Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 68
Filter
1.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e964, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289523

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Comparar las características de la córnea entre individuos chinos y cubanos adultos sanos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, en 120 ojos de individuos sanos (60 chinos y 60 cubanos), entre 18 y 29 años de edad, entre septiembre del año 2016 y diciembre de 2017 en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer". Se evaluó la edad, el sexo, la queratometría, la paquimetría y las características del endotelio corneal. Resultados: Predominó el sexo femenino (53,3 por ciento en los cubanos y 66,6 por ciento en los chinos). La edad promedio fue de 24,4 años en ambos grupos. La queratometría promedio resultó mayor en el grupo de estudio de cubanos, con un valor de 44,7 y 44,6 dioptrías en ambos ojos, respectivamente. El espesor corneal fue de 607,3-629,9 en los cubanos y de 575,4-607,2 en los chinos. El coeficiente de variación, la desviación estándar y la densidad celular se diferenciaron mínimamente en ambos ojos para ambas nacionalidades, y resultaron superiores en los ojos izquierdos con un coeficiente de 32,0 (±11,0) en los chinos. La desviación estándar promedio fue de 112,0 (± 36,5) en ambos grupos y en el ojo derecho la densidad celular fue 2 857,1 (± 240,0 cél/mm2) en los chinos y 2 760,0 (± 367,2) en los cubanos. El average de los cubanos estuvo entre 369,0 y 380, y para los chinos entre 352,4 y 358,4 en los ojos derecho e izquierdo. Conclusiones: Existen diferencias significativas en los valores queratométricos. El espesor corneal resulta discretamente más reducido en los chinos. El coeficiente de variación, la densidad celular, el average y la desviación estándar no presentan diferencias estadísticamente significativas(AU)


Objective: Compare the corneal features of Chinese and Cuban healthy adult subjects. Methods: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study was conducted of 120 eyes of healthy 18-29 year old individuals (60 Chinese and 60 Cuban) from September 2016 to December 2017 at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology. The variables analyzed were sex, keratometry, pachymetry and characteristics of the corneal endothelium. Results: Female sex prevailed (53.3 percent among Cuban and 66.6 percent among Chinese subjects). Mean age was 24.4 years in both groups. Mean keratometry was higher in the Cuban group, with values of 44.7 and 44.6 diopters for both eyes, respectively. Corneal thickness was 607.3-629.9 among Cuban and 575.4-607.2 among Chinese subjects. Variation coefficient, standard deviation and cell density were minimally different between the two eyes in both groups, and were higher in left eyes of Chinese subjects with a coefficient of 32.0 (±11.0). Mean standard deviation was 112.0 (± 36.5) in both groups, whereas right eye cell density was 2 857.1 (± 240.0 cell/mm2) among Chinese and 2 760.0 (± 367.2) among Cuban subjects. Average between right and left eyes ranged from 369.0 to 380 for the Cubans and from 352.4 to 358.4 for the Chinese. Conclusions: Significant differences were found between keratometric values. Corneal thickness was slightly lower among Chinese subjects. Variation coefficient, cell density, average and standard deviation did not show any statistically significant differences(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Endothelium, Corneal/diagnostic imaging , Cell Count/methods , Corneal Pachymetry/methods , China , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cuba , Observational Studies as Topic
2.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(3): e634, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1138935

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El carcinoma papilar de tiroides es la causa más frecuente de cáncer de naturaleza endocrina. Constituye la variante histológica de mejor pronóstico, sin embargo, en ocasiones es motivo de importantes dudas diagnósticas con otras variantes de evolución tórpida, lo que dificulta que un mayor número de pacientes se beneficie con un tratamiento individualizado y conservador. Por esta razón, se desarrollan estudios en los que cada vez más se añaden procedimientos morfométricos y densitométricos, los que permiten disminuir la subjetividad en el diagnóstico histopatológico. Objetivo: Determinar la densidad óptica nuclear en el carcinoma papilar de tiroides. Método: Se realizó un estudio morfométrico de serie de casos con 12 pacientes con carcinoma papilar de tiroides, atendidos en el Hospital Provincial Universitario Vladimir Ilich Lenin. Se seleccionaron 36 campos y se midieron 965 núcleos celulares, lo que constituyó la muestra del estudio. Se determinó la densidad óptica nuclear como indicador morfométrico del carcinoma papilar de tiroides. Resultados: El valor de la densidad óptica nuclear fue 1,14, considerado bajo. Conclusiones: Se determinó la densidad óptica nuclear del carcinoma papilar de tiroides en los casos estudiados, lo que puede contribuir a su diagnóstico histopatológico(AU)


Background: Papillary thyroid carcinoma is the most frequent cause of endocrine cancer. It is an histological variant with the best prognosis, however, sometimes it is a reason for significant diagnostic doubts with other variants of torpid evolution, which makes it difficult for a greater number of patients to benefit from an individualized and conservative treatment. For this reason, studies are developed in which more and more morphometric and densitometric procedures are added, which allow reducing the subjectivity in the histopathological diagnosis and could represent a tool of great value. Objective: To determine the nuclear optical density in papillary thyroid carcinoma. Method: A morphometric study of a series of cases was carried out with 12 patients with this histopathological diagnosis, attended at the Vladimir Ilich Lenin University Provincial Hospital. We chose 36 fields and 965 cell nuclei were measured, which constituted the study sample. Nuclear optical density was determined as a morphometric indicator of papillary thyroid carcinoma. Results: The value of nuclear optical density was 1, 14. It is considered low. Conclusion: Nuclear optical density of papillary thyroid carcinoma was determined in the studied cases that may contribute to histopathological diagnosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Thyroid Neoplasms/ultrastructure , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/diagnosis , Prognosis , Cell Count/methods , Thyroid Cancer, Papillary/secondary
3.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(2): e739, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1139068

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Relacionar la severidad del edema corneal poscirugía de catarata en pacientes con córnea guttata, considerados sin riesgo o bajo riesgo de edema posquirúrgico según densidad celular, con los parámetros de la microscopia endotelial. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo de 42 pacientes con córnea guttata, considerados sin riesgo o bajo riesgo de edema posquirúrgico según la densidad celular, quienes fueron sometidos a la cirugía de catarata por el mismo cirujano en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", desde abril del año 2016 a diciembre de 2017. Se determinó la severidad del edema corneal y se relacionó con el grado de córnea guttata, así como con los parámetros de la microscopia endotelial. Resultados: El 52,4 por ciento fueron mayores de 70 años y el 64,3 por ciento mujeres. No hubo edema en el 54,8 por ciento en las primeras 24 horas, y fue en el 26,2 por ciento leve y en el 19,0 por ciento mínimo, donde predominó la córnea guttata grado 3 y presentaban un bajo riesgo prequirúrgico. Sin embargo, no hubo diferencias en relación con el polimegatismo y el pleomorfismo. Conclusiones: La severidad del edema corneal en pacientes con córnea guttata posfacoemulsificación a los siete días no se asocia con el polimegatismo, ni con el polimorfismo prequirúrgico, pero sí con el conteo endotelial prequirúrgico(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Determine the relationship between the severity of corneal edema in cornea guttata patients undergoing cataract surgery considered to be at no risk or low risk for postsurgical edema in terms of cell density, and endothelial microscopy parameters. Methods: A descriptive prospective study was conducted of 42 cornea guttata patients considered to be at no risk or low risk for postsurgical edema in terms of cell density, who underwent cataract surgery performed by the same surgeon at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from April 2016 to December 2017. Corneal edema severity was determined and related to cornea guttata grade and endothelial microscopy parameters. Results: Of the patients studied, 52.4 percent were aged over 70 years and 64.3 percent were women. Edema was not observed in 54.8 percent in the first 24 hours, whereas it was mild in 26.2 percent and minimum in 19.0 percent. Grade 3 cornea guttata and low presurgical risk prevailed. However, no differences were found in relation to polymegethism and pleomorphism. Conclusions: At seven days, corneal edema severity in cornea guttata patients undergoing phacoemulsification is not associated to polymegethism or presurgical polymorphism, but it as associated to the presurgical endothelial count(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Cataract/etiology , Corneal Edema , Cell Count/methods , Phacoemulsification/methods , Observational Studies as Topic , Reference Parameters/adverse effects , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Microscopy/methods
4.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 33(1): e692, ene.-mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126725

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: Identificar las características morfológicas del epitelio, el estroma y el endotelio corneal, así como la densidad celular de este último mediante el empleo de la microscopia confocal de la córnea en pacientes diabéticos. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, comparativo, en 90 ojos; 60 de ellos pertenecientes a pacientes diabéticos (30 tipo 1 y 30 tipo 2) y 30 ojos a pacientes supuestamente sanos. El estudio se realizó en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer" entre enero del año 2012 y enero de 2017. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino con 66,7 por ciento en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1; el sexo femenino en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 (60 por ciento) y aparentemente sanos (56,7 por ciento). En los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 1 fueron más frecuentes las edades entre 45 y 54 años (33,3 por ciento) y entre 55 y 66 años en los pacientes con diabetes mellitus tipo 2 y aparentemente sanos con 60 y 40 por ciento respectivamente. La morfología del epitelio y el estroma corneal fue normal en el 86,7 y 87,3 por ciento respectivamente. Predominaron las alteraciones de la morfología endotelial en pacientes diabéticos tipo 1 (73,3 por ciento), así como el polimegatismo y el pleomorfismo (73,3 y 56,7 por ciento respectivamente) y la densidad celular más baja (2 222,76 células /mm2). Conclusiones: La ausencia de alteraciones morfológicas del epitelio y el estroma corneal y la presencia de polimegatismo y de pleomorfismo fueron los hallazgos más frecuentes(AU)


ABSTRACT Objective: Identify the morphological characteristics of the corneal epithelium, stroma and endothelium, as well as the cell density of the endothelium by means of confocal microscopy of the cornea in diabetic patients. Methods: A descriptive comparative study was conducted of 90 eyes: 60 from diabetic patients (30 type 1 and 30 type 2) and 30 from supposedly healthy patients, at Ramón Pando Ferrer Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from January 2012 to January 2017. Results: A predominance was found of the male sex (66.7 percent) among patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 and of the female sex among patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (60 percent) and seemingly healthy patients (56.7 percent). The most common age ranges were 45-54 years for patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 (33.3 percent) and 55-66 years for patients with diabetes mellitus type 2 (60 percent) and seemingly healthy patients (40 percent). Morphology of the corneal epithelium and stroma was normal in 86.7 percent and 87.3 percent, respectively. In type 1 diabetic patients there was a predominance of endothelial morphological alterations (73.3 percent), polymegethism and pleomorphism (73.3 percent and 56.7 percent, respectively) and the lowest cell density (2 222.76 cells /mm2). Conclusions: Absence of morphological alterations of the corneal epithelium and stroma, as well as the presence of polymegethism and pleomorphism were the most common findings(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Cell Count/methods , Cornea/abnormalities , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/etiology , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/etiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Microscopy, Confocal/methods
5.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 87: e0802018, 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1118053

ABSTRACT

This research evaluated the effect of milking on the physical exam of the mammary gland (MG) and milk examination in Saanen goats. Six properties were selected, four farms were used after evaluation of criteria selection and distributed in two groups according to the milking method: manual or mechanical. The physical examination of MG was performed using the techniques of inspection and palpation, in addition to the examination of the milk by strip cup, California Mastitis Test, somatic cell count, and bacteriological exam. It was possible to detect an association between the milking method with the most of physical exam of the MG: inspection of the MG (p = 0.001), inspection of the teat (p = 0.002), palpation of the MG (p = 0.054) and palpation of the teat (p = 0.036). The machine milking had an association with the reduction of the volume of MG (OR = 6.00), reduction of the teat size (OR = 16.19), and firm consistency of mammary parenchyma (OR = 2.39). The use of machine milking represented a less risk for an increase of the volume of the MG volume (OR = 0.288) and the presence of cisternitis (OR = 0.490). The association between the SCC and the type of milking was also detected (p = 0.002). Machine milking was associated with changesin the physical exam of MG and milk examination compatible with traumatic lesions. This information indicates inappropriate use of milking equipment in the dairy goat's properties.(AU)


Esta pesquisa avaliou o efeito da ordenha sobre o exame físico da glândula mamária (GM) e do leite em cabras Saanen. Seis propriedades foram selecionadas, quatro fazendas foram utilizadas após avaliação da seleção dos critérios e distribuídas em dois grupos de acordo com o método de ordenha: manual ou mecânico. O exame físico da GM foi realizado utilizando as técnicas de inspeção e palpação, além do exame do leite pelo teste da caneca de fundo escuro, California Mastitis Test, contagem de células somáticas e exame bacteriológico. Foi possível detectar uma associação entre o método de ordenha com a maioria dos exames físicos da GM: inspeção da GM (p = 0,001), inspeção do teto (p = 0,002), palpação da GM (p = 0,054) e palpação do teto (p = 0,036). A ordenha mecânica associou-se com a redução do volume de GM (OR = 6,00), redução do tamanho do teto (OR = 16,19) e consistência firme do parênquima mamário (OR = 2,39). O uso da ordenha mecânica representou menor risco para o aumento do volume do volume da GM (OR = 0,288) e presença da cisternite (OR = 0,490). Também foi detectada a associação entre a CCS e o tipo de ordenha (p = 0,002). A ordenha mecânica foi associada com as alterações no exame físico de GM e do leite compatíveis com lesões traumáticas. Essas informações indicam o uso inadequado do equipamento de ordenha na criação de cabras leiteiras.(AU)


Subject(s)
Cattle , Palpation , Mammary Glands, Animal , Physical Examination/veterinary , Cell Count/methods , Milk , Encephalitis, California/diagnosis
6.
Arq. Inst. Biol ; 85: e0962016, 2018. ilus, tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-987419

ABSTRACT

The somatic cell count (SCC) is a diagnostic tool that indicates the mammary gland health and can be determined by the counting of cells in the microscope. There are discussions regarding appropriate staining method to the ewes' milk. The present study aimed to identify a methodology of microscopic SCC proper to the milk of the ovine species. Therefore, glass slides for smear were manufactured with 10 µL of ewe's milk in 1 cm2, and the fixers xylol and Carnoy's solution were tested, as well as and May-Grünwald, Broadhurst-Paley, Wrigth and Panoptic stainings. Carnoy's solution was elected, because it allowed a better fixation of the dairy film to the microscope slides, and Broadhurst-Paley staining, due to its good coloration and visualization of cells, as well as the differentiation of cytoplasmic corpuscles in ewe's milk. Broadhurst-Paley coloration is a tool applicable to the somatic cell count in ovine specie's milk.(AU)


A contagem de células somáticas é uma ferramenta de diagnóstico indicativa da saúde da glândula mamária e pode ser determinada em microscópio. Sobre ela, existem discussões quanto à coloração adequada ao leite de ovelhas. O presente estudo objetivou identificar uma metodologia de preparação de lâminas para a contagem microscópica de células somáticas do leite da espécie ovina. Para tanto, confeccionaram-se lâminas de esfregaços de 10 µL de leite de ovelha em 1 cm2, testaram-se os fixadores de xilol e solução de Carnoy e as colorações de May-Grünwald, Broadhurst-Paley, Wrigth e Panótico. Elegeram-se a solução de Carnoy, pois esta permitiu melhor fixação do filme lácteo às lâminas de microscopia, e o corante Broadhurst-Paley, que propiciou boa coloração e visualização das células, bem como a diferenciação dos corpúsculos citoplasmáticos presentes no leite ovino. A coloração é uma ferramenta aplicável à contagem de células somáticas no leite da espécie ovina.(AU)


Subject(s)
Staining and Labeling/methods , Sheep , Cell Count/methods , Milk , Diagnosis
7.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 51(1): 37-44, mar. 2017. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-886097

ABSTRACT

El objetivo del trabajo consistió en comparar el recuento celular total en los líquidos de derrame de cavidades serosas entre el método automatizado empleado en hematología y el método manual en hemocitómetro. Se procesaron 107 muestras: 45 líquidos ascíticos (LA) y 62 líquidos pleurales (LP) a los que se les realizó el recuento celular en cámara de Neubauer y en contador hematológico Sysmex XT 1800i. Se obtuvieron los siguientes resultados: 1) Regresión lineal: los coeficientes de correlación indicaron una alta correlación entre ambos métodos (LA r2: 0,999; p<0,0001 y LP r2: 0,997; p<0,0001). 2) Bland-Altman: El análisis de las figuras muestra una excelente concordancia entre ambos métodos. El error sistemático fue 51 para los LA y 97 para los LP, por lo que estos valores son despreciables dado el valor diagnóstico de los datos. Los resultados demuestran que los métodos son comparables entre sí y, por ende, se puede remplazar el recuento manual por el automatizado, de demostrada eficiencia y exactitud. Sin embargo, todos los líquidos requieren una observación al microscopio óptico previa al procesamiento por el contador hematológico, donde se apreciará la presencia de agrupamientos celulares como, por ejemplo, células neoplásicas en disposición glandular que dificultan el análisis por parte del equipo o la interpretación del resultado.


The purpose of this work was to compare the total cell count in liquids serous cavities between the automated method used in hematology and the manual method hemocytometer. A total of 107 samples were processed: 45 ascites fluids (LA for its name in Spanish) and 62 pleural fluids (LP for its name in Spanish). The cells were counted in improved Neubauer counting chamber and hematology analyzer Sysmex XT 1800i. The following results were obtained: 1) Linear Regression correlation coefficients indicated a high correlation between the two methods (LA r2: 0.999; p<0.0001 LP r2: 0.997; p<0.0001). 2) Bland-Altman analysis graphics showed excellent agreement between both methods. The systematic error was 51 for LA and 97 for LP; these values are insignificant considering the diagnostic value of the data. he results demonstrate that the methods are comparable and therefore can replace the manual counting by the automated method with proven efficiency and accuracy. However, all fluids require observation by optical microscope before being processed by the hematology analyzer, where the presence of cell clusters such as neoplastic cells in glandular disposition will be appreciated, which hinder the analysis by the equipment or interpretation of results.


O objetivo do trabalho consistiu em comparar a contagem total de células em líquidos de derrame de cavidades serosas entre o método automatizado utilizado em hematologia e o método manual em hemocitômetro. Foram processadas 107 amostras: 45 líquidos ascíticos (LA) e 62 líquidos pleurais (LP) nos quais se realizou a recontagem celular na câmara de Neubauer e no contador hematológico Sysmex XT 1800i. Foram obtidos os seguintes resultados: 1) Regressão linear: os coeficientes de correlação indicaram uma alta correlação entre ambos os métodos (LA r2: 0,999; p<0,0001 e LP r2: 0,997; p<0,0001). 2) Bland-Altman: A análise dos Figuras mostra uma excelente concordância entre ambos os métodos. O erro sistemático foi 51 para os LA e 97 para os LP, resultando estes valores desprezáveis dado o valor diagnóstico dos dados. Os resultados demonstram que os métodos são comparáveis entre si e, portanto, pode ser substituída a contagem manual pela automatizada, de eficiência e exatidão demonstradas. Entretanto, todos os líquidos requerem observação no microscópio óptico prévia ao processamento pelo contador hematológico. Nesse momento se apreciará a presença de agrupamentos celulares como, por exemplo, células neoplásicas em disposição glandular que dificultam a análise por parte da equipe ou a interpretação do resultado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cell Count/methods , Hematology/methods , Serous Membrane , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/methods , Hemocytes
8.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 105-110, Mar.-Apr. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-782803

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: The goal of the present study was to establish a protocol for primary culture of lacrimal gland acinar cells (LGACs) and to assess the effect of adding insulin to the culture media. Methods: LGACs were isolated and cultured from lacrimal glands of Wistar male rats. The study outcomes included cell number, viability, and peroxidase release over time and in response to three concentrations of insulin (0.5, 5.0, and 50.0 μg/mL). Results: In LGAC primary culture, cells started to form clusters by day 3. There was a time-response pattern of peroxidase release, which rose by day 6, in response to carbachol. Culture viability lasted for 12 days. An insulin concentration of 5.0 μg/mL in the culture medium resulted in higher viability and secretory capacity. Conclusions: The present method simplifies the isolation and culture of LGACs. The data confirmed the relevance of adding insulin to maintain LGACs in culture.


RESUMO Objetivo: O objetivo do estudo foi estabelecer um protocolo de cultura primária para o isolamento de células acinares da glândula lacrimal (CAGL) e avaliar a relevância de insulina no meio de cultura. Métodos: CAGL foram isoladas e cultivadas a partir das glândulas lacrimais de ratos Wistar machos. Os parâmetros analisados foram: o número de células, viabilidade e secreção da peroxidase ao longo do tempo e em resposta a três concentrações de insulina (0,5; 5,0 e 50,0 μg/ml). Resultados: Na cultura primária de CAGL as células passaram a se agrupar por volta do dia 3. A secreção de peroxidase em resposta ao carbacol aumentou no dia 6. O período de cultura viável foi limitado à 12 dias. Insulina à 5,0 μg/ml no meio de cultura resultou em viabilidade e capacidade secretora maior. Conclusão: o estudo descreveu um método para simplificar o isolamento e cultivo de CAGL. Os dados apresentados confirmam a importância da insulina na manutenção da cultura de CAGL.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Acinar Cells/cytology , Primary Cell Culture/standards , Insulin/pharmacology , Lacrimal Apparatus/cytology , Carbachol/metabolism , Cell Count/methods , Cell Separation/methods , Rats, Wistar , Peroxidase/metabolism , Acinar Cells/drug effects , Acinar Cells/metabolism , Insulin/metabolism , Lacrimal Apparatus/metabolism
9.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 143(1): 120-123, ene. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-742561

ABSTRACT

We report a 37 years old male with a dermatomyositis treated with oral cyclophosphamide. He was admitted to the hospital due to a zone of skin necrosis with purulent exudate, located in the second left toe. A complete blood count showed a leukocyte count of 2,600 cells/mm³. A Chest CAT scan showed a pneumomediastinum with emphysema of adjacent soft tissue. Cyclophosphamide was discontinued and leukocyte count improved. The affected toe was amputated and a chest CAT scan showed a partial resolution of the pneumomediastinum. We discuss and review the pathogenesis, clinical presentation and management of pneumomediastinum and cutaneous necrosis in association with dermatomyositis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Benzoxazines/therapeutic use , Cannabinoids/agonists , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/drug therapy , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/pathology , Morpholines/therapeutic use , Naphthalenes/therapeutic use , Neurons/drug effects , Oligodendroglia/drug effects , Analysis of Variance , Amyloid beta-Protein Precursor/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , /metabolism , Cell Count/methods , Central Nervous System/pathology , Cytokines/genetics , Cytokines/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Encephalomyelitis, Autoimmune, Experimental/complications , Macrophages/drug effects , Neurologic Examination , Nerve Degeneration/etiology , Nerve Degeneration/prevention & control , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases/metabolism , Spinal Cord/drug effects , Spinal Cord/pathology , T-Lymphocytes/drug effects , Time Factors
10.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(12): 781-786, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731023

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate whether there are differences between the phagocytic function of the remaining lower spleen pole after subtotal splenectomy and autogenous splenic implants. METHODS: Thirty-six male Wistar rats, weighting 364 ± 60g were used. They were subjected to subtotal splenectomy preserving the lower spleen pole and to autogenous splenic implant in the greater omentum. Its viability was assessed microscopically. Phagocytic function was assessed by splenic uptake of the radioisotope-labeled colloid and by macrophages counting. RESULTS: The viability of the autogenous splenic implant and of the lower spleen pole was found in 33 animals, with no difference between them. The weight of the implants was higher than the lower pole of animals from groups G1, G7, G30, G60 and G120. The implants phagocytic function by radioisotope uptake was higher than the lower pole in G7 and G120 groups and it did not differ from the other groups. The number of macrophages was higher in G1, G60, G90 and G120 and did not differ from the other groups. CONCLUSION: Until the 16th week, the phagocytic function was more pronounced in autogenous splenic implants when compared with the lower spleen pole, but it became similar thereafter. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Autografts/physiology , Macrophages/physiology , Phagocytosis/physiology , Splenectomy , Spleen/physiology , Autografts/anatomy & histology , Cell Count/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Models, Animal , Omentum , Postoperative Period , Rats, Wistar , Spleen/anatomy & histology , Spleen/surgery , Spleen/transplantation
11.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 27(4): .516-527, oct.-dic. 2014. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-746389

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: caracterizar clínicamente la distrofia corneal endotelial de Fuchs en las familias estudiadas. MÉTODOS: se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y transversal en familias con distrofia de Fuchs, en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferrer", del año 2008 al 2011. Se operacionalizaron variables como: estadio clínico de la enfermedad, amplitud de cámara anterior y ángulo iridocorneal, presión intraocular, longitud axial, paquimetría, densidad celular endotelial, pleomorfismo y polimegatismo. Se resumieron las variables utilizando frecuencias absolutas y relativas porcentuales. Para la relación entre densidad celular y paquimetría se hizo un análisis de correlación bivariado no paramétrico. RESULTADOS: los pacientes enfermos se encontraban en su mayoría en el estadio I y II, con 50 y 60 % para los recién diagnosticados y los ya conocidos respectivamente. La amplitud de la cámara anterior fue normal en el 51,9 %; el ángulo iridocorneal estrecho en el 55,6 %, la presión intraocular normal en el 66,7 % y una hipermetropía axial en el 55,6 % de los casos con distrofia corneal. No se encontró asociación significativa entre paquimetría y densidad celular, pero sí pleomorfismo y polimegatismo en el 100 % de los enfermos y en más del 50 % de los descendientes directos. CONCLUSIONES: las variables analizadas demuestran ser importantes a la hora de caracterizar la enfermedad, además de señalar daños endoteliales en descendientes no enfermos, aspecto a tener en cuenta para su seguimiento.


OBJECTIVE: to describe the clinical characteristics of Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy in the families under study. METHODS: observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study of families with Fuchs' corneal dystrophy diagnosed at "Ramón Pando Ferrer" Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology from 2008 to 2011. The study variables were clinical stage of the disease, depth of anterior chamber and iridocorneal angle, intraocular pressure, axial length, corneal thickness, endothelial cell density, pleomorphism and polymegatism. The variables were summarized using percentage absolute and relative frequencies. For assessing the ratio of the cell density and pachymetry, a nonparametric bivariate correlation analysis was made. RESULTS: the patients with Fuchs' endothelial corneal dystrophy were mostly in the clinical stages I and II, accounting for 50 % of the newly diagnosed patients and 60 % of the previously known ones. The amplitude of the anterior chamber was normal in 51,9 %, the iridocorneal angle was narrow in 55,6 %. Intraocular pressure was normal in 66,7 % and axial hypermetropia was found in 55,6 % of cases with corneal dystrophy. No significant association was found between the corneal thickness and cell density, but it was between pleomorphism and polyimegathism in 100 % of patients and in more than 50 % of the direct descendants. CONCLUSIONS: the variables proved to be important in characterizing the disease as well as in pointing endothelial damages among non-sick descendants. This aspect should be considered on the follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Cell Count/methods , Fuchs' Endothelial Dystrophy/epidemiology , Axial Length, Eye , Corneal Pachymetry/statistics & numerical data , Intraocular Pressure , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Observational Study
12.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 98(3): 252-258, mar. 2012.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-622517

ABSTRACT

FUNDAMENTO: Métodos convencionais de dissector atualmente requerem consideráveis custos financeiros, técnicos e operacionais para estimar o número de células, incluindo cardiomiócitos, em uma área de 3D. OBJETIVO: Usar a microscopia de fluorescência em um método de dissector modificado para determinar o número de miócitos no tecido cardíaco em condições normais e patológicas. MÉTODOS: O estudo empregou camundongos Wistar machos com quatro meses de idade e peso de 366,25 ± 88,21 g randomizados em grupos controles (GC, n = 8) e infectados (GI, n = 8). Os animais do GI foram inoculados com cepa Y de T. cruzi (300.000 tripomastigotas/50 g). Após oito semanas, os animais foram pesados e sacrificados. Os Ventrículos Esquerdos (VE) foram removidos para análise estereológica da densidade numérica de cardiomiócitos (Nv [c]) e o número total dessas células no VE (N [c]). Esses parâmetros foram estimados usando um dissector fluorescente (DF) e comparados com os métodos convencionais de dissector óptico (DO) e dissector físico (DFi). RESULTADOS: Em ambos os métodos de dissector, os animais do GI apresentaram queda significativa de Nv[c] e N[c] em comparação com os animais do GC (P > 0,05). Uma correlação forte, igual ou superior a 96%, foi obtida entre DF, DO e DFi. CONCLUSÃO: O método DF parece ser igualmente confiável para determinar Nv[c] e N[c] em condições normais e patológicas, apresentando algumas vantagens em relação aos métodos convencionais de dissector: redução de cortes histológicos e imagens na análise estereológica, redução do tempo de análise das imagens, a construção de DF em microscópios simples, utilizando o modo de epifluorescência, distinção de planos de dissector em ampliações inferiores.


BACKGROUND: Conventional disector methods currently require considerable financial, technical and operational costs to estimate the number of cells, including cardyomyocytes, in a 3D area. OBJECTIVE: To use fluorescence microscopy in a modified disector method to determine the number of myocytes in cardiac tissue in normal and pathological conditions. METHODS: The study employed four-month-old male Wistar rats with weight of 366.25 ± 88.21g randomized in control (CG, n=8) and infected (IG, n=8) groups. IG animals were inoculated with T. cruzi Y strain (300,000 trypomastigotes/50g wt). After eight weeks, the animals were weighted and euthanized. The left ventricles (LV) were removed for stereological analysis of numerical density of cardiomyocytes (Nv[c]) and total number of these cells in the LV (N[c]). These parameters were estimated using a fluorescent disector (FD) and compared with the conventional optical (OD) and physical (PD) disector methods. RESULTS: In both disector methods, IG animals presented significant decrease of Nv[c] and N[c] compared to CG animals (P< 0.05). There was no significant difference in these variables despite the disector method applied in CG and IG animals (P> 0.05). A strong correlation, equal or above 96%, was obtained between FD, OD and PD. CONCLUSION: The FD method seems to be equally reliable to determine Nv[c] and N[c] in normal and pathological conditions and presents some advantages compared to conventional disector methods: reduction of histological slices and images in the stereological analysis, reduction of time to analyze the images, construction of FD in simple microscopes using the epifluorescence mode, distinction of disector planes in lower magnifications.


FUNDAMENTO: Métodos convencionales de disector actualmente requieren considerables costos financieros, técnicos y operativos para estimar el número de células, incluyendo cardiomiocitos, en un área de 3D. OBJETIVO: Usar la microscopia de fluorescencia en un método de disector modificado para determinar el número de miocitos en el tejido cardíaco en condiciones normales y patológicas. MÉTODOS: El estudio empleó ratones Wistar machos de cuatro meses de edad y peso de 366,25 ± 88,21 g randomizados en grupos controles (GC, n = 8) e infectados (GI, n = 8). Los animales del GI fueron inoculados con cepa Y de T. cruzi (300.000 tripomastigotas/50 g). Después de ocho semanas, los animales fueron pesados y sacrificados. Los Ventrículos Izquierdos (VI) fueron removidos para análisis estereológico de la densidad numérica de cardiomiocitos (Nv [c]) y el número total de esas células en el VI (N [c]). Esos parámetros fueron estimados usando un disector fluorescente (FD) y comparados con los métodos convencionales de disector óptico (OD) y disector físico (PD). RESULTADOS: En ambos métodos de disector, los animales del GI presentaron caída significativa de Nv[c] y N[c] en comparación con los animales del GC (P > 0,05). Una correlación fuerte, igual o superior a 96%, fue obtenida entre FD, OD y PD. CONCLUSIÓN: El método FD parece ser igualmente confiable para determinar Nv[c] y N[c] en condiciones normales y patológicas, presentando algunas ventajas en relación a los métodos convencionales de disector: reducción de cortes histológicos e imágenes en el análisis estereológico, reducción del tiempo de análisis de las imágenes, la construcción de FD en microscopios simples, utilizando el modo de epifluorescencia, distinción de planos de disector en ampliaciones inferiores.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/pathology , Heart Ventricles/pathology , Microscopy, Fluorescence/methods , Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology , Cell Count/methods , Chagas Cardiomyopathy/parasitology , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Ventricles/parasitology , Imaging, Three-Dimensional/methods , Microscopy, Fluorescence/economics , Myocytes, Cardiac/parasitology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Time Factors , Trypanosoma cruzi
13.
Int. j. morphol ; 29(4): 1470-1478, dic. 2011. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-627034

ABSTRACT

Durante la menopausia ocurren cambios hormonales, como disminución de estradiol y aumento de las hormonas folículo estimulante y luteinizante. En mujeres premenopáusicas la fibrosis y esteatosis hepática es menor que en mujeres postmenopáusicas, mejorando cuando se administra terapia hormonal de reemplazo. El objetivo del estudio fue determinar aspectos cuantitativos del hígado de ratas sometidas a un modelo experimental de menopausia inducida por ovariectomía. Utilizamos 10 ratas Sprague-Dawley (Rattus norvergicus) adultas, sanas. Las ratas fueron pesadas y divididas en dos grupos (ovariectomía bilateral=Grupo Ovx y control=Grupo Sham). A los 60 días fueron sacrificadas y retirado el hígado, obteniéndose un trozo de cada hígado. Se realizaron 5 cortes de 4 um y se tiñeron con HE. Se analizaron 5 campos por lámina. Se usó el test M42. Los parámetros estereológicos considerados fueron: Nv, Vv, Sv y número total (Nt) de hepatocitos y sinusoides hepáticos. El peso promedio del grupo Ovx y Sham fue 300,8 g y 285,8 g respectivamente. La Nv de hepatocitos de ratas sometidas a cirugías Sham (CS) y Ovx (CO) fue de 6,89 x105/mm3 y 7,70 x105/mm3, respectivamente. La Vv de hepatocitos CS y CO fue de 71,92 por ciento y 80,48 por ciento, respectivamente. La Sv de hepatocitos CS y CO fue de 260,61 mm2/mm3 y 273,64 mm2/mm3, respectivamente. El volumen promedio de hígados CS fue de 8,40 mm3 y el Nt de hepatocitos promedio fue 5,79 x 106. El volumen promedio de los hígados CO fue 9,28 mm3 y el Nt de 7,15 x 106. Respecto a los sinusoides, la Nv en el hígado CS y CO fue de 2,81 x105/mm3 y 2,64 x105/mm3, respectivamente. La Vv de sinusoides en CS y CO fue de 16,74 por ciento y 16,46 por ciento, respectivamente. La Sv de sinusoides en ratas CS y CO fue de 49,40 mm2/mm3 y 45,21 mm2/mm3, respectivamente. El Nt de sinusoides CS y CO fue en promedio 2,37 x 106 y 2,45 x 106, respectivamente. La ausencia de estrógeno puede generar fibrosis y esteatosis hepática como lo señala...


During menopause, hormonal changes such as decreased estradiol and increased follicle stimulating and luteinizing hormones occur. In premenopausal women fibrosis and hepatic steatosis is less than in postmenopausal women and improves when hormone replacement therapy is administered. The aim of this study was to determine quantitative aspects of the liver of rats undergoing an experimental model of ovariectomy-induced menopause. We used 10 Sprague-Dawley (Rattus norvergicus) healthy adults. The rats were weighed and divided into two groups (bilateral oophorectomy = Group Ovx and control = Group Sham). The animals were sacrificed at 60 days and the liver removed, obtaining a piece of each liver. Five cuts were made of 4 microns and stained with HE. We analyzed five fields per slide. M42 test was used. Stereological parameters considered were as follows: Nv, Vv, Sv and total number (Tn) of hepatocytes and sinusoids. The average weight of Ovx and Sham group was 300.8 g and 285.8 g, respectively. The Nv of hepatocytes of rats subjected to sham surgery (CS) and Ovx (CO) was 6.89 and 7.70 x105/mm3 x105/mm3, respectively. The Vv of CS and CO hepatocytes was 71.92 percent and 80.48 percent, respectively. SV and CO, CS hepatocytes was 260.61mm2/mm3 and 273.64 mm2/mm3 , respectively. The average volume of CS livers was 8.40 mm3 and hepatocyte Tn averaged 5.79 x 106. The average volume was 9.28 mm3 CO livers and Tn of 7.15 x 106. Regarding the sinusoids, the Nv in the liver CS and CO was 2.81 x105/mm3 and 2.64 x105/mm3, respectively. The Vv of sinusoids in CS and CO was 16.74 percent and 16.46 percent, respectively. The sinusoids in rats Sv CS and CO was 49.40 mm2/mm3 and 45.21 mm2/mm3, respectively. The sinusoids Tn CS and CO averaged 2.37 x 106 and 2.45 x 106, respectively. The lack of estrogen can cause fibrosis and hepatic steatosis as noted by other authors, but also changes in the organization and the proportion of the components of the liver, factors to ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Liver/pathology , Menopause , Hepatocytes/pathology , Liver/ultrastructure , Microscopy/methods , Organ Size , Ovariectomy/adverse effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Cell Count/methods
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 28(3): 899-904, Sept. 2010. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-577203

ABSTRACT

The cyclamate, a sweetner substance derived from N-cyclo-hexyl-sulfamic acid, is largely utilized as a non-caloric artificial edulcorant in foods and beverages as well as in the pharmaceutical industry. The objective of this study was to evaluate karyometric and stereological alterations in the rat fetal pancreas resulting from the intraperitoneal administration of sodium cyclamate. The exocrine pancreas of ten fetuses of rats were evaluated, five treated and five controls chosen at random, in which five rats that received from the 10th to 14th days of pregnancy an intraperitoneal daily injection of sodium cyclamate at 60 mg/Kg of body weight during 5 days. At the 20th day of gestation, the animals were removed and weighed, as were their placentas; the length of the umbilical cords also were measured. After the laboratory processing, semi-seriated 6mm cuts stained with haematoxyline and eosine were performed. In seven karyometric parameters (major, minor, and medium diameters, volume, area, perimeter, and volume-area ratio), the increase was statistically significant in the treated group when compared with control group. Stereological parameters showed in the treated group a significant increase in the cellular volume and a significant reduction in the numerical cellular density. These results showed that the sodium cyclamate in pregnant rats led to retardation of fetal development and hypertrophy in the exocrine pancreas of the rat fetuses.


El ciclamato, es una substancia derivada del ácido N-ciclo-hexil-sulfámico, bastante usada como edulcorante no calórico en los alimentos y bebidas, así como en la industria farmacéutica. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar las alteraciones cariométricas y estereológicos en páncreas fetal de rata tras la administración intraperitoneal de ciclamato de sodio. El páncreas exocrino de diez de los fetos de rata fueron evaluados, cinco tratados y cinco controles seleccionados al azar, en el que cinco ratas recibieron del día 10 al día 14 de preñez una inyección intraperitoneal diaria de ciclamato de sodio a 60 mg/Kg de peso corporal durante 5 días. En el día 20 de gestación, los animales fueron retirados y pesados, al igual que sus placentas. Asimismo, se midió la longitud de los cordones umbilicales. Después del procesamiento de laboratorio, cortes semi-seriados de 6µm, se tiñeron con hematoxilina-eosina. En siete parámetros cariométricos (diámetros mayor, menor y medio, volumen, área, perímetro y relación área/volumen). El aumento fue estadísticamente significativo en el grupo tratado comparado con el grupo control. Los parámetros estereológicos mostraron en el grupo tratado un aumento significativo del volumen celular y una reducción significativa en la densidad numérica celular. Estos resultados mostraron que el uso del ciclamato de sodio en las ratas preñadas causa retardo en el desarrollo fetal e hipertrofia en el páncreas exocrino de los fetos de rata.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Cyclamates/pharmacology , Sweetening Agents/pharmacology , Pancreas, Exocrine , Fetus , Karyometry , Cell Count/methods
15.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 30(4): 311-316, abr. 2010. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-548882

ABSTRACT

A particularidade da secreção láctea caprina, do tipo apócrina, diferente da secreção merócrina da vaca, leva a erros de interpretação durante a realização de técnicas de avaliação da celularidade do leite de fêmeas desta espécie. Portanto, o presente trabalho teve o objetivo de determinar a contagem de células somáticas pelo método indireto California Mastitis Test (CMT), e por métodos diretos, incluindo a contagem por citometria de fluxo e a contagem microscópica direta, através da coloração de verde de metil e pironina-Y, além de comparar os métodos de contagem celular. Foram analisadas 102 amostras de 51 fêmeas caprinas, das raças Saanen, Parda Alpina e Toggenburg, criadas no Estado de São Paulo. Os animais foram categorizados segundo a fase da lactação, exame físico da glândula mamária e exame do leite. As amostras foram colhidas, após a realização do exame Califórnia Mastitis Test, em duas alíquotas, uma destinada à contagem celular automática e a outra, a contagem microscópica direta, utilizando-se o corante verde de metil e pironina- Y. De acordo com os diferentes escores do CMT, observou- se 74,5 por cento de amostras negativas, 8,8 por cento de amostras com escore traços, 8,8 por cento de amostras ligeiramente positivas (+), 6,8 por cento de amostras fracamente positivas (++) e 0,9 por cento de amostras fortemente positivas (+++). Os valores medianos das contagens de células somáticas presentes no leite de cabras, avaliadas através de contador automático e microscopia direta, e analisadas de acordo com os diferentes escores do CMT, foram, respectivamente, 181.000, 578.000, 628.000, 1.421.500 e 5.542.000 células/mL de leite e 74.991, 271.396, 71.420, 640.995 e 5.049.394 células/ mL de leite, nos escores negativo, traços, +, ++ e +++. Os valores medianos obtidos através da contagem de células somáticas pelo método automático e microscópico direto, de acordo com as fases de lactação foram de 159.500, 508.000 e 277.500 células/mL...


The particular apocrine secretion of goat milk different from the merocrine one observed in cows, may lead to errors in interpreting cellularity evaluations in the milk of this species. Thus, the objective of the present trial was to determine Somatic Cell Counts by means of one indirect methods, the California Mastitis Test (CMT), and direct methods, flow cytometry and direct microscopic count using methyl green-pyronine-Y stain, beyond comparing the methods of cellular counting. A total of 102 samples from 51 Saanen, Brown Alpine and Toggenburg female goats, bred in the state of São Paulo, were analyzed. Goats were separated in groups according to the phase of lactation and to physical examination of the mammary gland, and milk examination. Samples were divided into two aliquots, and were collected after California Mastitis Test evaluation. One aliquot was used in automatic cell counts, and the other, in direct microscopic count using methyl green-pyronine-Y stain. CMT results were as follows: 74.5 percent of the samples were negative, 8.8 percent yielded traces, 8.8 percent were weak positive (1), 6.8 percent were distinct positive (2) and 0.9 percent were strong positive (3). Medians of somatic cell counts in goat milk as evaluated by means automatic cell counter and direct microscopy, and grouped according to the different CMT scores, were as follows: 181,000, 578,000, 628,000, 1,421,500, and 5,542,000 cells/mL of milk and 74,991, 271,396, 71,420, 640,995, and 5,049,394 cells/mL of milk in scores negative, traces, 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Medians obtained in automatic cell counts and direct microscopic counts, grouped according to the phase of lactation were 159,500; 508,000; and 277,500 cells/mL of milk and 62,493; 89,275; and 146,411 cells/ml of milk, respectively. The correlation between the automatic and microscopic methods for somatic cell counts was 88 percent. Based on the results obtained, it could be concluded that there...


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Count/methods , Milk , Flow Cytometry , Goats , Microscopy
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec ; 62(1): 214-218, Feb. 2010. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-543090

ABSTRACT

By immunohistochemistry the expression of a pan-cadherin antibody that recognizes a wide variety of cadherins in chondrocytes from normal and tibial dyschondroplasia (TD) growth plates was compared. Surprisingly, an upregulated expression that was not expected in TD lesion chondrocytes was observed. The reason for this apparent upregulation is not clear. The increased expression may simply be due to the particular phenotype of lesion chondrocytes, and cadherin may be involved in apoptosis of chondrocytes of TD lesion. Another possibility, is that a low level of calcium in the lesion may be responsible for the observed upregulation. The results of the present study suggest that the formation of the dyschondroplastic lesion is not merely due to the impaired terminal differentiation of lesion chondrocytes and that other mechanisms are probably involved in TD etiology. Further studies will be necessary to provide insight into the precise nature of the condition.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cadherins/adverse effects , Osteochondrodysplasias/chemically induced , Tibia/abnormalities , Birds , Cell Count/methods , Immunohistochemistry , Osteochondrodysplasias/etiology
17.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 46(1): 19-24, 2009. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-536951

ABSTRACT

The milk composition and somatic cell count (SCC) are requirements for assessment milk quality and mastitis in goat herds. Studies conducted with dairy goat herds indicated that the milk composition differed among them to due to factors such as genetic, feeding, system of production, stage of lactation, year and year-season. The objective of this study was to assess SCC and other milk quality indicators (fat, protein, lactose, and total solids) for goat milk bulk tank. The influence of the herd and year-season on the milk composition as well as herd, milking system and year-season on SCC was also evaluated. Thirteen Brazilian dairy goat herds with about 1,400 dairy goats were included in the study. Six herds were milked by hand and in the remaining seven machine milking was used. Herds were sampled at weekly intervals during two lactations. A total of 913 bulk milk samples were analysed using a automated equipment. The general average percent values for fat, protein, lactose and total solids were, respectively,3.44, 2.95, 4.45 and 11.69. The effect of herd and season was significant for all milk components and bulk milk goat somatic cell count (SCC).The SCC average of all 13 herds was 779,000 cells/ml. The average SCC values of herds milked by hand and by machine were 1,121,000and 848,000 cells/ml respectively. In both groups, the SCC was lowerin the winter and higher in the autumn. Herd characteristics were responsible for higher variability on components and SCC in


A composição do leite bem como a contagem de células somáticas (CCS) são requisitos para avaliar a qualidade do leite e mastite em rebanhos caprinos. Estudos conduzidos indicaram que a composição do leite varia entre os rebanhos devido a fatores genéticos, alimentação, sistema de produção, estágio de lactação, ano e estação do ano. O objetivo do estudo foi avaliar a CCS e outros indicadores de qualidade(gordura, proteína, lactose e sólidos totais) no leite de rebanhos caprinos. A influência do rebanho e estação do ano sobre a composição bem como a influência de rebanho, tipo de ordenha e estação do ano sobre a CCS também foi avaliado. Treze rebanhos caprinos localizados no Brasil, com aproximadamente 1.400 matrizes foram incluídos no estudo, Sendo ordenhados manualmente e os outros sete com equipamento de ordenha. As amostras de leite dos rebanhos foram coletadas semanalmente durante duas lactações. O total de 913 amostras foi analisado no equipamento automatizado. A média dos valores percentuais para gordura, proteína, lactose e sólidos totais foram, respectivamente; 3,44; 2,95; 4,45 e 11,69. O efeito de rebanho e estação do ano foi significante para todos os componentes do leite e CCS. A média para CCS de todos 13 rebanhos foi 779.000 células/ml. As médias para CCS dos rebanhos ordenhados manualmente e mecanicamente foram, respectivamente, 1.121.000 e 848.000 células/ml. Em ambos grupos, a CCS foi menor no inverno e maior no outono. As características de rebanho foram responsáveis pela maior variação dos componentes e CCS no leite de rebanhos caprinos


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Count/methods , Goats , Lactation , Milk/chemistry , Mastitis/diagnosis
18.
J. bras. pneumol ; 34(12): 1026-1032, dez. 2008. graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-503815

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar se técnicas fisioterápicas interferem no número de células e na quantidade do escarro obtido por coleta induzida, em pacientes com asma e doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC). MÉTODOS: Ensaio clínico prospectivo e randomizado, no qual os pacientes com asma ou DPOC sob intervenção (n = 16 e 10, respectivamente) foram comparados com grupos controle (n = 16 e 10). Pacientes dos grupos asma/intervenção (A/I) e DPOC/intervenção (D/I) foram submetidos a manobras de pressão expiratória positiva oscilante por 5 min, seguidas de 10 repetições da técnica de expiração forçada. Além disso, esses pacientes foram submetidos a um protocolo de indução de escarro com a inalação de solução salina hipertônica (3 por cento, 4 por cento e 5 por cento), no caso dos A/I, e de solução salina isotônica, no caso dos D/I. Os grupos asma/controle(A/C) e DPOC/controle (D/C) foram somente submetidos ao protocolo padrão de indução de escarro. RESULTADOS: Houve aumento significante do peso média final de escarro no grupo A/I vs. grupo A/C (2.767,25 ± 998,08 mg e 1.689,17 ± 1.189,96 mg, respectivamente; p = 0,03). O número absoluto de células (×10(6)/mL) foi maior nos grupos A/I e D/I do que nos grupos A/C e D/C (média/mediana, 4,06/0,95 e 0,63/0,39, respectivamente; p = 0,05; e 5,08/1,77 e 0,64/0,40; p = 0,02). A viabilidade celular não apresentou diferença estatisticamente significante entre os grupos. CONCLUSÕES: O uso de técnicas respiratórias pode aumentar o peso do escarro em pacientes com asma, assim como aumentar o número absoluto de células em pacientes com asma ou DOPC.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether respiratory therapy techniques influence the number of cells within and quantity of induced sputum in patients with asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Randomized clinical trial, in which patients with asthma or COPD under intervention (n = 16 and 10, respectively) were compared with control groups (n = 16 and 10). Patients in the asthma/intervention (A/I) and COPD/intervention (C/I) groups were submitted to oscillating positive expiratory pressure maneuvers for 5 min, followed by 10 forced expiratory technique sequences. These patients were also submitted to an induced sputum protocol with inhaled hypertonic saline (3 percent, 4 percent or 5 percent; A/I group) or inhaled isotonic saline (C/I group). The asthma/control (A/C) and COPD/control (C/C) groups were submitted only to the standard induced sputum protocol. RESULTS: The final mean weight of the sputum samples was significantly greater in the A/I group than in the A/C group (2,767.25 ± 998.08 mg vs. 1,689.17 ± 1,189.96 mg; p = 0.03). The mean/median total cell counts (×10(6)/mL) were higher in the A/I and C/I groups than in the A/C and C/C groups (4.06/0.95 and 0.63/0.39, p = 0.05, vs. 5.08/1.77 and 0.64/0.40, p = 0.02). There were no statistically significant differences among the groups in terms of cell viability. CONCLUSIONS: The use of respiratory therapy techniques can increase sputum sample weight in asthma patients, as well as increasing total cell counts in patients with asthma or COPD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Asthma/therapy , Positive-Pressure Respiration/methods , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Sputum/cytology , Asthma/pathology , Cell Count/methods , Forced Expiratory Volume/physiology , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/pathology
19.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 28(5): 241-248, maio 2008. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-485061

ABSTRACT

Whole-mount preparations were prepared and submitted to NADH-diaphorase and NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry techniques. The myenteric plexus arrangement and the number of neurons were comparatively evaluated among the different portions of the cecum. The neurons from the apical and basal regions were distributed in classes at intervals of 100µm², the means of the corresponding intervals being compared. The ganglia, in both techniques, were often connected by fine bundles, which became thicker in the mesenteric region and in the region next to the cecal ampulla. The number of positive NADH-d neurons was higher than that of NADPH-d neurons in all portions, from both regions. The numbers of reactive NADH-d e NADPH-d neurons were significantly different among the different portions of the cecum, except for the antimesenteric basal and intermediate basal regions, considering the NADH-d neurons. The profile area for the reactive NADH-d e NADPH-d neurons was higher in the apical region than in the basal area. Differences in arrangement, distribution and size of positive NADH-d e NADPH-d neurons in the different cecum portions evidenced the importance of the subdivision of the analyzed organ.


Estudaram-se o arranjo do plexo mioentérico, o número de neurônios e a área do perfil do corpo celular (µm²) dos neurônios mioentéricos, nas regiões apical e basal do ceco de ratos Wistar com 6 meses de idade. Estas regiões foram subdivididas nas seguintes porções: apical mesentérica (AM); apical intermediária (AI); apical antimesentérica (AA); próximo à ampola cecal (PA); basal intermediária (BI), e basal antimesentérica (BA). Foram montados preparados de membrana que receberam as técnicas histoquímica de NADH-diaforase (NADH-d) e NADPH-diaforase (NADPH-d). O arranjo do plexo mioentérico e o número de neurônios foram avaliados comparativamente entre as diferentes porções das regiões do ceco. Os neurônios das regiões apical e basal foram distribuídos em classes com intervalos de 100µm², sendo comparadas às médias da mensuração dos pares. Os gânglios, em ambas as técnicas, apresentavam-se, em geral, conectados por feixes delicados, tornando-se mais espessos na porção mesentérica e naquela próxima à ampola cecal. O número de neurônios NADH-d positivos foi maior do que o de NADPH-d em todas as porções, de ambas as regiões. O número de neurônios reativos a NADH-d e NADPH-d foi significativamente diferente entre as diferentes porções do ceco, com exceção das comparações entre as porções basal antimesentérica e basal intermediária, para os primeiros; e entre a basal intermediária e porção próxima à ampola cecal, e comparando-se a apical mesentérica e porção próxima à ampola cecal, para os neurônios NADPH-d positivos. A área do perfil dos neurônios NADH-d e NADPH-d reativos foi maior na região apical do que na basal. Pela primeira vez, o número de neurônios do plexo mioentérico é reportado em porções pré-estabelecidas do ceco de ratos. Nossos resultados reiteram a importância da indicação precisa da porção estudada em pesquisas envolvendo este segmento intestinal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cecum/anatomy & histology , Cell Count/methods , Cell Count/veterinary , NADH Dehydrogenase , NADPH Dehydrogenase , Neurons/physiology , Myenteric Plexus/cytology , Rats, Wistar
20.
Braz. j. vet. res. anim. sci ; 45(6)2008. tab, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-510887

ABSTRACT

Com a finalidade de estabelecer os valores de referência da contagem de células somáticas do leite de bovinos da raça Jersey, criados no Estado de São Paulo, durante o primeiro mês de lactação, bem como avaliar a influência da fase colostral, examinaram-se 418 amostras de leite, provenientes de quartos mamários sadios e sem crescimento bacteriano. O leite foi colhido assepticamente antes da ordenha e a contagem de células somáticas foi determinada por citometria de fluxo e pelo Teste do CMT. Demonstrou-se a significativa influência do primeiro mês de da lactação sobre a contagem de células. Verificou-se que a transição da secreção de colostro para leite em relação ao número de células somáticas está finalizado a partir do 15º dia de lactação, sendo recomendado a adoção dos seguintes valores de referência: no colostro, obtidos nas primeiras 24 horas de lactação entre 472.405 e 2.003.921 células/ml, no período compreendido do 2º ao 15º dia de lactação valores entre 103.920 e 1.298.361 células/ml e a partir do 15º dia de lactação entre 37.714 e 205.549 células/ml.


With the aim to establish reference values of the number somatic cell of milk from Jersey cows, raised in the State of São Paulo, during the first month of lactation, as well as to evaluate the influence of the colostral phase, 418 milk samples were examined obtained from healthy mammary glands without bacterial growth. Milk samples were collected aseptically before milking and number somatic cell determined by electronic counting and by California Mastitis Test. was demonstrated the significant influence the somatic cells in the first month of lactation. It was found that the transition of the colostrum secretion for milk in respect to somatic cells count have been finished in the 15º day of lactation, being recommended the adoption of the following reference values: in the colostrum, getting in the first of 24 hours of lactation between 472.405 and 2.003.921cells/ml, in the understood period from 2º until 15º day of lactation values between 103.920 and 1.298.361 cells/ml and starting from 15 day of lactation between 37.714 and 205.549 cells/ml.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cell Count/methods , Lactation , Milk/adverse effects
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL