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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e50366, jan.-dez. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1139121

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo discutir as evidências disponíveis sobre uso de ultrassonografia na implantação/manutenção de cateter venoso central de inserção periférica no neonato crítico. Método scoping review, baseada nas recomendações de especialistas do Joanna Briggs Institute. Para identificar a questão de investigação foi seguida a versão PCC - Population, Concept and Context. As buscas foram realizadas entre janeiro e março de 2020, em três bases dados e no Google Scholar. Resultados das 354 publicações encontradas resultou uma amostra de 15 artigos, publicados em diversos países, entre 2016 e 2020, em inglês e português. A maioria evidenciava uso da ultrasound point of care (POCUS) para escolha do sítio venoso ou localização da ponta do cateter. Conclusão são necessários mais estudos, investigando a efetividade da POCUS na inserção/manutenção de cateter epicutâneo em neonatos críticos, para basear sua adoção como padrão ouro nesta clientela. O manejo por enfermeiros ainda é incipiente.


RESUMEN Objetivo discutir la evidencia disponible sobre el uso de el ultrasonido en la inserción y mantenimiento de catéteres venosos centrales de inserción periférica en neonatos críticos. Método esta revisión de alcance se basó en recomendaciones de expertos del Instituto Joanna Briggs. Se utilizó el enfoque de población, concepto y contexto (PCC) para identificar la pregunta de investigación. El estudio se realizó entre enero y marzo de 2020 en tres bases de datos y Google Scholar. Resultados en las 354 publicaciones encontradas se obtuvo una muestra de 15 artículos publicados en varios países entre 2016 y 2020, en inglés y portugués. La mayoría mostró que se usaba el punto de atención de ultrasonido (POCUS) para elegir el sitio venoso o ubicar la punta del catéter. Conclusión se necesitan más estudios para investigar la efectividad de POCUS en la inserción y mantenimiento de catéteres epicutáneos en neonatos críticos, para respaldar su adopción como el estándar de oro en esta clientela. El manejo por parte de enfermeras es aún incipiente.


ABSTRACT Objective to discuss the available evidence on the use of ultrasound in insertion and maintenance of peripherally inserted central venous catheters in critical neonates. Method this scoping review was based on recommendations by experts from the Joanna Briggs Institute. The population, concept and context (PCC) approach was used to identify the research question. The study was carried out between January and March 2020 in three databases and Google Scholar. Results a sample of 15 articles published in several countries between 2016 and 2020, in English and Portuguese, was obtained in the 354 publications found. Most showed ultrasound point of care (POCUS) being used to choose the venous site or locate the catheter tip. Conclusion further studies are needed to investigate the effectiveness of POCUS in insertion and maintenance of epicutaneous catheters in critical neonates, to support its adoption as the gold standard in this clientele. Handling by nurses is still incipient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Ultrasonography, Interventional/standards , Critical Care/methods , Point-of-Care Testing
2.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 147(4): 458-464, abr. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014247

ABSTRACT

Background: Placing central venous lines under ultrasonographic guidance reduces the complications of the procedure. Aim: To compare prevalences of complications of central venous line placements with or without ultrasonographic guidance. Material and Methods: Descriptive study that contemplated the comparison of two groups of patients subjected to a central venous line placement at a nephrology service for renal replacement therapy. In one group of 100 patients, the line was placed without ultrasonographic guidance between 2008 and 2012. Between 2015 and 2017 the line was placed in 138 patients using ultrasonographic guidance. The prevalences of complications with both types of procedures were recorded. Results: The frequency of complications of procedures with and without ultrasonographic guidance was 0.7 and 18% respectively (prevalence ratio 0.04, 95% confidence interval 0-0.3). Ninety five percent of recorded complications were arterial puncture, followed by hematomas in 10% and pneumothorax in 5%. The higher prevalence of complications was observed in emergency line placement without ultrasonographic guidance. There was a direct association between the number of line placement attempts in a single procedure and the prevalence of complications. Conclusions: Ultrasonographic guidance is associated with a reduction in the prevalence of central venous line complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis/adverse effects , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Intraoperative Complications/epidemiology , Pneumothorax/etiology , Pneumothorax/epidemiology , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Chile/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Renal Dialysis/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Sex Distribution , Hematoma/etiology , Hematoma/epidemiology
3.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 72(1): 50-56, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-990652

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To investigate the factors that influence the knowledge and behavior of professionals of neonatal and pediatric units about bundled strategies of insertion of central venous catheter. Method: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted in one neonatal and one pediatric intensive care units in a public hospital in Belo Horizonte, Brazil, from April to July, 2016. The sample consisted of 255 professionals who answered a structured instrument. Descriptive and comparative analyses were made using the SPSS software. Results: The category nursing professional (p = 0.010), working hours of 12×36 scale (p < 0.001), training as a form of acquiring knowledge (p < 0.001) and participation in training programs (p < 0.001) are associated to greater knowledge about the bundle. Regarding behavior, no significant associations were observed. Conclusion: The study showed that there are factors that influence the knowledge about bundled strategies of insertion of central venous catheter, reflecting the need to consider these practices for making more effective educational practices in health care.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Investigar los factores que influencian el conocimiento y comportamiento de los profesionales de unidades neonatales y pediátricas sobre el bundle de inserción del catéter venoso central. Método: Estudio transversal que se realizó en dos unidades de terapia intensiva neonatal y pediátrica de un hospital público de Belo Horizonte, en el período de abril a julio de 2016. La muestra se constituyó de 255 profesionales, que respondieron a un instrumento estructurado. Se realizaron análisis descriptivos y comparativos por medio del software SPSS. Resultados: La categoría profesional de enfermero (p = 0,010), la jornada de trabajo de 12 × 36 horas (p < 0,001), el entrenamiento como forma de adquisición del conocimiento (p < 0,001) y la participación en entrenamientos (p < 0,001) se asocian al mayor conocimiento sobre el bundle. En cuanto al comportamiento, no se observaron asociaciones significativas. Conclusión: Se ha revelado que existen factores que influencian el conocimiento sobre el bundle de inserción de catéter central, reflejando la necesidad de considerarlos para la realización de prácticas educativas más efectivas en salud.


RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar os fatores que influenciam o conhecimento e comportamento dos profissionais de unidades neonatais e pediátricas sobre o bundle de inserção do cateter venoso central. Método: Estudo transversal, realizado em duas unidades de terapia intensiva neonatal e pediátrica de um hospital público de Belo Horizonte, no período de abril a julho de 2016. A amostra constituiu-se de 255 profissionais, que responderam a um instrumento estruturado. Foram realizadas análises descritivas e comparativas por meio do software SPSS. Resultados: A categoria profissional de enfermeiro (p = 0,010), a jornada de trabalho de 12×36 horas (p < 0,001), o treinamento como forma de aquisição do conhecimento (p < 0,001) e a participação em treinamentos (p < 0,001) estão associados ao maior conhecimento sobre o bundle. Quanto ao comportamento, não se observou associações significativas. Conclusão: Revelou-se que existem fatores que influenciam o conhecimento sobre o bundle de inserção de cateter central, refletindo a necessidade de considerá-los para a realização de práticas educativas mais efetivas em saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Patient Care Bundles/standards , Brazil , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Central Venous/trends , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/organization & administration , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric/trends , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Clinical Competence/standards , Patient Care Bundles/methods , Middle Aged
4.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 68(2): 183-185, Mar.-Apr. 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-897832

ABSTRACT

Abstract Central venous catheter placement is a relatively common procedure in current practice, but it is not devoid of risks. Utmost care must be taken to follow a correct technique, and only appropriately trained and/or supervised medical professionals should perform this invasive act. One of the possible complications, completely avoidable by appropriate care, is the intravascular loss of the guide wire during insertion, which is a potentially serious complication. We describe one such case.


Resumo A colocação de cateter venoso central é um procedimento relativamente comum na prática atual, mas não é isenta de riscos. O máximo de cuidado deve ser tomado para seguir a técnica correta e somente profissionais da área médica devidamente treinados e/ou supervisionados devem fazer esse ato invasivo. Uma das muitas complicações possíveis, totalmente evitável com os cuidados adequados, é a perda intravascular do fio-guia durante a inserção, o que é uma complicação potencialmente grave. Descrevemos um desses casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Foreign Bodies/diagnostic imaging , Foreign Bodies/prevention & control
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(8): 680-690, Aug. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886228

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To compare the fixation of the central venous catheter (CVC) using two suture techniques. Methods: A clinical, analytical, interventional, longitudinal, prospective, controlled, single-blind and randomized study in adult, intensive care unit (ICU) patients. After admission and indication of CVC use, the patients were allocated to the Wing group (n = 35, catheter fixation with clamping wings and retainers) or Shoelace group (n = 35, catheter fixation using shoelace cross-tied sutures around the device). Displacement, kinking, fixation failure, hyperemia at the insertion site, purulent secretion, loss of the device, psychomotor agitation, mental confusion, and bacterial growth at the insertion site were evaluated. Results: Compared with the Wing group, the Shoelace group had a lower occurrence of catheter displacement (n=0 versus n =4; p = 0.04), kinking (n=0 versus n=8; p=0.001), and fixation failure (n=2 versus n=8; p=0.018). No significant difference was found in bacterial growth (n=20 versus n=14; p=0.267) between groups. Conclusion: The Shoelace fixation technique presented fewer adverse events than the Wing fixation technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Sutures , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Suture Techniques/instrumentation , Central Venous Catheters , Sutures/microbiology , Severity of Illness Index , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Single-Blind Method , Prospective Studies , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Suture Techniques/adverse effects , Sex Distribution , Statistics, Nonparametric , Intensive Care Units
7.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 67(3): 314-317, Mar.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-843400

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives: Central venous catheterization of the internal jugular vein is a commonly performed invasive procedure associated with a significant morbidity and even mortality. Ultrasound-guided methods have shown to improve significantly the success of the technique and are recommended by various scientific societies, including the American Society of Anesthesiologists. The aim of this report is to describe an innovative ultrasound-guided central line placement of the internal jugular vein. Technique: The authors describe an innovative ultrasound-guided central line placement of the internal jugular vein based on an oblique approach - the "Syringe-Free" approach. This technique allows immediate progression of the guide wire in the venous lumen, while maintaining a real-time continuous ultrasound image. Conclusions: The described method adds to the traditional oblique technique the possibility of achieving a continuous real-time ultrasound-guided venipuncture and a guide wire insertion that does not need removing the probe from the puncture field, while having a single operator performing the whole procedure.


Resumo Justificativa e objetivos: A cateterização venosa central da veia jugular interna é um procedimento invasivo feito frequentemente e associado a morbilidade significativa e até mesmo mortalidade. Os métodos guiados por ultrassonografia têm demonstrado uma melhoria do sucesso desse procedimento e são recomendados por várias sociedades científicas, incluindo a American Society of Anesthesiologists. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever uma abordagem inovadora de cateterização venosa central guiada por ultrassonografia no nível da veia jugular interna. Técnica: Os autores descrevem técnica ecoguiada inovadora de cateterização venosa central da veia jugular interna, baseada numa abordagem oblíqua - a abordagem Syringe-Free. Essa técnica permite uma progressão imediata do fio-guia ao longo do lúmen venoso e manter uma visualização ecográfica em tempo real e contínua. Conclusões: A técnica descrita acrescenta à técnica oblíqua tradicional a possibilidade de, com um único operador, conseguir uma punção venosa central com visualização ecográfica contínua e em tempo real associada à inserção do fio-guia sem necessidade de afastamento do transdutor de ultrassonografia do campo de punção.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Jugular Veins/diagnostic imaging , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Equipment Design
8.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 14(4): 561-566, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-840268

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vascular punctures are often necessary in critically ill patients. They are secure, but not free of complications. Ultrasonography enhances safety of the procedure by decreasing puncture attempts, complications and costs. This study reviews important publications and the puncture technique using ultrasound, bringing part of the experience of the intensive care unit of the Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, São Paulo (SP), Brazil, and discussing issues that should be considered in future studies.


RESUMO Punções vasculares são muitas vezes necessárias em pacientes gravemente enfermos. São seguras, mas não isentas de complicações. A ultrassonografia associada à técnica de punção gera diminuição do número de tentativas, de complicações e de custos. O presente artigo revisou importantes publicações sobre o tema, bem como técnicas de punções, trazendo parte da experiência do centro de terapia intensiva de adultos do Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, em São Paulo (SP) e discutindo tópicos que devem ser melhor explorados em estudos futuros.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Punctures/methods , Ultrasonography, Interventional , Subclavian Vein , Axillary Vein , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Punctures/instrumentation , Vascular Access Devices , Jugular Veins
9.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 28(3): 330-334, jul.-set. 2016. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-796169

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Identificar e avaliar o posicionamento correto dos dispositivos médicos mais comumente utilizados, observados nas radiografias de tórax de pacientes durante a permanência em unidade de terapia intensiva de nosso centro. Métodos: Foi realizada uma pesquisa bibliográfica quanto aos critérios utilizados para avaliar o posicionamento correto dos dispositivos médicos nas radiografias de tórax. Avaliamos todas as radiografias de tórax realizadas na unidade de terapia intensiva de nosso centro durante um período de 18 meses. Incluíram-se todas as admissões nas quais foi realizada uma radiografia do tórax na unidade de terapia intensiva, nas quais fosse identificável a presença de pelo menos um dispositivo médico. Para análise, selecionou-se uma radiografia por admissão. As radiografias foram avaliadas por um observador independente. Resultados: De um total de 2.312 radiografias analisadas, 568 foram incluídas neste estudo. Identificaram-se diversos dispositivos médicos, incluindo eletrodos de monitoramento, tubos endotraqueais, cânulas de traqueostomia, cateteres venosos centrais, marca-passos e próteses valvares cardíacas. Dentre os cateteres venosos centrais identificados, 33,6% dos subclávios e 23,8% dos jugulares estavam mal posicionados. Dentre os tubos endotraqueais, 19,9% estavam mal posicionados, enquanto todas as cânulas de traqueostomia tinham posicionamento correto. Conclusão: Frequentemente se identificam, na radiografia de tórax realizada em pacientes na unidade de terapia intensiva, cateteres venosos e tubos endotraqueais mal posicionados. Isso é importante, pois dispositivos mal posicionados podem se relacionar a eventos adversos. Estudos futuros devem investigar possíveis associações entre o mau posicionamento dos dispositivos e eventos adversos.


ABSTRACT Objective: To identify and evaluate the correct positioning of the most commonly used medical devices as visualized in thoracic radiograms of patients in the intensive care unit of our center. Methods: A literature search was conducted for the criteria used to evaluate the correct positioning of medical devices on thoracic radiograms. All the thoracic radiograms performed in the intensive care unit of our center over an 18-month period were analyzed. All admissions in which at least one thoracic radiogram was performed in the intensive care unit and in which at least one medical device was identifiable in the thoracic radiogram were included. One radiogram per admission was selected for analysis. The radiograms were evaluated by an independent observer. Results: Out of the 2,312 thoracic radiograms analyzed, 568 were included in this study. Several medical devices were identified, including monitoring leads, endotracheal and tracheostomy tubes, central venous catheters, pacemakers and prosthetic cardiac valves. Of the central venous catheters that were identified, 33.6% of the subclavian and 23.8% of the jugular were malpositioned. Of the endotracheal tubes, 19.9% were malpositioned, while all the tracheostomy tubes were correctly positioned. Conclusion: Malpositioning of central venous catheters and endotracheal tubes is frequently identified in radiograms of patients in an intensive care unit. This is relevant because malpositioned devices may be related to adverse events. In future studies, an association between malpositioning and adverse events should be investigated.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Radiography, Thoracic/methods , Intensive Care Units , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Retrospective Studies , Equipment and Supplies/adverse effects , Intubation, Intratracheal/adverse effects , Intubation, Intratracheal/instrumentation
10.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 13(3): 475-476, July-Sep. 2015.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-761956

ABSTRACT

Vein access can be challenging for a variety of patients. The development of robots-assisted central or peripheral veins puncture would facilitate life of health professionals and patients. New robots are under development for this purpose and probably they will become available for practical use in the near future. These techniques may decrease significantly the cost of medicine, which currently uses less informatics resources than other industries.


O acesso venoso pode ser difícil em muitos pacientes. O desenvolvimento de robôs com capacidade de puncionar veias centrais ou periféricas pode facilitar a vida dos profissionais de saúde e dos pacientes. Novos robôs estão sendo desenvolvidos para essa finalidade e, provavelmente, entrarão em uso na prática clínica em um futuro próximo. Técnicas como estas poderão baixar progressivamente o custo em medicina, que, atualmente, tem usado menos recursos de informática que outras áreas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization/instrumentation , Needles/trends , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Robotics/trends , Catheterization, Central Venous/economics , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization/economics , Punctures/instrumentation
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(8): 493-498, 08/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-719188

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To establish a model to simulate the clinical specific process of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) on rabbits, and detect how long the catheter can be indwelled. METHODS: Seventeen healthy New Zealand white rabbits were inserted the PICC according to the clinical specific procedure. With the principle of random, the rabbits were divided into four groups (14d, 21d, 28d, 35d). Each group contains four rabbits, and Group 1 was served as blank control group. When finishing the experiment, we took the blood vessels which was inserted the catheter and observed the changes of vascular endothelium using the Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining. RESULTS: 90% animals were succeeded in inserting PICC. Early signs of endovascular inflammation were predominantly neutrophils, then mainly monocytes, visible fibrous tissue hyperplasia of the vessel wall, vascular endothelial proliferation and granuloma formation. And after that the irreversible changes in the blood vessels could be observed, especially five weeks after catheterization. CONCLUSIONS: We have succeeded in establishing the rabbit model for peripherally inserted central catheter, and provided a new way for nursing teaching and training. Since the irreversible changes of the vascular endothelium, it is recommended that the time of indwelling is not more than five weeks on animal. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Catheterization, Peripheral/methods , Models, Animal , Catheters, Indwelling , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Catheterization, Peripheral/instrumentation , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Random Allocation , Time Factors , Vena Cava, Superior
12.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2013 Oct; 16(4): 296-298
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-149673

ABSTRACT

Internal jugular vein (IJV) catheterization is a routine technique in the intensive care unit. Ultrasound (US) guided central venous catheter (CVC) insertion is now the recommended standard. However, mechanical complications still occur due to non‑visualization of the introducer needle tip during US guidance. This may result in arterial or posterior venous wall puncture or pneumothorax. We describe a new technique of (IJV) catheterization using US, initially the depth of the IJV from the skin is measured in short‑axis and then using real time US long‑axis view guidance a marked introducer needle is advanced towards the IJV to the defined depth measured earlier in the short axis and the IJV is identified, assessed and cannulated for the CVC insertion. Our technique is simple and may reduce mechanical complications of US guided CVC insertion.


Subject(s)
Adult , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Humans , Jugular Veins/diagnostic imaging , Male
14.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(1): 51-55, Feb. 2011. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-578816

ABSTRACT

Biofilm production is an important mechanism that allows microbes to escape host defences and antimicrobial therapy. Vancomycin has been used largely for the treatment of methicillin-resistant staphylococcal infections. Here, we determined the minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal biofilm eradication concentration (MBEC) for 82 Staphylococcus species isolated from central venous catheters (CVC). Our results showed that the 41 strong and moderate-biofilm-producing isolates presented a higher MBEC/MIC ratio for vancomycin than the 24 weak-biofilm-producing isolates, illustrating the importance of biofilm production ability and the difficulty in treating biofilm-related infections. The MBEC was significantly higher in moderate-biofilm-producing isolates than in weak-biofilm-producing isolates (p < 0.001) and in strong-biofilm-producing isolates than in weak-biofilm-producing isolates (p = 0.001). The correlation between the MIC and the MBEC was poor. Based on our results, we recommend that bacterial biofilms be suspected in all cases of CVC infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Biofilms/growth & development , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheters, Indwelling , Staphylococcus , Vancomycin Resistance , Biofilms , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Staphylococcus , Staphylococcus , Staphylococcus/physiology
15.
Ann Card Anaesth ; 2011 Jan; 14(1): 41-44
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-139560

ABSTRACT

A patient for double valve replacement developed an unusual complication consequent to extra-vascular displacement of a port of a central venous catheter, placed through the right subclavian vein. The patient had an uneventful surgical course and the trachea extubated after routine mechanical ventilation. Patient developed excessive mediastinal drainage later, which was noticed to be watery in nature. The source of the drainage was found to be a port of the central venous catheter, draining extra-vascular into the subclavian vascular sheath and thereafter through the pericardium into the mediastinal drains.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aortic Valve/surgery , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Female , Humans , Mitral Valve/surgery , Pericardium , Subclavian Vein
16.
Indian J Pediatr ; 2010 Feb; 77(2): 171-174
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-142495

ABSTRACT

Objective. To compare the insertion characteristics, utilization profile, life span and the complication rates of Central lines (CL) and Peripherally inserted central lines (PICL). Methods. A prospective study of all CL or PICL insertions during January 2007 to September 2007 in the Neonatal Surgical Intensive Care Unit of a tertiary care center was done. The number of attempts, procedure time, duration of catheter stay, number of dressing done, complication during insertion and maintenance and cause of removal were noted and the differences analyzed statistically using Pearson chi square / t test. P value . 0.05 was considered significant. Results. Ninety two neonates were included in the present study of whom 60 were PICL insertions and 32 CL insertions. The two groups were comparable in terms of age, weight and the use of total perental nutrition (TPN) through the catheters. On comparing the PICL and CL groups, the number of attempts for successful insertion (p=0.003), the time taken (p=0.005), the number of dressing changes required during the indwelling period (p=0.005) and the overall complication rates (p=0.002) were significantly less in the PICL group. The PICL could be maintained for longer periods of time (p= 0.005) and only in 11.5% of the patients it had to be removed before completion of therapy as compared to 37.5% early removals for CL (p=0.02) Conclusion. PICL is a safe, effective and reliable method of providing prolonged IV access in newborns. It also has the least incidence of complications during insertion and maintenance over prolonged period of time when compared to CL and should be recommended for routine use in neonatal surgical patients.


Subject(s)
Bandages/statistics & numerical data , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Catheterization, Central Venous/statistics & numerical data , Catheterization, Peripheral/instrumentation , Catheterization, Peripheral/statistics & numerical data , Equipment Failure/statistics & numerical data , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Prospective Studies , Surgical Procedures, Operative/statistics & numerical data
18.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 13(5): 335-340, Oct. 2009. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-544985

ABSTRACT

The objective of the study was to determine the effect of switching from an open (glass or semi-rigid plastic) infusion container to a closed, fully collapsible plastic infusion container (Viaflex®) on rate and time to onset of central lineassociated bloodstream infections (CLABSI). An open-label, prospective cohort, active healthcare-associated infection surveillance, sequential study was conducted in three intensive care units in Brazil. The CLABSI rate using open infusion containers was compared to the rate using a closed infusion container. Probability of acquiring CLABSI was assessed over time and compared between open and closed infusion container periods; three-day intervals were examined. A total of 1125 adult ICU patients were enrolled. CLABSI rate was significantly higher during the open compared with the closed infusion container period (6.5 versus 3.2 CLABSI/1000 CL days; RR=0.49, 95 percentCI=0.26- 0.95, p=0.031). During the closed infusion container period, the probability of acquiring a CLABSI remained relatively constant along the time of central line use (0.8 percent Days 2-4 to 0.7 percent Days 11-13) but increased in the open infusion container period (1.5 percent Days 2-4 to 2.3 percent Days 11-13). Combined across all time intervals, the chance of a patient acquiring a CLABSI was significantly lower (55 percent) in the closed infusion container period (Cox proportional hazard ratio 0.45, p= 0.019). CLABSIs can be reduced with the use of full barrier precautions, education, and performance feedback. Our results show that switching from an open to a closed infusion container may further reduce CLABSI rate as well as delay the onset of CLABSIs. Closed infusion containers significantly reduced CLABSI rate and the probability of acquiring CLABSI.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Catheter-Related Infections/etiology , Catheterization, Central Venous/instrumentation , Intensive Care Units/statistics & numerical data , Brazil , Cohort Studies , Catheter-Related Infections/epidemiology , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Incidence , Length of Stay , Prospective Studies
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