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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536339

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El carcinoma basocelular es un tumor de invasión local de crecimiento; se origina en las células epidérmicas de los folículos pilosos o las células basales de la epidermis, cuando se localizan en zona de alto riesgo en la cara tienen un mayor índice de recurrencia tumoral y de invasión a estructuras adyacentes y subyacentes. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del HeberFERON en pacientes con carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en pacientes con diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico de carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo, tratados con HeberFERON en la consulta del Policlínico Centro de Sancti Spíritus desde el 12 de enero de 2016 hasta el 25 de marzo de 2022. La muestra quedó conformada por 62 pacientes Las principales variables estudiadas fueron la respuesta al tratamiento y los eventos adversos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, el área urbana, fototipocutáneo III y la edad mayor de 40 años. La localización más frecuente fue la nasal; el subtipo clínico el nódulo ulcerativo; el histológico, el sólido; el tumor primitivo y menor de 2 cm; la respuesta al tratamiento fue completa en la mayoría de los pacientes. Los eventos adversos más comunes fueron dolor y ardor en el sitio de inyección, edema y eritema perilesional, fiebre y cefalea. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes tratados con HeberFERON tuvieron una respuesta completa, los eventos adversos fueron los descritos en la literatura por el uso de interferones, sin cambio en la actitud farmacológica(AU)


Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma is a growing and locally invasive tumor; it originates in the epidermal cells of hair follicles or the basal cells of the epidermis. When located in a high-risk facial zone, they present a higher rate of tumor recurrence and invasion to adjacent and underlying structures. Objective: To evaluate the results of HeberFERON application in patients with basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone. Methods: An observational, descriptive and prospective study was conducted in patients with a clinical, dermatoscopic and histopathological diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone, treated with HeberFERON in the consultation of Policlínico Centro of Sancti Spíritus, from January 12, 2016 to March 25, 2022. The sample was made up of 62 patients. The main variables studied were response to treatment and adverse events. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, the urban area, skin phototype III and age over 40 years. The most frequent localization was nasal; the clinical subtype, ulcerative nodule; the histological subtype, solid. The response to treatment was complete in most patients. The most common adverse events were pain and burning at the injection site, perilesional erythema and edema, fever and headache. Conclusions: Most patients treated with HeberFERON had a complete response; the adverse events were those described in the literature due to the use of interferons, with no change in pharmacological behavior(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
2.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 25(2): [12], ago. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514151

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: El carcinoma basocelular de la región auricular es considerado uno de los más agresivos y con peor pronóstico, suele ser destructivo y mutilante por lo que el tratamiento conservador, como es el uso de los interferones, es importante en la práctica médica habitual. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del HeberFERON en una serie de pacientes con carcinoma basocelular en la región auricular. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal en una serie de casos con diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico de carcinoma basocelular de la oreja que recibieron tratamiento con HeberFERON en el Policlínico Centro de la ciudad Sancti Spíritus, durante el período del 20 de febrero de 2017 a 20 de diciembre de 2022. En total se incluyeron 29 pacientes. Se realizó una evaluación inicial, durante y 16 semanas después del tratamiento; se les inyectó 10.5 UI de HeberFERON 3 veces por semana perilesional e intradérmico hasta completar 9 dosis. Las variables fueron la respuesta al tratamiento y presencia o no de eventos adversos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, la localización en la concha de la oreja, subtipo clínico nódulo ulcerativo y el histológico sólido, con respuesta completa en la mayoría de los pacientes. Como eventos adversos más comunes se presentaron dolor en el sitio de inyección, fiebre, edema y eritema perilesional. Conclusiones: La respuesta al tratamiento fue favorable en la mayoría de los pacientes y los eventos adversos que se observaron fueron los descritos en la literatura sin cambio en la actitud farmacológica.


Background: Basal cell carcinoma of the auricular region is one of the most aggressive cancers and with the worst prognosis, is usually destructive and mutilating, therefore conservative treatment, such as the use of interferons, is important in routine medical practice. Objective: To evaluate the results of HeberFERON application in a series of patients with basal cell carcinoma in the auricular region. Methodology: An observational, descriptive and longitudinal study was conducted on a series of cases with clinical, dermoscopic and histopathologic diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma of the ear treated with HeberFERON at the Center Polyclinic in Sancti Spíritus city, during the period from February 20, 2017 through December 20, 2022. A total of 29 patients were included in the study. An evaluation was conducted at the start of treatment, during treatment, and 16 weeks after treatment; the patients were treated with 10.5 IU of HeberFERON by perilesional and intradermal injections three times a week until completing nine doses. The variables were the response to the treatment and the presence or absence of any adverse events. Results: The male sex predominated, location in the ear turbinate, clinical subtype ulcerative nodule and solid histologic subtype, with a complete response in the majority of patients. The most common adverse events were injection site pain, fever, edema, and perilesional erythema. Conclusions: The response to treatment was favorable in most patients, and the adverse events observed were those described in the literature, with no change in pharmacologic attitude.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Ear Auricle
3.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 43-46, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984443

