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1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(2): e202310094, abr. 2024. tab, fig
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1532934

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La asociación entre los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia/adolescencia y la incidencia de eventos clínicos cardiovasculares en la adultez está poco explorada en la literatura. El objetivo de esta revisión sistemática fue analizar la evidencia disponible sobre este tema. Población y métodos. Esta revisión sistemática se realizó de acuerdo con las guías PRISMA. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica para detectar los estudios que evaluaron la asociación entre los niveles lipídicos en la edad pediátrica y la incidencia de eventos cardiovasculares en la edad adulta. No hubo restricciones idiomáticas ni geográficas en la búsqueda. Resultados. En total, cinco estudios observacionales (todas cohortes prospectivas) que incluyeron 43 540 pacientes fueron identificados y considerados elegibles para este estudio. Cuatro estudios evaluaron el nivel de triglicéridos; todos reportaron una asociación significativa entre este marcador en la edad pediátrica y los eventos cardiovasculares en la adultez. Un estudio reportó la misma asociación con el nivel de colesterol total, mientras que otro evidenció el valor predictivo de la lipoproteína (a) para el mismo desenlace clínico. Un solo estudio evaluó el colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de alta densidad (C-HDL), sin encontrar una relación con el punto final de interés. El análisis del colesterol asociado a lipoproteínas de baja densidad (C-LDL) arrojó resultados contradictorios, aunque la asociación fue significativa en los estudios con un tamaño muestral más grande y con un mayor número de eventos durante el seguimiento. Conclusión. Los datos de esta revisión sugieren que las alteraciones de los marcadores lipídicos en la infancia y la adolescencia se asocian con un mayor riesgo cardiovascular en la adultez temprana y media.


Introduction. The association between lipid markers in childhood/adolescence and the incidence of clinical cardiovascular events in adulthood has been little explored in the bibliography. The objective of this systematic review was to analyze available evidence on this topic. Population and methods. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines. A comprehensive bibliographic search was done to find studies assessing the association between lipid levels in childhood and the incidence of cardiovascular events in adulthood. There were no language or geographic restrictions. Results. A total of 5 observational studies (all prospective cohorts) including 43 540 patients were identified and considered eligible for this study. Four studies assessed triglyceride levels; all reported a significant association between this lipid marker in childhood and cardiovascular events in adulthood. A study reported the same association with total cholesterol level, while another showed the predictive value of lipoprotein (a) for the same clinical outcome. Only one study assessed high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), but it did not find an association with the endpoint of interest. The analysis of lowdensity lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) showed contradictory results, although the association was significant in the studies with a larger sample size and a higher number of events during follow-up. Conclusion. According to this review, alterations in lipid markers in childhood and adolescence are associated with a higher cardiovascular risk in early and middle adulthood.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/etiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cholesterol , Triglycerides , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Observational Studies as Topic , Cholesterol, HDL , Cholesterol, LDL
2.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 43(3): 128-133, sept. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1517860

ABSTRACT

Introducción: las mujeres con mutación BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) tienen un riesgo aumentado de desarrollar cáncer de mama (CM) y ovario (CO). La salpingo-oforectomía bilateral (SOB) se asocia con la reducción del riesgo del 80% para CO y un 50% para CM. Se recomienda realizarla entre los 35 y 40 años. Como consecuencia se produce una menopausia prematura, con un impacto negativo sobre la calidad de vida por la presencia de síntomas climatéricos, aumento del riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular, osteoporosis y riesgo de alteración cognitiva. La terapia hormonal (THM) es el tratamiento más eficaz para la prevención de estos síntomas. Estado del arte: distintos estudios han demostrado un mayor riesgo de CM en mujeres posmenopáusicas que reciben THM en particular con terapia combinada, estrógeno + progesterona (E+P). Según el metanálisis de Marchetti y cols., en las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que recibieron THM, no hubo diferencias en el riesgo de CM comparando E solo con E+P. En el estudio de Kotsopoulos, incluso se encontró un posible efecto protector en aquellas que usaron E solo. Otro estudio en portadoras sanas demostró que, en las mujeres menores de 45 años al momento de la SOB, la THM no afectó las tasas de CM. Sin embargo, en las mujeres mayores de 45 años, las tasas de CM fueron más altas. Como el esquema de E+P se asocia con un mayor riesgo relativo (RR) de CM, las dosis de progestágenos utilizados se deberían limitar, eligiendo derivados naturales de progesterona, de uso intermitente para disminuir la exposición sistémica. Según diferentes guías internacionales, a las portadoras de mBRCA sanas que se someten a una SOB se les debe ofrecer THM hasta la edad promedio de la menopausia. Conclusión: la menopausia prematura disminuye la expectativa de vida; es por ello que una de las herramientas para mejorar y prevenir el deterioro de la calidad de vida es la THM. El uso de THM a corto plazo parece seguro para las mujeres portadoras de mBRCA que se someten a una SOB antes de los 45 años, al no contrarrestar la reducción del riesgo de CM obtenida gracias a la cirugía. (AU)


Introduction: women with BRCA1/2 (mBRCA) mutation have an increased risk of developing breast (BC) and ovarian (OC) cancer. Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO) is associated with an 80% risk reduction for OC and 50% for BC. The recommended age for this procedure is 35 to 40 years. The consequence is premature menopause, which hurts the quality of life due to the presence of climacteric symptoms, increased risk of cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, and a higher risk of cognitive impairment. Hormone therapy (MHT) is the most effective treatment for preventing these symptoms. State of the art: different studies have shown an increased risk of BC in postmenopausal women receiving MHT, particularly with combined therapy, estrogen + progesterone (E+P). According to the meta-analysis by Marchetti et al., in women carrying mBRCA who received MHT, there was no difference in the risk of BC compared to E alone with E+P. In the Kostopoulos study, there was also a possible protective effect in those who used E alone. Another study in healthy carriers showed that in women younger than 45 years at the time of BSO, MHT did not affect BC rates. However, in women older than 45 years, BC rates were higher. As the E+P scheme is associated with a higher RR of BC, the doses of progestogens should be limited, choosing natural progesterone byproducts of intermittent use to decrease systemic exposure. According to various international guidelines, healthy mBRCA carriers undergoing BSO should be offered MHT until the average age of menopause. Conclusion: premature menopause decreases life expectancy, which is why one of the tools to improve and prevent deterioration of quality of life is MHT. Short-term use of MHT appears safe for women with mBRCA who undergo BSO before age 45 as it does not counteract the reduction in the risk of MC obtained by surgery. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Menopause, Premature , BRCA1 Protein/genetics , Hormone Replacement Therapy , BRCA2 Protein/genetics , Salpingo-oophorectomy/statistics & numerical data , Progesterone/adverse effects , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Breast Neoplasms/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Estrogens/adverse effects , Estrogens/therapeutic use
3.
Enferm. actual Costa Rica (Online) ; jun. 2023.
Article in Spanish | SaludCR, LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1520871

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son una de las principales causas de morbilidad y mortalidad en las Américas y en Chile. La pandemia por COVID-19 ha impactado la oferta de servicios de salud en la atención primaria, afectando el cuidado de las comunidades con alta prevalencia de enfermedades crónicas. En Chile, el Programa de Salud Cardiovascular brinda atención multiprofesional a personas con estas enfermedades en la atención primaria. Objetivo: Describir la variación de las prestaciones de servicios del Programa de Salud Cardiovascular en las comunas de la provincia de Santiago de Chile, durante el periodo 2014-2020 y su relación con la pobreza multidimensional en el periodo de pandemia. Método: Estudio descriptivo y ecológico. Se analizó la variación porcentual de las atenciones de enfermería, medicina y nutrición para cada comuna de la provincia de Santiago durante 2014-2020, utilizando registros del Ministerio de Salud de Chile. Se indagó en la variación 2019-2020 como descripción de la provisión de servicios del Programa de Salud Cardiovascular durante el primer año de pandemia y se analizó su asociación con la pobreza multidimensional. Resultados: La pandemia por COVID-19 impactó fuertemente en las atenciones del Programa de Salud Cardiovascular en la provincia de Santiago. Los controles disminuyeron en promedio un 60.43 %. Los controles de nutrición fueron los más afectados y los menos afectados los controles por medicina. Este impacto no se asoció con el nivel de pobreza multidimensional de cada comuna. Conclusiones: La magnitud en la disminución de atenciones revela la importancia de realizar vigilancia a la oferta de atenciones y ofrece una oportunidad para adelantarse a las consecuencias que esto implica.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases are the main cause of morbidity and mortality in the Americas and in Chile. The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted the supply of health services in primary care, affecting the attention of communities with a high prevalence of chronic diseases. In Chile, the Cardiovascular Health Program provides multi-professional primary care to people with these diseases. Aim: To describe the variation in the care assistance of the Cardiovascular Health Program to the communities of the province of Santiago de Chile, along the period of 2014 to 2020 and its relation to the multidimensional poverty during the pandemic. Method: This is a descriptive and ecological study. The percentage of variation in nursing, medicine, and nutrition care was analyzed for each community, using the records of the Ministry of Health of Chile. The variation from 2019 to 2020 was investigated as a description of the assistance of the Cardiovascular Health Program provided during the first year of the pandemic and its association with multidimensional poverty. Results: The COVID-19 pandemic strongly impacted the quality of assistance of the Cardiovascular Health Program control services in the province of Santiago. The controls decreased by an average of 60.43 %. The nutrition services were the most affected and the least affected were the physician services. This impact was not associated with the multidimensional poverty level in each community. Conclusions: It is important to monitor the impact of the pandemic on the assistance of the most prevailing chronic diseases in the population and to anticipate the consequences that this implies.


Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares são uma das principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade nas Américas e no Chile. A pandemia da COVID-19 impactou a oferta dos serviços de saúde na atenção primária, afetando o atendimento de comunidades com alta prevalência de doenças crónicas. No Chile, o Programa de Saúde Cardiovascular oferece atendimento multiprofissional às pessoas com essas doenças na atenção primária. Objetivo: Descrever a variação na prestação de serviços do Programa de Saúde Cardiovascular nos municípios da província de Santiago do Chile, durante o período 2014-2020 e sua relação com a pobreza multidimensional no período pandêmico. Método: Estudo descritivo e ecológico. A variação percentual das atenções de enfermagem, medicina e nutrição para cada comuna da província de Santiago durante 2014-2020, usando os registos do Ministério da Saúde do Chile. A variação 2019-2020 foi investigada como descrição da prestação de serviços do Programa de Saúde Cardiovascular durante o primeiro ano da pandemia e analisou-se a sua associação com a pobreza multidimensional. Resultados: A pandemia da COVID-19 teve forte impacto no atendimento do Programa de Saúde Cardiovascular na província de Santiago. Os controles diminuíram em média 60,43%. Os controles por nutricionista foram os mais afetados e os menos foram os controles pelo médico. Este impacto não foi associado ao nível de pobreza multidimensional de cada comunidade. Conclusões: A magnitude da diminuição do atendimento revela a importância do monitoramento da oferta de atenção e oferece uma oportunidade de antecipar as consequências que isso implica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Chronic Disease/prevention & control , COVID-19 , Chile , Pandemics
4.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442374

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The high prevalence of low vitamin B12 serum levels has been recognized as a public health problem in Latin America; however, the current magnitude of this deficiency in Colombia is uncertain. Low levels of vitamin B12 can induce clinical and subclinical hematological and neurological disorders. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated a relationship between vitamin B12 deficiency and cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). However, the role of vitamin B12 in insulin resistance has been poorly studied. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between vitamin B12 serum levels and biochemical and anthropometric markers related to CVDs and insulin resistance in postmenopausal women from Colombia Caribbean. Methods: Correlational, descriptive study. By convenience sampling, 182 postmenopausal women from the medical consultation service of a health institution were linked. Serum vitamin B12 levels, anthropometric variables (body mass index, abdominal perimeter), and biochemical variables (glycemia, insulin, lipid profile, HOMA IR) were evaluated. Results: The average value of the vitamin B12 serum level was 312.5 ± 122.5 pg/mL (230.6 ± 90.4 pmol/L); 46.7% of the women had less than adequate levels of 300 pg/mL (> 221 pmol/L), and 9. 9% were deficient, with levels of less than 200 pg/mL (148 pmol/L). The women with metabolic syndrome were 63.7%, and according to HOMA IR, 52.7 % had insulin resistance. A significant inverse relationship was shown between serum vitamin B12 levels with basal glycemic (P =0.002) and HOMA-IR (P =0.040). Conclusions: A significant inverse relationship between vitamin B12 levels and basal glycemia and HOMA-IR was observed. These findings highlight vitamin B12 deficiency in postmenopausal women and suggest nutritional supplementation.Keywords: Vitamin B12, Insulin resistance, Diet, Postmenopause, Cardiovascular diseases (AU).


Introdução: A alta prevalência de baixos níveis séricos de vitamina B12 foi reconhecida como um problema de saúde pública na América Latina, mas a magnitude atual dessa deficiência na Colômbia é incerta. Baixos níveis de vitamina B12 podem induzir distúrbios hematológicos e neurológicos clínicos e subclínicos. Na verdade, estudos epidemiológicos demonstram uma relação entre deficiência de vitamina B12 e doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs). No entanto, o papel da vitamina B12 na resistência à insulina tem sido pouco estudado. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a relação entre os níveis séricos de vitamina B12 e marcadores bioquímicos e antropométricos relacionados com doenças cardiovasculares e resistência à insulina em mulheres pós-menopáusicas da Colômbia Caribe. Métodos: Estudo correlacional, descritivo. Por amostragem de conveniência, foram vinculadas 182 mulheres na pós-menopausa do serviço de consulta médica de uma instituição de saúde. Níveis séricos de vitamina B12, variáveis antropométricas (índice de massa corporal, perímetro abdominal) e variáveis bioquímicas (glicemia, insulina, perfil lipídico, HOMA IR) foram avaliadas. Resultados: O valor médio do nível sérico de vitamina B12 foi de 312,5 ± 122,5 pg/mL (230,6 ± 90,4 pmol/L); 46,7% das mulheres tinham níveis abaixo do adequado de 300 pg/mL (> 221 pmol/L), e 9,9% eram deficientes, com níveis abaixo de 200 pg/mL (148 pmol/L).As mulheres com síndrome metabólica foram 63,7% e, segundo o HOMA IR, 52,7% apresentavam resistência à insulina. Uma relação inversa significativa entre os níveis séricos de vitamina B12 com glicemia basal (P = 0,002) e HOMA-IR (P = 0,040) foi mostrada. Conclusões: Foi observada uma relação inversa significativa entre os níveis de vitamina B12 e glicemia basal e HOMA-IR. Esses achados destacam a deficiência de vitamina B12 em mulheres na pós-menopausa e sugerem suplementação nutricional (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Vitamin B Complex , Insulin Resistance , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Postmenopause , Colombia , Caribbean Region
8.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 16-16, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971206

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Previous cardiovascular risk prediction models in Japan have utilized prospective cohort studies with concise data. As the health information including health check-up records and administrative claims becomes digitalized and publicly available, application of large datasets based on such real-world data can achieve prediction accuracy and support social implementation of cardiovascular disease risk prediction models in preventive and clinical practice. In this study, classical regression and machine learning methods were explored to develop ischemic heart disease (IHD) and stroke prognostic models using real-world data.@*METHODS@#IQVIA Japan Claims Database was searched to include 691,160 individuals (predominantly corporate employees and their families working in secondary and tertiary industries) with at least one annual health check-up record during the identification period (April 2013-December 2018). The primary outcome of the study was the first recorded IHD or stroke event. Predictors were annual health check-up records at the index year-month, comprising demographic characteristics, laboratory tests, and questionnaire features. Four prediction models (Cox, Elnet-Cox, XGBoost, and Ensemble) were assessed in the present study to develop a cardiovascular disease risk prediction model for Japan.@*RESULTS@#The analysis cohort consisted of 572,971 invididuals. All prediction models showed similarly good performance. The Harrell's C-index was close to 0.9 for all IHD models, and above 0.7 for stroke models. In IHD models, age, sex, high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure had higher importance, while in stroke models systolic blood pressure and age had higher importance.@*CONCLUSION@#Our study analyzed classical regression and machine learning algorithms to develop cardiovascular disease risk prediction models for IHD and stroke in Japan that can be applied to practical use in a large population with predictive accuracy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Japan/epidemiology , Stroke/etiology , Myocardial Ischemia/epidemiology , Risk Assessment/methods
9.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 11-11, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971201

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Sex- and age-specific impacts of cardiovascular risk factors on the development of dementia have not been well evaluated. We investigated these impacts of smoking, overweight/obesity, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus on the risk of disabling dementia.@*METHODS@#The study participants were 25,029 (10,134 men and 14,895 women) Japanese aged 40-74 years without disabling dementia at baseline (2008-2013). They were assessed on smoking status (non-current or current), overweight/obesity (body mass index ≥25 kg/m2 and ≥30 kg/m2, respectively), hypertension (systolic blood pressure ≥140 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure ≥90 mmHg or any antihypertensive medication use), and diabetes mellitus (a fasting serum glucose ≥126 mg/dL, non-fasting glucose ≥200 mg/dL, hemoglobin A1c ≥6.5% by the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program or glucose-lowering medication use) at baseline. Disabling dementia was identified as the level of care required ≥1 and cognitive disability grade ≥IIa according to the National Long-term Care Insurance Database. We used a Cox proportional regression model to estimate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) of disabling dementia according to the cardiovascular risk factors and calculated the population attributable fractions (PAFs).@*RESULTS@#During a median follow-up of 9.1 years, 1,322 (606 men and 716 women) developed disabling dementia. Current smoking and hypertension were associated with a higher risk of disabling dementia in both sexes, whereas overweight or obesity was not associated with the risk in either sex. Diabetes mellitus was associated with a higher risk only in women (p for sex interaction = 0.04). The significant PAFs were 13% for smoking and 14% for hypertension in men and 3% for smoking, 12% for hypertension, and 5% for diabetes mellitus in women. The total PAFs of the significant risk factors were 28% in men and 20% in women. When stratified by age, hypertension in midlife (40-64 years) was associated with the increased risk in men, while diabetes mellitus in later-life (65-74 years) was so in women.@*CONCLUSIONS@#A substantial burden of disabling dementia was attributable to smoking, and hypertension in both sexes and diabetes mellitus in women, which may require the management of these cardiovascular risk factors to prevent dementia.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Overweight/complications , East Asian People , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hypertension/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Obesity/etiology , Smoking/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Dementia/etiology
10.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 480-487, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986879

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the expected population impact of benefit and risk of aspirin treatment strategies for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases recommended by different guidelines in the Chinese Electronic Health Records Research in Yinzhou (CHERRY) study.@*METHODS@#A decision-analytic Markov model was used to simulate and compare different strategies of aspirin treatment, including: Strategy ①: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-69 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk, recommended by the 2020 Chinese Guideline on the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Diseases; Strategy ②: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-59 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk, recommended by the 2022 United States Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on Aspirin Use to Prevent Cardiovascular Disease; Strategy ③: Aspirin treatment for Chinese adults aged 40-69 years with a high 10-year cardiovascular risk and blood pressure well-controlled (< 150/90 mmHg), recommended by the 2019 Guideline on the Assessment and Management of Cardio-vascular Risk in China. The high 10-year cardiovascular risk was defined as the 10-year predicted risk over 10% based on the 2019 World Health Organization non-laboratory model. The Markov model simulated different strategies for ten years (cycles) with parameters mainly from the CHERRY study or published literature. Quality-adjusted life year (QALY) and the number needed to treat (NNT) for each ischemic event (including myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke) were calculated to assess the effectiveness of the different strategies. The number needed to harm (NNH) for each bleeding event (including hemorrhagic stroke and gastrointestinal bleeding) was calculated to assess the safety. The NNT for each net benefit (i.e., the difference of the number of ischemic events could be prevented and the number of bleeding events would be added) was also calculated. One-way sensitivity analysis on the uncertainty of the incidence rate of cardiovascular diseases and probabilistic sensitivity analysis on the uncertainty of hazard ratios of interventions were conducted.@*RESULTS@#A total of 212 153 Chinese adults, were included in this study. The number of people who were recommended for aspirin treatment Strategies ①-③ was 34 235, 2 813, and 25 111, respectively. The Strategy ③ could gain the most QALY of 403 [95% uncertainty interval (UI): 222-511] years. Compared with Strategy ①, Strategy ③ had similar efficiency but better safety, with the extra NNT of 4 (95%UI: 3-4) and NNH of 39 (95%UI: 19-132). The NNT per net benefit was 131 (95%UI: 102-239) for Strategy ①, 256 (95%UI: 181-737) for Strategy ②, and 132 (95%UI: 104-232) for Strategy ③, making Strategy ③ the most favorable option with a better QALY and safety, along with similar efficiency in terms of net benefit. The results were consistent in the sensitivity analyses.@*CONCLUSION@#The aspirin treatment strategies recommended by the updated guidelines on the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases showed a net benefit for high-risk Chinese adults from developed areas. However, to balance effectiveness and safety, aspirin is suggested to be used for primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases with consideration for blood pressure control, resulting in better intervention efficiency.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Myocardial Infarction/prevention & control , Primary Prevention/methods
11.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 465-470, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986877

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore joint association of depression symptoms and 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease (CVD) in middle-aged and elderly people in China.@*METHODS@#Based on China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study(CHARLS)database using 2011 baseline data and the follow-up cohort data of 2013, 2015 and 2018, describe the distribution characteristics of baseline depressive symptoms and 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease in 2011. Cox survival analysis model was used to analyze the individual, independent and joint association of depression symptoms and 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease with cardiovascular disease.@*RESULTS@#A total of 9 412 subjects were enrolled. The detection rate of depressive symptoms at baseline was 44.7%, and the 10-year middle and high risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease was 13.62%. During an average follow-up of 6.19 (6.19±1.66) years, 1 401 cases of cardiovascular disease were diagnosed in 58 258 person-years, revealing an overall incidence density of 24.048/1 000 person-years. After adjusting the factors, in terms of individual impact, the participants with depressive symptoms had a higher risk of developing CVD (HR=1.263, 95%CI: 1.133-1.408), while medium to high risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease had a higher risk of developing CVD (HR=1.892, 95%CI: 1.662-2.154). Among independent influences, participants with depressive symptoms had a higher risk of developing CVD (HR=1.269, 95% CI: 1.138-1.415), while medium to high risk of 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease had a higher risk of developing CVD (HR=1.898, 95%CI: 1.668-2.160). Joint impact result showed the incidence of cardiovascular disease in the low risk of 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease with depressive symptoms group, middle and high risk of 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease without depressive symptoms group, and 10-year middle and high risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease with depressive symptoms group were 1.390, 2.149, and 2.339 times higher than that of low risk of 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease without depressive symptoms (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#The superimposed depression symptoms of the middle and high-risk population at the 10-year risk of ischemic cardiovascular disease will aggravate the risk of cardiovascular disease in middle-aged and elderly people. In combination with the actual lifestyle intervention and physical index health management, attention should be paid to mental health intervention.


Subject(s)
Aged , Middle Aged , Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Longitudinal Studies , Depression/epidemiology , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology
12.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 1013-1020, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985627

ABSTRACT

Risk prediction models play an important role in the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the elderly population. There are fifteen papers about CVD risk prediction models developed for the elderly domestically and internationally, of which the definitions of disease outcome vary widely. Ten models were reported with insufficient information about study methods or results. Ten models were at high risk of bias. Thirteen models presented moderate discrimination in internal validation, and only four models have undertaken external validation. The CVD risk prediction models for the elderly differed from those for the general population in terms of model algorithm and the effect size of association between predictor and outcome, and the prediction performance of the models for the elderly attenuated. In the future, high-quality external validation researches are necessary to provide more solid evidence. Different ways, including adding new predictors, using competing risk model algorithms, machine learning methods, or joint models, and altering the prediction time horizon, should be explored to optimize the current models.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Algorithms , Machine Learning
13.
Chinese Journal of Epidemiology ; (12): 885-890, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985608

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the causal association between long-term Nitrogen dioxide (NO2) exposure and the risk of cardiovascular hospitalization. Methods: Based on a sub-cohort of a community-based prospective cohort study, a total of 36 271 participants were recruited from 35 communities randomly selected in Guangzhou in 2015. The annual average exposure of NO2, demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, and information on the causes of hospitalization was collected. We applied marginal structural Cox models to investigate the effect of NO2 on cardiovascular hospitalization. Demographic and behavioral factors also stratified results. Results: The mean age of participants in the present study was (50.9±17.8) years, and the cardiovascular admission rate was 8.7%, with 203 822 person-years of follow-up. The annual mean NO2 concentration was 48.7 μg/m3 during 2015-2020. For each 10 μg/m3 increase in NO2 concentrations, the HRs (95%CIs) of total cardiovascular hospitalization, cardiovascular hospitalization, and cerebrovascular hospitalization were 1.33 (1.16-1.52), 1.36 (1.16-1.60) and 1.25 (1.00-1.55), respectively. Participants who were never married/married, with secondary education, high exercise frequency, or non-smokers/current smokers may be more susceptible than their counterparts. Conclusion: Long-term exposure to NO2 significantly increased hospitalization risk for cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Nitrogen Dioxide , Prospective Studies , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Causality , Hospitalization
14.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e220216, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521590

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This study aims to estimate the epidemiological burden of excessive salt intake reduction and achieve the World Health Organization salt reduction target for 2025 in Paraguay, in 2019. Methods We used the Preventable Risk Integrated Model, a comparative risk assessment macro-simulation model, to estimate the averted deaths, disease incidence, and disability-adjusted life years from cardiovascular disease attributable to salt intake in the population of Paraguay for different salt reduction policy scenarios. Results As a result, in Paraguay, excessive salt intake (over 5 g/day) is responsible for approximately 2,656 cardiovascular disease deaths (95% Uncertainty Interval: 1,250-3,765), 4,816 cardiovascular disease cases (95% UI: 2,251-6,947), and 60,529 disability-adjusted life years (95% UI: 27,828-86,258) per year. By reducing salt consumption by 30%, as recommended by the World Health Organization until 2025, approximately 1,188 deaths (95% UI: 520 to 1,820), 2,100 incident cases (95% UI: 923-3,234), and 27,272 disability-adjusted life years (95% UI: 11,999-41,675) from cardiovascular disease could be averted every year. Conclusion In conclusion, the burden of cardiovascular disease attributable to excessive salt intake is significant and salt reduction policies must become a priority in Paraguay.


RESUMO Objetivo Este estudo visa estimar a carga epidemiológica do consumo excessivo de sal e o alcance da meta da Organização Mundial de Saúde para 2025 no Paraguai, em 2019. Métodos Foi usado um modelo de avaliação comparativa de risco (Preventable Risk Integrated Model) para análise comparativa de risco para estimar mortes, casos incidentes e anos de vida ajustados por incapacidade (DALYs) por doenças cardiovasculares atribuíveis ao consumo excessivo de sal na população paraguaia em diferentes cenários. Resultados No Paraguai, o consumo excessivo de sal é responsável por aproximadamente 2.656 mortes (Intervalo de Incerteza 95%: 1.250-3.765), 4.816 casos incidentes (95% II: 2.251-6.947) e 60.529 DALYs (95% II: 27.828-86.258) por doenças cardiovasculares por ano. Com uma redução de 30% no consumo de sal, como recomendado pela Organização Mundial de Saúde até 2025, aproximadamente 1.188 mortes (95% II: 520-1.820), 2.100 casos incidentes (95% II: 923-3.234) e 27.272 DALYs (95% II: 11.999-41.675) por doenças cardiovasculares poderiam ser prevenidos ou adiados por ano. Conclusão Concluiu-se que a carga de doenças cardiovasculares atribuível ao consumo excessivo de sal no Paraguai é significante e políticas de redução deveriam ser priorizadas no país.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Sodium, Dietary/adverse effects , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/analysis , Paraguay , World Health Organization , Mortality/ethnology , Sodium Chloride, Dietary/adverse effects , Health Policy , Hypertension/mortality
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(12): 1596-1604, dic. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515407

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) practice reduces the adverse effects of COVID-19. PA counseling promotes healthy lifestyles and prevents cardiometabolic diseases. AIM: To assess the trend in cases of PA counseling and the cardiometabolic disease between 2012 and 2019 (before COVID-19) in a southern Chilean region. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Records of Maule Region Health Service for 731.163 men, and 829.097 women aged < 10 to ≥ 65 years were analyzed. The average annual percentage change (AAPC) during the study period and the annual percentage change (APC) during intermediate periods, were calculated. RESULTS: There was a significant decrease in PA counseling in women in the study period (AAPC: −13.6%). In the 2012-2017 period a significant decrease in counseling for total, men and women were observed (APC: −18.1, −16.5 and −19.1%, respectively). Obesity increased significantly in total, men and women in the 2012-2019 period (AAPC: 10.1, 8.5 and 10.7%, respectively). The same trend was observed for hypertension (AAPC: 8.1, 8.5 and 7.6% respectively) and elevated blood glucose (AAPC: 10, 11.5 and 9.6%, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: In the study period PA counseling decreased along with an increase in obesity, hypertension and high blood glucose. Increasing PA counseling is a mainstay in the prevention of cardiometabolic diseases and probably to prevent contagion and complement the treatment of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , COVID-19 , Metabolic Diseases/prevention & control , Metabolic Diseases/epidemiology , Blood Glucose , Exercise , Chile/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Counseling/statistics & numerical data , Pandemics , Hypertension , Obesity/prevention & control , Obesity/epidemiology
16.
Rev. cuba. med ; 61(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1441677

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los índices aterogénicos hacen referencia a un conjunto de indicadores bioquímicos que a partir de la relación entre variables lipídicas permiten predecir el riesgo de daño aterosclerótico. Objetivo: Evaluar la utilidad de los índices aterogénicos en el diagnóstico de aterosclerosis subclínica en pacientes con dislipidemia. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en 812 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de dislipidemia en el Hospital Clínico Quirúrgico Hermanos Ameijeiras, en el período 2015-2020. Resultados: La edad media de los pacientes fue de 56,79 ± 10,24 años, predominó el grupo de 60 y más años con un 40,9 por ciento y el sexo femenino para un 73,8 por ciento. El 61,2 por ciento de los pacientes tienen presente algún tipo de obesidad. La presencia de HTA y el consumo de tabaco afectan el 52 por ciento y 24,6 por ciento de la población estudiada. El 74,8 por ciento (607 casos) fue clasificado como riesgo cardiovascular medio según los criterios de Framingham, mientras que el 12,9 por ciento fue clasificado como riesgo alto. Se identificaron 323 (39,8 por ciento) pacientes con presencia de aterosclerosis subclínica. Las diferencias de los valores medios de los índices aterogénicos entre los grupos con presencia de aterosclerosis subclínica fueron estadísticamente significativas para los índices cCtotal/ cHDL y cLDL/cHDL (p<0,05). En el análisis multivariado los índices asociados al riesgo de presentar aterosclerosis subclínica fueron la relación cCtotal/cHDL (R=1,11) y cLDL/cHDL (R=1,12) (p<0,05). Conclusiones: Los índices aterogénicos son de utilidad en el diagnóstico de aterosclerosis subclínica, los cocientes cCtotal/cHDL y cLDL/cHDL son los que están asociados significativamente con la probabilidad de presentar daño aterosclerótico carotideo(AU)


Introduction: Atherogenic indices refer to a set of biochemical indicators that, based on the relationship between lipid variables, allow predicting the risk of atherosclerotic damage. Objective: To evaluate the usefulness of atherogenic indices in the diagnosis of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with dyslipidemia. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in 812 patients with clinical diagnosis of dyslipidemia at Hermanos Ameijeiras Surgical Clinical Hospital, from 2015 to 2020. Results: The mean age of the patients was 56.79 ± 10.24 years, the group of 60 and over predominated with 40.9percent and the female sex with 73.8percent. Some type of obesity was present in 61.2percent of the patients. The presence of hypertension and tobacco consumption affect 52percent and 24.6percent of the population studied, respectively. 74.8percent (607 cases) were classified as medium cardiovascular risk according to Framingham criteria, while 12.9percent were classified as high risk. Three hundred twenty three (39.8percent) patients with subclinical atherosclerosis were identified. The differences in the mean values of the atherogenic indices between the groups with subclinical atherosclerosis were statistically significant for the total C/HDLc and LDLc/HDLc indices (p<0.05). In the multivariate analysis, the indices associated with the risk of subclinical atherosclerosis were the ratio of Total C/HDLc (R=1.11) and LDLc/HDLc (R=1.12) (p<0.05). Conclusions: The atherogenic indices are useful in the diagnosis of subclinical atherosclerosis; cCtotal/cHDL and cLDL/cHDL ratios are those that are significantly associated with the probability of carotid atherosclerotic damage(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive
17.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 9(3): 1-13, sept. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1518684

ABSTRACT

Worldwide, the leading cause of death is cardiovascular disease. The study details the prescription of statins at the Pablo Arturo Suarez Hospital in Ecuador between March 2021 and February 2022 following the ASCVD risk scale of the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association. There are 563 people in this cross-sectional and retrospective study: 70% women, 30% men, 93.30% mestizos, 48.10% diabetics, 62.30% hypertensives, and 18.70% smokers. 26.10% of all patients received statins, with simvastatin being the most common (96.60%). The mean cardiovascular risk in the general population was 15.52 ± 14.51%, 44.99% of subjects had a risk lower than 7.50%, and 29% had a risk higher than 20%, with a statistically significant difference (p<0.001) according to sex. The study determined that 58.60% of the population received a statin or an inadequate dosage.


A nivel mundial, la principal causa de muerte es la enfermedad cardiovascular. El estudio detalla la prescripción de estatinas en el Hospital Pablo Arturo Suárez de Ecuador entre marzo de 2021 y febrero de 2022, siguiendo la escala de riesgo ASCVD del Colegio Americano de Cardiología y la Asociación Americana del Corazón. Son 563 personas en este estudio transversal y retrospectivo: 70% mujeres, 30% hombres, 93.30% mestizos, 48.10% diabéticos, 62.30% hipertensos y 18.70% fumadores. El 26.10% de los pacientes recibía estatinas, siendo la simvastatina la más frecuente (96.60%). El riesgo cardiovascular medio en la población general fue de 15.52 ± 14.51%, el 44.99% de los sujetos tenía un riesgo inferior al 7.50%, y el 29% tenía un riesgo superior al 20%, con una diferencia estadísticamente significativa (p<0.001) según el sexo. El estudio determinó que el 58.60% de la población recibía una estatina o una dosis inadecuada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Atherosclerosis/prevention & control , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Ethnicity , Smoking/adverse effects , Smoking/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment/methods , Simvastatin/administration & dosage , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiology , Atherosclerosis/diagnosis , Atherosclerosis/epidemiology , Atorvastatin/administration & dosage , Hypertension/complications , Hypertension/epidemiology
18.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 537-545, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385268

ABSTRACT

Abstract The prevalence of depression varies from 1 to 17% in different geographic regions, and its incidence is 70% higher in women than men. Today, depression affects more than 300 million people worldwide, affecting twice as many women from adolescence to adulthood. In addition to this earlier onset, depression in women tends to be more severe. Cardiovascular disease and depression are chronic diseases that have a major impact on cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, with evidence of a two-way relationship between them, in which depression is a predictor of cardiovascular disease and vice versa. In females, the degree of illness and prognosis are more severe when both diseases are present, than when diagnosed alone. In patients with acute or chronic cardiovascular disease, especially women, a systematic screening for depression should be considered as a preventive strategy of cardiovascular events, aiming to reduce the risk of future events. There are still no clinical studies designed to assess the impact of antidepressant treatment on cardiovascular outcomes in women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Depression/complications , Prognosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Depression/diagnosis , Depression/epidemiology
19.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 37(1): e201, jun. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1390034

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: aunque la enfermedad cardiovascular (ECV) es la principal causa de muerte de las mujeres en Uruguay, ellas no lo perciben. Objetivos: el propósito de este estudio fue evaluar la percepción, el conocimiento y las conductas de prevención de las ECV entre mujeres por grupos de edad, nivel socioeconómico (NSE) y región, así como su conocimiento sobre factores de riesgo, síntomas y comportamientos cardiosaludables. Métodos: en 2020 se encuestaron vía web 700 mujeres de entre 20 y 70 años, residentes en Uruguay (Montevideo: 301, interior del país: 399). Se pautó publicidad en redes sociales para convocar a la población objetivo a participar. Las integrantes de la muestra, que completaron una encuesta autoadministrada, presentaban distribución similar a la población general en cuanto al NSE y la edad. Resultados: las mujeres encuestadas percibieron a la ECV como principal problema de salud (PS) en el 10% y como primera CM en el 18%. Las montevideanas, comparadas con las del interior, tuvieron mayores niveles de percepción (PS: 13% vs. 7%-CM: 20% vs. 17%); así como las de NSE alto vs. las de medio-bajo (PS: 17% vs. 8%-CM: 29% vs. 14%). La percepción y el conocimiento sobre ECV son bajos, las jóvenes son las menos informadas (escasos/muy escasos: 62%). Los médicos advierten poco sobre síntomas (23%) y estrategias de prevención (48%). Conclusión: la percepción de las mujeres encuestadas sobre la ECV es baja, existiendo brechas por edad, NSE y región. En la consulta, los médicos informan poco sobre el tema. Es necesario un esfuerzo continuo para mejorar la percepción de las mujeres sobre la ECV en su propio género, intentando llegar principalmente a las poblaciones de mayor riesgo.


Background: although cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the main cause of death for women in Uruguay, they do not perceive it. Objectives: the purpose of this study was to evaluate the perception, knowledge, and prevention behaviors of CVD among women by age group, socioeconomic level (SEL), and region, as well as knowledge of risk factors, symptoms, and heart-healthy behaviors. Method and result: online survey of 700 women residents of Uruguay (Montevideo: 301, interior of the country: 399), was conducted in 2020, ages between 20 and 70 years. Advertising was scheduled on social networks, calling the target population to participate in that research by completing a selfadministered survey, obtaining a set of cases with a similar distribution to the general population in terms of SEL and age. CVD was perceived in 10% as the main health problem (HP) and 18% as the first CD. Women from Montevideo vs. interior had higher levels of perception (HP: 13% vs. 7%-CD: 20% vs. 17%); as well as those of high vs. those of mediumlow SEL (HP: 17% vs. 8%-CD: 29% vs. 14%). The perception and knowledge about CVD are low, with young women being the least informed (little/very little: 62%). Doctors report little on symptoms (23%) and prevention (48%). Conclusion: the perception of the women surveyed about CVD is low, with gaps by age, NSE and region. Doctors inform little about this topic during clinical visits. A continuous effort is necessary to improve women's perception of CVD in their own gender, trying to reach mainly the populations at greatest risk.


Antecedentes: embora a doença cardiovascular (DCV) seja a principal causa de morte das mulheres no Uruguai, elas não a percebem. Objetivos: o objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a percepção, conhecimento e comportamentos de prevenção de DCV entre mulheres por faixa etária, nível socioeconômico (NSE) e região, bem como o conhecimento de fatores de risco, sintomas, doenças cardíacas e comportamentos saudáveis para o coração. Método e resultado: em 2020, 700 mulheres entre 20 e 70 anos, residentes no Uruguai, foram entrevistadas via web (Montevidéu: 301, interior do país: 399). A publicidade foi agendada nas redes sociais, convocando a população alvo a participar da referida pesquisa através do preenchimento de um inquérito autoaplicável, obtendose um conjunto de casos com distribuição semelhante à população geral em termos de NSE e idade. As mulheres pesquisadas perceberam a DCV como principal problema de saúde (PS) em 10% e como principal CM em 18%. As mulheres de Montevidéu vs. interior apresentaram níveis mais elevados de percepção (PS: 13% vs. 7%-CM: 20% vs. 17%); bem como as de NSE alto vs. as de médiobaixo (PS: 17% vs. 8%-CM: 29% vs. 14%). A percepção e o conhecimento sobre DCV são baixos, sendo as mulheres jovens as menos informadas (pouco/muito pouco: 62%). Os médicos informam pouco sobre síntomas (23%) e prevenção (48%). Conclusão: a percepção das mulheres pesquisadas sobre DCV é baixa, com diferenças por idade, NSE e região. Os médicos informam pouco sobre esse tema durante as consultas clínicas. É necessário um esforço contínuo para melhorar a percepção das mulheres sobre as DCV em seu próprio gênero, tentando atingir principalmente as populações de maior risco.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Perception , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Socioeconomic Factors , Uruguay/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Health Surveys , Cause of Death , Age Distribution
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