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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2721-2729, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The chaperonin containing t-complex (CCT) proteins play an important role in cell cycle-related protein degradation in yeast and mammals. The role of the chaperonin containing t-complex 4 (CCT4), one subtype of CCT proteins, in the progress of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) was not fully elucidated. Here, we aimed to explore the mechanisms of CCT4 in HCC.@*METHODS@#In this study, we used the UALCAN platform to analyze the relationship between CCT4 and HCC, and the association of CCT4 with the overall survival (OS) of HCC patients was also analyzed. CCT4 expression in HCC tumor tissues and normal tissues was also determined by western blot (WB) assay. Lentivirus vector was used to knock down the CCT4 expression, and quantitative polymerase chain reaction and WB were used to determine the level of CCT4 in HCC cell lines. Cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8) and 5-ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine (EdU) assays were used to detect the cell proliferation, and flow cytometry (FCM) was performed to evaluate the effect of CCT4 on the apoptosis of HCC cells. Co-immunoprecipitation (co-IP) assay and WB were used to explore the mechanisms of CCT4 regulating the growth of HCC. Data were calculated from at least three replicate experiments and expressed as mean ± standard deviation. Student's t test, paired t test, and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to compare across different groups.@*RESULTS@#We found CCT4 was upregulated in HCC tissues compared with normal tissues, and its high expression was associated with poor prognosis (P < 0.001). CCT4 was significantly increased in HCC tumor tissues compared with normal tissues (0.98 ± 0.12 vs. 0.23 ± 0.05, t = 7.73, P < 0.001). After being transfected with CCT4 short-hairpin RNA (shRNA), CCT4 was decreased in mRNA level and protein level in both Huh7 (mRNA level: 0.41 ± 0.07 vs. 1.01 ± 0.11, t = 8.09, P = 0.001; protein level: 0.61 ± 0.03 vs. 0.93 ± 0.07, t = 7.19, P = 0.002) and Hep3b cells (mRNA level: 0.55 ± 0.11 vs. 1.04 ± 0.15, t = 4.51, P = 0.011; protein level: 0.64 ± 0.10 vs. 0.95 ± 0.08, t = 4.32, P = 0.012). CCK8 assay indicated that CCT4 knockdown inhibited cell proliferation in both Huh7 (OD value of 3 days: 0.60 ± 0.14 vs. 0.97 ± 0.16, t = 3.13, P = 0.036; OD value of 4 days: 1.03 ± 0.07 vs. 1.50 ± 0.12, t = 5.97, P = 0.004) and Hep3b (OD value of 3 days: 0.69 ± 0.14 vs. 1.10 ± 0.11, t = 3.91, P = 0.017; OD value of 4 days: 1.12 ± 0.12 vs. 1.48 ± 0.13, t = 3.55, P = 0.024) cells. EdU assay showed that CCT4 knockdown inhibited the cell proliferation in both Huh7 (EdU positive rate: [31.25 ± 3.41]% vs. [58.72 ± 3.78]%, t = 9.34, P = 0.001) and Hep3b cells (EdU positive rate: [44.13 ± 7.02]% vs. [61.79 ± 3.96]%, t = 3.79, P = 0.019). FCM assay suggested that CCT4 knockdown induced apoptosis in HCC cells (apoptosis rate of Huh7: [9.10 ± 0.80]% vs. [3.66 ± 0.64]%, t = -9.18, P = 0.001; apoptosis rate of Hep3b: [6.69 ± 0.72]% vs. [4.20 ± 0.86]%, t = -3.84, P = 0.018). We also found that CCT4 could regulate anaphase-promoting complex (APC)Cdc20 activity via interacting with Cdc20. Furthermore, CCT4 knockdown induced securin (0.65 ± 0.06 vs. 0.44 ± 0.05, t = -4.69, P = 0.009) and B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) interacting mediator of cell death (Bim; 0.96 ± 0.06 vs. 0.61 ± 0.09, t = -5.65, P = 0.005) accumulation. The upregulation of securin inhibited cell growth by downregulating cyclin D1 (0.65 ± 0.05 vs. 1.04 ± 0.07, t = 8.12, P = 0.001), and the accumulation of Bim inhibited Bcl-2 (0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.87 ± 0.04, t = 3.00, P = 0.040) and activated caspase 9 (caspase 9: 0.77 ± 0.04 vs. 0.84 ± 0.05, t = 1.81, P = 0.145; cleaved caspase 9: 0.64 ± 0.06 vs. 0.16 ± 0.07, t = 1.81, P = 0.001), which led to elevated apoptosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overall, these results showed that CCT4 played an important role in HCC pathogenesis through, at least partly, interacting with Cdc20.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cdc20 Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2611-2618, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Nucleolar protein 6 (NOL6) is a nucleolar RNA-associated protein that is highly conserved between species. It has been proved to be associated with the prognosis of liver cancer. However, the underlying mechanism has not been fully established. This study aimed to assess the relationship between NOL6 and liver cancer prognosis.@*METHODS@#We constructed an NOL6-short hairpin RNA (shRNA)-expressing lentivirus. Through viral transfection, cell growth assay and fluorescence-activated cell sorting, we evaluated the effect of shRNA-mediated NOL6 knockdown on the proliferation, colony formation, and apoptosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. The relationship between NOL6 expression and HCC patient survival has been established through bioinformatics analysis. We also explored the downstream molecular regulatory network of NOL6 in HCC by performing an Ingenuity Pathway Analysis in the database.@*RESULTS@#Increased NOL6 expression was detected in HCC cells compared to normal controls; HCC patients with high NOL6 expression had poorer prognoses than those with low expression. NOL6 knockdown inhibited HCC cell proliferation, apoptosis, and colony formation. Also, MAPK8, CEBPA, and FOSL1 were selected as potential downstream genes of NOL6.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NOL6 up-regulates HCC cell proliferation and affects downstream expression of related genes. Moreover, NOL6 is considered to be associated with poor prognosis in HCC patients.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Nuclear Proteins , Prognosis
3.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2719-2736, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887836

ABSTRACT

Primary liver cancer (PLC) is an aggressive tumor and prone to metastasize and recur. According to pathological features, PLC are mainly categorized into hepatocellular carcinoma, intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, mixed hepatocellular cholangiocarcinoma, and fibrolamelic hepatocellular carcinoma, etc. At present, surgical resection, radiotherapy and chemotherapy are still the main treatments for PLC, but the specificities are poor and the clinical effects are limited with a 5-year overall survival rate of 18%. Liver cancer stem cells (LCSCs) are a specific cell subset existing in liver cancer tissues. They harbor the capabilities of self-renewal and strong tumorigenicity, driving tumor initiation, metastasis, drug resistance and recurrence of PLC. Therefore, the identification of molecular markers and the illustration of mechanisms for stemness maintenance of LCSCs can not only reveal the molecular mechanisms of PLC tumorigenesis, but also lay a theoretical foundation for the molecular classification, prognosis evaluation and targeted therapy of PLC. The latest research showed that the combination of 5-fluorouracil and CD13 inhibitors could inhibit the proliferation of CD13+ LCSCs, thereby reducing overall tumor burden. Taken together, LCSCs could be the promising therapeutic targets of PLC in the future. This review summarizes the latest progress in molecular markers, mechanisms for stemness maintenance and targeted therapies of LCSCs.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis
4.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 331-341, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878566

ABSTRACT

Genetic and epigenetic alterations accumulate in the process of hepatocellular carcinogenesis, but the role of genomic spatial organization in HCC is still unknown. Here, we performed in situ Hi-C in HCC cell line PLC/PRF/5 compared with normal liver cell line L02, together with RNA-seq and ChIP-seq of SMC3/CTCF/H3K27ac. The results indicate that there were significant compartment switching, TAD shifting and loop pattern altering in PLC/PRF/5. These spatial changes are correlated with abnormal gene expression and more opening promoter regions of the HCC cell line. Thus, the 3D genome organization alterations in PLC/PRF/5 are important in epigenetic mechanisms of HCC tumorigenesis.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Cell Line , Cell Line, Tumor , Genomics , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/genetics
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(9): e10390, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249337

ABSTRACT

Sorafenib (SOR) resistance is still a significant challenge for the effective treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The mechanism of sorafenib resistance remains unclear. Several microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified as playing a role in impairing the sensitivity of tumor cells to treatment. We examined the mechanism behind the role of miR-92b in mediating sorafenib resistance in HCC cells. We detected that miR-92b expression was significantly upregulated in SOR-resistant HepG2/SOR cells compared to parental HepG2/WT cells. After transfection with miR-92b inhibitor, the proliferation of HepG2/SOR cells was remarkably weakened and rates of apoptosis significantly increased. PTEN was considered to be a functional target of miR-92b according to a luciferase reporter assay. Knockdown of PTEN significantly impaired the ability of miR-92b inhibitor on increasing sorafenib sensitivity of HepG2/SOR cells. Furthermore, we confirmed by western blotting and immunofluorescence that miR-92b can mediate sorafenib resistance by activating the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway in HCC cells by directly targeting PTEN. These findings further validate the mechanism of miR-92b in SOR resistance in HCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sorafenib/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
6.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10213, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249312

ABSTRACT

Sevoflurane (SEVO) is widely applied as an anesthetic, which exerts antitumor capacity in various cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Previous studies indicated that long non-coding RNA KCNQ1 opposite strand/antisense transcript 1 (KCNQ1OT1) was upregulated, while microRNA-29a-3p (miR-29a-3p) was downregulated in HCC. Thus, we aimed to explore the roles of KCNQ1OT1 and miR-29a-3p in HCC cells exposed to SEVO. Cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion were assessed by the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay, flow cytometry, and transwell assays, respectively. The levels of genes were determined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or western blot. Furthermore, the interaction between miR-29a-3p and KCNQ1OT1 or chromebox protein homolog 3 (CBX3) was predicted by Starbase or Targetscan, and then confirmed by dual-luciferase reporter assay. We found that the levels of KCNQ1OT1 and CBX3 were decreased, while miR-29a-3p was increased in SEVO-treated HCC cells. KCNQ1OT1 overexpression weakened the inhibitory effects of SEVO on HCC cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion. Interestingly, KCNQ1OT1 bound to miR-29a-3p, and miR-29a-3p targeted CBX3. KCNQ1OT1 upregulated CBX3 level by repressing miR-29a-3p expression. Furthermore, KCNQ1OT1 exerted tumor promotion in HCC cells via suppressing miR-29a-3p to regulate CBX3 expression. Collectively, our findings demonstrated that KCNQ1OT1 regulated the antitumor effects of SEVO on HCC cells through modulating the miR-29a-3p/CBX3 axis, providing a theoretical basis for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Potassium Channels, Voltage-Gated , MicroRNAs/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Chromosomal Proteins, Non-Histone , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Sevoflurane/pharmacology
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 2860-2867, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878535

ABSTRACT

Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a key member of Glypican family and plays an important role in the development, angiogenesis and metastasis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Most HCC overexpresses GPC3, but GPC3 is hardly detected in normal adult liver and benign liver lesions, so it is regarded as a highly specific diagnostic marker and an ideal therapeutic target for HCC. In this study, we cloned the heavy and light chain variable region gene from the monoclonal antibody targeted to GPC3 screened in the previous stage, and linked it with a segment of flexible peptide (Linker) to obtain the single chain antibody against GPC3. The single chain antibody gene was cloned into vector for prokaryotic expression and purified to obtain high purity protein. Detection shows that the single-chain antibody produced by us has the same binding activity with the full-length antibody, and can accurately target the tumor site of Huh7 tumor-bearing model mice after coupling Cy5.5 fluorescence, suggesting that the single-chain antibody has the potential to realize multi-directional liver cancer precise surgical navigation under the guidance of a probe.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Glypicans/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mice
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e8882, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1100927

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common primary malignant tumors of the liver worldwide. Liver resection and transplantation are currently the only effective treatments; however, recurrence and metastasis rates are still high. Previous studies have shown that the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a key step in HCC invasion and metastasis. Inhibition of EMT has become a new therapeutic strategy for tumors. Recently, puerarin, a well-characterized component of traditional Chinese medicine, has been isolated from Pueraria radix and exerts positive effects on many diseases, particularly cancers. In this study, CCK-8, EdU immunofluorescence, colony formation, wound healing, and migration assays were used to detect the effects of puerarin on HCC cells. We further analyzed the relationship between puerarin and miR-21/PTEN/EMT markers in HCC cell lines. Our results showed that HCC cell proliferation, migration, invasion, tumor formation, and metastasis were reduced by puerarin in vitro and in vivo. Additionally, puerarin inhibited the EMT process of HCC by affecting the expression of Slug and Snail. Moreover, oncogenic miR-21 was inhibited by puerarin, coupled with an increase in the tumor suppressor gene PTEN. Increasing miR-21 expression or decreasing PTEN expression reversed the inhibition effects of puerarin in HCC. These data confirmed that puerarin affects HCC through the miR-21/PTEN/EMT regulatory axis. Overall, puerarin may represent a chemopreventive and/or chemotherapeutic agent for HCC treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , PTEN Phosphohydrolase/genetics , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition/drug effects , Isoflavones/therapeutic use , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Pyrroles , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(4): e9114, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089357

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to explore the prognostic role of dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4) expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). DPP4 expression was measured in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded specimens that were gathered from 327 HCC patients. Immunohistochemistry analyses were utilized to examine DPP4 expression characteristics and prognostic values (overall survival (OS) and time to recurrence) of DDP4 in HCC tissues. In addition, a patient-derived xenograft (PDX) model was used to assess the correlation between DPP4 expression and tumor growth in vivo. DPP4 was expressed in low levels in HCC tissues in contrast to paired peritumoral tissues (38 cases were down-regulated in a total of 59 cases, 64.4%. P=0.0202). DPP4 expression was significantly correlated with TNM stage (P=0.038), tumor number (P=0.035), and vascular invasion (P=0.024), and significantly reduced in patients who were in TNM stages II and III-V, with multiple tumors, and with microvascular invasion compared to patients with TNM stage I, single tumor, and no microvascular invasion. Notably, HCC tissues with low expression of DPP4 had poor OS (P=0.016) compared with HCC tissues with high expression of DPP4, and results from PDX model showed that tumor growth was significantly faster in HCC patients that lowly expressed DPP4 compared to those with highly expressed DPP4. Our findings suggested that low levels of DPP4 could impact the aggressiveness of HCC and contribute to a poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Dipeptidyl Peptidase 4/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Prognosis , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Follow-Up Studies , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
10.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20190511, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132257

ABSTRACT

Abstract Long-chain non-encoded RNAs (lncRNAs) are important in many life activities and can participate in the occurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Moreover, lncRNAs can be used as basis for developing new strategies to hinder liver cancer. To investigate the utility of lncRNAs in HCC as potential biomarkers for early detection and diagnosis, we mined genomic data from the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and analyzed the gene expressions from 374 tumor patients and 50 normal patients. The abnormal expressions of 387 differentially expressed lncRNAs (DElncRNAs) were identified from a total of 3099 lncRNAs. Moreover, 18 modules were divided based on WGCNA, and 2 of the 18 modules were positively correlated with stage and grade, and negatively correlated with survival time. Finally, 10 lncRNAs were found and their main functions are the enhancement of cellular metabolic capacity and cell proliferation. These 10 lncRNAs may serve as novel prognostic markers and therapeutic targets, and may help guide subsequent studies on HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Genetic Markers/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(10): e8631, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039247

ABSTRACT

The long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) maternally expressed gene 3 (MEG3), a tumor suppressor, is critical for the carcinogenesis and progression of different cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). To date, the roles of lncRNA MEG3 in HCC are not well illustrated. Therefore, this study used western blot and qRT-PCR to evaluate the expression of MEG3, miR-9-5p, and Sex determining Region Y-related HMG-box 11 (SOX11) in HCC tissues and cell lines. RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay were used to evaluate these molecular interactions. 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and flow cytometry detected the viability and apoptosis of HCC cells, respectively. The results showed that MEG3 and SOX11 were poorly expressed but miR-9-5p was highly expressed in HCC. The expression levels of these molecules suggested a negative correlation between MEG3 and miR-9-5p and a positive correlation with SOX11, confirmed by Pearson's correlation analysis and biology experiments. Furthermore, MEG3 could combine with miR-9-5p, and SOX11 was a direct target of miR-9-5p. Moreover, MEG3 over-expression promoted cell apoptosis and growth inhibition in HCC cells through sponging miR-9-5p to up-regulate SOX11. Therefore, the interactions among MEG3, miR-9-5p, and SOX11 might offer a novel insight for understanding HCC pathogeny and provide potential diagnostic markers and therapeutic targets for HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , SOXC Transcription Factors/genetics , RNA, Long Noncoding/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Transfection , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Transcriptional Activation , Up-Regulation , Apoptosis/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , SOXC Transcription Factors/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Long Noncoding/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20170427, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041583

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: HPA polymorphism has been associated with HCV presence and fibrosis progression in chronic hepatitis C. However, it is unknown if there is an association between HPA-1 polymorphism and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate HPA-1 polymorphism in the presence of HCC. METHODS: PCR-SSP was used to perform HPA genotyping on 76 HCV-infected patients. RESULTS: There was no association between patients with and without HCC. There was significant difference in HPA-1 genotypic frequency distribution between HCC and F1/F2 fibrosis degree. CONCLUSIONS: The HPA-1a/1b polymorphism appears to be more associated with liver damage progression than with HCC presence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Antigens, Human Platelet/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/virology , Hepatitis C, Chronic/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/virology , Prognosis , Genetic Markers , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Risk Factors , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Disease Progression , Hepatitis C, Chronic/virology , Genotype , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged
14.
Biol. Res ; 51: 52, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011396

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Phosphoinositide-3-kinase, regulatory subunit 1 (PIK3R1) could regulate cancer cell proliferation important for cancer cell proliferation; however, its role in Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely unknown. Here, we investigated the role of PIK3R1 in HCC and examined the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The expression of PIK3R1 was evaluated by immunohistochemistry and qRT-PCR in a series of HCC tissues. The mRNA and protein expression of PIK3R1 was used by qRT-PCR and western blot assays in a series of human HCC cell lines, and then we choose MHCC97H and HCCLM3 cells as a model to investigate the effect of PIK3R1 on HCC progression. The effects of PIK3R1 knowdown on cell proliferation, migration, apoptosis of HCC were assessed by the MTT assay, clonogenic assays, wound healing assay and flow cytometry in vitro. Western blot assay was performed to assess the expression changes of PI3K/AKT/mTOR signaling pathway. RESULTS: Our results found that PIK3R1 was highly expressed in HCC tissues compared with adjacent normal tissues. Knockdown of PIK3R1 inhibited the proliferation, migration and promoted apoptosis of HCC cell lines. In addition, we proved that knockdown of PIK3R1 downregulated p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR expressions in MHCC97H and HCCLM3 cells. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, PIK3R1 providing potential novel targets for the treatment of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Immunohistochemistry , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Disease Progression , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Class Ia Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(7): e7220, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889115

ABSTRACT

An abnormality in the Lin28/let-7a axis is relevant to the progression of hepatitis B virus (HBV)-positive hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which could be a novel therapeutic target for this malignant tumor. The present study aimed to investigate the antiproliferative and anti-invasive effects of urolithin A in a stable full-length HBV gene integrated cell line HepG2.2.15 using CCK-8 and transwell assays. The RNA and protein expressions of targets were assessed by quantitative PCR and western blot, respectively. Results revealed that urolithin A induced cytotoxicity in HepG2.2.15 cells, which was accompanied by the cleavage of caspase-3 protein and down-regulation of Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Moreover, urolithin A suppressed the protein expressions of Sp-1, Lin28a, and Zcchc11, and elevated the expression of microRNA let-7a. Importantly, urolithin A also regulated the Lin28a/let-7a axis in transient HBx-transfected HCC HepG2 cells. Furthermore, urolithin A decelerated the HepG2.2.15 cell invasion, which was involved in suppressing the let-7a downstream factors HMGA2 and K-ras. These findings indicated that urolithin A exerted the antiproliferative effect by regulating the Lin28a/let-7a axis and may be a potential supplement for HBV-infected HCC therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/drug therapy , Coumarins/pharmacology , MicroRNAs/drug effects , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Reference Values , Sincalide/analysis , Time Factors , Virus Replication/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , RNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/virology , MicroRNAs/analysis , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Hep G2 Cells , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/virology
16.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(2): 297-303, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887236

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction and aim. The inability to distinguish cancer (CSCs) from normal stem cells (NSCs) has hindered attempts to identify safer, more effective therapies for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to document and compare cell membrane potential differences (PDs) of CSCs and NSCs derived from human HCC and healthy livers respectively and determine whether altered GABAergic innervation could explain the differences. Material and methods. Epithelial cell adhesion molecule (EpCAM) positive stem cells were isolated from human liver tissues by magnetic bead separations. Cellular PDs were recorded by microelectrode impalement of freshly isolated cells. GABAA receptor subunit expression was documented by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and immunofluorescence. Results. CSCs were significantly depolarized (-7.0 ± 1.3 mV) relative to NSCs (-23.0 ± 1.4 mV, p < 0.01). The depolarized state was associated with different GABAA receptor subunit expression profiles wherein phasic transmission, represented by GAGAA α3 subunit expression, was prevalent in CSCs while tonic transmission, represented by GABAA α6 subunit expression, prevailed in NSCs. In addition, GABAA subunits α3, β3, γ3 and δ were strongly expressed in CSCs while GABAA π expression was dominant in NSCs. CSCs and NSCs responded similarly to GABAA receptor agonists (ΔPD: 12.5 ± 1.2 mV and 11.0 ± 3.5 mV respectively). Conclusion. The results of this study indicate that CSCs are significantly depolarized relative to NSCs and these differences are associated with differences in GABAA receptor subunit expression. Together they provide new insights into the pathogenesis and possible treatment of human HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Neoplastic Stem Cells/metabolism , Receptors, GABA-A/metabolism , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , GABA-A Receptor Agonists/pharmacology , Epithelial Cell Adhesion Molecule/metabolism , Liver/cytology , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Phenotype , Stem Cells/drug effects , Neoplastic Stem Cells/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Immunomagnetic Separation , Receptors, GABA-A/drug effects , Receptors, GABA-A/genetics , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Protein Subunits , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Potentials/drug effects
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(2): 161-166, Mar.-Apr. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-842836

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION Hepatitis B virus (HBV) constitutes an important risk factor for cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The link between circulating microRNAs and HBV has been previously reported, although not as a marker of liver disease progression in chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The aim of this study was to characterize miRNA expression profiles between CHB with and without cirrhosis or HCC. METHODS: A total of 12 subjects were recruited in this study. We employed an Affymetrix Gene Chip miRNA 3.0 Array to provide universal miRNA coverage. We compared microRNA expression profiles between CHB with and without cirrhosis/HCC to discover possible prognostic markers associated with the progression of CHB. RESULTS: Our results indicated 8 differently expressed microRNAs, of which miRNA-935, miRNA-342, miRNA-339, miRNA-4508, miRNA-3615, and miRNA-3200 were up-regulated, whereas miRNA-182 and miRNA-4485 were down-regulated in patients with CHB who progressed to cirrhosis/HCC as compared to those without progression. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrated the differential expression of miRNA-935, miRNA-342, miRNA-339, miRNA-4508, miRNA-3615, miRNA-3200, miRNA-182, and miRNA-4485 between patients with HBV without cirrhosis/HCC and those who had progressed to these more severe conditions. These miRNAs may serve as novel and non-invasive prognostic markers for early detection of CHB-infected patients who are at risk of progression to cirrhosis and/or HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Hepatitis B, Chronic/metabolism , MicroRNAs/blood , Liver Cirrhosis/metabolism , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Gene Expression Regulation , Predictive Value of Tests , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Disease Progression , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Gene Expression Profiling , MicroRNAs/genetics , Liver Cirrhosis/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged
18.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e6050, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839310

ABSTRACT

We aimed to investigate the potential role and mechanism of microRNA-30c (miR-30c) in the pathological development of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). The serum levels of miR-30c in hepatitis B virus (HBV) carrier Xinjiang Uygur patients with inactive, low-replicative, high-replicative and HBe antigen-positive CHB were investigated. HepG2 cells were co-transfected with pHBV1.3 and miR-30c mimic or inhibitor or scramble RNA. The effects of miR-30c dysregulation on HBV replication and gene expression, cell proliferation and cell cycle were then investigated. miR-30c was down-regulated in Xinjiang Uygur patients with CHB compared to healthy controls and its expression level discriminated HBV carrier patients with inactive, low-replicative, high-replicative and HBe antigen-positive risk for disease progression. Overexpression of miR-30c significantly inhibited HBV replication and the expressions of HBV pgRNA, capsid-associated virus DNA and Hbx in hepatoma cells. Moreover, overexpression of miR-30c significantly inhibited cell proliferation and delayed G1/S phase transition in hepatoma cells. Opposite effects were obtained after suppression of miR-30c. Our results indicate that miR-30c was down-regulated in Xinjiang Uygur patients with CHB, and miR-30c levels could serve as a marker for risk stratification of HBV infection. Down-regulation of miR-30c may result in the progression of CHB via promoting HBV replication and cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Disease Progression , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/blood , MicroRNAs/blood , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Cell Proliferation/genetics , China , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Viral , Hepatitis B, Chronic/ethnology , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Maze Learning
19.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 144(4): 508-515, abr. 2016. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-787123

ABSTRACT

Background: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has a high morbidity and mortality. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of microRNA (miRNA) may be associated with the susceptibility to develop certain malignant tumors. Aim: To study the association between SNPs of miRNA and hepatocellular carcinoma in peripheral blood samples. Material and Methods: Three SNPs in miRNA were studied in peripheral blood samples of 498 patients with HCC and 520 controls. Results: A significant association was observed between rs13299349 in miRNA3152 and HCC. AA genotype or A allele were significantly associated with increased risk of HCC. A allele was associated with the size and number of tumor foci. There was also a relationship between rs10061133 in miRNA449b and HCC. The G allele was significantly associated with increased risk of HCC compared with A allele. Conclusions: This study links rs13299349 in miRNA3152 and rs10061133 in miRNA449b with the risk of developing HCC.


Antecedentes: El carcinoma hepatocelular (CHC) tiene una alta morbilidad y mortalidad. Polimorfismos de un nucleótido (SNP) presentes en el microRNA (miRNA) circulante pueden asociarse a ciertos tumores. Objetivo: Estudiar la asociación entre la presencia de SNPs en miRNA circulante y la presencia de carcinoma hepatocelular. Material y Métodos: Se determinó la presencia de tres SNP en microRNA de sangre periférica en 498 pacientes con CHC y 520 controles. Resultados: El SNP rs13299349 en el miRNA3152 se asoció con CHC. El genotipo AA o el alelo A se asociaron con un riesgo mayor de presentar un CHC. El alelo A se asoció además con el tamaño y número de focos del tumor. Se observó también una relación entre el SNP rs10061133 en el miRNA449b y HCC. En este caso, el alelo G se relacionó con un mayor riesgo de CHC. Conclusiones: Los SNP rs13299349 en el miRNA3152 y rs10061133 en el miRNA449b se asocian al riesgo de desarrollar CHC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Genetic Association Studies/methods , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , Reference Values , Biomarkers, Tumor , Case-Control Studies , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Tumor Burden , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency , Liver Neoplasms/pathology
20.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(4): 325-330, Oct.-Dec. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-771928

ABSTRACT

Background - Discovery and incorporation of biomarker panels to cancer studies enabled the understanding of genetic variation and its interference in carcinogenesis at molecular level. The potential association between single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) 309 and increased development of tumors, such as hepatocellular carcinoma, has been subject to several studies. This is the first study on this association conducted in Brazil. Methods - 62 cases of cirrhotic patients with hepatocellular carcinoma surgically treated by partial hepatectomy (HPT) or by liver transplantation (LTX) from 2000 to 2009 at Santa Casa Hospital Complex, in the city of Porto Alegre, were retrospectively analyzed. Tumor samples from surgical specimen were collected and prepared for study in paraffin blocks. Results - Overall survival was 26.7 months in the HPT group and 62.4 months in the LTX group (P <0.01). Overall tumor recurrence was 66.7% in the HPT group (10/15) and 17% in the LTX group (8/47) (X²=13.602, P <0.01). Alpha-fetoprotein levels >200ng/mL, microvascular invasion and histological grade were associated with tumor recurrence (P <0.01). Recurrence rates in each surgical group and analysis of factors associated with tumor recurrence, when stratified for each genotypic pattern, were both not statistically significant. Conclusion - G/G genotype was not associated with tumor recurrence after surgical treatment and it did not show any correlation with other prognostic factors.


Contexto - A descoberta e incorporação de painéis de biomarcadores aos estudos do câncer permitiram o conhecimento de variações genéticas e sua interferência no processo de carcinogênese. A possibilidade de associação do polimorfismo de nucleotídeo simples T309G do gene MDM2 com o aumento da formação de tumores, dentre eles o hepatocarcinoma, tem sido alvo de diversos estudos. Objetivo - Analisar a influência do polimorfismo T309G do gene MDM2 na recidiva tumoral de pacientes cirróticos com hepatocarcinoma submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico. Métodos - Foram analisados retrospectivamente pacientes cirróticos com carcinoma hepatocelular submetidos a tratamento cirúrgico (hepatectomia parcial ou transplante hepático) no período de 2000 a 2009, na Santa Casa Hospital Complex in Porto Alegre, South Brazil. Foram coletadas amostras de fragmentos tumorais da peça operatória (fígado explantado ou segmento hepático), as quais foram preparadas para estudo em bloco parafinado. Resultados - A sobrevida global foi de 26,7 meses para o grupo hepatectomias e 62,4 meses para o grupo transplante hepático (P <0,01), havendo 66,7% de recidiva global no grupo hepatectomias (10/15), e 17% no grupo transplante hepático (8/47) (X²=13,602, P <0.01). Níveis de AFP>200ng/mL correlacionaram-se com a recidiva tumoral em ambos os subgrupos cirúrgicos. Observou-se que 83,3% dos pacientes com recidiva também apresentaram invasão microvascular ao exame anátomo-patológico (P <0,01). Não houve significância estatística quando a recidiva neoplásica foi avaliada para os diferentes genótipos e analisada para cada subgrupo cirúrgico. A análise dos fatores prognósticos relacionados à recidiva do hepatocarcinoma, quando estratificada para cada padrão genotípico, também não se mostrou significante. Conclusão - O nosso estudo revelou que o genótipo G/G não esteve associado à recidiva tumoral após o tratamento cirúrgico, seja nas hepatectomias parciais ou transplante hepático. Além disso, a presença desse genótipo não mostrou correlação com os fatores prognósticos estudados.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Liver Neoplasms/genetics , /genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , Hepatectomy , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
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