Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 165
Filter
1.
Dermatol. argent ; 27(2): 59-63, abr-jun 2021. il, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1366196

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de colisión consisten en neoplasias compuestas por dos poblaciones celulares distintas que mantienen una clara diferenciación de sus bordes y que se encuentran adyacentes una de otra en la misma muestra histopatológica. Esta asociación puede corresponder a dos tumores malignos, dos benignos o uno maligno y uno benigno. Son infrecuentes y, en ocasiones, representan un desafío clínico para la detección correcta de ambas neoplasias. Se presenan los casos de tres pacientes con tumores cutáneos de colisión, de estirpe melanocítica combinada con queratinocítica; en dos de ellos ambas neoplasias fueron malignas y en uno, se asociaron una lesión maligna y una benigna.


Collision tumors consist of neoplasms composed of two different cell populations that maintain a clear differentiation of their borders, and that are adjacent to each other in the same histopathological sample. This association can correspond to two malignant tumors, two benign, or one malignant and one benign. They are infrequent and, at times, represent a clinical challenge for the correct detection of both neoplasms. Three cases of cutaneous collision tumors of a melanocytic line combined with a keratinocytic line are presented, two of them in which both neoplasms were malignant and one that associated a malignant and a benign lesion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/diagnosis , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/pathology , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/surgery , Neoplasms, Multiple Primary/pathology
2.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e991, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289525

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir las características clínicas y patológicas del carcinoma basocelular. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo y retrospectivo de serie de casos en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica Ocular del Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", desde enero del año 2016 a diciembre de 2018. Se incluyeron todos los pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico posoperatorio de carcinoma basocelular en el período de estudio. La muestra quedó conformada por 54 pacientes y se caracterizó según el año del diagnóstico, la edad, el sexo, el color de la piel, la procedencia, el grado de diferenciación celular, el párpado afectado, la localización palpebral, el diagnóstico preoperatorio y el diagnóstico histopatológico posquirúrgico. Resultados: El 57,4 por ciento de los pacientes fueron del sexo femenino. El grupo más afectado fue el de 60-79 años con el 53,7 por ciento de los casos, con una edad media de presentación de 54,57 años. El 88,9 por ciento de la muestra fueron de piel blanca. En el 79,6 por ciento se afectó el párpado inferior y en el 64,8 por ciento el tercio interno. El 64,8 por ciento fueron carcinoma basocelular poco diferenciados y la concordancia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico fue del 85,2 por ciento. Conclusiones: El carcinoma basocelular es más frecuente en el sexo femenino, en los adultos mayores y en los pacientes de piel blanca. En cuanto al grado de diferenciación celular, es poco diferenciado, y se localiza fundamentalmente en el tercio interno del párpado inferior. Existe concordancia entre el diagnóstico clínico y el histopatológico en la mayoría de los pacientes(AU)


Objective: Describe the clinical and pathological characteristics of basal cell carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective descriptive study was conducted of a case series from the Oculoplastic Surgery Service at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2016 to December 2018. The study universe was all the patients with a postoperative histopathological diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma in the period analyzed, from whom a sample 54 patients was selected. The variables analyzed were year of diagnosis, age, sex, skin color, place of residence, degree of cell differentiation, eyelid affected, eyelid location, preoperative diagnosis and postsurgical histopathological diagnosis. Results: Of the patients studied, 57.4 percent were female. The most affected age group was 60-79 years with 53.7 percent of the cases and a mean presentation age of 54.57 years. 88.9 percent of the sample had white skin. The lower eyelid was affected in 79.6 percent and the inner third in 64.8 percent. 64.8 percent were poorly differentiated basal cell carcinomas, whereas agreement between clinical and histopathological diagnosis was 85.2 percent. Conclusions: Basal cell carcinoma is more common in the female sex, elderly people and white skin patients. In terms of degree of cell differentiation, it is poorly differentiated, and its main location is the inner third of the lower eyelid. In most patients there is agreement between the clinical and histopathological diagnosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Eyelid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
3.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(3): 379-382, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130887

ABSTRACT

Abstract In situations in when a dermoscopic record of a large lesion is desirable, the resulting images are usually restricted to a small field of view due to the limited diameter of dermatoscope lenses. This limitation often produces several photographs separately, thus losing the possibility of a single-image global evaluation. In these case reports, we show examples of a recently published image montage technique called Wide Area Digital Dermoscopy, in this case, applied to basal cell carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted/methods , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Dermoscopy/methods , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Software , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Reproducibility of Results , Middle Aged
4.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(2): 153-156, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088973

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A 45-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of a mass located in the caruncle of his right eye. An incisional biopsy had been performed one month prior by another specialist, and the histopathology report showed basal cell carcinoma. The mass was completely excised with a 2 mm safety margin, and the large conjunctival defect was reconstructed with one sheet of amniotic membrane allograft. A histological diagnosis of pilomatrix carcinoma was established. To prevent recurrence after surgery, we added bevacizumab (25 mg/mL, 1.25 mg/mL per drop) eye drops four times per day for three months. At the one-year follow-up, the patient showed no evidence of local recurrence or distant metastasis after initial excision and remains under close follow-up. Pilomatrix carcinoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of a caruncular mass.


RESUMO Um homem de 45 anos apresentou história de massa na carúncula no olho direito durante 3 meses. Uma biópsia incisional foi realizada 1 mês antes por outro especialista e o laudo histopatológico mostrava carcinoma basocelular. A massa foi completamente excisada, com uma margem de segurança de 2 mm, e a grande lesão conjuntival foi reconstruída com uma folha de aloenxerto de membrana amniótica. Foi estabelecido um diagnóstico histológico de carcinoma pilomatricial. Para evitar a recorrência após a cirurgia, adicionamos colírio de bevacizumabe (25 mg/mL, 1,25 mg/mL por gota) quatro vezes ao dia durante três meses. No seguimento de 1 ano, o paciente não apresentou evidência de recidiva local ou metástase distante após a excisão inicial e continua sob acompanhamento próximo. O carcinoma pilomatricial deve ser considerado no diagnóstico diferencial de uma massa caruncular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Pilomatrixoma/pathology , Conjunctival Neoplasms/pathology , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/pathology , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Pilomatrixoma/surgery , Conjunctival Neoplasms/surgery , Hair Follicle/pathology , Hair Diseases/pathology , Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases/surgery
5.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(6): 671-676, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054890

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Mohs micrographic surgery is a surgical technique for the treatment of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Surgery begins by removing the visible tumor before excision of the tissue specimens for evaluation of the tumor margins. Objectives: To present a new way to evaluate the material obtained from debulking, by horizontal histological analysis of the fragment. Methods: Descriptive retrospective cross-sectional study based on the medical records and histological lamellae of patients with primary basal cell carcinomas smaller than 1.5 cm submitted to Mohs micrographic surgery and who had the visible tumor analyzed by horizontal histological sections. Results: The sample evaluated included 16 patients with lesions located on the face. Comparing the histopathological examinations of incisional biopsy in vertical sections and debulking in horizontal sections, there was agreement in seven cases. The histological analysis performed in horizontal sections allowed identification of the tumor site in 13 cases, and the relation between tumor and margin showed that in 11 cases, the lateral margin was compromised.Study limitations: The technique was better-applied in lesions smaller than 2 cm. Conclusion: Horizontal histological analysis of debulking has advantages for Mohs surgery, since it allows visualization of almost all tumor extension in the same view plane of the dermatoscopy, allowing better definition of the histological subtype, tumor site, and tumor/margin of lesions less than 1.5 cm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Mohs Surgery/methods , Biopsy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Dermoscopy , Tumor Burden
6.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 503-520, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054862

ABSTRACT

Abstract Oculocutaneous albinism is an autosomal recessive disease caused by the complete absence or decrease of melanin biosynthesis in melanocytes. Due to the reduction or absence of melanin, albinos are highly susceptible to the harmful effects of ultraviolet radiation and are at increased risk of actinic damage and skin cancer. In Brazil, as in other parts of the world, albinism remains a little known disorder, both in relation to epidemiological data and to phenotypic and genotypic variation. In several regions of the country, individuals with albinism have no access to resources or specialized medical care, and are often neglected and deprived of social inclusion. Brazil is a tropical country, with a high incidence of solar radiation during the year nationwide. Consequently, actinic damage and skin cancer occur early and have a high incidence in this population, often leading to premature death. Skin monitoring of these patients and immediate therapeutic interventions have a positive impact in reducing the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. Health education is important to inform albinos and their families, the general population, educators, medical professionals, and public agencies about the particularities of this genetic condition. The aim of this article is to present a review of the epidemiological, clinical, genetic, and psychosocial characteristics of albinism, with a focus in skin changes caused by this rare pigmentation disorder.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Albinism/genetics , Albinism/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/physiopathology , Ultraviolet Rays/adverse effects , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Albinism/complications , Albinism/epidemiology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Keratosis, Actinic/etiology , Keratosis, Actinic/pathology , Melanins/deficiency
8.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(5): 586-589, Sept.-Oct. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054853

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cutaneous neoplasms frequently occur in leprosy, but there are few reports of the coexistence of leprosy and basal cell carcinoma in the same lesion. This case reports a 49-year-old male with an ulcerated plaque on the right lateral nasal wall, bright papules on the sternal region, and a blackened plaque on the right temporal region. The nasal and temporal lesions were diagnosed by histopathology as basal cell carcinoma and melanoma, respectively. The sternal lesions were excised with the repair of the "dog ear" which histopathological examination showed macrophages in the dermis parasitized with acid-fast bacilli, confirming the diagnosis of lepromatous leprosy with Fite-Faraco staining. This case report highlights the importance of referring the dog-ear specimen for histopathologic analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/complications , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/complications , Leprosy, Lepromatous/complications , Melanoma/complications , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Biopsy , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Leprosy, Lepromatous/pathology , Melanoma/pathology
10.
An. bras. dermatol ; 94(1): 42-46, Jan.-Feb. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983727

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Skin cancer is a highly prevalent condition with a multifactorial etiology resulting from genetic alterations, environmental and lifestyle factors. In Brazil, among all malignant tumors, skin cancers have the highest incidences. Objective: To retrospectively evaluate the incidence, prevalence and profile of basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and cutaneous melanoma in Campos dos Goytacazes and region. Methods: In total, 2,207 histopathological reports of a local reference hospital were analyzed between January 2013 and December 2015, of which 306 corresponded to the neoplasms studied. Results: Of the 306 reports evaluated, 232 basal cell carcinomas (75.9%), 55 squamous cell carcinomas (18%) and 19 cutaneous melanomas (6.5%) were identified. The face was the most involved anatomical site (58.8%) and women (51%) were the most affected gender. The temporal analysis revealed a decrease in the overall incidence of 3.4% from 2013 to 2014 and 5.4% from 2014 to 2015. There was a 10.1% increase in basal cell carcinomas and 38% in melanomas in this period; however, there was a decrease in the number of squamous cell carcinomas of 14.8% during the studied years. Study limitations: Some samples of cutaneous fragments had no identification of the anatomical site of origin. Conclusion: Research that generates statistical data on cutaneous tumors produces epidemiological tools useful in the identification of risk groups and allows the adoption of more targeted and efficient future prevention measures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Medical Records , Incidence , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Melanoma/pathology
12.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(4): 601-604, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038274

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Surgical excision of basal cell carcinoma with minimum margins requires serial assessment of layers by frozen histopathology in the case of Mohs micrographic surgery. Evaluation of presurgical tumor margins by in vivo reflectance confocal microscopy is a potential alternative. We selected 12 basal cell carcinoma lesions that were analyzed by confocal microscopy to define margins. The lesions were excised by Mohs surgery. Six tumors showed negative margins in the first phase of Mohs micrographic surgery. We concluded that reflectance confocal microscopy can be useful in the preoperative definition of basal cell carcinoma margins.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Mohs Surgery/methods , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Microscopy, Confocal , Margins of Excision
13.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(3): 419-421, May-June 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949878

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Basal cell carcinoma is the most frequent skin cancer, generally located in hair-bearing, sunlight-exposed areas. Basal cell carcinoma usually occurs on the head and neck, but very rarely on extra-facial locations. We report a case of a 65-year-old woman presenting with a solitary non-healing ulcer on the sole of the right foot for two years. Histopathological examination showed a typical nodular basal cell carcinoma, confirmed by positivity to Ber-EP4 on immunohistochemistry. There was no history of trauma, exposure to noxious agents, basal cell nevus syndrome, or xeroderma pigmentosum.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Foot Ulcer/pathology , Immunohistochemistry
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 229-232, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887182

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: The behaviour of each basal cell carcinoma is known to be different according to the histological growth pattern. Among these aggressive lesions, sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas are the most common type. This is a challenging-to-treat lesion due to its deep tissue invasion, rapid growth, risk of metastasis and overall poor prognosis if not diagnosed in early stages. Objective: To investigate if sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas are diagnosed later compared to non-sclerodermiform basal cell carcinoma Method: All lesions excised from 2000 to 2010 were included. A pathologist classified the lesions in two cohorts: one with specimens of non-aggressive basal cell carcinoma (superficial, nodular and pigmented), and other with sclerodermiform basal cell carcinoma. For each lesion, we collected patient's information from digital medical records regarding: gender, age when first attending the clinic and the tumor location. Results: 1256 lesions were included, out of which 296 (23.6%) corresponded to sclerodermiform basal cell carcinoma, whereas 960 (76.4%) were non-aggressive subtypes of basal cell carcinoma. The age of diagnosis was: 72.78±12.31 years for sclerodermiform basal cell and 69.26±13.87 years for non-aggressive basal cell carcinoma (P<.0001). Sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas are diagnosed on average 3.52 years later than non-aggressive basal cell carcinomas. Sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas were diagnosed 3.40 years and 2.34 years later than non-aggressive basal cell carcinomas in younger and older patients respectively (P=.002 and P=.03, respectively). Study limitations: retrospective design. Conclusion: The diagnostic accuracy and primary clinic conjecture of sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas is quite low compared to other forms of basal cell carcinoma such as nodular, superficial and pigmented. The dermoscopic vascular patterns, which is the basis for the diagnosis of non-melanocytic nonpigmented skin tumors, may not be particularly useful in identifying sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas in early stages. As a distinct entity, sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas show a lack of early diagnosis compared to less-aggressive subtypes of BCC, and thus, more accurate diagnostic tools apart from dermatoscopy are required to reach the goal of early-stage diagnosis of sclerodermiform basal cell carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Dermoscopy/methods , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Skin Neoplasms/classification , Skin Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/classification , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Sex Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Age Factors , Diagnosis, Differential
16.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(2): 256-258, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887184

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Primary cutaneous lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma is a rare disease with low metastatic potential. Its morphologic and pathological features are similar to those of nasopharyngeal lymphoepithelial carcinoma. We report the case of a 60-year-old man with an infrapalpebral pearly papule, measuring 0.6 cm in diameter. The lesion was excised with a clinical hypothesis of basal cell carcinoma or squamous cell carcinoma. Histopathological analysis revealed a malignant neoplasm with syncytial arrangement of cells with vesicular nuclei, associated with dense lymphocytic infiltrate. Immunohistochemistry revealed cytokeratin-positive cells (AE1/AE3) and p63 protein, indicating epithelial histogenesis and squamous differentiation. A negative Epstein-Barr virus test result was achieved by immunohistochemistry. Primary lymphoepithelioma-like carcinoma of the skin is a differential diagnosis of lesions with prominent inflammatory infiltrates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Biopsy , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Epithelial Cells/pathology
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(1): 114-115, Jan.-Feb. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887164

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Periungual basal cell carcinoma is rare and needs to be differentiated from other common diseases that affect this region. Several factors are associated with the development of this tumor, and sun damage seems to play an important role in its pathogenesis. Dermoscopy of clinically indolent lesions on the nail unit can shorten the diagnostic process and avoid destructive treatment and functional damage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Basosquamous/diagnostic imaging , Nail Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Basosquamous/pathology , Dermoscopy , Nail Diseases/pathology
18.
Rev. medica electron ; 40(1): 172-182, ene.-feb. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-902278

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El carcinoma basocelular es un tumor maligno de origen epitelial, su crecimiento es lento y rara vez metastiza. Este puede producir destrucción local y comprometer extensas áreas de tejido, cartílago y hueso. Existen variantes clínicas e histológicas y constituye el cáncer más frecuente en humanos y su incidencia está en aumento. Se realizó una revisión para exponer los aspectos esenciales sobre factores predisponentes, formas clínicas y diagnóstico, así como las opciones terapéuticas en esta entidad. Se desarrolló una búsqueda en la Biblioteca Virtual de Infomed y Google. Fueron revisados veinticinco trabajos científicos sin limitación de año y país, de los cuales quince pertenecen a los últimos 5 años. El carcinoma basocelular se considera de origen multifactorial, el carcinógeno más importante es la luz ultravioleta. La forma clínica más frecuente es la variedad nodular y la distribución es en cara y cuello. La elección del tratamiento dependerá del tamaño de la lesión, la localización, la edad y estado general del paciente. A pesar de tener baja malignidad y mortalidad, puede ocasionar destrucción y deformidad y repercutir en la vida de los pacientes. El dominio de los factores de riesgo, los elementos para el diagnóstico precoz y las opciones terapéuticas son indispensable para elegir la conducta adecuada frente a la enfermedad y promover cambios en el estilo de vida, que favorezcan la prevención y disminuyan la morbilidad por esta causa (AU).


ABSTRACT Basal cell Carcinoma (BCC) is an epidermal malignant tumor, it has a slow growth and seldom metastases. It can produce local destruction and compromise big tissue areas, cartilage and bone. There are clinical and histological presentations. It is one of the most common cancer in humans and its incidence is increasing. This project’s goal is to expose the essential aspects about the predisposal factors, clinic presentations and diagnoses as well as this disorder’s therapeutic options.This study was made from different bibliographical revisions. The research was developed on Infomed Database and Google. Twenty five Scientific studies were researched without country and/or timeline limit, from whom fifteen belongs to the last 5 years. BCC is considered to have a multifactorial origin, whose most important carcinogen is the ultraviolet light. The most frequent clinical presentation is the nodular and the most common distribution is face and neck. The treatment choice depends on the tumor size, its distribution and the patient’s age and current state. Although it is a low malignancy and low-death rate neoplasia, it can cause tissue destruction and affect patient’s social life. The management of the risk factors, the elements for the early diagnosis and the therapeutic options are indispensable to choose the adequate behavior for the disorder and promote life style changes that favor the prevention and lower the morbidity rate (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , PUVA Therapy , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/prevention & control , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/therapy , Patient Education as Topic , Risk Factors , Morbidity , Mohs Surgery , Healthy Lifestyle , Microscopy, Polarization , Radiation, Ionizing , Ultraviolet Rays , Causality , Neoplasms, Radiation-Induced
19.
An. bras. dermatol ; 92(4): 492-498, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886986

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Background: Many factors are currently being identified as potential inductors of skin cancer in patients after a liver transplant, among them, immunosuppressive regimen. Objective: To study the factors that influence the incidence of skin cancer in patients after liver transplant. Methods: We have carried out a retrospective and observational study with 170 transplanted patients who had undergone transplantation from 1997 to 2010. We have adjusted the multiple logistic regression model (saturated model) to the ensemble of collected data using skin cancer as dependent variable, indicated in anatomopathological analysis between 1997 and 2014. Results: Incidence of skin cancer was 9.4%. Predictors were incidence of diabetes in the third year after the transplantation (p=0.047), not using tacrolimus in the first year after the transplantation (p=0.025) and actinic keratosis (p=0.003). Study Limitations: An important limitation is that the interpretation of the results was based on information collected of patients undergoing transplantation at a single center. Future research, multicentric and involving larger and more diverse populations, are needed. Conclusions: Factors found might contribute to Brazilian surveillance programs associated with decreased incidence of skin cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Immunosuppression Therapy/adverse effects , Liver Transplantation/adverse effects , Skin Neoplasms/etiology , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Logistic Models , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 44(2): 187-193, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842664

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to evaluate the profile of skin cancer in Pomeranian communities of the State of Espírito Santo, composed of descendants of European immigrants, regarding gender and age at diagnosis, lesion size and histological type. Method: we studied histopathological reports of 3,781 patients operated between 2000 and 2010, with resection of 4,881 lesions. We assessed histological type, lesion size, age and gender of the patients at diagnosis and their correlations in the 11-year period. Results: the histopathological examination revealed basal cell carcinoma in 3,159 patients (83.5%), squamous cell carcinoma in 415 (11%), melanoma in 64 (1.7%), and 143 patients (3.8%) had combined lesions of basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. As to size, 47.1% measured between 5.1 and 10mm. The age group of 61 to 70 years was the one that sustained the largest number of surgical interventions (24.3%). There was a predominance of the female gender (2,027, 53.6%) in relation to the male (1,754, 46.4%). Conclusion: basal cell carcinoma was the most frequent histological type. The prevalences of squamous cell carcinoma and melanoma were below the national estimate of the National Cancer Institute. The diagnosis of tumors occurred at more advanced ages (above 60 years) and there was an increase in the incidence and size of skin tumors in the male population.


RESUMO Objetivos: avaliar o panorama do câncer de pele em comunidades pomeranas do Estado do Espírito Santo, compostas por descendentes de imigrantes europeus, quanto ao sexo e idade ao diagnóstico, tamanho da lesão e tipo histológico. Método: foram avaliados laudos histopatológicos de 3781 pacientes operados entre os anos de 2000 e 2010, com ressecção de 4881 lesões. Foram avaliados tipo histológico, tamanho das lesões, idade e sexo dos pacientes ao diagnóstico e suas correlações no período de 11 anos. Resultados: o exame histopatológico evidenciou carcinoma basocelular em 3159 pacientes (83,5%), carcinoma espinocelular em 415 (11%), melanoma em 64 (1,7%) e 143 pacientes (3,8%) apresentaram lesões combinadas de carcinoma basocelular e carcinoma espinocelular. Quanto ao tamanho, 47,1% media entre 5,1 e 10 mm. O grupo etário de 61 aos 70 anos foi o que sofreu o maior número de intervenções cirúrgicas (24,3%). Houve predomínio do sexo feminino (53,6%, n=2027) em relação ao masculino (46,4%, n=1754). Conclusão: o carcinoma basocelular foi o tipo histológico mais frequente. As prevalências do carcinoma espinocelular e do melanoma se situaram abaixo da estimativa nacional do Instituto Nacional de Câncer. O diagnóstico dos tumores ocorreu em idades mais avançadas (acima de 60 anos) e houve aumento da incidência e dimensões dos tumores de pele na população masculina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Melanoma/pathology , Melanoma/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Middle Aged
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL