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Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 88(2): 174-180, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374720


Abstract Introduction: Posterior pharyngeal wall is the most rare subsite for hypopharyngeal carcinomas. Because of its rarity, there are few studies published in the literature specifically concerning posterior pharyngeal wall carcinoma. Objectives: To report our functional results in patients with the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx after surgical treatment by resection via a lateral or infrahyoid pharyngotomy approach, with the preservation of the larynx and reconstruction with a radial forearm free flap. Methods: The study included 10 patients who underwent surgery for a carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx over a 6 year period. The associated postoperative morbidity was investigated and functional results were analyzed. Results: Nine patients had T3 lesions and one patient had a T2 lesion. The preferred approach to access the hypopharynx was a lateral pharyngotomy in 5 patients and lateral pharyngotomy combined with infrahyoid pharyngotomy in 5 patients with superior extension to oropharynx. The pharyngeal defects were reconstructed successfully with radial forearm free flaps. Four patients received adjuvant radiotherapy only, and 4 patients with N2b and N2c neck diseases received adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. The mean duration of hospitalization was 15.6 days (range, 10-21 days). All patients achieved oral intake in a median time of 74 days (range, 15-180). Decannulation was achieved in all patients and the median time fordecannulation was 90 (range, 21-300 days). The mean followup duration was 38.3 months (range, 10-71 months) and 8 patients survived. One patient died due to regional recurrence in the retropharyngeal lymph nodes and 1 patient died due to systemic metastasis. Conclusion: Primary surgery is still a very effective treatment modality for the carcinoma of the posterior wall of the hypopharynx and does not permanently compromise the swallowing and laryngeal functions if pharyngeal reconstruction is performed with a free flap.

Resumo Introdução: A parede posterior da faringe é o subsítio mais raro para carcinomas hipofaríngeos. Devido à sua raridade, há poucos estudos publicados na literatura especificamente sobre o carcinoma da parede posterior da faringe. Objetivo: Relatar nossos resultados funcionais em pacientes com carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe após tratamento cirúrgico por ressecção via faringotomia lateral ou infra-hióidea, com preservação da laringe e reconstrução com retalho livre radial do antebraço. Método: O estudo incluiu 10 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe por 6 anos. A morbidade pós-operatória associada foi investigada e os resultados funcionais foram analisados. Resultados: Nove pacientes apresentaram lesões T3 e um paciente apresentou lesão T2. Avia preferida para acessar a hipofaringe foi a faringotomia lateral em 5 pacientes e a faringotomia lateral combinada com a faringotomia infra-hióidea em 5 pacientes com extensão superior até a orofaringe. Os defeitos faríngeos foram reconstruídos com sucesso com retalhos livres radiais do antebraço. Quatro pacientes receberam apenas radioterapia adjuvante e 4 pacientes com doença cervical N2b e N2c receberam quimiorradioterapia adjuvante. A duração média da hospitalização foi de 15,6 dias (variação de 10 a 21 dias). Todos os pacientes retornaram à ingestão oral em um tempo médio de 74 dias (variação de 15 a 180). A decanulação foi possível para todos os pacientes e o tempo médio foi de 90 dias (variação de 21 a 300 dias). A duração média do seguimento foi de 38,3 meses (10 a 71 meses) e 8 pacientes sobreviveram. Um paciente foi a óbito devido a recorrência regional nos linfonodos retrofaríngeos e outro devido a metástase sistêmica. Conclusão: A cirurgia primária ainda é uma modalidade de tratamento muito eficaz para o carcinoma da parede posterior da hipofaringe e não compromete de forma permanente as funções de deglutição e da laringe se a reconstrução faríngea for feita com retalho livre.

Humans , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/pathology , Larynx/pathology , Surgical Flaps , Hypopharynx/surgery , Hypopharynx/pathology
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936193


Objective: To investigate the survival outcomes and prognostic factors of patients with salvage surgery for hypopharyngeal carcinoma after radiotherapy. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed, including 26 patients treated in Ningbo Medical Center Lihuili Hospital between January 2010 and December 2015. All patients were males, aged 48-83 years, of whom 8 cases were local residual after radiotherapy alone, 8 cases were local recurrence after postoperative radiotherapy, 2 cases were residual of cervical lymph nodes after radiotherapy alone, 2 cases were recurrence of cervical lymph nodes after radiotherapy alone, 2 cases were recurrence of cervical lymph nodes after postoperative radiotherapy and 4 cases were recurrence of tracheal stoma. The salvage operations included: local resection, local resection with neck dissection, simple neck dissection, tumor resection of tracheostomy, and additional repair according to the defect. Chi square test was used for recurrence and metastasis analysis, Kaplan-Meier method for survival analysis, Log-rank test for univariate analysis, and Cox regression model for multivariate analysis. Results: The complication rate of salvage surgery was 23.1% (6/26). The recurrence rate was 65.4% (17/26) and the distant metastasis rate was 42.3% (11/26) in the 5-year follow-up after salvage surgery. Patient's age and tumor invasion extent were correlated with recurrence. Initial treatment, tumor persistence or recurrence after radiotherapy, recurrence location and tumor invasion extent were correlated with distant metastasis (all P<0.05). Overall, 3 year and 5 year survival rates were 42.3% and 23.1% respectively. Age, recurrence location, surgical margin and tumor invasion extent were related to prognosis (χ²=6.56, 10.68, 9.32, and 7.90 respectively, all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that surgical margin and tumor invasion extent were independent risk factors for prognosis (OR (95%CI) = 3.19 (1.03-9.84), 14.37 (2.46-84.08), both P<0.05). Conclusion: Salvage surgery is the first choice for patients with recurrence after radiotherapy for hypopharyngeal carcinoma. Safe surgical margin should be ensured, especially in tumors invading muscle, bone tissue or lymph node capsule.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Humans , Hypopharyngeal Neoplasms/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936114


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of pathogen infection and to establish a prediction model of infections in oral squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing surgery with free flap reconstruction.@*METHODS@#The retrospective cohort study consisted of 1 596 patients undergoing tumor resection and free flap reconstruction for oral squamous cell carcinoma from January 2018 to December 2020. According to the postoperative infection, the patients were divided into the infected group (n=154) and non-infected group (n=1 442). The characteristics of pathogens were analyzed in the infected patients. The primary outcome variable was postoperative infection, and Logistic regression was used to determine risk factors of the infection. The prediction model was established and the discriminatory accuracy of the model was evaluated using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve.@*RESULTS@#Totally 154 cases were infected in the 1 596 cases undergoing surgery with free flap reconstruction, and the infection rate was 9.65%. The most frequent sites of infection were the surgical wound and respiratory tract. A total of 268 pathogens were isolated and cultured, including 240 strains of Gram-negative bacteria, accounting for 89.55%, mainly Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae; 23 strains of Gram-positive bacteria, accounting for 8.58%, mainly Enterococcus faecalis and Staphylococcus aureus; and 5 strains of fungi, accounting for 1.87%. The isolated Pseudomonas aeruginosa had high resistant rate to imipenem and meropenem, and was sensitive to antibiotics, such as ciprofloxacin. The isolated Staphylococcus aureus had high resistant rate to erythromycin and clindamycin, and was sensitive to vancomycin. According to the multivariate Logistic analysis, four independent variables were significantly associated with an increased risk of postoperative infection (P < 0.05): clinical N category≥1, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade ≥2, tracheotomy and length of hospital stay >13 d. The prediction model was established based on these factors and the expression of the risk prediction model was as follows: predicted probability value P=1/(1+e-a), a=-0.803+0.674×(clinical N category ≥1)+0.518×(the ASA grade ≥2)+0.918×(tracheotomy)+1.581×(length of hospital stay >13 d), Hosmer-Lemeshow χ2=10.647, P=0.223, the degree of fitting of the model was good. The area under the ROC curve was 0.818 and 95%CI of the model for predicting infection was 0.789-0.846.@*CONCLUSION@#Oral squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing surgery with free flap reconstruction are prone to have a high incidence of postoperative infection and Gram-negative bacteria are the main pathogens causing an infection. The established prediction model is of good predictive effect. Rational antimicrobial use coupled with awareness of infection control measures is paramount to reduce the incidence of postoperative infection in the oral squamous cell carcinoma patients undergoing surgery with free flap reconstruction.

Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Drug Resistance, Bacterial , Free Tissue Flaps , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/drug therapy
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 341-346, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936016


Objective: To explore the clinical effects of three-dimensional printed preformed titanium mesh combined with latissimus dorsi muscle flap free transplantation in the treatment of wounds with skull defect after radical surgery of squamous cell carcinoma in the vertex. Methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted. From January 2010 to December 2019, 5 patients with squamous cell carcinoma in the vertex accompanied with skull invasion who met the inclusion criteria were admitted to the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Air Force Medical University, including four males and one female, aged 50 to 65 years. The original lesion areas ranged from 5 cm×4 cm to 15 cm×8 cm. The titanium mesh was prefabricated via three-dimensional technic based on the result the scope of skull resection predicted with computerized tomography three-dimensional reconstruction before surgery. During the first stage, the soft tissue defect area of scalp (8 cm×7 cm to 18 cm×11 cm) after tumor enlargement resection was repaired with the preformed titanium mesh, and the titanium mesh was covered with latissimus dorsi muscle flap, with area of 10 cm×9 cm to 20 cm×13 cm. The thoracodorsal artery/vein was anastomosed with the superficial temporal artery/vein on one side. The muscle ends in the donor site were sutured together or performed with transfixion, and then the skin on the back were covered back to the donor site. On the 10th day after the first-stage surgery, the second-stage surgery was performed. The thin intermediate thickness skin graft was taken from the anterolateral thigh to cover the latissimus dorsi muscle flap. The duration and intraoperative blood loss of first-stage surgery were recorded. The postoperative muscle flap survival after the first-stage surgery and skin graft survival after the second-stage surgery was observed. The occurrence of complications, head appearance, and recurrence of tumor were followed up. Results: The average first-stage surgery duration of patients was 12.1 h, and the intraoperative blood loss was not more than 1 200 mL. The muscle flaps in the first-stage surgery and the skin grafts in the second-stage surgery all survived well. During the follow-up of 6-18 months, no complications such as exposure of titanium mesh or infection occurred, with good shape in the recipient sites in the vertex, and no recurrence of tumor. Conclusions: Three-dimensional printed preformed titanium mesh combined with latissimus dorsi muscle flap free transplantation and intermediate thickness skin graft cover is an effective and reliable method for repairing the wound with skull defect after extended resection of squamous cell carcinoma in the vertex. This method can cover the wound effectively as well as promote both recipient and donor sites to obtain good function and appearance.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Female , Humans , Male , Perforator Flap , Plastic Surgery Procedures/methods , Scalp/surgery , Skin Transplantation , Skull/surgery , Soft Tissue Injuries/surgery , Superficial Back Muscles/surgery , Surgical Mesh , Titanium , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 122-127, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935589


The oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state has been a hot issue in cancer research. Its indolent tumor behavior, representing a novel therapeutic opportunity, has been identified as a clinical subtype in several malignancies. However, the clinical implications of the oligometastatic and oligoprogressive state in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) have not been thoroughly elucidated. There are still controversies regarding the existence of the oligometastatic state in ESCC, if the solitary regional lymph node metastasis should be viewed as oligoprogressive disease after esophagectomy, and the role of surgery and radiotherapy in ESCC oligometastatic disease. Despite many exciting contributions to the literature on these, further exploration is warranted. Thus, fostering the advance of research and scientific knowledge on the biological and prognostic characteristics scrupulously would facilitate personalizing treatment strategy for better outcomes.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophageal Squamous Cell Carcinoma , Esophagectomy , Humans , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 450-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935236


Objective: Local recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study was proposed to investigate the feasibility of near infrared fluorescence (NIF) via indocyanine green (ICG) for monitoring surgical marginal in operation for OSCC patients. Methods: In 35 patients with OSCC treated surgically in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing University School of Medicine, from January 2019 to June 2020, ICG (0.75 mg/kg) was administered intravenously via elbow vein at (12±1) hours before surgery, and NIF was performed intraoperatively on the surgical field and the cut edge of the surgically excised specimen, and fluorescence intensity was measured for OSCC tissue and normal oral mucosa, abnormal fluorescence signals were taken and subjected to rapid cryopathological examination. Correlation between NIF tumor boundary grading and pathological tumor boundary grading was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Clear ICG NIF was obtained for tumor lesions in all 35 patients, with a positive rate of 100%. The fluorescence intensity of OSCC tissue was (412.73±146.56) au, which was higher than that of normal oral mucosa tissue [(279.38±82.56) au, P<0.01]. Abnormal fluorescence signals were detected at the tumor bed and the cut edge of the surgical resection specimen in 4 patients, of which 2 cases were pathologically confirmed as cancer cell residue and 2 cases as inflammatory cell infiltration. The rate of positive detection of cut margins using ICG NIF technique in OSCC was 5.7% (2/35). Twenty of the 35 OSCC patients had grade 1, 11 of grade 2, and 4 of grade 3 tumor borders revealed by NIF of surgical resection specimens, which was positively correlated with pathological tumor border (r=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusions: ICG NIF technique can effectively detect the residual cancer cells at the incision margin, which is of great clinical value in reducing local recurrence of OSCC after surgery due to intraoperative cancer residue.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Margins of Excision , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual , Optical Imaging/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 389-395, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285703


Abstract Introduction Regional metastases of cutaneous head and neck squamous cell carcinoma occur in approximately 5 % of cases, being the most important prognostic factor in survival, currently with no distinction between parotid and neck metastasis. Objective The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prognostic features among patients with head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma exhibiting regional metastasis. Methods A retrospective analysis of patients with cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma who underwent parotidectomy and/or neck dissection from 2011 to 2018 at a single institution tertiary center was performed. Patient demographics, clinical, surgical and pathological information, adjuvant treatments, and outcome at last follow-up were collected. Outcomes included disease recurrence and death due to the disease. Prognostic value of clinic pathological features associated with disease-specific survival was obtained. Results Thirty-eight cases of head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with parotid and/or neck metastasis were identified. Overall, 18 (47.3 %) patients showed parotid metastasis alone, 12 (31.5 %) exhibited neck metastasis alone and 8 (21.0 %) had both. A primary tumor in the parotid zone (Hazard Ratio ‒ HR = 5.53; p = 0.02) was associated with improved disease-specific survival. Poorer disease-specific survival was observed in patients with higher primary tumor diameter (HR = 1.54; p = 0.002), higher depth of invasion (HR = 2.89; p = 0.02), invasion beyond the subcutaneous fat (HR = 5.05; p = 0.002), neck metastasis at first presentation (HR = 8.74; p < 0.001), number of positive lymph nodes (HR = 1.25; p = 0.004), and higher TNM stages (HR = 7.13; p = 0.009). Patients presenting with isolated parotid metastasis during all follow-ups had better disease-specific survival than those with neck metastasis or both (HR = 3.12; p = 0.02). Conclusion Head and neck cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma with parotid lymph node metastasis demonstrated better outcomes than cases with neck metastasis.

Resumo Introdução As metástases regionais do carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço ocorrem em aproximadamente 5% dos casos, sendo esse o fator prognóstico mais importante na sobrevida, atualmente sem distinção entre metástases de parótida e cervicais. Objetivo Avaliar as características prognósticas em pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase regional. Método Foi feita uma análise retrospectiva de pacientes com carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo submetidos à parotidectomia e/ou esvaziamento cervical entre 2011 e 2018 em um único centro terciário de uma única instituição. Dados demográficos dos pacientes, informações clínicas, cirúrgicas e patológicas, tratamentos adjuvantes e desfechos no último acompanhamento foram coletados. Os desfechos incluíram recorrência e morte devido à doença. O valor prognóstico das características clínico-patológicas associadas à sobrevida específica da doença foi obtido. Resultados Foram identificados 38 casos de carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase de parótida e/ou pescoço. No geral, 18 (47,3%) pacientes apresentaram metástase da parótida isolada, 12 (31,5%) apresentaram metástase cervical isolada e 8 (21,0%) apresentaram ambos. Um tumor primário na região da parótida (Hazard ratio [HR] = 5,53; p = 0,02) foi associado a melhor sobrevida específica. Pior sobrevida específica foi observada em pacientes com maior diâmetro do tumor primário (HR = 1,54; p = 0,002), maior profundidade de invasão (HR = 2,89; p = 0,02), invasão além da gordura subcutânea (HR = 5,05; p = 0,002), metástase cervical na primeira apresentação (HR = 8,74; p < 0,001), conforme maior número de linfonodos positivos (HR = 1,25; p = 0,004) e estágios TNM mais elevados (HR = 7,13; p = 0,009). Os pacientes que apresentaram metástase da parótida isolada durante todo o acompanhamento apresentaram melhor sobrevida específica do que aqueles com metástase cervical ou ambos (HR = 3,12; p = 0,02). Conclusão Os casos de carcinoma espinocelular cutâneo de cabeça e pescoço com metástase intraparotídea demonstraram melhores desfechos do que aqueles com metástase cervical.

Humans , Skin Neoplasms/pathology , Parotid Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 87(4): 416-421, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285702


Abstract Introduction Lymph node metastasis is a well-known prognostic factor for laryngeal carcinoma. However, current nodal staging systems provide limited information regarding prognosis. Additional parameters should be considered to improve prognostic capacity. Objectives To assess the prognostic values of metastatic lymph node number, ipsilateral/contralateral harvested lymph nodes, and lymph node ratio in patients undergoing surgical treatment of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma. Methods Seventy-four patients diagnosed with laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma primarily managed surgically were included in this study. The patients' pathological and survival data were obtained from their medical records. The effects of harvested lymph nodes and lymph node ratio on disease-free survival, disease-specific survival, and overall survival were analyzed. Results Ipsilateral, contralateral, and bilateral evaluations of harvested lymph nodes showed no significant associations with prognosis. Lymph node ratio was significantly associated with overall survival when evaluated bilaterally. Metastatic lymph node number showed more suitable stratification than TNM classification. Conclusions Metastatic lymph node number and bilateral lymph node ratio parameters should be taken into consideration to improve the prognostic capacity of TNM.

Resumo Introdução A metástase linfonodal é um fator prognóstico bem conhecido para o carcinoma de laringe. Entretanto, os sistemas atuais de estadiamento nodal fornecem informações limitadas sobre o prognóstico. Parâmetros adicionais devem ser considerados para melhorar a capacidade prognóstica. Objetivos Avaliar os valores prognósticos do número de linfonodos metastáticos, linfonodos ipsilaterais /contralaterais coletados e relação de linfonodos em pacientes submetidos ao tratamento cirúrgico do carcinoma espinocelular da laringe. Método Foram incluídos neste estudo 75 pacientes com diagnóstico de carcinoma espinocelular da laringe, tratados primariamente por meio de cirurgia. Os dados histopatológicos e de sobrevida dos pacientes foram obtidos de seus prontuários médicos. Foram analisados os efeitos dos linfonodos coletados e da relação de linfonodos na sobrevida livre de doença, sobrevida doença-específica e sobrevida global. Resultados As avaliações ipsilateral, contralateral e bilateral dos linfonodos coletados não mostraram associações significativas com o prognóstico. A relação de linfonodos foi significantemente associada à sobrevida global quando avaliada bilateralmente. O número de linfonodos metastáticos mostrou estratificação mais adequada do que a classificação TNM-N. Conclusões Os parâmetros número de linfonodos metastáticos e relação de linfonodos bilateral devem ser levados em consideração para melhorar a capacidade prognóstica da classificação TNM.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Lymph Node Ratio , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes/surgery , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Neoplasm Staging
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(3): 263-277, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285080


Abstract Mohs micrographic surgery is a specialized form of skin cancer surgery that has the highest cure rates for several cutaneous malignancies. Certain skin cancers can have small extensions or "roots" that may be missed if an excised tumor is serially cross-sectioned in a "bread-loaf" fashion, commonly performed on excision specimens. The method of Mohs micrographic surgery is unique in that the dermatologist (Mohs surgeon) acts as both surgeon and pathologist, from the preoperative considerations until the reconstruction. Since Dr. Mohs's initial work in the 1930s, the practice of Mohs micrographic surgery has become increasingly widespread among the dermatologic surgery community worldwide and is considered the treatment of choice for many common and uncommon cutaneous neoplasms. Mohs micrographic surgery spares the maximal amount of normal tissue and is a safe procedure with very few complications, most of them managed by Mohs surgeons in their offices. Mohs micrographic surgery is the standard of care for high risks basal cell carcinomas and cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma and is commonly and increasingly used for melanoma and other rare tumors with superior cure rates. This review better familiarizes the dermatologists with the technique, explains the difference between Mohs micrographic surgery and wide local excision, and discusses its main indications.

Humans , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Melanoma/surgery , Mohs Surgery
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880867


Neck dissection for oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) is a clinically controversial issue and has therefore been the subject of abundant research. However, no one has performed a bibliometric study on this topic to date. The aim of this study was to assess the development of research on neck dissection for OSCC in terms of the historical evolution, current hotspots and future directions, particularly including research trends and frontiers from 2010 to 2019. Literature records related to research on neck dissection for OSCC were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection (WoSCC). CiteSpace was used as a tool to perform a bibliometric analysis of this topic. The survey included 2 096 papers. "Otorhinolaryngology" was the most popular research area. The most active institutions and countries were Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center and the USA, respectively. Shah J.P. was the most cited author. Among the six identified "core journals", Head & Neck ranked first. The top three trending keywords were 'invasion', 'upper aerodigestive' and 'negative neck'. 'D'Cruz AK (2015)' was the most cited and the strongest burst reference in the last decade. The study evaluated the effect on survival of elective versus therapeutic neck dissection in patients with lateralized early-stage OSCC. The depth of invasion and the management of N0 OSCC were research frontiers in this field. The present study provides a comprehensive bibliometric analysis of research on neck dissection for OSCC, which will assist investigators in exploring potential research directions.

Bibliometrics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neck Dissection
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880842


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of thoraco-laparoscopic esophagectomy on postoperative immune function of patients with esophageal carcinoma.@*METHODS@#Eighty-one patients undergoing radical esophagectomy in our hospital between January, 2017 and December, 2019 were enrolled in this study.According to the surgical approach, the patients were divided into endoscopic group (41 cases) and open surgery (3 incisions) group (40 cases).The immunological indicators (CD3@*RESULTS@#No death occurred in either of the group after the operation.On days 4 and 7 after the operation, CD3@*CONCLUSIONS@#Thoraco-laparoscopic resection of esophageal cancer can reduce postoperative secretion of proinflammatory factors, alleviate inflammatory responses, and promote the recovery of immune functions to accelerate postoperative recovery of the patients.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Esophageal Neoplasms/surgery , Esophagectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Period
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942596


Objective: To investigate the treatment method and effect of surgical resection and free flap repair of recurrent malignant tumors of maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base. Methods: The clinical data of 9 patients with recurrent maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base malignant tumors who underwent surgical resection and free flap repair in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Shandong Provincial Hospital from August 2009 to May 2019 were analyzed retrospectively, including 5 males and 4 females, aged 32-69 years. There were 4 cases of squamous cell carcinoma, 3 cases of adenoid cystic carcinoma, 1 case of myoepithelial carcinoma and 1 case of malignant fibrous histiocytoma. All patients were repaired with anterolateral femoral flap. The treatment process and postoperative effect were analyzed by descriptive statistics. Results: All patients were followed up from 16 months to 6 years. There were 6 cases of recurrence after operation, including 1 case of local recurrence and 5 cases of skull base and craniocerebral recurrence. The median tumor free survival time of recurrent patients was 35 months. Conclusion: Surgical resection and free flap repair can effectively prolong the life of patients with recurrent maxillofacial paranasal sinus and skull base malignant tumors.

Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Female , Free Tissue Flaps , Humans , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Plastic Surgery Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/surgery
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942555


Objective: To investigate the characteristics of thyroid invasion and central lymph node metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma, and the impact on survival rate and quality of life. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 124 cases (122 males and 2 females with age range from 36 to 78 years old) with laryngopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma who were initially treated in the Department of Head and Neck Surgery, Beijing Tongren Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from January 2014 to December 2017 was performed. The clinical data included tumor location, pathological T stage, pathological N stage, invasion of thyroid gland, central lymph node metastasis, surgical procedures and so on. Patients were grouped according to if presence of thyroid invasion and central lymph node metastasis. With follow-up, the survival was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier method, and tumor recurrence and metastasis were evaluated. Results: Of the patients, 12 patients had thyroid involvement and 5 patients had central lymph node metastasis. The incidence of thyroid involvement was 8.16% (8/98) in pyriform sinus, 1/18 in posterior pharyngeal wall and 3/8 in posterior cricoid wall, with statistically significant difference (χ2=15.076,P=0.008). The incidence of central lymph node metastasis was 1.02% (1/98) in pyriform sinus, 3/18 in posterior pharyngeal wall and 1/8 in posterior cricoid wall, also with statistically significant difference (χ2=11.205, P=0.008). There was no statistical correlation between thyroid invasion or central lymph node metastasis and gender, smoking or alcohol exposure history and tumor pathological differentiation (all P>0.05). The 3-year overall survival rate was 80.65% and the 3-year recurrence free rate was 85.48%. Totally 24 patients died in 3 years, including 4 cases in thyroid invasion group and 1 case in central lymph node metastasis group. Local recurrence occurred in 18 patients, including 4 cases in thyroid invasion group and 1 case in central lymph node metastasis group. There was no significant difference in survival between patients with and without thyroid invasion and central lymph node metastasis (all P>0.05). There were significantly difference in 3-year overall survival and relapse-free survival among the groups with different T stages, N stages, pathological stages and tumor pathological differentiation levels (all P<0.05). There were significantly differences in the levels of serum calcium and FT3 between the groups with or without thyroid invasion and central lymph node metastasis (all P<0.05). Conclusion: The incidences of thyroid invasion and central lymph node metastasis of hypopharyngeal carcinoma are rare, and the risk of occurrence is related to the primary site of tumor. Comprehensive evaluation, correct decision-making and accurate treatment could be helpful to cure radically the tumor, to prevent recurrence and to improve the quality of life of patients.

Adult , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Female , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Neck Dissection , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms/surgery
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(6): 763-766, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142609


Abstract Introduction: Total rhinectomy is an uncommon procedure for the treatment of nasal malignancies, usually reserved for locally advanced tumors. There are few case series studying total rhinectomy in the literature, reporting conflicting results about recurrence and metastasis. Objective: Evaluate prognosis of total rhinectomy cases for malignant neoplasia in our institution. Methods: Retrospective review from January 2013 to September 2018, including all patients undergoing total rhinectomy in our Institution, under the care of the Head and Neck surgical team. Results: Ten patients were included, two men and eight women. The mean patient age was 71.6 years old. The majority had nasal skin (8 cases) carcinomas. Squamous cell carcinoma was present in seven cases. In total, six cases had regional metastasis, in a median period of 14.3 months. The overall mortality and disease specific mortality was 50% and 30%, respectively, in a median follow-up of 45.7 months. Conclusion: We observed high overall and disease-specific mortality among cases with advanced nasal malignancies undergoing total rhinectomy.

Resumo Introdução: A rinectomia total é um procedimento incomum para o tratamento de neoplasias nasais, geralmente reservado para tumores localmente avançados. Há poucas séries de casos que estudam a rinectomia total na literatura, as quais descrevem resultados conflitantes sobre recorrência e metástase. Objetivo: Avaliar o prognóstico de pacientes submetidos a rinectomia total por neoplasia maligna em nossa instituição. Método: Revisão retrospectiva de janeiro de 2013 a setembro de 2018, incluiu todos os pacientes submetidos a rinectomia total em nossa instituição, sob os cuidados da equipe de cirurgia de cabeça e pescoço. Resultados: Dez pacientes foram incluídos, dois homens e oito mulheres. A média de idade dos pacientes foi de 71,6 anos. A maioria apresentava carcinoma da pele nasal (oito casos). O carcinoma espinocelular estava presente em sete casos. Seis casos tiveram metástase regional em um período mediano de 14,3 meses. A mortalidade geral e a mortalidade específica da doença foram de 50% e 30%, respectivamente; o acompanhamento médio foi de 45,7 meses. Conclusão: Observamos alta mortalidade geral e específica da doença entre os casos com neoplasias nasais avançadas submetidas à rinectomia total.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Nose Neoplasms/surgery , Nose , Retrospective Studies , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 505-510, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153075


ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the safety and 12-month effect of treatment with pattern scanning laser photocoagulation for ocular surface squamous neoplasia in a low-resource setting with extremely limited access to an operating room. Methods: Adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of ocular surface squamous neoplasia underwent a complete ophthalmologic examination. After topical anesthesia and instillation of toluidine blue 1%, the lesion was treated using pattern scanning photocoagulation for a duration time that varied from 20 to 100 ms and power from 600 to 1,800 mW. Patients were examined on a weekly basis for the first month and underwent weekly retreatment of the remaining lesions, as necessary. Patients had a minimum follow-up of 12 months. Results: Thirty-eight patients (38 eyes) were included. All patients had clinical ocular surface squamous neoplasia that was confirmed by impression cytology. The age of patients ranged from 40 to 83 years (average: 65.5 years) and 28 of them were males (74%). The patients were divided into two groups: group I (immunocompetent) and group II (immuno­suppressed). In group I, 23 patients (74%) presented complete response with lesion control after laser treatment alone. In group II, two of seven patients (28%) showed treatment response during the follow-up. The average number of treatments was 2.5 (one to six laser treatments). Procedures were well tolerated. Conclusion: Short-term results of the laser photocoagulation approach for the treatment of ocular surface squamous neoplasia conjunctival lesions were favorable, with a 74% success rate observed in immunocompetent patients. This novel strategy is a less resource-intensive alternative that could demonstrate its usefulness in settings with shortages in operating rooms and in recurrent cases. Studies with longer follow-ups and larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm our findings and evaluate the effectiveness of laser treatment in association with topical chemotherapy.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a segurança e o efeito de 12 meses de tratamento com fotocoagulação pelo pattern scanning laser para neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular em um ambiente com poucos recursos e acesso extremamente limitado a um tratamento cirúrgico. Métodos: Pacientes adultos com diagnóstico de neoplasia escamosa de superfície ocular foram submetidos a exame oftalmológico completo. Após anestesia tópica e instilação de azul de toluidina 1%, a lesão foi tratada com laser por um tempo de duração que variou de 20 a 100 ms e potência de 600 a 1800 mW. Os pacientes foram examinados semanalmente durante o primeiro mês e fo­ram retratados semanalmente das lesões restantes, conforme necessário. Os pacientes tiveram um seguimento mínimo de 12 meses. Resultados: Trinta e oito pacientes (38 olhos) foram incluídos no estudo. Todos os pacientes apresentaram neoplasia escamosa da superfície ocular clínica, confirmada por citologia de impressão. A idade dos pacientes variou entre 40 e 83 anos (média de 65.5 anos) e 28 deles eram do sexo masculino (74%). Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: Grupo I (imunocompetente) e grupo II (imunossuprimido). No grupo I, 23 pacientes (74%) apresentaram resposta completa com o controle da lesão após o tratamento com laser. No grupo II, dois dos sete pacientes (28%) apresentaram resposta ao tratamento durante o acompanhamento. A média de aplicações de laser foi de 2,5 (1 a 6 aplicações). Os procedimentos foram bem tolerados. Conclusões: Os resultados a curto prazo da abordagem de fotocoagulação a laser para o tratamento das lesões conjuntivais de neoplasia escamosa de superfície ocular foram favoráveis, com uma taxa de sucesso de 74% observada em pacientes imunocompetentes. Essa nova estratégia é uma alternativa menos intensiva em recursos que pode demonstrar sua utilidade em ambientes com escassez de salas cirúrgicas e em casos recorrentes. Estudos com acompanhamentos mais longos e amostras maiores são necessários para confirmar nossos achados e avaliar a eficácia do tratamento a laser asso­ciado à quimioterapia tópica.

Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Conjunctival Neoplasms , Eye Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Conjunctival Neoplasms/surgery , Eye Neoplasms/surgery , Lasers , Light Coagulation
Prensa méd. argent ; 106(9): 520-523, 20200000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1362772


Introducción: Las úlceras de Marjolin son neoplasias cutáneas que asientan sobre pieles afectadas por úlceras crónicas, quemaduras, cicatrices, estasis venosa o heridas cutáneas. Generalmente se diagnostica por medio de biopsias, siendo los carcinomas escamosos la variedad más frecuente. Existe escasa información sobre su desarrollo en heridas quirúrgicas abdominales previas, y aún menos casos reportados de su aparición sobre un defecto de la pared abdominal. Objetivo: Reporte de un caso de un paciente con antecedente de múltiples cirugías abdominales que desarrolló un carcinoma escamoso sobre cicatriz de laparotomía previa. Pacientes y Métodos: Presentación de un de un paciente masculino de 61 años, con antecedente de laparotomía exploradora, que consultó por una tumoración, de 6 meses de evolución, vegetante sobre eventración de mediana suprainfraumbilical. Se realiza exéresis de lesión en bloque de pared con enterectomia, anastomosis primaria y eventroplastia con malla de reemplazo. Cursa internación prolongada y con mala evolución, falleciendo al 77 día postoperatorio. Conclusión: Los carcinomas de células escamosas que se desarrollan sobre lesiones cutáneas previas presentan una agresividad mayor a aquellos desarrollados espontáneamente, tienen alto porcentaje de recidiva y metástasis asociadas. Se propone abordajes quirúrgicos radicales para su tratamiento, aun asi presentando una morbimortalidad elevada

Background: Marjolin ulcers are skin malignancies that appear on skin affected by chronic ulcers, burns, scars, venous stasis or skin wounds. They are generally diagnosed through a biopsy and the most frequent type is the squamous cell carcinoma. There is little information on its development in existing abdominal surgical wounds, and there are even fewer cases reported in relation to its appearance upon an abdominal wall defect. Objective: To report a case of a patient with a history of multiple abdominal surgeries who developed a squamous cell carcinoma in an existing laparotomy scar in association with an incisional hernia. Patient and Methods: A 61-year-old male patient, with history of an exploratory laparotomy in 1986, presents with a 6-month-old vegetating tumor upon a supra-infraumbilical median eventration. An excision of the lesion that included the abdominal wall and an associated enterectomy, primary anastomosis, and eventroplasty with replacement mesh was performed. During his prolonged hospital stay, he underwent with many medical intercurrences and even an additional surgery was needed. Eventually, the patient dies 77 days after the surgery. Conclusion: Squamous cell carcinomas that develop in existing skin lesions tend to be more aggressive than those that develop spontaneously. They have a high percentage of recurrence and associated metastases. Radical surgical approaches are suggested for its treatment, although it has a high morbidity and mortality rate.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Skin Neoplasms/therapy , Skin Ulcer/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/therapy , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Neoplasm Metastasis/therapy
Rev. medica electron ; 42(5): 2398-2407, sept.-oct. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144743


RESUMEN Se presentó el caso de un paciente masculino de 60 años, blanco, que fue atendido en la Consulta de Oftalmología, del Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz", del municipio de Colón, provincia de Matanzas. Refirió que llevaba aproximadamente 20 días, con sensación de cuerpo extraño en el ojo izquierdo, enrojecimiento, secreción constante, fotofobia y una lesión que le había aumentado de tamaño durante este período; la que se tornaba dolorosa durante el parpadeo. Se decidió realizar este trabajo con el objetivo de mostrar los beneficios obtenidos al concluir el tratamiento aplicado a este tipo de tumor (AU).

ABSTRACT The authors present the case of a white male patient, aged 60 years, who assisted the Consultation of Ophthalmology of the Hospital "Dr. Mario Muñoz", of the municipality of Colon. He referred feeling a foreign body in the left eye for already 20 days, presence of redness, constant secretion, photophobia and a lesion that had grown during that period, painful when blinking. The authors decided to write this article with the objective of showing the benefits obtained with the applied treatment in this kind of tumor (AU).

Humans , Male , Adult , Signs and Symptoms , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Ophthalmology/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Eye Foreign Bodies/complications , Eye Foreign Bodies/diagnosis , Risk Factors , Cornea/abnormalities , Photophobia/complications , Photophobia/diagnosis
Rev. otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 80(2): 184-192, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115834


La recurrencia de carcinoma de células escamosas orofaríngeo (CCEOF) se asocia a mal pronóstico, particularmente en recurrencias en etapa avanzada. La cirugía en el contexto de rescate es más complicada por el tratamiento oncológico del tumor primario, por lo tanto, tiene un mayor riesgo de complicaciones y estadía hospitalaria. Sin embargo, la cirugía de rescate es la mejor oportunidad del paciente como tratamiento curativo y para supervivencia a largo plazo. La población de pacientes que reciben tratamiento para CCEOF ha cambiado en la última década, se ha reconocido que la incidencia de virus papiloma humano (VPH) asociado a CCEOF ha generado el gran aumento de CCEOF y el cambio asociado en las características de la población de pacientes, ahora los pacientes son más jóvenes y tienen menos comorbilidades. Con el aumento exponencial en la incidencia de CCEOF, la necesidad de cirugía de rescate en CCEOF podría verse en aumento. En vista del aumento de la incidencia de casos con carcinoma escamoso de orofaringe y su importante relación con el VPH, esta revisión se enfoca en la supervivencia tras cirugía de rescate con intención curativa y evaluar si con los avances en su tratamiento ha mejorado su pronóstico.

Recurrence of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is associated with poor prognosis, particularly in advanced stage recurrences. Salvage surgery is complicated by previous oncological treatment of the primary tumor, therefore, it has a higher risk of complications and hospital stay. However, salvage surgery is the patient's best opportunity as a curative treatment and for long-term survival. The population of patients receiving treatment for OPSCC has changed in the last decade, it has been recognized that the incidence of human papilloma virus (HPV) associated OPSCC has generated an increase of OPSCC and changes in the epidemiology of the patient population, with younger patients and with less comorbidities. With the exponential increase in the incidence of OPSCC, the need for salvage surgery in OPSCC could increase in the future. In view of the increase in the incidence of cases with squamous oropharyngeal carcinoma and its relationship with HPV, this review focuses on survival after salvage surgery with curative intent and assessing whether the progress in its treatment has improved its prognosis.

Humans , Otorhinolaryngologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Papillomaviridae , Postoperative Complications , Prognosis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/mortality , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/virology , Survival Rate , Salvage Therapy , Patient Selection , Medical Futility , Head and Neck Neoplasms/mortality , Head and Neck Neoplasms/virology
Rev. Finlay ; 10(2): 191-196, abr.-jun. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1125668


RESUMEN El carcinoma epidermoide primitivo está considerado el tumor más raro de la mama, con una incidencia que representa solo del 0,04 al 0,075 % de todos los tumores malignos de esta localización. Es una variedad de carcinoma metaplásico constituido por células pavimentosas queratinizantes. Se presenta el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 65 años, de color de piel blanca, residente en el municipio Abreus, provincia Cienfuegos, que acudió a la consulta de mastología de la provincia por presentar una tumoración de 5 cms. en el cuadrante superior externo de la mama derecha, de dos meses de evolución. Se realizó exéresis de la tumoración y se recibió informe de la biopsia con el resultado de carcinoma epidermoide poco diferenciado. Actualmente el paciente se sigue en consulta y está libre de metástasis. Por lo inusual del caso se decide su publicación. Se presenta este reporte por ser el primer paciente de sexo masculino, operado de carcinoma epidermoide de mama en la provincia Cienfuegos.

ABSTRACT Primitive epidermoid carcinoma is considered the rarest breast tumor, with an incidence that represents only 0.04 to 0.05 % of all malignant tumors of this location. It is a variety of metaplastic carcinoma made up of keratinizing pavement cells. The case presented is a 65-year-old white male patient, resident in the Abreus municipality, Cienfuegos province who attended the province's mastology clinic for presenting a 5 cm tumor in the upper external quadrant of the right breast, two months in evolution. Exeresis of the tumor was performed and a report of the biopsy was received with the result of poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma. Currently the patient is followed in consultation and is free of metastases. Due to the unusual nature of the case, its publication is decided. This report is presented as the first male patient to undergo surgery for squamous cell carcinoma of the breast in the Cienfuegos province.

Humans , Male , Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Breast Neoplasms, Male/pathology , Biopsy , Breast/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis , Breast Neoplasms, Male/surgery , Breast Neoplasms, Male/diagnosis