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1.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180233, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-975899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To analyze color change, microhardness and chemical composition of enamel bleached with in-office bleaching agent with different desensitizing application protocols. Materials and Methods: One hundred and seventeen polished anterior human enamel surfaces were obtained and randomly divided into nine groups (n = 13). After recording initial color, microhardness and chemical composition, the bleaching treatments were performed as G1: Signal Professional White Now POWDER&LIQUID FAST 38% Hydrogen peroxide(S); G2: S+Flor Opal/0.5% fluoride ion(F); G3: S+GC Tooth Mousse/Casein Phosphopeptide-Amorphous Calcium Phosphate (CPP-ACP) paste(TM); G4: S+UltraEZ/3% potassium nitrate&0.11% fluoride(U); G5: S+Signal Professional SENSITIVE PHASE 1/30% Nano-Hydroxyapatite (n-HAP) suspension(SP); G6: S-F mixture; G7: S-TM mixture; G8: S-U mixture; G9: S-SP mixture. Color, microhardness and chemical composition measurements were repeated after 1 and 14 days. The percentage of microhardness loss (PML) was calculated 1 and 14 days after bleaching. Data were analyzed with ANOVA, Welch ANOVA, Tukey and Dunnett T3 tests (p<0.05). Results: Color change was observed in all groups. The highest ΔE was observed at G7 after 1 day, and ΔE at G8 was the highest after 14 days (p<0.05). A decrease in microhardness was observed in all groups except G6 and G7 after 1 day. The microhardness of all groups increased after 14 days in comparison with 1 day after bleaching (p>0.05). PML was observed in all groups except G6 and G7 after bleaching and none of the groups showed PML after 14 days. No significant changes were observed after bleaching at Ca and P levels and Ca/P ratios at 1 or 14 days after bleaching (p>0.05). F mass increased only in G2 and G6, 1 day after bleaching (p<0.05). Conclusions: The use of desensitizing agents containing fluoride, CPP-ACP, potassium nitrate or n-HAP after in-office bleaching or mixed in bleaching agent did not inhibit the bleaching effect. However, they all recovered microhardness of enamel 14 days after in-office bleaching.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/chemistry , Tooth Bleaching Agents/chemistry , Reference Values , Saliva, Artificial/chemistry , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Spectrophotometry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Caseins/chemistry , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Potassium Compounds/chemistry , Color , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen Peroxide/chemistry , Nitrates/chemistry
2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e049, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001594

ABSTRACT

Abstract: The aim of the present study was to assess the penetration capacity of two endodontic cements, Endosequence BC Sealer and AH Plus, in artificial lateral canals. Twenty-six two-rooted, maxillary first premolars were instrumented to size 40.06 using K3 files. In each root, six lateral canals of two diameters (0.06 and 0.10 mm) were created with a working length of 2, 4, and 6 mm. The specimens were randomly divided into two groups according to the endodontic cement to be used (Endosequence BC Sealer and AH Plus) and obturated by the single-cone technique. The specimens were imaged by digital periapical radiography and scores from 0 to 4 were attributed according to the degree of penetration by sealers into the lateral canals. Data were analyzed statistically by Kruskal-Wallis and Student-Newman-Keuls tests, and a significance level of p < 0.05 was adopted. No significant difference was observed between the two endodontic cements used to fill the simulated lateral canals (p > 0.05). The diameter of lateral canals only influenced the capacity of the Endosequence BC Sealer in filling the canals, and presented greater penetration in the lateral canals of diameter 0.10 mm (p < 0.05). We concluded that the bioceramic endodontic cement Endosequence BC Sealer presented similar ability as AH Plus to fill simulated lateral canals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Ceramics/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Dental Pulp Cavity/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Reference Values , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Materials Testing , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e20160584, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893731

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the ability of multiple compounds to seal the dental tubules using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and micro-computed tomogra-phy (micro-CT). Material and Methods: Twenty-four single-root human mandibular premolars were selected and instrumented with nickel-titanium rotary file and the final file size was #40/06. They were then randomly allocated into 2 groups, and all samples were filled with single cone gutta-percha (#40/06) and one of the tested sealers (AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers). All specimens were scanned using micro-CT and then three from each group were randomly selected for SEM analysis. Results: According to SEM, both root canal sealers showed sufficient adaptation to dentin along the whole length of the root canal, though the coronal sections presented superior sealing than the apical sections. Micro porosity analyses revealed that the volume of closed pores and the surface of closed pores had the largest values in the coronal sections, followed by the middle and the apical sections for both sealants (p<0.05). However, no significant difference was observed for those two parameters between AH Plus and EndoSequence BC sealers in any of the three sections (p>0.05), whereas they were larger in the apical section when the AH Plus sealer was used. Conclusions: By using the single cone technique, neither EndoSequence or AH Plus pro-vides a porosity-free root canal filling. The EndoSequence BC sealer may have similar sealing abilities regarding the whole root canal as the AH Plus sealer. A better sealing effect could be obtained in the coronal and middle sections of a root canal than the apical part by using the tested sealers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/chemistry , Root Canal Filling Materials/chemistry , Root Canal Obturation/methods , Tooth Root/drug effects , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Epoxy Resins/chemistry , Surface Properties , Materials Testing , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Statistics, Nonparametric , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Dentin/ultrastructure , Drug Combinations , X-Ray Microtomography
4.
J. appl. oral sci ; 26: e2017115, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893690

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective This study aimed to analyze the following physicochemical properties: radiopacity, final setting time, calcium release, pH change, solubility, water sorption, porosity, surface morphology, and apatite-forming ability of two calcium silicate-based materials. Material and methods We tested MTA Repair HP and MTA Vitalcem in comparison with conventional MTA, analyzing radiopacity and final setting time. Water absorption, interconnected pores and apparent porosity were measured after 24-h immersion in deionized water at 37°C. Calcium and pH were tested up to 28 d in deionized water. We analyzed data using two-way ANOVA with Student-Newman-Keuls tests (p<0.05). We performed morphological and chemical analyses of the material surfaces using ESEM/EDX after 28 d in HBSS. Results MTA Repair HP showed similar radiopacity to that of conventional MTA. All materials showed a marked alkalinizing activity within 3 h, which continued for 28 d. MTA Repair HP showed the highest calcium release at 28 d (p<0.05). MTA Vitalcem showed statistically higher water sorption and solubility values (p<0.05). All materials showed the ability to nucleate calcium phosphate on their surface after 28 d in HBSS. Conclusions MTA Repair HP and MTA Vitalcem had extended alkalinizing activity and calcium release that favored calcium phosphate nucleation. The presence of the plasticizer in MTA HP might increase its solubility and porosity. The radiopacifier calcium tungstate can be used to replace bismuth oxide.


Subject(s)
Oxides/chemistry , Silicates/chemistry , Calcium Compounds/chemistry , Aluminum Compounds/chemistry , Reference Values , Solubility/drug effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Water/chemistry , Calcium/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Porosity/drug effects , Statistics, Nonparametric , Drug Combinations , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
5.
Actual. osteol ; 13(1): 17-27, Ene - Abr. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118656

ABSTRACT

Purpose: to compare the healing process of a defect of compact bone tissue after the implantation of osteoplastic materials based on ß-tricalcium phosphate ("ChronOS™" and "Calc-i-oss®"), which differ by manufacturer, geometrical shape and microscopic structure. Methods: the experiment was performed on 48 white male Wistar rats. In the middle third of the diaphysis of the femur we produced a perforated defect of 2.5 mm diameter in the medullary canal, which in the animals of the first group was filled with the osteoplastic material "ChronOS™" (block, Synthes, Switzerland), and in the animals of the second group with "Calc-i-oss®" (granules, «Degradable Solutions Dental¼, Switzerland). Fragments of the injured bones were studied on the 60th and 120th day by light microscopy with morphometry and by scanning electron microscopy. Results: it was found that regardless the geometric shape and the microscopic structure, both osteoplastic materials show high biocompatibility, osteoconductive properties, good integration with bone tissue of the regenerate, and that the microscopic structure of ß-tricalcium phosphate ("ChronOS™") may significantly affect the microscopic structure of bone tissue of the regenerate, which manifests itself in the specificity of its geometric shape. It was noticed that osteoplastic materials "ChronOS™" and "Calc-i-oss®" almost at the same rate were subjected to resorption and replacement by the bone tissue, the ratio of which was 22.55±1.25 to 77.45±1.25 and 25.72±2.06% to 74.28±2.06% on the 60th day of the experiment, and 17.65±1.09 to 82.35±1.09 and 18.31±1.54% to 81.69±1.54% on the 120th day. (AU)


Objetivo: Comparar el proceso de cicatrización de un defecto del tejido óseo compacto tras la implantación de materiales osteoplásticos a base de fosfato ß-tricálcico («ChronOS™¼ and «Calc-i-oss®¼) que difieren según el fabricante en la forma geométrica y estructura microscópica. El estudio fue realizado en 48 ratas Wistar machos en los cuales se produjo, en el tercio medio de la diáfisis del fémur, un defecto perforado de 2,5 mm de diámetro, el cual fue llenado con el material «ChronOS™¼ (block, Synthes, Switzerland) en un grupo y con «Calc-i-oss®¼ (granules, «Degradable Solutions Dental¼, Switzerland) en el segundo grupo. El sector del defecto fue evaluado en los días 60 y 120 por microscopía óptica y por microscopía electrónica de barrido. Resultados: independientemente de la forma geométrica y la estructura microscópica, ambos materiales osteoplásticos mostraron alta biocompatibilidad, propiedades osteoconductivas y buena integración con el tejido óseo regenerado. La estructura microscópica del fosfato ß-tricálcico («ChronOS™¼) puede afectar significativamente a la estructura microscópica del tejido óseo regenerado, que se manifiesta en su forma geométrica. Adicionalmente, se observó que ambos materiales osteoplásticos «ChronOS™¼ y «Calc-i-oss®¼ mostraron valores similares de resorción y reemplazo por tejido óseo, cuya relación al 60º día del experimento fue de 22,55±1,25 a 77,45±1,25 y 25,72±2,06% a 74,28±2,06%, y a los 120 días de 17,65±1,09 a 82,35±1,09 y de 18,31±1,54% a 81,69±1,54% respectivamente. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Femur/injuries , Osteogenesis , Prostheses and Implants , Biocompatible Materials , Bone Resorption , Materials Testing , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Rats, Wistar , Bone Substitutes/chemistry , Femur/surgery , Femur/pathology , Femur/ultrastructure , Ketamine/administration & dosage , Acepromazine/administration & dosage
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(1): 34-41, Jan.-Feb. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-841160

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of two desensitizing agents and water on hydraulic conductance in human dentin. Material and Methods GLUMA Desensitizer PowerGel (GLU) contains glutaraldehyde (GA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and Teethmate Desensitizer (TD) is a powder comprising tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) that is mixed with water. Deionized water was used as a negative control (CTR). Thirty discs with a thickness of 1.2 mm were cut from the coronal dentin of the third molars and cleaned with 0.5 M EDTA (pH 7.4). After being mounted in a split-chamber device, the discs were pressurized with water at 1 kPa and 3 kPa in order to measure flow rates with a highly sensitive micro-flow sensor and to calculate hydraulic conductance as a baseline value (BL). Following the application of GLU, TD, and CTR (n=10), hydraulic conductance was remeasured with intermittent storage in water after 15 min, 1 d, 1 w, and 1 m. Reduction in permeability (PR%) was calculated from hydraulic conductance. Data were statistically analyzed using nonparametric methods (α<0.05). Representative discs were inspected by SEM. Results PR% for GLU and TD were 30-50% 15 min and 1 m after their application. Post hoc tests indicated that PR% of CTR was significantly greater than those of GLU and TD at all time points tested. The PR% of GLU and TD were not significantly different. SEM examinations showed noncollapsed collagen meshes at the tubular entrances after GLU, and crystalline precipitates occluding the tubular orifices after TD, whereas CTR specimens showed typical patterns of etched dentin. Conclusions The present study on hydraulic conductance in dentin discs treated with two chemically different desensitizing agents and water as a control demonstrated that both products may be characterized as effective.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Glutaral/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Dentin Permeability/drug effects , Dentin Desensitizing Agents/chemistry , Methacrylates/chemistry , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Water/chemistry , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Random Allocation , Edetic Acid/chemistry , Statistics, Nonparametric
7.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 31(71): 43-50, jul.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869420

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la cantidad de fluoruro (F) residual en saliva después de la aplicación de barniz de fluoruro desodio al 5 por ciento y de barniz fluorado con fosfato tricálcico al 5 por ciento en niños de 2 a 5 años de edad. Se recolectó la saliva no estimulada de 24 niños que tenían acceso a sal fluorada diariamente y utilizaban dentífricos infantiles conteniendo 550 ppm F. La primera toma de muestrasalival fue colectada como basal y las siguientes fueron tomadas en diferentes intervalos de tiempo luego de realizar la aplicación del barnizfluorado (15; 30; 60 minutos y 24; 48; 72; 96; 168 horas). Un total de 216 muestras fueron obtenidas, siendo 96 muestras de barniz de Duraphat®, 96 muestras de barniz de ClinproTM WV y 24 muestras muestras basales. Los análisis de laboratorio fueron realizadosen el departamento de Bioquímica de la Facultad de Odontología de Baurú (FOB), Universidad de Sao Paulo. Un electrodo Orión 9409 y un microelectrodo acoplados a un potenciómetro Orion EA 940 se utilizaron para analizar las muestras previa difusión de las muestrascon el método de Taves. La concentración de iones de flúor mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos productos desde las 24 horas (p<0.001), esta característica se repite a las 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 horas (p<0.001). Se utilizó el análisisestadístico de Shapiro Wilks y T de Student. Ambos barnices mostraron un incremento de fluoruro residual en saliva durante los 15; 30 y 60 minutos, sin embargo, posteriormente a estos tiempos, ambos muestran niveles no significativamente diferentes al basal.


The aim of this study was compared the amount of residual fluoride after application of sodium fluoride varnish 5% and application offluoride varnish with phosphate tricalcium 5% in children from 2 to 5 years old. Unstimulated saliva was collected of 24 children who hadaccess to fluoridate salt daily and used children´s tooth pastes containing 550ppm F. The first salivary sample was collected as a base lineand the following were taken at different intervals after making the application of fluoride varnish (15; 30; 60 minutes; 24; 48; 72; 96;168 hours).Children were grouped in two groups according of type of varnish containing fluoride going to be applied. A total of 216samples were obtained, 96 samples from Duraphat® and 96 samples from ClinproTM WV 3M ESPE. The lab analyzes wereconducted in the Department of Biochemistry at the Faculty of Dentistry, Bauru (FOB), University of Sao Paulo. An Orion 9409electrode and a microelectrode coupled to a potentiometer Orion EA 940 analyzed the samples prior dissemination of samples with themethod of work. The fluoride concentration was statistically significant after 24 (p<0.001); 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 hours(p<0.001) for both products. We used Shapiro Wilks and T student test for statistical analysis. Both products showed an increased inresidual fluoride in saliva during the 15; 30 and 60 minutes, however, both showed not differences that baseline levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/analysis , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Saliva/chemistry , Brazil , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/classification , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/metabolism , Data Interpretation, Statistical
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e120, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951977

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was designed to determine the in vivo performance of three different materials as scaffolds for dental pulp stem cells (DPSC) undergoing induced odontogenic differentiation. An odontogenic medium modified by the addition of recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein 2 was used in the experimental groups to induce differentiation. Mesenchymal stem cell medium was used in the control groups. DPSC were transplanted onto the backs of mice via three scaffolds: copolymer of L-lactide and DL-lactide (PLDL), copolymer of DL-lactide (PDL) and hydroxyapatite tricalcium phosphate (HA/TCP). The expression levels of dentin sialo-phosphoprotein (DSPP), dentin matrix protein-1 (DMP1), enamelysin/matrix metalloproteinase 20 (MMP20) and phosphate-regulating gene with homologies to endopeptidases on X chromosome (PHEX) were analysed using RT-PCR. The expressions in the experimental groups were compared to those in the control groups. The transcript expressions at 6 and 12 weeks were significantly different for all scaffolds (p < 0.05), except for the expression of DSPP in the PLDL group with regard to the time variable. Although there was a decrease in the expression of enamelysin/MMP20 in PLDL and HA/TCP at 12 weeks, all other expressions increased and reached their highest level at 12 weeks. The highest DSPP expression was in the PDL group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of DMP1 was detected in the HA/TCP group (p < 0.05). The highest expression of PHEX was in the PLDL group (p < 0.05). Consequently, PLDL and PDL seemed to be promising scaffold candidates for odontogenic regeneration at least as HA-TCP, when they were applied with the DPSC induced for odontogenic differentiation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Polymers/chemistry , Stem Cells/physiology , Cell Differentiation/physiology , Dental Pulp/cytology , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Time Factors , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Gene Expression , Reproducibility of Results , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Durapatite/chemistry , Cell Culture Techniques , Dental Enamel/chemistry , Dentin/chemistry , Dioxanes/chemistry , Matrix Metalloproteinase 20/analysis , PHEX Phosphate Regulating Neutral Endopeptidase/analysis
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 33(3): 1189-1193, Sept. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762607

ABSTRACT

Bioceramics offer advantages in the repair and regeneration of hard tissues and are used as bone void fillers and particulate fillers in bone cements with surgical applications. Regeneration and osteosynthesis stimulation via the release of essential ions such as strontium (Sr2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) is a relatively new field. Therefore, there is great interest in investigating various ionic substitutions on crystallographic structure and characteristics for use in osteoporosis prevent and increase bone formation and decrease bone resorption. In this study, we synthesize calcium phosphate samples with Sr2+ and Mg2+ ionic substitutions. The samples are characterized using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and inductively coupled plasma mass spectroscopy. Hydroxyapatite, beta tricalcium phosphate, and amorphous phases were observed. Depending on the ionic substitution, the crystal size and crystallinity varied from 22 nm to 130 nm and from 84% to 99.6%, respectively. The Ca/P ratio ranged from 0.72 to 1.82. The results demonstrated the effect of Sr2+ and Mg2+ inclusions in calcium phosphate on important parameters used in several bioceramic applications.


Los biocerámicos ofrecen ventajas en la reparación y regeneración de tejidos duros utilizándose como relleno en cavidades óseas y como relleno particulado en cementos óseos de aplicaciones quirúrgicas. Regeneración y estimulación de la osteosíntesis a través de la liberación de iones esenciales, como el estroncio (Sr) y magnesio (Mg) es un campo relativamente nuevo. Por lo tanto, existe un gran interés en la investigación de diversas sustituciones iónicos sobre la estructura cristalográfica y las características para su uso en la prevención de osteoporosis y aumento de la formación ósea con disminuir la resorción ósea. En este estudio, se sintetizó muestras de fosfato de calcio con sustituciones iónicos Sr y Mg. Las muestras se caracterizaron usando difracción de rayos X, espectroscopia infrarroja por transformada de Fourier, y la espectroscopia de masas con plasma acoplado inductivamente. Se observó hidroxiapatita, fosfato tricálcico beta, y las fases amorfas. Dependiendo de la sustitución iónica, el tamaño del cristal y cristalinidad variaron de 22 nm a 130 nm y de 84% a 99,6%, respectivamente. La relación Ca/P varió desde 0,72 hasta 1,82. Los resultados demostraron el efecto de las inclusiones de Sr y Mg en fosfato de calcio en parámetros importantes que se utilizan en varias aplicaciones de biocerámicos.


Subject(s)
Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Hydroxyapatites/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Hydroxyapatites/chemical synthesis , Magnesium/chemistry , Strontium/chemistry
10.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 113 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867440

ABSTRACT

O efeito protetor da caseína fosfopeptídea fosfato de cálcio amorfo (CPP-ACP) contra a erosão dentária é controverso. Este estudo in situ teve como objetivo investigar a capacidade de uma goma de mascar com CPP-ACP em prevenir uma única desmineralização erosiva. Blocos de esmalte bovino (120) selecionados pela dureza superficial inicial foram divididos aleatoriamente entre os grupos: GI - goma de mascar com CPP-ACP, GII - goma de mascar sem CPP-ACP e GIII - controle negativo para avaliação do efeito protetor sem estimulação salivar (sem goma de mascar). Dezenove voluntários participaram do estudo durante três fases cruzadas de 2 h cada. Nas fases de GI e GII os voluntários usaram dispositivos intrabucais palatinos contendo 2 blocos de esmalte, durante 120 minutos e mascaram uma unidade da goma de mascar correspondente ao grupo nos últimos 30 minutos. No grupo controle os voluntários usaram o dispositivo intrabucal por 2h, sem uso de goma de mascar. Em cada fase, imediatamente após a utilização, os dispositivos intrabucais foram imersos em refrigerante tipo cola durante 5 minutos para promover a desmineralização erosiva. A dureza superficial final foi mensurada e os valores foram utilizados para o cálculo do percentual de perda de dureza. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de medidas repetidas e teste Tukey (α = 5%). Menor perda de dureza do esmalte foi encontrada após a utilização de goma de mascar com (GI - 32,7%) e sem (GII - 33,5%) CPP-ACP relação ao efeito salivar sem estimulação (GIII - 39,8%) (p <0,05). Não houve diferença entre GI e GII (p> 0,05). Os resultados sugerem que a utilização de goma de mascar imediatamente antes de uma desmineralização erosiva é capaz de diminuir a perda de dureza do esmalte. No entanto, a presença de CPP-ACP na goma de mascar não foi capaz de melhorar este efeito.


The erosion-protective effect of CPP-ACP is controversial. This in situ study aimed to investigate the ability of CPP-ACP chewing gum to prevent a single event of erosive demineralization. Bovine enamel blocks (120), after selection (initial surface hardness) were randomly assigned to groups: GI-chewing gum with CPP-ACP, GIIchewing gum without CPP-ACP and Control group-salivary effect without stimulation (no gum). Nineteen volunteers participated on this study during 3 crossover phases of 2 h. On GI and GII, the volunteers wore intraoral palatal devices for 120 min and chewed a unit of the corresponding chewing gum on the last 30 min. On Control group the volunteer wore the appliance for 2 h, without chewing gum. On each phase immediately after the intraoral use, devices were extra orally immersed in cola drink for 5 minutes to promote erosive demineralization. The percentage of surface hardness loss was calculated. The data were analyzed by Repeated Measures ANOVA and Turkeys test. Less enamel hardness loss was found after the use of chewing gum with (GI-32.7 %) and without (GII-33.5%) CPP-ACP when compared to salivary effect without stimulation (control- 39.8%) (p<0.05). There was no difference between GI and GII (p>0.05). The results suggest that the use of chewing gum immediately before an erosive demineralization is able to diminish the enamel hardness loss. However, the presence of CPP-ACP in the chewing gum cannot enhance this protective effect.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Chewing Gum , Caseins/chemistry , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Dental Enamel , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Hardness Tests , Single-Blind Method , Surface Properties , Time Factors
11.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 113 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-794238

ABSTRACT

O efeito protetor da caseína fosfopeptídea fosfato de cálcio amorfo (CPP-ACP) contra a erosão dentária é controverso. Este estudo in situ teve como objetivo investigar a capacidade de uma goma de mascar com CPP-ACP em prevenir uma única desmineralização erosiva. Blocos de esmalte bovino (120) selecionados pela dureza superficial inicial foram divididos aleatoriamente entre os grupos: GI - goma de mascar com CPP-ACP, GII - goma de mascar sem CPP-ACP e GIII - controle negativo para avaliação do efeito protetor sem estimulação salivar (sem goma de mascar). Dezenove voluntários participaram do estudo durante três fases cruzadas de 2 h cada. Nas fases de GI e GII os voluntários usaram dispositivos intrabucais palatinos contendo 2 blocos de esmalte, durante 120 minutos e mascaram uma unidade da goma de mascar correspondente ao grupo nos últimos 30 minutos. No grupo controle os voluntários usaram o dispositivo intrabucal por 2h, sem uso de goma de mascar. Em cada fase, imediatamente após a utilização, os dispositivos intrabucais foram imersos em refrigerante tipo cola durante 5 minutos para promover a desmineralização erosiva. A dureza superficial final foi mensurada e os valores foram utilizados para o cálculo do percentual de perda de dureza. Os dados foram analisados por ANOVA de medidas repetidas e teste Tukey (α = 5%). Menor perda de dureza do esmalte foi encontrada após a utilização de goma de mascar com (GI - 32,7%) e sem (GII - 33,5%) CPP-ACP relação ao efeito salivar sem estimulação (GIII - 39,8%) (p <0,05). Não houve diferença entre GI e GII (p> 0,05). Os resultados sugerem que a utilização de goma de mascar imediatamente antes de uma desmineralização erosiva é capaz de diminuir a perda de dureza do esmalte. No entanto, a presença de CPP-ACP na goma de mascar não foi capaz de melhorar este efeito...


The erosion-protective effect of CPP-ACP is controversial. This in situ study aimed to investigate the ability of CPP-ACP chewing gum to prevent a single event of erosive demineralization. Bovine enamel blocks (120), after selection (initial surface hardness) were randomly assigned to groups: GI-chewing gum with CPP-ACP, GIIchewing gum without CPP-ACP and Control group-salivary effect without stimulation (no gum). Nineteen volunteers participated on this study during 3 crossover phases of 2 h. On GI and GII, the volunteers wore intraoral palatal devices for 120 min and chewed a unit of the corresponding chewing gum on the last 30 min. On Control group the volunteer wore the appliance for 2 h, without chewing gum. On each phase immediately after the intraoral use, devices were extra orally immersed in cola drink for 5 minutes to promote erosive demineralization. The percentage of surface hardness loss was calculated. The data were analyzed by Repeated Measures ANOVA and Turkeys test. Less enamel hardness loss was found after the use of chewing gum with (GI-32.7 %) and without (GII-33.5%) CPP-ACP when compared to salivary effect without stimulation (control- 39.8%) (p<0.05). There was no difference between GI and GII (p>0.05). The results suggest that the use of chewing gum immediately before an erosive demineralization is able to diminish the enamel hardness loss. However, the presence of CPP-ACP in the chewing gum cannot enhance this protective effect...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Chewing Gum , Caseins/chemistry , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Dental Enamel , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Analysis of Variance , Hardness Tests , Single-Blind Method , Surface Properties , Time Factors
12.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 41(supl.1): 69-78, oct. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-669228

ABSTRACT

Para lograr una comunicación efectiva durante una conferencia o presentación, es necesario seguir reglas simples, que incluyen la preparación de la conferencia con el auditorio en mente y con la definición de un mensaje específico para dejar a la audiencia. Debe capturarse pronto la atención del público y todas las acciones posteriores deben ir encaminadas a mantenerla. Los textos deben ser precisos y con tamaños fácilmente visibles, las diapositivas deben ofrecer buen contraste, con fondos sólidos y simples y deben evitarse las animaciones excesivas. Al cierre de la conferencia, las conclusiones y la sesión de preguntas ofrecen la oportunidad invaluable de reforzar el mensaje que se quería dejar.


To communicate effectively during a lecture or presentation it is necessary to follow simple rules, including the preparation of the conference with the audience in mind and with the definition of a specific message to leave the audience. The public's attention should be quickly captured and all subsequent actions should aim to keep it. The text must be accurate and sizes easily visible, the slides should provide good contrast with solid and simple backgrounds and should avoid excessive animations. At the close of the conference, the conclusions and question session offers the invaluable opportunity to reinforce the desired message.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Magnesium Compounds/chemistry , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/adverse effects , Phosphates/chemistry , Urinary Tract Infections/microbiology , Urolithiasis/microbiology , Urolithiasis/surgery , Cohort Studies , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Incidence , Nephrostomy, Percutaneous/methods , Postoperative Care , Preoperative Care , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Urinalysis , Uric Acid/chemistry , Urinary Tract Infections/epidemiology , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Urinary Tract Infections/physiopathology , Urolithiasis/complications , Urolithiasis/diagnosis
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(1): 2-6, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-572226

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate new bone formation, by the analysis of optical density, in rat femoral defects filled with calcium phosphate cement (CPC) and bioactive glass (BG). Methods: Twenty-one rats were divided into three groups, Group I (CPC), Group II (BG), and Group III (control), and assessed after 7, 15, and 30 days. Three bone cavities were made in the left femur and filled with CPC, BG, and no material (control). Digital images were obtained and the results were subjected to statistical analysis of variance (ANOVA), complemented by the Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis nonparametric tests, with a significance level of 5 percent. Results: Regarding optical density, Group I showed statistical values significantly higher than Group III and also higher, although not statistically significant, than Group II, in all observation periods. When Groups II and III were compared, Group II showed higher optical density values, without statistically significant differences, in all periods. Conclusion: The biomaterials analyzed showed higher optical density in relation to the control group in all observation periods, calcium phosphate cement being the best option in the repair of bone defects, but without statistically significant differences in relation to bioactive glass.


Objetivo: Avaliar a neoformação óssea, por meio da análise de densidade óptica, em cavidades em ratos preenchidas com cimento de fosfato de cálcio (CFC) e vidro bioativo (VB). Métodos: Utilizou-se 21 ratos distribuídos em três grupos, sendo Grupo I (CFC), Grupo II (VB) e Grupo III (controle) avaliados em 07, 15 e 30 dias. Foram realizadas três cavidades, junto ao fêmur esquerdo e preenchidas com CFC, VB e sem material (controle). Realizaram-se radiografias digitais e os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística de variância (ANOVA), complementada através dos testes não-paramétricos de Friedman e Kruskal-Wallis, com níveis de significância de 5 por cento. Resultados: Comparando a densidade óptica o Grupo I apresentou valores estatísticos significativamente maiores que o Grupo III, e também apresenta valores maiores, sem diferença estatística significativa, em todos os períodos, quando comparado ao Grupo II. Quando comparamos o Grupo II com o Grupo III, o Grupo II apresenta valores maiores de densidade óptica, sem diferença estatística significativa, em todos os períodos. Conclusão: Observou-se maior densidade óptica dos biomateriais em relação ao grupo controle em todos os períodos avaliados, sendo o cimento de fosfato de cálcio a melhor opção para restauração de cavidades ósseas, porém sem diferenças estatisticamente significantes em relação ao vidro bioativo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Bone Regeneration/physiology , Bone Substitutes/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/therapeutic use , Femur/injuries , Glass , Bone Density , Bone Cements/chemistry , Bone Substitutes/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Femur , Glass/chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Statistics, Nonparametric
15.
Acta cir. bras ; 26(1): 7-11, jan.-fev. 2011. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-572227

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the ability of macroporous tricalcium phosphate cement (CPC) scaffolds to enable the adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells derived from human bone marrow. Methods: Cells from the iliac crest of an adult human donor were processed and cultured on macroporous CPC discs. Paraffin spheres sized between 100 and 250µm were used as porogens. Cells were cultured for 5, 10, and 15 days. Next, we assessed cells' behavior and morphology on the biomaterial by scanning electron microscopy. The expression levels of the BGLA and SSP1 genes and the alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity were quantified by the quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction technique (QT-PCR) using the fluorophore SYBR GREEN®. Results: QT-PCR detected the expression of the BGLA and SSP1 genes and the ALP activity in the periods of 10 and 15 days of culture. Thus, we found out that there was cell proliferation and differentiation in osteogenic cells. Conclusion: Macroporous CPC, with pore sized between 100 and 250µm and developed using paraffin spheres, enables adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells in osteogenic cells and can be used as a scaffold for bone tissue engineering.


Objetivo: Avaliar a capacidade de suportes tridimensionais macroporosos de cimento de fosfato de cálcio (CFC), de permitir a adesão, proliferação e diferenciação de células-tronco mesenquimais derivadas da medula óssea humana. Métodos: células obtidas da crista ilíaca de um doador humano adulto foram processadas e cultivadas sobre suportes de CFC, macroporosos, que tiveram como corpo gerador de poros, microesferas de parafina, com tamanho entre 100 e 250µm. Os períodos de cultura estabelecidos foram de cinco, 10 e 15 dias. Após estes períodos, o comportamento e a morfologia das células junto ao biomaterial foram avaliados por meio de Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura. Os níveis de expressão dos genes BGLA e SSP1 bem como a atividade da Fosfatase Alcalina (ALP) foram quantificados pela técnica de PCR em Tempo Real (QT-PCR) utilizando o fluoróforo SYBR Green®. Resultados: O QT-PCR detectou a expressão dos genes BGLA e SSP1 e a atividade da fosfatase alcalina nos períodos de 10 e 15 dias de cultura. No período de cinco dias, não foi observada a expressão de nenhum dos genes investigados. Conclusão: O CFC, macroporoso, com tamanho de poros entre 100 e 250µm, criados por meio da utilização de microesferas de parafina, permite a adesão, proliferação e diferenciação de células-tronco mesenquimais em células osteogênicas, podendo ser utilizado como arcabouço para engenharia de tecido ósseo.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Biocompatible Materials , Bone and Bones , Bone Cements , Calcium Phosphates , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Tissue Scaffolds , Tissue Engineering/methods , Alkaline Phosphatase/genetics , Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Bone Cements/chemistry , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Gene Expression , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Osteogenesis , Osteocalcin/genetics , Osteocalcin/metabolism , Osteocytes/cytology , Osteopontin/genetics , Osteopontin/metabolism , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Time Factors , Tissue Scaffolds/chemistry
16.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 36(5): 621-628, Sept.-Oct. 2010. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-567903

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Investigate the activity of high and low molecular weight biomolecules present in the matrix of human calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones not only on the initial mineral phase formation of calcium and phosphate (CaP) but also on its growth and demineralization of the preformed mineral phase. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Surgically removed renal stones were analyzed by Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR) spectroscopy and only CaOx stones were extracted with 0.05M EGTA, 1 mM PMSF and 1 percent ß-mercaptoethanol. Renal CaOx stone extract was separated into > 10 kDa and < 10 kDa fractions by dialysis. Activity of both the fractions along with whole extract was studied on the three mineral phases of CaP assay system. RESULTS: It was interesting to observe that both high and low molecular weight biomolecules extracted from human renal matrix of calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones exhibited different roles in the three mineral phases of CaP. Whole extract exhibited inhibitory activity in all the three assay systems; however, mixed (stimulatory and inhibitory) activity was exhibited by the > 10 kDa and < 10 kDa fractions. SDS-PAGE analysis showed bands of 66 kDa, 80 kDa, 42 kDa in whole EGTA extract lane and > 10 kDa fraction lane. CONCLUSION: Both high and low molecular weight biomolecules extracted from human renal matrix of calcium oxalate (CaOx) stones have a significant influence on calcium and phosphate (CaP) crystallization.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Kidney Calculi/chemistry , Crystallization , Calcium Oxalate/metabolism , Egtazic Acid , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Fourier Analysis , Kidney Calculi/metabolism
17.
J Indian Soc Pedod Prev Dent ; 2008 ; 26 Suppl 2(): S62-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-114786

ABSTRACT

AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the sealing ability and the thermal insulating capability of four different cavity lining materials. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty noncarious human mandibular second premolars that were extracted for orthodontic treatment were collected, cleaned, and stored in distilled water. These premolars were randomly divided into four groups of ten teeth each for treatment with the different cavity lining materials. Group I teeth were treated with cavity varnish, group II teeth with amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), group III teeth with dentin bonding agent, and group IV teeth with resin-modified glass ionomer cement (RMGIC). Electrical resistance and the difference in the time-temperature curve of the external surface and the pulp side [A D -A P ] of each tooth following heat and cold application for 120 s were measured before and after cavity lining placement to determine the sealing ability and thermal insulating property, respectively. Data collected were subjected to statistical analysis. For paired data, paired t-test and Wilcoxon's signed rank test were used. One-way ANOVA was used for comparisons between multiple groups and the Mann-Whitney U test for comparisons between pairs. RESULTS: The mean difference in electrical resistance (in K ohm) of different cavity lining materials were as follows: group I = +3.53, group II = -1.00, group III = +20.43, and group IV = +11.44. The mean differences in the area (A D -A P ) under the time-temperature curve following heat application were as follows: group I = 6.6 mm 2 , group II = 15.3 mm 2 , group III = 130.5 mm 2 , and group IV = 412.0 mm 2 . The mean differences in the area (A D -A P ) under the time-temperature curve following cold application were as follows: group I = 24.5 mm 2 , group II = 3.2 mm 2 , group III = 314.9 mm 2 , and group IV = 480.5 mm 2 . CONCLUSION: Dentin bonding agent and RMGIC provided effective sealing of the dentinal tubules and significant thermal insulation when compared to the other tested cavity lining materials.


Subject(s)
Bicuspid , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Dental Cavity Lining/methods , Dental Cements/chemistry , Dental Leakage/prevention & control , Dentin/drug effects , Electric Impedance , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Humans , Dental Marginal Adaptation , Random Allocation , Resin Cements/chemistry
18.
Bauru; s.n; 2008. 229 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-557720

ABSTRACT

A reação do tecido subcutâneo de rato foi avaliada frente à implantação de microgrânulos de osso bovino desproteinizado, de cerâmica de HA-I3TCP densa e de dolomita em pó. Foram utilizados 54 ratos, divididos em 03 grupos, os quais receberam os implantes acondicionados em cápsulas de colágeno pelos períodos de 30, 60 e 90 dias. Os espécimes foram analisados pela microscopia óptica de modo descritivo e quantitativo, o qual teve como padrão 04 critérios: infiltrado inflamatório, tecido fibrocelular, reabsorção do material implantado e necrose, cujos valores foram submetidos aos testes de Kruskal-Wallis e de Dun. Os resultados obtidos revelaram que a cerâmica bifásica (HA-I3TCP) provocou reações teciduais definidas como biocompatíveis, semelhantes àquelas oriundas do osso bovino desproteinizado, enquanto que a dolomita induziu à necrose, caracterizando uma agressão tóxica.


The reaction of the subcutaneous tissue of rats was evaluated after placement of microgranules of deproteinized bovine bone, dense HA-J3TCP ceramic and dolomite powder. The study was conducted on 54 rats divided in 3 groups, which received the implants stored in collagen capsules for periods of 30, 60 and 90 days. The specimens were submitted to descriptive and quantitative analysis by light microscopy, based on four criteria: inflammatory infiltrate, fibrocellular tissue, resorption of implanted material and necrosis. The results were analyzed by the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's tests. The results revealed that the biphasic ceramic (HAJ3TCP) promoted tissue reactions considered as biocompatible, similar to those promoted by the deproteinized bovine bone. Conversely, the dolomite caused necrosis, characterizing a toxic aggression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cattle , Rats , Durapatite/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Biocompatible Materials/therapeutic use , Bone Substitutes/chemistry , Subcutaneous Tissue/transplantation , Bone Regeneration , Collagen , Granulation Tissue , Statistics, Nonparametric , Transplantation, Heterologous , Subcutaneous Tissue/chemistry
19.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-46753

ABSTRACT

A general observation of clinicians suggests that the prevalence ofurolithiasis is fairly high in Kathmandu but so far no systematic study has been undertaken here to explore the etiopathogenesis of disease in this region. In this preliminary communication, we present herewith the qualitative composition of 47 renal stones collected from surgical patients admitted to NMCTH over a period of 13 months (July 2005 to July 2006). All stones were of mixed type. Calcium was present in all stones. Oxalate, phosphate and uric acid were present in 95.7%, 87.2% and 34.0% patients respectively. The probable composition, as construed from analysis, suggests that calcium oxalate stones are predominant. Strikingly, the prevalence was very high in e"20 yrs age group.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Calcium Oxalate/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Female , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Calculi/chemistry , Male , Middle Aged , Nepal/epidemiology , Pilot Projects , Surveys and Questionnaires , Schools, Medical , Uric Acid
20.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-51812

ABSTRACT

Calcium phosphate cements (CPC) are self setting and biocompatible bone substitute materials with potential applications in dentistry. However, its clinical use has been challenged by poor rheological properties. A novel formulation of CPC has been developed, which gives a fully injectable and cohesive paste. This work investigates the suitability of the new "fully injectable calcium phosphate cement" (FI-CPC) for dental applications. The cementing properties, material characteristics, and the rheological properties were tested using a battery of material characteristics methods. The biocompatibility was also evaluated as per ISO 7405. The setting time (20 min) and compressive strength (>11 Mpa) of FI-CPC satisfy the clinical requirements. It underwent setting without any exothermic reaction, keeping good dimensional stability. The cement paste could be extruded through a 18-gauge needle, easily and fully. It showed excellent cohesion when immersed in water. FI-CPC was seen to set into a micro-porous mass of hydroxyapatite, the mineral part of human dentin. It showed good attachment to dentin walls, when filled in tooth perforations. FI-CPC was found non-toxic, non-allergic, non-pyrogenic, and soft-tissue compatible. The study shows that FI-CPC provides a self setting bio-compatible paste with excellent rheological properties for surgical applications. The set cement provides good and stable sealing. The osteoconductive property is an added advantage. FI-CPC proves to be an ideal material for endodontic sealing/filling and periodontic repair.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biocompatible Materials/chemistry , Bone Substitutes/chemistry , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Cells, Cultured , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical , Compressive Strength , Dental Materials/chemistry , Durapatite/chemistry , Electron Probe Microanalysis , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Humans , Materials Testing , Mice , Muscle, Skeletal/drug effects , Rheology , Skin/drug effects , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Surface Properties , Time Factors
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