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1.
Rev. Ciênc. Méd. Biol. (Impr.) ; 20(4): 503-509, fev 11, 2022. fig, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359302

ABSTRACT

Introdução: a espécie vegetal Curatella americana produz anualmente inflorescências com aroma adocicado rica em óleo essencial. Objetivo: avaliar as características físico-químicas, e atividades antifúngica e antioxidante do óleo essencial da flor de Curatella americana. Metodologia: as flores foram coletadas em quatro áreas de Cerrado no estado de Goiás; o rendimento de óleo essencial foi obtido através de hidrodestilação; as características físicas foram determinadas para densidade e solubilidade, a atividade antioxidante foi determinada pela redução do radical livre DPPH; a atividade antifúngica foi determinada por inibição das cepas de Candida, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides e Aspergillus flavus. Resultados: o rendimento de óleo foi de 0,18%, densidade de 0,907 g mL-1, solubilidade positiva para EtOH 70%, atividade antioxidante de CI50 µL mL-1 1,95. Atividade de inibição fúngica apenas para Candida tropicalis na concentração de 8% com halo de antibiose de 10 mm. Sensibilidade discreta nas maiores concentrações de 25, 50 e 100 µL-1 para Aspergillus flavus e Sclerotinia sclerotiorum e baixa atividade de inibição para Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Conclusão: o óleo essencial da flor de Curatella americana apresentou baixo rendimento, entretanto, alta eficiência na redução do radical livre DPPH. As atividades antifúngicas apresentaram bons resultados de inibição, entretanto, torna-se necessário a adição de outros óleos essenciais para aumento das taxas de inibição micelial.


Introduction: the plant species Curatella americana produces annual inflorescences with a sweet flavour rich in essential oil. Objective: to evaluate the physicochemical characteristics, antifungal and antioxidant activities of the essential oil of the Curatella americana flower. Methodology: the flowers were collected in four areas of Cerrado in the state of Goiás; the essential oil yield was obtained through hydrodistillation; the physical characteristics were determined for density and solubility, the antioxidant activity was determined by the reduction of the free radical DPPH; antifungal activity was determined by inhibiting the strains of Candida, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Aspergillus flavus. Results: the oil yield was 0.18%, density 0.907 g mL-1, positive solubility for EtOH 70%, antioxidant activity of IC50 µL mL-1 1.95. Fungal inhibition activity only for Candida tropicalis at a concentration of 8% with a 10 mm antibiosis halo. Discrete sensitivity in the highest concentrations of 25, 50 and 100 µL-1 for Aspergillus flavus and Sclerotinia sclerotiorum and low inhibition activity for Colletotrichum gloeosporioides. Conclusion: The essential oil of the Curatella americana flower showed low yield, however, high efficiency in reducing DPPH free radical. Antifungal activities showed good inhibition results, however, it is necessary to add other essential oils to increase mycelial inhibition rates.


Subject(s)
Candidiasis , Oils, Volatile , Aflatoxins , Flowers , Dilleniaceae
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888786

ABSTRACT

Candida is an intractable life-threatening pathogen. Candida infection is extremely difficult to eradicate, and thus is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromised individuals. Morevover, the rapid spread of drug-resistant fungi has led to significant decreases in the therapeutic effects of clinical drugs. New anti-Candida agents are urgently needed to solve the complicated medical problem. Natural products with intricate structures have attracted great attention of researchers who make every endeavor to discover leading compounds for antifungal agents. Their novel mechanisms and diverse modes of action expand the variety of fungistatic agents and reduce the emergence of drug resistance. In recent decades, considerable effort has been devoted to finding unique antifungal agents from nature and revealing their unusual mechanisms, which results in important progress on the development of new antifungals, such as the novel cell wall inhibitors YW3548 and SCY-078 which are being tested in clinical trials. This review will present a brief summary on the landscape of anti-Candida natural products within the last decade. We will also discuss in-depth the research progress on diverse natural fungistatic agents along with their novel mechanisms.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Biological Products/pharmacology , Candida/drug effects , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
3.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e578, jul.-set. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144477

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se desconocen las características de las infecciones cervicovaginales, diagnosticadas mediante el exudado vaginal, sobre todo en mujeres cubanas de mediana edad. En otras etapas del ciclo vital femenino, sí se han realizado estos estudios. Esta información es importante, fundamentalmente para realizar acciones de promoción de salud. Objetivo: Determinar las características de las infecciones cervicovaginales más frecuentes diagnosticadas mediante el exudado vaginal. Método: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 1118 mujeres. Se recogió la edad (agrupada en 20 - 44 años y 45 y más años), los resultados del exudado vaginal, la percepción de secreción vaginal o la ausencia de esta (asintomáticas) y los microorganismos identificados en el exudado. Resultados: El 49,9 por ciento de exudados vaginales fueron positivos a vaginosis bacteriana, Cándidas albicans, Trichomonas vaginalis y desequilibro en la ecología vaginal. El 45 por ciento de las pacientes no tenían secreción vaginal, es decir, estaban asintomáticas. Conclusión: Las infecciones cervicovaginales se caracterizaron por ser de elevada frecuencia, usualmente asintomáticas, con predominio de vaginosis bacteriana, candidiasis y trichomoniasis(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: The characteristics of cervicovaginal infections diagnosed by vaginal exudate are unknown, especially in middle-aged Cuban women. At other stages of the female life cycle, these studies have been done. Due to the importance of this information, to carry out health promotion actions, this research was carried out. Objective: To determine the characteristics of the most frequent cervicovaginal infections diagnosed by vaginal exudate. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 1118 women. Age (grouped into 20-44 years and 45 and over), the results of positive vaginal discharge, the perception of presence or not of vaginal discharge (asymptomatic) and the microorganisms identified in the discharge were collected. Results: 49.9 percent of vaginal exudates were positive for bacterial vaginosis, Candidas albicans, Trichomonas vaginalis and imbalance in vaginal ecology. 45 percent of the patients had no vaginal discharge, that is, they were asymptomatic. Conclusion: Cervicovaginal infections were characterized by being of high frequency, usually asymptomatic, with prevalence of bacterial vaginosis, candidiasis and trichomoniasis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Candida , Candidiasis , Candidiasis, Vulvovaginal/complications , Cross-Sectional Studies , Vaginosis, Bacterial , Vaginal Discharge , Infections
4.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(1): 36-48, feb. 28, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151442

ABSTRACT

Endodontic treatment consists of the cleaning and disinfecting the root canal system, which is achieved using adequate mechanical instru-mentation and chemical irrigation. Endodontic microorganisms are present in root canals in the form of a biofilm, and their elimination ensures the success of endodontic treatment. Irrigation is a key factor contributing to the elimination of this intraconduct biofilm, and different irrigator agents and irrigation techniques, such as irrigation with negative apical pressure, a novel automated irrigation mechanism based on suction intraconduct, have been used. In this study, we evaluated the ability of a negative apical pressure system with different concentrations of sodium hypochlorite and durations to reduce the microbial load. Materials and Methods: An intraradicular biofilm composed of Enterococcus faecalis and Candida albicans was generated during twenty-one days of static culture on one hundred mesio-vestibular roots of upper molars with complex curvatures greater than 30°C, and the roots were classified in six groups with different concentrations and contact times of sodium hypochlorite. Subsequently, the reduction in the microbial load was measured with McFarland scale and the enumeration of colony forming units and was evaluated with scanning electronic microscopy. Results: We observed a significant difference in the reduction of the microbial load prior to instrumentation compared with postinstrumentation between the groups treated with 2.25% and 5.25% NaOCl for 30, 60 and 90 seconds of contact time (p<0.05), but we did not observe differences in the reduction of microbial load between different contact times and concentrations of sodium hypochlorite employed (p>0.05). Conclusion: Negative apical pressure is a good option for irrigation in endodontics, as it allows the passage of the irrigation fluid along the total length of the root canal and produces a better antimicrobial effect.


El tratamiento de endodoncia consiste en la limpieza y desinfección del sistema de conducto radicular, lo que se logra utilizando instrumentación mecánica adecuada y riego químico. Los microorganismos endodónticos están presentes en los conductos radiculares en forma de una biopelícula, y su eliminación asegura el éxito del tratamiento endodóntico. La irrigación es un factor clave que contribuye a la eliminación de esta biopelícula intraconductora, y se han utilizado diferentes agentes irrigadores y técnicas de irrigación, como la irrigación con presión apical negativa, un nuevo mecanismo automatizado de irrigación basado en la intraconducción de succión. En este estudio, evaluamos la capacidad de un sistema de presión apical negativa con diferentes concentraciones de hipoclorito de sodio y duraciones para reducir la carga microbiana. Material y Métodos: Se generó una biopelícula intraradicular compuesta por Enterococcus faecalisy Candida albicans durante veintiún días de cultivo estático en cien raíces mesio-vestibulares de molares superiores con curvaturas complejas superiores a 30°C, y las raíces se clasificaron en seis grupos con diferentes concentraciones y tiempos de contacto de hipoclorito de sodio. Posteriormente, la reducción en la carga microbiana se midió con la escala de McFarland y la enumeración de las unidades formadoras de colonias y se evaluó con microscopía electrónica de barrido. Resultado: Observamos una diferencia significativa en la reducción de la carga microbiana antes de la instrumentación en comparación con la postinstrumentación entre los grupos tratados con NaOCl 2.25% y 5.25% durante 30, 60 y 90 segundos de tiempo de contacto (p<0.05), pero lo hicimos No se observan diferencias en la reducción de la carga microbiana entre los diferentes tiempos de contacto y las concentraciones de hipoclorito de sodio empleado (p>0.05). Conclusión:La presión apical negativa es una buena opción para el riego en endodoncia, ya que permite el paso del líquido de riego a lo largo de todo el conducto radicular y produce un mejor efecto antimicrobiano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Root Canal Therapy/methods , Candida albicans/physiology , Candidiasis , Enterococcus faecalis/physiology , Biofilms , Sodium Hypochlorite , In Vitro Techniques , Endodontics , Therapeutic Irrigation
5.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 9(1): 57-62, feb. 28, 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151489

ABSTRACT

The ageing of population is increasing, and a great percentage of these patients wear removable prostheses, and can suffer denture stomatitis, a condition that has been associated with candidiasis. Aims: To evaluate in vitro the effectiveness of Copper Sulfate against Candida albicans in samples of heat-polymerized acrylic resin, compared to nystatin, sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine. Materials and Methods: Initially, the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of copper sulfate for Candida albicans was determined by microdilution. Then, 54 resin samples were divided into 6 treatment groups corresponding to Nystatin 100.000 UI, Sodium Hypochlorite 0.5%, chlorhexidine 0.12%, Copper Sulfate 4.7µg/ml, Copper Sulfate 9.4µg/ml and physiological saline solution, in which samples were submerged for 6 hours. Resin samples were then washed and cultured on solid media at 37°C for 72 hours. The number of colony-forming units was determined using a Quebec colony counter. The statistical analysis was performed using the Kruskal-Wallis test and the Mann-Whitney U test. Results: Copper sulfate at a concentration of 9.4µg/ml presented a similar effectiveness as the other control products regarding the reduction in the number of colonies of Candida albicans post-treatment. Conclusion: The effectiveness of copper sulfate against Candida albicans on acrylic resin was similar to that of nystatin, sodium hypochlorite and chlorhexidine.


En las últimas décadas se ha observado un aumento de la población de adultos mayores, de los cuales un gran porcentaje es portador de prótesis removible, y dos tercios pueden sufrir estomatitis subprotésica, enfermedad que es asociada a infecciones como candidiasis. Objetivo: Evaluar la efectividad antimicótica in vitro del sulfato de cobre en placas de resinas acrílicas de termocurado inoculadas con Candida albicans, frente a Nistatina, Hipoclorito de Sodio y Clorhexidina. Material y Métodos: Inicialmente, y mediante microdilución del sulfato de cobre, se determinó la concentración mínima inhibitoria (CMI) para Candida albicans. En la fase experimental, 54 muestras de resina se dividieron en 6 grupos correspondientes a Nistatina 100.000 UI, Hipoclorito 0.5%, Clorhexidina 0.12%, Sulfato de Cu 4.7µg/ml, Sufato de Cu 9.4 µg/ml y suero fisiológico. Las muestras fueron sumergidas en estos agentes por 6 horas, para posteriormente ser lavadas y cultivada en medios solidos a 37°C por 72 horas. Luego se realizó el conteo de unidades formadoras de colonias mediante contador tipo Quebec. El análisis estadístico se realizó mediante la prueba de Kruskal-Wallis y la prueba U de Mann-Whitney. Resultado: El sulfato de cobre a una concentración de 9.4µg/ ml presentó una efectividad similar a los otros productos, en la reducción de colonias de Candida albicans. Conclusión: La efectividad del sulfato de cobre contra Candida albicans fue semejante a la de Nistatina, Hipoclorito y Clorhexidina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acrylic Resins , Candida albicans/drug effects , Copper Sulfate/pharmacology , Sodium Hypochlorite , Stomatitis, Denture , In Vitro Techniques , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Chlorhexidine , Culture Media
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828926

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of growth and metabolism and the toxicity of under different conditions.@*METHODS@#We observed the growth of and under routine culture conditions and in different pH and salt concentrations, and compared their activities of sugar fermentation using microbiochemical reaction tubes. Four-week-old nude mice were randomized into infection group (=5), infection group (=5) and control group (=5) for intragastric administration of 0.3 mL suspension the two (5×10 cfu/mL) or 0.3 mL normal saline. Samples of the liver, kidney, intestine, feces and blood were taken for analysis of the distribution and toxicity of by fungal culture and histopathological examination.@*RESULTS@# exhibited logarithmic growth at 8-24 h after inoculation and showed stable growth after 24 h. showed optimal growth within the pH value range of 5-7 with a growth pattern identical to that of . grew better than in media containing 5% and 10% NaCl, and could ferment glucose, sucrose, trehalose and sorbitol. could be isolated from the feces, blood, liver and kidney of infected nude mice, and the liver had the highest fungal load (5.7 log cfu/g). could cause pathological changes in the liver and intestine of the mice, but with a lesser severity as compared with .@*CONCLUSIONS@# exhibits optimal growth in mildly acidic or neutral conditions with a high salt tolerance, and can potentially penetrate the intestinal barrier into blood and lead to tissue injuries in hosts with immunosuppression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antifungal Agents , Candida , Candida albicans , Candidiasis , Liver , Mice , Mice, Nude
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828507

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of growth and metabolism and the toxicity of under different conditions.@*METHODS@#We observed the growth of and under routine culture conditions and in different pH and salt concentrations, and compared their activities of sugar fermentation using microbiochemical reaction tubes. Four-week-old nude mice were randomized into infection group (=5), infection group (=5) and control group (=5) for intragastric administration of 0.3 mL suspension the two (5×10 cfu/mL) or 0.3 mL normal saline. Samples of the liver, kidney, intestine, feces and blood were taken for analysis of the distribution and toxicity of by fungal culture and histopathological examination.@*RESULTS@# exhibited logarithmic growth at 8-24 h after inoculation and showed stable growth after 24 h. showed optimal growth within the pH value range of 5-7 with a growth pattern identical to that of . grew better than in media containing 5% and 10% NaCl, and could ferment glucose, sucrose, trehalose and sorbitol. could be isolated from the feces, blood, liver and kidney of infected nude mice, and the liver had the highest fungal load (5.7 log cfu/g). could cause pathological changes in the liver and intestine of the mice, but with a lesser severity as compared with .@*CONCLUSIONS@# exhibits optimal growth in mildly acidic or neutral conditions with a high salt tolerance, and can potentially penetrate the intestinal barrier into blood and lead to tissue injuries in hosts with immunosuppression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Candida , Candida albicans , Candidiasis , Microbiology , Culture Media , Mice , Mice, Nude , Random Allocation
8.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200401, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135257

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Candida glabrata yeast is the second cause of candidiasis worldwide. Differs from other yeasts since assimilates only glucose and trehalose (a characteristic used in rapid identification tests for this pathogen) by secreting into the medium a highly active acid trehalase encoded by the CgATH1 gene. OBJECTIVE This study aimed to characterise the function of the acid trehalase in the physiopathology of C. glabrata. METHODS Gene deletion was performed to obtain a mutant ath1Δ strain, and the ability of the ath1Δ strain to grow in trehalase, or the presence of trehalase activity in the ath1Δ yeast cells, was verified. We also tested the virulence of the ath1Δ strain in a murine model of infection. FINDINGS The ath1Δ mutant strain grows normally in the presence of glucose, but loses its ability to grow in trehalose. Due to the high acid trehalase activity present in wild-type cells, the cytoplasmic neutral trehalase activity is only detected in the ath1Δ strain. We also observed a significantly lower virulence of the ath1Δ strain in a murine model of infection with either normal or immunocompromised mice. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The acid trehalase is involved in the hydrolysis of external trehalose by C. glabrata, and the enzyme also plays a major virulence role during infectivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Trehalase/metabolism , Virulence/genetics , Candida glabrata/genetics , Trehalase/physiology , Trehalase/genetics , Trehalose/analysis , Virulence/physiology , Candidiasis , Gene Deletion , Candida glabrata/physiology , Candida glabrata/metabolism , Candida glabrata/pathogenicity , Genes, Fungal , Hydrolases
10.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(6): 767-773, dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1058109

ABSTRACT

Resumen Candida auris es una levadura multi-resistente emergente con rápida diseminación mundial. Desde el primer reporte el 2009, varios aislados a través de los cinco continentes han sido identificados como agentes de infecciones asociadas a la atención en salud. Brotes independientes y simultáneos por C. auris se han vuelto prioridad para la comunidad hospitalaria y científica. Además, los errores en identificación y los perfiles de multi-resistencia, raramente observados para otras especies de Candida, resultan en una difícil erradicación y fallas terapéuticas frecuentes en infecciones por C. auris. Presentamos el primer aislamiento de una cepa de C. auris en un hospital en Santiago, en un paciente proveniente de la India, que fue admitido para tratamiento de su pie diabético. La cepa fue recuperada de un cultivo de tejido e identificada por VITEK® 2 Compact. La identificación de C. auris fue confirmada por MALDI-TOF MS y secuenciación. El aislado fue resistente a fluconazol y susceptible a anfotericina y caspofungina, según puntos de corte recomendados por el CDC. La emergencia de C. auris es alarmante debido a que el modo de transmisión dentro del ambiente hospitalario no es claro y probablemente es multifactorial.


Candida auris is an emerging multi-drug-resistant fungus that is rapidly spreading worldwide. Since the first reports in 2009, many isolates across five continents have been identified as agents of hospital-associated infections. Independent and simultaneous outbreaks of C. auris are becoming a major concern for healthcare and scientific community. Moreover, laboratory misidentification and multi-drug-resistant profiles, rarely observed for other non-albicans Candida species, result in difficult eradication and frequent therapeutic failures of C. auris infections. In this article we present the first case of isolation of a strain of C. auris at a hospital in Santiago, in a patient coming from India, who was admitted for treatment of diabetic foot complications. The strain was recovered from a tissue culture and identified by VITEK® 2 Compact. The accurate identification of C. auris was confirmed by means of MALDI-TOF MS and DNA sequence analysis. The isolate was resistant to fluconazole, retaining only susceptibility to amphotericin and caspofungin with MIC breakpoints recommended by CDC. The emergence of C. auris is alarming because the mode of transmission within the healthcare environment is not clear and is likely to be multifactorial.


Subject(s)
Humans , Candida/genetics , Candidiasis/drug therapy , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Chile , Antifungal Agents/therapeutic use , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology
11.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(4): 316-324, nov. 5, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145354

ABSTRACT

Chemotherapy and radiotherapy are aggressive treatments for cancer management. Both therapies make the stomatogatic system vulnerable to adverse effects on the oral mucosa and hard tissues. This may result in severe oral complications that can affect the quality of life of the oncologic patient. Consequently, oral diagnosis and interdisciplinary management by the stomatologist are critical for cancer treatment, regardless of its location. Objective. To determine the oral health status of cancer patients before, during and after antineoplastic treatment at a cancer institute in the city of Barranquilla, Colombia. Materials and Methods. A descriptive, longitudinal and prospective study of 131 cancer patients, was conducted. The study consisted of initial stomatological assessment of the antineoplastic therapy; classification according to the antineoplastic therapy given by the oncologist; a second stomatological assessment during treatment; and a final stomatological assessment or evaluation forty days after the end of therapy. Descriptive statistics, chi-square and MacNemar test were used to compare and identify variances at the different stages. Results. Female patients accounted for 69%, and breast cancer had 24% prevalence among the included subjects. At the initial stomatological assessment, high frequency lesions were identified, such as generalized biofilm-associated gingivitis in 69% of the cases, followed by oral candidiasis in 61%. The specific prevalence of lesions was 10.65%. In the second stomatological assessment, a greater frequency of periodontal abscesses was observed in 31%, and oral mucositis type II in 18%. The third clinical assessment showed significant changes in oral health status; an increase in the frequency of gingivitis was found in 9.9% (p<0.001); unlike before and during, there was an increment in dental caries of 26.73% (p<0.00000) at this last stage, root remains increased by 39.53% (p<0.00000), and finally, xerostomia increased by 45%. Oral candidiasis was the only lesion that showed improvement. Conclusion. An increase in the number of lesions was observed during and after antineoplastic treatment. The oral cavity is susceptible to antineoplastic treatments; gingivitis, candidiasis, xerostomia, and mucositis were observed, among others conditions.


La quimioterapia y la radioterapia son tratamientos agresivos para el manejo del cáncer, producen susceptibilidad en el sistema estomatogático causando efectos adversos en mucosa bucal y tejidos duros. Esto se traduce a complicaciones bucales agresivas, que afectan la calidad de vida del paciente oncologico, por lo que es fundamental el diagnostic bucal y manejo interdisciplinario que incluya el estomatologo en manejo del cáncer, indistintamente de su localizacion. Objetivo. Determinar el estado de salud bucal antes, durante y después del tratamiento antineoplásico en un instituto oncológico de la ciudad de Barranquilla. Materiales y Métodos. Estudio descriptivo prospectivo longitudinal, con una muestra de 131 pacientes con cáncer. Constó de: valoración estomatológica inicial a la terapia antineoplásica, clasificación según la terapia antineoplásica asignada por el oncólogo, una segunda valoración estomatológica durante los tratamientos, y finalmente una última valoración estomatológica cuarenta días de culminadas las terapias. Se empleó estadística descriptiva, chi cuadrado y prueba de MacNemar para comparar e identificar varianzas en las diferentes fases. Resultados. Un 69% eran del género femenino con frecuencia de cáncer de mama en un 24%. A la valoración estomatológica inicial se identificó alta frecuencia de lesiones como gingivitis asociada a biofilm generalizada en un 69%, seguida de candidiasis oral en un 61%. La prevalencia puntual de lesiones fue de 10,65%. En el segundo examen estomatológico se observó mayor frecuencia de abscesos periodontales en un 31% y mucositis oral tipo II en un 18%, entre otras. La tercera valoración clínica mostró cambios significativos en la salud bucal; se encontró un aumento de la frecuencia de gingivitis en un 9,9% (p<0,001) a diferencia del antes y el durante, igualmente para la caries dental se encontró aumentada en un 26,73% (p<0,00000), restos radiculares aumentó en un 39,53% (p<0,00000) y finalmente la xerostomía aumentando en un 45%, entre otras; la única lesión que mostró mejoria fue la candidiasis oral. Conclusión. Se observó un aumento de las lesiones, durante y después del tratamiento antineoplásico. La cavidad oral es susceptible a los tratamientos antineoplásicos, se relacionan con: gingivitis, candidiasis, xerostomía, mucositis entre otras.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Oral Health , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Candidiasis/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Colombia , Gingivitis/etiology
12.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 51(2): 157-166, 20191011. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1024978

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O Compêndio de Métodos e de Boas Práticas em Coleção de Cultura de Leveduras do Instituto de Biologia do Exército (IBEx) foi elaborado com o propósito de operacionalizar as atividades de pesquisa, garantindo o desempenho seguro e confiável dos seus objetivos regimentais. Métodos: A Coleção de Cultura de Leveduras do IBEx foi criada a partir de cepas isoladas de quadros de candidíase sistêmica, através da utilização de metodologias manuais e automatizadas para autenticação das mesmas, com o propósito de garantir a pesquisa científica e atividades de ensino. Resultados: O Instituto adequou e modernizou seus laboratórios de pesquisa criando o Centro de Estudos em Biodefesa, com Nível de Biossegurança NB-3. Com base na necessidade de organização para atender às demandas da defesa biológica, o IBEx vem aprimorando sua estrutura para dominar e garantir novas tecnologias de identificação e manejo dos microrganismos envolvidos em Bioterrorismo. Conclusão: A compilação de metodologias na forma de um Compêndio proporcionou a operacionalização da Coleção de Cultura do IBEx.


Objective: The Compendium of Methods and Good Practices in Yeast Culture Collection of the Brazilian Army Biology Institute (IBEx) was elaborated with the purpose of operationalizing the research activities, guaranteeing the safe and reliable performance of its regimental objectives. Methods: The IBEx Yeast Culture Collection was created from isolated strains of systemic candidiasis, through the use of manual and automated methodologies to authenticate them, in order to guarantee scientific research and teaching activities. Results: The Institute adapted and modernized its research laboratories by creating the Center for Biodefense Studies, with Biosafety Level NB-3. Based on the need for organization to meet the demands of biological defense, the IBEx has been improving its structure to dominate and guarantee new technologies of identification and management of the microorganisms involved in Bioterrorism. Conclusion: The compilation of methodologies in the form of a Compendium provided the operationalization of the IBEx Culture Collection


Subject(s)
Yeasts , Clinical Laboratory Techniques , Scientific Research and Technological Development , Blood Culture , Candidiasis , Polymerase Chain Reaction
13.
Odovtos (En línea) ; 21(2): 33-44, May.-Aug. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1091479

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los timomas son las neoplasias mediastínicas más comunes en adultos. Los pacientes con timoma son frecuentemente diagnosticados con síndromes paraneoplásicos y generalmente están asociados con varias condiciones autoinmunes. El síndrome de Sjögren (SS) es un trastorno inflamatorio autoinmune, que se caracteriza por la destrucción mediada por linfocitos de las glándulas exocrinas, que conduce a la ausencia de secreción glandular, en particular las salivales y las lagrimales; la hiposalivación puede variar desde una ligera reducción en el flujo de saliva con molestias transitorias, a un grave deterioro de la salud oral y malestar psicológico. El penfigoide de membranas mucosas (PMM) es una enfermedad autoinmune crónica, muestra predominante afectación de la mucosa, afectando con mayor frecuencia la cavidad oral, seguida de la conjuntiva, la cavidad nasal y el esófago; intraoralmente incluye gingivitis descamativa, vesículas, erosiones cubiertas por pseudomembranas y úlceras. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el primer caso de una paciente con antecedente de timoma, la cual, conjuntamente presentó SS y PMM; además evidenciar la importancia del manejo multidiciplinario para un diagnóstico preciso y temprano, ya que así, aumenta la eficiencia y la eficacia de la estrategia de tratamiento.


ABSTRACT Thymomas are the most common mediastinal neoplasms in adults. Patients with thymoma are frequently diagnosed with paraneoplastic syndromes and are generally associated with several autoimmune conditions. Sjögren's syndrome (SS) is an autoimmune inflammatory disorder, characterized by the lymphocyte-mediated destruction of the exocrine glands, which leads to the absence of glandular secretion, particularly salivary and lacrimal; hyposalivation can vary from a slight reduction in the flow of saliva with transient discomfort, to a serious deterioration of oral health and psychological distress. Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that shows predominant mucosal involvement, most commonly affecting the oral cavity, followed by the conjunctiva, the nasal cavity and the esophagus; intraorally includes scaly gingivitis, vesicles, erosions covered by pseudomembranes and ulcers. The objective of this work is to present the first case of a patient with a history of thymoma, which, jointly presented SS and MMP; also highlight the importance of multidisciplinary management for an accurate and early diagnosis, as this increases the efficiency and efficacy of the treatment strategy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Thymoma/diagnosis , Xerostomia , Sjogren's Syndrome/complications , Pemphigoid, Benign Mucous Membrane/diagnosis , Candidiasis
15.
Clin. biomed. res ; 39(2): 128-135, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1022788

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Identification of yeast species has clinical and epidemiological value. Different methods can be used, such as chromogenic media, microculture on corn meal agar with Tween 80, as well as conventional biochemical and automated methods. Recently, proteomic studies employing matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectrometry have been a major advance in diagnosis due to speed of execution and accuracy of results. Methods: For this study, 79 yeast samples were submitted to identification using chromogenic medium, microculture on corn meal-Tween 80 agar, VITEK 2 Compact identification, and MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. Results: Most of the 79 samples were identified, with differences in the performance of the methods used. Colonial morphology and microscopy were compatible with the genus Candida. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry had the best performance, with 78 strains identified (98.7%), compared to VITEK 2 Compact (92.4%) and microculture on corn meal agar (70.9%). Conclusions: MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry using the VITEK MS instrument performed best and has proven to be a revolutionary method in clinical microbiology laboratories. Regarding the identification of C. albicans and C. tropicalis, the chromogenic medium had excellent performance, thus being a good option to optimize the process. (AU)


Subject(s)
Spectrometry, Mass, Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption-Ionization , Candida/isolation & purification , Candidiasis/diagnosis
16.
Braz. dent. sci ; 22(2): 163-170, 2019. ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-996318

ABSTRACT

Objective: This study aimed the synthesis and morphological characterization of PCL electrospun fibers containing tara extract. Material and Methods: For this, tara extract synthesis was performed by two different extraction methods: rotary evaporator and extractor soxhlet. Then, two solutions were prepared by dissolving 3g of PCL in 2mL of Acetone. The first solution used 0.4 mL tara extract obtained by RE and the second solution used 0.4 mL tara extract obtained by SE. After the solutions electrospinning, under different parameters, obtaining It was obtained the experimental groups: ChTa 1 nanofibers with RE extract, under 12 Kv; ChTa 2 nanofibers with RE extract, under 15 Kv; ChTa 3 nanofibers with ES extract, under 12Kv and ChTa 4 nanofibers with ES extract, under 15kV. Scanning electron micrographs were performed for morphological analysis. Results: Fiber formation was observed for all parameters. About the fiber diameter: ChTa 1 presented a mean of 0.82 ± 0.36µm, ChTa 2 1.232 ±0471µm, ChTa 3 1.469 ± 0.614µm and ChTa 4 1.017 ± 0.417. Also the beads formation was analyzed: ChTa 1 group presented 8 beads, ChTa 2 presented 5, ChTa 3 presented 30 and ChTa 4 presented 15 beads. Conclusion: It can be concluded that it is possible to obtain an effective synthesis of electrospun membranes of PCL and Caesalpinia spinosa extract, indicating a potential of therapeutic application for lesions such as prosthetic stomatitis. (AU)


Objetivo: Este estudo objetivou a síntese e a caracterização morfológica de fibras eletrofiadas de PCL contendo extrato de tara, caracterizando sua morfologia. Material e Métodos: Para isso, a síntese do extrato de Tara foi realizada por dois diferentes métodos de extração: Evaporador rotativo e Extrator de soxhlet. Em seguida, duas soluções foram preparadas dissolvendo 3g de PCL em 2 mL de acetona. A primeira solução utilizou 0,4 mL de extrato de Tara obtida por ER. A segunda solução utilizou 0,4 mL de extrato de Tara obtida por ES. Após as soluções serem eletrofiadas, sob diferentes parâmetros, obtiveram-se os grupos experimentais: ChTa 1 nanofibras com extrato de RE, sob 12Kv; ChTa 2 nanofibras com extrato de RE, sob 15Kv; ChTa 3 nanofibras com extrato de ES, com menos de 12Kv e nanofibras de ChTa 4 com extrato de ES, sob 15kV. Micrografias eletrônicas de varredura foram realizadas para análise morfológica. Resultados: A formação de fibras foi observada para todos os parâmetros. Quanto ao diâmetro da fibra: ChTa 1 apresentou uma média de 0,82 ± 0,36 µm, o ChTa 2 1,232 ± 0471 µm, o ChTa 3 1,469 ± 0,614 µm e o ChTa 4 1,017 ± 0,417. Também foi analisada a formação dos beads: o grupo ChTa 1 apresentou 8 beads, o ChTa 2 5, o ChTa 3 30 e o ChTa 4 15. Conclusão: Pôde-se concluir que é possível obter uma síntese efetiva de membranas eletrofiadas de extrato de PCL e Caesalpinia spinosa, indicando um potencial de aplicação terapêutica para lesões como a estomatite protética. (AU)


Subject(s)
Tannins , Candidiasis , Nanofibers
17.
Univ. med ; 60(1)2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-995036

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Candida spp. es una levadura comensal de la microbiota humana. Por características del hospedero, las infecciones del torrente sanguíneo pueden aparecer y causar una gran morbimortalidad. Métodos: Estudio restrospectivo transversal analítico de los cultivos positivos para Candida spp. entre 2008 y 2014 en un hospital universitario en Bogotá, Colombia. Se evaluaron las características clínicas y microbiológicas presentes previo a la toma de la primera muestra de sangre positiva y se determinaron asociaciones con infecciones por especies no C. albicans (NCA). Resultados: Se incluyeron 123 casos de candidemia. C. albicans fue la especie más aislada (42 %). Sin embargo, las especies NCA como grupo fueron observadas más frecuentemente. Más del 70 % de los casos presentaron manejo en la unidad de cuidado intensivo, con una mediana de estancia de 14 días previo a la primera muestra de sangre positiva. Se detectaron numerosas características médicas; sin embargo, ninguna estuvo asociada con candidemia por especies NCA. Se observó resistencia a por lo menos un antifúngico en el 29 % de los casos, aunque en una muestra reducida de pruebas de sensibilidad. Conclusiones: Nuestros resultados sustentan el viraje mundial hacia la candidemia por especies NCA; pero no encontramos asociaciones clínicas en este grupo. Debe dársele prioridad a la identificación de factores de riesgo y a la optimización de los puntajes de predicción, que permitan identificar pacientes en riesgo que se beneficien de terapia preventiva.


Introduction: Candida species are commensal yeasts of the human microbiota. However, due to several host's conditions, bloodstream infections may arise causing high morbimortality. Methods: Retrospective cross-sectional analytical study of positive blood cultures for Candida spp. between 2008'2014 at a university hospital in Bogotá. Colombia. We evaluated clinical and microbiological characteristics prior to the first positive blood sample was obtained and determined associations with non'C. albicans (NCA) species infections. Results: We included 123 candidemia cases. C. albicans was the most frequently isolated species (42%). However; NCA species as a group were observed more often. Over 70% of cases were managed at the ICU, with a median stay of 14 days. Several medical factors were frequently observed, however none appeared to be associated with NCA species candidemia. Resistance to at least one antifungal agent was observed in 29% of cases, although a reduced sample of susceptibility tests was available. Conclusions: Our results support a worldwide shift towards NCA candidemia. However, clinical features were not associated with NCA infections. The identification of risk factors and the improvement of prediction scores must be prioritized, in order to identify' patients at high risk who may benefit of pre-emptive therapy.


Subject(s)
Candidiasis/epidemiology , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Candidemia/history
18.
Afr. J. Clin. Exp. Microbiol ; 20(4): 268-279, 2019. ilus
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1256085

ABSTRACT

Background: Even though intra-abdominal candidiasis (IAC) has been increasingly recognized, with associated high morbidity and mortality rates, its pathogenesis remains poorly understood. This model aims to study the pathogenicity and invivo susceptibility of non-albicans Candida species associated with IAC in human in order to predict the frequency of infections, outcome of clinical disease and response to antifungal therapy. Methodology: Both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent female CD-1 mice were challenged intraperitoneally with 5 x 108 CFU/ml inoculum of five non-albicans Candida strains; Candida glabrata, Candida parapsilosis, Candida lipolytica, Candida tropicalis and Candida guilliermondii. Mice were closely observed for symptoms. Treated groups received voriconazole (40 mg/kg/day) or micafungin (10 mg/kg/day) 24 hours after infection depending on invitro susceptibility results. Survival rate, mean survival time and fungal tissue burdens were recorded for all groups. Results: All infected groups developed hepatosplenomegaly, peritonitis and multiple abscesses on intra-abdominal organs and mesenteries. C. glabrata and C. lipolytica represented the most and the least virulent strains respectively in terms of survival rate, mean survival time and fungal burden in both immunosuppressed and immunocompetent models. Following treatment, all immunocompetent animals survived the entire duration of experiments (0% mortality rate), while mortality rate was relatively high (20-60%) in immunosuppressed mice. Treatment failed to eradicate the infection in immunosuppressed mice despite significant decrease of the fungal burden and increase mean survival time. Conclusion: This study reports an increasing pathogenicity of non-albicans Candida species, with persistent infection among immunosuppressed animals


Subject(s)
Candida , Candidiasis , Egypt , Intraabdominal Infections , Intraabdominal Infections/mortality , Mice
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770027

ABSTRACT

Candida vertebral osteomyelitis (CVO) is a rare disease that is a complication of intravenous drug use, but recently it has been recognized as mostly an opportunistic infection. Because CVO appears to mimic pyogenic spondylodiscitis in terms of the clinical and radiologic presentations, it is often neglected in a usual clinical setting. The clinical, radiological, and biological characteristics of CVO are often used to make a differential diagnosis with vertebral osteomyelitis from other etiologies. Once an initial proper diagnosis was performed, the treatment relies on the prompt initiation of appropriate pharmacotherapy and serial monitoring of the clinical progress. This paper report late-onset CVO in two young patients who underwent a heart transplant surgery and had postoperative systemic candidiasis. These two cases are a good reminder of the potential of CVO in immunosuppressive patients treated with anti-fungal agents. This paper presents these two cases with a review of the relevant literature.


Subject(s)
Candida , Candidiasis , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Discitis , Drug Therapy , Heart Transplantation , Heart , Humans , Opportunistic Infections , Osteomyelitis , Population Characteristics , Rare Diseases
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773417

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the synergy of the Burkholderia signaling molecule cis-2-dodecenoic acid (BDSF) and fluconazole (FLU) or itraconazole (ITRA) against two azole-resistant C. albicans clinical isolates in vitro and in vivo.@*METHODS@#Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of antibiotics against two azole-resistant C. albicans were measured by the checkerboard technique, E-test, and time-kill assay. In vivo antifungal synergy testing was performed on mice. Analysis of the relative gene expression levels of the strains was conducted by quantitative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#BDSF showed highly synergistic effects in combination with FLU or ITRA with a fractional inhibitory concentration index of ⪕ 0.08. BDSF was not cytotoxic to normal human foreskin fibroblast cells at concentrations of up to 300 μg/mL. The qRT-PCR results showed that the combination of BDSF and FLU/ITRA significantly inhibits the expression of the efflux pump genes CDR1 and MDR1 via suppression of the transcription factors TAC1 and MRR1, respectively, when compared with FLU or ITRA alone. No dramatic difference in the mRNA expression levels of ERG1, ERG11, and UPC2 was found, which indicates that the drug combinations do not significantly interfere with UPC2-mediated ergosterol levels. In vivo experiments revealed that combination therapy can be an effective therapeutic approach to treat candidiasis.@*CONCLUSION@#The synergistic effects of BDSF and azoles may be useful as an alternative approach to control azole-resistant Candida infections.


Subject(s)
Antifungal Agents , Pharmacology , Burkholderia cenocepacia , Chemistry , Candida albicans , Physiology , Candidiasis , Drug Therapy , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Fatty Acids, Monounsaturated , Fluconazole , Pharmacology , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Triazoles , Metabolism
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