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1.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 39(2): 339-347, 20240220. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1532734

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cáncer de riñón es la undécima neoplasia maligna más común en los Estados Unidos Mexicanos. El carcinoma de células claras de riñón (CCR) es considerado la estirpe más frecuente y representa el 2-3 % de todos los cánceres a nivel mundial. En el contexto de la enfermedad metastásica, por lo general se identifica un tumor renal primario y las metástasis se localizan en pulmón, hueso, hígado, cerebro y, raramente, en tejidos blandos. Los pacientes con metástasis a tejidos blandos no tienen síntomas en las etapas iniciales y generalmente se identifican sólo cuando las lesiones aumentan de tamaño o durante el estudio de la pieza de resección quirúrgica. Caso clínico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente en la séptima década de la vida, con una metástasis en tejidos blandos de la región sacra, de 10 años de evolución posterior a una nefrectomía secundario a CCR. Resultados. Hallazgos clínicos e imagenológicos de un tumor bien delimitado. Se realizó resección quirúrgica de la lesión, bajo anestesia regional, con extirpación completa. Conclusión. Se recomienda que los pacientes con un sitio metastásico resecable y solitario sean llevados a resección quirúrgica con márgenes libres, como fue el caso de nuestra paciente, por su fácil acceso y ser una lesión única. En el CCR, además de su tratamiento quirúrgico inicial, es indispensable una estrecha vigilancia con examen físico e imágenes transversales, para detectar la presencia de metástasis y con ello evitar tratamientos tardíos.


Introduction. Kidney cancer is the eleventh most common malignancy in the United States of Mexico. Carcinoma renal cell (CRC) is considered the most frequent type and represents 2-3% of all cancers worldwide. In the setting of metastatic disease, a primary renal tumor is usually identified, and metastases are located in the lung, bone, liver, brain, and rarely in soft tissue. Patients with soft tissue metastases do not have symptoms in the initial stages and are generally found only when the lesions increase in size or during the study of the surgical resection piece. Clinical case. In this case, we report a female patient in the seventh decade of life with a soft tissue metastasis located in the sacral region, 10 years after a nephrectomy secondary to CRC. Results. Clinical and radiological findings of a well-defined tumor. Surgical resection of the lesion is performed under regional anesthesia with complete excision. Conclusions. It is recommended that patients with a resectable and solitary metastatic site be candidates for surgical resection with free margins, as was the case with our patient due to its easy access and single lesion. In CRC, in addition to its initial surgical treatment, close surveillance with physical examination and cross-sectional images is essential to monitor the presence of metastases and thus avoid late treatments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Kidney Neoplasms , Neoplasm Seeding , Soft Tissue Neoplasms , Diagnosis, Differential , Neoplasm Metastasis
2.
Braz. j. biol ; 84: e250575, 2024. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1350309

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cancer is a fatal malignancy and its increasing worldwide prevalence demands the discovery of more sensitive and reliable molecular biomarkers. To investigate the GINS1 expression level and its prognostic value in distinct human cancers using a series of multi-layered in silico approach may help to establish it as a potential shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of different cancer subtypes. The GINS1 mRNA, protein expression, and promoter methylation were analyzed using UALCAN and Human Protein Atlas (HPA), while mRNA expression was further validated via GENT2. The potential prognostic values of GINS1 were evaluated through KM plotter. Then, cBioPortal was utilized to examine the GINS1-related genetic mutations and copy number variations (CNVs), while pathway enrichment analysis was performed using DAVID. Moreover, a correlational analysis between GINS1 expression and CD8+ T immune cells and a the construction of gene-drug interaction network was performed using TIMER, CDT, and Cytoscape. The GINS1 was found down-regulated in a single subtypes of human cancer while commonly up-regulated in 23 different other subtypes. The up-regulation of GINS1 was significantly correlated with the poor overall survival (OS) of Liver Hepatocellular Carcinoma (LIHC), Lung Adenocarcinoma (LUAD), and Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC). The GINS1 was also found up-regulated in LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC patients of different clinicopathological features. Pathways enrichment analysis revealed the involvement of GINS1 in two diverse pathways, while few interesting correlations were also documented between GINS1 expression and its promoter methylation level, CD8+ T immune cells level, and CNVs. Moreover, we also predicted few drugs that could be used in the treatment of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC by regulating the GINS1 expression. The expression profiling of GINS1 in the current study has suggested it a novel shared diagnostic and prognostic biomarker of LIHC, LUAD, and KIRC.


