o tratamento da epilepsia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pentylenetetrazole/adverse effects , Seizures/chemically induced , Neuropeptides/adverse effects , Convulsants/adverse effects , Peptide Hormones/pharmacology , Seizures/metabolism , Time Factors , Vasoactive Intestinal Peptide/pharmacology , Biomarkers/blood , Random Allocation , Substance P/adverse effects , Substance P/blood , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/adverse effects , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/blood , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/adverse effects , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Ghrelin/pharmacology , Inflammation , Myoclonus
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e077, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019597

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of the present study was to identify the relationship between the expression of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and the responses of pulp sensitivity tests in healthy pulps and irreversible pulps by performing a cross-sectional study on patients. Two hundred subjects were evaluated. A total of 75 subjects complied with the criteria. The participants were divided into two groups: a) Healthy pulp (subjects [n = 35] having posterior teeth with clinically normal pulp tissue), and b) Irreversible pulpitis (subjects [n = 40] having posterior teeth with irreversible pulpitis). All participants were evaluated using the following variables: a) medical and dental history, b) pulp sensitivity tests, c) expression of CGRP by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and d) expression levels of mRNA CGRP and mRNA CGRP receptor genes. We determined that the responses of the cold test between 4 and ≥12 s presented a higher average of the expression of CGRP in the group having irreversible pulpitis (p = 0.0001). When we compared the groups with the value of the electrical impulse, we found statistically significant differences (p = 0.0001), observing positive responses to the test with electrical impulses of 7 to 10, with an average of 72.15 ng/mL of CGRP in the irreversible pulpitis group. High values of CGRP expression were observed in that group in the responses of pulp sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Pulpitis/pathology , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/analysis , Dental Pulp/pathology , Dental Pulp Test/methods , Pulpitis/genetics , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772272

ABSTRACT

Orthodontic pain that is induced by tooth movement is an important sequela of orthodontic treatment and has a significant effect on patient quality of life. Studies have shown that the high expression of transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) in trigeminal ganglions plays a vital role in the transmission and modulation of orofacial pain. However, little is known about the role of TRPV1 in orthodontic pain. In this study, male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly assigned to six groups to study the role of TRPV1 in the modulation of tooth-movement pain. The expression levels of TRPV1 mRNA and protein were determined by real-time PCR and western blot, respectively. Moreover, pain levels were assessed using the rat grimace scale (RGS). The role of TRPV1 in modulating tooth-movement pain was examined by injecting a TRPV1 antagonist into the trigeminal ganglia of rats. A lentivirus containing a TRPV1 shRNA sequence was constructed and transduced into the rats' trigeminal ganglia. The results showed that the expression levels of TRPV1 protein and mRNA were elevated following tooth-movement pain. Pain levels increased rapidly on the 1 day, peaked on the 3 day and returned to baseline on the 14 day. The TRPV1 antagonist significantly reduced tooth-movement pain. The lentivirus containing a TRPV1 shRNA sequence was able to inhibit the expression of TRPV1 and relieved tooth-movement pain. In conclusion, TRPV1-based gene therapy may be a treatment strategy for the relief of orthodontic pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Genetic Therapy , Male , Molar , Pain , Quality of Life , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , TRPV Cation Channels , Tooth Movement Techniques , Trigeminal Ganglion
11.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 839-845, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781391

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the long-term depression (LTD) of hippocampus in mice. Sixty C57BL/6J mice (30 days old) were randomly divided into control group, three CGRP (50, 100, and 200 nmol/L) groups, CGRP + CGRP group and CGRP + APV group (10 mice for each group). The effects of exogenous application of different concentrations of CGRP on synaptic plasticity and LTD in hippocampus of mice were detected by in vitro recording of local field potential. The results showed that higher doses (100 and 200 nmol/L) of CGRP significantly enhanced the induction of LTD in the hippocampus. Moreover, CGRP increased the magnitude of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents. The above-mentioned effects of CGRP were blocked by either CGRP selective antagonist CGRP or NMDA receptor antagonist APV. These results suggest that CGRP can dose-dependently enhance the induction of LTD in hippocampus of mice, and the underlying mechanism involves the mediation of NMDA receptor function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Long-Term Synaptic Depression , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Random Allocation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Recombinant amelogenin protein (RAP) was reported to induce soft-tissue regeneration in canine infected endodontically treated permanent teeth with open apices. To characterize identities of the cells found in the RAP regenerated tissues compared to authentic pulp by identifying: 1) stem cells by their expression of Sox2; 2) nerve fibers by distribution of the axonal marker peripherin; 3) axons by their expression of calcitonin gene–related peptide (CGRP); 4) the presence of astrocytes expressing glial fibrillary acidic proteins (GFAP).METHODS: A total of 240 open-apex root canals in dogs were used. After establishment of oral contamination to the pulp, the canals were cleaned, irrigated, and 120 canals filled with RAP, and the other 120 with calcium hydroxide.RESULTS: After 1, 3, and 6 months, teeth were recovered for immune-detection of protein markers associated with native pulp tissues. Regenerated pulp and apical papilla of RAP group revealed an abundance of stem cells showing intense immunoreactivity to Sox2 antibody, immunoreactivity of peripherin mainly in the A-fibers of the odontoblast layer and immunoreactivity to CGRP fibers in the central pulp region indicative of C-fibres. GFAP immunoreactivity was observed near the odontoblastic, cell-rich regions and throughout the regenerated pulp.CONCLUSIONS: RAP induces pulp regeneration following regenerative endodontic procedures with cells identity by gene expression demonstrating a distribution pattern similar to the authentic pulp innervation. A- and C-fibers, as well as GFAP specific to astrocytic differentiation, are recognized. The origin of the regenerated neural networks may be derived from the Sox2 identified stem cells within the apical papilla.


Subject(s)
Amelogenin , Animals , Astrocytes , Axons , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Calcium Hydroxide , Dental Pulp Cavity , Dental Pulp Necrosis , Dogs , Gene Expression , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Nerve Fibers , Odontoblasts , Periapical Periodontitis , Regeneration , Stem Cells , Tooth
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e125, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989466

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a placebo, intracanal diode laser application, and low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on the change of the total amount of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) (split-mouth study design). GCF sampling was performed on a contralateral tooth and experimental tooth (root canal-treated tooth) of thirty-nine patients. The patients were divided into three groups (n = 13), as follows: placebo (mock laser application), intracanal laser application, and LLLT. GCF sampling was repeated at the same sites (experimental and control teeth) one week after root canal treatment. The data were analyzed using the Pearson's correlation analysis and the independent-samples t-tests (p=0.05). In the placebo group, the total CGRP level changes in the GCF before and after treatment was significantly higher for experimental teeth than for control teeth (p<0.05). However, there was no significant difference between experimental and control teeth in the intracanal laser application and LLLT groups (p > 0.05). Intracanal laser application and low-level laser therapy have immunomodulation effects linked to the modulation of the total amount of CGRP in the GCF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/radiation effects , Low-Level Light Therapy/methods , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide/metabolism , Case-Control Studies , Gingival Crevicular Fluid/radiation effects , Treatment Outcome , Lasers, Semiconductor
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718723

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Regenerative treatment using stem cells may serve as treatment option for empty nose syndrome (ENS), which is caused by the lack of turbinate tissue and deranged nervous system in the nasal cavity. We aimed to assess the efficacy and safety of the autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF) in the treatment of ENS. METHODS: In this prospective observational clinical study, we enrolled 10 ENS patients who volunteered to undergo treatment of ENS through the injection of autologous SVF. Data, including demographic data, pre- and postoperative Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-25 (SNOT-25) scores, overall patient satisfaction, and postoperative complications, were prospectively collected. Nasal secretion was assessed using the polyurethane foam absorption method, and the levels of biological markers were analyzed in both ENS group and control group using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The SVF extracted from abdominal fat was diluted and injected into both inferior turbinates. RESULTS: Among the 10 initial patients, one was excluded from the study. Subjective satisfaction was rated as “much improved” in two and “no change” in seven. Among the improved patients, the mean preinjection SNOT-25 score was 55.0 and the score at 6 months after injection was 19.5. However, the average SNOT-25 score of nine participants at 6 months after injection (mean±standard deviation, 62.4±35.8) did not differ significantly from the baseline SNOT-25 score (70.1±24.7, P>0.05, respectively). Among the various inflammatory markers assessed, the levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-8, and calcitonin gene-related peptide were significantly higher in ENS patients. Compared with preinjection secretion level, the nasal secretions from SVF-treated patients showed decreased expressions of IL-1β and IL-8 after injection. CONCLUSION: Although SVF treatment appears to decrease the inflammatory cytokine levels in the nasal mucosa, a single SVF injection was not effective in terms of symptom improvement and patient satisfaction. Further trials are needed to identify a more practical and useful regenerative treatment modality for patients with ENS.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Fat , Absorption , Biomarkers , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Clinical Study , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Humans , Interleukin-8 , Interleukins , Methods , Nasal Cavity , Nasal Mucosa , Nervous System , Nose , Patient Satisfaction , Polyurethanes , Postoperative Complications , Prospective Studies , Stem Cells , Turbinates
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715333

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The urinary bladder (UB) is innervated by both sensory and autonomic nerves. Recent studies have shown that sensory neuropeptides induced contractions in the detrusor muscle. Therefore, in a mouse model, we investigated the presence of interactions between the submucosal sensory nerves and the autonomic nerves that regulate the motor function of the detrusor muscle. METHODS: UB samples from male C57BL/6 mice were isolated, cut into strips, and mounted in an organ bath. Dose-response curves to norepinephrine and phenylephrine were studied in UB strips with and without mucosa, and the effects of preincubation with a receptor antagonist and various drugs on relaxation were also studied using tissue bath myography. RESULTS: Phenylephrine-induced relaxation of the UB strips showed concentration-related effects. This relaxation appeared in both mucosa-intact and mucosa-denuded UB strips, and was significantly inhibited by lidocaine, silodosin, and guanethidine (an adrenergic neuronal blocker). Meanwhile, phenylephrine-induced relaxation was inhibited by pretreatment with propranolol and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)–depletory capsaicin in UB strips with and without mucosa. CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that phenylephrine activates the α-1A adrenergic receptor (AR) of the sensory nerve, and then activates capsaicin-sensitive sensory nerves to release an unknown substance that facilitates the release of norepinephrine from adrenergic nerves. Subsequently, norepinephrine stimulates β-ARs in the detrusor muscle in mice, leading to neurogenic relaxation of the UB. Further animal and human studies are required to prove this concept and to validate its clinical usefulness.


Subject(s)
Adrenergic Neurons , Animals , Autonomic Pathways , Baths , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Capsaicin , Guanethidine , Humans , Lidocaine , Male , Mice , Mucous Membrane , Myography , Neuropeptides , Norepinephrine , Phenylephrine , Propranolol , Receptors, Adrenergic , Receptors, Adrenergic, alpha-1 , Relaxation , Urinary Bladder
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690930

