Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 88
Filter
1.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 41(1): 26-30, mar. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178336

ABSTRACT

El pioderma gangrenoso ampollar es una variedad infrecuente de pioderma gangrenoso, que se asocia en el 50-70% de los casos con trastornos oncohematológicos. Se comunica el caso de una paciente de 59 años, que consultó por fiebre y ampollas purpúricas de rápida progresión, con compromiso cutáneo mucoso. Con sospecha de una enfermedad neutrofílica, ampollar, o infección por gérmenes oportunistas, se realizó biopsia de piel para estudio histopatológico, inmunofluorescencia directa y cultivo. Los cultivos y la inmunofluorescencia directa fueron negativos, y la anatomía patológica reveló un denso infiltrado inflamatorio con predominio neutrofílico en dermis. Ante el diagnóstico de pioderma gangrenoso ampollar, se realizó una punción-aspiración de médula ósea cuyo resultado fue compatible con leucemia mieloide aguda. Se instauró tratamiento con corticosteroides sistémicos, a pesar de lo cual la paciente evolucionó desfavorablemente y falleció a los 15 días de su ingreso hospitalario. Este caso ilustra la asociación de esta enfermedad cutánea con trastornos oncohematológicos y el mal pronóstico que esto implica a corto plazo. (AU)


Bullous pyoderma gangrenosum is an infrequent type of pyoderma gangrenosum, associated with onco hematological diseases in 50-70% of cases. We present the case of a 59-year-old patient with fever and mucocutaneous hemorrhagic bullous of rapid progression. A biopsy for histopathology, direct immunofluorescence (DIF) and skin culture was made, considering the possibility of neutrophilic dermatoses, bullous dermatosis or an opportunistic infection. The results of both the culture and the DIF were negative. The histopathological examination of the specimen revealed a dense dermal polymorphic infiltrate composed primarily of neutrophils. Considering bullous pyoderma gangrenosum as a potential diagnosis, a bone-marrow biopsy was performed. This study revealed an acute myeloid leukemia. Although systemic corticosteroid therapy was begun, the patient presented an unfavorable evolution that led to her death 15 days after her admission at the hospital. This case shows the association between bullous pyoderma gangrenosum and onco hematological diseases. In addition, it highlights the poor prognosis related to these diseases in the short term. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/diagnosis , Paraneoplastic Syndromes/pathology , Respiration, Artificial , Azacitidine/therapeutic use , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/pathology , Acyclovir/administration & dosage , Methylprednisolone/administration & dosage , Vancomycin/administration & dosage , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftazidime/administration & dosage , Amphotericin B/administration & dosage , Imipenem/administration & dosage , Sweet Syndrome/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/etiology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/pathology , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/drug therapy , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Meropenem/administration & dosage
2.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 45: 46-52, May 15, 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1177424

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The present study analyzed the synergistic protective effect of ß-alanine and taurine against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. Myocardial infarct size, lipid peroxidation, and levels of glutathione peroxidase (Gpx), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), catalase, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6), reactive oxygen species (ROS), apoptosis, and the mRNA and protein expression of Janus kinase 2 (JAK2) and signal transducer and activator 3 of transcription (STAT3) were determined. The molecular docking was carried out by using AutoDock 4.2.1. RESULTS: Combined treatment with ß-alanine and taurine reduced myocardial infarct size, lipid peroxidation, inflammatory marker, ROS levels, and apoptosis and increased Gpx, SOD activity, GSH, and catalase activity. Furthermore, combined treatment significantly reduced JAK2 and STAT3 mRNA and protein expression compared with the control. The small molecule was docked over the SH2 domain of a STAT3, and binding mode was determined to investigate the inhibitory potential of ß-alanine and taurine. ß-Alanine bound to SH2 domain with ΔG of -7.34 kcal/mol and KI of 1.91 µM. Taurine bound to SH2 domain with ΔG of -7.38 kcal/mol and KI of 1.95 µM. CONCLUSION: Taken together, these results suggest that the combined supplementation of ß-alanine and taurine should be further investigated as an effective therapeutic approach in achieving cardioprotection in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Taurine/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , beta-Alanine/therapeutic use , Myocardial Ischemia/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase , Immunohistochemistry , Lipid Peroxidation , Reactive Oxygen Species , Rats, Wistar , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Disease Models, Animal , Janus Kinase 2 , Molecular Docking Simulation , Glutathione Peroxidase , Heart Diseases/drug therapy , Inflammation
3.
Med. infant ; 26(2): 189-196, Junio 2019. Tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021542

ABSTRACT

La Insuficiencia Cardíaca (IC) es un síndrome clínico que epresenta una de las mayores causas de mobi-mortalidad en pacientes pediátricos. Refleja la incapacidad del corazón para satisfacer las necesidades metabólicas del organismo, incluido el crecimiento y el ejercicio. En el niño la causa más frecuente es la cardiopatía congénita. Otras causas las miocardiopatía, las miocarditis, las arritmias y las causas no cardíacas como: insuficiencia renal, hipertensión arterial, enfermedades pulmonares crónicas, anemia, sepsis, hiper e hipotiroidismo, cardiotoxicidad, etc. Clásicamente el tratamiento estaba dirigido a mejorar la contractilidad y evitar la retención hidrosalina con digital y diuréticos. En la actualidad, dado a la mejor comprensión del mecanismo fisiopatológico, en los últimos años, el tratamiento se centra en el control de los sistemas renina-angiotensina (SRAA) y nervioso simpático. En los casos de IC descompensada que presentan síndrome de bajo gasto cardíaco que no responde a la terapia médica, previo al trasplante cardíaco, está indicado el soporte mecánico (AU)


Heart failure (HF) reflects the inability of the heart to meet the metabolic needs of the body, including growth and exercise. In the child, the most common cause is congenital heart disease. Other causes are cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, arrhythmias, and non-cardiac causes, such as renal failure, high blood pressure, chronic pulmonary diseases, anemia, sepsis, hyper- and hypothyroidism, cardiotoxicity. Classically, the treatment aimed at improving contractility and avoiding salt and fluid retention using digitalis and diuretics. Given the current better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanism, over the past years treatment has focused on the control of renin-angiotensin (RAAS) and sympathetic nervous systems. In cases of decompensated HF with low cardiac output syndrome not responding to medical therapy, prior to cardiac transplantation mechanical support is indicated (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Heart Failure/etiology , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Failure/therapy , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart-Assist Devices , Adrenergic beta-Agonists/therapeutic use , Diuretics/therapeutic use
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 65(4): 524-529, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003061

ABSTRACT

The Guidelines Project, an initiative of the Brazilian Medical Association, aims to combine information from the medical field in order to standardize producers to assist the reasoning and decision-making of doctors. The information provided through this project must be assessed and criticized by the physician responsible for the conduct that will be adopted, depending on the conditions and the clinical status of each patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/drug therapy , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Simendan/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Brazil , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/mortality , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Clinical Decision-Making , Heart Failure/mortality
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(9): e00191518, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039419

ABSTRACT

Resumo: O câncer em indivíduos de 0 a 19 anos é considerado raro, quando comparado à incidência em faixas etárias maiores, sendo estimado entre 2% e 3% de todos os tumores malignos registrados no Brasil. O uso de antraciclinas está frequentemente associado ao aparecimento de cardiotoxicidade e faz parte de aproximadamente 60% dos protocolos terapêuticos em oncologia pediátrica. Dentre as estratégias existentes para a prevenção de cardiotoxicidade, o dexrazoxano obteve resultados favoráveis pautados em desfechos intermediários (marcadores bioquímicos e medidas ecocardiográficas). Foi desenvolvida, neste trabalho, uma avaliação de custo-efetividade que compare o uso do dexrazoxano em diferentes populações, além de uma avaliação do impacto orçamentário causado pela possível incorporação da tecnologia. Foi utilizado o horizonte temporal de toda a vida do paciente e a perspectiva de análise do Sistema Único de Saúde. Uma análise de impacto orçamentário para cada tecnologia também foi construída. Após uma busca na literatura, foi desenvolvido um modelo de Markov capaz de comparar o uso do dexrazoxano em seis perfis de pacientes com risco de desenvolver cardiotoxicidade. Usar o medicamento nas crianças menores de cinco anos de idade se mostrou a alternativa mais custo-efetiva (razão de custo-efetividade incremental - RCEI de R$ 6.156,96), seguida de usar em todos os pacientes (RCEI de R$ 58.968,70). Caso o preço diminua a um valor menor que R$ 250,00 por frasco, a alternativa de usar em todas as crianças se torna a mais custo-efetiva. O impacto orçamentário ao final de cinco anos foi de R$ 30.622.404,81 para uso apenas nas crianças menores de cinco anos. Usar a tecnologia em todas as crianças produziria um impacto incremental de R$ 94.352.898,77.


Abstract: Cancer in individuals 0 to 19 years of age is considered rare when compared to incidence in older age brackets, and is estimated at 2% to 3% of all malignant tumors recorded in Brazil. The use of anthracyclines is frequently associated with cardiotoxicity, and these drugs are part of approximately 60% of treatment protocols in pediatric oncology. Among the existing strategies for the prevention of cardiotoxicity, dexrazoxane obtained favorable results based on intermediate outcomes (biochemical markers and echocardiographic parameters). This study was based on a cost-effectiveness assessment comparing the use of dexrazoxane in different populations, besides an assessment of the budget impact from the technology's potential incorporation. The patient's lifetime was used as the timeline, and the analysis was performed from the perspective of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS). A budget impact analysis was also performed for each technology. After a literature search, a Markov model was developed, capable of comparing the use of dexrazoxane in six profiles of patients at risk of developing cardiotoxicity. Use of the drug in children under 5 years of age proved to be the most cost-effective alternative (incremental cost effectiveness ratio - ICER of BRL 6,156.96), followed by use in all patients (ICER of BRL 58,968.70). If the price decreased to less than BRL 250.00 per vial, the alternative of using the drug in all children would become the most cost-effective. The budget impact at 5 years was BRL 30,622,404.81 for use only in children under 5 years of age. Using the technology in all the children could produce an incremental impact of BRL 94,352,898.77.


Resumen: El cáncer en individuos de 0 a 19 años está considerado raro, cuando se compara la incidencia en franjas etarias mayores, estimándose entre 2% y 3% de todos los tumores malignos registrados en Brasil. El uso antraciclinas está frecuentemente asociado a la aparición de cardiotoxicidad y forma parte de aproximadamente un 60% de los protocolos terapéuticos en oncología pediátrica. Entre las estrategias existentes para la prevención de cardiotoxicidad, el dexrazoxano obtuvo resultados favorables pautados en desenlaces intermedios (marcadores bioquímicos y medidas ecocardiográficas). Se desarrolló en este trabajo, una evaluación de costo efectividad que compare el uso del dexrazoxano en diferentes poblaciones, además de una evaluación del impacto presupuestario causado por la posible incorporación de la tecnología. Se utilizó el horizonte temporal de toda la vida del paciente y la perspectiva de análisis del SUS. También se realizó un análisis del impacto presupuestario para cada tecnología. Tras una búsqueda en la literatura, se desarrolló un modelo de Markov capaz de comparar el uso del dexrazoxano en 6 perfiles de pacientes con riesgo de desarrollar cardiotoxicidad. Usar el medicamento en los niños menores de 5 años de edad se mostró la alternativa más costo-efectiva (relación costo-efectividad incremental - RCEI de BRL 6.156,96), seguido de usarlo en todos los pacientes (RCEI de BRL 58.968,7). En caso de que el precio disminuya a un valor inferior a BRL 250,00 por frasco, la alternativa de usarlo en todos los niños se convierte en la más costo-efectiva. El impacto presupuestario tras 5 años fue de BRL 30.622.404,81 para su uso exclusivo en niños menores de 5 años. Usar esta tecnología en todos los niños, tendría un impacto presupuestario incrementándolo hasta los BRL 94.352.898,77.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Cardiotonic Agents/economics , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Dexrazoxane/economics , Heart/drug effects , Heart Failure/prevention & control , Neoplasms/drug therapy , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Age Factors , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Dexrazoxane/therapeutic use , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Heart Failure/chemically induced
6.
Med. infant ; 25(4): 291-294, diciembre 2018. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-969891

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento de la insuficiencia cardiaca ha incorporado drogas inotrópicas de muy alto costo, como el levosimendan (LEVO). La evaluación de la respuesta a estas drogas en pediatría ofrece dificultades por lo que la medición de biomarcadores como la prohormona N-Terminal Péptido Natriurético Cerebral (NT-ProBNP) podrían ser de utilidad. Objetivo: describir la variación del NT-ProBNP y su correlación con parámetros ecocardiográficos en respuesta a la administración de levosimendan en pacientes pediátricos con insuficiencia cardiaca. Diseño: estudio descriptivo, observacional y prospectivo, sin intervención. Pacientes y métodos: se incluyeron pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca de 0 a 18 años internados en terapia intensiva a los cuales se les pudo realizar dosaje de NT ProBNP pre LEVO. Se midió dicho péptido al 1°, 3° y 5° día post LEVO. Con cada determinación se realizó ecocardiograma doppler. Resultados: Se enrolaron 15 pacientes, mediana de edad 188,5 días (IQR 25-75: 56-475); de peso 5,475 kg (IQR 25-75: 2.8-7.5). El 80% fueron pacientes con reparación quirúrgica de cardiopatías congénitas, 13.3% con ventrículo único. La mediana de valor de NT ProBNPantes de la administración de LEVO fue 8924.5 pg./ml (IQR 25-75: 4096-20419,75). El 80% de la población presentó descenso en el valor de pro BNP post LEVO y en 10 (66.6%) el descenso fue mayor o igual al 30%. La evaluación global de la función miocárdica no presentó diferencias antes y después del LEVO. Conclusiones: El 66% de los pacientes presentó una disminución de al menos un 30% en los valores de NT ProBNP luego de la administración de levosimendan


Introduction: Very high-cost inotropic drugs, such as levosimendan (LEVO), have been incorporated in the treatment of heart failure. Evaluation of the response to these drugs in children is difficult and measurement of biomarkers such as the prohormone N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) may be of use. Objective: To describe variation of NT-ProBNP and its correlation with echocardiographic parameters in response to the administration of LEVO in pediatric patients with heart failure. Design: A prospective, descriptive, observational, non-interventional study. Patients and methods: Patients between 0 and 18 years of age with heart failure admitted to the intensive care unit in whom pre-LEVO NT-ProBNP levels could be measured were included. NT-ProBNP levels were measured at day 1, 3, and 5 post LEVO. At each measurement, a Doppler echocardiogram was performed. Results: 15 patients with a median age of 188.5 days (IQR 25-75: 56-475) and a weight of 5.475 kg (IQR 25-75: 2.8-7.5) were enrolled. Of the patients, 80% had undergone surgery for congenital heart defects, 13.3% with a single ventricle. Median NT-ProBNP levels before LEVO administration were 8924.5 pg./ml (IQR 25-75: 4096-20419.75). Overall, 80% of the patients had a decrease of post-LEVO NT-ProBNP levels and in 10 (66.6%) the decrease was greater than or equal to 30%. Overall evaluation of myocardial function did not show differences before and after LEVO administration. Conclusions: 66% of the patients presented with a decrease of at least 30% of NT-ProBNP levels after LEVO administration


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Biomarkers/blood , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Heart Defects, Congenital/drug therapy , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Echocardiography, Doppler/drug effects , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(8): 745-754, Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976841

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVES This study aimed at assessing the role of beta-blockers on preventing anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity in adults. METHODS A systematic review was performed on electronic databases, including relevant studies that analysed beta-blockers as cardioprotective agents before the use of anthracyclines by adult oncologic patients. RESULTS After application of eligibility and selection criteria, eight articles were considered as high quality, complying with the proposed theme; all eight clinical trials, four of them placebo-controlled, with a total number of 655 patients included. From this sample, 281 (42.9%) used beta-blocker as intervention, and carvedilol was the most frequent (167 patients - 25.5%). Six studies were considered positive regarding the cardioprotection role played by beta-blockers, although only four demonstrated significant difference on left ventricle ejection fraction after chemotherapy on groups that used beta-blockers compared to control groups. Carvedilol and nebivolol, but not metoprolol, had positive results regarding cardioprotection. Other beta-blockers were not analysed in the selected studies. CONCLUSIONS Despite the potential cardioprotective effect of beta-blockers, as demonstrated in small and unicentric clinical trials, its routine use on prevention of anthracycline-associated cardiotoxicity demands greater scientific evidence.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar o papel dos betabloqueadores na prevenção da cardiotoxicidade induzida pelas antraciclinas em adultos. MÉTODOS Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática em bases de dados eletrônicos, incluindo os estudos relevantes que analisaram fármacos betabloqueadores como agentes cardioprotetores antes do início do uso de antraciclinas por pacientes oncológicos adultos. RESULTADOS Após aplicação dos critérios de elegibilidade e seleção, foram obtidos oito artigos considerados de boa qualidade, que se adequavam à temática proposta, sendo todos ensaios clínicos, quatro placebo-controlados, totalizando 655 pacientes incluídos. Destes, 281 (42,9%) fizeram uso de algum betabloqueador como intervenção, sendo o carvedilol o mais utilizado (167 pacientes - 25,5%). Seis estudos foram considerados positivos quanto à cardioproteção exercida pelos betabloqueadores, porém apenas quatro demonstraram diferença na fração de ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo após a quimioterapia nos grupos que usaram betabloqueadores em relação aos grupos controle. O carvedilol e o nebivolol, mas não o metoprolol, tiveram resultados positivos quanto à cardioproteção. Outros betabloqueadores não foram avaliados nos estudos incluídos. CONCLUSÕES Apesar de haver um potencial efeito cardioprotetor dos betabloqueadores, conforme demonstrado em ensaios clínicos pequenos e unicêntricos, sua utilização rotineira na prevenção da cardiotoxicidade associada às antraciclinas requer maiores comprovações científicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/pharmacology , Anthracyclines/adverse effects , Heart Diseases/chemically induced , Heart Diseases/prevention & control , Stroke Volume , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Cardiotoxicity/prevention & control , Carvedilol/therapeutic use , Carvedilol/pharmacology
8.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 88(1): 39-50, ene.-mar. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054986

ABSTRACT

Resumen: El sistema cardiovascular es un sistema dinámico cuya función es asegurar un adecuado suministro de oxígeno, nutrientes y hormonas a los tejidos, necesarios para el metabolismo celular, además sintetiza y modifican los componentes vasoactivos los cuales regulan el tono vascular y la función miocárdica. Estos componentes vasoactivos son fundamentales en el manejo del paciente pediátrico en estado crítico con falla cardiaca y choque en los cuales se ha comprobado sus efectos benéficos, sin embargo, su uso y abuso trae consigo efectos nocivos, tales como mayor riesgo de arritmias, aumento el consumo miocárdico de oxígeno lo cual podría favorecer la presencia de isquemia. Por lo tanto, es preciso conocer el mecanismo de acción de los distintos tipos de agentes vasoactivos, así como las indicaciones de dichos fármacos para minimizar dichos efectos. El propósito de esta revisión es describir la farmacología y las aplicaciones clínicas de los agentes inotrópicos y Vasopresores en el paciente pediátrico en estado crítico. © 2017 Instituto Nacional de Cardiolog´ıa Ignacio Cha´vez. Publicado por Masson Doyma Me´xico S.A. Este es un art´ıculo Open Access bajo la licencia CC BY-NC-ND (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Abstract: The cardiovascular system is a dynamic system, which is required to ensure adequate delivery of oxygen, nutrients, and hormones to the tissues that are necessary for cell metabolism. It also synthesises and modifies the vasoactive components that regulate vascular tone and myocardial function. These vasoactive components have demonstrated their beneficial effects in the management of paediatric patients in a critical condition with heart failure and shock. However, their use and abuse brings harmful effects, increases mortality, and is associated with arrhythmias. An increase in myocardial oxygen consumption favours the presence of ischaemia, therefore it is necessary to know the mechanism of action and indications of these drugs to minimise their harmful effects. The purpose of this review is to describe the pharmacology and clinical applications of inotropic and vasopressor agents in the paediatric patient in acritical condition. © 2017 Instituto Nacional de Cardiologìa Ignacio Chàvez. Published by Masson Doyma Mèxico S.A. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons. org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Vasoconstrictor Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy
9.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(1): 89-91, Jan.-Feb. 2017.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843348

ABSTRACT

Abstract Inotropic drugs are part of the treatment of heart failure; however, inotropic treatment has been largely debated due to the increased incidence of adverse effects and increased mortality. Recently levosimendan, an inotropic positive agent, has been proved to be effective in acute heart failure, reducing the mortality and improving cardiac and renal performance. We report the case of a 75-year-old woman with history of heart and renal failure and hip fracture. Levosimendan was used in preoperative preparation as an adjuvant therapy, to improve cardiac and renal function and to allow surgery.


Resumo Fármacos inotrópicos fazem parte do tratamento de insuficiência cardíaca; no entanto, o tratamento com inotrópicos tem sido amplamente debatido devido ao aumento da incidência de efeitos adversos e da mortalidade. Recentemente, levosimendana, um agente inotrópico positivo, provou ser eficaz na insuficiência cardíaca aguda, reduz a mortalidade e melhora o desempenho cardíaco e renal. Relatamos o caso de uma paciente de 75 anos, com história de insuficiência cardíaca e renal e fratura de quadril. Levosimendana foi usada na preparação do pré-operatório como terapia adjuvante para melhorar a função cardíaca e renal e permitir a cirurgia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Pyridazines/therapeutic use , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Vasodilator Agents/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Acute Kidney Injury/drug therapy , Hip Fractures/complications , Hydrazones/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Perioperative Care , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Simendan
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 107(4): 339-347, Oct. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-827852

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Coronary artery disease is 2-3 times more common in diabetic individuals. Dietary nitrate/nitrite has beneficial effects in both diabetes and cardiovascular disease. It also has protective effects against myocardial ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury in healthy animals. However, the effects of nitrate on myocardial IR injury in diabetic rats have not yet been investigated. Objective: We examined the effects of dietary nitrate on myocardial IR injury in streptozotocin-nicotinamide-induced diabetic rats. Method: Rats were divided into four groups (n=7 in each group): control, control+nitrate, diabetes, and diabetes+nitrate. Type 2 diabetes was induced by injection of streptozotocin and nicotinamide. Nitrate (sodium nitrate) was added to drinking water (100 mg/L) for 2 months. The hearts were perfused in a Langendorff apparatus at 2 months and assessed before (baseline) and after myocardial IR for the following parameters: left ventricular developed pressure (LVDP), minimum and maximum rates of pressure change in the left ventricle (±dP/dt), endothelial nitric oxide (NO) synthase (eNOS) and inducible NO synthase (iNOS) mRNA expression, and levels of malondialdehyde (MDA) and NO metabolites (NOx). Results: Recovery of LVDP and ±dP/dt was lower in diabetic rats versus controls, but almost normalized after nitrate intake. Diabetic rats had lower eNOS and higher iNOS expression both at baseline and after IR, and dietary nitrate restored these parameters to normal values after IR. Compared with controls, heart NOx level was lower in diabetic rats at baseline but was higher after IR. Diabetic rats had higher MDA levels both at baseline and after IR, which along with heart NOx levels decreased following nitrate intake. Conclusion: Dietary nitrate in diabetic rats provides cardioprotection against IR injury by regulating eNOS and iNOS expression and inhibiting lipid peroxidation in the heart.


Resumo Fundamentos: A doença arterial coronariana é duas a três vezes mais comum em indivíduos diabéticos. O nitrato/nitrito dietético tem efeitos benéficos tanto para o diabetes quanto para a doença cardiovascular, assim como efeitos protetores contra a lesão de isquemia-reperfusão (IR) miocárdica em animais saudáveis. Porém, os efeitos do nitrato na lesão de IR miocárdica em ratos diabéticos ainda não foram investigados. Objetivos: Foram examinados os efeitos sobre a lesão de IR miocárdica da adição de nitrato à dieta de ratos com diabetes mellitus tipo 2 induzido por estreptozotocina-nicotinamida. Métodos: Os ratos foram divididos em quatro grupos (n = 7 em cada grupo): controle, controle+nitrato, diabetes e diabetes+nitrato. O diabetes foi induzido nos animais por injeção de estreptozotocina e nicotinamida. Nitrato (nitrato de sódio) foi adicionado à água de beber (100 mg/L) por 2 meses. Os corações foram perfundidos em sistema de Langendorff aos 2 meses e avaliados antes (basal) e após IR miocárdica em relação aos seguintes parâmetros: pressão desenvolvida no ventrículo esquerdo (PDVE), taxas máximas de variação positiva e negativa da pressão ventricular esquerda (±dP/dt), expressão do RNAm da óxido nítrico (NO) sintase (NOS) endotelial (eNOS) e da NOS induzível (iNOS), além de níveis de malondialdeído (MDA) e metabólitos do óxido nítrico (NOx). Resultados: A recuperação da PDVE e ±dP/dt foi inferior nos ratos diabéticos versus controles, mas quase normalizou após ingestão de nitrato. Ratos diabéticos apresentaram expressão diminuída de eNOS e aumentada de iNOS tanto no estado basal quanto após IR, e o consumo dietético de nitrato restaurou estes valores para o estado normal após a IR. O nível de NOx cardíaco foi menor nos ratos diabéticos em comparação aos controles no momento basal, mas foi superior após a IR. Ratos diabéticos apresentaram níveis mais elevados de MDA tanto no estado basal quanto após IR que, juntamente com os níveis cardíacos de NOx, reduziram após consumo dietético do nitrato. Conclusões: O consumo dietético de nitrato por ratos diabéticos ofereceu cardioproteção contra a lesão de IR através da regulação da expressão de eNOS e iNOS e inibição da peroxidação lipídica no coração.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Myocardial Ischemia/prevention & control , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Nitrates/therapeutic use , Lipid Peroxidation/physiology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/physiopathology , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Myocardial Ischemia/physiopathology , Myocardial Ischemia/metabolism , Streptozocin , Coronary Vessels/physiopathology , Coronary Vessels/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/complications , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/physiopathology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/metabolism , Hemodynamics , Malondialdehyde/analysis
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-166135

ABSTRACT

Cardioprotective effect of fimasartan, a new angiotensin receptor blocker (ARB), was evaluated in a porcine model of acute myocardial infarction (MI). Fifty swine were randomized to group 1 (sham, n=10), group 2 (no angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor [ACEI] or ARB, n=10), group 3 (perindopril 2 mg daily, n=10), group 4 (valsartan 40 mg daily, n=10), or group 5 (fimasartan 30 mg daily, n=10). Acute MI was induced by occlusion of the left anterior descending artery for 50 min. Echocardiography, single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT), and F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose cardiac positron emission tomography (PET) were performed at baseline, 1 week, and 4 weeks. Iodine-123 meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scan was done at 6 weeks for visualization of cardiac sympathetic activity. Left ventricular function and volumes at 4 weeks were similar between the 5 groups. No difference was observed in groups 2 to 5 in SPECT perfusion defect, matched and mismatched segments between SPECT and PET at 1 week and 4 weeks. MIBG scan showed similar uptake between the 5 groups. Pathologic analysis showed similar infarct size in groups 2 to 5. Infarct size reduction was not observed with use of fimasartan as well as other ACEI and ARB in a porcine model of acute MI.


Subject(s)
3-Iodobenzylguanidine , Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers/therapeutic use , Angiotensin Receptor Antagonists/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Animals , Anterior Wall Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy , Biphenyl Compounds/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Disease Models, Animal , Echocardiography , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Perindopril/therapeutic use , Positron-Emission Tomography , Pyrimidines/therapeutic use , Random Allocation , Swine , Tetrazoles/therapeutic use , Tomography, Emission-Computed, Single-Photon , Valsartan/therapeutic use , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
13.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 103(4): 308-314, 10/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-725316

ABSTRACT

Background: Ivabradine is a novel specific heart rate (HR)-lowering agent that improves event-free survival in patients with heart failure (HF). Objectives: We aimed to evaluate the effect of ivabradine on time domain indices of heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with HF. Methods: Forty-eight patients with compensated HF of nonischemic origin were included. Ivabradine treatment was initiated according to the latest HF guidelines. For HRV analysis, 24-h Holter recording was obtained from each patient before and after 8 weeks of treatment with ivabradine. Results: The mean RR interval, standard deviation of all normal to normal RR intervals (SDNN), the standard deviation of 5-min mean RR intervals (SDANN), the mean of the standard deviation of all normal-to-normal RR intervals for all 5-min segments (SDNN index), the percentage of successive normal RR intervals exceeding 50 ms (pNN50), and the square root of the mean of the squares of the differences between successive normal to normal RR intervals (RMSSD) were low at baseline before treatment with ivabradine. After 8 weeks of treatment with ivabradine, the mean HR (83.6 ± 8.0 and 64.6 ± 5.8, p < 0.0001), mean RR interval (713 ± 74 and 943 ± 101 ms, p < 0.0001), SDNN (56.2 ± 15.7 and 87.9 ± 19.4 ms, p < 0.0001), SDANN (49.5 ± 14.7 and 76.4 ± 19.5 ms, p < 0.0001), SDNN index (24.7 ± 8.8 and 38.3 ± 13.1 ms, p < 0.0001), pNN50 (2.4 ± 1.6 and 3.2 ± 2.2 %, p < 0.0001), and RMSSD (13.5 ± 4.6 and 17.8 ± 5.4 ms, p < 0.0001) substantially improved, which sustained during both when awake and while asleep. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that treatment with ivabradine improves HRV in nonischemic patients with HF. .


Fundamento: A ivabradina é um novo agente redutor específico da frequência cardíaca (FC) que melhora a sobrevida livre de eventos de pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca (IC). Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da ivabradina nos índices temporais da variabilidade da frequência cardíaca (VFC) em pacientes com IC. Métodos: Quarenta e oito pacientes com IC compensada de etiologia não-isquêmica foram incluídos no estudo. O tratamento com ivabradina foi iniciado de acordo com as recomendações mais recentes para a IC. O Holter de 24 horas foi utilizado para analisar os índices da VFC em cada paciente antes e após 8 semanas de tratamento com ivabradina. Resultados: Todos os índices da VFC, o intervalo RR médio, o desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais (DPNN), o desvio padrão de intervalos RR médios de 5 minutos (DPNNM), a média do desvio padrão de todos os intervalos RR normais para todos os segmentos de 5 minutos (índice DPNN), porcentagem de intervalos RR normais sucessivos superiores a 50 milissegundos (pNN50), e a raiz quadrada da média dos quadrados das diferenças entre intervalos RR sucessivos (RMQQD) apresentaram redução no ínicio do estudo, antes do tratamento com ivabradina. Após 8 semanas de tratamento com ivabradina, as médias das FC (83,6 ± 8,0 e 64,6 ± 5,8, p < 0,0001) e todos os índices da VFC, médias dos intervalos RR (713 ± 74 e 943 ± 101 ms, p < 0,0001), DPNN (56,2 ± 15,7 e 87,9 ± 19,4 ms, p < 0,0001), DPNNM (49,5 ± 14,7 e 76,4 ± 19,5 ms, p < 0,0001), índice DPNN (24,7 ± 8,8 e 38,3 ± 13,1 ms, p < 0,0001), pNN50 (2,4 ± 1,6 e 3,2 ± 2,2%, p < 0,0001) e RMQQD (13,5 ± 4,6 e 17,8 ± 5,4 ms , p < 0,0001), foram substancialmente melhorados, e permaneceram nestas ...


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Benzazepines/therapeutic use , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/drug therapy , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart Rate/drug effects , Benzazepines/pharmacology , Cardiomyopathy, Dilated/physiopathology , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Rate/physiology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-116955

ABSTRACT

Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging is now widely used in several fields of cardiovascular disease assessment due to recent technical developments. CMR can give physicians information that cannot be found with other imaging modalities. However, there is no guideline which is suitable for Korean people for the use of CMR. Therefore, we have prepared a Korean guideline for the appropriate utilization of CMR to guide Korean physicians, imaging specialists, medical associates and patients to improve the overall medical system performances. By addressing CMR usage and creating these guidelines we hope to contribute towards the promotion of public health. This guideline is a joint report of the Korean Society of Cardiology and the Korean Society of Radiology.


Subject(s)
Cardiomyopathies/diagnosis , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Chest Pain/complications , Coronary Artery Bypass , Coronary Artery Disease/diagnosis , Dobutamine/therapeutic use , Echocardiography , Heart Defects, Congenital/diagnosis , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mucocutaneous Lymph Node Syndrome/complications , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention , Prognosis , Risk Assessment , Ventricular Function, Left/physiology
16.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2013 Jul; 16(3): 212-214
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147268

ABSTRACT

We report successful use of levosimendan after failed balloon angioplasty in a critically ill neonate with coarctation of aorta (CoA) and severe low cardiac output syndrome (LCOS). Treatment with levosimendan improved left heart function, and decreased lactate and brain natriuretic peptide levels. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the safe and successful use of levosimendan in the management of LCOS due to severe CoA in a neonate awaiting surgical repair.


Subject(s)
Angioplasty, Balloon , Aortic Coarctation/complications , Aortic Coarctation/surgery , Aortic Coarctation/therapy , Cardiac Output, Low/blood , Cardiac Output, Low/complications , Cardiac Output, Low/drug therapy , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Hydrazones , Infant, Newborn , Lactic Acid/blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Pyridazines , Vasodilator Agents/administration & dosage
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 100(2): 190-197, fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-667961

ABSTRACT

Diversos estudos relataram os benefícios dos betabloqueadores (BB) para pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca sistólica. No entanto, muitos pacientes hospitalizados em decorrência de insuficiência cardíaca aguda já estão usando os BB e requerem dobutaminas para hipotensão arterial e baixo débito cardíaco. Portanto, deve-se tomar uma decisão a respeito de se o BB deve ser mantido ou até mesmo iniciado nesses casos. O objetivo deste estudo foi determinar se há provas que sustentem a segurança e a eficácia dos BB junto com a dobutamina para pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca aguda descompensada (ICAD). Foi realizada uma pesquisa na literatura de língua inglesa nas bases de dados MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, Cochrane Library e o Portal de Revistas Científicas do Capes para identificar estudos relacionados. Literatura adicional foi obtida mediante a análise das respectivas referências encontradas nos artigos identificados. Os resultados esperados incluíram informações sobre o prognóstico (intra-hospitalar e na mortalidade no acompanhamento, número de dias de internação e reinternação), eficácia e segurança (agravamento dos sintomas, choque, intolerância) do uso concomitante desses medicamentos em pacientes hospitalizados com ICAD e baixo débito cardíaco. Esta análise incluiu nove estudos. No entanto, não foram encontrados ensaios clínicos randomizados sobre o assunto. A maioria dos estudos inclui baixo número de pacientes, e não foram encontrados estudos que abordem a segurança do uso concomitante desses medicamentos. Os dados resultantes sugerem que uma cuidadosa revisão da literatura não forneceu evidências para o uso sistemático de BB em pacientes com síndrome de baixo débito cardíaco que necessitam de suporte inotrópico com dobutamina.


Several studies have reported the benefits of beta-blockers (BB) for patients presenting with systolic heart failure. however, many patients hospitalized as a result of acute heart failure are already using BB and require dobutamine for arterial hypotension and low cardiac output. Therefore, a decision must be made regarding whether BB should be maintained or even started in such cases. The aim of this study was to establish whether there is evidence supporting the safety andyeffectiveness of BB together with dobutamine for patients presenting with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We conducted a search of the English-language literature in the databases MEDLINE, ISI Web of Science, Virtual Health Library, Cochrane Library and the CAPES Portal of Scientific Journals to identify related studies. Additional literature was obtained through the review of relevant references in the identified articles. The expected outcomes included information on the prognosis (in-hospital and on follow-up mortality, number of days of hospitalization and readmission),yeffectiveness and safety (worsening of symptoms, shock, intolerance) of the concomitant use of these drugs in hospitalized patients with ADHF and low cardiac output. This review included nine studies. however, no randomized clinical trials on this subject were found. Most studies include a low number of patients, and no studies addressing the safety of the concomitant use of these drugs were found. The resulting data suggest that a careful literature review did not supply evidence for the systematic use of BB in patients with low cardiac output syndrome who require dobutamine for inotropic support.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Dobutamine/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Acute Disease , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/adverse effects
18.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 99(1): 659-664, jul. 2012. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-647740

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: O levosimendan é conhecido pelo seu efeito bilateral de fortalecimento contração das miofibrilas sem aumentar a demanda de oxigênio no miocárdio. A anemia é uma deterioração que causa aumento da dosagem de fármacos em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca. OBJETIVO: No presente estudo comparamos a eficácia do tratamento com levosimendan em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca descompensada com ou sem anemia. MÉTODOS: Foram incluídos no estudo 23 pacientes anêmicos com insuficiência cardíaca classe 3 ou 4, segundo a New York Heart Association (NYHA) e fração de ejeção abaixo de 35%. Outros 23 pacientes com o mesmo diagnóstico cardíaco, mas sem anemia, serviu como grupo controle. Ao tratamento da insuficiência cardíaca tradicional desses pacientes foi acrescido um tratamento de 24 horas de levosimendan. Amostras foram tomadas para dosar os níveis séricos do fator de necrose tumoral alfa sérico (TNF-alfa), peptídeo natriurético cerebral aminoterminal (NT-proPNB) e metaloproteinase da matriz 1 (MMP-1), antes e após a administração. RESULTADOS: Não houve diferença significativa entre os níveis séricos de TNF-alfa e MMP-1, antes e depois do tratamento (p > 0,05). Embora o nível de NT-proBNP tenha diminuído em ambos os grupos após o tratamento, não foi estatisticamente significativo (p = 0,531 e p = 0,913 para os grupos de anemia e de controle, respectivamente). Uma restauração significativa da capacidade funcional foi observada em ambos os grupos avaliados, de acordo com a NYHA (p < 0,001 e p = 0,001 para os grupos de anemia e controle, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: O tratamento com levosimendan apresenta efeitos semelhantes em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca, com anemia e sem anemia. No entanto, o efeito precoce desse tratamento sobre os níveis de TNF-alfa, NT-proPNB e MMP-1 não é evidente. Ele oferece uma melhora significativa na capacidade funcional, sem a influência da anemia.


BACKGROUND: Levosimendan is known with its two-sided effects of strengthening myofibril contraction without increasing myocardial oxygen demand. Anemia is a deteriorating situation that causes increase of drug dosing in patients with heart failure. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we compared the effectiveness of levosimendan treatment in decompensated heart failure patients with or without anemia. METHODS: Twenty-three anemic patients having class 3 or 4 heart failure according to New York Heart Association (NYHA) and an ejection fraction of below 35% were included to the study. Another 23 patients with the same cardiac diagnosis but without anemia served as control group. Twenty-four hours levosimendan treatment was added to the traditional heart failure treatment of these patients. Samples were taken to measure serum tumor necrotizing factor alpha (TNF-alpha), aminoterminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and matrix metalloproteinase-1 (MMP-1) levels before and after the administration. RESULTS: There was no significant difference between serum TNF-alpha and MMP-1 levels before and after the treatment (p>0.05). Although NT-proBNP level decreased in both groups after the treatment this was not statistically significant (p=0.531 and p=0.913 for anemia and control groups respectively). Significant restoration of functional capacity was seen in both groups assessed according to NYHA (p<0.001 and p=0.001 for anemia and control groups respectively). CONCLUSION: Levosimendan treatment shows similar effects in heart failure patients with anemia to that of patients without anemia. However, the early effect of this treatment on TNF-alpha, NT-proBNP and MMP-1 levels is not evident. It provides significant improvement in functional capacity without influence from anemia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anemia/drug therapy , Heart Failure/drug therapy , Hydrazones/therapeutic use , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/blood , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain/blood , Pyridazines/therapeutic use , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Anemia/blood , Anemia/physiopathology , Chi-Square Distribution , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart Failure/blood , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Hydrazones/pharmacology , Infusions, Intravenous , Pyridazines/pharmacology , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
19.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 98(6): 537-543, jun. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-645362

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: O levosimendan, um sensibilizador de cálcio, aumenta a sensibilidade do coração para o cálcio, aumentando assim a contratilidade miocárdica, sem aumento do cálcio intracelular. Recentemente foi demonstrado que o levosimendan era benéfico na melhoria da função renal. No entanto, fica por determinar que o efeito benéfico esteja relacionado em forma diferencial ao status renal durante o evento-índice. OBJETIVO: O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar se o levosimendan pode melhorar o resultado renal em pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca aguda descompensada com e sem agravamento da função renal. MÉTODOS: Quarenta e cinco pacientes consecutivos que tiveram uma taxa de filtração glomerular reduzida e pelo menos dois dados consecutivos quanto à função renal, antes da administração de levosimendan, foram incluídos no estudo. Os pacientes foram classificados em dois grupos, com e sem agravamento da função renal com base no aumento da creatinina sérica > 0,3 mg/dL. RESULTADOS: Uma melhoria significativa foi observada na função renal em pacientes com agravamento da função renal (creatinina sérica de 1,4 ± 0,16 a 1,21 ± 0,23 mg/dL, p = 0,001 e taxa de filtração glomerular de 48,9 ± 15 a 59,3 ± 21,8 mL/min/m², p = 0,011), apesar de que não houve melhoria significativa em aqueles sem agravamento da função renal (creatinina sérica de 1,29 ± 0,33 a 1,37 ± 0,66 mg/dL, p = 0,240 e taxa de filtração glomerular de 53,7 ± 17,6 a 52,9 ± 21,4 mL/min/m², p = 0,850). CONCLUSÃO: O levosimendan parece proporcionar um efeito de realce renal em pacientes com severa insuficiência cardíaca sistólica descompensada aguda e agravamento da função renal. Considerar esse efeito diferencial poderia contribuir a obter resultados renais benéficos. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


BACKGROUND: Levosimendan, a calcium sensitizer, increases the sensitivity of the heart to calcium, thus increasing myocardial contractility without a rise in intracellular calcium. It was recently shown that levosimendan is beneficial in improving renal function. However, it remains to be established that the beneficial effect is differentially related to renal status during index event. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the current study was to determine whether levosimendan could improve renal outcome in acute decompensated heart failure patients with and without worsening renal function. METHODS: Forty-five consecutive patients who had a reduced glomerular filtration rate and had at least two consecutive data regarding renal function prior to administration of levosimendan were enrolled in the study. Patients were classified into two groups as those with and without worsening renal function based on an increase in serum creatinine >0.3 mg/dL. RESULTS: A significant improvement was noted in renal function in patients with worsening renal function (serum creatinine from 1.4±0.16 to 1.21±0.23 mg/dL, p=0.001 and glomerular filtration rate level from 48.9±15 to 59.3±21.8 mL/min/m², p=0.011), while there was no significant improvement in those without worsening renal function (serum creatinine from 1.29±0.33 to 1.37±0.66 mg/dL, p=0.240 and glomerular filtration rate level from 53.7±17.6 to 52.9±21.4 mL/min/m², p=0.850). CONCLUSION: Levosimendan appears to provide a renal-enhancing effect in patients with severe, acute decompensated systolic heart failure and worsening renal function. Consideration of this differential effect might help obtain beneficial renal outcomes. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2012; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0).


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Heart Failure, Systolic/drug therapy , Hydrazones/therapeutic use , Kidney/drug effects , Pyridazines/therapeutic use , Renal Insufficiency/drug therapy , Creatinine/blood , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Kidney/physiopathology , Retrospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Treatment Outcome
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 26(3): 373-379, jul.-set. 2011.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-624518

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Os inibidores da enzima conversora de angiotensina (IECA) reduzem o risco de óbito, infarto agudo do miocárdio (IAM) e acidente vascular encefálico (AVE) em portadores de doença coronariana. No entanto, não há consenso quanto à sua indicação em pacientes que serão submetidos à cirurgia de revascularização miocárdica (CRM). OBJETIVO: Avaliar a relação entre uso pré-operatório de IECA e eventos clínicos após realização da CRM. MÉTODOS: Estudo de coorte retrospectivo. Foram incluídos dados de 3.139 pacientes consecutivos submetidos à CRM isolada em hospital terciário brasileiro, entre janeiro de 1996 e dezembro de 2009. O seguimento dos pacientes foi realizado até a alta hospitalar ou óbito. Desfechos clínicos no pós-operatório foram analisados entre os usuários e os não-usuários de IECA no pré-operatório. RESULTADOS: Cinquenta e dois por cento (1.635) dos pacientes receberam IECA no pré-operatório. O uso de IECA foi preditor independente da necessidade de suporte inotrópico (RC 1,24, IC 1,01-1,47; P=0,01), de insuficiência renal aguda (IRA, RC 1,23, IC 1,01-1,73; P=0,04) e de evolução para fibrilação atrial (FA, RC 1,32, IC 1,02-1,7; P=0,03) no pós-operatório. A mortalidade entre os pacientes que receberam ou não IECA no pré-operatório foi semelhante (10,3 vs. 9,4%, P=0,436), bem como a incidência de IAM e AVE (15,6 vs. 15,0%, P=0,694 e 3,4 vs. 3,5%, P=0,963, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: O uso pré-operatório de IECA foi associado a maior necessidade de suporte inotrópico e maior incidência de IRA e FA no pós-operatório, não estando associado ao aumento das taxas de IAM, AVE ou óbito.


BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors reduce the chance of death, myocardial infarction (MI) and cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in patients with coronary disease. However there is no consensus as to its indication in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). OBJECTIVE: To assess the relationship between preoperative use of ACE inhibitors and clinical outcomes after CABG. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study. We included data from 3,139 consecutive patients undergoing isolated CABG in Brazilian tertiary care hospital between January 1996 and December 2009. Follow-up was until discharge or death. Clinical outcomes after surgery were analyzed between users and nonusers of ACE inhibitors preoperatively. RESULTS: Fifty-two percent (n=1,635) of patients received ACE inhibitors preoperatively. The use of ACE inhibitors was an independent predictor of need for inotropic support (OR 1.24, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.47, P = 0.01), acute renal failure (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.01 to 1.73, P = 0.04) and progression to atrial fibrillation (OR 1.32, 95% CI 1.02 to 1.7, P = 0.03) postoperatively. The mortality rate among patients receiving or not preoperative ACE inhibitors was similar (10.3% vs. 9.4%, P = 0.436), as well as the incidence of myocardial infarction and stroke (15.6% vs. 15.0%, P = 0.694 and 3.4% vs. 3.5%, P = 0.963, respectively). CONCLUSION: The use of preoperative ACE inhibitors was associated with increased need for inotropic support and higher incidence of acute renal failure and postoperative atrial fibrillation, not associated with increased rates of myocardial infarction, stroke or death.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/adverse effects , Coronary Artery Bypass/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Stroke/prevention & control , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Atrial Fibrillation/chemically induced , Cardiotonic Agents/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Epidemiologic Methods , Myocardial Contraction , Myocardial Infarction/epidemiology , Preoperative Care/adverse effects , Stroke/epidemiology , Treatment Outcome
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL