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1.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(3): 344-350, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011626

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Laryngeal cancer is the most common cancer of the upper respiratory tract. The main methods of treatment included surgery (partial laryngectomy and total laryngectomy) and radiation therapy. Laryngeal dysfunction is seen after both treatment modalities. Objective: The aim of the study is to compare postoperative functional results of the standard supracricoid partial laryngectomy technique and a modified supracricoid partial laryngectomy technique using the sternohyoid muscle. Methods: In total, 29 male patients (average years 58.20 ± 9.00 years; range 41-79 years) with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma who underwent supra cricoid partial laryngectomy were included. The patients were divided into two groups in terms of the surgical techniques. In Group A, all patients underwent standard supracricoid partial laryngectomy technique between January 2007 and November 2011. In Group B, all patients underwent modified supracricoid partial laryngectomy between August 2010 and November 2011. Fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing test, short version of the voice handicap index scores, and the MD Anderson dysphagia inventory, the time of oral feeding and the decanulation of the patients after surgery of each groups were compared. Results: The mean maximum phonation time was 8.68 ± 4.21 s in Group A and 15.24 ± 6.16 s in Group B (p > 0.05). The S/Z (s/s) ratio was 1.23 ± 0.35 in Group A and 1.08 ± 0.26 in Group B (p > 0.05); the voice handicap index averages were 9.86 ± 4.77 in Group A and 12.42 ± 12.54 in Group B (p > 0.05); the fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing test averages were calculated as 12.73 ± 3.08 in Group A and 13.64 ± 1.49 in Group B (p > 0.05). In the MD Anderson dysphagia inventory, evaluation of swallowing, the emotional, physical, and functional scores were 29.21 ± 4.11, 32.21 ± 6.85, and 20.14 ± 2.17 in the Group B, and 29.20 ± 2.54, 32.4 ± 4.79, and 19 ± 1.92 in Group A, respectively. Conclusion: Although there is no statistical difference in functional outcome comparisons, if rules are adhered to in preoperative patient selection, modified supracricoid partial laryngectomy can be applied safely and meaningful gains can be achieved in functional outcomes.


Resumo Introdução: O câncer laríngeo é o câncer mais comum do trato respiratório superior. Os principais métodos de tratamento incluem cirurgia (laringectomia parcial e laringectomia total) e radioterapia. A disfunção laríngea é observada em ambas as modalidades de tratamento. Objetivos: Comparar os resultados funcionais pós-operatórios da técnica de laringectomia padrão supracricoide e a técnica de laringectomia supracricoide modificada com o uso do músculo esterno-hióideo. Método: Foram incluídos 29 pacientes do sexo masculino (média de 58,20 ± 9,00 anos, intervalo de 41 a 79) com carcinoma espinocelular de laringe submetidos à laringectomia supracricoide parcial. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos em termos de técnicas cirúrgicas. Todos os pacientes do Grupo A foram submetidos à laringectomia padrão supracricoide entre janeiro de 2007 e novembro de 2011. No Grupo B, todos os pacientes foram submetidos à laringectomia supracricoide modificada entre agosto de 2010 e novembro de 2011. A avaliação endoscópica da deglutição por fibra ótica, os escores da versão curta do Voice Handicap Index e do MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, o tempo de alimentação oral e a decanulação dos pacientes foram comparados após a cirurgia em cada grupo. Resultados: A média do tempo máximo de fonação foi de 8,68 ± 4,21 segundos no Grupo A e 15,24 ± 6,16 segundos no Grupo B (p > 0,05). A razão S/Z (seg/seg) foi de 1,23 ± 0,35 no Grupo A e 1,08 ± 0,26 no Grupo B (p > 0,05); as médias do Voice Handicap Index foram 9,86 ± 4,77 no Grupo A e 12,42 ± 12,54 no Grupo B (p > 0,05); as médias da avaliação endoscópica da deglutição por fibra ótica foram calculadas como 12,73 ± 3,08 no Grupo A e 13,64 ± 1,49 no Grupo B (p > 0,05). Na avaliação da deglutição pelo MD Anderson Dysphagia Inventory, os escores emocional, físico e funcional foram 29,21 ± 4,11, 32,21 ± 6,85 e 20,14 ± 2,17 no Grupo B e 29,20 ± 2,54, 32,4 ± 4,79 e 19 ± 1,92 no Grupo A, respectivamente. Conclusão: Embora não haja diferença estatística nas comparações de resultados funcionais, se as regras forem respeitadas na seleção pré-operatória do paciente, a laringectomia supracricoide parcial modificada pode ser aplicada com segurança e ganhos significativos podem ser alcançados em termos de resultados funcionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Recovery of Function/physiology , Cricoid Cartilage/surgery , Laryngectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Larynx/physiopathology
2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(8): 710-716, Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976847

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION Malignant neoplasms of the head and neck, due to its anatomical location, can cause significant alterations in vital functions related to feeding, communication and social interaction of the affected patients. Objective To analyze the quality of life of patients with advanced malignant neoplasms of the oral cavity and submitted to radical operations with curative intent. Material and methods 47 patients with oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), in stages III and IV, underwent surgical treatment with segmental mandibulectomy and complementary radiotherapy. The patients were submitted to the quality of life questionnaires after a minimum time of six months after the surgical treatment. Results Of the 183 patients, only 47 (25.7%) were able to answer the questionnaire and were included as the sample of the study. The majority of patients selected were male (39; 82.9%). The mean age was 64.4 years. The majority of the patients presented clinical stage IV (83%) and were submitted to adjuvant radiotherapy (95.4%). The mean score obtained after the questionnaires were applied was 64.6. The worst scores were found in swallowing and chewing. Conclusion There were no statistically significant differences in the domains of quality of life between the two groups studied (with bone reconstruction versus no bone reconstruction). Patients interviewed 2 years or more after treatment presented higher scores (p = 0.02).


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO As neoplasias malignas de cabeça e pescoço, pela própria localização anatômica, podem acarretar alterações significativas em funções vitais relacionadas à alimentação, comunicação e interação social dos indivíduos afetados. OBJETIVO Analisar a qualidade de vida dos pacientes com neoplasias malignas avançadas de cavidade oral, submetidos a operações radicais com intenção curativa. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS 47 pacientes portadores de carcinoma espinocelular de cavidade oral, em estádios III e IV, foram submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico com mandibulectomia segmentar e radioterapia complementar. Os pacientes foram submetidos ao teste de qualidade de vida após o tempo mínimo de seis meses do tratamento cirúrgico. RESULTADOS Dos 183 pacientes, com apenas 47 (25,7%) foi possível a realização da entrevista, compondo estes a amostra para o estudo. A maioria dos pacientes do grupo selecionado era do sexo masculino, total de 39 homens (82,9%). A idade média foi de 64,4 anos. A maioria dos pacientes apresentava estadiamento clínico IV (83%), sendo submetidos à radioterapia adjuvante (95,4%). A média do escore obtido após a avaliação dos questionários foi de 64,6. Os piores escores foram encontrados nos quesitos deglutição e mastigação. CONCLUSÃO Não houve diferenças estatisticamente significativas nos domínios de qualidade de vida entre os dois grupos estudados (com reconstrução óssea versus sem reconstrução óssea). Pacientes entrevistados dois anos ou mais após o tratamento apresentaram escores superiores (p=0,02).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Quality of Life , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Mandibular Osteotomy/methods , Mandibular Reconstruction/methods , Socioeconomic Factors , Time Factors , Mouth Neoplasms/physiopathology , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Linear Models , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Med. interna (Caracas) ; 34(1): 53-56, 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1008281

ABSTRACT

La piel puede ofrecer el primer síntoma guía en el 1% de los pacientes con neoplasias internas. Las manifestaciones cutáneas de malignidades internas se pueden producir por invasión directa de la piel por el tumor y por diseminación metastásica, pero existen mecanismos indirectos que inducen la aparición de signos y síntomas cutáneos no relacionados con el tumor primitivo. El Síndrome de Bazex es una rara dermatosis descrita por Bazex y colaboradores en 1965. Se caracteriza por la presencia de placas eritematosas, psoriasiformes, que típicamente afectan a las manos, los pies, la nariz y los pabellones auriculares. La inexperiencia puede motivar retrasos en el diagnóstico, haciendo que la neoplasia asociada se encuentre en estadios avanzados en el momento del diagnóstico. Se discute un caso clínico de un paciente masculino de 53 años de edad, hipertenso, quien acude por presentar lesiones cutáneas tipo placas hipertróficas, hiperpigmentadas, descamativas y dolorosas con fondo eritematoso acompañados de secreción hialina amarillenta en regiones acrales y cuero cabelludo. La biopsia cutánea reportó granulocitosis y aumento del espesor de la capa córnea; en los cultivos bacteriano y micológico de tejido dérmico creció flora habitual. La biopsia prostática diagnosticó adenocarcinoma prostático Gleason 4/5, Se inició hormonoterapia y se realizó prostatectomía total, con mejoría clínica significativa posterior al inicio del tratamiento. La acroqueratosis de Bazex es un proceso muy infrecuente, con pocos casos descritos en la literatura. Su reconocimiento temprano podría permitir el diagnóstico de la neoplasia asociada en estadios más precoces y conducentes a un tratamiento más temprano(AU)


The skin can show the first symptom in 1% of patients with internal neoplasias. Cutaneous manifestations of internal malignancies can be caused by direct invasion of the skin by the tumor and by metastatic dissemination, but there are indirect mechanisms that induce the appearance of cutaneous signs and symptoms unrelated to the primitive tumor. Bazex Syndrome is a rare dermatosis described by Bazex et al. in 1965. It is characterized by the presence of erythematous, psoriasiform plaques, which typically affect the hands, feet, nose, and ear-lobes. The lack of experience may carry diagnostic delays and the associated neoplasia could be at advanced stages when diagnosed. We describe here the case of a 53-year-old male patient, who consulted for cutaneous lesions.These were hypertrophic, hyperpigmented, scaly and painful plaques with an erythematous background accompanied by a yellowish hyaline secretion in the hands, feet and scalp. A skin biopsy was done that reported granulocytosis and increased thickness of the corneal layer; in addition, bacterial and mycological culture of dermal tissue were negative. The prostate biopsy diagnosed a prostate adenocarcinoma, Gleason 4/5. Hormone therapy was started and total prostatectomy was performed, with significant clinical improvement .Bazex acroqueratosis is a very rare process, with few cases described in the literature. Its early recognition could allow the diagnosis of the associated neoplasia in earlier stages, leading to earlier treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology , Skin Diseases/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Immune System , Internal Medicine
4.
Natal; s.n; fev. 2014. 92 p. ilus, tab, graf. (BR).
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867418

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma epidermóide oral (CEO) representa a neoplasia maligna mais prevalente na cavidade oral e por atingir um grande número de indivíduos, acaba se tornado um relevante problema de saúde pública. Muitos estudos demonstram alterações nos componentes da via BMP em vários tipos de tumores, como os de próstata, cólon, mama, gástricos e CEOs. É do conhecimento atual que essas proteínas podem exercer efeito pró-tumoral em estágios mais avançados do desenvolvimento neoplásico vindo a favorecer a progressão e invasão tumoral. A inibição da via de sinalização da BMP-2, através dos seus antagonistas, tem mostrado resultados positivos de ação antitumoral e que assim, o uso do Noggin pode ser um novo alvo terapêutico contra o câncer. Diante destas evidências e dos escassos trabalhos com BMP-2, Noggin e CEO, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o efeito da BMP-2 e seu antagonista Noggin sobre a proliferação e migração celulares em culturas de células de carcinoma epidermóide de língua humana (SCC25). Foi feita a divisão em três grupos de estudo, um grupo controle, onde as células SCC25 não sofriam tratamento com substância alguma, um grupo BMP-2, no qual as células eram tratadas com 100ng/ml de BMP-2 e um grupo de células que eram tratadas com 100ng/ml de Noggin. Para o ensaio de proliferação e ciclo celular foram estabelecidos três intervalos de tempo (24, 48 e 72 horas).


A atividade proliferativa foi investigada por azul de tripan e a análise do ciclo celular através da marcação por iodeto de propídio em Citometria de fluxo. O potencial de migração/invasão das células SCC25 foi avaliado através da realização de um ensaio de invasão celular utilizando o matrigel em um intervalo de 48 horas. A curva de proliferação revelou maior crescimento celular nas células tratadas com BMP-2 no intervalo de 72 horas (p<0.05) e menor crecimento e viabilidade celular no grupo Noggin. As proteínas recombinantes favoreceram a maior porcentagem das células na fase do ciclo celular Go/G1 com diferença estatisticamente significativa no intervalo de 24 horas (p<0,05). A BMP-2 promoveu uma maior invasão das células estudadas, assim como o seu antagonista Noggin inibiu a invasão das células estudadas (p<0,05). Dessa forma, os resultados indicam que a BMP-2 favorece o fenótipo maligno, pois estimula a proliferação e invasão das células SCC25 e seu antagonista Noggin pode ser uma alternativa terapêutica pois inibiu essas características pró-tumorais


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent malignancy in the oral cavity and reach a large number of individuals, has become an important public health problem. Studies have demonstrated changes in pathway components BMP in various types of cancers as prostate, colon, breast, gastric and OSCCs. Is the current knowledge that these proteins may exert pro-tumor effect in more advanced stages of neoplastic development coming to favor progression and invasion tumor. The inhibition of the signaling pathway BMP-2 through its antagonists, have shown positive results of antitumor activity and use of Noggin may be a novel therapeutic target for cancer. Given this evidence and the few studies with BMP-2, Noggin and OSCC, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of BMP-2 and its antagonist Noggin on proliferation and migration cell in line of cell cultures of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC25). The study was divided in three groups, a control group, where SCC25 cells suffered no treatment, a BMP-2 group, in which cells were treated with 100ng/ml of BMP-2 and a group of cells that were treated with 100ng/ml of Noggin.


For the proliferation assay and cell cycle were established three time intervals (24, 48 and 72 hours). Proliferative activity was investigated by trypan blue and cell cycle analysis by staining with propidium iodide flow cytometry. The potential for migration / invasion of SCC25 cells was performing by a cell invasion assay using Matrigel in a 48-hour interval. The proliferation curve showed a higher proliferation in cells treated with BMP-2 in 72 hours (p < 0.05), and lower overgrowth and cell viability in Noggin group. Recombinant proteins favored a greater percentage of cells in cell cycle phase Go/G1 with a statistically significant difference in the interval of 24 hours (p < 0.05). BMP- 2 produced a greater invasion of cells studied as well as its antagonist Noggin inhibits invasion of cells (p < 0.05). Thus, these results indicate that BMP-2 promotes malignant phenotype, dues stimulates proliferation and invasion of SCC25 cells and, its antagonist Noggin may be an alternative treatment, due to inhibit the tumor progression


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Tongue Neoplasms/physiopathology , Cell Proliferation , /adverse effects , Flow Cytometry/methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Statistics, Nonparametric , In Vitro Techniques/methods
6.
Natal; s.n; fev. 2014. 92 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-790486

ABSTRACT

O carcinoma epidermóide oral (CEO) representa a neoplasia maligna mais prevalente na cavidade oral e por atingir um grande número de indivíduos, acaba se tornado um relevante problema de saúde pública. Muitos estudos demonstram alterações nos componentes da via BMP em vários tipos de tumores, como os de próstata, cólon, mama, gástricos e CEOs. É do conhecimento atual que essas proteínas podem exercer efeito pró-tumoral em estágios mais avançados do desenvolvimento neoplásico vindo a favorecer a progressão e invasão tumoral. A inibição da via de sinalização da BMP-2, através dos seus antagonistas, tem mostrado resultados positivos de ação antitumoral e que assim, o uso do Noggin pode ser um novo alvo terapêutico contra o câncer. Diante destas evidências e dos escassos trabalhos com BMP-2, Noggin e CEO, o objetivo desta pesquisa foi avaliar o efeito da BMP-2 e seu antagonista Noggin sobre a proliferação e migração celulares em culturas de células de carcinoma epidermóide de língua humana (SCC25). Foi feita a divisão em três grupos de estudo, um grupo controle, onde as células SCC25 não sofriam tratamento com substância alguma, um grupo BMP-2, no qual as células eram tratadas com 100ng/ml de BMP-2 e um grupo de células que eram tratadas com 100ng/ml de Noggin. Para o ensaio de proliferação e ciclo celular foram estabelecidos três intervalos de tempo (24, 48 e 72 horas)...


Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) is the most prevalent malignancy in the oral cavity and reach a large number of individuals, has become an important public health problem. Studies have demonstrated changes in pathway components BMP in various types of cancers as prostate, colon, breast, gastric and OSCCs. Is the current knowledge that these proteins may exert pro-tumor effect in more advanced stages of neoplastic development coming to favor progression and invasion tumor. The inhibition of the signaling pathway BMP-2 through its antagonists, have shown positive results of antitumor activity and use of Noggin may be a novel therapeutic target for cancer. Given this evidence and the few studies with BMP-2, Noggin and OSCC, the objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of BMP-2 and its antagonist Noggin on proliferation and migration cell in line of cell cultures of human tongue squamous cell carcinoma (SCC25). The study was divided in three groups, a control group, where SCC25 cells suffered no treatment, a BMP-2 group, in which cells were treated with 100ng/ml of BMP-2 and a group of cells that were treated with 100ng/ml of Noggin...


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Tongue Neoplasms/physiopathology , Cell Proliferation , /adverse effects , Flow Cytometry/methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Statistics, Nonparametric , In Vitro Techniques/methods
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 28(1): 172-174, jan.-mar. 2013. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-687367

ABSTRACT

Úlcera de Marjolin é uma transformação maligna em tecido cutâneo cronicamente inflamado ou traumatizado, que ocorre especialmente após queimaduras. O carcinoma de células escamosas é o tipo histológico mais encontrado nas úlceras de Marjolin, seguido de carcinoma basocelular e melanoma maligno. Sarcomas em úlcera de Marjolin são raros, correspondendo a aproximadamente 5% dessas degenerações malignas. Neste artigo é descrito o caso de paciente do sexo feminino, vítima de queimadura há 42 anos, com grande ulceração em dorso. A biópsia dessa ulceração evidenciou sarcoma pleomórfico de alto grau em úlcera de Marjolin. A paciente foi submetida a ressecção da ulceração e enxerto de pele no local, seguidos de radioterapia e quimioterapia adjuvantes. Em 3 anos de seguimento, a paciente não apresentou recidiva da neoplasia. Úlceras de Marjolin são neoplasias malignas de comportamento agressivo, com alto índice de metástases regionais. A importância de seu entendimento está na necessidade de prevenção das mesmas, com o tratamento adequado dos pacientes queimados, evitando-se a cicatrização por segunda intenção. Sarcomas em úlcera de Marjolin são considerados raros, com poucos casos relatados na literatura, o que demonstra a importância deste relato.


Marjolin's ulcer is a malignant transformation of traumatized or chronically inflamed cutaneous tissue that occurs after burns. The most common histological type of carcinoma found in Marjolin's ulcers is squamous cell carcinoma, followed by basal cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma. Sarcomas in Marjolin's ulcers are rare, representing approximately 5% of these malignant degenerations. In this report, we describe the case of a female patient who was burned 42 years prior, with a large ulceration on her back. Biopsy of the ulceration showed a high-grade pleomorphic sarcoma in the Marjolin's ulcer. The patient underwent resection of the ulceration and a skin graft followed by radiation therapy and adjuvant chemotherapy. In 3 years of follow-up, the patient had no tumor recurrence. Marjolin's ulcers are aggressive and have a high rate of regional metastases. It is important that clinicians develop an understanding of their prevention by properly treating burns. Sarcomas in Marjolin's ulcers are rare and few cases have been reported in the literature, which demonstrates the importance of this report.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Skin Ulcer , Surgery, Plastic , Burns , Carcinoma, Basal Cell , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Transplants , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous , Melanoma , Skin Ulcer/surgery , Surgery, Plastic/methods , Burns/surgery , Burns/drug therapy , Burns/radiotherapy , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Transplants/surgery , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/surgery , Histiocytoma, Malignant Fibrous/physiopathology , Melanoma/physiopathology
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 46(1): 21-31, 11/jan. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-665792

ABSTRACT

Among the most common features of highly invasive tumors, such as lung adenocarcinomas (AD) and squamous cell carcinomas (SqCC), is the massive degradation of the extracellular matrix. The remarkable qualitative and quantitative modifications of hyaluronidases (HAases), hyaluronan synthases (HAS), E-cadherin adhesion molecules, and the transforming growth factor β (TGF-β) may favor invasion, cellular motility, and proliferation. We examined HAase proteins (Hyal), HAS, E-cadherin, and TGF-β profiles in lung AD subtypes and SqCC obtained from smokers and non-smokers. Fifty-six patients, median age 64 years, who underwent lobectomy for AD (N = 31) and SqCC (N = 25) were included in the study. HAS-1, -2 and -3, and Hyal-1 and -3 were significantly more expressed by tumor cells than normal and stroma cells (P < 0.01). When stratified according to histologic types, HAS-3 and Hyal-1 immunoreactivity was significantly increased in tumor cells of AD (P = 0.01) and stroma of SqCC (P = 0.002), respectively. Tobacco history in patients with AD was significantly associated with increased HAS-3 immunoreactivity in tumor cells (P < 0.01). Stroma cells of SqCC from non-smokers presented a significant association with HAS-3 (P < 0.01). Hyal, HAS, E-cadherin, and TGF-β modulate a different tumor-induced invasive pathway in lung AD subgroups and SqCC. HAases in resected AD and SqCC were strongly related to the prognosis. Therefore, our findings suggest that strategies aimed at preventing high HAS-3 and Hyal-1 synthesis, or local responses to low TGF-β and E-cadherin, may have a greater impact in lung cancer prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Extracellular Matrix/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma/physiopathology , Cadherins/analysis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Cell Adhesion Molecules/analysis , Extracellular Matrix/metabolism , Glucuronosyltransferase/analysis , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology , Neoplasm Staging , Neoplasm Invasiveness/prevention & control
11.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 48(4): 320-329, oct.-dic. 2011.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-615130

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma escamocelular bucal es una neoplasia maligna frecuente en la cavidad bucal, sin embargo, no existe información sobre la incidencia y el comportamiento clínico e histológico de este tipo de cáncer en Antioquia, Colombia. Este estudio proveyó información acerca de las características clínicas e histopatológicas del carcinoma escamocelular bucal, proveniente de historias clínicas de 197 pacientes, con un total de 112 hombres (56,9 por ciento) y 85 mujeres (43,1 por ciento), atendidos en el Hospital Universitario San Vicente de Paúl, en Medellín, Colombia, durante un periodo de 14 años. La localización más frecuente del carcinoma escamocelular bucal fue la lengua (45,0 por ciento), seguido del paladar duro (17,1 por ciento), luego le siguió el paladar blando con el 9,0 por ciento y por último el piso de la boca con el 8,5 por ciento. La mayoría de estos carcinomas fueron diagnosticados en estadios tardíos III y IV (74,9 por ciento). En cuanto al grado de diferenciación predominaron los carcinomas bien y moderadamente diferenciados(AU)


The oral scamocellular carcinoma is a frequent malignant neoplasia located in the oral cavity; however, there is not information on the incidence and clinical behavior of this type of cancer in Antioquia, Colombia. Present study provides information on the clinical and histopathological features of the oral scamocellular carcinoma collected from the medical records of 197 persons, 112 men (56.9 percent) and 85 females (43.1 percent) seen in the "San Vicente de Paúl" University Hospital of Medellin for 14 years. The more frequent location of the oral scamocellular carcinoma was the tongue (45.0 percent), followed by the hard palate (17.1 percent), soft palate 9.0 percent and mouth floor (45 percent); most of these ones were diagnosed in late stages (III and IV) (74,9 percent), as regards the differentiation degree there was predominance of well and moderately differentiated carcinomas(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Risk Factors , Tongue Neoplasms/diagnosis
12.
Acta méd. (Porto Alegre) ; 32: 71-77, 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-641552

ABSTRACT

Os autores fizeram uma revisão bibliográfica a respeito de aspectos clínicos, patológicos e manejo do carcinoma espinocelular (CEC). O trabalho apresenta conceitos, etilogia, fisiopatologia, clinica, diagnóstico e prognóstico, bem como opções as terapêuticas para esta patologia.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy
13.
Rev. argent. endocrinol. metab ; 47(4): 40-43, oct.-dic. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-641982

ABSTRACT

El carcinoma de células escamosas de tiroides (CCET) es un tumor infrecuente y agresivo. Su etiología es incierta. Ante la presencia de carcinoma escamoso en la glándula tiroides debe excluirse la posibilidad de infiltración de un tumor originado en una estructura adyacente o de metástasis de otros carcinomas. El tratamiento de elección es la cirugía radical. La mayoría de los pacientes fallecen antes del año debido a progresión local de la enfermedad. Presentamos el caso de un paciente con una masa tiroidea, con diagnóstico histológico de carcinoma escamoso (con inmunohistoquímca negativa para tiroglobulina, TTF1 y calcitonina y positiva para p63 y citok5). Los estudios clínicos, endoscópicos y radiológicos excluyeron otros sitios de origen de carcinoma escamoso. Fue tratado con quimio y radioterapia, falleciendo por progresión local luego de 9 meses.


Primary squamous cell thyroid carcinoma (PSCTC) is a rare and aggressive tumor of uncertain origin. When squamous carcinoma is diagnosed, it is mandatory to exclude the possibility of primary tumor arising from an adjacent structure or representing metastases from a primary growth elsewhere. Aggressive surgical resection is the treatment of choice. However, the prognosis is poor, with a median survival of less than a year. Death is usually secondary to progression of local disease. We report a case of a patient presenting with a thyroid mass; biopsy was consistent with squamous cell carcinoma. On immunohistochemistry tumor cells were negative for TTF1, thyroglobulin and calcitonin. Cancer cells were positive for p63 and citok5. Extensive workup excluded the possibility of extrathyroid origin. The patient was treated with chemoradiotherapy; he died 9 months later due to local progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Thyroid Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Diagnosis, Differential
14.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 47(4): 381-391, oct.-dic. 2010.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-584516

ABSTRACT

Nos propusimos caracterizar los pacientes remitidos por el Programa de Detección de Cáncer Bucal (PDCB) a la Clínica de Patología Bucal de la Facultad de Estomatología de febrero de 1999 a julio de 2006. Se realizó un estudio transversal, descriptivo, observacional de los pacientes inscritos en el registro de remitidos por el PDCB a la Clínica de Patología de la Facultad de Estomatología de La Habana. Se estudiaron 1 008 pacientes, el diagnóstico presuntivo y definitivomás mayormente representado fue el de otra lesión, con 33,7 por ciento de presentación, seguido por la leucoplasia con 33,7 por ciento. La coincidencia entre el diagnóstico presuntivo y el definitivo fue de 69,0 por ciento, el carrillo estaba afectado en un 25,8 por ciento. El carcinoma epidermoide representó un 85,0 por ciento de las neoplasias malignas diagnosticadas. No hubo diferencias entre los sexos de los pacientes remitidos y el rango de edades más afectado fue el de 34 a 59 años de edad. La mitad de los pacientes remitidos tenían hábito de fumar, mucho más elevado en los pacientes con leucoplasia y neoplasias malignas. Las localizaciones anatómicas más afectadas por las lesiones motivo de remisión fueron carrillo, encía y paladar. El carcinoma epidermoide grado I y la etapa clínica I mostraron los mayores porcentajes(AU)


The aim of present paper was to characterize the patients referred by the Program for Detection of Buccal Cancer (PDBC) to Clinic of Buccal Pathology of the Stomatology Faculty from February, 1999 to July, 2006. An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted in patients inscribed in Referred Registry by PDBC to Clinic of Pathology from the Stomatology Faculty of La Habana. A total of 1 008 patients were studied, the more numerous presumptive diagnosis and the definitive diagnosis of other lesion with 33,7 percent followed by leucopenia with 33,7 percent, coincidence between the presumptive diagnosis and the definitive one was of 69,0 percent, the cheek was involved in the 25,9 percent. Epidermoid carcinoma accounted for the 85,0 percent and the diagnosed malignant neoplasm. There were not differences among sexes of referred patients and the more involved age rank was that from 34 to 59 years. The half of referred patients had smoking being higher in patients presenting with leukoplakia and malignant neoplasms. The anatomical locations more involved by the lesions were cheeks, gingiva and palate. The Grade I epidermoid carcinoma and the grade I clinical stage showed the higher percentages. Are needed further studies allowing to emphasize the success of PDBC and to correct the deficiencies preventing to fulfill appropriately the objectives(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/prevention & control , Diagnosis, Oral/methods , Leukoplakia/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
17.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 2009 Jan-Mar; 5(1): 31-5
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-111545

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was undertaken to explore the clinicopathological profile of bronchogenic carcinoma in young patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted on 799 consecutive histopathologically proven cases of bronchogenic carcinoma that were referred from different parts of Uttar Pradesh. RESULTS: Out of 799 patients, 73 patients (9.1%; 59 males and 14 females) were < or = 40 years of age and were classified as 'young' patients. The mean ages of the subjects in the younger and older patient groups were 36 and 58 years, respectively. Among the older patients, 590 (81.3%) were smokers, and there were 53 (72.6%) smokers among the younger patients. Squamous cell carcinoma was the commonest histological subtype in both the groups, but squamous cell carcinoma was more frequently diagnosed in older patients than in younger patients. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that, regardless of age or sex, lung cancer must be ruled out in all patients who have persistent signs of pulmonary disease and a history of heavy smoking.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carcinoma, Bronchogenic/etiology , Carcinoma, Bronchogenic/pathology , Carcinoma, Bronchogenic/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/etiology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Smoking/adverse effects
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 34(6): 387-393, jun. 2008. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-485899

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer de pulmão e compará-la com a qualidade de vida de indivíduos sem câncer. MÉTODOS: O questionário Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) foi aplicado em 57 pacientes com diagnóstico de câncer de pulmão provenientes do Ambulatório de Oncopneumologia do Hospital São Paulo e em um grupo controle de 57 indivíduos participantes do Grupo de Ginástica Extra Penha. O teste de Mann-Whitney foi utilizado para comparar cada domínio entre os grupos. O primeiro modelo de regressão logística foi ajustado para sexo masculino, tratamento não cirúrgico, índice de Karnofsky e tabagismo, que foram incluídos como preditores. O segundo modelo foi ajustado para cada domínio do SF-36 para identificar aumento na proporção de estádios IIIB e IV. RESULTADOS: O grupo com câncer de pulmão e o grupo controle apresentaram, respectivamente, as seguintes pontuações médias para os domínios do SF-36: aspectos físicos, 29,39 ± 36,94 e 82,89 ± 28,80; aspectos emocionais, 42,78 ± 44,78 e 86,55 ± 28,77; capacidade funcional, 56,49 ± 28,39 e 89,00 ± 13,80; vitalidade, 61,61 ± 23,82 e 79,12 ± 17,68; dor, 62,72 ± 28,72 e 81,54 ± 19,07; estado geral de saúde, 62,51 ± 25,57 e 84,47 ± 13,47; saúde mental, 68,28 ± 23,46 e 82,63 ± 17,44; e aspectos sociais, 72,87 ± 29,20 e 91,67 ± 17,44. O modelo de regressão logística demonstrou que aspectos físicos, capacidade funcional e saúde mental foram preditores de estádios IIIB e IV. CONCLUSÕES: Os pacientes com câncer de pulmão apresentaram pior qualidade de vida em relação ao grupo controle, principalmente em relação aos aspectos físicos.


OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life of patients with lung cancer and to compare it with that of individuals without cancer. METHODS: The Medical Outcomes Study 36-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) was administered to 57 patients diagnosed with lung cancer, treated at the Lung Cancer Outpatient Clinic of the Hospital São Paulo, and to a control group of 57 individuals recruited from the Extra Penha workout group. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the groups, domain by domain. The first model of logistic regression was adjusted for male gender, nonsurgical treatment, Karnofsky performance status and smoking, which were included as predictors. The second model was adjusted for each SF-36 domain in order to identify increases in the proportions of patients in stage IIIB or IV. RESULTS: The lung cancer group and the control group presented the following mean scores, respectively, for the SF-36 domains: role limitations due to physical health problems, 29.39 ± 36.94 and 82.89 ± 28.80; role limitations due to emotional problems, 42.78 ± 44.78 and 86.55 ± 28.77; physical function, 56.49 ± 28.39 and 89.00 ± 13.80; vitality, 61.61 ± 23.82 and 79.12 ± 17.68; bodily pain, 62.72 ± 28.72 and 81.54 ± 19.07; general health, 62.51 ± 25.57 and 84.47 ± 13.47; emotional well-being, 68.28 ± 23.46 and 82.63 ± 17.44; and social functioning, 72.87 ± 29.20 and 91.67 ± 17.44. The logistic regression model showed that role limitations due to physical health problems, physical function and emotional well-being were predictors of stages IIIB and IV. CONCLUSIONS: The patients with lung cancer had a poorer quality of life, especially regarding physical aspects, than did the control subjects.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenocarcinoma/psychology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/psychology , Lung Neoplasms/psychology , Quality of Life/psychology , Adenocarcinoma/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Epidemiologic Methods , Health Status , Lung Neoplasms/physiopathology
19.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 18(4): 408-418, oct. 2007. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-475856

ABSTRACT

Los tumores de cabeza y cuello corresponden a un heterogéneo grupo de enfermedades, destacando entre ellas el carcinoma epidermoide de laringe, faringe y cavidad oral, así como las neoplasias glandulares (tiroides y glándulas salivales). Constituyen una patología altamente desafiante, considerando la complejidad anatómica de la región cérvico-facial y las repercusiones funcionales y estéticas que pueden producir tanto la enfermedad como su tratamiento. Estos tumores se manifiestan clínicamente como masas palpables o por la producción de síntomas persistentes en la vía aéreo-digestiva superior. La imagenología y los estudios endoscópicos complementan la evaluación del paciente; la histopatología es esencial para determinar el diagnóstico definitivo. El manejo de los tumores de cabeza y cuello debe estar a cargo de equipos multidisciplinarios, siendo la cirugía y la radioterapia los pilares del tratamiento. El pronóstico de esta enfermedad está determinado, principalmente, por el tipo histológico y el estadio tumoral.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Laryngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Oropharyngeal Neoplasms/physiopathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms/physiopathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms , Papilloma/physiopathology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Paraganglioma/surgery , Risk Factors
20.
Radiol. bras ; 40(4): 241-246, jul.-ago. 2007. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-462376

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Este trabalho tem como objetivos avaliar a influência da tomografia computadorizada no estadiamento local da classificação TNM dos tumores da supraglote e avaliar a concordância interobservadores na detecção da extensão tumoral. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados, retrospectivamente, 39 pacientes com carcinoma de células escamosas da supraglote atendidos no Hospital Heliópolis entre 1988 e 1998. Os exames de tomografia computadorizada foram analisados por dois radiologistas individualmente. Para a avaliação da concordância interobservadores utilizou-se o índice kappa. RESULTADOS: A tomografia computadorizada foi determinante no estadiamento mais avançado em 38,5 por cento dos casos, decorrente de extensão tumoral profunda não-identificada no exame clínico. CONCLUSÃO: A concordância interobservadores foi considerada ótima para as pregas vocais e subglote; boa para a supraglote, espaços paraglótico e pré-epiglótico, cartilagens cricóide e tireóide e para extensão tumoral extralaríngea; e regular para a base da língua.


OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed at evaluating the role of computed tomography in the local clinical staging of supraglottic tumors according to the TNM classification, as well as the interobserver agreement on the detection of the tumor extent. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine dossiers of inpatients of Hospital Heliópolis with supraglottic squamous cell carcinoma in the period between 1988 and 1998 were retrospectively evaluated. CT studies were individually analyzed by two radiologists. The kappa test was utilized for evaluating the interobserver agreement. RESULTS: Computed tomography has played a decisive role in the upstaging of 38.5 percent of cases, as a result of a deep tumor extent undetected at clinical examination. CONCLUSION: Interobserver agreement was considered as excellent for vocal folds and subglottis; good for supraglottic, paraglottic and preepiglottic spaces, thyroid and cricoid cartilages and for extralaryngeal tumor extension; and regular for the base of the tongue.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/physiopathology , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Laryngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Diagnostic Imaging , Neoplasm Staging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
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