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1.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 23: e70967, 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1355137

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: construir um instrumento de cuidados do en-fermeiro ao paciente com cateter venoso central de curta permanência em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Métodos: estudo multimétodo em três etapas:estruturação do instru-mento; pré-teste do instrumento; análises de concordância entre os enfermeiros e composição final do instrumento. Resultados: o instrumento, em sua primeira versão, apre-sentou três domínios relacionados ao momento de inserção (cinco itens), manutenção (15 itens) e remoção do cateter (dez itens). A maioria dos 30 itens foi avaliada como rele-vante (23/77%) e apresentou satisfatório Índice de Vali-dade de Conteúdo (28/93%). Reformularam-se dez itens, incluíram-se 32 novos e excluíram-se três itens. Conclusão: foi construído o instrumento, que apresentou validade de resposta para os cuidados do enfermeiro ao paciente com cateter venoso central em Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, compondo-se de três domínios e 59 itens avaliados por en-fermeiros e considerados adequados para os momentos de inserção, manutenção e remoção do cateter. (AU)


Subject(s)
Catheters , Intensive Care Units , Nursing Care
2.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20213139, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365379

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to assess safety, efficacy and quality of life in patients with benign pleural effusions undergong pleural drainage with Wayne pleural catheter (DW) in an outpatient setting. Method: this is a prospective study, in which 47 patients were evaluated between July 2017 and October 2018. Patients with non-malignant pleural effusions underwent pleural drainage with clinical evolution compatible with outpatient care were included. Patients who underwent drainage due to other conditions and patients were excluded. Results: after catheter placement, the mean length of hospital stay was 3.14 (± 3.85) days, and 21 patients (44.68%) were discharged within 24 hours. The mean time with the catheter was 12.63 (± 7.37) days. The analysis of the pleural fluid was transudate in 87.3% of cases and exudate in 12.3%. The causes of pleural effusion were heart failure (72.3%), renal failure (19.1%), liver failure (6.3%) and pneumonia (8.5%). The quality of life, analyzed according to the parameters of the questionnaire SF 36, showed low average values when compared to other studies. Analyzing each descriptor, the average was greater only in the limitation related to physical aspects. In the other descriptors, the results were similar, but smaller. Conclusion: the outpatient use of pleural catheters of the Wayne type (pigtail) proved to be feasible, safe and with a low associated infection rate. This is a viable option for selected patients.


RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar a segurança, a eficácia, as complicações e a qualidade de vida da alta precoce e acompanhamento ambulatorial de pacientes com derrames pleurais benignos submetidos à drenagem pleural com dreno de Wayne (DW). Método: estudo prospectivo, em que foram avaliados 47 pacientes entre julho de 2017 e outubro de 2018. Foram incluídos os pacientes com derrames pleurais não malignos, submetidos a drenagem pleural com evolução clínica compatível com o cuidado ambulatorial. Foram excluídos os pacientes submetidos a drenagem por outras afecções. Resultados: após a drenagem, a média do tempo de internação dos pacientes foi de 3,14 (±3,85) dias, sendo que 21 pacientes (44,68%) tiveram alta em até 24 horas após a drenagem. O tempo médio de permanência com o dreno foi de 12,63 (±7,37) dias. A análise do líquido pleural mostrou tratar-se de transudato em 87,3% dos casos e de exsudato em 12,3%. Dentre as causas do derrame pleural, destacaram-se insuficiência cardíaca (72,3%), insuficiência renal (19,1%), hepatopatias (6,3%) e pneumonias (8,5%). A qualidade de vida, analisada segundo os parâmetros do questionário SF 36, teve valores médios baixos, principalmente em relação a outros estudos. Na análise de cada descritor, a média apresentou-se maior somente na limitação por aspectos físicos. Nos demais descritores, os resultados foram semelhantes, mas menores. Conclusão: o uso ambulatorial de cateteres pleurais do tipo Wayne (pigtail) mostrou-se factível, seguro e com baixa taxa de infecções associadas. Trata-se de opção viável para pacientes selecionados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Effusion/therapy , Drainage/adverse effects , Drainage/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Quality of Life , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
3.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(3): 448-453, dez. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1352607

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar o conhecimento dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre as veias periféricas superiores (mão, antebraço e braços) para escolha do sítio de punção e as novas recomendações brasileiras sobre terapia infusional por cateter periférico. Método: estudo quantitativo, transversal, prospectivo realizado em três unidades de internação de um hospital universitário no norte do Brasil. Foram abordados profissionais da equipe enfermagem. Os dados foram descritos por frequência absoluta e relativa, desvio padrão e média aritmética, para a análise estatística foi utilizado o software EpiInfoTM, versão 7.2.2.6 empregando-se o Teste G, com p valor < 0,005. Resultados: observou-se que o percentual de acertos nas categorias analisadas foi em sua maioria aceitável, principalmente os relacionados a higiene das mãos, seleção de cateter e cuidados com o sítio de inserção. Contudo, observou-se déficit de conhecimento nos itens relacionados as coberturas dos cateteres e avaliação dos cateteres periféricos em todos os profissionais. Adicionalmente, houve divergência de conhecimento entre as categorias profissionais nos itens referentes a estabilização (p=0.005) e remoção do dispositivo periférico (p=0.002), com maior nível de acertos entre os profissionais com maior nível de instrução. Conclusão: nota-se que ainda existem lacunas no conhecimento dos profissionais, indicando a necessidade de educação continuada para melhoria da assistência. (AU)


