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1.
Gac. méd. boliv ; 44(1): 103-107, jun. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286582

ABSTRACT

El taponamiento cardiaco es la acumulación de líquido dentro del saco pericárdico, lo que conlleva a un aumento de la presión intrapericardica, permitiendo el deterioro de la capacidad del corazón para llenarse y actuar como bomba. Entre sus causas tenemos a la tuberculosis, las colagenopatías, y el cáncer. En el embarazo se pueden enmascarar los signos y síntomas del taponamiento cardiaco por los cambios fisiológicos propios del embarazo. El Gold estándar para su detección es la ecocardiografía. El tratamiento del taponamiento cardiaco es la pericardiocentesis o el drenaje quirúrgico. Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 26 años con: embarazo de 32,6 semanas, trabajo de parto pretérmino, taponamiento cardiaco y post pericardiocentesis de 2 horas, para culminación de embarazo. El manejo anestésico es complejo tanto para la madre y el recién nacido, basándose en mantener estabilidad hemodinámica y posterior traslado a unidad de terapia intensiva.


Cardiac tamponade is the accumulation of fluid within the pericardial sac, which leads to an increase in intrapericardial pressure, allowing the deterioration of the heart's ability to fill and act as a pump. Among its causes are tuberculosis, collagen disease, and cancer. In pregnancy, the signs and symptoms of cardiac tamponade can be masked by the physiological changes of pregnancy. The gold standard of detection is echocardiography. Treatment of cardiac tamponade is pericardiocentesis or surgical. The case of a 26-year-old patient is presented with: a 32.6 for week pregnancy in preterm labor, cardiac tamponade and 2-hour post-pericardiocentesis, for culminate of pregnancy. Anesthetic management is complex for both the mother and the newborn, basing on maintaining hemodynamic stability and subsequent transfer to the intensive care unit.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Tamponade
2.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(1): e36108, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1252493

ABSTRACT

Los linfomas cardíacos primarios son un subtipo muy poco frecuente de tumor en los cuales la lesión primaria se encuentra en el corazón. Los tumores suelen ser infiltrantes y se localizan en la aurícula derecha, seguidos del pericardio. Su mortalidad es notablemente alta y el diagnóstico tardío es el principal factor para su mal pronóstico. Describimos el caso de un paciente que presentó shock obstructivo por derrame pericárdico profuso causado por un tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primario, un linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Primary cardiac lymphomas are a rare subtype of lymphomas in which the primary lesion is in the heart. The tumors are usually located in the right atria, followed by the pericardium and are frequently infiltrative. Mortality is remarkably high in this group and the delayed diagnosis is the main factor for its poor prognosis. We describe the case of a patient that presented with obstructive shock due to profuse pericardial effuse caused by a rare kind of primary cardiac tumor, a T/NK cell pericardial lymphoma.


Os linfomas cardíacos primários são um subtipo de tumor muito raro, no qual a lesão primária está no coração. Os tumores geralmente são infiltrativos e localizam-se no átrio direito, seguidos pelo pericárdio. Sua mortalidade é notavelmente alta e o diagnóstico tardio é o principal fator que produz seu mau prognóstico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que apresentou choque obstrutivo devido a um derrame pericárdico profuso causado por um tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primário, um linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/pathology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy
3.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 1017-1019, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1144003

ABSTRACT

Abstract Case Presentation: A case of a 49-year-old patient, male, victim of stab wound, developing belatedly cardiac tamponade and hemodynamic stability was reported. The patient underwent a pericardial window with drainage of pericardial effusion of blackened aspect; however, without visualization of the cardiac lesion, enlargement of the incision by median sternotomy was opted for. A hematoma was spotted at the left ventricle with epicardial lesion and a patch of pericardium was made with 3-0 polypropylene. The patient developed acute pulmonary edema and atrial fibrillation, which improved after the intensive care unit clinical management, with hospital discharge in the 7th postoperative day.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/surgery , Pericardial Effusion/etiology , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Wounds, Penetrating , Wounds, Stab/surgery , Wounds, Stab/complications , Sternotomy
4.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 36(2): 50-56, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344677

