Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 111
Filter
1.
Rev. medica electron ; 43(1): 2903-2916, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156783

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: el cáncer de la vejiga es la segunda neoplasia urológica. En Cuba constituye la séptima causa de cáncer en el sexo masculino y entre las primeras quince, cuando se combinan ambos sexos. Objetivo: evaluar el comportamiento del cáncer de vejiga en pacientes del Hospital Universitario Comandante "Faustino Pérez Hernández". Materiales y Métodos: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en el período comprendido desde diciembre de 2014 hasta enero de 2020. Los pacientes se dividieron en tres grupos tratados con cirugía de mínimo acceso, cirugía abierta y no operados, se describieron los grupos histológicos y estadiaje tumoral y se les aplicó tratamiento según protocolo del servicio, sus complicaciones y la presencia de recidivas tumorales también fueron descritas. En el universo se incluyeron en el estudio 222 pacientes diagnosticados de cáncer de vejiga. Resultados: se comprobó que el mayor número de pacientes diagnosticados con cáncer de vejiga son del sexo masculino, el tipo histológico es el carcinoma de células uroteliales de bajo grado y el estadio T1. Las recidivas se presentaron antes de los 5 años en el 10,8% de los casos. 196 pacientes presentaron complicaciones. Conclusiones: el cáncer de vejiga es más frecuente en las edades comprendidas entre 60 a 69 años, las recidivas aparecieron mayormente entre 1 y 3 años. Se presentó complicaciones en 196 pacientes, siendo la cirugía la modalidad terapéutica que mayor por ciento tuvo con un 32.22% y las infecciones son las complicaciones más frecuentes (AU).


SUMMARY Introduction: Cancer of the bladder (CV) is the second urological neoplasm. In Cuba it constitutes the seventh cause of cancer in males and among the first fifteen, when both sexes are combined. Objective: To evaluate the behavior of bladder cancer (CV) in patients of the Faustino Pérez Hernández Hospital. Materials and methods: An observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was carried out in the period from December 2014 to January 2020. The patients were divided into 3 groups treated with Minimum Access Surgery (CMA), Open Surgery (CA) and No Operated (NO), the histological groups and tumor staging were described and treatment was applied according to the service protocol, their complications and the presence of tumor recurrences were also described.Universe: 222 patients diagnosed with bladder cancer were included in the study. Results: It was found that the greatest number of patients diagnosed with CV are male, the histological type is low-grade urothelial cell carcinoma and stage T1. Recurrences occurred before 5 years in 10.8% of cases. 196 patients presented complications. Conclusions: The CV is more frequent in the ages between 60 to 69 years, the recurrences appeared mainly between 1 and three years. Complications occurred in 196 patients, with Surgery being the therapeutic modality with the highest percentage with 32.22% and infections being the most frequent complications (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Infections/etiology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/complications , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/diagnosis , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/complications , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
2.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(1): e20180251, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056626

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To characterize the clinical and histological profile, as well as treatment patterns, of patients with early-stage, locally advanced (LA), or advanced/metastatic (AM) lung cancer, diagnosed between 2000 and 2014, in Brazil. Methods: This was an analytical cross-sectional epidemiological study employing data obtained for the 2000-2014 period from the hospital cancer registries of two institutions in Brazil: the José Alencar Gomes da Silva National Cancer Institute, in the city of Rio de Janeiro; and the São Paulo Cancer Center Foundation, in the city of São Paulo. Results: We reviewed the data related to 73,167 patients with lung cancer. The proportions of patients with early-stage, LA, and AM lung cancer were 13.3%, 33.2%, and 53.4%, respectively. The patients with early-stage lung cancer were older and were most likely to receive a histological diagnosis of adenocarcinoma; the proportion of patients with early-stage lung cancer remained stable throughout the study period. In those with LA lung cancer, squamous cell carcinoma predominated, and the proportion of patients with LA lung cancer decreased significantly over the period analyzed. Those with AM lung cancer were younger and were most likely to have adenocarcinoma; the proportion of patients with AM lung cancer increased significantly during the study period. Small cell carcinoma accounted for 9.2% of all cases. In our patient sample, the main treatment modality was chemotherapy. Conclusions: It is noteworthy that the frequency of AM lung cancer increased significantly during the study period, whereas that of LA lung cancer decreased significantly and that of early-stage lung cancer remained stable. Cancer treatment patterns, by stage, were in accordance with international guidelines.


RESUMO Objetivo: Caracterizar o perfil clínico e histológico, assim como o de tratamento oncológico, de pacientes com câncer de pulmão nos estádios precoce, localmente avançado (LA) e avançado/metastático (AM), diagnosticados entre 2000 e 2014 no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo epidemiológico transversal analítico com dados brasileiros obtidos de registros hospitalares de câncer do Instituto Nacional de Câncer José Alencar Gomes da Silva, localizado na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, e da Fundação Oncocentro de São Paulo, localizada na cidade de São Paulo, de 2000-2014. Resultados: Foram avaliados 73.167 pacientes com câncer de pulmão. As proporções de pacientes nos estádios precoce, LA e AM foram de 13,3%, 33,2% e 53,4%, respectivamente. Os pacientes em estádio precoce apresentavam idade mais avançada, adenocarcinoma como tipo histológico predominante e frequência estável ao longo do período do estudo; aqueles em estádio LA apresentaram mais frequentemente carcinoma de células escamosas, havendo uma redução significativa de sua frequência relativa no período do estudo; e aqueles em estádio AM tinham idade menor, predominância de adenocarcinoma, com um significativo aumento da sua frequência no período. O carcinoma de células pequenas correspondeu a 9,2% dos casos. A quimioterapia foi a principal modalidade de tratamento utilizada. Conclusões: A frequência do estádio AM mostrou estar em aumento durante o período de estudo, concomitantemente a uma expressiva redução na frequência do estádio LA e estabilidade do estádio precoce. O padrão de tratamento oncológico esteve em conformidade com as diretrizes internacionais de acordo com o estadiamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/therapy , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/therapy , Time Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202406, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1136595

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective : to evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with colorectal cancer under the age of 50 treated at a public hospital in Brasilia over 5 years. Methods: we conducted a longitudinal, retrospective study, with 184 patients undergoing surgical procedures at the Asa Norte Regional Hospital (HRAN), including those who underwent only biopsy, between January 2013 and January 2018. We divided the patients into two groups: under the age of 50 (n=39) and age equal to or greater than 50 years (n=145). We compared the groups as to age, sex, symptoms, time between symptom onset and diagnosis, family and personal history, tumor location, histopathological characteristics, applied surgical management, staging and mortality. Results: the group of patients under the age of 50 had more individuals with stage III and IV (p=0.041), more frequent poorly differentiated tumors (10.25% versus 3.52%; p=0.153), and higher incidences of compromised surgical margins (p=0.368), angiolymphatic (p=0.07) and perineural (p=0.007) invasion, which denotes more advanced disease in this group of patients. Conclusions: the study showed the low effectiveness of population screening methods for colorectal cancer currently used in this population, given the high incidence of the disease and late diagnosis in both groups.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar o perfil clínico de pacientes portadores de câncer colorretal com idade inferior a 50 anos atendidos em um hospital público de Brasília ao longo de 5 anos. Métodos: estudo longitudinal e retrospectivo. Foram incluídos 184 pacientes submetidos a procedimento cirúrgico no Hospital Regional da Asa Norte (HRAN), incluindo aqueles que realizaram apenas biópsia, entre janeiro de 2013 e janeiro de 2018. Os pacientes foram divididos em dois grupos: com idade inferior a 50 anos (n=39) e idade igual ou superior a 50 anos (n=145). Os grupos foram comparados em relação às seguintes variáveis: idade, gênero, sintomatologia, tempo entre início dos sintomas e diagnóstico, antecedentes familiares e pessoais, localização do tumor, características anatomopatológicas, conduta cirúrgica estabelecida, estadiamento e mortalidade. Resultados: no grupo dos pacientes com idade inferior a 50 anos houve maior concentração de indivíduos com estadiamento III e IV (p=0,041), foi mais frequente a presença de tumores pouco diferenciados (10,25% contra 3,52%; p=0,153), foram descritas maiores incidências de margens cirúrgicas comprometidas (p=0,368), invasão angiolinfática (p=0,07) e perineural (p=0,007), o que denota doença mais avançada nesse grupo de pacientes. Conclusões: o estudo evidenciou a baixa efetividade dos métodos de rastreamento populacional para câncer colorretal atualmente empregados nesta população, visto a elevada incidência da doença e ao diagnóstico tardio em ambos os grupos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Carcinoma/pathology , Colorectal Neoplasms/pathology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colorectal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Age Factors , Colon/pathology , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Staging
4.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(6): 751-754, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1043157

ABSTRACT

Background: There are several types of primary malignant hepatic tumors (PMHT) other than hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and cholangiocarcinoma (CC): they are infrequent and poorly known. Imaging studies could help characterize the lesions and may guide the diagnosis. However, the definitive diagnosis of PMHT is made by pathology. Aim: To review a registry of liver biopsies performed to diagnose hepatic tumors. Patients and Methods: Review of a pathology registry of liver biopsies performed for the diagnosis of liver tumors. Among these, 25 patients aged 57 ± 17 years, 60% males, in whom a liver tumor other than a HCC or CC was diagnosed, were selected for review. The medical records of these patients were reviewed to register their clinical characteristics, imaging and the pathological diagnosis performed during surgery and/ or with the percutaneous liver biopsy. Results: Ten patients (40%) had neuroendocrine tumors, six (24%) had a lymphoma and four (16%) had hepatic hemangioendothelioma. Angiosarcoma and sarcomatoid carcinoma were diagnosed in one patient each. In 22 patients (88%), neither clinical features nor imaging studies gave the correct diagnosis. Four patients (16%) had chronic liver disease. The most frequent symptoms were weight loss in 28% and abdominal pain in 24%. Conclusions: The most common PMHT other than HCC and CC were neuroendocrine tumors and lymphomas. Imaging or clinical features were not helpful to reach the correct diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Sarcoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Neuroendocrine Tumors/epidemiology , Hemangioendothelioma/epidemiology , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Lymphoma/epidemiology , Sarcoma/pathology , Biopsy , Carcinoma/pathology , Comorbidity , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Neuroendocrine Tumors/pathology , Hemangioendothelioma/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Lymphoma/pathology
5.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 82(2): 107-110, Mar.-Apr. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989395

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To evaluate the first three years of The Amazon Ocular Oncology Center, the first ocular cancer center in the North of Brazil. Methods: Here, we report patient information including patients' age, gender, diagnosis, treatment, and city of origin. Results: Two hundred and twenty-one patients were included on this study: 160 (72%) patients came from the city of Manaus, 52 (24%) from other cities in Amazonas, and 9 (4%) from other states. Of the 221 patients, 150 (68%) were afflicted with benign lesions and the remaining 71 (32%) had malignant lesions. Benign diagnosis included pterygium, chalazium, conjunctival nevus, and papilloma, cataract, and retinal detachment. Of the malignant cases, squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of the conjunctiva was the most frequent with 43 cases (60%). Other diagnoses included choroidal melanoma (8 cases, 11%), retinoblastoma (7 cases, 9%), lymphomas (5 cases, 7%), basal cell carcinomas of the eyelid (4 cases, 5%), conjunctival melanoma (2 cases, 2%), and Kaposi sarcomas (1 case, 1%). Of the 43 patients with SCC, the mean age was 62 years old, and 30 (69%) were male; 29 patients (67%) were treated with an excisional biopsy, and 14 (33%) were treated with neoadjuvant topic chemotherapy, followed by surgery.


RESUMO Objetivo: Reportar sobre os primeiros três anos do Centro de Oncologia Ocular do Amazonas, primeiro centro de oncologia ocular na região Norte do Brasil. Métodos: Relatamos informações de diagnóstico, idade, sexo, tratamento e cidade de origem dos pacientes atendidos nos 3 primeiros anos. Resultados: Identificamos 221 pacientes, dos quais 160 (72%) eram da cidade de Manaus, 52 (24%) de outras cidades do Amazonas e 9 (4%) de outros estados. Dos 221 casos, 150 (68%) eram lesões benignas e 71 (32%) malignas. Lesões benignas incluíram pterígio, calázio, nevus e papiloma de conjuntiva, catarata e descolamento de retina. Das lesões malignas a mais comum foi o carcinoma escamoso de conjuntiva com 43 casos (60%). Outros diagnósticos incluíram melanoma de coróide (8 casos, 11%), retinoblastoma (7 casos, 9%), linfomas (5 casos, 7%), carcinoma da pálpebra (4 casos, 5%), melanoma da conjunctiva (2 casos, 2%) e sarcoma de Kaposi (1 caso, 1%). Dentre os CEC de conjuntiva, a idade media foi de 62 anos e 30 pacientes (69%) eram do sexo masculino. Vinte e nove casos (67%) foram tratados com biópsia excisional e 14 (33%) com quimioterapia tópica neoadjuvante seguida de cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology , Oncology Service, Hospital/statistics & numerical data , Eye Neoplasms/epidemiology , Retinoblastoma/epidemiology , Sarcoma, Kaposi/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Cities/epidemiology , Eye Diseases/epidemiology , Lymphoma/epidemiology , Melanoma/epidemiology
6.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(10): 1159-1166, dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-978751

ABSTRACT

Background:: Epithelial tumors of the salivary glands, including benign tumors and aggressive malignancies with different prognoses, are uncommon. Aim: To describe the frequency and distribution of salivary gland tumors according to age, gender and anatomical location. Material and Methods: Review of pathological reports of salivary gland tumors of a Pathology laboratory at a clinical hospital from 2006 to 2016. Results: Five hundred ninety salivary gland biopsies were reviewed. Of these, 286 (49%) were primary epithelial tumors of the salivary glands. Two hundred thirty (80%) were benign and 56 (20%) were malignant tumors. Regarding location, 274 (96%) were in the major salivary glands, and 12 (4%) in the minor salivary glands. The most common histological types were pleomorphic adenoma for benign tumors in 172 cases, followed by papillary cystadenoma lymphomatosum in 33 cases. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma was the most common malignant tumor in 14 cases. Conclusions: These results are similar to reports from abroad, however more studies are necessary to be able to establish a more representative and updated analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/epidemiology , Biopsy , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Chile/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology
7.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(11): 1261-1268, nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985699

ABSTRACT

Background: Pulmonary nodules are common, and surgery is the only alternative that allows a diagnostic and therapeutic management in a single procedure. Aim: To report the epidemiological, radiological, surgical and pathological features of excised pulmonary nodules. Material and Methods: Review of medical records of patients in whom a pulmonary nodule was excised between 2014 and 2018. Those with incomplete data or without a pathological study were excluded from analysis. Results: We retrieved 108 records and 8 had to be excluded, therefore 100 patients aged 34 to 82 years (57% females) were analyzed. Sixty percent had a history of smoking. Mean nodule size was 16 mm and the solid type was the most common (65%). Forty five percent of nodules had irregular margins and 55% were in the superior lobes. All patients operated by video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery and 40% underwent a lobectomy. Malignant lesions were observed in 87% of biopsies and a pulmonary adenocarcinoma was found in pathology in 40%. Conclusions: A multidisciplinary approach of pulmonary nodules, using adapted international guidelines, accomplishes an appropriate management, decreasing unnecessary surgical interventions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Carcinoma/pathology , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/pathology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted/methods , Tumor Burden , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/surgery , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/surgery , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(3): 491-499, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954057

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Vaginal cuff recurrence of tumor following radical cystectomy is a rare site of disease recurrence, however it has never been specifically studied. The aim of the study is to evaluate incidence, risk factors, and long-term oncologic outcomes of vaginal cuff recur- rence in a cohort of female patients treated with radical cystectomy for invasive urothelial carcinoma of the bladder. Materials and Methods: From 1985 to 2012, a prospectively maintained institutional blad- der cancer registry was queried for vaginal cuff recurrence post radical cystectomy. Over- all mortality and cancer-specific mortality were reported using the Kaplan-Meier method for patients with vaginal cuff recurrence, recurrence at another local or distant site, and those without evidence of recurrence. Comparisons were performed using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards regression model was performed to assess predictors of vaginal cuff recurrence. Results: From 469 women treated with radical cystectomy for bladder cancer, 34 patients (7.3%) developed vaginal cuff recurrence, 130 patients (27.7%) had recurrence involving ei- ther a local or distant site, and 305 patients (65%) had no evidence of recurrence. The 5-year overall mortality-free survival rate was 32.4% for vaginal cuff recurrence, but 25.0% for other sites of recurrence. Cancer-specific mortality-free survival rate was 32.4% for vaginal cuff recurrence, and 30.3% for the other sites of recurrence. Multivariate Cox proportional hazards regression analysis demonstrated that the presence of tumor in posterior location at radical cystectomy (Hazard Ratio [HR], 0.353 [95% CI, 0.159-0.783]) and anterior vaginec- tomy, compared to no vaginectomy (HR, 2.595 [95% CI, 1.077-6.249]) were independently associated with vaginal cuff recurrence. Conclusion: Anterior vaginectomy, despite our best attempts, is perhaps not sufficient to prevent vaginal cuff recurrence. Therefore, follow-up evaluation is essential, and further studies are necessary to address the optimal approach for initial management. Patient Summary: Although vaginal cuff recurrence is an unusual site of recurrence, careful evaluation is needed before cystectomy and during follow-up to identify patients at risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Vaginal Neoplasms/etiology , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/surgery , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/surgery , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Cystectomy/methods , Neoplasms, Second Primary/etiology , Time Factors , United States/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms/mortality , Proportional Hazards Models , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Neoplasms, Second Primary/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Invasiveness
9.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 81(1): 7-11, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888177

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: Malignant lesions of the eyelid are the most common eye cancers. Although rarely lethal, late diagnosis can lead to serious visual morbidity. Definitive diagnosis of neoplastic lesions is pathological. Indications and types of eyelid lesions in a single high-volume ophthalmic reference center in Sao Paulo, Brazil, were analyzed. Methods: The surgical pathological reports of patients who underwent eye removal procedures between January 2000 and December 2012 were retrieved from the electronic database of the Ophthalmology Department and retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding the final anatomopathological diagnosis, sex, and age were analyzed via the χ2 test with Yates' correction. Results: Of the 1,113 eyelid tumors resected over the 13-year study period, 324 (29%) lesions were malignant. The most prevalent lesions were basal cell, squamous cell, and sebaceous gland carcinomas. The median ages of patients (females, n=165, 51%; males, n=159, 49%) with a diagnosis of basal cell, squamous cell, and sebaceous gland carcinomas were 65, 75, and 70 years, respectively. Conclusion: This is the largest retrospective cohort analysis of eyelid tumors in a Latin American population. These findings are in agreement with those from large centers in other countries and regions.


RESUMO Objetivo: As lesões malignas de pálpebras são os cânceres oftalmológicos mais frequentes. Embora raramente letal, o diagnóstico tardio pode levar a diversas complicações severas e a uma alta taxa de morbidade visual. O diagnóstico definitivo de lesões neoplásicas é patológico. No presente estudo, revisamos casos de um único centro de referência oftalmológica de maior volume em São Paulo, Brasil. Métodos: Avaliação retrospectiva de todos os tumores palpebrais operados entre os anos de 2000 e 2012 no Departamento de Oftalmologia. Dados incluindo diagnóstico anatomopatológico final, sexo e idade - foram analisados através do método χ2 YATES. Resultados: Dentre os 1.113 tumores palpebrais ressecados no período de estudo de 13 anos, 324 (29%) dos pacientes com lesões únicas eram malignas. A lesão mais prevalente foi Carcinoma Basocelular (CBC), seguido por carcinoma espinocelular (CEC) e carcinoma de células sebáceas (CCS). A média da idade dos pacientes com diagnóstico de CBC, CCS e CEC foi 65, 75 e 70 respectivamente distribuídos entre 165 (51%) mulheres e 159 (49%) homens. Conclusão: Essa é a maior análise de coorte retrospectivo de tumores palpebrais da América Latina. Nossos achados estão de acordo com outros grandes centros de outros países e continentes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Eyelid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Incidence , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Melanoma/epidemiology
10.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 11(4): 387-392, dic. 2017. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-893278

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: El grupo de neoplasias malignas de tejido blando de la región de cabeza y cuello en pacientes pediátricos está representado por carcinomas, sarcomas, melanomas y tumores de diferenciación incierta. La neoplasia más prevalente en la población pediátrica es el Rabdomiosarcoma, seguido por el carcinoma de células escamosas. Los rangos de presentación son muy amplios, siendo los grupos entre 2-6 años y 15-19 años los que presentan mayor incidencia. Se ha planteado que la etiología de estas neoplasias es incierta. El tratamiento de estas neoplasias es comúnmente de enfoque multimodal, combinando un procedimiento quirúrgico con quimioterapia y radioterapia. El pronóstico y sobrevida del paciente dependerán principalmente del momento en que se realice el diagnóstico de la lesión. Un diagnóstico y tratamiento temprano favorecen las posibilidades de sobrevida y el pronóstico del paciente. Este estudio corresponde a la 3ra parte de "Cáncer bucomaxilofacial en niños". Se hará referencia a los distintos tumores malignos del tejido blando en la población pediátrica en el territorio de cabeza y cuello, abarcando sus generalidades, etiología, epidemiología, tratamiento y pronóstico.


ABSTRACT: Head and neck malignant tumors in pediatric patients comprise carcinoma, sarcoma, melanoma and tumours of uncertain differentiation. Within the pediatric population, the most prevalent neoplasm is rhabdomyosarcoma, followed by squamous cell carcinoma. There is a wide range in the presentation, and it varies significantly with age groups of 2-6 and 15-19 year-olds who present the higher incidence rates. For this reason, it has been suggested that the etiology of head and neck neoplasms remains unclear. Treating these pathologies usually involves a multimodal approach that combines surgery, radiation and chemotherapy. Prognosis and survival rates depend mainly of the stage at the time of diagnosis. Early diagnosis and treatment can improve prognosis and survival rates. In this 3rd part of "Maxillofacial Cancer in Pediatric Patients", we studied a variety of malignant tumors in head and neck soft tissue from a paediatric sample. Specifically, we aim to analyze their etiology, epidemiology, treatment and prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adolescent , Facial Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mouth Neoplasms/etiology , Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Maxillary Neoplasms/epidemiology , Prognosis , Sarcoma/epidemiology , Maxillary Neoplasms/etiology , Incidence , Lymphoma/epidemiology , Mouth Mucosa/pathology , Neoplasms/classification
11.
Salud pública Méx ; 58(2): 302-308, Mar.-Apr. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792993

ABSTRACT

Abstract The epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) has been underdiagnosed because it does not have a specific clinical presentation, and the signs and symptoms are similar to the irritable bowel syndrome and pelvic inflammatory disease. EOC is less common than breast and cervical cancer, but it is more lethal. On the whole, EOC has an early dissemination to peritoneal cavity, which delays a timely diagnosis and increases the rate of advanced diagnosed disease. The diagnosis usually surprises the women and the primary care physician. Therefore, it is necessary to count on prevention and early diagnosis programs. EOC has 80% response to surgical treatment, but nearly 70% of the patients may relapse in five years. The objectives of this document are presenting a summary of the EOC epidemiology and comment about advancements in prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of this cancer. That will raise awareness about the importance of this disease.


Resumen El cáncer ovárico epitelial (COE) ha sido subdiagnosticado debido a que no tiene presentación clínica específica y a que los signos y síntomas son similares al síndrome de colon irritable y a la enfermedad inflamatoria pélvica. Es menos común que el cáncer de mama o el cervicouterino, pero es más letal. En general, tiene diseminación temprana a cavidad peritoneal, lo cual retrasa un pronóstico oportuno e incrementa la tasa de diagnóstico de enfermedad avanzada. Usualmente, el diagnóstico sorprende a la mujer y al médico de primer contacto. Entonces, es necesario contar con programas de prevención y diagnóstico temprano. El COE tiene 80% de respuesta quirúrgica, pero cerca de 70% de las pacientes puede recaer en cinco años. Los objetivos de este documento son presentar un resumen de la epidemiología del COE y comentar los avances en prevención, diagnóstico y tratamiento de este cáncer. Esto despertará la conciencia acerca de la importancia de esta enfermedad.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Ovarian Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Ovarian Neoplasms/therapy , Peritoneal Neoplasms/secondary , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Carcinoma/therapy , Ovariectomy , Combined Modality Therapy , Early Detection of Cancer , Immunotherapy , Mexico/epidemiology , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e2, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-768262

ABSTRACT

Abstract Salivary gland tumors (SGT) are rare neoplasms that generate interest due to their histopathological diversity and clinical behavior. The aims of the present study were to investigate clinicopathological aspects of SGTs diagnosed at a tertiary health center and compare the findings with epidemiological data from different geographic locations. Cases of tumor in the head and neck region at a single health center in the period between 1995 and 2010 were reviewed. Patient gender, age and ethnic group as well as anatomic location, histological type and clinical behavior of the tumor were recorded. Availability of complete information about these aspects was considered the inclusion criteria. Descriptive statistical analysis of the data was performed using the frequencies of categorical variables. Among the 2168 cases of tumors in the head and neck region, 243 (11.20%) cases were diagnosed in the salivary glands, 109 of which met the inclusion criteria: 85 (78%) benign tumors and 24 (22%) malignant tumors. Mean patient age was 46.47 years. The female gender accounted for 56 cases (51.4%) and the male gender accounted for 53 (48.3%). The major salivary glands were affected more (75.2%) than the minor glands. The most frequent benign and malignant SGTs were pleomorphic adenoma (81.2%) and adenoid cystic carcinoma (58.3%), respectively. In conclusion, pleomorphic adenoma and adenoid cystic carcinoma are the most frequent benign and malignant lesions, respectively. Comparing the present data with previous studies on SGTs, one may infer that some demographic characteristics and the predominance of malignant tumors vary in different geographic regions.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenolymphoma/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Carcinoma/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Age Distribution , Adenolymphoma/epidemiology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Geography, Medical , Retrospective Studies , Sex Distribution , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/epidemiology , Salivary Glands/pathology
13.
Arq. ciênc. vet. zool. UNIPAR ; 19(3): 187-194, jul.-set. 2016. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-833160

ABSTRACT

O Carcinoma Inflamatório de Mama (CIM) é um neoplasma maligno de rápida evolução que apresenta baixa ocorrência tanto em cadelas quanto em mulheres. É pouco relatado pelos médicos veterinários no Brasil, fato que pode ser relacionado à falta de conhecimento da doença associado à necessidade da relação dos achados clínicos com exame histopatológico para o diagnóstico definitivo. Esse neoplasma também acomete a glândula mamária de mulheres, nas quais demonstra características clássicas de inflamação como dor, turgor de pele e aumento de temperatura local. Para diagnóstico definitivo é considerado a presença de êmbolos de células tumorais em canais linfáticos da derme associados aos sinais clínicos de inflamação. Devido ao grau de infiltração local, os sinais de inflamação e a presença de êmbolos em linfáticos, o paciente humano e veterinário apresentam prognóstico desfavorável. O CIM é pouco responsivo à quimioterapia e devido às características de inflamação, não apresenta indicação cirúrgica na maioria dos casos. Devido à agressividade do CIM em mulheres e nas cadelas, do prognóstico desfavorável e das restritas opções terapêuticas essa revisão objetiva descrever os avanços das opções terapêuticas além do tratamento paliativo na literatura atual além de apresentar uma abordagem comparada, considerando a cadela um modelo de estudo para a doença na mulher.


The Inflammatory Mammary Carcinoma (IMC) is a low-occurrence malignant neoplasm with rapid evolution that affects dogs and women. There are few reports of this disease in the Brazilian veterinary literature, which may be related to the lack of knowledge of the disease associated with the need of relating clinical findings to histopathology exams for definitive diagnosis. This neoplasm also affects the mammary glands in women, which demonstrates classical signs of inflammation such as pain, skin turgor and increased local temperature. The diagnosis considers the presence of tumor cell emboli in the lymph vessels in the dermis associated with clinical signs of inflammation. Due to the degree of local infiltration, signs of inflammation and the presence of lymph emboli, both human and veterinary patients have unfavorable prognosis. The IMC is poorly responsive to chemotherapy and due to its inflammation characteristics, in most cases, surgical removal is not recommended. Due to the aggressiveness of the IMC on women and bitches, poor prognosis and limited therapeutic options, this paper aims to describe the advances of therapeutic options beyond palliative care in current literature, as well as presenting a comparative approach considering the bitch as a study model for treating the disease in women.


El carcinoma inflamatorio de mama (CIM) es una neoplasia maligna de evolución rápida que tiene una baja incidencia tanto en perras como en mujeres. Es poco relatado por médicos veterinarios en Brasil, hecho que puede estar relacionado a la falta de conocimiento de la enfermedad, asociada a la necesidad de la relación de los hallazgos clínicos con examen histopatológico para el diagnóstico definitivo. Esta neoplasia también afecta a las glándulas mamarias de mujeres, lo que demuestra características clásicas de inflamación, como dolor, la turgencia de la piel y el aumento de la temperatura local. Para el diagnóstico definitivo se considera la presencia de émbolos de células tumorales en los canales dermis ganglios, asociados con los signos clínicos de inflamación. Debido al grado de infiltración local, los signos de inflamación y la presencia de embolias en el linfático, el paciente humano y veterinario presentan pronóstico desfavorable. El CIM es poco sensible a la quimioterapia y debido a las características de inflamación no presenta indicación quirúrgica en la mayoría de los casos. Debido a la agresividad del CIM en mujeres y perras, del pronóstico desfavorable y de las restrictas opciones terapéuticas, esa investigación tuvo como objetivo revisar el progreso de las opciones terapéuticas además del tratamiento paliativo en la literatura actual, allende presentar un enfoque comparativo, teniendo en cuenta que la perra es un modelo de estudios para la enfermedad en mujeres.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Carcinoma/diagnosis , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma/veterinary
14.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(1): 52-57, Jan-Mar/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745875

ABSTRACT

Objective To analyze the occurrence of atypia in the cytology/histology examinations of young women under the age of 25 years and of elderly women aged over 64 years, in the Xingu Indigenous Park and to evaluate, in a subjective manner, if the age range for screening established by the Ministry of Health and the Instituto Nacional de Câncer is appropriate for this population. Methods The Xingu/UNIFESP Project, in partnership with the Center for Gynecological Disease Prevention, develops programs to prevent cervical cancer. The exploratory, retrospective and descriptive study of cytological and histopathological examinations of young (12-24 years) and elderly (aged 64 and over) women of the Xingu Indigenous Park, between 2005 and 2011. Results There was low occurrence of cytological atypia in the elderly female population, but there were occasional high-grade lesions in the indigenous youth. Conclusion Interrupting screening at the limit age of 64 years, as established by the Ministry of Health and the Instituto Nacional de Câncer is justified. However, screening of young women should begin at an earlier age. .


Objetivo Analisar a ocorrência de atipias nos exames citológicos e histológicos de jovens e idosas indígenas, e também avaliar se a faixa etária preconizada pelo Ministério da Saúde e pelo Instituto Nacional de Câncer em rastreamento do câncer de colo uterino é adequada para essa população. Métodos O Projeto Xingu/UNIFESP, em parceria com o Núcleo de Prevenção de Doenças Ginecológicas, desenvolve programas de prevenção do câncer do colo de útero. Foi realizado estudo exploratório, retrospectivo e descritivo de exames cito/histopatológicos em jovens do Parque Indígena do Xingu de 12 a 24 anos e em idosas a partir dos 64 anos, no período de 2005 a 2011. Resultados Em idosas, houve baixa ocorrência de atipias citológicas, mas nas jovens indígenas, ocorreram casos eventuais de lesão de alto grau. Conclusão Justifica respeitar o limite de 64 anos para a interrupção do rastreamento, como o estabelecido pelo Ministério da Saúde/Instituto Nacional de Câncer, mas, nas jovens, seria importante iniciar o rastreamento mais precocemente. .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Carcinoma/pathology , Mass Screening/methods , Population Groups , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Age Distribution , Age Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Colposcopy/methods , Early Detection of Cancer , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Smears , Vaginal Neoplasms/epidemiology , Vaginal Neoplasms/pathology
15.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 58(9): 933-938, 12/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732196

ABSTRACT

Objective The frequency of thyroid nodules accompanying Graves’ disease and the risk of thyroid cancer in presence of accompanying nodules are controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the frequency of thyroid nodules and the risk of thyroid cancer in patients operated because of graves’ disease. Subjects and methods Five hundred and twenty-six patients in whom thyroidectomy was performed because of Graves’ disease between 2006 and 2013 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients who had received radioactive iodine treatment and external irradiation treatment in the neck region and who had had thyroid surgery previously were not included in the study. Results While accompanying thyroid nodule was present in 177 (33.6%) of 526 Graves’ patients, thyroid nodule was absent in 349 (66.4%) patients. Forty-two (8%) patients had thyroid cancer. The rate of thyroid cancer was 5.4% (n = 19) in the Graves’ patients who had no nodule, whereas it was 13% (n = 23) in the patients who had nodule. The risk of thyroid cancer increased significantly in presence of nodule (p = 0.003). Three patients had recurrence. No patient had distant metastasis. No patient died during the follow-up period. Conclusions Especially Graves’ patients who have been decided to be followed up should be evaluated carefully during the follow-up in terms of thyroid cancer which may accompany. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):933-8 .


Objetivo A frequência da ocorrência de nódulos tiroidianos acompanhando a doença de Graves e o risco de câncer de tiroide na presença desses nódulos é controversa. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a frequência de nódulos tiroidianos e o risco de câncer de tiroide em pacientes operados por doença de Graves. Sujeitos e métodos Quinhentos e vinte e seis pacientes anteriormente submetidos à tiroidectomia por doença de Graves entre 2006 e 2013 foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Os pacientes que receberam tratamento com iodo radioativo e irradiação externa da região do pescoço e que anteriormente passaram por cirurgia de tiroide não foram incluídos no estudo. Resultados Enquanto os nódulos de tiroide se apresentaram em 177 (33,6%) dos 526 pacientes com doença de Graves, eles estiveram ausentes em 349 (66,4%) pacientes. Um total de 42 (8%) dos pacientes teve câncer de tiroide. A ocorrência de câncer de tiroide foi 5,4% (n = 19) nos pacientes com doença de Graves que não apresentaram nódulos, e 13% (n = 23) nos pacientes com nódulos. O risco de câncer de tiroide aumentou significativamente na presença de nódulos (p = 0,003). Três pacientes apresentaram recidivas. Nenhum paciente apresentou metástase distante e nenhum paciente veio a óbito durante o período de acompanhamento. Conclusões Pacientes com doença de Graves devem ser avaliados cuidadosamente no acompanhamento para a possível ocorrência de câncer de tiroide. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2014;58(9):933-8 .


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Carcinoma, Papillary/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Graves Disease/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroid Nodule/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Papillary/pathology , Carcinoma, Papillary , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma , Follow-Up Studies , Graves Disease/pathology , Graves Disease , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Nodule/pathology , Thyroid Nodule , Turkey/epidemiology
17.
Biol. Res ; 47: 1-9, 2014. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950758

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The mortality of lung cancer (LC), increases each year in the world, in spite of any advances, in development of new drugs to advance stages of LC. The high incidence of LC has been associated with smoking habit, genetic diversity and environmental pollution. Antofagasta region has been reported to have the highest LC mortality rate in Chile and its inhabitants were exposed to arsenic in their drinking water in concentrations as high as 870 µg/L. Non-invasive techniques such as biomarkers (Automatic Quantitative Cytometry: AQC and DR70) and Auto Fluorescence Bronchoscopy (AFB) might be potentially useful as a supplementary diagnostic approach and early detection. Early detection is one of the most important factors to intervene and prevent cancer progression in LC. This is a work of an ongoing prospective bimodality cancer surveillance study in high risk LC volunteers. Enrolment was done in subjects from Antofagasta and Metropolitan regions. In addition, we enrolled subjects who were suspected of having lung cancer. AQC, DR70 and AFB were used as tools in the detection of pre-neoplastic (PNL) and neoplastic lesions (NL). RESULTS: Half of the samples, classified as suspicious by AFB, were confirmed as metaplasia or dysplasia by histopathology. For LC, DR70 showed a higher sensitivity (95.8%) and specificity (91.9%) than AQC. However, for PNL AQC showed a higher sensitivity (91.9%) than DR70 (27.3%), although both with low PPV values. As a pre screener, both biomarkers might be employed as complementary tools to detect LC, especially as serially combined tests, with a sensitivity of 60% and a PPV of 65.2%. Additionally, the use of parallel combined tests might support the detection of PNL (sensitivity 91.2%; PPV 49.1%). CONCLUSION: This work adds information on cellular and molecular biomarkers to complement imaging techniques for early detection of LC in Latin America that might contribute to formulate policies concerning screening of LC. Supported by INNOVA-CORFO, Chile.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Precancerous Conditions/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Sputum/cytology , Bronchoscopy/methods , Carcinoma/pathology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology , Confidence Intervals , Chile/epidemiology , Double-Blind Method , Prevalence , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve , Sentinel Surveillance , Risk Assessment , Image Cytometry/standards , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/pathology , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/epidemiology , Optical Imaging/standards , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Metaplasia/diagnosis
18.
Arq. bras. endocrinol. metab ; 57(9): 685-690, Dec. 2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-696913

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Acromegaly is frequently associated with thyroid diseases. In this study, we evaluated the frequency of thyroid disorders in a series of acromegalic patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We evaluated 106 acromegalic patients using thyroid ultrasonography (US) and measurements of GH, IGF-I, free T4, TSH and anti-thyroperoxidase antibody levels. IGF-I was expressed in mass units and age-related standard deviation scores (SD-scores). Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed on thyroid nodules with a diameter greater than one centimeter or with suspicious characteristics. RESULTS: Thyroid disorders were found in 75 patients. Eleven patients had diffuse goiter, 42 patients had nodular goiter, and 22 patients had unspecific morphological abnormalities. Four patients (3.8%) had thyroid carcinoma. Considering the patients with diffuse or nodular goiter, thyroid volume was greater in patients with active acromegaly, and was positively correlated with GH, IGF-I, and IGF-I SD-score. CONCLUSIONS: Our study confirmed that benign thyroid diseases are frequent in acromegalic patients. The prevalence of thyroid cancer was higher than in the overall population. We suggest that thyroid US should be routinely performed in patients with acromegaly.


OBJETIVOS: Acromegalia está frequentemente associada a doenças tireoidianas. Neste estudo, avaliamos a presença de tireoidopatias em uma série de pacientes acromegálicos. SUJEITOS E MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 106 pacientes por ultrassonografia (US) e dosagens de GH, IGF-1, T4 livre, TSH e anticorpo antitireoperoxidase. O IGF-I foi expresso em unidades de massa e desvio-padrão (DP-IGF-I). Punção aspirativa por agulha fina (PAAF) foi realizada quando os nódulos eram maiores que um centímetro ou tinham características suspeitas. RESULTADOS: Alterações tireoidianas foram encontradas em 75 pacientes. Onze apresentavam bócio difuso, 42, bócio nodular e 22, alterações morfológicas inespecíficas. Houve quatro casos (3,8%) de câncer diferenciado de tireoide. Considerando os pacientes com bócio difuso ou nodular, o volume tireoidiano foi maior naqueles com acromegalia em atividade e correlacionou-se positivamente com os níveis de GH, IGF-1 e DP-IGF-1. CONCLUSÕES: Nosso estudo confirmou que as doenças tireoidianas benignas são frequentes nos pacientes acromegálicos. A prevalência de câncer diferenciado de tireoide foi maior que na população geral. Sugerimos que US de tireoide seja realizado rotineiramente nos pacientes com acromegalia.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acromegaly/epidemiology , Thyroid Diseases/epidemiology , Acromegaly/complications , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Brazil/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Carcinoma/etiology , Carcinoma/pathology , Growth Hormone/blood , Insulin-Like Growth Factor I/analysis , Iodide Peroxidase/blood , Prevalence , Sex Distribution , Thyroid Function Tests , Thyroid Diseases/etiology , Thyroid Diseases/pathology , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/etiology , Thyroid Neoplasms/pathology , Thyrotropin/blood
19.
Indian J Cancer ; 2013 Jan-Mar; 50(1): 65-70
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147322

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and quantify various demographic, reproductive, socio-economic and dietary risk factors among women with breast cancer. Study Design: Case control study. Study Period: February 2004 to May 2005. Study Setting: Departments of Surgery, Medicine and Radiotherapy of Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Sciences and Research (JIPMER), Pondicherry. Materials and Methods: Cases were women with pathologically confirmed breast cancer. Controls were age-matched women from medicine and surgery wards without any current breast problem or previous breast cancer. A total of 152 cases and 152 controls were enrolled. They were interviewed for parity, breast feeding, past history of benign breast lesion, family history and dietary history with a pre-tested interview schedule after obtaining informed written consent. Results: The significant risk factors were (odds ratios with 95% CI) previous history of biopsy for benign breast lesion 10.4 (1.3-86.3), nulliparity 2.4 (1.14-5.08), consumption of fats more than 30 g/day 2.4 (1.14-5.45) and consumption of oils containing more of saturated fat 2.0 (1.03-4.52). Conclusions: Nulliparity, past history of benign breast lesion, high fat diet and consumption of oils with more saturated fats were the risk factors.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Fatty Acids/adverse effects , Female , Humans , India/epidemiology , Menopause , Middle Aged , Parity , Pregnancy , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors
20.
Professional Medical Journal-Quarterly [The]. 2013; 20 (4): 581-586
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-138454

ABSTRACT

At Mayo Hospital Lahore, from August 2010 to April 2011. Was to determine the frequency of multifocality among all cases presented with papillary thyroid carcinoma [PTC] planned to undergo total thyroidectomy [TT]. Data of all patients of PTC was collected from inpatient department of East Surgical ward. All the patients underwent total thyroidectomy by same team of consultant surgeons. A total of 35 patients of PTC with mean age of 37.94 years were included. Multifocal tumor was found in 31.4%. Out of them, 72.7% were females and 27.3% males. This case series showed that a multifocality is highly prevalent in PTC and total thyroidectomy should be done as the treatment for PTC, to eliminate the additional tumor foci in thyroid gland and prevent its recurrence


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Thyroid Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma/epidemiology , Thyroidectomy/methods , Data Collection , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL