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2.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35(supl.1): e054, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249388

ABSTRACT

Abstract Dental caries remains highly prevalent in Latin American and Caribbean countries (LACC). However, this disease can be controlled through interventions that implement evidence-based strategies in an affordable manner and that target all population groups instead of the most affluent only. Therefore, the aim of this report was to summarize the main scientifically documented community interventions and strategies based on restriction of sugars consumption, use of fluoride, and the use of occlusal sealants for caries control in LACC. A critical literature review was carried out in a systematic manner that included defined search strategies, independent review of the identified publications, and compilation of results in this report. Three systematic searches were conducted using the PubMed, LILACS, and SciELO databases to identify studies related to community interventions and strategies for caries control in LACC. Of the 37 publications identified, twenty-six focused on fluoride use, eight on occlusal sealant use, and three on the restriction of sugar consumption. Documented community interventions for sugars restriction were scarce in the region and were based on food supplementation, sugar replacement, and education. Thus, local and/or national policies should prioritize investment in upstream, coherent, and integrated population-wide policies such as taxes on sugary drinks and stronger regulation of advertising and promotion of sugary foods and drinks mainly targeting children. The main fluoride-based strategies used drinking water, refined domestic salt, cow milk, toothpaste and, to a lesser extent, mouth-rinses, acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gels, and varnishes to deliver fluoride to the population. Evidence of fluoride use was seen in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Studies reporting the use of occlusal sealants were mainly located in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Peru, Mexico, and Venezuela. Community interventions restricting sugar consumption should be implemented at the individual level and through public policies. The use of fluoride must be monitored at the local, regional, and national levels so as to achieve maximum anti-caries effect while also minimizing the risk of dental fluorosis. Moreover, fluoridated water and salt programs, used as a mutually exclusive community level strategy for caries control, should expand their benefits to reach non-covered areas of the LACC while also simultaneously providing adequate surveillance of the fluoride concentration delivered to the population. Regulating the concentration of soluble fluoride (for anti-caries effect) in dentifrice formulations is also necessary in order to provide the population with an effective strategy for disease control. Targeting culturally appropriate, economically sustainable caries control interventions to rural populations and native ethnic groups such as indigenous people, quilombolas (African-origin), and riverside Amazonian people remains a crucial challenge.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Panama , Peru , Argentina , Uruguay , Brazil , Chile , Colombia , Caribbean Region , Dental Caries Susceptibility , Guatemala , Latin America/epidemiology , Mexico , Nicaragua
3.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e038, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249363

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A randomized controlled parallel clinical trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of the association of 1.23% topical professional acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF) gel with oral hygiene and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions in permanent, mixed, and temporary dentition in children between 3 and 12 years of age. Ninety-eight caries-active children were randomly divided into two groups: a fluoride gel group (n = 49) and a non-fluoridated gel group (n = 49). Each group received up to eight weekly applications of gel, weekly professional toothbrushing with oral hygiene instructions and dietary counselling. Caries lesions were assessed qualitatively through visual-tactile criteria performed in three stages: initial, intermediate, and final. Regression models were applied to identify risk indicators for caries control. Between-group comparison regarding the time taken to arrest the lesions was performed using Chi-squared and Fisher's exact tests. Seventeen children did not receive the allocated intervention, and one was lost to follow-up (n = 80). There was no difference between the control and placebo groups regarding the time to the arrest of the lesion (p >.05). The treatments showed similar results without significant statistical difference (p = 0.33; 95%CI: 0.32-1.48). No adverse effects were observed. It can be concluded that no additional effect of the association of 1.23% APF gel with oral hygiene using fluoride dentifrice and dietary instructions on the arrest of active non-cavitated lesions could be established. We can also confirm the importance of toothbrushing frequency and, consequently, the visible plaque reduction in the control of caries activity. RBR-37V5S3


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Tooth, Deciduous , Toothbrushing , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel
4.
Rev. ADM ; 76(2): 77-80, mar.-abr. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1005030

ABSTRACT

La OMS y la FDI han publicado que entre el 60 y 90% de los escolares padecen caries. En nuestro país, el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de Patologías Orales (SIVEPAB) 2012, reporta un 85% de caries a nivel nacional en población pediátrica. Los agentes anticariogénicos como el diamino y el fluoruro de plata son un tratamiento alentador, este agente puede actuar como bactericida o bacteriostático en función de su concentración y su capacidad para inhibir el crecimiento de estreptococos del grupo viridans, y por ende, de la caries. Problema: ¿Cuál es la efectividad bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata (Saforide®) a diferente concentración sobre la microbiota cariogénica de escolares? Objetivo: Determinar la eficacia bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata (DFP) a diferentes concentraciones en el crecimiento bacteriano de Streptococcus mitis, S. mutans y S. salivarius en muestras de saliva y dentina en escolares. Material y métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio experimental con una variable independiente, el efecto bactericida del diamino fluoruro de plata y se tomó el halo de inhibición como la dependiente. Se utilizaron medidas descriptivas como prueba de comparación y análisis de varianza usando post-hoc Tukey≠ con una confianza del 95%, y análisis de datos exploratorios. Resultados: Se analizaron 100 muestras, de las cuales 48.3% correspondió a S. mutans, 41.4% a S. salivarius y 10.3% a S. mitis, se obtuvo una mayor zona de inhibición para las tres bacterias al 38% mostrando una diferencia estadísticamente significativa 12% (p < 0.05). También se observó un efecto bacteriostático al 12%, no así para el 38%, donde se encontró un efecto bactericida Conclusión: Nuestros resultados sugieren que al 38% de la concentración hay un claro efecto bactericida en el grupo de estreptococos viridans y el 12% no se recomienda para la detención de caries debido al efecto bacteriostático (AU)


WHO and FDI have ruled that 60-90% of schoolchildren are affected by caries. In our country, the System of Epidemiological Surveillance of Oral Pathologies (SIVEPAB) (SIVEPAB) 2012. Report a rate of 85% of caries nationally in pediatric population. Anticariogenic diamino agents such as silver fluoride are an encouraging decrease in treatment for these high rates of tooth decay in our country, this agent can act as bactericidal or bacteriostatic based on their concentration and their ability to inhibit endogenous metalloproteinase (MMP-2, 8, 9). Problem: What will be the bactericidal effectiveness of silver diamine fluoride different concentration on cariogenic Streptococci saliva samples taken from school and dentin? Objective: Determine the bactericidal effectiveness Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) to different concentration on bacterial growth of Streptococcus mitis, S. mutans, and S. salivarius in saliva samples and dentin in school. Material and methods: An experimental study was conducted as an independent variable the bactericidal effect of silver diamine fluoride was taken as dependent inhibition halo. Descriptive measures were used as a comparison test and analysis of variance using Post-hoc Tukey with 95% confidence, and exploratory data analysis. Results: One hundred samples, of which 48.3% corresponded to S. mutans, 41.4% to S. salivarius and 10.3% to S. mitis, were analyzed, we obtained a larger zone of inhibition for all three organisms at 38% showing a statistically significant difference from 12% (p < 0.05). It was also observed that the 12% sample bacteriostatic effect, not to the concentration of 38% was found a bactericidal effect. Conclusion: Our results suggest that 38% concentration has a bactericidal effect on Streptococcus viridans group and 12% showed not recommended for the arrest or detention of dentine caries bacteriostatic effect (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , School Dentistry , Streptococcus mutans/drug effects , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Saliva/microbiology , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Silver Compounds/therapeutic use , Culture Media , Dentin/microbiology , Mexico
5.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180589, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1002403

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the effects of remineralization promoting agents containing casein phosphopeptide-stabilized amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP), or CPP-ACP in combination with fluoride (CPP-ACPF) on artificial white spot lesions (WSLs) after 6 and 12 weeks. Methodology: White spot lesions were created on 123 sectioned premolars (246 specimens) with a demineralization solution during a 96 hours pH-cycling regime. Two experimental groups were created: a CPP-ACP group (Tooth Mousse™), and a CPP-ACPF group (Mi Paste Plus™). Additionally, two control groups were created, one using only a conventional toothpaste (1450 ppm fluoride) and another one without any working agents. All teeth were also daily brushed with the conventional toothpaste except the second control group. Tooth Mousse™ and Mi Paste Plus™ were applied for 180 seconds every day. The volume of demineralization was measured with transverse microradiography. Six lesion characteristics regarding the lesion depth and mineral content of WSLs were also determined. Results: The application of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF had a significant regenerative effect on the WSLs. Compared to Control group 1 and 2 the volume of demineralization after 6 weeks decreased significantly for CPP-ACP (respectively p<0.001 and p<0.001) and CPP-ACPF (respectively p=0.001 and p=0.003). The same trend was observed after 12 weeks. For the CPP-ACPF group, WSL dimensions decreased significantly between 6 and 12 weeks follow-up (p=0.012). The lesion depth reduced significantly after application of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF but increased significantly in the Control groups. Mineral content increased for CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF after an application period of 12 weeks, but this was only significant for CPP-ACP. Conclusions: Long-term use of CPP-ACP and CPP-ACPF in combination with a conventional tooth paste shows beneficial effects in the recovery of in vitro subsurface caries lesions.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Remineralization/methods , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Caseins/chemistry , Dental Caries/drug therapy , Fluorides/chemistry , Reference Values , Time Factors , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Toothpastes/chemistry , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Caseins/therapeutic use , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
6.
J. appl. oral sci ; 25(3): 258-264, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-893623

ABSTRACT

Abstract Casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) is able to increase salivary calcium and phosphate levels at an acidic pH. Previous studies demonstrated that a CPP-ACP chewing gum was able to enhance the re-hardening of erosion lesions, but could not diminish enamel hardness loss. Therefore, there is no consensus regarding the effectiveness of CPP-ACP on dental erosion. Objective This in situ study investigated the ability of a CPP-ACP chewing gum in preventing erosive enamel loss. Material and Methods: During three experimental crossover phases (one phase per group) of seven days each, eight volunteers wore palatal devices with human enamel blocks. The groups were: GI - Sugar free chewing gum with CPP-ACP; GII - Conventional sugar free chewing gum; and GIII - No chewing gum (control). Erosive challenge was extraorally performed by immersion of the enamel blocks in cola drink (5 min, 4x/day). After each challenge, in groups CPP and No CPP, volunteers chewed one unit of the corresponding chewing gum for 30 minutes. Quantitative analysis of enamel loss was performed by profilometry (µm). Data were analyzed by Repeated-Measures ANOVA and Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results The use of chewing gum (CPP and No CPP) resulted in lower erosive enamel loss compared with the control group (p<0.05). CPP-ACP chewing gum (CPP) did not improve the protection against erosive enamel loss compared with conventional chewing gum (No CPP) (p>0.05). Conclusion The CPP-ACP chewing gum was not able to enhance the anti-erosive effect of conventional chewing gum against enamel loss.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Caseins/therapeutic use , Chewing Gum , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Saliva , Tooth Remineralization , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Cariostatic Agents/pharmacology , Caseins/pharmacology , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Cross-Over Studies , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Hardness Tests
7.
Bauru; s.n; 2017. 97 p. tab, ilus, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-883043

ABSTRACT

The focus of our studies has been the root substrate dentin, once root caries prevalence has been reported as increasing in part due to people living longer and maintaining their natural teeth into old age. Furthermore, this condition is highly prevalent in patients undergoing head-and-neck radiotherapy (HNR). To better understand the effect of different toothpastes in sound and non-irradiated root dentin, this research was developed in 3 parts with specific objectives, involving both in nonirradiated and irradiated substrates. In study 1, high-F toothpaste (5,000 µg F/g) associated or not with f tri-calcium phosphate (f TCP) were compared in vitro with conventional one (1,450 µg F/g) to control bovine root caries development. The study 2 was conducted to evaluate if the in vitro performance would be similar in a closer clinical situation. An in situ design was performed and the effect of high-F toothpaste combined or not with f TCP comparing to 1,450 µg F/g combined or not with argininebased toothpastes in reducing the net demineralization of sound root dentin and on the remineralization in initial artificial caries lesions was verified. In study 3, the effects of radiation exposure on human root dentin composition, structure and mechanical properties were evaluated. In the first study, our findings highlight the importance of using high-F toothpastes to prevent root caries development. In the second one, the results showed great performance of high-F toothpastes and arginine-based toothpastes, in clinical situations. The results of study 3 showed that radiation exposure changed the composition and structure of human root dentin, which may detrimentally affect its mechanical properties. Overall, the studies suggest that at high-risk population, such as elderly people and patients undergoing HNR, it is important to develop protocols to minimize damages caused by carious lesions, inhibiting the net demineralization of root caries. The current results can clarify the effects of radiation on root dentin to help further studies in this area. We also could observe that conventional toothpaste is not as effective as high-F toothpastes to prevent this condition, in non-irradiated root dentin. This knowledge is of special interest to determine the quality of life of high-risk population to dental caries presenting available tools that can be of at-home use with beneficial effects on demineralization protection and reversion.(AU)


O foco de nossos estudos tem sido o substrato dentinário radicular, uma vez que há relatos do aumento da prevalência de cárie radicular, devido principalmente ao aumento da expectativa de vida da população e a manutenção dos dentes naturais nos idosos. Além disso, essa condição é altamente prevalente em pacientes submetidos à radioterapia de cabeça e pescoço (RCP). Para melhor entendimento do efeito de diferentes dentifrícios em dentina radicular não-irradiada e irradiada, essa pesquisa foi desenvolvida em 3 partes, com objetivos específicos. No estudo 1, dentifrícios de alta concentração de F (5000 µg F/g) associado ou não com tri cálcio fosfato (f TCP) foram comparados in vitro com dentifrícios convencionais (1450 µg F/g) no controle do desenvolvimento de cárie radicular bovina. O estudo 2 foi conduzido para avaliar se os resultados do in vitro seria o mesmo diante de uma situação mais próxima da clínica. Um desenho in situ foi realizado e o efeito de dentifrício de alta concentração de F combinado ou não com f TCP e comparado com dentifrícios convencionais 1450 µg F/g combinado ou não com dentifrícios a base de arginina na redução da desmineralização de dentina radicular hígida e na remineralização de lesões cariosas previamente desenvolvidas foi avaliado. No estudo 3, os efeitos da exposição da dentina humana à radiação na sua composição, estrutura e propriedades mecânicas foram avaliados. No primeiro estudo, os resultados destacam a importância do uso de dentifrícios de alta concentração de F para prevenir o desenvolvimento de cárie radicular. No segundo, os resultados mostraram boa performance clínica dos dentifrícios de alta concentração de F e a base de arginina. O estudo 3 mostrou que a exposição à radiação altera a composição e estrutura da dentina radicular humana. De modo geral, os estudos sugerem que em população de alto risco, como os idosos e pacientes submetidos à RCP, é importante desenvolver protocolos para minimizar danos causados pelas lesões de cárie, inibindo a desmineralização líquida da cárie radicular. Os presentes resultados podem clarificar os efeitos da radiação na dentina radicular e ajudar em estudos posteriores nessa área. Também é possível observar que dentifrícios convencionais não são tão efetivos como os de alta concentração para prevenir essa condição, em dentina radicular não irradiada. Tal conhecimento é de especial interesse para garantir a qualidade de vida da população de alto risco à cárie, apresentando ferramentas disponíveis que podem ser usadas em casa com efeito benéfico na proteção da desmineralização.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Cattle , Arginine/therapeutic use , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides/therapeutic use , Root Caries/prevention & control , Toothpastes/chemistry , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Dentin/chemistry , Dentin/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
8.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e30, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839519

ABSTRACT

Abstract The objective of this study was to evaluate the clinical survival of sealants applied in first permanent molars (FPMs) affected by molar-incisor hypomineralization (MIH), at 18 months of follow-up. Forty-one first permanent molars were selected from 21 children, 6–8 years of age. MIH was classified by one calibrated examiner (kappa = 0.80) according to EAPD criteria. The inclusion criteria were fully erupted FPMs with MIH or sound FPMs (without MIH) for which sealant treatment was indicated. The FPMs were assigned to two groups: CG (control group) and HG (MIH group). Both groups were treated with sealant (FluroShield). Clinical follow-up was performed from baseline to 18 months to assess anatomical form, marginal adaptation, retention and presence of caries, according to criteria set by the United States Public Health Service-Modified, and was conducted by a blinded examiner (kappa = 0.80). The actuarial method was used to evaluate the survival of the sealants. The survival rates for the groups were compared using Fisher’s exact test (α = 5%). The cumulative survival rates were 81% at 1 month, 68.8% at 6 months, 68.8% at 12 months, and 62.6% at 18 months for CG, and 88% at 1 month, 84% at 6 months, 76% at 12 months, and 72% at 18 months for HG. No significant difference was found between the groups. The sealants in molars affected by MIH presented a survival rate similar to the sealants in the control, suggesting that sealants may be an adequate approach for preventing carious lesions in MIH-affected molars.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Polyurethanes/therapeutic use , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/therapeutic use , Dental Restoration Failure , Dental Enamel Hypoplasia/therapy , Dental Restoration, Permanent/methods , Time Factors , Survival Analysis , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Dentition, Permanent , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Dental Enamel/drug effects
9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e20, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839524

ABSTRACT

Abstract This in situ study aimed to investigate the effect of a tin-containing fluoride solution in preventing enamel erosion. Also, its effects on the partly demineralized zone were assessed for the first time. Thirteen volunteers participated in this 2-phase study, wearing removable intra-oral appliances containing four sterilized bovine enamel slabs, for 8 days, where 2 treatment protocols were tested using samples in replicas (n = 13): CO - no treatment (negative control) and FL - AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution (500 ppm F-, 800 ppm Sn2+, pH = 4.5). Samples were daily exposed to an erosive challenge (0.65% citric acid, pH 3.6, 4 min, 2x/day). In the 2nd phase, volunteers switched to the other treatment protocol. Samples were evaluated for surface loss using a profilometer (n = 13) and a cross-sectional nanohardness (CSNH) test (n = 13) was carried out in order to determine how deep the partly demineralized zone reaches below the erosive lesion. The data were statistically analyzed by two-way ANOVA. Erosive challenges lead to smaller enamel surface loss (p < 0.001) in the FL group when compared to group CO. Data from CSNH showed that there was no significant difference in demineralized enamel zone underneath erosion lesions between the groups. An amorphous layer could be observed on the surface of enamel treated with tin-containing solution alone. Under the experimental conditions of this in situ study, it can be concluded that AmF/NaF/SnCl2 solution prevents enamel surface loss but does not change the hardness of the partly demineralized zone near-surface enamel.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Female , Adult , Cattle , Young Adult , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tin Fluorides/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Anatomy, Cross-Sectional , Hardness Tests
10.
Rev. Fac. Odontol. (B.Aires) ; 31(71): 43-50, jul.-dic. 2016. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-869420

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de este estudio fue comparar la cantidad de fluoruro (F) residual en saliva después de la aplicación de barniz de fluoruro desodio al 5 por ciento y de barniz fluorado con fosfato tricálcico al 5 por ciento en niños de 2 a 5 años de edad. Se recolectó la saliva no estimulada de 24 niños que tenían acceso a sal fluorada diariamente y utilizaban dentífricos infantiles conteniendo 550 ppm F. La primera toma de muestrasalival fue colectada como basal y las siguientes fueron tomadas en diferentes intervalos de tiempo luego de realizar la aplicación del barnizfluorado (15; 30; 60 minutos y 24; 48; 72; 96; 168 horas). Un total de 216 muestras fueron obtenidas, siendo 96 muestras de barniz de Duraphat®, 96 muestras de barniz de ClinproTM WV y 24 muestras muestras basales. Los análisis de laboratorio fueron realizadosen el departamento de Bioquímica de la Facultad de Odontología de Baurú (FOB), Universidad de Sao Paulo. Un electrodo Orión 9409 y un microelectrodo acoplados a un potenciómetro Orion EA 940 se utilizaron para analizar las muestras previa difusión de las muestrascon el método de Taves. La concentración de iones de flúor mostró diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre ambos productos desde las 24 horas (p<0.001), esta característica se repite a las 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 horas (p<0.001). Se utilizó el análisisestadístico de Shapiro Wilks y T de Student. Ambos barnices mostraron un incremento de fluoruro residual en saliva durante los 15; 30 y 60 minutos, sin embargo, posteriormente a estos tiempos, ambos muestran niveles no significativamente diferentes al basal.


The aim of this study was compared the amount of residual fluoride after application of sodium fluoride varnish 5% and application offluoride varnish with phosphate tricalcium 5% in children from 2 to 5 years old. Unstimulated saliva was collected of 24 children who hadaccess to fluoridate salt daily and used children´s tooth pastes containing 550ppm F. The first salivary sample was collected as a base lineand the following were taken at different intervals after making the application of fluoride varnish (15; 30; 60 minutes; 24; 48; 72; 96;168 hours).Children were grouped in two groups according of type of varnish containing fluoride going to be applied. A total of 216samples were obtained, 96 samples from Duraphat® and 96 samples from ClinproTM WV 3M ESPE. The lab analyzes wereconducted in the Department of Biochemistry at the Faculty of Dentistry, Bauru (FOB), University of Sao Paulo. An Orion 9409electrode and a microelectrode coupled to a potentiometer Orion EA 940 analyzed the samples prior dissemination of samples with themethod of work. The fluoride concentration was statistically significant after 24 (p<0.001); 48 (p=0.003); 96 (p<0.001) y 168 hours(p<0.001) for both products. We used Shapiro Wilks and T student test for statistical analysis. Both products showed an increased inresidual fluoride in saliva during the 15; 30 and 60 minutes, however, both showed not differences that baseline levels.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Fluorides, Topical/analysis , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Calcium Phosphates/chemistry , Saliva/chemistry , Brazil , Cariostatic Agents/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/classification , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/metabolism , Data Interpretation, Statistical
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 24(3): 223-228, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: lil-787539

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective This in situ/ex vivo study investigated the effect of CO2 laser irradiation and acidulated phosphate fluoride gel (APF) application, separately and in combination, on enamel resistance to erosion. Material and Methods During 2 experimental 5-day crossover phases, 8 volunteers wore intraoral appliances containing bovine enamel blocks which were submitted to four groups: 1st phase - control, untreated and CO2 laser irradiation, 2nd phase - fluoride application and fluoride application before CO2 laser irradiation. Laser irradiation was performed at 10.6 µm wavelength, 5 µs pulse duration and 50 Hz frequency, with average power input and output of 2.3 W and 2.0 W, respectively (28.6 J/cm2). APF gel (1.23%F, pH 3.5) was applied on enamel surface with a microbrush and left on for 4 minutes. Then, the enamel blocks were fixed at the intraoral appliance level. The erosion was performed extraorally 4 times daily for 5 min in 150 mL of cola drink. Enamel loss was measured profilometrically after treatment and after the in situ phase. The data were tested using one-way Repeated Measures Anova and Tukey's test (p<0.05). Results CO2 laser alone (2.00±0.39 µm) did not show any significantly preventive effect against enamel erosion when compared with the control group (2.41±1.20 µm). Fluoride treated enamel, associated (1.50±0.30 µm) or not (1.47±0.63 µm) with laser irradiation, significantly differed from the control. Conclusion The APF application decreased enamel wear; however, CO2 laser irradiation did not enhance fluoride ability to reduce enamel wear.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Cattle , Young Adult , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Acidulated Phosphate Fluoride/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dental Enamel/radiation effects , Lasers, Gas/therapeutic use , Surface Properties , Time Factors , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Combined Modality Therapy , Statistics, Nonparametric , Gels
12.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 10(1): 29-33, abr. 2016. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782618

ABSTRACT

To treat initial caries lesions using the technique of resin infiltration for a restoration of natural enamel appearance. Case report of a 19 year old female who presented with moderate post-orthodontic white-spot lesions (WSLs) at the upper central and lateral incisors following two years of active treatment with a fixed orthodontic appliance, and requested an aesthetic improvement of decalcified enamel surfaces. The technique of resin infiltration (Icon®, DMG, Hamburg, Germany) is presented as a means for not only inhibiting lesion progression, but also for an adequate rehabilitation of dentofacial esthetics. Practical tips and cues for clinical handling of the infiltration technique are provided. Resin infiltration augments the therapeutic spectrum for orthodontist as well as pediatric or general dentists in that enamel areas affected by post-orthodontic WSLs can be restored to their original appearance.


El objetivo fue mostrar el tratamiento de lesiones de caries iniciales usando la técnica de infiltración de resina para una restauración de la apariencia natural del esmalte. Reporte de caso de una joven de 19 años de edad, de sexo femenino que presentó lesiones moderadas de manchas blancas (WSLs) en los incisivos centrales y laterales superiores, luego del tratamiento de ortodoncia con aparatos fijos por dos años, y solicitó una mejoría estética de las superficies descalcificadas del esmalte. La técnica de infiltración de resina (Icon®, DMG, Hamburgo, Alemania) se presenta como un medio efectivo, no sólo para inhibir la progresión de la lesión, sino también para una rehabilitación adecuada de la estética dentofacial. Se proporcionan además consejos prácticos y claves para el manejo clínico de la técnica de infiltración. La infiltración de resina aumenta el espectro terapéutico del ortodoncista, así como de odontopediatras y odontólogos generales en las áreas del esmalte afectadas con WSLs post-ortodoncia y que pueden ser restauradas a su apariencia original.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Resins, Synthetic/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/therapy , Orthodontic Appliances, Fixed/adverse effects , Resins, Synthetic/chemistry , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel
13.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 30(1): e115, 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951950

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of chlorhexidine varnish on the reduction of caries incidence during fixed orthodontic treatment. The literature searches involved The Cochrane Library, Medline, Scopus, OpenSigle databases and manual searches. The search on OpenSigle did not produce any additional articles. Clinical studies conducted in patients with orthodontic fixed appliances that used professional application of chlorhexidine varnish were included. The effect-size was calculated and a meta-analysis was performed. From 182 abstracts, a total of six articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria. After reading the full articles, one was excluded because of lack of a control group. Three articles were used for continuous data analysis, and two articles were used for the dichotomous data analysis. The pooled meta-analysis with continuous data demonstrated chlorhexidine varnish effectiveness on caries reduction (p = 0.003), with a mean difference and confidence interval of −1.49 [−2.47, −0.51]. On the basis of the pooled meta-analysis of continuous data, we were able to conclude that professional application of chlorhexidine varnish is effective in caries incidence reduction during fixed orthodontic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Chlorhexidine/therapeutic use , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Anti-Infective Agents, Local/therapeutic use , Orthodontic Appliances/microbiology , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
14.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 130 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-867343

ABSTRACT

Dentre as estratégias de tratamento de lesões incipientes de cárie, no estágio de mancha branca ativa, o infiltrante resinoso tem sido empregado, preenchendo os poros do esmalte e impedindo a sua progressão. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do infiltrante de cárie (Icon®) sobre lesões cariosas artificiais produzidas por diferentes protocolos e a eficiência deste tratamento após novo desafio ácido por modelos experimentais in vitro e in situ, utilizando a microdureza de superfície (MS) e longitudinal (ML). Na fase in vitro, lesões cariosas artificiais foram produzidas em 45 espécimes de esmalte bovino (6x4mm) através de três diferentes protocolos (ciclagem DES-RE, gel MC e solução MHDP). Os espécimes foram tratados com o infiltrante e submetidos a novo desafio ácido por ciclagem DES-RE. Este delineamento resultou em 4 condições em um mesmo espécime: hígida (H), após a desmineralização (D), após o tratamento com o infiltrante (I) e após o novo desafio ácido (N). Na fase in situ, 15 voluntários usaram dispositivos palatinos contendo dois espécimes por 14 dias, induzindo a lesão por meio de gotejamento de solução de sacarose 8x/dia. Nas duas fases, a MS e ML foram avaliadas em todas as condições dos espécimes até 220μm. Os dados foram coletados e processados pela porcentagem da diferença com os valores iniciais da condição hígida para serem analisados estatisticamente de acordo com ANOVA (medidas repetidas) e teste de Tukey (p<0,05). No estudo in vitro e in situ todos os protocolos de desmineralização foram capazes de produzir lesões de cárie de subsuperfície. Todos os protocolos in vitro promoveram perda de dureza de superfície maior que 75%, enquanto o protocolo in situ promoveu quase 40%. Há uma redução da perda de dureza à medida que a profundidade aumenta em todos os casos, sendo as particularidades mais observadas até 50 μm. O infiltrante avaliado em todas as condições foi capaz de re-equilibrar parcialmente a dureza interna...


Among the strategies for early caries lesions treatment as active white spot, the resin infiltrant has been employed filling the enamel pores and preventing their progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of caries infiltrant (Icon®) on artificial carious lesions produced by different protocols, and the efficiency of this treatment after new challenge acid by in vitro and in situ experimental models, using the surface microhardness (SH) and cross-sectional microhardness (CSH). In the in vitro phase, artificial carious lesions were performed on 45 enamel bovine specimens (6x4mm) by three different protocols (DE-RE cycling, MC gel and MHDP solution). The specimens were treated with the infiltrant and subjected to a new challenge by DE-RE cycling. This design resulted in four conditions at the same specimen: sound (S), after demineralization (D), after the treatment with infiltrant (I) and after the new acid challenge (N). In the in situ phase, 15 volunteers wore intraoral appliances containing two specimens for 14 days, inducing the lesion formation by sucrose solution dripping 8x/day. In both models, SH and CSH were evaluated in all conditions of the specimens up to 220μm. Data were collected and processed as percentage from the difference to each condition compared to sound stage to be statistically analyzed with ANOVA (repeated measures) and Tukey test (p <0.05). For all tested conditions, demineralization protocols were able to produce subsurface carious lesions. All in vitro protocols promoted hardness loss higher than 75% while in situ protocol promoted almost 40%. There is a reduction in the hardness loss as the depth increases, in which the main differences can be noticed up to 50μm. The infiltrant evaluated in all conditions was able to partially re-balance the internal hardness, however its strength and effect after the new challenge acid had been limited.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Young Adult , Cattle , Dental Caries/drug therapy , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel , Resins, Synthetic/therapeutic use , Hardness Tests , Surface Properties , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
15.
Araçatuba; s.n; 2015. 74 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-870065

ABSTRACT

É na infância que os dentes, em geral, são mais vulneráveis, estando mais susceptíveis a contrair cárie dentária, especialmente no período de irrupção, momento em que o elemento dental se encontra em infra oclusão, o que favorece o acúmulo de placa e dificulta sua adequada higienização. Soma-se ainda a pouca habilidade da criança em executar as manobras de uma adequada escovação dentária. O primeiro molar permanente em irrupção, além destes fatores de susceptibilidade citados, é por excelência um nicho de colonização de microrganismo pela sua anatomia oclusal, fato que torna este período de alto risco para o surgimento de novas lesões de cárie dentária. Portanto, partindo da premissa que molares permanente em fase de irrupção, de criança com experiência de cárie dentária, são mais susceptíveis a adquirir a doença, o objetivo desse trabalho foi comparar três métodos preventivos da ocorrência de lesão cariosa neste dente. Participaram do estudo 242 crianças (968 molares), de ambos os gêneros, na faixa etária de 6 a 8 anos, com experiência de cárie dentária, apresentando os quatros primeiros molares permanentes hígidos em fase de irrupção. As crianças foram divididas aleatoriamente em três grupos: grupo com 81 crianças, cujo os 324 molares receberam aplicação única de selante de fossas e fissuras à base de ionômero de vidro (SIV), grupo com 83 crianças (332 molares), com aplicação de verniz fluoretado (VF) em 3 sessões (0, 6 e 12 meses) e grupo com 78 crianças, 312 molares que receberam profilaxia profissional (PP) em 6 sessões (0, 3, 6, 9, 12 e 15 meses). A avaliação clínica pós-operatória foi realizada após 6, 12 e 18 meses, para os pacientes dos três grupos. Quanto ao efeito preventivo o SIV, o VF e a PP apresentaram resultados diferentes, aos 6 meses (99,5%, 96% e 98%), aos 12 meses (99,5%, 96% e 96%) e aos 18 meses (99%, 99,5% e 95%), respectivamente. A lesão cariosa ocorreu em 1, 11 e 5 molares (0,5%, 4% e 2% ) aos 6 meses; 1, 8 e 10 molares...


It is in childhood that the teeth in general, are more vulnerable, are more susceptible to getting tooth decay, especially in the outbreak period, hampering their proper hygiene. Also, it is added to the little child’s ability to perform the maneuvers of proper tooth brushing. The first permanent molar eruption, in addition to cited susceptibility factors, is par excellence a microorganism colonization niche because of its occlusal anatomy, a fact that makes of this period highly risky for the emergence of new lesions of dental caries. Therefore, based on the premise that children with caries experience in the permanent molar eruption phase are more likely to acquire the disease, the goal of this study was to compare three preventive methods of occurrence of carious lesions in the tooth. The study included 242 children (968 molars), of both genders, aged 6-8 years, with caries experience, with the four first permanent molars at the erupting phase. The children were randomly divided into three groups: a group of 81 children, whose 324 molar received a single application of pit and fissure sealant made on the basis of glass ionomer (GIS), a group of 83 children (332 molars), with coating application of fluoride varnish (FV) in 3 sessions (0, 6 and 12 months) and a group of 78 children (312 molars) who received professional prophylaxis (PP) in 6 sessions (0, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 months). Patients were clinically evaluated after 6, 12 and 18 months, patients in the three groups. As for the preventive effect the GIS, FV and PP showed different results at 6 months (99.5%, 96% and 98%), at 12 months (99.5%, 96% and 96%) and at 18 months (99%, 99.5% and 95%), respectively. The carious lesion occurred in 1, 11 and 5 molars (0.5%, 4% and 2%) at 6 months; 1, 8 and 10 molars (0.5%, 4% and 4%) at 12 months; 3, 9 and 1 (1%, 0.5%, 5%) at 18 months for the groups GIS, FV and PP, respectively. It was concluded that in children with caries experience the best results for their...


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Fluorides, Topical/therapeutic use , Dental Prophylaxis/methods , Pit and Fissure Sealants/therapeutic use , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Molar
16.
Bauru; s.n; 2015. 130 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-773796

ABSTRACT

Dentre as estratégias de tratamento de lesões incipientes de cárie, no estágio de mancha branca ativa, o infiltrante resinoso tem sido empregado, preenchendo os poros do esmalte e impedindo a sua progressão. O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o efeito do infiltrante de cárie (Icon®) sobre lesões cariosas artificiais produzidas por diferentes protocolos e a eficiência deste tratamento após novo desafio ácido por modelos experimentais in vitro e in situ, utilizando a microdureza de superfície (MS) e longitudinal (ML). Na fase in vitro, lesões cariosas artificiais foram produzidas em 45 espécimes de esmalte bovino (6x4mm) através de três diferentes protocolos (ciclagem DES-RE, gel MC e solução MHDP). Os espécimes foram tratados com o infiltrante e submetidos a novo desafio ácido por ciclagem DES-RE. Este delineamento resultou em 4 condições em um mesmo espécime: hígida (H), após a desmineralização (D), após o tratamento com o infiltrante (I) e após o novo desafio ácido (N). Na fase in situ, 15 voluntários usaram dispositivos palatinos contendo dois espécimes por 14 dias, induzindo a lesão por meio de gotejamento de solução de sacarose 8x/dia. Nas duas fases, a MS e ML foram avaliadas em todas as condições dos espécimes até 220μm. Os dados foram coletados e processados pela porcentagem da diferença com os valores iniciais da condição hígida para serem analisados estatisticamente de acordo com ANOVA (medidas repetidas) e teste de Tukey (p<0,05). No estudo in vitro e in situ todos os protocolos de desmineralização foram capazes de produzir lesões de cárie de subsuperfície. Todos os protocolos in vitro promoveram perda de dureza de superfície maior que 75%, enquanto o protocolo in situ promoveu quase 40%. Há uma redução da perda de dureza à medida que a profundidade aumenta em todos os casos, sendo as particularidades mais observadas até 50 μm. O infiltrante avaliado em todas as condições foi capaz de re-equilibrar parcialmente a dureza interna...


Among the strategies for early caries lesions treatment as active white spot, the resin infiltrant has been employed filling the enamel pores and preventing their progression. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of caries infiltrant (Icon®) on artificial carious lesions produced by different protocols, and the efficiency of this treatment after new challenge acid by in vitro and in situ experimental models, using the surface microhardness (SH) and cross-sectional microhardness (CSH). In the in vitro phase, artificial carious lesions were performed on 45 enamel bovine specimens (6x4mm) by three different protocols (DE-RE cycling, MC gel and MHDP solution). The specimens were treated with the infiltrant and subjected to a new challenge by DE-RE cycling. This design resulted in four conditions at the same specimen: sound (S), after demineralization (D), after the treatment with infiltrant (I) and after the new acid challenge (N). In the in situ phase, 15 volunteers wore intraoral appliances containing two specimens for 14 days, inducing the lesion formation by sucrose solution dripping 8x/day. In both models, SH and CSH were evaluated in all conditions of the specimens up to 220μm. Data were collected and processed as percentage from the difference to each condition compared to sound stage to be statistically analyzed with ANOVA (repeated measures) and Tukey test (p <0.05). For all tested conditions, demineralization protocols were able to produce subsurface carious lesions. All in vitro protocols promoted hardness loss higher than 75% while in situ protocol promoted almost 40%. There is a reduction in the hardness loss as the depth increases, in which the main differences can be noticed up to 50μm. The infiltrant evaluated in all conditions was able to partially re-balance the internal hardness, however its strength and effect after the new challenge acid had been limited...


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Young Adult , Cattle , Dental Caries/drug therapy , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Enamel , Resins, Synthetic/therapeutic use , Hardness Tests , Surface Properties , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 29(1): 1-5, 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777239

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare the protective effects of solutions containing stannous (Sn), fluoride (F) and their combination in the prevention of dentin erosion. Forty bovine root dentin specimens (4’4’2 mm3) were prepared and randomly assigned to 4 groups (n = 10): SnCl2(800 ppm/6.7 mM Sn), NaF (250 ppm/13 mM F), NaF/SnCl2 (800 ppm/6.7 mM Sn; 250 ppm/13 mM F), and deionized water (DIW) as a negative control. An acquired pellicle was formed on dentin samples by incubation in clarified, pooled, stimulated human saliva for 24 hours. The specimens were subjected to 5 daily cycles, each consisting of 5 of min demineralization (0.3%/15.6 mM citric acid, pH 2.6, 6’/day) and 60 min of re-mineralization in clarified human saliva. Thirty minutes after the 1st, 3rd and 5th demineralization episodes of each day, the specimens were treated with one of the test solutions for 2 min. Surface loss was measured via optical profilometry. Mixed-model ANOVA followed by Tukey’s test were used for the statistical analysis. Sn, F, and their combination significantly reduced the dentin surface loss by 23%, 36%, and 60% compared with DIW, respectively. All groups were significantly different (p < 0.05). The combination of Sn and F significantly reduced the amount of dentin surface loss compared with all other groups. The F group also significantly reduced surface loss compared with Sn and DIW, followed by the Sn group, which showed significantly greater protection compared with the DIW control. The daily use of a combined fluoride and stannous solution is promising for preventing dentin erosion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Dentin/drug effects , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Tin Compounds/therapeutic use , Tin Fluorides/therapeutic use , Tooth Erosion/prevention & control , Drug Combinations , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Saliva/chemistry , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors
18.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(3): 273-278, May-Jun/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-681878

ABSTRACT

This in vitro study evaluated the preventive potential of experimental pastes containing 10% and 20% hydroxyapatite nanoparticles (Nano-HAP), with or without fluoride, on dental demineralization. Bovine enamel (n=15) and root dentin (n=15) specimens were divided into 9 groups according to their surface hardness: control (without treatment), 20 Nanop paste (20% HAP), 20 Nanop paste plus (20% HAP + 0.2% NaF), 10 Nanop paste (10% HAP), 10 Nanop paste plus (10% HAP + 0.2% NaF), placebo paste (without fluoride and HAP), fluoride paste (0.2% NaF), MI paste (CPP-ACP, casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate), and MI paste plus (CPP-ACP + 0.2% NaF). Both MI pastes were included as commercial control products containing calcium phosphate. The specimens were treated with the pastes twice a day (1 min), before and after demineralization. The specimens were subjected to a pH-cycling model (demineralization–6-8 h/ remineralization-16-18 h a day) for 7 days. The dental subsurface demineralization was analyzed using cross-sectional hardness (kgf/mm 2 , depth 10-220 µm). Data were tested using repeated-measures two-way ANOVA and Bonferroni's test (p<0.05). The only treatment able to reduce the loss of enamel and dentin subsurface hardness was fluoride paste (0.2% NaF), which differed significantly from the control at 30- and 50-µm depth (p<0.0001). The other treatments were not different from each other or compared with the control. The experimental Nanop pastes, regardless of the addition of fluoride, were unable to reduce dental demineralization in vitro.


Este estudo in vitro avaliou o potencial de pastas experimentais contendo nanopartículas de hidroxiapatita a 10% e 20% (Nano-HAP), com ou sem fluoreto, na prevenção da desmineralização dentária. Espécimes de esmalte (n=15) e de dentina radicular (n=15) bovinos foram divididos em nove grupos de acordo com o valor de dureza superficial: controle (sem tratamento), pasta Nanop 20 (HAP 20%), pasta Nanop 20 plus (HAP 20% + NaF 0,2%), pasta Nanop 10 (HAP 10%), pasta Nanop 10 plus (HAP 10% + NaF 0,2%), pasta placebo (sem F e HAP), pasta fluoretada (NaF 0,2%), pasta MI (CPP-ACP, fosfopeptídio da caseína-fosfato de cálcio amorfo), e pasta MI plus (CPP-ACP + NaF 0,2%). As duas pastas MI foram inclusas como grupos controles comerciais contendo fosfato de cálcio. Os espécimes foram tratados com as pastas duas vezes ao dia (1 min), antes e após a desmineralização. Os espécimes foram submetidos a um modelo de ciclagem de pH (desmineralização 6-8 h/ remineralização 16-18 h por dia) durante sete dias. A desmineralização dentária de subsuperfície foi avaliada através da dureza longitudinal (kgf/mm 2 , profundidade de 10-220 µm). Os dados foram analisados utilizando ANOVA a dois critérios e teste de Bonferroni (p<0,05). O único tratamento capaz de reduzir a perda da dureza de subsuperfície do esmalte e da dentina foi a pasta fluoretada (NaF 0,2%), a qual diferiu significativamente do controle nas profundidades de 30 e 50 µm da superfície (p<0,0001). Os outros tratamentos não foram diferentes entre si ou quando comparados ao controle. As pastas experimentais Nanop, independentemente da presença de fluoreto, não foram capazes de reduzir a desmineralização dentária in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Dentin/drug effects , Durapatite/therapeutic use , Nanoparticles/therapeutic use , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Toothpastes/therapeutic use , Calcium/analysis , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Caseins/therapeutic use , Hardness , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Placebos , Phosphates/analysis , Random Allocation , Spectrophotometry , Sodium Fluoride/therapeutic use , Toothpastes/analysis
19.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 7(1): 133-137, 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-690491

ABSTRACT

Prevention is the area of dentistry that should be given more emphasis to reduce further consequences on the oral cavity. The aim of this study was to assess the use of xylitol chewing gum on dental plaque, saliva flow and saliva buffer capacity in youngster. Fifteen dental students were randomly assigned to a study and control group, the first received a xylitol chewing gum while the second a placebo chewing gum, provided 4 times per day for 21 days. Dental plaque, saliva flow and saliva ph were measures at day 0, 7, 14 and 21st. Dental plaque concentration decreased in both groups (p >0,05), saliva flow increased (p>0,05) and saliva ph was incremented but no significant differences were found among groups (p>0,05). The use of xylitol chewing gum helps to reduce dental plaque, increase saliva flow and ph, like the placebo chewing gum, but a larger study is needed to properly assess if xylitol has an additional benefit on the studied variables.


La prevención es el área de la odontología a la que se le debe dar más énfasis para disminuir posteriores consecuencias sobre la cavidad oral. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el efecto del uso de chicles con xilitol sobre placa bacteriana, flujo salival y capacidad buffer de la saliva en jóvenes. Participaron 15 alumnos de quinto año, se asignaron al azar en un grupo de estudio y un grupo control, consumiendo chicles con xilitol y un placebo respectivamente, 4 veces al día por 21 días. Se midió placa bacteriana, flujo salival y capacidad buffer de la saliva al día 0, 7, 14 y 21. La placa bacteriana se redujo en ambos grupos tras 21 días de tratamiento sin obtener valores significativos (p>0,05). Asimismo el flujo salival aumentó tanto en el grupo de estudio como en el grupo de control, pero sin encontrar resultados significativos (p>0,05). El pH salival aumentó en ambos grupos, sin obtener valores significativos (p>0,05). Los resultados sugieren quemasticar chicles con xilitol disminuye la placa bacteriana, aumenta el flujo salival y la capacidad buffer de la saliva, pero estudios con un mayor número de pacientes deberían realizarse para obtener valores significativos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Female , Young Adult , Chewing Gum , Sweetening Agents/therapeutic use , Dental Plaque/drug therapy , Saliva , Xylitol/therapeutic use , Chile , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Saliva/microbiology , Saliva , Time Factors , Secretory Rate
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 24(1): 68-73, 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-671356

ABSTRACT

Dental materials with antibacterial properties can prevent the harmful effects caused by oral cariogenic bacteria. This double-blind controlled clinical trial evaluated the performance of a glass ionomer cement (GIC) added with antibiotics for sealing infected dentin in atraumatic restorations of primary molars. The study enrolled 45 children (45 teeth) between 5 and 8 years of age, of both genders, divided into two groups: GC (n=22), where cavities were lined with a conventional GIC (Vidrion F) and GA (n=23), with cavities lined with Vidrion F added with 1% each of metronidazole, ciprofloxacin and cefaclor antibiotic. Both groups were restored with Ketac Molar Easymix. Molars with carious lesions on the inner half of dentin without clinical or radiographic pulp damage were selected. Patients were evaluated clinically (pain, fistulas or mobility) and radiographically (area of caries, periapical region and furcation) after 1, 3, 6 and 12 months. For statistical analysis, chi-squared or Fisher's exact tests were used with a 5% significance level. GA (82.6-95.7%) had better results than GC (12.5-36.4%) in all evaluations (p<0.05) and the difference in the success rate was 46.2-72.5% higher for GA. The use of the antibiotic-containing GIC liner on infected dentin proved satisfactory when applied in deciduous teeth.


Os materiais dentários com propriedades antibacterianas podem proteger os efeitos nocivos causados por bactérias cariogênicas. Este ensaio clínico controlado duplo-cego avaliou o desempenho do cimento de ionômero de vidro (CIV) associado à antibióticos no selamento da dentina infectada em restaurações atraumáticas de molares decíduos. O estudo envolveu 45 crianças (45 dentes) entre 5 e 8 anos de idade, de ambos os sexos, divididos em dois grupos: GC (n=22), onde as cavidades foram forradas com CIV convencional (Vidrion F) e GA (n=23), onde as cavidades foram forradas com Vidrion F contendo 1% de cada um dos antibióticos metronidazole, ciprofloxacina e cefaclor. Ambos os grupos foram restaurados com Ketac Molar Easymix. Molares com lesões de cárie na metade interna da dentina, sem danos pulpares clínicos ou radiográficos foram selecionados. Os pacientes foram avaliados clinicamente (presença de dor, fístulas ou mobilidade) e radiograficamente (área de cárie, região periapical e de furca dos dentes), após 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses. Para a análise estatística o Qui-quadrado ou Exato de Fisher foram utilizados com 5,0% de significância. GA (82,6-95,7%) obteve melhores resultados do que GC (12,5-36,4%) em todas as avaliações (p<0,05) e a diferença na taxa de sucesso foi de 46,2-72,5% maior para GA. O uso do CIV com antibióticos no forramento da dentina infectada foi satisfatório em dentes decíduos.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents/administration & dosage , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Dental Cavity Lining , Dental Atraumatic Restorative Treatment/methods , Dental Caries/therapy , Dentin/pathology , Glass Ionomer Cements/therapeutic use , Chi-Square Distribution , Cariostatic Agents/therapeutic use , Cefaclor/administration & dosage , Ciprofloxacin/administration & dosage , Double-Blind Method , Dentin/microbiology , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Metronidazole/administration & dosage , Tooth, Deciduous
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