Resumo O câncer é uma doença maligna fatal e sua crescente prevalência mundial exige a descoberta de biomarcadores moleculares mais sensíveis e confiáveis. Investigar o nível de expressão de GINS1 e seu valor prognóstico em cânceres humanos distintos, usando uma série de abordagens in silico em várias camadas, pode ajudar a estabelecê-lo como um potencial biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de diferentes subtipos de câncer. O mRNA de GINS1, a expressão da proteína e a metilação do promotor foram analisados ​​usando UALCAN e Human Protein Atlas (HPA), enquanto a expressão de mRNA foi posteriormente validada via GENT2. Os valores prognósticos potenciais de GINS1 foram avaliados por meio do plotter KM. Em seguida, o cBioPortal foi utilizado para examinar as mutações genéticas relacionadas ao GINS1 e as variações do número de cópias (CNVs), enquanto a análise de enriquecimento da via foi realizada usando DAVID. Além disso, uma análise correlacional entre a expressão de GINS1 e células imunes T CD8 + e a construção de uma rede de interação gene-droga foi realizada usando TIMER, CDT e Cytoscape. O GINS1 foi encontrado regulado negativamente em um único subtipo de câncer humano, enquanto comumente regulado positivamente em 23 outros subtipos diferentes. A regulação positiva de GINS1 foi significativamente correlacionada com a sobrevida global pobre (OS) de Carcinoma Hepatocelular de Fígado (LIHC), Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão (LUAD) e Carcinoma de Células Claras Renais de Rim (KIRC). O GINS1 também foi encontrado regulado positivamente em pacientes LIHC, LUAD e KIRC de diferentes características clínico-patológicas. A análise de enriquecimento de vias revelou o envolvimento de GINS1 em duas vias diversas, enquanto poucas correlações interessantes também foram documentadas entre a expressão de GINS1 e seu nível de metilação do promotor, nível de células imunes T CD8 + e CNVs. Além disso, também previmos poucos medicamentos que poderiam ser usados ​​no tratamento de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC, regulando a expressão de GINS1. O perfil de expressão de GINS1 no estudo atual sugeriu que é um novo biomarcador de diagnóstico e prognóstico compartilhado de LIHC, LUAD e KIRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Liver Neoplasms , Prognosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , DNA-Binding Proteins , DNA Copy Number Variations
3.
Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology ; (12): 74-79, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009478

ABSTRACT

Tumor aerobic glycolysis is one of the main features of tumor metabolic reprogramming. This abnormal glycolytic metabolism provides bioenergy and biomaterials for tumor growth and proliferation. It is worth noting that aerobic glycolysis will not only provide biological materials and energy for tumor cells, but also help tumor cells to escape immune surveillance through regulation of immune microenvironment, thereby resisting tumor immunotherapy and promoting tumor progression. Based on the pathogenesis of renal cell carcinoma, this paper describes the characteristics of aerobic glycolysis, the effect of glycolytic metabolism on the immune microenvironment of renal cell carcinoma, the effect of glycolysis inhibitors on the immune microenvironment of renal cell carcinoma, and the prospect of glycolysis inhibitors combined with immune checkpoint inhibitors in the treatment of renal cell carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/therapy , Immunotherapy , Glycolysis , Metabolic Reprogramming , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Tumor Microenvironment
4.
Philippine Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 320-325, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013459

ABSTRACT

Introduction@#Clear Cell Renal Cell Carcinoma, a renal cortical tumor characterized by malignant epithelial cells with clear cytoplasm and compact alveolar or acinar growth pattern interspersed with intricate arborizing vasculature.1 This is rare in people less than 45 years old. Though it has varied clinical manifestations, its classical triad: abdominal mass, hematuria, and groin pain only present in four to 17% of cases.2 We therefore present a case of renal cell carcinoma occurring in an unusual age group who presented with vague gastrointestinal symptoms and polycythemia which accounts only less than 5% of cases.3@*Case Presentation@#This is a case of a 28-year-old Filipino male who presented with epigastric pain with abdominal fullness and anorexia who later complained of frequent vomiting after solid and liquid intake. CBC revealed polycythemia. Gastroscopy with biopsy showed esophagitis Los Angeles classification Grade A and duodenal mass obstructing 95% of the lumen. Computed tomographic scan of whole abdomen revealed large renal mass, right of 15.9x9.35x11.34cm extending superiorly at the antropyloric region causing gastric luminal narrowing down to first and second segments of duodenum with a 4.2cm enlarged lymph node in aortocaval area. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a huge complex right renal mass of 12x12x10cm in size extending beyond Gerota’s fascia with 8x5.2x6.2cm lymph node compressing the vena cava. Right radical nephrectomy was done for both supportive management to relieve the obstruction and for histologic diagnosis which revealed clear cell renal cell carcinoma. JAK2 gene mutation test was done to determine the cause of polycythemia and phlebotomy was performed to address the problem.@*Conclusion@#This case presents with vague gastrointestinal symptoms which is atypical of renal cell carcinoma, hence highlights the importance of properly investigating its cause. Furthermore, a multidisciplinary approach involving different subspecialties plays a significant role in the diagnosis and management in this patient.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Polycythemia
5.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 22-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012419

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnosis and differential diagnosis of intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) and its collision tumors. Methods: Five cases of IVLBCL were collected, including 2 cases of collision tumors, and 1 case complicated with liver cirrhosis. The morphology and immunophenotype were analyzed. The related literature was reviewed. Results: There were 2 females and 3 males, aged from 53 to 73 years, with a median age of 65 years. The tumors were located in the lower extremities, right cerebellar hemisphere, left kidney, bilateral nasal cavity, and liver, respectively. Cases 2 and 3 were incidentally found in meningioma and renal cell carcinoma tissues, respectively. Case 5 had a background of liver cirrhosis. Morphologically, atypical large lymphoid cells were located in small blood vessels and capillary lumen, with little cytoplasm, hyperchromasia, prominent nucleoli, and obvious mitotic figures. Immunohistochemically, the IVLBCL tumor cells expressed CD20 and PAX5; 2 cases were CD5 positive. One of the 5 cases was GCB phenotype, and 4 cases were non-GCB phenotype. All cases expressed C-MYC (positive rate was 10%-40%). PD-L1 was positive in 4 cases (positive rate was 60%-90%). Ki-67 proliferation index was 70%-90%. CKpan, CD3, TDT, and CD34 were negative. In case 2, meningioma cells were positive for PR, EMA, and vimentin, but negative for CKpan and PD-L1. In case 3, renal carcinoma cells were positive for CKpan, PAX8, EMA, vimentin, CAⅨ and CD10, while PD-L1 was negative. No EBER expression (by in situ hybridization) or C-MYC gene translocation (FISH, break-apart probe) was detected in any of the 5 cases. Three patients were followed up, and all died within 1-13 months. Conclusions: IVLBCL is a highly aggressive lymphoma, with occult clinical manifestations and poor prognosis. Collision tumors of IVLBCL are extremely rare. A better understanding of IVLBCL would help pathologists avoid misdiagnoses.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , B7-H1 Antigen , Vimentin , Meningioma , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Meningeal Neoplasms , Liver Cirrhosis
6.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(6): 1789-1801, dic. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528808

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: We investigated the expression and clinical significance of miR-15b-5p in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (RCC) through bioinformatics analysis and experimental verification. The differentially expressed miRNAs were screened in the GEO database. Venn diagram showed that there were 5 up-regulated miRNAs (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p, and has-miR-193a-3p) and only 1 down-regulated miRNA (has-miR-532-3p) that were commonly expressed between GSE189331 and GSE16441 datasets. This was further confirmed in TCGA. Further analysis showed that the has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p, and has-miR-15b-5p were closely related to tumor invasion, distant metastasis and survival probability. The expression of miR-15b-5p in ccRCC tissues was significantly higher than that in adjacent normal kidney tissues (P0.05). Following inhibition of miR-15b-5p expression, RCC cells had attenuated proliferation, increased apoptosis, and attenuated migration and invasion. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC. miR-15b-5p is highly expressed in cancer tissues of ccRCC patients. It may promote proliferation, inhibit apoptosis and enhance cell migration and invasion of RCC cells. The has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has-miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, and has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B may be three potential regulatory pathways in ccRCC.


Investigamos la expresión y la importancia clínica de miR-15b-5p en el carcinoma de células renales (CCR) de células claras mediante análisis bioinformático y verificación experimental. Los miARN expresados diferencialmente se examinaron en la base de datos GEO. El diagrama de Venn mostró que había 5 miARN regulados positivamente (has-miR-210, has-miR-142-3p, has-miR-142-5p, has-miR-15b-5p y has-miR-193a-3p). ) y solo 1 miARN regulado negativamente (has-miR-532-3p) que se expresaron comúnmente entre los conjuntos de datos GSE189331 y GSE16441. Esto fue confirmado aún más en TCGA. Un análisis más detallado mostró que has-miR-193a-3p, has-miR-142-3p, has- miR-142-5p y has-miR-15b-5p estaban estrechamente relacionados con la invasión tumoral, la metástasis a distancia y la probabilidad de supervivencia. La expresión de miR-15b-5p en tejidos ccRCC fue significativamente mayor que la de los tejidos renales normales adyacentes (P 0,05). Tras la inhibición de la expresión de miR-15b-5p, las células RCC tuvieron una proliferación atenuada, un aumento de la apoptosis y una migración e invasión atenuadas. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E, has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC. miR-15b-5p se expresa altamente en tejidos cancerosos de pacientes con ccRCC. Puede promover la proliferación, inhibir la apoptosis y mejorar la migración celular y la invasión de células RCC. has-miR-15b-5p-WEE1, has- miR-15b-5p-EIF4E y has-miR-15b-5p-PPP2R1B pueden ser tres posibles vías reguladoras en ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , MicroRNAs , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Survival Analysis , Cell Movement , Computational Biology , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Neoplasm Metastasis
7.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(5): 1550-1557, oct. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521030

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de células renales (CCR) a nivel mundial presenta una incidencia de 431.288 casos anuales, causando 179.368 muertes en 2020. Sin embargo, a pesar de su incidencia, el desarrollo de metástasis pancreática (MP) de un RCC es un hecho inusual. El objetivo de este manuscrito fue reportar el caso de una paciente con una MP metacrónica de un CCR. Se trata de una paciente de 56 años, sexo femenino, nefrectomizada derecha hace 132 meses por un CCR, en adyuvancia con inmunoterapia. En un control imagenológico de rutina, se le pesquisó una lesión de aspecto tumoral en el cuerpo y cola del páncreas. Se intervino quirúrgicamente, realizándose una pancreatectomía córporo-caudal con preservación esplénica. Evolucionó de forma satisfactoria, sin complicaciones, siendo dada de alta al 4º día de su cirugía. El informe del estudio de la pieza operatoria con estudio inmunohistoquímico concluyó que se trataba de una MP de CCR. La paciente se encuentra en buenas condiciones generales y reinició quimioterapia con anticuerpos monoclonales. El seguimiento frecuente y prolongado de pacientes con antecedentes de CCR, facilita un diagnóstico y tratamiento oportuno de MP facilitando el mejor pronóstico de los pacientes, con tasas más altas de supervivencia.


SUMMARY: Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) worldwide has an incidence of 431,288 cases per year, causing 179,368 deaths in 2020. However, despite its incidence, the development of pancreatic metastasis (MP) from RCC is unusual. The aim of this manuscript was to report the case of a patient with a PM of a RCC. This is a 56-year-old female patient, underwent right nephrectomy 132 months earlier for RCC. While she was in adjuvant immunotherapy, in a routine imaging control, it was found a tumor lesion in the body and the tail of the pancreas. So, she underwent surgery, performing a corpora-caudal pancreatectomy with splenic preservation. Postoperative evolution was correct, without complications, and she was discharged on the 4th day after surgery. The report of the study of the surgical piece with an immunohistochemical study included, conclusive of PM of RCC. Currently, the patient is in good general condition and restarted chemotherapy with monoclonal antibodies. Frequent and prolonged follow-up of patients with a history of RCC facilitates timely diag- nosis and treatment of PM, facilitating the best prognosis for patients, with higher survival rates.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/secondary , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/secondary , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnostic imaging
8.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 17(3): 288-292, sept. 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514387

ABSTRACT

Oral cavity metastatic tumors derived from primary tumors from other corporal regions are rare, representing barely 1 % of all malignant tumors. Differential diagnosis of these lesions is challenging due to the wide spectrum of lesions with similar clinical presentation and especially when the presence of a primary tumor goes undetected. We present the case of a 55-year-old male with a painless tumor in the anterior maxillary region, vestibular gingiva and palate, with a 2-month evolution. Anatomopathological diagnosis was malignant clear cell tumor, highly suggestive of clear cell renal carcinoma metastasis, and the oral lesion constituted the first sign of illness.


Los tumores metastásicos de cavidad oral derivados de tumores primarios de otras regiones corporales son raros, representando apenas el 1 % de todos los tumores malignos. El diagnóstico diferencial de estas lesiones es desafiante debido al amplio espectro de lesiones con presentación clínica similar y especialmente cuando la presencia de un tumor primario pasa desapercibida. Presentamos el caso de un varón de 55 años con una tumoración indolora en región maxilar anterior, encía vestibular y paladar, de 2 meses de evolución. El diagnóstico anatomopatológico fue de tumor maligno de células claras, altamente sugestivo de metástasis de carcinoma renal de células claras, y la lesión bucal constituyó el primer signo de enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/secondary , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis
9.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 136-138, Apr.-June 2023. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514431

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Intussusceptions in adults are rare, representing 1% to 5% of intestinal obstructions in this age group. This condition can be caused by benign and malignant lesions acting as lead points, the latter being the most frequent. Furthermore, the diagnosis is challenging due to the non-specific symptoms with variable duration. Case Presentation: A 43-year-old man, with a history of localized clear-cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC) treated 9 years earlier with a right radical nephrectomy, presented with bowel obstruction symptoms. An abdominal computed tomography scan showed an ileocolonic intussusception. Hence, the patient required a right hemicolectomy with ileotransverse anastomosis. The histopathological analysis showed a metastatic ccRC to the terminal ileum causing the intussusception. Discussion: Adult intussusceptions are rare. However, they should be considered in the differential diagnosis of patients with abdominal pain and symptoms of bowel obstruction. Metastases of renal cancer to the small bowel are uncommon and even more so in the form of intussusception. Definitive treatment must be tailored to the patient's condition and underlying cause. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Colonic Diseases , Ileocecal Valve , Intussusception/diagnosis , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Abdominal Pain
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 800-806, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986991

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the performance of Clear Cell Likelihood Score (ccLS) v1.0 and v2.0 in diagnosing clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) from small renal masses (SRM).@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data and MR images of patients with pathologically confirmed solid SRM from the First Medical Center of the Chinese PLA General Hospital between January 1, 2018, and December 31, 2021, and from Beijing Friendship Hospital of Capital Medical University and Peking University First Hospital between January 1, 2019 and May 17, 2021. Six abdominal radiologists were trained for use of the ccLS algorithm and scored independently using ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0. Random- effects logistic regression modeling was used to generate plot receiver operating characteristic curves (ROC) to evaluate the diagnostic performance of ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 for ccRCC, and the area under curve (AUC) of these two scoring systems were compared using the DeLong's test. Weighted Kappa test was used to evaluate the interobserver agreement of the ccLS score, and differences in the weighted Kappa coefficients was compared using the Gwet consistency coefficient.@*RESULTS@#In total, 691 patients (491 males, 200 females; mean age, 54 ± 12 years) with 700 renal masses were included in this study. The pooled accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosing ccRCC were 77.1%, 76.8%, 77.7%, 90.2%, and 55.7%, as compared with 80.9%, 79.3%, 85.1%, 93.4%, 60.6% with ccLS v2.0, respectively. The AUC of ccLS v2.0 was significantly higher than that of ccLS v1.0 for diagnosis of ccRCC (0.897 vs 0.859; P < 0.01). The interobserver agreement did not differ significantly between ccLS v1.0 and ccLS v2.0 (0.56 vs 0.60; P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#ccLS v2.0 has better performance for diagnosing ccRCC than ccLS v1.0 and can be considered for use to assist radiologists with their routine diagnostic tasks.


Subject(s)
Female , Male , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Kidney , Carcinoma , Kidney Neoplasms/diagnosis
12.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 276-282, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986849

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate and summarize the clinicopathological features, immunophenotype, differential diagnosis and prognosis analysis of mucinous tubular and spindle cell carcinoma (MTSCC).@*METHODS@#The data of thirteen cases of MTSCC were retrospectively analyzed, the clinical and pathological characteristics and immunohistochemical expression were summarized, and fluorescence in situ hybridization was detected.@*RESULTS@#Among the thirteen patients, four were males and nine females, with a male-to-female ratio of 1 ∶2.25. The average age was 57.1 years, ranging from 39 to 78 years. The maximum diameter of the tumor was 2-12 cm. All cases had no symptoms, and were accidentally discovered, 3 cases underwent partial renal resection, 10 cases underwent radical renal resection, 9 cases were located in the left kidney, and 4 cases were located in the right kidney. Most of the cases showed the classical morphological changes, with 11 cases of nuclear grading [World Health Organization (WHO)/International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grading system] being G2 and 2 cases being G3. There were 6 cases of stage PT1a, 3 cases of PT1b, 2 cases of PT2a, and 1 case of PT2b and 1 case of PT3a. The positive rates of immunohistochemical staining were: vimentin, AE1/AE3, α-methylacyl-CoA racemase (αMACR) and cytokeratin (CK) 8/18, 100% (13/13); CK7, 92.3% (12/13); epithelial membrane antigen (EMA), 92.3% (12/13); CK20, 46.2% (6/13); CD10, 30.8% (4/13); synaptophysin (Syn), 7.7% (1/13); chromogranin A (CgA), CD57, WT1 and Ki-67, 0 (0/13), and fluorescence in situ hybridization showed that no trisomy of chromosomes 7 and 17 were observed in any of the cases. The follow-up period was 6 months to 7 years and 6 months, 2 cases died after lung metastasis (one with ISUP/WHO grade G3, one with necrosis), and the remaining 11 cases had no recurrence and metastasis.@*CONCLUSION@#MTSCC is a unique type of low-grade malignancy kidney tumor, occurs predominantly in females, widely distributed in age, the current treatment method is surgical resection, and cases with necrosis and high-grade morphology are prone to recurrence and metastasis, although most cases have a good prognosis, but they still need close follow-up after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/pathology , Kidney/pathology , Prognosis , Necrosis
13.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 217-227, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986842

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify and characterize read-through RNAs and read-through circular RNAs (rt-circ-HS) derived from transcriptional read-through hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF1α) and small nuclear RNA activating complex polypeptide 1 (SNAPC1) the two adjacent genes located on chromosome 14q23, in renal carcinoma cells and renal carcinoma tissues, and to study the effects of rt-circ-HS on biological behavior of renal carcinoma cells and on regulation of HIF1α.@*METHODS@#Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Sanger sequencing were used to examine expression of read-through RNAs HIF1α-SNAPC1 and rt-circ-HS in different tumor cells. Tissue microarrays of 437 different types of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) were constructed, and chromogenic in situ hybridization (ISH) was used to investigate expression of rt-circ-HS in different RCC types. Small interference RNA (siRNA) and artificial overexpression plasmids were designed to examine the effects of rt-circ-HS on 786-O and A498 renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by cell counting kit 8 (CCK8), EdU incorporation and Transwell cell migration and invasion assays. RT-PCR and Western blot were used to exa-mine expression of HIF1α and SNAPC1 RNA and proteins after interference of rt-circ-HS with siRNA, respectively. The binding of rt-circ-HS with microRNA 539 (miR-539), and miR-539 with HIF1α 3' untranslated region (3' UTR), and the effects of these interactions were investigated by dual luciferase reporter gene assays.@*RESULTS@#We discovered a novel 1 144 nt rt-circ-HS, which was derived from read-through RNA HIF1α-SNAPC1 and consisted of HIF1α exon 2-6 and SNAPC1 exon 2-4. Expression of rt-circ-HS was significantly upregulated in 786-O renal carcinoma cells. ISH showed that the overall positive expression rate of rt-circ-HS in RCC tissue samples was 67.5% (295/437), and the expression was different in different types of RCCs. Mechanistically, rt-circ-HS promoted renal carcinoma cell proliferation, migration and invasiveness by functioning as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539, which we found to be a potent post-transcriptional suppressor of HIF1α, thus promoting expression of HIF1α.@*CONCLUSION@#The novel rt-circ-HS is highly expressed in different types of RCCs and acts as a competitive endogenous inhibitor of miR-539 to promote expression of its parental gene HIF1α and thus the proliferation, migration and invasion of renal cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Cell Proliferation , Hypoxia , Kidney Neoplasms , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , RNA, Circular/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 363-368, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985934

ABSTRACT

In recent years, the incidence of renal cancer has been increasing continuously. Surgical resection is the "gold standard" for the treatment of small renal cancer. However, local ablation therapy of renal cancer is undoubtedly the best choice for patients with short life expectancy, other complications, and impaired renal function who are not suitable for surgery. In recent years, with the development of ablation techniques and long-term follow-up, local ablation has shown good therapeutic effects. As many domestic hospitals are performing or planning to perform renal tumor cryoablation to improve the clinical cure rate and surgical safety of renal tumor cryoablation, it is necessary to standardize the surgical indications, contraindications, perioperative management, efficacy evaluation, and other common problems. Currently, there is no expert consensus regarding perioperative renal tumor cryoablation in China. To standardize the perioperative management of renal tumor cryoablation and related technical operations in clinical practice, and improve the effectiveness and safety of cryoablation, the expert committee of Tumor Interventional and Minimally Invasive Diagnosis and Treatment Continuing Education Base of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association convened experts in related fields to discuss and formulate this consensus, which is hereby published, for clinical reference and application.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Consensus , Cryosurgery/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Treatment Outcome , China
15.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 574-579, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics of fumarate hydratase (FH) deficient uterine leiomyoma. Methods: Eighty cases of FH deficient uterine leiomyoma were diagnosed from April 2018 to September 2022 in Department of Pathology, Peking University Third Hospital. Sanger sequencing of FH gene exons (exon 1-10) were performed on tumor tissues and matched non-tumor tissues/peripheral blood for all cases. FH immunohistochemistry were performed in 74 cases; S-(2-succino)-cysteine (2SC) were also detected by immunohistochemistry in five cases. Results: Patients' age ranged from 18 to 54 (36.0±7.5) years, with more than 60% exhibiting clinical symptoms of multiple and large leiomyomas (the median diameter was 70 mm). More than four histologic features, including staghorn vasculature, alveolar-pattern edema, bizarre nuclei, oval nuclei arranged in chains, prominent eosinophilic nucleoli with perinucleolar haloes and eosinophilic intracytoplasmic globules were observed in 98.5% (67/68) patients. The immunohistochemical sensitivity of FH and 2SC were 97.3% and 100%, respectively. Based on the Sanger sequencing results, the cases were divided into germline variant group (31 cases), somatic variant group (29 cases) and no variant group (20 cases). Sixty-nine percent (20/29) of the patients with FH germline variation had clear family history. Conclusions: Clinical features, histological morphology, FH and 2SC immunohistochemistry and Sanger sequencing have their own significance and limitations in differential diagnosis of FH deficient uterine leiomyoma. In clinical practice, the above information should be fully integrated and studied for accurate pathologic diagnosis and selection of patients with FH germline variation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Fumarate Hydratase/genetics , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Germ-Line Mutation , Diagnosis, Differential , Leiomyomatosis/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis
16.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 358-363, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985680

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the expression of glycoprotein non metastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) in renal eosinophilic tumors and to compare the value of GPNMB with CK20, CK7 and CD117 in the differential diagnosis of renal eosinophilic tumors. Methods: Traditional renal tumor eosinophil subtypes, including 22 cases of renal clear cell carcinoma eosinophil subtype (e-ccRCC), 19 cases of renal papillary cell carcinoma eosinophil subtype (e-papRCC), 17 cases of renal chromophobe cell carcinoma eosinophil subtype (e-chRCC), 12 cases of renal oncocytoma (RO) and emerging renal tumor types with eosinophil characteristics [3 cases of eosinophilic solid cystic renal cell carcinoma (ESC RCC), 3 cases of renal low-grade eosinophil tumor (LOT), 4 cases of fumarate hydratase-deficient renal cell carcinoma (FH-dRCC) and 5 cases of renal epithelioid angiomyolipoma (E-AML)], were collected at the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from January 2017 to March 2022. The expression of GPNMB, CK20, CK7 and CD117 was detected by immunohistochemistry and statistically analyzed. Results: GPNMB was expressed in all emerging renal tumor types with eosinophil characteristics (ESC RCC, LOT, FH-dRCC) and E-AML, while the expression rates in traditional renal eosinophil subtypes e-papRCC, e-chRCC, e-ccRCC and RO were very low or zero (1/19, 1/17, 0/22 and 0/12, respectively); the expression rate of CK7 in LOT (3/3), e-chRCC (15/17), e-ccRCC (4/22), e-papRCC (2/19), ESC RCC (0/3), RO (4/12), E-AML(1/5), and FH-dRCC (2/4) variedly; the expression of CK20 was different in ESC RCC (3/3), LOT(3/3), e-chRCC(1/17), RO(9/12), e-papRCC(4/19), FH-dRCC(1/4), e-ccRCC(0/22) and E-AML(0/5), and so did that of CD117 in e-ccRCC(2/22), e-papRCC(1/19), e-chRCC(16/17), RO(10/12), ESC RCC(0/3), LOT(1/3), E-AML(2/5) and FH-dRCC(1/4). GPNMB had 100% sensitivity and 97.1% specificity in distinguishing E-AML and emerging renal tumor types (such as ESC RCC, LOT, FH-dRCC) from traditional renal tumor types (such as e-ccRCC, e-papRCC, e-chRCC, RO),respectively. Compared with CK7, CK20 and CD117 antibodies, GPNMB was more effective in the differential diagnosis (P<0.05). Conclusion: As a new renal tumor marker, GPNMB can effectively distinguish E-AML and emerging renal tumor types with eosinophil characteristics such as ESC RCC, LOT, FH-dRCC from traditional renal tumor eosinophil subtypes such as e-ccRCC, e-papRCC, e-chRCC and RO, which is helpful for the differential diagnosis of renal eosinophilic tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Diagnosis, Differential , Angiomyolipoma/diagnosis , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Membrane Glycoproteins
17.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 575-580, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985529

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the global epidemiology of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in 2020. Methods: The incidence and mortality data of RCC in the cooperative database GLOBOCAN 2020 of International Agency for Research on Cancer of WHO and the human development index (HDI) published by the United Nations Development Programme in 2020 were collated. The crude incidence rate (CIR), age-standardized incidence rate (ASIR), crude mortality rate (CMR), age-standardized mortality rate (ASMR) and mortality/incidence ratio (M/I) of RCC were calculated. Kruskale-Wallis test was used to analyze the differences in ASIR or ASMR among HDI countries. Results: In 2020, the global ASIR of RCC was 4.6/100 000, of which 6.1/100 000 for males and 3.2/100 000 for females and ASIR was higher in very high and high HDI countries than that in medium and low HDI countries. With the rapid increase of age after the age of 20, the growth rate of ASIR in males was faster than that in females, and slowed down at the age of 70 to 75. The truncation incidence rate of 35-64 years old was 7.5/100 000 and the cumulative incidence risk of 0-74 years old was 0.52%. The global ASMR of RCC was 1.8/100 000, 2.5/100 000 for males and 1.2/100 000 for females. The ASMR of males in very high and high HDI countries (2.4/100 000-3.7/100 000) was about twice that of males (1.1/100 000-1.4/100 000) in medium and low HDI countries, while the ASMR of female (0.6/100 000-1.5/100 000) did not show significant difference. ASMR continued to increase rapidly with age after the age of 40, and the growth rate of males was faster than that of females. The truncation mortality rate of 35-64 years old was 2.1/100 000, and the cumulative mortality risk of 0-74 years old was 0.20%. M/I decreases with the increase of HDI, with M/I as 0.58 in China, which was higher than the global average of 0.39 and the United States' 0.17. Conclusion: The ASIR and ASMR of RCC presented significant regional and gender disparities globally, and the heaviest burden was in very high HDI countries.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Young Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/epidemiology , Incidence , Databases, Factual , China , Kidney Neoplasms/epidemiology , Global Health
18.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 191-205, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008987

ABSTRACT

Background Kidney renal clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) is one of the most common renal malignancies with a high mortality rate. Cuproptosis, a novel form of cell death, is strongly linked to mitochondrial metabolism and is mediated by protein lipoylation, leading to a proteotoxic stress response and cell death. To date, few studies have ellucidated the holistic role of cuproptosis-related genes (CRGs) in the pathogenesis of KIRC.Methods We comprehensively and completely analyzed the RNA sequencing data and corresponding clinical information from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) databases. We screened for differentially expressed CRGs and constructed a prognostic risk model using univariate and multivariate Cox proportional regression analyses. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were plotted to predict the prognosis of KIRC patients. Functional enrichment analysis was utilized to explore the internal mechanisms. Immune-related functions were analyzed using single-sample gene set enrichment analysis (ssGSEA), tumour immune dysfunction and exclusion (TIDE) scores, and drug sensitivity analysis.Results We established a concise prognostic risk model consisting of four CRGs (DBT, DLAT, LIAS and PDHB) to predict the overall survival (OS) in KIRC patients. The results of the survival analysis indicated a significantly lower OS in the high-risk group as compared to the patients in the low-risk group. The area under the time-dependent ROC curve (AUC) at 1, 3, and 5 year was 0.691, 0.618, and 0.614 in KIRC. Functional enrichment analysis demonstrated that CRGs were significantly enriched in tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle-related processes and metabolism-related pathways. Sorafenib, doxorubicin, embelin, and vinorelbine were more sensitive in the high-risk group.Conclusions We constructed a concise CRGs risk model to evaluate the prognosis of KIRC patients and this may be a new direction for the diagnosis and treatment of KIRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Immunotherapy , Kidney , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Prognosis , Copper , Apoptosis
19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 503-517, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982571

ABSTRACT

Aldolase B (ALDOB), a glycolytic enzyme, is uniformly depleted in clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues. We previously showed that ALDOB inhibited proliferation through a mechanism independent of its enzymatic activity in ccRCC, but the mechanism was not unequivocally identified. We showed that the corepressor C-terminal-binding protein 2 (CtBP2) is a novel ALDOB-interacting protein in ccRCC. The CtBP2-to-ALDOB expression ratio in clinical samples was correlated with the expression of CtBP2 target genes and was associated with shorter survival. ALDOB inhibited CtBP2-mediated repression of multiple cell cycle inhibitor, proapoptotic, and epithelial marker genes. Furthermore, ALDOB overexpression decreased the proliferation and migration of ccRCC cells in an ALDOB-CtBP2 interaction-dependent manner. Mechanistically, our findings showed that ALDOB recruited acireductone dioxygenase 1, which catalyzes the synthesis of an endogenous inhibitor of CtBP2, 4-methylthio 2-oxobutyric acid. ALDOB functions as a scaffold to bring acireductone dioxygenase and CtBP2 in close proximity to potentiate acireductone dioxygenase-mediated inhibition of CtBP2, and this scaffolding effect was independent of ALDOB enzymatic activity. Moreover, increased ALDOB expression inhibited tumor growth in a xenograft model and decreased lung metastasis in vivo. Our findings reveal that ALDOB is a negative regulator of CtBP2 and inhibits tumor growth and metastasis in ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/genetics , Fructose-Bisphosphate Aldolase/metabolism , Co-Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Transcription Factors/genetics , Kidney Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 1230-1236, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012398

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the potential pathogenesis of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) based on the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling pathway, as well as to provide new ideas for the treatment of ccRCC. Methods: Seventy-eight ccRCC cases diagnosed at the First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Suzhou, China were collected. The VHL mutation was examined using exon sequencing. The expression of HIF-1α/ACLY in VHL-mutated ccRCC was evaluated using immunohistochemical staining and further validated in VHL-mutated ccRCC cell lines (786-O, A498, UM-RC-2, SNU-333, and Caki-2) using Western blot. The mRNA and protein levels of ACLY were detected using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot after overexpression or interference with HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines. HeLa cells were treated with CoCl2 and hypoxia (1%O2) to activate HIF-1α and then subject to the detection of the ACLY mRNA and protein levels. The potential molecular mechanism of HIF-1α-induced ACLY activation was explored through JASPAR database combined with chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (ChIP) and luciferase reporter gene assay. The effect of HIF-1α/ACLY regulation axis on lipid accumulation was detected using BODIPY staining and other cell biological techniques. The expression of ACLY was compared between patients with ccRCC and those with benign lesions, and the feasibility of ACLY as a prognostic indicator for ccRCC was explored through survival analysis. Results: Exon sequencing revealed that 55 (70.5%) of the 78 ccRCC patients harbored a VHL inactivation mutation, and HIF-1α expression was associated with ACLY protein levels. The protein levels of ACLY and HIF-1α in ccRCC cell lines carrying VHL mutation were also correlated to various degrees. Overexpression of HIF-1α in A498 cells increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY, and knockdown of HIF-1α in Caki-2 cells inhibited the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY (P<0.001 for all). CoCl2 and hypoxia treatment significantly increased the mRNA and protein levels of ACLY by activating HIF-1α (P<0.001 for all). The quantification of transcriptional activity of luciferase reporter gene and ChIP-qPCR results suggested that HIF-1α could directly bind to ACLY promoter region to transcriptionally activate ACLY expression and increase ACLY protein level (P<0.001 for all). The results of BODIPY staining suggested that the content of free fatty acids in cell lines was associated with the levels of HIF-1α and ACLY. The depletion of HIF-1α could effectively reduce the accumulation of lipid in cells, while the overexpression of ACLY could reverse this process. At the same time, cell function experiments showed that the proliferation rate of ccRCC cells with HIF-1α knockdown was significantly decreased, and overexpression of ACLY could restore proliferation of these tumor cells (P<0.001). Survival analysis further showed that compared with the ccRCC patients with low ACLY expression, the ccRCC patients with high ACLY expression had a poorer prognosis and a shorter median survival (P<0.001). Conclusions: VHL mutation-mediated HIF-1α overexpression in ccRCC promotes lipid synthesis and tumor progression by activating ACLY. Targeting the HIF-1α/ACLY signaling axis may provide a theoretical basis for the clinical diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , HeLa Cells , Von Hippel-Lindau Tumor Suppressor Protein/genetics , Mutation , Signal Transduction , Luciferases/therapeutic use , Hypoxia/genetics , RNA, Messenger , Lipids/therapeutic use , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic
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