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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 151-159, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878244

ABSTRACT

Integrins are a large family of heterodimeric cell adhesion molecules composed of α and β subunits. Through interaction with their specific ligands, integrins mediate cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. Via outside-in signaling, integrins can recruit cytoplasmic proteins to their intracellular domains and then cluster into supramolecular structures and trigger downstream signaling. Integrin activation is associated with a global conformation rearrangement from bent to extended in ectodomains and the separation of α and β subunit cytoplasmic domains. During cell migration, integrins regulate the focal adhesion dynamics and transmit forces between the extracellular matrix and the cell cytoskeleton. In tumor microenvironment, integrins on multiple kinds of cells could be activated, which modulates cell migration into tumor and contributes to angiogenesis and tumor metastasis. Here, we review the mechanism of integrin activation, dynamics of focal adhesions during cell migration and tumor metastasis.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Focal Adhesions , Integrins , Signal Transduction
2.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(5): 378-382, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To measure humor heat-shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin levels in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and cataract (without glaucoma), and compare them with those of patients with cataract but without pseudoexfoliation. Methods: We examined 31 eyes of 31 patients with pseudoexfoliation and cataract (without glaucoma) and 30 eyes of 30 patients with cataract. We collected aqueous humor samples from all patients at the time of cataract surgery through a limbal paracentesis via a 25-gauge cannula mounted on a tuberculin syringe that received 100 to 150 µL of aqueous humor. We measured levels of aqueous humor Heat shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. Results: The age (p=0.221) and gender (p=0.530) means were similar between the pseudoexfoliation and control groups. The mean Heat shock protein 70 level (29.22 ± 9.46 ng/mL; 17.88-74.46) in the pseudoexfoliation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (19.03 ± 7.05 ng/mL; 9.93-35.52; p<0.0001). The mean periostin level was significantly higher (6017.32 ± 1271.79 pg/mL; 3787.50-10803.57) in the pseu doexfoliation group than that in the control group (4073.63 ± 1422.79 pg/mL; 2110.44-7490.64; p<0.0001). The mean irisin level (53.77 ± 10.19 ng/mL; 29.46-71.16) was significantly higher than that in the control group (39.29 ± 13.58 ng/mL; 19.41-70.56; p<0.0001). Conclusions: Heat shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin levels increase in the aqueous humor of patients with pseudoexfoliation without glaucoma.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina no humor aquoso de pacientes com pseudoexfoliação com catarata sem glaucoma e compará-los com pacientes com catarata sem pseudoexfoliação. Métodos: Trinta e um olhos de 31 pacientes com pseudoexfoliação com catarata sem glaucoma e 30 olhos de 30 indivíduos com catarata foram incluídos neste estudo. Amostras de humor aquoso foram coletadas de todos os pacientes no momento da cirurgia de catarata e obtidas através de uma paracentese límbica por meio de uma cânula de calibre 25 acoplada a uma seringa com tuberculina. Foram coletados 100 a 150 µL de humor aquoso. Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina no humor aquoso foram medidos usando o método de ensaio imunossorvente ligado a enzima. Resultados: A média da idade (p=0,221) e sexo (p=0,530) foram semelhantes entre os grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle. Os níveis médios de proteína de choque térmico 70 foram 29,22 ± 9,46 ng/mL (17,88-74,46) e 19,03 ± 7,05 ng/ mL (9,93-35,52) nos grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle, respectivamente. Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70 foram maiores no grupo pseudoexfoliação (p<0,0001). O nível médio de periostina foi de 6017,32 ± 1271,79 pg/mL (3787,50-10803,57) no grupo pseudoexfoliação e 4073,63 ± 1422,79 pg/mL (2110,44-7490,64) no grupo controle. O nível médio de periostina também foi maior no grupo pseudoexfoliação (p<0,0001). Os níveis médios de irisina foram 53,77 ± 10,19 ng/mL (29,46-71,16) e 39,29 ± 13,58 ng/mL (19,41-70,56) nos grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle, respectivamente. O nível médio de irisina foi maior no grupo pseudoexfoliação do que no grupo controle (p<0,0001). Conclusões: Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina aumentam no humor aquoso de pacientes com pseudoexfoliação sem glaucoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aqueous Humor , Cataract , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Glaucoma , Fibronectins , Exfoliation Syndrome , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Fibronectins/metabolism , Exfoliation Syndrome/metabolism , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
3.
Rev. cient. odontol ; 8(1): e009, ene.-abr. 2020. ilus.
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1095507

ABSTRACT

La erupción dental es un proceso dinámico que se inicia cuando se forma el germen dentario en su cripta de desarrollo hasta que el diente hace su aparición en boca. El folículo dental tiene un papel importante en la formación coronal y radicular del diente, y es esencial para la erupción dentaria. Para que un diente entre en erupción es necesario que exista resorción del hueso alveolar que cubre la corona del diente, de modo que se forme un camino a través del cual el diente se moverá. Para esto, se producen una serie de procesos moleculares y celulares localizados y programados genéticamente que permiten la osteogénesis y la osteoclastogénesis del hueso alveolar a fin de formar la vía de erupción. El objetivo de esta revisión es dar a conocer los posibles eventos celulares y moleculares que influyen en el proceso de erupción dentaria, ya que el mecanismo exacto aún es desconocido. (AU)


Dental eruption is a dynamic process, which begins when the dentary germ forms in the developmental crypt and finally appears in the mouth. The dental follicle has an important role in the coronal and root formation of the tooth and is essential for tooth eruption, without which the tooth could not erupt. Tooth eruption requires resorption of the alveolar bone that covers the crown of the tooth to form a path to the eruption and biological processes by which the tooth can move through this eruption path. Tooth eruption needs localized and genetically programmed molecular and cellular processes that allow osteogenesis and osteoclastogenesis of the alveolar bone to form the eruption path. The objective of this review was to describe the possible cellular and molecular events that influence the tooth eruption process, since the exact mechanism remains unknown. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Eruption , Cell Adhesion Molecules
4.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 605-616, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878206

ABSTRACT

Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays an important role in the development and pathogenesis of respiratory system. Epithelial cells are characterized by well-developed, intercellular contacts, whereas EMT triggers the sequential destabilization of cell-cell adhesive junctions. The dynamic remodeling of the epithelial cell adhesion molecules is important for maintaining the integrity and normal function of epithelium. This paper reviews the research progress of EMT in lung development, lung injury repair and chronic lung diseases, and summarizes the effect of cell junctions and cell adhesion molecules on EMT molecular events.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Epithelial Cells , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Respiratory System
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828107

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the effect of luteolin on the proliferation and expression of OPCML in breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231.@*METHODS@#Cultured MDA-MB-231 cells were treated with luteolin at the concentrations of 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L for 24 or 48 h. MTT assay was used to detect cell proliferation and flow cytometry was used to detect the cell apoptosis. The expressions of OPCML mRNA and protein were detected using real-time quantitative PCR and Western blotting, respectively. OPCML gene methylation in the promoter region was detected using methylation-specific PCR (MSP), and the activity of methylase in the cells was analyzed.@*RESULTS@#MTT assay showed that treatment with luteolin at 5, 10 and 20 μmol/L for 24 h concentration-dependently decreased the viability of MDA-MB-231 cells ( < 0.05). Flow cytometry also showed that luteolin at different concentrations could induce apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells ( < 0.05). Luteolin dose-dependently induced the expression of OPCML mRNA and protein in MDA-MB-231 cells ( < 0.05), down-regulated the methylation status in the promoter region of OPCML gene, up-regulated the level of non-methylated OPCML, and reduced the activity of methylase in the cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Luteolin inhibits the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 breast cancer cells probably by upregulating OPCML expression and its demethylation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Breast Neoplasms , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , GPI-Linked Proteins , Humans , Luteolin
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 220-226, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827066

ABSTRACT

Synaptic cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) are a type of membrane surface glycoproteins that mediate the structural and functional interactions between pre- and post-synaptic sites. Synaptic CAMs dynamically regulate synaptic activity and plasticity, and their expression and function are modulated by environmental factors. Synaptic CAMs are also important effector molecules of stress response, and mediate the adverse impact of stress on cognition and emotion. In this review, we will summarize the recent progress on the role of synaptic CAMs in stress, and aim to provide insight into the molecular mechanisms and drug development of stress-related disorders.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Physiology , Humans , Neuronal Plasticity , Stress, Physiological , Stress, Psychological , Synapses
7.
Biol. Res ; 53: 43, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131887

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer, the most common cancer in women worldwide, causes the vast majority of cancer-related deaths. Undoubtedly, tumor metastasis and recurrence are responsible for more than 90 percent of these deaths. MicroRNAs are endogenous noncoding RNAs that have been integrated into almost all the physiological and pathological processes, including metastasis. In the present study, the role of miR-128 in breast cancer was investigated. RESULTS: Compared to the corresponding adjacent normal tissue, the expression of miR-128 was significantly suppressed in human breast cancer specimens. More importantly, its expression level was reversely correlated to histological grade of the cancer. Ectopic expression of miR-128 in the aggressive breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231 could inhibit cell motility and invasive capacity remarkably. Afterwards, Metadherin (MTDH), also known as AEG-1 (Astrocyte Elevated Gene 1) and Lyric that implicated in various aspects of cancer progression and metastasis, was further identified as a direct target gene of miR-128 and its expression level was up-regulated in clinical samples as expected. Moreover, knockdown of MTDH in MDA-MB-231 cells obviously impaired the migration and invasion capabilities, whereas re-expression of MTDH abrogated the suppressive effect caused by miR-128. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, these findings demonstrate that miR-128 could serve as a novel biomarker for breast cancer metastasis and a potent target for treatment in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/physiology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Neoplasm Invasiveness/genetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , RNA-Binding Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Membrane Proteins , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of periostin on hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts and the molecular mechanism involved.@*METHODS@# cultured human periodontal ligament fibroblasts were placed in an anaerobic gas-producing bag for hypoxia treatment for 48 h followed by treatment with periostin at low (25 ng/mL), moderate (50 ng/mL) or high (100 ng/mL) doses. MTT assay was used to measure the cell viability, and the cell apoptosis rate was determined using flow cytometry. The contents of IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α in the cells were determined with ELISA, and ROS levels were measured using a fluorescent plate reader. The intracellular SOD activity was detected using ELISA. The expressions of HIF-1α, P21, cyclin D1, Bax, cleaved caspase-3, Bcl-2, P38MAPK and p-p38 MAPK proteins in the cells were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Hypoxia treatment significantly reduced the cell viability ( < 0.05), increased P21, Bax, and cleaved caspase-3 protein levels ( < 0.05), promoted cell apoptosis ( < 0.05), and decreased cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 protein levels ( < 0.05) in the cells. Compared with the hypoxic group, the cells treated with periostin at different concentrations showed significantly increased cell viability ( < 0.05) with significantly lowered apoptotic rates ( < 0.05) and decreased expression levels of Bax and cleaved caspase-3 ( < 0.05) but significantly increased expression levels of cyclin D1 and Bcl-2 ( < 0.05). Hypoxic exposure of the cells resulted in significantly increased expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and increased levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) but decreased SOD activity ( < 0.05). Periostin treatment at different concentrations significantly lowered the expression levels of HIF-1α and p-p38 MAPK ( < 0.05) and the levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α and ROS ( < 0.05) and significantly increased SOD activity in the hypoxic cells ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Periostin promotes the proliferation, inhibits apoptosis, enhances cellular antioxidant capacity, and reduces inflammatory damage in human periodontal ligament fibroblasts exposed to hypoxia possibly by inhibiting the activation of the p38 MAPK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Cell Hypoxia , Fibroblasts , Humans , Oxidative Stress , Periodontal Ligament , Cell Biology , Signal Transduction , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828487

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To provide data support for the study of pathogenic mechanism of SARS-CoV-2 at the molecular level, and provide suitable candidate targets for vaccine, antibody and drug research and development through comparative analysis for structural characteristics and epitopes of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV.@*METHODS@#Based on the reference sequences of S protein, physical and chemical properties, hydrophobicity, signal peptide, transmembrane region, domain, secondary structure, tertiary structure analysis and antigenic epitopes prediction were carried out. Meanwhile, the tissue expression, related pathways and reactome pathways of angiotensis Ⅰ converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and C-type lectin domain family 4 member M (CLEC4M) receptors were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#The amino acid sequence of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV has a 75.80% consistency. The structural characteristics of the two coronaviruses are highly consistent, but the secondary structure and tertiary structure of SARS-CoV-2 is not as obvious as SARS-CoV. ACE2 and CLEC4M are expressed in alimentary system, heart, kidney, lung and placenta. The main related the pathways of renin-angiotensin system, protein digestion and absorption pathway, and the reactome pathways of metabolism of angiotensinogen to angiotensins, GPCR ligand binding, are related to typical symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 induced by SARS-CoV-2. Three pairs of highly or completely homologous epitopes of S protein were obtained. The 600-605, 695-703 and 888-896 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV-2 were highly homologous with 586-591, 677-685 and 870-878 amino acid residues in SARS-CoV, respectively.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The similarity of S protein of SARS-CoV-2 and SARS-CoV determines that they have similar infection patterns and clinical manifestations. The candidate epitopes with high reliability can provide reference for virus diagnosis and vaccine development.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Coronavirus Infections , Epitopes , Humans , Lectins, C-Type , Ligands , Pandemics , Peptidyl-Dipeptidase A , Pneumonia, Viral , Receptors, Cell Surface , Receptors, Virus , Reproducibility of Results , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus
10.
Blood Research ; : 61-70, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713627

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) expressed on hematopoietic progenitor cells (HPCs), endothelial cells, and stromal cells play a pivotal role in the mobilization of CD34+ cells. Herein, we conducted a non-randomized peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) mobilization study aimed to compare the potential differences in the expressions of several CAMs and chemokines on CD34+ cells obtained from bone marrow aspirate before and after HPC mobilization from patients with hematologic malignancies and healthy donors. METHODS: Three-color cytofluorometric analysis was used to compare the expressions of CAMs and chemokines in the bone marrow before and after mobilization. RESULTS: For all studied groups, CAM expression among those with good and poor yields of CD34+ cells was significantly correlated with VCAM-1 (P=0.007), CD44 (P=0.027), and VLA-4 (P=0.014) expressions. VCAM-1 (P=0.001), FLT-3 (P=0.001), CD44 (P=0.011), VLA-4 (P=0.001), and LFA-1 (P=0.001) expressions were higher before HPC mobilization than after HPC mobilization. By contrast, the expression of CXCR4 significantly varied before and after mobilization only among those with successful PBSC mobilization (P=0.002). CONCLUSION: We attempted to identify particular aspects of CAMs involved in CD34+ cell mobilization, which is a highly complex mechanism that involves adhesion molecules and matrix metalloproteases. The mechanism by which CD34+ cell mobilization is activated through proteolytic enzymes is not fully understood. We believe that CXCR4, VLA-4, CD44, and VCAM-1 are the most important molecules implicated in HPC mobilization, particularly because they show a correlation with the yield of CD34+ cells collected via large volume leukapheresis.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Chemokines , Endothelial Cells , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Integrin alpha4beta1 , Leukapheresis , Lymphocyte Function-Associated Antigen-1 , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Metalloproteases , Multiple Myeloma , Peptide Hydrolases , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells , Tissue Donors , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether simultaneous decreases in the serum levels of cell adhesion molecules (intracellular cell adhesion molecule-1 [ICAM-1], vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 [VCAM-1], and E-selectin) and S100 proteins within the first 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation were associated with good neurological outcomes in cardiac arrest survivors. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was based on prospectively collected data from a single emergency intensive care unit (ICU). Twenty-nine out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors who were admitted to the ICU for post-resuscitation care were enrolled. Blood samples were collected at 0 and 24 hours after ICU admission. According to the 6-month cerebral performance category (CPC) scale, the patients were divided into good (CPC 1 and 2, n=12) and poor (CPC 3 to 5, n=17) outcome groups. RESULTS: No difference was observed between the two groups in terms of the serum levels of ICAM-1, VCAM-1, E-selectin, and S100 at 0 and 24 hours. A simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of VCAM-1 and S100 as well as E-selectin and S100 was associated with good neurological outcomes. When other variables were adjusted, a simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of VCAM-1 and S100 was independently associated with good neurological outcomes (odds ratio, 9.285; 95% confidence interval, 1.073 to 80.318; P=0.043). CONCLUSION: A simultaneous decrease in the serum levels of soluble VCAM-1 and S100 within the first 24 hours after the return of spontaneous circulation was associated with a good neurological outcome in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest survivors.


Subject(s)
Blood-Brain Barrier , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , E-Selectin , Emergencies , Endothelium , Heart Arrest , Humans , Intensive Care Units , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Observational Study , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , S100 Proteins , Survivors , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773813

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of deficiency of CHL1 in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).@*METHODS@#Dextran Sulfate Sodium (DSS)-induced colitis model was used to study the effects of deficiency of CHL1 on the development of IBD. Ten CHL1(+/+) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(+/+) group and DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group. Ten CHL1(-/-) mice in C57/BL6 background were randomly divided into CHL1(-/-) group and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group. DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-)group were fed with 1.5% DSS for 7 days, and then drinking distilled water for 2 days. CHL1(+/+) group and CHL1(-/-) group as control group were fed with distilled water for 9 days. The changes of weight, survival, fecal blood and the change of colon length in this study were observed.@*RESULTS@#On the 7 day, the weight of DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group were reduced significantly, and DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group had extreme mortality on the 9th day. The fecal blood of DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group also had higher score than that of DSS-induced CHL1(+/+) group. In the DSS-induced CHL1(-/-) group,the length of colon was shortened obviously.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The loss of CHL1 aggravates the development of IBD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Genetics , Colitis , Genetics , Colon , Pathology , Dextran Sulfate , Disease Models, Animal , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Random Allocation
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1616-1620, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Quercetin on cell cycle and adhesive molecules of NOD.SCID mice with acule B lymphocytic leuaemia(B-ALL).@*METHODS@#5×10 Nalm-6(B-ALL cell line) cells were injected into the tail vein of 48 NOD/SCID mice to establish the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL. After 15 day, the NOD/SCID mice with B-ALL were randomly divided into 3 groups: salive group as control (injection with saline of 0.2 ml/mouse), cyclophos-phamid group (injection with cyclophosphamide of 100µg/kg) and quercetin group(injection with quercetin of 3 mg/kg). After treatment for 21 d, the perecntage of Nalm-6 cells in G1, G2, M and S phases was detected by flow cytonetry; the B lymphocytes Nalm-6 cells, neutrophils and WBC in while blood were counted before and after treatment; the expression of intercellalar. Adhesion molecole-1(FCAIU-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule-1(VCAM-1) and P-selectin was detected by double autibody soundwich method.@*RESULTS@#Compared with level before treatment, the expression of ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and P-selectin decreased after treatment with guercetin, The hemogram showed that the peripheral blood nentrophil level obviously increased, while the levels of B lymphocytes, Nalm-6 cells and WBC count decreased obviously after treatment with guercetin. The cell proliferatim rario in G0/G1 phase decreased, yet the cell proliferation ratio in S and G2/M phases increased after treatment with guercetin.@*CONCLUSION@#The guercetin can decrease the intercellular adhesion through inhibition of ICAM-1 expression, and arrests Nalm-6 cells in S and G2/M phases. The guercetin has obviously inhibitory effect on B-ALL cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Leukemia, B-Cell , Mice , Mice, Inbred NOD , Mice, SCID , Quercetin , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772300

ABSTRACT

Amelogenin (AMG) is a cell adhesion molecule that has an important role in the mineralization of enamel and regulates events during dental development and root formation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effects of recombinant human AMG (rhAMG) on mineralized tissue-associated genes in cementoblasts. Immortalized mouse cementoblasts (OCCM-30) were treated with different concentrations (0.1, 1, 10, 100, 1000, 10,000, 100,000 ng · mL) of recombinant human AMG (rhAMG) and analyzed for proliferation, mineralization and mRNA expression of bone sialoprotein (BSP), osteocalcin (OCN), collagen type I (COL I), osteopontin (OPN), runt-related transcription factor 2 (Runx2), cementum attachment protein (CAP), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) genes using quantitative RT-PCR. The dose response of rhAMG was evaluated using a real-time cell analyzer. Total RNA was isolated on day 3, and cell mineralization was assessed using von Kossa staining on day 8. COL I, OPN and lysosomal-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1), which is a cell surface binding site for amelogenin, were evaluated using immunocytochemistry. F-actin bundles were imaged using confocal microscopy. rhAMG at a concentration of 100,000 ng · mL increased cell proliferation after 72 h compared to the other concentrations and the untreated control group. rhAMG (100,000 ng · mL) upregulated BSP and OCN mRNA expression levels eightfold and fivefold, respectively. rhAMG at a concentration of 100,000 ng · mL remarkably enhanced LAMP-1 staining in cementoblasts. Increased numbers of mineralized nodules were observed at concentrations of 10,000 and 100,000 ng · mL rhAMG. The present data suggest that rhAMG is a potent regulator of gene expression in cementoblasts and support the potential application of rhAMG in therapies aimed at fast regeneration of damaged periodontal tissue.


Subject(s)
Alkaline Phosphatase , Metabolism , Amelogenin , Physiology , Animals , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Calcification, Physiologic , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Cementogenesis , Physiology , Collagen Type I , Metabolism , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit , Metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , In Vitro Techniques , Integrin-Binding Sialoprotein , Metabolism , Mice , Microscopy, Confocal , Osteocalcin , Metabolism , Osteopontin , Metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
15.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 452-456, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689734

ABSTRACT

Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG), as a pathogen of gonorrhea, is strictly limited to growth on the human host. In case of gonococcal infection, the body may recruit such inflammatory cells as neutrophils to resist the invasion of NG or initiate its adaptive immune response by antigen presentation to eliminate the pathogen. However, a series of immune escape mechanisms of NG make it difficult to clear up the infection. In the innate immune system, NG can not only secrete thermonuclease to degrade neutrophile granulocytes, inhibit respiratory burst to resist killing by neutrophils, activate NLRP3 to prompt the pyronecrosis of inflammatory cells, but also regulate the differentiation of macrophages to reduce the inflammatory response, combine with factor H to evade complement-mediated killing. NG infection can hardly give rise to effective adaptive immune response and immune memory, but can promote TGF-β production to inhibit Th1/Th2-mediated adaptive immune response, bind to CEACAM1 on the B cell surface to promote apoptosis in B cells, and combine with CEACAM1 on the T cell surface to inhibit helper T cell proliferation, which makes it difficult for B cells to produce high-affinity specific antibodies. With the increasing drug-resistance of NG, immunological studies may play a significant role in the development of novel therapies and effective vaccines against the infection.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Antibodies , Allergy and Immunology , Antigens, CD , Allergy and Immunology , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Allergy and Immunology , Complement Factor H , Allergy and Immunology , Gonorrhea , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Immune Evasion , Allergy and Immunology , Immunity, Innate , Allergy and Immunology , Neisseria gonorrhoeae , Allergy and Immunology
16.
INSPILIP ; 1(1): 1-16, ene.-jun 2017.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-987913

ABSTRACT

El objetivo de la investigación fue comparar las modificaciones de las concentraciones plasmáticas de la molécula 1 de adhesión intercelular soluble en menopáusicas tratadas con estradiol oral o transdérmico después de 3 meses de uso. Se realizó una investigación con una muestra de 140 pacientes menopáusicas que asistieron a la consulta de Medicina Interna, Endocrinología y Menopausia del Hospital Central Dr. Urquinaona, Maracaibo, Venezuela. Se asignó a 70 pacientes tratamiento con estradiol oral (grupo A) y a 70 pacientes tratamiento con estradiol transdérmico (grupo B). Se evaluaron las concentraciones plasmáticas de molécula 1 de adhesión intercelular soluble antes y después de 3 meses de tratamiento. (p = ns). Las concentraciones plasmáticas de la molécula 1 de adhesión intercelular soluble demostraron una reducción después de 3 meses de tratamiento en ambos grupos (grupo A: 279,1 +/- 76,5 ng/ml al inicio comparado con 241,7 +/- 68,4 ng/ml después del tratamiento y grupo B: 251,9 +/- 73,2 ng/ml después del tratamiento comparado con el valor promedio inicial de 288,7 +/- 62,7 ng/ml; p < 0,05). Se concluye que el uso de estradiol transdérmico puede ser una alternativa eficaz al uso de estradiol oral después de 3 meses de uso, debido a que ambos tratamientos producen disminuciones en las concentraciones plasmáticas de molécula 1 de adhesión intercelular soluble.


The objective of research was: to compare modifications of plasma concentrations of solubleintercellular adhesion molecule 1 in postmenopausal women treated with oral or estradiol after 3 months of use. This study included 140 postmenopausal women attending the Internal Medicine, Endocrinology and Menopause Departments at the Hospital Central "Dr. Urquinaona", Maracaibo, Venezuela. Seventy patients were assigned to be treated with oral estradiol (group A) and 70 patients were treated with transdermal estradiol (group B). Plasma concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 were measured before and after 3 months of treatment. There were no statically significant differences in general characteristics between the two treatment groups (p = ns). In both groups, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1 was reduced after 3 months of treatment (group A: 279.1 +/- 76.5 ng/ml before treatment compared with 241.7 +/- 68.4 ng/ml after treatment and group B: 251.9 +/- 73.2 ng/ml after treatment compared with initial mean value of 288.7 +/- 62.7 ng/ml; p < 0.05). It is concluded that transdermal estradiol could be an effective alternative to oral estradiol after 3 months of use since both treatments decreased plasma concentrations of soluble intercellular adhesion molecule 1. KEYWORDS: Estradiol; Menopause; Transdermal; soluble intercellular adhesión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Complementary Therapies , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Estradiol , Transdermal Patch , Behavior Therapy
17.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(6): e6049, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839314

ABSTRACT

Down syndrome cell adhesion molecule (DSCAM) is located within the Down syndrome critical region of chromosome 21. DSCAM is a broadly expressed neurodevelopmental protein involved in synaptogenesis, neurite outgrowth, and axon guidance. We previously demonstrated DSCAM overexpression in the cortex of amyloid precursor protein (APP) transgenic mice, suggesting possible regulatory interactions between APP and DSCAM. APP mice exhibit deficits in hippocampus-dependent learning and memory. In this preliminary study, we examined age-related changes in DSCAM expression within the hippocampus in 16 APP transgenic mice (1, 3, 6 and 12 months old). Hippocampus-dependent spatial memory was assessed in APP mice and age-matched wild type littermates (WTs) using the Morris water maze (MWM). The cellular distribution of hippocampal DSCAM and total expression at both mRNA and protein levels were measured by immunohistochemistry, qRT-PCR, and western blotting, respectively. APP mice exhibited spatial memory deficits in the MWM. Intense DSCAM immunoreactivity was observed in the dentate gyrus granule cell layer and hippocampal stratum pyramidale. Total hippocampal DSCAM mRNA and protein expression levels were substantially higher in APP mice than WTs at 1 and 3 months of age. Expression decreased with age in both groups but remained higher in APP mice. DSCAM is overexpressed in the hippocampus over the first 12 months of life in APP mice, but especially during maturation to adulthood. In conclusion, these results suggest an association between DSCAM and APP mice, which is characterized by neuropathology and behavioral deficits. These results provide some clues for future studies on the role of DSCAM overexpression in the precocious cognitive decline observed in APP transgenic mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/genetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Hippocampus/metabolism , Age Factors , Brain/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Genotype , Learning Disabilities/metabolism , Memory Disorders/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-158430

ABSTRACT

B lymphocytes are produced from hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) through the highly ordered process of B lymphopoiesis, which is regulated by a complex network of cytokines, chemokines and cell adhesion molecules derived from the hematopoietic niche. Primary osteoblasts function as an osteoblastic niche (OBN) that supports in vitro B lymphopoiesis. However, there are significant limitations to the use of primary osteoblasts, including their relative scarcity and the consistency and efficiency of the limited purification and proliferation of these cells. Thus, development of a stable osteoblast cell line that can function as a biomimetic or artificial OBN is necessary. In this study, we developed a stable osteoblastic cell line, designated OBN4, which functions as an osteoblast-based artificial niche that supports in vitro B lymphopoiesis. We demonstrated that the production of a B220⁺ cell population from Lineage⁻ (Lin⁻) Sca-1⁺ c-Kit⁺ hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) was increased ~1.7-fold by OBN4 cells relative to production by primary osteoblasts and OP9 cells in coculture experiments. Consistently, OBN4 cells exhibited the highest production of B220⁺ IgM⁺ cell populations (6.7±0.6–13.6±0.6%) in an IL-7- and stromal cell-derived factor 1-dependent manner, with higher production than primary osteoblasts (3.7±0.5–6.4±0.6%) and OP9 cells (1.8±0.6–3.9±0.5%). In addition, the production of B220⁺ IgM⁺ IgD⁺ cell populations was significantly enhanced by OBN4 cells (15.4±1.1–18.9±3.2%) relative to production by primary osteoblasts (9.5±0.6–14.6±1.6%) and OP9 cells (9.1±0.5–10.3±1.8%). We conclude that OBN4 cells support in vitro B lymphopoiesis of Lin⁻ Sca-1⁺ c-Kit⁺ HSPCs more efficiently than primary osteoblasts or OP9 stromal cells.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Biomimetics , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Cell Line , Chemokines , Coculture Techniques , Cytokines , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , In Vitro Techniques , Lymphopoiesis , Osteoblasts , Stem Cells , Stromal Cells
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194424

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a multisystemic, chronic disease accompanied by microvascular complications involving various complicated mechanisms. Intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), and cluster of differentiation-146 (CD146) are mainly expressed by endothelial cells, and facilitate the adhesion and transmigration of immune cells, leading to inflammation. In the present study, we evaluated the levels of soluble adhesion molecules in patients with microvascular complications of T2DM. METHODS: Serum and whole blood samples were collected from 58 T2DM patients with microvascular complications and 20 age-matched healthy subjects. Levels of soluble ICAM-1 (sICAM-1) and soluble VCAM-1 (sVCAM-1) were assessed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, while flow cytometry was used to determine CD146 levels. RESULTS: Serum sICAM-1 levels were lower in T2DM patients with microvascular complications than in healthy controls (P<0.05). No significant differences were found in sVCAM-1 and CD146 levels between the study and the control group. Although patients were subdivided into groups according to the type of microvascular complications that they experienced, cell adhesion molecule levels were not correlated with the complication type. CONCLUSION: In the study group, most of the patients were on insulin therapy (76%), and 95% of them were receiving angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)-inhibitor agents. Insulin and ACE-inhibitors have been shown to decrease soluble adhesion molecule levels via various mechanisms, so we suggest that the decreased or unchanged levels of soluble forms of cellular adhesion molecules in our study group may have resulted from insulin and ACE-inhibitor therapy, as well as tissue-localized inflammation in patients with T2DM.


Subject(s)
Cell Adhesion , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Chronic Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Endothelial Cells , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Inflammation , Insulin , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1 , Vascular Cell Adhesion Molecule-1
20.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 47(4): 870-875, Oct.-Dec. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828209

ABSTRACT

Abstract Porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is the primary causative agent of porcine circovirus disease, a complex multisystem syndrome in domestic pigs. Despite the significant economic losses caused by porcine circovirus disease, the mechanisms of pathogenesis underlying the clinical findings remain largely unclear. As various reports have highlighted the potential key role of vascular lesions in the pathogenesis of porcine circovirus disease, the aim of this work was to investigate effects of PCV2 infection on vascular endothelial cells, focusing on cell viability and expression of adhesion/junction molecules. PCV2 infection reduced endothelial cell viability, while viral infection did not affected the viability of several other classical cell lines. Also, PCV2 infection in endothelial cells displayed a dual/biphasic effect: initially, infection increased ICAM-1 expression, which can favor leukocyte recruitment and emigration to tissues and possibly inducing characteristic porcine circovirus disease inflammatory lesions; then, secondarily, infection caused an increase in zonula occludens 1 tight junction protein (ZO-1) expression, which in turn can result in difficulties for cell traffic across the endothelium and a potential impairment the immune response in peripheral tissues. These virus-induced endothelial changes could directly impact the inflammatory process of porcine circovirus disease and associated vascular/immune system disturbances. Data suggest that, among the wide range of effects induced by PCV2 on the host, endothelial modulation can be a pivotal process which can help to explain PCV2 pathogenesis in some porcine circovirus disease presentations.


Subject(s)
Animals , Swine Diseases/genetics , Swine Diseases/virology , Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Gene Expression , Circovirus , Circoviridae Infections/veterinary , Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Junctional Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Swine , Cell Line , Survivorship
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