Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 583
Filter
2.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 117(1): 74-81, July. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285232

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A frequência cardíaca em repouso (FCR) pode ser uma ferramenta útil de triagem para o risco cardiovascular. Porém, os pontos de corte para FCR nunca foram descritos em populações jovens. Objetivo Estabelecer os pontos de corte para FCR em adolescentes brasileiros e analisar se há associação entre pontos de corte e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Métodos A amostra foi composta por 6.794 adolescentes (de 10 a 19 anos). A pressão arterial e a FCR foram avaliadas por dispositivo oscilométrico. Também foram avaliados o índice de massa corporal e a circunferência da cintura. Foi adotada a curva ROC para analisar a sensibilidade e especificidade, e as associações de FCR elevada com os fatores de risco cardiovascular foram analisadas por regressão logística binária. Foi considerado estatisticamente significante um valor de p < 0,05 para todas as análises. Resultados Os valores médios da FCR eram mais altos entre os participantes de 10 a 14 anos do naqueles de 15 a 19 anos, em meninos (p < 0,001) e meninas (< 0,001). Os pontos de corte de FCR propostos para detecção de fatores de risco cardiovascular foram significativos para meninos de 10 a 14 (> 92 bpm) e de 15 a 19 anos (> 82 bpm) e para meninas de 15 a 19 anos (> 82 bpm) (p < 0,05 para todos), enquanto nenhum ponto de corte foi identificado para as meninas de 10 a 14 anos (p > 0,05). Os pontos de corte propostos para a FCR foram associados com obesidade abdominal, sobrepeso e pressão arterial elevada em meninos e meninas. Os pontos de corte da FCR foram associados ao conjunto de fatores de risco cardiovascular em adolescentes de 15 a 19 anos. Conclusões Os pontes de corte propostos para a FCR foram associados com os fatores de risco cardiovascular em adolescentes.


Abstract Background Resting heart rate (RHR) may be a useful screening tool for cardiovascular risk. However, RHR cutoff points, an interesting clinical approach, have never been described in young populations. Objective To establish RHR cutoff points in Brazilian adolescents and to analyze whether cutoff points are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Methods The sample was composed of 6,794 adolescents (10 to 19 years old). Blood pressure and RHR were assessed by oscillometric device. Body mass index and waist circumference were also assessed. Receiver operating characteristic curve was adopted to analyze the sensitivity and specificity, and associations of high RHR with cardiovascular risk factors were analyzed by binary logistic regression. A p value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant for all the analyses. Results Mean RHR values were higher among participants ages 10 to 14 years than 15 to 19 years, for boys (p < 0.001) and girls (< 0.001). The proposed RHR cutoff points for cardiovascular risk factors detection were significant for boys ages 10 to 14 (> 92 bpm) and 15 to 19 years (> 82 bpm), as well as for girls ages 15 to 19 years (> 82 bpm) (p < 0.05 for all), whereas no cutoff point was identified for girls ages 10 to 14 years (p > 0.05). Proposed RHR cutoff points were associated with abdominal obesity, overweight, and high blood pressure in boys in girls. RHR cutoff points were associated with the cluster of cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents ages 15 to 19 years. Conclusion The proposed RHR cutoff points were associated with cardiovascular risk factors in adolescents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Waist Circumference , Heart Rate
3.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 24(277): 5765-5774, jun.2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1253479

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Elencar diagnósticos de enfermagem que relacionem a falta de conhecimento e as dificuldades de acesso aos serviços de saúde com o desenvolvimento de doenças cardiovasculares. MÉTODO: Estudo exploratório, transversal e quantitativo realizado em São Paulo. Foi aplicado um questionário a 173 voluntários em situação de rua. Os dados foram analisados e associados a Taxonomia de Diagnósticos de Enfermagem Internacional NANDA I, 2018/2020. RESULTADOS: Foi encontrado uma elevação na média de pressão arterial dos estudados. Houve uma grande variação da escolaridade. Foram relatados diversos impedimentos de acesso aos serviços de saúde. Os principais diagnósticos de enfermagem encontrados foram: Conhecimento Deficiente e Saúde deficiente da comunidade. CONCLUSÃO: Com os resultados obtidos, notou-se uma elevação nos valores pressóricos dos voluntários, sendo elencados diagnósticos de enfermagem. Evidenciou-se a necessidade de intervenções em educação, promoção e prevenção a saúde para que, dessa maneira, essa população tenha seus direitos a saúde garantidos.(AU)


OBJECTIVE: To list nursing diagnoses that relate lack of knowledge and difficulties in access to health services to the development of cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Exploratory, cross-sectional and quantitative study conducted in São Paulo. A questionnaire was applied to 173 homeless volunteers. Data were analyzed and associated with NANDA I International Nursing Diagnostic Taxonomy, 2018/2020. RESULTS: An elevation in the mean blood pressure of those studied was found. There was a wide variation in education. Various impediments to accessing health services were reported. The main nursing diagnoses found were Poor Knowledge and Poor Community Health. CONCLUSION: With the results obtained, an elevation in the blood pressure values of the volunteers was noted, and nursing diagnoses were listed. The need for interventions in health education, promotion and prevention was evident, so that this population can have its health rights guaranteed.(AU)


OBJETIVO: Enumerar los diagnósticos de enfermería que relacionan el desconocimiento y las dificultades de acceso a los servicios sanitarios con el desarrollo de enfermedades cardiovasculares. MÉTODOS: Estudio exploratorio, transversal y cuantitativo realizado en São Paulo. Se aplicó un cuestionario a 173 voluntarios sin hogar. Los datos fueron analizados y asociados a la Taxonomía Internacional de Diagnóstico de Enfermería NANDA I, 2018/2020. RESULTADOS: Se encontró una elevación de la presión arterial media de los estudiados. Había una gran variación en la educación. Se señalaron varios impedimentos para acceder a los servicios sanitarios. Los principales diagnósticos de enfermería encontrados fueron: Conocimiento deficiente y Salud comunitaria deficiente. CONCLUSIÓN: Con los resultados obtenidos, se observó una elevación de los valores de presión de los voluntarios y se enumeraron los diagnósticos de enfermería. Se evidenció la necesidad de intervenciones en educación, promoción y prevención de la salud, para que esta población tenga garantizados sus derechos sanitarios.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Diagnosis , Homeless Persons , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Public Health , Health Services Accessibility
4.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(1): e36104, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1252413

ABSTRACT

La diabetes mellitus es una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad a nivel mundial. Este grupo de pacientes generalmente representa una población con alto o muy alto riesgo cardiovascular, razón por la cual se realiza una estratificación precoz del riesgo, buscando enfocarse objetivamente en el abordaje farmacológico y no farmacológico con una estrategia intensiva. La enfermedad cardiovascular representa la principal causa de mortalidad, pero en los últimos años se han producido avances en la terapéutica que han demostrado reducir los eventos cardiovasculares mayores. Este artículo revisa la interacción entre diabetes, enfermedades cardiovasculares y su tratamiento.


Diabetes mellitus is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. This group of patients generally represents a population with high or very high cardiovascular risk, that is the reason for an early stratification of risk, seeking to objectively focus on pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach with an intensive strategy. Cardiovascular disease represents the main cause of mortality, but in recent years there have been advances in therapeutics that have been shown to reduce major cardiovascular events. This article reviews the interaction between diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and their treatment.


A diabetes mellitus é uma das principais causas de morbimortalidade em todo o mundo. Esse grupo de pacientes geralmente representa uma população com alto ou muito alto risco cardiovascular, razão pela qual se estratifica precocemente o risco, buscando enfocar objetivamente a abordagem farmacológica e não farmacológica com estratégia intensiva. A doença cardiovascular representa a principal causa de mortalidade, mas nos últimos anos houve avanços na terapêutica que mostraram reduzir os eventos cardiovasculares maiores. Este artigo analisa a interação entre diabetes, doenças cardiovasculares e seu tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/drug therapy , Hypoglycemic Agents/adverse effects , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Risk Assessment , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology
5.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 25-33, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152857

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: Describir los efectos cardiovasculares del tratamiento del cáncer infantil en supervivientes mediante métodos clínicos, electrocardiográficos y ecocardiográficos. Material y métodos: Estudio transversal y observacional de casos y controles de 34 pacientes de una clínica de supervivientes de cáncer infantil, evaluados de forma clínica, con electrocardiograma, ecocardiografía convencional y strain. Edad promedio de 13.03 años; dosis acumulada de antracíclicos promedio de 219.5 mg/m2; siete además con radiación a tórax. Análisis con pruebas T de Student y regresión lineal. Resultados: Fracción de expulsión izquierda preservada en supervivientes. Strain longitudinal izquierdo en dos, tres cámaras y circunferencial disminuido en supervivientes (p < 0.05). Los enfermos sometidos a radioterapia y antracíclicos mostraron un incremento de la frecuencia cardíaca, disminución de la fracción de expulsión y fracción de acortamiento izquierdos (< 0.05). Ventrículo derecho sin cambios significativos. Discusión y conclusiones: Existe un gran número de supervivientes de cáncer infantil tratados con cardiotóxicos y radioterapia; éstos pueden experimentar cambios en el strain miocárdico ventricular (aun con fracción de expulsión normal) o arritmias, como lo muestra el grupo estudiado, que concuerda con protocolos internacionales previos. Es importante su evaluación cardiovascular completa para predecir el riesgo de insuficiencia cardíaca como parte de un seguimiento protocolizado en clínicas de cardiooncología bien establecidas.


Abstract Objective: To describe the cardiovascular effects of childhood cancer treatment in survivors through clinical, electrocardiogram and echocardiographic methods. Material and methods: Prospective, observational case-control study of 34 patients of a Childhood Cancer Survivors Clinic, evaluated clinically, with electrocardiogram, with conventional echocardiography and strain. Average age 13.03 years; cumulative average anthracyclic dose 219.5 mg/m2; seven also with chest radiation. Analysis with student T tests and linear regression. Results: Left ejection fraction in survivors was preserved. Longitudinal left strain in 2, 3 chambers and circumferential was decreased in survivors (p < 0.05). Those undergoing radiotherapy and anthracyclic presented increased heart rate, ejection fraction and left shortening fraction decreased (< 0.05). Right ventricle without significant changes. Discussion and conclusions: There are a large number of childhood cancer survivors treated with cardiotoxics and radiotherapy. They may present changes in ventricular myocardial strain (even with normal ejection fraction) and/or arrhythmias, as evidenced in the group studied, which is consistent with previous international studies. Its complete cardiovascular evaluation is important to predict the risk of heart failure as part of a protocolized follow-up in well-established cardio oncology clinics.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Neoplasms/complications , Neoplasms/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cancer Survivors , Mexico
6.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 25(1): 43-51, jan-abr. 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1151409

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Usuários do sistema de saúde com doenças crônicas não transmissíveis devem estar em acompanhamento constante para evitar complicações em seu estado de saúde. Objetivo: Analisar os indicadores laboratoriais de saúde em usuários de uma Unidade Básica de Saúde com e sem o diagnóstico para a diabetes e hipertensão. Métodos: A amostra foi de 231 usuários de uma unidade básica de saúde da cidade de Santarém-PA, maiores de idade, que foram agrupados em pacientes com DM/HAS (DM/HAS; n=144), e sem o diagnóstico para DM/HAS (AUS; n=87). As coletas envolveram informações socioeconômicas, clínicas e laboratoriais. Os dados foram tratados com estatística descritiva e inferencial, adotando-se p<0.05. Resultados: Tanto no DM/HAS como no AUS predominou o sexo feminino, estado civil casado, com vínculo empregatício, cor de pele parda, com 4-7 anos de estudo, renda de 1-2 salários, não tabagistas, não etilista e faixa etária de 38-77 anos. A HAS foi a doença mais presente de forma geral, bem como por sexo. Identificou-se no DM/HAS valores menores para a taxa de filtração glomerular (TFG) e maiores valores para a glicemia, triglicerídeos, colesterol total, LDL-c e não HDL-c. Conclusão: De acordo com a proposta desenvolvida, destaca-se que os usuários com DM/HAS apresentam associação positiva para valores alterados de glicemia, colesterol total, não HDL-c, triglicerídeos, TFG e para a presença da síndrome metabólica e risco cardiovascular moderado/alto.


Introduction: Users of the health system with chronic non-communicable diseases must be constantly monitored to avoid complications in their health status. Objective: Analyze laboratory health indicators in users of a Basic Health Unit with and without a diagnosis for diabetes and hypertension. Methods: The sample consisted of 231 users of a basic health unit in the city of Santarém-PA, all of them of age, grouped into patients with DM/SAH (DM/SAH; n=144), and without the diagnosis for DM/SAH (ABS; n=87). The collections involved socioeconomic, clinical, and laboratory information. The data were treated with descriptive and inferential statistics, adopting p <0.05. Results: In both DM/SAH and ABS groups, there was a predominance of female individuals, married status, employed, brown skin color, with 4-7 years of study, income of 1-2 salaries, non-smokers, non-alcoholic drinkers, and aged between 38-77 years. SAH was the most common disease in general, as well as when analyzing by gender. Lower values for the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) were identified in the DM/SAH and higher values for the glycemia, triglycerides, total cholesterol, LDL-c, and non-HDL-c. Conclusion: According to the proposal of this paper, it is noteworthy that users with DM/SAH have a positive association for altered values of blood glucose, total cholesterol, non-HDL-c, triglycerides, GFR, and for the presence of metabolic syndrome and moderate/high cardiovascular risk.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Evaluation/statistics & numerical data , Health Centers , Health Status Indicators , Tobacco Use Disorder/complications , Triglycerides/blood , Blood Glucose , Alcohol Drinking/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cholesterol/blood , Chronic Disease/nursing , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnosis , Noncommunicable Diseases/prevention & control , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Hypertension/diagnosis , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL/blood
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(1): 16-23, mar. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287236

ABSTRACT

Resumen El rendimiento de las ecuaciones existentes de predicción de riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) en población argentina es desconocido. Se comparó RCV estimado por dichas ecuaciones, con la ocurrencia de eventos cardiovasculares (ECV) en una población de pacientes sin enfermedad cardiovascular de un hospital argentino. Se incluyeron aleatoriamente adultos entre 40 y 70 años, excluyéndose quienes al momento del enrolamiento presentaban historia de ECV mayor, cáncer activo, o tratamiento hipolipemiante. Se calculó RCV a 10 años al momento de inclusión, utilizando ecuaciones de Framingham 2008, SCORE (para poblaciones de bajo y alto riesgo), ATP III, Organización mundial de la saludregión América B (OMS-B) y Ecuación de Cohorte Agrupada (ECA). El fin de seguimiento fue 10 años ± 6 meses, ocurrencia de infarto de miocardio fatal o muerte por cualquier causa. Se utilizaron curvas ROC para evaluar discriminación (ABC > 0.75 buena discriminación). La calibración se evaluó mediante chi-cuadrado de Hosmer Lemeshow (Chi > 20 o p < 0.05 pobre calibración). Incluimos 606 pacientes, 366 mujeres, edad promedio 56.7 ± 8.4 años. Se observaron 10 (1.7%) muertes de causa no cardiovascular, 5 (0.8%) causa cardiovascular. Se registraron 58 (9.8%) ECV no fatales. Hubo aceptable discriminación para ecuaciones de Framingham, ATP-III y ECA. La calibración global solo fue buena con las ecuaciones de ATP-III y ECA. La frecuencia observada de ECV fue baja, y hubo sobreestimación de RCV con todas las ecuaciones. Sin embargo, se podría sugerir la aplicación de las ecuaciones de ATP-III o ECA en esta población.


Abstract The performance of available risk scores to predict cardiovascular risk (CVR) in the Argentinian population is unknown. Our aim was to compare the CVR predicted by several equations with the occurrence of cardiovascular events (CVE) in patients without known cardiovascular disease in an Argentinian hospital. Adults between 40 and 70 years were randomly selected, excluding those with prior history of major CVE, active cancer, lipid lowering treatment and absence of follow-up data. Framingham 2008, SCORE (low and high-risk populations), ATP III, World Health OrganizationAmerican B region (WHO-B) and Pooled Cohort equations (PC) risk scores were used to calculate 10-y CVR at time of enrollment. End of follow-up was 10 years ± 6 months, occurrence of fatal myocardial infarction or death from any cause. We used ROC curves to assess discrimination (AUC > 0.75 good discrimination), and Hosmer Lemeshow chi-square to evaluate calibration (Chi > 20 or p value < 0.05 poor calibration). We included 606 patients in our study, 336 women, average age 56.7 ± 8.4 year. Of those, 10 (1.7%) non-cardiovascular deaths, and 5 (0.8%) cardiovascular deaths were observed. 58 (9.8%) a non-fatal CVE were recorded. There was acceptable discrimination for Framingham, ATP-III, and both PC equations. The global calibration was only good with the ATP-III and PC equations. The observed frequency of CVE was low, and the CVR was overestimated by all equations. However, applying ATP-III or PC equations to assess CVR could be considered in our population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , United States , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Risk Assessment , Heart Disease Risk Factors
8.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(1): 37-47, Jan. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152963

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) são uma das principais causas de mortalidade e morbidade em todo o mundo. O envelhecimento biológico tem sido associado à ocorrência de resultados cardiovasculares. Entretanto, o mecanismo subjacente desse processo ainda é desconhecido. Objetivos Buscamos avaliar se a senescência das células sanguíneas mononucleares periféricas (CSMP) e biomarcadores endoteliais poderiam influenciar o risco cardiovascular (CV) e ser marcadores adequados para a detecção precoce de doenças cardiovasculares em adultos. Métodos Neste estudo transversal, pacientes livres de DCV foram classificados como baixo (n=32) e alto (n=28) escore de risco intracardaco (IHR) A senescência das CSMP foi avaliada estimando-se a atividade de telomerase (AT) e detectando-se a presença de células senescentes e disfunção endotelial, estimando-se a concentração de nitrito e nitrato e a capacidade antioxidante total (CAT). A análise estatística foi realizada com o software SPSS, versão 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). Todos os p-valores <0,05 foram considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados A senescência de CSMP de 0,95 [p-valor = 0,0001; 95% IC (0,874-1,026)] foi um indicador significativo de pacientes com escore de IHR mais alto, com um valor de corte de 21,65, com sensibilidade e especificidade de 92% e 88% respectivamente. Identificou-se que a senescência de CSMP, nitrito e nitrato, e AT eram independentemente associadas a um escore de IHR alto. Conclusão Os status de nitrito e nitrato e AT, e a senescência de CSMP são medidas adequadas para prever o alto risco cardiovascular em adultos com risco CV. Entretanto devem ser realizados estudos de acompanhamento de longo prazo para confirmar esses achados. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):37-47)


Abstract Background Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are one of the leading causes of mortality and morbidity worldwide. Biological aging has been associated with the occurrence of adverse cardiovascular outcomes; however, the underlying mechanism of this process remains unknown. Objectives This study sought to evaluate if peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) senescence and endothelial biomarkers could influence cardiovascular (CV) risk and be suitable markers for the early detection of cardiovascular diseases in adults. Methods In this cross-sectional study patients free of CVD were classified as lower (n=32) and higher Interheart Risk (IHR) scores (n=28). PBMC senescence was assessed by estimating the telomerase activity (TA) and detecting the presence of senescent cells and endothelial dysfunction by estimating the concentration of nitrite and nitrate and of total antioxidant capacity (TAC). Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS version 16.0 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, IL). All p-values <0.05 were considered statistically significant. Results PBMC senescence 0.95 [p-value = 0.0001; 95% CI (0.874-1.026)] was a significant predictor of patients with higher IHR scores with a cut-off value of 21.65 with a sensitivity and specificity of 92% and 88% respectively. PBMC senescence, nitrite and nitrate and TA were found to be independently associated with high IHR scores. Conclusion PBMC senescence, TA and nitrite, and nitrate status are suitable measures to predict high cardiovascular risk in adults with CV risk. Nevertheless, long-term follow-up studies are needed to confirm these findings. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2021; 116(1):37-47)


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Heart Disease Risk Factors
10.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 561-567, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138671

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El riesgo cardiovascular (RCV) se define como la posibilidad que tiene un sujeto de sufrir una enfermedad cardiovascular dentro de un determinado plazo de tiempo. Si bien la patología se hace sintomatica en etapa adulta, los cambios fisiopatológicos comienzan a desarrollarse en edades tempranas. OBJETIVO: Establecer la relación entre capacidad cardiorrespiratoria, estimada a través de la prueba de caminata de seis minutos (PC6M), y el RCV en niños con síndrome metabólico. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Se analizaron 42 niños, edad 5 a 15 años, que asistieron a la Unidad de Cardiología Infantil del Hospital Carlos Van Buren entre los años 2015 y 2017. Cada participante se categorizó de acuerdo al puntaje de RCV de Alustiza, que define 3 niveles de riesgo: bajo (0 a 6 puntos), medio (7 a 8 puntos) y alto (9 o más puntos), lo que se traduciría en una mayor probabilidad de desarrollar una enfermedad cardiovascular, y realizó concomitantemente la PC6M. RESULTADOS: La edad media del grupo de ni ños fue de 10,9 ± 2,7 años, con un Índice de Masa Corporal (IMC) = 31,0 ± 4,6 kg/m2 (z-score 3,2 ± 0,7). Los niños recorren 75,2 ± 8,9 por ciento de la distancia teórica, con un porcentaje de frecuencia cardíaca de reserva (FCR) = 31,0 ± 9,4. No se observaron relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre RCV y PC6M. CONCLUSIONES: No se encuentra relación entre la capacidad cardiorrespiratoria y RCV. Se cuestiona la utilidad de la PC6M para valorar el RCV en la población de estudio.


INTRODUCTION: Cardiovascular risk (CVR) is defined as the possibility of a subject suffering from car diovascular disease within a certain period. Although the pathology appears in adult life, the physiopathological changes start to develop at an early age. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship bet ween cardiorespiratory capacity (CRC)and CVR in children with metabolic syndrome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We analyzed data corresponding to 42 children aged from 5 to 15 years who were seen at the Children's Cardiology Unit of the Carlos Van Buren Hospital between 2015 and 2017. Each parti cipant was categorized according to the Alustiza's CVR score, which defines 3 levels of risk: low (0 to 6 points), medium (7 to 8 points) and high (9 or more points), which representing a greater probability of developing cardiovascular disease, and performed 6MWT. RESULTS: The mean age of the children was 10.9 ± 2.7 years, body mass index (BMI) = 31.0 ± 4.6 kg/m2 (z-score 3.2 ± 0.7), percentage of theoretical distance walked = 75.2 ± 8.9, and percentage of heart rate reserve (HRR) = 31.0 ± 9.4. There was no statistical association between 6MWT and CVR. CONCLUSIONS: There is no relationship between the cardiorespiratory capacity and the CVR. The use of the 6MWT is questioned as an ins trument to assess CVR in the population under study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Metabolic Syndrome/physiopathology , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Retrospective Studies
11.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(4): 597-604, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138677

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Cada vez es más frecuente la atención médica en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) de niños o adolescentes inmigrantes como también de aquellos nacidos en nuestro país con padres en tal condición. Esto ha ocasionado, en la actualidad, que el equipo de salud se deba enfrentar con problemas diagnósticos derivados del escaso conocimiento de condiciones genéticas propias de esta población y/o el desarrollo de diversas patologías infrecuentes en nuestro país, algunas resultantes de su condi ción sanitaria. En esta revisión se abordan diversos aspectos de la patología hematológica, infecciosa, parasitaria, respiratoria y cardiovascular, todos tópicos relevantes de conocer durante su estadía en la UCI. Es un deber del equipo de salud actualizarse sobre patologías de baja prevalencia en nuestro país, algunas de ellas muy poco conocidas hasta hace una década, pero que, actualmente, están cada vez más presentes en las UCI del sistema de salud público chileno.


Abstract: It is increasingly common to provide medical care in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for immigrant children and adolescents as well as those born in Chile with parents in such condition. Currently, this has caused that the health team has to face diverse infrequent pathologies in our country and/ or diagnostic problems derive from the poor knowledge of genetic conditions of this population, some resulting from their health conditions. This review addresses several aspects of hematological, infectious, parasitic, respiratory, and cardiovascular pathologies, all relevant topics to know during their stay in the ICU. It is a duty of the health team to be updated on pathologies of low prevalence in our country, some of them very little known until a decade ago, but which are currently increasingly present in the ICUs of the Chilean public health system.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Respiratory Tract Diseases/diagnosis , Respiratory Tract Diseases/ethnology , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/ethnology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Critical Care/methods , Emigrants and Immigrants , Hematologic Diseases/diagnosis , Hematologic Diseases/ethnology , Hematologic Diseases/therapy , Infections/diagnosis , Infections/ethnology , Infections/therapy , Intensive Care Units , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence
12.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 80(5): 425-432, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287193

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia de COVID-19 ha llevado a medidas de aislamiento social, restricciones laborales, fuerte campaña mediática y suspensión de las actividades médicas programadas. El objetivo de nuestro estudio fue relevar el impacto de estas medidas sobre las internaciones en Unidades de Cuidados Intensivos Cardiovasculares, con la hipótesis de que se ha generado un comportamiento social que puede disminuir la demanda de consultas, aun las de enfermedades graves. Comparamos las internaciones de marzo-abril de 2010-2019 con las del mismo bimestre de 2020 sobre la base del registro prospectivo multicéntrico Epi-Cardio® en seis instituciones, tres públicas y tres privadas, que utilizan la epicrisis computarizada para las altas. Fueron incluidos 6839 egresos de ese bimestre en los 11 años. El promedio del número de internaciones en ese bimestre del decenio 2010-19 fue 595 (intervalo de confianza 95%: 507-683) y se redujo a 348 en 2020 (caída del 46.8%, p < 0.001). En la agrupación por 11 causas de internación, la reducción observada fue: cirugía cardiovascular 72.3%, intervenciones electrofisiológicas 67.8%, síndrome coronario agudo sin elevación del ST 52.6%, angio-plastias 47.6%, arritmias 48.7%, insuficiencia cardíaca 46%, fibrilación auricular 35.7%, infarto con elevación del ST 34.7%, dolor no coronario 31.8% y otros 51.6%. Solo se incrementaron las consultas por crisis hipertensivas (89%), aunque la prevalencia fue baja. La caída observada en la internación de entidades clínicas críticas ha sido un "efecto adverso" de las medidas adoptadas ante la pandemia, con consecuencias potencialmente graves, que podrían revertirse con un ajuste de las políticas y la comunicación pública.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic has led to measures of social isolation, labor restrictions, a strong information campaign and the suspension of scheduled medical activities. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of these measures on the number of hospitalizations in Cardiovascular Intensive Care Units, with the hypothesis that the social behavior generated by this emergency promotes a decreased demand for medical care, even when severe cardiovascular disease is involved. We compared the number of admissions in March-April 2010-2019 versus March-April 2020, based on a prospective study including six institutions (three public and three private) that use Epi-Cardio® as a multicenter registry of cardiovascular care unit discharge. Altogether, we included 6839 patients discharged during the 11-year study period (2010-2020). The average number of patient admissions on March-April 2010-19 was 595 (CI 95%: 507-683) and decreased to 348 in 2020 (fall of 46.8%, p < 0.001). The reasons for hospitalization were classified into 11 groups and a statistically significant reduction was seen in 10 of these groups: cardiovascular surgery 72.3%, electrophysiological interventions 67.8%, non-ST acute coronary syndromes 52.6%, angioplasties 47.6%, arrhythmias 48.7%, heart failure 46%, atrial fibrillation 35.7%, ST elevation myocardial infarction 34.7%, non cardiac chest pain 31.8%, others 51.6%. Although with low prevalence, hypertensive crisis increased in 89%. The abrupt decrease observed in the number of admissions due to critical pathologies may be considered an "adverse effect" related to the measures adopted, with potentially severe consequences. This trend could be reversed by improving public communication and policy adjustment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Argentina/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Prospective Studies , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19
14.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(3): 1839-1849, mayo.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127045

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: con el incremento de la esperanza de vida al nacer, la morbimortalidad en la población geriátrica es alta, y con ello la necesidad de atención médica especializada, que incluye los cuidados intensivos. Objetivo: caracterizar a la población geriátrica que ingresó en una Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos (UCI) Municipal. Materiales y método: se realizó un estudio de corte transversal en el Hospital General Docente "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" en el municipio Contramaestre. El universo estuvo constituido por 658 pacientes de ambos sexos, con edades mayor e igual a 60 años. En el período de enero de 2015 a diciembre de 2018, admitidos en la UCI. Las variables estudiadas fueron edad, sexo, principales diagnósticos al ingreso, ventilación mecánica, procederes invasivos, estado del paciente al egreso y complicaciones. Se utilizó el porcentaje para resumir la información, así como el test Ji cuadrado para identificar asociación estadística entre las variables estudiadas. Resultados: predominó el sexo masculino en 51,8 % y 50,3 % tenían edades entre 60 y 74 años. 73,1 % tuvo estadía inferior a siete días. Predominaron las patologías cardiovasculares. El porcentaje de fallecidos 26,3 %, 58,5 % se le implantó sonda vesical y 63,0 % de pacientes necesitaron de ventilación mecánica invasiva. Prevalecieron los ingresos por enfermedades clínicas. Conclusión: los pacientes geriátricos del sexo masculino ingresaron con más frecuencia en terapia intensiva. Predominó el grupo de edades 60 - 74 años. Las enfermedades clínicas cardiovasculares y respiratorias fueron las más frecuentes, la mayoría de pacientes que fallecieron necesitaron ventilación mecánica invasiva (AU).


ABSTRACT Introduction: with the increase in life expectancy at birth, morbidity and mortality are high among geriatric population, and so are the needs for specialized medical care, including the intensive care. Objective: to characterize the geriatric population admitted in a Municipal Intensive Care Unit. Materials and Method: a cross-sectional study was carried out at the Teaching General Hospital "Orlando Pantoja Tamayo" in the municipality of Contramaestre. The universe was formed by 658 patients of both sexes, aged 60 years and older, during the period from January 2015 to December 2018, admitted in the Intensive Care Unit. The studied variables were age, sex, main diagnoses at admission; mechanical ventilation; invasive procedures; patient status at discharge and complications. The percentage was used to summarize the information, as well as the Chi square test to identify statistical association between the variables studied. Results: male sex predominated in 51.8%, and 50.3 % were aged 60 - 74 years old. 73.1% had a stay of less than seven days; cardiovascular diseases predominated. 26.3% of patients died, 58.5% received a bladder catheter implantation. 63.0% of patients required invasive mechanical ventilation. Admittance due to clinical diseases prevailed. Conclusion: male geriatric patients were more frequently admitted in intensive care; the 60-74 years-old age group prevailed; cardiovascular and respiratory clinical diseases were the most frequent; most of the dead patients needed invasive mechanical ventilation (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Risk Factors , Critical Care , Health of Institutionalized Elderly , Health Services for the Aged , Intensive Care Units , Postoperative Care , Respiratory Tract Diseases/diagnosis , Catheterization, Peripheral/methods , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies
15.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 795-802, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131233

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento Múltiplos sistemas de pontuação têm sido elaborados para calcular o risco de eventos cardiovasculares adversos maiores (MACE) em pacientes com dor no peito. Não há dados que avaliem se o escore HEART tem um desempenho superior a TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE, especialmente na era de troponina I de alta sensibilidade e em uma população exclusivamente latino-americana. Objetivo Comparar o desempenho dos escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE para a predição de MACE em 30 dias de acompanhamento, em pacientes atendidos com dor no peito no departamento de emergência. Métodos Os escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE foram analisados em 519 pacientes com dor no peito no departamento de emergência. O desfecho primário foi a ocorrência de MACE no período de 30 dias. O desempenho do escore HEART foi comparado com o dos escores TIMI e GRACE utilizando o teste de DeLong, considerando estatisticamente significativos os valores de p de 0,05. Resultados Um total de 224 pacientes (43%) apresentaram MACE no período de 30 dias. A estatística C para os escores HEART, TIMI e GRACE foi de 0,937, 0,844 e 0,797 respectivamente (p < 0,0001). Uma pontuação de 3 ou menos no escore HEART apresentou uma sensibilidade de 99,5% e um valor preditivo negativo de 99% para classificar pacientes de baixo risco de maneira correta; ambos os valores foram mais elevados do que aqueles obtidos pelos outros escores. Conclusão O escore HEART, em um período de 30 dias, prediz eventos cardiovasculares, mais eficazmente, em comparação com os outros escores. Troponinas de alta sensibilidade mantêm a superioridade previamente demonstrada deste escore. Este escore oferece uma identificação mais precisa dos pacientes de baixo risco. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Multiple scoring systems have been designed to calculate the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with chest pain. There is no data on whether the HEART score outperforms TIMI and GRACE in the prediction of MACE, especially in the era of high-sensitivity troponin assay and in an exclusively Latin-American population. Objective To compare the performance of the HEART, TIMI, and GRACE scores for predicting major cardiovascular events at 30 days of follow-up, in patients who consult for chest pain in the emergency department. Methods HEART, TIMI, and GRACE scores were analyzed in 519 patients with chest pain at the emergency department. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of MACE within 30 days. The performance of the HEART score was compared with the TIMI and GRACE scores using the DeLong test with p values of 0.05 considered statistically significant. Results A total of 224 patients (43%) had MACE at 30 days. The C statistic for the HEART, TIMI, and GRACE score was 0.937, 0.844, and 0.797 respectively (p < 0.0001). A HEART score of 3 or less had a sensitivity of 99.5% and a negative predictive value of 99% to classify low risk patients correctly; both values were higher than those obtained by the other scores. Conclusion The HEART score more effectively predicts cardiovascular events at 30 days of follow-up compared to the other scores. High-sensitivity troponins maintain this score's previously demonstrated superiority. This score offers more precise identification of low-risk patients. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chest Pain/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Risk Assessment/methods , Acute Coronary Syndrome/diagnosis , Heart Diseases/diagnosis , Troponin , Severity of Illness Index , Predictive Value of Tests , Prospective Studies , Triage/methods , Emergency Service, Hospital
16.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 805-816, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131225

ABSTRACT

Resumo Frente à pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19), o manejo do paciente com fator de risco e/ou doença cardiovascular é desafiador nos dias de hoje. As complicações cardiovasculares evidenciadas nos pacientes com COVID-19 resultam de vários mecanismos, que vão desde lesão direta pelo vírus até complicações secundárias à resposta inflamatória e trombótica desencadeada pela infecção. O cuidado adequado do paciente com COVID-19 exige atenção ao sistema cardiovascular em busca de melhores desfechos.


Abstract In face of the pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the management of patients with cardiovascular risk factors and/or disease is challenging. The cardiovascular complications evidenced in patients with COVID-19 derive from several mechanisms, ranging from direct viral injury to complications secondary to the inflammatory and thrombotic responses to the infection. The proper care of patients with COVID-19 requires special attention to the cardiovascular system aimed at better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Health Personnel/standards , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Risk Factors , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction/etiology , Pandemics , Patient Care/standards , Heart/physiopathology
17.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 85(2): 185-200, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115515

ABSTRACT

Desde 1995 hasta la fecha la asociación entre patologías derivadas los embarazos hipertensivos y las enfermedades cardiovasculares ha generado un gran volumen de potentes evidencias epidemiológicas y clínicas. Los propósitos de esta revisión son varios. Mostrar la consistencia y magnitud de la evidencia científica. Integrar los riesgos/enfermedades cardiovasculares y los problemas obstétricos a través de la disfunción endotelial. Preconizar el seguimiento postparto de la hipertensa embarazada, como una ventana de oportunidad para beneficiar la salud de las mujeres y sus hijos. Incluir la historia obstétrica como factor de riesgo de enfermedad coronaria. Proponer cuestionarios adaptables a las prácticas locales para facilitar la pronta incorporación de los índices de riesgo obstétrico y cardiovascular en dos etapas de la vida de una mujer. Ha llegado el momento para que los equipos obstétricos, cardiológicos y las pacientes jueguen un rol en la prevención de los riesgos y enfermedades cardiovasculares.


From 1995 onwards the association between hypertensive pregnancies and cardiovascular disease has generated a great volume of epidemiologic and clinical evidence. The purposes of this review are several. To demonstrate the consistence and weight of the scientific evidence. To integrate cardiovascular risks/diseases and obstetric complications through the link of endothelial dysfunction. To advocate postpartum follow-up after a hypertensive pregnancy as a window of opportunity to benefit the health of mothers and offsprings. To include the obstetrical history as a risk factor for coronary disease. To propose questionnaires adaptable to local practices to incorporate cardiovascular and obstetrical indexes in two stages of a woman's lifetime. The time has come for obstetrical teams, cardiologists and patients to play a preventive role regarding cardiovascular risks and diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Pre-Eclampsia/epidemiology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Pre-Eclampsia/diagnosis , Pre-Eclampsia/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/physiopathology , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Risk Factors
18.
Rev. salud pública Parag ; 10(1): [P74-P79], mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1087935

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la principal causa de mortalidad y morbilidad en el mundo actualmente, lo que obliga a la realización de los continuos avances en las estrategias diagnóstico precoz y tratamiento con el fin de mejorar el pronóstico y disminuir la mortalidad. Sin duda esto abre las puertas al campo de la investigación y en los últimos años aparecen los llamados biomarcadores séricos y entre ellos los microARN (miARN) que juegan un papel fundamental tanto en el desarrollo y como en la regulación del sistema cardiovascular. Los microARN tienen un tamaño de 19-25 nucleótidos, son el grupo de ARN de pequeño tamaño que ha atraído mayor atención durante los últimos años. Hasta la fecha, se han identificado aproximadamente unos 2500 miARN en el genoma humano. Los miARN desempeñan un papel en la regulación de diversos procesos biológicos, como la embriogénesis, la proliferación y diferenciación celular, la apoptosis o la tumorogénesis. En el sistema cardiovascular, los miARN controlan el crecimiento y la contractilidad de los cardiomiocitos, el desarrollo y mantenimiento del ritmo cardíaco, la formación de la placa arterioesclerótica, el metabolismo de los lípidos y la angiogénesis. Además están vinculados en la fisiopatología de varias enfermedades cardiovasculares, fundamentalmente la insuficiencia cardiaca, el infarto de miocardio, la enfermedad coronaria, la ateroesclerosis, y las cardiomiopatías de diversas etiologías, de allí que su determinación en la circulación podría ser de utilidad en la práctica clínica como potencial biomarcador diagnóstico y pronóstico de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Palabras clave: Micro RNA; Enfermedades cardiovasculares; Biomarcadores séricos.


Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of mortality and morbidity in the world today, which forces the continuous progress in early diagnosis and treatment strategies in order to improve the prognosis and decrease mortality. Undoubtedly this opens the doors to the field of research and in recent years there are the so-called serum biomarkers and among them microRNAs (miRNAs) that play a fundamental role both in the development and in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. The microRNAs are 19 to 25 nucleotides in size, they are the small group of RNA that has attracted the most attention in recent years. To date, approximately 2,500 miRNAs have been identified in the human genome. The miRNAs play a role in the regulation of various biological processes, such as embryogenesis, cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis or oncogenesis. In the cardiovascular system, miRNAs control the growth and contractility of cardiomyocytes, the development and maintenance of heart rhythm, the formation of atherosclerotic plaque, lipid metabolism and angiogenesis. They are also linked in the pathophysiology of several cardiovascular diseases, mainly heart failure, myocardial infarction, coronary heart disease, atherosclerosis, and cardiomyopathies of various etiologies, hence their determination in circulation could be useful in clinical practice as a potential biomarker in the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular diseases. Keywords: Micro RNA; Cardiovascular diseases; Serum biomarkers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , MicroRNAs/blood , Biomarkers , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis
19.
Rev. Méd. Clín. Condes ; 31(1): 21-27, ene.-feb. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1223317

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son muy frecuentes en la población anciana (pacientes mayores de 75 años). El enfrentamiento y manejo de ellas es distinto al indicado en pacientes jóvenes. Son escasos los estudios que incluyen población mayor de 75 años, con evidencia acerca de las diferencias que existen en la respuesta terapéutica en comparación al paciente joven. El anciano tiene mayor fragilidad y múltiples comorbilidades, con reserva cardiaca disminuida, lo que obliga a un manejo integral y acucioso. Los cambios propios de la edad repercuten tanto en riñón, cerebro, hígado, musculatura y corazón, lo que los hace pacientes más proclives a presentar complicaciones de la terapia farmacológica o intervencional. El objetivo de este artículo es resumir las recomendaciones sobre el manejo de las cardiopatías más frecuentes en el anciano, incluyendo insuficiencia cardiaca crónica, cardiopatía coronaria, hipertensión arterial, estenosis aórtica valvular y fibrilación auricular no valvular.


Cardiovascular diseases are very common in the elderly population, and their management is different. There are few studies that include population older than 75 years, with little evidence about the differences in the therapeutic response compared to the young patient. The elderly have greater fragility and multiple comorbidities, with diminished cardiac reserve, which requires a comprehensive and careful management. Changes due to advanced age, in kidney, brain, liver and musculature (among others), make them more vulnerable to complications of the pharmacological or interventional treatment. The objective of this article is to summarize the recommendations on the management of the most frequent heart diseases in the elderly, including chronic heart failure, coronary heart disease, arterial hypertension, valvular aortic stenosis, and non-valvular atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Pacemaker, Artificial , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrial Fibrillation , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Coronary Disease/diagnosis , Coronary Disease/therapy , Defibrillators , Heart Failure/diagnosis , Heart Failure/therapy , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/therapy
20.
Rev. medica electron ; 42(1): 1657-1668, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1127022

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El incremento de las enfermedades cardiovasculares, junto con los elevados costos que esto conlleva, ha identificado la necesidad de una renovación en el enfoque de la reducción de los riesgos cardiovasculares en la hipertensión arterial. Se realizó una revisión bibliográfica sobre los factores de riesgo cardiovasculares en inglés y español de los principales artículos publicados en PubMed, Scielo y MEDLINE durante los últimos cinco años. Aunque se han alcanzado logros, la reducción de las enfermedades cardiovasculares a través de la modificación de los estilos de vida sigue siendo un desafío. La mayoría de los pacientes continúan llevando un estilo de vida inadecuado, y menos de 1 % de la población observan los siete puntos esenciales que miden una vida saludable. La salud cardiovascular requerirá de un amplio enfoque para la eliminación de los factores de riesgo en base a la promoción de conductas saludables por vida, esto necesita de un enorme esfuerzo del gobierno local, las autoridades sanitarias, y sobre todo de los equipos locales de salud (AU).


SUMMARY The increment of the cardiovascular illnesses, together with the high costs that this bears, it has identified the necessity of a renovation in the focus of the reduction of the cardiovascular risks in the arterial hypertension. Was carried out a bibliographical revision about the cardiovascular factors risk of in English and Spanish of the main articles published in PubMed, Scielo and MEDLINE during the last five years. Develop and. Although achievements have been reached, the reduction of the cardiovascular illnesses through the modification of the lifestyles continues being a challenge. Most of the patients continue taking an inadequate lifestyle, and less than the population's 1 % observes the seven essential points that measure a healthy life. Although the cardiovascular health will require of a wide focus to elimination the risk factors based on the promotion of healthy behaviors for life, this needs of the local government's enormous effort, the sanitary authorities, and mainly of the local teams of health (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Factors , Review Literature as Topic , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hypertension/diagnosis , Hypertension/prevention & control
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL