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1.
In. Soeiro, Alexandre de Matos; Leal, Tatiana de Carvalho Andreucci Torres; Accorsi, Tarso Augusto Duenhas; Gualandro, Danielle Menosi; Oliveira Junior, Múcio Tavares de; Caramelli, Bruno; Kalil Filho, Roberto. Manual da residência em cardiologia / Manual residence in cardiology. Santana de Parnaíba, Manole, 2 ed; 2022. p.298-302, ilus, tab.
Monography in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1352326
2.
ABC., imagem cardiovasc ; 34(3)2021. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292264

ABSTRACT

A cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito é uma desordem hereditária caracterizada pela substituição fibrogordurosa do músculo cardíaco. O manejo clínico busca reduzir os riscos de morte súbita e melhorar a qualidade de vida, aliviando os sintomas arrítmicos e de insuficiência cardíaca. O ecocardiograma é o exame inicial para a investigação da cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito, podendo apresentar dilatação das câmaras direitas e disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direito. Este relato chama atenção por envolver o diagnóstico de cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito em paciente atleta. Mulher, 47 anos, maratonista, sem história familiar de morte súbita cardíaca, deu entrada na emergência com palpitação associada à pré-síncope. O eletrocardiograma da admissão mostrava taquicardia ventricular. O ecocardiograma revelou aumento de câmaras cardíacas direitas e disfunção sistólica do ventrículo direito. O cateterismo cardíaco não evidenciou doença coronária obstrutiva. A paciente foi orientada acerca da necessidade de suspensão de atividades físicas, porém, 3 meses depois, foi readmitida com instabilidade hemodinâmica por nova taquicardia ventricular, tendo sido cardiovertida. Realizou ressonância cardíaca, que evidenciou áreas de discinesia e formação de microaneurismas em ventrículo direito. Foi diagnosticada com cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito, tendo sido com cardioversor desfibrilador implantável, amiodarona e betabloqueador. A diferenciação entre a cardiomiopatia arritmogênica do ventrículo direito e o coração do atleta representa um desafio, devido à sobreposição de alterações estruturais que coexistem nessas entidades, daí a importância da análise integrada de fatores clínicos, eletrocardiográficos e morfofuncionais.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Death, Sudden, Cardiac , Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnosis , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/genetics , Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/mortality , Heart Failure , Genetic Diseases, Inborn , Electric Countershock/methods , Echocardiography/methods , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Electrocardiography, Ambulatory/methods , Heart Transplantation/methods , Defibrillators, Implantable , Catheter Ablation/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Amiodarone/administration & dosage , Anti-Arrhythmia Agents/therapeutic use
4.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 90(4): 379-388, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152811

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción y objetivos: La tormenta eléctrica (TE) se caracteriza por episodios repetidos de taquicardia ventricular o fibrilación ventricular relacionados con mal pronóstico a corto y largo plazos. El objetivo fue evaluar la prevalencia, resultados y supervivencia de los pacientes sometidos a tratamiento intervencionista por TE en un centro de referencia. Métodos: Estudio unicéntrico, observacional y retrospectivo. Se revisaron los procedimientos de ablación por TE y se evaluaron las características basales de los pacientes, tipo de procedimiento, mortalidad total, recurrencia de arritmia, mortalidad cardiovascular y necesidad de trasplante. Resultados: Desde enero de 2009 hasta diciembre de 2016 se realizaron 67 procedimientos (38% de complejos: 19% de ablación endoepicárdica, 7.5% de crioablación epicárdica quirúrgica, 3% de simpatectomía, 3% de inyección coronaria con alcohol; 6% de apoyo con oxigenación con membrana extracorpórea) en 41 pacientes (61% de causa isquémica) por TE. La mortalidad intraprocedimiento fue del 1.5%. La mediana de seguimiento fue de 23.5 meses (RIQ, 14.2-52.7). Tras el primer ingreso por TE (uno o varios procedimientos), la mortalidad a un año fue de 9.8%. La incidencia acumulada de trasplante cardiaco por TE fue de 2.4%. En el análisis multivariado, el riesgo de recurrencias arrítmicas o muerte por cualquier causa fue significativamente mayor en pacientes con arritmias clínicas inducibles (HR, 9.03; p = 0.017). Conclusiones: El tratamiento de pacientes con TE, instituido en un centro de referencia y con experiencia, se relacionó con una tasa baja de recurrencia y supervivencia elevada, con una tasa de trasplante cardiaco por TE muy baja. Ante una recurrencia temprana es recomendable practicar un nuevo procedimiento durante el ingreso.


Abstract Introduction and objective: Electrical storm (ES) is characterized by repeated episodes of ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation, with poor short and long term prognosis. Our objective was to evaluate the prevalence, results of interventional treatment and survival of patients undergoing interventional treatment for ES in our center. Methods: Retrospective, unicentric and observational study. ES ablation procedures were revised and data regarding baseline characteristics of the patients, type of procedure, total mortality, recurrence of arrhythmia, cardiovascular mortality and the need for transplantation were evaluated. Results: From January 2009 to December 2016, 67 procedures (38% complex procedures: 19% epicardial ablation, 7.5% surgical epicardial crioablation, 3% simpatectomy, 3% coronary alcohol injection, 6% extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support) were performed in 41 patients (61% Ischemic etiology) due to ES. Intraprocedural mortality was 1.5%. The median follow-up was 23.5 months (IQR [14.2-52.7]). After the first admission for ES (one or several procedures), 1-year mortality was 9.8%. The cumulative incidence of cardiac transplantation was 2.4%. The risk of arrhythmic recurrences or death was significantly higher in patients with inducible clinical arrhythmias after ablation (HR: 9.03, p = 0.017). Conclusions: The treatment of patients with ES, performed in a reference center, allows obtaining good rates of recurrence and survival, with very low rates of cardiac transplantation for ES. In the presence of an early recurrence, it is advisable to perform a new procedure during admission.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ventricular Fibrillation/surgery , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Prognosis , Recurrence , Ventricular Fibrillation/physiopathology , Ventricular Fibrillation/mortality , Survival Rate , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Transplantation/statistics & numerical data , Tachycardia, Ventricular/mortality , Mexico
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 841-843, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137322

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cardiac rhythm disorders are common in many patients with cancer. The management of synchronous long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation and pulmonary lesions remains a serious surgical dilemma due to the lack of clinical data and surgical guidelines. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first described case of simultaneous thoracoscopic pulmonary segmentectomy and left atrial posterior wall and pulmonary vein isolation combined with left atrial appendage resection in a patient with early-stage primary lung cancer and long-standing persistent atrial fibrillation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Catheter Ablation/methods , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/complications , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/diagnostic imaging , Pneumonectomy/methods , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Thoracoscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Heart Atria/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
6.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(5): 775-782, maio 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1131230

ABSTRACT

Resumo Fundamento A ablação da fibrilação atrial (FA) e do flutter atrial dependente de istmo cavo-tricuspídeo (FLA-ICT) pode ser realizada simultaneamente quando as duas arritmias tenham sido registradas antes do procedimento. Entretanto, a melhor abordagem não é clara quando pacientes com FLA-ICT são encaminhados para ablação sem o registro prévio de FA. Objetivos Avaliar a prevalência e identificar os preditores de ocorrência do primeiro episódio de FA após ablação de FLA-ICT em pacientes sem o registro prévio de FA. Métodos Coorte retrospectiva de pacientes submetidos exclusivamente a ablação por cateter para FLA-ICT, sem registro prévio de FA. As características clínicas foram comparadas entre os grupos em que houve ocorrência de FA pós-ablação de FLA-ICT vs. sem ocorrência de FA. O nível de significância estatística adotado foi de 5%. Na análise de preditores, o desfecho primário avaliado foi ocorrência de FA após ablação de FLA-ICT. Resultados De um total de 227 pacientes submetidos a ablação de FLA-ICT (110 com registro de FA e 33 sem seguimento adequado), 84 pacientes foram incluídos, dos quais 45 (53,6%) apresentaram FA pós-ablação. Não houve variáveis preditoras de ocorrência de FA. Os escores HATCH e CHA2DS2-VASC foram semelhantes nos dois grupos. As taxas de recorrência de FLA-ICT e complicações após a ablação foram de 11,5% e 1,2%, respectivamente. Conclusões A ablação de FLA-ICT é eficaz e segura, mas 50% dos pacientes desenvolvem FA após ablação. Entretanto, ainda é incerto o papel da ablação combinada (FLA-ICT e FA) visando prevenção da ocorrência de FA. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Abstract Background Simultaneous ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) and cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent atrial flutter can be performed when both arrythmias had been recorded before the procedure. However, the best approach has not been defined in case of patients referred for ablation with CTI-dependent atrial flutter, without history of AF. Objectives To assess the prevalence and to identify predictors of the first episode of AF after ablation of CTI-dependent atrial flutter in patients without history of AF. Methods Retrospective cohort of patients with CTI-dependent atrial flutter without history of AF undergoing catheter ablation. Clinical characteristics were compared between patients who developed AF and those who did not have AF after the procedure. Significance level was set at 5%. In the analysis of predicting factors, the primary outcome was occurrence of AF after CTI-dependent atrial flutter ablation. Results Of a total of 227 patients undergoing ablation of CTI-dependent atrial flutter (110 with history of AF and 33 without adequate follow-up), 84 were included, and 45 (53.6%) developed post-ablation AF. The HATCH and CHA2DS2-VASC scores were not different between the groups. Recurrence rate of CTI-dependent atrial flutter and complication rate were 11.5% and 1.2%, respectively, after ablation. Conclusions Although ablation of CTI-dependent atrial flutter is a safe and effective procedure, 50% of the patients developed AF after the procedure. However, the role of combined ablation (CTI-dependent atrial flutter plus AF) aiming at preventing AF is still uncertain. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020; [online].ahead print, PP.0-0)


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Atrial Flutter/surgery , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Atrial Fibrillation/prevention & control , Atrial Flutter/diagnosis , Atrial Flutter/epidemiology , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation/methods
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 495-498, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020498

ABSTRACT

Abstract Management of symptomatic atrial tachycardia (AT) during pregnancy seems challenging, especially those originating from left atrial appendage (LAA), which easily tend to be incessant and mediate cardiomyopathy. It's contradictory between therapy and pregnancy. In this study, we report a case of a woman who presented with persistent AT, which lead to heart failure, during early pregnancy. She underwent successful catheter ablation using CartoSound and electroanatomic mapping without fluoroscopy. An electrophysiology (EP) study confirmed a focal LAA tachycardia. Soon after, left ventricular function of her heart normalized, and the patient successfully delivered a healthy child.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/surgery , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Atrial Appendage/surgery , Pregnancy Complications, Cardiovascular/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Atrial Appendage/diagnostic imaging , Electrocardiography , Electrophysiology
8.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3): 255-260, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023043

ABSTRACT

Os maiores avanços no tratamento das arritmias cardíacas, que geraram propostas de mudança e/ou incorporação de novas tecnologias de tratamento medicamentoso ou intervencionista, referem-se à fibrilação atrial, arritmia sustentada mais frequente na prática clínica, razão pela qual demos maior ênfase a essa análise. Os últimos estudos que têm proporcionado revisões, atualizações e perspectivas das principais diretrizes mundiais são os que envolvem as comparações dos esquemas de combinações de anticoagulação e antiagregação plaquetária em pacientes com fibrilação atrial no contexto da doença arterial coronariana com intervenção planejada ou imediata, bem como os que envolvem a estratégia de ablação por cateteres com opção no início do tratamento da fibrilação atrial nos pacientes com insuficiência cardíaca com fração de ejeção reduzida


The greatest advances in the treatment of cardiac arrhythmias, which have led to proposals of change and/or the incorporation of new drug or intervention treatment technologies, relate to atrial fibrillation, the most common sustained arrhythmia in medical practice, which is why we have placed more emphasis on it in this analysis. The latest studies to have revised, updated, and offered new perspectives on the principal global guidelines are those that involve comparisons of regimens that combine anticoagulation and antiaggregation of platelets in patients with atrial fibrillation within the context of coronary artery disease with planned or immediate intervention, as well of those that involve a catheter ablation strategy as an option at the beginning of treatment for atrial fibrillation in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/physiopathology , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/therapy , Atrial Fibrillation , Warfarin/therapeutic use , Coronary Artery Disease , Stents , Aspirin/therapeutic use , Guidelines as Topic/standards , Catheter Ablation/methods , Hemorrhage , Anticoagulants
10.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 441-450, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001289

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Recent studies suggest that left atrial (LA) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) can quantify the underlying tissue remodeling that harbors atrial fibrillation (AF). However, quantification of LA-LGE requires labor-intensive magnetic resonance imaging acquisition and postprocessing at experienced centers. LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony assessment is an emerging imaging technique that predicts AF recurrence after catheter ablation. We hypothesized that 1) LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony is associated with LA-LGE in patients with AF and 2) LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony is greater in patients with persistent AF than in those with paroxysmal AF. Method: We conducted a cross-sectional study comparing LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony and LA-LGE in 146 patients with a history of AF (60.0 ± 10.0 years, 30.1% nonparoxysmal AF) who underwent pre-AF ablation cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in sinus rhythm. Using tissue-tracking CMR, we measured the LA longitudinal strain in two- and four-chamber views. We defined intra-atrial dyssynchrony as the standard deviation (SD) of the time to peak longitudinal strain (SD-TPS, in %) and the SD of the time to the peak pre-atrial contraction strain corrected by the cycle length (SD-TPSpreA, in %). We used the image intensity ratio (IIR) to quantify LA-LGE. Results: Intra-atrial dyssynchrony analysis took 5 ± 9 minutes per case. Multivariable analysis showed that LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony was independently associated with LA-LGE. In addition, LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony was significantly greater in patients with persistent AF than those with paroxysmal AF. In contrast, there was no significant difference in LA-LGE between patients with persistent and paroxysmal AF. LA intra-atrial dyssynchrony showed excellent reproducibility and its analysis was less time-consuming (5 ± 9 minutes) than the LA-LGE (60 ± 20 minutes). Conclusion: LA Intra-atrial dyssynchrony is a quick and reproducible index that is independently associated with LA-LGE to reflect the underlying tissue remodeling.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos recentes sugerem que o realce tardio com gadolínio (RTG) no átrio esquerdo (AE) pode quantificar a remodelação tecidual subjacente que abriga a fibrilação atrial (FA). No entanto, a quantificação do RTG-AE requer um trabalho intenso de aquisição por ressonância magnética e pós-processamento em centros experientes. A avaliação da dessincronia intra-atrial no AE é uma técnica de imagem emergente que prediz a recorrência da FA após ablação por cateter. Nós levantamos as hipóteses de que 1) a dessincronia intra-atrial está associada ao RTG-AE em pacientes com FA e 2) a dessincronia intra-atrial é maior em pacientes com FA persistente do que naqueles com FA paroxística. Método: Realizamos um estudo transversal comparando a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE e o RTG-AE em 146 pacientes com história de FA (60,0 ± 10,0 anos, 30,1% com FA não paroxística) submetidos à ressonância magnética cardíaca (RMC) durante ritmo sinusal antes da ablação da FA. Com utilização de RMC com tissue tracking, medimos o strain longitudinal do AE em cortes de duas e quatro câmaras. Definimos a dessincronia intra-atrial como o desvio padrão (DP) do tempo até o pico do strain longitudinal (DP-TPS, em %) e o DP do tempo até o pico do strain antes da contração atrial corrigido pela duração do ciclo (DP-TPSpreA, em %). Utilizamos a razão da intensidade da imagem (RIM) para quantificar o RTG-AE. Resultados: A análise da dessincronia intra-atrial levou 9 ± 5 minutos por caso. A análise multivariada mostrou que a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE esteve independentemente associada ao RTG-AE. Além disso, a dessincronia intra-atrial no AE foi significativamente maior em pacientes com FA persistente do que naqueles com FA paroxística. Por outro lado, não houve diferença significativa no RTG-AE entre pacientes com FA persistente e paroxística. A dessincronia intra-atrial no AE mostrou excelente reprodutibilidade e sua análise foi menos demorada (5 ± 9 minutos) do que o RTG-AE (60 ± 20 minutos). Conclusão: A dessincronia intra-atrial no AE é um índice rápido, reprodutível e independentemente associado ao RTG-AE para indicar remodelação tecidual subjacente. (Arq Bras Cardiol. 2019; 112(4):441-450)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/physiopathology , Atrial Fibrillation/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging/methods , Atrial Remodeling/physiology , Atrial Fibrillation/therapy , Stroke Volume/physiology , Time Factors , Echocardiography/methods , Linear Models , Observer Variation , Cross-Sectional Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Catheter Ablation/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Heart Atria/physiopathology , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
11.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 112(4): 432-438, Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001287

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: The analysis of risk factors for predicting related complications has not been reported to date. Objective: This study aims to investigate the risk factors of related complications of percutaneous transluminal septal myocardial ablation (PTSMA) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) retrospectively. Method: Clinical data, and one-year follow-up results of patients with HOCM, who underwent PTSMA between January 2000 and July 2013 in the Department of Cardiology, Liaoning Province People's Hospital, Liaoning Province, China, were retrospectively analyzed to determine risk factors for operative complications with multiple logistic regression analysis. All p values are two-sided, with values of p < 0.05 being considered statistically significant. Results: Among 319 patients with HOCM, PTSMA was performed in 224 patients (120 males and 104 females, mean age was 48.20 ± 14.34 years old). The incidence of PTSMA procedure-related complications was 36.23% (66/224), which included three cardiac deaths, two cardiac shocks, one ST-segment elevated myocardial infarction, two ventricular fibrillations, 20 third-degree atrioventricular (AV) blocks (four patients were implanted with a permanent pacemaker (PPM)), 32 complete right bundle branch blocks, two complete left bundle branch blocks, and four puncture-related complications. After multivariate logistic regression analysis, it was found that age, gender, coronary artery diseases, diabetes, heart rate, cardiac function on admission, the number of septal ablations, and the volume of alcohol were not independent risk factors correlated to the whole complications, except for hypertension (OR: 4.856; 95% CI: 1.732-13.609). Early experience appears to be associated with the occurrence of complications. Conclusion: Hypertension was an independent risk factor for PTSMA procedure-related complications. It might be much safer and more efficient if PTSMA procedures are restricted to experienced centers, according to the analysis results for the learning curve.


Resumo Fundamento: A análise dos fatores de risco para previsão de complicações relacionadas não foi relatada até o momento. Objetivo: Este estudo tem como objetivo investigar retrospectivamente os fatores de risco de complicações relacionadas da ablação miocárdica septal transluminal percutânea (PTSMA) para cardiomiopatia hipertrófica obstrutiva (CMHO). Método: Dados clínicos e resultados de acompanhamento de um ano de pacientes com CMHO submetidos a PTSMA entre janeiro de 2000 e julho de 2013 no Departamento de Cardiologia do Hospital Popular da Província de Liaoning, província de Liaoning, China, foram analisados retrospectivamente para determinar fatores de risco para complicações operatórias com análise de regressão logística múltipla. Todos os valores de p são bilaterais, com valores de p < 0,05 sendo considerados estatisticamente significativos. Resultados: Entre os 319 pacientes com CMHO, a PTSMA foi realizada em 224 pacientes (120 homens e 104 mulheres, com idade média de 48,20 ± 14,34 anos). A incidência de complicações relacionadas ao procedimento PTSMA foi de 36,23% (66/224), incluindo três mortes cardíacas, dois choques cardíacos, um infarto do miocárdio com supradesnivelamento de ST, duas fibrilações ventriculares e 20 bloqueios atrioventriculares (AV) de terceiro grau (quatro pacientes receberam implantes de marca-passo permanente), 32 bloqueios completos de ramo direito, dois bloqueios completos de ramo esquerdo e quatro complicações relacionadas com a punção. Após análise de regressão logística multivariada, verificou-se que idade, sexo, doenças coronarianas, diabetes, frequência cardíaca, função cardíaca à admissão, número de ablações septais e volume de álcool não foram fatores de risco independentes correlacionados com as complicações totais, exceto para hipertensão (OR: 4,856; IC 95%: 1,732-13,609). A experiência principiante parece estar associada à ocorrência de complicações. Conclusão: A hipertensão arterial foi um fator de risco independente para complicações relacionadas com o procedimento de PTSMA. Pode ser muito mais seguro e eficiente se os procedimentos de PTSMA forem restritos a centros experientes, de acordo com os resultados da análise para a curva de aprendizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/surgery , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/adverse effects , Catheter Ablation/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/complications , Angioplasty, Balloon, Coronary/methods , Logistic Models , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation/methods , Statistics, Nonparametric , Risk Assessment , Echocardiography, Stress , Hypertension/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/diagnostic imaging
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8446, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019563

ABSTRACT

Left atrial diameter (LAD) has been considered an independent risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF) relapse after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI). However, whether LAD or other factors are more predictive of late recurrence in patients with paroxysmal AF remains unclear. We aimed to evaluate the value of pulmonary vein (PV) parameters for predicting AF relapse 1 year after patients underwent cryoablation for paroxysmal AF. Ninety-seven patients with paroxysmal AF who underwent PVI successfully were included. PV parameters were measured through computed tomography scans prior to PVI. A total of 28 patients had recurrence of AF at one-year follow-up. The impact of several variables on recurrence was evaluated in multivariate analyses. LAD and the time from first diagnosis of AF to ablation maintained its significance in predicting the relapse of AF after relevant adjustments in multivariate analysis. When major diameter of right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV) (net reclassification improvement (NRI) 0.179, CI=0.031-0.326, P<0.05) and cross-sectional area (CSA) of RIPV (NRI: 0.122, CI=0.004-0.240, P<0.05) entered the AF risk model separately, the added predictive capacity was large. The accuracy of the two parameters in predicting recurrence of AF were not inferior (AUC: 0.665 and 0.659, respectively) to echocardiographic LAD (AUC: 0.663). The inclusion of either RIPV major diameter or CSA of RIPV in the model increased the C-index (0.766 and 0.758, respectively). We concluded that major diameter of RIPV had predictive capacity similar to or even better than that of LAD for predicting AF relapse after cryoablation PVI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/etiology , Heart Atria/anatomy & histology , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity , Treatment Outcome , Catheter Ablation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging
13.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(6): 542-552, Nov.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-977484

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: The effects of energy source on the maintenance of sinus rhythm and the contribution of demographic characteristics to the case selection in patients submitted to ablation performed concurrently with mitral valve surgery were analyzed. Methods: Cryothermal (n=42; 43.8%) and radiofrequency (n=54; 56.3%) energy were employed in 96 patients submitted to mitral valve replacement and Cox maze IV procedure. Patients were called for control visits between 15 days and 12 months after discharge. The causal relationship between recurrence of atrial fibrillation and factors such as left atrial diameter, C-reactive protein, hypertension, left ventricular ejection fraction, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and body mass index was determined. Results: Maintenance rates of the sinus rhythm with radiofrequency and cryoablation were 97.6% and 96.3%, respectively, in the first postoperative month, whereas at the 12th postoperative month were 88.1% and 83.3%. No significant difference was found between groups in relation to the energy source. Sensitivity and specificity for left atrial diameter with a cut-off value of 50.5 mm were 85.7% and 70.7%, respectively. Sensitivity and specificity for C-reactive protein with a cut-off value of 12 mg/dL on the 15th postoperative day were 83.3% and 88.9%, respectively. The effect of body mass index on atrial fibrillation recurrence was 3.2 times. Sensitivity and specificity for left ventricular ejection fraction 37% cut-off value were 96.3% and 11.4%, respectively. Atrial fibrillation in hypertensive cases was 5.3 times more. In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, recurrence of atrial fibrillation was 40%. The causal relation between recurrence of atrial fibrillation and the studied factors was established. Conclusion: Demographic characteristics have a significant impact on ablation efficiency, while the type of energy source does not.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation/methods , Cryosurgery/methods , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Mitral Valve/surgery , Postoperative Period , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Electrocardiography , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Heart Valve Diseases/surgery
14.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 824-830, Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973806

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Pulmonary veins (PV) are often the trigger to atrial fibrillation (AF). Occasionally, left PVs converge on a common trunk (LCT) providing a simpler structure for catheter ablation. Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ablation in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (PAF) of patients with or without LCT. Methods: Case-control study of patients undergoing first-ever catheter ablation procedure for drug refractory PAF. The information was taken from patients' records by means of a digital collection instrument, and indexed to an online database (Syscardio(r)). Clinical characteristics and procedures were compared between patients with or without LCT (LCT x n-LCT), adopting a level of statistical significance of 5%. The primary endpoint associated with efficacy was lack of atrial arrhythmia over the follow-up time. Results: One hundred and seventy two patients with PAF were included in the study, 30 (17%) LCT and 142 (83%) n-LCT. The clinical characteristics, comorbidities, symptoms scale and risk scores did not differ between the groups. There was AF recurrence in 27% of PAF patients in the n-LCT group and only 10% of patients in the LCT group (OR: 3.4 p: 0.04) after a follow-up of 34 ± 17 months and 26 ± 15 months respectively. Conclusion: Patients with a LCT have a significantly lower recurrence rate when compared to patients without this structure. It is mandatory to report the results of AF catheter ablation as a PV anatomical variation function.


Resumo Fundamento: As veias pulmonares (VP) são frequentemente o local de origem da fibrilação atrial (FA). Ocasionalmente, as VPs esquerdas confluem em um tronco comum (TrCE) proporcionando uma estrutura mais simples para ablação por cateter. Objetivos: Tem-se como objetivo comparar as características clínicas e os resultados da ablação em pacientes portadores de FA paroxística (FAP) com ou sem TrCE. Metódos: Estudo do tipo caso-controle de pacientes submetidos ao primeiro procedimento de ablação por cateter para FAP refratária a drogas antiarrítmicas. As informações foram retiradas dos prontuários dos pacientes por meio de instrumento digital de coleta e indexadas a uma base de dados online (Syscardio(r)). As características clínicas e procedimentos foram comparados entre pacientes com e sem TrCE (TrCE x n-TrCE), sendo adotado nível de significância estatística de 5%. O desfecho primário associado à eficácia foi ausência de arritmia atrial ao longo do seguimento com único procedimento. Resultados: Cento e setenta e dois pacientes foram incluídos no estudo, 30 (17%) TrCE e 142 (83%) n-TrCE. As características clínicas, comorbidades, severidade de sintomas e escores de risco não apresentaram diferença estatística entre os grupos. Houve recorrência da FA em 27% dos pacientes do grupo não-TrCE e em apenas 10% dos pacientes do grupo TrCE (OR: 3,4 p: 0.04) após um seguimento de 34±17 e 26±15 meses respectivamente. Conclusão: Pacientes com TrCE apresentam significativamente menor taxa de recorrência quando comparados a pacientes sem esta estrutura. É imprescindível relatar os resultados da ablação por cateter de FA na vigência de variações anatômicas das VPs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Veins/anatomy & histology , Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Recurrence , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Case-Control Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Kaplan-Meier Estimate
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(supl.1): 52-55, Nov. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973906

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: New endoscopic treatments for gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) are developed every year and are indicated in cases that are refractory to conventional therapies as well as after surgical treatment failure. OBJECTIVE: To present the first cases of endoscopic therapy for GERD performed in Brazil. METHODS: Use of radiofrequency with the Stretta procedure in symptomatic volunteers diagnosed with GERD. RESULTS The technique was performed in three patients after they were included in the study protocol. No patient had complications, and all patients were discharged on the same day, either without medication or taking it sporadically for symptom control. CONCLUSION: Endoscopic treatment for GERD using radiofrequency was effective in the cases presented herein with no technical complications.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Novos tratamentos endoscópicos para refluxo gastroesofágico são desenvolvidos a cada ano, sendo indicados em casos refratários às terapias convencionais, bem como após a falha do tratamento cirúrgico. OBJETIVO: Apresentar os primeiros casos de terapia endoscópica para tratamento do refluxo gastroesofágico realizado no Brasil. MÉTODOS: Uso de radiofrequência com o procedimento de Stretta em voluntários sintomáticos e diagnosticados com DRGE. RESULTADOS: A técnica foi realizada em três pacientes depois de terem sido incluídos no protocolo de estudo. Nenhum paciente teve complicações, e todos receberam alta hospitalar no mesmo dia, mantendo-se sem medicação ou fazendo uso esporádico para o controle de sintomas. CONCLUSÃO: Tratamento endoscópico para doença do refluxo gastroesofágico com uso de radiofrequência foi eficaz nos casos aqui apresentados e sem complicações técnicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Gastroesophageal Reflux/surgery , Endoscopy, Gastrointestinal/methods , Catheter Ablation/methods , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
19.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 33(4): 418-423, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-958433

ABSTRACT

Abstract Tetralogy of Fallot (ToF) is one of the most prevalent congenital heart disease. Its surgical corrections may haemodinamically correct a disease, but the incisions may create scars that will originate ventricular arrhythmias. Even though life threatening arrhythmias are not common, some patients present unstable ventricular tachycardia (VT) of ectopic ventricular beats triggering heart failure and symptoms. We describe the treatment of a 16-years-old woman with late ToF repair and drug refractory Implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) shocks. The patient underwent successful ablation of VT using X-ray and anatomic landmarks without the use of electroanatomical mapping. We were able to reduce drugs after one month of ablation and improve quality of life and symptoms. In this paper we describe the indications and perform a brief review of the key points for successful radiofrequency catheter ablation of VT in ToF patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Tetralogy of Fallot/surgery , Tachycardia, Ventricular/surgery , Catheter Ablation/methods , Tetralogy of Fallot/diagnostic imaging , Radiography , Treatment Outcome , Tachycardia, Ventricular/diagnostic imaging , Defibrillators, Implantable , Electrocardiography , Anatomic Landmarks , Medical Illustration
20.
RELAMPA, Rev. Lat.-Am. Marcapasso Arritm ; 31(3)jul.-set. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-967663

ABSTRACT

Relatamos um caso peculiar de taquicardia de QRS largo incessante em portador de coração transplantado ortotópico por técnica de anastomose biatrial 13 anos antes do aparecimento da arritmia. O paciente foi submetido, com sucesso, a ablação guiada por mapeamento eletroanatômico, evidenciando a importância desse método e potenciais armadilhas de mapeamento em arritmias associadas a cicatrizes cirúrgicas


We report a peculiar case of an incessant wide complex QRS tachycardia in a patient with orthotopic heart transplant using a bi-atrial anastomosis technique, performed thirteen years before the appearance of the arrhythmia. The patient underwent a successful ablation procedure guided by electroanatomic mapping, evidencing the importance of this method and potential pitfalls in tachyarrhythmias associated with surgical scars


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Postoperative Period , Tachycardia , Heart Transplantation , Catheter Ablation/methods , Thrombosis , Echocardiography/methods , Heparin/administration & dosage , Radionuclide Imaging/methods , Electrocardiography/methods , Electrophysiology/methods , Catheters , Heart Atria
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