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1.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(4): 215-221, oct.-dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396092

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del presente artículo ha sido describir el programa "Optimización de la Protección en Radiología Intervencionista Pediátrica en América Latina y el Caribe" (OPRIPALC) que nace el año 2018 como respuesta conjunta de la Organización Panamericana de la Salud y la Organización Mundial de la Salud, en cooperación con el Organismo Internacional de Energía Atómica, para colaborar con sus Estados miembros en asegurar que las exposiciones a la radiación de los pacientes pediátricos sean las mínimas necesarias durante los procedimientos intervencionistas. Actualmente, hay 18 centros de los siguientes 10 países que participan: Argentina, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, México, Perú y Uruguay. Para el desarrollo del programa se plantean una serie de objetivos, productos, actividades y resultados esperados. La puesta en marcha de la WEB de OPRIPALC ha significado un instrumento muy válido para seguir la información actualizada del programa. Un programa actualizado de formación en radioprotección para los profesionales implicados en el programa, se está realizando por medio de "webinars". Se deberá seguir actuando en la aplicación del programa de control de calidad básico para los equipos de rayos X participantes y validar los valores de los Niveles de Referencia para Diagnóstico (NRDs). Se propone formar un equipo de trabajo entre los Físicos Médicos y Tecnólogos Médicos participantes de OPRIPALC para implicarse en las pruebas de control básicas que todos los centros debieran realizar. Se han presentado algunos resultados iniciales de OPRIPALC en eventos científicos internacionales. Se está avanzando en proponer unos primeros valores sobre NRDs en procedimientos de intervencionismo cardiológico pediátrico por bandas de edad y peso. OPRIPALC es una de las pocas iniciativas de carácter regional para obtener valores de NRDs en procedimientos intervencionistas pediátricos. Se espera que tanto los valores de referencia como la metodología empleada en OPRIPALC, puedan ser utilizados en otras regiones del mundo.


The objective of this article has been to describe the program "Optimization of Protection in Pediatric Interventional Radiology in Latin America and the Caribbean" (OPRIPALC) that was born in 2018 as a joint response of the Pan American Health Organization and the World Organization of the Health, in cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency, to collaborate with its member states in ensuring that radiation exposures of pediatric patients are the minimum necessary during interventional procedures. Currently, there are 18 centers from the following 10 countries participating: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay. For the development of the program, a series of objectives, products, activities and expected results are proposed. The launch of the OPRIPALC WEBSITE has been a very valid instrument for following up-to-date information on the program. An updated training program in radiation protection for the professionals involved in the program is being carried out through webinars. It should continue acting in the application of the basic quality control program for the participating X-ray equipment and validate the values of the Diagnostic Reference Levels (DRLs). It is proposed to form a work team among the OPRIPALC participating medical physicists to get involved in the basic control tests that all centers should carry out. Some initial results of OPRIPALC have been presented at international scientific events. Progress is being made in proposing first values on DRLs in pediatric cardiac intervention procedures by age and weight bands. OPRIPALC is one of the few regional initiatives to obtain DRLs values in pediatric interventional procedures. It is expected that both the reference values and the methodology used in OPRIPALC can be used in other regions of the world.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Pediatrics/standards , Radiation Protection/standards , Cardiology/standards , Quality Control , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Safety , Radiology, Interventional , Caribbean Region , Diagnostic Techniques, Cardiovascular , Process Optimization , Diagnostic Reference Levels , Latin America
2.
J. health med. sci. (Print) ; 7(3): 143-149, jul.-sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1381356

ABSTRACT

Las altas tasas de letalidad y mortalidad a causa del paro cardiorespiratorio por fibrilación ventricular son considerados un problema de salud pública, cobrando gran relevancia la posibilidad de que sean revertidos rápidamente con la presencia de profesionales capacitados o por personal "lego" actualizados en reanimación cardiopulmonar. El objetivo del presente artículo de revisión fue analizar las nuevas recomendaciones de la American Heart Association para reanimación cardiopulmonar y atención cardiovascular de emergencia para el año 2020.


High rates of lethality and mortality due to ventricular fibrillation cardiorespiratory arrest are considered a public health problem, Thus, the possibility of reversed quickly by trained professionals or updated "lego" staff in cardiopulmonary resuscitation is taking great relevance. The objective of this review article was to discuss the New Recommendations of the American Heart Association for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care for 2020.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Child , Adult , Cardiology/standards , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Cardiology Service, Hospital/standards , Emergency Service, Hospital/standards , Heart Arrest/therapy , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/adverse effects , Evidence-Based Medicine/standards , Advanced Cardiac Life Support/standards , American Heart Association , Heart Arrest/diagnosis , Heart Arrest/physiopathology
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 110(2): 175-180, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888017

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Data on the current situation of nuclear medicine practices in cardiology in Brazil are scarce. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has recommended eight "good practices" to minimize patients' ionizing radiation exposure during myocardial perfusion scintigraphy (MPS). Objectives: To assess the adoption of the eight good practices in MPS in Brazil. Methods: Cross-sectional study with data obtained by use of a questionnaire. All hypothesis tests performed considered a significance level of 5%. Results: We observed that 100% of the nuclear medicine services (NMS) assessed do not use thallium-201 as the preferred protocol. Regarding the use of technetium-99m, 57% of the NMS administer activities above the threshold recommended by the IAEA (36 mCi) or achieve an effective dose greater than 15 millisievert (mSv). The abbreviated stress-only myocardial perfusion imaging is not employed by 94% of the NMS; thus, only 19% count on strategies to reduce the radioactive doses. Approximately 52% of the NMS reported always performing dose adjustment for patient's weight, while 35% administer poorly calculated doses in the one-day protocol. Conclusion: A considerable number of NMS in Brazil have not adopted at least six practices recommended by the IAEA. Despite the difficulties found in nuclear practice in some Brazilian regions, almost all obstacles observed can be overcome with no cost increase, emphasizing the importance of developing strategies for adopting "good practices" when performing MPS.


Resumo Fundamento: A situação atual das práticas da medicina nuclear em cardiologia no Brasil ainda é pouco conhecida. A Agência Internacional de Energia Atômica (AIEA) recomendou oito "boas práticas" para minimizar a exposição dos pacientes à radiação ionizante durante a Cintilografia de Perfusão Miocárdica (CPM). Objetivo: Analisar a adoção das oito boas práticas na CPM no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal com dados obtidos através de questionário. Todos os testes de hipóteses desenvolvidos consideraram uma significância de 5%. Resultados: Observamos que 100% dos Serviços de Medicina Nuclear (SMN) não utilizam Tálio-201 como protocolo preferencial. Sobre a utilização do Tecnécio-99m, notamos que 57% administram atividades acima do limiar recomendado pela AIEA (36 mCi) ou resultam em uma dose efetiva maior que 15 milisievert (mSv). A fase única de estresse não é praticada por 94% dos SMN; portanto, somente 19% contam com estratégias de redução das doses radioativas. Cerca de 52% dos SMN afirmam que sempre realizam o ajuste da dose por peso e 35% administram doses mal calculadas no protocolo de um dia. Conclusão: Observamos que um número considerável de SMN no Brasil ainda não seguem seis ou mais das práticas recomendadas pela AIEA. Apesar das dificuldades enfrentadas na prática nuclear em algumas regiões do Brasil, quase todos os déficits observados podem ser resolvidos sem aumento de custos, ressaltando a importância do desenvolvimento de estratégias para aderência às "boas práticas" na realização da CPM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Myocardial Ischemia/diagnostic imaging , Radiation Exposure/standards , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/standards , Nuclear Medicine/standards , Brazil , Cardiology/standards , Cross-Sectional Studies , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging/methods
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66174

ABSTRACT

The American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) 2013 joint guidelines for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia expand the indications for statin therapy. This study was performed to estimate the numbers of diabetic patients indicated for statin therapy according to the Third Adult Treatment Panel (ATP-III) of the National Cholesterol Education Program guidelines and the new ACC/AHA guidelines in Korea. We analyzed the data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012. Patients with diabetes over 30 yr of age were analyzed by the two guidelines. Of the total 1,975 diabetic patients, only 377 (19.1%) were receiving drugs for dyslipidemia. Among 1,598 patients who had not taken any medications for dyslipidemia, 65.6% would be indicated for statin therapy according to the ATP-III guidelines. When we apply the new guidelines, 94.3% would be eligible for statin therapy. Among the total diabetic patients, the new guidelines, compared with the ATP-III guidelines, increase the number eligible for statin therapy from 53.1% to 76.2%. The new guidelines would increase the indication for statin therapy for most diabetic patients. At present, many diabetic patients do not receive appropriate statin therapy. Therefore efforts should be made to develop the Korean guidelines and to ensure that more diabetic patients receive appropriate statin therapy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Animals , Cardiology/standards , Causality , Comorbidity , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Female , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hypercholesterolemia/epidemiology , Male , Middle Aged , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Prevalence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Assessment , United States/epidemiology
10.
Clinics ; 69(10): 666-671, 10/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-730466

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Cardiology referral is common for patients admitted for non-cardiac diseases. Recommendations from cardiologists may involve complex and aggressive treatments that could be ignored or denied by other physicians. The purpose of this study was to compare the outcomes of patients who were given recommendations during cardiology referrals and to examine the clinical outcomes of patients who did not follow the recommendations. METHODS: We enrolled 589 consecutive patients who received in-hospital cardiology consultations. Data on recommendations, implementation of suggestions and outcomes were collected. RESULTS: Regarding adherence of the referring service to the recommendations, 77% of patients were classified in the adherence group and 23% were classified in the non-adherence group. Membership in the non-adherence group (p<0.001; odds ratio: 10.25; 95% CI: 4.45-23.62) and advanced age (p = 0.017; OR: 1.04; 95% CI: 1.01-1.07) were associated with unfavorable outcomes. Multivariate analysis identified four independent predictors of adherence to recommendations: follow-up notes in the medical chart (p<0.001; OR: 2.43; 95% CI: 1.48-4.01); verbal reinforcement (p = 0.001; OR: 1.86; 95% CI: 1.23-2.81); a small number of recommendation (p = 0.001; OR: 0.87; 95% CI: 0.80-0.94); and a younger patient age (p = 0.002; OR: 0.98; 95% CI: 0.96-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: Poor adherence to cardiology referral recommendations was associated with unfavorable clinical outcomes. Follow-up notes in the medical chart, verbal reinforcement, a limited number of recommendations and a patient age were associated with greater adherence to recommendations. .


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiology/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Age Factors , Hospitals, University/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Prospective Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(2,supl.1): 1-31, 08/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727655

ABSTRACT

In this document, the Inter-American Committee of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, together with the South American Society of Cardiology, aimed to formulate strategies, measures, and actions for cardiovascular disease prevention and rehabilitation (CVDPR). In the context of the implementation of a regional and national health policy in Latin American countries, the goal is to promote cardiovascular health and thereby decrease morbidity and mortality. The study group on Cardiopulmonary and Metabolic Rehabilitation from the Department of Exercise, Ergometry, and Cardiovascular Rehabilitation of the Brazilian Society of Cardiology has created a committee of experts to review the Portuguese version of the guideline and adapt it to the national reality. The mission of this document is to help health professionals to adopt effective measures of CVDPR in the routine clinical practice. The publication of this document and its broad implementation will contribute to the goal of the World Health Organization (WHO), which is the reduction of worldwide cardiovascular mortality by 25% until 2025. The study group's priorities are the following: • Emphasize the important role of CVDPR as an instrument of secondary prevention with significant impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality; • Join efforts for the knowledge on CVDPR, its dissemination, and adoption in most cardiovascular centers and institutes in South America, prioritizing the adoption of cardiovascular prevention methods that are comprehensive, practical, simple and which have a good cost/benefit ratio; • Improve the education of health professionals and patients with education programs on the importance of CVDPR services, which are directly targeted at the health system, clinical staff, patients, and community leaders, with the aim of decreasing the barriers to CVDPR implementation.


Com este documento, o Comitê Interamericano de Prevenção e Reabilitação Cardiovascular, em posição conjunta com a Sociedade Sul-Americana de Cardiologia, mostra seu interesse no desenvolvimento de estratégias, medidas e intervenções para a prevenção e a reabilitação cardiovascular. Com o objetivo de implementar na América Latina uma política de saúde regional e nacional dos países membros, tem-se o objetivo de promover a saúde cardiovascular e, consequentemente, diminuir a morbimortalidade. O grupo de estudos em Reabilitação Cardiopulmonar e Metabólica do Departamento de Exercício, Ergometria e Reabilitação Cardiovascular de Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia (DERC/SBC) criou uma comissão de experts para revisar a versão em português e adaptá-la à realidade nacional. Este documento tem como missão principal auxiliar os profissionais de saúde a alcançarem medidas efetivas de prevenção e reabilitação cardiovascular (RCV) na prática clínica diária. Com a difusão deste documento, bem como com a sua implementação de forma mais abrangente, contribuiremos com a meta da Organização Mundial de Saúde de diminuir a mortalidade cardiovascular no mundo em 25% até o ano de 2025. As prioridades deste grupo de trabalho são: • Enfatizar o caráter prioritário da RCV como instrumento de prevenção secundária com importante impacto na morbimortalidade cardiovascular; • Unir esforços para melhorar o conhecimento da RCV, sua difusão e aplicação na maioria dos centros e institutos cardiovasculares da América do Sul, priorizando a utilização de um método de prevenção cardiovascular integral, prático, de fácil aplicação e de custo/benefício comprovado; • Melhorar a educação do pessoal da saúde e dos pacientes por meio de programas educativos dirigidos, que permitam envolver diretamente os sistemas de saúde, pessoal médico, pacientes e líderes comunitários sobre a importância dos serviços de RCV, a fim de diminuir as barreiras para a sua implantação.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/rehabilitation , Cardiology/standards , Cardiovascular Diseases/classification , Coronary Disease/classification , Coronary Disease/prevention & control , Coronary Disease/rehabilitation , Latin America , Risk Factors
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(2): 127-133, ago. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-685386

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Não existem estudos locais avaliando o conhecimento dos cardiologistas sobre as condutas no tratamento da fibrilação atrial (FA) e o conhecimento dessas diretrizes. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o conhecimento de diretrizes e práticas clínicas no tratamento da FA, relacionando-o com o tempo de graduação médica. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal incluindo, aleatoriamente, cardiologistas, membros da Sociedade de Cardiologia do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul (SOCERGS). Os médicos foram divididos pelas datas de graduação em dois grupos: acima (G1) e abaixo (G2) de 25 anos da formatura. RESULTADOS: Dos 859 membros da SOCERGS, 150 foram entrevistados, sendo que seis se recusaram a participar do estudo. O G1 foi formado por 71 e o G2 por 73 médicos. Houve diferença nos seguintes fatores: uso de beta bloqueador como droga de primeira escolha para controle da resposta na FA 59,2%(G1) vs. 91,8%(G2) (p<0,0001); uso de digoxina como droga preferencial no controle da resposta da FA=19,7%(G1) vs. 0% (G2)(p< 0,0001); warfarina como anticoagulante preferencial 71,8%(G1) vs. 93,2%(G2)(p=0,009); aplicação de algum escore de risco para anticoagulação em 73,2%(G1) vs. 87,7%(G2)(p=0,02). Em questões sobre o conhecimento das diretrizes da Sociedade Brasileira de Cardiologia de FA, o percentual geral de acertos foi de 82,3 %. CONCLUSÃO: A maioria das condutas clínicas referentes ao manejo da FA está de acordo com as diretrizes e a prática clínica difere conforme o tempo de graduação.


BACKGROUND: No local studies evaluating the knowledge of cardiologists on the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) and their adherence to these guidelines are available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge of cardiologists on the guidelines and clinical practices for the treatment of AF, correlating it to the time since medical graduation. METHODS: Cross-sectional study randomly including cardiologists affiliated to the Society of Cardiology of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (Sociedade de Cardiologia do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul - SOCERGS). The physicians were divided into two groups, according to time since graduation: those graduated for more (G1) or less (G2) than 25 years. RESULTS: Of the 859 SOCERGS members, 150 were interviewed, and six refused to participate in the study. G1 comprised 71 physicians, and G2, 73. Differences were observed in regard to the following variables: use of betablockers as the first-choice drug for the control of AF response in 59.2% (G1) vs 91.8% (G2) (p<0.0001); use of digoxin as the preferred drug for the control of AF response in 19.7% (G1) vs 0% (G2) (p< 0.0001); warfarin as the preferred anticoagulant in 71.8% (G1) vs 93.2% (G2) (p=0.009); application of a risk score for anticoagulation in 73.2% (G1) vs 87.7% (G2) (p=0.02). In questions regarding the knowledge about the Brazilian Society of Cardiology's guideline for AF, the overall percentage of right answers was 82.3%. CONCLUSION: Most of the clinical measures regarding the management of AF comply with the guidelines, and the clinical practice differs according with the time since graduation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Cardiology/standards , Clinical Competence/standards , Guideline Adherence/statistics & numerical data , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Practice Patterns, Physicians' , Societies, Medical , Surveys and Questionnaires , Time Factors
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 101(2): 101-105, ago. 2013. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-685394

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTOS: Inúmeros indicadores são utilizados para assegurar a qualidade de um serviço; entretanto, a competência médica e o adequado fluxo de realização de um procedimento são determinantes da qualidade final. Nesse contexto, a Sociedade Brasileira de Arritmias Cardíacas pretende recomendar parâmetros mínimos necessários para garantir a excelência dos serviços de monitorização eletrocardiográfica ambulatorial. OBJETIVOS: Recomendar competências médicas mínimas e as informações necessárias para emissão do laudo de Holter. MÉTODOS: O documento foi fundamentado no conceito de medicina baseada em evidência, e nas circunstâncias em que a evidência não estava disponível a opinião de uma comissão de redação foi utilizada para a formulação da recomendação. Essa comissão foi formada por profissionais que apresentam vivência nas dificuldades do método e gestão na prestação de serviços nessa área. RESULTADOS: O profissional responsável pela análise de Holter deve conhecer as patologias cardiovasculares e ter formação consistente em eletrocardiografia, incluindo arritmias cardíacas e seus diagnósticos diferenciais. O laudo deve ser redigido de forma clara e objetiva. Os parâmetros mínimos que devem constar no laudo incluem as estatísticas do exame, assim como quantificação e análise dos distúrbios do ritmo observados durante a monitorização. CONCLUSÃO: A monitorização eletrocardiográfica ambulatorial deve ser realizada por profissionais com vivência em análise eletrocardiográfica e o laudo deve conter os parâmetros mínimos mencionados nesse documento.


BACKGROUND: There are innumerous indicators to assure the quality of a service. However, medical competence and the proper performance of a procedure determine its final quality. The Brazilian Society of Cardiac Arrhythmias recommends minimum parameters necessary to guarantee the excellence of ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring services. OBJECTIVE: To recommend minimum medical competences and the information required to issue a Holter monitoring report. METHODS: This study was grounded in the concept of evidence-based medicine and, when evidence was not available, the opinion of a writing committee was used to formulate the recommendation. That committee consisted of professionals with experience on the difficulties of the method and management in providing services in that area. RESULTS: The professional responsible for the Holter monitoring analysis should know cardiovascular pathologies and have consistent formation on electrocardiography, including cardiac arrhythmias and their differential diagnoses. The report should be written in a clear and objective way. The minimum parameters that comprise a Holter report should include statistics of the exam, as well as quantification and analysis of the rhythm disorders observed during monitoring. CONCLUSION: Ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring should be performed by professionals knowledgeable about electrocardiographic analysis, whose report should comprise the minimum parameters mentioned in this document.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/diagnosis , Evidence-Based Medicine , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/standards , Brazil , Cardiology/standards , Societies, Medical/standards
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 96(3,supl.1): 1-68, 2011. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-588887
20.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 29(2): 250-262, ago. 2010. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-577273

ABSTRACT

Se revisan los protocolos de cardiología nuclear actuales, con énfasis en los estudios tomográficos de fotón único (“SPECT”) de perfusión miocárdica principalmente en evaluación de enfermedad coronaria (EC). Las indicaciones y protocolos más utilizados son detallados, así como la actualización bibliográfica pertinente, tanto al uso clínico como al control de calidad e interpretación de los estudios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coronary Disease , Myocardial Perfusion Imaging , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon/standards , Clinical Protocols , Cardiology/standards , Nuclear Medicine/standards , Quality Control
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