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1.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 9-9, 2024.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010722

ABSTRACT

Tumor progression is closely related to tumor tissue metabolism and reshaping of the microenvironment. Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), a representative hypoxic tumor, has a heterogeneous internal metabolic environment. To clarify the relationship between different metabolic regions and the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) in OSCC, Single cell (SC) and spatial transcriptomics (ST) sequencing of OSCC tissues were performed. The proportion of TME in the ST data was obtained through SPOTlight deconvolution using SC and GSE103322 data. The metabolic activity of each spot was calculated using scMetabolism, and k-means clustering was used to classify all spots into hyper-, normal-, or hypometabolic regions. CD4T cell infiltration and TGF-β expression is higher in the hypermetabolic regions than in the others. Through CellPhoneDB and NicheNet cell-cell communication analysis, it was found that in the hypermetabolic region, fibroblasts can utilize the lactate produced by glycolysis of epithelial cells to transform into inflammatory cancer-associated fibroblasts (iCAFs), and the increased expression of HIF1A in iCAFs promotes the transcriptional expression of CXCL12. The secretion of CXCL12 recruits regulatory T cells (Tregs), leading to Treg infiltration and increased TGF-β secretion in the microenvironment and promotes the formation of a tumor immunosuppressive microenvironment. This study delineates the coordinate work axis of epithelial cells-iCAFs-Tregs in OSCC using SC, ST and TCGA bulk data, and highlights potential targets for therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Immunosuppression Therapy , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Gene Expression Profiling , Tumor Microenvironment
2.
Rev. cuba. med ; 62(4)dic. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1550890

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma epidermoide de conjuntiva ocular es un tumor raro de crecimiento lento, con malignidad de bajo grado, que puede aparecer de nevus o a partir de una neoplasia intraepitelial conjuntival o corneal previa. Es más frecuente en pacientes con xeroderma pigmentario y síndrome de...(AU


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Conjunctiva
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 111(3): 1111231, sept.-dic. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1554680

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Describir el desarrollo de un carcinoma oral de células escamosas, en el que la irritación mecánica crónica aparenta tomar un rol protagonista en la carcinogénesis. Caso clínico: Un paciente de 41 años de edad, argen- tino, con antecedentes de fisura labio alvéolo palatina, diabe- tes mellitus, convulsiones, consumo de cocaína y marihuana, enolismo crónico y tabaquismo, acude al Servicio de Odonto- logía del Hospital Central de Mendoza para la evaluación de una úlcera dolorosa en el dorso de su lengua, de varias sema- nas de evolución, en íntima relación con un primer premolar superior derecho y una pieza supernumeraria. Se realizó una biopsia y de la anatomía patológica resultó el diagnóstico de carcinoma oral de células escamosas. Se ofreció al paciente posibles tratamientos que rechazó, por lo que se inició terapia paliativa y sintomática. Al avanzar su mal estado general, fa- lleció por complicaciones relacionadas a la deglución. Si bien no está definido el rol de la irritación mecánica crónica en la etiología de la carcinogénesis, ejerce un efecto promotor del daño causado por el tabaco y el alcohol. Si bien el paciente era fumador y bebía alcohol, se puede observar que desarrolló un carcinoma de células escamosas en evidente relación a un trauma crónico, ya que la lesión en la cara dorsal de lengua está en íntimo contacto con el factor irritante. Aun así, la evi- dencia actual disponible es limitada y discute el protagonismo del trauma crónico por lo que se necesitan más estudios para evaluar y definir la posible relación causal de la irritación me- cánica crónica en la carcinogénesis (AU)


