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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e4025, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1515338

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: medir el volumen urinario por medio de la ecografía vesical, realizado por una enfermera en pacientes críticos, después de la retirada de la sonda urinaria permanente y verificar los factores relacionados en la retención urinaria. Método: estudio cuantitativo, observacional y transversal, realizado con 37 pacientes críticos de ambos sexos, mayores de 18 años, con retiro de catéter vesical permanente en las últimas 48 horas. Se utilizó un cuestionario con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas y el examen ecográfico. Se utilizó un cuestionario con variables sociodemográficas y clínicas y el examen ecográfico. Los datos fueron presentados a través de distribución de frecuencias, medidas de centralidad y variabilidad, asociación mediante la prueba exacta de Fisher y, para el análisis, regresión logística binomial múltiple. Resultados: de los 37 pacientes, en su mayoría fue de sexo masculino, con una edad média de 54,9 años. La medición del volumen urinario por ecografía osciló entre 332,3 y 950 ml, y el 40,54% de los pacientes presentó retención urinaria. La retención urinaria se asoció significativamente a la aparición de infección urinaria, estreñimiento intestinal y diuresis por rebosamiento espontáneo. Los pacientes con infección del tracto urinario tenían 7,4 veces más probabilidades de tener retención urinaria. Conclusión: la ecografía vesical fue eficaz para medir el volumen urinario después de retirar el catéter urinario permanente y puede contribuir a la detección de retención urinaria.


Objective: to measure urinary volume through bladder ultrasound, performed by a nurse in critically ill patients, after removal of the indwelling urinary catheter and to verify the related factors on urinary retention. Method: quantitative, observational and cross-sectional study, carried out with 37 critically ill patients of both sexes, over 18 years of age, with removal of indwelling urinary catheter in the last 48 hours. A questionnaire containing sociodemographic and clinical variables and an ultrasound examination were used. Data were presented through frequency distribution, centrality and variability measures, association using Fisher`s exact test and, for analysis multiple binomial logistic regression analysis. Results: the 37 patients were mostly male, with a mean age of 54.9 years. The measurement of urinary volume by ultrasound ranged from 332.3 to 950 ml, and 40.54% of patients had urinary retention. Urinary retention was significantly associated with the occurrence of urinary tract infection, intestinal constipation and spontaneous overflow diuresis. Patients with urinary tract infection were 7.4 times more likely to have urinary retention. Conclusion: bladder ultrasonography was effective in measuring urinary volume after removal of the indwelling urinary catheter and and may contribute to the detection of urinary retention.


Objetivo: mensurar o volume urinário por meio da ultrassonografia de bexiga, realizada por enfermeiro em pacientes críticos, após a remoção do cateter vesical de demora, e verificar os fatores relacionados na retenção urinária. Método: estudo quantitativo, observacional e transversal, realizado com 37 pacientes críticos de ambos os sexos, idade superior a 18 anos, com retirada de cateter vesical de demora nas últimas 48 horas. Foram utilizados um questionário contendo as variáveis sociodemográficas e clinicas e o exame de ultrassonografia. Os dados foram apresentados por meio da distribuição de frequência, medidas de centralidade e de variabilidade, associação pelo teste exato de Fisher e, para análise a regressão logística binomial múltipla. Resultados: dos 37 pacientes, a maioria era do sexo masculino, com média de idade de 54,9 anos. A mensuração do volume urinário pela ultrassonografia variou de 332,3 a 950 ml, sendo que 40,54% dos pacientes apresentaram retenção urinária. A retenção urinaria apresentou associação significativa para a ocorrência de infecção do trato urinário, constipação intestinal e diurese espontânea por transbordamento. Pacientes com infecção urinária tiveram 7,4 vezes mais chance de apresentar retenção urinária. Conclusão: ultrassonografia de bexiga foi eficaz para mensurar o volume urinário após a remoção do cateter vesical de demora e poderá contribuir na detecção da retenção urinária.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinary Catheterization , Catheters, Indwelling , Cross-Sectional Studies , Urinary Retention/diagnostic imaging , Ultrasonography , Critical Illness
2.
Med. infant ; 30(1): 25-30, Marzo 2023. Tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1428039

ABSTRACT

En el año 2008 se creó el equipo de patrulla de catéteres para la colocación de catéteres percutáneos por punción directa para pacientes pediátricos en el Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, como estrategia para el cumplimiento de la terapia intravenosa. Diseño: Cohorte retrospectiva. Objetivo: evaluar resultados de la implementación de la patrulla de catéteres entre 2009 y 2013. Se analizaron factores asociados a complicaciones. Criterios de inclusión: catéteres colocados en unidades de cuidados intermedios por Enfermería de patrulla de catéteres en niños con edad entre 31 días a 17 años. Resultados: 2121 catéteres, 1,6 catéteres/paciente, edad mediana 6 años (r 1m- 17 años), permanencia mediana 9 días (7-12). Complicaciones más frecuentes: obstrucción 27,19%, desplazamiento 25,94%,ruptura 11,76%, traccionado por el paciente 11,08%, bacteriemia asociada a catéter 1,62 a 2,80 por 1000 días /catéter. La tasa de incidencia de complicaciones en los menores de 1 año fue 39,92 días catéter mientras que en los mayores de 1 año 31,14 días catéter; p=0,002, diámetro en fr y relación con complicaciones: 4fr 12,17 días/catéter, 3fr 24,25 días/catéter y 2fr 42,27dias/catéter, (p=0,000), no hubo diferencias según cantidad de lúmenes. Conclusiones: los resultados de este estudio sugieren que la edad del paciente, el tipo de cuidado y contención inciden en las complicaciones. Los dispositivos de aseguramiento deberán estar acordes a las necesidades y características del niño (AU)


