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Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 81-88, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397711


Congenital heart disease includes a wide range of heart defects that appear at birth, corresponding to the most frequent group of genetic alterations. They represent the most frequent birth defects in the world, affecting millions of newborns annually. Chile is not exempt from this public health problem, estimating a prevalence of 8-10 per 1,000 live births, similar to international figures. Some of these defects are not diagnosed in a timely manner due to various causes, including causes such as poor clinical translation and limited accessibility to the Public Health system. Thanks to the improvement of technological resources, more cases of congenital heart disease are diagnosed every day and the time of diagnosis is getting earlier. The case presented below refers to a 47-year-old male patient with several comorbidities, who underwent a Doppler echocardiogram during his hospitalization due to acute respiratory failure, where a systodiastolic flow was detected in one of the compatible pulmonary arteries, with a patent ductus arteriosus.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/therapy , Septal Occluder Device , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 30(2): 37-42, 01-abr-2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1378934


Introducción: la intervención de enfermería en pacientes sometidos a cateterismo cardiaco constituye el eje articular de las acciones de planeación, desarrollo y evaluación; lo que permite atender el proceso de aprendizaje. Objetivo: evaluar la relación entre el nivel de conocimiento y ansiedad de los pacientes sometido a cateterismo cardiaco, antes y después de aplicar una intervención educativa. Metodología: investigación con enfoque cuantitativo, descriptivo, transversal y exploratorio a 70 pacientes sometidos a cateterismo cardiaco por primera vez, se aplicaron dos instrumentos validados para medir el nivel de conocimiento y ansiedad con un Alfa de Cronbach de 0.90; la recolección fue en dos fases, pretest y postest, la primera antes de la cirugia; la segunda posterior al procedimiento y se compararon los resultados de ambos test en búsqueda de mejores resultados. Resultados: media de edad de 60 - 79 años; 68.6% hombres y 31.4% mujeres; el nivel de conocimientos del pretest fue de 52.9% regular y postest, excelente con un 50%; en cuanto a la ansiedad el pretest el 97.1% reportó grave, mientras que en el postest, el 80% reportó moderado. Conclusiones: el aporte de conocimientos por parte del personal de enfermería a través del rol educador, favorece a los pacientes que son sometidos a un cateterismo cardiaco, que se refleja en disminución de ansiedad e incremento de calidad de vida.

Introduction:The nursing intervention in patients undergoing cardiac catheterization constitutes the articular axis of planning, development and evaluation actions; which allows to attend the learning process. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between the level of knowledge and anxiety of the patient undergoing cardiac catheterization, before and after applying an educational intervention. Methodology: Investigation with a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional and exploratory approach to 70 patients undergoing cardiac catheterization for the first time. Two validated instruments were applied to measure the level of knowledge and anxiety with a Cronbach's Alpha of 0.90; the collection was in two phases, pre and post test, the first before surgery; the second after the procedure, the results of both tests were compared in search of better results. Results: Average age of 60-79 years, 68.6% men and 31.4% women; the level of knowledge of the pre-test was 52.9% regular and post-test, excellent with 50%; regarding anxiety, the pre-test 97.1% serious, post-test, 80% moderate. Conclusions: The contribution of knowledges by the nursing staff through the educator role, favors patients who undergo cardiac catheterization, which is reflected in the reduction of seniority and the increase in the quality of life.

Humans , Male , Female , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Professional Training , Nursing Staff/education , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Mexico
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(1): 34-38, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388111


RESUMEN: Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente que presenta un infarto del miocardio con trombolisis no exitosa y posterior implantación de 2 stents coronarios quien desarrolla, algunos días después, una tormenta eléctrica ventricular. Una ablación de la taquicardia se realizó bajo ECMO, con buen resultado. Se detalla la descripción del caso, revisa y discute el tema.

ABSTRAC: A patient with a myocardial infarction whom, following a failed thrombolisis and implantion of 2 stents developed a ventricular electrical storm and hemodynamic instability. A successful ablation of the tachycardia with the use of ECMO was performed. A full description is included, along with a discussion of the subject.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Catheter Ablation , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Tachycardia, Ventricular/mortality , Electrocardiography/methods
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935137


Objective: To analyze the safety and efficacy of combined left atrial appendage (LAA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in adult atrial fibrillation (AF) patients complicating with PFO. Methods: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Seven patients with AF complicated with PFO diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Zhoupu Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected. Basic data such as age, gender and medical history were collected. The atrial septal defect or PFO occluder and LAA occluder were selected according to the size of PFO, the ostia width and depth of LAA. Four patients underwent left atrial appendage closure(LAAC) and PFO closure at the same time. PFO closure was performed during a one-stop procedure of cryoablation combined with LAAC in 2 patients. One patient underwent PFO closure at 10 weeks after one-stop procedure because of recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients continued to take oral anticoagulants. TEE was repeated 8-12 weeks after intervention. In case of device related thrombus(DRT), TEE shall be rechecked 6 months after adjusting anticoagulant and antiplatelet drug treatment. Patients were follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months by telephone call, and the occurrence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was recorded. Results: Among the 7 patients with AF, 2 were male, aged (68.0±9.4) years, and 3 had a history of recurrent cerebral infarction and TIA. Average PFO diameter was (3.5±0.8)mm. Three patients were implanted with Watchman LAA occluder (30, 30, 33 mm) and atrial septal defect occluder (8, 9, 16 mm). 2 patients were implanted with LAmbre LAA occluder (34/38, 18/32 mm) and PFO occluder (PF1825, PF2525). 2 patients were implanted with LACbes LAA occluder (24, 28 mm) and PFO occluder (PF2525, PF1825) respectively. The patients were followed up for 12 (11, 24) months after operation. TEE reexamination showed that the position of LAA occluder and atrial septal defect occluder or PFO occluder was normal in all patients. DRT was detected in 1 patient, and anticoagulant therapy was adjusted in this patient. 6 months later, TEE showed that DRT disappeared. No cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred in all patients with AF during follow-up. Conclusions: In AF patients complicated with PFO, LAAC combined with PFO closure may have good safety and effectiveness.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 166-171, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935122


Objective: To explore the short-term efficacy of fenestrated atrial septal defect (ASD) occulders in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: Thirty-six healthy dogs were divided into the balloon atrial septostomy (BAS)+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=12) and non-septostomy group (n=12). PAH was induced by intra-atrial injection of dehydrogenized monocrotaline (1.5 mg/kg) in all dogs. Animals in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group underwent atrial septal puncture and fenestrated ASD occulders implantation. Animals in the BAS group underwent balloon atrial septostomy. The non-septostomy group received no surgical intervention. The hemodynamic indexes and blood N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) of dogs were measured before modeling, 2 months after modeling, 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Echocardiography was performed to observe the patency of the shunt and atrial septostomy of the dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and BAS group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Three dogs were sacrificed in each group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Atrial septal tissue and fenestrated ASD occulders were removed to observe the patency and endothelialization of the device. Lung tissues were obtained for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the inflammatory cells infiltration and the thickening and narrowing of the pulmonary arterials. Results: Among 36 dogs, 2 dogs died within 24 hours after modeling, and 34 dogs were assigned to BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=11), and non-septostomy group (n=11). Compared with BAS group, the average right atrial pressure (mRAP) and NT-proBNP of dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group were significantly reduced at 3 months after surgery (P<0.05), and the cardiac output (CO) was significantly increased at 6 months after surgery, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) was also significantly reduced (P<0.05). Compared with non-septostomy group, dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery (P<0.05), and higher CO and lower SaO2 at 6 months after surgery (P<0.05). Compared with the non-septostomy group, the dogs in the BAS group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1 month after surgery (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference on mRAP and NT-proBNP at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P>0.05). Echocardiography showed that there was a minimal right-to-left shunt in the atrial septum in the BAS group at 1 month after the surgery, and the ostomy was closed in all the dogs in the BAS group at 3 months after the surgery. There was still a clear right-to-left shunt in the dogs of BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group. The shunt was well formed and satisfactory endothelialization was observed at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery. The results of HE staining showed that the pulmonary arterials were significantly thickened, stenosis and collapse occurred in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary microvascular stenosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in the pulmonary arterials were observed in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary arterial histological results were comparable between BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and non-septostomy group at 6 months after surgery . Conclusions: The fenestrated ASD occulder has the advantage of maintaining the open fistula hole for a longer time compared with simple balloon dilation. The fenestrated ASD occulder can improve cardiac function, and it is safe and feasible to treat PAH in this animal model.

Animals , Dogs , Atrial Septum/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(4): eabc346, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425557


Introdução: A avaliação dos índices de trabalho miocárdico global em condições basais pode ser útil para a estratificação clínica de pacientes com suspeita de obstrução coronariana. Objetivo: Correlacionar o valor do índice de trabalho miocárdico global e a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas. Método: Estudo transversal, com pacientes encaminhados para cinecoronarioangiografia eletiva. Foi realizado ecocardiograma com obtenção das medidas para cálculo do valor do trabalho miocárdico, sendo avaliada a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas à cinecoronarioangiografia. Resultados: A amostra foi composta de 30 pacientes, com a idade média de 64,2±12,8 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (63,3%), dos quais 68,4% apresentaram lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas. O índice de trabalho miocárdico global foi de 1.876mmHg%±253,8 no grupo com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas e de 2.054,2mmHg%±417,3 naqueles sem lesões significativas (p=0,089). O trabalho miocárdio construtivo global nos pacientes sem lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas foi maior (2.329,3mmHg%±462,9) do que naqueles com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas (2.109,5mmHg%±332,3; p=0,064). O trabalho miocárdio desperdiçado global foi maior nos pacientes com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas (103,7mmHg%±47,1 versus 68,3mmHg%±33,8; p=0,038). O ponto de corte de 115mmHg% foi aquele com a melhor área sob a curva (0,625), com sensibilidade de 83,3%. Conclusão: O aumento do trabalho miocárdio desperdiçado global se correlacionou com a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas em nossa amostra.(AU)

Introduction: The assessment of global myocardial work indices under baseline conditions may be useful for the clinical stratification of patients with suspected coronary obstruction. Objective: To correlate the value of global myocardial work indices and the presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions. Method: Cross-sectional study, with patients referred for elective coronary angiography. An echocardiogram was performed to obtain measurements to calculate the value of myocardial work and evaluated the presence or presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions at coronary angiography. Results: The sample consisted of 30 patients, with a mean age of 64.2±12.8 years, the majority being male (63.3%), of which 68.4% had significant obstructive coronary lesions. The global myocardial work indices was 1,876mmHg%±253.8 in the group with significant obstructive coronary lesions and 2,054.2mmHg%±417.3 in those without significant lesions (p=0.089). Global constructive myocardial work in patients without significant obstructive coronary lesions was higher (2,329.3mmHg%±462.9) than in those with significant obstructive coronary lesions (2,109.5mmHg%±332.3; p=0.064). Global wasted myocardial work was higher in patients with significant obstructive coronary lesions (103.7mmHg%±47.1 versus 68.3mmHg%±33.8; p=0.038). The cutoff point of 115 mmHg% was the one with the best area under the curve (0.625), with a sensitivity of 83.3%. Conclusion: The increase in global wasted myocardial work correlated with the presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions in our sample. (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/injuries , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Heart Function Tests/methods
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc308, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411458


Introdução: Hipertensão Pulmonar (HP), uma condição clínica grave, pode levar à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD), com implicações prognósticas. Pacientes com suspeita de HP devem ser submetidos ao ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) para diagnóstico e avaliação, colocando-o como o principal exame de triagem e acompanhamento. Objetivo: Verificar a associação e a concordância das medidas referentes à pressão média no átrio direito (AD) e à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) ao (ECOTT) e ao cateterismo de câmaras direitas (CCD) em pacientes com (HP). Métodos: Foram incluídos indivíduos com diagnóstico de (HP). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao ECOTT e CCD. Avaliou-se pelo ECOTT: área do átrio direito (AAD), pressão média do átrio direito (AD) através por meio do diâmetro e da colapsabilidade da veia cava inferior (PMADECOTT ), strain AD (SAD), TAPSE (excursão sistólica do plano anular tricúspide), MAF (mudança da área fracional), SPLVD (strain da parede livre do VD) e onda s´ tricuspídea. Pelo CCD avaliaram-se pressão média do (PMADCCD ) e índice cardíaco (IC). Resultados: Dos 16 pacientes, 13 eram do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 44,4 anos (±14,9). Constataram-se associação entre pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD com área do átrio direito, PMADECOTT pressão média do átrio direito e SAD strain do átrio direito (r=0,845, r=0,621 e r=-0,523, respectivamente; p< 0,05). Verificou-se associação entre as categorias de risco de mortalidade, mensuradas pelas medidas AAD da área do átrio direito e pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD (X2=10,42; p=0,003), com concordância moderada (k=0,44; p=0,012). DSVD A disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto estava presente em dez pacientes. Houve associação entre disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto DSVD (presente ou ausente) e índice cardíaco IC (r=0,522; p=0,04), com concordância moderada (k=0,43; p=0,037). Conclusão: As medidas do ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) e cateterismo de câmara direita (CCD) demostraram associação na avaliação da pressão média do átrio direito com melhor associação entre área do átrio direito AAD e pressão média do átrio direito (PMADCCD) . Houve associação com concordância moderada quanto à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) entre métodos. (AU)

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious clinical condition, can lead to right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) with prognostic implications. Patients with suspected PH should undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for diagnosis and evaluation as the main screening and follow-up exam. Objective: To verify the associations of and agreement between measurements of mean pressure in the right atrium (RA) and RVSD with TTE Method: Individuals diagnosed with PH were included. All patients underwent TTE and RCC. The following were evaluated by TTE: right atrial area (RAA), mean right atrial pressure through the diameter and collapsibility of the inferior vena cava (RMAPTTE), RA strain (RAS), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, fractional area change, RV free wall strain, and tricuspid s' wave. Mean RA pressure (RMAPRCC) and cardiac index (CI) were evaluated through the RCC. Results: Of the 16 patients, 13 were female. The mean patient age was 44.4 (±14.9) years. An association was found between RMAPRCC and AAD, RMAPTTE, and RAS (r=0.845, r=0.621, and r=-0.523, respectively; p<0.05). There was an association between the mortality risk categories measured by the RAA and RMAPRCC measures (X2=10.42; p=0.003), with moderate agreement (k=0.44; p=0.012). RVSDJ was present in 10 patients. There was an association between RVSD (present or absent) and CI (r=0.522; p=0.04) with moderate agreement (k=0.43; p=0.037). Conclusion: The TTE and RCC measurements showed an association in the assessment of mean right atrial pressure, especially between RAA and RMAPRCC. An association with RVSD and moderate agreement between methods were also noted. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Hemodynamics/radiation effects , Hypertension, Pulmonary/mortality
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.70-74, tab, graf.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349347
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 752-759, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351675


Abstract Introduction: Reoperations in cardiac surgery represent a clinical challenge, particularly because of the higher rate of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Mitral valve reoperation owing to bioprosthesis dysfunction, transcatheter treatment with a prosthesis implantation over the prosthesis has emerged as an alternative, especially for patients with a previous approach. In this study, we analyzed the hydrodynamic behavior of transcatheter prosthesis implantation in conventional mitral bioprostheses through hydrodynamic tests and produced a recommendation for the size of transcatheter valve most adequate for valve-in-valve procedure. Methods: Mitral bioprostheses were attached to a flow duplicator and different combinations of transcatheter prostheses were implanted inside. The equipment simulates the hydrodynamic behavior of the valves submitted in vitro and determines transvalvular pressures and flow parameters. Results: All tests could be performed. Better hydrodynamic performance occurred for transcatheter prostheses 1 mm smaller than bioprostheses, except for the 27-mm bioprostheses. Effective valve areas (cm²) and transvalvular gradients (mmHg) were, respectively: Bioprosthesis × Inovare: 27 × 28 mm: 1.65 and 5.95/29 × 28 mm and 31 × 30 mm: 2.15 and 3.6. Conclusion: The mitral valve-in-valve implantation proved to be feasible in vitro. The use of 27-mm bioprostheses should be judicious, with preference for a 26-mm transcatheter valve. In the 29 and 31-mm bioprostheses, the implantation was very satisfactory, with good effective valve areas and transvalvular gradients, with preference for smaller transcatheter valves.

Humans , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Prosthesis Design , Brazil , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Treatment Outcome , Hydrodynamics , Mitral Valve/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(5): 703-706, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351649


Abstract Multivalve redo procedures carry a high surgical risk. We describe an alternative surgical treatment for patients presenting with severely degenerated aortic and mitral valve prostheses who have to undergo open surgery due to endocarditis. Open transcatheter multivalve implantation is a feasible bailout strategy in high-risk patients to save cross-clamp and procedural times to reduce morbidity and mortality.

Humans , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Endocarditis/surgery , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Treatment Outcome , Mitral Valve/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(4): 557-560, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1347156


Abstract Atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) is an uncommon but well-recognized cardiac abnormality. This educational text reviews the case of a 54-year-old female presenting an ASA related to a small ostium secundum atrial septal defect. The considerable signs and symptoms, interestingly, have not been justified by the clinical and hemodynamic investigations. So, we opted for a better imaging investigation with cardiac catheterization and transesophageal echocardiography. The surgical process was earlier indicated and performed with aid of cardiopulmonary bypass.

Humans , Female , Heart Aneurysm/surgery , Heart Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Catheterization , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Hemodynamics , Middle Aged
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 237-243, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251089


Abstract With transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) technology expanding its indications for low-risk patients, the number of TAVI-eligible patients will globally grow, requiring a better understanding about the second-best access choice. Regarding the potential access sites, the transfemoral retrograde route is recognized as the standard approach and first choice according to current guidelines. However, this approach is not suitable in up to 10-15% of patients, for whom an alternative non-femoral access is required. Among the alternative non-femoral routes, the transaxillary approach has received increasing recognition due to its proximity and relatively straight course from the axillary artery to the aortic annulus, which provides a more accurate device deployment. Here we discuss some particular aspects of the transaxillary access, either percutaneously performed or by cutdown dissection.

Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement , Aortic Valve/surgery , Axillary Artery/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization , Treatment Outcome , Femoral Artery/surgery
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(2): 253-256, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251092


Abstract Transcatheter closure of ventricular septal defects (VSD) is not out of complications. Late complications are rare, but important, and sometimes require surgical correction. Herein, we report a case of tricuspid regurgitation as a complication of transcatheter VSD closure. The patient underwent successful surgery. Postoperative course was satisfactory. Echocardiographic examination revealed well-functioning tricuspid valve. We present this case since valve regurgitation after transcatheter procedure requiring surgery is an uncommon but significant complication due to heart failure risk. Even in the absence of any clinical finding, post-procedural close follow-up is important for early diagnosis of the problem to prevent the aforementioned risk.

Humans , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/etiology , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/diagnostic imaging , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Tricuspid Valve , Echocardiography , Cardiac Catheterization/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 146-152, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341276


Resumen Objetivo: Determinar las cardiopatías congénitas más diagnosticadas a través de cateterismo cardíaco en una población pediátrica de la costa norte colombiana durante el período de 2007 a 2016. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico, cuya población corresponde al total de pacientes de 0 a 18 años en quienes se realizó cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico o terapéutico, o ambos, en diferentes ciudades de la costa norte colombiana en el período de 2007 a 2016. Para la tabulación de la información se utilizó el programa Epi Info 7.0. La muestra se integró con 4,245 pacientes. Resultados: El género predominante fue el femenino (53.5%), con una media de edad de 3.9 ± 4.9 años y una mayor prevalencia de 1 a 11 meses de vida (40.6%). Conclusiones: La comunicación interventricular fue la cardiopatía congénita más diagnosticada mediante cateterismo cardíaco (29.2%), seguida por el conducto arterioso persistente (23.1%), comunicación interauricular (11.7%), tetralogía de Fallot (6.8%), estenosis pulmonar (6.7%), transposición de grandes vasos (3.5%), atresia pulmonar con comunicación interventricular (2.5%), canal AV total (2.4%), doble salida ventricular derecha (2.4%), coartación de aorta (1%), insuficiencia mitral (0.98%), atresia tricuspídea (0.96%), atresia pulmonar sin comunicación interventricular (0.73%), doble salida ventricular derecha (0.5%) y otras malformaciones (4.2%).

Abstract Objective: To determine the most frequent congenital heart diseases diagnosed by cardiac catheterization in the pediatric population of the north coast of Colombia, during the period 2007 to 2016. Materials and methods: Descriptive, retrospective and multicentric study; the population corresponds to the total number of patients between 0 and 18 years of age in which diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization was performed in different cities of the Colombian north coast in the period 2007 to 2016. Epi Info 7.0 software was used for tabulation of information. Total sample was conformed of 4.245 patients. Results: The sex mostly involved was the female with 53.5%, a mean age of 3.9 ± 4.9 years, with a higher prevalence between 1 and 11 months of life with 40.6%. Conclusions: The ventricular septal defect was the most frequent congenital heart disease diagnosed by cardiac catheterization with 29.2%, followed in frequency by the persistent conducto with 23.1%, the atrial septal defect 11.7%, tetralogy of Fallot with 6.8%, pulmonary stenosis with 6.7%, transposition of large vessels 3.5%, pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect 2.5%, total AV channel 2.4%, double right ventricular outlet 2.4%, coarctation of aorta on 1 %, mitral insufficiency 0.98%, tricuspid atresia 0.96%, pulmonary atresia without ventricular septal defect 0.73%, double right ventricular outlet 0.5% and other malformations 4.2%.

Humans , Female , Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
Rev. méd. Hosp. José Carrasco Arteaga ; 13(1): 21-26, 15/03/2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292959


INTRODUCCIÓN: El corazón es el órgano más comúnmente afectado por anormalidades congénitas, con una incidencia de 0.8 por cada 100 nacidos vivos. Cerca de dos tercios de todos los procedimientos son en la actualidad realizados antes del año de edad, lo que mejora la sobrevida y la calidad de vida. Este estudio busca determinar cuáles son las principales intervenciones quirúrgicas realizadas para tratar las cardiopatías congénitas y sus complicaciones. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo de corte transversal; con 70 pacientes pediátricos diagnosticados y tratados quirúrgicamente por cardiopatías congénitas. Los datos fueron tomados de las historias clínicas mediante un formulario. El análisis estadístico se realizó utilizando el programa SPSS versión 15. RESULTADOS: La mediana de la edad fue de 1.1 años, el 60% fueron de sexo femenino. El 90% de las cardiopatías fueron no cianógenas. El diagnóstico más frecuente fue la persistencia del conducto arterioso (58.57%), seguido de la comunicación interventricular (12.86%). Según el tipo de procedimiento el 58.57% se realizaron para cierre de persistencia del conducto arterioso y un 12.86% fueron reparaciones quirúrgicas para cierre de comunicación interventricular. La mediana de estadía en la unidad de cuidados intensivos fue de 4 días y la mediada de estadía en la sala general de 5 días. La principales complicaciones observadas en esta población pediátrica sometida a un procedimiento quirúrgico fueron: la neumonía (11.4%) y la sepsis de origen no especificado (8.6%). CONCLUSIÓN: Los tratamientos para las cardiopatías congénitas se realizaron a edades tempranas (Media =2.5 ± 3.2 años). Más de la mitad de los procedimientos quirúrgicos realizados para cardiopatías quirúrgicas fueron para corregir la persistencia del conducto arterioso y la principal complicación fue la neumonía.

BACKGROUND: The heart is the most commonly affected organ by congenital diseases, with and incidence of 0.8 per 100 newborns. Nearly two thirds of all the surgical procedures are now a days performed before the first year of life, improving survival rate and life quality. This study aims to determine the frequency of the surgical interventions performed to treat congenital heart diseases and its complications. METHODS: An observational, descriptive cross sectional study was carried out; with 70 pediatric patients diagnosed and surgically treated for congenital heart diseases. The data was collected from the patient's medical records using a form. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 15 software. RESULTS: The median age was 1.1 years, 60% of the sample were women. 90% of the heart diseases were non-cyanogenic. The most frequent diagnosis was: persistence of the arterial duct (58.57%), followed by interventricular communication (12.86%). The type of procedures corresponds to the heart disease, thus 58.57% were performed for closure of arterial duct persistence and 12.86% were surgical repairs for closure of interventricular communication. The median stay in the intensive care unit was 4 days and the median stay in general hospitalization room was 5 days. The main complications in this pediatric population undergoing a surgical procedure were: pneumonia (11.4%) and sepsis of unspecified origin (8.6%). CONCLUSION: Treatment for heart diseases were performed at early ages (average age= 2.5±3.2). More than half of the surgical procedures for congenital heart disease were performed to correct the persistence of the ductus arteriosus, the main complication was pneumonia.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Pediatrics/methods , Thoracic Surgery/classification , Cardiac Catheterization/statistics & numerical data , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 48-56, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155787


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the efficacy of hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of ventricular septal defects (VSDs) in a single center. Methods: All patients who underwent hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of VSDs between January 2018 and December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The preoperative, operative and postoperative findings and clinical follow-ups were reviewed. Results: A total of 59 patients underwent the procedure. Transesophageal echocardiographic guidance was used in all procedures. The procedure was successful in 57 procedures (97%). The procedures of two patients were changed to open-heart surgery during the same intervention due to severe aortic insufficiency (the device was not deployed) and significant residual shunt after device deployment. One major complication (1.7%) was observed after the procedure. The patient's device was dislodged within 12 hours after the procedure, and this patient underwent device extraction and VSD patch closure due to significant residual shunt. Eight (14%) minor complications were observed after the procedure, and three of them persisted during follow-up. Three of these eight complications were incomplete right bundle branch block, one of which resolved during follow-up; two were mild residual shunts, one of which resolved during follow-up; two were mild new-onset tricuspid valve insufficiencies; and one was mild new-onset mitral valve insufficiency; all valvular insufficiencies were resolved during follow-up. Conclusions: Hybrid transthoracic periventricular device closure of VSD seems to be a good alternative approach due to its procedural success and low risk rates. The best advantage of the procedure is the possibility of switching to open-heart surgery, if necessary.

Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Septal Occluder Device , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/surgery , Heart Septal Defects, Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Catheterization , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Transesophageal