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1.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(1): 11-15, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156105

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The pandemic caused by coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has changed the routine of surfers, professionals and all those involved in surfing. This unusual global crisis has caused major organizational, financial and social disruption for surfers, coaches, federations and fans. The world of sports, including surfing, entered extreme and uncharted territory, in which all competitions were postponed and many beaches were closed, preventing any kind of surfing activity. The primary objective of this article is to identify potential harmful effects caused by the COVID-19 pandemic on the health of surfers, while the secondary objective is to provide practical recommendations for coaches, professional and amateur surfers to reduce the undesirable consequences of forced quarantine and direct the resumption of surfing activities while protecting the health of those involved. The main problems indicated were: the effects on body composition due to calorie imbalance, possible cardiac and pulmonary alterations caused by COVID-19, musculoskeletal symptoms and the consequences of detraining. The article also suggests recommendations for new attitudes towards surfing. Surfing is a growing sport that has been included in the upcoming Olympic Games in Tokyo. As the sport grows and becomes more professional, measures to protect the health of surfers need to be put in place. The current pandemic situation is extremely delicate and the measures proposed in this study are intended to serve as a guide for surfers and professionals in order to minimize the harmful effects of this situation. Level of Evidence IV; Type of Study: Literature review.


RESUMO A pandemia provocada pela doença do coronavírus (COVID-19) modificou a rotina dos praticantes, profissionais e todos envolvidos no surfe. Essa crise global incomum causou uma grande perturbação organizacional, financeira e social para atletas, treinadores, federações e torcedores. O mundo dos esportes, inclusive o surfe, entrou em uma situação extrema e desconhecida, na qual todas as competições foram adiadas e muitas praias foram fechadas, impedindo qualquer tipo de prática. O objetivo primário deste trabalho é identificar os possíveis efeitos deletérios provocados pela pandemia do COVID-19 sobre a saúde dos surfistas, e o secundário é fornecer recomendações práticas para treinadores, atletas e praticantes para reduzir as consequências indesejadas da quarentena forçada e guiar o retorno às atividades esportivas de forma saudável. Os principais problemas apontados foram: os efeitos na composição corporal devido ao desequilíbrio calórico, possíveis alterações cardíacas e pulmonares provocadas pela COVID-19, sintomas osteomusculares e as consequências do destreinamento. O trabalho também sugere recomendações de novas atitudes na prática do esporte. O surfe é uma modalidade esportiva em crescimento, que estará presente na próxima edição dos Jogos Olímpicos de Tóquio. À medida que o esporte se profissionaliza e cresce, as condutas de suporte de saúde dos praticantes fazem-se necessárias. O momento atual de pandemia é extremamente delicado e as medidas propostas neste estudo visam orientar os atletas e profissionais ligados a esta modalidade esportiva, com a finalidade de minimizar os efeitos deletérios deste momento. Nível de Evidência: IV; Tipo de Estudo: Revisão Sistemática.


RESUMEN La pandemia provocada por la enfermedad del coronavirus (COVID-19) modificó la rutina de los practicantes, profesionales y todos los involucrados en el surf. Esta crisis global inusual ocasionó una gran perturbación organizacional, financiera y social para atletas, entrenadores, federaciones y aficionados. El mundo de los deportes, inclusive el surf, entró en una situación extrema y desconocida, en la que todas las competiciones fueron postergadas y muchas playas fueron cerradas, impidiendo cualquier tipo de práctica. El objetivo primario de este trabajo es identificar los posibles efectos deletéreos provocados por la pandemia de COVID-19 sobre la salud de los surfistas, y el secundario es suministrar recomendaciones prácticas para entrenadores, atletas y practicantes para reducir las consecuencias indeseadas de la cuarentena forzada y guiar el retorno a las actividades deportivas de forma saludable. Los principales problemas apuntados fueron: los efectos en la composición corporal debido al desequilibrio calórico, posibles alteraciones cardíacas y pulmonares provocadas por la COVID-19, síntomas osteomusculares y las consecuencias del desentrenamiento. El trabajo también sugiere recomendaciones de nuevas actitudes en la práctica del deporte. El surf es una modalidad deportiva en crecimiento, que estará presente en la próxima edición de los Juegos Olímpicos de Tokio. A medida que el deporte se profesionaliza y crece, las conductas de soporte de salud de los practicantes se hacen necesarias. El momento actual de pandemia es extremamente delicado y las medidas propuestas en este estudio buscan orientar a los atletas y profesionales vinculados a esta modalidad deportiva, con la finalidad de minimizar los efectos deletéreos de este momento. Nivel de Evidencia: IV; Tipo de Estudio: Revisión Sistemática.


Subject(s)
Humans , Swimming , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Athletes , COVID-19/complications , Lung Diseases/virology , Muscular Diseases/virology , Body Composition
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877730

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases are increasing rapidly worldwide. Similar to Middle East respiratory syndrome where cardiovascular diseases were present in nearly 30% of cases, the increased presence of cardiovascular comorbidities remains true for COVID-19 as well. The mechanism of this association remains unclear at this time. Therefore, we reviewed the available literature and tried to find the probable association between cardiovascular disease with disease severity and mortality in COVID-19 patients.@*METHODS@#We searched Medline (via PubMed) and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for articles published until Sept 5, 2020. Nineteen articles were included involving 6,872 COVID-19 patients.@*RESULTS@#The random-effect meta-analysis showed that cardiovascular disease was significantly associated with severity and mortality for COVID-19: odds ratio (OR) 2.89, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.98-4.21 for severity and OR 3.00, 95% CI 1.67-5.39 for mortality, respectively. Risk of COVID-19 severity was higher in patients having diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malignancy, cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease. Similarly, patients with diabetes, hypertension, chronic liver disease, cerebrovascular disease and chronic kidney disease were at higher risk of mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#Our findings showed that cardiovascular disease has a negative effect on health status of COVID-19 patients. However, large prevalence studies demonstrating the consequences of comorbid cardiovascular disease are urgently needed to understand the extent of these concerning comorbidities.


Subject(s)
COVID-19/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Humans
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(2): 273-277, ago., 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131294

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento O SARS-CoV-2 é um vírus de RNA emergente associado à doença respiratória aguda grave conhecida como COVID-19. Embora a COVID-19 seja predominantemente uma doença pulmonar, alguns pacientes apresentam graves danos cardiovasculares. Realizamos uma síntese de evidências quantitativas de dados clínicos, biomarcadores de lesão miocárdica e complicações cardíacas associadas ao óbito hospitalar em pacientes com COVID-19. Métodos Buscamos nas bases de dados PubMed, Embase e Google Scholar para identificar estudos que comparassem dados clínicos, biomarcadores de lesão miocárdica e complicações cardíacas entre pacientes sobreviventes e não sobreviventes da COVID-19. Os tamanhos dos efeitos foram apresentados como diferença média ou diferença média padronizada para variáveis contínuas e razão de risco para variáveis dicotômicas, com intervalos de confiança de 95%. Foi utilizado um modelo de efeitos aleatórios para agrupar os resultados. Resultados Foram incluídos seis estudos retrospectivos que relataram dados de 1.141 pacientes (832 sobreviventes e 309 não sobreviventes). Verificamos que condições cardiovasculares subjacentes; elevação de troponina cardíaca I de alta sensibilidade; N-terminal do pró-hormônio do peptídeo natriurético do tipo B e creatina quinase-MB; e complicações cardíacas foram associadas ao aumento do risco de óbito em pacientes com infecção por SARS-CoV-2. Conclusões A confirmação de que condições cardiovasculares subjacentes, elevação de biomarcadores de lesão miocárdica durante a infecção por COVID-19 e descompensação cardiovascular aguda são preditores de mortalidade na infecção por SARS-CoV-2 deve incentivar novas pesquisas para esclarecer possíveis mecanismos e testar tratamentos adequados. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):273-277)