In 2008, the catheter patrol team was created for the placement of percutaneous catheters by direct puncture for pediatric patients at Hospital de Pediatría Juan P. Garrahan, as a strategy to increase compliance with intravenous therapy. Design: Retrospective cohort study. Objective: to evaluate the results of the implementation of a catheter patrol between 2009 and 2013. Factors associated with complications were analyzed. Inclusion criteria: catheters placed in intermediate care units by catheter patrol nurses in children aged 31 days to 17 years. Results: 2121 catheters, 1.6 catheters/patient, median age 6 years (r 1m- 17 years), median stay 9 days (7-12). Most frequent complications: obstruction 27.19%, displacement 25.94%, rupture 11.76%, accidental pull-out by the patient 11.08%, catheter-associated bacteremia 1.62 to 2.80 per 1000 catheter-days. The incidence rate of complications in children under 1 year of age was 39.92 catheter-days while in those older than 1 year it was 31.14 catheter-days (p=0.002). Relationship between fr diameter and complications: 4fr 12.17 catheter-days, 3fr 24.25 catheter-days, and 2fr 42.27 catheter-days (p=0.000); there were no differences according to the number of lumens. Conclusions: the results of this study suggest that the age of the patient, the type of care, and containment have an impact on complications. Securement devices should be in agreement with the needs and characteristics of the child (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Catheterization, Peripheral/adverse effects , Catheterization, Peripheral/nursing , Catheterization, Peripheral/instrumentation , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling/statistics & numerical data , Incidence , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies
3.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 39-41, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970943

ABSTRACT

It is difficult to insert long-term dialysis catheters after severe stenosis or occlusion of the internal jugular vein and innominate vein. We used REcanalisation and balloon-oriented puncture for Re-insertion of dialysis catheter in nonpatent central veins (REBORN) in seven patients with severe central venous lesions, and all patients were inserted with long-term dialysis catheters successfully. None had severe complications such as pneumothorax, hemothorax, or pulmonary embolism during operation. All catheters functioned well after postoperative follow-up of 2 months. REBORN provides a novel approach to establish difficult dialysis pathways.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheterization, Central Venous/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling , Renal Dialysis , Jugular Veins , Punctures
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223167, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365394

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to demonstrate that the use of the portocath implantation technique without tunneling the catheter is not associated with a higher rate of complications in the short or long term. In addition, we aim to improve the implantation technique of the portocath device, with the presentation of a step-by-step guide for surgeons in training. Methods: this is a retrospective descriptive study, with analytical components. Data were analyzed using information extracted from electronic medical records linked to the National Health Care procedure code between the years 2019-2020. Results: none of the 94 procedures resulted in complications on the day they were performed. Complications were recorded seven days after the procedure in only two patients (2.13%). Intraoperative radioscopy had been performed in both cases. Thirty days afters the procedure, complications were observed in two patients among the remaining 92 (2.17%), both undergoing catheter implantation without tunneling. There were no complications in the six months after portocath implantation in 57.4% of patients and there is no information about the other 42.6%. Conclusion: the portocath insertion technique without tunneling is a safe outpatient procedure, with a low risk of complications, and can be adopted to shorten procedure time and patient discomfort, without functional or safety impairments. There was no association of not tunneling the catheter, laterality of the punctured vein and performing radioscopy in the transoperative period with the rate of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: demonstrar que a utilização da técnica de implantação do portocath sem a etapa de tunelização não está associado a maior taxa de complicações a curto ou longo prazo. Além disso, almeja-se aperfeiçoar a técnica da implementação do dispositivo portocath, com a apresentação de um guia passo a passo para conduzir os cirurgiões em formação. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo descritivo, com componentes analíticos. Os dados foram analisados por meio das informações extraídas dos prontuários eletrônicos vinculados código do procedimento SUS entre 2019-2020. Resultados: nenhum dos 94 procedimentos culminou em complicações no dia de sua realização. Foram registradas complicações após sete dias do procedimento em apenas dois pacientes (2,13%). A radioscopia intraoperatória havia sido realizada em ambos os casos. Após 30 dias do procedimento, foram observadas complicações em dois pacientes entre os 92 restantes (2,17%), ambos submetidos ao implante do cateter sem tunelização. Não houve complicações seis meses após o implante do portocath em 57,4% dos pacientes e não há informação acerca dos outros 42,6%. Conclusão: a técnica inserção do portocath sem tunelização é um procedimento ambulatorial seguro, de baixo risco de complicação, podendo ser adotada como forma de abreviar tempo de procedimento e desconforto ao paciente, sem prejuízos funcionais ou de segurança. Não houve associação entre não tunelizar o cateter, lateralidade da veia puncionada e realização de radioscopia no transoperatório com a taxa de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Retrospective Studies
6.
Univ. salud ; 23(2): 109-119, mayo-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1252314

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares han provocado el incremento de arritmias en la población, aumentando el uso de dispositivos como el cardiodesfibrilador, que, si bien previene las arritmias, puede afectar la calidad de vida. Objetivo: Describir la asociación que existe entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, la ansiedad y la depresión en personas portadoras de un cardiodesfibrilador. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo correlacional, de corte transversal, donde participaron 85 pacientes con implante de cardiodesfibrilador. Se aplicó una ficha sociodemográfica, los instrumentos Cuestionario de Salud (SF-36), el Inventario de Ansiedad y Depresión de Beck. Resultados: El 81,2% de los participantes fueron hombres con rango de edad 36-92 años. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mostró correlación negativa media con respecto a la ansiedad (r=‒0,622; p<0,001) y moderada, respecto a la depresión (rs=‒0,599; p<0,001). Conclusiones: Portar un cardiodesfibrilador puede desencadenar ansiedad y depresión, si estos no se intervienen oportunamente la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud puede deteriorarse, por ello, es importante implementar acciones tempranas que generen bienestar.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases have caused a rise in arrhythmias, increasing the use caridoverter defibrillators. Although, these devices prevent arrhythmias, they may also affect the quality of life. Objective: To describe the association between quality of life and health, anxiety and depression in people who use cardioverter defibrillators. Materials and methods: A qualitative, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study was carried out with 85 patients using implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Sociodemographic records, the Health Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Beck Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire were used. Results: 81.2% of participants were men with their ages ranging between 36 and 92 years. The health-related quality of life showed a negative correlation with respect to anxiety (r=- 0.622) and a slight correlation with depression (rs=-0.599; p<0.001). Conclusions: The use of a cardioverter-defibrillator can trigger anxiety and depression that can deteriorate the health-related quality of life if not timely intervened. It is important to implement early actions that generate well-being.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Quality of Life , Defibrillators, Implantable , Catheters, Indwelling , Death, Sudden , Depression , Cardiovascular Nursing
8.
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(1): 53-58, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098344

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Invasive procedures performed by trained nephrologists can reduce delays in making a definitive vascular access, complications, number of procedures on the same patient, and costs for the Public Health System. Objective: to demonstrate that a long-term tunneled central venous catheter (LTCVC) implanted by a nephrologist is safe, effective, and associated with excellent results. Methods: A retrospective study analyzed 149 consecutively performed temporary-to-long-term tunneled central venous catheter conversions in the operating room (OR) from a dialysis facility from March 2014 to September 2017. The data collected consisted of the total procedures performed, demographic characteristics of the study population, rates of success, aborted procedure, failure, complications, and catheter survival, and costs. Results: the main causes of end stage renal disease (ESRD) were systemic arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus, 37.9% each. Patients had a high number of previous arteriovenous fistula (1.72 ± 0.84) and temporary catheter (2.87 ± 1.9) attempts until a definitive vascular access was achieved, while the preferred vascular site was right internal jugular vein (80%). Success, abortion, and failure rates were 93.3%, 2.7% and 4%, respectively, with only 5.36% of complications (minors). Overall LTCVC survival rates over 1, 3, 6, and 12 months were 93.38, 71.81, 54.36, and 30.2%, respectively, with a mean of 298 ± 280 days (median 198 days). The procedure cost was around 496 dollars. Catheter dysfunction was the main reason for catheter removal (34%). Conclusion: Our analysis shows that placement of LTCVC by a nephrologist in an OR of a dialysis center is effective, safe, and results in substantial cost savings.


Resumo Introdução: Procedimentos invasivos realizados por nefrologistas podem reduzir o número de procedimentos no mesmo paciente, complicações e atrasos na obtenção de acesso vascular definitivo, bem como proporcionar menor custo para o Sistema de Saúde. Objetivo: Demonstrar a segurança, a eficácia e os resultados dos implantes de cateteres venosos centrais de longa permanência (CLP) realizados por nefrologista sem fluoroscopia. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo que analisou 149 implantes de CLP por nefrologista no centro cirúrgico de clínica de diálise, sem auxílio de fluoroscopia, no período de março/2014 a setembro/2017. Os dados coletados consistiram em: características demográficas da população estudada, taxas de sucesso, procedimento abortado, falha no procedimento, complicações observadas, patência do cateter e custos. Resultados: Houve um elevado número de tentativas fístulas arteriovenosas (1,72 ± 0,84) e de cateter de curta permanência (2,87 ± 1,9) até a realização de um acesso vascular definitivo. O sítio vascular preferido foi a veia jugular interna direita (80%). Taxas de sucesso, procedimentos abortados e falhas foram de 93,3%, 2,7% e 4,0%, respectivamente, com apenas 5,36% de pequenas complicações. A patência dos CLP com 1, 3, 6 e 12 meses foram de 93,38%, 71,81, 54,36% e 30,2%, respectivamente, com média de 298 ± 280 dias (mediana 198 dias). Os custos dos procedimentos foram em torno de US$ 496. Disfunção foi o principal motivo da remoção do cateter (34%). Conclusão: Nossa análise mostra que o implante de CLP por nefrologista no centro cirúrgico de clínica de diálise é eficaz e seguro e está associado à redução significativa de custos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Catheters, Indwelling/economics , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Central Venous Catheters/economics , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Ambulatory Care/methods , Operating Rooms , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Renal Dialysis/methods , Treatment Outcome , Nephrologists , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy
9.
J. vasc. bras ; 19: e20190142, 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1279361

