Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 176
Filter
1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 76-84, July. 2021. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283597

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Butyrate is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that induces apoptosis and inhibits cell proliferation of colorectal cancer cells. To improve its anticancer activity, butyrate has been evaluated mixed with drugs and different molecules. Plant antimicrobial peptides are attractive anticancer alternative molecules because they show selective cytotoxic activity against different cancer cell lines. In this work, we explore if the plant defensin c-thionin (Capsicum chinense) can improve butyrate activity on Caco-2 cell line and we also determined the mechanism of death activated. RESULTS: The combined treatment of c-thionin (3.5 mM) and butyrate (50 mM) showed higher cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells with respect to single treatments. Also, the combined treatment reduced cell proliferation and exhibited a higher rate of apoptosis than single treatments. Combined treatment induced caspases 8 and 9 activation to an extent comparable with that of butyrate while c-thionin did not activate caspases. Additionally, reactive oxygen species generation preceded the onset of apoptosis, and superoxide anion production was higher in cells treated with the combined treatment. CONCLUSIONS: The c-thionin from Habanero chili pepper improved the butyrate cytotoxicity on Caco-2 cells. This effect occurred through apoptosis induction associated with reactive oxygen species production. Therefore, the combination of butyrate with cytotoxic antimicrobial peptides could be an attractive strategy for cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Butyrates , Capsicum/chemistry , Adenocarcinoma , Colonic Neoplasms , Cell Cycle , Reactive Oxygen Species , Apoptosis , Caco-2 Cells , Defensins , Thionins
2.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): e37287, dez. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1367628

ABSTRACT

Especiarias são produtos constituídos de partes de espécies vegetais com importante valor alimentício e diversos benefícios para a saúde. O objetivo deste trabalho foi pesquisar adulterações na composição de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa Linnaeus), gengibre (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), noz-moscada (Myristica fragrans Houttuyn), páprica (Capsicum annuum Linnaeus), pimenta-do-reino (Piper nigrum Linnaeus) e colorífico (mistura de urucum, Bixa orellana Linnaeus, com fubá). Foram analisadas 180 amostras adquiridas em municípios do estado de São Paulo. A investigação dos elementos histológicos foi feita por microscopia óptica, a análise dos corantes por cromatografia em papel e a quantificação da bixina por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência. Das amostras analisadas, 16,1% apresentaram elementos histológicos estranhos ao produto, sendo que nenhuma amostra apresentou corante orgânico artificial. A concentração de bixina nas amostras de colorífico variou entre 0,6 e 105,3 mg/100g, com média de 18,9 mg/100g e desvio padrão de 17,7 mg/100g. A avaliação microscópica revelou que a maioria das adulterações ocorre pela adição de amido de Zea mays. O colorífico não apresentou adulterações, porém foi constatada a necessidade de uma padronização da concentração de bixina. Este estudo demonstrou a necessidade da intensificação do monitoramento de adulterações em especiarias para que a comercialização de alimentos fidedignos seja garantida. (AU)


Spices are products made up of parts of plant species, with important nutritional value and many health benefits. The aim of this work was to evaluate adulterations in turmeric (Curcuma longa Linnaeus), ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe), nutmeg (Myristica fragrans Houttuyn), paprika (Capsicum annuum Linnaeus), black pepper (Piper nigrumLinnaeus) and colorific (mixture containing Bixa orellana with cornmeal). A total of 180 samples purchased in the municipalities of the state of São Paulo were analyzed. The investigation of the histological elements was performed by optical microscopy, the analysis of the dyes was carried out using paper chromatography and the quantification of the bixin was performance by high performance liquid chromatography. Of the 180 samples analyzed, 16.1% presented strange histological elements, classified as adulterations. Among the adulterated samples, none showed organic dye. Bixin analysis was carried out on colorific samples, ranging from 0.6 ­ 105.3 mg/100g, with an average of 18.9 mg/100g and standard deviation of 17.7 mg/100g, demonstrating the need to regulate the annatto extract concentration range added into the condiment. The evaluation demonstrated the necessity to monitor adulteration in spices, so that producers and merchants provide food with quality to the consumer. (AU)


Subject(s)
Food Contamination/analysis , Spices/analysis , Brazil , Capsicum , Chromatography , Ginger , Myristica , Piper nigrum , Curcuma , Colorant , Fraud , Microscopy
3.
Rev. Inst. Adolfo Lutz ; 80(Único): e37478, dez. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-ACVSES, SESSP-IALPROD, SES-SP, SESSP-IALACERVO | ID: biblio-1372885

ABSTRACT

O estudo teve como objetivo modificar, otimizar e avaliar através de estudo comparativo um método para a extração de sujidades leves em amostras de cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L.) e páprica (Capsicum annuum L.). Foram analisadas dez amostras de cúrcuma e vinte de páprica. As etapas de pré-tratamento dos métodos da AOAC, 975.49 (16.14.05) para cúrcuma e 977.25b (16.14.22) para páprica, foram modificadas, com adição do extrator Soxhlet. A avaliação do desempenho analítico foi realizada pela comparação entre os resultados das recuperações dos métodos. A recuperação média para cúrcuma utilizando o método AOAC foi 91,9% para fragmentos de insetos e 97,0% para pelos de roedor, enquanto que para o método modificado foi de 89,6% e 97,4%, respectivamente. Para páprica, usando método original a recuperação foi de 93,1% para os fragmentos de insetos e 96,5% para pelos de roedor, e para o método modificado, 92,2% e 93,1%, respectivamente. A análise estatística mostrou que não houve diferença significante entre os métodos. Apesar do maior tempo de análise, o método modificado apresenta vantagens tais como: permitir realização de análises simultâneas, baixa complexidade, economia de 57% de solvente e desempenho satisfatório, sendo uma alternativa para pesquisa de sujidades leves nas especiarias estudadas. (AU)


The study aimed to modify, optimize and evaluate through a comparative study a method for extraction of light filth from turmeric (Curcuma longa L.) and paprika (Capsicum annuum L.) samples. Ten samples of turmeric and twenty samples of paprika were analyzed.The pretreatment steps of the AOAC methods, 975.49 (16.14.05) for turmeric and 977.25b (16.14.22) for paprika, were modified by adding the Soxhlet extractor. The evaluation of the analytical performance was carried out by comparing the results of the method recoveries. The average recovery for turmeric using the AOAC method was 91.9% for insect fragments and 97.0% for rodent hair. While using modified method, it was 89.6% and 97.4%, respectively. For paprika, using the original method, the average recovery was 93.1% for fragments and 96.5% for hair; and after the modifications, the average was, 92.2% and 93.1%, respectively. Statistical analysis showed that there was no significant difference between the methods. Despite the longer analysis time, the modified method has advantages such as: allowing simultaneous analysis, low complexity, 57% solvent economy and satisfactory performance; proving to be an alternative for light filth research in the studied spices. (AU)


Subject(s)
Capsicum , Food Contamination , Spices , Validation Study , Curcuma , Methodology , Green Chemistry Technology , Microscopy
4.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 2021. 62 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362540

ABSTRACT

O conhecimento dos efeitos dos extratos naturais de plantas vem cada vez mais se mostrando um campo promissor. Extratos de Calendula officinalis, Capsicum annuum e Hamamelis virginiana apresentam propriedades analgésicas, anti-inflamatórias, antioxidantes e potencial antimicrobiano que deve ser aprofundado. Assim, o objetivo foi avaliar ação antimicrobiana dos extratos glicólicos em culturas planctônicas e biofilmes de cepas padrão e clínicas de Klebsiella pneumoniae e Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Foi realizado o teste de microdiluição em caldo segundo Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, para determinação da Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) e Concentração Microbicida Mínima (CMM) dos extratos. Foram realizados biofilmes monotípicos, nos tempos de contato de 5 min e 24 h, utilizando o teste de MTT. A CIM e CMM variaram de 1,56 a 50 mg/mL para todas as cepas avaliadas. C. annuum (50 mg/mL) apresentou redução de 0,25% entre 8,60% para cepa ATCC de P. aeruginosa (5 min) e em 24 h redução de 99,89% entre 99,99%, destacando-se os extratos de C. annuum (100 mg/mL) e os de C. officinalis. C. annuum (200 mg/mL) apresentou redução de 18% de K. pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). Em 24 h houve redução de 8,86%-75,74%, para o extrato de C. annuum (100 mg/mL). Os extratos apresentaram resultados mais satisfatórios quando expostos aos tratamentos de 24 horas. As cepas clínicas K1, K2 e K3 responderam ao tratamento de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL) (p>0,05%). Para cepa clínica K4, os extratos de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL) e C. officinalis (12,5 mg/mL) promoveram redução de viabilidade semelhante a clorexidina 2% (p>0,05%). O extrato de C. annuum (50 e 100 mg/mL), promoveu a redução de viabilidade de P1 e P2, enquanto o extrato de C. officinalis (25 e 50 mg/mL), reduziu P1 (p>0,05%). Para as cepas P3 e P4 o extrato de 50 e 100 mg/mL de C. annuum, apresentaram resultados semelhantes a clorexidina. Conclui-se que todos os extratos apresentaram ação antimicrobiana em cultura planctônica, no entanto, o extrato de C. annuum foi o que apresentou importante ação antibiofilme (24 h) sobre cepas clínicas multirresistentes de K. pneumoniae e P. aeruginosa, podendo ser considerado um potencial agente antimicrobiano.


Empirical knowledge of natural plant extracts is increasingly proving to be a promising field. Extracts of Calendula officinalis, Capsicum annuum and Hamamelis virginiana have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antimicrobial potential that should be further developed. This research objective was to evaluate the antimicrobial action of glycolic extracts in planktonic cultures and biofilms of standard and clinical strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The broth microdilution test was performed according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute, to determine the Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Microbicide Concentration (MMC) of the extracts. Tests were performed on monotypic biofilms, at contact times of 5 min and 24 h, using the MTT test. The MIC and CMM of the extracts ranged from 1.56 to 50 mg/mL for all strains evaluated. C. annuum (50 mg/mL) showed a reduction of 0.25% between 8.60% for the ATCC strain of P. aeruginosa (5 min) and in 24 h a reduction of 99.89% between 99.99%, highlighting extracts from C. annuum (100 mg/mL) and from C. officinalis. C. annuum (200 mg/mL) showed an 18% reduction in K. pneumoniae (ATCC 4352). In 24 h there was a reduction of 8.86% between 75.74% for the extract of C. annuum (100 mg/mL). The extracts showed more satisfactory results when exposed to 24-hour treatments. Clinical strains K1, K2 and K3 responded to the treatment of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL) (p>0.05%). For clinical strain K4, extracts of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL) and C. officinalis (12.5 mg/mL) promoted a reduction in viability similar to chlorhexidine 2% (p>0.05%). The extract of C. annuum (50 and 100 mg/mL), reduced the viability of P1 and P2, while the extract of C. officinalis (25 and 50 mg/mL), reduced P1 (p>0.05% ). For strains P3 and P4, the extract of 50 and 100 mg/mL of C. annuum showed similar results to chlorhexidine. It is concluded that all extracts showed antimicrobial action in planktonic cultures, however, the extract of C. annuum was the one that showed an important antibiofilm action (24 h) on multiresistant clinical strains of K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa and can be considered a potential antimicrobial agent


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Biofilms , Analgesics , Anti-Infective Agents , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Capsicum , Hamamelis , Klebsiella pneumoniae
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 79(4): 603-611, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001485

ABSTRACT

Abstract The sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) is one of the most important crops in Brazilian farming. Many insect are related to this crop, compromising the quantity and quality of the fruit, representing a production problem. Vegetable diversification is one of the main elements that can be managed for suppressing undesirable insect populations in organic production, once that supports the presence of natural enemies. The basil Ocimum basilicum L. and the marigold Tagetes erecta L. are attractive and nutritious plants for parasitoids, being important candidates for diversified crops. This study evaluated the parasitoids attracted by the association of basil and marigold to organic sweet pepper crop. The experiment comprised three treatments: a) sweet pepper monoculture; b) sweet pepper and basil intercropping; c) sweet pepper and marigold intercropping. Hymenopteran parasitoids were collected over 14 weeks. 268 individuals from 12 families and 41 taxa were collected. Sweet pepper monoculture, sweet pepper-basil intercropping, and sweet pepper-marigold intercropping hosted 40, 98, and 130 individuals and richness of 24, 24, and 23, respectively. Furthermore, the insects of greater abundance in the basil and marigold were different to those collected in the monoculture. The number of parasitoids increased in the associations of sweet pepper with basil and marigold, providing advantages in the use of vegetable diversification for the organic pepper crops management.


Resumo O pimentão (Capsicum annuum L.) é um dos vegetais mais importantes dentre os cultivados no Brasil. Muitos insetos pragas estão relacionados a esta cultura, comprometendo a quantidade e a qualidade do pimentão, tornando-se um grande problema para a produção. A diversificação vegetal é um dos principais componentes a serem manejados para suprimir as populações de pragas na produção orgânica, devido ao apoio a inimigos naturais das pragas. O manjericão ( Ocimum basilicum L.) e cravo amarelo (Tagetes erecta L.) são plantas atrativas e nutritivas para parasitoides, importantes candidatas em cultivos diversificados. Este trabalho avaliou os parasitoides atraídos pela associação de manjericão e cravo amarelo em cultivo de pimentão orgânico. O experimento foi composto por três tratamentos: a) monocultura de pimentão; B) pimentão consorciado com manjericão; C) pimentão consorciado com cravo amarelo. Foram coletadas amostras de parasitoides himenópteros durante 14 semanas. Os espécimes foram identificados até o menor nível de taxonomia possível. Foram coletados 268 indivíduos ao longo de 12 famílias e 41 táxons. Os tratamentos de monocultura, pimentão consorciado com manjericão e pimentão consorciado com cravo amarelo resultaram em 40, 98 e 130 indivíduos e riqueza de espécies de 24, 24 e 23, respectivamente. Além disso, os insetos de maior abundância coletados no manjericão e cravo amarelo, foram diferentes daqueles coletados na monocultura. Houve um aumento na abundância de parasitoides nas associações de pimentão com manjericão e cravo amarelo, proporcionando vantagens no uso da diversificação vegetal, podendo ser usada no manejo do pimentão orgânico.


Subject(s)
Animals , Wasps/physiology , Capsicum/growth & development , Ocimum basilicum/growth & development , Tagetes/growth & development , Biodiversity , Brazil , Host-Parasite Interactions
6.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 41: 48-55, sept. 2019. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087162

ABSTRACT

Background: Plant gene homologs that control cell differentiation can be used as biotechnological tools to study the in vitro cell proliferation competence of tissue culture-recalcitrant species such as peppers. It has been demonstrated that SERK1 homologs enhance embryogenic competence when overexpressed in transformed tissues; therefore, cloning of a pepper SERK1 homolog was performed to further evaluate its biotechnological potential. Results: A Capsicum chinense SERK full-length cDNA (CchSERK1) was cloned and characterized at the molecular level. Its deduced amino acid sequence exhibits high identity with sequences annotated as SERK1 and predicted-SERK2 homologs in the genomes of the Capsicum annuum CM-334 and Zunla-1 varieties, respectively, and with SERK1 homologs from members of the Solanaceae family. Transcription of CchSERK1 in plant tissues, measured by quantitative RT-PCR, was higher in stems, flowers, and roots but lower in leaves and floral primordia. During seed development, CchSERK1 was transcribed in all zygotic stages, with higher expression at 14 days post anthesis. During somatic embryogenesis, CchSERK1 was transcribed at all differentiation stages, with a high increment in the heart stage and lower levels at the torpedo/cotyledonal stages. Conclusion: DNA sequence alignments and gene expression patterns suggest that CchSERK1 is the C. chinense SERK1 homolog. Significant levels of CchSERK1 transcripts were found in tissues with cell differentiation activities such as vascular axes and during the development of zygotic and somatic embryos. These results suggest that CchSERK1 might have regulatory functions in cell differentiation and could be used as a biotechnological tool to study the recalcitrance of peppers to proliferate in vitro.


Subject(s)
Capsicum/genetics , Cloning, Molecular , In Vitro Techniques , Biotechnology , Gene Expression , Cell Differentiation , Genes, Plant , DNA, Complementary/genetics , Solanaceae/genetics , Arabidopsis Proteins , Cell Proliferation , Embryonic Development , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740561

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop standards for the salinity and sodium content in representative Korean foods high in sodium. METHODS: A total of 600 foods from four seasonings (soy sauce, soybean paste, red pepper paste, and ssamjang) and 16 representative Korean foods high in sodium were collected from 10 households, 10 industry foodservice establishments, and 10 Korean restaurants in 10 cities nationwide and analyzed for their salinity and sodium content. Based on the findings, the standards with a 20% ~ 30% reduced sodium content and salinity from the current level were presented. RESULTS: The suggested standards of salinity (and sodium content per 100 g) were less than 12% (4,500 mg) for soy sauce, 9% (3,500 mg) for soybean paste, 5% (2,000 mg) for red pepper paste, and 6% (2,500 mg) for ssamjang. The reduced standards of salinity for soups were suggested to less than 0.5% for clear soup and 0.7% for soybean paste soup, while for broths, it was 0.6% for clear broth and 0.7% for other broths. The standards of salinity for stews were suggested to less than 0.8% for soybean paste stew, 0.6% for other stews, 0.9% for steamed and stir-fried fish dishes, 1.0% for braised dishes, 4.0% for stir-fried dried fishes, 1.3% for other braised dishes including vegetables, and 1.5% for pickled vegetables and kimchi. CONCLUSION: Standards for the sodium content and salinity were suggested to reduce the sodium level in fermented soybean sauces and representative Korean high sodium dishes by 20% from the current levels. Nevertheless, it will be necessary to adjust the standards properly to reduce the sodium content and salinity further by considering the future status of sodium intake.


Subject(s)
Capsicum , Family Characteristics , Fishes , Restaurants , Salinity , Seasons , Sodium , Soy Foods , Soybeans , Steam , Vegetables
8.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180115, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039124

ABSTRACT

Abstract The accumulation of heavy metals and of pesticides in the soil have a negative impact on Capsicum chinense var. Aji Mochero and Capsicum baccatum var. pendulum Bishop's Crown species, the present work highlighting the exerted influence on the superoxid-dismutase activity, catalase and peroxidase - as enzymes implied in the removal of H2O2, of O2- radical and of ion HO- that have devastating effects on the vegetable cell, on the Krebs cycle's dehydrogenases - as main way to produce energy, respectively of the chlorophyll a, b and carotenes - as photoassimilatory pigments, but also as biologic antioxidants.


Subject(s)
Capsicum , Oxidative Stress , Metals, Heavy/chemistry , Dinitrophenols/chemistry
9.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2019. 197 p. graf, tab, ilus.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049264

ABSTRACT

Capsaicin is a substance produced by Capsicum peppers with extensive biological activity reported in the literature. Among these studies, it was suggested that the anti-tumor activity is related to modulation of the Transient Potential Receptor Vanilloid (TRPV) channels. Capsaicin is known to bind with very high affinity to TRPV1 (IC50 ≈ 7 nM), triggering the burning sensation followed by analgesia. However, recent studies have suggested that the pro-apoptotic effects of capsaicin are TRPV6-mediated. Herein we report the development of a novel inhibitor of the TRPV6 using two different strategies for compounds design. We generated a series of direct and chimeric capsaicinoids based on the literature compounds, capsaicin, and cis-22a. These analogs were probed against HEK-hTRPV6 and the hits were further optimized. Based on the previous SAR and chemical optimization, we found 56h, named MRC-130, a derivative that remarkably inhibited TRPV6 in the nanomolar range (IC50 = 83 ± 4 nM), possess high selectivity and stability in vitro, and lesser hERG inhibition compared to the reference compound, cis-22a. It is expected that these new molecules would contribute significantly to the study on the TRPV6 function and its role in tumor pathophysiology


Capsaicina é uma substância produzida por pimentas do gênero Capsicum com extensa atividade biológica relatada na literatura. Entre esses estudos, sugeriu-se que a atividade antitumoral esteja relacionada à modulação dos canais TRPV (do inglês, Transient Potential Receptor Vanilloid). Sabe-se que a capsaicina se liga com altíssima afinidade ao TRPV1 (IC50 ≈ 7 nM), desencadeando a sensação de queimação seguida de analgesia. No entanto, estudos recentes sugeriram que os efeitos pró-apoptóticos da capsaicina são mediados pelo TRPV6. Visando o exposto, este trabalho relata o desenvolvimento de um novo inibidor do TRPV6 usando duas estratégias diferentes para o planejamento dos compostos. Geramos séries de capsaicinoides diretos e quiméricos com base nos compostos da literatura, capsaicina e cis-22a. Esses análogos foram analisados contra HEK-hTRPV6 e os análogos mais promissores foram otimizados. Com base na REA e em otimizações químicas anteriores, encontramos 56h, chamado MRC-130, um derivado que inibiu notavelmente o TRPV6 na faixa nanomolar (IC50 = 83 ± 4 nM), possui alta seletividade e estabilidade in vitro e menor inibição de hERG em comparação com o composto de referência, cis-22a. Espera-se que essas novas moléculas contribuam significativamente para o estudo da função do TRPV6 e seu papel na fisiopatologia tumoral


Subject(s)
Capsicum/classification , Capsaicin/analogs & derivatives , TRPV Cation Channels/antagonists & inhibitors
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 34: 51-58, july. 2018. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1046711

ABSTRACT

Background: Capsicum is a genus of an important spice crop that belongs to the chili lineage. However, many Capsicum species (family Solanaceae) are known to be recalcitrant to genetic transformation and in vitro regeneration, thus hampering the effort in using Capsicum species for detailed biological investigation. In this study, we have developed an optimized protocol for the direct transformation of Capsicum frutescens L. cv. Hot Lava using a biolistic particle delivery system. In addition, a procedure for in vitro whole plant regeneration from the hypocotyl explants of C. frutescens was established. Results: In this study on the biolistic system, explant target distance, bombardment helium (He) pressure, and the size of the microcarrier were the key parameters to be investigated. The optimized parameters based on the screening of GFP expression were determined to have a target distance of 6 cm, helium pressure of 1350 psi, and gold particle (microcarrier) size of 1.6 µm. The greatest number of shoots was obtained from hypocotyls as explants using Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 5.0-mg/L 6-benzylaminopurine and 0.1-mg/L 1-naphthaleneacetic acid. On an average, five shoots per explant were formed, and of them, one shoot managed to form the root and developed into a whole plant. Conclusions: We obtained an optimized protocol for the biolistic transformation of chili and in vitro regeneration of chili plantlets. The establishment of the protocols will provide a platform for molecular breeding and biological studies of chili plants.


Subject(s)
Capsicum/growth & development , Regeneration , Transformation, Genetic , In Vitro Techniques , Capsicum/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Biolistics , Green Fluorescent Proteins , Tissue Culture Techniques , Metabolic Engineering
11.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 34(2): 312-325, mar./apr. 2018.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-966641

ABSTRACT

The present study aimed to evaluate Capsicum accessions for resistance to Meloidogyne incognita race 3, Meloidogyne javanica and Meloidogyne enterolobii. Two experiments with different genotypes of hot and sweet peppers were carried out in a completely randomized design. The first experiment was conducted in a 31 x 3 factorial scheme with 27 genotypes of Capsicum annuum, two cultivars of hot pepper, one line of Capsicum frutescens and tomato 'Santa Cruz Kada', and three species of nematodes (M. incognita race 3, M. javanica and M. enterolobii). In the second experiment, we used a factorial scheme 39 x 3 with 36 accessions of C. annuum, two hot pepper cultivars and the 'Santa Cruz Kada' tomato and three nematodes species mentioned earlier. The total number of eggs and second-stage juveniles (TNEJ), number of eggs and second-stage juveniles per gram of root (NEJGR), reproduction index (RI) and reproduction factor (RF) were evaluated. Based on RI and RF, the genotypes CNPH 185, CNPH 187 and CNPH 680 were resistant and very resistant to M. incognita race 3 and M. javanica, simultaneously. The C. frutescens line presented resistance to the three root-knot nematode species.


O presente trabalho teve por objetivo avaliar acessos de Capsicum quanto à resistência a Meloidogyne incognita raça 3, Meloidogyne javanica e Meloidogyne enterolobii. Foram realizados dois experimentos, com diferentes genótipos de pimentas e pimentões, em delineamento inteiramente casualizado sendo o primeiro em esquema fatorial 31 x 3 com 27 genótipos de Capsicum annuum, duas cultivares de pimenta, uma linhagem de Capsicum frutescens, o tomateiro 'Santa Cruz Kada' e três espécies de nematoides (M. incognita raça 3, M. javanica e M. enterolobii). No segundo experimento foi utilizado esquema fatorial 39 x 3 com 36 acessos de C. annuum, duas cultivares de pimenta, o tomateiro 'Santa Cruz Kada' e três espécies de nematoides mencionadas anteriormente. Avaliou-se o número total de ovos e juvenis de segundo estádio (NTOJ), número de ovos e juvenis de segundo estádio por grama de raízes (NOJGR), índice de reprodução (IR) e fator de reprodução (FR). Com base no FR e IR os genótipos CNPH 185, CNPH 187 e CNPH 680 foram resistentes e muito resistentes a M. incognita raça 3 e M. javanica, simultaneamente. A linhagem de C. frutescens apresentou resistência às três espécies de nematoides de galha.


Subject(s)
Tylenchoidea , Capsicum , Genus Pimenta , Nematoda
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(1): 104-111, Jan.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889207

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Despite the increasing reports on the incidence of fresh vegetables and fruits as a possible vehicle for human pathogens, there is currently limited knowledge on the growth potential of Escherichia coli O157:H7 on different plant substrates. This study analyzed the selective adhesion and growth of E. coli O157:H7 on chili habanero (Capsicum chinense L.), cucumber (Cucumis sativus), radish (Raphanus sativus), tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum), beet (Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris), and onion (Allium cepa L.) under laboratory conditions. The Gompertz parameters were used to determine the growth kinetics. Scanning electron microscopy was used to visualize the adhesion of E. coli O157:H7 on the epicarp of the samples. Predictive models were constructed to compare the growth of E. coli O157:H7 on the samples with different intrinsic factors and to demonstrate the low selectivity of the pathogen. No significant difference was observed in the lag-phase duration (LPD), generation time (GT), and exponential growth rate (EGR) of the pathogen adhered to the samples. The interaction between the microorganism and the substrate was less supportive to the growth of E. coli O157:H7 for onion, whereas for tomato and cucumber, the time for the microorganism to attain the maximum growth rate (M) was significantly longer than that recorded for other samples.


Subject(s)
Vegetables/microbiology , Escherichia coli O157/growth & development , Fruit/microbiology , Capsicum/microbiology , Kinetics , Food Contamination/analysis , Lycopersicon esculentum/microbiology , Cucumis sativus/microbiology , Escherichia coli O157/isolation & purification , Escherichia coli O157/genetics , Escherichia coli O157/chemistry , Onions/microbiology , Beta vulgaris/microbiology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718587

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Reducing the number of adipocytes by inducing apoptosis of mature adipocytes as well as suppressing differentiation of preadipocytes plays an important role in preventing obesity. This study examines the anti-adipogenic and pro-apoptotic effect of red pepper seed water extract (RPS) prepared at 4℃ (RPS4) in 3T3-L1 cells. MATERIALS/METHODS: Effect of RPS4 or its fractions on lipid accumulation was determined in 3T3-L1 cells using oil red O (ORO) staining. The expressions of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) and adipogenic associated proteins [peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins α (C/EBP α), sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), fatty acid synthase (FAS), and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)] were measured in 3T3-L1 cells treated with RPS4. Apoptosis and the expression of Akt and Bcl-2 family proteins [B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2), Bcl-2-associated death promoter (Bad), Bcl-2 like protein 4 (Bax), Bal-2 homologous antagonist/killer (Bak)] were measured in mature 3T3-L1 cells treated with RPS4. RESULTS: Treatment of RPS4 (0–75 µg/mL) or its fractions (0–50 µg/mL) for 24 h did not have an apparent cytotoxicity on pre and mature 3T3-L1 cells. RPS4 significantly suppressed differentiation and cellular lipid accumulation by increasing the phosphorylation of AMPK and reducing the expression of PPAR-γ, C/EBP α, SREBP-1c, FAS, and ACC. In addition, all fractions except ethyl acetate fraction significantly suppressed cellular lipid accumulation. RPS4 induced the apoptosis of mature adipocytes by hypophosphorylating Akt, increasing the expression of the pro-apoptotic proteins, Bak, Bax, and Bad, and reducing the expression of the anti-apoptotic proteins, Bcl-2 and p-Bad. CONCLUSIONS: These finding suggest that RPS4 can reduce the numbers as well as the size of adipocytes and might useful for preventing and treating obesity.


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Acetyl-CoA Carboxylase , Adipocytes , Adipogenesis , AMP-Activated Protein Kinases , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Apoptosis , Capsicum , Humans , Lipid Metabolism , Lymphoma , Obesity , Phosphorylation , Sterol Regulatory Element Binding Protein 1 , Water
14.
Mycobiology ; : 122-128, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729788

ABSTRACT

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are well-known for their ability to improve plant growth and help plants withstand abiotic stress conditions. Unlike other fungi and bacteria, AMF cannot be stored, as they are obligate biotrophs. Long-term preservation of AMF spores is challenging and may lead to the loss of viability and efficiency. This study aimed to understand the effect of prolonged subculture of AMF species on the growth and glomalin-related soil protein (GRSP) from red pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). AMF spores were mass-produced using different techniques and subcultured in pots with sorghum sudangrass as the host plant for 3 years. Experimental soil samples were collected from natural grassland. Five different AMF inocula were used in triplicate as treatments. After 70 days of growth, red pepper plants were harvested and plant dry weight, plant nutrient content, mycorrhizal colonization, AMF spore count, and soil glomalin content were determined. AMF-treated plants displayed higher dry weight than controls, with only fruit dry weight being significantly different. Similarly, significant differences in phosphorous and potassium contents of the above-ground plant parts were observed between mycorrhizal and control treatments. In addition, soil GRSP content was significantly higher in plants inoculated with Rhizophagus sp. and Gigaspora margarita. The increased plant growth and GRSP content suggest that AMF can be maintained for 3 years without losing their efficiency if subcultured regularly with different symbiotic host plants.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Capsicum , Colon , Colony Count, Microbial , Fruit , Fungi , Grassland , Plants , Potassium , Soil , Sorghum , Spores
15.
Mycobiology ; : 147-153, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729785

ABSTRACT

Certain beneficial microorganisms isolated from rhizosphere soil promote plant growth and induce resistance to a wide variety of plant pathogens. We obtained 49 fungal isolates from the rhizosphere soil of paprika plants, and selected 18 of these isolates that did not inhibit tomato seed germination for further investigation. Based on a seed germination assay, we selected four isolates for further plant tests. Treatment of seeds with isolate JF27 promoted plant growth in pot tests, and suppressed bacterial speck disease caused by Pseudomonas syringae pathovar (pv.) tomato DC3000. Furthermore, expression of the pathogenesis-related 1 (PR1) gene was higher in the leaves of tomato plants grown from seeds treated with JF27; expression remained at a consistently higher level than in the control plants for 12 h after pathogen infection. The phylogenetic analysis of a partial internal transcribed spacer sequence and the β-tubulin gene identified isolate JF27 as Aspergillus terreus. Taken together, these results suggest that A. terreus JF27 has potential as a growth promoter and could be used to control bacterial speck disease by inducing resistance in tomato plants.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus , Capsicum , Germination , Lycopersicon esculentum , Plants , Pseudomonas syringae , Pseudomonas , Rhizosphere , Soil
16.
Mycobiology ; : 440-447, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729731

ABSTRACT

Dual biocontrol of both insects and plant pathogens has been reported for certain fungal entomopathogens, including Beauveria bassiana and Lecanicillum spp. In this study, we demonstrate, for the first time, the dual biocontrol potential of two fungal isolates identified by morphological and phylogenetic analyses as Isaria javanica. Both these isolates caused mortality in the greater wax moth, and hence can be considered entomopathogens. Spores of the isolates were also pathogenic to nymphs of the green peach aphid (Myzus persicae), with an LC₅₀ value of 10⁷ spores/mL 4 days after inoculation and an LT₅₀ of 4.2 days with a dose of 10⁸ spores/mL. In vitro antifungal assays also demonstrated a strong inhibitory effect on the growth of two fungi that are pathogenic to peppers, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Phytophthora capsici. These results indicate that I. javanica isolates could be used as novel biocontrol agents for the simultaneous control of aphids and fungal diseases, such as anthracnose and Phytophthora blight, in an integrated pest management framework for red pepper.


Subject(s)
Aphids , Beauveria , Capsicum , Colletotrichum , Fungi , Hemiptera , In Vitro Techniques , Insecta , Mortality , Moths , Nymph , Pest Control , Phytophthora , Plants , Prunus persica , Spores
17.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(supl.1): 246-259, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974333

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Bacterial spot is an important disease of pepper in Bulgaria and Macedonia. For characterization of Xanthomonas species associated with bacterial spot, 161 strains were collected from various field pepper-growing regions. Among them, 131 strains were identified as Xanthomonas euvesicatoria and 30 as Xanthomonas vesicatoria using species-specific primers and polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. To assess the genetic diversity of the strains, two methods (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA and Repetitive Element Palindromic-Polymerase Chain Reaction) were applied. Discriminatory index was calculated and analysis of molecular variance was carried out.Combined random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis of the X. euvesicatoria strains with primers CUGEA-4 and CUGEA-6 had greater discriminative power (0.60) than repetitive element palindromic-polymerase chain reaction with ERIC and BOX A1R primers, which makes this method applicable for strain diversity evaluation. Discrimination among the X. vesicatoria strains was achieved by the use of ERIC primers and only for the Bulgarian strains. The results demonstrated that X. euvesicatoria was more diverse than X. vesicatoria and heterogeneity was observed mainly in the Bulgarian populations. According to the analysis of molecular variance, genetic variations in X. euvesicatoria were observed among and within populations from different regions, while the differences between the two countries were minor. Following the principal coordinates analysis, a relation between the climatic conditions of the regions and a genetic distance of the populations may be suggested.


Subject(s)
Plant Diseases/microbiology , Xanthomonas/isolation & purification , Xanthomonas/genetics , Capsicum/microbiology , Phylogeny , Genetic Variation , Xanthomonas/classification , Xanthomonas/physiology , Bulgaria , Polymerase Chain Reaction , DNA Primers/genetics , Greece
18.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 139 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-997679

ABSTRACT

As neoplasias malignas, doenças mundialmente conhecidas como câncer, possuem um dos tratamentos mais onerosos, tóxicos e de baixa seletividade na terapêutica atual. Adicionalmente, o contínuo crescimento da incidência da doença também representa em uma grande problemática. Os produtos de origem natural se apresentam como alternativas para o tratamento de diversas doenças, incluindo o câncer. A capsaicina, produto natural proveniente das pimentas do gênero Capsicum, apresenta propriedades antineoplásicas, portanto, pode ser utilizada como protótipo para obtenção de análogos. Quatro séries foram planejadas e sintetizadas, obtendo-se compostos ureídicos e tioureídicos. A estratégia sintética se baseou na reação da piperonilamina ou vanililamina com isocianatos ou isotiocianatos, ligados a substituintes aromáticos ou alquílicos. Vinte e sete análogos foram sintetizados com rendimentos variando entre 22 a 90 %. Todos os compostos apresentaram aspecto sólido variando a cor de branco a levemente amarelados. Para a caracterização das substâncias obtidas foram utilizados dados de RMN 1H e 13C, ponto de fusão e a determinação de pureza foi realizada mediante HPLC. Todos os compostos foram submetidos a ensaios de avaliação da atividade citotóxica por redução do MTT contra linhagens de células cancerígenas e células sadias. Os compostos RPF652, RPF 512 - 514) apresentaram atividade comparável ou superior ao protótipo com valores de IC50 na faixa de micromolar. Os resultados apontados pela modelagem molecular indicam que descritores eletrônicos como Ehomo e Elumo podem estar associados à atividade do composto, ClogP (3,92) pode favorecer melhor permeabilidade na membrana celular, e o maior número de sítios de acepção de ligação de hidrogênio podem corroborar com a citotoxidade em linhagem A2058. Particularmente, o análogo RPF652 apresentou atividade pronunciada com valores de IC50 de 55, 67, e 87 µM contra as células A2058, SK-MEL 25, e U87, respectivamente, o que representa atividade de superior à capsaicina. Como uma tendência o composto RPF652 causou parada no ciclo de linhagem B-RAF B16F10 não levando a célula à morte. Porém esta linhagem não apresenta mutação no códon V600E. Em contraponto, o análogo RPF652 apresentou maior potência contra linhagem V600EB-RAF A2058 mutada, indicando possível seletividade em linhagens que apresentam a mutação no códon V600E da proteína B-RAF. Ademais, novos esforços devem ser concentrados no análogo RPF652 para melhor elucidação mecanística de sua atividade


Malignant neoplasms have one of the most expensive, non-selective and toxic treatment of present times. This situation, combined with the rising incidence rate, represents a major problem for humanity. The use of natural products can be an alternative for treatment of several diseases, including cancer. Capsaicin is a natural product derived from Capsicum peppers, with reported anticancer activity and can be used as prototype for the design of new molecules with remarkable activity. Capsaicin analogues were designed and synthesized in four series of derivatives, replacing the prototype amide bond with urea and thiourea functions. The synthetic approach builds the urea/ thiourea scaffold using the reaction of piperonyl/ vanilyl amine with alkyl and aryl isocyanides/ isothiocyanides. Twenty-seven new compounds were obtained with yields from 22 to 90 %, and were fully characterized using 1H and 13C NMR, the purity was determined by melting point and HPLC. All of the obtained compounds were evaluated in MTT cytotoxic assays against different cancer cell-lines (B16F10, A2058, SK-MEL 25 and U-87), and compared with healthy human cells (T75). Additionally, the most active compound was submitted to a cell cycle arrest assay. The thiourea derivative RPF652 was the most active compound, and the urea derivatives RPF512, RPF513 and RPF514 showed good micromolar IC50 values. This results, when correlated with several in silico-calculated properties for the obtained molecules, suggests that ClogP, Ehomo, Elumo and the number of hydrogen-bond acception sites may be correlated to the anticancer activity reported. RPF652 especially, showed IC50 values with superior activity and better selectivity index when compared with capsaicin. The cell-cycle assay of RPF652 showed significant arrest in V600E-codon B-RAF non-mutated cell lines (B16F10) without killing it. V600E-codon B-RAF mutated cells A2058, were significantly more sensitive to the compound. These findings may suggest some insights about the mechanism of action and targets of this compounds


Subject(s)
Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Capsaicin/analysis , Antineoplastic Agents/classification , Capsicum/classification , Chemistry, Pharmaceutical/instrumentation , Genus Pimenta/adverse effects , Neoplasms/drug therapy
19.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2018. 87 p. tab, graf, ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-997806

ABSTRACT

A inibição do quorum sensing (QS) altera a comunicação bacteriana, reduzindo a expressão de fatores de virulência e a formação de biofilmes, o que pode conferir menor pressão seletiva em comparação aos antibióticos tradicionais. As frutas e hortaliças constituem uma fonte rica em compostos com propriedades potenciais de inibição do QS. Entretanto, há pouca referência sobre o potencial de pimentas do gênero Capsicum e de seus compostos isolados como inibidores do QS. Esse trabalho teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito de extratos orgânicos obtidos das variedades de pimenta-malagueta e pimentão vermelho sobre o sistema QS dependente do sinalizador AI-1 (acil homoserina lactona - AHL) em bactérias Gram-negativas. Os extratos foram obtidos por extração em fase sólida e separados em uma fração metanólica e outra amônica; sendo os compostos característicos identificados e quantificados por cromatografia líquida de alta eficiência (CLAE). A atividade antimicrobiana dos extratos foi avaliada pela determinação da concentração inibitória mínima (MIC) e pela curva de crescimento de Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, Serratia liquefaciens MG1 e Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. O efeito anti-QS dos extratos foi avaliado pelos testes de difusão em ágar e quantificação da produção de violaceína em meio líquido por C. violaceum e sobre a formação de biofilme, avaliado pelo ensaio de cristal violeta e microscopia confocal, em S. liquefaciens e P. aeruginosa nas temperaturas 30 ºC e 37 ºC. Os resultados obtidos pela CLAE indicaram que o extrato metanólico de pimenta-malagueta (EMPM) continha capsaicinoides como a capsaicina e dihidrocapsaicina, luteolina e outros compostos não identificados; já o extrato amônico desta não continha os compostos capsaicinoides. Ambos os extratos de pimentão vermelho continham luteolina e compostos não identificados, mas não apresentaram capsaicinoides. Como o EMPM era representativo dos demais extratos, por conter tanto capsaicinóides quanto luteolina, o foco deste trabalho foi avaliar os efeitos do EMPM sobre fenótipos microbianos nas concentrações 5; 2,5; 1,25 e 0,625 mg/ml, além de utilizar a capsaicina como controle comparativo em concentrações equivalentes às do extrato (25, 50 e 100 µg/ml). Os resultados da atividade antimicrobiana mostraram inibição parcial do crescimento das bactérias nas concentrações sub-MIC (MIC >5 mg/ml) de 5 e 2,5 mg/ml de EMPM. A capsaicina também inibiu parcialmente o crescimento das bactérias a 100 µg/ml, com exceção de S. liquefaciens a 37 ºC, cujo crescimento foi induzido em 50 e 25 µg/ml. A produção de violaceína foi reduzida pelo EMPM a 1,25 e 0,625 mg/ml, sem afetar o crescimento de C. violaceum. Ensaios com C. violaceum CV026, estirpe biosensora capaz de produzir o pigmento na presença de AI-1 exógeno, sugerem que o possível mecanismo de atuação do extrato sobre o sistema QS em C. violaceum 12472 é sobre a síntese do sinalizador, já que não foi observada inibição da produção de violaceína em CV026 pelo extrato. Contrariamente, a capsaicina incrementou a produção do pigmento na estirpe 12472, mas ensaios com a estirpe CV026 indicaram que a capsaicina não atua como sinalizador do QS, uma vez que esta não induziu a produção de violaceína nesta estirpe. Já a formação de biofilme foi incrementada na presença do EMPM, sendo consideravelmente maior em P. aeruginosa a 30 ºC. Igualmente, observou-se indução da formação de biofilme por capsaicina em S. liquefaciens (37 ºC) e P. aeruginosa (30 ºC). Porém, a capsaicina não teve efeito sobre a formação de biofilme de S. liquefaciens quando cultivada a 30 ºC, nem P. aeruginosa a 37 ºC. Os resultados revelam que a produção de violaceína em C. violaceum ATCC 12472 é inibida pelo EMPM, mas não pela capsaicina. Já, o EMPM e a capsaicina, de forma geral, não inibem a formação de biofilme de S. liquefaciens MG1 nem P. aeruginosa PAO1. Outros estudos são necessários para elucidar os mecanismos pelos quais o EMPM e a capsaicina agem sobre os fenótipos avaliados neste trabalho


Quorum sensing inhibition alters bacterial communication by reducing virulence factors expression and biofilm formation, exerting less selective pressure compared to antibiotics. Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of compounds with potential QS-inhibition properties. However, there are few references about the potential of peppers belonging to the genus Capsicum and its isolated compounds as QS inhibitors. This study aimed to assess the effect of organic extracts obtained from Capsicum varieties, pimenta-malagueta (red chili) and pimentão vermelho (red bell pepper), on the AI-1 dependent QS system. The extracts were obtained by solid phase extraction and split into a methanolic and an ammonic fraction. Characteristic compounds were identified and quantified by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The antimicrobial activity of the extracts was assessed by determining the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and the growth curve of Chromobacterium violaceum ATCC 12472, Serratia liquefaciens MG1 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1. The anti-QS effect of the extracts was evaluated by the agar diffusion assay and the quantification of violacein production was assessed in liquid medium by C. violaceum, as well as in the biofilm formation test determined by the crystal violet assay and confocal microscopy with S. liquefaciens and P. aeruginosa at 30 ºC and 37 ºC. HPLC results showed that the methanolic extract of pimenta-malagueta (EMPM) contained capsaicinoids such as capsaicin and dihidrocapsaicin, luteolin and other unidentified compounds in lower concentrations; while its ammonic extract did not have capsaicinoids. Both pimentão vermelho extracts contained luteolin and other unidentified compounds in low concentrations, but they did not contain capsaicinoids. As EMPM was representative among the extracts because it contained capsaicinoids and luteolin, the focus of this work was to assess the effect of EMPM over microbial phenotypes at concentrations of 5, 2.5, 1.25 and 0.625 mg/ml, using capsaicin as a comparative control at equivalent concentrations to those in EMPM (25, 50 and 100 µg/ml). Antimicrobial activity assays showed a partial inhibition growth of bacteria at sub-MIC concentrations (MIC >5 mg/ml) of EMPM at 5 and 2.5 mg/ml. Similarly, capsaicin partially inhibited bacterial growth at 100 µg/ml, except for S. liquefaciens at 37 ºC in which growth was induced at 50 and 25 µg/ml. Violacein production was reduced by EMPM at 1,25 and 0,625 mg/ml without affecting C. violaceum growth. Assays with C. violaceum CV026, a biosensor strain that produces violacein in the presence of exogenous AI-1, suggest that EMPM reduced violacein production in C. violaceum 12472 by interfering with the AI-1 synthesis. In contrast, capsaicin incremented violacein synthesis in strain 12472, but experiments with strain CV026 revealed that capsaicin does not function as an analog of AI-1. Biofilm formation was increased in EMPM presence, being remarkably superior in P. aeruginosa cultivated at 30 ºC, as opposed to cultivation at 37 ºC. Similarly, capsaicin induced biofilm formation in S. liquefaciens (37 ºC) and P. aeruginosa (30 ºC). However, capsaicin did not affect biofilm formation on S. liquefaciens cultured at 30 ºC, neither on P. aeruginosa at 37 ºC. These results show that violacein production in C. violaceum ATCC 12472 is inhibited by EMPM, but not by capsaicin. In general, EMPM and capsaicin did not inhibit biofilm formation in S. liquefaciens MG1 neither in P. aeruginosa PAO1. More studies are necessary to elucidate the mechanisms by which EMPM and capsaicin affect the studied phenotypes in this work


Subject(s)
Capsicum/adverse effects , Plant Extracts/analysis , Capsicum/adverse effects , Quorum Sensing , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Capsaicin/classification , Chromatography, Liquid/methods , Solid Phase Extraction/instrumentation
20.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 30: 18-23, nov. 2017. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021065

ABSTRACT

Background: The aim of the present study was to evaluate gum productivity of a local strain, Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. vesicatoria, isolated from pepper plant, and its rheological behavior for the first time compared to the standard strain, Xanthomonas campestris DSM 19000 (NRRL B-1459). The influence of operational conditions (agitation rate and inoculum volume) on gum production and rheological properties of gums from the Xanthomonas strains were investigated. Results: The isolated strain of Xanthomonas showed similar xanthan yield compared to the standard strain. Furthermore, this study clearly confirmed that gum yield depended on bacterial strain, agitation rate, and inoculum size. The most suitable conditions for the gum production in an orbital shaker in terms of agitation rate and inoculum size were 180 rpm and 5%, respectively, resulting in an average production of 10.96 and 11.19 g/L for X. axonopodis pv.vesicatoria and X. campestris DSM 19000, respectively. Regarding the rheological properties, Ostwald-de-Waele and power law models were used to describe flow and oscillatory behavior of the gum solutions, respectively. Consistency of the novel gum solution remarkably was much higher than the commercial xanthan gum solution. Flow and oscillatory behavior and their temperature ramps showed that weak gel-like structure could be obtained with less gum concentrations when the novel gum was used. Conclusion: Therefore, yield and technological properties of the aqueous solutions of the exopolysaccharide synthesized by X. axonopodis pv. vesicatoria were observed to be more suitable for industrial production.


Subject(s)
Polysaccharides, Bacterial/biosynthesis , Xanthomonas vesicatoria/metabolism , Xanthomonas axonopodis/metabolism , Rheology , Temperature , Viscosity , Biodegradation, Environmental , Capsicum , Xanthomonas campestris/metabolism
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL