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1.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 107-112, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341271

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Identificar la epidemiología clínica y los procesos diagnósticos y terapéuticos de las mujeres con miocardiopatía periparto en un centro de referencia cardiovascular. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo retrospectivo con pacientes de sexo femenino de entre 15 y 50 años con diagnóstico de cardiopatía periparto durante los últimos 10 años en una institución especializada de la ciudad de Medellín. Resultados: Hubo 17 mujeres con diagnóstico de cardiopatía periparto, con una edad media de 31 años (± 6.7). El número promedio de embarazos fue de 1.0, con un 52.9%. Las condiciones más frecuentes durante la gestación fueron obesidad y preeclampsia, con un 23.5% para ambas; se halló diabetes gestacional en una paciente (5.9%) y dos presentaron hemorragia del primer trimestre (11.8%). El 41.2% de las mujeres tuvieron parto vértice espontáneo. Ninguna mujer tuvo antecedentes cardiovasculares. Los síntomas presentados al momento del diagnóstico fueron deterioro de la clase funcional (100%), edema en miembros inferiores (52.9%), ortopnea (76.4%) y disnea paroxística nocturna (88.2%). La terapia farmacológica iniciada incluyó diuréticos (58.8%), inhibidores de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina (IECA) (64.7%), betabloqueadores (82.4%), bromocriptina (5.8%), ivabradina (23.5%) y antagonistas de la aldosterona (64.7%). Conclusiones: Este registro señala la similitud en nuestro medio de esta enfermedad, respecto a la epidemiología, la presentación y el manejo, con el resto del mundo. Muestra que el tratamiento farmacológico para falla cardiaca con la combinación de betabloqueadores, IECA y diuréticos sigue siendo el pilar fundamental en el tratamiento; además, destaca que la miocardiopatía periparto aún es una afección grave, con alta morbilidad y que permanece en insuficiencia cardiaca después del diagnóstico y con un riesgo importante de mortalidad.


Abstract Objective: To identify the epidemiology and the diagnostic and therapeutic processes of women with peripartum cardiomyopathy on a cardiovascular reference center. Method: A retrospective descriptive observational study was conducted with female patients between 15 and 50 years of age with a diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy during the last 10 years. Results: 17 women with a diagnosis of peripartum cardiomyopathy where included, with a mean age of 31 (± 6,7) years at the time of diagnosis. The average number of previous pregnancies was 1.0 in 52.9% of the population. Obesity and preeclampsia were present in 23.5% and 18.8%, respectively. Diabetes was found in one patient (5.9%) and two had hemorrhage of the first trimester (11.8%). 41.2% of the women had a spontaneous vertex delivery. The symptoms presented at the time of diagnosis were deterioration of their functional class in 100.0%, edema in the lower limbs in 52.9%, orthopnea in 76.4% and paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea in 88.2%. Conclusions: Our data show that peripartum cardiomyopathy occurs with a mode of presentation similar to the rest of the world, pharmacological treatment for heart failure with the combination of beta blockers, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, and diuretics continue to be the fundamental pillar in the treatment of peripartum cardiomyopathy; It is also important to note that peripartum cardiomyopathy remains a serious condition with a high rate of critically ill patients who remain in heart failure after diagnosis with a significant risk of mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Cardiomyopathies , Pregnancy , Biomarkers , Heart Failure
2.
São Paulo; s.n; 20210219. 109 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1147719

ABSTRACT

Estudos têm concluído que infecções dentais como periodontite apical (AP) podem potencializar a patogênese de doenças sistêmicas. A cardiomiopatia dilatada (CMD) é uma condição que afeta a função do miocárdio, dificultando que o coração funcione eficientemente como uma bomba. Existem estudos correlacionando as infecções endodônticas com doenças cardíacas, associando o papel do processo inflamatório e infeccioso endodôntico no desenvolvimento delas, mas não há estudos que avaliem a relação existente entre estas infecções com CMD. O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar a influência da periodontite apical crônica no desenvolvimento de cardiomiopatia-induzida em ratos medindo o estresse oxidativo e a atividade das enzimas antioxidantes. Quarenta e dois ratos Wistar foram divididos em 4 grupos: Grupo Controle (C) (n=3): sem AP e sem cardiomiopatia-induzida; Grupo AP (n=10): com AP e sem cardiomiopatia-induzida; Grupo CM (n=12): sem AP e com cardiomiopatia-induzida; Grupo APCM (n=17): com AP e com cardiomiopatiainduzida. A AP foi obtida por meio da exposição pulpar dos molares maxilares à cavidade oral por 30 dias. Posteriormente, a CMD foi induzida seguindo a metodologia de O'Connell et al., (2017) usando a indução de "curto prazo". Os animais receberam Doxorrubicina (2,5mg/kg/dose) aplicada em 5 injeções intraperitoneais num período de 2 semanas (dose acumulativa total 12,5mg/kg), os animais do grupo controle e do grupo AP receberam solução salina (0,9% NaCl). Trinta dias após o início da indução da CMD, os animais foram eutanasiados por decapitação através de guilhotina. Para constatar a presença de lesão periapical, as maxilas foram removidas cirurgicamente, dissecadas, fixadas e desmineralizadas para posteriormente serem incluídas e preparadas para análise histológica sob microscopia ótica. Os corações foram coletados, pesados, e imediatamente armazenados para posteriormente realizar a análise bioquímica de peroxidação lipídica (MDA) e de atividade das enzimas antioxidantes (CAT, GPx e SOD). O teste Shapiro-Wilk foi utilizado para determinar a normalidade das amostras; seguido do teste ANOVA de 1 fator com o teste de comparações múltiplas de Bonferroni com um nível de significância de 5%. A peroxidação lipídica aumentou significativamente no grupo APCM com respeito a todos os outros grupos, seguido do grupo CM que teve diferença estatística somente com o grupo AP. No que se refere à enzima antioxidante, os menores valores de atividade foram obtidos no grupo APCM com diferença estatística ao grupo CM. Considerando que os níveis sistêmicos de citocinas e de estresse oxidativo são maiores na presença de AP, e que estes aumentam mais em casos de doenças sistêmicas, provavelmente uma disseminação metastática de produtos da inflamação estariam afetando o tecido miocárdico piorando as condições de CMD no grupo APCM refletindo-se pelo aumento da peroxidação lipídica. Os menores valores da atividade enzimática no grupo APCM pode ser devido a uma depleção nos níveis destas enzimas e/ou na inativação delas por causa de uma maior severidade do dano no miocárdio. Com base nos resultados, conclui-se que a periodontite apical crônica influencia no desenvolvimento de cardiomiopatia-induzida em ratos, através de um aumento do estresse oxidativo e alteração da atividade das enzimas antioxidantes no tecido ventricular.


Subject(s)
Focal Infection , Cardiomyopathies
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879814

ABSTRACT

This article summarizes and analyzes the clinical features and gene mutation characteristics of children with noncompaction of the ventricular myocardium (NVM). For the 6 children with NVM (4 boys and 2 girls), the age of onset ranged from 3 months to 12 years. Of the 6 children, 5 had arrhythmia, 3 had cardiac insufficiency, 1 had poor mental state, and 1 had chest distress and sighing. NVM-related gene mutations were detected in 4 children, among whom 2 had


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Child , Child, Preschool , Echocardiography , Female , Heart Ventricles/diagnostic imaging , Humans , Infant , Male , Mutation , Myocardium
5.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 597-601, nov.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289277

ABSTRACT

Resumen La taquicardia ventricular polimórfica catecolaminérgica es una enfermedad caracterizada por arritmias ventriculares desencadenadas por estrés o actividad física. Existen casos descritos de taquicardia ventricular polimórfica catecolaminérgica asociada a ventrículo izquierdo no compactado, en relación con mutaciones del gen RYR2 localizadas en el exón 3. Se expone el caso clínico de una paciente joven que debutó con clínica de síncopes recurrentes asociados a estrés físico o emocional. En el estudio posterior se descubrió taquicardia ventricular polimórfica catecolaminérgica, con áreas de miocardio no compactado y una nueva variante genética posiblemente asociada a la enfermedad.


Abstract Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia is disease characterised by ventricular arrhythmias triggered by stress or physical activity. There are some cases of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia described that are associated with non-compacted left ventricle in relation to mutations of the RYR2 gene located in exon 3. A case is presented of a young patient in whom the clinical signs started with recurrent syncope associated with physical or emotional stress. In the subsequent study, catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia was discovered, with areas of non-compacted myocardium and new genetic variant possibly associated with the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Tachycardia, Ventricular , Syncope , Heart Ventricles , Cardiomyopathies
6.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(4): 307-313, jul.-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289230

ABSTRACT

Resumen El síndrome de takotsubo o miocardiopatía por estrés es una alteración de la funcionalidad miocárdica, que se asocia con frecuencia a situaciones de estrés físico o emocional. Corresponde entre el 1 y el 2% de todos los ingresos a urgencias por síndrome coronario agudo y tiene una prevalencia y tasa de mortalidad de 4,1% y 2% a 8%, respectivamente. Hasta el 10% de los pacientes presenta algún tipo de complicación. En Colombia los datos epidemiológicos son limitados. En la actualidad se desconoce con exactitud la fisiopatología subyacente y no hay consenso acerca del tratamiento del síndrome y las complicaciones asociadas; por consiguiente, estos interrogantes son posibles temas de investigación. Se expone un caso clínico de características inusuales, que cursó con alteraciones electrocardiográficas, cinéticas y de conducción miocárdica infrecuentes, además de evolución clínica inesperada, que culminó en paro cardiorrespiratorio secundario a taquicardia ventricular polimórfica por persistencia del intervalo QT prolongado. Con base en la experiencia clínica y en la evidencia científica disponible se recomienda monitorizar estrechamente a los pacientes con alteración adquirida de la repolarización miocárdica hasta que esta se normalice y considerar la implantación de un dispositivo cardiaco tipo cardiodesfibrilador en casos de alto riesgo.


Abstract Takotsubo syndrome or stress cardiomyopathy is a myocardial functional disorder, which is often associated with situations of physical or emotional stress. It accounts for between 1% and 2% of all those admitted to the Emergency Department due to acute coronary syndrome, and has a prevalence and mortality rate of 4.1% and 2% to 8%, respectively. Up to 10% of the patients have some type of complication. Epidemiological data are scarce in Colombia. The underlying pathophysiology is still not exactly known, and there is no consensus on the treatment of the syndrome and the associated complications. Therefore, these questions are possible research topics. A clinical case of unusual characteristics is presented, which included rare electrocardiographic, kinetic, and myocardial conduction characteristics. It also had an unexpected clinical outcome, which culminated in cardiorespiratory arrest secondary to a polymorphic ventricular tachycardia due to persistence of the prolonged QT interval. Based on clinical experience and on the available scientific evidence, it is recommended to closely monitor patients with an acquired change in myocardial repolarisation until it returns to normal, and to consider an implantable cardioverter defibrillator in cases of high risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Ventricular Fibrillation , Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy , Cardiomyopathies , Torsades de Pointes , Psychological Distress
7.
Oncol. (Guayaquil) ; 30(2): 149-158, 31 de agosto del 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145226

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los esquemas de quimioterapia en el tratamiento de cáncer de mama incluyen Antraciclinas con una efectividad de respuesta alta, sin embargo en algunos casos el potencial efecto terapéutico se ve limitado por la Cardiomiopatía Inducida por Antraciclinas (CIPA).El objetivo del estudio fue establecer la prevalencia longitudinal de esta entidad. Métodos:Este estudiolongitudinalfue realizado en el Instituto Oncológico Nacional "Dr.Juan Tanca Marengo" -SOLCA-Guayaquil. El período de exposición fue abril a diciembredel 2008,laobservación terminó enjunio 2020.Seincluyó mujeres con cáncer de mama, en tratamiento con antraciclinas, clasificadas por riesgo Cardiovascular de Framingham Bajo (A), moderado (B) y alto (C).Se midió lasalteraciones electrocardiográficas (AEKG) basales, a las 6 y 24 horas.Desarrollo de CIPA en seguimiento a 12 años.La muestra fue no probabilística tipo censo. Se utiliza estadística descriptivacon Intervalo de confianza para proporciones. Resultados: Ingresaron al estudio 50 casos son AEKG. El desarrollo de AEKG a 6 horas en 18/50 casos (36% IC95% 34.1-37.9%), estas AEKG persistieron hasta las 24 horas. Las AEKG se presentaron en un 18.5% en mujeres con Riesgo A, 52.4% enRiesgo B y 100%en Riesgo C. El desarrollo de CIPA a12 años fue de 3.6% (2.3-4.9%) en CIPA-Subaguda y de 7.1% (5.3-9.0%)en CIPA crónica. CIPA Subaguda+ crónica 10.7% (8.6-12.9%). Conclusiones: los eventos de cardiotoxicidad aguda fueron detectados por AEKG,en el seguimiento a largo plazo laCIPAsedesarrollóen un porcentaje un poco mayor a la literatura reportada.


Introduction:Chemotherapy regimens in the treatment of breast cancer include Anthracyclines with a high response effectiveness, however in some cases the potential therapeutic effect is limited by Anthracycline Induced Cardiomyopathy (CIPA). The objective of the study was to establish the longitudinal prevalence of this entity. Methods: This longitudinal, observational study was conducted at the National Oncological Institute "Dr. Juan Tanca Marengo "-SOLCA-Guayaquil. The exposure period was April to December 2008. The observation period ended on June 30, 2020. It included women> 18 years with breast cancer, treated with anthracyclines, classified by Framingham Cardiovascular Risk as Low Risk (A) , moderate risk (B) and high risk (C). Electrocardiographic abnormalities (AEKG) were measured at baseline, at 6 hours and at 24 hours and development of CIPA at 12-yearfollow-up. The sample was non-probabilistic, census type. Descriptive statistics with confidence interval for proportions are used. Results: Fifty cases entered the study are AEKG. The development of AEKG at 6 hours in 18/50 cases (36% 95% CI 34.1-37.9%),these AEKG persisted until 24 hours. AEKG were presented in 18.52% in women with Risk A, 52.38% in Risk B and 100% in Risk C. The development of CIPA at 12 years was 3.57% (2.27-4.87%) in CIPA-Subacute and 7.14 % (5.34-8.95% in chronic CIPA. Subacute + chronic CIPA 10.71% (8.55-12.88%). Conclusions: In this study it is concluded that acute cardiotoxicity events were detected by electrocardiographic changes and that in the long-term follow-up they were evident in a slightly higher percentage than that reported in the international literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stroke Volume , Anthracyclines , Cardiomyopathies , Breast Neoplasms , Doxorubicin , Electrocardiography
8.
Bol. méd. postgrado ; 36(1): 43-47, jul.2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1119381

ABSTRACT

Con el objetivo de describir las características ecocardiográficas de pacientes con diabetes tipo 1 (DT1) descompensados en hiperglucemia de la Unidad de Cuidados Intermedios del Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio María Pineda durante el mes de diciembre 2018-enero 2019, se desarrolló una investigación tipo descriptiva transversal con un total de 25 pacientes los cuales se caracterizaron por un promedio de edad de 20,28 años ± 3,49 años, 56% eran del sexo masculino, 92% asintomáticos cardiovasculares y con un promedio de años de diagnóstico de DT1 de 4,96 ± 3,29 años. Los resultados indican que 20% de los pacientes presentaron disfunción diastólica leve y 44% trastornos de motilidad regional. El promedio de glicemia basal en estos pacientes fue de 209 mg/dL. Los hallazgos funcionales ecocardiográficos no guardaron relación con los años de diagnóstico de la DT1. En conclusión, en estos pacientes se pueden encontrar hallazgos subclínicos de enfermedad cardiovascular en asociación a hiperglucemia persistente por lo que es importante implementar medidas de prevención que retarden las complicaciones micro y macrovasculares de esta enfermedad(AU)


With the aim of describing echocardiographic findings in type 1 diabetic patients with hyperglycemia admitted to the Intermediate Care Unit of the Hospital Central Universitario Dr. Antonio Maria Pineda during the December 2018-January 2019 period, a cross-sectional descriptive study was done in 25 patients with an average age of 20.28 ± 3.49 years, 56% were males, 92% were asymptomatic and had a mean time of diagnosis of 4.96 ± 3.29 years. The results show that 20% of patients had mild diastolic dysfunction and 44% regional motility alterations. Mean glycemic values of these patients was 209 mg/dL. Echocardiographic functional findings were not associated with time of diagnosis of diabetes. Subclinical findings of cardiovascular disease associated with persistent hyperglycemia was found in this group of patients. It is important to implement measures that prevent micro and macrovascular complications of this disease(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Echocardiography , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 , Hyperglycemia , Body Weight , Coronary Disease/physiopathology , Cardiomyopathies/etiology
9.
Rev. Soc. Peru. Med. Interna ; 33(2): 61-67, abr.-jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1103675

ABSTRACT

El compromiso cardiovascular de los pacientes con COVID-19, especialmente en la subpoblación con factores de riesgo cardiovasculares, se asocia a la severidad de la enfermedad e inclusive a una mayor mortalidad en algunas series de casos. Los mecanismos fisiopatológicos descritos con mayor claridad son la injuria miocárdica directa y el proceso asociado a la inflamación sistémica.Las manifestaciones cardiovasculares son diversas e incluyen injuria miocárdica, miocarditis, miocardiopatías, insuficiencia cardíaca, síndromes coronarios agudos, arritmias, eventos tromboembólicos. Adicionalmente, debemos considerar los efectos adversos de los medicamentos utilizados para tratar la infección viral. (AU)


Cardiovascular compromise among COVID-19 patients, especially in the subpopulation with cardiovascular risk factors, is associated with severity of disease and a higher mortality in some case-series. The most clearly described pathophysiological mechanisms are direct myocardial injury and the process associated with systemic inflammation. Cardiovascular manifestations are diverse and include myocardial injury, myocarditis, cardiomyopathies, heart failure, acute coronary syndromes, arrhythmias, thromboembolic events. Moreover, we must consider the adverse effects of medications used to treat the viral infection. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Cardiovascular Diseases , Coronavirus Infections , SARS Virus , Cardiomyopathies
11.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(3): 143-148, Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098069

ABSTRACT

Abstract Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) usually affects men. However, women are also affected in rare instances. Approximately 8% of female DMD carriers have muscle weakness and cardiomyopathy. The early identification of functional and motor impairments can support clinical decision making. Objective: To investigate the motor and functional impairments of 10 female patients with dystrophinopathy diagnosed with clinical, pathological, genetic and immunohistochemical studies. Methods: A descriptive study of a sample of symptomatic female carriers of DMD mutations. The studied variables were muscular strength and functional performance. Results: The prevalence was 10/118 (8.4%) symptomatic female carriers. Deletions were found in seven patients. The age of onset of symptoms in female carriers of DMD was quite variable. Pseudohypertrophy of calf muscles, muscular weakness, compensatory movements and longer timed performance on functional tasks were observed in most of the cases. Differently from males with DMD, seven female patients showed asymmetrical muscular weakness. The asymmetric presentation of muscle weakness was frequent and affected posture and functionality in some cases. The functional performance presents greater number of compensatory movements. Time of execution of activities was not a good biomarker of functionality for this population, because it does not change in the same proportion as the number of movement compensations. Conclusion: Clinical manifestation of asymmetrical muscle weakness and compensatory movements, or both can be found in female carriers of DMD mutations, which can adversely affect posture and functional performance of these patients.


Resumo A distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) geralmente afeta indivíduos do sexo masculino. No entanto, mulheres também são acometidas em casos raros. Aproximadamente 8% das portadoras de DMD têm fraqueza muscular ou cardiomiopatia. A identificação precoce das alterações funcionais e motoras pode alterar a tomada de decisão clínica. Objetivo: Investigar as deficiências motoras e funcionais de 10 pacientes do sexo feminino com distrofinopatia diagnosticada por estudos clínicos, patológicos, genéticos e imuno-histoquímicos. Método: Estudo descritivo de uma amostra de portadoras sintomáticas de mutações DMD. As variáveis estudadas foram força muscular e desempenho funcional. Resultados: A prevalência foi de 10/118 (8,4%) de portadoras sintomáticas de DMD. Foram encontradas deleções em sete pacientes. A idade de início dos sintomas em portadoras de DMD foi variável. Pseudo-hipertrofia de panturrilhas, movimentos compensatórios, fraqueza muscular e aumento no tempo de execução de tarefas funcionais foram observados na maioria dos casos. Diferentemente dos homens com DMD, sete pacientes apresentaram fraqueza muscular assimétrica. A apresentação assimétrica da fraqueza muscular foi frequente, podendo afetar a postura e a funcionalidade. O desempenho funcional geralmente apresenta aumento no número de movimentos compensatórios. Não podemos sempre considerar o tempo como um bom marcador de funcionalidade para essa população, uma vez que não muda na mesma proporção que o número de compensações em todas essas pacientes. Conclusão: Fraqueza muscular assimétrica e movimentos compensatórios, ou ambos, podem ser encontrados em portadoras sintomáticas de DMD, o que pode afetar a postura e a funcionalidade dessas pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/diagnosis , Muscle Strength/physiology , Muscular Dystrophies/genetics , Cardiomyopathies/etiology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prevalence , Muscle Weakness/etiology , Muscle Weakness/epidemiology , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/genetics , Muscular Dystrophy, Duchenne/epidemiology , Muscle Strength/genetics , Physical Functional Performance , Heterozygote , Muscular Dystrophies/physiopathology , Muscular Dystrophies/epidemiology , Mutation/genetics , Cardiomyopathies/epidemiology
12.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 36(2): 487-495, 01-03-2020. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1146405

ABSTRACT

Canine distemper is a viral disease that affects several systems on dogs, among them, the cardiovascular system. The aim of this study was to identify canine distemper virus (CDV) in the sinoatrial node (SAN) of dogs serologically positive for distemper by Polymerase Chain Reaction preceded by reverse transcription (RT-PCR), and to analyze gross and microscopic changes of distemper in the heart and other tissues. SAN and tissue fragments were collected from 17 serologically positive dead animals, necropsied from October 2015 to December 2016. In the heart, right heart dilatation was observed in 13 dogs (76.47%) and left concentric hypertrophy in two dogs (11.76%). Microscopically, lymphocytic myocarditis was observed in four (23.53%) dogs and 41.18% presented viral inclusion corpuscles of CDV in the bladder epithelium. Only one (5.88%) dog presented a 319 bp target fragment for distemper virus using primers CDV 1 and CDV 2 at the sinoatrial node. In conclusion, CDV can be located in the sinoatrial node of naturally infected dogs, as demonstrated in this study by the RT-PCR technique, reinforcing the hypothesis that CDV is capable of causing inflammatory lesions in the sinoatrial node of this species. Macroscopic and microscopic cardiac changes are frequently observed in dogs with distemper, mainly cardiac dilatation and myocarditis. Viral inclusions of CDV in bladder epithelial cells are an important microscopic finding for the diagnosis of distemper.


A cinomose canina é uma doença viral que afeta vários sistemas, dentre eles o cardiovascular. Objetivou-se identificar o vírus da cinomose canina no nó sinoatrial (NSA) de cães sorologicamente positivos para cinomose, através da reação em cadeia da polimerase, precedida de transcrição reversa (RT-PCR), além de analisar os achados macroscópicos e histológicos da cinomose no coração e outros tecidos. Foram coletados fragmentos de tecidos e do NSA de 17 cães sorologicamente positivos para cinomose que vieram a óbito e foram necropsiados no período de outubro de 2015 a dezembro de 2016. No coração observou-se dilatação cardíaca direita em 76,47% dos cães e hipertrofia concêntrica esquerda em 11,76% dos cães. Microscopicamente observou-se miocardite linfocítica em 23,53% dos cães e 41,18% apresentou corpúsculos de inclusão viral no epitélio vesical. Somente um (5,88%) cão apresentou fragmento alvo de 319 bp para cinomose utilizando os primers VCC1 e VCC2, no nó sinoatrial. Conclui-se que o VCC pode localizar-se no nó sinoatrial de cães naturalmente infectados, como demonstrados neste estudo pela técnica de RT-PCR, reforçando a hipótese de que o VCC é capaz de provocar lesões inflamatórias no nó sinoatrial dessa espécie. Alterações cardíacas macroscópicas e microscópicas, principalmente dilatação cardíaca e miocardite, são frequentemente observadas em cães com cinomose. Inclusões virais nas células epiteliais da bexiga são importantes achados microscópicos para diagnóstico da cinomose.


Subject(s)
Distemper , Dogs , Heart Conduction System , Cardiomyopathies
13.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 48(1): 40-44, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1092918

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Heart failure represents a public health problem involving high morbidity and mortality. For advanced stages of the disease the use of ventricular assist devices (VADs) has been implemented as destination therapy. The perioperative management of patients with VADs may result in multiple challenges, with optimal pain management being one of those challenges. Objective: To describe the use of erector spinae plain (ESP) block as a rescue analgesia technique in a patient undergoing HeartMate 3 type VAD implantat. Methods: Case report and subject review. Results: The case discussed is a patient with ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe ventricular dysfunction, undergoing a HeartMate 3 type VAD implant as destination therapy, under general anesthesia and postoperative analgesia protocol with fentanyl and acetaminophen. During the postoperative period the patient developed acute pain of severe intensity (visual analogue scale [VAS]: 8-10/10), that led to the use of a regional rescue technique-ESP block-that showed satisfactory results with optimal analgesia control (VAS: 1-3/10). Conclusion: The ESP block was a safe and effective option as part of a postoperative analgesia strategy for a patient with a HeartMate 3 type VAD implant.


Resumen Introducción: la insuficiencia cardiaca representa un problema de salud pública con alta morbimortalidad. En estadios avanzados se ha implementado el uso de dispositivos de asistencia ventricular (DAV) como terapia destino. El manejo perioperatorio de pacientes con DAV puede generar múltiples retos, dentro de los cuales se destaca el manejo óptimo del dolor. Objetivo: describir el uso del bloqueo del plano del musculo erector de la espina (ESP) como técnica analgésica de rescate en un paciente llevado a implante de DAV tipo HeartMate 3. Métodos: reporte de caso y revisión de tema. Resultados: se presenta el caso de un paciente con cardiopatía isquémica y disfunción ventricular severa, que fue llevado a un implante de DAV tipo HeartMate 3 como terapia destino, bajo anestesia general y protocolo de analgesia postoperatoria con fentanil y acetaminofén. Durante el posoperatorio presentó dolor agudo de intensidad severa (Escala Visual Análoga: 8-10/10), por lo que se aplicó una técnica regional de rescate: bloqueo ESP, la cual mostró resultados satisfactorios con control analgésico óptimo (Escala Visual Análoga: 1-3/10). Conclusiones: el bloqueo ESP fue una opción segura y efectiva como parte de una estrategia analgésica postoperatoria para un paciente con implante de un DAV tipo HeartMate 3.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Postoperative Period , Heart-Assist Devices , Equipment and Supplies , Analgesia , Anesthesia, General , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Myocardial Ischemia , Ventricular Dysfunction , Acute Pain , Acetaminophen , Cardiomyopathies
14.
CorSalud ; 12(1): 20-30, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124640

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La miocardiopatía cirrótica es una disfunción cardíaca que está presente en pacientes con cirrosis hepática, en ausencia de otra enfermedad cardíaca. Objetivos: Describir los hallazgos electrocardiográficos, ecocardiográficos y el estado de la oxigenación arterial en pacientes con cirrosis hepática. Método: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, con 95 pacientes en protocolo de trasplante hepático en el CIMEQ, en el período establecido, para lo cual se tuvo en cuenta la clasificación de gravedad de Child-Pugh. Resultados: Se investigaron 95 pacientes (53 mujeres [55,7%]), a los cuales se les realizó electrocardiograma, ecocardiograma, determinación de la presión arterial de oxígeno y su saturación por oximetría. Se usó el SPSS (20), con medidas de resumen para variables cualitativas (razones y porcentajes) y cuantitativas (media y desviación estándar). Los resultados muestran mayor compromiso de las variables estudiadas en relación con la mayor gravedad de la cirrosis hepática, evaluada por Child-Pugh, en relación con la onda S' (p=0,03), onda A (p=0,03), presión sistólica del tronco de la arteria pulmonar (p=0,004) y presión parcial de oxígeno arterial (p=0,004). Conclusiones: Al tener en cuenta dicha clasificación, se evidenció acercamiento progresivo a valores anormales de las variables ecocardiográficas para el análisis de la función diastólica, presiones pulmonares y del estado de la oxigenación arterial expresado por la PaO2, en los estadios más avanzados de la cirrosis hepática.


ABSTRACT Introduction: Cirrhotic cardiomyopathy is a cardiac dysfunction that is present in patients with liver cirrhosis, in the absence of other heart disease. Objectives: To ascertain electrocardiographic and echocardiographic findings and arterial oxygenation state in patients with liver cirrhosis. Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 95 liver transplant recipients at the CIMEQ over the established period. The Child-Pug severity classification was applied for this purpose. Results: We screened 95 patients (53 women [55.7%]) who underwent electrocardiography, echocardiography, and determination of blood oxygen pressure and oxygen saturation by oximetry. The SPSS (20), with summary measures for qualitative (ratios and percentages) and quantitative (mean and standard deviation) variables was used. Our results reveal greater compromise of the variables studied in correlation with a greater severity of liver cirrhosis, as assessed by Child-Pugh, in relation to S' wave (p=0.03), A wave (p=0.03), pulmonary artery trunk systolic pressure (p=0.004) and arterial oxygen partial pressure (p=0.004). Conclusions: Taking into account the Child-Pugh score, study showed a progressive approach to pathological values of echocardiographic variables for the analysis of diastolic function and pulmonary pressures, as well as oxygen content of arterial blood (PaO2), in the most advanced stages of liver cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Heart Function Tests , Liver Cirrhosis , Cardiomyopathies
16.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 53: e20190566, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136804

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Among patients with Chagas disease, men have a higher risk of worse pathological symptoms than women. We aimed to explore the role of the Y chromosome in men diagnosed with Chagas disease and assess the relationship between their ancestry and disease status. METHODS In this comparative study, we analyzed 150 men with unrelated non-chagasic disease (nCD) and 150 men with unrelated chagasic disease (CD). We assessed the serological diagnosis of Chagas disease, biochemical parameters, thoracic X-rays, electrocardiogram, and transthoracic echocardiography and determined the haplogroup by analyzing a set of 17 microsatellites from the Y chromosome. We examined the associations between common Y chromosome haplogroups and the clinical parameters of risk by logistic regression. RESULTS For all patients, the most common haplogroups were R1b (43%), G2a (9%), and E1b1b (9%). The R1b and G2a haplogroup was more frequent in men with nCD and CD, respectively. As expected, we observed a high proportion of symptomatic patients in the CD group independent of the haplogroups. Men from both groups classified as having the R1b haplogroup showed less clinical evidence of disease. Multivariate analysis showed that CD patients without R1b were about five times more likely to have a cardio-thorax index >0.5% (OR [odds ratio] = 5.1, 95% CI [confidence interval] = 3.31-8.17). Men without the R1b haplogroup were 2.5 times more likely to show EcoCG alterations (OR = 2.50, 95% CI = 0.16-3.94). CONCLUSIONS: Our results provided evidence that the R1b haplogroup may have a potential protective cardiovascular effect for its carriers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chagas Disease/complications , Chagas Disease/genetics , Cardiomyopathies , Haplotypes , Odds Ratio , Chromosomes, Human, Y/genetics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786083

ABSTRACT

Cardiomyopathy is the leading cause of mortality worldwide. While the causes of cardiomyopathy continue to be elucidated, current evidence suggests that aberrant bioactive lipid signaling plays a crucial role as a component of cardiac pathophysiology. Sphingolipids have been implicated in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease, as they regulate numerous cellular processes that occur in primary and secondary cardiomyopathies. Experimental evidence gathered over the last few decades from both in vitro and in vivo model systems indicates that inhibitors of sphingolipid synthesis attenuate a variety of cardiomyopathic symptoms. In this review, we focus on various cardiomyopathies in which sphingolipids have been implicated and the potential therapeutic benefits that could be gained by targeting sphingolipid metabolism.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Cardiovascular Diseases , Ceramides , In Vitro Techniques , Metabolism , Mortality , Myocytes, Cardiac , Pathology , Receptors, Lysosphingolipid , Sphingolipids
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786081

ABSTRACT

The heart faces the challenge of adjusting the rate of fatty acid uptake to match myocardial demand for energy provision at any given moment, avoiding both too low uptake rates, which could elicit an energy deficit, and too high uptake rates, which pose the risk of excess lipid accumulation and lipotoxicity. The transmembrane glycoprotein cluster of differentiation 36 (CD36), a scavenger receptor (B2), serves many functions in lipid metabolism and signaling. In the heart, CD36 is the main sarcolemmal lipid transporter involved in the rate-limiting kinetic step in cardiac lipid utilization. The cellular fatty acid uptake rate is determined by the presence of CD36 at the cell surface, which is regulated by subcellular vesicular recycling from endosomes to the sarcolemma. CD36 has been implicated in dysregulated fatty acid and lipid metabolism in pathophysiological conditions, particularly high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance and diabetic cardiomyopathy. Thus, in conditions of chronic lipid overload, high levels of CD36 are moved to the sarcolemma, setting the heart on a route towards increased lipid uptake, excessive lipid accumulation, insulin resistance, and eventually contractile dysfunction. Insight into the subcellular trafficking machinery of CD36 will provide novel targets to treat the lipid-overloaded heart. A screen for CD36-dedicated trafficking proteins found that vacuolar-type H⁺-ATPase and specific vesicle-associated membrane proteins, among others, were uniquely involved in CD36 recycling. Preliminary data suggest that these proteins may offer clues on how to manipulate myocardial lipid uptake, and thus could be promising targets for metabolic intervention therapy to treat the failing heart.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies , Endosomes , Glycoproteins , Heart , Insulin Resistance , Lipid Metabolism , R-SNARE Proteins , Receptors, Scavenger , Recycling , Sarcolemma
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880581

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Primary carnitine deficiency (PCD) is a rare fatty acid metabolism disorder that can cause neonatal death. This study aims to analyze carnitine levels and detect SLC22A5 gene in newborns with carnitine deficiency, to provide a basis for early diagnosis of PCD, and to explore the relationship between carnitine in blood and SLC22A5 genotype.@*METHODS@#A total of 40 neonates with low free carnitine (C0G (p.Y251C), c.495 C>A (p.R165E), and c.1298T>C (p.M433T). We found 14 PCD patients including 2 homozygous mutations and 12 heterozygous mutations, 14 with 1 mutation, and 12 with no mutation among 40 children. The C0 concentration of children with SLC22A5 gene homozygous or complex heterozygous mutations was (4.95±1.62) μmol/L in the initial screening, and (3.90±1.33) μmol/L in the second screening. The C0 concentration of children with no mutation was (7.04±2.05) μmol/L in the initial screening, and (8.02±2.87) μmol/L in the second screening. There were significant differences between children with homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations and with no mutation in C0 concentration of the initial and the second screening (both @*CONCLUSIONS@#There are 5 new mutations which enriched the mutation spectrum of SLC22A5 gene. C0<5 μmol/L is highly correlated with SLC22A5 gene homozygous or compound heterozygous mutations. Children with truncated mutation may have lower C0 concentration than that with untruncated mutation in the initial screening.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies , Carnitine/deficiency , Child , Humans , Hyperammonemia/genetics , Infant, Newborn , Muscular Diseases/genetics , Mutation , Solute Carrier Family 22 Member 5/genetics
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