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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390424, 2024. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533357

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To conduct a systematic literature review with meta-analysis to identify whether antibiotic prophylaxis after removal of the indwelling urinary catheter reduces posterior infections. Methods: A systematic literature review was conducted in the databases PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Google Scholar, and Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature, using the keywords "antibiotics" AND "prostatectomy" AND "urinary catheter." Results: Three articles were identified having the scope of our review, with 1,040 patients, which were subjected to our meta-analysis revealing a marginally significant decrease in the risk of urinary infection after indwelling urinary catheter removal (odds ratio-OR = 0.51; 95% confidence interval-95%CI 0.27-0.98; p = 0.04; I2 = 0%). No difference was found regarding the presence of bacteriuria (OR = 0.39; 95%CI 0.12-1.24; p = 0.11; I2 = 73%). Conclusions: In our meta-analysis, there was a significant decrease in urinary tract infection with antibiotic prophylaxis after indwelling urinary catheter removal following radical prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Prostatectomy , Urologic Diseases , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Catheters , Anti-Bacterial Agents
4.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(3): 347-350, May-June 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439615

ABSTRACT

Abstract In five patient undergoing surgery for proximal humerus fracture we investigated into postoperative analgesia provided by continuous costoclavicular block using continuous stimulating catheter. The postoperative pain scores were less than 4 in all patients except in two patients who required intravenous tramadol 50 mg as a rescue analgesic. The radiocontrast dye study executed in two patients revealed contiguous contrast spread through the brachial plexus sheath with the catheter tip in the interscalene space. We propose that a continuous costoclavicular block with a retrograde stimulating catheter is a feasible alternative regional anesthesia technique for postoperative analgesia in shoulder surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brachial Plexus Block/methods , Analgesia , Pain, Postoperative/prevention & control , Pain, Postoperative/drug therapy , Shoulder/surgery , Ultrasonography, Interventional/methods , Catheters , Ropivacaine , Anesthetics, Local
5.
J. bras. econ. saúde (Impr.) ; 15(1): 71-80, Abril/2023.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, ECOS | ID: biblio-1437963

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar a incidência de flebite, fatores de risco associados e custos diretos de tratamento. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, correlacional, com análise de custo direto. Utilizaram-se dados da documentação dos enfermeiros entre janeiro 2019 e agosto 2021. Resultados: Incluíram-se 2.374 pessoas com cateter venoso periférico, com internamento na cardiologia. A incidência de flebite foi de 12,38%, das quais 78,23% eram de grau 1 de severidade. Verificou-se associação estatística entre o desenvolvimento de flebite e a administração de amiodarona endovenosa, dias de hospitalização e serviço de internamento. Estimaram-se 1662€ de custos adicionais ao tratamento da flebite, em material clínico e horas de cuidados de enfermagem. Conclusão: Os cuidados de enfermagem são eficazes na identificação precoce e tratamento da flebite, promovendo redução de custos adicionais e garantindo melhores cuidados e ganhos em saúde.


Objective: This study aimed to identify the incidence rate of phlebitis, associated risk factors and treatment direct costs. Methods: Descriptive, correlational study with direct cost analisys. Data from the nurses' clinical records between January 2019 and August 2021 were used. Results: Included 2,374 files of people with peripheral venous catheter who were admitted to Cardiology. The phlebitis incidence rate was 12.38% and regarding severity 78.23% were grade 1. The phlebitits was significantly related with intravenous amiodarone administration, length of stay and physical department. This represents €1662 of additional treatment costs, in clinical supplies and nursing time. Conclusion: Nursing care is effective in the early identification and treatment of phlebitis, reducing costs and improve clinical and economic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Phlebitis , Catheterization, Peripheral , Costs and Cost Analysis , Catheters , Nursing Care
6.
Horiz. enferm ; 34(1): 5-21, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1427978

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: El catéter midline o de línea media (CM) es un dispositivo de acceso vascular que mide de 6 a 20cm, con la punta del dispositivo ubicado en venas basílica, braquial o cefálica debajo del pliegue axilar. El catéter de línea media se caracteriza por ser un acceso confiable y proporcionar menores complicaciones que un catéter intravenoso periférico corto. Este tipo de dispositivo vascular se ha utilizado ampliamente en adultos, pero faltan estudios desarrollados en el área neonatal. OBJETIVO: fue describir las características de la utilización de catéter midline con técnica adaptada en recién nacidos hospitalizados con necesidad de terapia intravascular en un hospital público de Chile, durante 2 años de seguimiento. METODOLOGÍA: Investigación descriptiva y retrospectiva, estuvo orientada a la identificación de las variables relacionadas a: tiempo de permanencia, características de la terapia intravascular, sitio de inserción, complicaciones y causa de retiro. RESULTADOS: La muestra estuvo conformada por 163 usuarios entre 24 y 41 semanas de edad gestacional, peso de nacimiento en un rango de 500 y 4880 gramos. El 87,7% se retiró por término de tratamiento intravascular, mientras que el 12,3% del total de los CM presentó complicaciones. El promedio de rendimiento del CM fue de 7,99 días, el sitio de inserción más frecuente correspondió a extremidad superior derecha, mientras que su utilización estuvo dada principalmente para fleboterapia, antibióticos y nutrición parenteral periférica. CONCLUSIÓN: Se concluye que el CM con técnica adaptada en usuarios neonatales presenta una alta tasa de éxito para completar la terapia intravascular periférica y bajo porcentaje de complicaciones.


INTRODUCTION: The midline catheter (MC) is a vascular access device measuring 6 to 20cm, with the tip of the device located in the basilic, brachial or cephalic veins below the axillary crease. The midline catheter is characterized as a reliable access and provides fewer complications than a short peripheral intravenous catheter. This type of vascular device has been widely used in adults, but studies developed in the neonatal area are lacking. OBJECTIVE: to describe the characteristics of the use of midline catheter with adapted technique in hospitalized newborns in need of intravascular therapy in a public hospital in Chile, during 2 years of follow-up. METHODOLOGY: Descriptive and retrospective research was oriented to the identification of variables related to: length of stay, characteristics of intravascular therapy, site of insertion, complications and cause of withdrawal. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 163 users between 24 and 41 weeks of gestational age, birth weight in the range of 500 and 4880 grams. Eighty-seven point seven percent were withdrawn due to the end of intravascular treatment, while 12.3% of the total MC presented complications. The average MC performance was 7.99 days, the most frequent insertion site corresponded to the right upper extremity, while its use was mainly for phlebotherapy, antibiotics and peripheral parenteral parenteral nutrition. CONCLUSION: The MC with adapted technique in neonatal users presents a high success rate to complete peripheral intravascular therapy and a low percentage of complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Catheterization, Peripheral/nursing , Neonatal Nursing/methods , Catheters/adverse effects , Neonatology/methods , Punctures/methods , Chile
7.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 45-50, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969741

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of the anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) suffered from perioperative pericardial tamponade during atrial fibrillation catheter ablation and uninterrupted dabigatran. Methods: A total of 20 patients with pericardial tamponade, who underwent AF catheter ablation with uninterrupted dabigatran in Beijing Anzhen Hospital from January 2019 to August 2021, were included in this retrospective analysis. The clinical characteristics of enrolled patients, information of catheter ablation procedures, pericardial tamponade management, perioperative complications, the timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation were analyzed. Results: All patients underwent pericardiocentesis and pericardial effusion drainage was successful in all patients. The average drainage volume was (427.8±527.4) ml. Seven cases were treated with idarucizumab, of which 1 patient received surgical repair. The average timing of pericardial drainage catheter removal and restart of anticoagulation in 19 patients without surgical repair was (1.4±0.7) and (0.8±0.4) days, respectively. No new bleeding, embolism and death were reported during hospitalization and within 30 days following hospital discharge. Time of removal of pericardial drainage catheter, restart of anticoagulation and hospital stay were similar between patients treated with idarucizumab or not. Conclusion: It is safe and reasonable to remove pericardial drainage catheter and restart anticoagulation as soon as possible during catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation with uninterrupted dabigatran independent of the idarucizumab use or not in case of confirmed hemostasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Atrial Fibrillation/drug therapy , Dabigatran/therapeutic use , Cardiac Tamponade/complications , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Drainage/adverse effects , Catheter Ablation , Catheters/adverse effects
8.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 410-415, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981284

ABSTRACT

Objective To compare the clinical effects of three treatment methods including systemic thrombolysis(ST),catheter-directed thrombolysis(CDT),and AngioJet percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy(PMT)in acute lower extremity deep venous thrombosis(LEDVT). Methods The data of 82 patients diagnosed with LEDVT in the Department of Vascular and Gland Surgery of the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University from January 2017 to December 2020 were collected.The patients were assigned into a ST group(n=50),a CDT group(n=16),and a PMT group(n=16)according to different treatment methods.The efficacy and safety were compared among the three groups. Results Compared with that before treatment,the circumferential diameter difference of both lower limbs on days 1,2,and 3 of treatment in the ST,CDT,and PMT groups reduced(all P<0.001).The PMT group showed smaller circumferential diameter difference of lower limbs on days 1,2,and 3 of treatment than the ST group(all P<0.001)and smaller circumferential diameter difference of the lower patellar margin on day 1 of treatment than the CDT group(P<0.001).The PMT group showed higher diminution rate for swelling of the affected limb at the upper and lower edges of the patella than the ST group(P<0.001)and higher diminution rate for swelling at the upper edge of the patella than the CDT group(P=0.026).The incidence of complications after treatment showed no significant differences among the three groups(all P>0.05).The median of hospital stay in the PMT group was shorter than that in the ST and CDT groups(P=0.002,P=0.001).The PMT group had higher thrombus clearance rate than the ST group(P=0.002)and no significant difference in the thrombus clearance rate from the CDT group(P=0.361).The vascular recanalization rates in the PMT(all P<0.001)and CDT(P<0.001,P=0.002,P=0.009)groups 3,6,and 12 months after treatment were higher than those in ST group,and there were no significant differences between PMT and CDT groups(P=0.341,P=0.210,P=0.341). Conclusions ST,CDT,and PMT demonstrated significant efficacy in the treatment of LEDVT,and PMT was superior to ST and CDT in terms of circumferential diameter difference of the lower limbs,diminution rate for swelling of the affected limb,thrombus clearance rate,length of hospital stay,and long-term vascular recanalization.There was no obvious difference in safety among the three therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Thrombolytic Therapy/methods , Fibrinolytic Agents/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Thrombectomy/methods , Venous Thrombosis/drug therapy , Lower Extremity/blood supply , Catheters , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 328-332, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986856