Aim: To describe the development of an oral squamous cell carcinoma, in which chronic mechanical irritation ap- pears to play a significant role in carcinogenesis. Clinical case: A 41-year-old patient, from Argenti- na, with a history of cleft lip and palate, diabetes mellitus, seizures, cocaine and cannabis use, chronic alcoholism and smoking, comes to the Dentistry Service of the Central Hospi- tal for the evaluation of a painful ulcer on the dorsum of the tongue, which had been developing for several weeks, in close relation to an upper right first premolar and a supernumerary tooth. A biopsy was performed, and the pathological anatomy resulted in the diagnosis of oral squamous cell carcinoma. Possible treatments were offered to the patient, which he re- jected, so palliative and symptomatic therapy was initiated instead. As his poor general condition progressed, he died due to complications related to swallowing. Although the role of chronic mechanical irritation in the development of carcino- genesis is not yet fully defined, it has been shown to have a promoting effect on the damage caused by tobacco and alco- hol. Although the patient was a smoker and drank alcohol, it can be observed that he developed a squamous cell carcinoma in obvious relation to a chronic trauma, since the lesion devel- ops on the dorsal face of the tongue in close contact with the irritant factor. Still, the current evidence available is limited and discusses the role of chronic trauma, so more studies are needed to evaluate and define the possible causal relation- ship of chronic mechanical irritation in the development of carcinogenesis (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Tongue/injuries , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Argentina , Wounds and Injuries , Chronic Disease , Risk Factors , Dental Service, Hospital
5.
RFO UPF ; 28(1): 115-131, 20230808.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509418

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: Instruir e orientar ao cirurgião dentista e demais profissionais de saúde a importância da detecção e rastreio precoce de lesões pré-malignas. Revisão de Literatura: O Líquen Plano Oral é uma condição dermatológica crônica, de origem auto-imune, relativamente comum na população, que atinge o epitélio de mucosa e pele, sendo considerada, pela Organização Mundial de Saúde (OMS), uma desordem potencialmente maligna quando associado a áreas de ulceração. A revisão de literatura foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e Lilacs. Buscamos investigar o potencial de malignização do Líquen Plano Oral associado a condições erosivas, analisando o processo de carcinogênese no processo inflamatório. Conclusão: Conclui-se que o objeto de estudo ainda é um assunto pouco explorado pela literatura, porém há indícios etiopatológicos que enfatizam o processo de malignização oriundo de uma lesão pré-maligna como o Líquen Plano Oral. Além disso, enfatizamos a importância do diagnóstico precoce das lesões estomatognáticas, para que assim possamos aumentar as chances de cura do paciente.(AU)


Objectives: To instruct and guide dentists and other health professionals on the importance of early detection and screening of pre-malignant lesions. Literature Review: Oral Lichen Planus is a chronic dermatological condition, of autoimmune origin, relatively common in the population, which affects the epithelium of the mucosa and skin, being considered, by the World Health Organization (WHO), a potentially fatal disorder. malignant when associated with areas of ulceration. A literature review was performed on the PubMed and Lilacs databases. We sought to investigate the potential for malignancy of Oral Lichen Planus associated with erosive conditions, analyzing the process of carcinogenesis in the inflammatory process. Conclusion: It is concluded that the object of study is still a subject little explored in the literature, but there are etiopathological accusations that emphasize the process of malignancy arising from a pre-malignant lesion such as Oral Lichen Planus. In addition, we emphasize the importance of early diagnosis of stomatognathic lesions, so that we can increase the patient's chances of cure.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/pathology , Lichen Planus, Oral/pathology , Mouth Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Early Detection of Cancer
6.
RFO UPF ; 27(1): 73-83, 08 ago. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1509385

ABSTRACT

Diversos autores desenvolveram estudos acerca da potencial associação entre a etiocarcinogênese do carcinoma espinocelular não melanocítico (CECNM) labial e o uso crônico da hidroclorotiazida (HCTZ). Objetivo: A atual revisão objetivou investigar a relação do diurético HCTZ e o risco de CECNM labial. Métodos: Realizou-se uma revisão de literatura nas bases de dados LILACS, PUBMED/MEDLINE e Periódico CAPES, em que foram incluídos artigos em inglês, português e francês, publicados no período de 2017 a 2022. Foram propostos 60 documentos e, dentre esses, 30 foram selecionados para compor a amostra no estudo. Resultados: Foi evidenciada uma relação entre o uso da HCTZ e a ocorrência de CENM com relação dose cumulativa devido às alterações provocadas pelo fármaco, no entanto, em virtude da heterogeneidade de desenhos metodológicos e concentração dos estudos em populações semelhantes, existem limitações quanto à confiabilidade dessas informações. Conclusão: Identificou-se uma desproporção entre a ocorrência e relevância do CENM e a produção científica vigente, demonstrando a necessidade de estudos com metodologias padronizadas que abranjam diferentes especificidades socioeconômicas e demográficas.(AU)


