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1.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eAO6450, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364794

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To understand the feasibility of FGFR3 tests in the Brazilian public health context, and to sample the mutational burden of this receptor in high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer. Methods A total of 31 patients with high-grade muscle-invasive bladder cancer were included in the present study. Either transurethral resection of bladder tumor or radical cystectomy specimens were analyzed. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue blocks were sectioned, hematoxylin and eosin stained, and histologic sections were reviewed. Total RNA was extracted using the RNeasy DSP formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded kit. Qualitative results were displayed in Rotor-Gene AssayManager software. Results Six patients were excluded. From the samples analyzed, four (16.7%) were considered inadequate and could not have their RNA extracted. Two patients presented FGFR3 mutations, accounting for 9.5% of material available for adequate analysis. The two mutations detected included a Y373C mutation in a male patient and a S249C mutation in a female patient. Conclusion FGFR3 mutations could be analyzed in 84% of our cohort and occurred in 9.5% of patients with high-grade muscle invasive bladder cancer in this Brazilian population. FGFR3 gene mutations are targets for therapeutic drugs in muscle-invasive bladder cancer. For this reason, know the frequency of these mutations can have a significant impact on public health policies and costs provisioning.


Subject(s)
Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/genetics , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/genetics , Receptor, Fibroblast Growth Factor, Type 3/metabolism , Brazil , RNA , Prevalence , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Hematoxylin , Muscles/metabolism , Muscles/pathology , Mutation
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23732

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to verify the prognostic utility, therapeutic application and clinical benefits of tumor substaging and HER2 status in papillary non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Select NMIBC transurethral resection specimens from 141 patients were used to construct tissue microarrays for assessing the substaging, HER2 protein expression by immunohistochemistry (HER2-IHC) and gene amplification by dual-color silver in situ hybridization (HER2-SISH). Substages were identified by the differing depth of tumor invasion (pTa / pT1a / pT1b / pT1c). HER2 protein expression was semiquantitatively analyzed and grouped into negative (score 0, 1+) and positive (score 2+, 3+). Other clinicopathological variables were also investigated. For NMIBC, HER2-IHC and HER2-SISH showed positive results in 6/141 (4.3%) and 4/141 (2.8%) respectively, which correlated well with tumor substaging. In multivariate analysis, substaging, HER2-IHC, and HER2-SISH were found to be independent predictors of progression-free survival (P < 0.001, P < 0.001, P = 0.031). HER2-IHC was the sole independent predictor of recurrent free survival in NMIBC (P = 0.017). It is suggested that tumor substaging and HER2 status are independent predictive markers for tumor progression or recurrence, and thus could be included in diagnostic and therapeutic management for NMIBC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Carcinoma, Papillary/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging , Receptor, ErbB-2/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Young Adult
3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1214-1221, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210341

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We investigated sex-hormone receptor expression as predicting factor of recurrence and progression in patients with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated tumor specimens from patients treated for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder at our institution between January 2006 and January 2011. Performing immunohistochemistry using a monoclonal androgen receptor antibody and monoclonal estrogen receptor-beta antibody on paraffin-embedded tissue sections, we assessed the relationship of immunohistochemistry results and prognostic factors such as recurrence and progression. RESULTS: A total of 169 patients with bladder cancer were evaluated in this study. Sixty-threepatients had expressed androgen receptors and 52 patients had estrogen receptor beta. On univariable analysis, androgen receptor expression was significant lower in recurrence rates (p=0.001), and estrogen receptor beta expression was significant higher in progression rates (p=0.004). On multivariable analysis, significant association was found between androgen receptor expression and lower recurrence rates (hazard ratio=0.500; 95% confidence interval, 0.294 to 0.852; p=0.011), but estrogen receptor beta expression was not significantly associated with progression rates. CONCLUSION: We concluded that the possibility of recurrence was low when the androgen receptor was expressed in the bladder cancer specimen and it could be the predicting factor of the stage, number of tumors, carcinoma in situ lesion and recurrence.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Disease Progression , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Invasiveness , Prognosis , Receptors, Androgen/metabolism , Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Young Adult
4.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(1): 95-102, January-February/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-670368

ABSTRACT

Purpose Bladder cancer (BC) is the second most common malignancy of the urinary tract, with high mortality. The knowledge of the molecular pathways associated with BC carcinogenesis is crucial to identify new diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short non-coding RNA molecules that play important roles in the regulation of gene expression by acting directly on mRNAs. miR-145 has been considered as a tumor suppressor, which targets the c-MYC, MUC-1 and FSCN1 genes. Our aim was to evaluate the expression profile of miR-145 in low-grade non-invasive and high-grade invasive bladder urothelial carcinomas. Materials and Methods We studied 30 specimens of low-grade, non-invasive pTa and 30 of pT2/pT3 high-grade invasive UC obtained by transurethral resection or radical cystectomy, followed over a mean time of 16.1 months. Normal controls were represented by five samples of normal bladder biopsy from patients who underwent retropubic prostatectomy to treat BPH. miRNA extraction and cDNA generation were performed using commercial kits. Analysis was performed by qRT-PCR, and miR-145 expression was calculated using the 2-∆∆ct method; we used RNU-43 and RNU-48 as endogenous controls. Results miR-145 was under-expressed in 73.3% and 86.7% of pTa and pT2/pT3, respectively, with expression means of 1.61 for the former and 0.66 for the last. There were no significant differences in miR-145 expression and histological grade, tumor stage, angiolymphatic neoplastic invasion and tumor recurrence. Conclusion miR-145 is under-expressed in low-grade, non-invasive and high-grade invasive urothelial bladder carcinoma and may play an important role in the carcinogenesis pathway, being an interesting candidate diagnostic marker. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/genetics , MicroRNAs/analysis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/genetics , Analysis of Variance , Carcinogens/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Gene Expression , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Statistics, Nonparametric , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 39(5): 394-400, set.-out. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-656254

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Investigar a expressão imunoistoquímica dos marcadores p53, Ki-67, CK20 em neoplasias uroteliais papilíferas superficiais da bexiga e correlacionar com o grau histológico, progressão tumoral e recidiva. MÉTODOS: Foram selecionadas amostras de 43 pacientes portadores de carcinoma de células transicionais superficiais da bexiga. Elas foram distribuídas em dois grupos, um denominado recorrente, de 18 indivíduos e outro não recorrente, com 25 casos. Foram confeccionados blocos multiamostrais. A técnica imunoistoquímica empregada foi de imunoperoxidase e os anticorpos foram: p53 (clone DO7), o Ki-67 (clone SP6) e CK20. RESULTADOS: A expressão do p53 foi observada em 11 casos, todos tumores de alto grau (p=0,0001). A progressão histológica ocorreu em seis indivíduos (p=0,0076). Dos 18 casos recorrentes, seis apresentaram imunorreação para o p53 e 12 foram negativos para este anticorpo (p=0,1715). O Ki-67 foi positivo em 17 dos 18 casos do grupo recorrente (p=0,0001) e dos 20 tumores de alto grau, 18 apresentaram reação para este anticorpo (p=0,0001). Dos 18 indivíduos que tiveram recorrência, 13 apresentaram expressão anômala para CK20 (p=0,0166). Nos carcinomas de alto grau, dos 20 casos, 16 apresentaram expressão anômala para este anticorpo, enquanto que 18 dos 23 indivíduos com tumores de baixo grau mostraram expressão habitual para a CK20 (p=0,0002). CONCLUSÃO: O p53 mostrou boa correlação com a progressão histológica e grau histológico. O Ki-67 apresentou forte associação com a recidiva e grau histológico, e a CK20 também associou-se com estas variáveis.


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the immunohistochemical expressions of p53, ki67, CK20 in superficial papillary urothelial neoplasms of the bladder and correlate them with histological grade, tumor progression and recurrence. METHODS: We selected samples of 43 patients with superficial transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. They were divided into two groups, one called Recurrent (R), with 18 individuals, and other Non-Recurrent (NR), with 25. Multi-sampling blocks were prepared. The immunohistochemical technique employed was immunoperoxidase, and the antibodies were: p53: Novocastra (clone DO7) at a dilution of 1/100; Ki67: Spring (clone SP6) at a dilution of 1/100; and CK20: Dako (clone K20 .8) at a dilution of 1/50. RESULTS: The expression of p53 was observed in 11 cases, six in the Recurrent group and five in the Non-Recurrent, all high-grade tumors (p = 0.0001). The histological progression occurred in six patients (p = 0.0076). Of the 18 Recurrent cases, six showed immunoreactivity for p53 and 12 were negative for this antibody (p = 0.1715). Ki67 was positive in 17 of the 18 cases from the Recurrent group (p = 0.0001) and, from 20 high-grade tumors, 18 showed reaction to this antibody (p = 0.0001). Of the 18 individuals who had recurrence, 13 showed anomalous expression for CK20 (p = 0.0166). In high-grade carcinomas, of the 20 cases, 16 showed anomalous expression for this antibody, while 18 of the 23 patients with low-grade tumors showed normal expression for CK20 (p = 0.0002). CONCLUSION: The p53 showed good correlation with histological progression and histologic grade. Ki67 was strongly associated with recurrence and histological grade, and CK20 was also associated with these variables.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , /biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , /biosynthesis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/surgery , Disease Progression , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/epidemiology , Prognosis , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-14311

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to assess immunohistochemical expression of p53, pRb, p16, and cyclin D1, alone or in combination, as prognostic indicators and to investigate their correlation with clinocopathologic features of urothelial carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining for p53, pRb, p16, and cyclin D1 was performed on a tissue microarray from 103 patients with urothelial carcinoma who underwent radical cystectomy. Of the patient samples analyzed, 36 (35%), 61 (59%), 47 (46%) and 30 (29%) had altered expression of p53, pRb, p16, and cyclin D1, respectively. Abnormal expression of p53 and pRb correlated with depth of invasion (P=0.040 and P=0.044, respectively). Cyclin D1 expression was associated with tumor stage and recurrence (P=0.017 and P=0.036, respectively). Altered pRb was significantly correlated with overall survival (P=0.040). According to the expression pattern of pRb and p53, p53/pRb (altered/normal) had worse survival than p53/pRb (normal/altered) (P=0.022). Alteration of all markers had worse survival than all normal (P=0.029). As determined by multivariate analysis, tumor stage, lymph node metastasis and the combined expression of p53 and pRb are independent prognostic factors. In conclusion, immunohistochemical evaluation of cell cycle regulators, especially the p53/pRb combination, might be useful in planning appropriate treatment strategies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Cyclin D1/metabolism , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16/metabolism , Female , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Male , Middle Aged , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Staging , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retinoblastoma Protein/metabolism , Survival Rate , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634644

ABSTRACT

To investigate the relationship between the expression of RASSF1A protein and promoter hypermethylation of RASSF1A gene, RASSF1A protein expression was measured by Western blotting in 10 specimens of normal bladder tissues and 23 specimens of bladder transitional cell carcinoma (BTCC). The promoter methylation in BTCC and normal bladder tissues was detected by methylation-specific PCR (MSP). The results showed that the expression level of RASSF1A protein was significantly lower in BTCC tissues than that in normal bladder tissues. However, it was not correlated with its clinical stages and pathological grades. The frequency of promoter methylation of RASSF1A gene was higher in BTCC tissues than that in normal bladder tissues. In 14 patients with the aberrant promoter methylation, 13 showed loss or low expression of RASSF1A protein. It is concluded that RASSF1A gene promoter methylation may contribute to the low level or loss of RASSF1A protein expression, the inactivation of RASSF1A gene and the genesis of BTCC. But, it may bear no correlation with its clinical stages and pathological grades.


Subject(s)
Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , DNA Methylation , DNA Primers/chemistry , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Genes, Tumor Suppressor , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/biosynthesis , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-634875

ABSTRACT

The expression of survivin, a member of inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) family, was examined in bladder transitional cell cancer (BTCC) tissue and adjacent normal tissues to examine its clinical implication in the development of BTCC. Thirty specimens of bladder cancer were detected for the expression of survivin by using immunohistochemistry and real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-QPCR) in BTCC tissue and adjacent normal tissues. Our results showed that the positive rate of survivin immunostaining specimen were 0 and 60% (18/30) in the adjacent normal tissues, bladder cancer, respectively. The-DeltaDeltaCT value of survivin in bladder cancer tissue was 10.2829 (9.0034-11.5624) times that in the adjacent normal tissues. The expressions of survivin were correlated with the pathological grades of tumor and clinical stages. It is concluded that there was only weak expression of survivin mRNA in the adjacent normal tissues, but the expression of survivin mRNA in bladder cancer tissue was much higher than that in the adjacent normal tissues and the expression of survivin was correlated with pathological grades and clinical stages of tumor.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology
9.
Indian J Med Sci ; 2005 Jun; 59(6): 235-42
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-66977

ABSTRACT

CONTEXT: Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis that is selectively over-expressed in common human cancers, but not in normal tissues, and that correlates with aggressive disease and unfavorable outcomes. AIMS: To identify the role of survivin in bladder carcinogenesis and the correlation between survivin protein expression and the occurrence of spontaneous apoptosis, proliferative activity of cancer cells. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Retrospective analysis. METHODS AND MATERIAL: Bladder transitional cell cancer (BTCC) tissue samples for 128 patients were investigated, with normal bladder tissues serving as controls. From these tumor samples, 42 (32.8%) were grade I, 59 (46.1%) were grade II, and 27 (21.1%) were grade III; 72 (56.2%) were superficial, 56 (43.8%) were invasive. The survivin protein level was quantified by Western blot analysis. The apoptotic index (AI) using in situ labeling apoptotic DNA fragment kit and the Ki-67 labeling index (Ki-67LI) with an anti-Ki-67 monoclonal antibody were analyzed in these tumors, respectively. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Differences in the S/beta ratio between tumor grade and stage were evaluated by using unpaired t-test and F-test. The relationships between the S/beta ratios and AIs, Ki-67LIs of tumors were evaluated by Pearson correlation coefficient. RESULTS: High survivin levels were detected by Western blot analysis in tumor tissue extracts. None of the expression of survivin protein was found in normal bladder tissues. Survivin levels were significantly different from different clinical stages and pathological grades of the tumors (P > 0.05, respectively). Spearman rank correlation test revealed a positively correlation between survivin protein level and the proliferative activity (P < 0.001) and failed to find significant correlation between AI and survivin protein level (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Survivin protein expression played an important role in the malignant progression of BTCC.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Female , Humans , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Retrospective Studies , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism
10.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 118-123, 1999.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-45264

ABSTRACT

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta), a pleiotropic growth factor, is a potent inhibitor of cellular proliferation in cells of epithelial origin. Recently, it has been suggested that a loss of sensitivity to TGF-beta through a loss of expression of TGF-beta receptors T beta R-I and T beta R-II--is associated with tumor initiation and progression. Therefore, to investigate the relationship between TGF-beta receptors expression and carcinogenesis of bladder TCC, this study examined the expression of T beta R-I and T beta R-II in 46 bladder TCC patients using immunohistochemistry. Since histopathological grade is a widely accepted marker of prognosis, the results were compared in relation to the three grades of bladder TCC. The results demonstrated that the loss of TGF-beta receptors expression is associated with increasing histopathological grades of bladder TCC. Specifically, both T beta R-I and T beta R-II were readily detected in all 10 normal bladder mucosa specimens. Likewise, all 6 specimens of grade I TCC samples expressed high levels of both TGF-beta receptors. However, among grade II TCC samples, T beta R-I and T beta R-II were detected in 78% and 89%, respectively: among grade III TCC samples, T beta R-I and T beta R-II were detected in 45% and 41%, respectively. These results suggested that loss of sensitivity to TGF-beta may play a role in the progression of TCC from low to high grade disease.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/pathology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/metabolism , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/pathology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Humans , Middle Aged , Receptors, Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Reference Values
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 155-159, 1997.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-55511

ABSTRACT

The enzyme telomerase maintains a constant telomere length in immortalized cells, allowing unlimited cell proliferation. Almost all cancer cells express telomerase activity. However, little data is available regarding the role of telomerase activity in the detection of bladder cancer with a bladder wash specimen. We detected telomerase activity in a bladder wash specimen of bladder cancer and normal tissues, and compared them with final pathologic diagnosis. Twenty-three patients with transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) of the bladder were enrolled in our study. A bladder wash specimen was obtained before transurethral resection of the bladder (TURB) and normal and cancer tissues from the same patients during TURB. Telomerase activity was analyzed in each specimen a using telomeric repeat amplification protocol (TRAP) assay based on polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technique. Cytologic diagnosis was performed using Papanicolaou's stain with cytocentrifuged cytology preparation. We observed telomerase activity in 95.7% (22/23) of bath cancer tissues and bladder wash specimens; only one case did not express telomerase activity. Telomerase activity was undetected in all normal tissues except one, which was obtained from a patient with carcinoma in situ. A total of 69.6% (16/23) of wash specimens were positive in cytopathologic diagnosis. The accuracy of cytopathologic diagnosis in pathologic grade 2 or 3 was relatively high (83.3%, 15/18). However, in five cases of grade 1 TCC only 20% (1/5) of cytologic diagnosis was positive whereas the telomerase activity of wash specimens was detected in 80% (4/5). Our data demonstrates that not only the majority of human bladder cancer tissues, but also the bladder wash specimens obtained from patients with TCC, expressed telomerase activity. It indicates that telomerase activity may be a reliable marker in detecting bladder cancer especially in cases with a low grade that bladder wash cytology can miss.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/enzymology , Carcinoma, Transitional Cell/metabolism , Female , Humans , Therapeutic Irrigation , Male , Middle Aged , Telomerase/metabolism , Biomarkers, Tumor
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