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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378009

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Las cirugías con WALANT han ganado gran popularidad hoy en día. La ventaja principal que ofrece esta técnica es la de prescindir del torniquete y así eliminar las molestias que este genera. Nuestra hipótesis es que la descompresión del túnel carpiano con anestesia local y manguito neumático, realizada por un cirujano experimentado, en un tiempo quirúrgico corto, permite obtener similares resultados que con la cirugía con WALANT. materiales y métodos:Se diseñó un estudio de cohortes prospectivo comparativo clínico. Se incluyeron 23 pacientes (30 manos) con síndrome del túnel carpiano. Se asignó a los pacientes en forma aleatorizada, a 2 grupos: grupo 1, operados con anestesia local y grupo 2, operados con WALANT. Se realizó un análisis estadístico. Resultados:Todas las variables mostraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas respecto a los valores preoperatorios para los dos grupos. Respecto a la relación entre los dos grupos, los resultados funcionales de dolor y grado de satisfacción posoperatorios no mostraron diferencias con significancia estadística. Conclusiones: En nuestro estudio, la descompresión del túnel carpiano con anestesia local y torniquete y la realizada con WALANT arrojaron similares resultados. En cirujanos con experiencia posiblemente la anestesia local con torniquete sea suficiente para realizar el procedimiento, y así evitar las bajas, pero complejas complicaciones de la epinefrina. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Objective: Surgeries with the WALANT technique have recently become popular. The main advantage of this technique is that it avoids using the tourniquet and eliminates the discomfort it generates. We hypothesize that carpal tunnel decompression with local anesthesia and a pneumatic tourniquet, performed by an experienced surgeon in a short surgical time, allows us to obtain similar outcomes to the WALANT technique surgery. Materials and methods: We designed a prospective clinical comparative cohort study. We included twenty-three patients (30 hands) with carpal tunnel syndrome. Two groups of patients were randomized. Group 1 consisted of patients operated on with local anesthesia, and Group 2 included those operated on with the WALANT technique. We carried out a statistical analysis. Results: All the variables showed statistically significant differences concerning the preoperative values for the two groups. Regarding the relationship between those two groups, the functional outcomes of pain and degree of postoperative satisfaction did not show statistically significant differences. Conclusions: In our study, carpal tunnel decompression performed with local anesthesia with a tourniquet and those achieved with the WALANT technique had similar outcomes. In the hands of experienced surgeons, local anesthesia with a tourniquet may be sufficient to perform the procedure, thus avoiding the few but complex complications of epinephrine. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Middle Aged , Aged , Tourniquets , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Decompression, Surgical , Anesthesia, Local
2.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(6): 576-578, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352298

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: There are several anesthetic techniques for surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Results from this surgery using the "wide awake local anesthesia no tourniquet" (WALANT) technique have been described. However, there is no conclusive evidence regarding the effectiveness of the WALANT technique, compared with the usual techniques. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of the WALANT technique, compared with intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA; Bier's block), for surgical treatment of CTS. DESIGN AND SETTING: Randomized clinical trial, conducted at Hospital Alvorada Moema and the Discipline of Hand Surgery, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo (SP), Brazil. METHODS: Seventy-eight patients were included. The primary outcome was measurement of perioperative pain through a visual analogue scale (VAS). The secondary outcomes were the Boston Questionnaire score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score, need for use of analgesics, operating room times, remission of paresthesia, failures and complications. RESULTS: The WALANT technique (n = 40) proved to be superior to IVRA (n = 38), especially for controlling intraoperative pain (0.11 versus 3.7 cm; P < 0.001) and postoperative pain (0.6 versus 3.9 cm; P < 0.001). Patients spent more time in the operating room in the IVRA group (59.5 versus 46 minutes; P < 0.01) and needed to use more analgesics (10.8 versus 5.7 dipyrone tablets; P = 0.02). Five IVRA procedures failed (5 versus 0; P = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: The WALANT technique is more effective than IVRA for CTS surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Anesthesia, Conduction , Brazil , Anesthesia, Intravenous , Anesthesia, Local , Anesthetics, Local
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 318-322, jun. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346465

ABSTRACT

Abstract Carpal tunnel syndrome is median nerve symptomatic compression at the level of the wrist, characterized by increased pressure within the carpal tunnel and decreased nerve function at the level. Carpal tunnel release decreases pressure in Guyon's canal, via open techniques, with symptom and two-point discrimination improvement in the ulnar nerve distribution. We hypothesize that endoscopic carpal tunnel release improves two-point discrimination in the ulnar nerve distribution as well. This study includes 143 patients who underwent endoscopic carpal tunnel release between April 2016 to June 2019 in a single, community-based teaching hospital. A comprehensive retrospective chart review was performed on patient demographics, preand post-operative two-point discrimination test results, and complications. The effects of sex, age, and diabetes mellitus in the ulnar and median nerve territories with two-point discrimination tests were analyzed. As well as the differences in two-point discrimination among patient's based on their smoking status. There were significant post operative improvements in both the median (7.7 vs 4.4 mm, p < 0.001) and ulnar (5.7 vs 4.1 mm, p < 0.001) nerve territories. Smoking status, sex, age and diabetes did not significantly affect two-point discrimination outcomes. In conclusion the endoscopic release of the transverse carpal ligament decompresses the carpal tunnel and Guyon's canal, demonstrating improvement in two-point discrimination in both the ulnar and median nerve distributions.


Resumen El síndrome de túnel carpiano es la compresión sintomática del nervio mediano al nivel de la muñeca. Se caracteriza por un aumento de presión dentro del túnel y una disminución de la función del nervio a ese nivel. La liberación del túnel carpiano descomprime el canal de Guyon, con mejoría sintomática y en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos en la distribución del nervio cubital. Hipotetizamos que la liberación endoscópica mejora de la misma manera en la distribución del nervio cubital. Este trabajo incluye 143 pacientes que tuvieron liberación endoscópica del túnel carpiano entre abril del 2016 y junio del 2019 en un hospital Universitario de la comunidad. Se evaluaron retrospectivamente las historias clínicas para los datos demográficos, los resultados pre y post quirúrgicos en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos y complicaciones. Se analizaron los efectos del sexo, edad, tabaco y diabetes en los resultados de la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios cubital y mediano. Hubo mejoría significativa post quirúrgica en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios mediano (7.7 vs 4.4 mm, p < 0.001) y cubital (5.7 vs 4.1 mm, p < 0.001). Fumadores, sexo, edad, y diabetes no afectaron de forma significativa. Concluimos que la liberación endoscópica del ligamento transverso del carpo descomprime el túnel carpiano y el canal de Guyon con mejoría en la prueba de discriminación de dos puntos para los nervios cubital y mediano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Median Nerve , Ulnar Nerve , Wrist , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 601-612, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353966

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome del túnel carpiano es la neuropatía por atrapamiento más común que genera compresión del nervio mediano. La cirugía de liberación abierta del nervio mediano tiene un papel importante, especialmente, en pacientes que no responden al manejo conservador o con diagnóstico de síndrome del túnel carpiano con criterios de gravedad. El propósito de este estudio fue describir los resultados funcionales, la satisfacción y la fuerza objetiva a mediano (6-24 meses) y largo plazo (>24 meses) con la técnica abierta convencional en la población local. Materiales y métodos: Estudio observacional descriptivo con datos retrospectivos de resultados clínicos funcionales a mediano y largo plazo en pacientes sometidos a cirugía de liberación abierta del nervio mediano como tratamiento del síndrome del túnel carpiano. Se determinaron el nivel funcional según el BCTQ y la FSS, la fuerza de agarre con un dinamómetro electrónico y la satisfacción. Resultados: Se realizaron 100 procedimientos entre mayo de 2012 y septiembre de 2018, con un seguimiento posoperatorio >6 meses. La mayoría eran mujeres (83%) con una mediana de la edad de 59 años. El 97% obtuvo resultados buenos y excelentes a mediano plazo y el 90%, a largo plazo, con una mediana de fuerza de 17 kg (RIC 7,4) y una satisfacción de 90 (RIC 20) a mediano y largo plazo. Conclusiones: La cirugía abierta de liberación del nervio mediano en pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano logra resultados buenos y excelentes a mediano y largo plazo en cuanto a funcionalidad, fuerza y satisfacción. Nivel de Evidencia: IV


Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common entrapment neuropathy that causes compression of the median nerve. Open median nerve release surgery plays an important role, especially in patients with failed conservative management or with a diagnosis of severe CTS. The purpose of the following study is to describe the functional outcomes, satisfaction, and objective strength in the medium (6 to 24 months) and long term (greater than 24 months) with the conventional open technique in the local population. Materials and methods: Descriptive observational study based on retrospective data of functional clinical outcomes in the medium and long term in patients undergoing open release surgery of the median nerve as a treatment for CTS. Functional level according to the BCTQ and FSS, grip strength with an electronic dynamometer, and satisfaction were determined. Results: 100 procedures were performed between May 2012 and September 2018, with a follow-up of more than 6 months. The majority were women (83%) with a total median age of 59 years showing good to excellent results in the 97% in the medium term and 90% in the long term, with a median strength of 17 kg (Interquartile range: 7.4) and satisfaction of 90 (Interquartile range: 20). Conclusions: Open surgery to release the median nerve in patients with CTS shows good to excellent functional outcomes, satisfaction, and strength in the medium and long term. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Electromyography , Muscle Strength , Hand
5.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(5) (Nro Esp - AACM Asociación Argentina de Cirugía de la Mano): 613-620, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353967

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los pacientes con síndrome del túnel carpiano suelen tener síntomas nocturnos que alteran la calidad del sueño y, muchas veces, son el motivo de consulta. Se estudiaron en profundidad los cambios objetivos luego de la liberación del túnel carpiano. Sin embargo, la evidencia sobre la mejoría del sueño tras la cirugía es escasa. Consideramos que la mejoría de la calidad del sueño está directamente relacionada con el procedimiento; nuestro objetivo primario fue comprobarlo. Como objetivo secundario se evaluó si los cambios en el sueño varían según factores constitucionales o de severidad del síndrome del túnel carpiano. Materiales y métodos: Serie prospectiva de 67 casos con síndrome del túnel carpiano e indicación de cirugía. Se dividieron grupos según edad, sexo y severidad del síndrome por electrodiagnóstico. Se evaluó la calidad del sueño con la Escala de Insomnio de Atenas antes de la cirugía y cuatro días después. Resultados: El 74,62% de los pacientes tenía alteraciones de la calidad del sueño antes de la cirugía. Se comprobó una mejoría significativa en la calidad del sueño después de la operación, en todos los casos (p <0,05). No hubo diferencias significativas en los resultados entre los grupos. Conclusiones: Clásicamente el éxito de la liberación del túnel carpiano se resume en los cambios sensitivo-motores. Sin embargo, no se apunta a la mejoría de la calidad del sueño, aunque sea el generador de la consulta. La descompresión del túnel carpiano mejora el sueño, independientemente de la edad, el sexo o la gravedad del cuadro. Nivel de Evidencia: II


Introduction: Sleep disturbances caused by night pain and paresthesia are usual symptoms in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), and are often the cause of medical consultation. Objective changes following the Carpal Tunnel Release (CTR) have been tho-roughly analyzed. However, evidence related to improvement in sleep quality is lacking. We consider that the immediate improvement in sleep quality is directly related to CTR. The main purpose of this study is to assess these changes following this procedure. The secondary objective is to evaluate if the severity of the median nerve compression or patient-related factors could have an impact on sleep quality. Materials and methods: Prospective case study of 67 patients diagnosed with CTS who underwent CTR procedure. We grouped all cases based on age, sex, and nerve conduction study (NCS) results. Sleep quality was evaluated with the Athens Insomnia Score before surgery and in the fourth follow-up day, asking specifically about symptoms from the first night after the procedure. Results: Sleep disorders were found in 74.62% of cases before surgery. After CTR, sleep quality improved in all cases (p<0.05). We found no relation between sleep quality improvement and sex, age, or NCS severity. Conclusions: CTR is commonly indicated to stop nerve damage, and to improve sensitive and motor symptoms. However, sleep disturbances are not the main indication for it, even if it is a frequent reason for medical consultation. Sleep quality improves from the first night after CTR, and this outcome is independent of age, sex, or severity of CTS. Level of Evidence: II


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Sleep Wake Disorders , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Treatment Outcome
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921935

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the efficacy of self-made arthroscopic single channel in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.@*METHODS@#Sixty patients with primary carpal tunnel syndrome treated from January 2014 to December 2019 were divided into arthroscopic group and traditional open operation group. There were 30 cases in arthroscopic group, including 12 males and 18 females, aged (47.5±4.5) years and the course of disease was (6.6±4.2) months. There were 30 cases in the traditional operation group, including 10 males and 20 females, aged (48.5±3.5) years, and the course of disease was (5.6±4.4) months. Both groups were unilateral. According to the anatomy of wrist joint and the characteristics of transverse carpal ligament and arthroscopy, the instruments including cannula, inner heart and hook knife were designed. The patients in two groups were treated with decompression of transverse carpal ligament using arthroscopy combined with self-made instruments and traditional open sergery. The incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospitalization cost, hospitalization time and recovery time of the two groups were observed and compared. Boston Carpal Tunnel Questionnaire (BCTQ) score was used to evaluate the clinical efficacy of arthroscopy combined with self made instruments in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the traditional group, the arthroscopic group had significant advantages in incision length, operation time, intraoperative bleeding and hospital stay, but the total cost of hospitalization was increased. The Boston score was significantly higher in the arthroscopic group than that in the traditional group at 1 month after operation, but not at 3 and 6 months after operation.@*CONCLUSION@#Arthroscopy combined with self-made instruments in the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome is more reliable, minimally invasive and simplified than open surgery, but the patients should be clearly diagnosed and appropriately selected before operation to achieve satisfactory clinical effect.


Subject(s)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Ligaments, Articular , Male , Treatment Outcome , Wrist/surgery , Wrist Joint/surgery
7.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(1): 73-78, jan.-mar. 2019. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-994548

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A amiloidose é caracterizada pela deposição de proteínas nos órgãos e tecidos, e tem sido associada à síndrome do túnel do carpo (STC) quando ocorre no punho. O objetivo é descrever uma série de casos de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para STC associado à amiloidose. Métodos: O estudo incluiu 12 pacientes que se submeteram à cirurgia para tratar a STC cuja biópsia identificou amiloidose; o seguimento foi de cinco anos. Os pacientes foram avaliados por testes clínicos, eletroneuromiografia, imagens radiológicas e biópsia. Resultados: Todos os pacientes apresentaram queixas musculoesqueléticas, sintomas severos de compressão do nervo mediano, alterações nos testes neurofisiológicos. Realizou-se a cirurgia, sinovectomia e biópsia. No pós-operatório, cinco pacientes (41%) desenvolveram dor crônica e distrofia simpático-reflexa. Conclusão: Observou-se maior frequência de dor pós-operatória na amostra, o que revela a necessidade de atenção na abordagem e tratamento dessa associação.


Introduction: Amyloidosis features protein deposition in the organs and tissues and has been associated with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) when it occurs in the wrist. The objective is to describe a case series of patients undergoing surgery for CTS associated with amyloidosis. Methods: The study included 12 patients who underwent surgery to treat CTS in whom amyloidosis was proven by biopsy; the follow-up period was 5 years. The patients were evaluated by clinical tests, electroneuromyography, radiological images, and biopsy. Results: All patients presented with musculoskeletal complaints, severe symptoms of median nerve compression, and changes on neurophysiological tests. Surgery, synovectomy, and biopsy were performed. In the postoperative period, five patients (41%) developed chronic pain and reflex sympathetic dystrophy. Conclusion: A higher frequency of postoperative pain was observed in the patients, demonstrating the need for caution in the approach and treatment of this association.


Subject(s)
Humans , Postoperative Complications/rehabilitation , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Comprehensive Health Care/methods , Comprehensive Health Care/organization & administration , Orthopedic Procedures/adverse effects , Orthopedic Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/rehabilitation , Amyloidogenic Proteins/analysis , Amyloidogenic Proteins/adverse effects
8.
Acta ortop. mex ; 32(1): 22-27, ene.-feb. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019323

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: El síndrome del túnel del carpo (STC) es la neuropatía más frecuente de la extremidad superior a nivel mundial. Los tratamientos dirigidos para el atrapamiento del nervio mediano en el túnel del carpo son más complicados y los resultados menos prometedores e insatisfactorios en pacientes diabéticos. El objetivo de este estudio es comparar los resultados de fuerza y función de la mano en pacientes sanos contra pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (DM2) con diagnóstico de STC antes y después de la liberación abierta y endoscópica del túnel del carpo. Material y métodos: Se diseñó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo y descriptivo durante un período de cinco años en el que se evaluaron pacientes sanos y con DM2 con diagnóstico de STC que fueron sometidos a tratamiento quirúrgico por abordaje abierto o endoscópico y a quienes se les aplicó el cuestionario DASH, mediciones de fuerza de prensión y pinza fina, presencia de hipoestesias, dolor y complicaciones. Resultados: Los resultados de los 86 pacientes evaluados mostraron una asociación estadística en la disminución de los puntajes de la escala funcional DASH con ambos abordajes, asociación entre la remisión de hipoestesias en pacientes sanos con cualquiera de los dos abordajes a diferencia de los pacientes diabéticos y asociación entre padecer DM2 y tener complicaciones a corto plazo. Conclusión: Ambos abordajes mejoran los síntomas y función de la mano en pacientes sanos y diabéticos, pero el primer grupo presentará casos de remisión completa a diferencia del grupo de pacientes diabéticos.


Abstract: Background: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the upper extremity neuropathy more frequent. Treatments led to the entrapment of the median nerve in the carpal tunnel are more complicated and the results less promising and unsatisfactory in diabetic patients. The objective of this study is to compare the results of strength and hand function in healthy patients against patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) with a diagnosis of CTS before and after the open and endoscopic release of the carpal tunnel. Material and methods: This is an observational, retrospective and descriptive study for a period of five years where we evaluated the results in healthy patients and with DM2, with diagnosis of CTS who underwent surgical treatment by open or endoscopic approach; we applied the DASH questionnaire, force grip and clamp fine measurements, presence of infection, pain and complications. Results: The results of 86 patients evaluated, showed a statistical association in the decrease in scores on the functional scale DASH with both approaches, association between remission of hypoesthesias in healthy patients with either of the two approaches as opposed to diabetic patients and association between developing DM2 and complications in the short term. Conclusion: Both approaches improve symptoms and function of the hand in healthy and diabetic patients, but the first group will present cases of complete remission in contrast to the group of diabetic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/complications , Hand Strength , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
9.
Artrosc. (B. Aires) ; 25(4): 131-135, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-995183

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados y las complicaciones de la descompresión endoscópica del túnel carpiano utilizando la técnica de dos portales realizadas por un mismo cirujano. Materiales y Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo que incluyó 126 pacientes consecutivos en los que se realizó la descompresión endoscópica del túnel carpiano con técnica de dos portales, entre enero de 2013 y abril de 2017. Los datos demográficos y hallazgos del examen físico fueros tomados de las historias clínicas. El seguimiento promedio fue de 40.98 meses (rango 13-66). Se evaluaron los resultados clínicos y funcionales mediante el puntaje Quick DASH pre y postoperatorio, el cuestionario de Boston postoperatorio. Asimismo, se evaluó el dolor postoperatorio (EVA), el grado de satisfacción del paciente y se documentaron las complicaciones. Resultados: El puntaje de Quick DASH medio preoperatorio fue de 33.7 puntos (DE11.05) y de 6.8 para el postoperatorio (DE 6.44) P< 0.001. El puntaje medio de Boston postoperatorio para síntomas fue de 1.24 puntos (DE 0.26) y para función fue de 1.18 (DE 0.22). Un caso fue convertido a cirugía abierta por visualización inadecuada del ligamento anular. Se registraron siete complicaciones menores (5.5%).. No hemos registrado ninguna complicación mayor. Ningún paciente debió ser reintervenido. Conclusión: La descompresión endoscópica del túnel carpiano mediante la técnica de dos portales con utilización de un tubo transparente para evaluar la descompresión es un método seguro, eficaz y predecible para el tratamiento del síndrome del túnel carpiano. El índice de complicaciones es bajo cuando es realizada por un cirujano entrenado en la técnica. Tipo de estudio: Serie de casos. Nivel de evidencia: IV


Objectives: To report the results and complications of a two portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) with the use of a clear tube for assessing the quality of decompression of the median nerve. Methods: Retrospective analysis of 126 consecutive cases (126 patients) where a two portal ECTR was performed. The demographic and physical examination data were obtained from the medical history. For evaluation, the preoperative and postoperative Quick DASH and the Boston Questionnaire were used and the complications were recorded. Results: The Quick DASH average score was 33.7 preoperative (SD 11.05) and 6.8 postoperative (SD 6.44) P<0.001. The Boston Questionnaire´s median average was 1.24 (SD 0.26) for symptoms and 1.18 (SD 0.22) for function. We recorded seven minor complications (5.5%): two cases of transient hypoesthesia and a permanent one of the third web space, three cases of superficial infection, and one case of postoperative neuropathic pain. No major complications or reoperations were documented. Conclusion: Two portal ECTR with the use of a clear tube for assessing the quality of decompression is a safe, effective, predictable and reproducible technique for treatment of idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome. The complication rate is low when performed by a trained surgeon Type of Study: Case series. Level of Evidence: IV


Subject(s)
Adult , Middle Aged , Arthroscopy/methods , Pain Measurement , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Median Nerve , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome
10.
Rev. chil. reumatol ; 34(2): 66-72, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254087

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de canal carpiano es una patología frecuente. Si bien el diagnóstico es clínico, la ecografía cumple un rol en caso de duda diagnóstica y como apoyo a proce-dimientos intervencionales.Existen variables anatómicas y distancias de estructuras vasculares útiles de conocer antes de planear un gesto quirúrgico o de infiltración para disminuir el riesgo de lesiones secundarias, en donde la ecografía podría tener un rol.Estudiamos una muestra de 267 ecografías de muñeca con especial hincapié en va-riantes neurogénicas, vasculares o tendinosas que podrían resultar lesionadas en relación a algún procedimiento.


Carpal tunnel syndrome is a frequent pathology. Although the diagnosis is clinical, ultrasound plays a role in case of diagnostic doubt and as support and guide for inter-ventional procedures.There are anatomical variants and distances of vascular structures that may be useful to know before planning a surgical or infiltration procedure to reduce the risk of iat-rogenic injuries, where ultrasound could play a role.We studied a sample of 267 wrists ultrasounds with special emphasis on neurogenic, vascular or tendinous variants that could be injured in relation to procedures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Median Nerve/anatomy & histology , Median Nerve/diagnostic imaging , Infiltration-Percolation , Chile , Median Nerve/surgery
11.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 134(4): 285-291, July-Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792826

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES: Effective postoperative analgesia is important for reducing the incidence of chronic pain. This study evaluated the effect of preoperative gabapentin on postoperative analgesia and the incidence of chronic pain among patients undergoing carpal tunnel syndrome surgical treatment. DESIGN AND SETTINGS: Randomized, double-blind controlled trial, Federal University of São Paulo Pain Clinic. METHODS: Forty patients aged 18 years or over were randomized into two groups: Gabapentin Group received 600 mg of gabapentin preoperatively, one hour prior to surgery, and Control Group received placebo. All the patients received intravenous regional anesthesia comprising 1% lidocaine. Midazolam was used for sedation if needed. Paracetamol was administered for postoperative analgesia as needed. Codeine was used additionally if the paracetamol was insufficient. The following were evaluated: postoperative pain intensity (over a six-month period), incidence of postoperative neuropathic pain (over a six-month period), need for intraoperative sedation, and use of postoperative paracetamol and codeine. The presence of neuropathic pain was established using the DN4 (Douleur Neuropathique 4) questionnaire. Complex regional pain syndrome was diagnosed using the Budapest questionnaire. RESULTS: No differences in the need for sedation, control over postoperative pain or incidence of chronic pain syndromes (neuropathic or complex regional pain syndrome) were observed. No differences in postoperative paracetamol and codeine consumption were observed. CONCLUSIONS: Preoperative gabapentin (600 mg) did not improve postoperative pain control, and did not reduce the incidence of chronic pain among patients undergoing carpal tunnel syndrome surgery.


RESUMO CONTEXTO E OBJETIVOS: Analgesia pós-operatória eficaz é importante para reduzir a incidência de dor crônica. Este estudo avaliou o efeito da gabapentina pré-operatória na analgesia pós-operatória e na incidência de dor crônica em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para tratamento da síndrome do túnel do carpo. DESENHO E LOCAL: Randomizado, duplo cego, Universidade Federal de São Paulo. MÉTODOS: Os 40 pacientes com 18 anos ou mais de idade foram distribuídos aleatoriamente em dois grupos: o Grupo Gabapentina recebeu 600 mg de gabapentina no pré-operatório uma hora antes da cirurgia, e o Grupo Controle recebeu placebo. Todos os pacientes receberam anestesia regional intravenosa com lidocaína a 1%. Midazolam foi utilizado para sedação, se necessário. Paracetamol foi administrado para analgesia pós-operatória, conforme necessário, e codeína, se o paracetamol fosse insuficiente. Foram avaliados: a intensidade da dor pós-operatória (durante seis meses), a incidência de dor neuropática pós-operatória (durante seis meses), a necessidade de sedação intra-operatória e o uso de paracetamol e codeína no pós-operatório. A presença de dor neuropática foi estabelecida utilizando-se o questionário DN4 (dor neuropática 4). Síndrome de dor regional complexa foi diagnosticada através do questionário Budapeste. RESULTADOS: Não foram observadas diferenças na necessidade de sedação, no controle da dor pós-operatória e na incidência de síndromes dolorosas crônicas (neuropáticas ou síndrome de dor regional complexa). Não foram observadas diferenças no consumo de paracetamol e codeína. CONCLUSÕES: Gabapentina pré-operatória (600 mg) não melhorou o controle da dor pós-operatória e não reduziu a incidência de dor crônica em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia para tratamento da síndrome do túnel do carpo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Cyclohexanecarboxylic Acids/administration & dosage , Chronic Pain/prevention & control , Amines/administration & dosage , Analgesics/administration & dosage , Time Factors , Pain Measurement , Preoperative Care/methods , Placebo Effect , Double-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Gabapentin , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid/administration & dosage , Anesthesia, Intravenous/methods
12.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 30(1): 40-52, ene.-jun. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-794180

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: el síndrome del túnel del carpo constituye el diagnóstico más común para cirujanos de mano. Se han descrito diversos métodos quirúrgicos para su tratamiento, con reportes de buenos resultados. OBJETIVO: mostrar los resultados del tratamiento quirúrgico del síndrome del túnel del carpo, con empleo de anestesia local, incisión razonable y movilidad precoz en pacientes mayores de 65 años de edad. MÉTODO: estudio de intervención longitudinal prospectivo con pacientes mayores de 65 años de edad diagnosticados e intervenidos por síndrome del túnel del carpo entre el 1ro. de enero 2010 y el 1ro. de julio del 2014, y evaluados 1 año después de dicho tratamiento en el CITED. RESULTADOS: serie constituida por 194 pacientes, predominó el sexo femenino (81,44 %), se encontró asociación de síndrome del túnel del carpo con: realización de actividades manuales previas, posibilidad de afectación bilateral, antecedente de fractura de radio distal ipsilateral, comorbilidad con otras enfermedades como diabetes, artritis reumatoide y afecciones de tendones y sus vainas. La mejoría en síntomas, dolor y función al año fue superior al 98 %. CONCLUSIONES: el tratamiento quirúrgico del síndrome del túnel del carpo, con empleo de anestesia local, incisión de piel razonable y movilidad precoz, ocasiona significativa mejoría de los síntomas, del dolor y la función en adultos mayores de 65 años de edad.


INTRODUCTION: Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common diagnosis for hand surgeons. They described various surgical methods for treatment, with reports of good results. OBJECTIVE: Show the results of surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome using local anesthesia, reasonable incision and early mobility in patients older than 65 years old. METHOD: Prospective longitudinal intervention study with patients older than 65 years of age diagnosed and surgically treated for carpal tunnel syndrome from January 2010 to July 2014 and they were evaluated one year after treatment at CITED. RESULTS: In the series consisting of 194 patients, women predominated (81.44%). Association of carpal tunnel syndrome was found with holding prior manual activities, the possibility of bilateral involvement, history of fracture of ipsilateral distal radius, comorbidity with other diseases such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and diseases of tendons. The improvement of symptoms, pain and function after a year was higher than 98%. CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome using local anesthesia, reasonable skin incision and early mobility causes significant improvement in symptoms, pain and function in adults older than 65 years old.


INTRODUCTION: Le syndrome du canal carpien est le diagnostic le plus souvent trouvé par les chirurgiens spécialisés en main. Plusieurs techniques chirurgicales ont été décrites pour son traitement, avec de très bons résultats. OBJECTIFS: Ce travail a le but de montrer les résultats du traitement chirurgical du syndrome du canal carpien à l'aide de l'anesthésie locale, d'une incision raisonnable et d'une mobilité précoce chez les patients âgés de plus de 65 ans. MÉTHODE: Une étude interventionnelle, longitudinale et prospective de patients âgés de plus de 65 ans, diagnostiqués et traités pour syndrome de canal carpien entre le 1er janvier 2010 et le 1er juillet 2014, et évalués un an après, a été effectuée au CITED. RÉSULTATS: Dans une série de 194 patients, où le sexe féminin était en majorité (81,44 %), on a trouvé que le syndrome du canal carpien était associé aux activités manuelles, à un possible trouble bilatéral, à une histoire de fractures du radius distal ipsilatéral, et à une comorbidité avec d'autres maladies telles que le diabète, l'arthrite rhumatoïde et les atteintes des tendons et leurs gaines. Les symptômes, la douleur et la fonction ont amélioré un an après l'opération dans 98 % de cas. CONCLUSIONS: En utilisant de l'anesthésie locale, une incision raisonnable et une mobilité précoce, le traitement chirurgical du syndrome du canal carpien entraîne une significative amélioration des symptômes, de la douleur et de la fonction chez les personnes âgées de plus de 65 ans.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/diagnosis , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy , Anesthesia, Local , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Clinical Trial
13.
Acta ortop. mex ; 30(1): 17-20, ene.-feb. 2016. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-827717

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Se analizaron las causas frecuentes del síndrome del túnel del carpo recidivante. Seguimiento de una serie de casos del 1 de Enero al 31 Diciembre 2011; se estudiaron nueve pacientes mediante examen físico y de gabinete. A todos se les evaluó el dolor con escala visual análoga, cuestionario de Brigham and Women's Hospital para conocer la discapacidad. Siete pacientes correspondieron al género femenino y dos al masculino, con un promedio de edad de 52 años. Entre las principales causas de recidiva se encontró la fibrosis postquirúrgica acompañada de una liberación incompleta en siete pacientes; en dos pacientes se observó una liberación incompleta y se les realizó abordajes mínimos invasivos. Tres pacientes de los nueve presentaron cicatrices retráctiles. La principal causa de recidiva es la fibrosis postquirúrgica asociada al abordaje mínimamente invasivo.


Abstract: The frequent causes of relapsing carpal tunnel syndrome were analyzed. Nine patients were followed-up from January 1st to December 31st, 2011. They underwent a physical exam and imaging tests. Pain was measured in all of them with the VAS, and the Brigham and Women's Hospital questionnaire was used to assess disability. Patients included seven females and two males; mean age was 52 years. Major causes for relapse included postoperative fibrosis with incomplete release in seven patients and incomplete release in two patients in whom minimally invasive approaches were used. Three of the nine patients had retractile scars. The main cause of relapse was postoperative fibrosis associated with the minima­lly invasive approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/complications , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/pathology , Pain/etiology , Physical Examination , Recurrence , Surveys and Questionnaires , Treatment Outcome , Middle Aged
14.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 30(4): 674-679, sep.-dec. 2015. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427

ABSTRACT

A macrodactilia é uma anomalia congênita infrequente, caracterizada pelo crescimento desproporcional dos tecidos ósseo, gorduroso, nervoso, vascular e dérmico nos dedos das mãos ou dos pés. Existem muitas teorias sobre a sua etiopatogenia, sendo a mais aceita a hiperestimulação por fatores de crescimento enviados através dos nervos. Foram descritos alguns casos associados com a síndrome do túnel do carpo. Apresenta-se um caso clínico de síndrome do túnel do carpo por hipertrofia do nervo mediano, evidenciando um aumento de conteúdo dentro do retináculo flexor, o qual foi tratado cirurgicamente com sucesso pela realização de uma retinaculotomia do ligamento anular do carpo junto a um retalho de transposição tenar adipofascial reverso da região tenariana hipertrofiada visando à cobertura do nervo mediano na região do punho.


Macrodactyly is a rare congenital anomaly characterized by the disproportionate growth of bone, fat, nervous, vascular, and dermal tissue in the digits . There are many different theories about its etiopathogenesis, the most accepted being a hyperstimulation by growth factors conducted through nerves. A few cases have been described in conjunction with carpal tunnel syndrome. Here, a clinical case of carpal tunnel syndrome due to hypertrophy of the median nerve is presented, showing an increase of content within the flexor retinaculum. Successful surgical treatment was accomplished by conducting a retinaculotomy of the anterior annular ligament along with a reverse transposition adipofascial flap of the hypertrophied thenar region for coverage of the median nerve at the wrist.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , History, 21st Century , Surgical Flaps , Congenital Abnormalities , Wrist , Hand Deformities, Congenital , Review Literature as Topic , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Gigantism , Hand , Hypertrophy , Median Nerve , Surgical Flaps/surgery , Congenital Abnormalities/surgery , Wrist/surgery , Growth Hormone , Hand Deformities, Congenital/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/pathology , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Gigantism/surgery , Gigantism/pathology , Hand/surgery , Hypertrophy/surgery , Median Nerve/surgery , Median Nerve/growth & development , Median Nerve/pathology
15.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 49(5): 437-445, Sep-Oct/2014.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-727705

ABSTRACT

The treatments for non-deficit forms of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) are corticoid infiltration and/or a nighttime immobilization brace. Surgical treatment, which includes sectioning the retinaculum of the flexors (retinaculotomy), is indicated in cases of resistance to conservative treatment in deficit forms or, more frequently, in acute forms. In minimally invasive techniques (endoscopy and mini-open), and even though the learning curve is longer, it seems that functional recovery occurs earlier than in the classical surgery, but with identical long-term results. The choice depends on the surgeon, patient, severity, etiology and availability of material. The results are satisfactory in close to 90% of the cases. Recovery of strength requires four to six months after regression of the pain of pillar pain type. This surgery has the reputation of being benign and has a complication rate of 0.2–0.5%...


Os tratamentos nas formas não déficitárias da síndrome do túnel do carpo (SCC) são a infiltração de corticoide e/ou uma órtese de imobilização noturna. O tratamento cirúrgico, que compreende a secção do retináculo dos flexores (retinaculotomia), é indicado em caso de resistência ao tratamento conservador nas formas déficitárias ou, mais frequentemente, nas formas agudas. Nas técnicas minimamente invasivas (endoscópica e miniopen), indepen-dentemente de a curva de aprendizado ser mais longa, parece que a recuperação funcional é mais precoce em relação à cirurgia clássica, mas com os resultados em longo prazo idênticos. A escolha depende do cirurgião, do paciente, da gravidade, da etiologia e da disponibili-dade do material. Os resultados são próximos de 90% de casos satisfatórios. A recuperação da força necessita de quatro a seis meses após a regressão das dores do tipo dor do pilar (pillar pain). Essa cirurgia tem a reputação de ser benigna e apresenta de 0,2% a 0,5% de complicações...


Subject(s)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/physiopathology , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/therapy
16.
Acta ortop. mex ; 28(3): 160-163, may.-jun. 2014. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-725130

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El síndrome del túnel carpiano es la neuropatía periférica más frecuente y afecta casi al 3% de la población general. Aunque los estudios electromiográficos se han convertido en el patrón oro para diagnóstico, en la actualidad existe controversia entre la correlación de los datos clínicos y electromiografía para su diagnóstico. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo el estudio de esta correlación, y determinar los posibles factores pronósticos en esta patología. Material y métodos: Se revisaron retrospectivamente a 139 pacientes intervenidos quirúrgicamente entre Enero de 1995 y Diciembre de 2008. A todos se les realizó preoperatoriamente un estudio electromiográfico donde se recogió latencia y velocidad de conducción motoras, velocidad de conducción sensitiva y exploración clínica, en especial los signos de Tinel y Phalen, con el fin de correlacionarlos con la sintomatología postoperatoria final. Para establecer si hubo o no diferencias estadísticamente significativas se determinaron mediante la T-Student y χ². Resultados: Preoperatoriamente existe una correlación clínica (p < 0.05) entre los signos clínicos de Tinel y Phalen con el grado electrofisiológico de compresión. Igualmente, existe correlación entre la persistencia de la clínica en el postoperatorio con la afectación de la latencia y velocidad de conducción motora objetivada en los estudios electrofisiológicos preoperatorios. Conclusión: Los estudios electrofisiológicos en el diagnóstico del síndrome del túnel carpiano poseen un valor añadido pronóstico con respecto al resultado final tras la cirugía.


Introduction: Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most frequent peripheral neuropathy and it affects nearly 3% of the general population. Although electromyography tests have become the gold standard for diagnosis, currently there is controversy between the correlation of clinical data and electromyography for diagnosis. The purpose of this work is to study this correlation and determine the possible prognostic factors in this pathology. Material and methods: 139 patients who underwent surgery were reviewed retrospectively between January 1995 and December 2008. All patients had an electromyography preoperatively to obtain motor conduction rate and latency, sensitive conduction rate and clinical examination, especially the Tinel and Phalen signs in order to correlate them with the final postoperative symptoms. In order to establish if there were statistically significant differences, these were determined through the T-Student and χ2. Results: Preoperatively, there is a clinical correlation (p < 0.05) between the Tinel and Phanel clinical signs with the compression electrophysiological grading. Likewise, there is a correlation between clinical persistence in the postoperative period with motor conduction rate and latency involvement specified in the preoperative electrophysiological tests. Conclusion: Electrophysiological tests in the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome have an added prognostic value with regards to the final result after surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-100966

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Korean version of the Michigan Hand Outcomes Questionnaire (K-MHQ) was recently validated; however, the questionnaire's responsiveness as well as the degree to which the instrument is sensitive to change has not been thoroughly evaluated in a specific condition in Koreans. We evaluated the responsiveness of the K-MHQ in a homogenous cohort of patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and we compared it with that of the Korean version of the Disability of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand Questionnaire (K-DASH), which was found to have a large degree of responsiveness after carpal tunnel release for Korean patients with CTS. METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with CTS prospectively completed the K-MHQ and the K-DASH before and 6 months after surgery. The responsiveness statistics were assessed for both the K-MHQ and the K-DASH by using the standardized response mean (SRM), which was defined as the mean change of the original scores after surgery divided by the standard deviation of the change. RESULTS: All domains of the K-MHQ significantly improved after carpal tunnel release (p or = 0.8. The aesthetics scale showed medium responsiveness of 0.6. The combined function/symptom scale of the K-DASH significantly improved after surgery (p < 0.001). The SRM of the K-DASH revealed large responsiveness of 0.9. CONCLUSIONS: The K-MHQ was found to have a large degree of responsiveness after carpal tunnel release for Korean patients with CTS, which is comparable not only to the K-DASH, but also to the original version of the MHQ. The region-specific K-MHQ can be useful for outcomes research related to carpal tunnel surgery, especially for research comparing CTS with various other hand and wrist health conditions.


Subject(s)
Activities of Daily Living , Adult , Aged , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Disability Evaluation , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Surveys and Questionnaires , Republic of Korea
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-104733

ABSTRACT

With advancement in biomechanical and biological research on idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome, the insight on the pathophysiology of carpal tunnel syndrome has gained much clinical relevance. Open carpal tunnel release is still a gold standard procedure for carpal tunnel syndrome, which has evolved into mini-open procedure with development of new devices. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release has become popular in recent practice of hand surgery with an advantage of early recovery of hand function with minimal morbidity. However, endoscopic carpal tunnel release has its own limitation such as long learning curve with obvious surgical risk reported in the literature. In this review article, various treatment protocols for idiopathic carpal tunnel syndrome are presented with special highlight on endoscopic carpal tunnel release, which is gaining popularity in current practice.


Subject(s)
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Endoscopy , Humans , Treatment Outcome
19.
Radiol. bras ; 46(1): 23-29, jan.-fev. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-666107

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Comparar os perímetros ultrassonográfico e cirúrgico do nervo mediano, avaliar o diagnóstico da síndrome do túnel do carpo pela área seccional do nervo mediano, verificar associação entre área seccional do nervo mediano e gravidade da síndrome do túnel do carpo. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo de 30 pacientes com síndrome do túnel do carpo. Mediram-se a área seccional e o perímetro ultrassonográfico do nervo mediano. Avaliaram-se correlação clínica-ultrassonográfica e associação com a gravidade da doença. Compararam-se os perímetros ultrassonográfico e cirúrgico. Compararam-se classificação clínica com perímetro cirúrgico, área seccional e perímetro ultrassonográfico. RESULTADOS: Cinco perdas, 25 pacientes estudados; 60% dos pacientes com doença moderada, 60% de casos graves ultrassonográficos (área seccional > 0,15 cm2). Distribuição não normal de perímetro cirúrgico (p = 0,5), distribuição normal de perímetro ultrassonográfico (p = 0). Diferença significativa entre perímetros (teste-t de amostras pareadas; p < 0,0001; intervalo de confiança = 95%). Pearson 0,3913. Pelo diagrama de Bland-Altman, observaram-se maiores perímetros cirúrgicos. Encontrou-se área seccional do nervo mediano > 0,09 cm2 em todos os pacientes. CONCLUSÃO: Não houve associação entre perímetro ultrassonográfico e perímetro cirúrgico do nervo mediano. Área seccional do nervo mediano > 0,09 cm2 foi válida para o diagnóstico. Não houve associação entre área seccional e gravidade da doença.


OBJECTIVE: To compare sonographic and surgical measured perimeters of the median nerve; to evaluate the diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome by median nerve cross-sectional area; to verify the association between cross-sectional area of the median nerve and carpal tunnel syndrome severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients with established carpal tunnel syndrome were studied. Cross-sectional area and sonographic perimeter of the median nerve were measured. The correlation between clinical and sonographic findings and association with carpal tunnel syndrome severity were evaluated. Sonographic and surgical perimeters were compared. Clinical classification, surgical perimeter, cross-sectional area and sonographic perimeter of the median nerve were compared. Statistical analysis utilized paired samples t-test, Pearson's correlation, Bland-Altman's diagram, Kolmogorov-Smirnov's test, Welch's and Wilcoxon's tests. RESULTS: Five patients were excluded; 25 patients were studied; 60% of patients had moderated disease, and 60% presented cross-sectional area > 0.15 cm2. Distribution of surgical perimeter was not normal (p = 0.5); the sonographic perimeter distribution was normal (p = 0). There was a statistically significant difference between perimeters (paired samples t-test, p < 0.0001, confidence interval = 95%). Pearson's correlation corresponded to 0.3913. Bland-Altman diagram demonstrated higher values for surgical perimeters. Median nerve cross-sectional area > 0.09 cm2 was found in all the patients. CONCLUSION: No association was observed between median nerve sonographic and surgical perimeters. Median nerve cross-sectional area > 0.09 cm2 was valid for diagnosis of carpal tunnel syndrome. No association was observed between median nerve cross-sectional area and carpal tunnel syndrome severity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Median Nerve/surgery , Median Nerve , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome , Wrist Injuries , Electromyography , Laser Therapy , Paresthesia
20.
JPMI-Journal of Postgraduate Medical Institute. 2013; 27 (2): 194-199
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-142594

ABSTRACT

To compare the effectiveness of local steroid injection [LSI] and carpal tunnel release [CTR] operation for the treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome [CTS]. This is a prospective randomized clinical trial conducted at Khalifa Gul Nawaz Teaching Hospital and District Headquarters Teaching Hospital, Bannu from Feb. 2009 to Sept. 2011. Patients having CTS irrespective of gender, age and ethnicity, were included in this study. They were randomly assigned to two treatment groups by lottery method, LSI group, and open CTR group. Follow-up was done for a total period of 12 weeks. A standardized symptoms questionnaire, the 'Global Symptom Score' [GSS] was used for baseline assessment as well as for outcome measurement. It rates symptoms on a scale from 0to 50, where '0' indicates no symptoms and '50' indicates the most severe symptoms. Data were analyzed with SPSS 10. Results: Out of total 40 patients, there were 11[27.5%] males and 29[72.5%] females. The age of the patients ranged from 24-66 years [mean age 45.35 +/- 11.65]. In 15 cases the age was <40 years and in 25cases the age was >40 years. Out of 40 patients, 20 were assigned to LSI group and 20 to CTR group. The baseline mean GSS for LSI group was 34.80 +/- 8.15 and for CTR group 35.45 +/- 7.43. Two weeks after treatment, mean GSS for LSI group was 11.60 +/- 6.90 and for CTR group 12.50 +/- 7.28. Four weeks after treatment, mean GSS for LSI group was 9.85 +/- 6.39 and for CTR group 7.30 +/- 5.68. Twelve weeks after treatment, mean GSS for LSI group was 22.10 +/- 6.90 and for CTR 5.45 +/- 6.90. This trend shows that LSI has temporary effect on GSS in CTS whereas CTR has long-lasting effect. LSI gives only transient relief in CTS, whereas CTR operation provides long-lasting relief as shown in this short series of 40 patients with short-term follow-up of 12 weeks


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Steroids/administration & dosage , Carpal Tunnel Syndrome/surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
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