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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(12): 980-984, Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357092

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction In the present study, we report a case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) of the Bartholin gland with high-grade transformation (HGT). Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the Bartholin gland is a rare tumor and HGT has only been reported in head and neck tumors. Case Report A 77-year-old woman with a non-ulcerated vulvar lesion on the topography of the right Bartholin gland. The patient was submitted to tumor resection followed by V-Y island flap and adjuvant radiotherapy. The histopathological examination revealed primary ACC of the Bartholin gland, with areas of HGT and extensive perineural invasion. The immunohistochemical study with p53 showed a diffuse and strong positive reaction in areas with HGT. After 24 months of follow-up, the patient presented distant metastases and died, despite having undergone to chemotherapy. Conclusion As far as we know, this case is the first description in the literature of HGT in ACC of the Bartholin gland, and HGT appears to be associated with tumor aggressiveness.


Resumo Introdução Este estudo relata o caso de um carcinoma adenoide cístico (CAC) de glândula de Bartholin com transformação de alto grau. O CAC de glândula de Bartholin é um tumor raro, e sua transformação de alto grau é relatada somente em tumores de cabeça e pescoço. Relato de caso Paciente de 77 anos de idade, do sexo feminino, com lesão vulvar não ulcerada na topografia da glândula de Bartholin direita. A paciente foi submetida a ressecção do tumor e realização de retalho em V-Y, seguidas de radioterapia adjuvante. O exame histopatológico revelou CAC primário de glândula de Bartholin, com áreas de transformação de alto grau e invasão perineural. O estudo imunohistoquímico com p53 mostrou reação positiva difusa e intensa em áreas com transformação de alto grau. Após 24 meses de seguimento, a paciente apresentou metástases à distância e faleceu, apesar de ter sido submetida a quimioterapia. Conclusão Pelo que sabemos, este caso é a primeira descrição na literatura de transformação de alto grau em CAC de glândula de Bartholin, e a transformação de alto grau parece estar associada à agressividade do tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Bartholin's Glands , Vulvar Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/therapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
3.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(2): 171-177, mar.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249353

ABSTRACT

Resumo Introdução: Tumores de glândulas salivares são um grupo diversificado de lesões, com várias origens e comportamentos extremamente diferentes, resultam em distintos desfechos para os pacientes. Portanto, a necessidade de descobrir novos marcadores com a capacidade de predizer o comportamento de neoplasias de glândulas salivares benignas e malignas é crucial. O syndecan-1 é uma proteína da superfície celular com papéis significativos em vários aspectos da função tumoral. Sua expressão nas neoplasias das glândulas salivares, especialmente seu componente estromal, ainda não foi investigada. Objetivos: Avaliar a imunopositividade do syndecan-1 nos componentes epiteliais e estromais das neoplasias de glândulas salivares e compará-la entre os subtipos benigno e maligno, além de avaliar sua correlação com os parâmetros clínico-patológicos. Método: Foram corados 133 tumores de glândulas salivares imuno-histoquimicamente com syndecan-1 e a intensidade e porcentagem dessa proteína foram determinadas, comparadas entre as lesões e correlacionadas com fatores clínico-patológicos. Resultados: A análise estatística das lesões com tamanho amostral suficiente mostrou diferenças significantes em porcentagem e intensidade entre os componentes epiteliais e estromais de todos os tumores (p < 0,05). As comparações pareadas demonstraram uma porcentagem de coloração significantemente maior das células epiteliais (p = 0,02) no tumor de Warthin em comparação com o adenoma pleomórfico e o carcinoma adenoide cístico. Da mesma forma, foram observadas intensidades de coloração e/ou percentagens significantemente maiores no carcinoma mucoepidermoide e no carcinoma adenoide cístico em comparação ao adenoma pleomórfico e ao tumor de Warthin (p < 0,05). Dos fatores clinico-patológicos, houve apenas uma correlação negativa significante entre o percentual estromal de carcinoma mucoepidermoide e a idade; e uma diferença significante entre a intensidade estromal + porcentagem de carcinoma adenoide cístico e sexo (p < 0,05). Conclusões: De acordo com nossos achados, o syndecan-1 estromal se correlaciona com o comportamento maligno de tumores de glândulas salivares, demonstra uma expressão mais alta, indica um papel para o syndecan-1 na invasão e metástase tumoral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Syndecan-1
4.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(3): 216-220, 2021. tab, ilus, graf, tex
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292715

ABSTRACT

Los carcinomas adenoides quísticos son tumores extremadamente raros, para los cuales la cirugía es el pilar terapéutico; sin embargo, el abordaje quirúrgico puede estar contraindicado en función del tamaño tumoral, el compromiso de estructuras adyacentes o enfermedades concurrentes. En estos casos, la radioterapia externa definitiva puede ofrecer un adecuado control tumoral y alivio de síntomas. El presente reporte de caso describe un paciente con un tumor irregular que rodea la circunferencia de la tráquea, el cual genera disminución de la luz traqueal, en quién se decidió realizar una reducción de volumen de la lesión tumoral con argón plasma, seguido de colocación de un stent en Y (traqueal, bronquial izquierdo y bronquial derecho) y, posteriormente, realizar un tratamiento definitivo con radioterapia externa con técnica de intensidad modulada a dosis de 60 Gy en fraccionamiento de 2 Gy. Tres meses después del tratamiento, el paciente se presenta sin evidencia radiológica de adenopatías en la base del cuello o axila, con un stent endotraqueal permeable, sin estenosis y con una disminución del volumen tumoral, por lo que fue posible el retiro del stent.


Adenoid cystic carcinomas are extremely rare tumors, for which surgery is the mainstay of therapy; however, the surgical approach may be contradictory depending on tumor size, involvement of adjacent structures or concurrent diseases. In these cases, definitive external beam radiation therapy can offer adequate tumor control and symptom relief. The present case report describes a patient with an irregular tumor that surrounds the circumference of the trachea, causing a decrease in the tracheal lumen, in whom it was decided to perform a volume reduction of tumor with argon plasma, followed by placement of a Y-stent (tracheal, left bronchial and right bronchial), and subsequent definitive treatment with external radiotherapy with intensity modulated technique at doses of 60 Gy in 2 Gy fractionation. Three months after treatment, the patient presents without radiological evidence of lymphadenopathy at the base of the neck or axilla, with a patent endotracheal stent, with no stenosis and a decrease in tumor volume, for which the removal of the Stent was feasilble.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Tracheal Neoplasms , Radiotherapy, Intensity-Modulated , Conservative Treatment
5.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e073, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1278595

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to identify tumor parenchyma cells exhibiting immunohistochemical profile of stem cells by evaluating the immunoreactivity of OCT4 and CD44 in a number of cases of salivary gland neoplasms. The sample consisted of 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 20 mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and 20 adenoid cystic carcinomas located in major and minor salivary glands. The expression of OCT4 and CD44 was evaluated by the percentage of positive cells and the intensity of expression. All studied cases showed positive expression of OCT4 and CD44 and higher values than the control groups. For OCT4, luminal and non-luminal cells were immunostained in the case of pleomorphic adenomas and adenoid cystic carcinomas. Moreover, the immunoreactivity of CD44 was particularly evident in the non-luminal cells of these lesions. In mucoepidermoid carcinomas, there was immunoreactivity for both markers in squamous and intermediate cells and absence of staining in mucous cells. For both markers, a significantly higher immunostaining was verified in neoplasms located in the major salivary glands compared with lesions in minor salivary glands (p<0.001). In the total sample and in minor salivary glands, malignant neoplasms exhibited higher immunoreactivity for OCT4 than pleomorphic adenoma. A significant moderate positive correlation (r = 0.444 and p ≤ 0.001) was found between OCT4 and CD44 immunoexpression in the total sample. The high expression of OCT4 and CD44 may indicate that these proteins play an important role in identifying tumor stem cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Hyaluronan Receptors/genetics , Octamer Transcription Factor-3/economics , Immunohistochemistry
6.
São Paulo; s.n; 2021. 71 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1353654

ABSTRACT

As glândulas salivares são estruturas formadas por um sistema de ductos e ácinos responsáveis por secretar saliva. Apesar de raros, os tumores de glândulas salivares compreendem um grupo heterogêneo de lesões, apresentando diferentes características histológicas, sendo de difícil classificação e comportamento clínico diverso. A identificação de novos marcadores moleculares tem sido alvo de pesquisas para melhor compreensão e classificação dessas neoplasias, visto que a avaliação da expressão gênica e suas vias envolvidas permite identificar genes associados à regulação que modula o desenvolvimento neoplásico. Assim, novos achados podem direcionar a aplicação de novas técnicas para o diagnóstico, prognóstico e tratamento terapêutico. Contudo, pouco se sabe sobre a via de sinalização TGFß em neoplasias mais comuns em glândulas salivares, como: Adenoma Pleomórfico (AP), Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide (CME) e Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico (CAC). Diante disso, torna-se necessário ampliar a pesquisa de genes associados para a determinação de um painel de marcadores e, deste modo, fornecer informações que possam contribuir com o diagnóstico dessas neoplasias. O objetivo desse trabalho foi avaliar a expressão gênica relacionada à via de sinalização TGFß por meio da técnica de RT-PCR em tempo real (qPCR) destacando os marcadores TGFß1, ITGB6, SMAD2, SMAD4, FBN1, LTBP1 e c-MYC. Para tanto, foram selecionadas 13 amostras de AP, 17 de CME e 13 de CAC, além de 10 amostras de glândulas salivares não neoplásicas provenientes de cirurgias realizadas no A.C.Camargo Cancer Center no período do ano 2000 a 2015 e fornecidas pelo Biobanco de Tumores. Os resultados indicam que em pacientes com AP há aumento da expressão dos genes TGFß1, LTPB1, c-MYC e FBN1, enquanto a expressão de SMAD2 diminui quando comparados às amostras não neoplásicas. Em pacientes com CME, foi observada expressão aumentada dos genes TGFß1, ITGB6, FBN1 e c-MYC enquanto a expressão dos genes SMAD2 e SMAD4 diminui ao serem comparados às amostras não neoplásicas. Nos pacientes com CAC, foi observada expressão aumentada em quase todos os genes avaliados. Na análise de clusterização hierárquica não foi possível classificar nas diferentes neoplasias de glândula salivar. Para a validação dos resultados de expressão gênica foi realizada uma meta-análise utilizando dados da literatura, sendo possível observar concordância nos valores de expressão dos genes ITGB6, LTBP1 e TGFß1 em amostras de CME e dos genes FBN1, ITGB6, LTBP1, c-MYC, SMAD2 e SMAD4 nas amostras de CAC. Comparando-se a expressão dos genes entre os três tipos de neoplasias estudados, foi observado aumento de expressão dos genes c-MYC, SMAD2 e SMAD4 nos casos de CAC e aumento da expressão do gene ITGB6 nos casos de CME. A análise de sobrevida demonstrou que, em pacientes com Carcinoma Mucoepidermoide foi observado que a ausência de linfonodo comprometido e ausência de recidiva estão associadas a melhor probabilidade de sobrevida global em 5 anos. Nossos resultados sugerem que a expressão diminuída dos genes SMAD2 e SMAD4 parece não interferir na regulação transcricional de c-MYC, especialmente no AP e CME. Considerando os genes ITGB6, TGFß1, LTBP1, FBN1 e c-MYC a expressão aumentada parece ser relevante para a regulação da via de sinalização no processo de tumorigênese. Sendo assim, este estudo contribui para um melhor entendimento da via de sinalização TGFß em neoplasias de glândulas salivares, além de fornecer informações para o desenvolvimento de potenciais marcadores biológicos para essas neoplasias.


Salivary glands are structures formed by a system of ducts and acini responsible for secreting saliva. Although rare, salivary gland tumors comprise a heterogeneous group of lesions, presenting different histological features, difficult classification, and diverse clinical behavior. Identification of new molecular markers has been the subject of researchers for better comprehension and classification of these tumors, since gene expression evaluation and their signaling pathways allow the identification of genes associated with regulation that modulated tumor development. Therefore, new findings can direct the application of new technologies for diagnosis, prognosis, and therapeutic treatment. However, little is known about the TGFß signaling pathway in the most common salivary gland tumors, such as: Pleomorphic adenoma (PA), mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC), and adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC). In addition, it is necessary to expand research of genes and associated genes for determining a panel of markers and, thus, provide information that could be contribute with the diagnostic of these neoplasms. The aim of this study is to evaluate the expression of genes associated with the TGFß signaling pathway by real-time RT-PCR (qPCR) highlighting the markers TGFß1, ITGB6, SMAD2, SMAD4, FBN1, LTBP1, and c-MYC. For this purpose, 13 PA samples, 17 MEC samples, 13 ACC samples, and histologically normal salivary glands samples were selected from surgeries performed at A.C.Camargo Cancer Center between 2000 and 2015. These samples were provided by Tumor Biobank. The results indicate that PA patients presented an increased TGFß1, LTPB1, c-MYC, and FBN1 gene expression whereas SMAD2 expression was decreased when compared to the normal samples. In MEC patients, increased expression of TGFß1, ITGB6, FBN1, and c-MYC genes was observed whereas SMAD2 and SMAD4 genes presented decreased expression. In ACC patients, increased expression in almost all genes was observed. In hierarchical clustering analysis it was not possible to classify the different salivary gland tumors. For the validation of the gene expression results it was carried out a meta-analysis using the literature date, being possible to observe an agreement in the expression values of the genes ITGB6, LTBP1 and TGFß1 in MEC samples and FBN1, ITGB6, LTBP1, c-MYC, SMAD2 and SMAD4 in ACC samples. Comparing gene expression among the three tumor types studied it was observed higher expression of c-MYC, SMAD2 and SMAD4 genes in ACC cases and higher expression of ITGB6 in MEC cases. Survival analysis demonstrated that, in MEC patients it was observed that absence of affected lymph nodes and absence of recurrence are associated with better overall survival in 5 years. Our results suggest that the decreased expression of SMAD2 and SMAD4 genes seems not to interfere with the transcriptional regulation of c-MYC, especially in PA and MEC. Considering ITGB6, TGFß1, LTBP1, FBN1 and c-MYC increased gene expression appears to be relevant for the regulation of the signaling pathway in tumorigenic process. Thus, this study contributes to a better understanding of TGFß signaling pathway in salivary gland tumors, apart from supplying information in development of potential biomarkers for these tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Gene Expression Profiling , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
7.
Med. lab ; 25(4): 743-750, 2021. Grafs, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1370939

