Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 628
Filter
1.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 49: e20223167, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1365394

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: to demonstrate that the use of the portocath implantation technique without tunneling the catheter is not associated with a higher rate of complications in the short or long term. In addition, we aim to improve the implantation technique of the portocath device, with the presentation of a step-by-step guide for surgeons in training. Methods: this is a retrospective descriptive study, with analytical components. Data were analyzed using information extracted from electronic medical records linked to the National Health Care procedure code between the years 2019-2020. Results: none of the 94 procedures resulted in complications on the day they were performed. Complications were recorded seven days after the procedure in only two patients (2.13%). Intraoperative radioscopy had been performed in both cases. Thirty days afters the procedure, complications were observed in two patients among the remaining 92 (2.17%), both undergoing catheter implantation without tunneling. There were no complications in the six months after portocath implantation in 57.4% of patients and there is no information about the other 42.6%. Conclusion: the portocath insertion technique without tunneling is a safe outpatient procedure, with a low risk of complications, and can be adopted to shorten procedure time and patient discomfort, without functional or safety impairments. There was no association of not tunneling the catheter, laterality of the punctured vein and performing radioscopy in the transoperative period with the rate of complications.


RESUMO Objetivo: demonstrar que a utilização da técnica de implantação do portocath sem a etapa de tunelização não está associado a maior taxa de complicações a curto ou longo prazo. Além disso, almeja-se aperfeiçoar a técnica da implementação do dispositivo portocath, com a apresentação de um guia passo a passo para conduzir os cirurgiões em formação. Métodos: trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo descritivo, com componentes analíticos. Os dados foram analisados por meio das informações extraídas dos prontuários eletrônicos vinculados código do procedimento SUS entre 2019-2020. Resultados: nenhum dos 94 procedimentos culminou em complicações no dia de sua realização. Foram registradas complicações após sete dias do procedimento em apenas dois pacientes (2,13%). A radioscopia intraoperatória havia sido realizada em ambos os casos. Após 30 dias do procedimento, foram observadas complicações em dois pacientes entre os 92 restantes (2,17%), ambos submetidos ao implante do cateter sem tunelização. Não houve complicações seis meses após o implante do portocath em 57,4% dos pacientes e não há informação acerca dos outros 42,6%. Conclusão: a técnica inserção do portocath sem tunelização é um procedimento ambulatorial seguro, de baixo risco de complicação, podendo ser adotada como forma de abreviar tempo de procedimento e desconforto ao paciente, sem prejuízos funcionais ou de segurança. Não houve associação entre não tunelizar o cateter, lateralidade da veia puncionada e realização de radioscopia no transoperatório com a taxa de complicações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Retrospective Studies
2.
Univ. salud ; 23(2): 109-119, mayo-ago. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1252314

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades cardiovasculares han provocado el incremento de arritmias en la población, aumentando el uso de dispositivos como el cardiodesfibrilador, que, si bien previene las arritmias, puede afectar la calidad de vida. Objetivo: Describir la asociación que existe entre la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud, la ansiedad y la depresión en personas portadoras de un cardiodesfibrilador. Materiales y métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, descriptivo correlacional, de corte transversal, donde participaron 85 pacientes con implante de cardiodesfibrilador. Se aplicó una ficha sociodemográfica, los instrumentos Cuestionario de Salud (SF-36), el Inventario de Ansiedad y Depresión de Beck. Resultados: El 81,2% de los participantes fueron hombres con rango de edad 36-92 años. La calidad de vida relacionada con la salud mostró correlación negativa media con respecto a la ansiedad (r=‒0,622; p<0,001) y moderada, respecto a la depresión (rs=‒0,599; p<0,001). Conclusiones: Portar un cardiodesfibrilador puede desencadenar ansiedad y depresión, si estos no se intervienen oportunamente la calidad de vida relacionada con la salud puede deteriorarse, por ello, es importante implementar acciones tempranas que generen bienestar.


Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases have caused a rise in arrhythmias, increasing the use caridoverter defibrillators. Although, these devices prevent arrhythmias, they may also affect the quality of life. Objective: To describe the association between quality of life and health, anxiety and depression in people who use cardioverter defibrillators. Materials and methods: A qualitative, descriptive, correlational and cross-sectional study was carried out with 85 patients using implantable cardioverter defibrillator. Sociodemographic records, the Health Questionnaire (SF-36), and the Beck Anxiety and Depression Questionnaire were used. Results: 81.2% of participants were men with their ages ranging between 36 and 92 years. The health-related quality of life showed a negative correlation with respect to anxiety (r=- 0.622) and a slight correlation with depression (rs=-0.599; p<0.001). Conclusions: The use of a cardioverter-defibrillator can trigger anxiety and depression that can deteriorate the health-related quality of life if not timely intervened. It is important to implement early actions that generate well-being.


Subject(s)
Anxiety , Quality of Life , Defibrillators, Implantable , Catheters, Indwelling , Death, Sudden , Depression , Cardiovascular Nursing
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3250, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101737

ABSTRACT

Objective: design and validate a questionnaire to evaluate the knowledge and attitudes of nurses about the subcutaneous venous reservoir. Method: pilot test: 30 specialized care nurses. Main study: 236 nurses of primary and specialized care. Content validity was evaluated by Lawshe index, reliability by test-retest, internal consistency by Cronbach alpha, and construct validity by exploratory factorial analysis. Results: Items with a Lawshe index lower than 0.51 were eliminated. In the test-retest, the intraclass correlation coefficient was higher than 0.75 for all items. The Cronbach alpha of the attitude questionnaire reached 0.865. The Cronbach alpha value for knowledge was 0.750. The exploratory factor analysis identified a set of four dimensions for each part that explain 64% (attitude) to 80% (knowledge) of variability. Conclusion: the analysis of the reliability and validity of the questionnaire supports its use as an instrument to assess the knowledge and attitudes of nurses towards the subcutaneous venous reservoir.


Objetivo: construir e validar um questionário para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes dos profissionais de enfermagem sobre o cateter venoso totalmente implantado. Método: teste piloto: 30 enfermeiros de atendimento especializado. Estudo principal: 236 enfermeiros de atendimento primário e especializado. Avaliou-se a validade de conteúdo por meio do índice de Lawshe, a confiabilidade por meio do teste-reteste, a consistência interna mediante o alfa de Cronbach, e a validade de construto por meio de uma análise fatorial exploratória. Resultados: foram eliminados os itens com um índice de Lawshe inferior a 0,51. No teste-reteste, o coeficiente de correlação intraclasse foi maior que 0,75 para todos os itens. O alfa de Cronbach do questionário de atitude atingiu um valor de 0,865. O valor de alfa de Cronbach para o de conhecimentos foi de 0,750. A análise fatorial exploratória identificou um conjunto de quatro dimensões para cada parte, que explicam a variabilidade de 64% (atitude) a 80% (conhecimentos). Conclusão: a análise da confiabilidade e a validade do questionário endossam seu uso como instrumento para avaliar os conhecimentos e as atitudes dos profissionais de enfermagem em relação ao cateter venoso totalmente implantado.


Objetivo: diseñar y validar un cuestionario para evaluar los conocimientos y las actitudes del personal de enfermería sobre el reservorio venoso subcutáneo. Método: prueba piloto con 30 enfermeros/as de atención especializada. Estudio principal con 236 enfermeros/as de atención primaria y especializada. Se evaluó la validez de contenido mediante el índice de Lawshe, la fiabilidad mediante test-retest, la consistencia interna mediante el alfa de Cronbach y la validez de constructo con un análisis factorial exploratorio. Resultados: se eliminaron los ítems con un índice de Lawshe inferior a 0,51. En el test-retest, el coeficiente de correlación intraclase resultó ser mayor que 0,75 para todos los ítems. El alfa de Cronbach del cuestionario de actitud alcanzó un valor de 0,865. El valor de alfa de Cronbach para el de conocimientos fue de 0,750. El análisis factorial exploratorio identificó un conjunto de cuatro dimensiones para cada parte que explican del 64% (actitud) al 80% (conocimientos) de la variabilidad. Conclusión: el análisis de la fiabilidad y la validez del cuestionario avalan su uso como instrumento para valorar los conocimientos y actitudes del personal de enfermería en torno al reservorio venoso subcutáneo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Vascular Access Devices , Nursing Staff
5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(4): 458-463, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1020506

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Indications for cardiac devices have been increasing as well as the need for lead extractions as a result of infections, failed leads and device recalls. Powered laser sheaths, with a global trend towards the in-creasingly technological tools, meant to improve the procedure's outcome but have economic implications. Objective: The aim of this study is to demonstrate the experience of a Bra-zilian center that uses simple manual traction in most lead removals per-formed annually, questioning the real need for expensive and technically challenging new devices. Methods: This retrospective observational study included 35 patients who had a transvenous lead extraction in the period of a year between January 1998 and October 2014 at Hospital de Messejana Dr. Carlos Alberto Studart Gomes, in Fortaleza, CE, Brazil. Data were collected through a records review. They were evaluated based on age, type of device, dwelling time, indication for removal, technique used and immediate outcomes. Results: The median dwelling time of the devices was 46.22 months. Infec-tion, lead fracture and device malfunction were the most common indica-tions. Simple traction was the method of choice, used in 88.9% of the pro-cedures. Manual traction presented high success rates, resulting in com-plete removal without complications in 90% of the cases. Conclusion: This article suggests that lead extraction by simple manual traction can still be performed effectively in countries with economic diffi-culties as a first attempt, leaving auxiliary tools for a second attempt in case of failure or contraindications to the simple manual traction technique.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Pacemaker, Artificial/adverse effects , Pacemaker, Artificial/microbiology , Device Removal/instrumentation , Catheter-Related Infections/microbiology , Bacterial Infections/microbiology , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Retrospective Studies , Defibrillators, Implantable , Device Removal/methods
6.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 222-225, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990570

ABSTRACT

Abstract The partial anomalous pulmonary vein drainage is a rare congenital defect. The pulmonary vein drains in to a systemic vein instead of draining in to the left atrium. In this rare birth defect, the right sided pulmonary vein involvement is more prevalent than the left sided pulmonary veins. We present a case where the anomalous left superior pulmonary vein was diagnosed when a renal dialysis catheter (size = 12F x 16cm) was mal-positioned in to the Anomalous left superior pulmonary vein, demonstrating confusing blood results. We describe how a systematic multidisciplinary approach and use of advanced imaging techniques can recognise and deal with this rare clinical dilemma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aortic Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Pulmonary Veins/abnormalities , Pulmonary Veins/diagnostic imaging , Scimitar Syndrome/diagnostic imaging , Catheters, Indwelling , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Radiography, Thoracic , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Incidental Findings
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(1): 89-94, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002420

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Vascular access (VA) in hemodialysis (HD) is essential to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) patients survival. Unfortunately, after some years in HD program, a significant number of patients may develop VA failure for many reasons. In this situation, arterial venous fistula (AVF) confection or catheters placement in traditional vascular sites (jugular, femoral or subclavian) are not feasible. In this scenario, translumbar tunneled dialysis catheter (TLDC) may be a salvage option. Objectives: To describe placement technic, complications, and patency of 12 TLDC. Methods: A retrospective study was performed to analyze 12 TLDC placement in an angiography suite using fluoroscopic guidance at the University Hospital of the Rio Grande do Norte Federal University from January 2016 to October 2017. The data collected of the total procedures performed consisted of demographic characteristics, success rates, observed complications, patient survival, and catheter patency. Results: All 12 TLDC were placed with success; there were only 2 significant periprocedure complications (major bleeding and extubation failure); 41.6% of patients presented a catheter-related first infection after 98 ± 72.1 (6-201) days, but catheter withdrawal was not necessary, mean total access patency was 315.5 (range 65 - 631) catheter-days, and catheter patency at 3, 6 and 12 months was 91 %, 75%, and 45%. Conclusion: TLDC is an option for patients with VA failure, improving survival and acting as a bridge for renal transplantation.


Resumo Introdução: O acesso vascular (AV) para hemodiálise (HD) é crucial para os pacientes portadores de doença renal crônica (DRC) estágio V. Infelizmente, com o passar dos anos, um percentual não desprezível desses enfermos evolui para falência de AV por diversos motivos, o que impossibilita a confecção de novas fístulas arteriovenosas (FAV) ou o implante de cateteres venosos centrais nos sítios de punções tradicionais. Nesse cenário, o implante de cateteres translombares para hemodiálise (CTLHD) em veia cava inferior ganha destaque como medida salvadora. Objetivos: Relatar uma série de 12 casos de implante de CTLHD, sua técnica de implante, patência e complicações. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo que analisou 12 implantes de CTLHD por radiologista intervencionista no setor de hemodinâmica do Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN), no período de janeiro/2016 a outubro/2017. Os dados coletados consistiram em: características demográficas da população estudada, taxa de sucesso, complicações observadas, sobrevida dos pacientes, patência do cateter e desfechos clínicos. Resultados: Todos os 12 CTLHD foram implantados e utilizados com sucesso; ocorreram apenas 2 complicações associadas ao procedimento (sangramento e falha na extubação); 41,6% dos pacientes apresentaram infecção relacionada ao cateter após 98 ± 72,1 dias (6-201 dias), mas não houve necessidade de remoção; e a patência foi de 315,5 cateteres-dia (65-631 dias). Conclusão: O CTLHD é uma opção para pacientes com falência de acesso vascular, prolongando a sobrevida dos pacientes e atuando como ponte para o transplante renal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Vascular Diseases/etiology , Vena Cava, Inferior/surgery , Catheterization, Central Venous/methods , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Renal Dialysis , Central Venous Catheters/adverse effects , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Lumbosacral Region/blood supply , Fluoroscopy , Feasibility Studies , Retrospective Studies , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Kidney Transplantation , Treatment Outcome , Hemorrhage/etiology
8.
Childhood Kidney Diseases ; : 121-123, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785573

ABSTRACT

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection is rare in the healthy pediatric population, it is relatively common among hospitalized patients. Fungus may be isolated from the urine of immunocompromised patients or that of patients with indwelling catheters. The most common cause of funguria is Candida albicans. Although more than 50% of Candida isolates belong to non-albicans Candida , the prevalence of non-albicans candiduria is increasing. Herein, we report a case of community-acquired candiduria in a 4-month-old immunocompetent male infant who had bilateral vesicoureteral reflux and was administered antibiotic prophylaxis. He was diagnosed with urinary tract infection caused by Candida lusitaniae and was managed with fluconazole.


Subject(s)
Antibiotic Prophylaxis , Bacteria , Candida , Candida albicans , Catheters, Indwelling , Escherichia coli , Fluconazole , Fungi , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Infant , Male , Prevalence , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinary Tract , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux
9.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(3): e8055, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989464

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics, prognosis, and factors for survival of patients who underwent early-start peritoneal dialysis (PD) within 24 h after catheter insertion three years after PD. This study was conducted from January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2017. All adult patients who were diagnosed with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and underwent PD for the first time within 24 h after catheter insertion in our hospital were included. All patients with PD were followed-up until they withdrew from PD, switching to hemodialysis, were transferred to other medical centers, underwent renal transplantation, died or were lost to follow-up, or continued to undergo dialysis until the end of the study period. The follow-up observation lasted three years. The number of eligible patients was 110, and switching to hemodialysis and death were the main reasons for patients to withdraw from PD. The 1-, 2-, and 3-year technical survival rates of patients were 89.1, 79.1, and 79.1% respectively, while the 1-, 2- and 3-year survival rates were 90, 81.8, and 81.8%, respectively. The Charlson comorbidity index, age, hemoglobin, serum albumin, diabetic nephropathy, chronic glomerulonephritis, and hypertensive renal damage were independent risk factors that affected the prognosis of PD patients. Under the condition of ensuring the quality of the PD catheter insertion, early-start PD within 24 h after catheter insertion is a safe treatment approach for ESRD patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Catheterization/methods , Catheters, Indwelling , Peritoneal Dialysis/methods , Kidney Failure, Chronic/therapy , Prognosis , Time Factors , Catheterization/mortality , Body Mass Index , Proportional Hazards Models , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Peritoneal Dialysis/mortality , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Kidney Failure, Chronic/mortality
10.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 78(4): 258-264, ago. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-954992

ABSTRACT

Representantes de la Sociedad Argentina de Infectología (SADI) y la Sociedad Argentina de Terapia Intensiva (SATI) acordaron la elaboración de recomendaciones de diagnóstico, tratamiento y prevención de la infección del tracto urinario asociada a sonda vesical (ITU-SV). La metodología utilizada fue el análisis de la bibliografía publicada en 2006-2016, complementada con la opinión de expertos y datos epidemiológicos locales. En este documento se pretende ofrecer herramientas básicas de optimización de diagnóstico en base a criterios clínicos y microbiológicos, orientación en los esquemas antibióticos empíricos y dirigidos, y promover las medidas efectivas para reducir el riesgo de ITU-SV. Se destaca la preocupación por el control y tratamiento inadecuados de la ITU-SV, en particular el uso indiscriminado de antimicrobianos y la importancia de garantizar la mejora en las prácticas diarias. Se establecen pautas locales para mejorar la prevención, optimizar el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la ITU-SV, y así disminuir la morbimortalidad, los días de internación, los costos y la resistencia a antibióticos debidos al mal uso de los antimicrobianos.


Representatives of the Argentine Society of Infectious Diseases (SADI) and the Argentine Society of Intensive Therapy (SATI) issued the present recommendations on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of catheter associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI). Articles published during 2006-2016 were analyzed in the light of experts' opinion and local data. This document aims to offer basic strategies to optimize the diagnosis based on clinical and microbiological criteria, provide guidance in empirical and targeted antibiotic schemes, and promote effective measures to reduce the risk of CA-UTI. The joint work of both societies highlights the experts' concern about the mismanagement of CA-UTI, which is associated to the indiscriminate use of antimicrobials, and the importance of improving daily practices of CA-UTI management. Through these recommendations, local guidelines are established to optimize the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of CAUTI in order to reduce morbimortality, days of hospitalization, costs and antibiotic resistance due to the misuse of antimicrobials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Urinary Tract Infections/etiology , Urinary Catheterization/adverse effects , Catheters, Indwelling/adverse effects , Cross Infection/etiology , Societies, Medical , Urinary Tract Infections/prevention & control , Catheters, Indwelling/microbiology , Cross Infection/prevention & control
11.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(3)jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-915855

ABSTRACT

Background: Adequate flow through a newly created arteriovenous fistula depends on multiple characteristics of the vessels and patient comorbidities. Several studies have related preoperative findings to failure, but few have analyzed the influence of intraoperative findings. Objectives: To evaluate the predictive value of intraoperative findings on the immediate outcome of radial-cephalic arteriovenous wrist fistulas (RCAVF) by collecting data that are easily measured intraoperatively. Methods: We designed a cross-sectional study, in which a single surgeon performed 101 RCAVF in 100 patients at a single center. We analyzed the immediate postoperative flow, assessed by thrill intensity immediately after fistula creation, against patient demographics and intraoperative data. The following variables were analyzed: age, sex, comorbidities, length of vein visible at preoperative examination, macroscopic arterial calcification, maximum vein diameter, and length of stenosis-free vein, measured by cannulation with a urethral catheter during the procedure. The chi-square test was used both to eliminate possible bias introduced by side of venous access (left or right), and to determine predictive values of immediate thrill. Results: Side of access was not associated with any significant differences in variables. Absence of macroscopic arterial calcification, successful venous catheterization using a 6 French catheter or larger, and ability to advance it more than 10 centimeters along the lumen of the proximal vein were correlated with adequate immediate postoperative thrill (p = 0.004, p < 0.001, and p = 0.005, respectively). Conclusions: In this series of 101 RCAVF, both the diameter of the catheter and its progress through the proximal vein and also absence of arterial calcification had positive predictive value for achieving adequate immediate thrill after vascular access construction


O fluxo adequado de uma fístula arteriovenosa recém-confeccionada depende de múltiplas características dos vasos, bem como de comorbidades do paciente. Diversos estudos associam achados pré-operatórios e suas relações à falha do acesso, mas poucos analisam a influência dos achados encontrados no intraoperatório. Objetivos: Avaliar o valor preditivo desses achados no fluxo imediato de fístulas arteriovenosas radiocefálicas de punho (FAVRCPs) para hemodiálise através de coleta de dados facilmente mensuráveis do intraoperatório. Métodos: Um único cirurgião realizou 101 FAVRCPs em 100 pacientes, em um único centro. Analisou-se o fluxo do pós-operatório imediato através da intensidade do frêmito imediatamente após a confecção do acesso, e os resultados foram comparados com dados demográficos e achados intraoperatórios. As variáveis analisadas foram sexo, idade, comorbidades, extensão da veia visível ao exame físico, presença de calcificação arterial macroscópica, diâmetro venoso máximo e extensão de veia livre de estenose, avaliadas através da cateterização venosa com sonda uretral durante o procedimento. O teste de qui-quadrado foi utilizado tanto para excluir um possível viés de confusão pelo lado do acesso como para avaliar o valor preditivo das variáveis na intensidade do frêmito. Resultados: Não foi identificada diferença significativa nas variáveis segundo o lado do acesso. A ausência de calcificação arterial, a possibilidade de cateterização venosa com sonda de 6 French ou maior, e a sua progressão por mais de 10 cm através do lúmen da veia proximal tiveram correlação com frêmito imediato adequado ao fim do procedimento (p = 0,004, p < 0,001 e p = 0,005, respectivamente). Conclusões: Nesta série de 101 FAVRCPs, o diâmetro e a progressão de cateter 6 French ou maior através da veia proximal e a ausência de calcificação arterial apresentaram valor preditivo positivo na obtenção de frêmito imediato adequado de FAVRCP para hemodiálise


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Arteriovenous Fistula , Intraoperative Care/adverse effects , Intraoperative Care/methods , Predictive Value of Tests , Renal Dialysis , Wrist , Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical , Catheters, Indwelling , Cohort Studies , Risk Factors , Statistical Analysis , Thrombosis/etiology , Thrombosis/physiopathology , Upper Extremity
12.
Notas enferm. (Córdoba) ; 18(31): 27-30, jul. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-973011

ABSTRACT

El presente trabajo trata sobre la implementacion de un proyecto educativo en el Sanatorio Allende, cuyo objetivo es el cuidado del cateter oncologico pediatrico, a traves de la labor en conjunto con padres y/o familiares para prestar apoyo y orientaciones en relacion al cuidado del mismo. Como marco de referencia se utilizo la teoria de la interaccion para la evaluacion de la salud infantil, de Kathryn E. Barnard. Se diseño como recurso educativo, un folleto guia para padres y familia sobre cuidados de cateter semiimplantable e implantable, para reforzar los contenidos previamente comunicados en el encuentro entre padres y personal de enfermeria, fortaleciendo asi el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje...


Subject(s)
Humans , Catheters, Indwelling , Health Education , Nursing Theory , Teaching Materials
15.
J. vasc. bras ; 17(1): f:89-l:92, jan.-mar. 2018. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-905101

ABSTRACT

A fratura com embolização de cateter inserido perifericamente em pacientes que receberam quimioterapia representa uma complicação grave e rara, constituindo menos de 1% das complicações relacionadas a esse procedimento. Relatamos aqui um caso de embolização de cateter totalmente implantável em uma paciente de 57 anos submetida a laparotomia por lesão anexial complexa devido a um câncer de ovário com carcinomatose intraperitoneal disseminada diagnosticado no intraoperatório. A paciente foi submetida a histerectomia e salpingooforectomia bilateral, não sendo realizada cirurgia oncológica radical. A análise histopatológica revelou adenocarcinoma de ovário G3. Em outubro de 2013, exame radiológico de rotina diagnosticou fratura e embolização de segmento distal do cateter para veia cava inferior retro e supra-hepática. A paciente não apresentou nenhuma sintomatologia. Procedeu-se à retirada do cateter através da veia femoral pela técnica do laço, sem complicações. Paciente está sem evidência de doença 24 meses após a realização do procedimento


Fracture of a peripherally inserted catheter causing embolization in patients on chemotherapy is a serious and rare complication, constituting less than 1% of complications related to this procedure. We report here a case of fully implantable catheter embolization in a 57-year-old female who had undergone laparotomy for complex adnexal lesion due to ovary cancer with disseminated peritoneal carcinomatosis, diagnosed intraoperatively. The patient was treated with hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy, and radical oncological surgery was not performed. Histopathological analysis revealed G3 ovarian adenocarcinoma. In October 2013, a routine radiological examination diagnosed fracture and embolization of the distal segment of the catheter into the retrohepatic and suprahepatica inferior vena cava. The patient did not present any symptoms. The catheter was withdrawn through the femoral vein using the snare technique, without complications. The patient has no evidence of disease 24 months after the procedure


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Catheters, Indwelling , Drug Therapy/methods , Venae Cavae , Catheters , Diagnostic Imaging/methods , Embolization, Therapeutic , Femoral Artery , Postoperative Complications , X-Rays
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765751

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rate of postoperative urinary retention (POUR) and identify the risk factors for this complication in women who underwent transvaginal uterosacral suspension surgery. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for 75 women who underwent transvaginal uterosacral suspension surgery with vaginal hysterectomy, repair of cystocele, and levator myorrhaphy with/without transobturator anti-incontinence surgery. POUR was defined as a need for continuous intermittent catheterization on the third day subsequent to removal of the urethral indwelling catheter. RESULTS: Acute POUR was reported in 18 women (24.0%). Thirty-six of the 75 patients (48.0%) had undergone anti-incontinence surgery. Crude analysis revealed significant association between the following variables and the risk of POUR: hypertension, the lower average flow rate in the pressure-flow study (PFS), greater post-void residual (PVR) urine volume in PFS, and PVR >30% of the total bladder capacity (TBC) in PFS. In the logistic regression analysis, PVR >30% of the TBC in PFS was identified as the only significant predictor of POUR (odds ratio, 15.4; 95% confidence interval, 2.5–90.9; P = 0.003). CONCLUSIONS: The PVR >30% of the TBC in PFS was identified as the only predictive factor of acute POUR in women who underwent transvaginal uterosacral suspension surgery.


Subject(s)
Catheterization , Catheters , Catheters, Indwelling , Cystocele , Female , Humans , Hypertension , Hysterectomy, Vaginal , Logistic Models , Pelvic Organ Prolapse , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urinary Bladder , Urinary Retention , Urination Disorders
17.
Asian Nursing Research ; : 293-298, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718373

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Health careeassociated infections increase disease prevalence and mortality and are the main reason for the hospitalization of the elderly. However, the management of underlying infections in patients hospitalized in long-term care hospitals (LTCHs) is insufficient, and the transfer of these poorly managed patients to the emergency room (ER) of an acute care hospital can lead to rapid spread of infection. This study investigated the risk factors associated with an ER visit due to infections that developed in LTCHs. METHODS: The electronic medical records of patients who were transferred to the ER of a university hospital in South Korea were used. Infection prevalence, causative infectious agent, and antibiotic sensitivity were assessed. The associations between patient characteristics and hospital-associated infections were examined using multiple logistic regression analyses. RESULTS: Among the 483 patients transferred to the ER during the study period, the number of infection cases was 197, and 171 individuals (35.4%) had one or more infections, with pneumonia being the most common (52.8%), followed by urinary tract (21.3%) and bloodstream (17.8%) infections. Patients with bedsores, fever, an indwelling catheter, and a higher nursing need were more likely to be seen in the ER because of infectious disease from an LTCH. CONCLUSION: Both an intensive care system and surveillance support should be established to prevent infections, particularly in high-risk patients at LTCHs.


Subject(s)
Aged , Catheters, Indwelling , Communicable Diseases , Critical Care , Electronic Health Records , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fever , Hospitalization , Humans , Infection Control , Korea , Logistic Models , Long-Term Care , Medical Records , Mortality , Nursing , Pneumonia , Pressure Ulcer , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Urinary Tract
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718199

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surveillance and interventions of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) had mainly been targeted in intensive care units (ICUs). Central lines are increasingly used outside ICUs. Therefore, we performed a hospital-wide survey of CLABSIs to evaluate the current status and develop strategies to reduce CLBASI rates. METHODS: All hospitalized patients with central venous catheters (CVCs) were screened for CLABSIs from January 2014 through December 2015 at a 1,328 bed tertiary care teaching hospital in Korea using an electronic data-collecting system. Clinical information including type of CVC was collected. CLABSI rates were calculated using the definitions of the National Health and Safety Network after excluding mucosal barrier injury laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (BSI). RESULTS: A total of 154 CLABSIs were identified, of which 72 (46.8%) occurred in general wards and 82 (53.2%) in ICUs (0.81 and 2.71 per 1,000 catheter days), respectively. Non-tunneled CVCs were most common (68.6%) among 70 CLABSI events diagnosed within one week of their maintenance. On the other hand, tunneled CVCs and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) were more common (60.5%) among 114 CLABSI events diagnosed more than a week after maintenance. Whereas the majority (72.2%) of CLABSIs in ICUs were associated with non-tunneled CVCs, tunneled CVCs (38.9%) and PICCs (36.8%) were more common in general wards. CONCLUSION: CLABSIs are less common in general wards than in ICUs, but they are more often associated with long-term indwelling catheters. Therefore, interventions to prevent CLABSIs should be tailored according to the type of ward and type of catheter.


Subject(s)
Catheters , Catheters, Indwelling , Central Venous Catheters , Hand , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Korea , Patients' Rooms , Tertiary Healthcare
19.
Neonatal Medicine ; : 196-201, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718042

ABSTRACT

Umbilical venous catheterization (UVC) is a common practice in intensive neonatal care. However, a malpositioned UVC and its prolonged use may lead to various problems, including mechanical, infectious, and thrombotic complications in various organs such as the liver, lungs, and heart. Congenital chylous ascites is characterized by abnormally high levels of triglycerides in the peritoneal fluid of newborns, which originate from refluxed lymph within the abdominal cavity. Herein, we report a case of an UVC complication presenting as chyloperitoneum simulating congenital chylous ascites in a preterm neonate that resulted from total parenteral nutrition (TPN) extravasation from a malpositioned UVC. Biochemical analysis of intraperitoneal chylous fluid and TPN infusate could help confirm the origin of chyloperitoneum. This case suggests that TPN extravasation from UVC should be considered when chyloperitoneum develops in newborns with an indwelling catheter. UVC positions must also be carefully monitored at regular intervals to recognize associated complications early, particularly in cases with an inevitably malpositioned catheter related to the anatomy of the vessel course.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Cavity , Ascitic Fluid , Catheterization , Catheters , Catheters, Indwelling , Chylous Ascites , Heart , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Liver , Lung , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Triglycerides
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689625

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the efficiency of electrocardiogram (ECG) monitor for positioning the catheter tip in the placement of peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) in neonates.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 160 neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) from January 2015 to December 2017 and underwent the PICC placement via the veins of upper extremity were enrolled. They were randomly divided into an observation group and a control group, with 80 neonates in each group. The neonates in the control group were given body surface measurement and postoperative X-ray localization, while those in the observation group were given body surface measurement, ECG localization, and postoperative X-ray localization. The two groups were compared in terms of general information, one-time success rate of PICC placement, and time spent on PICC placement.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were no significant differences between the two groups in sex composition, gestational age, age in days at the time of PICC placement, disease type, and site of puncture (P>0.05). Compared with the control group, the observation group had a significantly higher one-time success rate of PICC placement (95% vs 79%; P<0.05) and a significantly shorter time spent on PICC placement (P<0.05). Localization under an ECG monitor during PICC placement had a sensitivity of 97% and a specificity of 100%.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>During the PICC placement in neonates, the use of ECG monitor to determine the position of catheter tip can improve the one-time success rate of placement and reduce the time spent on placement.</p>


Subject(s)
Catheterization, Central Venous , Catheterization, Peripheral , Methods , Catheters, Indwelling , Electrocardiography , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL