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1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(4): 146-148, dic. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099838

ABSTRACT

Los anticuerpos monoclonales que inhiben los puntos de control PD-1 y CTLA-4 se usan actualmente en el tratamiento del melanoma y cáncer metastásico de pulmón de células no pequeñas, entre otros. Se refiere el caso de una paciente con cáncer de pulmón en tratamiento con pembrolizumab. La paciente se presentó con edema facial y parálisis facial periférica. En el laboratorio se observó la hormona tirotrofina (TSH) elevada y se llegó al diagnóstico de hipotiroidismo por pembrolizumab. Inició tratamiento con levotiroxina con mejoría clínica. Se presenta este caso por el importante papel del dermatólogo en el manejo multidisciplinario del paciente oncológico. (AU)


Monoclonal antibodies that inhibit PD-1 and CTLA-4 control points are currently used in the treatment of melanoma and metastatic non-small cell lung cancer, among others. The case of a patient, with lung cancer being treated with Pembrolizumab. The patient was presented with facial edema and peripheral facial paralysis and in the laboratory the elevated hormone Tyrotrophin (TSH) was observed, the diagnosis of pembrolizumab hypothyroidism was reached. She started treatment with levothyroxine with clinical improvement. This case is presented by the important role of the dermatologist in the multidisciplinary management of the cancer patient. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , M Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Immunotherapy/adverse effects , Antibodies, Monoclonal/adverse effects , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Brain Neoplasms/complications , Brain Neoplasms/drug therapy , Thyrotropin/analysis , Carboplatin/administration & dosage , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/drug effects , Dermatology , Facial Injuries , Facial Paralysis , CTLA-4 Antigen/drug effects , CTLA-4 Antigen/physiology , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/drug effects , Programmed Cell Death 1 Receptor/physiology , Pemetrexed/administration & dosage , Melanoma/complications , Melanoma/drug therapy , Antibodies, Monoclonal/administration & dosage , Antibodies, Monoclonal/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis/drug therapy
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1063-1069, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34060

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate associations between dyspnea and clinical outcomes in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2001 to 2014, we retrospectively reviewed the prospective lung cancer database of St. Paul's Hospital at the Catholic University of Korea. We enrolled patients with NSCLC and evaluated symptoms of dyspnea using modified Medical Research Council (mMRC) scores. Also, we estimated pulmonary functions and analyzed survival data. RESULTS: In total, 457 NSCLC patients were enrolled, and 259 (56.7%) had dyspnea. Among those with dyspnea and whose mMRC scores were available (109 patients had no mMRC score), 85 (56.6%) patients had an mMRC score <2, while 65 (43.3%) had an mMRC score ≥2. Significant decreased pulmonary functions were observed in patients with dyspnea. In multivariate analysis, aging, poor performance status, advanced stage, low forced expiratory volume in 1 second (%), and an mMRC score ≥2 were found to be significant prognostic factors for patient survival. CONCLUSION: Dyspnea could be a significant prognostic factor in patients with NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Dyspnea/etiology , Female , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index
4.
GJO-Gulf Journal of Oncology [The]. 2014; (15): 56-62
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-139698

ABSTRACT

To report on prognostic and treatment factors influencing the response of SVCO and related survival outcomes in advanced non small cell lung cancer. From November 2008 through December 2011, 18 consecutively diagnosed NSCLC patients with SVCO were included in this study. The patient, tumor and treatment related factors were analyzed. Median overall survival [OS], Kaplan -Meier survival plots, T-test, Cox Proportional Hazards models were generated by multiple covariates [MVA] and analyzed on SPSS software [version 19.0; SPSS, Inc., Chicago, IL]. Thirteen patients [72%] had presented with SVCO before the pathological diagnosis of underlying lung malignancy, while 5 [28%] progressed to SVCO after initiating treatment with chemotherapy. Twelve [68%] patients achieved subjective relief from the obstruction at the completion of palliative radiation therapy. Treating oncologists preferred 4 Gy per fraction in 11 [62%], while the median biologically equivalent dose delivered was 28 Gy. Six [33%] patients received chemotherapy during the course of treatment. Median OS of the entire cohort was 3 +/- 1.85mths and 1-year survival rate of 7%. Univariate analysis confirmed that SVCO patients with good performance score [p=0.02], and partial response to chemotherapy [p= 0.001] have superior OS. However, Cox regression modeling for MVA demonstrated only good performance SVCO patients [p = 0.05] have a better OS. RT effectively relieves SVCO but overall poor survival associated in our clinical scenario needs to be improved with multimodality approach. Adjuvant chemotherapy is to be considered after initial radiation therapy in good performance patients


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Superior Vena Cava Syndrome/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Radiotherapy Dosage , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Survival Rate , Prognosis
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72919

ABSTRACT

Malignant airway obstruction and hemoptysis are common in lung cancer patients. Recently, airway stent is commonly used to preserve airway in malignant airway obstruction. Hemoptysis can be managed through various methods including conservative treatment, endobronchial tamponade, bronchoscopic intervention, embolization and surgery. In our case studies, we sought to investigate the effectiveness of airway stents for re-opening the airway as well as tamponade effects in four patients with malignant airway obstruction and bleeding caused by tumors or lymph node invasions.


Subject(s)
Aged , Airway Obstruction/etiology , Alloys , Bronchoscopy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Fatal Outcome , Fluoroscopy , Hemoptysis/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Stents
7.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 695-698, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-33245

ABSTRACT

Erlotinib is accepted as a standard second-line chemotherapeutic agent in patients with non-small cell lung cancer who are refractory or resistant to first-line platinum-based chemotherapy. There has been no previous report of bowel perforation with or without gastrointestinal metastases related to erlotinib in patients with non-small cell lung cancer. The exact mechanism of bowel perforation in patients who received erlotinib remains unclear. In this report, we report the first case of enterocutaneous fistula in a female patient with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer 9 months, following medication with erlotinib as second-line chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Female , Humans , Intestinal Fistula/chemically induced , Intestinal Perforation/chemically induced , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Quinazolines/adverse effects , Sigmoid Diseases/chemically induced
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187255

ABSTRACT

It is unclear whether emphysema, regardless of airflow limitation, is a predictive factor associated with survival after lung cancer resection. Therefore, we investigated whether emphysema was a risk factor associated with the outcome after resection for lung cancer. This study enrolled 237 patients with non small cell lung cancer with stage I or II who had surgical removal. Patient outcome was analyzed based on emphysema. Emphysema was found in 43.4% of all patients. Patients with emphysema were predominantly men and smokers, and had a lower body mass index than the patients without emphysema. The patients without emphysema (n=133) survived longer (mean 51.2+/-3.0 vs. 40.6+/-3.1 months, P=0.042) than those with emphysema (n=104). The univariate analysis showed a younger age, higher FEV1/FVC, higher body mass index, cancer stage I, and a lower emphysema score were significant predictors of better survival. The multivariate analysis revealed a younger age, higher body mass index, and cancer stage I were independent parameters associated with better survival, however, emphysema was not. This study suggests that unfavorable outcomes after surgical resection of lung cancer should not be attributed to emphysema itself.


Subject(s)
Age Factors , Aged , Body Mass Index , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Emphysema/complications , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Predictive Value of Tests , Risk Factors , Smoking , Survival Rate
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114210

ABSTRACT

Hemoptysis in patients with lung cancer is not uncommon and sometimes have dangerous consequences. Hemoptysis has been managed with various treatment options other than surgery and medicine, such as endobronchial tamponade, transcatheter arterial embolization and radiation therapy. However, these methods can sometimes be used only temporarily or are not suitable for a patient's condition. We present a case in which uncontrollable hemoptysis caused by central lung cancer was successfully treated by inserting a covered self-expanding bronchial stent. The patient could be extubated and was able to undergo further palliative therapy. No recurrent episodes of hemoptysis occurred for the following three months. As our case, airway stenting is a considerable option for the tamponade of a bleeding lesion that cannot be successfully managed with other treatment methods and could be used to preserve airway patency in a select group of patients.


Subject(s)
Bronchi , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Hemoptysis/etiology , Humans , Intubation , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Palliative Care , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-15529

ABSTRACT

Although gynecomastia is a well-defined paraneoplastic syndrome in patients with non-small cell lung cancer, the association with pleomorphic carcinoma has not been reported. A 50-yr-old man presented with bilateral gynecomastia and elevated serum beta-human chorionic gonadotropin (beta hCG) level. Chest tomography showed a mass in the right middle lobe. Right middle lobectomy and mediastinal lymph node dissection were performed. beta hCG levels decreased rapidly after surgery. Histological examination revealed pleomorphic carcinoma with positive immunostaining for beta hCG. Serum beta hCG levels began to increase gradually on postoperatively 4th month. Computed tomography detected recurrence and chemotherapy was started. After second cycle of chemotherapy, beta hCG levels decreased dramatically again and tomography showed regression in mass. Patient died 6 months later due to brain metastasis. beta hCG expression may be associated with aggressive clinical course and increased risk of recurrence, also beta hCG levels may be used to evaluate therapy response in patients with pleomorphic carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Brain Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Chorionic Gonadotropin, beta Subunit, Human/blood , Gynecomastia/etiology , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Annals of Thoracic Medicine. 2007; 2 (1): 9-13
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-81789

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to investigate the correlations among symptoms, laboratory findings of bone metastasis and whole body bone scanning [WBBS] and the frequency of occurrence of bone metastases. Hundred and six patients who were diagnosed with non-small cell lung cancer [NSCLC] between June 2001 and September 2005 were investigated retrospectively. Bone pain, detection of bone tenderness on physical examination, hypercalcemia and increased serum alkaline phosphatase were accepted clinical factors of bone metastases. Presence of multiple asymmetric lesions in WBBS was also accepted as bone metastases. Subjects whose clinical factors and WBBS indicated doubtful bone metastases were evaluated with magnetic resonance and/or biopsy. Occurrence of bone metastases was 31.1% among all patients. Bone metastases were determined in 21 [52.5%] of 40 patients who had at least one clinical factor. Asymptomatic bone metastases without any clinical factors were established in 11.3% of all NSCLC patients and 15.3% of 26 operable patients. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of the clinical factors of bone metastases were 63.6, 73.9, 52.5, 81.8 and 70.7% respectively. There was no significant relationship between histologic type and bone metastases. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accuracy of WBBS in detection of bone metastases were 96.9, 86.3, 76.2, 98.4, 89.6% respectively. Sensitivity and specificity of the clinical factors of bone metastases are quite low. Routine WBBS prevented futile thoracotomies. Therefore, routine WBBS should be performed in all NSCLC patients, even in the absence of bone-specific clinical factors


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Neoplasm Metastasis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Lung Neoplasms , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies
12.
Bulletin of Alexandria Faculty of Medicine. 2006; 42 (1): 63-67
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-165934

ABSTRACT

Experimental studies have shown that vinorelbine is a powerful radiosensitizer in vitro.In this study, 173 patients with inoperable non-small cell lung cancer, Stage III, were entered into arandomized trial comparing radiotherapy only [RT][45 Gy/15 fractions/3 weeks][arm A] versus RT and a dailylow dose of vinorelbine [4 mg/m2][arm B].An overall response rate of 58.9% was observed in arm A and%0.6%in arm B, respectively. Nodifferences in the pattern of relapse were noted between the two treatment groups. Median time to progression was10.6 months for arm A and 14.2 months for arm B. Median survivals were 10.3 months and 9.97 months,respectively. Toxicity was acceptable and no treatment-related death occurred in either treatment schedule. In thisstudy no significant advantage of the combined treatment over radiation therapy only was found.The encouraging, results achieved in some trials together with the intractability of the disease suggestthat further effects efforts should be made to optimize clinical trial protocols, perhaps by reviewing theradiobiological and pharmacological basis of the combined treatment.Non-small cell lung cancer, vinorelhine, Radiotherapy, Radiosensitizer


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Vinblastine/adverse effects , Radiotherapy/adverse effects , Metalloporphyrins/adverse effects , Comparative Study
13.
Bol. Asoc. Méd. P. R ; 97(3,Pt.2): 192-206, Jul.-Sept. 2005.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-442767

ABSTRACT

Two case reports of patients with known non-small cell lung cancer that developed cardiac tamponade related to metastatic pericardial disease are described. Both of these patients underwent urgent subxiphoid echocardiographic guided pericardiocentesis. They both were treated with sclerotherapy using intrapericardial bleomycin. There were no complications from these procedures and no recurrence of cardiac tamponade. They both lived more than 6 months after this intervention. This article reviews the pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and current therapeutic interventions of patients with neoplastic pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Disease Progression , Bronchoscopy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Drainage , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Echocardiography , Electrocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Staging , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/mortality , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Pericardiectomy , Pericardiocentesis , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Lung/pathology , Radiography, Thoracic , Sclerotherapy , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnosis
14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 173-176, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-57190

ABSTRACT

Cryptococcus neoformans commonly causes opportunistic infections in immunocompromised patients, especially in patients with AIDS. CD4+ T-lymphocytopenia in AIDS indicates an increased risk of opportunistic infection and a decline in immunological function. Idiopathic CD4 T-lymphocytopenia (ICL) is characterized by depletions in the CD4+ T-cell subsets, without evidence of HIV infection. Immunodeficiency can exist in the absence of laboratory evidence of HIV infection, and T-cell subsets should be evaluated in patients who present with unusual opportunistic infections. We report a case of pulmonary cryptococcosis and lung cancer in a patient with persistently low CD4+ cell counts, without evidence of HIV infection.


Subject(s)
Aged , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Cryptococcosis/complications , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lymphopenia/complications , Male
15.
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-45392

ABSTRACT

A retrospective study of clinical manifestations and survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in Sonklanagarind Hospital between 1995-98 was undertaken. There were 209 evaluable NSCLC patients enrolled in the study. NSCLC was common in elderly men who smoked. Major symptoms were cough 74.9%, weight loss 61.6% and dyspnea 54.6%. Chest pain and hemoptysis were presented in only 31.3% and 29.2% respectively. Adenocarcinoma was found in 109 patients (52.1%) , squamous cell carcinoma in 71 patients (34.0%), and large cell carcinoma in 8 patients (3.8%). Only 28 patients (13.4%) were in stage I or II. Surgery was performed in 18 cases (8.6%). Radiation for palliative treatment was used in 74 cases (35.4%). Fifty-four patients (25.8%) received chemotherapy. Forty-two patients received mitomycin, vinblastine and cisplatin regimen (MVP). The response to treatment comprised 3 cases (7.1%) with complete response, and 9 cases (21.4%) with partial response. The survival of the patients in stages I and II was lower than reported from Western countries but in stages III and IV the survival was comparable. Chemotherapy tended to improve survival in advanced stage NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/complications , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Thailand/epidemiology
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