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Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 79(3): 189-194, Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285337


ABSTRACT Background: Elevated levels of chemerin can predict future ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Although chemerin is thought to play a role in atherosclerotic inflammation, whether circulating chemerin levels are associated with the severity of atherosclerosis remains to be determined. Objectives: Through the use of carotid Doppler ultrasonography, our aim in this study was to investigate the relationships of serum chemerin levels with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) as an indicator of generalized atherosclerosis. Methods: This study compared 40 patients with ischemic stroke and 40 healthy subjects. Measurements were made at end-diastole using color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) after a 5-min rest interval in a quiet and dark room. CIMT was defined as the distance between the innermost edge of the luminal echo to the innermost edge of the media/adventitia echo. CIMT was measured in the posterior wall of both common carotid arteries within 1 cm proximally to the bulbus. Three measurements were made on both sides and the average measurement was taken as the CIMT. Serum chemerin levels were determined in all patients and healthy subjects. Results: Serum chemerin levels were significantly higher in the patient group than in the control group (p=0.004). Serum chemerin levels were positively correlated with CIMT (p<0.05). There was a significant difference between the groups with regard to CIMT (p<0.001). Conclusion: Elevated serum chemerin levels appear to be associated with CIMT, thus suggesting that a link exists between chemerin and atherosclerotic ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

RESUMO Introdução: Níveis elevados de chemerin podem prever doenças cerebrovasculares isquêmicas futuras. Embora se acredite que a chemerin desempenhe um papel na inflamação aterosclerótica, ainda não foi determinado se os níveis circulantes de chemerin estão associados à gravidade da aterosclerose Objetivos: Por meio do uso da ultrassonografia Doppler da carótida, nosso objetivo neste estudo foi investigar as relações dos níveis séricos de chemerin com a espessura da íntima-média da carótida (EIMC) como um indicador de aterosclerose generalizada. Métodos: Este estudo comparou 40 pacientes com AVC isquêmico e 40 indivíduos saudáveis. As medidas foram feitas no final da diástole usando ultrassonografia Doppler em cores (USDC), após um intervalo de descanso de 5 minutos em um quarto silencioso e escuro. A EIMC foi definida como a distância entre a borda mais interna do eco luminal e a borda mais interna do eco da mídia/adventícia. EIMC foi medido na parede posterior de ambas as artérias carótidas comuns dentro de 1 cm proximalmente ao bulbo. Três medições foram feitas em ambos os lados e a medição média foi tomada como o EIMC. Os níveis séricos de chemerin foram determinados em todos os pacientes e indivíduos saudáveis. Resultados: Os níveis séricos de chemerin foram significativamente maiores no grupo de pacientes do que no grupo controle (p=0,004). Os níveis séricos de chemerin foram positivamente correlacionados com EIMC (p<0,05). Houve diferença significativa entre os grupos em relação à EIMC (p<0,001). Conclusão: Níveis séricos elevados de chemerin parecem estar associados com a EIMC, sugerindo que existe uma ligação entre chemerin e doença cerebrovascular isquêmica aterosclerótica.

Humans , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Chemokines/blood , Atherosclerosis , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Carotid Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Risk Factors , Ultrasonography , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 387-391, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137251


Abstract Total arch replacement and stent trunk were performed for two patients. One of these underwent a total bilateral carotid artery replacement in anatomical position while the other underwent partial carotid artery dissection. The first patient demonstrated no neurological complication after surgery and a postoperative computed tomography angiography (CTA) showed bilateral common carotid artery patency. However, the second patient had neurological dysfunction after surgery, while a postoperative CTA showed occlusion of the left common carotid artery. Anatomical replacement for a common carotid artery dissection with thrombus has the potential to significantly improve cerebral perfusion and reduce postoperative neurological complications.

Humans , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Dissection/surgery , Aortic Dissection/complications , Aortic Dissection/diagnostic imaging , Stents , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Artery, Common/surgery , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Dissection
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 7(2): 6-16, jun. 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1179270


This study had as a goal to analyze the prevalence of suggestive images of atheromatous calcification in the common carotid artery, aiming to relate it to age, sex, antimere and to analyze the morphology of its calcification, through digital panoramic radiographs of the jaws. It's an observational, transversal and retrospective study, on which there were analyzed 4.837 radiographs, that came from the files of a dental radiology private service in the city of Cabo de Santo Agostinho-PE, Brazil, referring to the period between 2011-2017. The morphology of the calcified atheromatous plaque was classified in: Grade I ­ normal (plaque not displayed); Grade II ­ intimal thickening; Grade III ­ simple plaque (less than 5mm thick); Grade IV ­ complex plaque (over 5mm thick) and Grade V ­ debris (irregular plaque with moving projections). The data collected was expressed in absolute values and frequency, analyzed through the chi-square, considering p< 0,05. Of the analyzed radiographs, 1.321 filled the eligibility criteria, of these 51 (3,8%0 presented suggestive image of atheromatous plaque, 71% were of the female sex (p = 0,003), 45% were at the age range between 5th and 6th decade of life (p= 0,001), most of the identified plaques were unilateral, to the left (p=0,02) and 76% were morphologically classified as grade III (less than 5mm thick). In this study, it was verified the low prevalence of suggestive images of atheromatous in carotid artery, with greater occurrence on the female sex, between the 5th and 6th decade of life, unilaterally, to the left and morphologically classified in grade III.

Este estudio tuvo como objetivo analizar la prevalencia de imágenes sugerentes de calcificación ateromatosa en la arteria carótida común, con el objetivo de relacionarla con la edad, sexo, antimería y analizar el aspecto morfológico de la calcificación, a través de radiografías panorámicas digitales de los maxilares. Se trata de un estudio observacional, transversal y retrospectivo, en el que se analizaron 4.837 radiografías, provenientes de los archivos de un servicio privado de radiología dental en la ciudad de Cabo de Santo Agostinho-PE, Brasil, referido al período 2011-2017. La morfología de la placa ateromatosa calcificada se clasificó en: Grado I - normal (no aparece placa); Grado II: engrosamiento de la íntima; Grado III: placa simple (menos de 5 mm de espesor); Grado IV: placa compleja (más de 5 mm de grosor) y grado V: Irregular o amorfo (placa irregular con proyecciones móviles). Los datos recolectados se expresaron en valores absolutos y frecuencia, analizados mediante el chi-cuadrado, considerando p <0,05. De las radiografías analizadas, 1.321 cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad, de estas 51 (3,8% presentaron imagen sugerente de placa ateromatosa, 71% eran del sexo femenino (p = 0,003), 45% estaban en el rango de edad entre 5 y 6a década de la vida (p = 0,001), la mayoría de las placas identificadas eran unilaterales, hacia la izquierda (p = 0,02) y el 76% se clasificaron morfológicamente como grado III (menos de 5mm de espesor). verificó la baja prevalencia de imágenes sugerentes de ateromatosas en arteria carótida, con mayor ocurrencia en el sexo femenino, entre la 5ª y 6ª década de la vida, unilateralmente, hacia la izquierda y clasificadas morfológicamente en grado III.

Humans , Radiography, Panoramic/methods , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/epidemiology , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/diagnostic imaging , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Study
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 8(6): 510-516, dic. 28, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224615


Background: Carotid artery calcification (CAC) is one of risk factors of cardiovascular disorders (CVDs). Digital panoramic radiographs can detect it. Aim of the study: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of CAC detected by digital panoramic radiographs in a sample of Yemeni dental patients. Materials and Methods: An observational and analytical cross-sectional study was used to investigate a convenience sample of 443 patients. These patients were interviewed face-to-face for their socio-demographic information and their medical background regarding CVDs and associated risk factors. The researchers for detection of CAC assessed the digital panoramic radiographs. Results: High income and middle-aged patients were risk factors of CVDs significantly associated with increased incidence of CAC (42 patients (9.5%) and 32 patients (7.2%), respectively). Patients with a previous medical consultation, previous medications and family history of CVDs revealed a significant higher prevalence of CAC (p=0.001). Conclusion: There was an increased prevalence of CAC detected on digital panoramic radiographs, as a risk factor of CVDs. CAC was more common in females than males.

Antecedentes: La calcificación de la arteria carótida (CAC) es uno de los factores de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares (ECV). La CAC puede ser detectada por radiografías panorámicas digitales. Objetivo del estudio: Este estudio tuvo como objetivo determinar la prevalencia de CAC detectada por radiografías panorámicas digitales en una muestra de pacientes dentales yemeníes. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizó un estudio transversal observacional y analítico para investigar una muestra de conveniencia de 443 pacientes. Estos pacientes fueron entrevistados en persona para obtener su información sociodemográfica y sus antecedentes médicos con respecto a las ECV y los factores de riesgo asociados. Los investigadores evaluaron las radiografías panorámicas digitales para detectar CAC. Resultados: Los pacientes de ingresos altos y de mediana edad fueron factores de riesgo de ECV significativamente asociados con una mayor incidencia de CAC (42 pacientes (9,5%) y 32 pacientes (7,2%), respectivamente). Los pacientes con una consulta médica previa, medicamentos previos y antecedentes familiares de ECV revelaron una prevalencia significativamente mayor de CAC (p=0.001). Conclusión: Hubo una mayor prevalencia de CAC detectada en radiografías panorámicas digitales como factor de riesgo de ECV, y CAC fue más común en mujeres que en hombres.

Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Cardiovascular Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Yemen , Calcinosis/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Panoramic , Carotid Arteries , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Carotid Stenosis
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 29(4): 527-536, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-741734


Introdução: O manejo das doenças da aorta torácica que envolvem a aorta ascendente, arco aórtico e aorta torácica descendente constituem um desafio técnico e é uma área em constante desenvolvimento e inovação. Objetivo: Analisar os resultados iniciais e a médio prazo do tratamento híbrido das doenças do arco aórtico. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de procedimentos realizados no período de janeiro de 2010 a dezembro de 2012, em que foram analisados o sucesso técnico e terapêutico, a morbimortalidade, os desfechos neurológicos, a taxa de vazamentos e de reintervenções. Resultados: Em um total de 95 pacientes tratados por doenças da aorta torácica no período, 18 realizaram o tratamento híbrido e adentraram neste estudo. A idade média foi de 62,3 anos. O sexo masculino esteve presente em 66,7%. O sucesso técnico e terapêutico foi de 94,5% obe 83,3%, respectivamente. A mortalidade perioperatória foi de 11,1%. Não houve óbito durante o acompanhamento de 1 ano. A taxa de reintervenção foi de 16,6%, devido a 2 casos de endoleak tipo Ia e um caso de endoleak tipo 2. Não foi observada oclusão dos enxertos anatômicos ou extra-anatômicos durante o período de seguimento. Conclusão: O tratamento híbrido das doenças do arco aórtico demonstrou ser uma alternativa viável à cirurgia convencional. As taxas de sucesso terapêutico e de reintervenções demonstram a necessidade do seguimento clínico rigoroso desses pacientes a longo prazo. .

Introduction: The management of thoracic aortic disease involving the ascending aorta, aortic arch and descending thoracic aorta are technically challenging and is an area in constant development and innovation. Objective: To analyze early and midterm results of hybrid treatment of arch aortic disease. Methods: Retrospective study of procedures performed from January 2010 to December 2012. The end points were the technical success, therapeutic success, morbidity and mortality, neurologic outcomes, the rate of endoleaks and reinterventions. Results: A total of 95 patients treated for thoracic aortic diseases in this period, 18 underwent hybrid treatment and entered in this study. The average ages were 62.3 years. The male was present in 66.7%. The technical and therapeutic success was 94.5% e 83.3%. The perioperative mortality rate of 11.1%. There is any death during one-year follow- up. The reoperation rates were 16.6% due 2 cases of endoleak Ia and one case of endoleak II. There is any occlusion of anatomic or extra anatomic bypass during follow up. Conclusion: In our study, the hybrid treatment of aortic arch disease proved to be a feasible alternative of conventional surgery. The therapeutic success rates and re- interventions obtained demonstrate the necessity of thorough clinical follow-up of these patients in a long time. .

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aorta, Thoracic/surgery , Aortic Diseases/surgery , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Aorta, Thoracic/diagnostic imaging , Aortic Diseases/mortality , Aortic Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Postoperative Complications , Time Factors , Angiography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Stents , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Carotid Artery, Common/surgery , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Endoleak/etiology , Endovascular Procedures/mortality , Intraoperative Complications , Medical Illustration
Journal of the Saudi Heart Association. 2014; 26 (2): 63-71
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-141944


Psoriasis [Ps] is a common, relapsing, immune-mediated, inflammatory skin disorder of unknown etiology. Ps is not single organ disease confined to the skin but it is systematic inflammatory condition analogous to other inflammatory immune disorders which are known to have increased risk of heart disease. On other hand, inflammation plays also an important role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. So, there is striking similarity between molecular and inflammatory pathway in Ps and atherosclerosis. Was to assess the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis in patients with Ps by using carotid ultrasonography. 60 patients with Ps were enrolled in this study after exclusion of traditional cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular diseases [CVD]. In addition, 20 age and gender matched healthy persons served as controls. Patients were classified according to Ps area and severity index [PASI] score into group I [20 mild patients], group II [20 moderate] and group III [20 severe]. The average common carotid artery [CCA] intima media thickness [IMT], internal diameter [ID] and arterial wall mass index [AWMI] were measured using high resolution B- mode ultrasound. Psoriatic patients showed statistically significant increase in CCA-IMT [P value 0.001], AWMI [P value 0.010] and significant decrease in ID [P value 0.001], as compared to controls. Psoriasis patients could be suggested as a group with an increased atherosclerotic risk especially in older ages with longer duration of Ps. The carotid IMT, ID and AWMI can identify patients with subclinical atherosclerosis who need special follow up to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality

Humans , Female , Male , Psoriasis , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness
Journal of the Egyptian Society of Parasitology. 2011; 41 (1): 141-154
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-110699


Undoubtedly, cardiovascular complications are the leading cause of mortality and morbidity in haemodialysis [HD] patients, and hypertension plays an important role in development of cardiovascular disorders in them. The present study evaluated the weekly averaged blood pressure with its relation to carotid intima media thickness and left ventricular mass index in HD patients. The study included 112 HD patients [85 males and 27 females]. We used daily home blood pressure [HBP] monitoring to record a total of 20 points of BP over a period of 1 week, including measurements of the wake-up and night BPs; in addition to the BP recorded before and after each HD session that occurred three times a week. The average of 20 BP measurements was defined as the weekly averaged blood pressure [WAB]. Also, the relationship between WAB and left ventricular hypertrophy [LVH] or carotid intima media thickness and carotid intima media thickness and left ventricular hypertrophy were evaluated. The results showed that systolic WAB [144.26 +/- 7.39 mmHg] and diastolic WAB [75.84 +/- 5.15 mmHg] were almost consistent with the wake-up BP on the day after the midweek dialysis session [R2=0.628 and 0.684, respectively]. The WAB showed significant positive correlations with the left ventricular mass index [LVMI] [R=0.387, P<0.0003] and carotid intima media thickness [R=0.226, P<0.0034], whereas the predialysis systolic BP showed a significant positive correlation with the CIMT and non-significant correlation with LVMI. There was a significant positive correlation between CIMT and LVMI

Humans , Male , Female , Hypertension/complications , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/epidemiology , Tunica Intima , Echocardiography/methods , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging
Neurosciences. 2009; 14 (1): 31-36
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-92222


To assess the significant association of atherosclerosis quantified by screening intima media thickness of bilateral common and internal carotid arteries in patients with asymptomatic and persistent hypertension with and without ischemic stroke. To assess the significant association of atherosclerosis quantified by screening intima media thickness of bilateral common and internal carotid arteries in patients with asymptomatic and persistent hypertension with and without ischemic stroke. The mean diameter as well as intima media thickness of common and internal carotid arteries was significantly higher in group IV than group II, II, and group I. These changes were associated with significant increased fasting serum cholesterol, lowdensity lipoprotein, and decreased high-density lipoprotein. Intima media thickness above one mm was significantly observed in hypertension with ischemic stroke [odd ratio 1.37]. The results support the importance of screening asymptomatic as well as sustained treated hypertension by carotid ultrasound Doppler

Humans , Male , Female , Hypertension/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Tunica Intima , Ultrasonography, Doppler
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health ; 2006 Jul; 37(4): 806-11
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-35385


There is very little data regarding the factors related to intima-media thickness (IMT) of the common carotid artery in normal individuals in those with non-insulin diabetes mellitus and perimenopausal women in Southeast Asian countries. Ultrasound imaging evaluating the carotid artery IMT in those with diabetes and those on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) was performed beginning in August 2000 for a period of nearly two years at the Department of Radiology, Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia. A total of 153 participants were included. Significant differences between the women on HRT and not on HRT were IMT and systolic blood pressure. When comparing those with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and normal individuals, the significant differences were IMT, total cholesterol level, systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. IMT was high in those with NIDDM but not in those on HRT. Both those with NIDDM and those on HRT had associated dyslipidemia and systolic hypertension.

Blood Pressure , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/pathology , Female , Hormone Replacement Therapy , Humans , Malaysia , Middle Aged , Perimenopause/physiology , Tunica Intima/diagnostic imaging
Indian Heart J ; 2003 Mar-Apr; 55(2): 175-7
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-3430


A 23-year-old female patient with type III nonspecific aortoarteritis (Takayasu's arteritis) presented with multiple obstructive lesions and severe congestive heart failure. Large, cutting balloons 5-8 mm in diameter were used to dilate lesions in the abdominal aorta, both renal arteries, right common carotid artery, proximal left subclavian artery, and ostium of the left vertebral artery. Wide luminal expansion without residual stenosis, substantial dissection or need for adjunctive stenting was achieved at all six angioplasty sites. The use of cutting balloons appears suitable for treating obstructive lesions in aortoarteritis.

Adult , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary , Aorta, Abdominal/diagnostic imaging , Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation , Carotid Artery, Common/diagnostic imaging , Female , Humans , Renal Artery/diagnostic imaging , Stents , Subclavian Artery/diagnostic imaging , Takayasu Arteritis/diagnosis , Vertebral Artery/diagnostic imaging