Several authors have developed studies about a potential association between the etiocarcinogenesis of non-melanocytic lip squamous cell carcinoma (NMSCC) and the chronic use of hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ). Objective: The current study aimed to investigate the relation between the diuretic HCTZ and the risk of lip NMSCC. Methods: A literature review was carried out in the LILACS, PUBMED/MEDLINE and CAPES Periodical databases, which included articles in English, Portuguese and French, published between 2017 and 2022. Sixty documents were collected and, among these, 30 were selected to compose the sample in the study. Results: There was evidence of a relationship between the use of HCTZ and the occurrence of MSCC with a cumulative dose relationship due to changes caused by the drug, however, because of the heterogeneity of methodological designs and concentration of studies in similar populations, there are limitations regarding the reliability of this information. Conclusion: A disproportion between the occurrence and relevance of the NMSCC and the current scientific production was identified, demonstrating the need for studies with standardized methodologies that cover different demographic socioeconomic specificities.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Lip Neoplasms/chemically induced , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/chemically induced , Diuretics/adverse effects , Hydrochlorothiazide/adverse effects , Photosensitivity Disorders/chemically induced , Risk Factors , Carcinogenesis/chemically induced
7.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 43(Supl. 1): 69-76, ago. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1533899

ABSTRACT

La paracoccidioidomicosis es una micosis sistémica endémica en Latinoamérica. La presentación más frecuente compromete crónicamente los pulmones, la piel y las mucosas. Al inicio, este paciente presentó, por varios años, una lesión única en la mucosa oral que, en ausencia de otros síntomas, se relacionó con una neoplasia maligna, específicamente con un carcinoma escamocelular. La diferenciación entre los dos diagnósticos se hace mediante un examen directo, un estudio histopatológico y cultivos iniciales y subsecuentes. Sin embargo, tales estudios no fueron concluyentes. Después de varias consultas y pruebas, con los resultados del examen directo, la inmunodifusión y la PCR en tiempo real se confirmó el diagnóstico de paracoccidioidomicosis crónica multifocal. Este caso alerta sobre la ausencia de sospecha clínica de micosis endémicas, dada la presencia de lesiones mucocutaneas que pueden ser producidas por hongos como Paracoccidioides spp, y la importancia de considerarlas entre los diagnósticos diferenciales.


Paracoccidioidomycosis is a systemic mycosis endemic in Latin America. The most frequent form involves a chronic compromise of the lungs, skin, and mucosa. The patient started with a single oral lesion that lasted for several years. The absence of other symptoms pointed out a possible malignant neoplasm, specifically a squamous cell carcinoma. Differentiation between both diagnoses-fungal infection and carcinoma-depends on the results of the direct examination, the histopathological study, and the initial and subsequent cultures. However, in this case, those findings were not conclusive. The coexistence of both diagnoses is frequent and increases the diagnostic challenge. After several consultations and tests, direct examination, immunodiffusion and real-time PCR findings the multifocal chronic paracoccidioidomycosis diagnosis was confirmed. This case warns about a systematical absence of clinical suspicion of endemic mycoses before the appereance of mucocutaneous lesions, which can be produced by fungi like Paracoccidioides spp, and the importance of considering those mycoses among the differential diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Paracoccidioidomycosis , Paracoccidioides , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Diagnosis, Differential , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Mycoses
8.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 43(2): 152-158, Apr.-June 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514438

ABSTRACT

The gold-standard procedure for anal canal examination is anoscopy. Nonetheless, patients are referred for a colonoscopy for many reasons, and a routine exam might provide an opportunity to diagnose anal pathologies, such as hemorrhoids, anal fissures, anal polyps, condylomas, and anal squamous cell carcinoma. It is important to know the main features of these conditions and relevant information to report in order to help guide patient treatment and follow-up.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Anal Canal/pathology , Anus Diseases/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Condylomata Acuminata , Colonoscopy , Polyps , Fissure in Ano/diagnosis , Hemorrhoids/diagnosis
9.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 29(1): 64-67, 20230000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El carcinoma epidermoide cutáneo (CEC) es la segunda neoplasia cutánea más frecuente después del carcinoma basocelular. La incidencia del CEC ha aumentado de forma considerable durante los últimos 20 años y predicen un incremento en la próxima década. La mayoría de los CEC están localizados y se resuelven habitualmente mediante la extirpación quirúrgica u otros procedimientos locales. El uso del músculo temporal es una alternativa quirúrgica para corregir el defecto periorbitario tras la extirpación del CEC. Objetivo. Evaluar el resultado de la cobertura del músculo temporal en la corrección del defecto periorbitario. Material y métodos. Se presenta un caso quirúrgico de un paciente masculino, 62 años, que presenta una gran lesión tumoral que compromete el globo ocular, región orbitaria y periorbitaria izquierda, acompañado de dolor, anemia, astenia y pérdida ponderal de aproximadamente 20 libras. Con una evolución de 6 años. Conclusión. El uso del músculo temporal es una alternativa eficaz en la reconstrucción de lesiones craneofaciales, que ha sido utilizado por más de 100 años.


Introduction. Skin epidermoid carcinoma (SEC) is the second most common skin neoplasm after basal cell carcinoma. The incidence of SEC has increased considerably over the past 20 years and predicts an increase over the next decade. Most SECs are located and usually resolved by surgical removal or other local procedures. The use of the temporal muscle is a surgical alternative to correct the peri-orbital defect after removal of the SEC. Objective. To evaluate the result of temporal muscle coverage in the correction of the peri-orbital defect. Material and methods. There is a surgical case of a male patient, 62 years old who has a large tumor injury that compromises the eyeball, orbital region and left periorbital. Accompanied by pain, anemia, asthenia, and weight loss approximately 20 pounds. With an evolution of 6 years. Conclusion. The use of the temporalis muscle is an effective alternative in the reconstruction of craniofacial lesions that has been used for more than 100 years


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Temporal Muscle/transplantation , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Eye Neoplasms/surgery
10.
Alerta (San Salvador) ; 6(1): 6-11, ene. 30, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | BISSAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1413572

ABSTRACT

Presentación del caso. Paciente masculino de 52 años que se presentó a la consulta de urología con historia de dos años de notar una lesión en el glande y el prepucio, de color rojo brillante, pruriginosa y dolorosa con aumento progresivo del tamaño que no mejoró con tratamientos antibióticos y anti fúngicos. Intervención terapéutica. Se realizó una glandectomía parcial con injerto de piel de muslo. Evolución clínica. Luego de un mes, el injerto presentó un 95 % de acoplamiento. No se observó recurrencia local de cáncer. El estudio histopatológico reportó un carcinoma escamoso invasor en la lesión del prepucio y en la piel del glande, con todos los márgenes quirúrgicos, limites laterales y profundos, negativos a malignidad. Luego de ocho meses posquirúrgicos, se observó el recubrimiento del glande con un adecuado resultado estético, con apariencia similar a la cubierta natural


Case presentation. A A 52-year-old male patient presented to the urology office with a two-year history of noticing a bright red, pruritic, and painful lesion on the glans and foreskin with a progressive increase in size that did not improve with antibiotic and antifungal treatments. Treatment. Partial glandectomy with thigh skin graft was performed. Outcome. After After one month, the graft presented a 95 % of coupling. No local recurrence of cancer was observed. The histopathological study reported invasive squamous cell carcinoma in the lesion of the foreskin and glans skin, with all surgical margins, lateral and deep limits, negative for malignancy. After eight months post-surgery, the covering of the glans was observed with an appropriate esthetic result, with a similar appearance to the natural covering


Subject(s)
Patients , Urology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Erythroplasia , Wounds and Injuries , Skin Transplantation , Foreskin , Neoplasms
11.
Arq. Ciênc. Vet. Zool. UNIPAR (Online) ; 26(1cont): 239-250, jan.-jun. 2023. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1443230

ABSTRACT

A expectativa de vida dos animais de companhia vem aumentando devido as mudanças comportamentais e de cuidados dos tutores. Em analogia, com as idades cada vez mais avançadas, é comum o desenvolvimento de doenças associadas, sendo o tumor o mais comum entre elas. Todavia, as neoplasias mais comuns na clínica de pequenos animais estão associadas ao sistema tegumentar. O carcinoma de células escamosas (CCE), ou carcinoma espinocelular, é uma neoplasia de epitélio, maligno, de crescimento lento e de baixo potencial metastático. Sua etiologia ainda não é precisamente conhecida e a causa exógena mais comum e descrita pela literatura é a exposição à luz ultravioleta, gerando consequentes lesões nas estruturas genéticas e imunogênicas na pele. Além disso, essas lesões apresentam-se de forma mais comum em animais de pelagem clara, com grande exposição solar e em área anatômicas hipopigmentadas. O prognóstico varia de acordo com a localização e o estágio clínico, sendo favorável o diagnóstico realizado precocemente, e o tratamento consiste na avaliação clínica seguida do protocolo adequado O presente relato de caso tem como objetivo principal reunir e discutir informações associadas sobre o carcinoma de células escamosas em caninos e felinos, abordando aspectos clínicos e patológicos, a fim de facilitar o raciocínio sobre o CCE, desde sua abordagem inicial, até seu diagnóstico final e estadiamento.(AU)


The life expectancy of companion animals has been increasing due to behavioral and care changes of the guardians. In analogy, with the increasingly advanced ages, the development of associated diseases is common, the tumor being the most common among them. However, the most common neoplasms in the small animal clinic are associated with the integumentary system. Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), or squamous cell carcinoma, is a malignant, slow-growing, low-potential metastatic epithelial neoplasm. Its etiology is not yet precisely known and the most common exogenous cause described by the literature is exposure to ultraviolet light, generating consequent lesions on the genetic and immunogenic structures in the skin. In addition, these lesions are more common in light-haired animals, with high exposure to the sun, and in hypopigmented anatomical areas. The prognosis varies according to the location and clinical stage, being favorable to the early diagnosis, and the treatment consists in the clinical evaluation followed by the appropriate protocol. The present case report has as its main objective to gather and discuss associated information about squamous cell carcinoma in canines and cats, addressing clinical and pathological aspects, in order to facilitate the reasoning about the CCE, from its initial approach, to its final diagnosis and staging.(AU)


La esperanza de vida de los animales de compañía ha ido en aumento debido a los cambios de comportamiento y cuidado de los guardianes. Por analogía, con las edades cada vez más avanzadas, el desarrollo de enfermedades asociadas es común, siendo el tumor el más común entre ellos. Sin embargo, las neoplasias más comunes en la clínica de animales pequeños se asocian con el sistema tegumentario. El carcinoma epidermoide (CCE), o carcinoma epidermoide, es una neoplasia epitelial metastásica maligna de crecimiento lento y bajo potencial. Su etiología aún no se conoce con precisión y la causa exógena más común descrita por la literatura es la exposición a la luz ultravioleta, generando lesiones consecuentes en las estructuras genéticas e inmunogénicas de la piel. Además, estas lesiones son más comunes en animales de pelo claro, con alta exposición al sol, y en áreas anatómicas hipopigmentadas. El pronóstico varía según la localización y el estadio clínico, siendo favorable al diagnóstico precoz, y el tratamiento consiste en la evaluación clínica seguida del protocolo adecuado. El presente reporte de caso tiene como objetivo principal reunir y discutir información asociada sobre el carcinoma epidermoide en caninos y gatos, abordando aspectos clínicos y patológicos, con el fin de facilitar el razonamiento sobre el CCE, desde su abordaje inicial, hasta su diagnóstico final y estadificación.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Cats , Dogs , Foreskin/physiopathology , Neoplasms/veterinary
12.
Health sci. dis ; 24(1): 77-81, 2023. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1411351

ABSTRACT

Introduction. Les cancers gynécologiques constituent un problème majeur de santé publique dans le monde. L'objectif de cette étude était de déterminer la fréquence des cancers gynécologiques en pratique oncologique à Lomé et d'en étudier les aspects épidémiologiques et histo-cliniques. Méthodes. Il s'agitd'une étude rétrospective et descriptive portant sur tous les cancers gynécologiques reçus en oncologie entre le 1erJanvier 2016 et le 31 Décembre 2021. Résultats. Au total 202 cas de cancers gynécologiques ont été enregistrés. L'âge moyen des patientes était de 54 ans avec des extrêmes de 20 et 88 ans. Les cancers les plus fréquents étaient le cancer du col utérin (n=88; 43,6%), du corps utérin (n= 57; 28,3%) et de l'ovaire (n= 35; 17,4%). Le carcinome épidermoïde était le type histologique le plus fréquent dans le cancer du col (n= 86; 97,7%) tandis que les cancers du corps de l'utérus étaient majoritairement des adénocarcinomes (n=46 ; 80,7 %). Tous les cancers de la vulve et du vagin étaient des carcinomes épidermoïdes et la majorité des cancers de l'ovaire était des tumeurs épithéliales (n=29 ; 82,9%). Les deux-tiers des patients o été diagnostiqué à un stade avancé (stade III et IV) (n=134 ; 66,3%). Conclusion. Les cancers gynécologiques sont fréquents dans notre pratique et majoritairement diagnostiqués à un stade tardif. Cette étude souligne la nécessité d'une détection précoce de ces affections afin d'améliorer le pronostic des patientes.


Introduction. Gynecological cancers are an important public health problem worldwide. The objective of this study was to describe the epidemiological, clinical, and histopathological features of gynecological cancer in clinical oncology practice in Lomé. Methods. This was a retrospective study of histopathological confirmed gynecological malignancies conducted in the department of oncology from January 2016 to December 2021. Results. A total of 202 cases were identified. The mean age of patients was 54years [range20-88years]. The most common gynecological malignancy was cervical cancer (n=88 ; 43.6%), followed by uterine corpus cancer (n= 57 ; 28.3%) and ovarian cancer (n= 35 ; 17.4%). The most common histopathological diagnosis of cervical cancer was squamous cell carcinoma (n= 86 ; 97.7%) while most corpus uterine cancers were endometrioid adenocarcinoma (n= 46 ; 80.7 %). Vulval and vagina cancers were squamous cell carcinoma and the majority of ovarian cancers were epithelial tumours (n= 29 ; 82.9%). Two-thirds of patients were diagnosed at the advanced stage (stage III et IV) (n= 134 ; 66.3%). Conclusion. Gynecologic cancers are common in our practice. This study emphasizes the necessity of early detection of these diseases to improve prognostic and patient survival


Subject(s)
Ovarian Neoplasms , Uterine Neoplasms , Vaginal Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Vulvar Neoplasms
13.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 814-819, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012313

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the association between the distribution of tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) in EBV associated lymphoepitheliomatoid carcinoma (LELC) and the pathological subtypes of LELC, as well as the clinical significance of TIL distribution. Methods: The LELC patients with sufficient tumor tissues, complete clinical data and positive EBER, who visited Zhejiang Cancer Hospital, Hangzhou, China from January 2006 to October 2018, were selected. Various immunohistochemical markers (CD20, CD138, CD4, CD8, CD56 and FOXP3) were examined for TIL typing. Two pathologists reviewed the hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining sections and interpreted the immunohistochemical results. Correlation analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between the distribution of TIL subgroups and LELC's pathological characteristics. Survival analyses were conducted to study the prognostic values of TIL subgrouping. Results: A total of 102 patients with EBV related LELC were included. 46 of them were classic LELC (c-LELC) with rich interstitial TIL, and 56 were non-classic LELC (n-LELC) with relatively fewer interstitial TIL. The results of TIL analysis showed that all subtypes of c-LELC were rich in TIL, with B lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. The number of TIL in n-LELC was fewer than that in c-LELC, with T lymphocytes as the dominant subgroup. There was no significant difference in the distribution of plasma cells between the two groups. Survival analysis showed that the total number of TIL, and the infiltrations of CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells, and FOXP3+Treg cells were associated with better overall survivals (P=0.004, 0.003, 0.008 and 0.025, respectively) and disease-free survivals (P=0.011, 0.003, 0.038 and 0.041, respectively) in patients with LELC. Conclusions: The morphologic subtypes of EBV-related LELC have different tumor immune characteristics. The total number of TIL in the stroma of c-LELC is significantly higher than that of n-LELC. Interestingly, B lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in c-LELC, while T lymphocytes are the dominant TIL in n-LELC. The infiltration of TIL, CD20+B cells, CD4+T cells and FOXP3+Treg cells in LELC may suggest a better prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphocytes, Tumor-Infiltrating , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Clinical Relevance , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Forkhead Transcription Factors
14.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 998-1004, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011088

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognostic impact of different tumor invasion patterns in the surgical treatment of T3 glottic laryngeal cancer. Methods:A retrospective analysis was conducted on the clinical data of 91 patients with T3 glottic laryngeal cancer. Results:Among the 91 patients, 58 cases (63.7%) had anterior invasion and 33 cases (36.3%) had posterior invasion. The posterior invasion was significantly correlated with invasions of the dorsal plate of cricoid cartilage (P<0.001), arytenoid cartilage (P= 0.001), and subglottic region(P = 0.001). There was no statistical difference in survival outcomes between the total laryngectomy group and the partial laryngectomy group. But in the partial laryngectomy group, the 5-year disease-free survival(DFS) of patients with anterior invasive tumors was better than that of patients with posterior invasion tumors (HR: 4.681, 95%CI 1.337-16.393, P=0.016), and subglottic invasion was associated with worse loco-regional recurrence-free survival(LRRFS)(HR: 3.931, 95%CI 1.054-14.658, P=0.041). At the same time, we found that involvement of the dorsal plate of cricoid cartilage was an independent risk factor for postoperative laryngeal stenosis in partial laryngectomy patients (HR:11.67, 95%CI 1.89-71.98,P=0.008). Conclusion:Compared with total laryngectomy, selected partial laryngectomy can also achieve favorable oncological outcomes. Posterior invasion and subglottic extension are independent prognostic factors for recurrence of partial laryngectomy in T3 glottic laryngeal cancer, and the involvement of the dorsal plate of cricoid cartilage is associated with postoperative laryngeal stenosis. The tumor invasion pattern of laryngeal cancer should be further subdivided in order to select a more individualized treatment plan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prognosis , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Retrospective Studies , Laryngostenosis/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Laryngectomy
15.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 778-785, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011042

ABSTRACT

Objective:The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety and efficacy of tislelizumab in patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. Methods:Six patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma who received tislelizumab monotherapy in our hospital from 2018 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed. The information of sex, age, TNM stage, efficacy, and adverse reactions were collected. All patients were recruited from the RATIONALE 102 study. The primary end point was the objective response rate, and other end points included progression-free survival and overall survival. We performed tumor immune-related gene sequencing and transcriptome sequencing analysis on the tumor tissues of the patient, and used bioinformatics methods to enrich immune cells and analyze signaling pathways. All analyses were performed using R 4.1. 0 software, SPSS Statistics 24.0 software and GraphPad Prism 8. Results:As of May 31, 2020, the median follow-up time was 26.35 months. The objective response rate with tislelizumab was 50.0%, the median progression-free survival was 6.44 months, and the estimated median survival was 20.07 months. The incidence of grade 3 or higher adverse reactions was 66.7%, including hyponatremia, hypokalemia, hypercalcemia, etc. The expression of macrophage, Treg and neutrophil-related genes are higher in immune-sensitive patients, and the signaling pathways of the intestinal immune network for IgA production, graft versus host disease and autoimmune thyroid disease are significantly activated. Conclusion:Tislelizumab was found to be controllable and tolerable in patients with recurrent/metastatic head and neck squamous cell carcinoma. The response to tislelizumab is related to immune cell infiltration and activation of immune-related signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols
16.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 44-44, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010699

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) develops on the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. It accounts for approximately 90% of oral malignancies and impairs appearance, pronunciation, swallowing, and flavor perception. In 2020, 377,713 OSCC cases were reported globally. According to the Global Cancer Observatory (GCO), the incidence of OSCC will rise by approximately 40% by 2040, accompanied by a growth in mortality. Persistent exposure to various risk factors, including tobacco, alcohol, betel quid (BQ), and human papillomavirus (HPV), will lead to the development of oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs), which are oral mucosal lesions with an increased risk of developing into OSCC. Complex and multifactorial, the oncogenesis process involves genetic alteration, epigenetic modification, and a dysregulated tumor microenvironment. Although various therapeutic interventions, such as chemotherapy, radiation, immunotherapy, and nanomedicine, have been proposed to prevent or treat OSCC and OPMDs, understanding the mechanism of malignancies will facilitate the identification of therapeutic and prognostic factors, thereby improving the efficacy of treatment for OSCC patients. This review summarizes the mechanisms involved in OSCC. Moreover, the current therapeutic interventions and prognostic methods for OSCC and OPMDs are discussed to facilitate comprehension and provide several prospective outlooks for the fields.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Tumor Microenvironment
17.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 37-37, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010692

ABSTRACT

Oral potentially malignant disorders (OPMDs) are precursors of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Deregulated cellular energy metabolism is a critical hallmark of cancer cells. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1 alpha (PGC1α) plays vital role in mitochondrial energy metabolism. However, the molecular mechanism of PGC1α on OPMDs progression is less unclear. Therefore, we investigated the effects of knockdown PGC1α on human dysplastic oral keratinocytes (DOKs) comprehensively, including cell proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, xenograft tumor, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), mitochondrial electron transport chain complexes (ETC), reactive oxygen species (ROS), oxygen consumption rate (OCR), extracellular acidification rate (ECAR), and glucose uptake. We found that knockdown PGC1α significantly inhibited the proliferation of DOKs in vitro and tumor growth in vivo, induced S-phase arrest, and suppressed PI3K/Akt signaling pathway without affecting cell apoptosis. Mechanistically, downregulated of PGC1α decreased mtDNA, ETC, and OCR, while enhancing ROS, glucose uptake, ECAR, and glycolysis by regulating lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA). Moreover, SR18292 (an inhibitor of PGC1α) induced oxidative phosphorylation dysfunction of DOKs and declined DOK xenograft tumor progression. Thus, our work suggests that PGC1α plays a crucial role in cell proliferation by reprograming energy metabolism and interfering with energy metabolism, acting as a potential therapeutic target for OPMDs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , DNA, Mitochondrial , Energy Metabolism , Glucose , Mouth Neoplasms/metabolism , Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor Gamma Coactivator 1-alpha/metabolism , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Reactive Oxygen Species
18.
International Journal of Oral Science ; (4): 32-32, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010687

ABSTRACT

Carcinoma-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the main cellular components of the tumor microenvironment and promote cancer progression by modifying the extracellular matrix (ECM). The tumor-associated ECM is characterized by collagen crosslinking catalyzed by lysyl oxidase (LOX). Small extracellular vesicles (sEVs) mediate cell-cell communication. However, the interactions between sEVs and the ECM remain unclear. Here, we demonstrated that sEVs released from oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)-derived CAFs induce collagen crosslinking, thereby promoting epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). CAF sEVs preferably bound to the ECM rather than being taken up by fibroblasts and induced collagen crosslinking, and a LOX inhibitor or blocking antibody suppressed this effect. Active LOX (αLOX), but not the LOX precursor, was enriched in CAF sEVs and interacted with periostin, fibronectin, and bone morphogenetic protein-1 on the surface of sEVs. CAF sEV-associated integrin α2β1 mediated the binding of CAF sEVs to collagen I, and blocking integrin α2β1 inhibited collagen crosslinking by interfering with CAF sEV binding to collagen I. CAF sEV-induced collagen crosslinking promoted the EMT of OSCC through FAK/paxillin/YAP pathway. Taken together, these findings reveal a novel role of CAF sEVs in tumor ECM remodeling, suggesting a critical mechanism for CAF-induced EMT of cancer cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paxillin/metabolism , Protein-Lysine 6-Oxidase/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Integrin alpha2beta1/metabolism , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Collagen/metabolism , Fibroblasts , Extracellular Vesicles/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Tumor Microenvironment
19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 1151-1158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010589

ABSTRACT

Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a prevalent malignant tumor affecting the head and neck region (Leemans et al., 2018). It is often diagnosed at a later stage, leading to a poor prognosis (Muzaffar et al., 2021; Li et al., 2023). Despite advances in OSCC treatment, the overall 5-year survival rate of OSCC patients remains alarmingly low, falling below 50% (Jehn et al., 2019; Johnson et al., 2020). According to statistics, only 50% of patients with oral cancer can be treated with surgery. Once discovered, it is more frequently at an advanced stage. In addition, owing to the aggressively invasive and metastatic characteristics of OSCC, most patients die within one year of diagnosis. Hence, the pursuit of novel therapeutic drugs and treatments to improve the response of oral cancer to medication, along with a deeper understanding of their effects, remains crucial objectives in oral cancer research (Johnson et al., 2020; Bhat et al., 2021; Chen et al., 2023; Ruffin et al., 2023).


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Luteolin/therapeutic use , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy , Head and Neck Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor
20.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 334-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986795

ABSTRACT

Recent advances in multimodality treatment offer excellent opportunities to rethink the paradigm of perioperative management for locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma. One treatment clearly doesn't fit all in terms of a broad disease spectrum. Individualized treatment of local control of bulky primary tumor burden (advanced T stage) or systemic control of nodal metastatic tumor burden (advanced N stage) is essential. Given that clinically applicable predictive biomarkers are still awaited, therapy selection guided by diverse phenotypes of tumor burden (T vs. N) is promising. Potential challenges regarding the use of immunotherapy may also boost this novel strategy in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Esophageal Neoplasms/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Immunotherapy
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