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of Rotarex catheter system in treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis.@*METHODS@#From Jun. 2017 to Dec. 2019, the clinical data of 32 femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis cases treated with Rotarex catheter system were retrospectively analyzed. There were 23 males and 9 females aged from 50 to 89 years and the mean age was (70.7±10.3) years. Six cases had acute course of disease (≤2 weeks), 17 cases had subacute course of disease (>2 weeks, ≤3 months), and 9 cases had chronic course of disease (>3 months). Mean lesion length was (23.4±13.7) cm, mean occlusion length was (19.9±13.3) cm, and in-stent occlusion 7 cases. The superficial femoral artery (SFA) was involved in 13 cases, the popliteal artery (PA) was involved in 8 cases, and both SFA and PA were involved in the other 11 cases. All the cases were treated with Rotarex catheter system. When necessary, suction with large lumen catheter was enabled. Residual stenosis was treated with percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA). Drug-coated balloon (DCB) was only used in patients with financial status, and stent was used only when it was necessary. Heparin was used for 24 h after procedures, and after that, antiplatelet agents were used. Doppler ultrasonography was taken during the followed-up.@*RESULTS@#Technical success was 100%, and mean procedure time was (107.4±21.5) min. 8F (1F≈0.33 mm) and 6F Rotarex catheter were used in 27 and 5 cases respectively. In 27 cases, forward flow was obtained immediately after debulking with Rotarex catheter, and in the other 5 cases, suction with large lumen catheters were used. PTA was used in all 32 cases. DCB were used in 8 cases, of which 4 were used in in-stent stenosis. Twelve cases were implanted stents. There were no perioperative deaths. The only one procedure related complication was distal embolism. We took out the thrombus with guiding catheter. In all cases, mean hospital stay were (4.6±1.5) d. The ankle brachial index increased from 0.32±0.15 to 0.86±0.10 after treatment (t=-16.847, P < 0.001). The Rutherford stages decreased significantly (Z=-4.518, P < 0.001). All the patients were followed up for 6.0-36.0 months, and the median time was 16.0 months. 2 cases stopped antiplatelet agents, which resulted in acute thrombosis. Another percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and PTA were taken in one of them. Two cases died of cardiovascular disease during the follow-up, and no amputation was observed. Target lesion restenosis occurred in 7 cases during the follow-up, and target lesion revascularization (TLR) was taken in two of them.@*CONCLUSION@#In treating femoropopliteal artery stenosis accompanied with thrombosis, Rotarex catheter can remove thrombus effectively, and that can expose underlying lesions and reduce stent use and complications rates. It is a safe and effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Femoral Artery/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Constriction, Pathologic , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Treatment Outcome , Thrombosis , Catheters
10.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 19-25, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971297

ABSTRACT

Transbronchil biopsy has the characteristic of less trauma and quick recovery compared to percutaneous aspiration biopsy. In order to automate this procedure, it requires the development of a robotic surgical system that combines electromagnetic navigation and flexible endoscope. The robotic surgical system introduced herein consists of flexible endoscope, remote-control handle, electromagnetic navigation and dexterous manipulators. The robotic system supports lung bronchial model segmentation and reconstruction, automatic bronchial path planning, real-time navigation and visual biopsy. In the control of the endoscopic catheter, an elasticity compensation algorithm was proposed to improve the location accuracy of the catheter and operational efficiency. Clinical trials proved that the robotic system had high positioning accuracy, was intuitive to operate, and could improve the biopsy efficiency, shorten the learning time, reduce the burden of surgical operations, and lower radiation exposure and infection rate.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Endoscopy , Bronchoscopy
11.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 13: 4, 2023.
Article in English, Spanish, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1414349

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a literatura científica acerca das tecnologias e cuidados para posicionamento e reposicionamento do cateter central de inserção periférica (PICC) em neonatos. Método: revisão integrativa, com busca realizada em fevereiro de 2022 em quatro bases de dados. Resultados: incluíram-se 32 estudos que abordam uso de tecnologias para verificação da localização do PICC, procedimentos para seu posicionamento e manobras para reposicionamento. Para posicionamento adequado deve-se atentar para seleção do vaso, mensuração correta do dispositivo e manutenção do bem-estar do recém-nascido. Frente ao mal posicionamento sugere-se a movimentação do membro, flush, tração do cateter, e conduta expectante. A verificação da localização da ponta é rotineira, por meio de radiografia, ultrassonografia ou eletrocardiograma. Conclusão: recomenda-se a adoção de tecnologias não invasivas para o posicionamento e reposicionamento do PICC em neonatos. As evidências apontam para competência profissional na tomada de decisão para o cuidado seguro e de qualidade, e prevenção de eventos adversos.


Objective: to analyze the scientific literature on technologies and care for positioning and repositioning of the peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates. Method: integrative review, with search conducted in February 2022 in four databases. Results: 32 studies were included that address the use of technologies to verify the location of the PICC, procedures for its positioning and maneuvers for repositioning. For proper positioning should pay attention to the selection of the vessel, correct measurement of the device and maintenance of the well-being of the newborn. In the face of poor positioning, it is suggested limb movement, flush, catheter traction, and expectant management. The verification of the tip location is routine, by radiography, ultrasonography or electrocardiogram. Conclusion: the adoption of non-invasive technologies for the positioning and repositioning of PICC in neonates is recommended. The evidence points to professional competence in decision making for safe and quality care and prevention of adverse events.


Objetivo: analizar la literatura científica acerca de las tecnologías y cuidados para posicionamiento y reposicionamiento del catéter central de inserción periférica (PICC) en neonatos. Método: revisión integrativa, con búsqueda realizada en febrero de 2022 en cuatro bases de datos. Resultados: se incluyeron 32 estudios que abordan el uso de tecnologías para verificar la localización del PICC, procedimientos para su posicionamiento y maniobras para reposicionamiento. Para un posicionamiento adecuado se debe prestar atención a la selección del recipiente, la medición correcta del dispositivo y el mantenimiento del bienestar del recién nacido. Frente al mal posicionamiento se sugiere el movimiento de la extremidad, color, tracción del catéter, y conducta expectante. La verificación de la localización de la punta es rutinaria, por medio de radiografía, ultrasonido o electrocardiograma. Conclusión: se recomienda la adopción de tecnologías no invasivas para el posicionamiento y reposicionamiento del PICC en neonatos. La evidencia apunta a la competencia profesional en la toma de decisiones para el cuidado seguro y de calidad, y la prevención de eventos adversos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Technology , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Nursing , Catheters , Neonatology
12.
Ghana med. j ; 57(1): 66-74, 2023. figures, tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1427212

ABSTRACT

Objectives: This study compared the infection rates, degree of encrustation, symptoms, and complications in patients regarding the duration of urethral catheterisation (three weeks, six weeks, and eight weeks). Design: A cross-sectional study with stratified simple random sampling Setting: Urology Unit, Korle Bu Teaching Hospital Participants: One hundred and thirty-seven male patients with long-term urinary catheters Interventions: Participants were grouped into 3 weeks, 6 weeks, and 8 weeks duration of catheter replacementsPrimary outcomes measures: Symptoms due to the urinary catheters, urinalysis, urine and catheter tip cultures, sensitivity, and catheter encrustations were assessed. Results: Eighty-six patients had a primary diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), 35 had urethral strictures,13 had prostate cancer, two had BPH and urethral strictures, and one participant had bladder cancer. There was no difference in the symptoms the participants in the different groups experienced due to the urinary catheters (p > 0.05). The frequency of occurrence of complications (pyuria, p = 0.784; blocked catheter, p=0.097; urethral bleeding, p=0.148; epididymo-orchitis, p=0.769 and bladder spasms, p=1.000) showed no differences in the three groups. There was no statistical difference in the urinalysis for the three groups (p>0.05) and the degree of encrustations (3 weeks: 0.03 ± 0.06, 6 weeks: 0.11±0.27 and eight weeks: 0.12 ±0.27) with p=0.065. Conclusions: In this study, the duration of urinary catheterisation using silicone Foley's catheters did not influence the complication and symptom rates; hence silicon catheters can be placed in situ for up to 8 weeks before replacement instead of the traditional three-weekly change.


Subject(s)
Humans , Prostatic Hyperplasia , Prostatic Neoplasms , Urinary Bladder Neoplasms , Silicon , Cross-Sectional Studies , Urinalysis , Biofilms , Catheters , Infections
13.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 506-509, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447627

ABSTRACT

Abstract Impediment to local anesthetic solution in the epidural space results in unsatisfactory pain relief during labor epidural. Patients with a history of back trauma and spinal instrumentation have increased rates of epidural failure due to patchy spread of local anesthetic with obliterated epidural space. Dual Epidural Catheters (DEC) can be used in such clinical scenarios with complete labor analgesia and improved patient satisfaction. We present the successful management of a parturient with vertebral fracture at risk for epidural failure and neurologic injury due to bone fragments and inserted cranial and caudal to the fractured vertebra using ultrasound to avoid neurologic sequelae.


Subject(s)
Humans , Spinal Cord Injuries , Analgesia, Epidural , Anesthesia, Epidural , Analgesia, Obstetrical/methods , Catheters , Analgesics , Anesthetics, Local
15.
MedUNAB ; 25(3): [397-405], 01-12-2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437195

ABSTRACT

Introducción. Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud, en instituciones de países en desarrollo las infecciones nosocomiales podrían superar el 25%; en Colombia, en 2012 estas representaban el 4.7% de las causas de muerte según Secretaría de Salud de Bogotá. El Ministerio de Salud señaló a Antioquia como el departamento con la tasa más alta en Infecciones Asociadas a la Atención en Salud (IAAS). Objetivo. Evaluar el nivel de conocimientos, actitudes y aptitudes en IAAS por parte del personal asistencial de un hospital de baja y uno de alta complejidad, en Antioquia. Metodología. Estudio descriptivo transversal, 66 participantes entre médicos, auxiliares de enfermería y enfermeros de urgencias y hospitalización. Intervalo de confianza del 90%. Criterios de inclusión: llevar mínimo tres meses trabajando en el hospital, en todos los tipos de contratación. Exclusión: no aceptar participación y personal asistencial con funciones administrativas. Se aplicó un instrumento con preguntas cerradas sobre los conocimientos, actitudes y aptitudes en IAAS. Resultados. Enfermería tuvo mayor nivel en conocimientos, auxiliares de enfermería en prácticas y los médicos tuvieron menor puntaje con un 24%. En actitud, el personal de ambos hospitales percibía las actividades asociadas a la atención en salud como importantes, pero rutinarias. Discusión. El componente de conocimientos representa el mayor problema para la población, más específicamente la temática sobre lavado de manos, los médicos presentaron mayor número de puntajes por debajo del 60%. Conclusiones. El estudio sugiere que los profesionales de ambos hospitales, independientemente de su profesión, poseen mejores bases prácticas que teóricas, la actitud no parece tener relación con las otras variables.


Introduction. According to the World Health Organization, nosocomial infection rate in institutions from developing countries could exceed 25%; in Colombia, in 2012 these represented 4.7% of the causes of death according to the Health Secretariat of Bogotá The Ministry of Health has identified Antioquia as the department with the highest rate of Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAI). Objective. To assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and skills in HAIs by the healthcare staff of a low and a high complexity hospital in Antioquia. Methodology. Cross-sectional descriptive study, 66 participants thereof including physicians, nursing assistants and emergency and hospitalization nurses. 90% confidence interval. Inclusion criteria: at least three months working in the hospital, under all types of contracts. Exclusion: staff not accepting participation and assistance staff with administrative functions. An instrument with closed questions on knowledge, attitudes and skills in HAIs was applied. Results. Nursing staff had the highest level in knowledge, nursing assistants in practice and physicians had the lowest score with 24%. As for attitudes, staff at both hospitals identified the activities associated with health care as important, but routinary. Discussion. The knowledge component stands as the greatest issue for this population, more specifically the hand washing topic, with physicians recording the greater number of scores below 60%. Conclusions. The study suggests that practitioners in both hospitals, regardless of their professional duties, have a better practical than theoretical basis; attitude does not seem to be related to the other variables.


Introdução. Segundo a Organização Mundial da Saúde, em instituições de países em desenvolvimento, as infecções nosocomiais podem ultrapassar 25%; na Colômbia, em 2012, representavam 4.7% das causas de morte, segundo o Ministério da Saúde de Bogotá. O Ministério da Saúde indicou Antioquia como o departamento com maior índice de Infecções Associadas à Atenção à Saúde (IAAS). Objetivo. Avaliar o nível de conhecimento, atitudes e aptidões em IAAS da equipe assistencial de um hospital de baixa complexidade e um hospital de alta complexidade, em Antioquia. Metodologia. Estudo descritivo transversal, com 66 participantes entre médicos, auxiliares de enfermagem e enfermeiros de emergência e internação. Intervalo de confiança de 90%. Critérios de inclusão: trabalhar no hospital há, no mínimo, três meses, em todos os tipos de vínculos. Exclusão: não aceitar participação e pessoal de saúde com funções administrativas. Foi aplicado um instrumento com questões fechadas sobre conhecimentos, atitudes e aptidões em IAAS. Resultados. A enfermagem apresentou maior nível de conhecimento, os auxiliares de enfermagem e os médicos obtiveram menor pontuação com 24%. Na atitude, os funcionários de ambos os hospitais perceberam as atividades associadas aos cuidados de saúde como importantes, mas rotineiras. Discussão. O componente conhecimento representa o maior problema para a população, mais especificamente a questão da lavagem das mãos, os médicos apresentaram o maior número de pontuações abaixo dos 60%. Conclusões. O estudo sugere que os profissionais de ambos os hospitais, independentemente da profissão, possuem melhores bases práticas do que teóricas; a atitude não parece estar relacionada com as demais variáveis.


Subject(s)
Health Personnel , Infections , Attitude , Health , Knowledge , Catheters
16.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 10(1): 1-7, 01/jan./2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1411390

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify the prevalence and risk factors for damage or removal of fully implanted long-term catheters from patients undergoing antineoplastic chemotherapy. Methods: This is an observational, cross-sectional study that evaluated medical records of patients undergoing placement of a fully implanted catheter for antineoplastic chemotherapy from January 2015 to December 2019. Clinical and sociodemographic data were collected that were associated with catheter survival using Log-Rank Mantel-Cox and Cox Regression tests (SPSS, p<0.05). Results: Of 58 devices evaluated, most patients were higher educated married females, younger than 60 years old. The most frequent side of catheter implantation was the right side, and the most prevalent implantation site was the internal jugular vein. Less than 1/3 of patients (29.3%) had port-a-cath loss due to complications with a five-year follow-up survival of 35.73±3.76 (95% CI = 28.35-43.11). Two patients (4.7%) needed removal due to device exposure, three (7.0%) due to obstruction, and 12 (27.9%) due to infection. Female patients (p=0.019) and patients with breast tumors (p=0.049) had a shorter mean survival time. The women showed port-a-cath survival 9.25 times (95% CI = 1.35-50.25) shorter in the multivariate analysis. Conclusion: port-a-cath catheter loss is around 30% and being female is a determining risk factor.


Objetivo: Identificar a prevalência e os fatores de risco para danos ou retirada de cateter de longa permanência totalmente implantado em pacientes submetidos à quimioterapia antineoplásica. Metodos: Trata-se de um estudo observacional transversal que avaliou prontuários de pacientes submetidos à colocação de cateter totalmente implantado para quimioterapia antineoplásica, no período de janeiro de 2015 a dezembro de 2019. Foram coletados dados clínicos e sociodemográficos associados à sobrevida do cateter por meio do Log-Rank testes de Mantel-Cox e Regressão de Cox (SPSS, p<0,005). Resultados: Dos 58 dispositivos avaliados, a maioria dos pacientes era mulheres casadas com nivel superior de escolaridade e com idade inferior a 60 anos. O lado mais frequente de implantação do cateter foi o direito, e o local de implantação mais prevalente foi a veia jugular interna. Pouco menos de 1/3 dos pacientes (29,3%) tiveram perda de port-a-cath devido complicações com uma sobrevida de seguimento de cinco anos de 35,73±3.76 (IC 95% = 28.35-43.11). Dois pacientes (4,7%) necessitaram de remoção por exposição do dispositivo, três (7,0%) por obstrução e 12 (27,9%) por infecção. Pacientes do sexo feminino (p=0,0019) e pacientes com tumores de mama (p=0,049) apresentam menor tempo médio de sobrevida. As mulheres apresentaram sobrevida port-a-cath 9,25 vezes (IC 95%=1,35-50,25) menor na análise multivariada. Conclusão: A perda do cateter port-a-cath foi de aproximadamente 30% e ser do sexo feminino foi um fator de risco importante.


Subject(s)
Vascular Access Devices , Patients , Catheterization, Peripheral , Risk Factors , Catheters , Antineoplastic Agents
17.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 1325-1342, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1402281

ABSTRACT

A infecção do trato urinário (ITU) nada mais é do que o acometimento das vias urinárias por microrganismo. Entre as infecções hospitalares de maior incidência está a infecção do trato urinário, acometendo mais mulheres do que homens. Uma das possíveis causas dessa infecção, em pacientes na unidade de terapia intensiva (UTI), é o uso de cateter vesical. Seu tratamento inadequado pode ocasionar uma pielonefrite, podendo adentrar à circulação sanguínea, gerando uma infecção sistêmica e levar o paciente a óbito. A resistência antimicrobiana é uma das principais dificuldades encontrada em UTI sendo considerado um problema de saúde pública. O objetivo deste trabalho foi realizar um breve relato, baseado na literatura, sobre a resistência antimicrobiana na infecção urinária em unidade de terapia intensiva adulta. Em ambientes hospitalares o principal microrganismo causador de ITU é Escherichia coli, sendo 55,5% das culturas positivas estão associadas a procedimentos invasivos, como as sondas vesicais de demora, como consequência este é o microrganismo que mais apresenta resistência aos antimicrobianos utilizados como a ampicilina, trimetoprima e ciprofloxacino. O uso indiscriminado de antibióticos deixa em evidência a necessidade de análise criteriosa da real necessidade de qual antimicrobianos usar, tempo de uso e forma correta de administração. Portanto é necessária a ação dos profissionais de saúde frente a atenção ao paciente, desde a higiene das mãos, uso do cateter, quando necessário observar a real necessidade do uso do antimicrobianos e que esse seja feito após cultura e antibiograma.


Urinary tract infection (UTI) is nothing more than the involvement of the urinary tract by a microorganism. Among the hospital infections with the highest incidence is urinary tract infections, affecting more women than men. One of the possible causes of this infection in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) is the use of a bladder catheter. Its inadequate treatment can cause pyelonephritis, which can enter the bloodstream, generating a systemic infection and leading the patient to death. Antimicrobial resistance is one of the main difficulties encountered in ICUs and is considered a public health problem. The objective of this study was to present a brief report, based on the literature, on antimicrobial resistance in urinary tract infections in an adult intensive care unit. In hospital environments, the main microorganism that causes UTI is Escherichia coli, and 55.5% of positive cultures are associated with invasive procedures, such as indwelling urinary catheters, as a consequence, this is the microorganism that is most resistant to antimicrobials used, such as ampicillin, trimethoprim and ciprofloxacin. The indiscriminate use of antibiotics highlights the need for a careful analysis of the real need for which antimicrobials to use, time of use, and correct form of administration. Therefore, it is necessary for the action of health professionals in the care of the patient, from the hygiene of the professional to, the use of the catheter, when necessary to observe the real need for the use of antimicrobials and that this is done after culture and antibiogram.


La infección del tracto urinario (ITU) no es más que la afectación de las vías urinarias por un microorganismo. Entre las infecciones hospitalarias con mayor incidencia se encuentra la infección del tracto urinario, que afecta más a mujeres que a hombres. Una de las posibles causas de esta infección en pacientes en la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI) es el uso de una sonda vesical. Su tratamiento inadecuado puede causar pielonefritis, la cual puede ingresar al torrente sanguíneo, generando una infección sistémica y llevando al paciente a la muerte. La resistencia a los antimicrobianos es una de las principales dificultades encontradas en las UCI y se considera un problema de salud pública. El objetivo de este estudio fue presentar un breve informe, basado en la literatura, sobre la resistencia antimicrobiana en infecciones del tracto urinario en una unidad de cuidados intensivos de adultos. En ambientes hospitalarios, el principal microorganismo causante de ITU es Escherichia coli, y el 55,5% de los cultivos positivos están asociados a procedimientos invasivos, como sondas vesicales permanentes, por lo que este es el microorganismo más resistente a los antimicrobianos utilizados, como la ampicilina. ., trimetoprima y ciprofloxacino. El uso indiscriminado de antibióticos pone de relieve la necesidad de un análisis cuidadoso de la necesidad real de qué antimicrobianos utilizar, el momento de uso y la forma correcta de administración. Por lo tanto, es necesaria la actuación de los profesionales de la salud en el cuidado del paciente, desde la higiene del profesional, uso del catéter, cuando sea necesario observar la necesidad real del uso de antimicrobianos y que este se realice previo cultivo y antibiograma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Urinary Tract Infections/complications , Urinary Tract Infections/mortality , Urinary Tract Infections/prevention & control , Urinary Tract Infections/drug therapy , Drug Resistance, Microbial/drug effects , Urinary Tract , Women , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Cross Infection/complications , Cross Infection/transmission , Escherichia coli/pathogenicity , Catheters/microbiology , Hand Hygiene , Ampicillin/therapeutic use , Intensive Care Units , Anti-Infective Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Univ. salud ; 24(2): 117-123, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1377460

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cuidado de enfermería en áreas clínicas requiere conocimiento, habilidad y experiencia. El tratamiento de una persona hospitalizada usualmente necesita un acceso venoso, en este procedimiento pueden presentarse complicaciones, siendo la flebitis e infiltración las principalmente reportadas. Objetivo: Determinar la incidencia de flebitis en pacientes pediátricos con catéter corto periférico de acuerdo con el grado de la misma y diversos factores implicados en su aparición. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, prospectivo, observacional y documental realizado entre octubre 2018 a febrero 2019. Resultados: Se encontró una tasa de incidencia de flebitis de 18,5%. De 849 niños con catéter venoso periférico, 157 reportaron flebitis; de ellos 52,2% presentaron flebitis grado I; 29,9%, grado II; 15,3% grado III y 2,5% grado IV. El 78% de los niños presentó peso y talla adecuados para la edad. La flebitis identificada se relacionó al catéter preventivo y asociado a medicamentos como cefalotina y dipirona, así como la presentación en la etapa de infancia y adolescencia de flebitis grado I. Conclusiones: La identificación de la flebitis, sus grados y correlación con las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas, permiten establecer acciones de cuidado y fomento de estrategias para mejorar la atención y los estándares de alta calidad.


Introduction: Nursing care in clinical areas requires knowledge, skills, and experience. Treatment of a hospitalized person usually requires venous access, which carries frequently reported complications such as phlebitis and infiltrations. Objective: To determine the incidence of phlebitis in patients with short peripheral catheter according to its grade and various factors involved in its appearance. Materials and methods: Quantitative, prospective, observational, and documentary study carried out between October 2018 and February 2019. Results: An incidence rate of phlebitis of 18.5% was observed. Phlebitis was reported in 157 out of 849 children with peripheral venous catheter. Grade I, II, III, and IV phlebitis was documented in 52.2%, 29.9%, 15.3%, and 2.5%. respectively. 78% of the children showed adequate weight and height for their age group. These cases of phlebitis were related to preventive catheter and associated with the use of medications such as cephalothin and dipyrone. In the case of grade I phlebitis, it was more frequent in childhood and adolescent populations. Conclusions: The identification of phlebitis, its grades, and its correlation with sociodemographic variables is necessary to establish health care actions and promote strategies in order to improve care and achieve high quality standards.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Delivery of Health Care , Cognitive Training , Phlebitis , Incidence , Catheters , Patient Safety , Nursing Care
19.
Revista Digital de Postgrado ; 11(2): 338, agos. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1416566

ABSTRACT

Los accesos venosos centrales son técnicas de uso regular en el ámbito hospitalario, es por ello que la investigación tiene como Objetivo: Establecer la incidencia de complicaciones asociadas a la colocación de accesos venosos centrales en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital Militar Universitario "Dr. Carlos Arvelo". Métodos: estudio prospectivo, de selección intencional de pacientes en el ámbito hospitalario que presenten complicaciones asociadas a la canalización de accesos venosos centrales; a los cuales se les aplicó un cuestionario donde se registraron, además de datos demográficos y clínicos, los resultados del funcionamiento del acceso venoso central. Al séptimo día se retiró o se recambió el acceso venoso central y se tomó muestra para cultivo y antibiograma de la punta de catéter. Los datos fueron tabulados, analizados en gráficos y tablas. Resultados: Uno de los principales hallazgos fueron las complicaciones infecciosas en un 65.93 % y producto de complicaciones mecánicas un 34.05 % del grupo de estudio. Las complicaciones infecciosas fueron atribuibles en su mayoría a Staphylococcus aureus (27,39 %), Pseudomona sp (21,91 %), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (16,44%), Burkholderia cepacia (10,95 %) y Klebsiella pneumonia (5,48 %). En cuanto al porcentaje de éxito de las intervenciones se encontró que el promedio de intentos fue de 5 con una desviación estándar de ± 3 intentos y una duración promedio menor a 30 minutos en 90 de los casos representando el 76,27 % y duración mayor de 30 minutos en 28 casos representando 23,7 %. Conclusiones: Los accesos venosos yugulares internos fueron los procedimientos más frecuentes seguido de los accesos subclavios, sin predilección de lateralidad alguna. Al revisar los hallazgos se puede evidenciar que la punción arterial se convierte en la complicación mecánica más frecuente produciendo hematomas y equimosis con un alto porcentaje de intentos superiores a 30 minutos o un número de intentos mayores a tres, así como las complicaciones infecciosas generadas por el Staphylococcus aureus y sin que dichas complicaciones se encontraran asociadas al tipo de abordaje estudiado, tiempo de intervención u otros factores de carácter demográfico(AU)


Central venous accesses are a technique of regular use in the hospital environment, that is why the objective of this research is: to establish the incidence of complications treated at the University Military Hospital "Dr. Carlos Arvelo". Methods: prospective study, of intentional selection of patients in the hospital setting who present complications associated to the cannulation of central venous accesses; to whom a questionnaire was applied where, in addition to demographic and clinical data, the results of the central venous access operation were registered. On the seventh day, the central venous access was removed or replaced and a sample was taken for culture and antibiogram of the catheter tip. Data were tabulated, analyzed in graphs and tables. Results: One of the main findings was infectious complications in 65.93 % and mechanical complications in 34.05 % of the study group. Infectious complications were mostly attributable to Staphylococcus aureus (27.39 %), Pseudomona sp (21.91 %), Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (16.44 %), Burkholderia cepacia (10.95 %) and Klebsiella pneumonia (5.48 %). Regarding the percentage of success of the interventions, it was found that the average number of attempts was 5 with a standard deviation of ± 3 attempts and an average duration of less than 30 minutes in 90 of the cases representing 76.27 % and duration greater than 30 minutes in 28 cases representing 23.7 %. Conclusions: Internal jugular venous accesses were the most frequent procedures followed by subclavian accesses, with no predilection for laterality. When reviewing the findings, it can be evidenced that arterial puncture becomes the most frequent mechanical complication producing hematomas and ecchymosis with a high percentage of attempts longer than 30 minutes or a number of attempts longer than three, as well as infectious complications generated by Staphylococcus aureus and without these complications being associated to the type of approach studied, time of intervention or other demographic factors(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Access Devices , Central Venous Catheters , Patients , Pseudomonas , Staphylococcus aureus , Stenotrophomonas maltophilia , Catheter-Related Infections , Catheters , Hospitals , Infections , Klebsiella pneumoniae
20.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1383556

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Se describe la evolución de un paciente que recibe morfina intratecal mediante una bomba de infusión, que le fuera implantada hace 14 años para tratamiento de su dolor lumbar crónico post-laminectomía. Material y método: Requería la administración de 60 mg/día de morfina subcutánea que le provocaban efectos secundarios que no toleraba, y múltiples internaciones para control del dolor. Se le implantó una bomba de infusión continua (Isomed) conectada a un catéter subaracnoideo, que libera 1 ml/día, y requiere ser llenada cada 60 días. Resultados: Se observó una disminución del dolor promedio de 50% al año, y de 75% a los 6 y 14 años. Requirió un aumento progresivo de las dosis de llenado, que pasaron de 30 mg de morfina (0.5 mg/día) al inicio, a 40 mg de morfina (0.66 mg /día) al año, a 70 mg de morfina (1.16 mg/día) a los 6 años, a 140 mg (2.33 mg/día) a los 14 años. No se registraron complicaciones médicas graves. Mantuvo constipación y sudoración durante todo el período, e instaló un hipogonadismo secundario con trastornos de la libido y de la erección que fueron corregidos con la administración de testosterona. No requirió más internaciones por dolor. No se observaron complicaciones relacionadas con el funcionamiento o llenado de la bomba, ni vinculadas al catéter. El paciente manifestó estar satisfecho con el implante. Discusión: A pesar del aumento de las dosis de llenado, expresión del desarrollo de tolerancia, las dosis de morfina/día requeridas son francamente inferiores al límite recomendado. Conclusiones: El balance del riesgo-beneficio del implante resultó positivo, considerando el mejor control del dolor logrado, las menores dosis de morfina utilizadas, así como la ausencia de complicaciones graves y de internaciones para control del dolor.


Introduction: The evolution of a patient receiving intrathecal morphine through an infusion pump that was implanted 14 years ago for the treatment of chronic post-laminectomy low back pain is described. Material and method: It required the administration of 60 mg / day of subcutaneous morphine that caused side effects that did not tolerate, and multiple hospitalizations for pain control. He was implanted with a continuous infusion pump (Isomed) connected to a subarachnoid catheter, which releases 1 ml / day, and needs to be filled every 60 days. Results: An average pain decrease of 50% per year, and 75% at 6 and 12 years was observed. It required a progressive increase in filling doses, which went from 30 mg of morphine (0.5 mg / day) at the beginning, to 40 mg of morphine (0.66 mg / day at the first year, to 70 mg of morphine (1.16 mg / day) at the sixth year, at 140 mg (2.33 mg / day) at the fourteen year. No serious medical complications were recorded, he maintained constipation and sweating throughout the period, and installed secondary hypogonadism with libido and erection disorders, that were corrected with the administration of testosterone. No further hospitalizations were required due to pain. No complications were observed related to the operation or filling of the pump or linked to the catheter. The patient stated that he was satisfied with the implant. Discussion: Despite the increase in filling doses, expression of tolerance development, the required morphine / day doses are frankly below the recommended limit. Conclusions: The risk-benefit balance of the implant was positive, considering the best pain control, the lowest doses used, the absence of serious complications, and the lack of hospitalizations for pain control.


Introdução: Descreve-se a evolução de um paciente que recebeu morfina intratecal através de uma bomba de infusão, implantada há 14 anos para o tratamento de lombalgia crônica pós-laminectomia. Material e método: Necessitou de administração de 60 mg/dia de morfina por via subcutânea, que provocou efeitos colaterais intolerantes, e múltiplas internações para controle da dor. Foi implantada uma bomba de infusão contínua (Isomed) conectada a um cateter subaracnóideo, que libera 1 ml/dia, necessitando de reenchimento a cada 60 dias. Resultados: Observou-se redução média da dor de 50% em um ano e 75% em 6 e 14 anos. Foi necessário um aumento progressivo das doses de enchimento, que passaram de 30 mg de morfina (0,5 mg/dia) no início, para 40 mg de morfina (0,66 mg/dia) por ano, para 70 mg de morfina (1,16 mg/dia) dia) aos 6 anos, para 140 mg (2,33 mg/dia) aos 14 anos. Não foram registradas complicações médicas graves. Manteve constipação e sudorese durante todo o período e desenvolveu hipogonadismo secundário com distúrbios de libido e ereção que foram corrigidos com administração de testosterona. Ele não necessitou de mais hospitalizações por dor. Não foram observadas complicações relacionadas à operação ou enchimento da bomba, ou relacionadas ao cateter. O paciente afirmou estar satisfeito com o implante. Discussão: Apesar do aumento das doses de enchimento, expressão do desenvolvimento da tolerância, as doses necessárias de morfina/dia são francamente inferiores ao limite recomendado. Conclusões: A relação risco-benefício do implante foi positiva, considerando o melhor controle da dor alcançado, as menores doses de morfina utilizadas, bem como a ausência de complicações graves e internações para controle da dor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Infusion Pumps, Implantable , Low Back Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/administration & dosage , Morphine/administration & dosage , Pain Measurement , Injections, Spinal , Treatment Outcome , Risk Assessment , Catheters , Chronic Pain/drug therapy , Analgesics, Opioid/adverse effects , Morphine/adverse effects
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