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Int. j. morphol ; 37(1): 104-110, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990013


SUMMARY: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of growth hormone (GH) and muscle strength training (ST) on the composition of bone tissue of Wistar rats through Raman spectroscopy. In total, 40 male rats were randomly distributed into four groups: (N = 10) control (C), control with the application of GH (GHC), strength training (T), and strength training with the application of GH (GHT). The training consisted of four series of 10 water jumps, performed three times a week, with an overload corresponding to 50 % of body weight and duration of four weeks. GH was applied at a dose of 0.2 IU / kg in each animal three times a week and every other day. After four weeks, the animals were euthanized and the right femurs collected for analysis of the bone structure. Raman spectroscopy (ER) was used to observe the following compounds from their respective bands: Calcium Carbonate-Triglycerides (fatty acids) 1073 cm-1, Collagen type I 509 cm-1, Bone-DNA Phosphate (Protein) 589 cm-1, Phosphate Phospholipids 1078 cm-1. For the statistical analysis, the Shapiro-Wilk and ANOVA One-Way variance analysis normality tests were performed, followed by the Tukey post-test. The results showed an increase in the concentrations of calcium carbonate-triglycerides (fatty acids), type I collagen, bone phosphate-DNA (protein), and phosphate phospholipids in all experimental groups, with or without ST and/or GH , But only the isolated training group differed significantly from the control group (P <0.05). It was concluded that all treatments could promote bone tissue gain, however, only the T group demonstrated a significant difference in the mineral compounds analyzed.

RESUMEN: El objetivo del estudio fue avaluar el efecto de la aplicación de la hormona del crecimiento (GH) y entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular (EF) en la composición del tejido óseo de ratas Wistar a partir de la espectroscopía Raman. Fueron utilizadas 40 ratas machos distribuidas de forma aleatoria en cuatro grupos (n=10): control (C), control y aplicación de GH (GHC), entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular (EF) y entrenamiento de la fuerza muscular y aplicación del GH (GHE). El entrenamiento fue consistió en cuatro series de 10 saltos acuáticos, realizados tres veces en la semana, con sobrecarga correspondiente a 50 % de la masa corporal y durante cuatro semanas. El GH fue aplicado en la dosificación de 0,2 UI/kg en cada animal, tres veces en la semana y en días alternados. Después de cuatro semanas, los animales fueran eutanasiados y retirados los fémures derechos para un análisis de la estructura ósea. La espectroscopía Raman fue utilizada para observar los siguientes compuestos a partir de las respectivas bandas: Carbonato de Calcio-Triglicéridos (ácidos grasos) 1073 cm-1, Colágeno Tipo I 509 cm-1, Fosfato Óseo-DNA (Proteína) 589 cm1, Fosfato Fosfolípidos 1078 cm-1. Para el análisis estadístico, fueron realizadas las pruebas Shapiro-Wilk y el análisis de variancia ANOVA One-Way, seguida de test post hoc de Tukey. Los resultados revelaran aumento de la concentración de Carbonato de Calcio-Triglicéridos (ácidos grasos), Colágeno Tipo I, Fosfato Óseo- DNA (Proteína), Fosfato Fosfolípidos en todos los grupos experimentales, asociados o no a la realización del EF y/o aplicación del GH. Además, solamente el grupo EF mostró diferencia significativa del grupo C (p<0,05). Es posible concluir que todos los tratamientos mostraran aumentos en el tejido óseo, sin embargo, solamente el grupo T demostró una diferencia significativa en los compuestos minerales analizados.

Animals , Male , Rats , Swimming/physiology , Bone and Bones/chemistry , Muscle Strength/physiology , Phosphates/analysis , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Body Weight , Bone and Bones/drug effects , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Growth Hormone/administration & dosage , Exercise/physiology , Bone Density , Analysis of Variance , Collagen/analysis , Rats, Wistar
Braz. j. biol ; 75(3): 558-564, Aug. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761590


AbstractThe aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different levels of alkalinity for the superintensive cultivation of marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in biofloc system. A total of 12 experimental circular units of 1000L were used supplied with 850L water from a nursery, populated at a density of 165 shrimps.m–3 and average weight of 5.6 g. The treatments, in triplicate, consisted in four levels of alkalinity in the water: 40, 80, 120 and 160 mg.L–1 of calcium carbonate. To correct the alkalinity was used calcium hydroxide (CaOH). It was observed a decrease in pH of the water in the treatments with lower alkalinity (p<0.05). The total suspended settleable solids were also lower in the treatment of low alkalinity. No significant difference was observed in other physico-chemical and biological parameters in the water quality assessed, as well as the zootechnical parameters of cultivation between treatments (p≥0.05). The results of survival and growth rate of shrimps were considered suitable for the cultivation system used in the different treatments. The cultivation of marine shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in biofloc at density of 165 shrimps.m–3 can be performed in waters with alkalinity between 40 and 160 mg.L–1 of CaCO3, without compromising the zootechnical indexes of cultivation.

ResumoO objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a influência de diferentes níveis de alcalinidade para o cultivo do camarão marinho Litopenaeus vannamei em sistema superintensivo em bioflocos. Foram utilizadas 12 unidades experimentais circulares de 1000L abastecido com 850L de água provenientes de um berçário intensivo, povoadas a uma densidade de 165 camarões.m-3 e peso médio 5,6g. Os tratamentos em triplicata consistiram de quatro níveis de alcalinidade na água: 40, 80, 120 e 160 mg.L–1 de carbonato de cálcio. Para correção da alcalinidade, foi utilizado cal hidratada (CaOH). Foi observado um decréscimo no pH da água nos tratamentos de menor alcalinidade (p<0,05). Os sólidos suspensos sedimentáveis totais também foram menores nos tratamentos de menor alcalinidade. Não foi observada diferença significativa nos demais parâmetros físico-químicos e biológicos de qualidade de água avaliados, assim como nos parâmetros zootécnicos do cultivo entre os tratamentos (p≥0,05). Os resultados de sobrevivência e taxa de crescimento dos camarões foram considerados adequados para o sistema de cultivo utilizado nos distintos tratamentos. O cultivo do camarão marinho Litopenaeus vannamei em bioflocos na densidade de 165 camarões.m–3 pode ser realizado em águas com alcalinidade entre 40 a 160 mg.L–1 de CaCO3, sem comprometer os índices zootécnicos do cultivo.

Animals , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Penaeidae/growth & development , Seawater/chemistry , Water Quality , Aquaculture
J Environ Biol ; 2008 Mar; 29(2): 205-10
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113379


Lake Uluabat, known for its scenic beauty and richness of aquatic life, is situated in Marmara Region, Bursa (Turkey). On account of its importance, lake Uluabat was designated by the Ministry of Environment as a Ramsar site in 1998. Physical, chemical and microbiological parameters of the aquatic ecosystem in lake Uluabat were measured monthly at five stations from February 2003 to January 2004. The results showed that lake Uluabat can be classified as Class I with respect to temperature (16.36 +/- 7.47 degrees C), nitrate nitrogen (0.63 +/- 0.50 mgl(-1)), sodium (9.64 +/- 2.78 mgl(-1)), chloride (20.45 +/- 4.59 mgl(-1)), sulphate (54.80 +/- 29.97 mgl(-1)); as Class II with respect to dissolved oxygen (7.62 +/- 1.99 mgl(-1)), ammonium nitrogen (0.52 +/- 0.49 mgl(-1)), chemical oxygen demand (35.74 +/- 10.66 mgl(-1)), total coliform (2027 MPN100 ml(-1) (average value)); as Class III with respect to pH (8.69 +/- 0.16) and as Class IV with respect to total nitrogen (84.94 +/- 66.13 mgl(-1)), total phosphorus (1.11 +/- 3.01 mgl(-1)), biochemical oxygen demand (21.21 +/- 6.60 mgl(-1)) according to TWPCR (Turkey Water Pollution Control Regulation). The nutrient content of lake waterapparently indicated that lake had an eutrophic characteristic. Phosphorus was determined as a limiting factor in lake. The measured hardness values (140.94 +/- 14.61 CaCO3 mgl(-1)) indicated that lake water was classified as soft/hard during the study period. Eutrophic characteristic of the lake and contaminant accumulation in water will probably affect the future use of the lake. Therefore, pollution parameters must be regularly monitored and evaluated according to aquatic living and local regulations.

Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Chlorides/analysis , Enterobacteriaceae/isolation & purification , Environmental Monitoring , Fresh Water/chemistry , Nitrates/analysis , Nitrogen/analysis , Oxygen/analysis , Phosphorus/analysis , Sodium/analysis , Sulfates/analysis , Temperature , Time Factors , Turkey , Water Pollutants/analysis
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : S7-S9, 2008.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-65671


Milk of calcium located in the breast is typically a benign entity. However, carcinoma may incidentally arise adjacent to or even within milk of calcium. Consequently, the characteristics of all observed calcific particles should be carefully analyzed. In this study, we report a case of carcinoma presented as malignant microcalcifications mixed within milk of calcium in a breast.

Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast Neoplasms/chemistry , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Carcinoma, Ductal/chemistry , Mammography
Salud pública Méx ; 49(4): 295-301, jul.-ago. 2007.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-458841


OBJETIVO: Estudiar la asociación entre la prevalencia de eczema atópico (EA) y la dureza del agua de uso doméstico. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: El estudio ISAAC (International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood) estimó la prevalencia de EA en seis localidades de Castellón, España, en escolares de 6-7 y 13-14 años durante 2002. Se establecieron tres zonas de <200 mg/l, 200-250 mg/l, y >300 mg/l según la dureza del agua doméstica de esas localidades. Se empleo regresión logística en el análisis. RESULTADOS: En escolares de 6-7 años, las prevalencias acumuladas de EA en las tres zonas fueron de 28.6, 30.5 y 36.5 por ciento. Entre la zona 1 y la zona 3, la razón de momios ajustada (RMa) fue 1.58 (IC 95 por ciento 1.04-2.39) (prueba de tendencia ajustada p=0.034). La prevalencias de síntomas de EA en el último año fueron de 4.7, 4.5, y 10.4 por ciento, respectivamente. Entre la zona 1 y la zona 3, la (RMa) fue 2.29 (IC95 por ciento 1.19-4.42) (prueba de tendencia ajustada p=0.163). En escolares de 13-14 años no se apreciaron tendencias significativas. CONCLUSIONES: Se sugiere que la dureza del agua podría tener alguna importancia en el desarrollo de la enfermedad en los escolares de 6-7 años.

Water hardness has been associated with atopic eczema (AE) prevalence in two epidemiologic studies carried out on schoolchildren in England and Japan. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between the prevalence of AE and domestic water hardness. METHODS: The prevalence of AE was obtained from The International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood, carried out in six towns in the province of Castellón on schoolchildren 6-7 and 13-14 years of age, using a standard questionnaire in 2002. Three zones were defined according to domestic water hardness of the six study localities: <200 mg/l, 200-250 mg/l, and >300 mg/l. A logistic regression analysis was performed. RESULTS: The lifetime prevalence of AE in schoolchildren 6-7 years of age was higher with the increment of water hardness, 28.6, 30.5 and 36.5 percent respectively for each zone; between zone 1 and zone 3, the adjusted odds ratios (ORa) were 1.58 (95 percent Confidence Intervals [CI] 1.04-2.39) (adjusted tendency test p=0.034). Prevalence of symptoms of AE within the past year were 4.7, 4.5, and 10.4 percent, respectively by zone; between zone 1 and zone 3, the ORa was 2.29 (95 percent CI 1.19-4.42) (adjusted tendency test p=0,163). For 13-14 year-old schoolchildren, tendencies to lifetime prevalence of AE at any time or in the past year were not significant. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that in 6-7 year-old schoolchildren, water hardness in the area where they live has some relevance to the development of the disease.

Adult , Child , Humans , Dermatitis, Atopic/epidemiology , Water Supply , Age Factors , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Chlorine/analysis , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Hardness , Prevalence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Spain/epidemiology , Water Supply/analysis
J Environ Biol ; 2003 Apr; 24(2): 177-80
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-113908


The present study has been undertaken to evaluate physico-chemical parameters (pH, temperature, dissolved oxygen, free carbon dioxide, alkalinity and hardness) and zinc concentration in water bodies in and around Jaipur. Water samples from Jalmachal Lake, Nevta Lake, Amer Lake and Ramgarh Lake were analysed. Results reveal that the water of Jalmahal Lake is most polluted due to high pH, hardness, alkalinity, free carbon dioxide, zinc content, and a low level of dissolved oxygen. Contrarily Ramgarh Lake is least polluted, as it has high dissolved oxygen and low pH, alkalinity, free carbon dioxide, hardness and zinc content.

Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Carbon Dioxide/analysis , Environmental Monitoring , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , India , Temperature , Water/chemistry , Zinc/analysis
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-85699


AIMS: This study was carried out to determine the gross type and composition of gallstones from South India in order to compare it with published results from the North to see whether the sequential events in biliary lithogenesis are different in these two geographical areas. MATHODOLOGY: A total of 76 stones collected from various hospitals in South India including JIPMER were analysed using X-ray crystallography. Patient characteristics were recorded. Gross typing was done according to Bockus' morphological criteria. RESULTS: Patients with gallstones in South India were found to be older in age with near equal gender distribution. Pigment calcium stones accounted for 56.5%, pigment stones for 17.2% and mixed stones for 14.2% of gallstones. Bilirubin and its salts were the most frequently identified class of compounds by crystallography. Analysis of gallstones layer by layer revealed equal distribution of bilirubin compounds between the centre and outer layers except crystalline bilirubin which was found only in outer layers. Vaterite, a polymorph of calcium carbonate was found in the nucleus, whereas vaterite and aragonite were found in the outer layers. Combination of anhydrous cholesterol and cholesterol II were found in the nucleus. Epitaxial relationship were found to hold good except for vaterite and aragonite. CONCLUSION: Gallstones from South India are probably due to infection rather than supersaturation as evidenced by predominance of pigment calcium stones and various types of bilirubin and calcium carbonate compounds. Vaterite is important for nucleation. Further growth of stones is influenced by epitaxial relationship. These findings are dissimilar to that reported from North India indicating a different stimulus for stone precipitation in these two areas.

Adult , Bilirubin/analysis , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Cholelithiasis/chemistry , Cholesterol/analysis , Crystallography, X-Ray , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged
Säo Paulo; s.n; 1994. 140 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-143373


A presente pesquisa teve como objetivo analisar quimicamente, pastas de hidróxido de cálcio acrescidas a três veículos hidrossolúveis e com características ácido-base diferentes (soro fisiológico, soluçäo anestésica e Polietileno Glicol 400) mediante o implante de tubos de polietileno no tecido conjuntivo subcutâneo de cäo, avaliando a liberaçäo de íons cálcio, de íons hidroxila e a formaçäo de carbonato de cálcio, em períodos de 7, 30, 45 e 60 dias. Para tanto, a análise química dos íons cálcio liberados foi feita por meio da titulaçäo condutimétrica, tendo como complexante o EDTA. A determinaçäo da liberaçäo de íons hidroxila foi obtido por analogia aos íons cálcio liberados, levando em conta o peso molecular do hidróxido de cálcio e a partir de uma regra de três. A determinaçäo da formaçäo de carbonato de cálcio foi avaliada por volumetria de neutralizaçäo com emprego do ácido clorídrico como titulante

Animals , Dogs , Calcium Hydroxide/analysis , Calcium Hydroxide/chemistry , Calcium Hydroxide/therapeutic use , Anesthetics/analysis , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Connective Tissue/drug effects , Ions , Ointments/analysis
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-39176


The gallstones from 55 patients in Southern Thailand were analyzed to disclose the chemical components using infrared grating spectrophotometry. The main components were calcium bilirubinate, calcium phosphate, calcium carbonate, choleterol and protein inproportions 52.6, 5.5, 5.5, 30.9 and 5.5 per cent of stones, respectively. These proportions are not different from those of gallstones in the northern or central regions of Thailand.

Bilirubin/analysis , Calcium Carbonate/analysis , Calcium Phosphates/analysis , Cholelithiasis/chemistry , Cholesterol/analysis , Cross-Cultural Comparison , Developing Countries , Humans , Thailand