Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 30
Filter
1.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-7, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222350

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Advances in the management and survival of severe pediatric disease have led to an increase in thromboembolic phenomena, given the frequent need for central venous catheters (CVC). The present study describes the conditions in which venous thrombosis oc-curs in pediatric patients with CVC in a public referral center in Guayaquil. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study with the objective of identifying fac-tors that are associated with the development of venous thrombosis in patients with CVC ad-mitted to the Intensive Care Unit. Information was collected in a pre-designed chart of all patients with CVC for more than 7 days. A venous Doppler ultrasound was performed to de-termine the presence or absence of thrombi. Descriptive statistics were used for univariate analysis and Odds Ratio was used for the bivariate analysis. Results: 35 patients were included in the study, 14/35 (40%) young infants, 24/35 males (69%), 19 cases (54%) with malnutrition, 10 cases (29%) with congenital heart disease, and 18 cases (51%) admitted for infections. The puncture site was femoral in 11 cases (31%), the procedure was performed by the fellow in 20 cases (57%), on a scheduled basis in 27 cases (77%), and performed in a single attempt in 28 cases (80%). The tip of the catheter was located in the superior vena cava in 23 cases (66%). The prevalence of thrombosis was 14% (95% CI 12.33-16.25). Bivariate analysis showed that none of the variables were associated with the presence of CVC thrombosis. Conclusions: 14% of patients with CVC use for more than 7 days develop secondary venous thrombosis. The factors associated with CVC including nutritional status and related proce-dures could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Child , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction
2.
Rev. enferm. Cent.-Oeste Min ; 11: 4309, 20210000.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1357502

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar as práticas de enfermagem relacionadas ao flushing para prevenção da obstrução do cateter venoso periférico. Método: Estudo descritivo com aplicação de questionário aos 78 profissionais de enfermagem e checklist durante a observação das práticas de enfermagem numa clínica médica, durante 30 dias. Resultados: 89,7% dos profissionais de enfermagem realizavam o flushing na prática clínica. A técnica de pushpause era realizada por 12,86% dos participantes. A seringa mais utilizada foi de 10ml (85,72%), com 10ml de solução fisiológica 0,9% (52,86%). A técnica push-pause foi realizada em 10,7% das observações e a avaliação da permeabilidade do cateter em 3,6%. Conclusão: O flushing é utilizado para prevenção da obstrução do cateter nas práticas de enfermagem, entretanto, verificou-se diferenças na técnica, tamanho da seringa, volume de solução fisiológica utilizada e momentos para realização entre os profissionais e o recomendado pela literatura(AU)


Objective: To analyze nursing practices related to flushing to prevent peripheral venous catheter obstruction. Method: Descriptive study, with application of a semi-structured questionnaire to 78 members of the nursing team, and observation of the clinical practices of medical clinic professionals regarding prevention of obstruction, during 30 days, using a checklist. Results: 89.7% of nursing professionals performed flushing in clinical practice. The push-pause technique was performed by 12.86% of the participants. The most used syringe was the 10ml (85.72%) one with 10ml of 0.9% saline solution (52.86%). The push-pause technique was performed in 10.7% of the observations and catheter permeability evaluation in 3.6%. Conclusion: Flushing is used to prevent catheter obstruction in nursing practices, however, differences in technique, syringe size, volume of saline solution used, and times of performance were observed among professionals and those recommended by the literature(AU)


Objetivo: Analizar las prácticas de enfermería relacionadas con el flushing para prevenir la obstrucción del catéter venoso periférico. Método: Estudio descriptivo con aplicación de cuestionario a 78 profesionales de la enfermería y checklist durante la observación de las prácticas en una clínica médica, durante 30 días. Resultados: El 89,7% de los profesionales realizó el flushing en la práctica. El 12,86% de los participantes realizó la técnica de empuje-pausa. La jeringa más utilizada fue la de 10 ml (85,72%), con 10 ml de solución salina (52,86%). La técnica de empuje-pause se realizó en el 10,7% de las observaciones, y la evaluación de la permeabilidad del catéter en el 3,6%. Conclusión: El flushing se utiliza para prevenir la obstrucción del catéter en las prácticas de enfermería, sin embargo, se verificaron diferencias en la técnica, el tamaño de la jeringa, el volumen de solución salina y los momentos de realización entre los profesionales y lo recomendado por la literatura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Catheterization, Peripheral , Nursing , Catheter Obstruction
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150006

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.


Subject(s)
Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3304, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101713

ABSTRACT

Objective: to analyze the evidence available in the literature about the lowest necessary dose of heparin to maintain the patency of the totally implanted central venous catheter in adult cancer patients. Method: an integrative literature review, carried out in the following databases: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências de Saúde, Sciverse Scopus, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, including thirteen studies. Results: the evidence showed that the dose of heparin (300 IU/ml) is the most used in maintaining the patency of the totally implanted central venous catheter. Conclusion: according to the selected studies, the lowest dose of heparin found in maintaining the patency of the totally implanted central venous catheter in cancer patients was 10 UN/ml with a volume of 5 ml of the heparin solution.


Objetivo: analisar as evidências disponíveis na literatura sobre a menor dose necessária de heparina para manter a patência do cateter venoso central totalmente implantado em pacientes oncológicos adultos. Método: revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada nas bases de dados: Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências de Saúde, Sciverse SCOPUS, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, sendo incluídos treze estudos. Resultados: as evidências mostraram que a dose de heparina (300 UI/ml), é a mais utilizada na manutenção da patência do cateter venoso central totalmente implantado. Conclusão: de acordo com os estudos selecionados a menor dose de heparina encontrada na manutenção da patência do cateter venoso central totalmente implantado em pacientes oncológicos, foi de 10 UN/ml com um volume de 5 ml da solução de heparina.


Objetivo: analizar la evidencia disponible en la literatura sobre la dosis más baja de heparina necesaria para mantener la permeabilidad del catéter venoso central totalmente implantado en pacientes oncológicos adultos. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura realizada en las siguientes bases de datos: Literatura Latinoamericana y del Caribe en Ciencias de la Salud, Sciverse Scopus, Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, con la inclusión de trece estudios. Resultados: las pruebas demostraron que la dosis de heparina (300 UI/ml) es la más utilizada para mantener la permeabilidad del catéter venoso central totalmente implantado. Conclusión: según los estudios seleccionados, la dosis más baja de heparina encontrada en el mantenimiento de la permeabilidad del catéter venoso central totalmente implantado en pacientes oncológicos fue de 10 UN/ml con un volumen de 5 ml de solución de heparina.


Subject(s)
Patients , Heparin/administration & dosage , Catheter Obstruction , Vascular Access Devices , Central Venous Catheters , Medical Oncology
5.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(2): 111-115, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020626

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El uso prolongado de traqueostomía (TQT) conlleva a complicaciones que pueden minimizarse con una decanulación segura y temprana. La presión inspiratoria mantenida (PiMant) evalúa el comportamiento dinámico de la vía aérea en inspiración, la que puede relacionarse con la tolerancia a la oclusión de la TQT en pacientes en vía de decanulación. El OBJETIVO es el de describir la medición de PiMant y relacionar su valor con la tolerancia al uso de cánula tapada. METODOLOGÍA: Se evaluó la PiMant a 16 pacientes traqueostomizados, con vacuómetro anaeroide, registrando la moda de las presiones obtenidas, saturación de oxígeno, frecuencias respiratoria y cardíaca, uso de musculatura accesoria y estridor, a los minutos 1, 5, 10 y 15 de la oclusión de la TQT. RESULTADOS: mediana edad 60 meses, rango de presiones −2 a −40 cmH2O. Valores de PiMant > −7 cmH2O se asocian a mejor tolerancia al uso de cánula tapada. El estridor severo, asociado a aumento en frecuencia respiratoria, frecuencia cardiaca y uso de musculatura accesoria fueron los principales indicadores de fin de la prueba. CONCLUSIONES: PiMant es una prueba segura. PiMant> −7cmH2O, presentan mejor tolerancia a uso de cánula tapada.


INTRODUCTION: The prolonged use of tracheostomy leads to several complications, being necessary a prompt and safe decannulation. Maintained Inspiratory Airway Pressure (PiMant) is a functional evaluation of the dynamic changes of upper airway in inspiration which could indicate the tolerance to capped tracheostomy and adapting to this new airflow resistance, prior to decannulate. METHODS: Sixteen tracheostomized patients were evaluated with PiMant using a vacuum gauge, recording pressure value, oxygen saturation, respiratory rate, heart rate, accesory muscles use and presence of stridor during 15 minutes. RESULTS: Median age 60 months-old, pressure range −2 to −40 cmH2O. PiMant values > −7 cmH2O were associated with better tolerance to capped tracheostomy. Stridor was associated to increase of respiratory effort being the best criteria to bring to a halt the test. CONCLUSIONS: PiMant is a safe assessment, and indicates tolerance to capped tracheostomy when values > −7 cmH2O are found.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Tracheostomy , Airway Resistance , Inhalation/physiology , Catheter Obstruction , Oxygen , Device Removal , Respiratory Rate/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology
6.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 10(3): 239-245, dez. 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-980933

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: O avanço da tecnologia no setor da saúde vem provocando, principalmente às Operadoras de Saúde, uma discussão sobre qual o melhor caminho para a incorporação de novos produtos médico-hospitalares. O objetivo deste estudo é fazer uma análise de custo comparando uma nova tecnologia (seringa pré-enchida) com uma tecnologia usual (seringa preenchida manualmente) em pacientes em uso de cateter venoso central (CVC). Métodos: Uma avaliação econômica baseada em modelo de Árvore de decisão foi desenvolvida para avaliar a seringa pré-enchida comercialmente em comparação com a seringa preenchida manualmente com solução salina para flushing em pacientes com CVC, considerando-se a perspectiva das operadoras de saúde. O horizonte de tempo considerado foi de um ano. Como desfechos clínicos, foram adotadas a ocorrência de infecção da corrente sanguínea associada a cateter (ICSAC) e a de oclusões. Para os desfechos econômicos, foram considerados os custos com flush, redução de ocorrência de ICSAC e da oclusão. Todos os custos foram extraídos de base de dados locais de custo para o Brasil. Resultados: A avaliação econômica mostrou que o uso da seringa pré-enchida promove redução de 77% (1,17 vs. 5,10) e 62% (3,26 vs. 8,57) nas ocorrências de ICSAC e oclusão, respectivamente, comparada à seringa de preenchimento manual. O custo por flushing é de R$ 32,88 e R$ 98,48 para seringa pré-enchida e seringa preenchida manualmente, respectivamente, redução absoluta de R$ 65,60 e percentual de 67%. Conclusão: A utilização da seringa pré-enchida comercialmente demonstrou ser uma opção dominante econômica e clinicamente para o flushing em pacientes com CVC, quando comparada à seringa preenchida manualmente.


Objective: The advancement of technology in the health sector has brought, mainly to the Health Insurances, a discussion on what is the best path for the incorporation of new medical and hospital products. The objective of this study is to do a cost analysis comparing a new technology (pre-filled syringe) with a usual technology (manually filled syringe) in patients in use of central venous catheter (CVC). Methods: An economic assessment based on a Decision Tree model was developed to evaluate the commercially pre-filled syringe in comparison to the manually filled syringe with saline solution for flushing in patients with CVC, considering the perspective of private health care providers. The time horizon considered was 1 year. As clinical outcomes, the occurrence of central line-associated blood stream (CLABSI) and occlusions were adopted. For economic outcomes, we considered flush costs, reduction of CLABSI and occlusion. All costs were extracted from local cost database for Brazil. Results: The economic evaluation indicated that the use of the pre-filled syringe presented a reduction of 77% (1.17 vs. 5.10) and 62% (3.26 vs. 8.57) in the occurrences of CLABSI and occlusion, respectively, compared to the manually filled syringe. The cost per flushing is R$ 32.88 and R$ 98.48 for pre-filled syringe and manually filled syringe, respectively, representing an absolute reduction of R$ 65.60 and percentual of 67%. Conclusion: The use of the commercially pre-filled syringe has been shown to be an economically and clinically dominant option for flushing in patients with CVC when compared to the manually filled syringe.


Subject(s)
Humans , Syringes , Catheterization, Central Venous , Costs and Cost Analysis , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheter Obstruction
7.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 345-348, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689752

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Objective</b>To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of low-concentration hydrogen peroxide solution (HPS) for continuous bladder irrigation after transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data about 148 cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treated by TURP from January 2013 to January 2016. Seventy-six of the patients received postoperative continuous bladder irrigation with 0.15% HPS (group A) and the other 72 with normal saline (group B). We compared the two groups of patients in their postoperative hemoglobin (Hb) levels, duration of bladder irrigation, frequency of catheter blockage, time of catheterization, and length of hospital stay.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups of patients preoperatively in the prostate volume, International Prostate Symptoms Score, maximum urinary flow rate, postvoid residual urine, or levels of serum PSA and Hb (P > 0.05). At 48 hours after operation, a significantly less reduction was observed in the Hb level in group A than in group B ([3.38 ± 2.56] vs [7.29 ± 6.58] g/L, P < 0.01). The patients of group A, in comparison with those of group B, also showed remarkably shorter duration of postoperative bladder irrigation ([32.57 ± 5.99] vs [46.10 ± 8.79] h, P < 0.01), lower rate of catheter blockage (3.3% vs 11.8%, P < 0.01), shorter time of catheterization ([3.74 ± 0.79] vs [4.79 ± 0.93] d, P < 0.01), and fewer days of postoperative hospital stay ([4.22 ± 0.81] vs [4.67 ± 0.88] d, P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Low-concentration HPS for continuous bladder irrigation after TURP can reduce blood loss, catheter blockage, bladder irrigation duration, catheterization time, and hospital stay, and therefore deserves a wide clinical application.</p>


Subject(s)
Anti-Infective Agents, Local , Catheter Obstruction , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Length of Stay , Male , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Postoperative Period , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Blood , General Surgery , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Therapeutic Irrigation , Methods , Transurethral Resection of Prostate , Treatment Outcome , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Bladder Neck Obstruction , Urinary Retention
8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750257

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was a retrospective cohort study to evaluate the effect of evidence-based guidelines for catheter dysfunction among hemodialysis patients, Success rate and bleeding complications in catheterization were examined. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study, including 94 patients with catheter dysfunction who were receiving hemodialysis at a university hospital; 55 in the control group and 39 in the protocol group. This protocol was composed of the catheter dysfunction assessment, conservative management of catheter dysfunction, drug management of catheter dysfunction, catheter function test and maintenance management. Data were analyzed with a Chi-square test and t-test using SPSS/WIN 23.0 program. RESULTS: The patency rate of the protocol group was significantly higher than that of the control group. The rate of bleeding complications was not statistically significant for either the control group or the protocol group before or after application. CONCLUSION: The application of the guidelines effectively increased the patency rate of the catheter without bleeding complications. It is hoped that this guideline can be disseminated to nurses nationwide to improve the efficiency of catheter function for hemodialysis patients.


Subject(s)
Catheter Obstruction , Catheterization , Catheters , Cohort Studies , Evidence-Based Practice , Hemorrhage , Hope , Humans , Renal Dialysis , Retrospective Studies
9.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 27(4): e2810017, 2018.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-979403

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a incidência cumulativa de obstrução do cateter venoso periférico e identificar o uso do flushing para prevenção das obstruções. Método: método misto, com estudo de coorte descritivo com seguimento de 110 pacientes de uma clínica médica de Portugal. A coleta de dados envolveu entrevistas com 22 enfermeiros, análise documental e observação participante. Realizada análise temática dos achados qualitativos e análise descritiva para os dados quantitativos. Resultados: a incidência cumulativa de obstrução foi 50%. As categorias temáticas desvelaram que o flushing era um cuidado para prevenção da obstrução do cateter venoso e realizado antes e/ou após a administração dos medicamentos. O volume de solução fisiológica utilizado no flushing variou entre 3 e 10 ml. Verificaram-se, também, situações de não adesão ao flushing e fatores que influenciavam nesta adesão, a saber: o tempo para realizar os cuidados, a complexidade e o grau de dependência dos pacientes, o volume de trabalho e o número de enfermeiros para prestar os cuidados. Conclusão: o flushing é um cuidado de enfermagem para a prevenção da obstrução do cateter venoso periférico, no entanto, as práticas de enfermagem para implementação não são uniformes quanto a frequência e volume de solução fisiológica. A ausência de um protocolo de enfermagem, a complexidade e o grau de dependência dos pacientes, o volume de trabalho e o número de enfermeiros são fatores capazes de influenciar na adesão à prática do flushing e consequentemente na incidência de obstrução do cateter venoso periférico e na segurança do paciente e qualidade dos cuidados.


RESUMEN Objetivo: evaluar la incidencia acumulativa de la obstrucción del catéter venoso periférico e identificar el uso de flushing para la prevención de las obstrucciones. Método: método mixto, con estudio de cohorte descriptivo y con el seguimiento de 110 pacientes de una clínica médica de Portugal. La recolección de datos incluyó entrevistas con 22 enfermeros, análisis documental y observación participante. Se realizó el análisis temático de los hallazgos cualitativos y el análisis descriptivo para los datos cuantitativos. Resultados: la incidencia acumulativa de la obstrucción fue del 50%. Las categorías temáticas desvelaron que el flushing era un cuidado para la prevención de la obstrucción del catéter venoso y era realizado antes y/o después de la administración de los medicamentos. El volumen de solución fisiológica utilizado en el flushing varió de 3 a 10 ml. Se verificaron, también, situaciones de no adhesión al flushing y factores que influenciaban esta adhesión. A saber: el tiempo para realizar los cuidados, la complejidad y el grado de dependencia de los pacientes, el volumen de trabajo y el número de enfermeros para prestar los cuidados. Conclusión: el flushing es un cuidado de la enfermería para la prevención de la obstrucción del catéter venoso periférico. Sin embargo, las prácticas de enfermería para su implementación no son tan uniformes como la frecuencia y el volumen de la solución fisiológica. La ausencia de un protocolo de enfermería, la complejidad y el grado de dependencia de los pacientes, el volumen de trabajo y el número de enfermeros son factores capaces de influenciar la adhesión a la práctica del flushing y, consecuentemente, en la incidencia de obstrucción del catéter venoso periférico, en la seguridad del paciente y en la calidad de los cuidados.


ABSTRACT Objective: to evaluate the cumulative incidence of the peripheral venous catheter obstruction and to identify the use of flushing to prevent obstructions. Method: mixed method, with a descriptive cohort study with monitoring of 110 patients from a medical clinic in Portugal. The data collection involved interviews with 22 nurses, documentary analysis and participant observation. Thematic analysis was performed on the qualitative findings and descriptive analysis was performed for the quantitative data. Results: the cumulative incidence of obstruction was 50%. The thematic categories revealed that flushing is a nursing care for the prevention of venous catheter obstruction and is performed before and/or after the administration of the drugs. The volume of normal saline solution used in flushing ranged from 3 to 10 ml. There were also situations of non-adherence to flushing and factors that influenced this adherence, namely: the time to perform the care, the complexity and the dependence score of the patients, the workload and the number of nurses to provide care. Conclusion: flushing is a nursing care for the prevention of peripheral venous catheter obstruction, however, the nursing practices for its implementation are not uniform regarding the frequency and volume of the normal saline solution. The lack of a nursing protocol, the complexity and dependence of the patients, the workload and the number of nurses are factors that are capable of influencing the adherence to the flushing practice and, consequently, the incidence of peripheral venous catheter obstruction and patient safety and quality of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Peripheral , Risk Factors , Nursing , Catheter Obstruction , Vascular Access Devices , Nursing Care
10.
Nursing (Säo Paulo) ; 20(235): 1963-1969, dez.2017.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1029284

ABSTRACT

A terapia de nutrição enteral é uma opção para pacientes que possuem limitações principalmente no sistemagastrointestinal e sistema neurológico. Para que ocorra a ingestão adequada de substâncias nutricionais, utiliza-se a sonda denutrição enteral. Uma vez que a maioria dos fármacos não está disponível em soluções, elixires, suspensões, é adotada a práticade macerar esses fármacos e os diluir em água. Objetivo: observar a técnica utilizada para triturar, diluir e administrar formulaçõessólidas via sonda. Método: estudo observacional com abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa, utilizando o Diagrama de Ishikawa,o checklist qualitativo e a fórmula quantitativa. Resultado: foi observado um percentual de 21,42% de obstrução das sondas denutrição enteral. Conclusão: a prática de trituração e diluição de fármacos sólidos influencia na obstrução das sondas de nutriçãoenteral, logo, é oportuna a sugestão da integração da equipe de saúde para maior conhecimento sobre formulações sólidas a serem trituradas.


Enteral nutrition therapy is an option for patients who have limitations primarily in the gastrointestinal system andneurological system. For the proper intake of nutritional substances, the enteral nutrition probe is used. Since most drugs are notavailable in solutions, elixirs, suspensions, the practice is to macerate these drugs and dilute them in water. Objective: to observethe technique used to crush, dilute and administer solid formulations via probe. Method: observational study with qualitative andquantitative approach, using the Ishikawa Diagram, the qualitative checklist and the quantitative formula. Result: a percentageof 21.42% of obstruction of the enteral nutrition probes was observed. Conclusion: the practice of grinding and dilution of soliddrugs influences the obstruction of the enteral nutrition probes, so it is timely to suggest the integration of the health team fora better knowledge about solid formulations to be crushed.


La terapia de nutrición enteral es una opción para pacientes que tienen limitaciones principalmente en el sistemagastrointestinal y el sistema neurológico. Para que ocurra la ingestión adecuada de sustancias nutricionales, se utiliza la sonda denutrición enteral. Una vez que la mayoría de los fármacos no están disponibles en soluciones, elixires, suspensiones, se adoptala práctica de macerar estos fármacos y diluirlos en agua. Objetivo: observar la técnica utilizada para triturar, diluir y administrarformulaciones sólidas vía sonda. Método: estudio observacional con enfoque cualitativo y cuantitativo, utilizando el Diagramade Ishikawa, el checklist cualitativo y la fórmula cuantitativa. Resultado: se observó un porcentaje de 21,42% de obstrucción delas sondas de nutrición enteral. Conclusión: la práctica de trituración y dilución de fármacos sólidos influye en la obstrucción delas sondas de nutrición enteral, luego es oportuno la sugerencia de la integración del equipo de salud para mayor conocimientosobre formulaciones sólidas a ser trituradas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Enteral Nutrition , Catheter Obstruction , Pharmaceutical Preparations/administration & dosage , Stents , Intensive Care Units
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-224186

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The thromboembolic events during neuroendovascular therapy (NET) are the major complications of concern that can be occasionally fatal. The thrombotic occlusion of the guide catheter for NET is thought to be the risk of the thromboembolic events. We have developed an idea for inventing the monitoring system of the continuous irrigation through the guide catheter. We herein present a unique invention of the guide catheter irrigation monitoring device. METHODS: We have developed ideas for preventing the thrombotic occlusion of the guide catheter. In order to design a convenient device working in the practical use, we have consulted and shared the ideas with the electrical engineers about putting the invention. RESULTS: The guide catheter irrigation monitoring device (GCIMD) consisted of three parts of optical sensor, main body and electric adapter. In brief, the basic principles of working of the GCIMD are as follows. The optical sensor is attached to the dripping chamber of the line to irrigation solution. The main body had the small light and speaker to make an alarm sounds. The sensor monitors the dripping of flush solution. If the dripping stops more than three seconds, a warning alarm has been activated. So, the operating physicians can concentrate and check the guide catheter irrigation. After the use of the GCIMD, there was no major thromboembolic complication in conjunction with the thrombotic occlusion of the guide catheter in our institute. CONCLUSION: We have developed a brilliant invention of the GCIMD for NET.


Subject(s)
Angiography , Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Endovascular Procedures , Infarction , Inventions , Ischemia
12.
San Salvador; s.n; 2016. 39 p. graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, BISSAL | ID: biblio-1247353

ABSTRACT

La técnica laparoscópica ha brindado muchas ventajas en los pacientes con sustitución renal: la rápida recuperación del paciente y disminución del número de complicaciones asociadas. Con alguna frecuencia el sistema falla cuando el omento mayor rodea de forma permanente los orificios ubicados en la porción distal del catéter de diálisis, impidiendo la entrada y salida del líquido de diálisis peritoneal, es así se ideo la maniobra de omentopexia, definida como la fijación del omento mayor al ligamento falciforme, con el objetivo de crear una cavidad abdominal libre para la terapia sustitutiva renal. Dicho paso no es incluido en el protocolo quirúrgico de la técnica en la institución. El estudio es descriptivo, pretende demostrar la reducción de eventos de disfunción relacionada a la obstrucción, proponiendo incluir la omentopexia como paso básico en la técnica quirúrgica para una mayor satisfacción del paciente y disminución de costos por re intervención. Para ello se realizará una revisión completa y detallada de la colocación de catéteres colocados por vía laparoscópica entre Enero a Diciembre 2015 tomando como sede el Hospital Médico Quirúrgico, centro de referencia de pacientes para terapia sustitutiva. Se verificará en los que se describe la omentopexia en el reporte quirúrgico y aquellos en los que no se les incluye, verificando así el número de disfunciones. Comprobándose estadísticamente por el método de chi cuadrado. Al momento no se cuentan con información comprobada científicamente acerca de las ventajas de dicha maniobra, por lo que el estudio pretende dar datos suficientemente sustentados en los resultados institucionales para incluir la omentopexia como parte de la técnica quirúrgica en los protocolos vigentes, además dará paso a nuevas investigaciones con tiempos más prolongados que verifiquen el aumento de tiempo de vida útil del catéter peritoneal por paciente, disminuyendo los costos y aumentando los beneficios institucionales, al disminuir el uso de insumos médicos


Subject(s)
Catheter Obstruction , General Surgery , Laparoscopy
13.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 49(6): 995-1003, Dec. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-767805

ABSTRACT

Abstract OBJECTIVE Determining which is the most effective solution (heparin flush compared to 0.9% saline flush) for reducing the risk of occlusions in central venous catheters (CVC) in adults. METHOD The systematic review followed the principles proposed by the Cochrane Handbook; critical analysis, extraction and synthesis of data were performed by two independent researchers; statistical analysis was performed using the RevMan program 5.2.8. RESULTS Eight randomized controlled trials and one cohort study were included and the results of the meta-analysis showed no difference (RR=0.68, 95% CI=0.41-1.10; p=0.12). Analysis by subgroups showed that there was no difference in fully deployed CVC (RR=1.09, CI 95%=0.53-2.22;p=0.82); Multi-Lumen CVC showed beneficial effects in the heparin group (RR=0.53, CI 95%=0.29-0.95; p=0.03); in Double-Lumen CVC for hemodialysis (RR=1.18, CI 95%=0.08-17.82;p=0.90) and Peripherally inserted CVC (RR=0.14, CI 95%=0.01-2.60; p=0.19) also showed no difference. CONCLUSION Saline solution is sufficient for maintaining patency of the central venous catheter, preventing the risks associated with heparin administration.


Resumen OBJETIVO Determinar cuál es la solución (flush con heparina comparado con el de suero fisiológico al 0,9%) más eficaz en la reducción del riesgo de oclusiones de catéteres venosos centrales (CVC) en adultos. MÉTODO La revisión sistemática siguió los principios propuestos por elCochrane Handbook; el análisis crítico, la extracción y la síntesis de los datos fueron realizados por dos investigadores, aisladamente; y el análisis estadístico fue llevado a cabo con recurso al programa RevMan 5.2.8. RESULTADOS Se incluyeron ocho estudios randomizados controlados y un estudio de cohorte, y los resultados del metaanálisis muestran no existir diferencias (RR=0.68, IC 95%=0.41-1.10; p=0.12). El análisis por subgrupos muestra que en los CVC totalmente implantados no se verificaron diferencias (RR=1.09, IC 95%=0.53-2.22; p=0.82); en los CVC con varios lúmenes existió un efecto benéfico en el grupo de la heparina (RR=0.53, IC 95%=0.29-0.95; p=0.03); en los CVC de doble lumen para hemodiálisis (RR=1.18, IC 95%=0.08-17.82; p=0.90) y en los CVC de inserción periférica (RR=0.14, IC 95%=0.01-2.60;p=0.19) tampoco se verificaron diferencias. CONCLUSIÓN El suero fisiológico es suficiente para mantener la permeabilidad de los catéteres venosos centrales, previniendo los riesgos asociados con la administración de la heparina.


Resumo OBJETIVO Determinar qual é a solução (flush heparina comparado com oflushde soro fisiológico 0.9%) mais eficaz na redução do risco de oclusões de cateteres venosos centrais (CVC) em adultos. MÉTODO A revisão sistemática seguiu os princípios propostos pelo Cochrane Handbook; a análise crítica, a extração e a síntese dos dados foram realizadas por dois investigadores, isoladamente; e a análise estatística efetuada com recurso ao programa RevMan 5.2.8. RESULTADOS Foram incluídos oito estudos randomizados controlados e um estudo de coorte e os resultados da meta-análise mostram não existir diferenças (RR=0.68, IC 95%=0.41-1.10; p=0.12). A análise por subgrupos mostra que nos CVC totalmente implantados não se verificaram diferenças (RR=1.09, IC 95%=0.53-2.22; p=0.82); nos CVC com vários lúmens existiu um efeito benéfico no grupo da heparina (RR=0.53, IC 95%=0.29-0.95;p=0.03); nos CVC de duplo lúmen para hemodiálise (RR=1.18, IC 95%=0.08-17.82; p=0.90) e nos CVC de inserção periférica (RR=0.14, IC 95%=0.01-2.60; p=0.19) também não se verificaram diferenças. CONCLUSÃO O soro fisiológico é suficiente para manter a permeabilidade dos cateteres venosos centrais, prevenindo os riscos associados à administração da heparina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anticoagulants/administration & dosage , Central Venous Catheters , Heparin/administration & dosage , Sodium Chloride/administration & dosage , Catheter Obstruction
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-96986

ABSTRACT

Autonomic dysreflexia is a clinical emergency syndrome of uncontrolled sympathetic output that can occur in patients who have a history of spinal cord injury. Despite its frequency in spinal cord injury patients, central nervous system complications are very rare. We report a man with traumatic high level incomplete spinal cord injury who suffered hypertensive right thalamic hemorrhage secondary to an episode of autonomic dysreflexia. Prompt recognition and removal of the triggering factor, the suprapubic catheter obstruction which led to hypertensive attack, the patient had a favorable functional outcome after the resorption of the hematoma and effective rehabilitation programme.


Subject(s)
Autonomic Dysreflexia , Catheter Obstruction , Central Nervous System , Cerebral Hemorrhage , Emergencies , Hematoma , Hemorrhage , Humans , Rehabilitation , Spinal Cord Injuries
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-218971

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopy is being widely utilized beyond the field of surgery. We report on the early experience of laparoscopic CAPD catheter placement in adult ESRD patients. In addition, we investigate the question of whether laparoscopic CAPD catheter insertion can be used as a feasible long-term procedure. METHODS: Laparoscopic CAPD catheter placement was performed in 28 patients by one surgeon, between June, 2010 and October, 2013, and observed. A retrospective outcome study was conducted based on review of medical records. RESULTS: A total of 28 laparoscopic procedures were performed. The mean age of patients who underwent laparoscopic placement of a catheter was 60.3 years old. The most common cause of ESRD was uncontrolled hypertension combined with diabetes. The procedure took 45.7 minutes. Peritoneal dialysis was introduced on postoperative day eight, after one week of daily washing and no dialysate leaks were observed. Two incidences of catheter-related complications were observed: one incidence of catheter obstruction (due to its m igration and omental w rapping, w hich was m anaged with surgical removal) and one incidence of peritonitis (which was controlled with antibiotics). CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic CAPD catheter placement using tw o ports is a simple procedure with minimal complication. Laparoscopic CAPD catheter placement will gain greater acceptance as an alternative to the traditional method of CAPD catheter placement.


Subject(s)
Adult , Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Humans , Hypertension , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Laparoscopy , Medical Records , Outcome Assessment, Health Care , Peritoneal Dialysis , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory , Peritonitis , Retrospective Studies
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-187064

ABSTRACT

A rubber tip disconnection of Arrow-Trerotola percutaneous thrombolytic device (PTD) may occur occasionally. We experienced 5 cases of a rubber tip disconnection among 453 mechanical thrombectomy sessions with the use of PTD. We present a report about these five cases and suggest possible causes for the occurrences.


Subject(s)
Aged , Catheter Obstruction/etiology , Equipment Failure Analysis/methods , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Rubber , Thrombectomy/instrumentation , Treatment Outcome
17.
Gut and Liver ; : 255-257, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-177974

ABSTRACT

Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) is an established procedure for biliary obstruction. However, duodenobiliary or jejunobiliary reflux of the intestinal contents through a PTBD catheter sometimes causes recurrent catheter obstruction or cholangitis. A 64-year-old female patient with a history of choledochojejunostomy was referred to our department with acute cholangitis due to choledochojejunal anastomotic obstruction. Emergent PTBD was performed, but frequent obstructions of the catheter due to the reflux of intestinal contents complicated the post-PTBD course. We therefore introduced a catheter with an antireflux mechanism to prevent jejunobiliary reflux. A commercially available catheter was modified; side holes were made at 1 cm and 5 to 10 cm (1 cm apart) from the tip of the catheter, and the catheter was ligated with a nylon thread just proximal to the first side hole. Using this novel "antireflux PTBD technique," jejunobiliary reflux was prevented successfully, resulting in a longer patency of the catheter.


Subject(s)
Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Cholangitis , Choledochostomy , Dioxolanes , Drainage , Female , Fluorocarbons , Gastrointestinal Contents , Humans , Nylons
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59298

ABSTRACT

Intrathecal drug administration system (ITDAS) can reduce the side effects while increasing the effectiveness of opioids compared to systemic opioid administration. Therefore, the use of ITDAS has increased in the management of cancer pain and chronic intractable pain. Catheter obstruction is a serious complication of ITDAS. Here, we present a case of catheter obstruction by a mass formed at the side hole and in the lumen. A 37-year-old man suffering from failed back surgery syndrome received an ITDAS implantation, and the ITDAS was refilled with morphine every 3 months. When the patient visited the hospital 18 months after ITDAS implantation for a refill, the amount of delivered morphine sulfate was much less than expected. Movement of the pump rotor was examined with fluoroscopy; however, it was normal. CSF aspiration through the catheter access port was impossible. When the intrathecal catheter was removed, we observed that the side hole and lumen of the catheter was plugged.


Subject(s)
Adult , Analgesics, Opioid , Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Catheters, Indwelling , Failed Back Surgery Syndrome , Humans , Infusion Pumps, Implantable , Injections, Spinal , Morphine , Pain, Intractable , Stress, Psychological
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84152

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD) catheter insertion is used instead of open CAPD insertion because additional measures to prevent complications can be made without a conventional laparotomy. This study compared the early experience of laparoscopic CAPD catheter insertion with open CAPD insertion in children. METHODS: Between January 2006 and May 2011, 52, 16 and 36 patients who underwent CAPD insertion, laparoscopic CAPD insertion and open CAPD insertion, respectively, for end stage renal disease at Seoul National University Children's Hospital were enrolled in this study. The clinicopathological factors, operative factors and outcomes were analyzed by a retrospective medical record review. RESULTS: The mean operative time of the laparoscopic group was longer than that of the open groups (78 minutes vs 60 minutesm, p value=0.079). In the laparoscopic group, 3 patients underwent closure of the processus vaginalis and the occurrence of an inguinal hernia was prevented, whereas 3 patients in the open group underwent herniorrhaphy for an inguinal hernia. The mean period of catheter use in the laparoscopic and open group was 201 and 984 days, respectively. Complications occurred more frequently in the open group than in the laparoscopic group (14 patients (38.9%) vs. 2 patients (12.5%), p value=0.059). Peritonitis (19.4%) was the most common complication, which occurred only in the open group, followed by catheter obstruction due to omental wrapping. Catheter migration occurred more frequently in the open group (20%) than the laparoscopic group (12.5%). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that laparoscopic CAPD catheter insertion can be a suitable method for CAPD catheter insertion in children.


Subject(s)
Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Child , Hernia, Inguinal , Herniorrhaphy , Humans , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Laparoscopy , Laparotomy , Medical Records , Operative Time , Peritoneal Dialysis, Continuous Ambulatory , Peritonitis , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-24898

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to compare peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion by the open method to the laparoscopic method. Twenty four laparoscopic and 10 open peritoneal dialysis catheter placements were performed in children between 2001 and 2008. Patient characteristics, operation related data, procedural complications and clinical outcome were compared. Although there were no cases of catheter obstruction, exit site infection or bleeding in the laparoscopic group, compared to the open method, there was no statistically significant difference between the two groups. Catheter removal rate due to complication was high in the open group and catheter survival rate was high in the laparoscopic group. We concluded that laparoscopic peritoneal dialysis catheter placement is feasible in children of all age groups with at least equivalent functional results compared to the open method. An advantage of laparoscopic catheter insertion is removal of the great omentum and easy fixation of the catheter to the abdominal wall.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Wall , Catheter Obstruction , Catheters , Child , Hemorrhage , Humans , Imidazoles , Nitro Compounds , Omentum , Peritoneal Dialysis , Survival Rate
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL