Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 4 de 4
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(4): e3376, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144452

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El blanqueamiento intracoronal es una alternativa mínimamente invasiva que permite devolver el color a dientes no vitales tincionados. La estabilidad del color logrado es fundamental para evaluar la predictibilidad de este tipo de tratamiento. Objetivo: Evaluar la estabilidad del color 3 años después del blanqueamiento intracameral con peróxido de hidrógeno y carbamida a diferentes concentraciones. Métodos: Se utilizaron 44 premolares extraídos por indicación ortodóncica, los cuales fueron tratados endodónticamente y pigmentados artificialmente con cromógenos sanguíneos. Las muestras fueron divididas aleatoriamente en 4 grupos de estudio (n = 11) siendo: grupo A: peróxido de carbamida 37 por ciento, grupo B: peróxido de hidrógeno 35 por ciento, grupo C: peróxido de carbamida 100 por ciento y grupo D: control; para luego realizar 4 aplicaciones de agente blanqueador con un intervalo de 4 días entre cada aplicación. El registro del color se realizó mediante espectrofotometría, lo que permitió obtener los valores CIE L*a*b* para calcular la variación total de color entre los parámetros iniciales y finales del tratamiento, así como el control a los 3 años. Resultados: Los resultados fueron analizados mediante las pruebas de Shapiro-Wilks, ANOVA y Mann-Whitney, sin registrar diferencias significativas en la variación total de color al control de los 3 años (p > 0,05). Conclusión: Los resultados del blanqueamiento intracoronal, independiente del tipo y concentración del agente utilizado en este estudio son estables en el tiempo y cualquier variación regresiva de color debe ser atribuida a factores extrínsecos(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Intracoronal whitening is a minimally invasive procedure to restore natural color to stained non-vital teeth. The color stability achieved is fundamental to evaluate the predictability of this type of treatment. Objective: Evaluate color stability 3 years after intracameral whitening with carbamide and hydrogen peroxide at various concentrations. Methods: A total 44 premolars were used which had been extracted by orthodontic indication. The premolars were treated endodontically and artificially pigmented with blood chromogenes. The samples were randomly divided into 4 study groups (n = 11): Group A: 37 percent carbamide peroxide, Group B: 35 percent hydrogen peroxide, Group C: 100 percent carbamide peroxide and Group D: control. Four applications were then made of the whitening agent with a 4-days' separation between them. Color was recorded by spectrophotometry, obtaining the values CIE L*a*b* to estimate total color variation between the initial and final parameters of the treatment, as well as control at 3 years. Results: The results were analyzed with Shapiro-Wilk, ANOVA and Mann-Whitney tests, not finding any significant differences in total color variation with respect to the 3 years' control (p > 0.05). Conclusion: The results of the intracoronal whitening studied are stable throughout time, regardless of the type and concentration of the agent used, and any regressive color variation should be attributed to extrinsic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Spectrophotometry/methods , Tooth Bleaching/adverse effects , Tooth, Nonvital/drug therapy , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(3): e559, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138930

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Existen muchos estudios de efectividad del blanqueamiento dental; sin embargo, son muy pocos los que hablan de regresión de color (fenómeno que se produce posterior a un blanqueamiento dental), lo mismo ocurre en relación a pacientes fumadores. Objetivo Determinar la regresión de la luminosidad del color en pacientes sometidos a blanqueamiento dental casero con peróxido de carbamida al 10 por ciento, en pacientes fumadores y no fumadores. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo, transversal, en 43 pacientes de un grupo de 60 previamente tratados de forma casera durante 3 semanas con peróxido de carbamida al 10 por ciento. Fueron divididos en un grupo experimental (pacientes fumadores GE) y grupo control (no fumadores GC). Se midió la variación del color con el espectrofotómetro Vita Easyshade® a la semana, mes, 6 meses y 9 meses posblanqueamiento. Los datos obtenidos mediante la medición con el espectrofotómetro fueron analizados por el test de Shapiro Wilk y Kolmogorov-Smirnov para evaluar normalidad de la distribución y, posteriormente, sometidos al test Mann-Whitney U y Wilcoxon W (#945; = 0,05). Resultados: El delta L* fue: 2,3 (GE) y 3,66 (GC); deltas calculados con datos de los 9 meses vs. semana posblanqueamiento. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos grupos. Conclusiones: No existen diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la regresión del color posteriores al blanqueamiento casero con peróxido de carbamida al 10 por ciento en pacientes fumadores y no fumadores(AU)


Introduction: Many studies have been conducted about the effectiveness of tooth whitening, but few refer to color regression (a phenomenon occurring after tooth whitening) or to smoking patients. Objective: Determine color luminosity regression in smoking and nonsmoking patients undergoing home tooth whitening with 10 percent carbamide peroxide. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted of 43 patients from a group of 60 previously undergoing home treatment with 10 percent carbamide peroxide for 3 weeks. The patients were divided into an experimental group (EG, smoking patients) and a control group (CG, nonsmoking patients). A Vita Easyshade® spectrophotometer was used to measure color variation one week, one month, 6 months and 9 months after whitening. The data obtained by spectrophotometry were analyzed with the Shapiro-Wilk and the Kolmogorov-Smirnov tests to evaluate the normality of the distribution, and then they were subjected to the Mann-Whitney-Wilcoxon U test (α = 0,05). Results: Delta L* was 2,3 (EG) and 3,66 (CG); delta values were estimated from data obtained 9 months vs. one week after whitening. No statistically significant differences were found between the groups. Conclusions: No statistically significant color regression differences are found in either smoking or nonsmoking patients after home whitening with 10 percent carbamide peroxide(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Color , Smokers , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
3.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(2): 121-124, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954252

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio in vitro fue evaluar la eficacia en el aclaramiento dental de tres enjuagues orales que contienen peróxido de hidrógeno en diferentes períodos de inmersión en comparación con el peróxido de carbamida al 10 %. Cuarenta muestras de premolares humanos se dividieron aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos según el agente al que se expuso: G1: Colgate Plax®Whitening, G2: Listerine®Whitening Extreme y G3: Oral B® 3D White™ se sumergieron dos minutos al día durante 28 días y G4: Peróxido de carbamida al 10 %, ocho horas al día durante 14 días. La medición de color se realizó con un espectrofotómetro Vita Easyshade usando la escala CIELab inicialmente, a los 14, 28 y 35 días de evaluación. Las comparaciones entre los grupos se realizaron utilizando las pruebas Kruskal-Wallis y U Mann-Whitney, mientras que entre los tiempos las pruebas Friedman y Signo-Rango de Wilcoxon. Los resultados revelaron que a los 14 días, los cuatro grupos mostraron cambios de color, pero no se evidenció mayor eficacia de alguno sobre el otro (p>0,05). Sin embargo, a los 28 y 35 días se observó una clara eficacia del peróxido de carbamida sobre los enjuagues (p<0,05). Los enjuagatorios orales aclaran los dientes a partir de los 28 días, con los protocolos indicados; sin embargo no llegan a tener resultados similares a un aclaramiento profesional con gel de peróxido de carbamida al 10 %.


ABSTRACT: The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the efficacy in dental toothbleaching of three mouthwashes containing hydrogen peroxide in different periods of immersion compared to 10 % carbamide peroxide. Forty samples of human premolars were randomly divided into four groups according to the agent to which they were exposed: G1: Colgate Plax®Whitening, G2: Listerine®Whitening Extreme and G3: Oral B® 3D White ™ were immersed two minutes a day during 28 days and G4: 10 % carbamide peroxide, eight hours a day for 14 days. The color measurement was performed with a Vita Easyshade spectrophotometer using the CIELab scale initially, at 14, 28 and 35 days of evaluation. The comparisons between the groups were made using the Kruskal-Wallis and U Mann-Whitney tests. While between the times the tests Friedman and Sign-Range of Wilcoxon. The results revealed that at 14 days, the four groups showed color changes, but no greater effectiveness was shown of one over the other (p>0,05). However, at 28 and 35 days a clear efficacy of carbamide peroxide was observed on the rinses (p<0,05). Mouthwashes clear the teeth after 28 days, with the indicated protocols; however, they do not reach similar results to a professional clarification with 10 % carbamide peroxide gel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Self Care/methods , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Tooth Bleaching Agents/therapeutic use , Spectrophotometry , In Vitro Techniques , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Hydrogen Peroxide/therapeutic use , Mouthwashes/therapeutic use
4.
Braz. dent. j ; 29(2): 109-116, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951533

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effect on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of two treatment protocols for dental fluorosis in individuals enrolled in a randomized clinical trial. Seventy volunteers, who lived in a fluorosis endemic area in Brazil, and had at least four maxillary anterior teeth showing fluorosis with a Thylstrup and Fejerskov index from 1 to 7, were randomized into two treatment groups (n= 35): GI- enamel microabrasion; or GII- microabrasion associated with at-home bleaching. Microabrasion was performed using 37% phosphoric acid and pumice, and at-home tooth bleaching with 10% carbamide peroxide in a tray. Volunteers completed a questionnaire at baseline and 1-month post treatment to assess changes in OHRQoL, using the Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP). Differences in overall impact scores between and within treatment groups were analyzed with Wilcoxon (within) and Mann-Whitney (between) tests. Changes in performance scores were analyzed using Wilcoxon tests (a< 0.05). One month after treatment, subjects reported improvement in OHRQoL. Both groups showed lower OIDP scores (p< 0.001), but there was no difference between them. Eating, cleaning teeth, smiling and emotional state performance scores were lower after treatment for the whole sample. In conclusion, the treatment with microabrasion improved the OHRQoL in this sample of individuals living in a fluorosis endemic area regardless of the addition of at-home bleaching.


Resumo Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito na qualidade de vida relacionada à saúde bucal (QVRSB) de dois protocolos de tratamento para fluorose dentária, em indivíduos incluídos em um ensaio clínico randomizado. Setenta voluntários, os quais viviam em uma área de fluorose endêmica no Brasil, e que possuíam pelo menos quatro dentes ântero-superiores com índice de Thylstrup e Fejerskov de 1 a 7, foram randomizados em dois grupos de tratamento (n= 35): GI- microabrasão de esmalte; ou GII- microabrasão associada com clareamento caseiro. A microabrasão foi realizada com ácido fosfórico 37% e pedra pomes e, o clareamento caseiro com peróxido de carbamida 10% e uso de moldeira. Os voluntários responderam um questionário antes e 1 mês após o tratamento, visando avaliar mudanças na QVRSB através do instrumento Oral Impact on Daily Performance (OIDP). Diferenças nos escores de impacto geral entre e nos mesmos grupos de tratamento foram analisadas através dos testes Wilcoxon (mesmo grupo) e Mann-Whitney (entre grupos), respectivamente. Alterações no escores dos domínios foram analisadas usando o teste Wilcoxon (a<0.05). Um mês após o tratamento, os indivíduos relataram melhora na QVRSB. Ambos os grupos apresentaram menores escores do OIDP (p<0,001), sem diferença entre eles. Os escores dos domínios comer, limpar os dentes, sorrir e estado emocioal diminuíram após o tratamento para toda a amostra. Concluiu-se que o tratamento com microabrasão melhorou a QVRSB de indivíduos vivendo em uma área de fluorose endêmica independentemente da associação com o clareamento caseiro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Phosphoric Acids/administration & dosage , Quality of Life , Oral Health , Enamel Microabrasion/methods , Carbamide Peroxide/administration & dosage , Fluorosis, Dental/drug therapy , Phosphoric Acids/therapeutic use , Tooth Bleaching/methods , Brazil/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires , Silicates , Endemic Diseases , Carbamide Peroxide/therapeutic use , Fluorosis, Dental/psychology , Fluorosis, Dental/epidemiology
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL