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1.
s.l; Ministerio de Salud; mar. 11, 2020. 41 p.
Monography in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), PIE | ID: biblio-1095778

ABSTRACT

Este resumen fue realizado a través de una búsqueda amplia de evidencia en MedLine® y EMBASE®, utilizando Ovid® como biblioteca virtual, a través de una estrategia de búsqueda, la cual fue previamente discutida y probada. La búsqueda se realizó el 11-02-2020, no se utilizaron filtros de idioma ni tipo de publicación. El criterio de inclusión fue cualquier tipo de publicación relacionada al nuevo Coronavirus 2019. La selección de evidencia y la extracción de datos se realizó por un revisor. La extracción de datos se realizó según una planilla previamente discutida que resumía las preguntas de interés, la cual fue necesario refinar en el proceso de revisión. Los resultados se presentan de manera descriptiva sin evaluar la certeza de la evidencia o calidad de la información.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/therapy , Case Management/statistics & numerical data , Betacoronavirus , Global Health
2.
Guatemala; MSPAS. Coordinación de Hospitales; 07 feb 2020. 8 p. tab.
Non-conventional in Spanish | LILACS (Americas), LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1097784

ABSTRACT

Actualizar a los profesionales de pediatría, Medicina Interna, Gineco obstetricia, personal de enfermería, de laboratorio y el comité de gestión de riesgo en el manejo clínico de casos del nuevo coronavirus COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/prevention & control , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Professional Training , Betacoronavirus , Risk Management/organization & administration , Medical Laboratory Personnel/education , Coronavirus Infections/diagnosis , Case Management , Containment of Biohazards/methods , Hospital Care/organization & administration , Epidemiological Monitoring , Guatemala , Nursing Staff/education
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-766565

ABSTRACT

Suicide is the fifth-leading cause of death in Korea, accounting for 4.4% of all deaths. Therefore, suicide is a serious medical problem, as well as a social problem. In this paper, we provide a social psychiatric perspective on suicide and recommend suicide prevention strategies based on programs with roots in the Gwangju mental health pilot project and an analysis of suicide patterns in Seoul. First, early intervention and active case management are mandatory to prevent suicide among individuals with mental illnesses such as depression, schizophrenia, and alcohol use disorder. To this end, mental health and welfare centers, addiction management centers, suicide prevention centers, and care program after a suicide attempt in the emergency department of general hospitals should collaborate via a multidisciplinary approach. Second, crisis intervention should be provided in collaboration with the police, government officials, and mental health agencies to people who are at immediate risk of suicide. Additionally, case management services should be expanded for individuals who are treated at hospitals for psychiatric illness. Third, social welfare services should be offered to low-income individuals at risk of suicide. Fourth, the mass media should restrict reporting about suicide and follow the relevant reporting guidelines. Finally, access to methods of committing suicide, such as charcoal for burning and agrichemical poisoning, should be regulated by the government. Proactive psychosocial strategies implemented with government support will prevent suicide-related deaths and decrease the suicide rate in Korea.


Subject(s)
Burns , Case Management , Cause of Death , Charcoal , Cooperative Behavior , Crisis Intervention , Depression , Early Intervention, Educational , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hospitals, General , Humans , Korea , Mass Media , Mental Health , Occupational Groups , Pilot Projects , Poisoning , Police , Schizophrenia , Seoul , Social Problems , Social Welfare , Suicide
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-787399

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Serious mental illnesses and substance use disorder have a high level of early mortality. This study aimed to identify the causes of their deaths among patients who had been under the care of community mental health and welfare centers and addiction management centers.METHODS: We collected information on deceased individuals, whose mortality was attributable to various causes of death, from 10 Community Mental Health Centers and Addiction Centers in Gwangju Metropolitan City. The primary variables collected included psychiatric diagnosis, cause of death, smoking habits, admission history, and several socio-demographic factors.RESULTS: A total of 214 deaths among service users were studies. In Community Mental Health Centers, 109 deaths were identified, with causes that may be itemized as follows : 27 suicides(24.8%), 56 physical illnesses( 51.4%), 14 accidents(12.8%), and 12 unknown causes(11.0%). Among the physical illnesses reported, cardiovascular illness and cancer were the most common causes of death. A history of frequent admission was common among those that had died by suicide(88.9%), compared with that observed among general service users(62.0%). In Addiction Centers, 105 deaths were identified, with causes that may be itemized as follows : 7 suicides(6.7%), 71 physical illnesses(68.3%), 7 accidents(6.7%), and 20 unknown causes(19.0%). Among the physical illnesses reported, sudden death, hepatic disorder, cancer, and cardiovascular disorder were the most common causes of death.CONCLUSION: Case managers should give due consideration to and carefully manage the physical health of individuals accessing mental health services via community mental health centers and addiction centers.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Cause of Death , Community Mental Health Centers , Death, Sudden , Humans , Mental Disorders , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Mortality , Smoke , Smoking , Substance-Related Disorders , Suicide
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-719600

ABSTRACT

In this study, we summarize the clinical role of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the diagnosis of patients with malignant uterine neoplasms, including leiomyosarcoma, endometrial stromal sarcoma, adenosarcoma, uterine carcinosarcoma, and endometrial cancer, with emphasis on the challenges and disadvantages. MRI plays an essential role in patients with uterine malignancy, for the purpose of tumor detection, primary staging, and treatment planning. MRI has advanced in scope beyond the visualization of the many aspects of anatomical structures, including diffusion-weighted imaging, dynamic contrast enhancement-MRI, and magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Emerging technologies coupled with the use of artificial intelligence in MRI are expected to lead to progressive improvement in case management of malignant uterine neoplasms.


Subject(s)
Adenosarcoma , Artificial Intelligence , Carcinosarcoma , Case Management , Diagnosis , Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Leiomyosarcoma , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Sarcoma , Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal , Uterine Neoplasms
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-741462

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia associated with the risk of morbidity and mortality in clinical patients. AF is considered as an arrhythmia type that develops and progresses through close connection with cardiac structural arrhythmogenic substrates. Since the introduction of catheter ablation-mediated electrical isolation of arrhythmogenic substrates, cardiac imaging indicates improved treatment outcome and prognosis with appropriate candidate selection, ablation catheter guidance, and post-ablation follow-up. Currently, cardiac computed tomography (CCT) and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging are essential in the case management of AF at both pre-and post-procedural stages of catheter ablation. In this review, we discuss the roles and technical considerations of CCT and CMR imaging in the management of patients with AF undergoing catheter ablation.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Atrial Fibrillation , Case Management , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mortality , Prognosis , Treatment Outcome
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-758464

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Mobile messengers are becoming common methods to communicate among people in various fields. This study investigated the effectiveness of mobile messengers as a tool for post-discharge case management of emergency department patients who attempted suicide and self-harm. METHODS: This study was a retrospective observational study of data collected prospectively. A total of 327 patients who attempted suicide and self-harm in the emergency department were divided into two groups: a conventional protocol group with a face-to-face or phone call interview and a new protocol group with added mobile messenger counseling. The basic characteristics, such as sex, age, methods of suicide and self-harm attempt, consent for case management, and admission to a ward, were surveyed. The rates of successful case management (transfer to a local community center or follow-up to neuropsychiatric outpatient clinic, or both) were compared as a primary outcome between the two groups. RESULTS: The conventional protocol group was 122 cases and the new protocol group was 205 cases. No significant differences in sex, age, methods of suicide and self-harm attempt, rate of consent to case management, and admission to a ward were observed between the two groups. On the other hand, the total successful management rate in mobile messenger group was higher than that of the other group (P=0.020). CONCLUSION: This study showed that mobile messengers could be an alternative communication tool for the post-discharge case management of patients who attempted suicide and self-injurious behavior. Nevertheless, a well-designed future study might be needed to determine if that method would reduce the reattempt rate.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Case Management , Cell Phone , Counseling , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Hand , Humans , Methods , Observational Study , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Self-Injurious Behavior , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-760316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to elucidate the effectiveness of long-term psychosocial intervention in reducing the disabling period of patients with major psychiatric disorders by their rehospitalization rate. METHODS: Of the 210 patients with major psychiatric disorders received psychosocial interventions in a Mental Health and Welfare Center, 192 patients (147 with schizophrenia spectrum disorders, 45 with mood disorders) who received interventions more than 6 months were selected. Review of case management records was conducted to obtain information. RESULTS: The number and length of hospitalization and the hospital days per year significantly decreased after psychosocial intervention. Additional analysis of 102 patients followed up for more than 5 years suggested that the effectiveness of the intervention persisted for a sufficient period. However, no significant difference was observed in the number of rehospitalization in 45 patients with mood disorders, though the length of hospitalization significantly decreased. In addition, the hospital days per year of 21 patients with mood disorder followed up for more than 5 years also showed no significant decrease. CONCLUSION: Long-term psychosocial intervention had a significant effect on reducing the number and length of hospitalization for patients with major psychiatric disorder and the effectiveness maintained for more than 5 years.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Hospitalization , Humans , Mental Health , Mood Disorders , Schizophrenia
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-739402

ABSTRACT

Work-related asthma is the most common occupational lung disease encountered in clinical practice. In adult asthmatics, work-relatedness can account for 15%–33% of cases, but delays in diagnosis remain common and lead to worse outcomes. Accurate diagnosis of asthma is the first step to managing occupational asthma, which can be sensitizer-induced or irritant-induced asthma. While latency has traditionally been recognized as a hallmark of sensitizer-induced asthma and rapid-onset a defining feature of irritant-induced asthma (as in Reactive Airway Dysfunction Syndrome), there is epidemiological evidence for irritant-induced asthma with latency from chronic moderate exposure. Diagnostic testing while the patient is still in the workplace significantly improves sensitivity. While specific inhalational challenges remain the gold-standard for the diagnosis of occupational asthma, they are not available outside of specialized centers. Commonly available tests including bronchoprovocation challenges and peak flow monitoring are important tools for practicing clinicians. Management of sensitizer-induced occupational asthma is notable for the central importance of removal from the causative agent: ideally, removal of the culprit agent; but if not feasible, this may require changes in the work process or ultimately, removal of the worker from the workplace. While workers' compensation programs may reduce income loss, these are not universal and there can be significant socio-economic impact from work-related asthma. Primary prevention remains the preferred method of reducing the burden of occupational asthma, which may include modification to work processes, better worker education and substitution of sensitizing agents from the workplace with safer compounds.


Subject(s)
Adult , Asthma , Asthma, Occupational , Case Management , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Tests, Routine , Education , Humans , Lung Diseases , Methods , Primary Prevention , Workers' Compensation
10.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 638-648, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-714983

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the characteristics and factors of voluntary discharged patients after suicide attempt and analyze the effectiveness of follow-up measures. METHODS: Total 504 adult patients aged 14 years and over, who visited a local emergency medical center from September 1, 2013 to December 31, 2015 were enrolled and retrospectively reviewed. We analyzed the relationship with voluntary discharge group (VDG) among basic characteristics, suicidal attempt variables, outcome variables related to suicide attempts, and treatment related variables comparing with normal discharge group (NDG). RESULTS: Of the total 504 suicide attempts, three hundred eleven (61.7%) patients were VDG and 193 (38.2%) were NDG. The proportion of patients who completed the community service linkage were 18.7% (36/193) in NDG, compared with 7.7% (24/311) in VDG (p < 0.05). In addition, the ratio of the patients who visited psychiatric outpatient department in NDG were 57.0% (110/193), more than four times as likely as 14.5% (45/311) in VDG (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Over sixty percent of suicide attempters discharged against medical advice. Further various aspects of national supportive measures including strengthening case management service should be considered.


Subject(s)
Adult , Case Management , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Linear Energy Transfer , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Social Welfare , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted
11.
Safety and Health at Work ; : 347-351, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-716717

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The success of an injury intervention program can be measured by the proportion of successful return to work (RTW). This study examined factors of successful return to employment among workers suffering from work-related injuries. METHODS: Data were obtained from the Social Security Organization, Malaysia database consisting of 10,049 RTW program participants in 2010–2014. The dependent variable was the RTW outcome which consisted of RTW with same employer, RTW with new employer or unsuccessful return. Multinomial logistic regression was performed to test the likelihood of successful return with same employer and new employer against unsuccessful return. RESULTS: Overall, 65.3% of injured workers were successfully returned to employment, 52.8% to the same employer and 12.5% to new employer. Employer interest; motivation; age 30–49 years; intervention less than 9 months; occupational disease; injuries in the lower limbs, upper limbs, and general injuries; and working in the manufacturing, services, and electrical/electronics were associated with returning to work with the same employer against unsuccessful return. Male, employer interest, motivation, age 49 years or younger, intervention less than 6 months, occupational disease, injuries in the upper limbs and services sector of employment were associated with returning to new employer against unsuccessful return. CONCLUSION: There is a need to strengthen employer commitment for early and intensified intervention that will lead to improvement in the RTW outcome.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Employment , Humans , Logistic Models , Lower Extremity , Malaysia , Male , Motivation , Occupational Diseases , Rehabilitation , Return to Work , Social Security , Upper Extremity
12.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-716527

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study examined the long-term preventive effects of a case management service on suicide reattempts, and clarified the factors related to suicide reattempts. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of suicide attempters who visited the emergency department of Ulsan University Hospital from August 28, 2013 to July 31, 2017. A 4-week case management service was provided to consenting participants, either face-to-face or by telephone. Using survival analysis, we analyzed differences in the time to the next emergency department visit for a suicide attempt according to whether participants completed the case management service. We also assessed which characteristics of participants were associated with suicide reattempts. RESULTS: We found no overall difference in time to suicide reattempt between case-managed participants and controls over the entire observation period (median period: 19 months). However, in the first 24 weeks after the initial suicide attempt, the case-managed group showed a longer time to reattempt than did the control group (log-rank test = 4.243; P = 0.039). A higher risk of reattempt was found among participants with the medical benefit type of health insurance compared to those with national health insurance (hazard ratio [HR], 5.134; P < 0.001) and among participants aged 20–39 compared to those aged ≥ 60 (HR, 3.502; P = 0.05). CONCLUSION: Case management had only short-term benefits (within 24 weeks of initial suicide attempt). Risk factors for suicide reattempts were having a medical benefit health insurance and being aged 20–39 years.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Emergency Service, Hospital , Insurance, Health , Medical Records , National Health Programs , Risk Factors , Socioeconomic Factors , Suicide , Survival Analysis , Telephone
13.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-726888

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the goal attainment rates for hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), blood pressure (BP), and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: The subjects were 762 over 65 years old patients with type 2 diabetes taking a hypoglycemic agent. Data were collected by reviewing medical records and included general characteristics, biochemical tests, prescribed pharmacologic agents, and complications. RESULTS: The goal attainment rates (mean value) for HbA1c, BP, and LDL-C were 50.4% (7.3% ± 1.2%), 78.9% (126.0 ± 15.1/72.1 ± 10.0 mm Hg), and 60.6% (88.6 ± 29.9 mg/dL). Diabetes-related complications for retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy, and cardio-cerebral vascular disease were 36.3%, 37.2%, 23.6%, and 31.9%, respectively. Life habit-related variables positively associated with goal attainment were not drinking alcohol and exercise for HbA1c, not smoking for BP and not drinking alcohol for LDL-C. Metabolic adjustment indicator-related significant variables for complications were HbA1c in retinopathy, BP in nephropathy, and LDL-C in cardio-cerebral disease. CONCLUSION: We found that goal attainment rates for parameters of metabolic adjustment were not high in elderly patients with type 2 diabetes. Thus, diabetes educators should be concerned about metabolic adjustment indicators. Also, case management guidelines according to elderly patient health and functional status should be developed to help manage metabolic adjustment.


Subject(s)
Aged , Blood Pressure , Case Management , Cholesterol , Cholesterol, LDL , Diabetes Complications , Diabetes Mellitus , Drinking , Glycated Hemoglobin A , Humans , Lipoproteins , Medical Records , Smoke , Smoking , Vascular Diseases
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-714045

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to identify the factors that influence the consent of case management for suicide prevention. METHODS: This study included 232 suicide attempters from September 1, 2015 to August 31, 2016 at the Emergency Medical Center of Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Korea. A retrospective chart analysis was performed using a chi-square test or Fisher exact test, as well as univariate and multivariate logistic regression analysis (R ver. 3.3.3). RESULTS: The positive factors affecting case management consent were direct face-to-face counseling with a case manager, patient's age, suicide attempt without alcohol, first suicide attempt, and no psychiatric history. In addition, suicide attempters who underwent follow-up case management were more likely to participate in outpatient mental health care. Through the case manager, continuous emotional support and encouragement were provided to the suicide attempt, which proved to be effective. CONCLUSION: This study emphasizes the importance of case management for suicide attempters visiting the emergency medical center and suggests that the cooperation of national and regional systems should be expanded to increase the case participation rate.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Counseling , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Logistic Models , Mental Health , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Suicide , Suicide, Attempted
15.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 283-289, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-172232

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The implementation of case management for long-term hospitalization use has been approved for controlling medical cost increases in other countries. But, introduction of the case management in Korea has created issues that hinder its effective operation. This qualitative study aimed to obtain further understanding of the issues surrounding the management of Medical Aid beneficiaries' use of long-term hospitalization from the case managers' perspectives and to provide suggestions for successful case management. METHODS: Thematic analysis was employed to analyze the data. Medical Aid case managers with 3 or more years of case management experience were recruited from urban, suburban, and rural regions. Data were collected through in-depth interviews: 12 nurse case managers participated in focus group interviews and 11 participated in individual one-on-one interviews. RESULTS: Four major themes emerged: on-site obstacles that hinder work progress; going in an opposite direction; ambiguous position of case managers; and work-related emotions. Eleven subthemes were discovered: chasing potential candidates; becoming an enemy; discharging patients who have nowhere to go; welfare-centered national policies increasing medical costs; Medical Aid Program that encourages hospitalization; misuse of hospitalization; feeling limited; working without authority; fulfilling the expected role; fretting about social criticism; and feeling neglected and unprotected. CONCLUSION: The findings highlight the complexity and ambiguity of the issues faced by case managers. Successful management of Medical Aid resources requires the orchestrated efforts and collaboration of multiple stakeholders. More systematized support and resources for nurse case managers are essential to fully implement this nursing innovation in Korea.


Subject(s)
Case Management , Cooperative Behavior , Focus Groups , Hospitalization , Humans , Korea , Nursing , Qualitative Research , Vulnerable Populations
16.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 41: e66, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-845688

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe Nicaragua’s integrated community case management (iCCM) program for hard-to-reach, rural communities and to evaluate its impact using monitoring data, including annual, census-based infant mortality data. Method This observational study measured the strength of iCCM implementation and estimated trends in infant mortality during 2007–2013 in 120 remote Nicaraguan communities where brigadistas (“health brigadiers”) offered iCCM services to children 2–59 months old. The study used program monitoring data from brigadistas’ registers and supervision checklists, and derived mortality data from annual censuses conducted by the Ministry of Health. The mortality ratio (infant deaths over number of children alive in the under-1-year age group) was calculated and point estimates and exact binomial confidence intervals (CIs) were reported. Results Monitoring data revealed strong implementation of iCCM over the study period, with medicine availability, completeness of recording, and correct classification always exceeding 80%. Treatments provided by brigadistas for pneumonia and diarrhea closely tracked expected cases and caregivers consistently sought treatment more frequently from brigadistas than from health facilities. The infant mortality ratio decreased more in iCCM areas compared to the non-iCCM areas. Statistically significant reduction ranged from 52% in 2010 (mortality rate ratio 0.48; 95% CI: 0.25–0.92) to 59% in 2013 (mortality rate ratio 0.41; 95% CI: 0.21–0.81). Conclusions The iCCM has been found to be an effective and feasible strategy to save infant lives in hard-to-reach communities in Nicaragua. The impact was likely mediated by increased use of curative interventions, made accessible and available at the community level, and delivered through high-quality services, by brigadistas.


RESUMEN Objetivo Describir el programa nicaragüense de atención integrada en la comunidad destinado a las comunidades rurales de difícil acceso y evaluar sus efectos a partir de los datos de seguimiento, como los datos censales anuales sobre la mortalidad infantil (menores de 1 año). Método Este estudio de observación tuvo como objetivo valorar la ejecución de la atención integrada en la comunidad y medir las tendencias de la mortalidad infantil (menores de 1 año) entre el 2007 y el 2013 en 120 comunidades nicaragüenses remotas donde los brigadistas brindan servicios de atención integrada en la comunidad a niños de 2 a 59 meses. El estudio se valió de datos programáticos de seguimiento obtenidos de los registros y las listas de verificación utilizadas para la supervisión de los brigadistas, así como datos de mortalidad derivados de los censos anuales realizados por el Ministerio de Salud. Se calculó la razón de mortalidad (defunciones de lactantes por cantidad de menores de un año vivos) y se informaron estimaciones puntuales e intervalos de confianza binomiales exactos. Resultados Los datos de seguimiento mostraron una ejecución sólida del programa de atención integrada en la comunidad en el período del estudio, dado que la disponibilidad de medicamentos, los registros completos y la clasificación correcta siempre superaron el 80%. Como parte del tratamiento proporcionado contra la neumonía y la diarrea, los brigadistas llevaron a cabo un seguimiento minucioso de los casos previstos y los cuidadores solicitaron tratamiento de los brigadistas con más frecuencia que de los establecimientos de salud. La razón de mortalidad infantil (menores de 1 año) disminuyó más en las zonas atendidas por el programa que en aquellas no atendidas. Se observó una disminución estadísticamente significativa del 52% en el 2010 (razón de la tasa de mortalidad 0,48; IC del 95%: 8%-75%) al 59% en el 2013 (razón de la tasa de mortalidad 0,41; IC del 95%: 19%-79%). Conclusiones El programa de atención integrada en la comunidad es una estrategia eficaz y factible para salvar la vida de los lactantes en las comunidades de difícil acceso de Nicaragua. Estos efectos probablemente estuvieron mediados por la mayor prestación de intervenciones curativas, que estuvieron accesibles y disponibles en el ámbito de la comunidad, y fueron brindadas por los brigadistas por medio de servicios de buena calidad.


RESUMO Objetivo Descrever o programa de manejo integrado de casos na comunidade (iCCM) para comunidades rurais e de difícil acesso na Nicarágua e avaliar seu impacto usando dados de monitoramento, inclusive dados censitários anuais de mortalidade infantil. Método Este estudo observacional avaliou o nível de implementação da estratégia iCCM e calculou tendências de mortalidade infantil nos anos 2007-2013 em 120 comunidades remotas da Nicarágua onde “brigadistas de saúde” prestam serviços de iCCM para crianças de 2 a 59 meses de idade. Foram utilizados dados de monitoramento obtidos dos cadastros e checklists de supervisão de brigadistas e dados de mortalidade obtidos dos censos anuais realizados pelo Ministério da Saúde. Foi calculado o coeficiente de mortalidade infantil (número de óbitos infantis dividido pelo número de crianças menores de 1 ano vivas), além de estimativas pontuais e intervalos de confiança (IC) binomiais exatos. Resultados Os dados de monitoramento evidenciaram forte implementação da estratégia iCCM durante o período de estudo; a disponibilidade de medicamentos, a integralidade dos registros e a classificação correta sempre excederam 80%. O tratamento da pneumonia e da diarreia por brigadistas acompanhou de perto o número de casos esperado, e os responsáveis pelas crianças sistematicamente buscaram tratamento com maior frequência junto aos brigadistas do que nos serviços de saúde. O coeficiente de mortalidade infantil diminuiu mais nas áreas com iCCM do que nas áreas sem iCCM. A redução foi estatisticamente significante, variando de 52% em 2010 (razão de taxa de mortalidade: 0,48; IC95%: 8%–75%) a 59% em 2013 (razão de taxa de mortalidade: 0,41; IC95%: 19%–79%). Conclusões Constatou-se que a iCCM é uma estratégia eficaz e viável para salvar vidas de crianças em comunidades de difícil acesso na Nicarágua. O impacto provavelmente foi mediado pelo aumento do uso de intervenções resolutivas, disponibilizadas de maneira acessível no âmbito da comunidade, através do serviço qualificado prestado pelos brigadistas.


Subject(s)
Child Health Services/organization & administration , Rural Health Services , Case Management/organization & administration , Community Integration , Nicaragua
17.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 51: e03291, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-956637

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The aim of this study was to determine the effect of case management on hypertension management and on adherence to antihypertensive medication and chronic disease care of patients with hypertension. Method This study was conducted as an experimental and randomized controlled study. The sample of the study consisted of randomly selected patients with hypertension who did not have communication problems, who used antihypertensive medication treatment and whose treatment had been continuing for at least six months. The study group was given individual training (Hypertension causes, the risk factors, significance, unwanted side effects, medication treatment, changes in life style) and was applied case management model in hypertension - joint care protocol but no intervention was offered to the control group. Data was collected using the adherence to antihypertensive medication scale, the patient assessment of chronic illness care in the first and six months later interview. Results There was no significant difference between the study and control group according to adherence to antihypertensive medication and patient assessment of chronic illness care in the first interview. Otherwise, there were significant differences between the study and control group according to blood pressure, adherence to antihypertensive medication and patient assessment of chronic illness care in the six months later interview. The adherence to antihypertensive medication total score and the patient assessment of chronic illness care total score were significantly higher in the study group compared with control group in the six months later interview. Conclusion The case management plays an important role the in control of hypertension, and can improve adherence to antihypertensive medication and chronic illness care.


RESUMO Objetivo Determinar o efeito do manejo de caso sobre o manejo da hipertensão e sobre a adesão à medicação anti-hipertensiva e à assistência às doenças crônicas de pacientes com hipertensão. Método Estudo experimental, controlado e randomizado. A amostra consistiu de pacientes com hipertensão, selecionados aleatoriamente, que não tivessem problemas de comunicação, usassem tratamento com medicação anti-hipertensiva e cujo tratamento estive sendo realizado por pelo menos seis meses. Foi dado treinamento individual ao grupo de estudo (causas da hipertensão, fatores de risco, significância, efeitos colaterais indesejados, tratamento medicamentoso, mudanças no estilo de vida) e foi aplicado modelo de manejo de caso em hipertensão - protocolo de assistência coletiva, mas nenhuma intervenção foi oferecida ao grupo de controle. Os dados foram coletados usando a adesão à escala de medicação anti-hipertensiva, a avaliação do paciente para a assistência às doenças crônicas na primeira entrevista e na de depois de seis meses. Resultados Não houve diferença significativa entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo de controle no que se refere à adesão à medicação anti-hipertensiva e à avaliação do paciente para assistência às doenças crônicas na primeira entrevista. No entanto, houve diferenças significativas entre o grupo de estudo e o grupo controle no que se refere à pressão sanguínea, adesão à medicação anti-hipertensiva e avaliação do paciente para assistência às doenças crônicas na entrevista de depois de seis meses. O score total de adesão à medicação anti-hipertensiva e o score total de avaliação do paciente para assistência às doenças crônicas foram significativamente maiores no grupo de estudo comparados com o grupo de controle na entrevista de após seis meses. Conclusão O manejo de caso tem um papel importante no controle da hipertensão e pode melhorar a adesão à medicação anti-hipertensiva e a assistência às doenças crônicas.


RESUMEN Objetivo Determinar el efecto del manejo de caso sobre el manejo de la hipertensión y la adhesión a la medicación antihipertensiva y a la asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas de pacientes con hipertensión. Método Estudio controlado, randomizado y experimental. La muestra consistió de pacientes con hipertensión seleccionados aleatoriamente, quienes no tenían problemas de comunicación, usaban tratamiento con fármacos antihipertensivos y cuyo tratamiento se estaba realizando durante por lo menos seis meses. Se proporcionó entrenamiento individual al grupo de estudio (causas de la hipertensión, factores de riesgo, significación, efectos colaterales indeseados, tratamiento medicamentoso, cambios en el estilo de vida) y fue aplicado modelo de manejo de caso en hipertensión -protocolo de acción colectiva, pero ninguna intervención fue ofrecida al grupo control. Los datos fueron recogidos utilizándose la adhesión a la escala de medicación antihipertensiva, la evaluación del paciente para asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas en la primera entrevista y en la entrevista de después de seis meses. Resultados No hubo diferencia significativa entre el grupo de estudio y el grupo control en lo que se refiere a la adhesión a la medicación antihipertensiva y la evaluación del paciente para la asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas en la primera entrevista. Sin embargo, hubo diferencias significativas entre el grupo de estudio y el grupo control en lo que se refiere a la presión sanguínea, adhesión a la medicación antihipertensiva y evaluación del paciente para la asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas en la entrevista tras seis meses. El puntaje total de la adhesión a la medicación antihipertensiva y el puntaje total de la evaluación del paciente para asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas fueron significativamente mayores en el grupo de estudio comparados con el grupo control en la entrevista tras seis meses. Conclusión El manejo de caso juega un rol importante en el control de la hipertensión y puede mejorar la adhesión a la medicación antihipertensiva y a la asistencia a las enfermedades crónicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Chronic Disease/nursing , Case Management , Medication Adherence , Hypertension/nursing
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-105158

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of community-based Goal-Achieving program in geriatric depressive symptoms preliminarily. METHODS: We obtained data from elderly Korean subjects with major depressive disorder (n=51) aged 60 years or older at baseline, taking case management from community mental health center. Subjects were randomly assigned to intervention group (n=24) and control group (n=27). We investigated depressive symptoms through Short Form Geriatric Depression Scale-Korean version (SGDS-K) at baseline and every month for 3 months to all subjects. We tested interaction between group and time in SGDS-K score to evaluate the effect of program. And post hoc test examined between group differences of SGDS-K at each time points. RESULTS: In quadratic linear mixed effects model analysis, interaction between group and time was statistically significant (Total SGDS-K score : coefficient=0.29, p<0.001 ; SGDS-K dysphoria subscale : 0.18, p<0.001 ; SGDS-K hopelessness subscale : 0.05, p=0.089 ; SGDS-K cognitive impairment subscale : 0.06, p=0.003). And significant between group difference was shown in post hoc test at time points of third month (SGDS-K score of control group : SGDS-K score of intervention group=10.74±3.482 : 7.25±4.475, p=0.0184). CONCLUSION: These results may suggest that ‘Community-based the Goal-Achieving program’ has efficacy in reducing geriatric depressive symptoms.


Subject(s)
Aged , Case Management , Cognition Disorders , Depression , Depressive Disorder, Major , Humans , Mental Health
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-39220

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aims to supplement the limitations of the preliminary study and expand the use of the Child-Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale by providing standardized T-scores for measuring function in different areas, as well as guidelines for their interpretation. METHODS: The Child-Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale and Korean-Child Behavior Checklist were administered to a total of 623 individuals, including 467 parents of emotionally and behaviorally disturbed elementary school students, 45 parents of emotionally and behaviorally disturbed middle school adolescents and 111 parents of elementary school students with developmental disorders, as well as to a control group consisting of 186 parents of mainstream elementary school children in the Seoul metropolitan area. RESULTS: In contrast to the preliminary study, the emotional domain was disassociated into two factors, negative affect and emotion regulation, and the coefficient of determination for misconduct was increased significantly. Also, the overall reliability and validity of the Child-Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale were similar to those in the preliminary study, and the item structure was consistent. This study provides standardized T-scores of function in different areas based on the revised scale, and provides guidelines for their interpretation. CONCLUSION: The Child-Adolescent Functional Assessment Scale can assist the Child Global Assessment in Functioning in providing the information necessary for case management and treatment planning by comparing the impairment severity in each area of functioning, and also determining changes in behavior and function after treatment interventions. On the other hand, this scale has yet to clearly distinguish between rebellious behavior and misconduct. Further research is necessary to provide standards for more diverse age groups and for its utilization.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Case Management , Checklist , Child , Hand , Humans , Mental Health Services , Mental Health , Parents , Reproducibility of Results , Seoul
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-129454

ABSTRACT

The enhanced primary care demonstration (EPD) was launched in November 2014 to provide high-quality care for people with chronic illnesses. In the EPD, comprehensive assessment and care planning (CAP) is a critical component, along with behavior modification and case management services. In this study, we measured CAP duration and calculated the fee for CAP sessions performed with patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus. In 5 primary care clinics participating in the EPD, the duration of CAP sessions and usual consultations was measured. The duration of CAP sessions was measured on 2 separate occasions because CAP involves 2 separate consultations, including an initial consultation for comprehensive patient assessment and laboratory testing and a follow-up consultation for creating a care plan based on the assessment and test results. The CAP fee was calculated as the ratio of CAP time to the usual consultation time. The median (interquartile range) and the mean ± standard deviation of CAP duration were 15.4 (7.1) minutes and 15.6 ± 4.2 minutes, respectively. The first and second CAP sessions lasted for 5.3 and 4.6 times longer than usual consultations, respectively. The calculated CAP fees were 76,299 won (median) and 65,766 won (mean). The length of CAP sessions for patients with hypertension and/or diabetes mellitus was approximately 5 times longer than that of usual consultations. If consultation lengths were measured in a representative patient sample, it would be possible to improve the external validity of the measurements.


Subject(s)
Behavior Therapy , Case Management , Chronic Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Fees and Charges , Fees, Medical , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertension , Patient Care Planning , Primary Health Care , Referral and Consultation
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