Objective: To evaluate the knowledge of nursing professionals about the upper peripheral veins (hand, forearm and arms) to choose the puncture site and the new Brazilian recommendations on infusion therapy by peripheral catheter. Methods: Quantitative, cross sectional, prospective study carried out in three inpatient units of a university hospital in northern Brazil. Professionals from the nursing team were approached. The data were described by absolute and relative frequency, standard deviation and arithmetic mean. For statistical analysis, the EpiInfoTM software, version 7.2.2.6 was used using the G Test, with p value <0.005. Results: It was observed that the percentage of correct answers in the analyzed categories was mostly acceptable, mainly those related to hand hygiene, catheter selection and care with the insertion site. However, there was a lack of knowledge in items related to catheter coverage and evaluation of peripheral catheters in all professionals. Additionally, there was a divergence of knowledge between the professional categories in the items referring to stabilization (p = 0.005) and removal of the peripheral device (p = 0.002), with a higher level of correct answers among professionals with a higher level of education. Conclusion: It is noted that there are still gaps in the knowledge of professionals, indicating the need for continuing education to improve care. (AU)


Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento de los profesionales de enfermería sobre las venas periféricas superiores (mano, antebrazo y brazos) para elegir el sitio de punción y las nuevas recomendaciones brasileñas sobre la terapia de infusión por catéter periférico. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, transversal, prospectivo, realizado en tres unidades de internación de un hospital universitario en el norte de Brasil. Se contactó con profesionales del equipo de enfermería. Los datos se describieron por frecuencia absoluta y relativa, desviación estándar y media aritmética. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó el software EpiInfoTM, versión 7.2.2.6, utilizando la prueba G, con un valor de p <0.005. Resultados: Se observó que el porcentaje de respuestas correctas en las categorías analizadas era en su mayoría aceptable, principalmente las relacionadas con la higiene de las manos, la selección del catéter y el cuidado con el sitio de inserción. Sin embargo, hubo una falta de conocimiento en los ítems relacionados con la cobertura del catéter y la evaluación de los catéteres periféricos en todos los profesionales. Además, hubo una divergencia de conocimiento entre las categorías profesionales en los ítems referidos a la estabilización (p = 0.005) y la extracción del dispositivo periférico (p = 0.002), con un mayor nivel de respuestas correctas entre los profesionales con un mayor nivel de educación. Conclusión: Se observa que todavía hay lagunas en el conocimiento de los profesionales, lo que indica la necesidad de educación continua para mejorar la atención. (AU)


Subject(s)
Phlebitis , Knowledge , Brazilian Health Surveillance Agency , Catheters , Nursing, Team
4.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e702, July-Sept. 2021.
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280188

ABSTRACT

The SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas takes care of approximately 210 deliveries per month, with an overall cesarean section rate of 32 %, of which 72 % were conducted with, or had an epidural catheter, as an extension of the analgesia delivered during labor and were therefore excluded from the trial. This may address some of the concerns expressed by Sotelo 1 It is important to consider the observational character of the study discussed; in the discussion paragraph, mention is made of a potential selection bias, based on the convenience sampling and the non-randomized approach which are typical of the design used


el SES-Hospital Universitario de Caldas atiende aproximadamente 210 partos por mes, con una tasa global de cesáreas del 32%, de las cuales el 72% se realizaron con o tenían un catéter epidural, como una extensión de la analgesia administrada durante el trabajo de parto y por lo tanto, fueron excluidos del ensayo. Esto puede abordar algunas de las preocupaciones expresadas por Sotelo 1 Es importante considerar el carácter observacional del estudio discutido; En el párrafo de discusión, se menciona un posible sesgo de selección, basado en el muestreo de conveniencia y el enfoque no aleatorio que son típicos del diseño utilizado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Labor, Obstetric , Cesarean Section , Character , Selection Bias , Sampling Studies , Catheters , Analgesia
5.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 49(3): e602, July-Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280185

ABSTRACT

Abstract Radical penectomy (RP) is infrequently performed as it is reserved for specific cases of penile cancer, hence the paucity of reports regarding surgical and anesthetic considerations. Acute postoperative pain, chronic post-surgical pain, concomitant mood disorders as well as a profound impact on the patient's quality of life have been documented. This case is of a patient with diabetes and coronary heart disease, who presented with advanced, over infected penile cancer, depressive disorder and a history of pain of neuropathic characteristics. The patient underwent radical penectomy using a combined spinal-epidural technique for anesthesia. Preoperatively, the patient was treated with pregabalin and magnesium sulphate, and later received a blood transfusion due to intraoperative blood loss. Adequate intra and postoperative analgesia was achieved with L-bupivacaine given through a peridural catheter during one week. Recovery was good, pain was stabilized to preoperative levels and the patient received pharmacological support and follow-up by psychiatry and the pain team.


