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Cambios rev. méd ; 21(1): 719, 30 Junio 2022. ilus, grafs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402501


INTRODUCCIÓN. La estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo es una técnica recientemente incluida en las guías de manejo de bradicardias sintomáticas. CASOS CLÍNICOS. Se describen 4 casos de pacientes sometidos a estimulación cardíaca temporal de larga duración con cable activo y marcapaso permanente externo de la unidad de Hemodinámica del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, con indicaciones diversas. DISCUSIÓN. El tiempo medio de permanencia con el cable activo y el marcapaso externalizado fue 23 días. No hubo complicaciones del procedimiento. Un paciente falleció por causas no relacionadas con la estimulación y 2 se recuperaron en sus domicilios. CONCLUSIÓN. La técnica de estimulación temporal utilizando marcapasos permanentes recuperados se muestra extremadamente útil para mantener un marcapaso cardíaco seguro, incluso ambulatorio y por largo tiempo, hasta el implante de dispositivos definitivos. Su limitación es la factibilidad de hacerlo solo en centros de tercer nivel.

INTRODUCTION. Long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and permanent external pacemaker is a technique recently included in the guidelines for the management of symptomatic bradycardias. CLINICAL CASES. We describe 4 cases of patients who underwent long-duration temporary cardiac pacing with active lead and external permanent pacemaker at the Hemodynamics Unit of the Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín, with different indications. DISCUSSION. The mean length of stay with the active lead and externalized pacemaker was 23 days. There were no procedural complications. One patient died of causes unrelated to pacing and 2 recovered at home. CONCLUSIONS. The technique of temporary pacing using retrieved permanent pacemakers is extremely useful for maintaining safe cardiac pacing, even on an outpatient basis and for a long period of time, until implantation of definitive devices. Its limitation is the feasibility of doing it only in third level centers.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pacemaker, Artificial , Bradycardia , Cardiology , Heart , Heart Rate , Hemodynamics , Prostheses and Implants , Tertiary Healthcare , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Advanced Cardiac Life Support , Ecuador , Endocarditis , Hospital Care , Heart Arrest , Heart Ventricles , Anti-Bacterial Agents
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 150-153, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935119


Objective: To explore the predictive value of the impedance measured during leadless pacemaker Micra implantation on the trend of changes of pacing threshold post implantation. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study. Patients who received implantation of leadless pacemaker Micra at the Second Xiangya Hospital of Central South University from December 2019 to August 2020 were enrolled. The clinical data and the intraoperative electrical parameters during leadless pacemaker implantation were collected. The impedance and pacing threshold data were analyzed at three time points: immediate release, 5-10 min after release, and after traction test. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to analyze the value of the impedance at immediate release on predicting the trend of changes of pacing threshold post implantation. Results: A total of 21 patients (mean age: (72.2±12.5) years, 12 males) were included. The impedance of 21 patients was (798.1±35.3) Ω immediately after implantation, (800.9±35.6) Ω after 5-10 minutes of release, and (883.6±31.7) Ω after traction test. Impedance was similar between the three time points (P>0.05). The threshold was (0.97±0.11) V/0.24 ms immediately after implantation, (0.95±0.12) V/0.24 ms at 5-10 min after the release, and (0.59±0.06) V/0.24 ms after the traction test. The threshold was significantly lower after the traction test than that immediately after release (P=0.003) and than that at 5-10 minutes after release (P=0.008), suggesting a decreased tendency of the threshold over time. According to the analysis of the ROC curve, the immediate impedance after the release ≥680 Ω could predict the ideal pacing threshold after the traction test (AUC=0.989, 95%CI 0.702-0.964, P<0.001), the prediction sensitivity was 87%, and the specificity was 100%. The pacing threshold would be not ideal with the immediate impedance ≤ 520 Ω (95%CI 0.893-1.000, P<0.001), the sensitivity was 100%, and the specificity was 80%. Conclusions: The impedance immediately after the release has predictive value for the changing trend of threshold post leadless pacemaker Micra implantation. Impedance ≥680 Ω immediately after release is often related with ideal pacing threshold after the traction test. In contrast, the impedance ≤ 520 Ω pacing is often related with unsatisfactory threshold after the traction test, therefore, it is recommended to find a new pacing site to achieve the impedance ≥680 Ω immediately after release during leadless pacemaker Micra implantation.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cross-Sectional Studies , Electric Impedance , Pacemaker, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 142-149, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935118


Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch pacing(LBBP) in patients after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). Methods: This is a retrospective study. A total of 35 patients underwent TAVI and received pacemaker implantation from January 2018 to December 2020 in Beijing Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. Patients were divided into LBBP group (n=12) and right ventricular apex pacing (RVAP) group (n=23) according to the pacing position. The success rate of operation in LBBP group was calculated, and the occurrence of complications were observed, and the parameters of pacemaker were measured on the 3rd day and 1, 3 and 6 months after operation. The N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), echocardiographic and ECG indexes were compared between the two groups on the 3rd day and 1, 3, and 6 months after pacemaker implantation. Result: A total of 35 patients were included, The age was (76.4±7.7) years, including 19 males (54.3%). The procedure time ((86.58±17.10)min vs. (68.74±9.18)min, P<0.001) and fluoroscopy duration ((20.08±4.44)min vs. (17.00±2.26)min, P<0.001) were significantly longer in LBBP group compared with RVAP group. The operation success rate of LBBP group was 11/12. There was no serious operation related complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and lower limb bleeding. The patients were followed up for 7.43 (5.21, 9.84) months. The programmed parameters of pacemaker were in the ideal range and stable during follow-up. At 3 and 6 months after operation, the left ventricular ejection fraction in LBBP group was higher than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: (60.75±2.89)% vs. (57.35±3.33)%, P=0.004; at 6 months: (63.17±3.33)% vs. (56.17±3.97)%, P<0.001), NT-proBNP values was lower in LBBP group than that in RVAP Group (at 3 months: 822 (607, 1 150)ng/L vs. 1 052 (902, 1 536)ng/L, P=0.006; at 6 months: 440 (330,679)ng/L vs. 783 (588, 1 023)ng/L, P=0.001). At 1, 3 and 6 months after operation, the QRS duration was shorter in LBBP group than that in RVAP group (1 month: 99 (97, 107)ms vs. 126(124, 130)ms, P<0.001; 3 months: 98(96, 105)ms vs. 129(128, 133)ms, P<0.001; 6 months: 96(94, 104)ms vs. 130(128, 132)ms, P<0.001). Conclusions: For patients with permanent pacemaker indications after TAVI, LBBP is feasible, safe and reliable. It could improve the cardiac function in the short term, the long-term effect of LBBP needs to be further observed.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Fluoroscopy , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 543-548, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940886


Objective: To evaluate the success rate of His-Purkinje system pacing (HPSP) in patients with various sites of atrioventricular block (AVB) and provide clinical evidence for the selection of HPSP in patients with AVB. Methods: This is a retrospective case analysis. 637 patients with AVB who underwent permanent cardiac pacemaker implantation and requiring high proportion of ventricular pacing from March 2016 to September 2021 in the Department of Cardiology, General Hospital of Northern Theater Command were enrolled. The site of AVB was determined by electrophysiological examination. His bundle pacing (HBP) was performed in the first 130 patients (20.4%) who were classified as the HBP group and HPSP included HBP and/or left bundle branch pacing (LBBP) was performed in later 507 patients (79.6%) and these patients were classified as the HPSP group. The basic clinical information such as age and sex of the two groups was compared, and the success rates of HBP or HPSP in patients with different sites of AVB and QRS intervals were analyzed. Results: The age of HBP group was (66.4±15.9) years with 75 males (57.7%). The age of HPSP group was (66.8±13.6) years with 288 (56.8%) males. Among 637 patients, 63.0% (401/637) had atrioventricular node block; 22.9% (146/637) had intra-His block; 14.1% (90/637) had distal or inferior His bundle block. Totally, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP [93.9% (476/507) vs. 86.9% (113/130), P<0.05]. In each group of patients with various AVB sites, the success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP respectively and both success rates of HBP and HPSP showed a declining trend with the distant AVB site. The success rate of HBP in patients with atrioventricular node block and intra-His block was higher than that in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [95.2% (79/83) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P<0.001; 86.7% (26/30) vs. 47.1% (8/17), P=0.010]. The success rate of HPSP was higher than that of HBP in patients with distal or inferior His bundle block [87.7% (64/73) vs 47.1% (8/17), P=0.001]. In patients with QRS<120 ms, 94.9% (520/548) of AVB sites were in atrioventricular node or intra-His, and HBP had a similar high success rate with HPSP [95.6% (109/114) vs. 96.3% (418/434), P=0.943] in these patients. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms, 69.7% (62/89) of AVB sites were at distal or inferior His bundle, and the success rate of HBP was only 25.0% (4/16), while the success rate of HPSP was as high as 79.5% (58/73), P<0.001. Conclusions: In patients with QRS<120 ms and atrioventricular node block or intra-His block, success rates of HBP and HPSP are similarly high and HBP might be considered as the first choice. In patients with QRS ≥ 120 ms and AVB site at distal or inferior His bundle, the success rate of HPSP is higher than that of HBP, suggesting LBBP should be considered as the first-line treatment option.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrioventricular Block/therapy , Bundle of His/physiology , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Electrocardiography , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928896


The unipolar/bipolar pacing mode of pacemaker is related to its circuit impedance, which affects the battery life. In this study, the in vitro experiment scheme of pacemaker circuit impedance test was constructed. The human blood environment was simulated by NaCl solution, and the experimental environment temperature was controlled by water bath. The results of in vitro experiments showed that under the experimental conditions similar to clinical human parameters, the difference between the circuit impedance of bipolar mode and unipolar mode is 120~200 Ω. The results of the in vitro experiment confirmed that the circuit impedance of bipolar circuit was larger than that of unipolar mode, which was found in clinical practice. The results of this study have reference value to the optimization of pacing mode and the reduction of pacemaker power consumption.

Humans , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Electric Impedance , Pacemaker, Artificial , Prostheses and Implants
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 505-516, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364318


Resumo Fundamento A estimulação ventricular direita convencional aumenta o risco de fibrilação atrial e insuficiência cardíaca em portadores de marca-passo. A estimulação do ramo esquerdo (RE) do sistema His-Purkinje pode evitar os desfechos indesejados da estimulação ventricular direita. Objetivo Analisar retrospectivamente os desfechos intraoperatórios, eletrocardiográficos e os dados clínicos do seguimento inicial de pacientes submetidos à estimulação do RE. Métodos Foram avaliados os parâmetros eletrônicos do implante e eventuais complicações precoces de 52 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à estimulação do sistema de condução. O nível de significância alfa adotado foi igual a 0,05. Resultados 52 pacientes foram submetidos a estimulação do RE do sistema His-Purkinje, obtendo sucesso em 50 procedimentos. 69,2% dos pacientes eram do sexo masculino e a mediana e intervalo interquatil da idade no momento do implante foi de 73,5 (65,0-80,0) anos. A duração do QRS pré-implante foi de 146 (104-175) ms e de 120 (112-130) ms após o procedimento. O tempo de ativação do ventrículo esquerdo foi de 78 (70-84) ms. A amplitude da onda R foi de 12,00 (7,95-15,30) mV, com limiar de estimulação de 0,5 (0,4-0,7) V × 0,4 ms e impedância de 676 (534-780) ohms. O tempo de procedimento foi de 116 (90-130) min e o tempo de fluoroscopia foi de 14,2 (10,0-21,6) min. Conclusão A estimulação cardíaca do sistema de condução His-Purkinje por meio da estimulação do ramo esquerdo é uma técnica segura e factível. Nesta casuística, apresentou alta taxa de sucesso, foi realizada com tempo de procedimento e fluoroscopia baixos e obteve medidas eletrônicas adequadas.

Abstract Background Conventional right ventricular pacing increases the risk of atrial fibrillation and heart failure in pacemaker patients. Stimulation of the left bundle branch (LBB) of the His-Purkinje system can prevent the unwanted outcomes of right ventricular pacing. Objective To retrospectively analyze the intraoperative outcomes, electrocardiographic and clinical data from the initial follow-up of patients submitted to stimulation of the LBB. Methods The electronic parameters of the implant and of possible early complications of 52 consecutive patients submitted to stimulation of the conduction system were evaluated. The adopted significance level was 0.05. Results Fifty-two patients underwent left bundle branch stimulation, with 50 successful procedures; 69.2% of the patients were male, and the median and interquartile range of age at the time of implantation was 73.5 (65.0-80.0) years. The pre-implant QRS duration was 146 (104-175) ms and 120 (112-130) ms after the procedure. The left ventricle activation time was 78 (70-84) ms. The R-wave amplitude was 12.00 (7.95-15.30) mV, with a stimulation threshold of 0.5 (0.4-0.7) V x 0.4 ms and impedance of 676 (534-780) ohms. The procedure duration was 116 (90-130) min, and the fluoroscopy time was 14.2 (10.0-21.6) min. Conclusion Cardiac stimulation of the His-Purkinje conduction system through the stimulation of the left bundle branch is a safe and feasible technique. In this study, it showed a high success rate, with low procedure and fluoroscopy periods, achieving adequate electronic measurements.

Humans , Male , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Conduction System
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 118(2): 488-502, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364323


Resumo Fundamento A estimulação cardíaca artificial (ECA) por captura direta ou indireta do feixe de His resulta em contração ventricular sincrônica (ECA fisiológica). Objetivos Comparar sincronia cardíaca, características técnicas e resultados de parâmetros eletrônicos entre duas técnicas de ECA indireta do feixe de His: a não seletiva e a parahissiana. Métodos Intervenção experimental (novembro de 2019 a abril de 2020) com implante de marca-passo definitivo (MPd) DDD em pacientes com fração de ejeção ventricular esquerda > 35%. Foram comparadas a sincronia cardíaca resultante mediante algoritmo de análise eletrocardiográfica da variância espacial do QRS e as características técnicas associadas a cada método entre ECA hissiana não seletiva (DDD-His) e parahissiana (DDD-Var). Resultados De 51 pacientes (28 homens), 34 (66,7%) foram alocados no grupo DDD-Var e 17 (33,3%), no grupo DDD-His, com idade média de 74 e 79 anos, respectivamente. No grupo DDD-Var, a análise da variância espacial do QRS (índice de sincronia ventricular) mostrou melhora após o implante de MPd (p < 0,001). Ao ECG pós-implante, 91,2% dos pacientes do grupo DDD-Var mostraram padrão fisiológico de ECA, comprovando ativação similar à do DDD-His (88,2%; p = 0,999). O eixo do QRS estimulado também foi similar (fisiológico) para ambos os grupos. A mediana do tempo de fluoroscopia do implante foi de 7 minutos no grupo DDD-Var e de 21 minutos no DDD-His (p < 0,001), favorecendo a técnica parahissiana. A duração média do QRS aumentou nos pacientes do DDD-Var (114,7 ms pré-MPd e 128,2 ms pós-implante, p = 0,044). A detecção da onda R foi de 11,2 mV no grupo DDD-Var e de 6,0 mV no DDD-His (p = 0,001). Conclusão A ECA parahissiana comprova recrutamento indireto do feixe de His, mostrando-se uma estratégia eficaz e comparável à ECA fisiológica ao resultar em contração ventricular sincrônica similar à obtida por captura hissiana não seletiva.

Abstract Background Artificial cardiac pacing by direct or indirect His bundle capture results in synchronous ventricular contraction (physiological pacing). Objectives To compare cardiac synchronization, technical characteristics, and electronic parameters between two techniques of indirect His-bundle pacing: non-selective (NS-HBP) vs para-Hisian pacing (PHP). Methods The experimental intervention (between November 2019 and April 2020) consisted of implanting a DDD pacemaker in patients who had left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) > 35%. The resulting cardiac synchronization was compared using an electrocardiographic algorithm that analyzed QRS variation and the technical characteristics of non-selective Hisian pacing (DDD-His) and para-Hisian pacing (DDD-Var). Results Of 51 total patients (men: 28), 66.7% (34) were allocated to the DDD-Var group and 33.3% (17) to the DDD-His group. The mean ages in each group were 74 and 79 years, respectively. In the DDD-Var group, QRS variation (ventricular synchrony) improved after implantation (p < 0.001). In post-implantation ECG, 91.2% of the DDD-Var group presented a physiological pacing pattern, which was similar to the DDD-His group (88.2%; p = 0.999). The paced QRS axis was also similar (physiological) for both groups. Intraoperative fluoroscopy time (XRay) during implantation was lower for the para-Hisian technique (median 7 min in the DDD-Var group vs 21 min in the DDD-His group, p < 0.001). The mean QRS duration increased in the DDD-Var group (114.7 ms pre-implantation vs 128.2 ms post-implantation, p = 0.044). The mean post-implantation R-wave amplitude was 11.2 mV in the DDD-Var group vs 6.0 mV in the DDD-His group, p = 0.001. Conclusion Para-Hisian pacing appears to indirectly recruit the His bundle, which would make this an effective and comparable strategy for physiological pacing, resulting in synchronous ventricular contraction similar to that of non-selective Hisian pacing.

Humans , Male , Aged , Bundle of His , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology , Stroke Volume , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography/methods
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(4): e301, Oct.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341240


Abstract Patients with implantable electric stimulation devices are challenging to the anesthesiologist since these cases demand a comprehensive knowledge about how the device operates, the indications for the implant and the implications that must be addressed during the perioperative period. This article is intended to provide the reader with clear and structured information so that the anesthesiologist will be able to safely deal with the situation of a patient with an implantable cardiac stimulation device, who has been programmed for emergent surgery. A search for the scientific evidence available was conducted in Pubmed / Medline, ScienceDirect, OVID, SciELO), for a non-systematic review. The incidence of the use of cardiac electric stimulation devices has been growing. Their operation is increasingly complex, and demands being constantly updated on the knowledge in the area.

Resumen El paciente portador de un dispositivo de estimulación eléctrica cardiaca implantable se convierte en un reto para el anestesiólogo debido a que implica un conocimiento integral que abarca su funcionamiento, las indicaciones que llevaron a su implante y las implicaciones que se deben abordar en el perioperatorio. Este artículo busca proporcionar al lector información clara y estructurada que le permita al anestesiólogo enfrentarse de forma segura al escenario de un paciente con un dispositivo de estimulación eléctrica cardiaca implantable programado para cirugía emergente. Se realizó una búsqueda de la evidencia científica disponible en bases de datos (Pubmed / Medline, ScienceDirect, OVID, SciELO), para una revisión no sistemática. La incidencia en el uso de dispositivos de estimulación eléctrica cardiaca viene en aumento. Su funcionamiento es cada vez más complejo lo cual implica una actualización permanente del conocimiento en esta área.

Humans , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Perioperative Period , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices , Radiography , Defibrillators, Implantable , Electric Stimulation/methods , Anesthesiologists
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1311-1316, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351458


SUMMARY INTRODUCTION: According to recent studies, the rate of atrioventricular block requiring permanent pacing in patients following transcatheter aortic valve implantation varied between 5.7% and 42.5%. Fragmented QRS is a useful marker of myocardial scar and can predict adverse cardiac events. In this study, we examined association between f ragmented QRS and postprocedural rhythm disturbances and the need for permanent pacing in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we examined association between fragmented QRS and postprocedural rhythm disturbances and the need for permanent pacing in patients who underwent transcatheter aortic valve implantation' sentence is enough for it. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed standard 12-lead electrocardiographic recordings of 124 consecutive patients in whom a CoreValve prosthesis was implanted. We examined 12-lead electrocardiogram before and after procedure along with one- and six-month follow-up. We documented QRS fragmentation and postprocedural rhythm disturbances. RESULTS: There was a significant increase in the frequency of left bundle branch block, (21.1 versus 0%, p<0.05) and the incidence of atrioventricular blocks requiring permanent pacing (21.1 versus 0%, p<0.05) following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients whose preprocedural electrocardiogram recordings revealed fragmented QRS compared to those without fragmented QRS. Based our collected data, the presence of QRS fragmentation in anterior derivations was the only independent factor associated with postprocedural rhythm disturbances (B-value 0.217; OR 0.805; 95%CI 0.136-4.78; p=0.004). CONCLUSION: Our data showed an increased risk for the development of new-onset left bundle branch block and atrioventricular blocks following transcatheter aortic valve implantation in patients whose baseline electrocardiogram recordings demonstrated QRS fragmentation.

Humans , Aortic Valve Stenosis/surgery , Pacemaker, Artificial , Heart Valve Prosthesis/adverse effects , Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement/adverse effects , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Electrocardiography
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880670


OBJECTIVES@#To compare the left ventricular systolic function between the 1eft bundle branch pacing (LBBP) and right ventricular septum pacing (RVSP) in patients with pacemaker dependence by three-dimensional speckle tracking imaging (3D-STI).@*METHODS@#A total of 65 patients with atrioventricular block (AVB) (Mobitz type II second-degree AVB, high-degree AVB, or third-degree AVB), who underwent permanent cardiac pacing implantation including 32 patients receiving LBBP (LBBP group) and 33 patients receiving RVSP (RVSP group) from June 2018 to June 2019,were enrolled in this study. These patients met the following inclusion criterion: pre-operative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF)>50% and ventricular pacing rate>40% at 6-month programming follow-up; and the patients underwent echocardiography at pre-operation and 6 months after operation. The 3D-STI was used to obtain global longitudinal strain (GLS), global circumferential strain (GCS), global radial strain (GRS), and global area strain (GAS).@*RESULTS@#All the patients in the LBBP group and the RVSP group had normal LVEF, there was no significant difference between the 2 group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#For patients with pacemaker dependence and normal LVEF at pre-operation, the cardiac function in the LBBP group is not significantly better than that in the RVSP group in short term follow-up. But in terms of physiologic pacing and long-term cardiac function protection, the 1eft bundle branch pacing is an optimal pacing mode.

Humans , Bundle of His , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Pacemaker, Artificial , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left , Ventricular Septum/diagnostic imaging
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(3): 328-335, Jul.-Sep. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131051


Resumen La estimulación apical permanente del ventrículo derecho (VD) puede producir asincronía del ventrículo izquierdo (VI) desde los puntos de vista eléctrico y mecánico. Este fenómeno es efecto de una alteración de la activación normal del VI que lleva al deterioro de la función sistólica y la aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca y sus efectos deletéreos relacionados. Para el estudio de la asincronía eléctrica del VI se ha propuesto en fecha reciente el nuevo sistema electrocardiográfico no invasivo Synchromax, que puede cuantificar el grado de asincronía eléctrica que causa una subsecuente asincronía mecánica. Esta última se ha estudiado casi siempre mediante la ecocardiografía transtorácica bidimensional (ETT2D) a través del Doppler tisular y la deformación miocárdica y ahora con la ecocardiografía tridimensional transtorácica en tiempo real (E3DTR). La relación entre estos fenómenos ha sido motivo de estudio a fin de identificar a los pacientes que se benefician de la transición a un tratamiento de resincronización cardíaca. Conclusiones: La estimulación artificial permanente del VD produce asincronía eléctrica del VI que puede cuantificarse mediante el nuevo sistema electrocardiográfico Synchromax y desencadenar asincronía mecánica estudiada mediante la ecocardiografía transtorácica para reconocer a los pacientes que pueden beneficiarse de un tratamiento de resincronización cardíaca.

Abstract Permanent apical pacing of right ventricle (RV) can produce dyssynchrony of the left ventricle (LV) from an electrical and mechanical point of view. This phenomenon is caused by an alteration in the normal activation of LV leading to a deterioration of systolic function and the appearance of heart failure and its associated deleterious effects. For the study of the electrical asynchrony of the LV, a new noninvasive electrocardiographic system Synchromax has recently been proposed, being able to quantify the degree of electrical asynchrony that leads to a subsequent mechanical dyssynchrony. The latter has been traditionally studied by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography (2DTTE) through tissue Doppler and myocardial deformation and lately by real-time 3-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE). The relationship between these phenomena has been the subject of study to predict those patients who benefit from an “upgrade” to cardiac resynchronization therapy. Conclusions: Permanent apical pacing of the RV produces electrical dyssynchrony of the LV that can be quantified using a new electrocardiographic system Synchromax and trigger mechanical asynchrony studied through transthoracic echocardiography allowing to predict those patients who benefit from cardiac resynchronization therapy.

Humans , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/etiology , Echocardiography , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Echocardiography, Doppler , Ventricular Dysfunction, Left/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography, Three-Dimensional , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy/methods
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(1): 12-16, Jan.-Mar. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131000


Abstract Complete heart block (CHB) results from dysfunction of the cardiac conduction system, which results in complete electrical dissociation. The ventricular escape rhythm can have its origin anywhere from the atrioventricular node to the bundle branch-Purkinje system. CHB typically results in bradycardia, hypotension, fatigue, hemodynamic instability, syncope, or even Stokes-Adams syndrome. Escape rhythm originating above the bifurcation of the His bundle (HB) produces narrow QRSs with relatively rapid heart rate (HR) (except in cases of His system disease). We present a middle-aged man with an HR of 34 bpm, progressive fatigue, in whom a temporary pacemaker was implanted in the subtricuspid region. The post-intervention electrocardiogram had unusual features.

Resumen El bloqueo cardíaco completo (BCC) resulta de la disfunción del sistema de conducción cardíaco, lo que ocasiona una disociación eléctrica completa entre aurículas y ventrículos. El ritmo de escape resultante puede tener su origen en cualquier lugar desde el nodo auriculoventricular hasta el sistema His Purkinje. El BCC generalmente produce bradicardia, hipotensión, fatiga, inestabilidad hemodinámica, síncope o incluso el síndrome de Stokes-Adams. El ritmo de escape que se origina por encima de la bifurcación del haz de His produce intervalos QRS estrechos con frecuencia cardíaca no muy lenta (excepto en casos de enfermedad del sistema Hisiano). Presentamos a un hombre de mediana edad con una frecuencia cardíaca de 34 lpm, fatiga progresiva, en el que se implantó un marcapasos temporario en la región subtricuspídea. El electrocardiograma resultante a la intervención presentó características inusuales.

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Heart Rate/physiology , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Electrocardiography , Fatigue/physiopathology , Heart Conduction System/physiopathology
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 848-852, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941188


Objective: To investigate the efficacy and safety of left bundle branch area pacing (LBBaP) with the new simplified approach (nine-partition method). Methods: A total of 118 patients with clinical indications and received pacemaker implantation from December 1, 2018 to December 31, 2019 in Beijing Anzhen Hospital were enrolled. LBBaP was performed with the nine-partition method (in the right anterior oblique 30° position, the ventriculogram was divided into nine partitions and the initial implant sites were located in the lower base 1/3 partitions). In X-ray image, the 3830 lead is located in the left bundle branch area, the unipolar pacing QRS wave is in the form of right bundle branch block, and the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation<90 ms is defined as successful operation. The clinical characters, such as the methods of venipuncture, electrode parameters, operation duration, fluoroscopy duration, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular, pacemaker types, surgical success rate, complications, and immediate postoperative ECG parameters were collected. The patients were followed up after the operation, and the electrode parameters and postoperative complications were recorded. Results: This study is a retrospective study. There were 62 (52.5%) male patients in this cohort, the average age was (65.9±13.4) years old,and there were 49(41.5%) sick sinus syndrome, 6(5.1%) abnormal sinus node and atrioventricular node simultaneously, 63(53.4%) atrioventricular block, 26(22.0%) atrial fibrillation, 20(16.9%) cardiomyopathy; the baseline duration of QRS was (109.21±39.03) ms. Successful LBBaP was achieved in 109 patients with"nine-partition method"and the success rate was 92.4%; 104 patients (95.5%) were axillary vein puncture, 5 (4.6%) were subclavian vein puncture; the operation duration was (80.3±23.0) min, the fluoroscopy duration was (12.29±5.13) min; the QRS duration after LBBaP was (116.36±18.11) ms. The threshold of the left bundle branch (LBB) lead was (0.92±0.63) V, the R wave amplitude was (10.60±5.04) mV and the impedance was (798.71±194.90) Ω. In 1 V pacing, the peak time from stimulation to left ventricular activation was (67.91±12.15) ms, and in 5 V pacing was (67.52±12.45) ms; 1 case (0.9%) with a single-chamber pacemaker implanted, 106 cases (97.3%) with dual-chamber pacemaker and 2 cases (1.8%) with three-chamber pacemakers. There were no hematomas, pneumothorax, hemothorax, electrode dislocation, infection, and capsular hemorrhage and other serious surgery-related complications during the operation. A total of 97 patients (89.0%) were followed up for (6.21±2.90) months. The electrode parameters of all patients were stable and no complications observed. Conclusions: The LBBaP with nine-partition method is a simple, safe and effective physiological pacing approach. However, its long-term effect still needs to be further verified.

Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrioventricular Block , Bundle-Branch Block/therapy , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e45014, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1097364


Objetivo: avaliar a qualidade de vida de indivíduos portadores de dispositivo cardíaco eletrônico implantável. Método: estudo descritivo e transversal realizado com 50 indivíduos em 2018. Utilizou-se o SF-36 e AQUAREL. Resultados: a comorbidade mais frequente foi a hipertensão arterial sistêmica ­ 39 (78%), a cardiopatia de base a bradicardia ­ 18 (36%) e queixas de palpitação e pré-síncope. Predominaram indivíduos com tempo do dispositivo cardíaco eletrônico de até 5 anos ­ 24 (48%), sem troca de gerador ­ 31 (62%). A maioria negou o consumo de bebida alcóolica ­ 47 (94%), de cigarros ­ 44 (88%) e não realiza atividade física regular ­ 34 (68%). No SF-36, o menor escore foi no domínio aspectos físicos (15) e o maior em dor (88,8). No AQUAREL o menor escore foi no domínio dispneia (78,98) e o maior em desconforto (86,54). Conclusão: constatou-se sintomatologia reduzida. Houve associação significativa entre sexo masculino e atividade física. Os indivíduos apresentam melhora da qualidade de vida após a implantação do dispositivo cardíaco.

Objective: to evaluate the quality of life of individuals with implantable electronic cardiac devices. Method: descriptive and cross-sectional study conducted with 50 individuals in 2018. SF-36 and AQUAREL were used. Results: the most frequent comorbidity was systemic arterial hypertension ­ 39 (78%), baseline heart disease bradycardia ­ 18 (36%) and complaints of palpitation and pre-syncope. Individuals with electronic cardiac device time of up to 5 years 24 (48%) predominated, without changing the generator ­ 31 (62%). The majority denied alcohol consumption ­ 47 (94%), cigarettes ­ 44 (88%) and regular physical activity ­ 34 (68%). In the SF-36 the lowest score was in the physical aspects domain (15) and the highest in pain (88.8). In AQUAREL the lowest score was in the domain dyspnea (78.98) and the highest in discomfort (86.54). Conclusion: reduced symptomatology was observed. There was a significant association between males and physical activity. Individuals have improved quality of life after implantation of the cardiac device.

Objetivo: evaluar la calidad de vida de las personas con dispositivos cardíacos electrónicos implantables. Método: estudio descriptivo y transversal realizado con 50 individuos, en 2018. SF-36 y AQUAREL se utilizaron. Resultados: la comorbilidad más frecuente fue la hipertensión arterial sistémica ­ 39 (78%), las cardiopatías subyacentes, bradicardia ­ 18 (36%) y quejas de palpitación y presíncope. Predominan los individuos con tiempo de dispositivo cardíaco electrónico de hasta 5 años ­ 24 (48%) sin cambiar el generador ­ 31 (62%). La mayoría negó el consumo de alcohol ­ 47 (94%), cigarrillos ­ 44 (88%) y actividad física regular 34 (68%). En el SF-36, la puntuación más baja estaba en el dominio de aspectos físicos (15) y la más alta en dolor (88.8). En AQUAREL, la puntuación más baja estaba en el dominio disnea (78,98) y la más alta en malestar (86,54). Conclusión: se observó una sintomatología reducida. Hubo una asociación significativa entre los varones y la actividad física. Los individuos han mejorado la calidad de vida después de la implantación del dispositivo cardíaco.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Pacemaker, Artificial , Quality of Life , Electric Countershock , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Devices , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 410-421, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001291


Abstract Background: Considering the potential deleterious effects of right ventricular (RV) pacing, the hypothesis of this study is that isolated left ventricular (LV) pacing through the coronary sinus is safe and may provide better clinical and echocardiographic benefits to patients with bradyarrhythmias and normal ventricular function requiring heart rate correction alone. Objective: To assess the safety, efficacy, and effects of LV pacing using an active-fixation coronary sinus lead in comparison with RV pacing, in patients eligible for conventional pacemaker (PM) implantation. Methods: Randomized, controlled, and single-blinded clinical trial in adult patients submitted to PM implantation due to bradyarrhythmias and systolic ventricular function ≥ 0.40. Randomization (RV vs. LV) occurred before PM implantation. The main results of the study were procedural success, safety, and efficacy. Secondary results were clinical and echocardiographic changes. Chi-squared test, Fisher's exact test and Student's t-test were used, considering a significance level of 5%. Results: From June 2012 to January 2014, 91 patients were included, 36 in the RV Group and 55 in the LV Group. Baseline characteristics of patients in both groups were similar. PM implantation was performed successfully and without any complications in all patients in the RV group. Of the 55 patients initially allocated into the LV group, active-fixation coronary sinus lead implantation was not possible in 20 (36.4%) patients. The most frequent complication was phrenic nerve stimulation, detected in 9 (25.7%) patients in the LV group. During the follow-up period, there were no hospitalizations due to heart failure. Reductions of more than 10% in left ventricular ejection fraction were observed in 23.5% of patients in the RV group and 20.6% of those in the LV group (p = 0.767). Tissue Doppler analysis showed that 91.2% of subjects in the RV group and 68.8% of those in the LV group had interventricular dyssynchrony (p = 0.022). Conclusion: The procedural success rate of LV implant was low, and the safety of the procedure was influenced mainly by the high rate of phrenic nerve stimulation in the postoperative period.

Resumo Fundamento: Considerando-se os potenciais efeitos deletérios da estimulação do ventrículo direito (VD), a hipótese desse estudo é que a estimulação unifocal ventricular esquerda pelo seio coronário é segura e pode proporcionar melhores benefícios clínicos e ecocardiográficos aos pacientes com bradiarritmias que apresentam função ventricular normal, necessitando apenas da correção da frequência cardíaca. Objetivos: Avaliar a segurança, a eficácia e os efeitos da estimulação do ventrículo esquerdo (VE), utilizando um cabo-eletrodo com fixação ativa, em comparação à estimulação do VD. Métodos: Estudo clínico, randomizado, simples-cego em pacientes adultos com indicação de marca-passo (MP) devido a bradiarritmias e função ventricular sistólica ≥ 0,40. A randomização aleatória (VD vs VE) ocorreu antes do procedimento. Os desfechos primários do estudo foram: o sucesso, a segurança e a eficácia do procedimento proposto. Os desfechos secundários foram: a evolução clínica e alterações ecocardiográficas. Empregou-se os testes Qui-quadrado, Exato de Fisher e t de Student, com nível de significância de 5%. Resultados: De junho de 2012 a janeiro de 2014 foram incluídos 91 pacientes, sendo 36 no grupo VD e 55 no grupo VE. As características basais dos pacientes dos dois grupos foram similares. O implante de MP foi realizado com sucesso e sem nenhuma intercorrência em todos os pacientes do grupo VD. Dos 55 pacientes inicialmente alocados para o grupo VE, o implante do cabo-eletrodo em veias coronárias não foi possível em 20 (36,4%) pacientes. Dentre os 35 pacientes que permaneceram com o cabo-eletrodo no VE, a estimulação frênica foi a complicação mais frequente e foi detectada em 9 (25,7%) pacientes. Na fase de seguimento clínico, não houve hospitalizações por insuficiência cardíaca. Reduções superiores a 10% na fração de ejeção do VE foram observadas em 23,5% dos pacientes do grupo VD e em 20,6% dos pacientes do grupo VE (p = 0,767). A análise feita pelo Doppler tecidual mostrou que 91,2% dos indivíduos do grupo VD e 68,8% dos do grupo VE apresentaram dissincronia interventricular (p = 0,022). Conclusões: A taxa de sucesso do implante no VE foi baixa e a segurança do procedimento foi influenciada, principalmente, pela alta taxa de estimulação frênica no pós-operatório.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Bradycardia/therapy , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/methods , Heart Ventricles/physiopathology , Stroke Volume , Bradycardia/physiopathology , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial/adverse effects , Single-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology
CorSalud ; 11(1): 75-78, ene.-mar. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089713


RESUMEN Hombre de 80 años de edad, con antecedentes de miocardiopatía dilatada de origen isquémico, con disfunción sisto-diastólica del ventrículo izquierdo, que inicialmente presentó flutter auricular con inestabilidad hemodinámica y se realizó cardioversión eléctrica, luego de la cual se obtuvo un ritmo no precedido de onda P a 40 latidos por minuto, que fue interpretado como fibrilación auricular bloqueada; razón por la que se le colocó un marcapasos externo. Durante su evolución se realizó electrocardiograma de 12 derivaciones, donde se evidenció estimulación ventricular permanente con conducción retrógrada (ventrículo-auricular). Se disminuyó la frecuencia de estimulación para priorizar el ritmo espontáneo del paciente y se obtuvo marcada mejoría de la curva de presión arterial.

ABSTRACT An 80-year-old male patient is presented, with previous dilated cardiomyopathy of ischemic etiology, with systo-diastolic left ventricular dysfunction, who initially presented atrial flutter and hemodynamic instability, thus, an electrical cardioversion was performed. After this procedure, a blocked atrial fibrillation was observed. Thus, an external pacemaker was placed. During the evolution, a 12 lead electrocardiogram was performed, showing permanent ventricular stimulation with retrograde conduction (ventriculo-atrial). The pacing rate was diminished for prioritizing the patient's spontaneous rhythm resulting in an improvement of the blood pressure curve.

Heart Conduction System , Cardiac Pacing, Artificial , Atrial Function