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Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 231-236, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430516


SUMMARY: Doxorubicin (DOX) is one of the drugs necessary for the treatment of the 10 most common types of cancer. The leading adverse effect limiting clinical use of DOX is cardiotoxicity. Given that literature data indicate a protective role of carotenoids in doxorubicin-induced toxicity, in our study we compared the cardioprotective effect of a mixture of pumpkin carotenoids and a commercially available antioxidant preparation. Animals were distributed in 8 groups (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorubicin - Dox; Carotenoids - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorubicin - N-Dox; Carotenoids-Doxorubicin - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN-Doxorubicin - CF-Dox). Histological sections were stained with the hematoxylin-eosin (HE) and analyzed for the presence of myocardial damage by doxorubicin damage score (DDS). From the heart tissue homogenate were determined the intensity of lipid peroxidation and specific antioxidative enzyme activity (superoxide dismutase; catalase; glutathione S-transferase; glutathione peroxidase). In Car-DOX and CF-DOX groups, lipid peroxidation is significantly reduced compared to DOX group. Pretreatment of animals with carotenoids and in lesser extent with CardiofortIN led to higher antioxidative enzymes activity, compared to DOX group. Pretreated with carotenoids, only 50 % of animals had some degree of myocardial damage, and no animals had extensive damage. CardiofortIN pretreatment showed less protective effect. Pretreatment with carotenoid extract, reduced DDS significantly, so Car-DOX group has changes equivalent to mild myocardial damage. Although CardiofortIN pretreatment lowered DDS score values, animals still had moderate level of myocardium damage. This in vivo study and its findings indicate that carotenoids extracted from pumpkin may be a promising cardioprotective agent against doxorubicin induced cardiotoxicity, at least in part mediated through inhibition of DOX-induced oxidative stress.

La doxorrubicina (DOX) es uno de los fármacos necesarios para el tratamiento de los 10 tipos más comunes de cáncer. El principal efecto adverso que limita el uso clínico de DOX es la cardiotoxicidad. Debido a que los datos de la literatura indican un papel protector de los carotenoides en la toxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, en nuestro estudio comparamos el efecto cardioprotector de una mezcla de carotenoides de calabaza y una preparación antioxidante disponible comercialmente. Los animales se distribuyeron en 8 grupos (Control - S; NADES - N; Doxorrubicina - Dox; Carotenoides - Car; CardiofortIN - CF; NADES-Doxorrubicina - N-Dox; Carotenoides-Doxorrubicina - Car-Dox; CardiofortIN- Doxorrubicina - CF-Dox). Las secciones histológicas se tiñeron con hematoxilina-eosina (HE) y se analizaron para detectar la presencia de daño miocárdico mediante la puntuación de daño por doxorrubicina (DDS). A partir del homogeneizado de tejido cardíaco se determinó la intensidad de la peroxidación lipídica y la actividad enzimática antioxidante específica (superóxido dismutasa, catalasa, glutatión S-transferasa, glutatión peroxidasa). En los grupos Car-DOX y CF-DOX, la peroxidación lipídica se redujo significativamente en comparación con el grupo DOX. El pre tratamiento de los animales con carotenoides y, en menor medida, con CardiofortlN condujo a una mayor actividad de las enzimas antioxidantes, en comparación con el grupo DOX. Al ser pre tratados con carotenoides, solo el 50 % de los animales tenían algún grado de daño miocárdico y ningún animal tenía daño extenso. El pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN mostró un efecto protector menor. El pre tratamiento con extracto de carotenoides redujo significativamente el DDS, por lo que el grupo Car-DOX mostró cambios equivalentes a un daño miocárdico leve. Aunque el pre tratamiento con CardiofortIN redujo los valores de la puntuación DDS, los animales aún tenían un nivel moderado de daño al miocardio. Este estudio in vivo y sus hallazgos indican que los carotenoides extraídos de la calabaza pueden ser un agente cardioprotector prometedor contra la cardiotoxicidad inducida por doxorrubicina, al menos en parte mediada por la inhibición del estrés oxidativo inducido por DOX.

Animals , Rats , Carotenoids/administration & dosage , Doxorubicin/toxicity , Cucurbita/chemistry , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Cardiotonic Agents , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase , Glutathione Transferase , Antibiotics, Antineoplastic/toxicity , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Antioxidants
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e380423, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439115


Purpose: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) confers cardioprotection against ischemia reperfusion (IR) injury. However, the precise mechanisms involved in RIPC-induced cardioprotection are not fully explored. The present study was aimed to identify the role of melatonin in RIPC-induced late cardioprotective effects in rats and to explore the role of H2 S, TNF-α and mitoKATP in melatoninmediated effects in RIPC. Methods: Wistar rats were subjected to RIPC in which hind limb was subjected to four alternate cycles of ischemia and reperfusion of 5 min duration by using a neonatal blood pressure cuff. After 24 h of RIPC or ramelteon-induced pharmacological preconditioning, hearts were isolated and subjected to IR injury on the Langendorff apparatus. Results: RIPC and ramelteon preconditioning protected the hearts from IR injury and it was assessed by a decrease in LDH-1, cTnT and increase in left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP). RIPC increased the melatonin levels (in plasma), H2 S (in heart) and decreased TNF-α levels. The effects of RIPC were abolished in the presence of melatonin receptor blocker (luzindole), ganglionic blocker (hexamethonium) and mitochondrial KATP blocker (5-hydroxydecanoic acid). Conclusion: RIPC produce delayed cardioprotection against IR injury through the activation of neuronal pathway, which may increase the plasma melatonin levels to activate the cardioprotective signaling pathway involving the opening of mitochondrial KATP channels, decrease in TNF-α production and increase in H2 S levels. Ramelteon-induced pharmacological preconditioning may also activate the cardioprotective signaling pathway involving the opening of mitochondrial KATP channels, decrease in TNF-α production and increase in H2 S levels.

Animals , Rats , Troponin/physiology , Cardiotonic Agents , Ischemic Preconditioning , Melatonin/analysis , Myocardial Infarction/veterinary , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/veterinary , Rats, Wistar/physiology , Mitochondria
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 95-106, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356307


Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment, increasing the rates of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic events. Additionally, adverse kidney events are directly linked with T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have demonstrated both cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in patients with or without T2DM. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or other add-on antidiabetic agents (ADA) in patients with or without T2DM. Objetive: The present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or add-on other ADA in patients with or without T2DM. Methods: The entrance criteria to SGLT2i studies were: describing any data regarding cardiovascular effects; enrolling more than 1,000 participants; being approved by either the FDA or the EU, and having available access to the supplementary data. The trial had to exhibit at least one of the following results: major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, renal or cardiovascular adverse events, or non-cardiovascular death. The significance level of 0.05 was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: Nine trials with a total of 76,285 participants were included in the meta-analysis. SGLT2i reduced MACE (RR 0.75, 95% CI [0.55-1.01]), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.72, 95% CI [0.55-0.93]), cardiovascular death (RR 0.66, 95% CI [0.48-0.91]), hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.58, 95% CI [0.46-0.73]), renal or cardiovascular adverse events (RR 0.55, 95% CI [0.39-0.78]), and non-cardiovascular death (RR 0.88, 95% CI [0.60-1.00]). Conclusions: Conjunction overall data suggests that these drugs can minimize the risk of cardiovascular events, thus decreasing mortality in patients, regardless of the presence of T2DM.

Humans , Cardiotonic Agents , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Hospitalization , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939791


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the synergic mechanism of ginsenoside Rg1 (Rg1) and aconitine (AC) by acting on normal neonatal rat cardiomyocytes (NRCMs) and pentobarbital sodium (PS)-induced damaged NRCMs.@*METHODS@#The toxic, non-toxic, and effective doses of AC and the most suitable compatibility concentration of Rg1 for both normal and damaged NRCMs exposed for 1 h were filtered out by 3- (4,5)-dimethylthiahiazo (-z-y1)-3,5-diphenytetrazoliumromide, respectively. Then, normal NRCMs or impaired NRCMs were treated with chosen concentrations of AC alone or in combination with Rg1 for 1 h, and the cellular activity, cellular ultrastructure, apoptosis, leakage of acid phosphatase (ACP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), intracellular sodium ions [Na+], potassium ions [K+] and calcium ions [Ca2+] levels, and Nav1.5, Kv4.2, and RyR2 genes expressions in each group were examined.@*RESULTS@#For normal NRCMs, 3000 µ mol/L AC significantly inhibited cell viability (P<0.01), promoted cell apoptosis, and damaged cell structures (P<0.05), while other doses of AC lower than 3000 µ mol/L and the combinations of AC and Rg1 had little toxicity on NRCMs. Compared with AC acting on NRCMs alone, the co-treatment of 3000 and 10 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly decreased the level of intracellular Ca2+ (P<0.01 or P<0.05), and the co-treatment of 3000 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly decreased the level of intracellular Ca2+ via regulating Nav1.5, RyR2 expression (P<0.01). For damaged NRCMs, 1500 µ mol/L AC aggravated cell damage (P<0.01), and 0.1 and 0.001 µ mol/L AC showed moderate protective effect. Compared with AC used alone, the co-treatment of Rg1 with AC reduced the cell damage, 0.1 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly inhibited the level of intracellular Na+ (P<0.05), 1500 µ mol/L AC with 1 µ mol/L Rg1 significantly inhibited the level of intracellular K+ (P<0.01) via regulating Nav1.5, Kv4.2, RyR2 expressions in impaired NRCMs.@*CONCLUSION@#Rg1 inhibited the cardiotoxicity and enhanced the cardiotonic effect of AC via regulating the ion channels pathway of [Na+], [K+], and [Ca2+].

Animals , Rats , Aconitine/pharmacology , Apoptosis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cardiotoxicity/drug therapy , Cell Survival , Ginsenosides/pharmacology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e21219, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420483


Abstract The aim of the present study is to investigate the cardioprotective effects of 18ß-glycyrrhetinic acid (18ß -GA) against oxidative and histological damage caused by global cerebral ischemia/ reperfusion (I/R) in C57BL/J6 mice. All male mice (n:40) were randomly divided into four groups: (1) sham-operated (Sham), (2) I/R, (3) 18ß-GA, and (4) 18ß -GA+I/R. Ischemia was not applied to the sham and 18ß-GA groups. In the I/R group, the bilateral carotid arteries were clipped for 15 min to induce ischemia, and the mice were treated with the vehicle for 10 days. In the 18ß-GA group, the mice were given 18ß-GA (100 mg/kg) for 10 days following a median incision without carotid occlusion. In the 18ß-GA+I/R group, the ischemic procedure performed to the I/R model was applied to the animals and afterwards they were intraperitoneally (i.p.) treated with 18ß-GA (100 mg/kg) for 10 days. It was found that global cerebral I/R increased TBARS levels and decreased antioxidant parameters. The 18ß-GA treatment decreased the level of TBARS and increased GSH, GPx, CAT, SOD activities. Also, the control group cardiac tissue samples were observed to have a normal histological appearance with the Hematoxylin-Eosin staining method. Histopathological damage was observed in the heart tissue samples belonging to the I/R group. The 18ß-GA treatment ameliorates oxidative and histological injury in the heart tissue after global ischemia reperfusion, and may be a beneficial alternative treatment

Animals , Male , Mice , Cardiotonic Agents/adverse effects , Reperfusion/adverse effects , Brain Ischemia/pathology , Staining and Labeling/instrumentation , Oxidative Stress , Antioxidants/pharmacology
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e201052, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420425


Abstract Epidemiological studies suggest that acute kidney injury has certain effect on myocardial function. In this study, for the first time, we tested a boron compound namely lithium tetraborate an act as an anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory agent in ischemia-reperfusion injury. For this, we employed an in vivo rat model with kidney ischemia reperfusion injury to evaluate cardiac injury to clarify the mechanisms of lithium tetraborate. The evaluation of cardiac injury through kidney artery occlusion and reperfusion rat model indicated that lithium tetraborate could (1) reduce oxidative stress-induced endothelial dysfunction; (2) attenuate the inflammatory response of cardiac cells; and (3) alleviate the apoptosis and necrosis of myocytes. In summary, lithium tetraborate demonstrates significant therapeutic properties that contribute to the amelioration of cardiac damage, and it could be a promising candidate for future applications in myocardial dysfunction.

Animals , Male , Female , Rats , Boron Compounds/analysis , Cardiotonic Agents , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Cardiotonic Agents/antagonists & inhibitors , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/classification , Antioxidants/classification
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(5): 524-535, sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369071


Microsechium helleri (Cucurbitaceae) has been used in ethnopharmacological as a lotion to prevent hair loss, diuretic and cathartic, in the region of central Veracruz, Mexico is used as antidiabetic. The antioxidant properties of the hexanic (EHex), chloroformic (ECHCl3) and ethanolic (EEtOH) extracts, were evaluated by 2,2diphenyl-1-pychrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test, the Ferric Reducing/Antioxidant Power (FRAP) and the total phenolic content test. The anti-inflammatory effect was evaluated in the acute ear edema induced with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (TPA) in mouse and the hypoglycemic and cardioprotective effects of the EEtOH were determined in rats. The EEtOH was the most active in the antioxidant potential DPPH test and the ECHCl3 was the best in the FRAP assay and the total polyphenols content. In the anti-inflammatory assay, the ECHCl3 showed the most activity. The EEtOH had the decreased the glucose levels and reduced myocardial damage. The results support the use of this plant in folk medicine in Mexico as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, hypoglycemic and cardioprotective.

Microsechium helleri (Cucurbitaceae) se utiliza en etnofarmacología como una loción para prevenir la caída del cabello, como diurético y catártico, en la región del centro de Veracruz, México es usado como antidiabético. Las propiedades antioxidantes de los extractos hexánico (EHex), clorofórmico (ECHCl3) y etanólico (EEtOH), se evaluaron mediante la prueba de 2,2difenil-1-psililhidrazilo (DPPH), el poder reductor férrico/poder antioxidante (FRAP) y el contenido fenólico total. El efecto anti-inflamatorio se evaluó en el edema agudo de la oreja inducido con forbol 12-miristato 13-acetato (TPA) en ratones y se determinaron los efectos hipoglucémicos y cardioprotectores del EEtOH en ratas. El EEtOH fue el más activo en la prueba DPPH de potencial antioxidante y el ECHCl3 fue el mejor en el ensayo FRAP y el contenido total de polifenoles. En el ensayo antiinflamatorio, el ECHCl3 mostró la mayor actividad. El EEtOH disminuyó los niveles de glucosa y redujo el daño miocárdico. Los efectos hipoglucémicos y cardioprotector del extracto de EEtOH se determinaron en ratas, donde el extracto disminuyó los niveles de glucosa y redujo el daño miocárdico. Los resultados apoyan el uso de esta planta en la medicina popular en México como antioxidante, anti-inflamatorio, hipoglucemiante y cardioprotector.

Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cucurbitaceae/chemistry , Hypoglycemic Agents/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Cardiotonic Agents/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Hypoglycemic Agents/chemistry , Medicine, Traditional , Mexico , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/chemistry
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 26-30, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178336


El pioderma gangrenoso ampollar es una variedad infrecuente de pioderma gangrenoso, que se asocia en el 50-70% de los casos con trastornos oncohematológicos. Se comunica el caso de una paciente de 59 años, que consultó por fiebre y ampollas purpúricas de rápida progresión, con compromiso cutáneo mucoso. Con sospecha de una enfermedad neutrofílica, ampollar, o infección por gérmenes oportunistas, se realizó biopsia de piel para estudio histopatológico, inmunofluorescencia directa y cultivo. Los cultivos y la inmunofluorescencia directa fueron negativos, y la anatomía patológica reveló un denso infiltrado inflamatorio con predominio neutrofílico en dermis. Ante el diagnóstico de pioderma gangrenoso ampollar, se realizó una punción-aspiración de médula ósea cuyo resultado fue compatible con leucemia mieloide aguda. Se instauró tratamiento con corticosteroides sistémicos, a pesar de lo cual la paciente evolucionó desfavorablemente y falleció a los 15 días de su ingreso hospitalario. Este caso ilustra la asociación de esta enfermedad cutánea con trastornos oncohematológicos y el mal pronóstico que esto implica a corto plazo. (AU)

Bullous pyoderma gangrenosum is an infrequent type of pyoderma gangrenosum, associated with onco hematological diseases in 50-70% of cases. We present the case of a 59-year-old patient with fever and mucocutaneous hemorrhagic bullous of rapid progression. A biopsy for histopathology, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) and skin culture was made, considering the possibility of neutrophilic dermatoses, bullous dermatosis or an opportunistic infection. The results of both the culture and the DIF were negative. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed a dense dermal polymorphic infiltrate composed primarily of neutrophils. Considering bullous pyoderma gangrenosum as a potential diagnosis, a bone-marrow biopsy was performed. This study revealed an acute myeloid leukemia. Although systemic corticosteroid therapy was begun, the patient presented an unfavorable evolution that led to her death 15 days after her admission at the hospital. This case shows the association between bullous pyoderma gangrenosum and onco hematological diseases. In addition, it highlights the poor prognosis related to these diseases in the short term. (AU)

Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/diagnosis , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/pathology , Respiration, Artificial , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/pathology , Acyclovir/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Vancomycin/administration & dosage , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Imipenem/administration & dosage , Sweet Syndrome/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Meropenem/administration & dosage
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 878-884, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921291


The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of propofol on the experimental myocardial infarction in rats. The myocardial infarction model was established by ligating the anterior descending branch of left coronary artery in rats. Model rats were treated with propofol. Cardiac function was evaluated by echocardiography. Cardiac hemodynamic changes were detected by multiconductor biorecorder. Pathological changes in the infarcted myocardia were detected by HE staining. The expression levels of cardiac hypertrophy marker genes and fibrosis marker proteins were analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR and Western blot. The results showed that, compared with the sham surgery group, the model group exhibited larger infarct size (> 40%), impaired heart function, and significantly increased left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). Propofol reduced cardiac function impairment and decreased LVEDP in the model group. Propofol significantly reduced lung weight/body weight ratio, heart weight/body weight ratio, left ventricular weight/body weight ratio and left atrial weight/body weight ratio in the model group. Furthermore, after myocardial infarction, the administration of propofol significantly improved the diastolic strain rate, down-regulated the mRNA expression levels of myocardial hypertrophy markers, atrial natriuretic peptide and β-myosin heavy chain, and reversed the up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP2), MMP9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-2 (TIMP-2) induced by myocardial infarction. These results suggest propofol can reduce adverse ventricular remodeling, cardiac dysfunction, myocardial hypertrophy and fibrosis after myocardial infarction, and has protective effect against the experimental myocardial infarction induced by coronary artery ligation in rats.

Animals , Rats , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Myocardium , Propofol/pharmacology , Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinase-2/genetics , Ventricular Remodeling
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2021. 81 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1396038


The evidences about the cardioprotective effects of omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA), especially EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), have increased the consumption of these fatty acids. Echium plantagineum is a plant from Boragenacea family, known as potential source of non-marine omega-3 fatty acids (n-3 FA). Echium seeds presents 12-16% of stearidonic acid (SDA), that can be converted to EPA and DHA at a more elevated rate than the conversion obtained from α-linolenic acid (ALA), present in several other vegetable oils. However, echium oil is highly susceptible to oxidation because it has a high proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids. Thus, the objective of this study was to combine three natural strategies to inhibit the oxidative damage in echium oil. In the first step, a mixture containing hydrophilic (HM: synaptic + ascorbic + citric acids) or lipophilic (LM: α-tocopherol + ascorbyl palmitate + citric acid) antioxidants was applied in the flaxseed oil, kept at 40oC/ 15 days. The oxidative markers were compared with the oil added of TBHQ (120 ppm) and EDTA (75 ppm), both artificial compounds. The results showed that LM and HM had an oxidative protection similar to the artificial antioxidants and that, HM promoted a better protection than LM. Based on this result, HM was selected as a strategy to be applied in the next step. In the second part of this study, Echium oil was obtained by two process: continuous screew pressing (PRESS) and extraction using hexane (SOLV). Both samples were added of HM combined with a high oleic sunflower oil and kept at different temperatures during storage. Two conditions were analyzed: 6 months into sealed flasks and 30 days into opened flasks. Oxidation reaction was followed by measuring the concentration of hydroperoxide, malondialdehyde, tocopherol and volatile compounds. In general, results showed that temperature reduction was enough to keep the oils stability during storage. Thus, the focus of the strategy's combination was directed toward samples after exposition to oxygen. In this context, better results were obtained by blending 20% of high oleic sunflower oil and the hydrophilic antioxidant mixture (500 ppm of synaptic acid, 250 ppm of ascorbic acid and 150 ppm of citric acid). In this condition it was observed 37-41% reduction in the hydroperoxide values and 40-75% in the malondialdehyde concentration in the samples prepared according to the optimized condition, when compared with the standard conditions by which the oil is currently extracted and processed

As evidências do efeito cardioprotetor dos ácidos graxos ômega 3 (AG n-3), principalmente do ácido eicosapentenoico (EPA) e docosahexaenoico (DHA), tem aumentado o consumo desses ácidos graxos. Echium plantagineum é uma planta da família Boragenacea, conhecida como uma fonte potencial AG n-3 de origem não marinha. As sementes de Echium apresentam 12-16% de ácido estearidônico (SDA), que pode ser convertido em EPA e DHA a uma maior taxa que a obtida através do consumo do ácido alfa linolênico (ALA), presente em diversos óleos vegetais. Porém, o óleo de echium é extremamente suscetível à oxidação, por ter um alto teor de ácidos graxos poli-insaturados. Portanto, o objetivo desse estudo foi combinar três estratégias naturais para inibir a oxidação no óleo de echium. Na primeira parte do estudo, misturas contendo antioxidantes hidrofílicos (HM: ácido sinápico + ácido ascórbico + ácido cítrico) ou lipofílicos (LM: alfa-tocoferol + palmitado de ascobila + ácido cítrico) foram aplicados no óleo de linhaça, e mantidos a 40oC por 15 dias. Os marcadores de oxidação foram comparados com óleo de linhaça no qual foram adicionados compostos artificiais: TBHQ (120 ppm) e EDTA (75 ppm). Os resultados mostraram que LM e HM apresentaram uma proteção antioxidante similar ao efeito apresentado pelos compostos artificiais, e que a mistura HM promoveu uma melhor proteção antioxidante que a mistura LM. A partir desse resultado, a mistura HM foi selecionada como estratégia a ser aplicada na etapa seguinte. Assim, na segunda parte do estudo, o óleo de echium foi obtido por dois processos de extração: prensagem mecânica continua (PRESS) e extração usando hexano (SOLV). A mistura HM e o óleo de girassol alto oleico foram selecionados como estratégias antioxidantes, além da redução de temperatura de estocagem. Duas condições foram analisadas: 6 meses em frascos fechados e 30 dias em frascos abertos. A oxidação foi quantificada através da determinação das concentrações de hidroperóxido, malonaldeído, tocoferol e compostos voláteis. No geral, os resultados mostraram que a redução de temperatura foi suficiente para manter a estabilidade do óleo durante o estoque. Portanto, objetivou-se combinar estratégias para aumentar a estabilidade oxidativa das amostras expostas ao oxigênio. Neste contexto, os melhores resultados foram obtidos quando 20% de óleo de girassol alto oleico foi combinado com a mistura hidrofílica de antioxidantes naturais (500 ppm de ácido sinápico, 250 ppm de ácido ascórbico e 150 ppm de ácido cítrico). Nessa condição, foi observada uma redução de 37-41% nos valores de hidroperóxidos e 40-75% na concentração de malonaldeído, quando comparado com a condição padrão

Plant Oils/analysis , Linseed Oil , Echium/classification , Fatty Acids, Unsaturated/adverse effects , Cardiotonic Agents/adverse effects , Fatty Acids, Omega-3 , Antioxidants/pharmacology
In. Fernández, Anabela. Manejo de la embarazada crítica y potencialmente grave. Montevideo, Cuadrado, 2021. p.627-632.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1377904
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 11(5): 194-199, dez. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1177753


Objetivo: detalhar a etapa metodológica de validação de conteúdo por enfermeiros na construção de um aplicativo sobre drogas cardiotônicas. Método: trata-se de um estudo metodológico com abordagem quantitativa, constituído por duas etapas: seleção dos medicamentos cardiotônicos (noradrenalina, dobutamina, nitroprussiato de sódio, nitroglicerina, amiodarona, atenolol, losartana, captopril, atensina e anlodipino), identificados a partir de um estudo exploratório em unidade de terapia intensiva; e metodológica, com avaliação de concordância de conteúdo por nove enfermeiros intensivistas mediante um formulário online, com conteúdo disposto em escala tipo Likert. A coleta de dados ocorreu em outubro de 2019, sendo adotada a validade de um item maior ou igual a 0,70. Resultados: o índice global de validação de concordância foi de 0,94, atestando a confiabilidade dos conteúdos dos medicamentos cardiotônicos, visando promover uma prática clínica segura de enfermagem. Conclusão: pode-se inferir que o posterior desenvolvimento do aplicativo móvel a partir do conteúdo validado pode promover uma assistência de qualidade para o profissional, auxiliando na tomada de decisão e promovendo a segurança do paciente de terapia intensiva. (AU)

Objective: To detail the methodological stage of content validation, by nurses, in the construction of an application on cardiotonic drugs. Methods: This is a methodological study with a quantitative approach, consisting of two stages: selection of cardiotonic drugs (noradrenaline, dobutamine, sodium nitroprusside, nitroglycerin, amiodarone, atenolol, losartan, captopril, atensin and amlodipine), identified from an exploratory study in an intensive care unit; and methodological with content agreement assessment by nine intensive care nurses, using an online form, with content arranged on a Likert scale. Data collection took place in October 2019, with the validity of an item greater than or equal to 0.70 being adopted. Results: The global agreement validation index was 0.94, attesting the reliability of the content of cardiotonic drugs, aiming to promote a safe clinical practice in nursing. Conclusion: it can be inferred that the subsequent development of the mobile application, based on the validated content, can promote quality care for the professional, assisting in decision making and promoting the safety of intensive care patients. (AU)

Objetivo: Detallarla etapa metodológica de lavalidación de contenido por parte de lasenfermerasenlaconstrucción de una aplicación de medicamentos cardiotónicos. Métodos: Este es unestudio metodológico conun enfoque cuantitativo, que consta de dos etapas: selección de fármacos cardiotónicos (noradrenalina, dobutamina, nitroprusiato de sodio, nitroglicerina, amiodarona, atenolol, losartán, captopril, atensina y amlodipino), identificados a partir de unestudioexploratorioen una unidad de cuidados intensivos; y evaluación metodológica conacuerdo de contenido por 09 (nueve) enfermeras de cuidados intensivos, utilizando unformularioen línea concontenido organizado en una escala Likert. La recopilación de datos se llevó a cabo del 13 al 25 de octubre de 2019, conla validez de un artículo mayor o igual a 0.70. Resultados: El índice de validacióndelacuerdo global fue de 0.94, lo que demuestralaconfiabilidaddelcontenido de medicamentos cardiotónicos, conel objetivo de promover una práctica clínica segura enenfermería. Conclusión: Se puede inferir que eldesarrollo posterior de laaplicaciónmóvil a partir delcontenido validado puede promover una atención de calidadpara elprofesional, ayudandoenla toma de decisiones y promoviendolaseguridad de los pacientes de cuidados intensivos. (AU)

Nursing , Cardiotonic Agents , Validation Study , Drug Interactions , Mobile Applications
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 46-52, May 15, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177424


BACKGROUND: The present study analyzed the synergistic protective effect of ß-alanine and taurine against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Myocardial infarct size, lipid peroxidation, and levels of glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and the mRNA and protein expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator 3 of transcription (STAT3) were determined. The molecular docking was carried out by using AutoDock 4.2.1. RESULTS: Combined treatment with ß-alanine and taurine reduced myocardial infarct size, lipid peroxidation, inflammatory marker, ROS levels, and apoptosis and increased Gpx, SOD activity, GSH, and catalase activity. Furthermore, combined treatment significantly reduced JAK2 and STAT3 mRNA and protein expression compared with the control. The small molecule was docked over the SH2 domain of a STAT3, and binding mode was determined to investigate the inhibitory potential of ß-alanine and taurine. ß-Alanine bound to SH2 domain with ΔG of -7.34 kcal/mol and KI of 1.91 µM. Taurine bound to SH2 domain with ΔG of -7.38 kcal/mol and KI of 1.95 µM. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results suggest that the combined supplementation of ß-alanine and taurine should be further investigated as an effective therapeutic approach in achieving cardioprotection in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion.

Animals , Male , Rats , Taurine/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , beta-Alanine/therapeutic use , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase , Immunohistochemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Disease Models, Animal , Janus Kinase 2 , Molecular Docking Simulation , Glutathione Peroxidase , Heart Diseases/drug therapy , Inflammation
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881036


Cardiovascular disease is the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world, especially in developing countries. Drug therapy is one of the main ways to treat cardiovascular diseases. Among them, great progress has been made in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases with traditional Chinese medicine. In terms of experimental research, the mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases has been thoroughly discussed in vitro and in vivo. In terms of clinical treatment, traditional Chinese medicine with flavonoids, saponins and alkaloids as the main effective components has a definite effect on the treatment of cardiovascular diseases such as arrhythmia, myocardial ischemia, angina pectoris and myocardial infarction, with high safety and good application prospects. With the further research on the effective ingredients, mechanism and adverse reactions of traditional Chinese medicine, it will be beneficial to the effectiveness of traditional Chinese medicine, reduce side effects and promote the modernization of traditional Chinese medicine. Calycosin and its derivatives, the main bioactive flavonoids in Astragalus membranaceus have multiple biological effects, such as antioxidant, pro-angiogenesis, anti-tumour, and anti-inflammatory effects. Based on the above biological effects, calycosin has been shown to have good potential for cardiovascular protection. The potent antioxidant effect of calycosin may play an important role in the cardiovascular protective potential. For injured cardiac myocytes, calycosin and its derivatives can alleviate the cell damage mainly marked by the release of myocardial enzymes and reduce the death level of cardiac myocytes mainly characterized by apoptosis through various mechanisms. For vascular endothelial cells, calycosin also has multiple effects and multiple mechanisms, such as promoting vascular endothelial cell proliferation, exerting vasodilating effect and directly affecting the synthesis function of endothelial cells. The present review will address the bioactivity of calycosin in cardiovascular diseases such as protective effects on cardiac myocytes and vascular endothelial cells and elucidate main mechanism of calycosin and its derivatives to exert the above biological effects.

Humans , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Isoflavones/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Muscle Cells/drug effects
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901104, Nov. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054677


Abstract Purpose: Myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (Ml/R) injury is a leading cause of damage in cardiac tissues, with high rates of mortality and disability. Biochanin A (BCA) is a main constituent of Trifolium pratense L. This study was intended to explore the effect of BCA on Ml/R injury and explore the potential mechanism. Methods: In vivo MI/R injury was established by transient coronary ligation in Sprague-Dawley rats. Triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining (TTC) was used to measure myocardial infarct size. ELISA assay was employed to evaluate the levels of myocardial enzyme and inflammatory cytokines. Western blot assay was conducted to detect related protein levels in myocardial tissues. Results: BCA significantly ameliorated myocardial infarction area, reduced the release of myocardial enzyme levels including aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK-MB) and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH). It also decreased the production of inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-18, IL-6 and TNF-α) in serum of Ml/R rats. Further mechanism studies demonstrated that BCA inhibited inflammatory reaction through blocking TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway. Conclusion: The present study is the first evidence demonstrating that BCA attenuated Ml/R injury through suppressing TLR4/NF-kB/NLRP3 signaling pathway-mediated anti-inflammation pathway.

Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Genistein/pharmacology , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Reference Values , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Cytokines/blood , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Creatine Kinase/blood , Lactate Dehydrogenases/blood , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology
Acta cir. bras ; 34(11): e201901106, Nov. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054683


Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether GDF11 ameliorates myocardial ischemia reperfusion (MIR) injury in diabetic rats and explore the underlying mechanisms. Methods: Diabetic and non-diabetic rats subjected to MIR (30 min of coronary artery occlusion followed by 120 min of reperfusion) with/without GDF11 pretreatment. Cardiac function, myocardial infarct size, creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), superoxide dismutase (SOD) 15-F2tisoprostane, autophagosome, LC3II/I ratio and Belcin-1 level were determined to reflect myocardial injury, oxidative stress and autophagy, respectively. In in vitro study, H9c2 cells cultured in high glucose (HG, 30mM) suffered hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) with/without GDF11, hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine (3-MA) treatment, cell injury; oxidative stress and autophagy were assessed. Results: Pretreatment with GDF11 significantly improved cardiac morphology and function in diabetes, concomitant with decreased arrhythmia severity, infarct size, CK-MB, LDH and 15-F2tisoprostane release, increased SOD activity and autophagy level. In addition, GDF11 notably reduced HR injury in H9c2 cells with HG exposure, accompanied by oxidative stress reduction and autophagy up-regulation. However, those effects were completely reversed by H2O2 and 3-MA. Conclusion: GDF11 can provide protection against MIR injury in diabetic rats, and is implicated in antioxidant stress and autophagy up-regulation.

Animals , Male , Autophagy/drug effects , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/metabolism , Growth Differentiation Factors/pharmacology , Reference Values , Superoxide Dismutase/analysis , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology
Med. infant ; 26(2): 189-196, Junio 2019. Tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021542


La Insuficiencia Cardíaca (IC) es un síndrome clínico que epresenta una de las mayores causas de mobi-mortalidad en pacientes pediátricos. Refleja la incapacidad del corazón para satisfacer las necesidades metabólicas del organismo, incluido el crecimiento y el ejercicio. En el niño la causa más frecuente es la cardiopatía congénita. Otras causas las miocardiopatía, las miocarditis, las arritmias y las causas no cardíacas como: insuficiencia renal, hipertensión arterial, enfermedades pulmonares crónicas, anemia, sepsis, hiper e hipotiroidismo, cardiotoxicidad, etc. Clásicamente el tratamiento estaba dirigido a mejorar la contractilidad y evitar la retención hidrosalina con digital y diuréticos. En la actualidad, dado a la mejor comprensión del mecanismo fisiopatológico, en los últimos años, el tratamiento se centra en el control de los sistemas renina-angiotensina (SRAA) y nervioso simpático. En los casos de IC descompensada que presentan síndrome de bajo gasto cardíaco que no responde a la terapia médica, previo al trasplante cardíaco, está indicado el soporte mecánico (AU)

Heart failure (HF) reflects the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic needs of the body, including growth and exercise. In the child, the most common cause is congenital heart disease. Other causes are cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, arrhythmias, and non-cardiac causes, such as renal failure, high blood pressure, chronic pulmonary diseases, anemia, sepsis, hyper- and hypothyroidism, cardiotoxicity. Classically, the treatment aimed at improving contractility and avoiding salt and fluid retention using digitalis and diuretics. Given the current better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism, over the past years treatment has focused on the control of renin-angiotensin (RAAS) and sympathetic nervous systems. In cases of decompensated HF with low cardiac output syndrome not responding to medical therapy, prior to cardiac transplantation mechanical support is indicated (AU)

Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart-Assist Devices , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/therapeutic use , Diuretics/therapeutic use
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 32(3): 207-216, May-June 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002224


Curcuma longa has biological effects. Its cardiovascular activities are yet to be scientifically studied. Objectives: To investigate the vasorelaxant effects of the aqueous extract of Curcuma longa (AECL). Methods: Aortic annuli of normotensive rats, with or without endothelium, were set up in a data storage system with nutrient solution in recipients, with scientifically recommended temperature, aeration and tension. Over contraction by Phenylephrine, the AECL (1, 3, 10, 30, 100, 300 and 1000 µg/mL) was incubated before and after incubation with atropine or L-name or indomethacin. An AECL concentration-response curve was also built over contractions caused by elevation of extracellular K+. Data were significant when p < 0.05, with GraphPad Prism 6.0 software resolutions. Results: The AECL induced 100% vasorelaxation also in the endothelium-free annuli. The part of the endothelium-dependent effect had EC50 = 4.32 ± 0.05 µg/mL. With inhibition of NO production, the EC50 increased to 126.50 ± 2.35 µg/mL; after inhibition of prostacyclin production, to 124.6 ± 0.05 µg/mL; and after muscarinic blockade, to 437.10 ± 0.2 µg/mL. Opening of K+ channels (relaxation of 56.98%) and VOCC blockade (relaxation of 31.56%) were evident. Conclusion: AECL induced significant vasorelaxation, being more significant in the presence of endothelium. The muscarinic pathway seems to be the main one involved in this effect, followed by the NO production and prostacyclin pathways. The activity in K+ channels by AECL was more significant than its VOCC blockade. The use of other models and tools to study action mechanisms will be important and elucidating

Animals , Rats , Aorta , Phenylephrine , Curcuma/adverse effects , Rats , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents , Analysis of Variance , Receptors, Muscarinic , Models, Animal , Crocus , Hypertension , Antioxidants
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(5): 573-576, May 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038537


Abstract Selected clinically stable patients with heart failure (HF) who require prolonged intravenous inotropic therapy may benefit from its continuity out of the intensive care unit (ICU). We aimed to report on the initial experience and safety of a structured protocol for inotropic therapy in non-intensive care units in 28 consecutive patients hospitalized with HF that were discharged from ICU. The utilization of low to moderate inotropic doses oriented by a safety-focused process of care may reconfigure their role as a transition therapy while awaiting definitive advanced therapies and enable early ICU discharge.

Resumo Pacientes selecionados com insuficiência cardíaca (IC), clinicamente estáveis que necessitam de terapia inotrópica intravenosa prolongada podem se beneficiar de sua continuidade fora da unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI). Nosso objetivo foi relatar a experiência inicial e a segurança de um protocolo estruturado para terapia inotrópica em unidades de terapia não-intensiva em 28 pacientes consecutivos hospitalizados com IC que receberam alta da UTI. A utilização de doses inotrópicas baixas a moderadas, orientadas por um processo de cuidado focado na segurança, pode reconfigurar seu papel como terapia de transição enquanto aguarda terapias avançadas definitivas e permite a alta precoce da UTI.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiotonic Agents/administration & dosage , Milrinone/administration & dosage , Critical Care/methods , Dobutamine/administration & dosage , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Patient Discharge , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Critical Care/standards