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Epidermal nevi are hamartomas of the epidermis and papillary dermis that are usually present during the first years of life. Rarely, malignant transformations develop in association with epidermal nevi. Few cases have been reported worldwide, however the lifetime risk and incidence are unknown. @*Case Report@#This is a case series about basal cell carcinoma arising on epidermal nevus. The first patient is a 42-year-old Filipino female, who presented with a verrucous plaque at birth on the left temple which then developed multiple, discrete to confluent, grayish, papules and nodules on the surface. Histological examination revealed nevus sebaceus and basal cell carcinoma, pigmented type. The second patient is a 53-year-old Filipino male, who presented with a papillomatous plaque on the left temple since the first year of life which then increased in size along with the presence of a solitary bluish-black macule noted by dermoscopic examination. Histologic examination showed verrucous epidermal nevus and basal cell carcinoma, pigmented type.@*Conclusion@#Two rare cases of basal cell carcinoma arising on epidermal nevus are reported. Despite the rarity of malignant transformation on epidermal nevus, any suspicious growth warrants a biopsy. Knowledge of these cases is important for probing suspicious growth over an epidermal nevus that would prompt early treatment before these lesions progress in size making it harder to manage.


Subject(s)
Nevus, Sebaceous of Jadassohn , Carcinoma, Basal Cell
4.
Rev. méd. Urug ; 39(2): e202, 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY | ID: biblio-1442063

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la cirugía micrográfica de Mohs es una técnica para la exéresis de cánceres de piel con la ventaja del examen histológico del 100% de los márgenes quirúrgicos, logrando así la tasa de curación más alta con la máxima preservación de tejido sano circundante. Objetivo: realizar una descripción clínico-epidemiológica de 7 años de experiencia en Uruguay. Método: análisis descriptivo de pacientes operados por un mismo cirujano de Mohs registrando datos clínicos, tumorales y quirúrgicos. Resultados: se estudiaron 641 cirugías. 54,9% fueron realizadas en hombres y 45,1% en mujeres. La edad media fue de 69 años. El 68,2% correspondió a carcinoma basocelular y 31,8% a carcinoma espinocelular. El 79,4% se encontraba en cabeza y cuello. El 87,8% de los tumores fueron primarios y un 11,1% recidivas. El tipo más frecuente de cierre fue el cierre simple con 48,7% seguido de los colgajos con un 31,7%. Conclusiones: la cirugía de Mohs es un procedimiento seguro y eficaz, y nuestros resultados coinciden con lo descrito en centros de referencia internacional. Este trabajo describe 7 años de experiencia en Uruguay de la técnica de CMM, siendo el mayor a nivel nacional.


Introduction: Mohs micrographic surgery is a technique for skin cancer exeresis involving the advantage of 100% of surgical margins histological exam, which leads to highest healing rates with the maximum preservation of the surrounding healthy tissue. Objective: to conduct a clinical and epidemiological description of a 7 years' experience in Uruguay. Method: descriptive analysis of patients operated by the same Mohs surgeon who recorded clinical, tumor and surgical data. Results: 641 surgeries were included in the study. 54.9% of surgeries were performed in men and 45.1% in women. Average age was 69 years old. 68.2% of cases corresponded to basal cell carcinoma and 31.8% to squamous cell carcinoma. 79.4% were located in the head and neck, 87.8% of tumors were primary and 11.1% were cases of relapse. The most frequent type of closure was simple in 48.7% of cases, followed by flaps in 31.7%. Conclusions: Mohs surgery is a safe an effective procedure, and the results of the study agree with what is described in international reference centers. The study describes a 7 years' experience in Uruguay of Mohs micrographic surgery, being it the largest research conducted in Uruguay.


Introdução: a cirurgia micrográfica de Mohs é uma técnica de excisão de cânceres de pele com a vantagem do exame histológico de 100% das margens cirúrgicas, alcançando assim a maior taxa de cura com a máxima preservação do tecido saudável circundante. Objetivo: realizar uma descrição clínico-epidemiológica de 7 anos de experiência no Uruguai. Método: análise descritiva de pacientes operados pelo mesmo cirurgião com experiência na técnica de Mohs registrando dados clínicos, tumorais e cirúrgicos. Resultados: foram estudadas 641 cirurgias. 54,9% foram realizados em homens e 45,1% em mulheres. A média de idade foi de 69 anos. 68,2% corresponderam a carcinoma basocelular e 31,8% a carcinoma espinocelular. 79,4% estavam na cabeça e pescoço. 87,8% dos tumores eram primários e 11,1% recidivas. O tipo de fechamento mais frequente foi o fechamento simples (48,7%) seguido do fechamento com retalhos com (31,7%). Conclusões: a cirurgia de Mohs é um procedimento seguro e eficaz, e nossos resultados coincidem com os descritos em centros de referência internacionais. Este trabalho descreve 7 anos de experiência no Uruguai da técnica CMM, sendo a maior a nível nacional.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Mohs Surgery , Skin Neoplasms/surgery
5.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 5(2): 104-111, jul. 22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1379917

ABSTRACT

Paciente femenina de 72 años. Mediante estudios de imagen (ultrasonido y tomografía), se le identificó lesión en parénquima hepático, anexo derecho, peritoneo y apéndice cecal, y mediante estudio histopatológico se determinó la presencia concomitante de carcinoma hepatocelular de células claras, tumor mucinoso limítrofe de bajo potencial maligno o borderline, pseudomixoma peritoneal y neoplasia mucinosa de bajo grado del apéndice cecal, respectivamente. Debido a que las neoplasias reportadas no guardan relación con el mismo órgano ni con el sistema, se considera que son neoplasias aparecidas al azar y de tipo sincrónico por ser diagnosticadas en el mismo espacio temporal. Se practicó laparotomía exploradora con exéresis de lesión anexial y de apéndice cecal. La lesión hepática recibió quimioembilización transarte rial por radiología intervencionista. Posterior a la intervención quirúrgica, la paciente presenta buen estado general. En seguimiento con resonancia magnética se cataloga con persistencia de lesión hepática ya tratada, por lo tanto, con enfermedad estable; se refiere a oncología clínica para valoración de quimioterapia en el manejo del pseudomixoma peritoneal. Dieciocho meses después de los diagnósticos iniciales, se documenta carcinoma basocelular y se cataloga como neoplasia metacrónica por la diferencia de tiempo entre los diagnósticos


A 72-year-old female patient with a one-year history of abdominal pain in the right upper quadrant, colicky, radiating to the back, accompanied by adynamia and weight loss. Abdominal distension and a painful mass on palpation in the right hypochondrium were evidenced. Imaging studies identified different lesions in the hepatic parenchyma, right adnexa, peritoneum and cecal appendix. The histopathological study described the presence of clear cell hepatocellular carcinoma, borderline mucinous tumor of low malignant potential or borderline, peritoneal pseudomyxoma and low-grade mucinous neoplasm of the cecal appendix respectively, as synchronous neoplasms. An exploratory laparotomy was performed with excision of the adnexal lesion and the cecal appendix. The hepatic lesion received transarterial chemoembilization by interventional radiology. Follow-up with conservative management by clinical oncology was indicated. The patient evolved with good general condition, in the follow-up with magnetic resonance imaging was classified with persistence of stable hepatic lesion. Eighteen months after the diagnosis of synchronous neoplasms, basal cell carcinoma was identified, due to the difference in the time of diagnosis this is considered a metachronous neoplasm


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Neoplasms, Second Primary , Neoplasms , Ultrasonics , Tomography , El Salvador , Medical Oncology
6.
Medisan ; 26(2)abr. 2022. tab,graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1405796

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La neoplasia ocular puede afectar el ojo, los anexos y la órbita. El tratamiento eficaz depende de un diagnóstico precoz, presuntivo y certero. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los pacientes con cáncer ocular según variables de interés. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y retrospectivo de 58 pacientes con tumor maligno ocular, confirmado mediante biopsia, atendidos en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Centro Oftalmológico del Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde octubre del 2015 hasta igual periodo del 2020. Se utilizó la media para las variables cuantitativas. Resultados: En la serie la edad media fue de 62,49 años; primaron el sexo masculino (51,7 %) y el color de la piel mestizo (53,4 %). La localización más frecuente de las lesiones tumorales en los anexos fue en los párpados (53,4 %) y la conjuntiva (41,4 %). Los tipos histológicos predominantes fueron carcinoma basocelular palpebral (44,8 %) y carcinoma epidermoide de la conjuntiva (41,4 %). La estadificación del tumor se estableció: T1 en 47 pacientes, T2 y T3 en 4, así como T4 en 3. Conclusiones: El control del cáncer ocular es de suma importancia, pues permite trazar estrategias para el diagnóstico precoz y el tratamiento adecuado de los pacientes.


Introduction: The ocular neoplasm can affect the eye, annexes and orbit. The effective treatment depends on an early, presumptive and accurate diagnosis. Objective: To characterize patients with eye cancer according to variables of interest. Method: An observational, descriptive and retrospective study of 58 patients with eye malignancy confirmed by means of biopsy was carried out. They were assisted in the Ocular Plastic Surgery Service of the Ophthalmologic Center at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from October, 2015 to the same period in 2020. The mean was used for the quantitative variables. Results: In the series the mean age was of 62.49 years; there was a prevalence of the male sex (51.7 %) and the mixed race color of the skin (53.4 %). The most frequent localization of the tumoral lesions in the annexes was in the lids (53.4 %) and the conjunctive (41.4 %). The predominant histologic types were palpebral basal cell carcinoma (44.8 %) and squamous cell carcinoma of the conjunctive (41.4 %). The estadification of the tumor was established: T1 en 47 patients, T2 and T3 in 4, as well as T4 in 3. Conclusions: The control of the eye cancer is very important, because it allows to trace strategies for the early diagnosis and the appropriate treatment of patients.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Eye Neoplasms , Secondary Care , Biopsy
8.
Rev. Assoc. Méd. Rio Gd. do Sul ; 66(1): 01022105, 20220101.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424850

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O carcinoma basocelular é a neoplasia mais comum no mundo. É responsável, juntamente com os demais cânceres de pele, pelo grande aumento dos gastos públicos, quando comparados aos demais tipos de câncer. Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o perfil epidemiológico dos laudos histopatológicos de Carcinoma Basocelular (CBC) realizados nos laboratórios de Patologia da cidade de Criciúma/ SC. Métodos: Foi feito um estudo observacional retrospectivo, com coleta de dados secundários e abordagem quantitativa. Foram incluídos no estudo 301 laudos histopatológicos de CBC. Resultados: A média da idade no momento do diagnóstico foi de 64,09 anos. O gênero mais acometido foi o feminino, correspondendo a 55,5% dos laudos da amostra. Dos subtipos histopatológicos, o nodular foi o prevalente (52,2%), seguido pelo esclerodermiforme/infiltrativo (28,2%), superficial (11,3%), micronodular (5,6%), basoescamoso (1,7%) e pigmentado (1,0%). A localização cutânea de maior frequência foi cabeça e pescoço (67,4%), tendo o nariz como principal local das lesões (32,4%). Limitações do estudo: Este estudo teve como limitação a não informação da localização cutânea do CBC em 126 laudos. Conclusão: O CBC é mais comum em indivíduos a partir da sexta década de vida (p=0,017), preferencialmente em mulheres (p=0,013). O subtipo mais encontrado é o nodular seguido do esclerodermiforme. O nariz foi o local de maior acometimento das lesões. O subtipo superficial predominou no sexo feminino (p=0,013). Quanto à sua localização cutânea, o subtipo superficial está associado aos membros superiores e inferiores (p=0,037).


Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma is the most common neoplasm in the world. Along with other skin cancers, it is responsible for a large increase in public spending compared to other types of cancer. This study aimed to evaluate the epidemiological profile of histopathological reports of basal cell carcinoma performed in pathology laboratories in the city of Criciúma, SC, Brazil. Methods: This retrospective observational study was conducted using secondary data and a quantitative approach. A total of 301 histopathological reports of basal cell carcinoma were included. Results: The mean age at diagnosis was 64.09 years, with women being more affected (55.5%). Of the histopathological subtypes, nodular was the most prevalent (52.2%), followed by infiltrative (28.2%), superficial (11.3%), micronodular (5.6%), basosquamous (1.7%) and pigmented (1.0%). The most frequent location was the head and neck (67.4%), with the nose being the main site of lesions (32.4%). Study limitations: The carcinoma location was missing in 126 reports. Conclusion: basal cell carcinoma was more common in individuals ≥ 60 years of age (p=0.017), especially women (p=0.013). The most common subtypes were nodular and infiltrative. The nose was the most affected site. The superficial subtype predominated in women (p=0.013). The superficial subtype was associated with the upper and lower limbs (p=0.037).


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell
9.
An. bras. dermatol ; 97(1): 45-48, Jan.-Feb. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360093

ABSTRACT

Abstract Basaloid follicular hamartoma is a benign, superficial malformation of hair follicles that can be mistaken both clinical and histopathologically for basal cell carcinoma. Basaloid follicular hamartoma has been linked to a mutation in the PTCH-1 gene, which is part of the same pathway involved in Gorlin-Goltz syndrome. Here we present a 9-year-old patient with an asymptomatic congenital lesion on the forehead, which increased in size over the years. Histopathology showed a basaloid follicular hamartoma associated with follicular mucinosis and inflammation. Gorlin-Goltz syndrome was ruled out by clinical examination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Mucinosis, Follicular , Hamartoma/complications , Inflammation
10.
Med.lab ; 26(4): 335-351, 2022. Tabs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412444

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Un factor fundamental en el envejecimiento de la piel es la exposición acumulativa a la luz solar. Al avanzar el proceso de fotoenvejecimiento, el colágeno y las fibras elásticas experimentan mayores daños, generando patologías asociadas a cáncer. Se plantea como objetivo de esta revisión, analizar la evidencia que existe en relación a las diferentes situaciones del fotoenvejecimiento cutáneo y su asociación con el cáncer de piel. Metodología. Se elaboró una revisión sistemática, exploratoria, a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica en gestores de bases de datos en salud. Se seleccionaron 18 artículos completos entre los años 2019 y 2020. Resultados. Se agruparon los hallazgos de los artículos en dos matrices de información, la primera que indica los temas principales del fotoenvejecimiento y la relación con los factores asociados a cáncer de piel, y una segunda matriz que presenta la interrelación de la asociación con la conclusión más relevante del artículo. Conclusiones. El fotoenvejecimiento es un problema que crece día a día impactando en la vida del ser humano, creando repercusiones a nivel físico y mental que afectan la calidad de vida. Es necesario crear conciencia acerca de los mecanismos de fotoprotección, como el uso de bloqueadores solares, antioxidantes, evitar la luz solar y uso de lentes solares, entre otros; y, en los casos que ya exista algún daño por fotoenvejecimiento, elegir la mejor alternativa e individualizar cada paciente según su tipo de piel y enfermedades asociadas con la edad, para un mejor enfoque de tratamiento, y así impactar de manera positiva en el crecimiento exponencial que existe hoy en día en diversos tipos de cáncer de piel y lesiones precancerosas


Introduction. A fundamental factor in skin aging is cumulative exposure to sunlight. As the photoaging process progresses, collagen and elastic fibers experience greater damage, generating pathologies associated with cancer. The aim of this review is to analyze the evidence that exists in relation to the different situations of cutaneous photoaging and its association with skin cancer. Methodology. A systematic, exploratory review was prepared through a bibliographic search in database managers in health. A total of 18 articles were selected between the years 2019 and 2020. Results. The articles information were grouped into two matrix, the first one that indicates the main themes of photoaging and the relationship with the factors associated with skin cancer, and a second matrix that presents the interrelationship of these factors with the most relevant conclusion of the study. Conclusions. Photoaging is a problem that grows day by day impacting on human life, creating repercussions on a physical and mental level affecting the quality of life. It is necessary to raise awareness about photoprotection mechanisms such as the use of sunscreen, antioxidants , avoid sunlight, use of solar lenses, among others; and in cases where there is already some damage caused by photoaging, choose the best alternative and individualize each patient according to their skin type and diseases associated with age, for a better treatment approach, and thus positively impact the exponential growth that exists today in various types of skin cancer and precancerous lesions


Subject(s)
Skin Aging , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Melanoma , Neoplasms
11.
Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 15-21, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936167

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the methods for the accurate resection of malignant tumors of the external nose, and the accurate evaluation and repair of tissue defects. Methods: We collected 48 cases with nasal malignant tumors treated in 980 Hospital, Joint Support Force of the People's Liberation Army from January 2010 to June 2020, including 28 males and 20 females, aged 36-86 years. The pathological types of tumors included basal cell carcinomas (n=29), squamous cell carcinomas (n=11), trichilemmal carcinomas(n=6), denoid cystic carcinoma (n=1) and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n=1). Tumor resection was mainly based on the traditional extended resection determined by the safety margin, and Mohs surgery was used to minimize the scope of resection, for the margin that significantly affected the repairing results, such as the lesion adjacent to the nasal alar margin, nasal columella or deep easy-penetrating margin. All cases obtained tumor resection and primary/secondary defect reconstruction. Results: According to the pathological type and tumor size, the safe resection margin was mainly 4-10 mm, and Mohs surgery was used in 24 cases. Limited-size defects in 38 cases were repaired with double-leaf flaps, kite flaps, nasal dorsum brow flaps, nasolabial flaps or free tissues. Among 10 cases with compound defects, 8 cases were repaired with frontal flaps, including 4 cases with single frontal flaps, 2 cases with additional titanium mesh stent reconstruction and 2 cases with over and out frontal flaps. During follow-up of 1 to 10 years, all the flaps survived without flap necrosis, and the postoperative nasal contour and ventilation were satisfactory. One patient had tumor recurrence 18 months after operation, 2 patients died of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and other patients survived without tumors. Conclusions: Mohs surgery can basically meet the requirements for precise resection of external nasal malignant tumors. Individualized application of adjacent tissue flaps and various frontal flaps is a reasonable choice to achieve the satisfactory outcome of external nasal repair and to take into account the complexity of operation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Nasal Septum , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms , Surgical Flaps
12.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 33-36, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-960026

ABSTRACT

@#<p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>INTRODUCTION:</strong> Trichoepithelioma is a benign hamartoma which may exhibit similar clinical and histopathological features with basal cell carcinoma. Since prognosis is dissimilar, differentiating between them is important. Literature reveals fifteen reports of malignant transformation of multiple trichoepitheliomas into basal cell carcinoma, with none in the local setting. In Brooke-Spiegler syndrome, the incidence rate of malignant transformation of benign neoplasms has been reported in 5-10 % of patients.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>CASE REPORT:</strong> A 53-year-old Filipino-American female presented with multiple discrete to coalesced, well-defined, skin-colored to hyperpigmented, smooth, dome-shaped, rubbery papules and nodules on the face since childhood. Throughout the years, lesions increased in number and size and spread to the scalp, chest, abdomen, back, upper and posterior right thigh. Some developed ulceration, telangiectasia and pigmentation.</p><p style="text-align: justify;">Chest radiography, radiographs of the jaw, whole abdominal ultrasound, cranial CT scan, ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology assessments were normal. Based on clinical and histopathologic findings, the final diagnosis was Brooke-Spiegler syndrome with transformation into basal cell carcinoma. Carbon dioxide (CO2) laser was used to excise large and ulcerated lesions with good cosmetic results.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> A case of a Filipino-American adult female diagnosed clinically and histologically with Brooke-Spiegler syndrome with transformation into basal cell carcinoma was presented. Given the similarities in clinical and histopathologic features of trichoepithelioma and basal cell carcinoma, accurate diagnosis should be made because of their difference in prognosis. The use of an acceptable treatment modality such as carbon dioxide (CO2) laser in this case is an important emerging fi eld of study.</p><p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>KEYWORDS:</strong> trichoepithelioma, basal cell carcinoma, Brooke-Spiegler syndrome, malignant transformation, carbon dioxide laser</p>


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Lasers, Gas
13.
Journal of the Philippine Dermatological Society ; : 31-40, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978185

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#The true incidence of skin cancer, as well as the clinico-demographic and histopathologic profile of skin cancer patients in the Philippines, has not been established. To the authors’ knowledge, no similar studies have been published in recent years.@*Objectives@#To determine the clinico-demographic and histopathologic characteristics of histopathologically-proven skin cancer Filipino pa- tients in a Philippine public tertiary hospital.@*Methods@#This study included 121 patients with histopathologically-proven skin cancers from January 2015 to December 2019 in the dermatology and pathology departments of a public tertiary hospital in Manila, Philippines. Retrospective chart review and descriptive data analysis were conducted for this study.@*Results@#Of the 121 cases, the common skin cancers included basal cell carcinoma (54%), squamous cell carcinoma (27%), cutaneous lymphoma (7%), and melanoma (6%). The mean age was 63 ±16 years. There was a slight female preponderance (56%). The most commonly affected area was the head and neck region (73%). Most cases (54%) were clinically diagnosed by dermatologists, while the remaining patients were seen by non-derma-tologists. Thus, the concordance between clinical diagnosis and histopathologic confirmation was 62% in basal cell carcinoma, 50% in cutaneous lymphoma, 29% in melanoma, and 24% in squamous cell carcinoma. Overall, the skin cancer lesions amongst the patients were significant at the time of diagnosis, with a median length of 20 mm and a median width of 18.5 mm.@*Conclusion@#Basal cell carcinoma is the most common skin cancer (54%), followed by squamous cell carcinoma (27%). The head and neck was the most commonly affected region at 73%. Due to the low concordance of clinical and histopathologic confirmation, referral to a dermatologist is necessary to improve clinical accuracy. In the public tertiary hospital setting, whole-body skin examination should be a part of the initial derma- tology screening to catch small skin cancers. A system to ensure regular follow-up of skin cancer patients should be initiated to optimize early detection of recurrence and subsequent treatment as necessary.


Subject(s)
Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Melanoma
14.
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 384-389, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928981

ABSTRACT

Nevus-like basal cell carcinoma syndrome (NBCCS) is a rare autosomal dominant disease characterized by the occurrence of multiple maxillofacial keratocysts, basal cell carcinoma, child medulloblastoma, and various skeletal and soft tissue dysplasia. In 2020, a patient with NBCCS dominated by facial basal cell carcinoma was admitted to Xiangya Hospital of Central South University. The patient was an elderly woman. Ten years ago, the systemic mass appeared, especially on the face, but it was not treated. Later, these masses gradually increased in volume and number, and showed invasive properties. The nasal mass was broken and suppurated, seriously affecting the patient's life quality. The patient came to the hospital to improve the symptoms. Staphylococcus aureus and Providencia rettgeri were cultured in the patient's nasal secretions. Nasal sinus enhanced MRI showed that the subcutaneous soft tissue of the right cheek and the anterolateral mucosa of the left nasal cavity were invaded, indicating multiple malignant skin lesions. After admission, local anesthesia was performed and some masses were removed. Pathological examination of the mass showed basal cell carcinoma. After general anesthesia, multiple masses were resected. The postoperative pathological examination showed that multiple basal cell carcinoma invaded the deep dermis near subcutaneous fat layer. Combined with the results of clinical and immunohistochemical examination, the patient was diagnosed as NBCCS. There were no clear tumor thrombus in the vessel and no nerve invasion. No recurrence or new tumor was found after 1 year follow-up. The incidence rate of NBCCS is low and clinical symptoms are different. The patient's life quality is poor and the patient needs long-term individualized treatment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Basal Cell Nevus Syndrome/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Hamartoma Syndrome, Multiple , Magnetic Resonance Imaging
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 712-716, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355629

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The treatment of advanced periocular basal cell carcinomas becomes a challenge as surgery may involve highly mutilating procedures. Vismodegib is the first selective hedgehog inhibitor approved for the treatment of locally advanced tumors or metastatic disease. Objective: Analyze the results of treatment with vismodegib for advanced periocular basal cell carcinomas in a real-life setting of a reference center between 2014 and 2020. Methods: Retrospective longitudinal study. The patient's demographic profile, comorbidities, tumor characteristics, and treatment outcomes were analyzed. Results: A total of 13 patients were included. Median follow-up and treatment duration were 15.9 and 10.5 months, respectively. Objective clinical response rate was 76.9%: 30.8% had a complete response and 46.2% a partial response. The median duration of response was 13 months. Progressive disease was observed in 38.5% of cases, with a median of 19 months after the beginning of treatment. Eighty-four percent of the patients had at least one adverse event, and 61.54% needed to interrupt treatment temporarily or permanently to increase tolerability. Study limitations: Being a retrospective study in a real-life setting, the evaluation of objective clinical response was subjective to physician appreciation. Conclusion: Vismodegib is a safe and effective treatment for locally advanced basal cell carcinoma. To prevent recurrences, the drug should be used continually when tolerated. The role of neoadjuvant vismodegib before surgery is being investigated and might add an important step in searching for a definitive treatment for these cases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Pyridines , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Hedgehog Proteins , Anilides , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy
17.
Medisan ; 25(6)2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1356468

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El carcinoma basocelular es el tumor epitelial maligno más frecuente, pues constituye 60-80 % de todos los cánceres cutáneos. Objetivo: Determinar la respuesta al HeberFERON® en pacientes con carcinoma basocelular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y longitudinal de 90 pacientes con carcinoma basocelular, a quienes se le administró HeberFERON® en el Hospital General Docente Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso de Santiago de Cuba, desde enero de 2017 hasta diciembre de 2019. Se analizaron variables demográficas, clínicas y de respuesta al tratamiento. Resultados: La edad promedio fue de 63 años; hubo una mayor incidencia del sexo masculino (58 para 64,4 %) y el fototipo cutáneo II (56 para 62,0 %), con lesiones localizadas en la nariz (42 para 46,7 %), así como un predominio del subtipo clínico nodular (41 para 45,6 %). Se logró el control de la enfermedad en 100,0 % de la casuística. Conclusiones: El HeberFERON® resultó de gran utilidad en los pacientes con carcinoma basocelular, puesto que en más de la mitad de ellos se obtuvo una respuesta completa, con un mínimo de eventos adversos, todos leves y moderados.


Introduction: The basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent epithelial neoplasm, because it constitutes 60-80 % of all the cutaneous cancers. Objective: To determine the answer to HeberFERON® in patients with basal cell carcinoma. Methods: An observational, descriptive and longitudinal study of 90 patients with basal cell carcinoma to whom HeberFERON® was administered was carried out at Dr. Juan Bruno Zayas Alfonso Teaching General Hospital in Santiago de Cuba, from January, 2017 to December, 2019. Some demographic, clinical variables that responded to the treatment were analyzed. Results: The average age was 63 years; there was a higher incidence of the male sex (58 for 64.4 %) and the cutaneous fototype II (56 for 62.0 %), with lesions located in the nose (42 for 46.7 %), as well as a prevalence of the nodular clinical subtype (41 for 45.6 %). The control of the disease was achieved in 100.0 % of the case material. Conclusions: The HeberFERON® was very useful in patients with basal cell carcinoma, since in more than a half of them a complete response was obtained, with a minimum of adverse events, all of them light and moderate.


Subject(s)
Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/therapy , Immunotherapy
18.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(6): 695-701, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350347

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cutaneous basal cell carcinoma recurrence is associated with inadequate surgical margins. The frequency of and the factors associated with compromised or inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma varies. Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and pathological factors associated with inadequate surgical margins in head and neck basal cell carcinoma. Methods: We developed a cross-sectional study comprising all patients who had undergone resection of head and neck basal cell carcinoma from January 2017 to December 2019. Data on age, sex, head and neck topography, histopathological findings, and staging were retrieved and compared. Each tumor was considered an individual case. Compromised and close margins were termed ''inadequate'' or ''incomplete''. Variables that were significantly associated with the presence of incomplete margins were further assessed by logistic regression. Results: In total, 605 tumors from 389 patients were included. Overall, sixteen cases (2.6%) were classified as compromised, 52 (8.5%) as close, and 537 (88.7%) as free margins. Presence of scleroderma (p = 0.005), higher Clark level (p < 0.001), aggressive variants (p < 0.001), invasion beyond the adipose tissue (p < 0.001), higher T stage (p < 0.001), perineural invasion (p = 0.002), primary site (p = 0.04), multifocality (p = 0.01), and tumor diameter (p = 0.02) showed association with inadequate margins. After Logist regression, multifocality, Clark level and depth of invasion were found to be independent risk factors for inadequate margins. Conclusion: Gross clinical examination may be sufficient for determining low prevalence of inadequate surgical margins when treating head and neck basal cell carcinoma in highly experienced oncologic centers. Multifocality, Clark level and depth of invasion were found to be independent risk factors for incomplete margins.


Resumo Introdução: A recorrência do carcinoma basocelular (CBC) cutâneo está associada a margens cirúrgicas inadequadas. A frequência e os fatores associados a margens cirúrgicas comprometidas ou inadequadas no carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço variam. Objetivo: Avaliar os fatores clínicos e patológicos associados a margens cirúrgicas inadequadas no carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço. Método: Conduzimos um estudo transversal que abrangeu todos os pacientes submetidos à resseçcão de carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço de janeiro de 2017 a dezembro de 2019. Dados sobre idade, sexo, topografia na cabeça e pescoço, achados histopatológicos e estadiamento foram recuperados e comparados. Cada tumor foi considerado como um caso individual. As margens comprometidas e próximas foram denominadas ''inadequadas'' ou ''incompletas''. As variáveis que foram significantemente associadas à presença de margens incompletas foram avaliadas adicionalmente por regressão logística. Resultados: Foram incluídos 605 tumores de 389 pacientes. No geral, 16 casos (2,6%) foram classificados como comprometidos, 52 (8,5%) como próximos e 537 (88,7%) como margens livres. Presença de esclerodermia (p = 0,005), nível de Clark mais elevado (p < 0,001), variantes agressivas (p < 0,001), invasão além do tecido adiposo (p < 0,001), estágio T mais avançado (p < 0,001), invasão perineural (p = 0,002), sítio primário (p = 0,04), multifocalidade (p = 0,01) e diâmetro do tumor (p = 0,02) mostraram associação com margens inadequadas. Após a regressão logística, a multifocalidade, o nível de Clark e a profundidade de invasão foram considerados fatores de risco independentes para margens inadequadas. Conclusão: O exame clínico macroscópico pode ser suficiente para determinar baixa prevalência de margens cirúrgicas inadequadas no tratamento do carcinoma basocelular de cabeça e pescoço em centros oncológicos altamente experientes. Multifocalidade, nível de Clark e profundidade de invasão foram considerados fatores de risco independentes para margens incompletas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Margins of Excision , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
19.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 84(5): 481-489, Sept.-Oct. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339205

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: This study aimed to optimize the effective doses of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and their combination on cultivated basal cell carcinoma. Methods: Cultivated basal cell carcinoma and fibroblastic cells were treated with different concentrations of mitomycin C, 5-fluorouracil, and their combination. Cell viability, cell cycle, apoptosis, and expression levels of TP53, CDKN1A, and CDK6 were investigated. The most effective drug with its optimum dosage was administered via multiple intralesional injections to a 65-year-old woman with advanced periorbital nodulo-ulcerative BCC. Results: The concentrations of 0.00312 and 0.312 mg/mL were considered optimum for mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil, respectively. The mean viabilities of basal cell carcinoma treated with mitomycin C alone and its combination with 5-fluorouracil were significantly less than those of the controls (p=0.002 and p=0.04, respectively). The cell cycle of all the treated basal cell carcinoma groups was arrested in the S phase. The apoptotic rates (p=0.002) of mitomycin C treated basal cell carcinoma were higher than those of the other treated cells, and their TP53 was significantly upregulated (p=0.0001). Moreover, CDKN1A was upregulated, whereas CDK6 was downregulated in basal cell carcinoma treated with either 5-fluorouracil (p=0.0001 and p=0.01, respectively) or the combination of 5-fluorouracil and mitomycin C (p=0.007 and p=0.001, respectively). Basal cell carcinoma lesions were significantly alleviated following mitomycin C injections in the reported patient. Conclusion: Our in vitro results revealed that the effective doses of mitomycin C and 5-fluorouracil on cultivated basal cell carcinoma were optimized. Mitomycin C was more effective in inducing the apoptosis of basal cell carcinoma than 5-fluorouracil and their combination. The intralesional injections of the optimum dose of mitomycin C could be proposed for the nonsurgical treatment of advanced eyelid basal cell carcinoma.


RESUMO Objetivo: Otimizar a dose efetiva de mitomicina C, 5fluorouracil e da combinação de ambos em culturas de células de carcinoma basocelular (CBC). Métodos: Culturas de células de células de carcinoma basocelular e de fibroblastos foram tratadas com diferentes concentrações de mitomicina C, 5fluorouracil e combinação de ambos. Além disto, foram investigados a viabilidade celular, o ciclo celular, a apoptose e a expressão dos genes TP53, CDKN1A e CDK6. O medicamento mais eficaz, em sua dosagem otimizada, foi administrado em últiplas injeções intralesionais em uma mulher de 65 anos com carcinoma basocelular nódulo-ulcerativo periorbital avançado. Resultados: A concentração de 0,00312 mg/mL de mitomicina C e a de 0,312 mg/mL de 5fluorouracil foram consideradas as ideias. A viabilidade média das células de carcinoma basocelular tratadas com mitomicina C isoladamente e em combinação foi significativamente menor que nas células de controle (respectivamente, p=0,002 e p=0,04). Todos os grupos de carcinoma basocelular tratados demonstraram interrupção do ciclo celular na fase S. As células de carcinoma basocelular tratadas com mitomicina C mostraram maiores taxas de apoptose (p=0,002) e significativa regulação positiva do gene TP53 (p=0,0001). Além disso, o gene CDKN1A foi positivamente regulado e o gene CDK6 foi negativamente regulado em células de carcinoma basocelular tratadas com 5fluorouracil (respectivamente, p=0,0001 e p=0,01) ou com a combinação de medicamentos (respectivamente, p=0,007 e p=0,001). Injeções posteriores de mitomicina C na paciente em questão levaram à melhora significativa da lesão do carcinoma basocelular. Conclusão: Nossos resultados in vitro otimizaram as doses efetivas de mitomicina C e 5fluorouracil na cultura de células de carcinoma basocelular e mostraram que a mitomicina C tem mais eficácia na apoptose de células de carcinoma basocelular do que o 5fluorouracil e a combinação de ambos. Injeções intralesionais de doses otimizadas de mitomicina C podem ser propostas para o tratamento não cirúrgico do células de carcinoma basocelular avançado de pálpebra.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Survival Analysis , Mitomycin , Fluorouracil
20.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(3): e1066, 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1352033

ABSTRACT

Se realizó una búsqueda sobre carcinoma basal de párpado, con el objetivo de describir el contexto actual del tratamiento quirúrgico, no quirúrgico y reconstructivo. Con el fin de eliminar el tumor con las menores secuelas funcionales y estéticas posibles, son aceptadas muchas opciones de tratamiento en el manejo actual de esta patología, que incluyen: tratamientos tópicos (imiquimod, interferones, vismodegib, sonidegib), procedimientos mínimamente invasivos (terapia fotodinámica), modalidades ablativas (curetaje, electrocauterización, criocirugía) y procedimientos altamente especializados (resección quirúrgica convencional, radioterapia o cirugía de Mohs). El tratamiento previo, el subtipo histológico, el sitio y el tamaño de la lesión deben considerarse en la planificación quirúrgica, porque se ha demostrado que afectan las tasas de curación. A partir de estos elementos, se desarrolló un algoritmo para el tratamiento del carcinoma basocelular que podría ayudar a elegir la técnica quirúrgica y los márgenes de seguridad, especialmente en lugares donde la cirugía micrográfica no está ampliamente disponible(AU)


A bibliographic search was conducted about basal eyelid carcinoma with the purpose of describing the current context of surgical, non-surgical and reconstructive treatment. Current management of this condition includes many treatment options aimed at removing the tumor with the least possible functional and esthetic sequels. Among them are the following: topical medication (imiquimod, interferons, vismodegib, sonidegib), minimally invasive procedures (photodynamic therapy), ablative therapy (curettage, electrocauterization, cryosurgery) and highly specialized procedures (conventional surgical resection, radiotherapy or Mohs surgery). Surgical planning should consider the previous treatment, the histological subtype, and the site and size of the lesion. These factors have been shown to affect cure rates. Based on these elements, an algorithm was developed for the treatment of basal cell carcinoma which may be useful in selecting the surgical technique and safety margins, particularly in settings where micrographic surgery is not widely available(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/radiotherapy , Mohs Surgery/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Eyelids/injuries , Review Literature as Topic , Imiquimod/therapeutic use
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