Unable to write in log file ../../bases/logs/gimorg/logerror.txt Search | Global Index Medicus
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 539
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(4): 488-497, July-Aug. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385270


Abstract Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide, including among physicians. Professional peculiarities increase cardiovascular risk in this population, making it relevant to analyze mortality in the medical population (MPop) and non-medical population (NMPop). Objectives: To compare the CVD mortality coefficient (MC) in between MPop and NMPop in Brazil by analyzing the epidemiological profile and the main causes of deaths from CVD. Methods: Time-series study with data obtained from the Mortality Information System of the Federal Council of Medicine and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, from 2014 to 2018. The variables age group, sex, race, occupation, and CVD that caused the death were assessed in MPop and NMPop. MC, relative risk and odds ratio between the populations were calculated. Tests for difference in proportions, with approximation to the normal distribution, and chi-squared tests were performed, assuming p<0.01 as statistically significant. Results: Both MPop and NMPop had a predominance of men (86.7% and 52.3%), senior citizens (85.9% and 79.7%) and white individuals (86.4% and 52.2%). The MCs of the MPop and NMPop was 92.2 and 255.1 deaths/100,000 individuals, respectively. The main cause of death was acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (32.5% and 24.6% in MPop and NMPop, respectively) followed by cerebrovascular accident (CVA) (5.1% and 10.5% in MPop and NMPop, respectively). Conclusion: In Brazil, mortality from CVD was more prevalent in white elderly males, and mainly caused by AMI and CVA. Being a doctor, man and over 60 years old represents a greater chance of death from CVD in comparison with non-physicians.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Physicians/statistics & numerical data , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Brazil , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Time Series Studies , Heart Disease Risk Factors
Más Vita ; 4(2): 93-102, jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1392126


En el mundo las enfermedades cardiovasculares son responsables de casi un tercio del total de las muertes por año. Cada vez son más las personas que padecen hipertensión arterial (HTA), desconociendo muchos su condición. Objetivo: Diseñar una estrategia educativa para elevar el conocimiento sobre hipertensión arterial en la población de 20 años y más en el consultorio 2 de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria; Centro de Salud Luchadores del Norte, año 2021.Materiales métodos: Se realizó una investigación descriptiva, observacional, prospectiva y transversal con la población de adultos del Centro de Salud Luchadores Norte, para elaborar el diseño de una estrategia educativa que eleve el conocimiento sobre esta enfermedad; se midieron variables sociodemográficas, de estilos de vida y de conocimiento. Resultados: El grupo de edad más frecuente de 50 a 59 años 26,2%; sexo masculino 66,4%; escolaridad nivel básico 41,1%; estado civil unión libre 52,3%; etnia mestizo 58,9% y ocupación empleado privado 29,0%; no realizan actividad física 65,4%; consumo excesivo de sal 67,3%; grasa 58,9%; gaseosas y energizantes 52,8%; no conocen de la enfermedad 62,6%; técnica charla 39,3%; frecuencia una vez cada 15 días 43,9%; horario de mañana 57,0%; duración 30 minutos 52,3%; lugar centro de salud 50,5% y tamaño del grupo de 6 a 10 (42,1%). Conclusión: La bibliografía concuerda mayoritariamente con los resultados de la investigación, en consumo de sal elevado, grasas, gaseosas y bebidas energizantes; el conocimiento sobre la enfermedad es escaso en los hipertensos, concordando con las citas de referencia; concluyendo, que coexisten estilos de vida no saludables con desconocimiento; favoreciendo las complicaciones de la enfermedad, una intervención educativa elevaría conocimiento y cambia actitudes evitando consecuencias y daños irreversibles(AU)

In the world, cardiovascular diseases are responsible for almost a third of all deaths per year. More and more people suffer from high blood pressure (HBP), many unaware of their condition. Objective: To design an educational strategy to raise awareness about arterial hypertension in the population aged 20 and over in Family and Community Medicine office 2; Luchadores del Norte Health Center, year 2021. Materials and methods: A descriptive, observational, prospective and cross-sectional investigation was carried out with the adult population of the Luchadores Norte Health Center, to develop the design of an educational strategy that raises knowledge about this illness; sociodemographic, lifestyle and knowledge variables were measured. Results: The most frequent age group was 50 to 59 years old, 26.2%; male sex 66.4%; basic level schooling 41.1%; marital status free union 52.3%; mestizo ethnic group 58.9% and occupation private employee 29.0%; do not perform physical activity 65.4%; excessive consumption of salt 67.3%; fat 58.9%; soft drinks and energy drinks 52.8%; 62.6% do not know about the disease; talk technique 39.3%; frequency once every 15 days 43.9%; morning hours 57.0%; duration 30 minutes 52.3%; health center location 50.5% and group size from 6 to 10 (42.1%). Conclusion: The bibliography mostly agrees with the results of the investigation, in consumption of high salt, fat, soft drinks and energy drinks; knowledge about the disease is scarce in hypertensive patients, in agreement with the reference citations; concluding that unhealthy lifestyles coexist with ignorance; favoring the complications of the disease, an educational intervention would increase knowledge and change attitudes, avoiding consequences and irreversible damage(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Health Education , Health Strategies , Hypertension/etiology , Health Centers , Educational Status , Noncommunicable Diseases , Life Style
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 80-87, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356311


Abstract Background The COVID-19 pandemic has imposed measures of social distancing and, during this time, there has been an elevation in cardiovascular mortality rates and a decrease in the number of emergency visits. Objectives To assess and compare in-hospital mortality for cardiovascular diseases and emergency department visits during the COVID-19 pandemic and the same period in 2019. Methods Retrospective, single-center study that evaluated emergency visits and in-hospital deaths between March 16, 2020 and June 16, 2020, when the steepest fall in the number of emergency admissions for COVID-19 was registered. These data were compared with the emergency visits and in-hospital deaths between March 16 and June 16, 2019. We analyzed the total number of deaths, and cardiovascular deaths. The level of significance was set at p < 0.05. Results There was a 35% decrease in the number of emergency visits and an increase in the ratio of the number of deaths to the number of emergency visits in 2020. The increase in the ratio of the number of all-cause deaths to the number of emergency visits was 45.6% and the increase in the ratio of the number of cardiovascular deaths to the number of emergency visits was 62.1%. None of the patients who died in the study period in 2020 tested positive for COVID-19. Conclusion In-hospital mortality for cardiovascular diseases increased proportionally to the number of emergency visits during the COVID-19-imposed social distancing compared with the same period in 2019. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Hospital Mortality , Emergency Service, Hospital , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Emergency Treatment/statistics & numerical data , Physical Distancing , COVID-19/complications , Hospitalization
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 35(1): 95-106, Jan.-Feb. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356307


Abstract Background: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular impairment, increasing the rates of atherosclerotic and non-atherosclerotic events. Additionally, adverse kidney events are directly linked with T2DM and cardiovascular diseases. In this context, the sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i) have demonstrated both cardioprotective and renoprotective effects in patients with or without T2DM. Therefore, the present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or other add-on antidiabetic agents (ADA) in patients with or without T2DM. Objetive: The present meta-analysis aims to evaluate cardiovascular outcomes involving SGLT2i as monotherapy or add-on other ADA in patients with or without T2DM. Methods: The entrance criteria to SGLT2i studies were: describing any data regarding cardiovascular effects; enrolling more than 1,000 participants; being approved by either the FDA or the EU, and having available access to the supplementary data. The trial had to exhibit at least one of the following results: major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure, cardiovascular death, hospitalization for heart failure, renal or cardiovascular adverse events, or non-cardiovascular death. The significance level of 0.05 was adopted in the statistical analysis. Results: Nine trials with a total of 76,285 participants were included in the meta-analysis. SGLT2i reduced MACE (RR 0.75, 95% CI [0.55-1.01]), cardiovascular death or hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.72, 95% CI [0.55-0.93]), cardiovascular death (RR 0.66, 95% CI [0.48-0.91]), hospitalization for heart failure (RR 0.58, 95% CI [0.46-0.73]), renal or cardiovascular adverse events (RR 0.55, 95% CI [0.39-0.78]), and non-cardiovascular death (RR 0.88, 95% CI [0.60-1.00]). Conclusions: Conjunction overall data suggests that these drugs can minimize the risk of cardiovascular events, thus decreasing mortality in patients, regardless of the presence of T2DM.

Humans , Cardiotonic Agents , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/drug therapy , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 , Hospitalization , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 71 f p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1392721


As doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) são a principal causa de morte no Brasil e no mundo. As doenças isquêmicas do coração (DIC) e doenças cerebrovasculares (DCBV) estão entre as dez principais causas de mortes no Brasil. A análise de tendência da mortalidade por DCV permite definir populações prioritárias para intervenções, elaborar e avaliar ações em saúde pública. Nesse sentido, o objetivo do estudo foi analisar a tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV nas 27 capitais brasileiras, no período de 1990 a 2018. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico de série temporal, os dados de óbitos foram obtidos através do Sistema de Informações sobre Mortalidade (SIM). Buscando corrigir problemas na qualidade da informação dos registros de óbito do SIM, realizou-se a correção dos óbitos referentes aos dados com sexo e/ou faixa etária ignorada e aos óbitos registrados com causas "mal definidas". As taxas de mortalidade por DIC e DBCV foram padronizadas pelo método direto, tomando-se como população padrão a população do Brasil no ano de 2010. A análise de tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV para a população total, homens e mulheres foi realizada utilizando o modelo de regressão de Poisson. Os resultados mostraram tendência de redução da mortalidade por DCBV tanto para a população total como para homens e mulheres em todas as capitais brasileiras. Vitória, capital da região Sudeste, apresentou a maior redução da taxa de mortalidade total por DCBV dentre todas as capitais brasileiras, -5,6% ao ano (IC95%: -6,0; -5,1%). No entanto, Macapá, capital da região Norte, teve a menor dentre todas as capitais -1,7% ao ano (IC95%: -2,7; -0,7%). Paras as DIC foi observada tendência de redução da mortalidade tanto para a população total como para homens e mulheres nas capitais das regiões Sul, Sudeste e para a maioria das capitais da região Centro-Oeste. As capitais das regiões Norte e Nordeste apresentaram uma variabilidade na tendência da mortalidade por DIC. Conclui-se que as capitais das regiões Sul e Sudeste apresentaram as maiores reduções da tendência da mortalidade por DIC e DCBV. Os achados desse estudo são importantes para prover informações mais detalhadas buscando auxiliar a gestão local na promoção de políticas de saúde pública, planejamento de estratégias e elaboração de medidas e ações em saúde.

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the leading cause of death in Brazil and worldwide. Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) and cerebrovascular diseases (CBVD) are among Brazil's ten main causes of death. The trend analysis of mortality from CVD allows defining priority populations for interventions, designing and evaluating public health actions. In this sense, the study's objective was to analyze the mortality trend from IHD and CBVD in the 27 Brazilian capitals from 1990 to 2018. This is an ecological time-series study with the Mortality Information System (SIM) data. Seeking to correct the quality of the information in the SIM death records, the correction of deaths referring to data with anonymous sex and age group and deaths recorded with "ill-defined" causes was carried out. IHD and CBVD mortality rates were standardized by the direct method, using the population of Brazil in 2010 as the standard population. Trend analysis of IHD and CBVD mortality for the total population, men and women, was performed using the Poisson regression model. The results showed a reduction in the trend of mortality from CBVD for both the total population and for men and women in all Brazilian capitals. Vitória, the capital of the Southeast region, showed the greatest reduction in the total mortality rate from CVD among all Brazilian capitals, -5.6% per year (95%CI: -6.0; -5.1%). However, Macapá, the capital of the North region, had the lowest among all capitals -1.7% per year (95%CI: -2.7; -0.7%). For IHD, a decrease in the mortality trend was observed both for the total population and for men and women in the capitals of the South and Southeast regions and most capitals of the Center-West region. The capitals of the North and Northeast regions showed variability in the trend of IHD mortality. In conclusion, the capitals of the South and Southeast regions showed the greatest reductions in the mortality trend due to IHD and CBVD. The findings of this study are essential to provide more detailed information to assist local management in promoting public health policies, planning strategies, and designing health measures and actions.

Humans , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cerebrovascular Disorders/mortality , Time Series Studies , Myocardial Ischemia/mortality , Brazil , Epidemiology
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 139 f p. tab, graf, fig.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425414


As ondas de calor têm sido associadas a morbimortalidade por doenças do aparelho circulatório em diferentes locais, principalmente nos grupos considerados vulneráveis. Esta tese apresenta estudos sobre as características das ondas de calor e abordou seus efeitos nas doenças do aparelho circulatório nas capitais brasileiras no período de 2000 a 2016. O primeiro estudo teve como objetivo examinar a intensidade, a frequência e a duração dos eventos de ondas de calor nas capitais brasileiras, por meio das análises de séries temporais foi possível caracterizar a ocorrência das ondas de calor, os resultados mostraram que estão mais frequentes, duradouras e intensas e ocorrem durante todo o ano, inclusive no inverno em cidades das regiões Sudeste e Sul. O segundo estudo teve como objetivo identificar as capitais brasileiras que apresentaram desconforto térmico para população, por meio da caracterização do índice de calor. Os resultados mostraram que se utilizando as definições de temperatura aparente e conforto e desconforto térmico do diagrama do conforto humano, na maioria das capitais foram constatadas condições de desconforto para a saúde humana. Algumas capitais localizadas no Sudeste e no Sul apresentaram condições definidas por conforto térmico. O terceiro estudo teve como objetivo estimar os efeitos de ondas de calor na mortalidade do aparelho circulatório no município do Rio de Janeiro no ano de 2010. A análise de séries temporais foi utilizada para estimar o percentual do Risco Relativo (%RR) do efeito das ondas de calor na mortalidade de pessoas adultas a partir de ≥ 30 anos de idade. Os resultados deste estudo evidenciaram o aumento do %RR nas mortalidades por DAC associadas às ondas de calor no município do Rio de Janeiro. O quarto estudo teve como objetivo estimar os efeitos de ondas de calor na mortalidade por doenças do aparelho cardiovascular nas capitais brasileiras, a análise de séries temporais foi utilizada para estimar o percentual do Risco Relativo (%RR) do efeito das ondas de calor na mortalidade de pessoas adultas ≥ 30 anos de idade. Os resultados indicam uma associação entre ondas de calor e a mortalidade por doenças cerebrovasculares e doenças isquêmicas do coração na população adulta. Os achados deste conjunto de estudo permitem concluir que as ondas de calor estão mais frequentes, intensas e duradouras nas capitais brasileiras e, as doenças do aparelho circulatório estão associadas com este fenômeno.

Heat waves have been associated with circulatory disease morbidity and mortality in different locations, especially in groups considered vulnerable. This thesis present studies on the characteristics of heat waves and addressed its effects on circulatory diseases in Brazilian capitals from 2000 to 2016. The first study aimed to examine the intensity, frequency and duration of heat wave events in the Brazilian capitals, through temporal series analysis, it was possible to characterize the occurrence of heat waves, the results showed that they are more frequent, lasting and intense and occur throughout the year, including winter in cities in the Southeast and South regions. The second study aimed to identify the Brazilian capitals that presented thermal discomfort for the population, through the characterization of the heat index. The results showed that using the apparent temperature definitions and comfort and thermal discomfort of the human comfort diagram, most capitals were found conditions of discomfort for human health. Some capitals located in the Southeast and South had conditions defined by thermal comfort. The third study aimed to estimate the effects of heat waves on the mortality of the circulatory system in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro in 2010. Time series analysis was used to estimate the percentage of relative risk (%RR) of the effect of heat waves on adult mortality from ≥ 30 years of age. The results of this study showed the increase of %RR in DAC mortality associated with heat waves in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro. The fourth study aimed to estimate the effects of heat waves on mortality from cardiovascular disease in Brazilian capitals, timely series analysis was used to estimate the percentage of relative risk (%RR) of the effect of heat waves on mortality of adults ≥ 30 years of age. The results indicate an association between heat waves and mortality from cerebrovascular diseases and ischemic heart disease in the adult population. The findings of this study set allow you to conclude that heat waves are more frequent, intense and lasting in Brazilian capitals and circulatory diseases are associated with this phenomenon.

Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Hot Temperature , Brazil , Time Series Studies
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 25(1): e2087, 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1367592


Un estudio mostró que el aumento de valores de la hormona estimulante de la tiroides se asoció a un aumento de mortalidad por todas las causas, estimando que las enfermedades cardiovasculares mediaban dicha asociación en aproximada-mente el 14 % de los casos. Asimismo se observó que el reemplazo con levotiroxina disminuiría los niveles de colesterol, lo cual podría tener un efecto en la reducción de enfermedades cardiovasculares. Partiendo de una viñeta clínica la autora intenta, a través de una búsqueda bibliográfica y análisis de la evidencia, determinar si el tratamiento del hipotiroidismo subclínico en adultos mayores reduciría la morbimortalidad por eventos cardiovasculares. (AU)

A study showed that increased thyroid-stimulating hormone levels were associated with increased all-cause mortality, with cardiovascular disease estimated to mediate this association in approximately 14 % of cases. Additionally, levothyroxine replacement was found to lower cholesterol levels, which could have an effect in reducing cardiovascular diseases. Basedon a clinical vignette, the author attempts, through a literature search and an analysis of the evidence, to determine whether treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism in older adults would reduce morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular events. (AU)

Humans , Female , Aged , Thyroxine/therapeutic use , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/prevention & control , Hypothyroidism/drug therapy , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Age Factors , Hypothyroidism/blood
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408642


Introducción: En Cuba, las enfermedades cardiovasculares constituyen la primera causa de muerte. La estratificación del riesgo cardiovascular mediante escalas es un pilar fundamental para tomar decisiones terapéuticas en el primer nivel de atención. Objetivos: Determinar el riesgo cardiovascular global en personas mayores de 60 años de las tres casas de abuelos del municipio Boyeros, La Habana. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo de corte transversal. El universo de estudio lo constituyeron 130 personas pertenecientes a tres casas de abuelos del municipio Boyeros, La Habana. De ellas se entrevistaron a 103 de las personas en el período de enero del 2016 a febrero del 2017. Se realizó el cálculo del riesgo cardiovascular global siguiendo los criterios de las tablas de predicción del riesgo cardiovascular global de la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Las variables descriptivas se expresaron en porcentajes y para la comparación de dos variables en estudio se utilizó el método estadístico no paramétrico de Ji cuadrado con un nivel de significación de 0,05. Resultados: De las personas estudiadas, 61,17 por ciento fueron del sexo femenino, 53,4 por ciento tenía entre 60 y 69 años; 65,05 por ciento presentó hipertensión arterial; 47,57 por ciento presentó riesgo moderado y 55,34 por ciento tenía cifras de colesterol total por encima de 6 mmol/L. Conclusiones: Predominó el riesgo cardiovascular global moderado. Las cifras elevadas de presión arterial, la diabetes mellitus y la hipercolesterolemia fueron los factores de riesgo modificables que más se asociaron con el aumento del riesgo cardiovascular global(AU)

Introduction: In Cuba, cardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of death. Cardiovascular risk stratification by means of scores is a significant tool for making therapeutic decisions at the first level of healthcare. Objectives: To determine global cardiovascular risk in people older than sixty years from the three elderly homes of Boyeros Municipality, Havana. Methods: A descriptive, cross-sectional and observational study was carried out. The study universe was made up of 130 people belonging to three elderly homes from Boyeros Municipality, Havana. Of the participants, 103 were interviewed in the period from January 2016 to February 2017. Calculation of global cardiovascular risk was performed following the criteria of the World Health Organization's prediction tables for global cardiovascular risk. Descriptive variables were expressed in percentages, while, for the comparison of two variables under study, the nonparametric chi-square statistical method was used with a significance level of 0.05. Results: Of the people studied, 61.17 percent were female, 53.4percent were between aged 60-69 years, 65.05percent presented arterial hypertension, 47.57percent presented moderate risk, and 55.34percent had total cholesterol levels above 6 mmol/L. Conclusions: Moderate global cardiovascular risk predominated. Elevated blood pressure, diabetes mellitus and hypercholesterolemia were the modifiable risk factors most associated with increased overall cardiovascular risk(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Risk Assessment/methods , Noncommunicable Diseases/epidemiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuba , Observational Study
Rev. cuba. endocrinol ; 32(2): e303, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347398


Introducción: El sexo influye en la susceptibilidad de las personas de ambos géneros con relación a la mayoría de las enfermedades comunes, incluidas la diabetes mellitus y la aterosclerosis. Objetivo: Identificar si existen diferencias en la presentación de la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica entre hombres y mujeres de edad mediana con diabetes mellitus. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 1449 pacientes con diabetes mellitus en edad mediana (40 a 59 años) que ingresaron en el Centro de Atención al Diabético de Bayamo, Granma, desde el año 2010 al 2019. Se empleó la prueba de Chi Cuadrado para comprobar la relación entre las variables cualitativas, y T de Student para comparar los valores promedio de las variables cuantitativas. Resultados: La proporción de enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en el sexo masculino fue similar a la del femenino (51,4 por ciento x 48,6 por ciento, p=0.2328). No hubo discrepancias importantes en el porcentaje de la enfermedad, entre ambos sexos, en los diferentes grupos etarios. El riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en los hombres fue mayor que en las mujeres premenopausicas (OR=2,19, IC: 1,4-3,3 p=0,0002), pero inferior respecto a las posmenopáusicas. (OR=1.12, IC: 0.8-1.4, p=0.4129). El análisis multivariado mostró al tiempo de la diabetes >10 años y a la hipertensión arterial como riesgo de enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en ambos sexos. Asimismo, se evidenció en la edad mayor de 45 años en los hombres (OR=2.5, IC: 1.4-4.6) y la menopausia en las mujeres (OR=1.8, IC: 1.1-3.07). Conclusiones: La frecuencia de la enfermedad cardiovascular aterosclerótica en las personas de edad mediana con diabetes mellitus es similar en ambos sexos. El sexo masculino tiene mayor riesgo de enfermarse que las mujeres premenopausicas, pero menor que las posmenopáusicas. La hipertensión arterial y el tiempo de la diabetes son factores de riesgo comunes para uno y otro sexo(AU)

Introduction: Sex influences the susceptibility of people of both genders to most common diseases, including diabetes mellitus (DM) and atherosclerosis. Objective: Identify if there are differences in the presentation of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease between middle-aged men and women with diabetes mellitus. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in 1449 patients with DM in middle age (40 to 59 years) who were admitted to the Diabetic´s Care Center of Bayamo, Granma province, from 2010 to 2019. The Chi-Square test was used to check the relation between the qualitative variables, and the T Student test to compare the average values of the quantitative variables. Results: The proportion of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in males was similar to that of females (51.4 percent x 48.6 percent, p=0.2328). There were no major discrepancies in the percentage of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, between both sexes, in the different age groups. The risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in men was higher than in pre-menopausal women (OR=2.19, CI: 1.4-3.3 p=0.0002), but lower than in post-menopausal women. (OR=1.12, CI: 0.8-1.4, p=0.4129). Multivariate analysis showed diabetes >10 years and arterial hypertension as a risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in both sexes. It was also evidenced in ages over 45 years in men (OR=2.5, CI: 1.4-4.6) and menopause in women (OR=1.8, CI: 1.1-3.07). Conclusions: The frequency of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in middle-aged people with diabetes mellitus is similar in both sexes. Males have a higher risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease than pre-menopausal women, but lower than post-menopausal women. High blood pressure and diabetes time are common risk factors for both sexes(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Menopause , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Diabetes Mellitus/etiology , Atherosclerosis/etiology , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Chi-Square Distribution , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 22(2): e278, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289365


Introducción: Los aneurismas aórticos abdominales constituyen un problema de salud por la alta mortalidad que provocan. Su seguimiento y tratamiento son fundamentales para evitar las complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Objetivo: Caracterizar las principales complicaciones posquirúrgicas de los pacientes con aneurisma de la aorta abdominal operados electivamente. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional y descriptivo en 94 pacientes operados de forma electiva en el Instituto Nacional de Angiología y Cirugía Vascular por presentar un diagnóstico de aneurisma de la aorta abdominal. Las variables de estudio fueron: edad, sexo, color de la piel, enfermedades asociadas, diámetro del aneurisma, profilaxis antibiótica, tiempo quirúrgico, tipo de prótesis vascular, tipo de complicación posoperatoria, tiempo de aparición de las complicaciones, estadía hospitalaria posoperatoria y estado al egreso. Se determinaron las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: El 56,4 por ciento de los pacientes operados presentó algún tipo de complicación, las cuales fueron más frecuentes en el sexo masculino por encima de los 60 años. Las más predominantes resultaron la bronconeumonía (24,5 por ciento) y las arritmias cardíacas (20,8 por ciento). La proporción de complicaciones se mostró mayor en los pacientes con injertos bifurcados, así como en aquellos sin profilaxis y con un tiempo quirúrgico prolongado. Hubo mayor frecuencia de enfermedades cardiovasculares entre los fallecidos. Conclusiones: En los pacientes operados de forma electiva de aneurisma de la aorta abdominal predominaron las complicaciones respiratorias y cardiovasculares, estas últimas provocaron un aumento en la mortalidad(AU)

Introduction: Abdominal aortic aneurysms are a health problem because of the high mortality they cause. Their follow-up and treatment are essential to avoid post-surgical complications. Objective: Characterize the main post-surgical complications of patients with electively operated abdominal aortic aneurysm. Methods: An observational and descriptive study was conducted in 94 electively operated patients at the National Institute of Angiology and Vascular Surgery after having a diagnosis of abdominal aortic aneurysm. The study variables were: age, sex, skin color, associated diseases, aneurysm diameter, antibiotic prophylaxis, surgical time, type of vascular prosthesis, type of postoperative complication, time of onset of complications, postoperative hospital stay, and state at discharge moment. Absolute and relative frequencies were determined. Results: 56.4 percent of operated patients had some form of complication, which were more common in the males over 60 years. The most predominant complications were bronchopneumonie (24.5 percent) and cardiac arrhythmias (20.8 percent). The proportion of complications was shown to be higher in patients with forked grafts, as well as in those without prophylaxis and with prolonged surgical time. There was a higher frequency of cardiovascular diseases among the deceased patients. Conclusions: In patients electively operated of abdominal aortic aneurysm, there was a predominance of respiratory and cardiovascular complications, and the latter caused an increase in mortality(AU)

Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/complications , Postoperative Complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Aortic Aneurysm, Abdominal/diagnosis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Study
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(2): 170-178, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154552


Abstract Background Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is commonly associated with chronic kidney disease (CKD). These diseases have a significant impact on life expectancy. Individuals with CKD are more likely to die from CVD than to progress to end-stage kidney disease. Objective To assess cardiovascular risk factors of patients with CKD under conservative treatment. Methods This was an observational, cross-sectional study. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, biochemical, and physical inactivity data were assessed, and 10-year risk for CVD were estimated using the Framingham Score in patients with CKD under conservative treatment. For statistical analysis, the Student's t-test and Pearson's chi-square test were performed. Results A total of 172 individuals were evaluated, 57% of whom were male, with an average age of 68.85 ± 11.41 years. The prevalence of hypertension and diabetes were 87.2% and 53.5%, respectively; 62.2% were physically inactive; 9.9% of men were smokers and 12.8% consumed alcohol. According to BMI, 82.4% of adults <60 years old and 60.6% of those older than 60 years were overweight. High waist circumference and a high waist-hip ratio were highly prevalent in females (91.9% and 83.8%, respectively) and males (64.3% and 39.8%, respectively); 92.4% had a high body fat percentage and 73.3% high uric acid levels. According to the Framingham score, 57% have a medium or high risk of developing CVD in 10 years. Conclusion There was a high prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in the population studied. The assessment of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with CKD makes it possible to guide the conduct of health professionals to prevent mortality from cardiovascular causes. Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Heart Disease Risk Factors , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Hypertension
Rev. méd. hondur ; 89(1): 17-23, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283039


Antecedente: El infarto miocárdico es un problema de salud global. El conocimiento del perfil de riesgo podría con- tribuir a planificar intervenciones sobre todo en la atención prima- ria. Objetivo: Describir el perfil de riesgo en fallecidos por infarto miocárdico en la atención pre-hospitalaria en Florida, Cuba entre 2017 y 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retros- pectivo de los 53 fallecidos por infarto miocárdico en la atención pre-hospitalaria en el municipio Florida. Los datos se obtuvieron del registro de fallecidos, historias clínicas, y de la autopsia verbal realizada a familiares. Resultados: Predominaron los hombres con 67.9% (36), el color de piel blanca 35.8% (19) y el grupo de edad entre 60 a 69 años 30.2% (16). El edema agudo del pulmón representado por 37.8% y la insuficiencia cardiaca 24.3%, fueron las complicaciones más frecuentes. La mayoría de los pacientes fallecieron en domicilio 35.9% (19) y el 22.6% (12) fallecieron en traslado no sanitario hacia hospitales. Procedían de áreas urba- nas 56.6%. La hipertensión arterial 73.6%, el tabaquismo 66.0%, y obesidad 52.8% fueron los factores de riesgo modificables más identificados. Tener más de 3 factores de riesgo y mayor demora en ser admitido influyó negativamente en la sobrevida. La morta- lidad fue significativamente mayor en los pacientes con elevación del segmento ST en 74.2%. Discusión: Existió un comportamien- to similar al revisado en la literatura en cuanto a riesgos y tiempo en llegar al hospital. La atención pre-hospitalaria al IAM es el punto más crítico en el abordaje de esta entidad...(AU)

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Prehospital Care , Myocardial Infarction/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Death, Sudden, Cardiac/prevention & control
Ribeirão Preto; s.n; 2021. 100 p. ilus.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1379562


As Doenças Crônicas Não Transmissíveis representam uma das principais causas de morte no mundo, dentre elas, destaca-se as doenças cardiovasculares (DCVs) como um problema de saúde de ordem mundial com elevado número de mortes, principalmente nas mulheres, quando na faixa etária do climatério e pós-menopausa. Há lacunas na literatura nacional sobre a influência da situação socioeconômica das mulheres na mortalidade por DCVs. Trata-se de um estudo ecológico e de tendência temporal com o objetivo de investigar a relação entre os coeficientes de mortalidade por doenças cardiovasculares em mulheres no município de Ribeirão Preto com determinantes sociais da saúde, no período de 2010 a 2018. Participaram deste estudo mulheres que foram a óbito por DCVs, residentes no município de Ribeirão Preto, independentemente do seu local de óbito. Os dados foram fornecidos pela Divisão de Vigilância Epidemiológica da Secretaria Municipal da Saúde de Ribeirão Preto referente aos óbitos de mulheres residentes no município, independentemente do seu local de óbito. O estudo foi realizado de março de 2019 a setembro de 2021. As taxas de mortalidade padronizadas por idade (TMPI) por 100 mil habitantes para DCV foram calculadas para o sexo feminino, faixa etária e ano de ocorrência do óbito, utilizando-se a população padrão da Organização Mundial da Saúde e o método direto de padronização. As variáveis sociodemográficas foram extraídas do Índice Paulista Vulnerabilidade Social (IPVS) da Fundação Sistema Estadual de Coleta de Análise de Dados (SEADE) e do Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE), e foram analisadas por meio da análise espacial por setor censitário do município de Ribeirão Preto. A análise descritiva estatística dos dados foi realizada utilizando o programa estatístico STATA versão 14 para Windows. Utilizou-se a frequência e o percentual dos óbitos por DCV de acordo com o ano, sexo e faixa etária ao longo do período. O estudo foi aprovado no Comitê de Ética e Pesquisa. No período ocorreram 11.087 óbitos, destes 5.518 em mulheres por DCVs. Do total de óbitos por DCVs ocorrido no período, 49,8% foram atribuídos às mulheres. A cardiopatia isquêmica apresentou um total de 1.545 (28,0%) óbitos, doenças cerebrovasculares 465 (8,4%) óbitos e doença cardíaca hipertensiva com 398 (7,2%) óbitos no sexo feminino. Na faixa etária de 50 a 80 anos ou mais, somaram-se 5.247 (94%) óbitos. No entanto, observou-se 26% de aumento da mortalidade a partir da faixa etária dos 50 anos (397 óbitos) nas mulheres. Na faixa etária acima de 80 anos encontrou-se 2.636 (40,4%) óbitos. Na análise univariada das variáveis sociodemográficas do IPVS, todas foram significativas e positivas, e a mais alta rendimento médio das mulheres responsáveis pelo domicílio (I=0,521). Na análise bivariada, foi significante e positiva a proporção das mulheres alfabetizadas responsáveis pelo domicílio (I=0,047). Os resultados do presente estudo mostraram que os determinantes sociais em saúde, como renda, escolaridade e sexo feminino estão relacionados com a mortalidade por DCVs no município analisado. Desta forma, nossos achados corroboram com a literatura de que maior privação socioeconômica nas mulheres ocorre um aumento gradativo de risco para as DCVs e mortalidade, principalmente a partir dos 50 anos de idade. Como também podem subsidiar as políticas públicas em nosso país com múltiplas ações para as mulheres com condições socioeconômicas desfavoráveis, uma vez que, são mais susceptíveis a mortalidade por DCVs e seus fatores de risco

Chronic non-communicable diseases represent one of the main causes of death in the world. Among them, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) stand out as a worldwide health problem with a high number of deaths, especially among women in the climacteric and post-menopausal periods. There are gaps in the national literature on the influence of women's socioeconomic status on mortality from CVDs. This is an ecological and temporal trend study with the aim of investigating the relationship between mortality rates from cardiovascular diseases in women in the municipality of Ribeirão Preto and social determinants of health, from 2010 to 2018. Data from women who died from CVDs, residing in the municipality of Ribeirão Preto and regardless of their place of death, were provided by the Epidemiological Surveillance Division of the Municipal Health Department of Ribeirão Preto, and included in this study. The study was carried out from March 2019 to September 2021. The age-standardized mortality rates (ASMR) per 100,000 inhabitants for CVDs were calculated for females, age group, and year of death, using the standard population of the World Health Organization and the direct method of standardization. Sociodemographic variables were extracted from the São Paulo Social Vulnerability Index (IPVS) of the State Data Analysis Collection System Foundation (SEADE) and the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE) and were analyzed using spatial analysis by census sector of the municipality of Ribeirão Preto. Statistical descriptive data analysis was performed using the statistical program STATA, version 14 for Windows. The frequency and percentage of deaths from CVDs were used according to year, sex, and age group over the period. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee. There were 11,087 deaths registered in the studied period, of which 5,530 were from women due to CVDs. Records from 12 deaths were excluded from the study, because three did not provide a full address and nine were classified in the database as from the "rural area", therefore, their geospatial location was impracticable, totalling 5,518 deaths after exclusion. Of the total number of deaths from CVDs that occurred in the period, 49.8% were women. Ischemic heart disease was the cause of a total of 1,545 (28.0%) deaths; stroke, 465 (8.4%) deaths; and hypertensive heart disease, 398 (7.2%) deaths in women. In the age group between 50 and 80 years or older, there were 5,247 (94%) deaths. A 26%-increase in mortality among women in the 50-year age group (397 deaths), and 2,636 (40.4%) deaths among those in the 80-year age group were found. In the univariate analysis of the IPVS sociodemographic variables, all of these were significant and positive, and the average income of the women responsible for the household had the highest index (I=0.521). In the bivariate analysis, the proportion of literate women responsible for the household was significant and positive (I=0.047). The results of the present study showed that social determinants of health, such as income, education, and female gender, are related to mortality from CVDs in the analyzed municipality. Thus, similar to the literature, our findings corroborate that greater socioeconomic deprivation in women leads to a gradual increase in risk for CVDs and mortality, especially from 50 years of age onwards. Public policies in our country can be subsidized with multiple actions for women with unfavorable socioeconomic conditions, since they are more susceptible to mortality from CVDs and their risk factors

Humans , Female , Women , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Chronic Disease , Social Determinants of Health
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888604


BACKGROUND@#Ambient temperature may contribute to seasonality of mortality; in particular, a warming climate is likely to influence the seasonality of mortality. However, few studies have investigated seasonality of mortality under a warming climate.@*METHODS@#Daily mean temperature, daily counts for all-cause, circulatory, and respiratory mortality, and annual data on prefecture-specific characteristics were collected for 47 prefectures in Japan between 1972 and 2015. A quasi-Poisson regression model was used to assess the seasonal variation of mortality with a focus on its amplitude, which was quantified as the ratio of mortality estimates between the peak and trough days (peak-to-trough ratio (PTR)). We quantified the contribution of temperature to seasonality by comparing PTR before and after temperature adjustment. Associations between annual mean temperature and annual estimates of the temperature-unadjusted PTR were examined using multilevel multivariate meta-regression models controlling for prefecture-specific characteristics.@*RESULTS@#The temperature-unadjusted PTRs for all-cause, circulatory, and respiratory mortality were 1.28 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.27-1.30), 1.53 (95% CI: 1.50-1.55), and 1.46 (95% CI: 1.44-1.48), respectively; adjusting for temperature reduced these PTRs to 1.08 (95% CI: 1.08-1.10), 1.10 (95% CI: 1.08-1.11), and 1.35 (95% CI: 1.32-1.39), respectively. During the period of rising temperature (1.3 °C on average), decreases in the temperature-unadjusted PTRs were observed for all mortality causes except circulatory mortality. For each 1 °C increase in annual mean temperature, the temperature-unadjusted PTR for all-cause, circulatory, and respiratory mortality decreased by 0.98% (95% CI: 0.54-1.42), 1.39% (95% CI: 0.82-1.97), and 0.13% (95% CI: - 1.24 to 1.48), respectively.@*CONCLUSION@#Seasonality of mortality is driven partly by temperature, and its amplitude may be decreasing under a warming climate.

Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cause of Death , Climate Change/mortality , Cold Temperature/adverse effects , Hot Temperature/adverse effects , Humans , Japan/epidemiology , Mortality/trends , Regression Analysis , Respiratory Tract Diseases/mortality , Seasons , Time
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 33(6): 629-634, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143119


Abstract Background Malnutrition can affect the clinical course of hospitalized patients, increasing hospital stay, infections, mortality, and hospital costs. Among heart disease patients, the malnutrition prevalence ranges from 25 to 51.9%. Objective To assess the prevalence of malnutrition and its association with clinical complications in cardiac patients admitted to a cardiology hospital. Method Retrospective cohort study with patients evaluated within 48 hours of admission to the ward of a referral center for cardiology in Porto Alegre, Brazil. Patients were aged 18 years or older. Malnutrition was assessed by Subjective Global Assessment. Length of hospital stay, transfer to the intensive care unit (ICU), hospital discharge and in-hospital death were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 22.0 program. Comparisons between groups with and without malnutrition were made by unpaired Student's t-test and chi-square test with adjusted residuals, and multivariate Poisson regression used for analysis of outcomes. The significance level considered was 5%. Results We evaluated 130 patients aged 63 ± 13 years, 63% were male, and the most frequent cause of hospitalization was angina (25%). The prevalence of malnutrition was 27% and, after statistical adjustment for age, malnutrition was positively associated with ICU transfer and length of hospital stay longer than seven days. Conclusion The prevalence of malnutrition found in this sample was 27% and this nutritional diagnosis was positively associated with ICU transfer and length of hospital stay longer than seven days. (Int J Cardiovasc Sci. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Malnutrition/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Malnutrition/epidemiology , Length of Stay