ABSTRACT

Resumo Contexto Os cateteres venosos centrais para hemodiálise (CVCH) de curta permanência (CCP) e cateteres tunelizáveis de longa permanência (CTLP) são fundamentais para a terapia hemodialítica. Entretanto, há escassa casuística nacional acerca da incidência de complicações desses dois tipos de cateteres. Objetivos Analisar as complicações e tempo de duração de CVCHs em centro de hemodiálise de hospital de ensino. Métodos Foi feito um estudo unicêntrico, longitudinal e retrospectivo de 115 pacientes consecutivos submetidos a implante de cateteres para hemodiálise (67 CCP e 48 CTLP) em um período de 2 anos, com análise de sobrevida geral, perviedade, perda do acesso e incidência de complicações. Resultados Sessenta por cento eram do sexo masculino e a média de idade foi de 62 anos. O principal sítio de punção foi a veia jugular interna direita. Hipertensão arterial sistêmica estava presente em 95% dos casos. A mediana de permanência do cateter foi de 50 dias (CCP) versus 112 dias (CTLP; p < 0,0001). Não houve diferença na sobrevida global. Infecção relacionada ao cateter apresentou maior incidência nos CCP, sendo Staphylococcus sp. o microrganismo mais encontrado. A taxa de infecção por 1.000 dias foi maior nos CCP em relação aos CTLP (16,7 eventos/1.000 dias versus 7,0 eventos/1.000 dias, respectivamente). Baixa renda foi o único fator relacionado a maior incidência de infecção. Conclusões O tempo de permanência dos CTLP foi significativamente maior que os CCP, porém ainda assim abaixo dos valores relatados na literatura e sem impacto na sobrevida global. Baixa renda foi um fator associado a infecção de cateter.


Abstract Background Short-term (ST) and long-term tunneled (LTT) central venous catheters for hemodialysis (CVCH) are critical for hemodialysis therapy. However, few studies have been conducted in Brazil to investigate the incidence of complications with these two types of catheters. Objectives To analyze complications and duration of CVCH in a hemodialysis center at a teaching hospital. Methods Single-center, longitudinal, and retrospective study of 115 consecutive patients undergoing hemodialysis catheter placement (67 ST and 48 LTT) over a 2-year period, analyzing overall survival, patency, loss of access, and incidence of complications. Results Sixty percent of the patients were male and mean age was 62 years. The most common puncture site was the right internal jugular vein. Systemic arterial hypertension was present in 95% of cases. Median catheter in-place duration was 50 days (ST) vs. 112 days (LTT; p < 0.0001). There was no difference in overall survival. Incidence of catheter-related infection was higher in ST CVCH, with Staphylococcus sp. the microorganism most often found. The infection rate per 1000 days was higher in ST than in LTT catheters (16.7 events/1000 days vs. 7.0 events/1000 days). Low income was the only factor related to higher incidence of infection. Conclusions The in-place duration of long-term catheters was significantly longer compared to short-term CVCH, but still below the values reported in the literature and without impact on overall survival. Low income was a factor associated with catheter infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Catheter-Related Infections , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies , Economic Factors
10.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3250, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | BDENF, LILACS | ID: biblio-1101737

ABSTRACT

Objective: design and validate a questionnaire to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of nurses about the subcutaneous venous reservoir. Method: pilot test: 30 specialized care nurses. Main study: 236 nurses of primary and specialized care. Content validity was evaluated by Lawshe index, reliability by test-retest, internal consistency by Cronbach alpha, and construct validity by exploratory factorial analysis. Results: Items with a Lawshe index lower than 0.51 were eliminated. In the test-retest, the intraclass correlation coefficient was higher than 0.75 for all items. The Cronbach alpha of the attitude questionnaire reached 0.865. The Cronbach alpha value for knowledge was 0.750. The exploratory factor analysis identified a set of four dimensions for each part that explain 64% (attitude) to 80% (knowledge) of variability. Conclusion: the analysis of the reliability and validity of the questionnaire supports its use as an instrument to assess the knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards the subcutaneous venous reservoir.


Objetivo: construir e validar um questionário para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre o cateter venoso totalmente implantado. Método: teste piloto: 30 enfermeiros de atendimento especializado. Estudo principal: 236 enfermeiros de atendimento primário e especializado. Avaliou-se a validade de conteúdo por meio do índice de Lawshe, a confiabilidade por meio do teste-reteste, a consistência interna mediante o alfa de Cronbach, e a validade de construto por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. Resultados: foram eliminados os itens com um índice de Lawshe inferior a 0,51. No teste-reteste, o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi maior que 0,75 para todos os itens. O alfa de Cronbach do questionário de atitude atingiu um valor de 0,865. O valor de alfa de Cronbach para o de conhecimentos foi de 0,750. A análise fatorial exploratória identificou um conjunto de quatro dimensões para cada parte, que explicam a variabilidade de 64% (atitude) a 80% (conhecimentos). Conclusão: a análise da confiabilidade e a validade do questionário endossam seu uso como instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes dos profissionais de enfermagem em relação ao cateter venoso totalmente implantado.


Objetivo: diseñar y validar un cuestionario para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes del personal de enfermería sobre el reservorio venoso subcutáneo. Método: prueba piloto con 30 enfermeros/as de atención especializada. Estudio principal con 236 enfermeros/as de atención primaria y especializada. Se evaluó la validez de contenido mediante el índice de Lawshe, la fiabilidad mediante test-retest, la consistencia interna mediante el alfa de Cronbach y la validez de constructo con un análisis factorial exploratorio. Resultados: se eliminaron los ítems con un índice de Lawshe inferior a 0,51. En el test-retest, el coeficiente de correlación intraclase resultó ser mayor que 0,75 para todos los ítems. El alfa de Cronbach del cuestionario de actitud alcanzó un valor de 0,865. El valor de alfa de Cronbach para el de conocimientos fue de 0,750. El análisis factorial exploratorio identificó un conjunto de cuatro dimensiones para cada parte que explican del 64% (actitud) al 80% (conocimientos) de la variabilidad. Conclusión: el análisis de la fiabilidad y la validez del cuestionario avalan su uso como instrumento para valorar los conocimientos y actitudes del personal de enfermería en torno al reservorio venoso subcutáneo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vascular Access Devices , Nursing Staff
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 458-463, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020506

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Indications for cardiac devices have been increasing as well as the need for lead extractions as a result of infections, failed leads and device recalls. Powered laser sheaths, with a global trend towards the in-creasingly technological tools, meant to improve the procedure's outcome but have economic implications. Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the experience of a Bra-zilian center that uses simple manual traction in most lead removals per-formed annually, questioning the real need for expensive and technically challenging new devices. Methods: This retrospective observational study included 35 patients who had a transvenous lead extraction in the period of a year between January 1998 and October 2014 at Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Data were collected through a records review. They were evaluated based on age, type of device, dwelling time, indication for removal, technique used and immediate outcomes. Results: The median dwelling time of the devices was 46.22 months. Infec-tion, lead fracture and device malfunction were the most common indica-tions. Simple traction was the method of choice, used in 88.9% of the pro-cedures. Manual traction presented high success rates, resulting in com-plete removal without complications in 90% of the cases. Conclusion: This article suggests that lead extraction by simple manual traction can still be performed effectively in countries with economic diffi-culties as a first attempt, leaving auxiliary tools for a second attempt in case of failure or contraindications to the simple manual traction technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Pacemaker, Artificial/microbiology , Device Removal/instrumentation , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable , Device Removal/methods
12.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 222-225, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990570

ABSTRACT

Abstract The partial anomalous pulmonary vein drainage is a rare congenital defect. The pulmonary vein drains in to a systemic vein instead of draining in to the left atrium. In this rare birth defect, the right sided pulmonary vein involvement is more prevalent than the left sided pulmonary veins. We present a case where the anomalous left superior pulmonary vein was diagnosed when a renal dialysis catheter (size = 12F x 16cm) was mal-positioned in to the Anomalous left superior pulmonary vein, demonstrating confusing blood results. We describe how a systematic multidisciplinary approach and use of advanced imaging techniques can recognise and deal with this rare clinical dilemma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Veins/abnormalities , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Scimitar Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Catheters, Indwelling , Aortic Dissection/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Incidental Findings
13.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 89-94, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002420

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Vascular access (VA) in hemodialysis (HD) is essential to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients survival. Unfortunately, after some years in HD program, a significant number of patients may develop VA failure for many reasons. In this situation, arterial venous fistula (AVF) confection or catheters placement in traditional vascular sites (jugular, femoral or subclavian) are not feasible. In this scenario, translumbar tunneled dialysis catheter (TLDC) may be a salvage option. Objectives: To describe placement technic, complications, and patency of 12 TLDC. Methods: A retrospective study was performed to analyze 12 TLDC placement in an angiography suite using fluoroscopic guidance at the University Hospital of the Rio Grande do Norte Federal University from January 2016 to October 2017. The data collected of the total procedures performed consisted of demographic characteristics, success rates, observed complications, patient survival, and catheter patency. Results: All 12 TLDC were placed with success; there were only 2 significant periprocedure complications (major bleeding and extubation failure); 41.6% of patients presented a catheter-related first infection after 98 ± 72.1 (6-201) days, but catheter withdrawal was not necessary, mean total access patency was 315.5 (range 65 - 631) catheter-days, and catheter patency at 3, 6 and 12 months was 91 %, 75%, and 45%. Conclusion: TLDC is an option for patients with VA failure, improving survival and acting as a bridge for renal transplantation.


Resumo Introdução: O acesso vascular (AV) para hemodiálise (HD) é crucial para os pacientes portadores de doença renal crônica (DRC) estágio V. Infelizmente, com o passar dos anos, um percentual não desprezível desses enfermos evolui para falência de AV por diversos motivos, o que impossibilita a confecção de novas fístulas arteriovenosas (FAV) ou o implante de cateteres venosos centrais nos sítios de punções tradicionais. Nesse cenário, o implante de cateteres translombares para hemodiálise (CTLHD) em veia cava inferior ganha destaque como medida salvadora. Objetivos: Relatar uma série de 12 casos de implante de CTLHD, sua técnica de implante, patência e complicações. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo que analisou 12 implantes de CTLHD por radiologista intervencionista no setor de hemodinâmica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), no período de janeiro/2016 a outubro/2017. Os dados coletados consistiram em: características demográficas da população estudada, taxa de sucesso, complicações observadas, sobrevida dos pacientes, patência do cateter e desfechos clínicos. Resultados: Todos os 12 CTLHD foram implantados e utilizados com sucesso; ocorreram apenas 2 complicações associadas ao procedimento (sangramento e falha na extubação); 41,6% dos pacientes apresentaram infecção relacionada ao cateter após 98 ± 72,1 dias (6-201 dias), mas não houve necessidade de remoção; e a patência foi de 315,5 cateteres-dia (65-631 dias). Conclusão: O CTLHD é uma opção para pacientes com falência de acesso vascular, prolongando a sobrevida dos pacientes e atuando como ponte para o transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Diseases/etiology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Lumbosacral Region/blood supply , Fluoroscopy , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Hemorrhage/etiology
14.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 121-123, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785573

ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection is rare in the healthy pediatric population, it is relatively common among hospitalized patients. Fungus may be isolated from the urine of immunocompromised patients or that of patients with indwelling catheters. The most common cause of funguria is Candida albicans. Although more than 50% of Candida isolates belong to non-albicans Candida , the prevalence of non-albicans candiduria is increasing. Herein, we report a case of community-acquired candiduria in a 4-month-old immunocompetent male infant who had bilateral vesicoureteral reflux and was administered antibiotic prophylaxis. He was diagnosed with urinary tract infection caused by Candida lusitaniae and was managed with fluconazole.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Male , Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Bacteria , Candida , Candida albicans , Catheters, Indwelling , Escherichia coli , Fluconazole , Fungi , Immunocompromised Host , Prevalence , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinary Tract , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux
15.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2019. 117 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1402173

ABSTRACT

Estima-se que 15 a 25% dos pacientes internados no ambiente hospitalar utilizam cateter vesical de demora (CVD), tendo aproximadamente 80% das infecções do trato urinário associadas à instalação do CVD. A utilização excessiva e a permanência maior que a necessária do cateter, pode acarretar graves incidentes como dor, sangramento, desconforto, trauma e até mesmo uma grave infecção do trato urinário. O monitoramento do paciente em uso de CVD, pela equipe de enfermagem, bem como o conhecimento acerca dos principais incidentes associados ao manejo do cateter, podem ser importantes ferramentas na mitigação de agravos clínicos. Objetivos: verificar a frequência de incidentes vinculados ao uso de cateter vesical de demora em pacientes internados nos setores de clínica médica e cirúrgica; analisar a ocorrência de incidentes originados do manejo em pacientes em uso do cateter vesical de demora e sua interface com o cuidado seguro em saúde; discutir estratégias voltadas para atuação da equipe de enfermagem com vistas a mitigação de incidentes vinculados a cateter vesical de demora. Metodologia: estudo observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, descritivo, de natureza quantitativa, realizado com 79 participantes internados em unidades de clínica médica e/ou cirúrgica de um Hospital Universitário Federal do Rio de Janeiro, selecionados a partir dos critérios elegibilidade estabelecidos. Os dados foram analisados por meio de estatística descritiva e inferencial. Resultados: 55,7% dos participantes eram do sexo masculino, com faixa etária predominante (40,5%) entre 63 a 74 anos. Em média os pacientes foram cateterizados nos primeiros oito dias de internação. 94,9% dos pacientes apresentaram pelo menos um incidente durante o período do estudo. Verifica-se que sexo, idade, tempo de uso, diâmetro do cateter utilizado, e fixação do CVD tiveram associações estatísticas significativas. 18 pacientes apresentaram infecção, desses somente um participante possuía resultado de urocultura. Conclusão: a presente dissertação identificou os principais incidentes advindos do manejo e manutenção do cateter, verificando que em maioria, as circunstâncias notificáveis foram as mais recorrentes, verificando também a necessidade da realização de estratégias diretas com o profissional em campo de trabalho, vislumbrando que esse possa conferir um cuidado especializado, direcionado e seguro a probabilidade de fatores que possam levar a ocorrência de situações indesejadas na prática do cuidado.


It is estimated that 15 to 25% of the patients hospitalized in the hospital use delayed bladder catheter (CVD), with approximately 80% of the urinary tract infections associated with CVD. Overuse and overuse of the catheter can lead to serious incidents such as pain, bleeding, discomfort, trauma and even a serious urinary tract infection. The monitoring of the patient using CVD by the nursing team, as well as the knowledge about the main incidents associated with catheter management can be important tools in the mitigation of clinical injuries. Objectives: to verify the frequency of incidents related to the use of late bladder catheter in patients hospitalized in the medical and surgical clinic sectors; to analyze the occurrence of incidents originating from the management in patients in use of the bladder catheter of delay and its interface with the safe health care; to discuss strategies aimed at the nursing team's action in order to mitigate incidents related to delayed bladder catheter. Methods: this was a prospective, descriptive, longitudinal, prospective, quantitative study of 79 participants hospitalized at a medical and / or surgical clinic of a Federal University Hospital of Rio de Janeiro, selected from the established eligibility criteria. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: 55.7% of the participants were male, with a predominant age group (40.5%) between 63 and 74 years. On average, the patients were catheterized in the first eight days of hospitalization. 94.9% of patients had at least one incident during the study period. It is verified that sex, age, time of use, diameter of the catheter used, and fixation of CVD had significant statistical associations. 18 patients presented infection, of which only one participant had a result of uroculture. Conclusion: the present dissertation identified the main incidents resulting from the management and maintenance of the catheter, verifying that the majority of the reportable circumstances were the most recurrent, and also verified the need to carry out direct strategies with the professional in the field of work, a specialized, directed and safe care the probability of factors that can lead to the occurrence of undesirable situations in the practice of the care.


Se estima que entre el 15 y el 25% de los pacientes internados en el ambiente hospitalario utilizan catéter vesical de demora (CVD), con aproximadamente el 80% de las infecciones del tracto urinario asociadas a la instalación del CVD. El uso excesivo y la permanencia mayor que la necesaria del catéter, puede acarrear graves incidentes como dolor, sangrado, incomodidad, trauma e incluso una grave infección del tracto urinario. El monitoreo del paciente en uso de CVD, por el equipo de enfermería, así como el conocimiento acerca de los principales incidentes asociados al manejo del catéter, pueden ser importantes herramientas en la mitigación de los agravios clínicos. Objetivos: verificar la frecuencia de incidentes vinculados al uso de catéter vesical de demora en pacientes internados en los sectores de clínica médica y quirúrgica; analizar la ocurrencia de incidentes originados del manejo en pacientes en uso del catéter vesical de demora y su interfaz con el cuidado seguro en salud; discutir estrategias dirigidas a la actuación del equipo de enfermería con miras a la mitigación de incidentes vinculados a catéter vesical de demora. Metodología: estudio observacional, longitudinal, prospectivo, descriptivo, de naturaleza cuantitativa, realizado con 79 participantes internados en unidades de clínica médica y / o quirúrgica de un Hospital Universitario Federal de Río de Janeiro, seleccionados a partir de los criterios elegibles establecidos. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de estadística descriptiva e inferencial. Resultados: El 55,7% de los participantes eran del sexo masculino, con rango de edad predominante (40,5%) entre 63 y 74 años. En promedio los pacientes fueron cateterizados en los primeros ocho días de internación. El 94,9% de los pacientes presentó al menos un incidente durante el período del estudio. Se observa que el sexo, la edad, el tiempo de uso, el diámetro del catéter utilizado, y la fijación del CVD han tenido asociaciones estadísticas significativas. 18 pacientes presentaron infección, de los cuales un participante poseía un resultado de urocultura. Conclusión: La presente disertación identificó los principales incidentes provenientes del manejo y mantenimiento del catéter, verificando que en su mayoría, las circunstancias notificables fueron las más recurrentes, verificando también la necesidad de la realización de estrategias directas con el profesional en campo de trabajo, vislumbrando que ese pueda conferir un cuidado especializado, dirigido y seguro a la probabilidad de factores que puedan llevar a la ocurrencia de situaciones indeseadas en la práctica del cuidado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Blister/pathology , Hospitalization , Patient Safety
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e8055, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989464

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and factors for survival of patients who underwent early-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 24 h after catheter insertion three years after PD. This study was conducted from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. All adult patients who were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and underwent PD for the first time within 24 h after catheter insertion in our hospital were included. All patients with PD were followed-up until they withdrew from PD, switching to hemodialysis, were transferred to other medical centers, underwent renal transplantation, died or were lost to follow-up, or continued to undergo dialysis until the end of the study period. The follow-up observation lasted three years. The number of eligible patients was 110, and switching to hemodialysis and death were the main reasons for patients to withdraw from PD. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year technical survival rates of patients were 89.1, 79.1, and 79.1% respectively, while the 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 90, 81.8, and 81.8%, respectively. The Charlson comorbidity index, age, hemoglobin, serum albumin, diabetic nephropathy, chronic glomerulonephritis, and hypertensive renal damage were independent risk factors that affected the prognosis of PD patients. Under the condition of ensuring the quality of the PD catheter insertion, early-start PD within 24 h after catheter insertion is a safe treatment approach for ESRD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Catheterization/methods , Catheters, Indwelling , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Prognosis , Time Factors , Catheterization/mortality , Body Mass Index , Proportional Hazards Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Peritoneal Dialysis/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Failure, Chronic/mortality
17.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(4): 258-264, ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954992

ABSTRACT

Representantes de la Sociedad Argentina de Infectología (SADI) y la Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva (SATI) acordaron la elaboración de recomendaciones de diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la infección del tracto urinario asociada a sonda vesical (ITU-SV). La metodología utilizada fue el análisis de la bibliografía publicada en 2006-2016, complementada con la opinión de expertos y datos epidemiológicos locales. En este documento se pretende ofrecer herramientas básicas de optimización de diagnóstico en base a criterios clínicos y microbiológicos, orientación en los esquemas antibióticos empíricos y dirigidos, y promover las medidas efectivas para reducir el riesgo de ITU-SV. Se destaca la preocupación por el control y tratamiento inadecuados de la ITU-SV, en particular el uso indiscriminado de antimicrobianos y la importancia de garantizar la mejora en las prácticas diarias. Se establecen pautas locales para mejorar la prevención, optimizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la ITU-SV, y así disminuir la morbimortalidad, los días de internación, los costos y la resistencia a antibióticos debidos al mal uso de los antimicrobianos.


Representatives of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI) and the Argentine Society of Intensive Therapy (SATI) issued the present recommendations on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of catheter associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI). Articles published during 2006-2016 were analyzed in the light of experts' opinion and local data. This document aims to offer basic strategies to optimize the diagnosis based on clinical and microbiological criteria, provide guidance in empirical and targeted antibiotic schemes, and promote effective measures to reduce the risk of CA-UTI. The joint work of both societies highlights the experts' concern about the mismanagement of CA-UTI, which is associated to the indiscriminate use of antimicrobials, and the importance of improving daily practices of CA-UTI management. Through these recommendations, local guidelines are established to optimize the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of CAUTI in order to reduce morbimortality, days of hospitalization, costs and antibiotic resistance due to the misuse of antimicrobials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Urinary Catheterization/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Cross Infection/etiology , Societies, Medical , Urinary Tract Infections/prevention & control , Catheters, Indwelling/microbiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control
18.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 18(31): 27-30, jul. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-973011

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo trata sobre la implementacion de un proyecto educativo en el Sanatorio Allende, cuyo objetivo es el cuidado del cateter oncologico pediatrico, a traves de la labor en conjunto con padres y/o familiares para prestar apoyo y orientaciones en relacion al cuidado del mismo. Como marco de referencia se utilizo la teoria de la interaccion para la evaluacion de la salud infantil, de Kathryn E. Barnard. Se diseño como recurso educativo, un folleto guia para padres y familia sobre cuidados de cateter semiimplantable e implantable, para reforzar los contenidos previamente comunicados en el encuentro entre padres y personal de enfermeria, fortaleciendo asi el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje...


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Health Education , Nursing Theory , Teaching Materials
20.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915855

ABSTRACT

Background: Adequate flow through a newly created arteriovenous fistula depends on multiple characteristics of the vessels and patient comorbidities. Several studies have related preoperative findings to failure, but few have analyzed the influence of intraoperative findings. Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of intraoperative findings on the immediate outcome of radial-cephalic arteriovenous wrist fistulas (RCAVF) by collecting data that are easily measured intraoperatively. Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study, in which a single surgeon performed 101 RCAVF in 100 patients at a single center. We analyzed the immediate postoperative flow, assessed by thrill intensity immediately after fistula creation, against patient demographics and intraoperative data. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, comorbidities, length of vein visible at preoperative examination, macroscopic arterial calcification, maximum vein diameter, and length of stenosis-free vein, measured by cannulation with a urethral catheter during the procedure. The chi-square test was used both to eliminate possible bias introduced by side of venous access (left or right), and to determine predictive values of immediate thrill. Results: Side of access was not associated with any significant differences in variables. Absence of macroscopic arterial calcification, successful venous catheterization using a 6 French catheter or larger, and ability to advance it more than 10 centimeters along the lumen of the proximal vein were correlated with adequate immediate postoperative thrill (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusions: In this series of 101 RCAVF, both the diameter of the catheter and its progress through the proximal vein and also absence of arterial calcification had positive predictive value for achieving adequate immediate thrill after vascular access construction


O fluxo adequado de uma fístula arteriovenosa recém-confeccionada depende de múltiplas características dos vasos, bem como de comorbidades do paciente. Diversos estudos associam achados pré-operatórios e suas relações à falha do acesso, mas poucos analisam a influência dos achados encontrados no intraoperatório. Objetivos: Avaliar o valor preditivo desses achados no fluxo imediato de fístulas arteriovenosas radiocefálicas de punho (FAVRCPs) para hemodiálise através de coleta de dados facilmente mensuráveis do intraoperatório. Métodos: Um único cirurgião realizou 101 FAVRCPs em 100 pacientes, em um único centro. Analisou-se o fluxo do pós-operatório imediato através da intensidade do frêmito imediatamente após a confecção do acesso, e os resultados foram comparados com dados demográficos e achados intraoperatórios. As variáveis analisadas foram sexo, idade, comorbidades, extensão da veia visível ao exame físico, presença de calcificação arterial macroscópica, diâmetro venoso máximo e extensão de veia livre de estenose, avaliadas através da cateterização venosa com sonda uretral durante o procedimento. O teste de qui-quadrado foi utilizado tanto para excluir um possível viés de confusão pelo lado do acesso como para avaliar o valor preditivo das variáveis na intensidade do frêmito. Resultados: Não foi identificada diferença significativa nas variáveis segundo o lado do acesso. A ausência de calcificação arterial, a possibilidade de cateterização venosa com sonda de 6 French ou maior, e a sua progressão por mais de 10 cm através do lúmen da veia proximal tiveram correlação com frêmito imediato adequado ao fim do procedimento (p = 0,004, p < 0,001 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). Conclusões: Nesta série de 101 FAVRCPs, o diâmetro e a progressão de cateter 6 French ou maior através da veia proximal e a ausência de calcificação arterial apresentaram valor preditivo positivo na obtenção de frêmito imediato adequado de FAVRCP para hemodiálise


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula , Intraoperative Care/adverse effects , Intraoperative Care/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Renal Dialysis , Wrist , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Catheters, Indwelling , Cohort Studies , Risk Factors , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/physiopathology , Upper Extremity
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