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Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 81-88, jun. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397711


Congenital heart disease includes a wide range of heart defects that appear at birth, corresponding to the most frequent group of genetic alterations. They represent the most frequent birth defects in the world, affecting millions of newborns annually. Chile is not exempt from this public health problem, estimating a prevalence of 8-10 per 1,000 live births, similar to international figures. Some of these defects are not diagnosed in a timely manner due to various causes, including causes such as poor clinical translation and limited accessibility to the Public Health system. Thanks to the improvement of technological resources, more cases of congenital heart disease are diagnosed every day and the time of diagnosis is getting earlier. The case presented below refers to a 47-year-old male patient with several comorbidities, who underwent a Doppler echocardiogram during his hospitalization due to acute respiratory failure, where a systodiastolic flow was detected in one of the compatible pulmonary arteries, with a patent ductus arteriosus.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent/therapy , Septal Occluder Device , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.70-74, tab, graf.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349347
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(3): eabc308, 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411458


Introdução: Hipertensão Pulmonar (HP), uma condição clínica grave, pode levar à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD), com implicações prognósticas. Pacientes com suspeita de HP devem ser submetidos ao ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) para diagnóstico e avaliação, colocando-o como o principal exame de triagem e acompanhamento. Objetivo: Verificar a associação e a concordância das medidas referentes à pressão média no átrio direito (AD) e à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) ao (ECOTT) e ao cateterismo de câmaras direitas (CCD) em pacientes com (HP). Métodos: Foram incluídos indivíduos com diagnóstico de (HP). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos ao ECOTT e CCD. Avaliou-se pelo ECOTT: área do átrio direito (AAD), pressão média do átrio direito (AD) através por meio do diâmetro e da colapsabilidade da veia cava inferior (PMADECOTT ), strain AD (SAD), TAPSE (excursão sistólica do plano anular tricúspide), MAF (mudança da área fracional), SPLVD (strain da parede livre do VD) e onda s´ tricuspídea. Pelo CCD avaliaram-se pressão média do (PMADCCD ) e índice cardíaco (IC). Resultados: Dos 16 pacientes, 13 eram do sexo feminino. A idade média foi de 44,4 anos (±14,9). Constataram-se associação entre pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD com área do átrio direito, PMADECOTT pressão média do átrio direito e SAD strain do átrio direito (r=0,845, r=0,621 e r=-0,523, respectivamente; p< 0,05). Verificou-se associação entre as categorias de risco de mortalidade, mensuradas pelas medidas AAD da área do átrio direito e pressão média do átrio direito PMADCCD (X2=10,42; p=0,003), com concordância moderada (k=0,44; p=0,012). DSVD A disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto estava presente em dez pacientes. Houve associação entre disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto DSVD (presente ou ausente) e índice cardíaco IC (r=0,522; p=0,04), com concordância moderada (k=0,43; p=0,037). Conclusão: As medidas do ecocardiograma transtorácico (ECOTT) e cateterismo de câmara direita (CCD) demostraram associação na avaliação da pressão média do átrio direito com melhor associação entre área do átrio direito AAD e pressão média do átrio direito (PMADCCD) . Houve associação com concordância moderada quanto à disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direto (DSVD) entre métodos. (AU)

Introduction: Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a serious clinical condition, can lead to right ventricular systolic dysfunction (RVSD) with prognostic implications. Patients with suspected PH should undergo transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) for diagnosis and evaluation as the main screening and follow-up exam. Objective: To verify the associations of and agreement between measurements of mean pressure in the right atrium (RA) and RVSD with TTE Method: Individuals diagnosed with PH were included. All patients underwent TTE and RCC. The following were evaluated by TTE: right atrial area (RAA), mean right atrial pressure through the diameter and collapsibility of the inferior vena cava (RMAPTTE), RA strain (RAS), tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion, fractional area change, RV free wall strain, and tricuspid s' wave. Mean RA pressure (RMAPRCC) and cardiac index (CI) were evaluated through the RCC. Results: Of the 16 patients, 13 were female. The mean patient age was 44.4 (±14.9) years. An association was found between RMAPRCC and AAD, RMAPTTE, and RAS (r=0.845, r=0.621, and r=-0.523, respectively; p<0.05). There was an association between the mortality risk categories measured by the RAA and RMAPRCC measures (X2=10.42; p=0.003), with moderate agreement (k=0.44; p=0.012). RVSDJ was present in 10 patients. There was an association between RVSD (present or absent) and CI (r=0.522; p=0.04) with moderate agreement (k=0.43; p=0.037). Conclusion: The TTE and RCC measurements showed an association in the assessment of mean right atrial pressure, especially between RAA and RMAPRCC. An association with RVSD and moderate agreement between methods were also noted. (AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Ventricular Dysfunction, Right/complications , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Echocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Hemodynamics/radiation effects , Hypertension, Pulmonary/mortality
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 257-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935137


Objective: To analyze the safety and efficacy of combined left atrial appendage (LAA) and patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure in adult atrial fibrillation (AF) patients complicating with PFO. Methods: This study is a retrospective and cross-sectional study. Seven patients with AF complicated with PFO diagnosed by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) in Zhoupu Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Medicine & Health Sciences from June 2017 to October 2020 were selected. Basic data such as age, gender and medical history were collected. The atrial septal defect or PFO occluder and LAA occluder were selected according to the size of PFO, the ostia width and depth of LAA. Four patients underwent left atrial appendage closure(LAAC) and PFO closure at the same time. PFO closure was performed during a one-stop procedure of cryoablation combined with LAAC in 2 patients. One patient underwent PFO closure at 10 weeks after one-stop procedure because of recurrent transient ischemic attack (TIA). All patients continued to take oral anticoagulants. TEE was repeated 8-12 weeks after intervention. In case of device related thrombus(DRT), TEE shall be rechecked 6 months after adjusting anticoagulant and antiplatelet drug treatment. Patients were follow-up at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24 months by telephone call, and the occurrence of cardio-cerebrovascular events was recorded. Results: Among the 7 patients with AF, 2 were male, aged (68.0±9.4) years, and 3 had a history of recurrent cerebral infarction and TIA. Average PFO diameter was (3.5±0.8)mm. Three patients were implanted with Watchman LAA occluder (30, 30, 33 mm) and atrial septal defect occluder (8, 9, 16 mm). 2 patients were implanted with LAmbre LAA occluder (34/38, 18/32 mm) and PFO occluder (PF1825, PF2525). 2 patients were implanted with LACbes LAA occluder (24, 28 mm) and PFO occluder (PF2525, PF1825) respectively. The patients were followed up for 12 (11, 24) months after operation. TEE reexamination showed that the position of LAA occluder and atrial septal defect occluder or PFO occluder was normal in all patients. DRT was detected in 1 patient, and anticoagulant therapy was adjusted in this patient. 6 months later, TEE showed that DRT disappeared. No cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events occurred in all patients with AF during follow-up. Conclusions: In AF patients complicated with PFO, LAAC combined with PFO closure may have good safety and effectiveness.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Foramen Ovale, Patent/surgery , Retrospective Studies
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 166-171, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935122


Objective: To explore the short-term efficacy of fenestrated atrial septal defect (ASD) occulders in the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Methods: Thirty-six healthy dogs were divided into the balloon atrial septostomy (BAS)+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=12) and non-septostomy group (n=12). PAH was induced by intra-atrial injection of dehydrogenized monocrotaline (1.5 mg/kg) in all dogs. Animals in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group underwent atrial septal puncture and fenestrated ASD occulders implantation. Animals in the BAS group underwent balloon atrial septostomy. The non-septostomy group received no surgical intervention. The hemodynamic indexes and blood N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) of dogs were measured before modeling, 2 months after modeling, 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Echocardiography was performed to observe the patency of the shunt and atrial septostomy of the dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and BAS group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery. Three dogs were sacrificed in each group at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery, respectively. Atrial septal tissue and fenestrated ASD occulders were removed to observe the patency and endothelialization of the device. Lung tissues were obtained for hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining to observe the inflammatory cells infiltration and the thickening and narrowing of the pulmonary arterials. Results: Among 36 dogs, 2 dogs died within 24 hours after modeling, and 34 dogs were assigned to BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group (n=12), BAS group (n=11), and non-septostomy group (n=11). Compared with BAS group, the average right atrial pressure (mRAP) and NT-proBNP of dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group were significantly reduced at 3 months after surgery (P<0.05), and the cardiac output (CO) was significantly increased at 6 months after surgery, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) was also significantly reduced (P<0.05). Compared with non-septostomy group, dogs in the BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1, 3, and 6 months after surgery (P<0.05), and higher CO and lower SaO2 at 6 months after surgery (P<0.05). Compared with the non-septostomy group, the dogs in the BAS group had significantly lower mRAP and NT-proBNP at 1 month after surgery (P<0.05), and there was no significant difference on mRAP and NT-proBNP at 3 and 6 months after surgery (P>0.05). Echocardiography showed that there was a minimal right-to-left shunt in the atrial septum in the BAS group at 1 month after the surgery, and the ostomy was closed in all the dogs in the BAS group at 3 months after the surgery. There was still a clear right-to-left shunt in the dogs of BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group. The shunt was well formed and satisfactory endothelialization was observed at 1, 3 and 6 months after surgery. The results of HE staining showed that the pulmonary arterials were significantly thickened, stenosis and collapse occurred in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary microvascular stenosis and inflammatory cell infiltration in the pulmonary arterials were observed in the non-septostomy group. Pulmonary arterial histological results were comparable between BAS+fenestrated ASD occulders group and non-septostomy group at 6 months after surgery . Conclusions: The fenestrated ASD occulder has the advantage of maintaining the open fistula hole for a longer time compared with simple balloon dilation. The fenestrated ASD occulder can improve cardiac function, and it is safe and feasible to treat PAH in this animal model.

Animals , Dogs , Atrial Septum/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Familial Primary Pulmonary Hypertension , Heart Septal Defects, Atrial/surgery , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 35(4): eabc346, 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425557


Introdução: A avaliação dos índices de trabalho miocárdico global em condições basais pode ser útil para a estratificação clínica de pacientes com suspeita de obstrução coronariana. Objetivo: Correlacionar o valor do índice de trabalho miocárdico global e a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas. Método: Estudo transversal, com pacientes encaminhados para cinecoronarioangiografia eletiva. Foi realizado ecocardiograma com obtenção das medidas para cálculo do valor do trabalho miocárdico, sendo avaliada a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas à cinecoronarioangiografia. Resultados: A amostra foi composta de 30 pacientes, com a idade média de 64,2±12,8 anos, sendo a maioria do sexo masculino (63,3%), dos quais 68,4% apresentaram lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas. O índice de trabalho miocárdico global foi de 1.876mmHg%±253,8 no grupo com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas e de 2.054,2mmHg%±417,3 naqueles sem lesões significativas (p=0,089). O trabalho miocárdio construtivo global nos pacientes sem lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas foi maior (2.329,3mmHg%±462,9) do que naqueles com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas (2.109,5mmHg%±332,3; p=0,064). O trabalho miocárdio desperdiçado global foi maior nos pacientes com lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas (103,7mmHg%±47,1 versus 68,3mmHg%±33,8; p=0,038). O ponto de corte de 115mmHg% foi aquele com a melhor área sob a curva (0,625), com sensibilidade de 83,3%. Conclusão: O aumento do trabalho miocárdio desperdiçado global se correlacionou com a presença de lesões obstrutivas coronarianas significativas em nossa amostra.(AU)

Introduction: The assessment of global myocardial work indices under baseline conditions may be useful for the clinical stratification of patients with suspected coronary obstruction. Objective: To correlate the value of global myocardial work indices and the presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions. Method: Cross-sectional study, with patients referred for elective coronary angiography. An echocardiogram was performed to obtain measurements to calculate the value of myocardial work and evaluated the presence or presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions at coronary angiography. Results: The sample consisted of 30 patients, with a mean age of 64.2±12.8 years, the majority being male (63.3%), of which 68.4% had significant obstructive coronary lesions. The global myocardial work indices was 1,876mmHg%±253.8 in the group with significant obstructive coronary lesions and 2,054.2mmHg%±417.3 in those without significant lesions (p=0.089). Global constructive myocardial work in patients without significant obstructive coronary lesions was higher (2,329.3mmHg%±462.9) than in those with significant obstructive coronary lesions (2,109.5mmHg%±332.3; p=0.064). Global wasted myocardial work was higher in patients with significant obstructive coronary lesions (103.7mmHg%±47.1 versus 68.3mmHg%±33.8; p=0.038). The cutoff point of 115 mmHg% was the one with the best area under the curve (0.625), with a sensitivity of 83.3%. Conclusion: The increase in global wasted myocardial work correlated with the presence of significant obstructive coronary lesions in our sample. (AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Heart Defects, Congenital/complications , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnostic imaging , Heart Ventricles/injuries , Echocardiography/methods , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Coronary Stenosis/physiopathology , Echocardiography, Stress/methods , Heart Function Tests/methods
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(6): 752-759, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351675


Abstract Introduction: Reoperations in cardiac surgery represent a clinical challenge, particularly because of the higher rate of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Mitral valve reoperation owing to bioprosthesis dysfunction, transcatheter treatment with a prosthesis implantation over the prosthesis has emerged as an alternative, especially for patients with a previous approach. In this study, we analyzed the hydrodynamic behavior of transcatheter prosthesis implantation in conventional mitral bioprostheses through hydrodynamic tests and produced a recommendation for the size of transcatheter valve most adequate for valve-in-valve procedure. Methods: Mitral bioprostheses were attached to a flow duplicator and different combinations of transcatheter prostheses were implanted inside. The equipment simulates the hydrodynamic behavior of the valves submitted in vitro and determines transvalvular pressures and flow parameters. Results: All tests could be performed. Better hydrodynamic performance occurred for transcatheter prostheses 1 mm smaller than bioprostheses, except for the 27-mm bioprostheses. Effective valve areas (cm²) and transvalvular gradients (mmHg) were, respectively: Bioprosthesis × Inovare: 27 × 28 mm: 1.65 and 5.95/29 × 28 mm and 31 × 30 mm: 2.15 and 3.6. Conclusion: The mitral valve-in-valve implantation proved to be feasible in vitro. The use of 27-mm bioprostheses should be judicious, with preference for a 26-mm transcatheter valve. In the 29 and 31-mm bioprostheses, the implantation was very satisfactory, with good effective valve areas and transvalvular gradients, with preference for smaller transcatheter valves.

Humans , Bioprosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Prosthesis Design , Brazil , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Treatment Outcome , Hydrodynamics , Mitral Valve/surgery
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 442-451, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152819


Abstract Background: One-catheter strategy, based in multipurpose catheters, allows exploring both coronary arteries with a single catheter. This strategy could simplify coronary catheterization and reduce the volume of contrast administration, by reducing radial spasm. To date, observational studies showed greater benefits regarding contrast consumption and catheterization performance than controlled trials. The aim of this work is to perform the first systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials (RCT) to adequately quantify the benefits of one-catheter strategy, with multipurpose catheters, over conventional two-catheter strategy on contrast consumption, and catheterization performance. Methods: A search in PubMed, CINALH, and CENTRAL databases was conducted to identify randomized trials comparing one-catheter and two-catheter strategies. The primary outcome was volume of iodinated contrast administrated. Secondary endpoints, evaluating coronary catheterization performance included: arterial spasm, fluoroscopy time, and procedural time. Results: Five RCT were included for the final analysis, with a total of 1599 patients (802 patients with one-catheter strategy and 797 patients with two-catheter strategy). One-catheter strategy required less administration of radiological contrast (difference in means [DiM] [95% confidence interval (CI)]; −3.831 mL [−6.165 mL to −1.496 mL], p = 0.001) as compared to two-catheter strategy. Furthermore, less radial spasm (odds ratio [95% CI], 0.484 [0.363 to 0.644], p < 0.001) and less procedural time (DiM [95% CI], −72.471 s [−99.694 s to −45.249 s], p < 0.001) were observed in one-catheter strategy. No differences on fluoroscopy time were observed. Conclusions: One-catheter strategy induces a minimal reduction on radiological contrast administration but improves coronary catheterization performance by reducing arterial spasm and procedural time as compared to conventional two-catheter strategy.

Resumen Antecedentes: La estrategia de catéter único permite explorar ambas coronarias con un solo catéter. Nuestro objetivo es realizar la primera revisión sistemática y meta-análisis de ensayos clínicos aleatorizados para cuantificar adecuadamente los beneficios de la estrategia de catéter único, con catéteres multipropósito, sobre la estrategia convencional de dos catéteres. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en PubMed, CINALH y CENTRAL, identificando ensayos aleatorizados que compararan estrategias de un catéter y dos catéteres. El resultado primario fue volumen de contraste administrado. Los secundarios, que evaluaron el rendimiento del cateterismo, incluyeron: espasmo radial, tiempo de fluoroscopia y de procedimiento. Resultados: Se incluyeron cinco ensayos, totalizando 1,599 pacientes (802 con estrategia de un catéter y 797 con estrategia de dos catéteres). La estrategia de catéter único requirió menos contraste (diferencia-de-medias; −3.831 mL [−6.165 mL a −1.496 mL], p = 0.001), presentando menos espasmo radial (odds ratio, 0.484 [0.363 a 0.644], p < 0.001) y menos tiempo de procedimiento (diferencia-de-medias; −72.471 s [−99.694 s a −45.249 s], p < 0.001). No hubo diferencias en el tiempo de fluoroscopia. Conclusiones: La estrategia de catéter único induce una reducción mínima en la administración de contraste, pero mejora el rendimiento del cateterismo al reducir el espasmo radial y el tiempo de procedimiento en comparación con la estrategia convencional.

Humans , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Coronary Angiography/methods , Cardiac Catheters , Fluoroscopy , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Coronary Angiography/instrumentation , Radial Artery , Contrast Media/administration & dosage , Coronary Vessels/diagnostic imaging
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(3): e752, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126773


Introducción: La colocación de stents mediante cateterismo cardiaco en recién nacidos con ciertas cardiopatías congénitas complejas constituye un puente hacia la cirugía correctiva, paliativa o trasplante cardiaco. Objetivo: Evaluar el resultado del implante percutáneo de stents en pacientes recién nacidos con cardiopatías congénitas complejas. Presentación de los casos: Se colocó stents en cinco pacientes; a uno de ellos en la aorta y a los cuatros restantes en el ductus arterioso. Un primer paciente con hipoplasia de cavidades izquierdas en el que predominaba el bajo gasto se le colocó stent en el ductus e inmediatamente se le condujo al salón de operaciones para cerclaje pulmonar. Otro paciente con la misma enfermedad, pero en el que predominaba el hiperflujo pulmonar, se intervino de forma inversa, medió 47 días entre uno y otro proceder. A un tercer paciente, portador de coartación aórtica, se le colocó stent en la aorta y se le hizo cerclaje pulmonar 14 días después del proceder hemodinámico. Las condiciones clínicas del cuarto paciente, con síndrome de hipoplasia de cavidades izquierdas solo permitió colocar stent en el ductus. Esta paciente fallece en evento no relacionado con el cateterismo cardiaco. El último paciente intervenido, portador de una atresia pulmonar, tolera la colocación del stent en el ductus y la evolución clínica posterior demostró que no requería realizar cerclaje pulmonar. Conclusiones: La colocación de stent en el grupo de pacientes analizado es factible y el momento de su implante según el evento hemodinámico apremiante pudiera ser una forma alternativa del cateterismo cardiaco(AU)

Introduction: The paliative placing of stents by cardiac catetherism in new borns with specific congenital hearts diseases is a bridge through a new kind of corrective, paliative surgery or heart transplant. Objective: To evaluate the result of the percutaneous implant of stents in newborn patients with complex congenital heart diseases. Cases presentation: There were placed stents in 5 patients, to one of them in the aorta and to the other four in the ductus arteriosus. The first patient with hypoplasia of the left cavities in which low output predominated had an stent placing in the ductus and he was immediately taken to OR to perform a pulmonary cerclage. Another patients with the same disease but with predominance of pulmonary hyperflow was intervened in the inverse way; there were 47 days between both procedures. A third patient, carrier of aortic coarctation, had an stent placing in the aorta and he also had pulmonary cerclage 14 days after the hemodynamic procedure. The clinical conditions of the fourth patient, who had syndrome of left cavities´ hypoplasia, just allowed to place the stent in the ductus. This patients died in a procedure not related to heart catetherism. The last intervened patient, who was a carrier of pulmonary atresia, tolerated the stent placing in the ductus and the subsequent clinical evolution showed that it was not needed pulmonary cerclage. Conclusions: The stent placing in the analized group of patients is suitable and the moment for its implantation according to the hemodynamic event can be an alternative form of heart catetherism(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Stents/standards , Heart Defects, Congenital/surgery
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 154-158, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138528


Abstract Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an increasing health care problem associated with thromboembolic risk about 5% per year, with high mortality and morbidity when associated to stroke. Oral anticoagulants (OAC) are the treatment of choice for preventing ischemic stroke in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). However, these drugs are associated with an increased risk of serious complications such an intracranial hemorrhage (ICH). In this context percutaneous closure of the left atrial appendage (LAA) is an effective therapeutic alternative to OACs, with an increasing success rate. Novel devices might allow or facilitate the procedure in some anatomically and technically complicated cases. Two patients with a complex morphology of the LAA, in which the LAmbre (Lifetech Scientific [Shenzhen] Co. Ltd.) device was implanted with good technical and clinical results are presented.

Humans , Female , Aged, 80 and over , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Septal Occluder Device , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Echocardiography , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Stroke/prevention & control
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(2): 108-115, Apr.-Jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131018


Abstract Background: Paravalvular leak (PVL) is a frequent and important complication after surgical valvular replacement that can cause heart failure and hemolytic anemia and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Surgical reoperation has been the standard treatment, but it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Transcatheter closure is a therapeutic alternative. The aim of the present study is to analyze the feasibility and the short- and medium-term outcomes of the transcatheter closure of PVLs. Methods: Single-center registry of consecutive patients with post-surgical PVLs that underwent transcatheter closure, between January 2006 and December 2016. Efficacy and safety results were analyzed during the procedure and at 6-month follow-up. Results: Twenty-one PVLs (15 mitral, 5 aortic, and 1 tricuspid) were closure during 20 procedures. In the initial echocardiography, 91% of the leaks were severe. The most used device was the Amplatzer Vascular Plug III® in 10 procedures (50%). The three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography was used in 70% of cases. The device was successfully implanted in 95% of cases, a regurgitation reduction ≥ 1 grade was achieved in 95% of the cases, and the clinical success was 79%. Six-month survival was 100%; however, three cases required valvular surgery (15%). Conclusions: Transcatheter closure of PVLs is a feasible and safe procedure with high rates of technical, echocardiographic, and clinical success in the short and medium term. It is an adequate therapeutic alternative, mainly in high surgical risk patients and multiples comorbidities.

Resumen Introducción: La fuga paravalvular es una complicación frecuente e importante posterior al reemplazo valvular quirúrgico que puede ocasionar insuficiencia cardiaca, anemia hemolítica y se relaciona con malos resultados clínicos. La reintervención quirúrgica ha sido el tratamiento habitual, pero se acompaña de alta morbimortalidad. El cierre transcatéter es una alternativa terapéutica. El objetivo del presente estudio es analizar la factibilidad y los resultados a corto y mediano plazo del cierre transcatéter de fugas paravalvulares con dispositivos oclusores. Métodos: Registro unicéntrico de una serie consecutiva de pacientes con fugas paravalvulares posquirúrgicas que fueron cerradas vía transcatéter con dispositivos oclusores, entre enero del 2006 y diciembre del 2016. Se analizaron los resultados de eficacia y seguridad durante el procedimiento y a seis meses. Resultados: Se trataron 21 fugas paravalvulares (15 mitrales, 5 aórticas y 1 tricuspídea) durante 20 procedimientos. El 91% de las fugas fue grave en la ecocardiografía inicial. El dispositivo utilizado con más frecuencia fue el Amplatzer Vascular Plug III® en 10 procedimientos (50%). Se utilizó ecocardiografía transesofágica tridimensional en 70% de los casos. Se logró implantar el dispositivo con éxito en el 95% de los casos; se consiguió una reducción ≥ 1 del grado de regurgitación en el 95% de las veces y se alcanzó el éxito clínico en el 79%. A seis meses la supervivencia fue del 100%; sin embargo, tres casos requirieron cirugía valvular (15%). Conclusiones: El cierre transcatéter de fugas paravalvulares es un procedimiento factible, seguro y con tasas elevadas de éxito técnico, ecocardiográfico y clínico a corto y mediano plazo. Es una alternativa terapéutica adecuada, en particular en pacientes considerados de alto riesgo quirúrgico y múltiples comorbilidades.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aortic Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Mitral Valve Insufficiency/surgery , Time Factors , Prosthesis Failure , Heart Valve Prosthesis , Registries , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Echocardiography, Transesophageal , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Septal Occluder Device
Rev. cuba. pediatr ; 92(1): e783, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093746


Introducción: El cateterismo intervencionista corrige las cardiopatías complejas, donde el dispositivo Amplatzer es el más usado y está disponible en Cuba. Objetivo: Evaluar el cateterismo intervencionista con Amplatzer, en el cierre de la comunicación interauricular ostium secundum. Métodos: Estudio de evaluación, longitudinal y prospectivo en 92 pacientes. El cierre de la comunicación por cateterismo con Amplatzer, se realizó en el Cardiocentro Pediátrico William Soler (2010-2016). Se utilizaron variables demográficas, ecocardiográficas (transtorácicas y transesofágicas) antes, durante y al año del cateterismo. Se observaron las complicaciones. La evaluación clínica y ecocardiográfica se realizó al año poscateterismo. Los pacientes a quienes se les realizó el proceder en el 2016, se evaluaron a los 6 meses. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias significativas en el sexo (p<0,05): femenino 64,1 por ciento con homogeneidad para la edad (p= 0,244): media 9,8 años ( 5 desviaciones estándar. Precateterismo: 28,3 por ciento eran desnutridos y 17,4 por ciento delgados; poscateterismo la desnutrición mejoró significativamente (p= 0,000): desnutridos 9,8 por ciento y delgados 8,7 por ciento. El diámetro medio del defecto por ecocardiografía transcateterismo fue significativo (p= 0,000). Transcateterismo: 98,9 por ciento con cierre de defecto, 16,3 por ciento con insuficiencia tricúspidea y 4,3 por ciento con insuficiencia mitral. Poscateterismo: 98,9 por ciento con Amplatzer bien colocado. Hubo complicaciones inmediatas en 8,7 por ciento (arritmias, derrame pericárdico y embolización). Al año se detectó cortocircuito residual pequeño (n= 1) e insuficiencias valvulares auriculoventriculares (n= 3). La evolución fue satisfactoria (n= 91). Conclusiones: La evolución del cierre de la comunicación interauricular ostium secundum con dispositivo Amplatzer es satisfactoria, con mejoras de la desnutrición(AU)

Introduction: The interventional catheterization corrects complex heart diseases, and the Amplatzer device is the most widely used and is available in Cuba. Objective: To assess the interventional catheterization with Amplatzer device in the ostium secundum atrial septal closure. Methods: Longitudinal and prospective evaluation study in 92 patients. The closure of the communication by Amplatzer catheterization was performed in the William Soler Pediatric Cardiocenter of (2010-2016). Demographic and echocardiographic (transthoracic and transesophageal) variables were used before, during, and at the year of the catheterization. Complications were observed. Clinical and echocardiographic assessment was made a year after catheterism. The patients who underwent the procedure in 2016 were evaluated at 6 months. Results: Significant differences were found in the sex (p< 0.05): Female 64.1 t percent with homogeneity of the age (p= 0.244): average 9.8 years ( 5 standard deviations. Pre-catheterism: 28.3 percent were malnourished and 17.4 percent thin; post-catheterism: malnutrition improved significantly (p= 0.000): 9.8 percent malnourished and 8.7 percent thin. The average diameter of the defect by transcatheter echocardiography was significant (p= 0.000). Transcatheter: 98.9 percent : with default closure, 16.3 percent with tricuspid insufficiency and 4.3 percent with mitral regurgitation. Post-catheterism: 98.9 percent with Amplatzer device correctly positioned. There were immediate complications in 8.7 percent (arrhythmia, pericardial effusion, and embolization). A year after, small residual short circuit was detected (n= 1), and atrioventricular valve regurgitation (n= 3). The evolution was satisfactory (n= 91). Conclusions: The evolution of ostium secundum atrial septal defect´s closure with Amplatzer device is satisfactory and improves malnutrition(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Atrial Septum/physiopathology , Septal Occluder Device/standards , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(2): 256-264, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088857


Abstract Background: The Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio (iFR) is an invasive functional evaluation method that does not require vasoactive drugs to induce maximum hyperemia Objective: To evaluate the contribution of the iFR to the therapeutic decision-making of coronary lesions in the absence of non-invasive diagnostic methods for ischemia, or in case of discordance between these methods and coronary angiography. Method: We studied patients older than 18 years, of both sexes, consecutively referred for percutaneous treatment between May 2014 and March 2018. Coronary stenotic lesions were classified by visual estimation of the stenosis diameter into moderate (41-70% stenosis) or severe (71%-90%). An iFR ≤ 0.89 was considered positive for ischemia. Logistic regression was performed using the elastic net, with placement of stents as outcome variable, and age, sex, arterial hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, smoking, family history, obesity and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as independent variables. Classification trees, ROC curves, and Box Plot graphs were constructed using the R software. A p-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Fifty-two patients with 96 stenotic lesions (56 moderate, 40 severe) were evaluated. The iFR cut-off point of 0.87 showed a sensitivity of 0.57 and 1-specificity of 0.88, demonstrating high accuracy in reclassifying the lesions. Diabetes mellitus, dyslipidemia, and presence of moderate lesions with an iFR < 0.87 were predictors of stent implantation. Stents were used in 32% of lesions in patients with stable coronary artery disease and AMI with or without ST elevation (non-culprit lesions). Conclusion: The iFR has an additional value to the therapeutic decision making in moderate and severe coronary stenotic lesions, by contributing to the reclassification of lesions and decreasing the need for stenting.

Resumo Fundamento: Instantaneous Wave-Free Ratio (iFR) é um método de avaliação funcional invasiva sem necessidade de droga vasoativa para indução de hiperemia máxima. Objetivo: Analisar a contribuição do iFR na terapêutica das lesões coronarianas com ausência ou discrepância entre os métodos diagnósticos não invasivos para isquemia e a angiografia coronária. Método: Foram estudados pacientes consecutivos com 18 anos ou mais, ambos os sexos, no período de maio de 2014 a março de 2018, com lesões coronarianas classificadas, por medição da porcentagem de diâmetro da estenose através de estimativa visual, em estenoses moderadas (41-70%) ou graves (71%-90%). O iFR ≤ 0,89 foi considerado positivo para isquemia. Empregou-se regressão logística com elastic net, tendo como variável desfecho o emprego de stent, e variáveis independentes: idade, sexo, hipertensão arterial, diabetes, dislipidemia, tabagismo, história familiar, obesidade e infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) prévio. Foram construídas Árvores de Classificação, Curva Roc, e gráficos Box Plot com o software R. O valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados: Foram avaliados 52 pacientes com 96 lesões obstrutivas (56 moderadas, 40 graves). O ponto de corte do iFR de 0,87 apresentou sensibilidade de 0,57 e 1-especificidade de 0,88, demonstrando boa acurácia para a reclassificação das lesões. Diabetes mellitus, dislipidemia, e presença de lesão moderada, com iFR < 0,87 foram preditores do implante de stents. Foram empregados stents em 32% das lesões de portadores de doença arterial coronariana estável e IAM com e sem supra de ST (lesões não culpadas). Conclusão: O iFR contribui para a reclassificação das lesões e diminuição do emprego de stents, auxiliando na abordagem das lesões moderadas e severas.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiac Catheterization/methods , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnosis , Myocardial Ischemia/physiopathology , Reference Values , Severity of Illness Index , Logistic Models , Stents , Pilot Projects , Reproducibility of Results , Sensitivity and Specificity , Coronary Angiography/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/physiopathology , Clinical Decision-Making