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1.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 341-344, Mar.-Apr. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1387987

ABSTRACT

Abstract Isolated pisiform dislocation is a rare lesion with few cases described in the literature. This type of lesion is typically observed in young males and can be easily overlooked at first assessment. Isolated proximal dislocation is more common due to the action of the flexor carpi ulnaris (FCU) muscle. We present the case of a 19-year-old male patient with isolated distal pisiform dislocation after wrist trauma. He underwent open reduction and internal fixation with Kirschner wires with excellent functional outcomes. Although there is no consensual therapeutic method, closed reduction is a first-line treatment for acute presentations. Pisiform open reduction or excision may be performed alternatively or after a failed closed reduction.


Resumo A luxação isolada do pisiforme é uma lesão rara com poucos casos descritos na literatura. Esse tipo de lesão é observado tipicamente em adultos jovens do sexo masculino e pode ser facilmente negligenciada numa primeira avaliação. A luxação proximal isolada é mais comum devido à ação do flexor ulnar do carpo (FUC). Apresentamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, com 19 anos de idade, com luxação distal isolada do pisiforme após traumatismo do punho. O paciente foi submetido a uma redução aberta e fixação interna com fios de Kirschner com excelente resultado funcional. Apesar de não existir um método de tratamento consensual, a redução fechada perfila-se como tratamento de primeira linha na apresentação aguda. Em caso de insucesso ou como método alternativo pode-se optar pela redução aberta ou a excisão do pisiforme.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Wrist Injuries , Carpal Bones/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Pisiform Bone
2.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(4): 390-394, Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288600

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Basketball sports will effect on the morphology and structure of the hand bones and joints. Objective: The article selected nine professional basketball players (basketball group) and 11 non-basketball players (control group) in the provincial youth team. A 64-row spiral computed tomography scan was used to scan the wrist and three-dimensional reconstruction. The volume of each carpal bone and the computed tomography value (bone density) were measured. Methods: To explore the influence of basketball sports on the hand bones and joints' morphological structure, the paper analyzes the structural characteristics of the computed tomography images of young male basketball players' wrist bones. Results: Compared with the carpal bones in the control group, the volume of the right navicular bone and the small polygonal bone, the left-hand navicular bone, the large triangular bone, and the small polygonal bone in the basketball group increased significantly (P<0.05). Conclusions: Basketball can increase the volume of the part of the wrist bones of adolescent male athletes and reduce the bone density; the morphological structure of the non-smashing wrist bones of basketball players has similar changes to that of the spikers. Level of evidence II; Therapeutic studies - investigation of treatment results.


RESUMO Introdução: O basquetebol afetará a morfologia e a estrutura dos ossos e articulações da mão. Objetivo: o artigo selecionou nove jogadores profissionais de basquete (grupo de basquete) e 11 não jogadores de basquete (grupo de controle) da equipe juvenil da província. Uma tomografia computadorizada espiral de 64 linhas foi usada para digitalizar o punho e a reconstrução tridimensional. O volume de cada osso do carpo e o valor da tomografia computadorizada (densidade óssea) foram medidos. Métodos: Para explorar a influência dos esportes de basquete sobre os ossos da mão e a estrutura morfológica das articulações, o artigo analisa as características estruturais das imagens de tomografia computadorizada de ossos do punho de jovens jogadores de basquete do sexo masculino. Resultados: Em comparação com os ossos do carpo no grupo de controle, o volume do osso navicular direito e o osso poligonal pequeno, o osso navicular esquerdo, o osso triangular grande e o osso poligonal pequeno no grupo de basquete aumentaram significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusões: O basquete pode aumentar o volume dos ossos do punho de atletas adolescentes do sexo masculino e reduzir a densidade óssea; a estrutura morfológica dos ossos do pulso que não se quebram em jogadores de basquete tem mudanças semelhantes às dos espigões. Nível de evidência II; Estudos terapêuticos- investigação dos resultados do tratamento.


RESUMEN Introducción: el baloncesto afectará la morfología y la estructura de los huesos y articulaciones de la mano. Objetivo: El artículo seleccionó nueve jugadores de baloncesto profesionales (grupo de baloncesto) y 11 jugadores no baloncesto (grupo de control) en el equipo juvenil provincial. Se utilizó una tomografía computarizada en espiral de 64 filas para escanear la muñeca y la reconstrucción tridimensional. Se midieron el volumen de cada hueso del carpo y el valor de la tomografía computarizada (densidad ósea). Métodos: Para explorar la influencia de los deportes de baloncesto en la estructura morfológica de los huesos de la mano y las articulaciones, el artículo analiza las características estructurales de las imágenes de tomografía computarizada de los huesos de la muñeca de los jóvenes jugadores de baloncesto. Resultados: En comparación con los huesos del carpo en el grupo de control, el volumen del hueso navicular derecho y el hueso poligonal pequeño, el hueso navicular izquierdo, el hueso triangular grande y el hueso poligonal pequeño en el grupo de baloncesto aumentaron significativamente (P <0,05). Conclusiones: El baloncesto puede aumentar el volumen de los huesos de la muñeca de los deportistas varones adolescentes y reducir la densidad ósea; la estructura morfológica de los huesos de las muñecas que no se rompen de los jugadores de baloncesto tiene cambios similares a los de los atacantes. Nivel de evidencia II; Estudios terapéuticos- investigación de los resultados del tratamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Wrist Joint/diagnostic imaging , Basketball , Carpal Bones/diagnostic imaging , Bone Density/physiology , Athletes , Wrist Joint/growth & development , Algorithms , Adaptation, Physiological , Carpal Bones/growth & development , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 340-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288673

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic failure rate in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain wrist radiographs by orthopedists and orthopedic residents. A secondary objective was to identify possible groups with a greater or lesser chance of establishing a correct diagnosis. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to several orthopedists through e-mail, social networks, and smartphone-based communication applications to assess the rate of diagnostic failure in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain radiographs. Results A total of 511 responses was obtained, with a diagnostic error rate of 8.81% for simple dislocations and 1.76% for trans-scaphoid perilunate fractures. Group stratification showed that residents presented the highest error rates in simple perilunate dislocations (23.91%), whereas hand surgeons presented the lowest error rates (1.74%). Conclusion Compared with the literature, the failure rates found were lower, suggesting that plain radiography is effective and that the error rate may not be as high as reported.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estude teve como objetivo avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares do carpo utilizando radiografias simples do punho por ortopedistas e residentes de ortopedia. Secundariamente, identificar possíveis grupos que apresentem maior ou menor chance de acerto diagnóstico. Métodos Foi aplicado um questionário online a diversos ortopedistas através de e-mail, redes sociais e aplicativos de comunicação via smartphone, para avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares utilizando radiografias simples. Resultados Foram obtidas 511 respostas e observado um índice de erro diagnóstico de 8,81% para as luxações simples e 1,76% para fratura transescafoperilunar. Ao estratificar por grupos, os médicos residentes obtiveram os maiores índices de erro nas luxações perilunares simples (23,91%), já os cirurgiões de mão obtiveram os índices mais baixos (1,74%). Conclusão Ao comparar com a literatura, os índices de falha encontrados foram menores, sugerindo que a radiografia simples é eficaz e que o índice de erro pode não ser tão elevado quanto o relatado na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wrist Injuries , Carpal Bones/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone , Orthopedic Surgeons
4.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(1): 117-120, jan./jun.2020. Ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224597

ABSTRACT

O tendão extensor ulnar do carpo também apresenta importância na estabilidade da articulação radialulnar distal. A variância ulnar negativa pode ter uma associação com a patologia do tendão extensor ulnar do carpo, incluindo a subluxação. A subluxação/luxação do tendão extensor ulnar do carpo é observada em atletas, especialmente jogadores de tênis e golfistas, no lado dominante. Segundo Sole e col., 42% dos jogadores de tênis recreativos têm o tendão extensor ulnar do carpo instável (subluxação ou luxação). As lesões traumáticas no tendão extensor ulnar do carpo que resultam em luxação ou subluxação são raras na literatura. Contudo, elas podem ser mais comuns do que se supõe, pois geralmente são diagnosticadas erroneamente, resultando em subluxação recidivante e tratamento tardio (AU)


The extensor carpi ulnaris tendon shows the importance in the stability of the distal radial-ulnar joint. A negative ulnar variance may have an association with extensor carpi ulnaris tendon pathology, including subluxation. Subluxation / dislocation of the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon is observed in athletes, especially tennis players and golfers, on the dominant side. According to Sole et al., 42% of recreational tennis players have unstable extensor carpi ulnaris tendon (subluxation or dislocation). Traumatic injuries to the extensor carpi ulnaris tendon that result in dislocation or subluxation are rare in the literature. However, they may be more common than supposed because they are often misdiagnosed, resulting in relapsing subluxation and delayed treatment (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Young Adult , Soccer/physiology , Tendons , Wounds and Injuries , Carpal Bones/injuries , Tennis/injuries , Ultrasonography , Joint Dislocations , Athletes , Research Report
5.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(5): 273-276, sep.-oct. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284955

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La artrosis de la muñeca es un proceso degenerativo, postraumático o idiopático que provoca al paciente dolor, pérdida de la movilidad, inflamación y deformidad. Las opciones quirúrgicas incluyen: artrodesis total de muñeca que produce una mejoría del dolor y disminución de la inflamación, otros tratamientos que permiten movilidad relativa son las artrodesis parciales. Otra solución quirúrgica es la carpectomía o la resección de la primera hilera del carpo, de tal manera que constituya una nueva articulación entre el radio y la segunda fila del carpo, obteniendo una congruencia articular adecuada. Material y métodos: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, serie de casos. Se valoraron 15 pacientes con carpectomía proximal durante el período de Enero de 2007 a Agosto de 2009, a quienes se realizó medición de arcos de movilidad y fuerza mediante las escalas de Mayo-DASH. Resultados: En 80% de los pacientes entre 35 y 64 años se encontró predominio del sexo masculino en 67%. La mejoría del dolor fue evidente, pasando de una media 7.7 en el preoperatorio a 2.7 en el postoperatorio, 10% de los casos presentaron dolor residual. Conclusiones: La carpectomía proximal representa una alternativa terapéutica que permite conservar la movilidad con mejora del dolor en la artrosis de muñeca.


Abstract: The arthrosis of the wrist is a degenerative, traumatic or idiopathic process, which cause problem for patient characterized by pain, loss of mobility, swelling and deformity of the affected wrist. A surgical alternative is proximal row carpectomy, which consists of resection of the lunate, scaphoid and triquetrum, forming a new joint between the radius and the distal row carpus. Material and methods: Observational, descriptive, case series. 15 patients were evaluated who underwent proximal row carpectomy during the period January 2007-August 2009, with clinical follow-up until august 2010 through mayo and DASH scores, measuring strength. Range of motion and pain. 80% of patients were between 35 and 64 years. The predominant sex was male in 67%. The result was satisfactory in 73%, according to the scale of Mayo. The DASH scale in the postoperative period also improves. Conclusions: The proximal carpectomy is a surgical alternative, it preserves some joint mobility, reduced pain and improved disability of the limb.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Osteoarthritis/surgery , Carpal Bones/surgery , Wrist , Follow-Up Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome , Hand Strength
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 26(4): 118-127, out./dez. 2019. il.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1379581

ABSTRACT

O lobo-guará Chrysocyon brachyurus Illiger, 1815, é o maior canídeo da América do Sul, pesa cerca de 25 kg quando adulto e está ameaçado de extinção. Descrições anatômicas contribuem para a complementação das informações sobre espécies silvestres e para implicações conservacionistas, clínicas e cirúrgicas. Objetivou-se descrever os ossos e os músculos do antebraço e mão do lobo-guará. A preparação das peças foi feita a partir dos métodos usuais de dissecação, em animais preservados em solução de formol a 10%. Os espécimes pertencem ao acervo didático do Laboratório de Ensino e Pesquisa em Animais Silvestres da UFU e são provenientes de indivíduos atropelados. Os ossos descritos foram: rádio, ulna, ossos cárpico acessório, cárpico ulnar e cárpico intermédio; ossos cárpicos I, II, III e IV; ossos metacárpicos I, II, III, IV, V; falanges proximais, falanges médias e falanges distais do primeiro ao quinto dedo. Os músculos observados foram: extensor radial do carpo; pronador redondo; braquiorradial; extensor comum dos dedos; extensor ulnar do carpo; extensor lateral dos dedos;supinador; abdutor longo do dedo I; flexor radial do carpo; flexor profundo dos dedos; flexor superficial dos dedos; flexor ulnar do carpo; pronador quadrado; interflexor; lumbricais; abdutor curto dos dedos I e II e flexor curto do dedo I.


The maned wolf Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815) is the largest canid in South America, weighs about 25 kg as an adult and is threatened of extinction. Anatomical descriptions contribute to the complementation of information on wild species and for conservation, clinical and surgical implications. The purpose of this study was to describe the bones and muscles of the forearm and hand of the maned wolf. The methodology was through the usual dissecting methods in animals preserved in 10% formalin solution. The animals belong to the didactic collection of the Laboratory of Teaching and Research in Wild Animals of the UFU and come from run over. The bones evaluated were: radius, ulna, carpal accessory, carpi ulnar and carpi intermedium; carpal bones I, II, III and IV; metacarpal bones I, II, III, IV, V; proximal phalanges, middle phalanges and distal phalanges from first to fifth finger. The muscles observed were: radial extensor carpal; pronator round; brachioradial; common extensor of fingers; ulnar carpal extensor; lateral extensor of the fingers; supinator; abductor long finger I; flexor carpi radialis; flexor deep fingers; superficial flexor of the fingers; ulnar flexor of the carpus; square pronator; interflexor; lumbrils; short abductor of fingers I and II and short flexor of finger I.


Subject(s)
Animals , Carpal Bones/anatomy & histology , Wolves/anatomy & histology , Dissection/veterinary , Arm Bones/anatomy & histology , Hand Bones/anatomy & histology , Forearm/anatomy & histology , Anatomy, Veterinary , Animals, Wild/anatomy & histology , Muscles/anatomy & histology , Canidae
7.
Managua; s.n; ago. 2019. 64 p. ilus, tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1048259

ABSTRACT

Estudio Descriptivo, retrospectivo, de corte transversal, en el Hospital Militar Escuela "Dr. Alejandro Dávila Bolaños" constituido por 104 pacientes con diagnóstico de síndrome de túnel del carpo que fueron tratados quirúrgicamente. Predominó del género femenino 80%, el grupo etario más afectado fue de 41 a 50 años 57%, Los síntomas y signos que más se presentaron fueron dolor 53% y hormigueo en el 47%, la evaluación funcional después del procedimiento quirúrgico convencional se encontró que el resultado fue excelente en el 72% de los afectados, Los resultados en el grupo operado por cirugía mínima invasiva fueron excelentes en el 94% En el 89% no se presentaron complicaciones y en el 11% refirieron inflamación, dolor y parestesias. Las semanas de incapacidad laboral que tuvieron los pacientes del estudio para su recuperación completa de 4 a 8 semanas 72% de los afectados. El género más afectado fue el femenino con una razon de 5:1, con el grupo de edad más frecuente en la 4ta década de vida, conforme a años laborados fueron variables, y el tipo de trabajo más afectado fue el administrativo, entre los sintomas que predominaron fueron, dolor, parestesia, las maniobras de provocación que presentaron mayor positividad: prueba de compresion carpal, prueba de Flick. Hubo una mayor dificultad al abrir objetos, el tratamineto recibido en su mayoria es quirúrgico convencional, en la evaluación funcional posquirugica fue excelente en minima invasiva, las complicaciones fueron presentes sólo en cirugia convencional, y presentaron mas semanas de incapacidad laboral


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Bones , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Occupational Health
8.
Acta ortop. mex ; 33(3): 146-149, may.-jun. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248652

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Las lesiones por el colapso escafosemilunar avanzado y el colapso avanzado por seudoartrosis del escafoides son consecuencia de un traumatismo que origina la fractura de escafoides y la consecuente seudoartrosis, resultando en una cinemática anormal de la muñeca y en una lesión de ligamento escafosemilunar, respectivamente. Las opciones quirúrgicas actuales para el tratamiento incluyen artrodesis parcial y carpectomía de la línea proximal del carpo. Material y métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, transversal y descriptivo en el período comprendido de Enero de 2010 a Diciembre de 2015. Se estudiaron 52 pacientes operados con artrodesis de cuatro esquinas y 19 pacientes manejados con carpectomía. Resultados: Del total de 71 pacientes, 62 fueron masculinos y nueve femeninos. Para el procedimiento de carpectomías, fueron 14 varones y cinco mujeres, para los pacientes con artrodesis de cuatro esquinas se incluyeron 48 masculinos y cuatro femeninos. Se identificaron 48 pacientes con colapso avanzado por seudoartrosis del escafoides y 23 pacientes con colapso escafosemilunar avanzado. Se realizaron 19 carpectomías y 52 artrodesis de cuatro esquinas del total de pacientes, 65 de ellos cursaron sin ninguna complicación, tres pacientes con retardo de la consolidación, dos con dolor residual, y uno con proceso infeccioso superficial. Discusión: La técnica de artrodesis de cuatro esquinas implica mayor tiempo de cirugía y de costos en relación con la carpectomía; sin embargo, la artrodesis tiene una reincorporación más rápida al trabajo con mejoría del dolor con respecto a la carpectomía; la decisión final en nuestra institución dependerá del caso y de la actividad del paciente.


Abstract: Advanced scafosemilunar collapse (SLAC) and advanced scaphoid pseudoarthrosis (SNAC) collapse are the result of trauma causing scaphoid fracture and the consequent pseudoarthrosis resulting in abnormal kinematics of the wrist and a scapholunate ligament injury, respectively. Current surgical options for SLAC/SNAC treatment include partial arthrodesis, carpal proximal row resection. Material and methods: Retrospective, cross-cutting and descriptive study was carried out in the period from January 2010 to December 2015. 52 patients operated on with 4-cornered arthrodesis and 19 patients with carpectomy were studied. Results: 71 patients, 62 male patients and 9 female patients were analysed. For the carpectomy procedure were 5 female patients, for patients with four-corner arthrodesis 48 male patient and 4 female patient were included. 48 patients with SNAC and 23 patients with SLAC were identified. 19 carpectomies and 52 arthrodesis of four corners of the total patients 65 of them were carried without any complications, 3 patients with delay of consolidation two with residual pain, and one with superficial infectious process. Discussion: The four-corner arthrodesis technique involves longer surgery and costs in relation to carpectomy, however arthrodesis has a faster return to pain-improvement work with respect to carpectomy; the final decision will depend on the case, the patient's activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arthrodesis/methods , Carpal Bones , Scaphoid Bone/injuries , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Fractures, Bone/complications , Retrospective Studies , Range of Motion, Articular , Treatment Outcome
9.
Medicina (Ribeiräo Preto) ; 52(2)abr.-jun., 2019.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1025275

ABSTRACT

A relevância do relato de caso em questão está em sua raridade de acometimento durante a infância (período em que se observa um sinal clássico em uma das radiografias solicitadas). Trata-se de uma luxação perilunar em punho direito, associada à fratura fisária do rádio em criança de onze anos, após acidente com laço. Foi feita a redução fechada e colocação de tala gessada no membro, o qual também apresentava áreas de sofrimento da pele causadas pela corda. O quadro clínico do paciente evoluiu com dor, edema e diminuição da perfusão. Nesse momento, foi encaminhado para o centro cirúrgico onde foi realizada redução aberta com incisão dorsal em S, fixação da luxa-ção e fasciotomia. Após o ato cirúrgico, paciente evoluiu bem. Atualmente, após algumas sessões de fisioterapia, tem movimento quase total de flexão e extensão do punho, restando apenas limitação no desvio ulnar e radial. As crianças do século XXI se mostram muito ativas em vista disso têm aumentado os casos de fratura e luxação na pediatria, tanto pelo aumento do impacto quanto pela exposição a possíveis mecanismos de lesão. (AU)


The relevance of this case report is its rarity of involvement during childhood (the period in which there is a classic sign in one of the required x-rays). This is a case of perilunate dislocation in right wrist associated with physeal fracture of radius in an eleven-year-old child, after a rope accident. The closed reduction and placement of a plas-ter splint were performed, which also presented areas of skin suffering caused by the rope. The patient's medical condition evolved for pain, edema, and decreased perfusion. At that time, he was transferred to a surgical center where it was performed an open reduction with a dorsal incision in S, dislocation fixation and fasciotomy. After the surgical procedure, the patient's medical condition developed well. Currently, after some physical therapy sessions, he has almost total movement of flexion and extension of his wrist, there is the only limitation in ulnar and radial deviation. Children of the 21st century are very active, and there has been an increase in the cases of fracture and dislocation, in pediatrics, both by increasing impact and exposure to possible mechanisms of injury (AU)


Subject(s)
Child , Carpal Bones , Scaphoid Bone , Joint Dislocations
10.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1003007

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Reportar la tasa de consolidación y los resultados de una serie de 22 pacientes con seudoartrosis del polo proximal del escafoides tratados con un bloqueo óseo metafisario asociado a un tornillo autocompresivo anterógrado. Materiales y Métodos: Serie prospectiva de pacientes con seudoartrosis del polo proximal del escafoides en quienes se constató un sangrado intraoperatorio en ambos fragmentos. Se excluyó a los pacientes con desplazamiento, cambios degenerativos, fragmentación del polo proximal, cavitación del foco, pérdida de altura, necrosis y aquellos con inestabilidad carpiana. Se tomaron radiografías e imágenes por tomografía computarizada para evaluar su consolidación; se registraron la movilidad y la fuerza de puño, y los pacientes completaron una escala analógica visual para dolor en reposo, dolor en actividad, estado subjetivo funcional y el cuestionario DASH. Resultados: La serie incluyó 18 pacientes. Diecisiete presentaron consolidación. El seguimiento promedio fue de 22 meses y la movilidad final promedio fue: flexión 87%, extensión 84%, desviación radial 78%, desviación cubital 84% y fuerza de puño 85%. El puntaje promedio de la escala analógica visual fue 0 para dolor en reposo; 2, para dolor en actividad y 9 para función, en tanto que el puntaje DASH promedio fue de 8. Conclusiones: Con esta técnica confiable y sencilla, obtuvimos una tasa de consolidación del 95% y un muy buen resultado funcional. El bloqueo óseo metafisario asociado a un tornillo anterógrado constituye una alternativa válida y eficaz para tratar la seudoartrosis del polo proximal del escafoides, vital en pacientes cuidadosamente seleccionados. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Objective: To report the consolidation rate and the outcomes of a series of 22 patients with proximal pole scaphoid nonunion treated with a metaphyseal core decompression and an anterograde self-compressing screw. Methods: We present a prospective series of patients with proximal pole scaphoid nonunion and confirmation of intraoperative bleeding in both fragments. Patients presented with displacement, degenerative changes, proximal pole fragmentation, cavitation at the fracture site, reduced bone length, and necrosis, as well as those with carpal instability, were excluded. X-rays and computed tomography scans were performed to assess consolidation; range of motion and grip strength were recorded, and patients completed a visual analogue scale for pain at rest, pain during activity, and subjective functional status, as well as a DASH (Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand) questionnaire. Results: Eighteen patients were included. Union was observed in 17 patients. The average follow-up time was 22 months and the average final range of motion was as follows: 87% for flexion, 84% for extension, 78% for radial deviation, 84% for ulnar deviation, and 85% for grip strength. The average score on the visual analogue scale was 0 point for pain at rest, 2 for pain during activity, and 9 for function, while average DASH score was 8. Conclusions: Using this simple and reliable technique, we obtained 95% union and very good functional results. Metaphyseal core decompression with an antegrade screw is a valid and effective alternative for the treatment of proximal pole scaphoid nonunion in carefully selected patients. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Pseudarthrosis/surgery , Carpal Bones/surgery , Scaphoid Bone/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Treatment Outcome
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 53(5): 643-646, Sept.-Oct. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977887

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT This report and review of the literature aims to recognize the complete enucleation beyond stage IV of the classification proposed by Mayfield. The addition of a fifth category is proposed, added for complete ligament injuries that lead to nonexistent circulation for the radiolunate ligament, preventing surgical reconstruction, thus influencing surgical treatment.


RESUMO Esse relato e revisão na literatura tem como objetivo reconhecer a enucleação total além do estágio IV da classificação proposta por Mayfield. Propõe-se a adição de uma quinta categoria, para lesões ligamentares completas que levam a uma circulação inexistente do ligamento radiolunar, impedem a reconstrução cirúrgica e influenciam, assim, o tratamento cirúrgico.


Subject(s)
Adult , Carpal Bones , Fractures, Bone , Fracture Dislocation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740127

ABSTRACT

Most capitate fractures occur in association with additional carpal injuries, particularly scaphoid fractures. Isolated fractures of the capitate account for only 0.3% of carpal injuries, and stress fractures are one form of this fracture. We report the case of a 20-year-old male who had a stress fracture of the capitate after serving as an honor guard in the military. Conventional radiographs and computed tomography of the right wrist revealed a minimally displaced fracture line located at the midcarpal aspect of the right capitate. A magnetic resonance imaging scan demonstrates a subarticular capitate fracture with diffuse bone marrow edema, small osteophytes, and irregularity of the midcarpal articular cartilage. We also review the carpal kinematics which possibly caused the stress fracture. Although stress fractures of the capitate are rare, they should also be accounted for with patients who perform repetitive motions of the wrist to a considerable extent.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Bone Marrow , Capitate Bone , Carpal Bones , Cartilage, Articular , Edema , Fractures, Stress , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Military Personnel , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Osteophyte , Wrist , Young Adult
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717522

ABSTRACT

A carpal coalition that indicates the fusion of two carpal bones resulting from the failure of differentiation is a rare condition compared to the tarsal coalition. The most common carpal coalition is the luno-triquetral coalition, followed by the capitate-hamate coalition. Most of these coalitions are usually asymptomatic. Thus far, only a few cases of a coalition between the scaphoid and lunate with accompanied anomalies in the ipsilateral hand, such as accessory carpal bone or ray deficiency, have been reported. We present, for the first time, a case of a symptomatic isolated scapho-lunate coalition without any accompanying anomalies.


Subject(s)
Carpal Bones , Hand
14.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 52(4): 402-409, July-Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-899173

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: To qualitatively assess surgeries performed in patients with perilunate dislocations without associated fractures, who were operated using the closed reduction and percutaneous fixation method. The follow-up time ranged from one to seven years. METHODS: 628 patient records with traumatic wrist injuries, operated by the same group of Hand Surgeons between 2008 and 2014 due to acute trauma were collected, with a mean follow-up of 3.2 years. Of these, 51 were cases of perilunate fracture-dislocations, and 38 were pure perilunate dislocations without associated fractures; of these, only 32 underwent percutaneous fixation without ligamentous repair, thus meeting the inclusion criteria. Of the nine patients with perilunate dislocations who were treated using the closed reduction and percutaneous fixation method, whose mean age was 38 years (range 26-49 years), the dominant side was the left in two-thirds of the cases, and the predominant trauma mechanism was direct trauma. RESULTS: This study is in agreement with the literature, showing that cases treated early present good results. CONCLUSION: 88% of patients who were treated by closed reduction and percutaneous fixation method maintained their daily activities and were assessed as excellent or good by the Clinical Scoring Chart.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Fazer uma avaliação qualitativa das cirurgias feitas em pacientes que sofreram luxações perilunares, sem fraturas associadas, que foram operados com o método de redução incruenta e fixação percutânea. O tempo de seguimento variou entre um e sete anos. MÉTODOS: Foram levantados prontuários de 628 pacientes, sob a denominação de lesões traumáticas no punho, operados pelo mesmo grupo de cirurgiões de mão, entre 2008 a 2014, com seguimento médio de 3,2 anos, devido a traumas agudos. Desses, 51 foram casos de fraturas-luxações perilunares, 38 eram luxações perilunares puras, sem fraturas associadas; dessas, apenas 32 tiveram fixação percutânea, sem reparo ligamentar, contemplaram assim os requisitos da pesquisa. Dos nove pacientes com luxações perilunares que foram tratados pelo método de redução fechada e fixação percutânea, com média de 38 anos (26 a 49), o lado dominante foi o esquerdo em 2/3 dos casos, o mecanismo de trauma predominante foi o direto. RESULTADOS: Este estudo convergiu com outros trabalhos na literatura, mostrou que os casos tratados precocemente apresentam bons resultados. CONCLUSÃO: Mantiveram suas atividades de vida diária e foram avaliados como excelentes ou bons pelo Clinical Scoring Chart 88% dos pacientes que foram tratados pelo método de redução fechada e fixação percutânea


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Bones/injuries , Carpal Bones/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Wrist Injuries
15.
Acta ortop. mex ; 31(2): 91-94, mar.-abr. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886542

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Spontaneous rupture of the digital extensor tendons of the hand has been reported after Kienbock's disease, rheumatoid arthritis, Vaughan-Jackson' syndrome, distal radial fracture. Rupture may also occur as a consequence of unrecognized carpal lunate fracture. We present a case report of a man affected with spontaneous rupture of the digital extensor tendons secondary to unrecognized carpal lunate fracture with partial dorsal dislocation. The edges of the tendon were debrided and sutured using a locked modified Kessler suture. A dynamic splinting cast was applied in moderate extension of the wrist. The aim of this case report is to highlight that in absence of a clear etiology for rupture of the extensor tendons of the hand, carpal lunate fracture, though rare, is an important cause of spontaneous extensor tendons rupture.


Resumen: La ruptura espontánea de tendones extensores digitales de la mano ha sido reportado después de la enfermedad de Kienböck, artritis reumatoide, síndrome de Jackson Vaughan, fractura del radio distal. La lesión del tendón también puede ocurrir como consecuencia de la fractura no reconocida de carpal semilunar. En este artículo, se presenta un caso de un hombre que sufre de rotura espontánea del tendón extensor digital secundaria a fractura semilunar no reconocida de los huesos del carpo con luxación dorsal del fragmento parcial. Los bordes del tendón se han limpiado y se sutura usando una sutura de Kessler. Un refuerzo dinámico se aplicó en extensión moderada de la muñeca. El propósito de este caso clínico es poner de relieve que, en ausencia de una etiología clara de la ruptura de los tendones extensores de la mano, una fractura de los huesos del carpo semilunar puede ser una causa importante de la ruptura espontánea de los tendones extensores de la mano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Tendon Injuries/surgery , Tendon Injuries/diagnosis , Rupture, Spontaneous , Tendons , Wrist Joint , Carpal Bones
18.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 51(4): 471-474, July-Aug. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792741

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The wrist is a region that is very vulnerable to injuries of the extremities. Among these injuries, fractures of the pyramidal bone (or triquetrum) in association with dislocation of the hamate and carpal instability are uncommon. They are generally correlated with high-energy trauma and may be associated with neurovascular deficits, muscle-tendon disorders, skin lesions or injuries to other carpal bones. Thus, in this report, one of these rare cases of transtriquetral perihamate fracture-dislocation with carpal instability is presented, diagnosed by means of radiography on the right wrist of the patient who presented pain, edema and limitation of flexion-extension of the carpus after trauma to the region. The stages of attending to the case are described, from the initial consultation to the surgical treatment and physiotherapy, which culminated in restoration of the strength and range of motion of the wrist.


RESUMO O punho é uma região muito vulnerável a traumas de extremidade. Entre tais lesões, as fraturas do piramidal (ou triquetrum), associadas à luxação do hamato e à instabilidade carpal, são pouco frequentes. Geralmente relacionadas a traumatismos de alta energia, podem estar associadas a déficit neurovascular, miotendíneo, lesões de pele ou em outros ossos do carpo. Assim, neste relato, apresenta-se um desses casos raros de fratura-luxação transtriquetral peri-hamato com instabilidade carpal, diagnosticadas por radiografias do punho direito de um paciente que apresentava dor, edema e limitação da flexoextensão do carpo após trauma na região. As etapas do atendimento foram descritas desde a consulta inicial até o tratamento cirúrgico e a fisioterapia, que culminaram com a restauração da força e da amplitude de movimento do punho.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Carpal Bones/injuries , Fractures, Bone , Hand Injuries/diagnostic imaging , Joint Dislocations/diagnostic imaging
19.
Acta ortop. bras ; 24(3): 159-163, May-June 2016. tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of olecranon bone graft and compression screw for the treatment of nonunion of the Lichtman type I scaphoid. METHOD: We evaluated 15 patients of 32 who underwent surgical treatment for nonunion of the Lichtman type I scaphoid with olecranon bone graft and screw compression. RESULTS: We obtained 100% consolidation in our sample. The mean flexion of the wrist on the affected side was 68° and 75° on the non-affected side. The average extension was 63° and 72°, respectively. The average grip strength was 35 kgf. This corresponds to 98% of the handgrip strength of the non-affected side, which was 37 kgf. The DASH score averaged 5 points. CONCLUSION: We believe that the use of bone graft obtained from the olecranon and secured with cannulated screw is a resolute technique for cases of linear nonunion of the Lichtmann type I scaphoid. It has the advantages of a new anesthesia for removal of the graft and the access is easy, providing a good exposure for removal and good aesthetic results. Level of evidence IV. Case series


Subject(s)
Humans , Osteoarthritis , Wrist Joint , Carpal Bones , Bone Transplantation , Scaphoid Bone/injuries , Olecranon Process
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98191

ABSTRACT

The wrist joint is a complicated structure composed of many bones and ligaments. Therefore, understanding the anatomy and the biomechanics of the wrist is important in order to administer proper treatment for patients. To easily understand the complicated structure, there were many trials to unite the complicated structure with a simple group such as the carpal row concept and the carpal column concept. Movement and load transfer along the wrist joint occurs with balanced action between carpal bones. To evaluate this static equilibrium, measuring tools such as carpal height ratio are used. When wrist flexion/extension occurs, each carpal row moves synchronously with action of the scaphoid. In contrast with flexion/extension, when wrist radial deviation/ulnar deviation occurs, the proximal carpal row moves in the sagittal plane, instead of the coronal plane. Recently, the dart throwing motion which occurred from the position of dorsiflexion with radial deviation to volar flexion with ulnar deviation is considered the main movement of the wrist joint.


Subject(s)
Carpal Bones , Humans , Ligaments , Range of Motion, Articular , Wrist Joint , Wrist
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