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Brooke-Spiegler (SBS) es una entidad rara, autosómica dominante, que ocurre por mutaciones del gen CYLD, el cual funciona como supresor de tumores. Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 50 años de edad, con historia de aparición de lesiones características de tricoepiteliomas que predominaban en nariz, región interciliar y mentón, que iniciaron desde los 14 años de edad. Desde hace 5 años refiere aumento del tamaño de lesiones en alas nasales, y una lesión en punta nasal de 2 años de evolución. Al realizarse una correlación clínica e histológica, asociada a los antecedentes familiares de la madre y hermano de la paciente, se concluyó que el cuadro clínico era compatible con tricoepitelioma múltiple familiar, una variante especial del SBS, en este caso asociado a carcinoma basocelular, que aunque no es un hallazgo común, se ha visto que se puede presentar en esta enfermedad. El diagnóstico preciso de SBS requiere de una correlación clínico-histológica, y se debe hacer un seguimiento clínico cercano para detectar cambios en las lesiones en piel, que puedan indicar una transformación maligna


Brooke-Spiegler syndrome (BSS) is a rare autosomal dominant condition that occurs due to mutations in the CYLD gene, which functions as a tumor suppressor gene. The case of a 50-year-old woman with a history of characteristic trichoepitheliomas predominantly in the nose, glabella and chin that began at 14 years of age is presented. She reports an increase in the size of the nasal ala lesions for the past 5 years, and the appearance of a new lesion in the nasal tip 2 years ago. When performing a clinical and histological correlation, associated with family history in both the mother and brother, it was concluded that the diagnosis was compatible with multiple familial trichoepithelioma, a special variant of BSS, associated in this case with basal cell carcinoma, that although not a common finding, has been seen to coexist in this disease. The diagnosis of BSS requires a clinical and histological correlation, and a close clinical follow-up must be performed to detect changes in the skin lesions that may indicate malignant transformation


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Machado-Joseph Disease , Acrospiroma , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Deubiquitinating Enzyme CYLD
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828109

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the expression of thymidylate synthase (TS) in myoepithelial cells (MECs) of salivary adenoid tissues and explore its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemical staining EnVision method was used to detect the expression of TS, P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100 in 32 salivary gland specimens, including 10 non-neoplastic and salivary inflammation specimens, 11 mixed tumor specimens, 5 basal cell carcinoma specimens and 6 adenoid cyst carcinoma specimens. The specificity and sensitivity of TS as a specific molecular marker of salivary muscle epithelial cells were evaluated in comparison with P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100.@*RESULTS@#The expression pattern of TS in all the salivary gland tissue specimens was identical with that of p63. TS and P63 both showed strong immunohistochemical expressions in MECs of salivary adenoid tissue specimens. Calponin, CK5/6, and S-100 showed cytoplasmic/membranous expressions in the MECs. In addition, TS exhibited weak or moderate cytoplasmic expression in a few salivary gland epithelial cells, cancer cells and scattered stromal cells, with negative expression in the cell nuclei. The expression of TS in the MECs of all the salivary adenoid specimens was highly consistent with those of P63, Calponin, CK5/6 and S-100 (>0.05) Except for CK5/6 expression in Salivary inflammation and Salivary gland specimens. Kappa>0.75. The specificity and sensitivity of TS as a molecular marker of MECs were both 100%.@*CONCLUSIONS@#TS is a new specific marker of MECs for differential diagnosis of salivary gland tumors.


Subject(s)
Adenoids , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Epithelial Cells , Humans , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Thymidylate Synthase
9.
Arq. odontol ; 56: 1-9, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1120171

ABSTRACT

Objetivo:Este trabalho analisou os casos de neoplasias orofaciais em crianças e adolescentes, diagnosticadas pelo Laboratório de Patologia Oral da Universidade Federal de Pernambuco no período de março de 2000 a março de 2019. Métodos: Tratou-se de um estudo retrospectivo das neoplasias mais prevalentes diagnosticada no serviço. Os dados foram tabulados e analisados através do programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences(SPSS) na versão 24.0. Resultados:Dos 6.766 casos diagnosticados, 101 foram de neoplasias, destes 52,5% foram no sexo feminino. A média de idade entre os pacientes foi de 12,6 anos. Em relação ao tipo de biópsia, a excisional foi mais prevalente e em 71,3% dos casos os diagnósticos histopatológicos confirmaram as hipóteses diagnósticas clínicas. A neoplasia benigna não odontogênica mais comum foi o papiloma oral com 30 casos (29,7%). Entre os tumores benignos de origem odontogênica, os odontomas foram os mais prevalentes com 16 casos (15,8%). Foram diagnosticados apenas dois tipos de neoplasias malignas: o carcinoma adenoide cístico e o leiomiossarcoma. Conclusão:Levantamentos epidemiológicos de lesões orofaciais são importantes para determinar a sua prevalência, além de contribuir com a determinação das características na população estudada, fornecendo ao cirurgião-dentista uma base sólida para o diagnóstico e manejo clínico das neoplasias nesses indivíduos.


Aim:To analyze the cases of orofacial neoplasms in children and adolescents, diagnosed by the Oral Pathology Laboratory of the Federal University of Pernambuco from March 2000 to March 2019. Methods: Treatment of a retrospective study of the most prevalent neoplasms diagnosed at the laboratory. Data were tabulated and analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS), version 24.0. Results:Of the 6,766 cases diagnosed, 101 were neoplasms, 52.5% of these were not female. The average age among the patients was 12.6 years. Regarding the type of biopsy, tooth extractions were more prevalent, and in 71.3% of the cases, the histopathological diagnoses confirmed the clinical diagnostic hypotheses. The most common non-odontogenic benign neoplasm was the oral papilloma, found in 30 cases (29.7%). Among the benign tumors of odontogenic origin, the odontomas were the most prevalent in 16 cases (15.8%). Only two types of malignant neoplasms were diagnosed: adenoid cystic carcinoma and leiomyosarcoma. Conclusion:Epidemiological surveys of orofacial lesions are important to determine their prevalence and aid in defining the characteristics in the studied population, providing the dentist with a continuous basis for the diagnosis and clinical treatment of neoplasms in these individuals.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Papilloma , Mouth Neoplasms , Child , Adolescent , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Leiomyosarcoma , Retrospective Studies
11.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(2): 144-149, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001554

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cell division cycle-7 protein is a serine/threonine kinase that has a basic role in cell cycle regulation and is a potential prognostic or therapeutic target in some human cancers. Objectives: This study investigated the expression of cell division cycle-7 protein in benign and malignant salivary gland tumors and also its correlation with clinicopathologic factors. Methods: Immunohistochemical expression of cell division cycle-7 was evaluated in 46 cases, including 15 adenoid cystic carcinoma, 12 mucoepidermoid carcinoma, 14 pleomorphic adenoma, and 5 normal salivary glands. Cell division cycle-7 expression rate and intensity were compared statistically. Results: The protein was expressed in almost all tumors. The intensity and mean of cell division cycle-7 expression were higher in malignant tumors in comparison with pleomorphic adenomas (p = 0.000). The protein expression was correlated with tumor grades (p = 0.000). Conclusions: The present study demonstrated cell division cycle-7 overexpression in malignant salivary gland tumors in comparison with pleomorphic adenomas, and also a correlation with tumor differentiation. Therefore, this protein might be a potential prognostic and therapeutic target for salivary gland tumors.


Resumo Introdução: A cell division cycle-7 é uma serina/treonina quinase que tem um papel básico na regulação do ciclo celular e é um potencial marcador prognóstico ou terapêutico em alguns tipos de câncer humano. Objetivos: Este estudo investigou a expressão de cell division cycle-7 em tumores de glândulas salivares benignos e malignos e também sua correlação com fatores clínico-patológicos. Método: A expressão imuno-histoquímica de cell division cycle-7 foi avaliada em 46 casos, incluindo 15 carcinomas adenoide císticos, 12 carcinomas mucoepidermoides, 14 adenomas pleomórficos e 5 glândulas salivares normais. A taxa de expressão e a intensidade da proteína cell division cycle-7 foram comparadas estatisticamente. Resultados: A proteína foi expressa em quase todos os tumores. A intensidade e a média da expressão de cell division cycle-7 foram maiores em tumores malignos em comparação com adenoma pleomórfico (p = 0,000). A expressão da proteína foi correlacionada com os graus do tumor (p = 0,000). Conclusões: O presente estudo demonstrou a superexpressão de cell division cycle-7 em tumores malignos de glândulas salivares quando comparada com o adenoma pleomórfico, além de uma correlação com a diferenciação de tumores. Portanto, essa proteína pode ser um potencial marcador prognóstico e terapêutico para tumores de glândulas salivares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Protein Serine-Threonine Kinases/analysis , Carcinoma, Mucoepidermoid/pathology , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Cell Cycle Proteins/analysis , Prognosis , Reference Values , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Cell Differentiation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760040

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Orbital exenteration is a psychologically and anatomically disfiguring procedure which indicated in some patients with malignant or progressive diseases of orbital and periorbital area. In this study, we reviewed 176 patients that underwent orbital exenteration. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of medical records from all patients who underwent orbital exenteration from March 1991 to March 2014 in oculoplastic department at an eye care center. Demographic data, diagnosis, site of primary involvement and technique of surgery were determined in patients. RESULTS: One hundred seventy-six cases of orbital exenteration were included that had documented histopathology. The age of patients ranged from 1 to 91 years (mean age ± standard deviation, 55.43 ± 27 years). Ninety-seven (55.11%) males and 79 (44.88%) females were included. Fifteen different tumors were identified. The most common indication was patients with basal cell carcinoma 49 (28%) followed by 41 (23.5%) squamous cell carcinomas, 35 (20%) retinoblastoma, and 13 (7%) adenoid cystic carcinomas. In total, adnexal malignancies were the most common tumors, secondarily involving the orbit. Eyelids 89 (50.5%) and the globe 43 (24%) were the most frequent site of involvement. Three types of exenteration were performed, based on available data of 129 operation sheets, 46 (35.7%) subtotal, 62 (48.1%) total, and 21 (16.3%) cases of extensive exenterations. In total 97 cases were evaluated pathologically for perineural involvement, of which perineural invasion was noted in 9 (7%) reports. CONCLUSIONS: Frequency of exenteration in our center has increased in past 3 years and the majority of cases were eyelid basal cell carcinoma. Patient education considering periocular lesions can help in earlier diagnosis of malignant lesions and therefore reducing the number of exenteration.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis , Eyelids , Female , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Orbit , Patient Education as Topic , Retinoblastoma , Retrospective Studies
13.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 669-672, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762388

ABSTRACT

Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a malignant neoplasm of glands commonly occurs in salivary glands. Primary cutaneous adenoid cystic carcinoma (PCACC) is a rare form of ACC that primarily presents on the skin. Herein, we represent a rare case of PCACC occurred in the umbilicus in a 66-year-old Korean male patient. The patient visited our center with erythematous indurated patch on the umbilicus diagnosed as ACC by incisional biopsy at another center. The diagnosis of PCACC was confirmed by additional histopathologic examination and imaging study. We proceeded Mohs micrographic surgery and reconstructed umbilicus with tacked purse string suture. Local recurrence and distant metastasis were not observed during 30-month follow-up. We report this rare case of PCACC on the umbilicus so that dermatologist can aware of the rare disease. Furthermore, we recommend MMS and tacked purse string suture as effective methods for treatment of PCACC and immediate umbilical reconstruction.


Subject(s)
Adenoids , Aged , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Mohs Surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Salivary Glands , Skin , Sutures , Umbilicus
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719527

ABSTRACT

Canalicular adenoma is a rare benign tumor that arises in the minor salivary gland. Clinically, it usually presents as an asymptomatic nodule on the upper lip or buccal mucosa. It is necessary to histopathologically differentiate canalicular adenoma from basal cell adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma. Canalicular adenoma shows tubular structures composed of 1 or 2 layers of columnar cells and intraluminal hemorrhage. Squamous morules, which seem to represent metaplasia, are a unique finding for this tumor. Immunohistochemical staining is often helpful for the diagnosis of canalicular adenoma, which is positive for S-100 and CK (AE1/3). Herein, we report a case of canalicular adenoma in a 71-year-old man who presented with an asymptomatic nodule on the upper lip. As far as we know, this is the first report of canalicular in Korean Dermatology Journal.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Aged , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Hemorrhage , Humans , Lip , Metaplasia , Mouth Mucosa , Salivary Glands, Minor
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741212

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recent findings in molecular pathology suggest that genetic translocation and/or overexpression of oncoproteins is important in salivary gland tumorigenesis and diagnosis. We investigated PLAG1, SOX10, and Myb protein expression in various salivary gland neoplasm tissues. METHODS: A total of 113 cases of surgically resected salivary gland neoplasms at the National Cancer Center from January 2007 to March 2017 were identified. Immunohistochemical staining of PLAG1, SOX10, and Myb in tissue samples was performed using tissue microarrays. RESULTS: Among the 113 cases, 82 (72.6%) were benign and 31 (27.4%) were malignant. PLAG1 showed nuclear staining and normal parotid gland was not stained. Among 48 cases of pleomorphic adenoma, 29 (60.4%) were positive for PLAG1. All other benign and malignant salivary gland neoplasms were PLAG1-negative. SOX10 showed nuclear staining. In normal salivary gland tissues SOX10 was expressed in cells of acinus and intercalated ducts. In benign tumors, SOX10 expression was observed in all pleomorphic adenoma (48/48), and basal cell adenoma (3/3), but not in other benign tumors. SOX10 positivity was observed in nine of 31 (29.0%) malignant tumors. Myb showed nuclear staining but was not detected in normal parotid glands. Four of 31 (12.9%) malignant tumors showed Myb positivity: three adenoid cystic carcinomas (AdCC) and one myoepithelial carcinoma with focal AdCC-like histology. CONCLUSIONS: PLAG1 expression is specific to pleomorphic adenoma. SOX10 expression is helpful to rule out excretory duct origin tumor, but its diagnostic value is relatively low. Myb is useful for diagnosing AdCC when histology is unclear in the surgical specimen.


Subject(s)
Adenoma , Adenoma, Pleomorphic , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity , Carcinogenesis , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Diagnosis , Immunohistochemistry , Oncogene Proteins , Oncogene Proteins v-myb , Parotid Gland , Pathology, Molecular , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Salivary Glands , SOX Transcription Factors , Translocation, Genetic
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772673

ABSTRACT

Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is a common malignant tumor in the oral and maxillofacial region and accounts for approximately 3%-5% of all head and neck carcinomas. SACC always occurs in the palatal salivary gland and parotid gland. The tumor has the characteristics of strong invasion, perineural invasion, high hematogenous metastasis, and low lymph node metastasis rate. The biological characteristics of SACC determine the specificity of clinical treatment. Thus far, few clinical trials have investigated the efficacy of systemic therapy owing to the rarity of SACC with lung metastasis. Moreover, long-term results are poor, and no consensus on standard treatment has been reached yet. This systematic review aims to provide a retrospective analysis of treatment options and prognosis for SACC with lung metastasis and evidence for future clinical treatment.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Diagnosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Humans , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Diagnosis
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772656

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The aim of this study was to identify the differences in microbial diversity and community in patients with salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC).@*METHODS@#Saliva was collected from 13 patients with SACC confirmed by histopathological diagnosis and 10 healthy control subjects. Total metagenomic DNA was extracted. The DNA amplicons of the V3-V4 hypervariable regions of the 16S rRNA gene were generated and subjected to high-throughput sequencing. Microbial diversity and community structure were analyzed with Mothur software.@*RESULTS@#A total of 16 genera of dominant bacteria in the SACC group were found, including Streptococcus (36.68%), Neisseria (8.55%), Prevotella_7 (7.53%), and Veillonella (6.37%), whereas 15 dominant bacteria in the control group were found, including Streptococcus (18.41%), Neisseria (18.20%), Prevotella_7 (8.89%), Porphyromonas (6.20%), Fusobacterium (5.86%) and Veillonella (5.82%). The statistically different phyla between the two groups were Firmicutes, Proteobacteria and Fusobacterium (P<0.05). The statistically different genera between the two groups were Streptococcus, Neisseria and Porphyromonas (P<0.05), and Capnocytophaga was only detected in patients with SACC.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Significant differences were observed in the oral microorganisms between the two groups.


Subject(s)
Bacteria , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic , Microbiology , Humans , Porphyromonas , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S , Saliva , Salivary Gland Neoplasms , Microbiology
18.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(4): 413-416, dic. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985747

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El carcinoma adenoideo quístico (CAQ) es una patología propia de las glándulas salivales, casos excepcionales se han descrito como primarios en otras partes de la economía. Este es un caso de CAQ primario pulmonar (CAQPP), con respuesta parcial a radioterapia, además, presenta metástasis hepáticas, sin evidenciarse lesiones de metástasis en otras partes del organismo. Tales características hacen que debamos prestar atención a las formas atípicas de CAQ sobre todo al CAQPP y a su comportamiento poco predecible.


ABSTRACT Adenoid cystic carcinoma (ACC) is a pathology of the salivary glands, exceptional cases have been described as primary of the bronchus. This is a case of primary adenoid cystic carcinoma of the tracheobronchial tree (PACCTBT), with partial response to radiation therapy, in addition, presents liver metastases, without evidence of metastasis injuries in other parts of the body. Such characteristics mean that we should pay attention to the atypical forms of ACC, especially PACCTBT and its unpredictable behavior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/therapy , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 12(2): 125-130, jun. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954253

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Multiple salivary gland tumors represent an unusual event characterized by the development of composite lesions originated from minor or major salivary glands. These neoplasms can be categorized into three perspectives: Histologic type, time of appearance and topographic distribution. We report an unusual case of a 73-year-old black man with an acinic cell carcinoma (ACC) of the oral mucosa discovered incidentally during surgical removal of an adjacent mucocele. Approximately one year after the first consultation, the patient was seen at the local cancer reference center with a third lesion that was diagnosed as an adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) of the upper lip. The patient underwent surgical reconstruction of the treated areas and has been free of the disease for the past year. To our knowledge, the combination of ACC and AdCC in intraoral sites has not been reported in the literature.


RESUMEN: Los tumores de glándulas salivales múltiples representan un evento inusual caracterizado por el desarrollo de lesiones compuestas, originadas en glándulas salivales menores o mayores. Estos neoplasmas se pueden categorizar en tres perspectivas: tipo histológico, tiempo de aparición y distribución topográfica. Reportamos un caso inusual de un hombre negro de 73 años con un carcinoma de célula acínica (ACC) de la mucosa oral descubierta incidentalmente durante la extirpación quirúrgica de un mucocele adyacente. Aproximadamente un año después de la primera consulta, el paciente se presentó en el centro de referencia del cáncer local con una tercera lesión que fue diagnosticada como carcinoma adenoide quístico (AdCC) del labio superior. El paciente se sometió a la reconstrucción quirúrgica de las áreas tratadas y durante el último año no ha presentado recurrencia de la enfermedad. De acuerdo a nuestro conocimiento la combinación de ACC y AdCC en sitios intraorales no se ha informado en la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasms, Second Primary/mortality , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/surgery , Radiotherapy , Biopsy , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/therapy , Lip
20.
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 78(1): 15-24, mar. 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-902809

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: El carcinoma adenoide quístico es una neoplasia originada en glándulas exocrinas de todo el cuerpo, principalmente en glándulas salivales mayores. En cavidad nasal y senos paranasales es poco frecuente y se caracteriza por presentar una alta frecuencia de recurrencia y de metástasis a distancia posterior a su remisión y a pesar de su tratamiento. Objetivo: Describir características de una serie de casos de pacientes con carcinoma adenoide quístico de cavidad nasal y senos paranasales operados. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo-retrospectivo. Período enero de 2012 y enero de 2017. La información se obtuvo a partir de las fichas electrónicas de la Clínica Las Condes. Se describen procedencia, edad y sexo, características clínicas, hallazgos anatomopatológicos, métodos diagnósticos, tratamiento, evolución. Resultados: Total de 5 pacientes operados, 3 mujeres y 2 hombres. La edad promedio fue de 63 años, con rango de 33 años a 90 años de edad. 100% de los casos sin factores asociados. La presentación clínica más frecuente fue la obstrucción nasal unilateral, seguida por el dolor facial. Dos pacientes se presentaron con diagnóstico inicial, dos por recurrencia y uno por persistencia. En tres casos el tumor se origina de seno maxilar y en dos en seno etmoidal. Todos presentaron enfermedad avanzada, etapa IV y III. Tres pacientes histológicamente fueron de bajo grado y dos de alto grado. En los cinco casos el tratamiento primario fue quirúrgico, en el 60% endoscópico, 20% abierto y 20% combinado. En cuatro casos se usó radioterapia posoperatoria y en tres de éstos, quimioterapia concomitante. Todos se encuentran sin signos de recidiva tumoral en último control. Conclusiones: El carcinoma adenoide quístico de cavidad nasal y senos paranasales es bastante infrecuente, su incidencia es menor a 1/100.000 casos por año. Es más frecuente en mujeres entre 40 y 50 años. Se identifica más con su origen en el seno maxilar (50%) y de patrón cribiforme. Clínicamente se presenta en estadíos avanzados ya que en etapa precoz es asintomático o presenta clínica inespecífica inflamatoria. El diagnóstico se realiza con biopsia complementada con imagenología. El tratamiento más utilizado es la cirugía endoscópica o abierta asociado a radioterapia posoperatoria, a pesar de la cual, se presentan con alta recurrencia a largo plazo.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma is a neoplasm originating in exocrine glands throughout the body, mainly in the major salivary glands. In the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is rare and characterized by a high frequency of recurrence and distant metastasis after remission and despite its treatment. Aim: To describe characteristics of a series of patients with operated adenoid cystic carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Material and method: Descriptive-retrospective study. Period January 2012 and January 2017. The information was obtained from the electronic tabs of the Las Condes Clinic. It describes origin, age and sex, clinical characteristics, anatomopathological findings, diagnostic methods, treatment, evolution. Results: Total 5 patients operated, 3 women and 2 men. The average age was 63 years, ranging from 33 years to 90 years of age. 100% of the cases without associated factors. The most frequent clinical presentation was unilateral nasal obstruction, followed by facial pain. 2 patients presented with initial diagnosis, 2 due to recurrence and 1 due to persistence. In 3 cases the tumor originates from the maxillary sinus and in 2 in the ethmoidal sinus. All had advanced disease, stage IV and III. 3 patients were histologically low grade and 2 high grade. In all 5 cases, the primary treatment was surgical, 60% endoscopic, 20% open and 20% combined. In 4 cases, postoperative radiotherapy was used and in 3 of this concomitant chemotherapy. All are without signs of tumor recurrence in the last control. Conclusion: Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses is quite infrequent; its incidence is less than 1/100,000 cases per year. It is more common in women between 40 and 50 years. It is identified more with its origin in the maxillary sinus (50%) and cribriform pattern. Clinically it presents in advanced stages since at an early stage, it is asymptomatic or it presents nonspecific inflammatory clinic. Diagnosis is performed with biopsy supplemented with imaging. The most commonly used treatment is endoscopic or open surgery associated with postoperative radiotherapy, despite which, they present with high recurrence in the long term.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/surgery , Nasal Cavity/surgery , Paranasal Sinus Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Carcinoma, Adenoid Cystic/diagnostic imaging , Nasal Cavity/diagnostic imaging
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