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Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 491-493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982774


This case report has described a case of papillary carcinoma of thyroglossal duct in a young male. This patient was admitted with a mass in the anterior neck for 2 years. Preoperative Bultrasonography, CT and MR showed a subcutaneous cystic mass with irregular calcification shadow in the central region of the neck without obvious enhancement. Initial diagnosis was thyroglossal duct cyst, and was excised by Sistrunk under general anesthesia. The postoperative pathological examination showed thyroglossal duct cyst combined with thyroid papillary carcinoma, which was confirmed by immunohistochemistry as thyroglossal duct papillary carcinoma.

Humans , Male , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Thyroglossal Cyst/surgery , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 375-379, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982752


Objective:To analyze the clinical significance of multigene assay in papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC). Methods:Patients who underwent thyroidectomy in a tertiary hospital from August 2021 to May 2022 were enrolled. The eight-gene panel was used to detect the tumor tissue of patients, and the correlation between gene mutations and clinical features was analyzed. Results:Among 161 patients, mutation rate of BRAF V600E, RET/PTC1 and TERT promotor were 82.0%, 6.8% and 4.3%, respectively. BRAF V600E mutation was more common in male patients(P=0.023). TERT promotor-mutated tumors had a large diameter(P=0.019), a high proportion of multifocal lesions(P=0.050), and a large number of lymph node metastases(P=0.031). Among 89 patients who completed preoperative BRAF detection, there was a strong consistency between the preoperative aspiration test and postoperative panel(Cohen κ=0.694, 95%CI: 0.482-0.906, P<0.01). In the hematoxylin-eosin sections obtained from 80 patients, BRAF V600E was still the main type of gene mutation, and the classical/follicular type was more distributed. TERT promotor and RET/PTC1 mutation were the main genetic events for tall-cell/columnar/hobnail type and diffuse sclerosing type, respectively. One-way ANOVA showed that there were differences in diagnosis age(P=0.029) and tumor size(P<0.01) among different pathological types. Conclusion:As a simple and feasible clinical detection method for PTC, the multigene assay can supplement the identification of important genetic events other than BRAF V600E, and provide more prognostic information and follow-up hints for postoperative patients.

Humans , Male , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/genetics , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics , Clinical Relevance , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Mutation
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 288-292, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982734


Objective:To explore the safety and feasibility of bilateral axillo-breast approach (BABA) robot in the operation of thyroid cancer in obese women. Methods:The clinical data of 81 obese female patients who underwent da Vinci robotic thyroid cancer surgery(robotic group) at the Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, PLA 960 Hospital from May 2018 to December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed and compared with the clinical data of 106 obese female thyroid cancer patients who underwent open surgery(open group) during the same period. The age, body mass index(BMI), mean time of surgery, mean postoperative drainage, tumor diameter, postoperative tumor stage, number of lymph node dissection in the central and lateral cervical regions, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, postoperative cosmetic outcome satisfaction score, mean postoperative hospital stay and postoperative complications of all patients were counted. The results were analyzed using SPSS 26.0 statistical software, and the count data were compared using the χ² test, and the measurement data were compared using the t test. Results:All patients completed the operation successfully, and there was no conversion in the robot group, postoperative pathological results were all composed of papillary thyroid carcinoma. The operation time in the robot group was(144.62±36.38) min, which was longer than that in the open group(117.06±18.72) min(P<0.05). The average age of the robot group was(40.25±9.27) years, which was lower than that of the open group(49.59±8.70) years(P<0.05). The satisfactory score of cosmetic effect in the robot group(9.44±0.65) was higher than that in the open group(5.23±1.07)(P<0.05). There was no significant difference in tumor diameter, BMI, average postoperative drainage, temporary hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury, number of central and lateral cervical lymph node dissection, number of positive lymph nodes in the central and lateral cervical regions, and average postoperative hospital stay between the two groups. There was no permanent hypoparathyroidism and recurrent laryngeal nerve injury in both groups. Conclusion:The application of BABA pathway robot in thyroid cancer surgery in obese women is safe and feasible, and the cosmetic effect is better after operation.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Robotics/methods , Retrospective Studies , Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries , Thyroidectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Neck Dissection , Treatment Outcome
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 361-365, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981279


Objective To evaluate extrathyroidal extension (ETE) in papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC) with three-dimensional tomographic ultrasound imaging (3D-TUI). Methods A total of 97 thyroid nodules of 79 patients with PTMC treated in PUMC Hospital from February 2016 to January 2018 were included in this study.Two ultrasound experts performed independent blinded assessment of the relationship between thyroid nodules and thyroid capsule by two-dimensional ultrasound (2D-US) and 3D-TUI.The results of 2D-US and 3D-TUI in evaluating ETE were compared with intraoperative findings and postoperative histological and pathological results. Results Among the 97 nodules,54 (55.7%) nodules had ETE.The diagnostic sensitivity (68.5% vs.37.0%;χ2=10.737,P=0.002),accuracy (74.5% vs.56.7%;χ2=6.686,P=0.015),and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve[0.761 (95%CI=0.677-0.845) vs.0.592 (95%CI=0.504-0.680);Z=3.500,P<0.001] of 3D-TUI were higher than those of 2D-US.However,3D-TUI and 2D-US showed no significant difference in the specificity (84.1% vs.81.4%;χ2=0.081,P=0.776),negative predictive value (67.9% vs.50.7%;χ2=3.645,P=0.066),or positive predictive value (84.1% vs.71.4%;χ2=1.663,P=0.240). Conclusion Compared with 2D-US,3D-TUI demonstrates increased diagnostic efficiency for ETE of PTMC.

Humans , Thyroid Nodule , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Ultrasonography/methods , Retrospective Studies
Cir. Urug ; 7(1): e303, 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1447833


El tumor pseudopapilar de páncreas, conocido como tumor de Frantz, es excepcional; comprende entre el 0.2 y 2.7 % de los carcinomas de páncreas. Su etiología es desconocida y predomina en mujeres jóvenes. Son tumores de bajo potencial maligno, que cursan asintomáticos y dan síntomas por compresión regional: dolor gravativo y/o masa abdominal palpable. La probabilidad de una forma definidamente maligna es de 15 %. Anatómicamente se localizan con mayor frecuencia en la cola del páncreas, seguido por la cabeza y el cuerpo. El tratamiento es la resección quirúrgica y su pronóstico es excelente, con sobrevida a 5 años de casi 100 %. El diagnóstico es anátomo-patológico, considerando el aspecto microscópico y el perfil inmunohistoquímico. Se presenta un caso de una mujer de 21 años, en la cual se realizó una cirugía de excéresis completa del tumor y que se mantiene a asintomática a 24 meses de operada.

Pseudo papillary tumor of the pancreas, also called Frantz´s tumor, is a very rare disease; between 0.2 and 2.7 % of pancreatic carcinomas. Ethiology is unknown; is observed in young women. It´s a tumors with low malignant potential, usually of asymptomatic evolution by long time and the symptoms are due to regional compression: pain or abdominal mass. The possibility of a malignant form is around 15 %. Anatomically, they are most frequently located in the tail of the pancreas, followed by the head and body. The treatment is the surgical resection; with an excellent prognosis and a 5-year survival almost 100 %. The diagnosis is with pathological study, considering the microscopic appearance and the immunohistochemical profile. Its perform an analysis of the literature and once case of a 21 years old, woman is reported. A complete resection surgery of the tumor was performed and remains asymptomatic at 24 months of follow-up.

O tumor pseudopapilar do pâncreas, conhecido como tumor de Frantz, é excepcional; compreende entre 0,2 e 2,7 % dos carcinomas pancreáticos. Sua etiologia é desconhecida e predomina em mulheres jovens. São tumores de baixo potencial maligno, que são assintomáticos e apresentam sintomas devido à compressão regional: dor intensa e/ou massa abdominal palpável. A probabilidade de uma forma definitivamente maligna é de 15 %. Anatomicamente, eles estão localizados com mais frequência na cauda do pâncreas, seguido pela cabeça e corpo. O tratamento é a ressecção cirúrgica e seu prognóstico é excelente, com sobrevida em 5 anos de quase 100 %. O diagnóstico é anátomo-patológico, considerando o aspecto microscópico e o perfil imuno-histoquímico. Apresenta-se o caso de uma mulher de 21 anos submetida a cirurgia de excisão completa do tumor e que permanece assintomática 24 meses após a cirurgia.

Humans , Female , Adult , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatectomy , Splenectomy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparotomy
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 16(4): 124-129, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512172


El cáncer de tiroides ha aumentado en incidencia, sin embargo, la mortalidad se mantiene estable. Muchas de estas lesiones son a expensas de un microcarcinoma papilar de tiroides definido por la OMS como aquel carcinoma papilar de tiroides que en su diámetro máximo no sobrepasa los 10 mm. El avance de la imagenología sobre todo la ecografía de alta resolución y el hallazgo en pieza de anatomía patológica por lesiones benignas son las principales causas del aumento en el diagnóstico de esta entidad. La vigilancia activa surge entonces como alternativa de manejo para pacientes portadores de microcarcinoma papilar con bajo riesgo de progresión, obteniendo resultados oncológicos comparables. Independiente de su tratamiento el pronóstico de estos pacientes es excelente con sobrevida cercana al 100% en 10 años. A pesar de lo dicho la morbilidad de las distintas opciones terapéuticas es muy distinta. Será fundamental buscar elementos clínicos y paraclínicos que permitan tomar una decisión práctica, con el fin de determinar qué pacientes con microcarcinomas papilares que podrán entrar en un protocolo de vigilancia activa. Esta revisión pretende examinar la bibliografía publicada al respecto como alternativa de manejo, y su eventual aplicación en Uruguay.

Thyroid cancer has increased in incidence; however, mortality remains stable. Many of these lesions are at the expense of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma defined by the WHO as papillary thyroid carcinoma that in its maximum diameter does not exceed 10 mm. The advance of imaging, especially high-resolution ultrasound and the finding of benign lesions in pathological anatomy specimens are the main causes of the increase in the diagnosis of this entity. Active surveillance arises then as a management alternative for patients with papillary microcarcinoma with low risk of progression, obtaining comparable oncologic results. Regardless of their treatment, the prognosis of these patients is excellent with a survival rate close to 100% in 10 years. In spite of what has been said, the morbidity of the different therapeutic options is very different. It will be essential to look for clinical and paraclinical elements that will allow making a practical decision, in order to determine which patients with papillary microcarcinomas will be able to enter an active surveillance protocol. This review aims to examine the literature published on this subject as a management alternative, and its eventual application in Uruguay.

Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/therapy , Thyroid Neoplasms/prevention & control , Carcinoma, Papillary/prevention & control , Biomarkers, Tumor , Risk Assessment , Watchful Waiting
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441506


Introducción: Los nódulos tiroideos son un problema frecuente, deben ser estudiados, sobre todo por la posibilidad de que puedan ser malignos. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento de los pacientes con afecciones quirúrgicas del tiroides en la provincia de Cienfuegos desde el 1 de enero del 2015 al 31 de diciembre del 2017. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo de 225 pacientes con afecciones quirúrgicas del tiroides en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital General Universitario "Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima" en la provincia Cienfuegos durante un trienio. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, lóbulo afectado, características físicas y ecográficas de los nódulos, modalidades de biopsias utilizadas y su correlación, técnica quirúrgica, variedad histológica y complicaciones posoperatorias. Se empleó modelo recolector de datos con las variables de interés, presentándose en tablas de frecuencia, números y porciento. Resultados: Predominaron las féminas (87,1 por ciento), el grupo etareo 41 - 50 años (34,7 por ciento) y el lóbulo izquierdo (45,3 por ciento). Prevalecieron los nódulos únicos, móviles, renitentes y ecogénicos. Predominó el carcinoma papilar (59,6 por ciento) y el bocio multinodular (25,3 por ciento). La hemitiroidectomía, el procedimiento quirúrgico más empleado (44,9 por ciento) y la disfonía transitoria (4,9 por ciento) complicación más frecuente. Conclusiones: En la práctica clínica cotidiana de las afecciones del tiroides se evidencia la necesaria interrelación entre endocrinólogos, cirujanos, oncólogos, imaginólogos y patólogos, entre otros, para el abordaje multi e interdisciplinario en el diagnóstico y el tratamiento de estos pacientes(AU)

Introduction: Thyroid nodules are a frequent problem; they should be studied, especially because of the possibility that they may be malignant. Objective: To characterize patients with thyroid surgical conditions in Cienfuegos Province, from January 1, 2015 to December 31, 2017. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective study of 225 patients with thyroid surgical affections was carried out in the surgery service of Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima General University Hospital, in Cienfuegos Province, during a three-year period. The variables analyzed were age, sex, affected lobe, physical and ultrasound nodular characteristics of nodules, used biopsy modalities and their correlation, surgical technique, histological variety and postoperative complications. A data collection model was used with the variables of interest, presented in tables of frequency, numbers and percentages. Results: Females predominated (87.1 percent), together with the age group 41-50 years (34.7 percent) and the left lobe (45.3 percent). Single, mobile, refractory and echogenic nodules prevailed. Papillary carcinoma (59.6 percent) and multinodular goiter (25.3 percent) predominated. Hemithyroidectomy was the most employed surgical procedure (44.9 percent) and transient dysphonia (4.9 percent) was the most frequent complication. Conclusions: The daily clinical practice of thyroid conditions evidences the necessary interrelation between endocrinologists, surgical doctors, oncologists, imaginologists and pathologists, among others, for the multi- and interdisciplinary approach in the diagnosis and managment of these patients(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Carcinoma, Papillary , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441508


Introducción: El cáncer de tiroides es el tumor más común de los malignos originados en órganos endocrinos (más del 92 por ciento) y comprende un grupo de tumores que son diferentes clínicamente, epidemiológicamente y en cuanto a pronóstico. Objetivo: Caracterizar a los enfermos con cáncer de tiroides operados en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico General "Freyre de Andrade". Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo de corte longitudinal en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico General "Freyre de Andrade" en el período 2014-2019. El universo estuvo constituido por 32 enfermos operados de cáncer de tiroides. Fueron analizadas variables sociodemográficas, clasificación de Bethesda, diagnóstico histológico, técnica quirúrgica empleada y complicaciones. Resultados: El cáncer de tiroides predominó en mujeres (87,5 por ciento) entre 51 - 60 años (25,0 por ciento). Según la clasificación de Bethesda prevaleció la categoría VI (15,62 por ciento). Predominó el carcinoma papilar (65,62 por ciento). A todos los enfermos se le realizó una tiroidectomía total y las complicaciones fueron el hematoma posoperatorio (6,25 por ciento) y el granuloma (6,25 por ciento). Conclusiones: El cáncer tiroideo predomina en mujeres entre la quinta y sexta década de la vida. La técnica quirúrgica que se utiliza es la tiroidectomía total con baja morbilidad. Predomina la variante histológica del carcinoma papilar(AU)

Introduction: Thyroid cancer is the most common malignant tumor originating in endocrine organs (more than 92 percent) and comprises a group of clinically, epidemiologically and prognostically different tumors. Objective: To characterize patients with thyroid cancer operated on at Freyre de Andrade General Clinical Surgical Hospital. Methods: A descriptive, retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out at Freyre de Andrade General Clinical Surgical Hospital in the period 2014-2019. The universe consisted of 32 patients operated on for thyroid cancer. Sociodemographic variables, Bethesda classification, histological diagnosis, used surgical technique and complications were analyzed. Results: Thyroid cancer predominated in women (87.5 percent) between 51 and 60 years of age (25.0 percent). According to the Bethesda classification, category VI prevailed (15.62 percent). Papillary carcinoma predominated (65.62 percent). All patients underwent total thyroidectomy, while the complications were postoperative hematoma (6.25 percent) and granuloma (6.25 percent. Conclusions: Thyroid cancer predominates in women between the fifth and sixth decades of life. The used surgical technique is total thyroidectomy, reporting low morbidity. The histological variant of papillary carcinoma predominates(AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Thyroidectomy/methods , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Papillary/etiology , Hematoma/complications , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Granuloma/complications
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 11(1): 337, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1417139


Objetivo: evaluar los procedimientos disponibles para el manejo quirúrgico del cáncer de tiroides y los criterios para su selección. Pacientes y métodos: se evaluaron dieciocho pacientes con cáncer de tiroides a quienes se les realizaron procedimientos quirúrgicos como parte de su enfoque diagnostico y terapéutico. Resultados: el 83,3% de la serie se distribuyó por encima de los 45 años. No hubo etapa tumoral T1. Doce pacientes se catalogaron como de riesgo intermedio. Los estudios imagenológicos y la punción con aguja fina se usaron como método de diagnóstico preoperatorio. La tiroidectomía total en un solo tiempo, fue la cirugía más común y el reporte histológico definitivo más frecuente fue el de carcinoma papilar. El tamaño tumoral igual o mayor de 4cms, los cortes congelados y los hallazgos intraoperatorios como la presencia de adenopatías e infiltración a estructuras anatómicas adyacentes permitieron correlacionar el resultado de la punción con aguja fina y definir la conducta quirúrgica en dos tercios de la casuística. La disección cervical estuvo indicada en las adenopatías clínicamente evidentes. Conclusiones: La presencia de neoplasias iguales o mayores de 4cms, metástasis cervicales, infiltración a estructuras anatómicas adyacentes y los cortes congelados determinaron el tipo de intervención. La tiroidectomía total con o sin linfadenectomía fue el procedimiento más frecuente, otras intervenciones de rescate y paliativas representan parte de las opciones quirúrgicas de acuerdo a la etapa tumoral o la situación clínica preoperatoria. La crisis sanitaria que sufre el país ha determinado algunas dificultades en el proceso terapéutico de estos pacientes(AU)

Objective: to evaluate the procedure for the surgical management of the thyroid cancer and the criteria for the selection Patients and method: eighteen patients with cancer of thyroid programmed to surgical procedures. Results: the 83, 3% of the series was 45 years or more. No exist T1. Twelve patients were intermediate risk. Radiologic studies and the fine needle aspiration were the methods of evaluation preoperative. Total thyroidectomy was the most common surgery and the histology more frequent was papilar carcinoma. The neoplasies of 4cms or more, the frozen section and the findings in the operating room were be used to adapt the surgical plan in the 66,6% of the serie. Neck dissection was indicated in the clinics lymph nodes. Conclusions: the surgical extension depends of the tumoral size, the presence of cervical metastasis, the infiltration of adjacent structures and frozen sections. The thyroidectomy total with or without lymphadenectomy were the procedures more frequent, other intervention of salvage and palliative intention represents surgical options. The sanitary crisis determinates some problems in the therapeutic process(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Papillary , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Frozen Sections , Histology
Autops. Case Rep ; 12: e2021352, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355721


Solid Papillary Carcinoma (SPC) of the breast is a rare tumor with an incidence of less than 1%, mainly affecting elderly females. It is morphologically characterized by well-defined nodules with low-grade nuclear features associated with fibrovascular cores and shows neuroendocrine differentiation. SPC can be in-situ or invasive but has a favorable prognosis. It is a morphological mimicker of some pre-malignant conditions leading to its frequent misdiagnosis. An appropriate immunohistochemical (IHC) panel workup helps in distinguishing this tumor from its various morphological mimics. In this report, we present one such case of SPC with a small focus of invasion, reviewing the literature.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnostic Errors
Rev. chil. endocrinol. diabetes ; 15(1): 19-22, 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359334


El cáncer papilar constituye aproximadamente el 80% de todos los casos de cáncer de tiroides y el 85% de los tumores diferenciados. La variante de células altas representa el 1,3 al 12% del cáncer papilar siendo la variante agresiva más común de estos tumores. Posee un comportamiento agresivo, con mayor incidencia de invasión extratiroidea, linfovascular y metástasis a distancia, responsables de tasas de recurrencia más altas y peor pronóstico. Los casos aquí reportados reflejan las características que hacen sospechar mayor agresividad tumoral, desde el diagnóstico. Describimos dos pacientes de sexo femenino, entre 40 y 50 años, con historia de corta evolución, cuya presentación fue con síntomas de compresión locorregional y adenopatías metastásicas en cuello. Con hallazgos ecográficos e intraoperatorios de relevancia en cuanto la agresividad tumoral que hicieron sospechar la presencia de una variante agresiva del cáncer papilar. La histopatología de la variante de células altas posee una base molecular diferente respecto al papilar clásico que le confiere mayor morbi-mortalidad, constituyendo un factor de pronóstico independiente para la recurrencia. El tratamiento quirúrgico es la tiroidectomía total con vaciamiento profiláctico de los ganglios linfáticos centrales y eventualmente vaciamiento lateral de cuello según valoración preoperatoria, con posterior ablación postoperatoria de restos tiroideos mediante yodo radiactivo.

Papillary cancer constitutes approximately 80% of all thyroid cancer cases and 85% of differentiated tumors. The tall cell variant represents 1.3 to 12% of papillary cancers, being the most common aggressive variant of these tumors. It has an aggressive behavior, showing a higher incidence of extrathyroid and lymphovascular invasion and distant metastasis, responsible for higher recurrence rates and a worse prognosis. The cases reported here reflect characteristics that make us suspect tumor aggressiveness. These are female patients, between 40 and 70 years old, with a history of short evolution. They present locoregional symptoms or metastatic adenopathies, with ultrasound and intraoperative findings of relevance in terms of tumor aggressiveness that led to the suspicion of the presence of an aggressive variant of papillary cancer. The histopathology of the tall cell variant has a different molecular basis that confers its own morbidity and mortality, being an independent prognostic factor for recurrence. Total thyroidectomy is recommended with prophylactic dissection of the central lymph nodes and eventually lateral neck dissection according to preoperative evaluation followed by postoperative ablation with radioactive iodine.

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnosis , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/surgery , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies ; : 103-106, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962075


@#A lateral neck mass can be the initial presentation of a papillary thyroid carcinoma. A 24-year-old female presented with a 2.0 x 2.0 cm, non-erythematous, non-tender, right lateral neck mass. A neck ultrasound showed an enlarged right jugulodigastric (Level II) lymph node and a normal-sized thyroid gland exhibiting mild parenchymal disease with no nodules. Positron emission tomography-computed tomography scan (PET-CT) showed an enlarged intensely fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-avid right level III lymph node, which may be primary versus metastatic. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) of the lymph node showed the presence of atypical cells that are highly suspicious for metastatic carcinoma. A cervical lymph node excision biopsy was performed and histopathology showed metastatic papillary thyroid carcinoma. The patient underwent total thyroidectomy with neck dissection. The final histopathologic examination of the thyroid gland revealed chronic lymphocytic thyroiditis with the lymph nodes negative for metastasis. She eventually underwent radioactive iodine ablation (RAI) with a dose of 30mCi. Post-RAI whole-body scan showed functioning thyroid tissue remnants with no distant metastasis. This case adds to the limited data that ectopic thyroid carcinoma can be present in patients who initially present with neck masses.

Thyroid Gland , Carcinoma, Papillary
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408209


Introducción: La enfermedad nodular tiroidea es frecuente motivo de consulta médica, para lo que se emplea como pilar de tratamiento la intervención quirúrgica. Objetivo: Caracterizar el comportamiento de los pacientes con afecciones quirúrgicas del tiroides, en la provincia de Cienfuegos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo de 193 pacientes con afecciones quirúrgicas del tiroides en el Servicio de Cirugía del Hospital General Universitario "Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima", durante un periodo de 3 años, comprendidos desde el 1 de enero del 2018 al 31 de diciembre del 2020. Las variables analizadas fueron: edad, sexo, afecciones tiroideas, procedimiento quirúrgico empleado y complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Se empleó modelo recolector de datos con las variables de interés y se presentaron en tablas de frecuencia, números y porciento. Resultados: Predominaron las féminas (83,9 por ciento) y el grupo etario 41 - 50 años (31,1 por ciento). Prevaleció el carcinoma papilar (13,0 por ciento) y globalmente de las afecciones benignas (74,6 por ciento). La hemitiroidectomía fue el procedimiento quirúrgico más empleado (50,8 por ciento) y la disfonía transitoria (6,2 por ciento) como complicación más frecuente. Conclusiones: Las afecciones tiroideas predominaron en las féminas entre 41 y 50 años, fueron diagnosticadas mediante estudios histológicos. Predominó el carcinoma papilar y de forma global las afecciones benignas, se recurrió a la hemitiroidectomía y la disfonía transitoria fue la complicación más frecuente(AU)

Introduction: Nodular thyroid disease is a frequent reason for medical consultation. In such cases, surgical intervention is used as mainstay of treatment. Objective: To characterize patients with thyroid surgical conditions in Cienfuegos Province. Methods: A descriptive and retrospective study was carried out in the surgery service of Dr. Gustavo Aldereguía Lima General University Hospital with 193 patients who presented thyroid surgical conditions over a period of three years (from January 1, 2018 to December 31, 2020). The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, thyroid conditions, surgical procedure used and postoperative complications. A data collector model including the variables of interest was used. They data were presented in tables of frequency, numbers and percentage. Results: The was a predominance of females (83.9 percent) and the age group 41-50 years (31.1 percent). There was a prevalence of papillary carcinoma (13.0 percent) and, globally, of benign conditions (74.6 percent). Hemithyroidectomy was the most used surgical procedure (50.8 percent) and transient dysphonia (6.2 percent) was the most frequent complication. Conclusions: Thyroid affections predominated among females between 41 and 50 years old, diagnosed by histological studies. Papillary carcinoma predominated, as well as benign conditions globally. Hemithyroidectomy was used and transient dysphonia was the most frequent complication(AU)

Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Thyroid Diseases/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Papillary/epidemiology , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Thyroid Diseases/surgery , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies
Medicina UPB ; 40(2): 2-12, 13 oct. 2021. tab, Ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1342173


Objetivo: describir los datos sociodemográficos, las manifestaciones clínicas, los paraclínicos, el tratamiento y la recurrencia, en un grupo de pacientes con lesiones papilares. Metodología: estudio analítico de cohorte retrospectiva con fuentes secundarias de información, historias clínicas. Se incluyeron pacientes evaluados entre el 1º enero de 2016 y el 31 de diciembre de 2019. Se recopilaron datos demográficos, clínicos y paraclínicos, que fueron analizados con estadística descriptiva. Resultados: la prevalencia en la muestra fue de 4.7%; todos los casos fueron en mujeres, la media de edad fue 55,5 años; el motivo de consulta más frecuente fue alteración en la imagen de mama (n=79, 54.9%), el tamaño medio de la lesión fue 1,9 cm (rango 0,1-20). Se encontró discordancia entre el diagnóstico por biopsia cortante y el espécimen de patología en 70 (48.6%) casos, en estos se encontró infraestimación de lesiones con mayor riesgo en el 36,1% (n=52). Según la clasificación histológica, el tipo más frecuente de lesión fue el papiloma intraductal 34.7% (n=50), seguido por el carcinoma papilar en 11,8% (n=17). El tipo de cirugía más efectuado fue la cuadrantectomía, con un 68.7% (n=99). La media de seguimiento fue de 28.5 meses y se encontró recaída en siete casos (4.9%). Conclusión: las lesiones papilares comprenden un grupo heterogéneo, que incluye desde las benignas hasta aquellas con potencial maligno. Afectan a las mujeres en la quinta década de la vida, se presentan como una masa, pequeña, unilateral, sin predominio de lateralidad, de crecimiento lento. El tratamiento óptimo para las lesiones de riesgo y con atipias es la cirugía con márgenes negativos, el riesgo de recurrencia es clínicamente relevante.

Objective: to describe the sociodemographic data, the clinical and paraclinical ma-nifestations, the treatment and the recurrence, in a group of patients diagnosed with papillary lesions.Methodology:analytical study of a retrospective cohort with secondary sources of information from users' medical records in the period of January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2019. The demographic, clinical and paraclinical data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics.Results:the prevalence in the sample was 4.7%; all cases were women, the mean age was 55.5 years; the most frequent reason for consultation was abnormal breast imaging examination (n=79, 54.9 %), the mean size was 1.9 cm (range 0,1-20). Disagreement was found between the diagnosis by sharp biopsy and the pathology specimen in 48.6% of cases (n=70); lesion underestimation with higher risk was found in 36.1% of them (n=52). According to the histological classification, the most frequent was intraductal papilloma in 34.7% (n=50), followed by papillary carcinoma in 11.8% (n=17). The type of surgery most performed was quadrantectomy, 68.7% (n=99). The mean follow-up was 28.5 months and relapse was found in 4.9% (n=7).Conclusion:papillary lesions comprise a heterogeneous group, with a spectrum that includes both benign lesions and those with malignant potential. The lesions affect women in their fifties. They become apparent as a small, unilateral mass, without a pre-dominance of laterality, and of slow growth. The optimal treatment in risk lesions and with atypia is surgery with negative margins. The risk of recurrence is clinically important.

Objetivo: descrever os dados sociodemográficos, manifestações clínicas e paraclínicas, tratamento e recorrência, em um grupo de pacientes com lesões papilares.Metodologia: estudo analítico de coorte retrospectivo com fontes secundárias de informação, prontuários. Foram incluídos os pacientes avaliados entre 1º de janeiro de 2016 e 31 de dezembro de 2019. Foram coletados dados demográficos, clínicos e paraclínicos, os quais foram analisados com estatística descritiva.Resultados: a prevalência na amostra foi de 4,7%; todos os casos eram em mulheres, a média de idade foi de 55,5 anos; o motivo de consulta mais frequente foi a alteração da imagem da mama (n = 79, 54,9%), o tamanho médio da lesão foi de 1,9 cm (variação de 0,1-20). Houve discordância entre o diagnóstico por biópsia cortante e o espécime anatomopatológico em 70 (48,6%) casos, nestes casos subestimação das lesões de maior risco em 36,1% (n = 52). De acordo com a classificação histológica, o tipo de lesão mais frequente foi o papiloma intraductal em 34,7% (n = 50), seguido do carcinoma papilífero em 11,8% (n = 17). O tipo de cirurgia mais realizada foi a quadrantectomia, com 68,7% (n = 99). O seguimento médio foi de 28,5 meses e recidiva foi encontrada em sete casos (4,9%).Conclusão: as lesões papilares constituem um grupo heterogêneo, que inclui desde as benignas até as com potencial maligno. Atingem mulheres na quinta década de vida, aparecem como uma massa, pequena, unilateral, sem predomínio da lateralidade, de crescimento lento. O tratamento ideal para lesões de risco e com atipia é a cirurgia com margens negativas, o risco de recorrência é clinicamente relevante.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Papilloma, Intraductal , Biopsy , Breast , Carcinoma, Papillary , Classification
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(4): 495-499, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339109


SUMMARY Collision tumors are rare and may comprise components with different behavior, treatments, and prognosis. We report an unprecedented case of aggressive thyroid collision tumor containing widely invasive oncocytic carcinoma (OC), classical and hobnail (HPTC) variants of papillary carcinoma, and poorly differentiated carcinoma (PDTC). The patient underwent total thyroidectomy, radioactive iodine therapy, and within months progressed with local recurrence, and pulmonary metastases requiring neck dissection, external radiotherapy and systemic treatment with sorafenib. The rapid progression, dedifferentiated metastatic lesions, and failure to treatments resulted in the patient´s death. The great variety of histological types and the evolution of this case were a challenge for the management of metastatic disease. Widely invasive OC, HPTC and PDTC are considered to have a worse prognosis. HPTC has never been reported as a component of a collision tumor. HPTC and PDTC should call attention to a possible higher-grade transformation.

Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/therapy , Carcinoma, Papillary , Iodine Radioisotopes , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(2): 248-256, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223908


Introducción. Los microcarcinomas papilares de tiroides son tumores de hasta 10 mm en su diámetro mayor. Su tratamiento es sujeto de debate y se propone, desde seguimiento clínico, hasta intervención quirúrgica temprana. Este estudio buscó identificar factores de riesgo relacionados con compromiso ganglionar, que permitan una mejor selección de los pacientes en nuestro medio, en quienes se propone manejo quirúrgico inmediato o vigilancia activa, en consonancia con la clasificación del riesgo de progresión. Métodos. Estudio de cohorte analítica ambispectiva que incluyó pacientes con microcarcinoma papilar de tiroides llevados a tiroidectomía más vaciamiento central. Se caracterizó la población y se realizó un análisis de regresión logística multivariado para definir factores preoperatorios asociados al compromiso ganglionar. Adicionalmente, se evaluó de manera retrospectiva la eventual asignación a grupos de riesgo de progresión, según los criterios de Miyauchi, y su comportamiento respecto al estado nodal. Resultados. Se incluyeron 286 pacientes. El 48,9 % presentó compromiso ganglionar, y de estos, el 33,5 % presentó compromiso ganglionar significativo, que modificó su clasificación de riesgo de recaída. De estos últimos, el 59,5 % hubiesen sido manejados con vigilancia activa, según los criterios propuestos por Miyauchi. Se identificó que la edad menor de 55 años, los ganglios sospechosos en la ecografía y los nódulos mayores de 5 mm, se relacionan con compromiso ganglionar significativo. Discusión. El manejo quirúrgico inmediato parece ser una opción adecuada para pacientes con sospecha de compromiso ganglionar en ecografía preoperatoria, pacientes menores de 55 años y nódulos mayores de 5 mm. Es posible que los actuales criterios para definir vigilancia activa no seleccionen adecuadamente a los pacientes en nuestro medio.

Introduction. Papillary thyroid microcarcinomas are tumors up to 10 mm in greatest diameter. Its treatment is subject of debate, and it is proposed from clinical follow-up to early surgical intervention. The aim of the study was to identify risk factors related to lymph node involvement, which allow a better selection of patients in our setting, in whom immediate surgical management or active surveillance is proposed, in accordance with the classification of risk of progression.Methods. Ambispective analytic cohort study that included patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma who underwent thyroidectomy and central dissection. The population was characterized and a multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to define preoperative factors associated with lymph node involvement. Additionally, eventual assignment to progression risk groups, according to the Miyauchi criteria, and their nodal state were evaluated.Results. 286 patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma were included. Among them, 48.9% had lymph node disease, and 33.5% had a significant lymph node disease that increased their relapse risk classification. Of the latter, 59.5% could have had a conservative treatment, under Miyauchi's criteria. For ages < 55 years old, suspect nodes in ultrasound and nodules > 5 mm were identified as related to significant lymph node involvement.Discussion. Immediate surgical management appears to be an appropriate option for patients with suspected lymph node involvement on preoperative ultrasound, patients younger than 55 years and nodules larger than 5 mm. It is possible that the current criteria for defining active surveillance do not adequately select patients in our setting.

Humans , Thyroidectomy , Thyroid Neoplasms , Neck Dissection , Carcinoma, Papillary , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary , Lymphatic Metastasis
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 50(1): e970, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289498


Introducción: El cáncer de tiroides es el tumor maligno más común originado en órganos endocrinos (más del 92 por ciento) y comprende un grupo de tumores que son diferentes clínicamente y epidemiológicamente. En los últimos años se ha incrementado el uso de los modelos predictivos en la práctica médica para determinar la mejor conducta en pacientes con tumores de la glándula tiroides. Objetivo: Desarrollar un modelo probabilístico de predicción de la recidiva en pacientes con cáncer de tiroides. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo longitudinal, en el Hospital Militar Central Dr. Carlos J. Finlay, desde enero de 2015 hasta febrero del 2020. Se incluyeron 63 pacientes que ingresaron al estudio por muestreo aleatorio simple con remplazo, se confeccionó un modelo predictivo utilizando una regresión logística binaria en el programa R. Resultados: El grupo de edad más afectado estuvo entre los 40 y 59 años, predominó el sexo femenino y el carcinoma papilar, la vascularización y la irregularidad fueron los elementos ultrasonográficos más detectados. El estadístico de Wald fue significativo con una distribución normal en todas las variables analizadas lo cual indica que sus coeficientes son diferentes de 0 y deben ser incluidos en el modelo La variable con mayor influencia en el índice de recidiva resultó ser la diferenciación celular Conclusiones: Los factores con mayor influencia en la recidiva en la serie estudiada resultaron el grado de diferenciación, la presencia de vascularización e irregularidad en la ecografía y el tamaño tumoral con cifras similares a las reportadas nacional e internacionalmente(AU)

Introduction: Thyroid cancer is the most common malignant tumor originating in endocrine organs (more than 92%) and comprises a group of tumors that are clinically and epidemiologically different. In recent years, the use of predictive models has increased in medical practice to determine the best behavior in patients with tumors of the thyroid gland. Objective: To develop a probabilistic model for predicting recurrence in patients with thyroid cancer. Methods: A longitudinal prospective study was carried out at the Dr. Carlos J Finlay Central Military Hospital, from January 2015 to February 2020. 63 patients who entered the study by simple random sampling with replacement were included; a predictive model was made using a binary logistic regression in program R. Results: The most affected age group was between 40 and 59 years old, female sex predominated and papillary carcinoma, vascularization and irregularity were the most detected ultrasound elements. The Wald statistic was significant with a normal distribution in all variables analyzed, which indicates that their coefficients are different from 0 and should be included in the model. The variable with the greatest influence on the recurrence rate turned out to be cell differentiation. Conclusions: The final binary logistic regression model had an adequate goodness of fit and discrimination was very good, with an acceptable receiving operator area under the curve (AU)

Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Papillary , Simple Random Sampling , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Models, Statistical
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(1): 7-14, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1380258


Las metástasis del carcinoma papilar de tiroides (CPT) generalmente son a nivel locorregional, la diseminación a distancia es poco habitual, sin embargo la invasión de tejidos blandos aunque inusual puede ocurrir, y afecta negativamente la supervivencia. El presente estudio describe una serie de casos de Metástasis Musculares de CPT. Se realizó un estudio transversal de un solo centro que evaluó diez pacientes con CPT con metástasis en músculo. La edad de los pacientes fue entre 46 a 77 años, siendo la edad promedio de 60 años, 7 de los cuales fueron de sexo masculino que corresponde al 70%, todos con antecedente de CPT con respuesta estructural incompleta, además de las metástasis en músculo presentaron afectación de tres o más órganos, con necesidad de varios tratamientos, cada paciente registró entre 1 a 8 cirugías, recibieron entre 100 a 780mCi de I131 (yodo radiactivo), ocho ameritaron radioterapia, todos tuvieron indicación de tratamiento con ITK, sin embargo solo cuatro pacientes tuvieron acceso a dicho medicamento. La mayoría de las metástasis del CPT en músculo fueron diagnosticadas en los estudios de imagen PET/ CT, después de la tiroidectomía el tiempo de su presentación fue muy variable entre 1 a 18 años, el número de músculos comprometidos se reporta entre uno a cuatro, siendo el glúteo (4 casos) el músculo metastásico más frecuente. La presencia de metástasis musculares empeora el pronóstico en nuestra serie de pacientes.

Metastases of thyroid papillary carcinoma (CPT) are generally at the locoregional level, the dissemination from a distance is unusual, however the invasion of soft tissues, although rare can occur, and it negatively affects survival. The present study describes several Muscular Metastases of CPT cases. A transversal study in one only center was performed and assessed ten patients CPT metastases in muscles.The patients age ranged from 46 to 77, being the average age of 60, and 7 of them were male, corresponding to the 70%, everyone with CPT records with an incomplete structural response. Besides muscular metastases they also presented issues with three or more organs, needing many treatments. Each patient registered between 1 to 8 surgeries, they received between 100 to 780mCi of I131. Eight required radiotherapies, everyone required treatment with ITK, however, just four patients had access to that medication. Most of the CPT metastases in muscles were diagnosed in PET/CT image studies, after the thyroidectomy, the time for its presentation was very variable between 1 to 18 years, the number of compromised muscles is reported between one to four, being the buttock (4 cases) the most frequently muscle with metastases. The presence of muscular metastases aggravates the prognosis in our series of patients.

Humans , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary/secondary , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neck Muscles , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroid Neoplasms/blood , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Carcinoma, Papillary/blood , Iodine , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 584-589, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887898


Objective To investigate the clinical value of core-needle biopsy(CNB)for low-risk papillary thyroid microcarcinoma(PTMC)after radiofrequency ablation(RFA). Methods A total of 190 patients(including 142 females and 48 males,20-74 years old)with unifocal low-risk PTMCs[mean volume of(106.29±96.15)mm

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Biopsy, Needle , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Radiofrequency Ablation , Thyroid Neoplasms , Ultrasonography, Interventional
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 328-337, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887863


Objective To compare the health-related quality of life(HRQoL)of patients with papillary thyroid microcarcinoma(PTMC)treated by different modalities. Methods The PTMC patients after treatment who came to our department for follow-up from October to December in 2019 were enrolled and assigned into three groups according to treatment modalities:radiofrequency ablation(RFA)group(

Humans , Carcinoma, Papillary/surgery , Quality of Life , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery , Thyroidectomy