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of serum procalcitonin(PCT) levels for predicting the outcome of bacteria bloodstream infection in acute leukemia patients.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Clinical data from 236 patients with acute leukemia accompanied by bacterial bloodstream infection during July 2014 to November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed, 236 patients were divided into 5 groups (<0.05 ng/ml, 0.05- <0.5 ng/ml, 0.5- <2.0 ng/ml, 2.0- <10.0 ng/ml and >10.0 ng/ml) according to PCT concentrations.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The median age of patients was 40(13-73) years old. The male 123 cases(52.1%) and female 113 cases(47.9%) in 236 patients. The incidence of infection-related dealth in 5 groups was 0%, 1.4%, 13.8%, 25.0% and 33.3%, respectively; the incidence of septic shock and other serious complications in 5 groups was 0%, 2.1%, 13.8%, 25.0%, 33.3% and 6.4%, 7.0%, 24.1%, 41.7%, 50.0%, respectively, showing the concentration dependent manner and statistically significant difference (u=2127, P=0.000; u=2234, P=0.000; u=4102, P=0.000). Further analysis showed that with the increase of PCT concentration, the cumulative incidence of septic shock, infection-related death and other serious complications was gradually increased with statistically significance (HR=2.887, P=0.000, 95%CI:1.960-4.260; HR=3.158, P=0.000, 95%CI: 2.100-4.740; HR=2.158, P=0.000, 95%CI:1.550-3.000) respectively. Increased procalcitonin level is an independent risk factor for septic shock and infection-related death (HR=2.517, P=0.000, 95%CI: 1.520-4.168; HR=2.881, P=0.000, 95%CI: 1.692-4.904)respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Serum procalcitonin level positively correlates with the incidence of serious bacteria bloodstream infection complications in the patients with acute leukemia. Increased procalcitonin level is an independent risk factor for septic shock and infection-related death, indicating that procalcitonin may be an important prognostic factor for infection outcome in acute leukemia patients with bacteremia.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Bacteremia , Biomarkers , C-Reactive Protein , Calcitonin , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Protein Precursors , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226334

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The earwax (cerumen) that covers external auditory canal (EAC) skin contains a mixture of ceruminous and sebaceous gland substances, such as lipids, peptides, and proteins. The components secreted from the ceruminous gland that is a modified sweat gland form cerumen and contain several antimicrobial factors. Since substance P (SP) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP), known as a secretagogue, have been found in sweat glands, our purpose was to determine the expression of SP and CGRP in the glands of EAC skin. METHODS: Sections of normal human EAC skins were immunostained for the presence of SP and CGRP using polyclonal antibodies. Immunoreactivity was detected using an avidin-biotin peroxidase complex method. RESULTS: SP staining was found in ceruminous gland acini and myoepithelial cells. But the SP staining was not found in the sebaceous glands and epidermal region. CGRP was strongly stained in the ceruminous gland and weakly in the sebaceous gland cells. Interestingly, most prominent staining of SP and CGRP was noted in the myoepithelial cells of the ceruminous gland. CONCLUSION: The findings in this study suggest that SP and CGRP are expressed in the glands of the EAC skin and secreted in the process of ceruminous gland secretion.


Subject(s)
Antibodies , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Calcitonin , Cerumen , Ear Canal , Humans , Methods , Peptides , Peroxidase , Sebaceous Glands , Skin , Substance P , Sweat Glands
18.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 556-561, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173106

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: An experimental animal study. PURPOSE: To evaluate effects of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) on the content and distribution of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in the dorsal ganglia in a rat model. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Increased expression of VEGF in degenerative disc disease increases the levels of inflammatory cytokines and nerve ingrowth into the damaged discs. In animal models, increased levels of VEGF can persist for up to 2 weeks after an injury. METHODS: Through abdominal surgery, the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) innervating L5/L6 intervertebral disc were labeled (FluoroGold neurotracer) in 24, 8-week old Sprague Dawley rats. The rats were randomly allocated to three groups of eight rats each. The anti-VEGF group underwent L5/6 intervertebral disc puncture using a 26-gauge needle, intradiscal injection of 33.3 µg of the pegaptanib sodium, a VEGF165 aptamer. The control-puncture group underwent disc puncture and intradiscal injection of 10 µL saline solution, and the sham-surgery group underwent labeling but no disc puncture. Two rats in each group were sacrificed on postoperative days 1, 7, 14, and 28 after surgery. L1–L6 DRGs were harvested, sectioned, and immunostained to detect the content and distribution of CGRP. RESULTS: Compared with the control, the percentage of CGRP-positive cells was lower in the anti-VEGF group (p<0.05; 40.6% and 58.1% on postoperative day 1, 44.3% and 55.4% on day 7, and 42.4% and 59.3% on day 14). The percentage was higher in the control group compared with that of the sham group (p<0.05; sham group, 34.1%, 40.7%, and 33.7% on postoperative days 1, 7, and 14, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Decreasing CGRP-positive cells using anti-VEGF therapy provides fundamental evidence for a possible therapeutic role of anti-VEGF in patients with discogenic lower back pain.


Subject(s)
Animals , Back Pain , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Cytokines , Diagnosis-Related Groups , Endothelial Growth Factors , Ganglia , Ganglia, Spinal , Humans , Intervertebral Disc , Low Back Pain , Models, Animal , Needles , Neuropeptides , Punctures , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sodium , Sodium Chloride , Spinal Nerve Roots , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193542

ABSTRACT

Pediatric migraine is a disorder that significantly interferes with the everyday life and school life of approximately 8% of children and adolescents in Korea. Recently, studies on migraine have been carried out very rapidly, many drugs have been developed, and acute-phase and preventive treatments for migraine have been evaluated. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the diagnostic criteria and degree of impairment in pediatric migraine and to become familiar with up-to-date treatment methods in children. Research into the use of botulinum toxin or calcitonin gene-related peptide antagonists to treat adult migraine headaches is progressing, and we expect these therapies to be applicable to pediatric patients soon. Many students in our country are suffering from migraines in their daily life. Therefore, we need to acquire the relevant knowledge and identify practical treatment methods for pediatric migraine in children and adolescents in order to reduce their pain.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Botulinum Toxins , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Child , Humans , Korea , Migraine Disorders
20.
Asian Spine Journal ; : 88-92, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170772

ABSTRACT

STUDY DESIGN: Animal model study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the histological variation in the injured muscle and production of calcitonin gene-related peptide in rats over time. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Vertebral surgery has been reported to cause atrophy of the back muscles, which may result in pain. However, few reports have described the time series histological variation in the injured muscle and changes in the dominant nerve. METHODS: We used 30 male, 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats. The right and left sides of the paravertebral muscle were considered as the injured and uninjured sides, respectively. A 115 g weight was dropped from a height of 1 m on the right paravertebral muscle. Hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining of the muscle was performed 1–3 weeks after injury for histological evaluation. Fluoro-Gold (FG) was injected into the paravertebral muscle. The L2 dorsal root ganglia on both sides were resected 1, 2, and 3 weeks after injury, and immunohistochemical staining for calcitonin gene-related peptide was performed. RESULTS: H&E staining of the paravertebral muscle showed infiltration of inflammatory cells and the presence of granulation tissue in the injured part on the ipsilateral side 1 week after injury. Muscle atrophy occurred 3 weeks after injury, but was repaired via spontaneous replacement of muscle cells/fibers. In contrast, compared with the uninjured side, the percentage of cells double-labeled with FG and calcitonin gene-related peptide in FG-positive cells in the dorsal root ganglia of the injured side was significantly increased at each time point throughout the study period. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that sensitization of the dominant nerve in the dorsal root ganglia, which may be caused by cicatrix formation, can protract injured muscle pain. This information may be helpful in elucidating the underlying mechanism of persistent pain after back muscle injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Atrophy , Back Muscles , Calcitonin Gene-Related Peptide , Cicatrix , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Ganglia, Sensory , Ganglia, Spinal , Granulation Tissue , Hematoxylin , Humans , Male , Models, Animal , Muscular Atrophy , Myalgia , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spine
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL