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1.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 647-660, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981052

ABSTRACT

In order to standardize CT-guided local ablation as treatment of liver cancer in China, integrate advanced concepts of "precision medicine", adopt the image guided thermal ablation (IGTA) technique, and improve multidisciplinary approach in the treatment of liver cancer, experts from the Society of Tumor Ablation Therapy of the Chinese Anti-Cancer Association, the Ablation Expert Committee of the Chinese Society of Clinical Oncology (CSCO), and the Expert Group on Tumor Ablation Therapy of the Chinese Medical Doctors, discussed and developed a consensus on CT-guided percutaneous thermal ablation therapy for primary liver cancer, based on current treatment guidelines in ablation therapy. This was an attempt to standardize and develop clinical practice related to CT-guided thermal ablation treatment in patients with primary liver cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , China , Catheter Ablation/methods
2.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 369-373, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981046

ABSTRACT

Because mammary glands are regulated by endocrine factors, they are prone to various abnormalities and disorders. Breast nodules are common and occur frequently in clinical practice. The clinical management of breast nodules mainly includes follow-up observation, lesion biopsy, and surgical intervention, and surgical intervention is an effective treatment. Ultrasound-guided percutaneous microwave ablation is a new minimally invasive treatment technology developed in recent years. It has the advantages of short operation time, no scarring, less damage to the lactiferous duct, quick recovery, and good curative effects without bleeding. The establishment of an expert consensus on microwave ablation for benign breast nodules aims to provide a reliable clinical basis for microwave ablation of benign breast nodules, standardize the treatment process, and improve treatment efficacy, so as to serve as a reference for physicians in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Consensus , Microwaves/therapeutic use , Catheter Ablation , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Radiofrequency Ablation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 242-246, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982221

ABSTRACT

As a new energy source for atrial fibrillation ablation, electric pulse ablation has higher tissue selectivity and biosafety, so it has a great application prospect. At present, there is very limited research on multi-electrode simulated ablation of histological electrical pulse. In this study, a circular multi-electrode ablation model of pulmonary vein will be built on COMSOL5.5 platform for simulation research. The results show that when the voltage amplitude reaches about 900 V, it can make some positions achieve transmural ablation, and the depth of continuous ablation area formed can reach 3 mm when the voltage amplitude reaches 1 200 V. When the distance between catheter electrode and myocardial tissue is increased to 2 mm, a voltage of at least 2 000 V is required to make the depth of continuous ablation area reach 3 mm. Through the simulation of electric pulse ablation with ring electrode, the research results of this project can provide reference for the voltage selection in the clinical application of electric pulse ablation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Heart Rate , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Electrodes , Catheter Ablation , Electricity
4.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 38(1): e405, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1515549

ABSTRACT

La ablación de las venas pulmonares se ha convertido en un tratamiento clave para fibrilación auricular (FA). Sin embargo, pueden ocurrir recurrencias. La estrategia disponible para la ablación después de una recurrencia de FA es controvertida, compleja y desafiante, y la información es limitada. Mediante la presentación de una serie de casos se resumen y discuten elementos clave en la comprensión y tratamiento del paciente con FA recurrente sintomática después de un procedimiento inicial de ablación de venas pulmonares que requiere un nuevo procedimiento de ablación. En las últimas décadas se ha obtenido una mejor comprensión de los mecanismos fisiopatológicos implicados en la FA recurrente posterior a ablación de venas pulmonares, lo que permite identificar factores asociados, crear scores predictores e implementar técnicas de optimización o estrategias adicionales para mejorar la durabilidad y la eficacia del aislamiento de venas pulmonares. Debido a que la reconexión de venas pulmonares es un hallazgo típico durante los procedimientos repetidos, ésta debe ser considerada el objetivo principal de una nueva ablación. Las estrategias de ablación adicional (desencadenantes extrapulmonares o sustratos arritmogénicos) son controvertidas y requieren investigaciones futuras.


Pulmonary vein ablation has become a key treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, recurrences can occur. The ideal strategy for ablation after AF recurrence is controversial, complex, and challenging, with limited data available. By presenting a series of cases, we summarize and discuss key elements in the understanding and treatment of patients with symptomatic recurrent AF after an initial pulmonary vein ablation procedure who are subjected to a new ablation procedure. In recent decades, there has been a better understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in recurrent AF after pulmonary vein ablation, making it possible to identify associated factors, create predictive scores and implement optimization techniques or additional strategies to improve the durability and efficacy of pulmonary veins isolation. Because pulmonary vein reconnection is a typical finding during repeat procedures, it should be considered the primary goal for a repeat ablation procedure. Additional ablation strategies (extrapulmonary triggers or arrhythmogenic substrates) are controversial and require further investigation.


A ablação das veias pulmonares tornou-se um tratamento chave para fibrilação atrial (FA). No entanto, podem ocorrer recorrências. A estratégia ideal para a ablação após uma recorrência da FA é controversa, complexa e desafiadora e existem dados limitados. Através da apresentação de uma série de casos resumimos e discutimos elementos chave no entendimento e tratamento do paciente com FA recorrente sintomática após um procedimento inicial de ablação de veias pulmonares, que são submetidos a um novo procedimento de ablação. Nas últimas décadas obteve-se uma melhor compressão dos mecanismos fisiopatológicos envolvidos na FA recorrente pós-ablação de veias pulmonares, isso permite identificar fatores associados, criar scores preditores, implementar técnicas de otimização ou estratégias adicionais para melhorar a durabilidade e eficácia do isolamento de veias pulmonares. Dado que a reconexão de veias pulmonares é um achado típico durante os procedimentos repetidos deve ser considerado o objetivo principal para uma nova ablação. As estratégias de ablação adicional (desencadeadores extrapulmonares ou substratos arritmogénicos) são controversas e requerem investigação futura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Pulmonary Veins/physiopathology , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology
5.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 27-40, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970005

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Despite promising trials, catheter ablation is still regarded as an adjunct to antiarrhythmic drugs (AADs) in the treatment of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF). This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of various ablation therapies and AADs.@*METHOD@#Randomised controlled trials or propensity score-matched studies comparing atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence among any combination of ablation modalities or AAD were retrieved. Kaplan-Meier curves and risk tables for this outcome were graphically reconstructed to extract patient-level data. Frequentist network meta-analysis (NMA) using derived hazard ratios (HRs), as well as 2 restricted mean survival time (RMST) NMAs, were conducted. Treatment strategies were ranked using P-scores.@*RESULTS@#Across 24 studies comparing 6 ablation therapies (5,132 patients), Frequentist NMA-derived HRs of atrial fibrillation recurrence compared to AAD were 0.35 (95% confidence interval [CI]=0.25-0.48) for cryoballoon ablation (CBA), 0.34 (95% CI=0.25-0.47) for radiofrequency ablation (RFA), 0.14 (95% CI=0.07-0.30) for combined CBA and RFA, 0.20 (95% CI=0.10-0.41) for hot-balloon ablation, 0.43 (95% CI=0.15-1.26) for laser-balloon ablation (LBA), and 0.33 (95% CI=0.18-0.62) for pulmonary vein ablation catheter. RMST-based NMAs similarly showed significant benefit of all ablation therapies over AAD. The combination of CBA + RFA showed promising long-term superiority over CBA and RFA, while LBA showed favourable short-term efficacy.@*CONCLUSION@#The advantage of ablation therapies over AAD in preventing atrial tachyarrhythmia recurrence suggests that ablation should be considered as the first-line treatment for PAF in patients fit for the procedure. The promising nature of several specific therapies warrants further trials to elicit their long-term efficacy and perform a cost-benefit analysis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Heart Atria , Network Meta-Analysis , Recurrence , Treatment Outcome , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
6.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969741

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of the anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) suffered from perioperative pericardial tamponade during atrial fibrillation catheter ablation and uninterrupted dabigatran. Methods: A total of 20 patients with pericardial tamponade, who underwent AF catheter ablation with uninterrupted dabigatran in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to August 2021, were included in this retrospective analysis. The clinical characteristics of enrolled patients, information of catheter ablation procedures, pericardial tamponade management, perioperative complications, the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation were analyzed. Results: All patients underwent pericardiocentesis and pericardial effusion drainage was successful in all patients. The average drainage volume was (427.8±527.4) ml. Seven cases were treated with idarucizumab, of which 1 patient received surgical repair. The average timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation in 19 patients without surgical repair was (1.4±0.7) and (0.8±0.4) days, respectively. No new bleeding, embolism and death were reported during hospitalization and within 30 days following hospital discharge. Time of removal of pericardial drainage catheter, restart of anticoagulation and hospital stay were similar between patients treated with idarucizumab or not. Conclusion: It is safe and reasonable to remove pericardial drainage catheter and restart anticoagulation as soon as possible during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation with uninterrupted dabigatran independent of the idarucizumab use or not in case of confirmed hemostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Dabigatran/therapeutic use , Cardiac Tamponade/complications , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drainage/adverse effects , Catheter Ablation , Catheters/adverse effects
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 521-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984684

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study sought to describe our institutional experience of repeated percutaneous stellate ganglion blockade (R-SGB) as a treatment option for drug-refractory electrical storm in patients with nonischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM). Methods: This prospective observational study included 8 consecutive NICM patients who had drug-refractory electrical storm and underwent R-SGB between June 1, 2021 and January 31, 2022. Lidocaine (5 ml, 1%) was injected in the vicinity of the left stellate ganglion under the guidance of ultrasound, once per day for 7 days. Data including clinical characteristics, immediate and long-term outcomes, and procedure related complications were collected. Results: The mean age was (51.5±13.6) years. All patients were male. 5 patients were diagnosed as dilated cardiomyopathy, 2 patients as arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy and 1 patient as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. The left ventricular ejection fraction was 37.8%±6.6%. After the treatment of R-SGB, 6 (75%) patients were free of electrical storm. 24 hours Holter monitoring showed significant reduction in ventricular tachycardia (VT) episodes from 43.0 (13.3, 276.3) to 1.0 (0.3, 34.0) on the first day following R-SGB (P<0.05) and 0.5 (0.0, 19.3) after whole R-SGB process (P<0.05). There were no procedure-related major complications. The mean follow-up was (4.8±1.1) months, and the median time of recurrent VT was 2 months. Conclusion: Minimally invasive R-SGB is a safe and effective method to treat electrical storm in patients with NICM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Female , Stroke Volume , Stellate Ganglion/surgery , Ventricular Function, Left , Cardiomyopathies/complications , Tachycardia, Ventricular/therapy , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation
8.
Rev. costarric. cardiol ; 24(2)dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1431792

ABSTRACT

La estenosis aórtica severa sintomática que se presenta en pacientes de alto o mediano riesgo quirúrgico puede ser abordada de manera percutánea con reemplazos valvulares aórticos transcateter. Existe sólida evidencia de resultados favorables en estos pacientes con un perfil de seguridad adecuado. El abordaje transfemoral es el más utilizado y ha demostrado ser más seguro en comparación a los abordajes torácicos. Sin embargo, desde mitades de la década pasada el abordaje transcaval se ha convertido en una opción en los pacientes que presentan un riesgo quirúrgico alto y que presentan una vasculatura inadecuada para un abordaje transfemoral seguro. Presentamos el caso de un paciente de 65 años en quien se empleó este abordaje dado a su alto riesgo quirúrgico e inaccesibilidad para realizar un abordaje transfemoral.


Severe symptomatic aortic stenosis in patients with high surgical risk can be addressed percutaneously with transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). There is solid evidence of favorable results with an adequate safety profile in these patients. The transfemoral approach is the most widely used and has shown to be safer compared to thoracic approaches. Though, since the middle of the last decade, the transcaval approach has become an option in patients who present a high surgical risk and who have inadequate vasculature for a safe transfemoral approach. We present the case of a 65-year-old patient in whom this approach was preferred due to his high surgical risk and inaccessibility to perform a transfemoral approach.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Aortic Valve Stenosis , Catheter Ablation , Costa Rica
9.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(2): 130-139, ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407760

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La ablación con radiofrecuencia (RF) o con Criobalón (CRIO) en pacientes con fibrilación auricular (FA) paroxística y persistente es un tratamiento seguro y eficaz en pacientes seleccionados. Datos recientes demuestran que la ablación proporciona mejores resultados en comparación con fármacos antiarrítmicos (FAA) en el tratamiento de la FA temprana. Los estudios que comparan RF y CRIO mostraron una eficacia y seguridad comparables en el aislamiento de venas pulmonares (PVI) para pacientes con FA paroxística sintomática. OBJETIVOS: Revisar estudios clínicos que comparan el tratamiento de la FA con ablación versus FAA como terapia de primera línea en pacientes con FA sin tratamiento previo. La eficacia y la seguridad se compararán entre las dos cohortes y entre los subgrupos. MÉTODO: Se incluye un total de 6 estudios en los que participaron 1212 pacientes con FA: 609 pacientes fueron aleatorizados a ablación de FA y 603 a tratamiento farmacológico En comparación con el tratamiento con FAA, la ablación se asoció con una reducción en la recurrencia de arritmias auriculares (32,3 % frente a 53 %; riesgo relativo [RR], 0,62; IC del 95 %, 0,51-0,74; P < 0,001; I 2 = 40 %, NNT: 5). El uso de ablación también se asoció con una reducción de las arritmias auriculares sintomáticas (11,8 % frente a 26,4 %; RR, 0,44; IC del 95 %, 0,27-0,72; P = 0,001; I 2 = 54%) y hospitalización (5,6% vs 18,7%; RR, 0,32; IC 95%, 0,19-0,53; P< 0,001) sin diferencias significativas en los eventos adversos graves entre los grupos (4,2 % frente a 2,8 %; RR, 1,52; IC del 95 %, 0,81-2,85; P = 0,19). CONCLUSIÓN: En pacientes con FA paroxística, una estrategia de control precoz del ritmo cardíaco, se asocia con una mayor probabilidad de supervivencia, menos procedimientos repetidos, menos hospitalizaciones y, probablemente, una disminución en la progresión a FA persistente.


INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency (RF) or cryoballoon (CRYO) ablation in patients with paroxysmal and persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) are safe and effective treatments in selected patients. Recent data show that ablation provides better results compared to antiarrhythmic drugs (AAD) in the treatment of early AF. Studies comparing RF and CRYO showed comparable efficacy and safety in pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) for patients with symptomatic paroxysmal AF. OBJETIVES: Review of clinical trials comparing treatment of AF with ablation versus AAD as first-line therapy in patients with AF with no previous treatment. Efficacy and safety are compared between the two cohorts and between subgroups. METHODS: A total of 6 studies involving -212 AF patients were included: 609 were randomized to AF ablation and 603 to pharmacological treatment. Ablation, compared with AAD, was associated with a reduction in recurrence of atrial arrhythmias (32.3% vs. 53%; relative risk [RR], 0.62; 95% CI, 0.51-0.74, P< 0.001, I2 = 40%, NNT: 5). The use of ablation was also associated with a reduction in symptomatic atrial arrhythmias (11.8% vs. 26.4%; RR, 0.44; 95% CI, 0.27-0.72; P= 0.001; I2 = 54%) and hospitalization (5.6% vs 18.7%; RR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.19-0.53; P <0.001) with no significant differences in major adverse events (4.2% vs. 2.8%; RR, 1.52; 95% CI, 0.81-2.85; P=0.19). CONCLUSION: In patients with paroxysmal AF, an early cardiac rhythm control with ablation is associated with a higher probability of survival, fewer repeat procedures, fewer hospitalizations, and probably a decrease in progression to persistent AF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Flutter/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Atrial Flutter/diagnosis , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 41(1): 34-38, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388111

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN: Se presenta el caso clínico de un paciente que presenta un infarto del miocardio con trombolisis no exitosa y posterior implantación de 2 stents coronarios quien desarrolla, algunos días después, una tormenta eléctrica ventricular. Una ablación de la taquicardia se realizó bajo ECMO, con buen resultado. Se detalla la descripción del caso, revisa y discute el tema.


ABSTRAC: A patient with a myocardial infarction whom, following a failed thrombolisis and implantion of 2 stents developed a ventricular electrical storm and hemodynamic instability. A successful ablation of the tachycardia with the use of ECMO was performed. A full description is included, along with a discussion of the subject.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiac Catheterization/instrumentation , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Catheter Ablation , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/mortality , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Tachycardia, Ventricular/mortality , Electrocardiography/methods
11.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.298-302, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352326
12.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 442-445, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935234

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical value of ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the treatment of retroperitoneal tumors. Methods: The clinical data of 13 patients with retroperitoneal tumors treated with ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2018 to January 2020 were analyzed retrospectively. The ablation effect was evaluated and the postoperative complications were observed. The changes of tumor volume before and after radiofrequency ablation were compared. Results: The symptoms of pain and dyspepsia were significantly improved after radiofrequency ablation, and the hospital stay was (9.2±2.9) days. The tumor was ablated completely in 10 cases, tumor residual in 1 case and tumor metastasis in 2 cases. One patient had postoperative duodenal perforation complicated with intra-abdominal infection, and no serious complications occurred in other patients. There were 20 lesions in 13 patients. The maximum diameter of 20 lesions before operation and 1, 3, 6 months after operation were (39.5±15.9) mm, (30.6±4.9)mm, (15.6±7.7) mm and (9.9±3.1) mm, respectively, the maximum diameters of 1, 3 and 6 months after operation were smaller than that before operation (P<0.05). Conclusion: Ultrasound-guided radiofrequency ablation is a real-time, accurate, safe and effective minimally invasive treatment with few complications, and has a high clinical value for retroperitoneal tumors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheter Ablation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Retroperitoneal Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Ultrasonography, Interventional
13.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 549-555, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940887

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the acute and long-term outcome of catheter ablation for the treatment of ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with arrhythmogenic left ventricular cardiomyopathy (ALVC). Methods: This retrospective, cross-sectional study enrolled ALVC patients undergoing radiofrequency ablation for the treatment of VT at the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from January 2011 to December 2018 and collected their clinical characteristics and intraoperative electrophysiological examination. Patients were followed up every 6 months after radiofrequency ablation until August 2021. Echocardiographic results and VT recurrence post radiofrequency ablation were analysed. Results: Totally 12 patients were enrolled (mean age: (42±15) years, 11 males(11/12)). The mean of left ventricular end diastolic diameter (LVDd) and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were (51±5)mm and (65±5)%, respectively. Twelve VTs were induced in 10 patients during the electrophysiological study, and the mean tachycardia cycle length was (293±65) ms. Three-dimensional substrate mapping revealed the diseased area at endocardial site in one patient, at epicardial sites in the other 11 patients (involved endocardial sites in 2 cases) with the basal part near the mitral annulus being the predilection for the substrate (10/11). After the catheter ablation at the endocardial and epicardial sites respectively, the complete procedure endpoint was achieved in all patients (VT cannot be induced post ablation). The median follow-up time was 65 (25, 123) months. One patient was lost to follow-up, and the other 11 patients survived without VT. No significant cardiac function deterioration was detected by the echocardiographic examination ((51±5)mm vs. (52±5)mm, P>0.05 for LVDd, (65±5)% vs. (60±6)%, P>0.05 for LVEF) at the end of follow-up. Conclusion: After radiofrequency ablation, the complete procedure endpoint is achieved in ALVC patients, and the catheter ablation provides long-term ventricular tachycardia control during the long-term follow-up.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathies , Catheter Ablation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Pericardium/surgery , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stroke Volume , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Ventricular Function, Left
14.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 40(3): 211-226, dic. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388098

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Se presenta una serie de 4 casos clínicos de pacientes con y sin cardiopatía estructural, que tuvieron uno o más episodios de tormenta arrítmica. Se describen los tratamientos con sus resultados y una revisión bibliográfica con los avances en el tema más allá de la ablación con catéter.


Abstract: We present 4 clinical cases of patients with and without structural heart disease, who had one or more episodes of arrhythmic storm. Treatments, results and a bibliographic review with advances beyond catheter ablation are described.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Fibrillation/therapy , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Stellate Ganglion , Sympathectomy , Treatment Outcome , Tachycardia, Ventricular/therapy , Catheter Ablation
15.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 113-119, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359638

ABSTRACT

Case report of a 49-year-old patient with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome, very symptomatic, with apparent parahisian pathway who, during an electrophysiological study, presented orthodromic atrioventricular tachycardia, featuring two accessory pathways, retrogradely, the parahisian pathway and a hidden left posterolateral pathway, during the same tachycardia, alternating the retrograde pathway of tachycardia without interruption.


Subject(s)
Wolff-Parkinson-White Syndrome , Catheter Ablation , Accessory Atrioventricular Bundle
16.
J. Card. Arrhythm. (Impr.) ; 34(3): 120-127, Dec., 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1359639

ABSTRACT

Atrial fibrillation is the most prevalent arrhythmia in clinical practice and has different strategies for its control. Of these strategies, the percutaneous ablation of the pulmonary veins stands out, with robust results in relation to drug treatment. It is an invasive procedure and, therefore, not free from complications, which must be properly diagnosed and treated. Among the possible complications, there is stiff atrium syndrome, characterized by reduced atrial compliance caused by post-ablation fibrosis, which, in turn, leads to atrial filling dysfunction and the consequent increase in atrial and venous capillary pulmonary pressures. The case report demonstrates this infrequent but important complication, which presents good results for clinical treatment, in addition to the contribution of cardiac magnetic resonance in its diagnosis and in the assessment of arrhythmia recurrence rates.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Catheter Ablation , Heart Atria
17.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 65(6): 752-757, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1349998

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The objective of this study is to compare the total costs of surgery and radiofrequency (RF) ablation for the treatment of benign thyroid nodules. Materials and methods: This is a prospective randomized study comparing cases treated with US-guided RF ablation (cases) and surgery (control). They were selected and allocated to groups (thyroidectomy or radioablation) by permuted block randomization in blocks of five cases each. Results: Five cases of RF Ablation were compared with five cases of thyroidectomies conducted in the same period. Similar complication rates were observed in both groups. Shorter operating time and hospital stay were observed for the RF group. In the evaluation of the total cost between procedures, radioblation represented 76% of the cost of partial thyroidectomy. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that radioablation has a competitive cost, making it an effective alternative in the treatment of benign thyroid nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thyroid Nodule/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Radiofrequency Ablation , Thyroidectomy , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Cost-Benefit Analysis
19.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(5): 473-477, sep.-oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1357215

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 31 años, con historia de fibrilación auricular paroxística, a quien se realizó exitosamente una ablación por radiofrecuencia de venas pulmonares guiada por un sistema de mapeo tridimensional EnSite™. Tres meses después del procedimiento presentó hemoptisis y dolor torácico de características pleuríticas, motivo por el cual se le realizó una angiotomografía computarizada coronaria que evidenció una estenosis grave de la vena pulmonar superior izquierda y una estenosis moderada de la vena inferior izquierda. El paciente fue sometido a angioplastia con balón, con la cual se normalizó la perfusión pulmonar.


Abstract We report the case of a 31-year-old male patient with a history of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, who underwent a successful radiofrequency pulmonary vein ablation using EnSite™ three-dimensional mapping system. Three months after the procedure, patient presented with hemoptysis and pleuritic chest pain. A coronary computed tomography angiography was performed, which showed a severe left superior pulmonary vein stenosis and a moderate left inferior pulmonary vein stenosis. A balloon angioplasty was performed with subsequent restoration of pulmonary perfusion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Veins , Angioplasty , Atrial Fibrillation , Catheter Ablation
20.
Int. j. cardiovasc. sci. (Impr.) ; 34(4): 490-493, July-Aug. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286821

ABSTRACT

Abstract The atrioventricular (AV) reentrant tachycardia (AVRT) is the most common cause of supraventricular tachycardia (SVT) in the young pediatric population. Some newborns might present with congestive heart failure and require interventional treatment. Catheter ablation in small infants (<6 months and <5 kg) is still poorly performed and controversial due to high complications rate in this group of patients.1 We report a case of a 28 days old infant (3,5 kg) with a drug-refractory left accessory pathway mediated tachycardia and severe hemodynamic compromise, who underwent catheter ablation. Radiofrequency ablation should be part of the therapeutic arsenal in a context of drug-resistant supraventricular tachycardia with hemodynamic compromise, despite the greater risks of complications in this special population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry/surgery , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Tachycardia, Atrioventricular Nodal Reentry/drug therapy , Tachycardia, Supraventricular/drug therapy , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Catheter Ablation/mortality
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