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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(6): 452-456, June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341140

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The objective of the present study was to determine the frequency of malformations and chromosomal abnormalities in a population of fetuses with an aberrant right subclavian artery (ARSA). Methods This is a 6-year retrospective study of fetuses with a prenatal diagnosis of ARSA conducted during the period between September 2013 and June 2019 at a fetal medicine unit. Data were collected from ultrasound, fetal echocardiograms, genetic studies, and neonatal records. Results An ARSA was diagnosed in 22 fetuses. An ARSA was an isolated finding in 18 out of 22 cases (82%). Associated abnormal sonographic findings were found in 4 cases. All cases underwent invasive testing. In 1 of the cases, a chromosomal abnormality was detected (mos 45,X [13]/46,X,e(X) (p22.1q22.1)). No cases of congenital heart disease were found in any of these fetuses. There were two cases in which the postnatal evaluation revealed amalformation: one case of hypospadias and 1 case of cleft palate. Conclusion The presence of an isolated ARSA is benign and is not associated with chromosomal abnormalities. The finding of ARSA, however, warrants a detailed fetal ultrasound in order to exclude major fetal abnormalities and other soft markers.


Resumo Objetivo O objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar a frequência demalformaçães e anomalias cromossômicas em uma população de fetos com artéria subclávia direita aberrante (ARSA). Métodos Este é um estudo retrospectivo de 6 anos de fetos com diagnóstico prénatal de ARSA realizado durante o período de setembro de 2013 a junho de 2019 em uma unidade de medicina fetal. Os dados foram coletados de ultrassom, ecocardiograma fetal, estudos genéticos e registros neonatais. Resultados Um ARSA foi diagnosticado em 22 fetos. Um ARSA foi um achado isolado em 18 dos 22 casos (82%). Achados ultrassonográficos anormais associados foram encontrados em 4 casos. Todos os casos foram submetidos a testes invasivos. Em um dos casos, foi detectada uma anormalidade cromossômica (mos 45, X [13] / 46, X, e (X) (p22.1q22.1)). Nenhum caso de doença cardíaca congênita foi encontrado em qualquer um desses fetos. Houve dois casos em que a avaliação pós-natal revelou a malformação: um caso de hipospádia e 1 caso de fenda palatina. Conclusão A presença de ARSA isolado é benigna e não está associada a anormalidades cromossômicas. O achado de ARSA, no entanto, justifica uma ultrassonografia fetal detalhada para excluir anormalidades fetais importantes e outros marcadores leves.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Congenital Abnormalities/diagnosis , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Aberrations , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/genetics , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Echocardiography , Genetic Testing , Retrospective Studies
2.
Rev. Bras. Saúde Mater. Infant. (Online) ; 21(2): 631-637, Apr.-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1340663

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of fetal tricuspid valve regurgitation (TR) during the third trimester of low-risk pregnancies and to assess its clinical significance on neonates. Methods: this is a cross-sectional study including 330 singleton fetuses referred for routine fetal echocardiography during 3rd trimester in a fetal medicine center in Recife, Brazil. The presence and degree of tricuspid regurgitation were analyzed. Whenever TR was identified on fetal echocardiography, postnatal data, including the results of postnatal echocardiography were reviewed. Results: the prevalence of tricuspid regurgitation was 10.0% (n=33) in the study population. Regarding regurgitation degree, 90.9% (n=30) presented mild regurgitation and none presented important TR. Postnatal data was obtained from 21 neonates. Twenty of them were discharged without any complications, and one presented respiratory distress due to prematurity. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed in 66.7% (n=14) of the neonates and it was normal in 92.9% (n=13) of them. One neonate, 7.1%, persisted with tricuspid regurgitation, but had no other findings. Conclusions: tricuspid regurgitation in fetuses with normal cardiac anatomy during the 3rd trimester is a common condition in low-risk pregnancies, and is not associated with cardiac abnormalities or need for neonatal intervention.


Resumo Objetivos: determinar a prevalência da regurgitação tricúspide (RT) em fetos no terceiro trimestre de gestações de baixo risco e investigar sua repercussão clínica nos recémnascidos. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo transversal incluindo 330 fetos encaminhados para realização de ecocardiograma fetal de rotina no terceiro trimestre da gestação num centro de medicina fetal em Recife, Brasil. A presença e o grau de insuficiência tricúspide foram estudados. Quando RT estava presente ao ecocardiograma fetal dados pós-natais, incluindo ecocardiograma, também foram analisados. Resultados: a prevalência de RT foi de 10,0% na população estudada, sendo que 90,9% (n=30) dos casos foram classificados como RT leve, e nenhum caso de RT importante foi identificado. Foram obtidos dados pós-natais de 21 recém-nascidos. Destes, 20 receberam alta hospitalar sem nenhuma complicação, enquanto 1 apresentou desconforto respiratório associado à prematuridade. Ecocardiograma transtorácico foi realizado em 66.7% (n=14) dos recém-nascidos avaliados, e foi normal em 92.9% (n=13) deles. Apenas 1 recém-nascido, 7.1%, persistiu com RT mas sem outros achados significativos. Conclusões: a RT em fetos com anatomia cardíaca normal é comum no terceiro trimestre de gestações de baixo risco e não parece associar-se a anomalias cardíacas ou necessidade de intervenção no período neonatal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy Trimester, Third , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/diagnosis , Tricuspid Valve Insufficiency/epidemiology , Echocardiography, Doppler/methods , Fetus/abnormalities , Fetus/diagnostic imaging , Heart Defects, Congenital , Postnatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis , Brazil/epidemiology , Infant, Premature , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(2): 146-152, mar.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341276

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Determinar las cardiopatías congénitas más diagnosticadas a través de cateterismo cardíaco en una población pediátrica de la costa norte colombiana durante el período de 2007 a 2016. Materiales y métodos: Estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo y multicéntrico, cuya población corresponde al total de pacientes de 0 a 18 años en quienes se realizó cateterismo cardíaco diagnóstico o terapéutico, o ambos, en diferentes ciudades de la costa norte colombiana en el período de 2007 a 2016. Para la tabulación de la información se utilizó el programa Epi Info 7.0. La muestra se integró con 4,245 pacientes. Resultados: El género predominante fue el femenino (53.5%), con una media de edad de 3.9 ± 4.9 años y una mayor prevalencia de 1 a 11 meses de vida (40.6%). Conclusiones: La comunicación interventricular fue la cardiopatía congénita más diagnosticada mediante cateterismo cardíaco (29.2%), seguida por el conducto arterioso persistente (23.1%), comunicación interauricular (11.7%), tetralogía de Fallot (6.8%), estenosis pulmonar (6.7%), transposición de grandes vasos (3.5%), atresia pulmonar con comunicación interventricular (2.5%), canal AV total (2.4%), doble salida ventricular derecha (2.4%), coartación de aorta (1%), insuficiencia mitral (0.98%), atresia tricuspídea (0.96%), atresia pulmonar sin comunicación interventricular (0.73%), doble salida ventricular derecha (0.5%) y otras malformaciones (4.2%).


Abstract Objective: To determine the most frequent congenital heart diseases diagnosed by cardiac catheterization in the pediatric population of the north coast of Colombia, during the period 2007 to 2016. Materials and methods: Descriptive, retrospective and multicentric study; the population corresponds to the total number of patients between 0 and 18 years of age in which diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization was performed in different cities of the Colombian north coast in the period 2007 to 2016. Epi Info 7.0 software was used for tabulation of information. Total sample was conformed of 4.245 patients. Results: The sex mostly involved was the female with 53.5%, a mean age of 3.9 ± 4.9 years, with a higher prevalence between 1 and 11 months of life with 40.6%. Conclusions: The ventricular septal defect was the most frequent congenital heart disease diagnosed by cardiac catheterization with 29.2%, followed in frequency by the persistent conducto with 23.1%, the atrial septal defect 11.7%, tetralogy of Fallot with 6.8%, pulmonary stenosis with 6.7%, transposition of large vessels 3.5%, pulmonary atresia with ventricular septal defect 2.5%, total AV channel 2.4%, double right ventricular outlet 2.4%, coarctation of aorta on 1 %, mitral insufficiency 0.98%, tricuspid atresia 0.96%, pulmonary atresia without ventricular septal defect 0.73%, double right ventricular outlet 0.5% and other malformations 4.2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Heart Defects, Congenital , Cardiac Catheterization , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
4.
Univ. salud ; 23(1): 40-45, ene.-abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1157007

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los hábitos alimentarios poco saludables de los estudiantes universitarios constituyen una preocupación importante para la atención medica-nutricional futura. Objetivo: Determinar el Índice de Alimentación Saludable (IAS) e indicador sodio/(potasio+calcio) en universitarios chilenos. Materiales y métodos: Investigación analítica, de corte transversal con una muestra no probabilística de 420 estudiantes, a quienes se aplicó encuesta de información sociodemográfica y antropométrica. Con el cuestionario de frecuencia de consumo y recordatorio de 24 horas se determinó el IAS e indicador sodio/(potasio+calcio). Se aplicó estadística descriptiva e inferencial utilizando el programa Statistical Package for the Social Sciences v22.0. Resultados: El peso, talla e Índice de Masa Corporal, presentaron diferencias estadísticamente significativas, según sexo (p<0,05). Misma situación fue encontrada en el promedio de ingesta de calorías, lípidos, carbohidratos, fibra, calcio y sodio (p<0,05). La ingesta de frutas, verduras y lácteos bajos en grasa fue mayor en mujeres (p<0,01). La mayoría de los sujetos presentaron alimentación poco saludable, siendo mayor en el caso de los hombres (p<0,05). Sólo el 6% de los hombres y 17% de las mujeres tenían una dieta cardio-protectora. Conclusiones: Los estudiantes presentan una dieta con deficiente ingesta de micronutrientes cardioprotectores, hecho que incrementa el riesgo de desarrollar enfermedades cardiovasculares.


Abstract Introduction: Unhealthy eating habits of university students constitutes an important concern for future medical and nutritional care. Objective: To determine the Healthy Eating Index (HEI) and the sodium/(potassium+calcium) indicator in Chilean university students. Materials and methods: An analytical cross-sectional research was carried out with a non-probabilistic sample of 420 students, who answered a survey covering sociodemographic and anthropometric issues. The HEI and sodium/(potassium+calcium) indicator were determined using the consumption frequency and 24-hour reminder questionnaire. A descriptive and inferential statistical analysis was applied through the SPSS (v22.0) program. Results: The weight, height and the body mass index (BMI) of the participants showed statistically significant differences according to their gender (p<0.05). A similar pattern was found in the average intake of calories, lipids, carbohydrates, fiber, calcium and sodium (p<0.05). Intake of fruits, vegetables and low-fat dairy products was higher in women (p<0.01). The majority of participating students had an unhealthy diet, with the situation being more severe in men (p<0.05). Only 6% of men and 17% of women had a cardio-protective diet. Conclusions: Students follow diets with a deficient intake of cardio-protective micronutrients, which increases the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.


Subject(s)
Students , Diet, Food, and Nutrition , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Diet, Healthy
5.
Rev. Méd. Paraná ; 79(1): 88-90, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1282485

ABSTRACT

A fístula de artéria coronária (CAF) é uma condição rara que envolve uma comunicação anormal entre uma artéria coronária e uma câmara cardíaca ou a outro vaso sanguíneo. A maioria das CAF são pequenas e raramente levam a sintomas. Contudo, a depender do seu local de origem e desembocadura, a CAF pode funcionar como um shunt esquerdo-direito do coração, levando a repercussões graves, como sobrecarga de volume do ventrículo direito, hipertensão pulmonar e "síndrome do roubo". No presente trabalho foi relatado o caso de um paciente assintomático com fístula de artéria coronária direita para ventrículo direito que apresentou alteração eletrocardiográfica


Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a rare condition that involves abnormal communication between a coronary artery and a cardiac chamber or other blood vessel. Most CAFs are small and lead to symptoms. However, depending on its place of origin and outlet, a CAF can function as a left-right heart shunt, leading to serious repercussions, such as volume overload of the right ventricle, pulmonary hypertension and "theft syndrome". In the present study, the case of an asymptomatic patient with a right coronary artery fistula for the right ventricle who presented an electrocardiographic alteration


Subject(s)
Congenital Abnormalities , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Fistula , Coronary Vessels , Heart Ventricles
6.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06810, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1340344

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) in dogs is a syndrome that can occur secondary to several causes, including left heart disease (postcapillary) and chronic respiratory disease (precapillary). This study evaluates morphological and functional consequences in the right ventricle (RV) of dogs with pre- and postcapillary PH through echocardiography, and also considers the severity of PH (mild, moderate or severe). Echocardiography was performed on 66 dogs of various breeds and weights (age >3 years old) which were assigned to three groups: postcapillary PH, which included mitral valve disease/endocardiosis, precapillary PH, which included chronic respiratory diseases (bronchitis, collapse of the trachea and primary lung cancer or metastasis), and finally, a healthy group of controls. The parameters for RV morphology were RV1, RV2, and RV3 for systole and diastole. The following measurements were used to assess RV systolic function: tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion (TAPSE), TAPSE:Ao (aorta), maximum velocity of the tricuspid systolic wave obtained by tissue Doppler (S'), S':Ao, right ventricle end-diastolic area (RVEDA); RVEDA:BSA (body surface area); flow velocity integral (FVI) and FVI:Ao. The variables were assessed using ANOVA. The results showed that RV3d, RV1s, S':Ao, S', and FVI were able to distinguish cases of pre- and postcapillary PH in this study. Remodeling of the RV of dogs with PH was observed, which can be influenced by the pre- or postcapillary origin of the PH, with dilation in dogs with postcapillary PH and severe PH. The results for RV systolic function were similar, with FVI and FVI:Ao showing that RV ejection function is reduced in dogs with postcapillary PH and with severe PH.(AU)


A hipertensão pulmonar (HP) em cães é uma síndrome que pode ocorrer secundária às diversas causas, dentre elas, a doença cardíaca esquerda (pós-capilar) e a doença respiratória crônica (pré-capilar). Essa é uma condição importante que motivou os objetivos do estudo: avaliar ecocardiograficamente as consequências morfológicas e funcionais no ventrículo direito (VD) dos cães acometidos com HP pré- e pós-capilar, considerando também o estágio de severidade da HP (leve, moderada ou severa). A ecocardiografia foi realizada em 66 cães de diversas raças e pesos, com pelo menos quatro anos de idade, que compuseram um grupo com doença valvar mitral, ou endocardiose, outro com doença respiratória crônica (bronquite, colapso de traqueia e neoplasia pulmonar primária ou metástase), e por último, um grupo saudável. Os parâmetros para a morfologia do VD foram RV1, RV2 e RV3 na sístole e na diástole. Para a avaliação da função sistólica do VD foram mensurados: excursão sistólica do plano anular tricúspide (TAPSE), TAPSE:Ao (aorta), velocidade máxima da onda sistólica da tricúspide obtida pelo doppler tecidual (S'), S':Ao, área do ventrículo direito no final da diástole (RVEDA); RVEDA:BSA (body superficie area); integral tempo velocidade (FVI) e FVI:Ao. As variáveis foram avaliadas por meio da ANOVA. Os resultados mostraram que RV3d, RV1s, S':Ao, S' e FVI foram capazes de distinguir casos de HP pré e pós-capilar neste estudo. Observou-se que há remodelamento do VD de cães com HP e este pode ser influenciado pela origem pré ou pós-capilar da HP, encontrando-se dilatado em cães com HP pós capilar e com HP severa. Os resultados para a função sistólica do VD foram similares, uma vez que o FVI e FVI:Ao mostraram que a capacidade de ejeção do VD está reduzida nos cães com HP pós-capilar e com HP severa.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Echocardiography/classification , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Heart Ventricles , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Endocardium
7.
Rev. Fac. Cienc. Méd. Univ. Cuenca ; 38(2): 7-16, ago.2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178133

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la principal causa de muerte a nivel mundial, existen escalas que permiten determinar el riesgo de padecerlas, de ahí la importancia de estudiar su comportamiento en nuestra población.Objetivo: determinar la concordancia de las escalas de riesgo cardiovascular Framingham y PROCAM.Materiales y métodos: se realizó un estudio de tipo analítico con 500 pacientes con edades entre 35 y 65 años que cumplían con los criterios de inclusión, los datos se tomaron de las historias clínicas de consulta externa de Medicina Interna del Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga, centro de atención de tercer nivel, en el periodo enero-diciembre 2016. La concordancia se estableció a través del índice kappa de Cohen y el método de Bland y Altman.Resultados: el índice kappa calculado entre las escalas de riesgo cardiovascular Framingham y PROCAM es de 0.5246; (p<0.0001).Conclusión: la concordancia hallada entre Framingham y PROCAM es moderada. De acuerdo al gráfico de Bland y Altman las escalas son más concordantes en valores bajos de riesgo cardiovascular. Palabras claves: factores de riesgo, enfermedad cardiovascular, anomalías cardiovasculares (AU);


6777ABSTRACTIntroduction: cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of death worldwide, there are scales that allow determining the risk of suffering, hence the importance of studying their behavior in our population.Objective: to determine the concordance of the Framingham and PROCAM cardiovascular risk scales.Materials and methods: an analytical study was carried out with 500 patients between the ages of 35 and 65 who met the inclusion criteria, the data was taken from the clinical records of the outpatient clinic of Internal Medicine of the Hospital José Carrasco Arteaga, center third-level care, in the period January-December 2016. The agreement was established through the Cohen kappa index and the Bland and Altman method.Results: the kappa index calculated between the Framingham and PROCAM cardiovascular risk scales is 0.5246; (p <0.0001).Conclusion: the agreement found between Framingham and PROCAM is moderate. According to the Bland and Altman graph, the scales are more concordant in low values of cardiovascular risk.Key words: risk factors, cardiovascular disease, cardiovascular abnormalities (AU);


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases , Risk Factors , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
8.
Arch. latinoam. nutr ; 70(2): 101-114, jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1140312

ABSTRACT

El propósito de este estudio fue describir la asociación entre el estado nutricional, la presencia de síndrome metabólico (SM), y el estado inflamatorio, en pacientes con Enfermedad de Chagas (ECh), atendidos en la consulta externa del Instituto de Medicina Tropical en Caracas. El estudio fue de tipo transversal y correlacional, en el cual se seleccionaron 34 pacientes a los cuales se les realizó un diagnóstico parasitológico, inmunológico y molecular de la ECh. Se evaluaron variables antropométricas, clínicas y bioquímicas, así como el SM el cual fue determinado por los criterios del III Panel estadounidense para el Tratamiento de Adultos del Programa Nacional de Educación sobre el Colesterol (ATP-III, por sus siglas en inglés). Se encontró que la mayoría de los pacientes presentaron sobrepeso u obesidad (73,5%), un porcentaje de grasa corporal (% GC) alto o muy alto (82,3%), y obesidad abdominal (61,8 %). La frecuencia de SM fue de 29,4% y más del 90% mostraron valores elevados de Proteína C Reactiva ultrasensible (PCRus). Valores más elevados del IMC se asociaron con un estadio más avanzado de la ECh. Los sujetos con presencia de ADN de Tripanosoma cruzi (T. cruzi) circulante en sangre, presentaron mayor % GC, y en su mayoría, fueron diagnosticados con SM. En conclusión, los pacientes evaluados mostraron un exceso de adiposidad, que puede favorecer el estado inflamatorio, el desarrollo de SM y la progresión de la ECh(AU)


The purpose of the study was to describe the association between nutritional and inflammatory status and the presence of metabolic syndrome (MS) on patients with Chagas disease (CD) treated at the Outpatient Services of the Tropical Medicine Institute in Caracas, Venezuela. The study was cross-sectional and correlational. Thirty-four (34) patients were selected and a molecular, immunological, and parasitological diagnostic test was ran for Chagas disease. Anthropometric, clinic, and biochemical variables were evaluated, and the MS was determined using National Cholesterol Education Program Expert/Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP-III) criteria. The results showed a high percentage of patients overweight or presenting obesity (73.5%), a high and very high percentage of body fat (82.3%), and abdominal obesity (61.8%). The prevalence of MS was 29,4% and more than 90% of patients showed elevated values of high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP). Higher body-mass index values were associated with advanced stages of the CD. Subjects in the presence of T. cruzi DNA in the blood showed a greater percentage of body fat and, most of them, were diagnosed with MS. In conclusion, the evaluated patients showed an excess of adiposity which may favor an inflammatory status, the development of the MS, and the progress of the CD(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Nutritional Status , Chagas Disease/complications , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Metabolic Syndrome/etiology , Anthropometry , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Inflammation
9.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(2): 122-126, mar.-abr. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1138765

ABSTRACT

Resumen El divertículo de Kommerell es una anomalía de muy baja incidencia y prevalencia en la edad pediátrica. Se reporta el caso de un paciente de 11 años de edad, con diagnóstico de divertículo de Kommerell con arco aórtico derecho y origen anómalo de arteria subclavia izquierda desde la rama pulmonar izquierda a través de conducto arterioso persistente. Dado que es una anomalía cardiovascular compleja se decidió realizar un modelo impreso en 3 D, el cual proporcionó una mejor comprensión de su distribución espacial, tamaño y forma real, como si fuera una pieza de anatomía patológica. Este modelo ayudó en la toma de decisiones, planificación y seguridad de la ejecución de una posible cirugía cardiaca. Este es el primer reporte de caso de este tipo de anomalía, así como el primer prototipo cardíaco impreso en modo tridimensional realizado en Perú para el tratamiento de la misma.


Abstract Kommerell's diverticulum is an anomaly of very low incidence and prevalence in paediatrics. A case is presented of an 11 year-old patient with a diagnosis of Kommerell's diverticulum with a right aortic arch and a left subclavian artery of anomalous origin from the pulmonary branch through a patent ductus arteriosus. Given that this was a complex cardiovascular anomaly, it was decided to make a print model in 3-D. This provided a better understanding of its spatial distribution, size, and real shape, as it was a histopathology piece. This model helped in taking planning and safety decisions on any possible cardiac surgery. This is the first report of a case of this type of anomaly, as well as the first prototype of a cardiac print in 3-dimensional mode, performed in Peru.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Aortic Arch Syndromes , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Therapeutics , Prevalence , Diverticulum , Ductus Arteriosus, Patent
10.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(6): 769-771, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1057502

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aortic arch anomalies are not clinically important unless they cause compression symptoms due to aneurysmatic dilatation. Aortic anomalies need to be treated when they cause complex thoracic aortic diseases, and the treatment approach has evolved over time from open surgical methods, which have high mortality and morbidity rates, to hybrid methods. A case of a 68-year-old male patient with complex aortic arch anomaly treated with hybrid arch repair is reported in this study. Aortic branches were common carotid trunk and aberrant right subclavian artery with a saccular aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Subclavian Artery/abnormalities , Vascular Surgical Procedures/methods , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/surgery , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Subclavian Artery/surgery , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/diagnostic imaging , Computed Tomography Angiography
11.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 39(2): 126-133, jun. 2019. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1352754

ABSTRACT

La litiasis renal es una enfermedad frecuente cuya prevalencia ha aumentado en los últimos años. En la actualidad se la considera como una patología sistémica; no limitada al riñón y a las vías urinarias, sino relacionada en gran medida a diabetes mellitus, obesidad, hipertensión arterial, hiperuricemia, hipercolesterolemia y enfermedad renal crónica, todos factores de riesgo cardiovascular que suelen vincularse a eventos severos como accidentes cerebrovasculares, enfermedad coronaria o infarto agudo de miocardio. Numerosos estudios transversales y meta-análisis han demostrado la asociación entre estas dos entidades. En esta revisión intentaremos demostrar los mecanismos involucrados en la fisiopatología de la litiasis renal y su relación con enfermedad cardiovascular. Como mecanismos involucrados, se mencionan tres asociaciones. La primera se refiere al estrés oxidativo y la inflamación. La segunda asociación se refiere a la presencia de mecanismos litogénicos que contribuyen a la calcificación vascular. Como última teoría se realiza la asociación ya conocida, de obesidad, síndrome metabólico, diabetes e hipertensión arterial, todos factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de litiasis renal así como de enfermedad cardiovascular, recordando que la litiasis renal es causa, en un 8%, del desarrollo de enfermedad renal crónica, otro factor de riesgo para enfermedad y muerte cardiovascular. Como conclusión se confirma la teoría de que la litiasis renal no es una enfermedad limitada al riñón y la vía urinaria, si no que se trata de una enfermedad sistémica, con riesgo de eventos cardiovasculares tan severos que pueden llevar a la muerte.


Renal lithiasis is a frequent disease whose prevalence has increased in recent years. Nowadays it is considered as a systemic pathology, not limited to the kidney and the urinary tract, but largely related to diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, hyperuricemia, hypercholesterolemia and chronic kidney disease; all cardiovascular risk factors that are usually linked to severe events such as stroke, coronary heart disease or acute myocardial infarction. Numerous cross-sectional studies and meta-analyzes have proved the association between renal lithiasis and cardiovascular disease. In this review we will try to demonstrate the mechanisms involved in the pathophysiology of these two entities. Three associations are mentioned. The first one refers to oxidative stress and inflammation. The second association refers to the presence of lithogenetic mechanisms contributing to vascular calcification. The last theory is the already known correlation with obesity, metabolic syndrome, diabetes and hypertension; all risk factors for the development of renal lithiasis as well as cardiovascular disease. Let us remember that renal lithiasis is the cause, in 8% of cases, of the development of chronic kidney disease, another risk factor for cardiovascular disease and death. In conclusion, the theory that renal lithiasis is not a disease limited to the kidney and the urinary tract is confirmed; it is rather a systemic disease, with a risk of cardiovascular events so severe that they can lead to death.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Nephrolithiasis/complications , Nephrolithiasis/physiopathology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Risk , Prevalence , Metabolic Syndrome
14.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 39(1): 12-18, mar. 2019. ilus., tab.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1021819

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Turner (ST) resulta de la ausencia completa o parcial del segundo cromosoma sexual en fenotipos femeninos. Tiene una incidencia de 1:2000- 2500 nacidas vivas. Recién en la última década se ha puesto atención a la salud de las adultas con ST. La mortalidad es 3 veces superior respecto de la población general debido al riesgo de disección aórtica por anomalías cardiovasculares estructurales y aterosclerosis vinculada a hipertensión arterial, diabetes, dislipidemia y obesidad. También presentan elevada prevalencia de enfermedades autoinmunitarias. Objetivo: evaluar la calidad del seguimiento clínico de pacientes adultas con ST, comparando los controles de salud preconformación y posconformación del Registro y de la Unidad Interdisciplinaria. En el año 2017 fuimos convocados para integrar el Programa de Enfermedades Raras del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires. A partir de la creación del Registro Institucional y del equipo multidisciplinario obtuvimos mejoría significativa en los controles por las especialidades de cardiología, endocrinología y otorrinolaringología, en los controles bioquímicos del metabolismo lipídico, hidrocarbonado, hepatograma, TSH y anticuerpos para celiaquía e imágenes cardiovasculares y densitometría ósea. En conclusión, el seguimiento sistematizado e institucional, mediante el Registro y la creación de la Unidad Interdisciplinaria de Síndrome de Turner, permitió encontrar las falencias del sistema de atención y optimizar el seguimiento de esta población. (AU)


Turner syndrome (TS) results from the complete or partial absence of the second sex chromosome in female phenotypes. It has an incidence of 1: 2000-2500 girls born alive. Only in the last decade has been paid attention to the health of adults women with TS. Mortality is 3 times higher than in the general population due to the risk of aortic dissection cause to structural cardiovascular anomalies and atherosclerosis related to hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia and obesity. They also have a high prevalence of autoimmune diseases. Until nowadays in Argentina do not exist a national registry of this disease that complies with the international follow-up recommendations for these patients. We proposed to develop the institutional register at 2014 and a multidisciplinary team was created to care and follow up girls and women with TS during 2015. It was indexed to Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires' Rare Diseases Program since 2017. After the creation of the institutional registry and the multidisciplinary team we obtained a significant improvement in cardiology, endocrinology and otorhinolaryngology schedule visits, in lipids and hydrocarbon metabolism, liver, thyroid and celiac diseases biochemical controls and in the performance of cardiovascular MNR and bone densitometry. In conclusion, the systematized and institutional follow-up, through the registry and the creation of the Interdisciplinary Unit of Turner Syndrome, allowed us to find the flaws of the care system and to optimize the follow up of this population. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Turner Syndrome/prevention & control , Aftercare/statistics & numerical data , Aneurysm, Dissecting/etiology , Autoimmune Diseases/epidemiology , Turner Syndrome/complications , Turner Syndrome/etiology , Turner Syndrome/mortality , Turner Syndrome/epidemiology , Aftercare/methods , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/complications , Human Growth Hormone/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus , Atherosclerosis/complications , Dyslipidemias/complications , Estrogens/therapeutic use , Gonadal Disorders/etiology , Hypertension/complications , Infertility, Female/etiology , Obesity/complications
15.
Rev. chil. cir ; 71(1): 66-69, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-985381

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El doble arco aórtico (DAA) es una malformación cardiovascular infrecuente caracterizada por la persistencia de ambos arcos aórticos posterior al nacimiento. Puede presentarse con rama derecha dominante (70-73%), izquierda o simétrica. Su forma anatómica produce compresión de estructuras mediastínicas como la tráquea y esófago. Caso clínico: Lactante menor hombre de 3 meses, con antecedente de estridor desde nacimiento. Ingresó a nuestro centro por neumonía grave con necesidad de ventilación mecánica prolongada. Evaluado por otorrinolaringología, se realizó revisión de vía aérea, observando estenosis en los últimos 5 anillos traqueales con colapso dinámico de la tráquea. La tomografía computada de tórax demostró DAA completo con emergencias de troncos supraaórticos de ambos arcos de forma simétrica. Se decidió tratamiento quirúrgico a la brevedad. Se abordó por toracotomía anterolateral izquierda, se realizó control vascular y sección del arco aórtico izquierdo distal a emergencia de subclavia, con plastía de aorta y arteria subclavia izquierda, liberado el arco aórtico se realizó pexia y disección de tejido fibrótico que rodeaba tráquea y esófago. Paciente evolucionó favorablemente, con resolución de cuadro respiratorio y ausencia estridor. Fibrobroncoscopía posoperatoria no observó compresión traqueal. El alta hospitalaria fue al 14° día posoperatorio. Actualmente, a seis meses de seguimiento, se encuentra asintomático respiratorio y cardiovascular. Discusión: El DAA puede afectar al 0,03% de la población pediátrica. Usualmente es sintomático con manifestaciones obstructivas como estridor o disfagia por compresión de estructuras mediastínicas, por lo que requiere alta sospecha clínica para su confirmación imagenológica y posterior tratamiento quirúrgico.


Introduction: The double aortic arch (DAA) is an uncommon cardiovascular malformation, characterized by the persistence of both aortic arches after birth. It can be presented with right dominant branch (70-73%), left or symmetrical. It's anatomical shape produces compression of mediastinal structures such as the trachea and esophagus. Clinic case: Infant man 3 months old, with a history of stridor since birth. He was admitted to our center due to severe pneumonia with the need for prolonged mechanical ventilation. Evaluated by otorhinolaryngology, who performed airway revision observing stenosis in the last 5 tracheal rings with dynamic trachea collapse. Chest computed tomography showed complete DAA with emergence of supraaortic trunks of both arches symmetrically. Surgical treatment was decided as soon as possible. It was approached by left anterolateral thoracotomy, vascular control and left aortic arch section distal to subclavian emergency was performed, with aortic and left subclavian artery plasty, aortic arch was released to perform pexia and dissection of fibrotic tissue surrounding the trachea and esophagus. Patient evolved favorably, with resolution of respiratory symptoms and absence of stridor. Postoperative fiberoptic bronchoscopy did not observe tracheal compression. He was discharged on the 14th postoperative day. Currently at six months of follow-up, he is asymptomatic respiratory and cardiovascular. Discussion: AAD can affect 0.03% of the pediatric population. It is usually symptomatic with obstructive manifestations such as stridor or dysphagia due to compression of mediastinal structures, which requires high clinical suspicion for its imaging confirmation and subsequent surgical treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Thoracotomy/methods , Vascular Ring/surgery , Vascular Ring/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Period , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
16.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 53: 31, jan. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-991636

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To analyze the association of characteristics recorded at the time of birth, including weight, occurrence of asphyxia, gestation duration, maternal age and education level, with death from diseases or malformations of the circulatory system in children under 18 years of age. METHODS The Brazilian Information System on Live Births and Information System on Mortality databases were linked and evaluated following a longitudinal cohort analysis strategy. The following independent variables were evaluated: characteristics recorded at the time of birth, including weight, occurrence of asphyxia, gestation duration, maternal age and education level. Dependent variables were death from diseases or malformations of the circulatory system in children under 18 years of age. Crude relative risks were estimated and relative risks were adjusted for the variables. RESULTS 6,380 deaths were linked to 4,282,260 birth records, yielding 5,062 pairs considered as true. Low birth weight (RR = 2.26), asphyxia at 1 (RR = 1.72) and 5 minutes (RR = 1.51), prematurity (RR = 1.50), maternal age ≥ 40 years (RR = 2.06), and low maternal education level (RR = 1.45) increased the probability of death caused by circulatory system diseases. In the association with death by malformations of the circulatory system, the predictive variables showed the same association profile, but with greater intensity. CONCLUSIONS Fetal and maternal factors are associated with increased mortality due to diseases and malformations of the circulatory system. Measures to control these factors and improve access to their diagnosis and treatment would contribute to reducing the number of deaths caused by diseases and malformations of the circulatory system. However, the identification of environmental influences during gestation and birth on the risk of death should be carefully considered due to being influenced by genetic factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Infant, Low Birth Weight , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Brazil , Birth Certificates , Infant Mortality , Risk Factors , Longitudinal Studies , Cause of Death , Maternal Age , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/mortality , Heart Defects, Congenital/mortality
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762617

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have increased risk of morbidities and mortality related to cardiovascular complications. Cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a novel method of evaluating arterial stiffness independent of changes in blood pressure. We compared arterial stiffness using CAVI between TS patients and healthy control subjects. METHODS: Nineteen young women with TS (mean, 26.8 years; range, 20.0–35.1 years) and 23 healthy women matched for age and body mass index (BMI) were recruited for CAVI measurements at Seoul National University Hospital between 2010 and 2013. Anthropometric parameters, fasting blood testing and measurements of CAVI were compared between the 2 groups. RESULTS: TS patients were significantly shorter (mean: 150.1 cm vs. 160.7 cm, P<0.001) and had lower body weight (mean: 47.0 kg vs. 55.5 kg, P=0.014) than healthy controls, without difference in BMI. CAVI (6.5±0.6 vs. 6.1±0.6, P=0.039) was significantly higher in TS patients compared to healthy controls. Age was positively associated with CAVI (r=0.403, P=0.008) in univariate analysis. After adjusting for age, TS was associated with CAVI (P=0.006). CONCLUSION: Young women with TS showed increased arterial stiffness measured by CAVI compared to healthy women after adjusting for age, suggesting inherent vasculopathy in TS patients.


Subject(s)
Blood Pressure , Body Mass Index , Body Weight , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Fasting , Female , Hematologic Tests , Humans , Methods , Mortality , Seoul , Turner Syndrome , Vascular Stiffness
18.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 25(6): 406-406, nov.-dic. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1058369

ABSTRACT

Resumen El aneurisma del seno de Valsalva es una anomalía cardíaca que puede ser congénita o adquirida. Es referido como una anomalía congénita rara, usualmente asintomática detectada en un ecocardiograma 2 D de rutina, hasta presentaciones relacionadas con la compresión de estructuras adyacentes o como cortocircuitos intracardíacos causados por la ruptura de un aneurisma del seno de Valsalva dentro de una cavidad derecha del corazón. Se expone el caso de un paciente de sexo masculino, de 27 años de edad, que acudió al departamento de emergencia con disnea progresiva hasta ser de pequeños esfuerzos a quien se le documentó ruptura de aneurisma del seno de Valsalva no coronariano, clasificación de Sakakibara tipo IV, asociado a comunicación interventricular perimembranosa. Se hizo cirugía cardíaca para tratamiento quirúrgico definitivo, el cual fue exitoso. Se hace una revisión breve de la literatura acerca de esta patología, su definición, etiología, epidemiología, clasificación, diagnóstico y tratamiento.


Abstract An aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva is a cardiac anomaly that can be congenital or acquired. It is referred to as a rare congenital anomaly, usually asymptomatic and detected in a routine 2-D echocardiogram. It is also found associated with the compression of adjacent structures or as intra-cardiac short-circuits caused by the rupture of an aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva within a right cavity of the heart. The case is presented of a 27 year-old male, who arrived in the Emergency Department with progressive dyspnoea even with small exertions and was diagnosed with rupture of a Sakakibara type IV, non-coronary sinus of Valsalva aneurysm, associated with a perimembranous ventricular septal defect. Open heart surgery was performed for definitive surgical treatment, which was successful. A short review of the literature is presented on this condition, its definition, aetiology, epidemiology, classification, diagnosis, and treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Sinus of Valsalva , Aneurysm , Congenital Abnormalities , Echocardiography , Cardiovascular Abnormalities
19.
Rev. nefrol. diál. traspl ; 38(3): 206-217, sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006906

ABSTRACT

El Estudio de Intervención sobre la Presión Arterial Sistólica (SPRINT: The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial) evaluó si el objetivo terapéutico de llevar la presión arterial sistólica (PAS) a <120 mm Hg podría reducir los eventos cardiovasculares (ECV) comparado con el objetivo <140 mm Hg. El estudio estuvo promovido y financiado por varias áreas del Instituto Nacional de la Salud de Estados Unidos y con la colaboración de la Administración de Veteranos de Estados Unidos. Los resultados mostraron beneficios en el grupo con tratamiento intensivo con reducción en la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares y mortalidad que excedían el incremento de eventos adversos, tanto en la población total como en los participantes con enfermedad renal crónica. Los subestudios en participantes con hipertrofia ventricular izquierda, diastólicas bajas, deterioro cognitivo y calidad de vida mostraron resultados similares. Varios estudios epidemiológicos muestran que un 30% del riesgo cardiovascular ocurre en personas cuya PAS está entre 115 y 140 mm Hg. Estas características influyeron para que las nuevas guías elaboradas por varias sociedades científicas de Estados Unidos modificaran la clasificación de los niveles de presión arterial y las recomendaciones terapéuticas, generando una controversia que aún continúa. Esta revisión describe algunos conceptos que consideramos relevantes para el enfoque individual del paciente, remarcando la necesidad de obtener: a) registros confiables y reproducibles de la presión arterial y, b) mejorar el cuidado de las personas que tienen niveles de presión arterial, indicando incremento del riesgo cardiovascular independientemente de la clasificación adoptada para los niveles de la presión arterial.


The aim of the Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) was to evaluate whether setting the therapeutic goal for systolic blood pressure (SBP) at <120 mm Hg could reduce cardiovascular events (CVD) compared to the target <140 mm Hg. The study was promoted and funded by several areas at the US National Institute of Health and the collaboration of the US Veterans Administration. The results showed benefits in the intensive treatment group with a reduction in the incidence of cardiovascular events and mortality that exceeded the increase in adverse events, both in the total population and in the participants with chronic kidney disease. The substudies aimed to left ventricular hypertrophy, low diastolic blood pressure, cognitive impairment, and quality of life showed similar results. Several epidemiological studies showed that 30% of cardiovascular risk occurs in people whose SBP is between 115 and 140 mm Hg. These characteristics influenced the new guidelines developed by several scientific societies in the USA to modify the classification of blood pressure levels and therapeutic recommendations, generating a controversy that still continues. This review describes some concepts that we consider relevant for the patient's individual approach, highlighting the need to obtain a) reliable and reproducible measurements of blood pressure and b) improving the care of people who have blood pressure levels indicating increased cardiovascular risk independently of the classification adopted for blood pressure levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Blood Pressure , Risk , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Cardiovascular Abnormalities , Kidney Failure, Chronic
20.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(4): 416-423, July-Aug. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950076

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: To estimate the degree of variability of the waist circumference (WC) when obtained in different anatomical sites and compare the performance of the measurement sites as predictors of visceral adipose tissue (VAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and cardiometabolic abnormalities. Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional study involving 119 individuals with overweight (50.3 ± 12.2 years), in which six WC measurement sites were evaluated (minimal waist, immediately below the lowest rib, midpoint between the lowest rib and the iliac crest, 2 cm above the umbilicus, immediately above the iliac crest, umbilicus level), in addition to the VAT and SAT (quantified by computed tomography) and cardiometabolic parameters. Results: The differences between the measurements ranged from 0.2 ± 2.7 cm to 6.9 ± 6.7 cm for men, and from 0.1 ± 3.7 cm to 10.1 ± 4.3 cm for women. The minimum waist showed significant correlation with VAT (r = 0.70) and with a higher number of cardiometabolic parameters among men. Regarding women, the WC measurement showed high correlation with SAT and moderate correlation with VAT, not being found superiority of one measurement protocol in relation to the others when assessed the correlation with VAT and with cardiometabolic parameters. Conclusions: Greater variability between the measuring sites was observed among women. With respect to men, the minimum waist performed better as a predictor of VAT and cardiometabolic alterations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/blood , Intra-Abdominal Fat/diagnostic imaging , Subcutaneous Fat/diagnostic imaging , Overweight/diagnosis , Waist Circumference , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Sex Factors , Anthropometry/methods , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Predictive Value of Tests , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Assessment/standards , Cardiovascular Abnormalities/prevention & control
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