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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828073

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish a new method for evaluating the anaphylactoid reaction of 15 batches of Zushima Injection from different manufacturers in vitro. Basophilic leukemia cell line RBL-2 H3 cells were cultured in vitro and Compound 48/80 was selected as positive drug. Real-time cell analysis(RTCA) system was used to detect the changes of cell index(CI) value after drug intervention. The degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells was verified with the toluidine blue staining technology by observing the changes of cell morphology and skeleton. Clustering method was used to analyze the CI values of 15 batches of Zushima Injection on RBL-2 H3 cells. The results showed Compound 48/80(20 μg·mL~(-1)) significantly changed the cell morphology and cytoskeleton, with obvious degranulation. After adding Compound 48/80, CI value decreased rapidly within 30 minutes, then decreased slowly, suggesting that RTCA system can be used for rapid and sensitive evaluation of RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation. The results of cluster analysis showed that Zushima Injection from different manufacturers had different effects on RBL-2 H3 cells. S1-S8 and Compound 48/80 groups were grouped into one cluster, which suggesting that the sample might have potential clinical anaphylaxis. S9-S15 and the normal control group were grouped into one cluster, suggesting there was no anaphylactoid reaction in the sample. In this study, a rapid in vitro anaphylaxis evaluation technique based on RTCA system and pattern recognition method was established, which can be used for rapid in vitro evaluation of anaphylaxis for traditional Chinese medicine injection.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Cell Degranulation , Humans , Mast Cells , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , p-Methoxy-N-methylphenethylamine
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786203

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to renal ischemia reperfusion (IR) is a major clinical problem without effective therapy and is a significant and frequent cause of morbidity and mortality during the perioperative period. Although the pathophysiology of ischemic AKI is not completely understood, several important mechanisms of renal IR-induced AKI have been studied. Renal ischemia and subsequent reperfusion injury initiates signaling cascades mediating renal cell necrosis, apoptosis, and inflammation, leading to AKI. Better understanding of the molecular and cellular pathophysiological mechanisms underlying ischemic AKI will provide more targeted approach to prevent and treat renal IR injury. In this review, we summarize important mechanisms of ischemic AKI, including renal cell death pathways and the contribution of endothelial cells, epithelial cells, and leukocytes to the inflammatory response during ischemic AKI. Additionally, we provide some updated potential therapeutic targets for the prevention or treatment of ischemic AKI, including Toll-like receptors, adenosine receptors, and peptidylarginine deiminase 4. Finally, we propose mechanisms of ischemic AKI-induced liver, intestine, and kidney dysfunction and systemic inflammation mainly mediated by Paneth cell degranulation as a potential explanation for the high mortality observed with AKI.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Apoptosis , Cell Death , Cell Degranulation , Endothelial Cells , Epithelial Cells , Inflammation , Intestines , Ischemia , Kidney , Leukocytes , Liver , Mortality , Necrosis , Negotiating , Perioperative Period , Receptors, Purinergic P1 , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury , Toll-Like Receptors
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773650

ABSTRACT

This paper was aimed to establish screening methods of anaphylactoid reaction caused by safflower yellow for injection based on RBL-2 H3 cell degranulation model and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,and evaluate the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection from different batches. An in vitro cell model was used to keep the cells stimulated for an hour with different batches of safflower yellow for injection as the drug group,serum-free MEM medium as negative control group and 30 mg·L-1 C48/80 as positive control group respectively. The supernatant was then absorbed,and neutral red staining technique was used to detect the effect of safflower yellow injection on the degranulation of RBL-2 H3 cells with the positive cell rate of degranulation as the indicator.An in vivo model was established to validate the experimental results,and mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction and ELISA method were adopted to detect the plasma histamine content,and screen the hypersensitivity caused by safflower yellow for injection at the animal level by using plasma histamine content as a test index. The results of the neutral red staining experiments showed that the positive control C48/80 could cause cell degranulation,and most of the cells were deeply stained. There was significant difference in positive cell rate between different batches of safflower yellow and positive control group. In the mice model for acute anaphylactoid reaction,it was found that the positive control C48/80 significantly increased the histamine content in the plasma of mice,while the safflower yellow in each batch did not cause a significant increase in plasma histamine( P<0. 000 1). The mechanism of anaphylactoid reaction is relatively complicated. This study was mainly based on the release of histamine and other active substances by degranulation of mast cells. No significant degranulation reaction of RBL-2 H3 cells induced by safflower yellow for injection was detected,nor was the plasma histamine level significantly increased in mice from the in vitro and in vivo aspects.


Subject(s)
Anaphylaxis , Animals , Cell Degranulation , Cells, Cultured , Chalcone , Histamine , Blood , Mast Cells , Mice
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(11): 954-963, Nov. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973477

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: The effect of a prophylactic oleuropein-rich diet before anesthesia accompanied by the widely-used steroid-based neuromuscular drug rocuronium on mast cell activation was investigated in the study. Methods: 14 rabbits used in the study. The rabbits in the oleuropein group were given oleuropein-rich extract added to the animals' water at doses of 20 mg/kg oleuropein for 15 days orally. After 15 days, all rabbits in the two groups were given general anesthesia with rocuronium of 1 mg/kg. After 1 day, animals were sacrificed and the liver tissue sections stained with H&E, toluidine blue and tryptase for immunohistochemical study. Results: There was no statistically significant difference between ALT, AST and albumin averages of the oleuropein and control groups (p> 0.05). The tryptase average of the control group was higher than the tryptase average of the oleuropein group and this difference was statistically significant (p=0.003). The T. blue average in the oleuropein group was higher than the control group. However, there was no statistically significant difference between groups (p=0.482). Conclusions: Rocuronium adverse effects, like hypersensitivity and anaphylaxis, may limit routine use of this substance. The use of oleuropein reduced the number of inflammatory cells and prevented degranulation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Neuromuscular Nondepolarizing Agents/adverse effects , Iridoids/administration & dosage , Rocuronium/adverse effects , Anesthesia, General/adverse effects , Mast Cells/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Serum Albumin/analysis , Random Allocation , Cell Degranulation/drug effects , Cell Aggregation/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diet Therapy/methods , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions/prevention & control , Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis/methods , Liver/drug effects , Liver/enzymology , Mast Cells/pathology
5.
Immune Network ; : e18-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715082

ABSTRACT

Mast cells integrate innate and adaptive immunity and are implicated in pathophysiological conditions, including allergy, asthma, and anaphylaxis. Cross-linking of the high-affinity IgE receptor (FcεRI) initiates diverse signal transduction pathways and induces release of proinflammatory mediators by mast cells. In this study, we demonstrated that hyperactivation of mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling using the mTOR activator MHY1485 suppresses FcεRI-mediated mast cell degranulation and cytokine secretion. MHY1485 treatment increased ribosomal protein S6 kinase (S6K) and eukaryotic translation initiation factor 4E-binding protein 1 (4E-BP1) phosphorylation, which are downstream targets of mTOR complex 1 (mTORC1), but decreased phosphorylation of Akt on mTOR complex 2 (mTORC2) target site serine 473. In addition, this activator decreased β-hexosaminidase, IL-6, and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) release in murine bone marrow-derived mast cells (BMMCs) after FcεRI stimulation. Furthermore, MHY1485-treated BMMCs showed significantly decreased proliferation when cultured with IL-3. These findings suggested hyperactivation of mTORC1 as a therapeutic strategy for mast cell-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Anaphylaxis , Asthma , Cell Degranulation , Cell Proliferation , Hypersensitivity , Immunoglobulin E , Interleukin-3 , Interleukin-6 , Mast Cells , Peptide Initiation Factors , Phosphorylation , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases , Serine , Signal Transduction , Sirolimus , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
6.
National Journal of Andrology ; (12): 399-405, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-812753

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the role of mast cells in chronic prostatitis / chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).@*METHODS@#Forty-five male SD rats were equally randomized into a control, an experimental autoimmune prostatitis (EAP) model, and an intervention group. The EAP model was made in the latter two groups by subcutaneous injection of mixed suspension of complete Freund's adjuvant and prostate tissue, while the controls were treated subcutaneously with 0.9% sodium chloride. Tactile allodynia was quantified in the pelvic region of the control and EAP animals using Von-Frey filaments at 5, 10, 20, 30 and 40 days. After successful establishment of the EAP model, the rats of the intervention group were injected intraperitonieally with cromolyn sodium for 10 days, and meanwhile tactile allodynia was detected in the rats of the intervention and EAP model groups every other day. Then the prostates of the rats were harvested for HE and toluidine blue staining and measurement of the expression of mast cell tryptase by immunohistochemistry and Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Von-Frey assessment showed a more severe pelvic pain in the EAP model than in the control rats, but milder in the intervention group than in the EAP models. HE staining revealed infiltration of lymphocytes and neutrophils in the prostate and congestion surrounding the gland in the EAP model rats, but none in the controls. However, both the infiltration and congestion were significantly alleviated in the intervention group. Toluidine blue staining shown that. Compared with the control group, the total count of mast cells and the number degranulated mast cells were markedly increased in the EAP models (P <0.01) but decreased in the intervention group (P <0.05). Both immunohistochemistry and Western blot manifested that the expression of tryptase in the mast cells was remarkably upregulated in the EAP (both P <0.01) but down-regulated in the intervention group (P <0.05 and P <0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Both the total count of mast cells and the number of degranulated mast cells are significantly increased in the prostate of EAP rats. Mast cells are one of the most important mediators of type Ⅲ prostatitis-induced chronic pelvic pain, which can be used as a target for the intervention and treatment of type Ⅲ prostatitis.


Subject(s)
Adjuvants, Immunologic , Animals , Autoimmune Diseases , Pathology , Cell Degranulation , Chronic Disease , Chronic Pain , Disease Models, Animal , Freund's Adjuvant , Male , Mast Cells , Physiology , Pelvic Pain , Prostatitis , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tryptases , Metabolism
7.
J. bras. pneumol ; 42(5): 333-340, Sept.-Oct. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-797941

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effects of passive inhalation of cigarette smoke on the respiratory system of guinea pigs. Methods: Male guinea pigs were divided into two groups: control and passive smoking, the latter being exposed to the smoke of ten cigarettes for 20 min in the morning, afternoon and evening (30 cigarettes/day) for five days. After that period, inflammatory parameters were studied by quantifying mesenteric mast cell degranulation, as well as oxidative stress, in BAL fluid. In addition, we determined MIP, MEP, and mucociliary transport (in vivo), as well as tracheal contractility response (in vitro). Results: In comparison with the control group, the passive smoking group showed a significant increase in mast cell degranulation (19.75 ± 3.77% vs. 42.53 ± 0.42%; p < 0.001) and in the levels of reduced glutathione (293.9 ± 19.21 vs. 723.7 ± 67.43 nM/g of tissue; p < 0.05); as well as a significant reduction in mucociliary clearance (p < 0.05), which caused significant changes in pulmonary function (in MIP and MEP; p < 0.05 for both) and airway hyperreactivity. Conclusions: Passive inhalation of cigarette smoke caused significant increases in mast cell degranulation and oxidative stress. This inflammatory process seems to influence the decrease in mucociliary transport and to cause changes in pulmonary function, leading to tracheal hyperreactivity.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da inalação passiva da fumaça de cigarro no sistema respiratório de cobaias. Métodos: Foram utilizadas cobaias machos, divididas em dois grupos: controle e tabagismo passivo, esse último exposto à fumaça de dez cigarros por 20 min pela manhã, tarde e noite (30 cigarros/dia) por 5 dias. Após esse período, parâmetros inflamatórios foram estudados através da contagem de degranulação de mastócitos no mesentério e de estresse oxidativo a partir do LBA. Adicionalmente, foram verificadas PImáx, PEmáx, transporte mucociliar (in vivo) e contratilidade traqueal (in vitro). Resultados: Na comparação com o grupo controle, o grupo tabagismo passivo apresentou um aumento significativo na degranulação de mastócitos (19,75 ± 3,77% vs. 42,53 ± 0,42%; p < 0,001), nos níveis de glutationa reduzida (293,9 ± 19,21 vs. 723,7 ± 67,43 nM/g de tecido; p < 0,05) e uma redução significativa no transporte mucociliar (p < 0,05), provocando alterações significativas na função pulmonar, tanto na PImáx como na PEmáx (p < 0,05 para ambas), e hiper-reatividade nas vias aéreas. Conclusões: A inalação passiva da fumaça de cigarro ocasionou aumentos significativos na degranulação de mastócitos e no estresse oxidativo. Esse processo inflamatório parece ter influenciado a diminuição do transporte mucociliar e causado alterações na função pulmonar, proporcionando um quadro de hiper-reatividade traqueal.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Guinea Pigs , Cell Degranulation , Inflammation/etiology , Inhalation Exposure/adverse effects , Mast Cells/physiology , Tobacco Smoke Pollution/adverse effects , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Longitudinal Studies , Models, Animal , Mucociliary Clearance/physiology , Muscle Contraction/physiology , Oxidative Stress/physiology
8.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): 236-244, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750078

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Imidacloprid has been commonly used as a pesticide for crop protection and acts as nicotinic acetylcholine receptor agonists. Little information about the relationship between imidacloprid and allergy is available. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to examine the effects of imidacoprid on IgE-mediated mast cell activation. METHODS: The rat basophilic leukemia cell line RBL-2H3 (RBL-2H3 cells) were treated with 10⁻³ – 10⁻¹² mol/L imidacloprid, followed by measuring the mediator production, influx of Ca²⁺ in IgE-activated RBL-2H3 cells, and the possible effects of imidacoprid on anti-dinitrophenyl IgE-induced passive cutaneous anaphylaxis (PCA). RESULTS: It was shown that imidacoprid suppressed the production of histamine, β-hexosaminidase, leukotriene C4, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and Ca²⁺ mobilization in IgE-activated RBL-2H3 cells and decreased vascular extravasation in IgE-induced PCA. CONCLUSION: It is the first time to show that imidacloprid suppressed the activation of RBL-2H3 cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Basophils , Cell Degranulation , Cell Line , Crop Protection , Histamine , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Leukemia , Leukotriene C4 , Mast Cells , Necrosis , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Rats , Receptors, Nicotinic
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-351229

ABSTRACT

To investigate me material basis of Mahuang Fuzi Xixin decoction (MFXD) for anti-inflammation and immune-suppression based on the combined method of serum chemical and serum pharmacological. The LC-MS/MS fingerprints of MFXD, drug-containing serum and blank serum were compared to define the components in plasma. Histamine, β-hexosaminidase released from RBL-2H3 cell infulenced by drug-containing serum at different time points were measured by ELISA. The effect of drug-containing serum on lipopolysaccharide-induced splenocyte proliferation at different time points were determined by MTT. A correlation analysis was made on components of MFXD and pharmacological indexes based the stepwise regression method. After the intragastrical administration with MFXD, 32 components were discovered in rat serum, including 27 prototype components (10 from Mahuang, 13 from Fuzi and four from Xixin) and five unknown components. Compared with blank serum, drug-containing serum could reduce the release of histamine from RBL-2H3 induced by antigen at different time points (P < 0.05); except the 4-hour drug-containing serum, all of the remaining drug-containing serums could inhibit the RBL-2H3 mastocyte degranulation induced by antigen at different time points (P < 0.05). Drug-containing serum could significantly lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse splenocyte proliferation at 15 and 30 min (P < 0.05). A regression analysis was made on the chemical data of components absorbed into blood and pharmacological indexes, i. e. release rate of histamine, release rate of β-hexosaminidase and inhibition rate of splenocyte. This suggested the close correlations among methyl pseudo-ephedrine, pseudoephedrine and histamine released from RBL-2H3 induced by antigen; pseudoephedrine, hypaconine, methyl pseudoephedrine and β-hexosaminidase released from RBL-2H3 induced by antigen; as well as benzoyl hypaconine, benzoylaconine, 14-benzoyl-10-OH-mesaconine, mesaconine and lipopolysaccharide-induced mouse splenocyte proliferation. Methylpseudoephedrine, pseudoephedrine, benzoyl hypaconine, benzoylaconine and mesaconine may be part of material basis of MFXD on anti-inflammation and immune suppression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Cell Degranulation , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Female , Histamine , Allergy and Immunology , Immunosuppressive Agents , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Male , Mass Spectrometry , Mast Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Mice , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Serum , Chemistry
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255199

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the role of mast cells in the pathogenesis of estrogen-mediated experimental endometriosis in rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Endometriosis model was established by transplanting autologous fragments of uterus to the inner surface of the abdominal wall in 24 un-pregnant female Sprague Dawley rats. The rats were divided randomly into three groups (n=8 in each group), and were injected with different doses of estrogen: high-dose group (200 μg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹), low-dose group (100 μg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) and the control group (0 μg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹). The ovaries were surgically removed in high-dose and low-dose groups. Four rats were sacrificed in each group at 2 and 4 weeks after surgery. Their serum estradiol levels, size of lesions, total number of mast cells and degranulations, serum TNF-α levels, expression of tryptase and NGF in tissues were analyzed and compared among groups.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The mean levels of serum estradiol 2 weeks and 4 weeks after model established and serum TNF-α at 4 weeks in estrogen-treated groups were significantly higher than those in control group (all P<0.05). The mean size of endometriotic lesions in the estrogen-treated groups was also significantly larger than that in the control group 2 weeks and 4 weeks after model established (all P<0.05). Meanwhile, both at week 2 and week 4, the mean ratio of degranulation/total number of mast cells by toluidine blue staining in low-dose estrogen group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05). The expression of NGF in high-dose estrogen group was significantly higher than that in the control group at week 4(P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Estrogen can promote the growth of endometriotic lesions and may mediate the pathogenesis of endometriosis by activating mast cells, which may be associated with increasing TNF-α and NGF levels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Degranulation , Disease Models, Animal , Endometriosis , Pathology , Estrogens , Pharmacology , Female , Mast Cells , Cell Biology , Nerve Growth Factor , Metabolism , Pregnancy , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Blood
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-747257

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The goal of this study was to study the mechanism of substance P (SP)-mediated the neural control of mast cell (MC) degranulation.@*METHOD@#Bone marrow mast cells from mice were cultured with stem cell factor (SCF), IL-3 and IL-4 (group A) and SCF, IL-3 (group B) for four weeks. Then the cells were harvested and reserved for studies. Western Blot hybridization technique was used to detect the expression of FcεR I α and NK-1R on MCs from the two groups. Then such cells were activated with SP (0, 0. 01, 0. 10, 1. 00, 10. 00 µg/ml, respectively) for 30 min. The histamine released into the supernatant and stored in the protoplasm was quantified by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). And the percentage of histamine release was calculated as a percent of total histamine content.@*RESULT@#The expressions of FcεR I α and NK-1R on these mast cells in group A were statistically higher than in group B (P<0. 05). The MCs from two groups can be actived when stimulated by SP, but the level of MC degranulation in group A was higher than group B (P<0. 05).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuropeptide may stimulate MC degranulation through immunological and non-immunological pathways. In summary, the current study provides us with better understanding of the mechanism of neuropeptide-controlled MC deranulation, and this should be helpful for the further research involved in the mechanism and treatmemt of airway hyper-reactivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow Cells , Cell Degranulation , Cells, Cultured , Culture Media , Chemistry , Histamine , Metabolism , Interleukin-3 , Pharmacology , Interleukin-4 , Pharmacology , Mast Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Stem Cell Factor , Pharmacology , Substance P , Pharmacology
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160903

ABSTRACT

Trichomonas vaginalis is a flagellated protozoan parasite that causes vaginitis and cervicitis in women and asymptomatic urethritis and prostatitis in men. Mast cells have been reported to be predominant in vaginal smears and vaginal walls of patients infected with T. vaginalis. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), activated by various stimuli, have been shown to regulate the transcriptional activity of various cytokine genes in mast cells. In this study, we investigated whether MAPK is involved in ROS generation and exocytotic degranulation in HMC-1 cells induced by T. vaginalis-derived secretory products (TvSP). We found that TvSP induces the activation of MAPK and NADPH oxidase in HMC-1 cells. Stimulation with TvSP induced phosphorylation of MAPK and p47phox in HMC-1 cells. Stimulation with TvSP also induced up-regulation of CD63, a marker for exocytosis, along the surfaces of human mast cells. Pretreatment with MAPK inhibitors strongly inhibited TvSP-induced ROS generation and exocytotic degranulation. Finally, our results suggest that TvSP induces intracellular ROS generation and exocytotic degranulation in HMC-1 via MAPK signaling.


Subject(s)
Cell Degranulation , Cell Line , Exocytosis , Humans , Mast Cells/drug effects , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Trichomonas vaginalis/metabolism , Virulence Factors/metabolism
13.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2014 Jun; 52(6): 589-596
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-153737

ABSTRACT

Mast cells are numerous at anatomical sites close to external environment, virtually at the portals of infection. A few data indicated that these cells express cytoplasmic Toll-like receptors (TLRs) recognizing virus-derived molecules. Accordingly, mast cells could participate in anti-viral defense or/and in viral-related diseases. However, data concerning the influence of viruses on mast cell activity are limited. Thus, the aim of our study was to determine mast cell response to TLR7 ligand, i.e. resiquimod (R848), a synthetic mimic of viral ssRNA. Since mast cells play a central role in allergic reactions the effect of TLR7 agonist was also investigated on FcεRI-dependent mast cell response. Experiments were carried out in vitro on freshly isolated fully mature rat peritoneal mast cells. Mast cells exhibit constitutive TLR7 molecule expression and its up-regulation after the agonist challenge. TLR7-mediated mast cell stimulation resulted in cysteinyl leukotriene (cysLT) and interferon (IFN)-β synthesis, whereas no histamine and CXCL8 secretion was stated. Moreover, mast cell priming with TLR7 ligand caused the reduction in anti-IgE-induced histamine release. The results suggest that ssRNA viruses could directly activate mast cells to alter their phenotype and to release of potent proinflammatory mediators or indirectly modulate IgE-dependent allergic processes.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Degranulation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Female , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Immunoglobulin E/physiology , Interferon-beta/metabolism , Leukotrienes/metabolism , Mast Cells/drug effects , Mast Cells/immunology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Toll-Like Receptor 7/antagonists & inhibitors , Toll-Like Receptor 7/metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243462

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the mechanism of how curcumin improves pulmonary vascular remodeling associated with chronic pulmonary arterial hypertension.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The model of chromic hypoxia hypercapniapulmoary remodeling was made. Twenty-four male rats were randomly divided into 4 groups (n = 6): group I (normoxia control group), group II (hypxia and hypercapnia model group), group II (disodium cromoglycate control group), group IV (curcumin treated group). The last 3 group rats were put in a hypoxia cabin where the concentrate of O2 was 8% - 11% and the concentrate of CO2 was 3% - 5%, for 8 h a day and lasting 4 w in total. Group III rats were intraperitoneally injected with disodium cromoglycate (20 mg/kg) and group IV rats were administrated with curcumin by gavage (150 mg/kg). The morphological changes of pulmonary vessel walls and the ultrastructure of mast cells were observed by the optics microscope and the transmission electron microscope. Mast cells and its degranulation state were measured by toluidine blue staining and immunohistochemistry. Data were expressed as means ± SD (standard deviation) and analyzed with SPSS17.0 software.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>(1) By optics microscopy observation, the value of WA/TA was significantly higher in II group than other groups (P < 0.05). (2) Electron microscope showed that the endothelial cells of pulmonary arterioles in III and IV group were near to I group and the proliferation of pulmonary arterial media smooth cell layer and collagen fibers in adventitia was much lighter than those in II group. The membrane of mast cells was more intact in I, III, IV group than II group. (3) The number of mast cells, the degranulation rate of master cells and the number of positive tryptase stained cells in II group were significantly more than those in other groups. (P < 0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Curcumin may inhibit the remodeling of pulmonary vessel induced by chronic hypoxia hypercapnia by mast cell regulation.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Degranulation , Curcumin , Pharmacology , Hypercapnia , Hypertension, Pulmonary , Drug Therapy , Hypoxia , Lung , Pathology , Male , Mast Cells , Physiology , Pulmonary Artery , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Remodeling
15.
Clinics ; 68(12): 1528-1536, dez. 2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697702

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Formaldehyde exposure during the menstrual cycle is known to affect the course of allergic lung inflammation. Because our previous data demonstrated that formaldehyde combined with an ovariectomy reduced allergic lung inflammation, we investigated the putative role of ovary removal and progesterone treatment when considering the effect of formaldehyde on allergic lung inflammation. METHOD: Ovariectomized rats and their matched controls were exposed to formaldehyde (1%, 3 days, 90 min/day) or vehicle, and immediately after exposure, the rats were sensitized to ovalbumin by a subcutaneous route. After 1 week, the rats received a booster by the same route, and after an additional week, the rats were challenged with ovalbumin (1%) by an aerosol route. The leukocyte numbers, interleukin-10 (IL-10) release, myeloperoxidase activity, vascular permeability, ex vivo tracheal reactivity to methacholine and mast cell degranulation were determined 24 h later. RESULTS: Our results showed that previous exposure to formaldehyde in allergic rats decreased lung cell recruitment, tracheal reactivity, myeloperoxidase activity, vascular permeability and mast cell degranulation while increasing IL-10 levels. Ovariectomy only caused an additional reduction in tracheal reactivity without changing the other parameters studied. Progesterone treatment reversed the effects of formaldehyde exposure on ex vivo tracheal reactivity, cell influx into the lungs and mast cell degranulation. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, our study revealed that formaldehyde and ovariectomy downregulated allergic lung inflammation by IL-10 release and mast cell degranulation. Progesterone treatment increased eosinophil recruitment and mast cell degranulation, which in turn may be responsible for tracheal hyperreactivity and allergic lung inflammation. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Formaldehyde/adverse effects , Lung/drug effects , Ovariectomy , Ovalbumin/adverse effects , Pneumonia/chemically induced , Progesterone/therapeutic use , Cell Degranulation/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , /analysis , Leukocyte Count , Mast Cells/drug effects , Peroxidase/analysis , Peroxidase/drug effects , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Respiratory Hypersensitivity , Time Factors
16.
Rev. bras. psiquiatr ; 35(4): 387-392, Oct-Dec/2013. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-697330

ABSTRACT

Objective: Despite the recognized anti-inflammatory potential of heterocyclic antidepressants, the mechanisms concerning their modulating effects are not completely known. Thus, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of amitriptyline, clomipramine, and maprotiline and the possible modulating properties of these drugs on neutrophil migration and mast cell degranulation. Methods: The hind paw edema and air-pouch models of inflammation were used. Male Wistar rats were treated with saline, amitriptyline, clomipramine or maprotiline (10, 30, or 90 mg/kg, per os [p.o.]) 1 h before the injection of carrageenan (300 μg/0.1 mL/paw) or dextran (500 μg/0.1 mL/paw). Then, edema formation was measured hourly. Neutrophil migration to carrageenan (500 μg/pouch) and N-formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine (fMLP) (10-6 M/mL/pouch) was also investigated in 6-day-old air-pouch cavities. Compound 48/80-induced mast cell degranulation was assessed in the mesenteric tissues of antidepressant-treated rats. Results: All tested antidepressants prevented both carrageenan- and dextran-induced edema. The anti-inflammatory effect of these drugs partially depends on the modulation of neutrophil migration, since they significantly counteracted the chemotactic response of both carrageenan and fMLP (p < 0.01). Furthermore, amitriptyline, clomipramine and maprotiline inhibited compound 48/80-induced mast cell degranulation (p < 0.001). Conclusions: These results suggest an important anti-inflammatory role of heterocyclic antidepressants, which is dependent on the modulation of neutrophil migration and mast cell stabilization. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Amitriptyline/pharmacology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Cell Degranulation/drug effects , Clomipramine/pharmacology , Maprotiline/pharmacology , Mast Cells/drug effects , Neutrophil Infiltration/drug effects , Carrageenan/adverse effects , Cell Movement/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Edema/chemically induced , Mast Cells/physiology , Rats, Wistar
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-293292

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Cheongseoikki-tang (CIT, Korean), also called Qingshu Yiqi decoction () and Seisho-ekki-to (Japanese), is well known as an effective traditional combination of herbs for treating cardiovascular diseases. This study was to research its effects on bone marrow-derived mast cell (BMMC)-mediated allergy and inflammation mechanisms.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>In this study, the biological effect of Cheongseoikki-tang ethanol extract (CITE) was evaluated, focusing on its effects on the production of allergic mediators by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) plus calcium ionophore A23187 (A23187)-stimulated BMMCs. These allergic mediators included interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandin D2 (PGD2), leukotriene C4 (LTC4), and β-hexosaminidase (β-hex).</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Our data revealed that CITE inhibited the production of IL-6, PGD2, LTC4, and β-hex induced by PMA plus A23187 (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings indicate that CITE has the potential for use in the treatment of allergy.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Bone Marrow Cells , Pathology , Calcimycin , Pharmacology , Cell Degranulation , Cell Survival , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Therapeutic Uses , Hypersensitivity , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Interleukin-6 , Bodily Secretions , Leukotriene C4 , Pharmacology , Male , Mast Cells , Pathology , Physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Prostaglandin D2 , Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate , Pharmacology , beta-N-Acetylhexosaminidases , Metabolism
18.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 869-873, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-277980

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the potential role of mast cells and the related molecular mechanism in chronic hepatitis (CH) using a rat model system.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty Wistar rats (15 males, 15 females; weight range: 230-290 g) were randomly divided into the normal contrast (NC) group and experimental CH group. The CH group received subcutaneous injection of CCl4 and a diet high in cholesterol and alcohol content and low in protein and choline content. Throughout the 4-week modeling period, aseptic blood samples were taken to test plasma tryptase (TS) and hyaluronic acid (HA) levels. The rats were euthanized to assess the changes in liver mast cells by histology and morphology analyses and the changes in liver expression of c-kit and stem cell factor (SCF) proteins by immunohistochemistry and mRNAs by RT-PCR.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared to the NC group, the CH group had higher plasma and liver concentration of HA (78.09 +/- 38.55 vs. 145.14 +/- 52.54 ng/ml, 51.58 +/- 20.45 vs. 106.59 +/- 43.15 ng/100 mg; t = 2.457 and 2.825 respectively, both P less than 0.05) and TS (0.416 +/- 0.143 vs 0.753 +/- 0.210 mg/ml; t = 4.165, P less than 0.05). The CH group also showed fatty degeneration and fibrosis with many degranulating and degranulated mast cells filled with purple granula located around the liver blood vessels and in fiber-intervals. The CH livers also showed a significantly higher number of mast cells (2.167 +/- 0.924 vs. NC: 10.92 +/- 1.575; t = 7.633, P less than 0.05) and stronger intensity of c-kit staining (2.783 +/- 0.577 vs. 12.86 +/- 3.126; t = 9.511, P less than 0.05) and SCF staining (3.383 +/- 1.583 vs. 15.58 +/- 6.431; t = 9.625, P less than 0.05). The expressions of c-kit and SCF were positively correlated with HA level (r = 0.478 and 0.556 respectively, both P less than 0.05). The c-kit and SCF mRNA expression levels were also significantly higher in the CH liver tissues.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Mast cell degranulation and histamine release is significantly increased under conditions of chronic hepatitis, and the related mechanism may involve up-regulation of the membrane receptor c-kit and its ligand SCF.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Degranulation , Disease Models, Animal , Female , Hepatitis, Chronic , Metabolism , Pathology , Hepatocytes , Metabolism , Liver , Metabolism , Liver Cirrhosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Mast Cells , Metabolism , Physiology , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-kit , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Genetics , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Stem Cell Factor , Metabolism
19.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(11): 1002-1010, Nov. 2012. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-650578

ABSTRACT

Ricinus communis L. is of great economic importance due to the oil extracted from its seeds. Castor oil has been used for pharmaceutical and industrial applications, as a lubricant or coating agent, as a component of plastic products, as a fungicide or in the synthesis of biodiesel fuels. After oil extraction, a castor cake with a large amount of protein is obtained. However, this by-product cannot be used as animal feed due to the presence of toxic (ricin) and allergenic (2S albumin) proteins. Here, we propose two processes for detoxification and allergen inactivation of the castor cake. In addition, we establish a biological test to detect ricin and validate these detoxification processes. In this test, Vero cells were treated with ricin, and cell death was assessed by cell counting and measurement of lactate dehydrogenase activity. The limit of detection of the Vero cell assay was 10 ng/mL using a concentration of 1.6 x 10(5) cells/well. Solid-state fermentation (SSF) and treatment with calcium compounds were used as cake detoxification processes. For SSF, Aspergillus niger was grown using a castor cake as a substrate, and this cake was analyzed after 24, 48, 72, and 96 h of SSF. Ricin was eliminated after 24 h of SSF treatment. The cake was treated with 4 or 8% Ca(OH)2 or CaO, and both the toxicity and the allergenic properties were entirely abolished. A by-product free of toxicity and allergens was obtained.


Subject(s)
Animals , Allergens/drug effects , Aspergillus niger/growth & development , Calcium Compounds/pharmacology , Castor Bean/drug effects , Inactivation, Metabolic , Allergens/toxicity , Aspergillus niger/drug effects , Chlorocebus aethiops , Castor Bean/toxicity , Cell Death/drug effects , Cell Degranulation/drug effects , Enzyme Activation , Fermentation , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Mast Cells/drug effects , Ricin/isolation & purification , Ricin/toxicity , Time Factors , Toxicity Tests , /isolation & purification , /toxicity , Vero Cells
20.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 34-38, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323084

ABSTRACT

This study is to investigate the anti-allergic effect of anthocyanidin and to explore its possible mechanism. The experiments of passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reaction (PCA) and colorimetry were used to determine the effect of anthocyanidin on degranulation of mast cells in vivo. For in vitro study, various concentrations of anthocyanidin (100, 50 and 25 micromol x L(-1)) were added to the culture medium of mast cells cultured with 100 microg x L(-1) of dinitrophenyl (DNP) specific IgE overnight. The azelastine (100 micromol x L(-1)) was selected as the positive control. The antigen (DNP-human serum albumin, DNP-HAS)-induced release of degranulation was measured by enzymatic assay, histamine was determined by EIA, and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) were measured by Western blotting, separately. In addition, the effects of anthocyanidin on phosphorylation of NF-kappaB, p38MAPK and Akt were observed by Western blotting. The results showed that treatments with anthocyanidin (100 and 50 mg x kg(-1)) were followed by a decrease in PCA of rats. Anthocyanidin (100 and 50 micromol x L(-1)) obviously suppressed the degranulation from mast cells, whereas results from anthocyanidin (100 and 50 micromol x L(-1)) group indicated significant inhibitory effect on histamine, the calcium uptake, TNF-alpha, IL-6, phosphorylation of NF-kappaB, p38MAPK and Akt of mast cells induced by antigen. Anthocyanidin may suppress the anaphylactic reaction by inhibiting the action of mast cells. NF-kappaB, p38MAPK and Akt at least in part contribute to this event.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anthocyanins , Pharmacology , Anti-Allergic Agents , Pharmacology , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Degranulation , Histamine Release , Immunoglobulin E , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Male , Mast Cells , Allergy and Immunology , Metabolism , Physiology , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Transcription Factor RelA , Metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Metabolism , p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases , Metabolism
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