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1.
Femina ; 49(2): 109-114, 20210228. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224067

ABSTRACT

A endometrite crônica (EC) é uma doença que, apesar de ainda pouco investigada, tem sido associada a resultados reprodutivos desfavoráveis. Estudos têm mostrado que a EC pode prejudicar a receptividade endometrial, levando a falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes. Os métodos padronizados para diagnóstico incluem histeroscopia, histologia para pesquisa de plasmócitos e cultura endometrial para identificação de agentes bacterianos. O tratamento com antibióticos para EC parece melhorar as taxas de gestação e nascidos vivos em pacientes com falhas de implantação e perdas gestacionais recorrentes sem causa conhecida. Esta publicação tem por objetivo fazer uma revisão da etiologia, fisiopatologia, diagnóstico e tratamento da EC, seu impacto no microambiente endometrial e sua associação com infertilidade. Esta revisão narrativa da literatura atualizada sintetiza os achados encontrados em bases de dados computadorizadas.(AU)


Chronic endometritis (CE) is a poorly investigated disease, which has been related to adverse reproductive outcomes. Published studies have shown that CE can impair endometrial receptivity, which is associated with implantation failure and recurrent pregnancy loss. The standard tools for diagnosis include hysteroscopy, histology to identification of plasma cells and endometrial culture for identification of bacterial pathogens. Effective antibiotic treatment for CE seems to improve the pregnancy and live birth rates in patients with implantation failure and unexplained recurrent pregnancy loss. This paper intends to provide an overview of etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of CE, its impact on endometrial microenvironment and its association with infertility. This narrative review of the current literature synthesizes the findings retrieved from searches in computerized databases.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Endometritis/diagnosis , Endometritis/etiology , Endometritis/physiopathology , Endometritis/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Ciprofloxacin/therapeutic use , Hysteroscopy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Infertility, Female/complications , Metronidazole/therapeutic use
2.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 80(4): e0025, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288629

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Syphilis is a sexually transmitted infection caused by the spirochete Treponema pallidum. Ocular involvement can occur at any time, and it may affect 10% of patients in the secondary stage, and from 2% to 5% in the tertiary stage. Uveitis is the most common presentation of ocular syphilis, affecting 0.4% to 8% of patients with systemic disease. Chorioretinitis is the most common posterior alteration. We present the case of a 53-year-old male patient, presenting with bilateral low visual acuity and nyctalopia for 3 years. His physical examination revealed decreased pupillary reflex, anterior vitreous cells, physiologic papillae, arteriolar attenuation, reduced foveal reflex, diffuse retinal pigment epithelium atrophy, peripapillary and perivascular punctate pigment accumulation and peripheral chorioretinitis. Full-field electroretinogram was extinct in both eyes. Treponemal syphilis test was positive. Previously diagnosed as retinitis pigmentosa, evolved to blindness, despite proper treatment. Our case shows syphilis as a significant cause of blindness. Atypical presentations of retinitis pigmentosa must warn ophthalmologists to etiologies of pseudoretinitis pigmentosa, such as syphilis.


RESUMO A sífilis é uma infecção sexualmente transmissível causada pela espiroqueta Treponema pallidum. A sífilis ocular pode ocorrer em qualquer estágio da doença, chegando a 10% na forma secundária e a 2% a 5% em sua forma terciária. A uveíte é a manifestação ocular mais comum, ocorrendo em 0,4% a 8% dos pacientes com a doença sistêmica. A coriorretinite é a manifestação mais comum do segmento posterior. Apresentamos o caso de um paciente do sexo masculino, 53 anos, com queixa de baixa acuidade visual e nictalopia há ٣ anos. Seu exame físico revelou lentificação dos reflexos pupilares, celularidade no vítreo anterior, papilas fisiológicas, atenuação arteriolar, redução do reflexo foveal, atrofia difusa do epitélio pigmentar da retina, acúmulo punctato de pigmento em regiões peripapilar e perivascular e coriorretinite periférica. Eletrorretinograma de campo total extinto em ambos os olhos. O teste treponêmico foi positivo. Foi previamente diagnosticado como portador de retinose pigmentar, evoluindo com cegueira, a despeito do tratamento correto instituído. Esse caso mostra a sífilis como importante causadora de cegueira. Casos atípicos de retinose pigmentar devem alertar o oftalmologista para causas de pseudorretinose pigmentar, como a sífilis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Diseases/etiology , Syphilis/complications , Retinitis Pigmentosa/etiology , Retinal Diseases/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Syphilis Serodiagnosis/methods , Fluorescein Angiography , Syphilis/diagnosis , Syphilis/drug therapy , Visual Acuity , Uveitis, Posterior/diagnosis , Uveitis, Posterior/etiology , Retinitis Pigmentosa/diagnosis , Blindness/etiology , Tomography, Optical Coherence , Electroretinography , Fundus Oculi
3.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, CONASS | ID: biblio-1358025

ABSTRACT

A síndrome DRESS é uma reação adversa a medicamentos pouco conhecida dentro da prática clínica, porém com grande potencial de letalidade devido a combinação de manifestações cutâneas e envolvimento de múltiplos órgãos. Objetivo: identificar possíveis reações adversas graves e incomuns secundárias ao uso de medicações usadas frequentemente na prática clínica. Métodos: Trata-se de um relato de caso construído com base em levantamento de dados do prontuário do paciente e análise a partir de um referencial teórico para comprovação de sua relevância na prática clínica. Resultado: Enfatizou-se a importância de um reconhecimento precoce dessa condição, a fim de evitar desfechos graves


The DRESS syndrome is an adverse drug reaction that is unsual in clinical practice, but with a high potential for lethality, due to the combination of cutaneous manifestations and involvement of multiple organs. Objective: identify possible serious and unusual adverse reactions secondary to the use of medications frequently used in clinical practice. Methods: This is a case report built on the basis of data collection from the patient's medical record and analysis from a theoretical framework to prove its source in clinical practice. Outcome: The importance of early recognition of this condition was emphasized, in order to avoid serious outcomes


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Allopurinol/adverse effects , Exanthema , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever/drug therapy , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Histamine Antagonists
4.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(5): 333-335, set.-out. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137995

ABSTRACT

Abstract This report presents a rare case of endogenous endophthalmitis due to Kingella kingae infectious endocarditis. Endogenous endophthalmitis is a rare condition that has a systemic underlying cause, with hematogenic dissemination of a pathogen that will eventually reach and infect the eye. In this article, we present a case of a 54-year-old woman with fever, chills and decreased visual acuity and pain in the right eye. The slit-lamp exam showed conjunctival injection, anterior chamber reaction with a great amount of fibrinous material obscuring her visual axis. Ultrasound echography revealed profuse exudates and scarce membranous formation in the posterior segment. Blood culture was positive for Kingella kingae, and the patient was treated with intravenous ceftriaxone, along with topic dexamethasone and mydriatic. After 15 days of intravenous antibiotic therapy, the patient exhibited best visual acuity of 20/60. Endogenous endophthalmitis is an ocular emergency that demands quick diagnosis and aggressive intervention in order to preserve vision. Therefore, it is important to recognize its signs and symptoms with no retard.


Resumo O presente relato apresenta um raro caso de endoftalmite endógena por endocardite devido à Kingella kingae. Endoftalmite endógena é uma doença pouco comum com uma causa sistêmica subjacente. A disseminação hematogênica de um microrganismo infeccioso leva à infecção ocular. Nesse artigo, apresentamos o caso de uma mulher com 54 anos, febre, calafrios, baixa da acuidade visual e dor em olho direito. Ao exame na lâmpada de fenda apresentava injeção conjuntival, reação de câmara anterior e acúmulo de fibrina no eixo visual. Ultrassonografia revelou exsudatos profusos e escassa formação membranosa em segmento posterior.A hemocultura foi positiva para Kingella kingae e a paciente foi tratada com ceftriaxone venoso conjuntamente com dexametasona e midriático tópicos. Após 15 dias de terapia antibiótica endovenosa, a paciente apresentou acuidade visual corrigida de 20/60. Endoftalmite endógena é uma emergência ocular que demanda rápido diagnóstico e intervenção agressiva para preservar a visão. Portanto, é importante o reconhecimento precoce dos sinais e sintomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Eye Infections, Bacterial/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/drug therapy , Endophthalmitis/epidemiology , Kingella kingae , Endocarditis, Bacterial/complications , Injections, Intravenous
5.
Brasília; s.n; 22 jul.2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1117681

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referentes ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 20 artigos e 10 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Dexamethasone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cohort Studies , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Heparin, Low-Molecular-Weight/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Interferon beta-1a/therapeutic use , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Amiodarone/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Medicine, Chinese Traditional/instrumentation , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
6.
Brasília; s.n; 7 jul. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1117630

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 17 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Steroids/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Warfarin/therapeutic use , Ivermectin/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Leflunomide/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Mycophenolic Acid/therapeutic use
7.
Brasília; s.n; 15 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1100400

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 15 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Renin-Angiotensin System , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Immunoglobulins/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Cyclosporine/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Oseltamivir/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Natalizumab/therapeutic use , Glucocorticoids/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
8.
Brasília; s.n; 5 jun. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1100288

ABSTRACT

O Informe Diário de Evidências é uma produção do Ministério da Saúde que tem como objetivo acompanhar diariamente as publicações científicas sobre tratamento farmacológico e vacinas para a COVID-19. Dessa forma, são realizadas buscas estruturadas em bases de dados biomédicas, referente ao dia anterior desse informe. Não são incluídos estudos pré-clínicos (in vitro, in vivo, in silico). A frequência dos estudos é demonstrada de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, coortes, entre outros). Para cada estudo é apresentado um resumo com avaliação da qualidade metodológica. Essa avaliação tem por finalidade identificar o grau de certeza/confiança ou o risco de viés de cada estudo. Para tal, são utilizadas ferramentas já validadas e consagradas na literatura científica, na área de saúde baseada em evidências. Cabe ressaltar que o documento tem caráter informativo e não representa uma recomendação oficial do Ministério da Saúde sobre a temática. Foram encontrados 11 artigos e 7 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Ascorbic Acid/therapeutic use , Ribavirin/therapeutic use , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Thalidomide/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Enoxaparin/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blockers/therapeutic use , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Vasopeptidase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
9.
Brasília; s.n; 1 maio 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | PIE, LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097407

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 12 artigos e 16 protocolos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Technology Assessment, Biomedical , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Disease Progression , Ritonavir/therapeutic use , Drug Combinations , Lopinavir/therapeutic use , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
10.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 134-137, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137940

ABSTRACT

Resumo Apresentamos um caso de neurosífilis em um homem jovem, com queixa de baixa acuidade visual (BAV) em olho esquerdo. Cursou com lesões eritemato-descamativas nas palmas das mãos, plantas dos pés e úlceras orais, sem lesões genitais. O exame oftalmológico revelou arterite em arcada nasal superior no olho afetado. Apresentou VDRL (1:4096) e FTA-Abs positivos. O exame do líquor cefalorraquidiano foi negativo. O tratamento foi realizado com ceftriaxona 2g/ dia por 14 dias, associado à prednisona 0,5mg/kg oral 48h após início do antibiótico. Após 15 dias de tratamento, houve melhora da AV, regressão da vasculite e redução da titulação do VDRL para 1:128.


Abstract We present a case of neurosyphilis in a young man with a complaint of low visual acuity in the left eye. He had erythematous-scaly lesions on the palms of the hands, soles of the feet and oral ulcers, without genital lesions. The ophthalmic examination revealed arteritis in the upper nasal arcade in the affected eye. He presented VDRL (1: 4096) and FTA-Abs positive. The cerebrospinal fluid cerebrospinal fluid test was negative. The treatment was performed with ceftriaxone 2g / day for 14 days, associated with prednisone 0.5mg / kg oral 48h after antibiotic onset. After 15 days of treatment, there was improvement of AV, regression of vasculitis and reduction of VDRL titration to 1: 128.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Arteritis/drug therapy , Treponema pallidum , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Visual Acuity , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Neurosyphilis/drug therapy
11.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 47: e20202374, 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1091926

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: A pneumonia necrosante (PNS) é uma grave e rara complicação da pneumonia adquirida na comunidade, acometendo principalmente crianças, sendo assim, objetivamos analisar prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico de PNS e comparação dos resultados obtidos com os presentes na literatura médica. Métodos: Análise retrospectiva dos prontuários de crianças submetidas ao tratamento cirúrgico por PNS entre julho de 2006 a julho de 2016 em dois hospitais do sul de Santa Catarina, Brasil. Resultados: Do total de 26 crianças, com mediana de idade 2,70 anos, maioria mulheres (61,5%). Os principais sintomas foram febre (88,5%) e tosse (65,4%). Houve média de 4,31 antibióticos utilizados por paciente. O principal agente etiológico foi o Staphylococcus aureus (23,1%) mas as culturas foram negativas em 69% dos pacientes. Em 23 pacientes realizou-se decorticação e desbridamento das áreas necróticas (88,5%). A média de drenagem pleural pós-operatória foi 8,12 dias. Fístula broncopleural ocorreu em 50,0% no pré-operatório e 46,2% após a cirurgia. O tempo total de internação hospitalar foi, em média, de 27,52 dias e tempo pós-operatório com média de 12,60 dias. Complicações pós-operatórias ocorreram em 13 crianças e não houve mortalidade. Conclusões: Propõe-se abordagem cirúrgica nos pacientes sem resposta ao tratamento clínico, pois o atraso na intervenção cirúrgica associa-se a infecção progressiva no parênquima pulmonar e taxas maiores de complicações. A cirurgia pode conduzir a melhor evolução clínica e recuperação mais precoce.


ABSTRACT Objective: Necrotizing pneumonia (PNZ) is a severe and rare complication of a community-acquired pneumonia, affecting mainly children. We aimed to analyze medical records of children undergoing surgical treatment for PNZ and compare our results with those found in the medical literature. Methods: Retrospective analysis of children's medical charts who underwent an operation for PNZ, between July 2006 and July 2016, in two hospitals in southern Santa Catarina, Brazil. Results: A total of 26 children with a median age of 2.70 years and mostly females (61.5%) were included in the current study. The main symptoms were fever (88.5%) and cough (65.4%). There was an average use of 4.31 antibiotics per patient. The primary etiological agent was Staphylococcus aureus (23.1%), but cultures were negative in 69% of the patients. Decortication and debridement of necrotic areas were performed in 23 patients (88.5%). The mean postoperative pleural drainage was 8.12 days. The presence of bronchopleural fistula occurred in 50.0% in the preoperative period and 46.2% in the postoperative. The total length of hospital stay was, on average, 27.52 days and the postoperative length of stay was 12.60 days (mean). Postoperative complications occurred in 13 children and there was no mortality. Conclusion: The surgical approach is indicated to patients with no response to clinical treatment. Late surgical intervention is associated with progressive parenchyma infection and higher rates of complications. Surgery can lead to better clinical outcomes and earlier recovery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Postoperative Complications , Oxacillin/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Vancomycin/therapeutic use , Drainage/methods , Medical Records , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Community-Acquired Infections/surgery , Statistics, Nonparametric , Pneumonia, Necrotizing/surgery , Length of Stay , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 117(4): 403-405, ago. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1054945

ABSTRACT

La epiglotitis aguda infecciosa es infrecuente en la actualidad, debido a la vacunación contra su principal agente etiológico, el Haemophilus influenzae b. Se requiere alto índice de sospecha ante el cuadro clínico de dificultad respiratoria, estridor, disfonía y fiebre. Se presenta a un niño de 2 años, previamente sano, con esquema de vacunas completas, con dificultad respiratoria aguda y estridor laríngeo, en el que, al momento de realizar la intubación, se realizó el diagnóstico de epiglotitis aguda. Con hemocultivos positivos para Haemophilus influenzae b, cumplió 13 días de tratamiento con ceftriaxona, con hemocultivos de control y cultivo de líquido cefalorraquídeo negativo.


Acute infectious epiglottitis is infrequent at present due to vaccination for its main etiologic agent, Haemophilus influenzae b (Hib). It must be taken into account when we make a differential diagnosis in a child whose clinical symptoms are respiratory distress, stridor, dysphonia and fever. We report a 2-year-old child, previously healthy, whose vaccination calendar was complete, and whose clinical presentation included respiratory distress and stridor; at the moment of the intubation the laryngoscopy showed an acute epiglottitis. Blood cultures were taken, which were positive for Hib. He was treated with ceftriaxone during 13 days, and the control blood cultures and cerebrospinal fluid were negative.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child, Preschool , Haemophilus influenzae type b , Epiglottitis/diagnosis , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Respiratory Sounds , Haemophilus Vaccines , Epiglottitis/drug therapy
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20190009, 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013300

ABSTRACT

Abstract Murine typhus is a flea-borne disease caused by Rickettsia typhi, which was first detected in Mexico in 1927. It was not until 1996 that the first systematized study involving this pathogen was conducted in two coastal states of Mexico. We now report the first confirmed case of murine typhus in the state of Campeche, which occurred in a male patient who exhibited fever, thrombocytopenia, hyperbilirubinemia, and a rash. Furthermore, the patient reported having had previous contact with Rickettsia reservoirs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Typhus, Endemic Flea-Borne/diagnosis , Rickettsia typhi , Thrombocytopenia , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Typhus, Endemic Flea-Borne/drug therapy , Typhus, Endemic Flea-Borne/blood , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Doxycycline/therapeutic use , Exanthema , Fever , Mexico
14.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(7): 839-845, jul. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961469

ABSTRACT

Background: Bacteremic pneumococcal pneumonia (BPP) is a preventable disease with high morbimortality. Aim: To evaluate clinical aspects and mortality on BPP patients admitted to a Chilean regional hospital. Patients and Methods: We looked for adult patients with Streptococcus pneumoniae isolated from blood cultures between 2010 and 2014 years and reviewed clinical records of those who were admitted with pneumonia. Results: We identified 70 BPP patients: 58% were men, mean age was 56 years, 30% were > 65 years, 70% with basic public health insurance, 26% were alcoholics, 86% had comorbidities. Only two patients were vaccinated against S. pneumoniae. CURB-65 severity index for community acquired pneumonia was > 3 in 37% of patients. Twenty-four patients were admitted to ICU, twenty required mechanical ventilation and twenty-four died (34%). Mortality was associated with an age over 65 years, presence of comorbidities and complications of pneumonia. A total of 22 serotypes of S. pneumoniae were identified, five of them (1,3,7F,14 y 9V) were present in 57% of cases. Conclusions: Elevated mortality of our BNN patients was associated with comorbidities and possibly with socio economic factors, which conditioned a late access to medical care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/mortality , Bacteremia/mortality , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/microbiology , Pneumonia, Pneumococcal/drug therapy , Socioeconomic Factors , Streptococcus pneumoniae/isolation & purification , Severity of Illness Index , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Comorbidity , Chile/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Hospital Mortality , Bacteremia/microbiology , Bacteremia/drug therapy , Community-Acquired Infections/microbiology , Community-Acquired Infections/mortality , Community-Acquired Infections/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 146(2): 249-253, feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-961384

ABSTRACT

Few cases of bacteremic pneumonia by Neisseria meningitidis (NM) have been described worldwide; mostly in elderly patients or those with comorbidities. They appear clinically indistinguishable from other acute infectious pneumoniae, that do not develope the syndrome of meningococcemia. We report a 17-years-old male, without prior medical history, consulting in the emergency department with a 7-day history of productive cough, right pleural pain, fever and dyspnea. He was admitted to the ICU due to septic shock and respiratory distress. He was managed with vasoactive drugs and prone positioning ventilation for 48 hours. Chest radiography showed a right superior lobe condensation. The electrocardiogram and echocardiogram suggested septic myocarditis. Blood cultures demonstrated the presence of serogroup W135-NM. A lumbar puncture ruled out meningitis, and a 10-day ceftriaxone therapy was completed favorably.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pneumonia, Bacterial/microbiology , Neisseria meningitidis/isolation & purification , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Chile , Pneumonia, Bacterial/diagnosis , Pneumonia, Bacterial/drug therapy , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
16.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 6(7): 182-185, July 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-998799

ABSTRACT

Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is a soft tissue infection with a low incidence, characterized by rapid progression and high morbidity and mortality. The purpose of this report is to communicate the case of a patient diagnosed with cervical NF and its successful management. A 54-year-old male consulted after suffering from the condition for seven days. It was characterized by bilateral submandibular swelling, accompanied by fever, dysphagia, odynophagia, which were severely affecting the patient's general health. Physical examination revealed a painful, erythematous cervical swelling. A cervical computed tomography scan was performed, revealing a gaseous collection in the left mucosal pharyngeal space, extending to the glottis, associated with significant deep plane soft tissue emphysema onon the left side of the neck and with possible involvement of the danger space; pertinent lab findings include 19,190/uL leukocytes and 219mg/L CRP. Broad-spectrum antibiotic therapy was initiated with ceftriaxone and clindamycin. Exploratory surgery, lavage and drainage of the collected material were performed. Streptococcus anginosus was isolated by culture. The patient recovered appropriately showing improvement in clinical as well as in inflammatory parameters, being discharged on the ninth day. He is currently receiving periodical checkups in the surgery polyclinic


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/microbiology , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Drainage , Fasciitis, Necrotizing/diagnosis , Streptococcus anginosus , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Neck
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(6): 811-814, Nov.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837979

ABSTRACT

Abstract Bacillary angiomatosis is an infection determined by Bartonella henselae and B. quintana, rare and prevalent in patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. We describe a case of a patient with AIDS and TCD4+ cells equal to 9/mm3, showing reddish-violet papular and nodular lesions, disseminated over the skin, most on the back of the right hand and third finger, with osteolysis of the distal phalanx observed by radiography. The findings of vascular proliferation with presence of bacilli, on the histopathological examination of the skin and bone lesions, led to the diagnosis of bacillary angiomatosis. Corroborating the literature, in the present case the infection affected a young man (29 years old) with advanced immunosuppression and clinical and histological lesions compatible with the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Angiomatosis, Bacillary/pathology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/pathology , Biopsy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome , Angiomatosis, Bacillary/drug therapy , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/drug therapy , Azithromycin/therapeutic use , Bartonella henselae , Cancellous Bone/pathology , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
18.
Rev. Nac. (Itauguá) ; 8(1): 83-86, jun 2016.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-884719

ABSTRACT

Se reporta caso clínico de una mujer de 21 años con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) de diagnóstico reciente complicada con nefritis lúpica (NL) tratada en nuestro centro, con evolución favorable con inmunosupresores. Pero reingresa por dengue con signos de alarma del cual se recupera satisfactoriamente.


Clinical case of a 21 year old woman with complicated systemic lupus erythem atosus (SLE) recently diagnosed with lupus nephritis (LN) treated at our center, with favorable evolution immunosuppression reported. But readmitted because dengue of with warning signs, at present he is recovering satisfactorily


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lupus Nephritis/complications , Dengue/complications , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/complications , Lupus Nephritis/diagnosis , Lupus Nephritis/drug therapy , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Methylprednisolone/therapeutic use , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/drug therapy , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/diagnosis , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy
19.
J. vasc. bras ; 14(3): 253-257, July-Sep. 2015. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-763081

ABSTRACT

A tromboflebite supurativa da veia jugular interna ou síndrome de Lemierre foi descrita pela primeira vez em 1900. O evento inicial mais frequente é a infecção de orofaringe associada à trombose da veia jugular interna. Embora uma entidade rara, a síndrome de Lemierre continua a ser uma doença de morbidade e mortalidade consideráveis devido à sua progressão e atrasos de diagnóstico.


Suppurative thrombophlebitis of the internal jugular vein, or Lemierre syndrome, was described for the first time in 1900. The most common initial event is an infection of the oropharynx associated with thrombosis of the internal jugular vein. While it is a rare entity, Lemierre syndrome remains a disease that causes considerable morbidity and mortality, due to its progression and to delays in diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Clindamycin/therapeutic use , Penicillins , Lemierre Syndrome/diagnosis , Lemierre Syndrome/drug therapy , Lemierre Syndrome/therapy , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use , Time Factors , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
20.
Rev. chil. cir ; 67(2): 181-184, abr. 2015. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-745079

ABSTRACT

Aim: The aim of this study is to report the results of a series of patients diagnosed with Fournier’s gangrene underwent surgical debridement plus broad-spectrum antibiotics in the emergency department of the Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau (HBLT) between 2009 and 2013, in terms of mortality associated with the disease. Material and Methods: Between 2009 and 2013, a case series of patients with diagnosis of Fournier’s gangrene treated in the Emergency Department of the Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau. The outcome variable was mortality attributed to the disease (MAD). Other variables were: age, sex, comorbidities, focus of origin, waiting time for antibiotic treatment and surgery to start, number of surgical debridement and agents isolated from cultures. Descriptive statistics were used, with calculation of measures of central tendency and dispersion. Results: During the study period, 56 patients were identified with diagnosis of Fournier’s gangrene (60.7 percent were male) with a mean age of 52 years (23-75 years old). The MAD was 48.2 percent. The most common comorbidity was diabetes (66.6 percent). The more prevalent focus of origin was anorectal pathology (42.9 percent). The average waiting time from diagnosis to initiation of antibiotic therapy and surgery was 40 minutes (15-80) and 580 minutes (20-4320), respectively. The required surgical debridement average was 4. Isolated on the intraoperative tissue cultures agent was E. coli (51.8 percent). Conclusion: Mortality attributable to Fournier’s gangrene is similar to that observed in the literature.


Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio es comunicar los resultados observados en una serie de pacientes con diagnóstico de gangrena de Fournier sometidos a aseo quirúrgico con debridamiento más terapia antibiótica de amplio espectro, en el Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Barros Luco Trudeau (HBLT), entre los años 2009 y 2013, en términos de mortalidad asociada a la enfermedad. Material y Método: Serie de casos de pacientes con diagnóstico de gangrena de Fournier tratados en el Servicio de Urgencias del Hospital Barros Luco-Trudeau entre 2009 y 2013. La variable resultado fue mortalidad atribuida a la enfermedad (MAE). Otras variables de interés fueron: edad, sexo, patologías asociadas, foco de origen, tiempo de espera para el inicio del tratamiento antibiótico y cirugía, número de aseos y agentes aislados en los cultivos. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva, con cálculo de medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Resultados: En el período en estudio se identificaron 56 pacientes con diagnóstico de Gangrena de Fournier (60,7 por ciento eran masculinos), con un promedio de edad de 52 años (23-75 años). La MAE fue 48,2 por ciento. La patología asociada más frecuente fue la diabetes (66,6 por ciento). El foco de origen más prevalente fue la patología anorrectal (42,9 por ciento). El tiempo promedio de espera desde el diagnóstico hasta el inicio de la terapia antibiótica y la cirugía fue de 40 minutos (15-80) y 580 minutos (20-4320) respectivamente. El promedio de aseos requeridos fue de 4. El agente más aislado en los cultivos de tejido intraoperatorio fue Escherichia coli (51,8 por ciento). Conclusión: La mortalidad atribuible a la Gangrena de Fournier es similar a la observada en la literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Female , Young Adult , Middle Aged , Fournier Gangrene/surgery , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Ceftriaxone/therapeutic use , Debridement , Escherichia coli/isolation & purification , Fasciitis, Necrotizing , Fournier Gangrene/microbiology , Fournier Gangrene/mortality , Fournier Gangrene/drug therapy , Metronidazole/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies
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