Abstract Background SARS-CoV-2 is an emerging RNA virus associated with a severe acute respiratory disease known as COVID-19. Although COVID-19 is predominantly a pulmonary disease, some patients have severe cardiovascular damage. We performed a quantitative evidence synthesis of clinical data, myocardial injury biomarkers, and cardiac complications associated with in-hospital death in patients with COVID-19. Methods We searched the databases PubMed, Embase, and Google Scholar to identify studies comparing clinical data, myocardial injury biomarkers, and cardiac complications between non-survivors and survivors of COVID-19. Effect sizes were reported as mean difference or standardized mean difference for continuous variables and risk ratio for dichotomous variables with 95% confidence intervals. A random effects model was used to pool the results. Results Six retrospective studies reporting data from 1,141 patients (832 survivors and 309 non-survivors) were included. We found that underlying cardiovascular conditions; elevation of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I, N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide, and creatine kinase-MB; and cardiac complications were associated with increased risk of death for patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection. Conclusions The confirmation that underlying cardiovascular conditions, elevation of myocardial injury biomarkers during COVID-19 infection, and acute cardiovascular decompensation are predictors for mortality in SARS-CoV-2 infection must encourage new research to clarify potential mechanisms and test appropriate treatments. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; 115(2):273-277)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/mortality , Biomarkers/blood , Retrospective Studies , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19 , Myocardium/pathology
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 805-816, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131225

ABSTRACT

Resumo Frente à pandemia da doença causada pelo novo coronavírus (COVID-19), o manejo do paciente com fator de risco e/ou doença cardiovascular é desafiador nos dias de hoje. As complicações cardiovasculares evidenciadas nos pacientes com COVID-19 resultam de vários mecanismos, que vão desde lesão direta pelo vírus até complicações secundárias à resposta inflamatória e trombótica desencadeada pela infecção. O cuidado adequado do paciente com COVID-19 exige atenção ao sistema cardiovascular em busca de melhores desfechos.


Abstract In face of the pandemic of the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), the management of patients with cardiovascular risk factors and/or disease is challenging. The cardiovascular complications evidenced in patients with COVID-19 derive from several mechanisms, ranging from direct viral injury to complications secondary to the inflammatory and thrombotic responses to the infection. The proper care of patients with COVID-19 requires special attention to the cardiovascular system aimed at better outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Health Personnel/standards , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Betacoronavirus , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Viral/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Risk Factors , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/standards , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Ventricular Dysfunction/etiology , Pandemics , Patient Care/standards , Heart/physiopathology
7.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 823-826, maio 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131221

ABSTRACT

Resumo Em dezembro de 2019, um novo coronavírus humano, chamado síndrome respiratória aguda grave do coronavírus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) ou nomeado doença de coronavírus (COVID-19) pela Organização Mundial da Saúde, surgiu na cidade de Wuhan, China. Difundido globalmente, é atualmente considerado pandêmico, com aproximadamente 3 milhões de casos no mundo no final de abril. Seus sintomas incluem febre, tosse, dor de cabeça e falta de ar, esse último considerado o sintoma principal. Por sua vez, acredita-se que haja uma relação entre o COVID-19 e danos ao músculo cardíaco, e pacientes com hipertensão e diabetes, por exemplo, parecem apresentar prognóstico pior. Portanto, o COVID-19 pode piorar em indivíduos com condições adversas subjacentes. Um número não negligenciável de pacientes internados com este vírus tinham doenças cardiovasculares ou cerebrovasculares. A resposta inflamatória sistêmica e distúrbios do sistema imunológico durante a progressão da doença podem estar por trás dessa associação. Além disso, o vírus usa os receptores da enzima conversora da angiotensina (ECA), mais especificamente da ECA2, para penetrar nas células; portanto, o uso de fármacos inibidores de ECA e bloqueadores de receptores de angiotensina pode causar um aumento nestes receptores, assim facilitando a entrada do vírus na célula. No entanto, não há evidências científicas que apóiem a interrupção desses medicamentos. Considerando que são fundamentais para o manejo de certas doenças crônicas, os riscos e benefícios da sua retirada devem ser cuidadosamente ponderados neste cenário. Finalmente, cardiologistas e profissionais de saúde devem estar cientes dos riscos de infecção e se proteger o máximo possível, dormindo adequadamente e evitando longos turnos de trabalho.


Abstract In December 2019, a new human coronavirus, called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) or coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) by the World Health Organization, emerged in the city of Wuhan, China. Spreading globally, it is now considered pandemic, with approximately 3 million cases worldwide at the end of April. Its symptoms include fever, cough, and headache, but the main one is shortness of breath. In turn, it is believed that there is a relationship between COVID-19 and damage to the heart muscle, and hypertensive and diabetic patients, for example, seem to have worse prognosis. Therefore, COVID-19 may worsen in individuals with underlying adverse conditions, and a not negligible number of patients hospitalized with this virus had cardiovascular or cerebrovascular diseases. Systemic inflammatory response and immune system disorders during disease progression may be behind this association. In addition, the virus uses angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) receptors, more precisely ACE2, to penetrate the cell; therefore, the use of ACE inhibitor drugs and angiotensin receptor blockers could cause an increase in these receptors, thus facilitating the entry of the virus into the cell. There is, however, no scientific evidence to support the interruption of these drugs. Since they are fundamental for certain chronic diseases, the risk and benefit of their withdrawal in this scenario should be carefully weighed. Finally, cardiologists and health professionals should be aware of the risks of infection and protect themselves as much as possible, sleeping properly and avoiding long working hours.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Cardiovascular System/virology , Risk Factors , Coronavirus Infections , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A/physiology , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus
8.
Alcocer-Gamba, Marco A; Gutiérrez-Fajardo, Pedro; Cabrera-Rayo, Alfredo; Sosa-Caballero, Alejandro; Piña-Reyna, Yigal; Merino-Rajme, José A; Heredia-Delgado, José A; Cruz-Alvarado, Jaime E; Galindo-Uribe, Jaime; Rogel-Martínez, Ulises; González-Hermosillo, Jesús A; Ávila-Vanzzini, Nydia; Sánchez-Carranza, Jesús A; Jímenez-Orozco, Jorge H; Sahagún-Sánchez, Guillermo; Fanghänel-Salmón, Guillermo; Albores-Figueroa, Rosenberg; Carrillo-Esper, Raúl; Reyes-Terán, Gustavo; Cossio-Aranda, Jorge E; Borrayo-Sánchez, Gabriela; Ríos, Manuel Odín de los; Berni-Betancourt, Ana C; Cortés-Lawrenz, Jorge; Leiva-Pons, José L; Ortiz-Fernández, Patricio H; López-Cuellar, Julio; Araiza-Garaygordobil, Diego; Madrid-Miller, Alejandra; Saturno-Chiu, Guillermo; Beltrán-Nevárez, Octavio; Enciso-Muñoz, José M; García-Rincón, Andrés; Pérez-Soriano, Patricia; Herrera-Gomar, Magali; Lozoya del Rosal, José J; Fajardo-Juárez, Armando I; Olmos-Temois, Sergio G; Rodríguez-Reyes, Humberto; Ortiz-Galván, Fernando; Márquez-Murillo, Manlio F; Celaya-Cota, Manuel de J; Cigarroa-López, José A; Magaña-Serrano, José A; Álvarez-Sangabriel, Amada; Ruíz-Ruíz, Vicente; Chávez-Mendoza, Adolfo; Méndez-Ortíz, Arturo; León-González, Salvador; Guízar-Sánchez, Carlos; Izaguirre-Ávila, Raúl; Grimaldo-Gómez, Flavio A; Preciado-Anaya, Andrés; Ruiz-Gastélum, Edith; Fernández-Barros, Carlos L; Gordillo, Antonio; Alonso-Sánchez, Jesús; Cerón-Enríquez, Norma; Núñez-Urquiza, Juan P; Silva-Torres, Jesús; Pacheco-Beltrán, Nancy; García-Saldivia, Marianna A; Pérez-Gámez, Juan C; Lezama-Urtecho, Carlos; López-Uribe, Carlos; López-Mora, Gerardo E; Rivera-Reyes, Romina.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(supl.1): 100-110, may. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152852

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presentan las recomendaciones en las cuales la Sociedad Mexicana de Cardiología (SMC) en conjunto con la Asociación Nacional de Cardiólogos de México (ANCAM), así como diferentes asociaciones médicas mexicanas vinculadas con la cardiología, después de una revisión y análisis exhaustivo y consensuado sobre los tópicos relacionados con las enfermedades cardiovasculares en la pandemia de COVID-19, se analizan posturas científicas y se dan recomendaciones responsables sobre medidas generales a los pacientes, con cuidados personales, alimentación saludable, actividad física regular, acciones en caso de paro cardiorrespiratorio, la protección del paciente y del personal de salud así como las indicaciones precisas en el uso de la imagen cardiovascular no invasiva, la prescripción de medicamentos, cuidados en tópicos específicos como en la hipertensión arterial sistémica, insuficiencia cardiaca, arritmias y síndromes coronarios agudos, además de hacer énfasis en los procedimientos de electrofisiología, intervencionismo, cirugía cardiaca y en la rehabilitación cardiaca. El interés principal es brindar a la comunidad médica una orientación general sobre el quehacer en la práctica cotidiana y pacientes con enfermedades cardiovasculares en el escenario esta crisis epidemiológica sin precedentes de COVID-19.


Abstract The recommendations in which the Mexican Society of Cardiology (SMC) in conjunction with the National Association of Cardiologists of Mexico (ANCAM) as well as different Mexican medical associations linked to cardiology are presented, after a comprehensive and consensual review and analysis of the topics related to cardiovascular diseases in the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientific positions are analyzed and responsible recommendations on general measures are given to patients, with personal care, healthy eating, regular physical activity, actions in case of cardio-respiratory arrest, protection of the patient and health personnel as well as precise indications in the use of non-invasive cardiovascular imaging, prescription of medications, care in specific topics such as systemic arterial hypertension, heart failure, arrhythmias and acute coronary syndromes, in addition to emphasizing electrophysiology, interventionism, cardiac surgery and in cardiac rehabilitation. The main interest is to provide the medical community with a general orientation on what to do in daily practice and patients with cardiovascular diseases in the setting of this unprecedented epidemiological crisis of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Cardiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Societies, Medical , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Pandemics , Cardiac Rehabilitation/methods , COVID-19 , Cardiac Surgical Procedures/methods , Mexico
9.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(supl.1): 26-32, may. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152839

ABSTRACT

Resumen La pandemia por COVID-19 decretada por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) desde el 12 de marzo de 2020 está produciendo estragos a nivel mundial y es un verdadero reto económico, social y sanitario. Aunque las manifestaciones clínicas del COVID-19 son síntomas respiratorios, algunos pacientes también tienen síntomas cardiológicos. Dentro de los pacientes con afecciones cardiológicas2 suponen un grupo de mayor riesgo y que de hecho son un grupo especialmente vulnerable, por su mayor riesgo de contagio y mayor gravedad en caso de adquirir la enfermedad1 aquellos con insuficiencia cardiaca (IC), incluyendo al trasplante cardiaco (TC) y las asistencias ventriculares, así como los pacientes con hipertensión arterial pulmonar (HAP). La IC es la principal patología cardiovascular crónica y los pacientes en este grupo son los más vulnerables para el desarrollo de cuadros clínicos más graves tras sufrir la infección, y en mayor medida los casos con IC avanzada3. De hecho, la IC es unas de las complicaciones más frecuentes en los pacientes con COVID-194. De igual forma, los pacientes trasplantados que requieren de los inmunosupresores para evitar el rechazo del injerto, constituyen una población especialmente susceptible a la infección y a desarrollar procesos más graves. Esta situación ha hecho que la Asociación Nacional de Cardiólogos de México (ANCAM) y la Sociedad Mexicana de Cardiología (SMC) junto con sus respectivos capítulos, hayan elaborado las siguientes recomendaciones para el personal médico, que participa en la atención de este grupo especial de pacientes en los diferentes escenarios clínicos, que padezcan o no, COVID-19.


Abstract The COVID-19 pandemic decreed by the World Health Organization (WHO) since March 12, 2020 is wreaking havoc globally and it is a true economic, social and health challenge. Although the clinical manifestations of COVID-19 are respiratory symptoms, some patients also have cardiological symptoms. Among patients with cardiological conditions2 they represent a group of higher risk and, in fact, they are a particularly vulnerable group, due to their higher risk of contagion and greater severity in case of acquiring the disease1 those with heart failure (HF), including heart transplant (CT) and ventricular assists, as well as patients with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). HF is the main chronic cardiovascular disease and patients in this group are the most vulnerable for the development of more serious clinical symptoms after suffering the infection, and to a greater extent cases with advanced HF3. In fact, HF is one of the most frequent complications in patients with COVID-194. Likewise, transplant patients who require immunosuppressants to avoid graft rejection, constitute a population especially susceptible to infection and to develop more serious processes. This situation has made the National Association of Cardiologists of Mexico (ANCAM) and the Mexican Society of Cardiology (SMC) together with their respective chapters, have prepared the following recommendations for medical personnel, who participate in the care of this special group of patients in the different clinical settings, who suffer or not, of COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Heart Failure/virology , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Pneumonia, Viral/virology , Severity of Illness Index , Cardiovascular Diseases/physiopathology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Risk Factors , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/therapy , Mexico
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(5): 598-606, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897010

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Metabolic disorders in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLH) have been described even before the introduction of antiretroviral (ARV) drugs in the treatment of HIV infection and are risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Based on this, the purpose of this study was to assess metabolic disorders and cardiovascular risk in PLH before the initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study of 87 PLH without the use of ART, which was carried out between January and September 2012 at a specialized infectious diseases center in Minas Gerais, Brazil. RESULTS: The main metabolic disorders in the population were low serum levels of HDL-cholesterol, hypertriglyceridemia and abdominal obesity. Dyslipidemia was prevalent in 62.6% of the study population, whereas metabolic syndrome (MS) was prevalent in 11.5% of patients assessed by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria and 10.8% assessed by the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel (NCEP-ATPIII) criteria. Regarding cardiovascular risk, 89.7% of the population presented a low coronary risk according to the Framingham Risk Score. A greater proportion of patients diagnosed with MS presented low cardiovascular risk (80% assessed by IDF criteria and 77.8% assessed by NCEP-ATPIII criteria). CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic disorders in this population may be due to HIV infection or lifestyle (smoking, sedentary lifestyle and inadequate diet). The introduction of ART can enhance dyslipidemia, increasing cardiovascular risk, especially among those who have classic risks of cardiovascular disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/complications , Metabolic Syndrome/epidemiology , Metabolic Syndrome/virology , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology , Dyslipidemias/virology , Triglycerides/blood , Brazil/epidemiology , Body Mass Index , Sex Factors , Cholesterol/blood , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/drug therapy , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment/methods , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Sedentary Behavior , Middle Aged
12.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(3): 226-233, May-June 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839212

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT HAM/TSP (HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis) is a slowly progressive disease, characterized by a chronic spastic paraparesis. It is not known if the disease carries an independent risk for cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular risk profile related to HAM/TSP and compare it with the general population. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study, with a control group. HAM/TSP patients were evaluated using cardiovascular risk scores (ASCVD RISK, SCORE and Framingham) and inflammatory markers (ultrasensitive CRP and IL-6), and compared with a control group of healthy individuals. We also evaluated the correlation between cardiovascular risk and the functional status of patients with HAM/TSP evaluated by the FIM scale. Results: Eighty percent of patients in this study were females, mean age of 51 years (11.3). The control group showed an increased cardiovascular event risk in 10 years when ASCVD was analyzed (cardiovascular risk ≥7.5% in 10 years seen in 43% of patients in the control group vs. 23% of patients with HAM/TSP; p = 0.037). There was no difference in ultrasensitive CRP or IL-6 values between the groups, even when groups were stratified into low and high risk. There was no correlation between the functional status of HAM/TSP patients and the cardiovascular risk. Conclusions: In this study, the cardiovascular risk profile of patients with HAM/TSP was better than the risk of the control group.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Paraparesis, Tropical Spastic/complications , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Cohort Studies , Risk Assessment
13.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 28(4): 327-334, jul.-ago.2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-776158

ABSTRACT

A doença cardiovascular (DCV) é a maior causa de morte nos pacientes com doença renal crônica (DRC) nomundo. Vários fatores estão associados a essa elevada mortalidade e, recentemente, as toxinas urêmicas produzidas pela microbiota intestinal têm recebido bastante atenção, já que a falência renal cursa com o acúmulo dessas toxinas no plasma. Essas toxinas têm relação com estresse oxidativo, inflamação, disfunção endotelial e induçãoda aterosclerose e, recentes estudos têm observado que pacientes com elevados níveis de tais toxinas têm aumento na mortalidade por DCV. Assim, o objetivo da presente revisão foi discutir o papel das toxinas urêmicasprovenientes da microbiota intestinal e seu impacto na mortalidade cardiovascular em pacientes renais crônicos, bem como as possíveis perspectivas terapêuticas que podem ser elucidadas a partir do conhecimento aprofundado do tema...


The cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the world. Several factors are associated with this high mortality. Recently, the uremic toxins produced by intestinal microbiota have received extensiveattention from researchers, since kidney failure evolves with the accumulation of these toxins in the plasma. These toxins are related to oxidative stress, inflammation, endothelial dysfunction, and induction of atherosclerosis, and recent studies have noted thatpatients with high levels of these toxins have increased mortality due to CVD. Therefore, the purpose of this review was to discuss the role of uremic toxins from the intestinal microbiota and their impact on cardiovascular mortality in CKD patients, as well as the possible therapeutic perspectives that can be explained based on an in-depth understanding of the subject...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/mortality , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/virology , Risk Factors , Urea/blood , Urea/toxicity , Atherosclerosis , Renal Dialysis/methods , Intestines/metabolism , Microbiota , Kidney/metabolism
14.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 42(3): 282-289, May-June 2009. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-522257

ABSTRACT

A síndrome pulmonar e cardiovascular por hantavírus é doença causada pela aspiração de aerossóis dos dejetos de roedores silvestres contaminados por vírus da família Bunyaviridae. Estudamos manifestações clínicas e laboratoriais de 70 casos ocorridos de 1998 a 2007 na região de Ribeirão Preto, SP. A freqüência de sintomas foi dispnéia (87 por cento), febre (81 por cento), tosse (44 por cento), cefaléia (34 por cento), taquicardia (81 por cento), hipotensão arterial (56 por cento), hipóxia (49 por cento), acidose metabólica (57 por cento), linfocitopenia (51 por cento), hematócrito >45 por cento (70 por cento), leucocitose com desvio à esquerda (67 por cento), creatinina (51 por cento) e uréia (42 por cento) séricas elevadas. A letalidade (54,3 por cento) ocorreu principalmente no 4o dia. Insuficiência respiratória, hipotensão arterial e choque ocorreu 24-48 horas; o hematócrito elevado e a plaquetopenia são sinais fortemente sugestivos da doença. A hipótese diagnóstica de pneumonia atípica associada a bom prognóstico (p:0,0136); a infusão hídrica >2.000ml e hipotensão arterial associadas a mau prognóstico (p:0,0286 e p:0,0453).


Pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome due to hantavirus is a disease caused by inhalation of aerosols from the excreta of wild rodents contaminated by viruses of the Bunyaviridae family. We studied the clinical and laboratory manifestations of 70 cases that occurred in the region of Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil, between 1998 and 2007. The frequency of symptoms was as follows: dyspnea (87 percent), fever (81 percent), coughing (44 percent), headache (34 percent), tachycardia (81 percent), low arterial blood pressure (56 percent), metabolic acidosis (57 percent), lymphocytopenia (51 percent), hematocrit > 45 percent (70 percent), leukocytosis with left deviation (67 percent), creatinine (51 percent) and urea (42 percent). Mortality (54.3 percent) occurred mainly on the fourth day. Respiratory insufficiency, low arterial blood pressure and shock occurred after 24 to 48 hours. High hematocrit and decreased platelet levels were signs strongly suggestive of the disease. The diagnostic hypothesis of atypical pneumonia was associated with a good prognosis (p = 0.0136). Fluid infusion greater than 2,000 ml and arterial hypotension were associated with a poor prognosis (p = 0.0286 and p = 0.0453).


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/mortality , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/mortality , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/mortality , Brazil/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/diagnosis , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/therapy , Communicable Diseases, Emerging/virology , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/diagnosis , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/therapy , Incidence , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 34(1): 13-23, jan.-fev. 2001. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-462078

ABSTRACT

The Hantavirus pulmonary and cardiovascular syndrome (HPCVS) is an emerging disease in Brazil. In this study, eight confirmed cases of HPCVS were studied. All the patients presented fever and dyspnea as well as thrombocytopenia and hypoxemia. Tachycardia, malaise, hypotension and lung rales occurred in 75 to 87.5% of the cases. Hemoconcentration, blood cell count increased and immature neutrophils, and high levels of creatinine were observed in 75 to 87.5%. Intravenous liquid infusion, the use of drugs for increasing systemic vascular resistance and inotropism, and mechanic ventilation were used for the patients. Mechanical ventilation and volume administration should be started precociously, preferable in intensive care units employing recommended universal and respiratory precautions. Careful volume administration should be limited if signs of pulmonary edema develop. Mortality (50%) is high and probably related to the severity of the disease as well as to a delayed attending of the patients for intensive management. It is important to report hantaviruses and HPCVS to the Brazilian medical community considering that many cases could be undiagnosed.


A síndrome pulmonar e cardiovascular por Hantavirus (SPCVH), é doença emergente com descrição crescente de casos no Brasil. Neste trabalho, estudou-se 8 casos confirmados da doença. Todos apresentaram febre e dispnéia. Taquicardia, astenia, hipotensão e estertoração pulmonar ocorreram em 75 a 87,5% dos casos. Plaquetopenia e hipoxemia ocorreram em 100% dos casos, hemoconcentração, leucocitose com desvio à esquerda e elevação de uréia e creatinina séricas em 75 a 87,5%. Assistência respiratória, hidratação endovenosa e utilização de aminas vasoativas foram as medidas utilizadas nos pacientes. Ressalta-se que o suporte ventilatório e cardiovascular deve ser precocemente instituído, preferencialmente em unidades de terapia intensiva, com precauções universais e respiratórias de isolamento. Deve-se ter cuidados com infusão excessiva de líquidos para não agravar o edema pulmonar. A mortalidade observada, de 50%, é elevada, deveu-se à gravidade da doença e ao comparecimento tardio para tratamento intensivo. Deve-se informar sobre a SPCVH aos profissionais de saúde, considerando que casos de SPCVH, provavelmente, vêm passando desapercebidos.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adolescent , Cardiovascular Diseases/virology , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/complications , Algorithms , Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis , Cardiovascular Diseases/epidemiology , Cardiovascular Diseases/therapy , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/diagnosis , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/epidemiology , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/therapy
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