Resumen La penectomía radical (PR) es una cirugía infrecuente, reservada para casos específicos de cáncer de pene, por lo que hay escasos informes sobre sus consideraciones quirúrgicas y anestésicas. Se ha documentado dolor agudo postoperatorio, dolor crónico posquirúrgico y alteraciones del estado de ánimo concomitantes, así como un profundo impacto en la calidad de vida posterior del paciente. Se presenta el caso de un paciente diabético y cardiópata coronario con cáncer de pene avanzado y sobreinfectado, trastorno depresivo y dolor previo de características neuropáticas, que recibe técnica combinada espinal-peridural para cirugía de penectomía radical. Se le trata también con pregabalina preoperatoria, sulfato de magnesio y transfusión por sangrado quirúrgico. Se otorgó una adecuada analgesia intra y postoperatoria, mediante catéter peridural con L-bupivacaína hasta por una semana. El paciente tuvo una buena recuperación, estabilización del dolor a niveles preoperatorios, controles y apoyo farmacológico por psiquiatría de enlace y equipo del dolor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Penile Neoplasms , Penile Neoplasms/surgery , Catheters , Anesthetics , Pain, Postoperative , Psychiatry , Quality of Life , Blood Transfusion , Bupivacaine , Coronary Disease , Depressive Disorder , Pain Management , Analgesia , Anesthesia , Magnesium Sulfate
7.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(3): 382-388, jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346473

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio unicéntrico retrospectivo para evaluar la eficacia y seguridad de trombolisis dirigida por catéter (TDC) en pacientes con tromboembolismo pulmonar agudo (TEP) de 2014 a 2020. Se analizó la efectividad (mejoría de presión pulmonar), y seguridad (sangrado intracraneal y grave definido por compromiso hemodinámico). Se incluyeron 43 pacientes, de 67(56-79) años, 5 (12%) con shock, 41 (95%) con dilatación del ventrículo derecho y TEP bilateral. La decis ión de TDC fue: tratamiento inicial (53%), escalada de anticoagulación (42%) y rescate de trombolisis sistémica (5%). Se utilizó TDC facilitada por ultrasonido en 40 casos (93%), utilizándose 30 (25-35) mg de activador tisular del plasminógeno recombinante (rtPA) durante 20 h. Se administró un bolo de rtPA en 38 (89%) casos, que fue 5 mg (95%) o 1 mg (5%). Se utilizó un solo catéter por paciente. En 4 (9%) se decidió recolocación (mismo pulmón) para continuar infusión en otro sector. Se observó una disminución significativa de la presión media pulmonar (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001). No se observó ningún caso de hemorragia intracraneal, y un caso (2%) de sangrado grave. Se observó hematoma del sitio de punción en 5 (12%) (incluyendo el sangrado grave), y requirió transfusiones en 3 (7%). La mortalidad intrahospitalaria fue 12%, siendo un solo c aso (2%) atribuido al TEP. El tratamiento con TDC fue efectivo asociándose a una reducción significativa de la presión pulmonar, sin observarse ningún sangrado intracraneal y con un sangrado grave. Nuestros resultados se asemejan a lo publicado en otros estudios.


Abstract We performed a single center retrospective study in patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) undergoing catheter directed thrombolysis (CDT) from 2014 to 2020. Efficacy was defined by mean pulmonary pressure drop, and safety was assessed by intracranial and severe bleeding (defined by GUSTO). Forty-three patients were included, aged 64 (56-79) years old, 5 (12%) with shock, most with right ventricle dilation (95%) and bilateral PE (95%) or unilateral (5%) in patients with only one functional lung. CDT was used as first treatment (53%), upscale after anticoagulation alone (42%), or after failed systemic thrombolytics (5%). Median recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) dose was 30 (25-35) mg over 20 (20-20) hours, and rtPA bolus was used after catheter placement in 38 cases (89%), consisting of 5 mg (95%) or 1 mg (5%). Only one lung was treated for technical reasons, and 4 (9%) were repositioned in the same lung for continuation of infusion. A significant reduction in mean pulmonary pressure was observed (pre 35 [29-41] mmHg vs. post 24 [20-34] mmHg, p<0.001) with no intracranial bleeding. One patient (2%) experienced severe bleeding, while 5 (12%) presented access site bleeding, and 3 (7%) required blood transfusions. In-hospital mortality was 12% but only one case (2%) due to PE. Our results are similar to previously reported studies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Pulmonary Embolism/drug therapy , Plasminogen Activators/therapeutic use , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Catheters , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 159-165, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287266

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se realizó un estudio observacional retrospectivo analítico que evaluó la epidemiología de las bacteriemias asociadas a catéter central (BAC) en 773 adultos internados en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) del Hospital Alemán de Buenos Aires entre diciembre de 2018 y junio de 2020. Durante el pe riodo de estudio, la incidencia fue 8.7 eventos cada 1000 días catéter. El desarrollo de BAC se asoció con mala evolución clínica, que fue puesta en evidencia por una duración de la internación en UCI significativamente mayor que la de los pacientes sin BAC (mediana: 21.5 días vs. 4 días, p < 0.001). La mortalidad también fue mayor, pero sin significancia estadística (24% vs. 20%, OR 1.26 [0.61-2.63]). Los microorganismos más frecuentemente aislados fueron bacterias Gram positivas (73%) y, entre ellas, Staphylococcus epidermidis fue la más frecuente (40%). De los 47 aislamientos de microorganismos relevados, 8 (17%) fueron gérmenes multirresistentes. El análisis multivariado identificó el tiempo de permanencia del catéter como factor de riesgo para desarrollar BAC (OR 1.10 [1.05 - 1.15], p < 0.001). En dicho análisis, una mayor tasa de BAC no fue influida por el sitio anatómico de inserción del catéter, el servicio donde se realizó el procedimiento (UCI o quirófano/servicio de emergencias), la experiencia previa del médico en el procedimiento, ni el uso de ultrasonido para guiar la cateterización. Con cluimos que las BAC son una complicación frecuente en nuestro servicio con consecuencias clínicas relevantes. Conocer la epidemiología y la problemática de cada servicio permite programar intervenciones dirigidas a corregir problemas concretos de salud pública.


Abstract A retrospective-observational analytical study was carried out to evaluate the epidemiology of catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSI) in 773 adult patients hospitalized in the inten sive care unit (ICU) of the Hospital Alemán of Buenos Aires, Argentina, between 1 December 2018 and 30 June 2020. During the study period, the incidence of CRBSI was 8.7 cases per 1000 catheter days. The occurrence of CRBSI was found associated with a poor clinical evolution, as evidenced by a stay in the ICU significantly longer than the stay of patients without CRBSI (median: 21.5 days vs. 4 days, p < 0.001). CRBSI-associated mortality was not statistically higher (24% vs. 20%, OR 1.26 [0.61-2.63]). Gram-positive bacteria were the most frequently identified microorganisms (73%), being Staphylococcus epidermidis the most frequent (40%). Of the 47 isolates of microorganisms surveyed, 8 (17%) were multi-resistant germs. The permanence time of the catheter was identified as a risk factor for developing CRBSI (OR 1.10 [1.05 - 1.15], p < 0.001) in a multivariate analysis. In this analysis, the risk of infection was not influenced by the anatomical site of insertion of the catheter, the ward where the procedure was performed (ICU vs. operating room/external ward), the skill of the medical practitioner, or the use of ultrasound to guide vascular accesses. We conclude that CRBSIs are a frequent complication in our department with relevant clinical consequences. Knowing the epidemiology and the problems of each service allows programming interventions aimed to correct specific public health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Bacteremia/etiology , Bacteremia/epidemiology , Catheter-Related Infections/epidemiology , Argentina/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Critical Care , Catheters , Intensive Care Units
9.
Rev. ecuat. pediatr ; 22(1): 1-7, Abril 30, 2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1222350

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Advances in the management and survival of severe pediatric disease have led to an increase in thromboembolic phenomena, given the frequent need for central venous catheters (CVC). The present study describes the conditions in which venous thrombosis oc-curs in pediatric patients with CVC in a public referral center in Guayaquil. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study with the objective of identifying fac-tors that are associated with the development of venous thrombosis in patients with CVC ad-mitted to the Intensive Care Unit. Information was collected in a pre-designed chart of all patients with CVC for more than 7 days. A venous Doppler ultrasound was performed to de-termine the presence or absence of thrombi. Descriptive statistics were used for univariate analysis and Odds Ratio was used for the bivariate analysis. Results: 35 patients were included in the study, 14/35 (40%) young infants, 24/35 males (69%), 19 cases (54%) with malnutrition, 10 cases (29%) with congenital heart disease, and 18 cases (51%) admitted for infections. The puncture site was femoral in 11 cases (31%), the procedure was performed by the fellow in 20 cases (57%), on a scheduled basis in 27 cases (77%), and performed in a single attempt in 28 cases (80%). The tip of the catheter was located in the superior vena cava in 23 cases (66%). The prevalence of thrombosis was 14% (95% CI 12.33-16.25). Bivariate analysis showed that none of the variables were associated with the presence of CVC thrombosis. Conclusions: 14% of patients with CVC use for more than 7 days develop secondary venous thrombosis. The factors associated with CVC including nutritional status and related proce-dures could not be determined.


Subject(s)
Child , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction
10.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 54(1): 77-82, 20210000.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1178631

ABSTRACT

El empiema es una colección de líquido purulento en el espacio pleural. La causa más común es la neumonía. Las opciones de tratamiento incluyen toracocentesis terapéutica, colocación de catéter de drenaje, terapia fibrinolítica, pleurodesis y cirugía, como la decorticación pleural. El drenaje pleural es eficaz en la etapa I y la cirugía está reservada para casos complicados (estadios II y III). En estos casos, es necesaria la decorticación pulmonar. Actualmente, el enfoque más favorecido para la decorticación es mediante una toracotomía abierta. Este es un estudio observacional, descriptivo, de corte transversal, retrospectivo, con un muestreo no probabilístico de casos consecutivos que tuvo como población accesible a pacientes con el diagnostico de empiema en quienes se realizó una decorticación pleural en el Hospital de Clínicas por el Departamento de Cirugía de Tórax durante el periodo de marzo 2016 a febrero 2019. Un total de 24 pacientes con el diagnóstico de empiema fueron sometidos a una decorticación pleural. La etiología de empiema más frecuente (75%) fue el derrame paraneumónico. Las complicaciones post quirúrgicas estuvieron presentes en 9 (37,5%) pacientes, de estos, 4 (17%) presentaron fuga aérea durante los primeros días postoperatorios. Se constató la resolución completa del cuadro en 21 (87,5%) pacientes y 3 (12,5%) pacientes presentaron colección residual pleural. Se constató recurrencia en 1 (4%) paciente, requiriendo un re intervención quirúrgica. En conclusión, la casuística de nuestro departamento de tórax coincide en cuanto a valores internacionales de complicaciones, resolución y mortalidad.


Empyema is a collection of purulent fluid in the pleural space. The most common cause is pneumonia. Treatment options include therapeutic thoracentesis, drainage catheter placement, fibrinolytic therapy, pleurodesis, and surgery, such as pleural decortication. Pleural drainage is effective in stage I and surgery is reserved for complicated cases (stages II and III). In these cases, pulmonary decortication is necessary. Currently, the most favored approach to decortication is by open thoracotomy. This is an observational, descriptive, cross-sectional, retrospective study, with a non-probabilistic sampling of consecutive cases that had as the accessible population, patients with the diagnosis of empyema in whom pleural decortication was performed at the Clinica´s Hospital of San Lorenzo, by the Department of Thoracic Surgery during the period from March 2016 to February 2019. A total of 24 patients with the diagnosis of empyema underwent pleural decortication. The most frequent aetiology of empyema (75%) was parapneumonic effusion. Post-surgical complications were present in 9 (37.5%) patients, of these, 4 (17%) presented air leakage during the first postoperative days. Complete resolution of the condition was verified in 21 (87.5%) patients and 3 (12.5%) patients presented residual pleural collection. Recurrence was found in 1 (4%) patient, requiring reoperation. In conclusion, the casuistry of our thoracic department coincides in terms of international values of complications, resolution and mortality.


Subject(s)
Pneumonia , Thoracic Surgery , Thoracotomy , Drainage , Pleurodesis , Thoracentesis , General Surgery , Thorax , Thrombolytic Therapy , Retrospective Studies , Catheters
11.
São José dos Campos; s.n; 20210000. 33 p. il, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1358934

ABSTRACT

As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde são muito prevalentes em Unidades de Terapia Intensiva (UTIs), sendo 30% delas relacionadas às infecções da corrente sanguínea; estas são relevantes por aumentar a morbimortalidade e os custos de internação. A proposta deste estudo é avaliar se a adição de permanganato de potássio à 1:10.000 ao curativo nos locais de introdução de cateter venoso central (CVC) é capaz de reduzir as infecções de corrente sanguínea, nos pacientes internados na UTI do Hospital Policlin 9 de julho (HP9Julho). Trata-se de um ensaio clínico, randomizado e controlado que avaliou o banco de dados de controle de infecção hospitalar do HP9Julho, de 353 cateteres/dia que receberam em seus curativos, nos locais de inserção do CVC, realizados conforme recomendações do 2011 CDC Guidelines, a adição da solução de permanganato (KMnO4) à 1:10.000 (Grupo KMnO4), e 353 cateteres/dia que não receberam o KMnO4 (Grupo Controle). Nos resultados, com relação à presença de infecção de corrente sanguínea, foi encontrada uma relação de 7:2, quando comparado o grupo controle com o grupo KMnO4, o que apresenta significância estatística, entretanto. Os grupos KMnO4 e Controle foram avaliados e comparados por meio dos testes de Mann-Whitney e teste Binomial das Proporções com relação a 2 variáveis individuais (gênero e idade) além de 8 variáveis clínicas (intubação orotraqueal, CVD, CVC, cateteres-dia, óbitos, hemocultura positiva, APACHE II e SAPS III), sendo que houve diferença estatisticamente significante apenas entre os valores de hemoculturas positivas (p- valor = 0,05). Portanto, o resultado deste estudo mostrou que a adição de permanganato de potássio 1:10.000, ao curativo recomendado pelo 2011 Guidelines CDC, reduziu as infecções de corrente sanguínea, relacionadas a cateter venoso central, nos pacientes internados na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva do Hospital Policlin 9 de julho


Healthcare-related infections are very prevalent in Intensive Care Units (ICUs), 30% of them related to bloodstream infections; these are relevant because they increase morbidity, mortality and hospitalization costs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of 1:10,000 potassium permanganate to the dressing at central venous catheter introduction (CVC) sites is able to reduce bloodstream infections in ICU patients at Hospital Policlin 9 de July (HP9July). This was a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating the HP9July hospital infection control database of 353 catheters/day they received in their dressings at CVC insertion sites, according as recommended by the 2011 CDC Guidelines. the addition of permanganate solution (KMnO4) at 1:10,000 (KMnO4 Group), and 353 catheters / day not receiving KMnO4 (Control Group). In the results, regarding the presence of infection in the bloodstream, we have found a ratio of 7:2, when compared the control group with the KMnO4 group, which had statistical significance. The KMnO4 and Control groups were evaluated and compared using the Mann-Whitney test and the Binomial Proportions test for 2 individual variables (gender and age) in addition to 8 clinical variables (orotracheal intubation, CVD, CVC, catheters-day, deaths, positive blood culture, APACHE II and SAPS III), with a statistically significant difference only between the values of positive blood cultures (p-value = 0.05). Therefore, based on the results obtained, we conclude that the addition of potassium permanganate 1: 10,000, to the dressing recommended by the 2011 Guidelines CDC, reduced bloodstream infections, related to central venous catheter, in patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of said hospital.


Subject(s)
Potassium Permanganate , Catheters , Intensive Care Units
12.
Rev. enferm. neurol ; 20(1): 66-76, ene.-abr. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1349260

ABSTRACT

Los drenajes cerebrales son dispositivos utilizados como métodos terapéuticos, permitiendo la salida de líquido normal o patológico a personas que cursen por alguna enfermedad neurológica, convirtiéndose en uno de los procedimientos más comunes en el área de la enfermería neurológica. He aquí que los cuidados de enfermería deben ser considerados específicos para poder visualizar resultados satisfactorios en pacientes portadores de estos sistemas en áreas críticas. Por este motivo, las intervenciones especializadas de enfermería en el cuidado a los drenajes cerebrales se basaron en la necesidad de elaborar una guía de intervenciones específicas, y especializadas, para personas con uso de drenajes cerebrales siendo un tema de importancia en enfermería neurológica.


Brain drains are devices used as therapeutic methods, allowing the exit of normal or pathological fluid to people suffering from a neurological disease, becoming one of the most common procedures in the area of neurological nursing. Here, nursing care must be considered specific in order to visualize satisfactory results in patients with these systems in critical areas. For this reason, specialized nursing interventions in the care of brain drains were based on the need to develop a guide for specific and specialized interventions for people with use of brain drains, being a topic of importance in neurological nursing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Pressure , Hematoma, Subdural , Persons , Nursing Care , Drainage , Catheters , Neuroscience Nursing
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 29: e3385, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1150006

ABSTRACT

Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness of the 50 IU/mL heparin solution compared to the 0.9% isotonic saline solution in preventing occlusion of the double lumen Hickman® catheter, 7 and 9 French, in patients undergoing hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Method: a triple-blind randomized clinical trial. 17 double-lumen catheters (heparin group: n=7 and 0.9% isotonic saline group: n=10) were analyzed in which the two catheter routes were evaluated separately, totaling 34 lumens. The outcome variables were occlusion without reflux and complete occlusion. Descriptive analyses were performed using the Chi-square test and, of survival, according to the Kaplan-Meier test. Results: the mean number of days until the occlusion outcome was 52 in the heparin group and 13.46 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group in the white catheter route (p<0.001). In the red route, the mean follow-up days in the heparin group were 35.29, with no occlusion and 22.30 in the 0.9% isotonic saline group until the first occlusion (p=0.030). Conclusion: blocking with 50 IU/mL heparin solution is more effective than 0.9% isotonic saline in preventing occlusion of the Hickman® catheter. Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: avaliar a efetividade da solução de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção de oclusão do Cateter de Hickman® duplo lúmen, 7 e 9 french, em pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células-tronco hematopoéticas. Método: ensaio clínico randomizado triplo cego. Foram analisados 17 cateteres duplo lúmen (grupo heparina n=7 e grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% n=10) nos quais as duas vias do cateter foram avaliadas separadamente, totalizando 34 lúmens. As variáveis de desfecho foram oclusão sem refluxo e oclusão completa. As análises descritivas foram realizadas mediante o teste Qui-quadrado e, de sobrevida, sob o teste de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: a média de dias até o desfecho oclusão foi de 52 no grupo heparina e de 13,46 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% na via branca do cateter (p<0,001). Na via vermelha, a média de dias de acompanhamento do grupo heparina foi de 35,29, sem ocorrência de oclusão, e de 22,30 no grupo solução salina isotônica 0,9% até a primeira oclusão (p=0,030). Conclusão: o bloqueio com solução de heparina 50 UI/mL é mais efetivo em relação à solução salina isotônica 0,9% na prevenção da oclusão do Cateter de Hickman®. Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: RBR-3ht499.


Objetivo: evaluar la eficacia de la solución de heparina 50 UI/mL comparada con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman® doble lumen, 7 y 9 French, en pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células madre hematopoyéticas. Método: ensayo clínico aleatorizado triple ciego. Se analizaron 17 catéteres de doble lumen (grupo de heparina: n=7 y grupo de solución salina isotónica al 0,9%: n=10) en los que se evaluaron por separado las dos vías del catéter, totalizando 34 lúmenes. Las variables de resultado fueron oclusión sin reflujo y oclusión completa. Los análisis descriptivos se realizaron mediante el test de Chi-cuadrado y, los de sobrevida, con el test de Kaplan-Meier. Resultados: la media de días hasta el resultado de oclusión fue de 52 en el grupo de heparina y de 13,46 en el grupo de la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% en la vía blanca del catéter (p<0,001). En la vía roja, la media de días de seguimiento del grupo de heparina fue de 35,29 sin oclusión y de 22,30 en el del grupo solución salina isotónica al 0,9% hasta la primera oclusión (p=0,030). Conclusión: el bloqueo con solución de heparina 50 UI/mL es más eficaz en relación con la solución salina isotónica al 0,9% para prevenir oclusiones en catéteres de Hickman®. Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: RBR 3ht499.


Subject(s)
Effectiveness , Heparin , Sodium Chloride , Cecum , Randomized Controlled Trial , Aftercare , Disease Prevention , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Evidence-Based Nursing , Catheters , Catheter Obstruction , Central Venous Catheters
14.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 13: 410-414, jan.-dez. 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1151281

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Avaliar o cuidado de Enfermagem prestado ao paciente renal crônico em hemodiálise durante o manuseio do Cateter Duplo Lúmen. Métodos: Trata-se de um estudo descritivo, transversal realizado em uma clínica de hemodiálise de uma cidade de médio porte do nordeste brasileiro. Participaram do estudo 14 profissionais de enfermagem. A coleta dos dados ocorreu em setembro de 2016 subsidiada em checklist de adequação as normas vigentes de manuseio do cateter. Resultados: A maioria dos cuidados foi executada pelos técnicos de enfermagem, com 88,9% a 92,0% de frequência. Houve algumas falhas nos cuidados, e a mais presente foi a falta de higienização das mãos, presente em menos de 30% das observações. Conclusão O estudo evidenciou que existem lacunas na assistência de enfermagem ao paciente em uso de cateter, e que é necessário do enfermeiro orientação e supervisão constante da equipe para evitá-las


Objective: To evaluate the nursing care provided to chronic renal patients on hemodialysis during the handling of the double lumen catheter. Methods: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in a hemodialysis clinic in a medium-sized city in northeastern Brazil. Fourteen nursing professionals participated in the study. Data collection took place in September 2016, supported by a checklist of compliance with current catheter handling standards. Results: Most care was performed by nursing technicians, with 88.9% to 92.0% frequency. There were some failures in care, and the most common was the lack of hand hygiene, present in less than 30% of the observations. Conclusion: The study showed that there are gaps in nursing care for patients using catheters, and that the nurse needs constant guidance and supervision of the team to avoid them


Objetivo: Evaluar la atención de enfermería brindada a pacientes renales crónicos en hemodiálisis durante el manejo del catéter de doble luz. Métodos: Este es un estudio descriptivo transversal realizado en una clínica de hemodiálisis en una ciudad mediana en el noreste de Brasil. Catorce profesionales de enfermería participaron en el estudio. La recopilación de datos tuvo lugar en septiembre de 2016, respaldada por una lista de verificación del cumplimiento de los estándares actuales de manejo de catéteres. Resultados: La mayoría de los cuidados fueron realizados por técnicos de enfermería, con una frecuencia del 88,9% al 92,0%. Hubo algunas fallas en la atención, y la más común fue la falta de higiene de las manos, presente en menos del 30% de las observaciones. Conclusión: El estudio mostró que existen vacíos en la atención de enfermería para pacientes que usan catéteres, y que la enfermera necesita orientación y supervisión constantes del equipo para evitarlos


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Catheters , Nephrology Nursing , Nursing Care
15.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 34(1): e1566, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248504

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: The catheter of the esophageal pH monitoring is associated with nasal and throat discomfort, and different behave in patients. The capsule of the wireless pH monitoring may cause chest pain and complications. Aim: To compare the wireless and conventional pH monitoring concerning the degree of discomfort and limitations in daily activities, complications, ability to diagnose pathological reflux, and costs. Methods: Twenty-five patients with symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux were prospectively submitted, in a simultaneous initial period, to 24-hour catheter esophageal pH monitoring and 48-hour wireless system. After removing each system, patients underwent a specific clinical questionnaire. Results: Fifteen patients (60%) pointed a higher discomfort in the introduction of the capsule (p=0.327). Discomfort and limitations in daily activities were lower on 2nd day (p<0.05); however, continued to be expressive (32% to 44%). Chest pain occurred in 13 (52%) patients. The diagnostic gain of pathological reflux was 12% with the wireless system (p=0.355). Conclusions: 1) There is no significant difference between the discomfort mentioned in the introduction of the capsule and the catheter; 2) during reflux monitoring, the wireless system provides significant less discomfort and limitations in daily activities; 3) there is no significant difference between the two methods in the ability to diagnose pathological reflux; 4) wireless pH monitoring has higher cost.


RESUMO Racional: O cateter da pHmetria esofágica associa-se ao desconforto nasal e na garganta, e comportamento diferente nos pacientes. A cápsula da pHmetria sem cateter pode causar dor torácica e complicações. Objetivo: Comparar as pHmetrias sem cateter e a convencional, em relação ao desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias, complicações, capacidade de diagnosticar refluxo patológico, e custos. Métodos: Vinte e cinco pacientes com sintomas de refluxo gastroesofágico foram prospectivamente submetidos, em um período inicial simultâneo, à pHmetria esofágica com cateter durante 24 h e à pHmetria sem cateter durante 48 h. Após a retirada de cada método, pacientes responderam o questionário clínico específico. Resultados: Quinze pacientes (60%) relataram maior desconforto na introdução da cápsula (p=0,327). Desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias foram menores no 2º dia (p< 0,05); entretanto, continuaram sendo expressivos (32% a 44%). Dor torácica ocorreu em 13 (52%) pacientes. O ganho diagnóstico no refluxo patológico foi de 12% com o sistema sem cateter (p=0,355). Conclusões: 1) Não há diferença significativa entre o desconforto relatado na introdução da cápsula e do cateter; 2) durante a monitorização do refluxo, o sistema sem cateter proporciona significativo menor desconforto e limitações das atividades diárias; 3) não há diferença significativa entre os dois métodos na capacidade de diagnosticar o refluxo patológico; 4) pHmetria sem cateter tem custo maior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Gastroesophageal Reflux/diagnosis , Esophageal pH Monitoring , Surveys and Questionnaires , Catheters , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880423

ABSTRACT

Polymer hydrophilic lubricating coatings for medical catheters refer to highly hydrophilic coating films fixed on the surface of catheters with binding force, which can reduce the surface friction with human tissues during the use of interventional catheters, improve the patient comfort of and effectively reduce the incidence of infection. Based on the development process of medical catheter coating, this review summarizes recent advances in the field of polymer hydrophilic lubricating coatings for medical catheters from types of hydrophilic coating polymer, development of coating technology and establishment of coating performance evaluation method. Main problems in this field are analyzed and development trends in the future are prospected.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Humans , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Polymers
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879835

ABSTRACT

Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) has been widely used in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in recent years, but there are potential risks for complications related to PICC. Based on the current evidence in China and overseas, the operation and management guidelines for PICC in neonates were developed by the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) in order to help the NICU staff to regulate the operation and management of PICC.


Subject(s)
Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Catheters , China , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
18.
REVISA (Online) ; 10(4): 684-696, 2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1353802

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar os fatores de risco que causam infecções nos cateteres, bem como permear a ação do profissional de enfermagem e sua efetividade no controle preventivo. Método: Tratase de pesquisa básica; descritiva e bibliográfica quanto aos procedimentos de coleta de dados. Resultados: Através das informações coletados dos mais de 40 artigos selecionados, se fez nítida a negligência de forma expressiva e acelerada nas punções em ambientes hospitalares e na assistência ofertada aos profissionais de enfermagem. Neste sentido com prevenção e promoção apropriada, seria possível promover de forma adequada à qualificação destes procedimentos, diminuindo os riscos de infecção no ambiente hospitalar. Conclusão: A utilização destes dispositivos, por vezes, torna-se imprescindível no tratamento por curtos ou longos período, entretanto os riscos da utilização destes equipamentos de forma imprudente ocasionam enfermidades persistentes e nocivas. Por isso a participação do enfermeiro se faz necessário como agente minimizador de riscos, tendo suma importância na manutenção da qualidade assistencial para o paciente, uma vez que esses profissionais precisam basear suas ações de cuidados em evidências científicas comprovadas.


Objective: To analyze the risk factors that cause catheter infections, as well as to permeate the action of nursing professionals and their effectiveness in preventive control. Method: This is a basic research; descriptive and bibliographic as to data collection procedures. Results: Through the information collected from more than 40 selected articles, it became clear the negligence in an expressive and accelerated way in punctures in hospital environments and in the assistance offered to nursing professionals. In this sense, with appropriate prevention and promotion, it would be possible to adequately promote the qualification of these procedures, reducing the risks of infection in the hospital environment. Conclusion: The use of these devices, sometimes, becomes indispensable in the treatment for short or long periods, however the risks of using this equipment in an imprudent way cause persistent and harmful diseases. Therefore, the nurse's participation is necessary as a risk minimizer agent, with paramount importance in maintaining quality care for the patient since these professionals need to base their care actions on proven scientific evidence.


Objetivo: Analizar los factores de riesgo que provocan cambios en los catéteres, así como permear la acción del profesional de enfermería y su efectividad en el control preventivo. Método: esta es una investigación básica; procedimientos de recogida de datos descriptivos y bibliográficos. Resultados: A través de la información recolectada de los más de 40 artículos seleccionados, se evidenció el descuido de la forma expresiva y acelerada de los pinchazos en los ambientes hospitalarios y en la atención brindada a los profesionales de enfermería. En este sentido, con una adecuada prevención y promoción, sería posible promover una forma adecuada para la calificación de estos procedimientos, reduciendo los riesgos de infección en el entorno hospitalario. Conclusión: El uso de estos dispositivos, en ocasiones, se vuelve imprescindible en el tratamiento por periodos cortos o largos, aunque los riesgos de utilizar este equipo de forma imprudente provocan enfermedades persistentes y nocivas. Por ello, la participación del enfermero es necesaria como agente minimizador de riesgos, teniendo una importancia primordial en el mantenimiento de la calidad de la atención al paciente, ya que estos profesionales necesitan sus acciones asistenciales en evidencia científica contrastada


Subject(s)
Catheters , Risk Factors , Infections , Nursing Care
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922053

ABSTRACT

Ultrasound guided needle biopsy or catheterization is a rising operation in clinical diagnosis and treatment. However, poor visualization under ultrasound is the main disadvantage of this technique. This paper summarized the basic methods used to solve such problem, as well as the corresponding product technical requirements.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Needles , Ultrasonics , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Interventional
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922050

ABSTRACT

Pulsed electric field(PEF) provides high-energy instantaneous pulse and release energy to myocardial cell membrane, resulting in irreversible electroporation and causes myocardial cell contents leakage, destruction of intracellular homeostasis, cell death, and slight inflammatory response. PEF as non-thermal energy promotes the design and application of arrhythmia ablation catheter to enter a new stage. There are currently limited clinical studies that have proved the safety and effectieness of Farawave PEF catheter, PVAC GOLD PEF catheter, Lattice-tip Sphere-9 PEF and radiofrequency (RF) catheter used for atrial fibrillation ablation, but still need further discussion. The research of atrial fibrillation ablation with PEF is under study in China. In this paper, the design and application of PEF ablation for tachyarrhythmia are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation/surgery , Catheter Ablation , Catheters , Humans , Pulmonary Veins/surgery , Tachycardia
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