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cardiac tamponade is a medical emergency that occurs when fluid accumulates in the pericardial space, its prompt diagnosis and treatment can prevent a fatal outcome. OBJECTIVES: We describe a case of cardiac tamponade in a medicine Ward and its subsequent resolution. CLINICAL CASE: 56-year-old male patient with dyspnoea and edematous síndrome, managed with partial response depletive therapy. Echocardiographic study reveals a large pericardial effusion with signs of cardiac tamponade. Inmediate management with ultrasound-guided pericardiocentesis and subsequent surgical resolution. DISCUSSION: The knowledge of the clinical-hemdynamic manifestations and their subsequent pathophysiological background are important in the diagnostic suspicion and management considerations. Echocardiography is a critical component for the final diagnosis, since given its sensitivity and specificity it allows to complete the characterization of the pericardial effusion. In addition, it contributes to reducing the morbidity associated with its drainage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pericardial Effusion/diagnosis , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnosis , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy , Echocardiography , Cardiology , Hemodynamics
5.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(3): e331, jul.-set. 2020. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144488

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El lupus eritematoso sistémico tiene múltiples formas de presentarse. La afectación del pericardio es la manifestación cardíaca más frecuente. El taponamiento cardíaco es muy raro, pero se presenta como un síndrome clínico hemodinámico potencialmente mortal. Objetivo: Mostrar una forma muy rara de presentación del lupus eritematoso sistémico; el taponamiento cardíaco. Caso clínico: Paciente blanca de 47 años con anasarca, disnea, palpitaciones, polipnea, ortopnea, tiraje intercostal, dolor torácico intenso, punzante, toma del estado general, ansiedad, fiebre, artralgia, artritis, lesiones dermatológicas, acrocianosis, ingurgitación yugular e hipotensión marcada. Comentarios: El paciente con taponamiento cardíaco debe ser asumido por un equipo multidisciplinario que defina el diagnóstico preciso y la conducta, sobre todo cuando se trata del debut del lupus eritematoso sistémico, que con los fenómenos autoinmunitarios, afecta a todos los órganos y sistemas(AU)


Introduction: Systemic lupus erythematosus has multiple ways of presentation. Pericardium involvement is the most frequent cardiac manifestation. Cardiac tamponade is very rare, but it presents as a life-threatening clinical hemodynamic syndrome. Objective: To show a very rare form of presentation of systemic lupus erythematosus; cardiac tamponade. Clinical case: 47-year-old white patient with anasarca, dyspnea, palpitations, polypnea, orthopnea, intercostal retraction, throbbing severe chest pain, bad general condition, anxiety, fever, arthralgia, arthritis, dermatological lesions, acrocyanosis, jugular engorgement and severe hypotension. Comments: Cardiac tamponade patient must be assumed by a multidisciplinary team that defines the precise diagnosis and behavior, especially when it comes to the debut of systemic lupus erythematosus, which with its autoimmune phenomena, affects all organs and systems(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Edema , Hypotension , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Dyspnea
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(4): 577-579, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137308

ABSTRACT

Abstract Early recognition and rapid and appropriate treatment of cardiac tamponade are mandatory to prevent the irreversible deterioration of cerebral perfusion and other important organs. In this study, cardiac tamponade was induced by inadvertent transseptal puncture, which was managed with pericardial drainage and surgical repair in a patient with symptomatic paroxysmal atrial fibrillation. Epicardial atrial fibrillation ablation and left atrial appendage amputation were also performed at the same time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Cardiac Tamponade/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Amputation
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786140

ABSTRACT

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile illness that is characterized by systemic inflammation usually involving medium-sized arteries and multiple organs during the acute febrile phase, leading to associated clinical findings. The diagnosis is based on the principal clinical findings including fever, extremity changes, rash, conjunctivitis, oral changes, and cervical lymphadenopathy. However, KD diagnosis is sometimes overlooked or delayed because other systemic organ manifestations may predominate in acute phase of KD. As a cardiovascular manifestation, an acute pericarditis usually shows a small pericardial effusion, but large pericardial effusion showing clinical signs of cardiac tamponade is very rare. Here, we described a case of incomplete KD presenting with impending cardiac tamponade, and recurrent fever and pleural effusion.


Subject(s)
Arteries , Cardiac Tamponade , Conjunctivitis , Diagnosis , Exanthema , Extremities , Fever , Inflammation , Lymphatic Diseases , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome , Pericardial Effusion , Pericarditis , Pleural Effusion
8.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 35(1): 108-112, 2020. fig
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1095481

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Durante muchos siglos, las heridas del corazón se consideraron fatales. Actualmente, el trauma cardíaco sigue siendo una de las lesiones más letales. Los resultados de pacientes con lesión cardíaca penetrante pueden variar de lesiones letales a arritmias que se resuelven espontáneamente. El hemopericardio en el trauma generalmente es debido a la lesión cardíaca penetrante, pero el saco pericárdico puede llenarse de sangre de grandes vasos y de la ruptura de la arteria pericardiofrénica asociada a laceración pericárdica contusa.Métodos. Para la organización de este estudio, se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en la literatura científica. Dos casos fueron observados por el equipo de Cirugía General al describir este raro mecanismo de trauma.Resultados. Descripción de una causa diferente de hemopericardio, ocasionada por la sangre de la cavidad peritoneal.Discusión. En los casos presentados, la lesión por arma de fuego rompió la barrera entre las cavidades pericárdica y peritoneal (diafragma), colocando cavidades con diferentes niveles de presión , favoreciendo la entrada de sangre de la cavidad peritoneal al saco pericárdico.Conclusión. En los casos observados el proyectil pasó muy cerca del corazón, pero sin lesionarlo. La ruptura de la superficie diafragmática del pericardio permitió que la presión de la cavidad peritoneal se igualara con la presión del pericardio


Introduction: For many centuries heart wounds were considered fatal. Currently cardiac trauma remains one of the most lethal injuries. The results of patients with penetrating cardiac injury (PCI) can range from lethal lesions to arrhythmias that resolve spontaneously. Haemopericardium in trauma is usually due to penetrating cardiac injury, but the pericardial sac may fill with blood from large vessels and rupture of the pericardiophrenic artery associated with pericardial contusion laceration.Methods: For the organization of this study, a literature review was performed. Two cases were identified by the general surgery team in describing this rare mechanism of trauma.Results: Description of a different cause of hemopericardium, caused by blood from the peritoneal cavity.Discussion: In the cases presented, the firearm injury broke the barrier between the pericardial and peritoneal cavities (diaphragm), placing cavities with different pressure levels in contact, favoring the entry of blood from the peritoneal cavity into the pericardial sac.Conclusion: In the observed cases the projectile passed very close to the heart, but without injury it. Rupture on the diaphragmatic surface of the pericardium allowed the pressure of the peritoneal cavity to be equal to the pressure of the pericardium


Subject(s)
Humans , Thoracic Injuries , Wounds and Injuries , Cardiac Tamponade
9.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 26(6): 342-345, nov.-dic. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1115591

ABSTRACT

Resumen El derrame pericárdico es una acumulación excesiva de líquido en el espacio pericárdico, el cual se ha asociado al empleo crónico de minoxidil desde principios de su uso clínico; este es formulado comúnmente a pacientes con hipertensión arterial de difícil control y con enfermedad renal crónica asociada, por su efecto vasodilatador arterial y poco efecto sobre la circulación venosa. Se expone el caso de un paciente quien presentó clínica sugestiva de derrame pericárdico, el cual fue confirmado por imágenes (rayos X, tomografía y ecocardiografía) y quien además se encontraba en tratamiento de hemodiálisis crónica por enfermedad renal crónica secundaria a síndrome nefrótico. En la literatura existen algunos reportes de casos similares, pero no hay estudios con datos concluyentes que permitan establecer un porcentaje claro de asociación ni la causa de esta enfermedad. Con este reporte de caso se busca aumentar la sospecha diagnóstica de esta asociación para que otros clínicos tengan este posible diagnóstico en mente, una vez se hayan descartado otras etiologías adicionales y puedan suspender a tiempo la medicación a fin de evitar desenlaces catastróficos como el taponamiento pericárdico.


Abstract Pericardial effusion is an excessive accumulation of fluid in the pericardial space and has been associated with the long-term use of minoxidil from the beginning of its clinical use. It is commonly prescribed to patients with difficult to control arterial hypertension and associated chronic kidney disease due to it arterial vasodilator effects and little effect of the venous circulation. A case is presented on a patient who had a clinical picture suggestive of a pericardial effusion, which was confirmed by imaging tests (X-ray, tomography, and cardiac ultrasound). She was also on long-term haemodialysis treatment due to chronic kidney disease secondary to a nephrotic syndrome. There are reports of similar cases in the literature, but there are no studies with conclusive data that may help to establish a clear percentage association or the cause of the disease. This case report seeks to increase the diagnostic suspicion of this association so that other clinicians may have this possible diagnosis in mind, once they have ruled out any other. They can then stop the medication on time in order to prevent catastrophic outcomes like pericardiac tamponade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pericardial Effusion , Echocardiography , Cardiac Tamponade , X-Rays , Tomography , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Hypertension , Minoxidil
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-759862

ABSTRACT

Proximal pulmonary artery aneurysms and dissection are rare and life-threatening conditions, which are usually detected only during autopsy examination in cases of sudden death. These pathological entities often occur as complications of chronic pulmonary hypertension and most commonly result from pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with various congenital cardiac lesions involving left-to-right shunting. This study describes an autopsy case of a 38-year-old man who was diagnosed with Eisenmenger syndrome 5 years prior to sudden death secondary to cardiac tamponade following a ruptured pulmonary trunk aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aneurysm , Autopsy , Cardiac Tamponade , Death, Sudden , Eisenmenger Complex , Humans , Hypertension , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Pulmonary Artery , Rupture
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761871

ABSTRACT

A 55-year-old man was admitted to the trauma center after a car accident. Cardiac tamponade, traumatic aortic injury, and hemoperitoneum were diagnosed by ultrasonography. The trauma surgeon, cardiac surgeon, and interventional radiologist discussed the prioritization of interventions. Multi-detector computed tomography was carried out first to determine the severity and extent of the injuries, followed by exploratory sternotomy to repair a left auricle rupture. A damage control laparotomy was then performed to control mesenteric bleeding. Lastly, a descending thoracic aorta injury was treated by endovascular stenting. These procedures were performed in the hybrid-angio room. The patient was discharged on postoperative day 135, without complications.


Subject(s)
Aorta , Aorta, Thoracic , Cardiac Tamponade , Heart , Hemoperitoneum , Hemorrhage , Humans , Laparotomy , Middle Aged , Resuscitation , Rupture , Shock , Stents , Sternotomy , Trauma Centers , Ultrasonography
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761387

ABSTRACT

Endovascular aortic repair is often performed for the treatment of aortic disease because of less invasiveness and fewer complications. Cardiac tamponade is a fatal disease that can lead to death if not treated properly. Cardiac puncture by rigid guide wire used in endovascular aortic repair may cause cardiac tamponade. Rapid diagnosis and treatment are needed when cardiac tamponade occurs. Confirmation of the cardiac tamponade can be accomplished with echocardiography. Continuous echocardiography should be monitor for detection of cardiac complications during endovascular aortic repair.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Dissecting , Aortic Diseases , Cardiac Tamponade , Diagnosis , Echocardiography , Endovascular Procedures , Punctures , Rupture
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786185

ABSTRACT

When pericardial tamponade occurs to the left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implanted patients, typical hemodynamic signs of tamponade such as tachycardia and pulsus paradoxus may be masked by LVAD action. For those with normal heart, anesthetic management during pericardial tamponade operation before drainage is to restrict fluid administration and maintain perfusion pressure with vasopressor are recommended. But the things to concern are different in cases of patient with LVAD. Here, we describe a case of performing anesthesia with LVAD implanted patient for pericardial tamponade operation. A 58-year-old male with HeartWare™ (Medtronic, Framingham, MA, USA) LVAD implant was referred for cardiac tamponade surgery. After the induction of general anesthesia, his mean arterial pressure (MAP) decreased to 38 mmHg with device flow 1.8 L/min and device power 2.4 Watts at pump speed 2,400 RPM. Norepinephrine and Epinephrine infusion were initiated. MAP recovered to 70mmHg with device flow 3.7 L/min and power 3.0 Watts after the drainage of 1,200 cc of pericardial fluid. Cardiac tamponade with LVAD implanted patient present with decreased peak flow, mean flow and decreased pulsatility. LVAD flow depends on pump rotation, preload and afterload. In order to maintain flow in these patients, prevention of preload reduction is important. Since LVAD implantation becoming more popular as Bridge to transplantation and destination therapy, it is important for anesthesiologist to understand the LVAD parameters and factors that affect.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Anesthesia, General , Arterial Pressure , Cardiac Tamponade , Drainage , Epinephrine , Heart , Heart-Assist Devices , Hemodynamics , Humans , Male , Masks , Middle Aged , Norepinephrine , Perfusion , Pericardial Fluid , Tachycardia
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785322

ABSTRACT

Pectus excavatum (PE) is known as one of the most common congenital deformities of the anterior chest wall. The Nuss procedure is an effective surgical therapy to correct PE. Here, we report a case of recurrent cardiac tamponade due to hemopericardium that occurred after 16 months following the Nuss procedure. The cause of recurrent hemopericardium was thought to be local, repetitive irritation of the pericardium by the Nuss steel bar. We should keep in mind that this serious complication can occur after the Nuss procedure, even in the late phase.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Tamponade , Congenital Abnormalities , Funnel Chest , Pericardial Effusion , Pericardium , Steel , Thoracic Wall
17.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(6): 633-636, Nov.-Dec. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977400

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Cardiac tamponade is potentially fatal medical condition, which rarely occurs as a complication of lung lobectomy. We present the first case of cardiac tamponade to develop in a Post-Anesthesia Care Unit following a lung lobectomy. Case report: A 54-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma underwent an apparently uncomplicated lung lobectomy. His hemodynamics was unremarkable throughout the surgery and initially in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit. However, after 5 min in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit, he suddenly became hypotensive and dyspneic. He responded poorly to inotropics and fluid resuscitation. Transesophageal echocardiography conducted by an anesthesiologist who suspected a cardiac etiology revealed a pericardial effusion compressing the heart. After a failed attempt of pericardiocentesis, an emergency pericardial window operation was performed. The patient improved dramatically once the heart was decompressed. Conclusion: Since cardiac tamponade is generally not suspected as a cause of hemodynamic instability after a lung lobectomy, as it was in this case, a misdiagnosis of the patient's condition may have led to improper management resulting in death. As anesthesiologists are often involved in the initial resuscitation of morbid patients in Post-Anesthesia Care Units, their acquaintance with various postoperative complications and competence in echocardiography for assessing cardiac problems may contribute to patient survival.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: O tamponamento cardíaco é uma condição médica potencialmente fatal, cuja ocorrência como uma complicação da lobectomia pulmonar é muito rara. Apresentamos o primeiro caso de tamponamento cardíaco desencadeado na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica (SRPA) após uma lobectomia pulmonar. Relato de caso: Paciente do sexo masculino, 54 anos, com carcinoma de células escamosas pulmonares, submetido à lobectomia pulmonar aparentemente sem complicações. Sua hemodinâmica não apresentou alteração durante toda a cirurgia e também inicialmente na sala de recuperação pós-anestésica. Porém, após cinco minutos na SRPA, o paciente apresentou hipotensão e dispneia de forma repentina e respondeu mal ao inotrópico e à reanimação hídrica. Uma ecocardiografia transesofágica feita por um anestesiologista que suspeitou de etiologia cardíaca revelou um derrame pericárdico que comprimia o coração. Após tentativa malsucedida de pericardiocentese, foi feita uma janela pericárdica de emergência. O paciente apresentou melhoria dramática com a descompressão do coração. Conclusão: Como o tamponamento cardíaco geralmente não é suspeito como causa de instabilidade hemodinâmica após lobectomia pulmonar, como ocorreu neste caso, um diagnóstico errado da condição do paciente poderia ter levado a um manejo inadequado, que resultaria em morte. Como os anestesiologistas estão frequentemente envolvidos na reanimação inicial de pacientes debilitados em salas de recuperação pós-anestésica, seu conhecimento de várias complicações pós-operatórias e competência na ecocardiografia para avaliar problemas cardíacos podem contribuir para a sobrevivência do paciente.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pneumonectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Cardiac Tamponade/etiology , Anesthesia Recovery Period , Fatal Outcome , Hospital Units , Middle Aged
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